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Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

1. inh ngha:
Ham so f ong bien tren K (x
1
, x
2
K, x
1
< x
2
f(x
1
) < f(x
2
)
Ham so f nghch bien tren K (x
1
, x
2
K, x
1
< x
2
f(x
1
) > f(x
2
)
2. ieu kien can:
Gia s f co ao ham tren khoang I.
a) Neu f ong bien tren khoang I th f(x) 0, x I
b) Neu f nghch bien tre n khoang I th f(x) 0, x I
3. ieu kien u:
Gia s f co ao ham tren khoang I.
a) Neu f (x) 0, x I (f(x) = 0 tai mot so hu han iem) th f ong bien tren I.
b) Neu f (x) 0, x I (f(x) = 0 tai mot so hu han iem) th f nghch bien tren I.
c) Neu f(x) = 0, x I th f khong oi tren I.
Chu y: Neu khoang I c thay bi oan hoac na khoang th f phai lien tuc tren o.

VAN E 1: Xet chieu bien thien cua ham so
e xet chieu bien thien cua ham so y = f(x), ta thc hien cac bc nh sau:
Tm tap xac nh cua ham so.
Tnh y. Tm cac iem ma tai o y = 0 hoac y khong ton tai (goi la cac iem ti han)
Lap bang xet dau y (bang bien thien). T o ket luan cac khoa ng o ng bien, nghch
bien cua ham so.

Bai 1. Xet chieu bien thien cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2
2 4 5 y x x = + + b)
2
5
4 4
x
y x = + c)
2
4 3 y x x = +
d)
3 2
2 2 y x x x = + e)
2
(4 )( 1) y x x = f)
3 2
3 4 1 y x x x = +
g)
4 2
1
2 1
4
y x x = h)
4 2
2 3 y x x = + i)
4 2
1 1
2
10 10
y x x = +
k)
2 1
5
x
y
x

=
+
l)
1
2
x
y
x

m)
1
1
1
y
x
=


n)
2
2 26
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
o)
1
3
1
y x
x
= +

p)
2
4 15 9
3
x x
y
x
+
=
CHNG I
0h 0h k0 hkM E khk0 8kT
Vk VE 0 Th[ 60k hkM 80
I. TNH ON IEt CtA HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 1/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Bai 2. Xet chieu bien thien cua cac ham so sau:
a)
4 3 2
6 8 3 1 y x x x = + b)
2
2
1
4
x
y
x

c)
2
2
1
1
x x
y
x x
+
=
+ +

d)
2
2 1 x
y
x

= e)
2
3 2
x
y
x x
=
+
f) 3 2 2 y x x = + +
g) 2 1 3 y x x = h)
2
2 y x x = i)
2
2 y x x =
k) sin2
2 2
y x x
| |
= < <
|
\

l) sin2
2 2
y x x x
| |
= < <
|
\



VAN E 2: Tm ieu kien e ham so luon ong bien hoac nghch bien
tren tap xac nh (hoac tren tng khoang xac nh)
Cho ham so ( , ) y f x m = , m la tham so, co tap xac nh D.
Ham so f ong bien tre n D y 0, x D.
Ham so f nghch bien tren D y 0, x D.
T o suy ra ieu kien cua m.
Chu y:
1) y = 0 ch xay ra tai mot so hu han iem.
2) Neu y ax bx c
2
' = + + th:

0
0
' 0,
0
0
a b
c
y x R
a
= =


>





0
0
' 0,
0
0
a b
c
y x R
a
= =


<





3) nh l ve dau cua tam thc bac hai
2
( ) g x ax bx c = + + :
Neu < 0 th g(x) luon cung da u vi a.
Neu = 0 th g(x) luon cung da u vi a (tr x =
2
b
a
)
Neu > 0 th g(x) co hai nghiem x
1
, x
2
va trong khoang hai nghiem th g(x) khac dau
vi a, ngoai khoang hai nghiem th g(x) cung dau vi a.
4) So sanh cac nghiem x
1
, x
2
cua tam thc bac hai
2
( ) g x ax bx c = + + vi so 0:

1 2
0
0 0
0
x x P
S
>

< < >

<


1 2
0
0 0
0
x x P
S
>

< < >

>


1 2
0 0 x x P < < <
5) e ham so
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + co o dai khoang ong bien (nghch bien) (x
1
; x
2
) bang
d th ta thc hien cac bc sau:
Tnh y.
Tm ieu kien e ham so co khoang ong bien va nghch bien:

0
0
a

>

(1)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 2/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Bien oi
1 2
x x d = thanh
2 2
1 2 1 2
( ) 4 x x x x d + = (2)
S dung nh l Viet a (2) thanh phng trnh theo m.
Giai phng trnh, so vi ieu kien (1) e chon nghiem.

Bai 1. Chng minh rang cac ham so sau luon ong bien tren tng khoang xac nh (hoac
tap xac nh) cua no:
a)
3
5 13 y x x = + + b)
3
2
3 9 1
3
x
y x x = + + c)
2 1
2
x
y
x

=
+

d)
2
2 3
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
e) 3 sin(3 1) y x x = + f)
2
2 1 x mx
y
x m

=


Bai 2. Chng minh rang cac ha m so sau luon nghch bien tren tng khoang xac nh (hoa c
tap xac nh) cua no:
a) 5 cot( 1) y x x = + b) cos y x x = c) sin cos 2 2 y x x x =
Bai 3. Tm m e cac ham so sau luon ong bien tren tap xac nh (hoac tng khoang xac
nh) cua no:
a)
3 2
3 ( 2) y x mx m x m = + + b)
3 2
2 1
3 2
x mx
y x = + c)
x m
y
x m
+
=


d)
4 mx
y
x m
+
=
+
e)
2
2 1 x mx
y
x m

=

f)
2 2
2 3
2
x mx m
y
x m
+
=


Bai 4. Tm m e ham so:
a)
3 2
3 y x x mx m = + + + nghch bien tren mot khoang co o dai bang 1.
b)
3 2
1 1
2 3 1
3 2
y x mx mx m = + + nghch bien tren mot khoang co o dai bang 3.
c)
3 2
1
( 1) ( 3) 4
3
y x m x m x = + + + ong bien tren mot khoang co o dai bang 4.
Bai 5. Tm m e ham so:
a)
3
2
( 1) ( 1) 1
3
x
y m x m x = + + + + ong bien tren khoang (1; +).
b)
3 2
3(2 1) (12 5) 2 y x m x m x = + + + + ong bien tren khoang (2; +).
c)
mx
y m
x m
4
( 2)
+
=
+
ong bien tren khoang (1; +).
d)
x m
y
x m
+
=

ong bien trong khoang (1; +).


e)
2 2
2 3
2
x mx m
y
x m
+
=

ong bien tren khoang (1; +).


f)
2
2 3
2 1
x x m
y
x
+
=
+
nghch bien tren khoang
1
;
2
| |
+
|
\
.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 3/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

VAN E 3: ng dung tnh n ieu e chng minh bat ang thc
e chng minh bat a ng thc ta thc hien cac bc sau:
Chuyen bat ang thc ve dang f(x) > 0 (hoac <, , ). Xet ham so y = f(x) tren tap
xac nh do e bai ch nh.
Xet dau f (x). Suy ra ham so ong bien hay nghch bien.
Da vao nh ngha s ong bien, nghch bien e ket luan.
Chu y:
1) Trong trng hp ta cha xet c dau cu a f (x) th ta at h(x) = f (x) va quay lai
tiep tuc xet dau h (x) cho en khi na o xet dau c th thoi.
2) Neu bat ang thc co hai bien th ta a bat ang thc ve dang: f(a) < f(b).
Xet tnh n ieu cu a ha m so f(x) trong khoang (a; b).

