Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 47

!

"

#
$
%

"

&

'
'

#
"(

!
'

%
"
)

"

"
)

"
!

&

'

"
(
(

"
"

+
"
%+
%+
%+
'

'
"
'
'

!
#

" #$
"

'

'

'

"

%
,

"

%
%
%

&

'

&( )

* +,

* +,
#

*-+,
*
 


   

     
  
  

         
 

       
     

 

  

    

    ! 
  

 

  !     

" #  
$       

     

       



 %    
 

  &

' 

    

&

% ,

,
#
"
$
-.
-

(
(

-,

*-+

/
()*

!
12

3 /

$
(
/
.

12

4 5

4 5

'

(
5

. 6

-7
5

3 /

- 4 6

- /

-7

-7 4 6

5 0

*- 4 - +7

. 6

5 0

*-4- +7







!" # $%# &'()$ * +


* * ",'* + ! -!
' *
* .*'"$' +
*
* ",'*
+
! -!
" %'$ *



  



.*

.!

H=

PB PA

V VA
+ B
+ (Z B Z 1 )
2g

H=

PB PA

%
012 3.4

&

'

+# $40#.&3) 56#

% ,

# 7#.#2). #. 6.

*-+

3 0# ) +#

1
(

! 1
#
0
$ 8 $
'

(
-

#
8 $

(
)

#4

4 0#.&39. +# ,) &62:) $40#.&3) :


;

&)6+),

0- 1

Pa = M e
2

0
%

&

'

3
'

% ,

(
(

Pu
t =
Pa

Pu = Q H

t =

Q H
Pa

0 1
 .

*-+

&
$

"
:
5

<

t =

&


Q H
Pa

(Kg m3 ) Q(m3 s ) H (m )
Pa (KW ) =
102 t
(Kg m3 ) Q(m3 s ) H (m )
Pa (HP ) =
76 t
(lb pie3 ) Q( pie 3 s ) H ( pie )
Pa (CV ) =
550 t

#=$2# 39. ).),>03&) +# ,) &62:) <? @5A


&
/

'

"
.

"
4
0 51

-/
6

"

"
0 51
6

0 51

=
?
@
4

D=

H 4 3(H 3 H 2 ) H1
3
6Q*

C=

B=

H 2 H1
2
CQ* DQ*
Q*

A = H1

3
A

7: 7

>
? >
@ >

*5!5 7+

-9

<

5
9

-7 /

- /

H 3 2 H 2 + H1
3DQ*
2
2Q*

4 0#.#2 ,) #=$2# 39. ).),>03&) +# ,) &62:) <? @5A $)2) ,)


4 ) 4 02)+) #. ,) ;3762)
5 @

< @ A

D D

HE D

D B

HE D

HE D

HB F

* D

HB B

* B

HB D

H D

HG B

H B

HH F

G D

H* F

G B

B D

HD D

B B

*F B

E D

*E F

E B

*G *

C D

C B

C *

':
).),3 3

'

'

+3 #. 34.),

< '=

#
&



"(

      
      
         

                            
    
                              

                     
 " #



!

$ % & ' % (  

          
       (  )  $

       
 *   +  ,      "

-    


    
         .

1 = N x D y z Q 1

3 = N x D y z Pa

2 = N x D y z H 1 4 = N x D y z 1

5 = N x D y z t

1 = N x D y z Q 1
1
1 =
T

M
(L ) 3
L
y

(L ) : y - 3z - 3 = 0
(T ) : - x + 1 = 0
(M ) : z = 0
2 =

4 =

gH
N 2 D2

D N
2

= L0 M 0 T 0

y =3

N D3
1 =
Q

x =1
z=0

#A

'7

3 =

Pa
N 3 D5

5 = t '

':
,#I#

'
+#
/

'

# #J).K)

< '=
'

!
"

'
"

"

"

"

"
"

        
      

                 
                
$

'

!
/

N D3
Q

gH
N 2 D2

N D3
=
Q
1

=
1

gH
N 2 D2

Pa
N 3 D5

=
1

D2 N

=
1

Pa
N 3 D5

D2 N

(t )1 = (t )2

'

"
(

"
"

N sin

"(

f
= 120
n

+
/
$

/
:

?ED

#J#2&3&34

L
*B

"
E B

'

"
HBDD
#J#2&3&34 *
G
CDM &
"
' !

