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2010-09

Security Level: Internal Use

LTE system signaling procedure


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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to

Know the LTE/SAE system architecture and functions Know main elementary procedures of S1/X2/Uu interfaces Know the procedure of service setup, service release, intra-

eUTRAN handover

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References

3GPP TS 36.300 3GPP TS 23.401 3GPP TS 36.413

3GPP TS 36.331
3GPP TS 36.423

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Contents
1. Overview 2. Elementary Procedures

3. Service signaling flow

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Contents
1. Overview 2. Elementary Procedures

3. Service signaling flow

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System Architecture Overview

Main functions of the Serving GW is:


the local Mobility Anchor point for handover (inter-eNodeB/inter-3GPP) Packet routeing and forwarding UE IP address allocation UL and DL service level charging
UTRAN SGSN GERAN S3 S1-MME S6a MME S11 S12 S4 Serving Gateway S1-U S5 Gx PDN Gateway SGi PCRF Rx Operator's IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.) HSS

Main functions of the PDN GW is:


LTE-Uu UE E-UTRAN

S10

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Bearer service architecture

A radio bearer transports the packets of an EPS bearer between a UE and an eNB. There is a one-to-one mapping between an EPS bearer and a radio bearer. An S1 bearer transports the packets of an EPS bearer between an eNodeB and a Serving GW An eNB stores a one-to-one mapping between a radio bearer and an S1 to create the binding between a radio bearer and an S1 bearer in both the uplink and downlink.

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Service request procedure

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Bearer level QoS

Basically, bearers can be classified into two categories


GBR bearers Non-GBR bearers

Each bearer has an associated QoS Class Identifier (QCI), and an Allocation and Retention Priority (ARP)

QoS Class Identifier (QCI)


QCI is characterized by priority, packet delay budget and acceptable packet loss rate QCI is used to control bearer level packet forwarding treatment The set of standardized QCIs is listed in the table of next page

The ARP of a bearer is used for call admission control A GBR bearer is additionally associated with the following bearer level QoS parameters:

Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) Maximum Bit Rate (MBR)

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Bearer level QoS(Cont.)

The set of standardized QCIs

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Application protocol identities

EPS bearer identity


An EPS bearer identity uniquely identifies an EPS bearer for one UE accessing via E-UTRAN The EPS Bearer Identity is allocated by the MME There is one to one mapping between EPS RB and EPS Bearer, and the mapping between EPS RB Identity and EPS Bearer Identity is made by E-UTRAN
A eNB UE S1AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the S1 interface within an eNB A MME UE S1AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the S1 interface within the MME An Old eNB UE X2AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the X2 interface within a source eNB An New eNB UE X2AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the X2 interface within a target eNB

eNB UE S1AP ID

MME UE S1AP ID

Old eNB UE X2AP ID

New eNB UE X2AP ID

C-RNTI: The C-RNTI provides a unique UE identification at the cell level identifying RRC Connection and used for scheduling
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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Overview 2. Elementary Procedures

3. Service signaling flow

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Contents
2. Elementary Procedures
2.1 Elementary Procures of Uu 2.2 Elementary Procedures of S1 2.3 Elementary Procures of X2

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UE states

RRC_IDLE

A UE specific DRX may be configured by upper layers

UE controlled mobility
The UE:

Monitors a Paging channel to detect incoming calls; Performs neighbouring cell measurements and cell (re-)selection;

Acquires system information.

RRC_CONNECTED

Transfer of unicast data to/from UE. At lower layers, the UE may be configured with a UE specific DRX.

Network controlled mobility


The UE:

Monitors control channels associated with the shared data channel to determine if data is scheduled for it; Provides channel quality and feedback information; Performs neighbouring cell measurements and measurement reporting; Acquires system information
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Signalling radio bearers

"Signalling Radio Bearers" (SRBs) are defined as Radio Bearers (RB) that are used only for the transmission of RRC and NAS messages. the following

three SRBs are defined:

SRB0 is for RRC messages using the CCCH logical channel; SRB1 is for RRC messages as well as for NAS messages prior to the

establishment of SRB2, all using DCCH logical channel;

SRB2 is for NAS messages, using DCCH logical channel. SRB2 has a lowerpriority than SRB1 and is always configured by E-UTRAN after security activation

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System information
UE E-UTRAN MasterInformationBlock SystemInformationBlockType1

SystemInformation

System information is divided into the MasterInformationBlock (MIB) and a number of SystemInformationBlocks (SIBs). The MIB includes a limited number of most essential and most frequently

transmitted parameters that are needed to acquire other information from


the cell, and is transmitted on BCH

SystemInformationBlockType1 and all SI messages are transmitted on DL-

SCH
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Paging
UE EUTRAN

Paging

Purpose:

To transmit paging information to a UE in RRC_IDLE and/ or to inform UEs in RRC_IDLE and UEs in RRC_CONNECTED about a system information change or about an ETWS (Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System ) primary notification ue-Identity cn-Domain pagingCause systemInfoModification ETWS notification

Main IE:

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RRC connection establishment


UE EUTRAN

UE
RRCConnectionRequest

EUTRAN

RRCConnectionSetup

RRCConnectionRequest

RRCConnectionSetupComplete

RRCConnectionReject

Purpose:

RRC connection establishment involves SRB1 establishment. The procedure is also used to transfer the initial NAS dedicated information/ message from the UE to E-UTRAN establishmentCause

Main IE:

radioResourceConfiguration for Only SRB1


selectedPLMN-Identity registeredMME nas-DedicatedInformation
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Initial security activation


UE EUTRAN

UE

EUTRAN

SecurityModeCommand

SecurityModeCommand

SecurityModeComplete

SecurityModeFailure

Purpose:

To activate AS security upon RRC connection establishment


When only SRB1 is established and prior to establishment of SRB2 and/ or DRBs.

Main IE:

integrity protection and ciphering

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RRC connection reconfiguration


UE EUTRAN UE EUTRAN RRCConnectionReconfiguration RRCConnectionReconfiguration

RRCConnectionReconfigurationComplete

RRC connection re-establishment

Purpose:

To modify an RRC connection, e.g. to establish/ modify/ release RBs, to perform handover, to setup/ modify/ release measurements measurementConfiguration mobilityControlInformation nas-DedicatedInformation radioResourceConfiguration (for SRB2 and possibly DRBs) securityConfiguration

Main IE:

ue-RelatedInformation
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RRC connection release


UE EUTRAN

RRCConnectionRelease

Purpose:

To release the RRC connection, which includes the release of the established radio bearers as well as all radio resources.

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Mobility from E-UTRA


UE EUTRAN

MobilityFromEUTRACommand

Purpose:

To move a UE in RRC_CONNECTED to a cell using another Radio Access Technology (RAT), e.g. GERAN, UTRA or CDMA2000 systems The mobility from E-UTRA procedure covers both:

handover, i.e. the MobilityFromEUTRACommand message includes radio resources that have been allocated for the UE in the target cell

cell change order, i.e. the MobilityFromEUTRACommand message may include information facilitating access of and/ or connection establishment in the target cell, e.g. system information. Cell change order is applicable only to GERAN.

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DL/UL information transfer


UE EUTRAN

DLInformationTransfer

UE

EUTRAN

ULInformationTransfer

Purpose:

To transfer NAS or non-3GPP dedicated information from E-UTRAN/UE to a UE/E-UTRAN in RRC_CONNECTED

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UE capability transfer
UE EUTRAN

UECapabilityEnquiry

UECapabilityInformation

Purpose:

To transfer UE radio access capability information from the UE to E-UTRAN

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Contents
2. Elementary Procedures
2.1 Elementary Procures of Uu

2.2 Elementary Procedures of S1


2.3 Elementary Procures of X2

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Paging
eNB MME PAGING

Purpose:

The purpose of the Paging procedure is to enable the MME to page a UE in the specific eNB UE Paging ID Paging DRX

Main information:

Paging Cause
List of TAIs
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Context Management procedures


eNB MME INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP REQUEST

INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP RESPONSE

Purpose:

To establish the necessary overall initial UE Context including SAE Bearer context, Security context, Handover Restriction List, UE capability information, NAS-PDU etc Other message in this category includes: UE Context Release Request /release/modify SAE Bearer Level QoS parameters Transport Layer Address NAS-PDU Security Handover Restriction List UE Radio Capability Subscriber Profile ID for RAT/Frequency priority
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Main information:

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SAE Bearer Management procedures


eNB MME SAE BEARER SETUP REQUEST

SAE BEARER SETUP RESPONSE

Purpose:

To assign resources on Uu and S1 for one or several SAE bearers and to setup corresponding SAE Radio Bearers for a given UE Other message in this category includes: SAE bearer modify and SAE bearer release

Main information :

SAE Bearer Level QoS parameters Transport Layer Address NAS-PDU

SAE Bearer Setup List


SAE Bearer Failed to Setup List
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NAS transport
eNB MME INITIAL UE MESSAGE

Purpose:

The purpose of the NAS Transport procedure is to carry UE MME signalling over the S1 Interface.