Bai 1. Chng minh cac bat ang thc sau:
a)
3
sin , 0
6
x
x x x v i x < < > b)
2 1
sin tan , 0
3 3 2
x x x v i x + > < <


c) tan , 0
2
x x v i x < < <

d) sin tan 2 , 0
2
x x x v i x + > < <


Bai 2. Chng minh cac bat ang thc sau:
a)
tan
, 0
tan 2
a a
v i a b
b b
< < < <

b) sin sin , 0
2
a a b b v i a b < < < <


c) tan tan , 0
2
a a b b v i a b < < < <


Bai 3. Chng minh cac bat ang thc sau:
a)
2
sin , 0
2
x
x v i x > < <

b)
3 3 5
sin , 0
6 6 120
x x x
x x x v i x < < + >
c) x x x v i x sin cos 1, 0
2

+ > < <


Bai 4. Chng minh cac bat ang thc sau:
a) 1 , 0
x
e x v i x > + > b) ln(1 ) , 0 x x v i x + < >
c)
1
ln(1 ) ln , 0
1
x x v i x
x
+ > >
+
d)
( )
2 2
1 ln 1 1 x x x x + + + +
Bai 5. Chng minh cac bat ang thc sau:
a)
0
tan55 1, 4 > b)
0
1 7
sin20
3 20
< < c)
2 3
log 3 log 4 >
HD: a)
0 0 0
tan55 tan(45 10 ) = + . Xet ham so
1
( )
1
x
f x
x
+
=

.
b) Xet ham so
3
( ) 3 4 f x x x = .
f(x) ong bien trong khoang
1 1
;
2 2
| |

|
\
va
0
1 7
, sin20 ,
3 20

1 1
;
2 2
| |

|
\
.
c) Xet ham so ( ) log ( 1)
x
f x x = + vi x > 1.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 4/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

VAN E 4: Chng minh phng trnh co nghiem duy nhat
e chng minh phng trnh f(x) = g(x) (*) co nghiem duy nhat, ta thc hien cac bc sau:
Chon c nghiem x
0
cua phng trnh.
Xet cac ham so y = f(x) (C
1
) va y = g(x) (C
2
). Ta can chng minh mot ham so ong
bien va mot ham so nghch bien. Khi o (C
1
) va (C
2
) giao nhau tai mot iem duy nhat co
hoanh o x
0
. o chnh la nghiem duy nhat cu a phng trnh (*).
Chu y: Neu mot trong hai ham so la ham ha ng y = C th ket luan tren van ung.

Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a) 5 5 x x + = b)
5 3
1 3 4 0 x x x + + =
c) 5 7 16 14 x x x x + + + + + = d)
2 2
15 3 2 8 x x x + = + +
Bai 2. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
5 5 5
1 2 3 0 x x x + + + + + = b) ln( 4) 5 x x =
c) 3 4 5
x x x
+ = d) 2 3 5 38
x x x
+ + =
Bai 3. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a)
3 4 5
1 5 7 7 5 13 7 8 x x x x + + + + < b)
2
2 7 2 7 35 x x x x x + + + + + <
Bai 4. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
3 2
3 2
3 2
2 1
2 1
2 1
x y y y
y z z z
z x x x

+ = + +

+ = + +

+ = + +

b)
3 2
3 2
3 2
2
2
2
x y y y
y z z z
z x x x

= + +

= + +

= + +


c)
3 2
3 2
3 2
6 12 8
6 12 8
6 12 8
y x x
z y y
x z z

= +

= +

= +

d)
x y y x
x y
x y
tan tan
5
2 3
4
,
2 2

+ =

< <


e)
x y x y
x y
x y
sin sin 3 3
5
, 0

+ =

>

f)
x y y x
x y
x y
sin2 2 sin2 2
2 3
0 ,
2

+ =

< <


g)
x y x y
x y
x y
cot cot
5 7 2
0 ,

+ =

< <

h)
HD: a, b) Xet ham so
3 2
( ) f t t t t = + + c) Xet ham so
2
( ) 6 12 8 f t t t = +
d) Xet ham so f(t) = tant + t

I. Khai niem cc tr cua ham so
Gia s ham so f xac nh tren tap D (D R) va x
0
D.
a) x
0
iem cc ai cua f neu ton tai khoang (a; b) D va x
0
(a; b) sao cho
II. CtC TH| CtA HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 5/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

f(x) < f(x
0
), vi x (a; b) \ {x
0
}.
Khi o f(x
0
) gl gia tr cc ai (cc ai) cua f.
b) x
0
iem cc tieu cua f neu ton tai khoang (a; b) D va x
0
(a; b) sao cho
f(x) > f(x
0
), vi x (a; b) \ {x
0
}.
Khi o f(x
0
) gl gia tr cc tieu (cc tieu) cua f.
c) Neu x
0
la iem cc tr cua f th iem (x
0
; f(x
0
)) gl iem cc tr cua o th ham so f.
II. ieu kien can e ham so co cc tr
Neu ham so f co ao ham tai x
0
va at cc tr tai iem o th f (x
0
) = 0.
Chu y: Ham so f ch co the at cc tr tai nhng iem ma tai o ao ham bang 0 hoac khong
co ao ham.
III. ieu kien u e ham so co cc tr
1. nh l 1: Gia s ham so f lien tuc tren khoang (a; b) cha iem x
0
va co ao ham
tren (a; b)\{x
0
}
a) Neu f (x) oi dau t am sang dng khi x i qua x
0
th f at cc tieu tai x
0
.
b) Neu f (x) oi dau t dng sang am khi x i qua x
0
th f at cc ai tai x
0
.
2. nh l 2: Gia s ham so f co ao ham tren khoang (a; b) cha iem x
0
, f (x
0
) = 0 va
co ao ham cap hai khac 0 tai iem x
0
.
a) Neu f (x
0
) < 0 th f at cc ai tai x
0
.
b) Neu f (x
0
) > 0 th f at cc tieu tai x
0
.


VAN E 1: Tm cc tr cua ham so
Qui tac 1: Dung nh l 1.
Tm f (x).
Tm cac iem x
i
(i = 1, 2, ) ma tai o ao ham bang 0 hoac khong co a o ham.
Xet dau f (x). Neu f (x) oi dau khi x i qua x
i
th ham so at cc tr tai x
i
.
Qui tac 2: Dung nh l 2.
Tnh f (x).
Giai phng trnh f (x) = 0 tm cac nghiem x
i
(i = 1, 2, ).
Tnh f (x) va f (x
i
) (i = 1, 2, ).
Neu f (x
i
) < 0 th ham so at cc ai tai x
i
.
Neu f (x
i
) > 0 th ham so at cc tieu tai x
i
.
Bai 1. Tm cc tr cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2 3
3 2 y x x = b)
3 2
2 2 1 y x x x = + c)
3 2
1
4 15
3
y x x x = +
d)
4
2
3
2
x
y x = + e)
4 2
4 5 y x x = + f)
4
2
3
2 2
x
y x = + +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 6/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

g)
2
3 6
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
h)
2
3 4 5
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
i)
2
2 15
3
x x
y
x

=


Bai 2. Tm cc tr cua cac ham so sau:
a)
3 4
( 2) ( 1) y x x = + b)
2
2
4 2 1
2 3
x x
y
x x
+
=
+
c)
2
2
3 4 4
1
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+ +

d)
2
4 y x x = e)
2
2 5 y x x = + f)
2
2 y x x x = +
Bai 3. Tm cc tr cua cac ham so sau:
a)
3 2
1 y x = + b)
3 2
2 1
x
y
x
=
+
c) 4
x x
y e e

= +
d)
2
5 5 2ln y x x x = + + e)
2
4sin y x x = f)
2
ln(1 ) y x x = +
VAN E 2: Tm ieu kien e ham so co cc tr
1. Neu ham so y = f(x) at cc tr tai iem x
0
th f (x
0
) = 0 hoac tai x
0
khong co a o ham.
2. e ham so y = f(x) at cc tr tai iem x
0
th f (x) oi dau khi x i qua x
0
.
Chu y:
Ham so bac ba
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + co cc tr Phng trnh y = 0 co hai nghiem
phan biet.
Khi o neu x
0
la iem cc tr th ta co the tnh gia tr cc tr y(x
0
) bang hai cach:
+
3 2
0 0 0 0
( ) y x ax bx cx d = + + +
+
0 0
( ) y x Ax B = + , trong o Ax + B la phan d trong phep chia y cho y.
Ham so
2
' '
ax bx c
y
a x b
+ +
=
+
=
( )
( )
P x
Q x
(aa 0) co cc tr Phng trnh y = 0 co hai
nghiem phan biet khac
'
'
b
a
.
Khi o neu x
0
la iem cc tr th ta co the tnh gia tr cc tr y(x
0
) bang hai cach:

0
0
0
( )
( )
( )
P x
y x
Q x
= hoac
0
0
0
'( )
( )
'( )
P x
y x
Q x
=
Khi s dung ieu kien can e xet ham so co cc tr can phai kiem tra lai e loai bo
nghiem ngoai lai.
Khi giai cac bai tap loai nay thng ta co n s dung cac kien thc khac na, nhat la
nh l Viet.
Bai 1. Chng minh rang cac ham so sau luon co cc ai, cc tieu:
a)
3 2 2 3
3 3( 1) y x mx m x m = + b)
3 2
2 3(2 1) 6 ( 1) 1 y x m x m m x = + + + +
c)
2 2 4
( 1) 1 x m m x m
y
x m
+ +
=

d)
2
2
1
x mx m
y
x m
+ +
=
+

Bai 2. Tm m e ham so:
a)
3 2
( 2) 3 5 y m x x mx = + + + co cc ai, c c tieu.
b)
3 2 2
3( 1) (2 3 2) ( 1) y x m x m m x m m = + + co c c ai, cc tieu.
c)
3 2 2
3 ( 1) 2 y x mx m x = + + at cc ai tai x = 2.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 7/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

d)
4 2
2( 2) 5 y mx m x m = + + co mot cc ai
1
.
2
x =
e)
2
2 2 x mx
y
x m
+
=

at cc tieu khi x = 2.
f)
2 2
( 1) 4 2
1
x m x m m
y
x
+ +
=

co cc ai, cc tieu.
g)
2
1
x x m
y
x
+
=

co mot gia tr cc ai bang 0.


