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Izod impact strength test - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Izod impact strength test

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Izod impact strength testing is an ASTM standard method of determining impact strength. A notched sample is generally used to determine impact strength. The test is named after the English engineer Edwin Gilbert Izod (18761946), who described it in his 1903 address to the British Association, subsequently published in Engineering.[1]

Materials failure modes

Buckling Corrosion Creep Fatigue Fouling Fracture Hydrogen embrittlement Impact Mechanical overload Stress corrosion cracking Thermal shock Wear Yielding

Impact is a very important phenomenon in governing the life of a structure. For example, in the case of an aircraft, impact can take place by a bird hitting a plane while it is cruising, or during take off and landing the aircraft may be struck by debris present on the runway, and as well as other causes.

An arm held at a specific height (constant potential energy) is released. The arm hits the sample and breaks it. From the energy absorbed by the sample, its impact strength is determined. The North American standard for Izod Impact testing is ASTM D256. The results are expressed in energy lost per unit of thickness (such as ft-lb/in or J/cm) at the notch. Alternatively, the results may be reported as energy lost per unit cross-sectional area at the notch (J/m or ft-lb/in). In Europe, ISO 180 methods are used and results are based only on the cross-sectional area at the notch (J/m). The dimensions of a standard specimen for ASTM D256 are 63.5 x 12.7 x 3.2 mm (2.5" x 0.5" x 1/8"). The most common specimen thickness is 3.2 mm (0.125"), but the width can vary between 3.0 and 12.7 mm (0.118" and 0.500"). The Izod impact test differs from the Charpy impact test in that the sample is held in a cantilevered beam configuration as opposed to a three-point bending configuration. This test can also be used to determine the notch sensitivity. Impact tests are used in studying 'toughness' of material , that is the ability of material to absorb energy during plastic deformation because of high toughness the material have strength and at the same time large durability . Brittle materials have low toughness means they have low plastic deformation . The impact value of material used also change. The temperature of the material is directly proportional to impact value and size of specimen is inversely proportional to the impact nature.so at lower temperature durability of the material is decreased . Also with the increase in dimension of specimen .the impact value decreases because the probability of heavy imperfection increases It's value . Standard impact of same material are given below : 1. Mild steel at 20C = 60 J 2. Ductile iron at 30C = 50 J 3. Wrought iron at 30C = 50-100 J

1 See also

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Izod impact strength test - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


2 References 3 External links 4 Further reading

See also
Impact force Shock (mechanics)

1. ^ Izod, Gilbert, 'Testing brittleness of steel', Engineering, 25 September 1903, pp. 431-2

External links

Further reading
BS EN ISO 180:2001 - "Plastics. Determination of Izod impact strength" BS EN ISO 13802:2006 - "Plastics. Verification of pendulum impact-testing machines. Charpy, Izod and tensile impact-testing" Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Izod_impact_strength_test&oldid=456012478" Categories: Continuum mechanics Fracture mechanics Materials testing This page was last modified on 17 October 2011 at 14:30. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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