HE
6

HBDD
H* C
"
HEDD

&
'

$
"
<? @5A
"

"

"
"
.
*
"
@5 < A
H $
@5* <*A

"
.*

G #

'

"
"
"
"

"
HEDD

"

"

"
.*

'

>'
&

'

&

'

"

"
HEDD

"
2

H1 = A + B Q1 + C Q1 + D Q1
+

H1 = 36 0.067 Q1 0.04 Q1 0.037 Q1

@5 < A
"

N 2 3600
=
= 1.0286
N1 3500
2

H 2 = 38.09 0.069 Q2 0.041 Q2 0.038 Q2

* )
'

Q2 N 2
=
=
Q1 N1

H2
N2
=
H1
N1

Q2 = Q1

=2

H 2 = 2 H1

H 2 = A + B Q2 + C Q2 +
2

D Q2

' '

H=

P2

P1

'

+ he + h fs + h fd + hms + hmd

H=

P2

P1

+ he + h fs + h fd + hms + hmd

H = cte + f (Q 2 )

h = f (Q 2 )
P2

he

P1

'

>'



             

     
 
             
 
    

 
    
                  
        
 
       

   
              

       


    !    
      
    

   

'

# " '

# $
)!& $ * +*

# $
%& '
(
) * +*

!"

"',

# $

!$ )

>'

# " '

"

!* &-

',
# $
%& '
(
) * +*

# $
)!& $ * +*

# $

!$ )

!* &-

!"

"

. "

!* &-

',

# $
%& '
(
) * +*

# $
)!& $ * +*

# $

!$ )

!* &-

!"

>'
:

Ns =

N Q
H34

12

@. A
5 ? &
. ? :
< ? )

'

'

? @AAA

'

BAAA ? '

'

'

D EAAA

? CAAA

H #

"

% &

@.$ < A

"
"

"
9

#.
.

B
. B

+*",-

NPSH d =

Patm

H est

Pv

H f Hl

Patm

= 10.33 0.0012 ASNM ,

donde ASNM es la altura sobre el nivel del mar

. B
0 1

< <H

< <G

< =?

< =F

< ?4

< @?

< 4@

< DF

< FD

" 0E 1

<

=<

=D

?<

?D

@<

@D

4<

% &

"
!

@.$ < A
"

#.

. B

. I /

. B

$
'

"
D '

NPSH d =

Patm

H est

Pv

H f Hl

NPSH d = cte + f (Q 2 )

&

"' '
(

"' '
(

#J#2&3&34
L
L

6
#
B *D

"
N,

O
HD@

H?J
H?D

"

0 1

=<

=D

< <?

=<<<

=D

< <?

KKKK

'

'

,
!

"

@< P 5A
"

0
+*

+*

+*

2#.+3 3#.04 +#

s =

&4.#&0)+)

#23#

)
n

HA + HB
H A HB
+

#.

s =

i =1
n
i =1

$40#.&3) +#
,

"

&4.#&0)+)

#.

Hi
Hi

#23#
$

&
"

'

'

!
$

"

"
@<

5A
"

+*

0
+*
+*

2#.+3 3#.04 +#

p =

&4.#&0)+)

)
n

Q A + QB
QA QB
+

#. $)2),#,4

p =

i =1
n
i =1

$40#.&3) +#
$
&

&4.#&0)+)

Qi
Qi

#. $)2),#,4

"

Q
$) R $

5) R 5

#J#2&3&34

&

"

"
HBDD

*CBD

A
A
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

6.5

7.5

&

,
(
(
"

"

'

3 0 /3

02

3
30

&

'

"
"
"

"

30
1

3 0 /3

04 0

15 0/

>' ) :(
4

#4 #. &32&6304

<
&#22)+4

/ / /

/ /

6 3.3 024 +# 6. &)6+), 5 #. 6. $6.04 3.0#2 #+34 +#,

3 0# )
7 7

76
76
6
6

#4 <)&3) * 0).56#

+# +3;#2#.0# .3:#,
/

#J#2&3&34

'

+
+

H@J

"

0 1

=<<<

FD

< <?

D<<

D<

< <?

70
65
60
55

H?D

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15

" 8

" 8

!
?

10
5
0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

6.5

7.5

'
"
"

(
F

'

F #
'
(

"
(
"

'
(

>'
'

#
"
"

'

!&*'

9)*
!3 &

6!'
)
)

"(
"

2?

Po = Q Vr u (Cos 1)
2

2?

Po mx

V
= Q 2
2g

#J#2&3&34

$
EDD

#
"

CDT
"

"
CB

DD
"

&

D GC +
A #

(
A ,