Bai 3. Tm m e cac ham so sau khong co cc tr:
a)
3 2
3 3 3 4 y x x mx m = + + + b)
3 2
3 ( 1) 1 y mx mx m x = +
c)
2
5
3
x mx
y
x
+ +
=

d)
2 2
( 1) 4 2
1
x m x m m
y
x
+ +
=


Bai 4. Tm a, b, c, d e ham so:
a)
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + at cc tieu bang 0 tai x = 0 va at cc ai bang
4
27
tai x =
1
3

b)
4 2
y ax bx c = + + co o th i qua goc toa o O va at cc tr bang 9 tai x = 3 .
c)
2
1
x bx c
y
x
+ +
=

at cc tr bang 6 tai x = 1.
d)
2
ax bx ab
y
bx a
+ +
=
+
at cc tr tai x = 0 va x = 4.
e)
2
2
2
1
ax x b
y
x
+ +
=
+
at cc ai bang 5 tai x = 1.
Bai 5. Tm m e ham so :
a)
3 2 2 2
2( 1) ( 4 1) 2( 1) y x m x m m x m = + + + + at cc tr tai hai iem x
1
, x
2
sao
cho:
1 2
1 2
1 1 1
( )
2
x x
x x
+ = + .
b)
3 2
1
1
3
y x mx mx = + at cc tr tai hai iem x
1
, x
2
sao cho:
1 2
8 x x .
c)
3 2
1 1
( 1) 3( 2)
3 3
y mx m x m x = + + at cc tr tai hai iem x
1
, x
2
sao cho:
1 2
2 1 x x + = .
Bai 6. Tm m e ham so :
a)
2
2
1
x mx m
y
x m
+ +
=
+
co cc ai, c c tieu va cac gia tr cc ai, c c tieu cung dau.
b)
2 2
( 1) 4 2
1
x m x m m
y
x
+ +
=

co cc ai, cc tieu va tch cac gia tr cc ai, cc


tieu at gia tr nho nhat.
c)
2
3
4
x x m
y
x
+ +
=

co gia tr cc ai M va gia tr cc tieu m thoa 4 M m = .


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 8/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

d)
2
2 3 2
2
x x m
y
x
+ +
=
+
co 12
C CT
y y < .
Bai 7. Tm m e o th ham so :
a)
3 2
4 y x mx = + co hai iem cc tr la A, B va
2
2
900
729
m
AB = .
b)
4 2
4 y x mx x m = + + co 3 iem cc tr la A, B, C va tam giac ABC nhan goc toa o
O lam trong tam.
c)
2
2 x mx m
y
x m
+ +
=

co hai iem cc tr nam hai pha oi vi truc tung. Chng minh


hai iem cc tr luon luon nam cung mot pha oi vi truc hoanh.
d)
2
1
x mx
y
x
+
=

co khoang cach gia hai iem cc tr bang 10.


e)
2
2 5
1
x mx
y
x
+ +
=

co hai iem cc ai va cc tieu nam ve hai pha oi vi ng


thang y = 2x.
f)
2
2 3 x x m
y
x m
+ + +
=

co hai iem cc tr va khoang cach gia chung nho nhat.


Bai 8. Tm m e o th ham so :
a)
3 2
2 12 13 y x mx x = + co hai iem cc tr cach eu truc tung.
b)
3 2 3
3 4 y x mx m = + co cac iem cc ai, cc tieu oi xng nhau qua ng phan
giac th nhat.
c)
3 2 3
3 4 y x mx m = + co cac iem cc ai, cc tieu ve mot pha oi vi ng
thang (d): 3 2 8 0 x y + = .
d)
2 2
(2 1) 1
1
x m x m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+
co hai iem cc tr nam hai pha oi vi ng thang
(d): 2 3 1 0 x y = .
Bai 9. Tm m e o th ham so :
a)
2
( 1) 2 1 x m x m
y
x m
+ +
=

co hai iem cc tr trong goc phan t th nhat cua mat


phang toa o.
b)
2 2 2
2 (4 1) 32 2
2
mx m x m m
y
x m
+ + + +
=
+
co mot iem cc tr nam trong goc phan t th
hai va iem kia nam trong goc phan t th t cua mat phang toa o.
c)
2 2 2
( 1) 4 mx m x m m
y
x m
+ + +
=

co mot iem cc tr nam trong goc phan t th nhat


va iem kia nam trong goc phan t th ba cua mat phang toa o.
d)
2 2
(2 1) 1
1
x m x m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+
co hai iem cc tr nam hai pha cua truc hoanh (tung).

VAN E 3: ng thang i qua hai iem cc tr
1) Ham so bac ba
3 2
( ) y f x ax bx cx d = = + + + .
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 9/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Chia f(x) cho f (x) ta c: f(x) = Q(x).f (x) + Ax + B.
Khi o, gia s (x
1
; y
1
), (x
2
; y
2
) la cac iem cc tr th:

1 1 1
2 2 2
( )
( )
y f x Ax B
y f x Ax B
= = +

= = +


Cac iem (x
1
; y
1
), (x
2
; y
2
) nam tren ng thang y = Ax + B.
2) Ham so phan thc
2
( )
( )
( )
P x ax bx c
y f x
Q x dx e
+ +
= = =
+
.
Gia s (x
0
; y
0
) la iem cc tr th
0
0
0
'( )
'( )
P x
y
Q x
= .
Gia s ham so co cc ai va cc tieu th phng trnh ng tha ng i qua hai iem
cc tr ay la:
'( ) 2
'( )
P x ax b
y
Q x d
+
= = .

Bai 1. Viet phng trnh ng thang i qua hai iem cc tr cua o th ham so :
a)
3 2
2 1 y x x x = + b)
2 3
3 2 y x x = c)
3 2
3 6 8 y x x x = +
d)
2
2 1
3
x x
y
x
+
=
+
e
2
1
2
x x
y
x

=


Bai 2. Khi ham so co cc ai, cc tieu, viet phng trnh ng thang i qua hai iem cc
tr cua o th ham so:
a)
3 2 2 3
3 3( 1) y x mx m x m = + b)
2
6 x mx
y
x m
+
=


c)
3 2 2
3( 1) (2 3 2) ( 1) y x m x m m x m m = + + d)
2
2
1
x mx m
y
x m
+ +
=
+

Bai 3. Tm m e ham so:
a)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6( 2) 1 y x m x m x = + + co ng thang i qua hai iem cc tr song song
vi ng thang y = 4x + 1.
b)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6 (1 2 ) y x m x m m x = + + co cac iem cc ai, cc tieu cua o th nam tren
ng thang y = 4x.
c)
3 2
7 3 y x mx x = + + + co ng thang i qua cac iem cc ai, cc tieu vuong goc
vi ng thang y = 3x 7.
d)
3 2 2
3 y x x m x m = + + co cac iem cc ai va cc tieu oi xng nhau qua ng
thang ():
1 5
2 2
y x = .

1. nh ngha:
Gia s ham so f xac nh tren mien D (D R).
a)
0 0
( ) ,
max ( )
: ( )
D
f x M x D
M f x
x D f x M

=

=


III. GIA TH| LON NHAT
A GIA TH| NHO NHAT CtA HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 10/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

b)
0 0
( ) ,
min ( )
: ( )
D
f x m x D
m f x
x D f x m

=

=


2. Tnh chat:
a) Neu ham so f ong bien tren [a; b] th
[ ; ] [ ; ]
max ( ) ( ), min ( ) ( )
a b a b
f x f b f x f a = = .
b) Neu ham so f nghch bien tren [a; b] th
[ ; ] [ ; ]
max ( ) ( ), min ( ) ( )
a b a b
f x f a f x f b = = .