The NAS messages are not interpreted by the eNB


Besides INITIAL UE MESSAGE, DOWNLINK NAS TRANSPORT and UPLINK NAS TRANSPORT messages are used for NAS Transport procedure also

Main IE:

NAS-PDU
TAI E-UTRAN CGI S-TMSI (optional) Handover Restriction List in DOWNLINK NAS TRANSPORT (optional)
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S1 Setup
eNodeB S1 SETUP REQUEST S1 SETUP RESPONSE MME
eNodeB S1 SETUP REQUEST S1 SETUP FAILURE MME

Purpose:

The purpose of the S1 Setup procedure is to exchange application level data needed for the eNodeB and MME to interoperate correctly on the S1 interface. This procedure shall be the first S1AP procedure triggered after the TNL association has become operational Global eNB ID eNB Name

Main IE:

MME Name
Served PLMNs Served GUMMEIs

Supported TAs of the eNodeB

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MME/eNodeB Configuration Update


eNB ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE MME eNB ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE MME

eNB MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE

MME

eNB MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE

MME

MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE

Purpose:

The purpose of the MME/ eNB Configuration Update procedure is to update

application level configuration data needed for the eNB and MME to
interoperate correctly on the S1 interface.

This procedure doesnt affect existing UE-related contexts


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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
2. Elementary Procedures
2.1 Elementary Procures of Uu

2.2 Elementary Procedures of S1


2.3 Elementary Procures of X2

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Handover Preparation
source eNB HANDOVER REQUEST HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDGE target eNB

source eNB HANDOVER REQUEST

target eNB

HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE

Purpose:

To establish necessary resources in an eNB for an incoming handover

Main IE:

Cause Target Cell ID and GUMMEI SAE Bearer Info


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SN Status Transfer
source eNB SN STATUS TRANSFER target eNB

Purpose:

To transfer the uplink PDCP-SN and HFN receiver status and the downlink PDCP-SN and HFN transmitter status from the source to the target eNB during

an X2 handover for each respective SAE bearer for which PDCP SN and HFN
status preservation applies

Main IE:

SAE Bearers Subject To Status Transfer List


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UE Context Release
source eNB UE CONTEXT RELEASE target eNB

Purpose:

To signal to the source eNB that control plane resources for the handed over

UE context can be released

Upon reception of the UE CONTEXT RELEASE message, the source eNB can release radio and control plane related resources associated to the UE context

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Load Indication
eNB1 LOAD INFORMATION eNB2

Purpose:

To transfer load and interference co-ordination information between intrafrequency neighboring eNBs

Main IE:

UL Interference Overload Indication UL High Interference Indication Relative Narrowband Tx Power (RNTP)
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Resource Status Reporting Initiation /Reporting


eNB1
RESOURCE STATUS REQUEST
RESOURCE STATUS UPDATE

eNB2

eNB1

eNB2

RESOURCE STATUS RESPONSE

Purpose:

To request the reporting of load measurements to another eNB And to report the result of measurements requested by eNB1 using the Resource Status Reporting Initiation

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X2 Setup
eNB1 X2 SETUP REQUEST X2 SETUP RESPONSE eNB2

eNB1 X2 SETUP REQUEST X2 SETUP FAILURE

eNB2 BB

Purpose:

To exchange application level data needed for two eNBs to interoperate correctly over the X2 interface

Main IE:

Served Cell Information

PhyCID and Cell ID (CGI) TAC Broadcast PLMNs UL EARFCN/DL EARFCN and Cell Transmission Bandwidth
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Contents
1. Overview 2. Elementary Procedures

3. Service signaling flow

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Page39

Service request procedure


UE E-NODEB PAGING RRC PAGING RRC CONN SETUP REQ MME

NAS: Service request NAS: Service request


INITIAL UE MESSAGE

RRC CONN SETUP RRC CONN SETUP CMP

eNB S1 signaling connection ID NAS: Service request MME S1 signaling connection ID Security context UE capability information Bearer setup (Qos profile, S-GW TEID) eNB S1 signaling connection ID

1. authentication INITIAL UE CONTEXT SETUP REQ

SRB2 setup DRB1 setup

RRC SECURITY MODE CMD RRC SECURITY MODE CMP

RRC CONN RECFG RRC CONN RECFG CMP

Uplink data could be sent


INITIAL UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP

bearer confirm (eNB TEID) NAS: Session management request

Downlink data could be sent


2. NAS message (service negotiation) SAEB SETUP REQ RRC CONN RECFG RRC CONN RECFG CMP

DRB2 setup Uplink information transfer

SAEB SETUP RSP

NAS: Session management response

UPLINK NAS TRANSPORT

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RRC CONN SETUP REQ

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RRC CONN SETUP

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RRC CONN SETUP CMP

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Direct transfer message of S1interface