VAN E 1: Tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so bang cach lap bang bien thien
Cach 1: Th ng du ng khi tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so tren mot khoang.
Tnh f (x).
Xet dau f (x) va lap ba ng bien thien.
Da vao ba ng bien thie n e ket luan.
Cach 2: Th ng du ng khi tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so lien tuc tren mot oan [a; b].
Tnh f (x).
Giai phng trnh f (x) = 0 tm c cac nghie m x
1
, x
2
, , x
n
tren [a; b] (neu co).
Tnh f(a), f(b), f(x
1
), f(x
2
), , f(x
n
).
So sanh cac gia tr va tnh va ket luan.

{ }
1 2
[ ; ]
max ( ) max ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ),..., ( )
n
a b
M f x f a f b f x f x f x = =

{ }
1 2
[ ; ]
min ( ) min ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ),..., ( )
n
a b
m f x f a f b f x f x f x = =
Bai 1. Tm GTLN, GTNN cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2
4 3 y x x = + + b)
3 4
4 3 y x x = c)
4 2
2 2 y x x = +
d)
2
2 y x x = + e)
2
1
2 2
x
y
x x

=
+
f)
2
2
2 4 5
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+

g)
2
1
( 0) y x x
x
= + > h)
2
2
1
1
x x
y
x x
+
=
+ +
i)
4 2
3
1
( 0)
x x
y x
x x
+ +
= >
+

Bai 2. Tm GTLN, GTNN cua cac ham so sau:
a)
3 2
2 3 12 1 y x x x = + + tren [1; 5] b)
3
3 y x x = tren [2; 3]
c)
4 2
2 3 y x x = + tren [3; 2] d)
4 2
2 5 y x x = + tren [2; 2]
e)
3 1
3
x
y
x

tren [0; 2] f)
1
1
x
y
x

=
+
tren [0; 4]
g)
2
4 7 7
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
tren [0; 2] h)
2
2
1
1
x x
y
x x
+
=
+
tren [0; 1]
i)
2
100 y x = tren [6; 8] k) 2 4 y x x = + +
Bai 3. Tm GTLN, GTNN cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2sin 1
sin 2
x
y
x

=
+
b)
2
1
cos cos 1
y
x x
=
+ +
c)
2
2sin cos 1 y x x = +
d) cos2 2sin 1 y x x = e)
3 3
sin cos y x x = + f)
2
4 2
1
1
x
y
x x

=
+

g)
2 2
4 2 5 2 3 y x x x x = + + + h)
2 2
4 4 3 y x x x x = + + +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 11/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


VAN E 2: Tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so bang cach dung bat ang thc
Cach nay d a trc tiep vao nh ngha GTLN, GTNN cua ham so.
Chng minh mot bat ang thc.
Tm mot iem thuoc D sao cho ng vi gia tr a y, bat ang thc va tm c tr thanh
ang thc.

Bai 1. Gia s { } ( ; ; ) / 0, 0, 0, 1 D x y z x y z x y z = > > > + + = . Tm gia tr ln nhat cua bieu
thc:
1 1 1
x y z
P
x y z
= + +
+ + +
.
HD:
1 1 1
3
1 1 1
P
x y z
| |
= + +
|
+ + +
\

S dung bat ang thc Cosi: [ ]
1 1 1
( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 9
1 1 1
x y z
x y z
| |
+ + + + = + +
|
+ + +
\

P
3
4
. Dau = xay ra x = y = z =
1
3
. Vay
3
min
4 D
P = .
Bai 2. Cho D =
5
( ; ) / 0, 0,
4
x y x y x y

> > + = `
)
. Tm gia tr nho nhat cua bieu thc:

4 1
4
S
x y
= + .
HD: ( )
1 1 1 1 1
4 25
4
x x x x y
x x x x y
| |
+ + + + + + + +
|
\

4 1
4( ) 25
4
x y
x y
| |
+ +
|
\

S 5. Dau = xay ra x = 1, y =
1
4
. Vay minS = 5.
Bai 3. Cho D = { } ( ; ) / 0, 0, 1 x y x y x y > > + < . Tm gia tr nho nhat cua bieu thc:

2 2
1
1 1
x y
P x y
x y x y
= + + + +
+
.
HD:
2 2
1
(1 ) (1 ) 2
1 1
x y
P x y
x y x y
= + + + + + +
+
=
1 1 1
2
1 1 x y x y
+ +
+
.
S dung bat ang thc Cosi: [ ]
1 1 1
(1 ) (1 ) ( ) 9
1 1
x y x y
x y x y
| |
+ + + + +
|
+
\


1 1 1 9
1 1 2 x y x y
+ +
+

P
5
2
. Dau = xay ra x = y =
1
3
. Vay minP =
5
2
.
Bai 4. Cho D = { } ( ; ) / 0, 0, 4 x y x y x y > > + . Tm gia tr nho nhat cua bieu thc:

2 2
2
3 4 2
4
x y
P
x
y
+ +
= + .
HD:
2
1 1
2
4 8 8 2
x y y x y
P
x
y
| | +
= + + + + +
|
\
(1)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 12/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Theo bat ang thc Co si:
1 1
2 . 1
4 4
x x
x x
+ = (2)
3
2 2
1 1 3
3 . .
8 8 8 8 4
y y y y
y y
+ + = (3)
P
9
2
. Dau = xay ra x = y = 2. Vay minP =
9
2
.

VAN E 3: Tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so bang cach dung mien gia tr
Xet bai toan tm GTLN, GTNN cua ham so f(x) tren mot mien D cho trc.
Goi y
0
la mot gia tr tuy y cua f(x) tren D, th he phng trnh (a n x) sau co nghiem:

0
( ) (1)
(2)
f x y
x D
=


Tuy theo dang cua he tre n ma ta co cac ieu kien tng ng. Thong th ng ieu kien ay
(sau khi bien oi) co dang: m y
0
M (3)
V y
0
la mot gia tr bat k cua f(x) nen t (3) ta suy ra c:
min ( ) ; max ( )
D D
f x m f x M = =

Bai 1. Tm gia tr ln nhat, gia tr nho nhat cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2
2
1
1
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+
b)
2
2
2 7 23
2 10
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+ +
c)
2sin cos 1
sin 2cos 3
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+

d)
2sin cos 3
2cos sin 4
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+

VAN E 4: S dung GTLN, GTNN cua ham so trong PT, HPT, BPT
Gia s f(x) la mot ham so lien tuc tren mien D va co min ( ) ; max ( )
D D
f x m f x M = = . Khi o:
1) He phng trnh
( ) f x
x D
=


co nghiem m M.
2) He bat phng trnh
( ) f x
x D


co nghiem M .
3) He bat phng trnh
( ) f x
x D


co nghiem m .
4) Bat phng trnh f(x) ung vi moi x m .
5) Bat phng trnh f(x) ung vi moi x M .


Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
4 4
2 4 2 x x + = b) 3 5 6 2
x x
x + = + c)
5 5
1
(1 )
16
x x + =
Bai 2. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co nghiem:
a)
2
2 1 x x m + + = b) 2 2 (2 )(2 ) x x x x m + + + =
c) 3 6 (3 )(6 ) x x x x m + + + = d) 7 2 (7 )(2 ) x x x x m + + + =
Bai 3. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau nghiem ung vi moi x R:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 13/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

a)
2
2 1 x x m + + > b)
2
2 9 m x x m + < + c)
4
4 0 mx x m +
Bai 4. Cho bat phng trnh:
3 2
2 1 0 x x x m + + < .
a) Tm m e bat phng trnh co nghiem thuoc [0; 2].
b) Tm m e bat phng trnh thoa moi x thuoc [0; 2].
Bai 5. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau:
a) 3 1 mx x m + co nghiem. b) ( 2) 1 m x m x + + co nghiem x [0; 2].
c)
2 2
( 1) 1 m x x x x + + + nghiem ung vi moi x [0; 1].


1. nh ngha:
iem
( )
0 0
; ( ) U x f x gl iem uon cua o th ham so y = f(x) neu ton tai mot khoang (a;
b) cha iem x
0
sao cho tren mot trong hai khoang (a; x
0
) va (x
0
; b) tiep tuyen cua o
th tai iem U nam pha tren o th con tren khoang kia tiep tuyen nam pha di o th
2. Tnh chat:
Neu ham so y = f(x) co ao ham cap hai tren mot khoang cha iem x
0
, f(x
0
) = 0 va
f(x) oi dau khi x i qua x
0
th
( )
0 0
; ( ) U x f x la mot iem uon cua o th ham so.
o th cua ham so ba c ba
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + (a 0) luon co mot iem uon va o
la tam oi xng cua o th.

Bai 1. Tm iem uon cua o th cac ham so sau:
a)
3 2
6 3 2 y x x x = + + b)
3 2
3 9 9 y x x x = + c)
4 2
6 3 y x x = +
d)
4
2
2 3
4
x
y x = + e)
4 3 2
12 48 10 y x x x = + + f)
5 4
3 5 3 2 y x x x = +
Bai 2. Tm m, n e o th cua ham so sau co iem uon c ch ra:
a)
3 2
3 3 3 4 y x x mx m = + + + ; I(1; 2). b)
3
2
8
( 1) ( 3)
3 3
x
y m x m x = + + + ; I(1; 3)
c)
3 2
1 y mx nx = + + ; I(1; 4) d)
3 2
2 y x mx nx = + ;
2
; 3
3
I
| |

|
\

e)
3
2
3 2
x
y mx
m
= + ; I(1; 0) f)
3 2
3 4 y mx mx = + + ; I(1; 2)
Bai 3. Tm m e o th cua cac ham so sau co 3 iem uon:
a)
5
4 3
4
(4 3) 5 1
5 3
x
y x m x x = + + + b)
2
2
1
1
x mx
y
x
+
=
+

Bai 4. Chng minh o th cua cac ham so sau co 3 iem uon thang hang:
a)
2
2 1
1
x
y
x x
+
=
+ +
b)
2
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
c)
2
2
2 3
1
x x
y
x

=
+

d)
2
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
e)
2
1
x
y
x
=
+
f)
2
2
2 5
1
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+

g)
2
2
2 3
3 3
x x
y
x x

=
+
h)
2
2
3
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
i)
3
2
4 5
x
y
x x
=
+

I. IEM tON CtA O TH|
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 14/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Bai 5. Tm m, n e o th cua cac ham so:
a)
4 3 2
2 6 2 1 y x x x mx m = + + co hai iem uon thang hang vi iem A(1; 2).
b)
3
2
2
3 3
x
y x mx = + + co iem uon tren ng thang 2 y x = + .
c)
4 2
1
4
y x mx n = + + co iem uon tren Ox.



1. nh ngha:
ng thang
0
x x = gl ng tiem can ng cua o th ham so ( ) y f x = neu t
nhat mot trong cac ieu kien sau c thoa man:

0
lim ( )
x x
f x
+

= +;
0
lim ( )
x x
f x
+

= ;
0
lim ( )
x x
f x

= +;
0
lim ( )
x x
f x

=
ng thang
0
y y = gl ng tiem can ngang cua o th ham so ( ) y f x = neu t
nhat mot trong cac ieu kien sau c thoa man:

0
lim ( )
x
f x y
+
= ;
0
lim ( )
x
f x y

=
ng thang , 0 y ax b a = + gl ng tiem can xien cua o th ham so ( ) y f x =
neu t nhat mot trong cac ieu kien sau c thoa man:
[ ] lim ( ) ( ) 0
x
f x ax b
+
+ = ; [ ] lim ( ) ( ) 0
x
f x ax b

+ =
2. Chu y:
a) Neu
( )
( )
( )
P x
y f x
Q x
= = la ham so phan thc hu ty.
Neu Q(x) = 0 co nghie m x
0
th o th co tiem can ng
0
x x = .
Neu bac(P(x)) bac(Q(x)) th o th co tiem ca n ngang.
Neu bac(P(x)) = bac(Q(x)) + 1 th o th co tiem can xien.
b) e xac nh cac he so a, b trong phng trnh cua tiem can xien, ta co the ap dung
cac cong thc sau:
[ ]
( )
lim ; lim ( )
x x
f x
a b f x ax
x + +
= =
hoac [ ]
( )
lim ; lim ( )
x x
f x
a b f x ax
x
= =

Bai 1. Tm cac tiem can cua o th cac ham so sau:
a)
2 5
1
x
y
x

b)
10 3
1 2
x
y
x
+
=

c)
2 3
2
x
y
x
+
=


d)
2
4 3
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
e)
2
( 2)
1
x
y
x

f)
2
7 4 5
2 3
x x
y
x
+ +
=


Bai 2. Tm cac tiem can cua o th cac ham so sau:
. tONG TIEM CAN CtA O TH|
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 15/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

a)
2
4 5
x
y
x x
=
+
b)
2
2
9
x
y
x
+
=

c)
2
2
4 5
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=


d)
2
2
2 3 3
1
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+ +
e)
3
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
f)
4
3
4
1
x x
y
x
+
=


Bai 3. Tm cac tiem can cua o th cac ham so sau:
a)
2
4 y x x = b)
2
4 2
9
x
y
x
+
=

c)
2
1
4 3
y
x x
=
+

d)
1
1
x
y x
x

=
+
e)
3 2 3
3 y x x = f)
2
3 2
2
x x
y
x
+
=


Bai 4. Tm cac tiem can cua o th cac ham so sau:
a)
2 1
2 1
x
x
y
+
=

b) ln
2
x x
e e
y

= c)
2
ln( 5 6) y x x = +
Bai 5. Tm m e o th cua cac ham so sau co ung hai tiem can ng:
a) y
x m x m
2 2
3
4 2(2 3) 1
=
+ + +
b)
2
2
2
3 2( 1) 4
x
y
x m x
+
=
+ + +
c)
2
3
2
x
y
x x m
+
=
+ +

d)
x
y
x m x m
2 2
3
2( 2) 1

=
+ + + +
e)
x
y
x m x m
2 2
1
2( 1) 2

=
+ +
f)
2
3
2 2 1
y
x mx m
=
+ +

Bai 6. Tm m e o th cua cac ham so sau co tiem can xien:
a)
2
(3 2) 2 1
5
x m x m
y
x
+ + +
=
+
b)
2
(2 1) 3
2
mx m x m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+

Bai 7. Tnh dien tch cua tam giac tao bi tiem can xien cua o th cac ham so sau chan
tren hai truc toa o:
a)
2
3 1
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=

b)
2
3 4
2
x x
y
x
+
=
+
c)
2
7
3
x x
y
x
+
=


Bai 8. Tm m e tiem can xien cua o th cac ham so sau tao vi cac truc toa o mot tam
giac co dien tch S a ch ra:
a)
2
1
1
x mx
y
x
+
=

; S = 8 b)
2
(2 1) 2 3
1
x m x m
y
x
+ +
=
+
; S = 8
c)
2
2 2(2 1) 4 5
1
x m x m
y
x
+ + +
=
+
; S = 16 d)
2
2 2
1
x mx
y
x
+
=

; S = 4
Bai 9. Chng minh rang tch cac khoang cach t mot iem bat k tren o th cua cac ham
so en hai tiem can bang mot hang so:
a)
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+
=

b)
2
2 5 4
3
x x
y
x
+
=
+
c)
2
7
3
x x
y
x
+
=



1. Cac bc khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so
Tm tap xac nh cua ham so.
Xet s bien thien cua ham so:
+ Tnh y.
+ Tm cac iem tai o ao ham y bang 0 hoac khong xac nh.
I. NHAO SAT St HIEN THIEN
A E O TH| CtA HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 16/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

+ Tm cac gii han tai vo cc, gii han vo cc va tm tiem can (neu co).
+ Lap bang bien thien ghi ro dau cua ao ham, chieu bien thien, cc tr cua ham so.
Ve o th cua ham so:
+ Tm iem uon cua o th (oi vi ham so bac ba va ham so trung phng).
Tnh y.
Tm cac iem tai o y = 0 va xet dau y.
+ Ve cac ng tiem ca n (neu co) cua o th.
+ Xac nh mot so iem ac biet cua o th nh giao iem cua o th vi cac truc
toa o (trong trng h p o th khong cat cac truc toa o hoac viec tm toa o giao
iem phc tap th co the bo qua). Co the tm them mot so iem thuoc o th e co the
ve chnh xac hn.
+ Nhan xet ve o th: Ch ra truc oi xng, tam oi xng (neu co) cua o th.
2. Ham so bac ba
3 2
( 0) y ax bx cx d a = + + + :
Tap xac nh D = R.
o th luon co mot iem uon va nhan iem uon lam tam oi xng.
Cac dang o th:
a > 0 a < 0
y = 0 co 2 nghiem phan biet
= b
2
3ac > 0

y = 0 co nghiem kep
= b
2
3ac = 0


y = 0 vo nghiem
= b
2
3ac < 0

3. Ham so trung phng
4 2
( 0) y ax bx c a = + + :
Tap xac nh D = R.
o th luon nhan truc tung lam truc oi xng.
Cac dang o th:
y
x 0
I
y
x 0
I
y
x 0
I
y
x 0
I
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 17/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