Initial UE Message eNB UE S1AP ID NAS-PDU TAI E-UTRAN CGI S-TMSI (O) CSG Identity (O) RRC Establishment cause GUMMEI (O) eNB Initial UE Message MME

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Direct transfer message of S1interface

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Direct transfer (Authentication & ciphering)


Uu interface trace

S1 interface trace

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S1 Initial Context Setup Request

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S1 Initial Context Setup Request

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RRC Security Mode Command


Security Mode Command Ciphering Algorithm Integrity Protection Algorithm UE Security Mode Command Security Mode Complete Security Mode Failure eNB

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UE capability report
UE EUTRAN UECapabilityEnquiry

UECapabilityInformation

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RRC connection reconfiguration


Used to establish SRB2 and default DRB1.
UE EUTRAN

RRCConnectionReconfiguration

RRCConnectionReconfigurationComplete

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INITI UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP


Initial Context Setup Response MME UE S1AP ID eNB UE S1AP ID E-RAB Setup List - E-RAB ID - Transport Layer Address - GTP-TEID E-RAB Failed to Setup List (O) Criticality Diagnostics (O)

eNB

MME

S-GW

Initial Context Setup Request Initial Context Setup Response eNB Address and TEID E-RAB ID = 5 Modify Bearer S-GW Address and TEID

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INITI UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP

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Service request procedure


Uu interface trace

S1 interface trace

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S1 release procedure
UE eNodeB MME Serving GW 1. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Request 2. Update Bearer Request 3. Update Bearer Response 4. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Command

5. RRC Connection Release 6. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Complete

Purpose:

To release the logical S1-AP signalling connection (over S1-MME) and all S1 bearers (in S1-U) for a UE. The procedure will move the UE from ECMCONNECTED to ECM-IDLE in both the UE and MME, and all UE related context information is deleted in the eNodeB

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Intra EUTRAN X2-based handover without Serving GW relocation


UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Downlink and uplink data
Measurement report Handover decision Handover request

MME

Serving GW

PDN GW

Handover request ack Handover command

Forwarding of data

Downlink data

Handover completion Uplink data 1 Path Switch Request 2 User Plane Update Request 3 User Plane Update Response Downlink data 4. End marker

4. End marker 5 Path Switch Request Ack 6 Release Resource

7. Tracking Area Update procedure

See notes for details


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Intra EUTRAN X2-based handover with Serving GW relocation


UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Downlink and uplink data Handover preparation MME Source Target Serving GW Serving GW PDN GW

Handover execution Forwarding of data

Downlink data

Handover completion Uplink data 1. Path Switch Request 2. Create Bearer Request 4. Create Bearer Response Downlink data 5. Path Switch Request Ack Uplink data

3a. Update Bearer Request (A) 3b. Update Bearer Response

6. Release Resource 7a. Delete Bearer Request

(B)
7b. Delete Bearer Response

8. Tracking Area Update procedure

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Intra EUTRAN S1-based handover


UE Source eNodeB Source Target MME eNodeB Downlink User Plane data Target MME Source Serving GW Target Serving GW PDN GW HSS 1. Decision to trigger a relocation via S1 2. Handover Required 3. Forward Relocation Request 4. Create Bearer Request 5. Handover Request 4a. Create Bearer Response

5a Handover Request Acknowledge 6. Create Bearer Request 6a. Create Bearer Response 7. Forward Relocation Response . Create Bearer Request 8. 8a. Create Bearer Response 9. Handover Command 10. Handover Command 11a. Only for Direct forwarding of data 11b. Only for Indirect forwarding of data Detach from old cell and synchronize to new cell 12. Handover Confirm Downlink data

Uplink User Plane data 13. Handover Notify

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Intra EUTRAN S1-based handover


UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Source MME Target MME Source Serving GW Target Serving GW PDN GW HSS 14. Forward Relocation Complete 14b. Forward Relocation Complete Acknowledge 15. Update Bearer Request 16. Update Bearer Request 17. Update Bearer Response Downlink User Plane data 18. Tracking Area Update procedure 19c. Delete Bearer Request (B) 19b. UE Context Release Complete 19d. Delete Bearer Response 20a. Delete Bearer Request 20b. Delete Bearer Response 21a. Delete Bearer Request 21b. Delete Bearer Response 19a. UE Context Release Command

(A) 16a. Update Bearer Response

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Thank you
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