4. Ham so nhat bien ( 0, 0)
ax b
y c ad bc
cx d
+
=
+
:
Tap xac nh D = \
d
R
c

`
)
.
o th co mot tiem can ng la
d
x
c
= va mot tiem can ngang la
a
y
c
= . Giao iem
cua hai tiem can la tam oi xng cua o th ham so.
Cac dang o th:


5. Ham so hu ty
2
( . ' 0, )
' '
ax bx c
y a a t kho ng chia he t cho ma u
a x b
+ +
=
+
:
Tap xac nh D =
'
\
'
b
R
a

`
)
.
o th co mot tiem can ng la
'
'
b
x
a
= va mot tiem can xien. Giao iem cua hai
tiem can la tam oi xng cua o th ham so.
Cac dang o th:
a.a > 0 a.a < 0
a > 0 a < 0
y = 0 co 3 nghiem
phan biet
ab < 0







y = 0 ch co
1 nghiem
ab > 0









y
x 0
y
x 0
y
x 0
y
x 0
0
ad bc > 0
x
y
0
ad bc < 0
x
y
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 18/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

y = 0 co 2 nghiem phan biet


y = 0 vo nghiem



Bai 1. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua cac ham so:
a)
3 2
3 9 1 y x x x = + b)
3 2
3 3 5 y x x x = + + + c)
3 2
3 2 y x x = +
d)
2
( 1) (4 ) y x x = e)
3
2
1
3 3
x
y x = + f)
3 2
3 4 2 y x x x = +
Bai 2. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua cac ham so:
a)
4 2
2 1 y x x = b)
4 2
4 1 y x x = + c)
4
2
5
3
2 2
x
y x = +
d)
2 2
( 1) ( 1) y x x = + e)
4 2
2 2 y x x = + + f)
4 2
2 4 8 y x x = + +
Bai 3. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua cac ham so:
a)
1
2
x
y
x
+
=
+
b)
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=

c)
3
4
x
y
x


d)
1 2
1 2
x
y
x

=
+
e)
3 1
3
x
y
x

f)
2
2 1
x
y
x

=
+

Bai 4. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua cac ham so:
a)
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
b)
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=

c)
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+

d)
1
1
1
y x
x
= + +

e)
2
1
x
y
x
=

f)
2
2
1
x x
y
x

=
+

Bai 5. Ve o th cua cac ham so:
a)
3
3 2 y x x = + b)
3 2
3 2 y x x = + c)
4 2
2 3 y x x =
d)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=

e)
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+
=

f)
2
3 3
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+


0
x
y
0
x
y
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 19/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


1. S TNG GIAO CUA CAC O TH
1. Cho hai o th (C
1
): y = f(x) va (C
2
): y = g(x). e tm hoanh o giao iem cua (C
1
) va
(C
2
) ta giai phng trnh: f(x) = g(x) (*) (goi la phng trnh hoanh o giao iem).
So nghiem cua phng trnh (*) bang so giao iem cua hai o th.
2. o th ham so bac ba
3 2
( 0) y ax bx cx d a = + + + cat truc hoanh tai 3 iem phan biet
Phng trnh
3 2
0 ax bx cx d + + + = co 3 nghiem phan biet.
Ham so
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + co cc ai, cc tieu va . 0
C CT
y y < .

Bai 1. Tm toa o giao iem cua cac o th cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2
3
3
2 2
1
2 2
x
y x
x
y

= +

= +

b)
2
2 4
1
2 4
x
y
x
y x x

=

= + +

c)
3
4 3
2
y x x
y x

= +


d)
4 2
2
1
4 5
y x x
y x

= +

e)
3 2
2
5 10 5
1
y x x x
y x x

= +

= +

f)
2
1
3 1
x
y
x
y x

= +


Bai 2. Bien luan theo m so giao iem cua cac o th cu a cac ham so sau:
a)
y x x
y m x
3
3 2
( 2)

b)
3 2
2
3 2
1 13
2 12
x x
y x
y m x

= +

| |

= + +
|

\
c)
3
3
3
( 3)
x
y x
y m x

= +


d)
2 1
2
2
x
y
x
y x m
+

= +

e)
1
1
2
x
y
x
y x m
+

= +

f)
2
6 3
2
x x
y
x
y x m


g)
1
3
1
3
y x
x
y mx

= + +

= +

h)
2
3 3
2
4 1
x x
y
x
y mx m

i)
y x x
y m x
3
2
2 1
( 1)

= +


Bai 3. Tm m e o th cac ham so:
a)
2
( 2) 1
; 1
2
x
y y mx
x
+
= = +
+
cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet.
b)
2
2 3
; 2
1
x x m
y y x m
x
+
= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet.


c)
2
; 2
1
mx x m
y y mx
x
+ +
= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem co hoanh o trai dau.


d)
2
4 5
; 2
2
x x
y y mx
x
+ +
= = +
+
cat nhau tai hai iem co hoanh o trai dau.
e)
2
( 2)
; 3
1
x
y y mx
x

= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem thuoc hai nhanh khac nhau.
II. MOT SO HAI TOAN LIEN QtAN
EN NHAO SAT HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 20/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
f)
2
1
mx x m
y
x
+ +
=

cat truc hoanh tai hai iem phan biet co hoanh o dng.
Bai 4. Tm m e o th cac ham so:
a)
3 2
3 2 ; 2 y x x mx m y x = + + + = + cat nhau tai ba iem phan biet.
b)
3 2
3 (1 2 ) 1 y mx mx m x = + cat truc hoanh tai ba iem phan biet.
c)
2 2
( 1)( 3) y x x mx m = + cat truc hoanh tai ba iem phan biet.
d)
3 2 2
2 2 2 1; 2 2 y x x x m y x x = + + = + cat nhau tai ba iem phan biet.
e)
3 2 2 2
2 3 ; 2 1 y x x m x m y x = + + = + cat nhau tai ba iem phan biet.
Bai 5. Tm m e o th cac ham so:
a)
4 2
2 1; y x x y m = = cat nhau tai bon iem phan biet.
b)
4 2 3
( 1) y x m m x m = + + cat truc hoanh tai bon iem phan biet.
c)
4 2 2
(2 3) 3 y x m x m m = + cat truc hoanh tai bon iem phan biet.
Bai 6. Tm m e o th cua cac ham so:
a)
3 1
; 2
4
x
y y x m
x
+
= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet A, B. Khi o tm m e oan


AB ngan nhat.
b)
4 1
;
2
x
y y x m
x

= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet A, B. Khi o tm m e oan


AB ngan nhat.
c)
2
2 4
; 2 2
2
x x
y y mx m
x
+
= = +

cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet A, B. Khi o tnh


AB theo m.
Bai 7. Tm m e o th cua cac ham so:
a)
3 2
3 6 8 y x mx mx = + cat truc hoanh tai ba iem co hoanh o lap thanh mot cap
so cong.
b)
3 2
3 9 1; 4 y x x x y x m = + = + cat nhau tai ba iem A, B, C vi B la trung iem
cua oan AC.
c)
4 2 2
(2 4) y x m x m = + + cat truc hoanh tai bo n iem co hoanh o lap thanh mot cap
so cong.
d)
3 2
( 1) ( 1) 2 1 y x m x m x m = + + cat truc hoanh tai ba iem co hoanh o lap
thanh mot cap so nhan.
e)
3 2
3 (2 2) 9 192 y x m x mx = + + + + cat truc hoanh tai ba iem co hoanh o lap thanh
mot cap so nhan.

2. BIEN LUAN SO NGHIEM CUA PHNG TRNH BANG O TH

C s cua phng phap: Xet phng trnh: f(x) = g(x) (1)
So nghiem cua phng trnh (1) = So giao iem cua (C
1
): y = f(x) va (C
2
): y = g(x)
Nghiem cua phng trnh (1) la hoanh o giao iem cua (C
1
): y = f(x) va (C
2
): y = g(x)

e bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh F(x, m) = 0 (*) bang o th ta bien oi (*) ve
mot trong cac dang sau:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 21/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Dang 1: F(x, m) = 0 f(x) = m (1)
Khi o (1) co the xem la phng trnh hoanh o
giao iem cua hai ng:
(C): y = f(x)
d: y = m
d la ng thang cung phng vi truc hoanh.
Da vao o th (C) ta bien luan so giao iem
cua (C) va d. T o suy ra so nghiem cua (1)
Dang 2: F(x, m) = 0 f(x) = g(m) (2)
Thc hien tng t nh tren, co the at g(m) = k.
Bien luan theo k, sau o bien luan theo m.
Dang 3: F(x, m) = 0 f(x) = kx + m (3)
(k: khong oi)
Khi o (3) co the xem la phng trnh hoanh o
giao iem cua hai ng:
(C): y = f(x)
d: y = kx + m
V d co he so goc k khong oi nen d cung phng
vi ng thang y = kx va cat truc tung tai iem A(0; m).
Viet phng trnh cac tiep tuyen d
1
, d
2
, cua (C)
co he so goc k.
Da vao cac tung o goc m, b
1
, b
2
, cua d, d
1
, d
2
,
e bien luan.
Dang 4: F(x, m) = 0 f(x) = m(x x
0
) + y
0
(4)
Khi o (4) co the xem la phng trnh
hoanh o giao iem cua hai ng:
(C): y = f(x)
d: y = m(x x
0
) + y
0

d quay quanh iem co nh M
0
(x
0
; y
0
).
Viet phng trnh cac tiep tuyen d
1
, d
2
,
cua (C) i qua M
0
.
Cho d quay quanh iem M
0
e bien luan.


Chu y:
Neu F(x, m) = 0 co nghiem thoa ieu kien: x th ta ch ve o th (C): y = f(x)
vi x .
Neu co at an so phu th ta tm ieu kien cua an so phu, sau o bien lua n theo m.

VAN E 1: Bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh bang o th
e bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh F(x, m) = 0 (*) ta bien oi (*) ve mot trong cac
dang nh tren, trong o lu y y = f(x) la ham so a khao sat va ve o th.

Bai 1. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so. Dung o th (C) bien luan theo
m so nghiem cua phng trnh:
a)
3 3
3 1; 3 1 0 y x x x x m = + + = b)
3 3
3 1; 3 1 0 y x x x x m = + + + =
y
x
m A
(C)
c.
(d) : y = m
c.
y
C

y
CT

x
A

y
x
A
y = kx
c.
m
(C)
M
1

M
2

b
1

b
2

d
1

d
d
2 22 2

O
y
x
0

d
3

d
1

y
0

0
(C)
c.
M
1

M
2

d
2

m =
m = +
m > 0
m = 0
m < 0
d
I

IV
()
(+)
M
x
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 22/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
c)
3 3 2
3 1; 3 2 2 0 y x x x x m m = + = d)
3 3
3 1; 3 4 0 y x x x x m = + + + =
e)
4
2 4 2
2 2; 4 4 2 0
2
x
y x x x m = + + + = f)
4 2 4 2
2 2; 2 2 0 y x x x x m = + + =
Bai 2. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so. Dung o th (C) bien luan theo
m so nghiem cua phng trnh:
a)
2
2
5 7
; ( 5) 3 7 0
3
x x
y x m x m
x
+
= + + + =


b)
2
2
2 4 2
; 2 2( 2) 3 2 0
2 3
x x
y x m x m
x
+
= + + =
+

c)
2
2
1
; ( 1) 2 1 0
x
y m x x
x
+
= + =
d)
2
2
2 4
; 2( 1) 4( 1) 0
2 4
x x
y x m x m
x
+
= + + + =


Bai 3. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so. Dung o th (C) bien luan theo
m so nghiem cua phng trnh:
a)
2
2
2
; 2sin 2 cos 2 0 (0 )
2 1
x
y m m
x
= + =


b)
2
2 3
; cos2 ( 3) cos 2 1 0 (0 )
2
x x
y m m
x

= + + + =


c)
2
2
3 3
; cos (3 ) cos 3 2 0 (0 )
2
x x
y m m
x
+ +
= + + =
+

d)
3 2 3 2
3 6; cos 3cos 6 0 y x x x x m = + + =
Bai 4. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so. Dung o th (C) bien luan theo
m so nghiem cua phng trnh:
a)
2
5 7
; 2 (3 7)2 5
3
t t
x x
y m m
x

+
= + + = +


b)
2
1
; 2 ( 1)2 1
1
t t
x x
y m m
x

+
= + =


c)
2
2
2 5 4
; 2 (5 ) 4 0
1
t t
x x
y e m e m
x
+
= + + + =


d)
2
2
5 4
; (5 ) 4 0
t t
x x
y e m e
x
+
= + + =
Bai 5. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ha m so. T o th (C) hay suy ra o th
(T). Dung o th (T) bien luan theo m so nghiem cua phng trnh:
a)
2 2 2
3 6 3 6 3 6
( ) : ; ( ) : ; 2 0
1 1 1
x x x x x x
C y T y m
x x x
+ + +
= = =


b)
2 2 2
5 4 5 4 5 4
( ) : ; ( ) : ; 2 0
x x x x x x
C y T y m
x x x
+ + +
= = + =
c)
3 2 3 2 3 2
( ) : 3 6; ( ) : 3 6 ; 3 6 3 0 C y x x T y x x x x m = + = + + + =
d)
3 3
3 2 2 2
( ) : 2 9 12 4; ( ) : 2 9 12 4; 2 9 12 0 C y x x x T y x x x x x x m = + = + + + =
e)
2 2 2 2
( ) : ( 1) (2 ); ( ) : ( 1) 2 ; ( 1) 2 ( 1) (2 ) C y x x T y x x x x m m = + = + + = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 23/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
f)
2 2
2
1 1
( ) : ; ( ) : ; ( 1) 2 1 0
x x
C y T y m x x
x x
+ +
= = + =
Bai 6. Cho ham so
2
( )
1
x
y f x
x
+
= =

.
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so.
b) Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) vuong goc vi ng thang 3 0 x y = .
c) Dung o th (C), bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh:

2
3 ( 2) 2 0 x m x m + + + =
Bai 7. Cho ham so
1
( )
1
x
y f x
x
+
= =

.
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so.
b) Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) vuong goc vi ng thang 2 0 x y = .
c) Dung o th (C), bien luan theo m so nghiem cua phng trnh:

2
2 ( 1) 1 0 x m x m + + + =
Bai 8. Cho ham so
2
( )
1
x
y f x
x
= =

.
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so.
b) Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) i qua iem A(0; 1).
c) Dung o th (C), bien luan theo m so nghiem cua phng trnh:

2
(1 ) (1 ) 1 0 m x m x + =

VAN E 2: Bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh bac ba bang o th
C s cua phng phap: Xet phng trnh bac ba:
3 2
0 ax bx cx d + + + = (a 0) (1)
Goi (C) la o th cua ha m so bac ba:
3 2
( ) y f x ax bx cx d = = + + +
So nghiem cua (1) = So giao iem cua (C) vi truc hoanh
Dang 1: Bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh bac 3
Trng hp 1: (1) ch co 1 nghiem (C) va Ox co 1 iem chung

C CT
f kho ng co c c tr h a
f co c c tr
h b
y y
( .1 )
2
( .1 )
. 0

>




Trng hp 2: (1) co ung 2 nghiem (C) tiep xuc vi Ox

2
( .2)
. 0
C CT
f co c c tr
h
y y



(C)
A
x0
O
x
y
(h.1a)
(C)
A
x0
x
y
(h.1b)
x1 o x2
yCT
yC
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 24/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


Trng hp 3: (1) co 3 nghiem phan biet (C) cat Ox tai 3 iem phan biet

2
( .3)
. 0
C CT
f co c c tr
h
y y

<



Dang 2: Phng trnh bac ba co 3 nghiem cung dau
Trng hp 1: (1) co 3 nghiem dng phan biet
(C) cat Ox tai 3 iem phan biet co hoanh o dng

2
. 0
0, 0
. (0) 0 ( 0)
C CT
C CT
f co c c tr
y y
x x
a f hay ad

<

> >

< <





Trng hp 2: (1) co 3 nghiem co am phan biet
(C) cat Ox tai 3 iem phan biet co hoanh o a m

2
. 0
0, 0
. (0) 0 ( 0)
C CT
C CT
f co c c tr
y y
x x
a f hay ad

<

< <

> >





Bai 1. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau ch co 1 nghiem:
a)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6 2 0 x m x mx + + = b)
3 2
3 3(1 ) 1 3 0 x x m x m + + + =
c)
3 2
2 3 6( 1) 3 12 0 x mx m x m + + = d)
3 2
6 3( 4) 4 8 0 x x m x m + =
x1 xA xB xC
C
(C)
yC
y
A
o
x2
x
a > 0
yCT
B
f(0)
x1
xA
xB xC
C
(C)
yC
y
A
o
x2
x
a < 0
yCT
B
f(0)
x"0
C
x1
(C)
yC
y
A
o
x2
x
(H.3)
yC
x0 x'0
B
(C)
yC
y
A
x0
o
x1
B
x'0
(yCT = f(x0) = 0)
x
(H.2)
x1 xA xB xC
C
(C)
yC
y
A
o
x2
x
a > 0
yCT
B
f(0)
xC x2
x1
xA
xB
C
(C)
yC
y
A
o
x
a < 0
yCT
B
f(0)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 25/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
e)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6( 2) 2 0 x m x m x m + + + = f)
3
3 2 0 x mx m + =
Bai 2. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau ch co 2 nghiem:
a)
3 2 2
( 1) (2 3 2) 2 (2 1) 0 x m x m m x m m + + + = b)
3
3 2 0 x mx m + =
c)
3 2
(2 1) (3 1) ( 1) 0 x m x m x m + + + + = d)
3 2
3 3(1 ) 1 3 0 x x m x m + + + =
Bai 3. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co 3 nghiem phan biet:
a)
3 2 2 2
3 3( 1) ( 1) 0 x mx m x m + = b)
3 2
6 3( 4) 4 8 0 x x m x m + =
c)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6( 2) 2 0 x m x m x m + + + = d)
3
1
0
3
x x m + =
Bai 4. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co 3 nghiem dng phan biet:
a)
3 2 2 2
3 3( 1) ( 1) 0 x mx m x m + = b)
3 2
6 3( 4) 4 8 0 x x m x m + =
c)
3 2
1 5 7
4 0
3 2 6
x x x m + + + = d)
3 2
(2 1) 2 0 x mx m x m + + =
Bai 5. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co 3 nghiem am phan biet:
a)
3 2
2 3( 1) 6( 2) 2 0 x m x m x m + + + = b)
3 2 2 2
3 3( 1) ( 1) 0 x mx m x m + =
c)
3 2
3 9 0 x x x m + + = d)
3 2
18 2 0 x x mx m + =

3. S TIEP XUC CUA HAI NG. TIEP TUYEN CUA NG CONG.

1. Y ngha hnh ho c cua ao ham: ao ham cu a ham so y = f(x) tai iem x
0
la he so go c
cua tiep tuyen vi o th (C) cua ham so tai iem
( )
0 0 0
; ( ) M x f x .
Khi o phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem
( )
0 0 0
; ( ) M x f x la:
y y
0
= f (x
0
).(x x
0
) (y
0
= f(x
0
))
2. ieu kien can va u e hai ng (C
1
): y = f(x) va (C
2
): y = g(x) tiep xuc nhau la he
phng trnh sau co nghiem:

( ) ( )
'( ) '( )
f x g x
f x g x
=

(*)
Nghiem cua he (*) la hoanh o cua tiep iem cua hai ng o.
3. Neu (C
1
): y = px + q va (C
2
): y = ax
2
+ bx + c th
(C
1
) va (C
2
) tiep xuc nhau phng trnh
2
ax bx c px q + + = + co nghiem kep.

VAN E 1: Lap phng trnh tiep tuyen cua ng cong (C): y = f(x)
Bai toan 1: Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C): y =f(x) tai iem
( )
0 0 0
; M x y :
Neu cho x
0
th tm y
0
= f(x
0
).
Neu cho y
0
th tm x
0
la nghiem cua phng trnh f(x) = y
0
.
Tnh y = f (x). Suy ra y(x
0
) = f (x
0
).
Phng trnh tiep tuye n la: y y
0
= f (x
0
).(x x
0
)
Bai toan 2: Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C): y =f(x), biet co he so goc k cho trc.
Cach 1: Tm toa o tiep iem.
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) la tiep iem. Tnh f (x
0
).
co he so goc k f (x
0
) = k (1)
Giai phng trnh (1), tm c x
0
va tnh y
0
= f(x
0
). T o viet phng trnh cua .
Cach 2: Dung ieu kien tiep xuc.
Phng trnh ng thang co dang: y = kx + m.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 26/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
tiep xuc vi (C) khi va ch khi he phng trnh sau co nghiem:

( )
'( )
f x kx m
f x k
= +

(*)
Giai he (*), tm c m. T o viet phng trnh cua .
Chu y: He so goc k cua tiep tuyen co the c cho gian tiep nh sau:
+ tao vi chieu dng truc hoanh goc th k = tan
+ song song vi ng thang d: y = ax + b th k = a
+ vuong goc vi ng thang d: y = ax + b (a 0) th k =
1
a

+ tao vi ng thang d: y = ax + b mot goc th tan
1
k a
ka

=
+

Bai toan 3: Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C): y = f(x), biet i qua iem ( ; )
A A
A x y .
Cach 1: Tm toa o tiep iem.
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) la tiep iem. Khi o: y
0
= f(x
0
), y
0
= f (x
0
).
Phng trnh tiep tuye n tai M: y y
0
= f (x
0
).(x x
0
)
i qua ( ; )
A A
A x y nen: y
A
y
0
= f (x
0
).(x
A
x
0
) (2)
Giai phng trnh (2), tm c x
0
. T o viet phng trnh cu a .
Cach 2: Dung ieu kien tiep xuc.
Phng trnh ng thang i qua ( ; )
A A
A x y va co he so goc k: y y
A
= k(x x
A
)
tiep xuc vi (C) khi va ch khi he phng trnh sau co nghiem:

( ) ( )
'( )
A A
f x k x x y
f x k
= +

(*)
Giai he (*), tm c x (suy ra k). T o viet phng trnh tiep tuyen .

Bai 1. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem c ch ra:
a) (C):
3 2
3 7 1 y x x x = + tai A(0; 1) b) (C):
4 2
2 1 y x x = + tai B(1; 0)
c) (C):
3 4
2 3
x
y
x
+
=

tai C(1; 7) d) (C):


2
1
2 1
y x
x
= +

tai D(0; 3)
Bai 2. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem c ch ra:
a) (C):
2
3 3
2
x x
y
x
+
=

tai iem A co x
A
= 4
b) (C):
3( 2)
1
x
y
x

tai iem B co y
B
= 4
c) (C):
1
2
x
y
x
+
=

tai cac giao iem cua (C) vi truc hoanh, truc tung.
d) (C):
2
2 2 1 y x x = + tai cac giao iem cua (C) vi truc hoanh, truc tung.
e) (C):
3
3 1 y x x = + tai iem uon cua (C).
f) (C):
4 2
1 9
2
4 4
y x x = tai cac giao iem cua (C) vi truc hoanh.
Bai 3. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) tai cac giao iem cua (C) vi ng c ch
ra:
a) (C):
3 2
2 3 9 4 y x x x = + va d: 7 4 y x = + .
b) (C):
3 2
2 3 9 4 y x x x = + va (P):
2
8 3 y x x = + .
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 27/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
c) (C):
3 2
2 3 9 4 y x x x = + va (C):
3 2
4 6 7 y x x x = + .
Bai 4. Tnh dien tch tam giac chan hai truc toa o bi tiep tuyen cua o th (C) tai iem
c ch ra:
a) (C):
5 11
2 3
x
y
x
+
=

tai iem A co x
A
= 2 .
b) (C):
2
7 26 y x x = + tai iem B co x
B
= 2.
Bai 5. Tm m e tiep tuyen cu a o th (C) tai iem c ch ra chan hai tru c toa o mot
tam giac co dien tch bang S cho trc:
a) (C):
2
1
x m
y
x
+
=

tai iem A co x
A
= 2 va S =
1
2
.
b) (C):
3
2
x m
y
x

=
+
tai iem B co x
B
= 1 va S =
9
2
.
c) (C):
3
1 ( 1) y x m x = + + tai iem C co x
C
= 0 va S = 8.
Bai 6. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet co he so goc k c ch ra:
a) (C): y x x
3 2
2 3 5 = + ; k = 12 b) (C):
2 1
2
x
y
x

; k = 3
c) (C):
2
3 4
1
x x
y
x
+
=

; k = 1 d) (C):
2
4 3 y x x = + ; k = 2
Bai 7. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet song song vi ng thang d cho
trc:
a) (C):
3
2
2 3 1
3
x
y x x = + + ; d: y = 3x + 2 b) (C):
2 1
2
x
y
x

; d:
3
2
4
y x = +
c) (C):
2
2 3
4 6
x x
y
x

=
+
; d: 2 5 0 x y + = d) (C):
4 2
1 3
3
2 2
y x x = + ; d: y = 4x + 1
Bai 8. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet vuong goc vi ng thang d cho
trc:
a) (C):
3
2
2 3 1
3
x
y x x = + + ; d: 2
8
x
y = + b) (C):
2 1
2
x
y
x

; d: y x =
c) (C):
2
3
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
; d: y = 3x d) (C):
2
1
2
x x
y
x
+
=
+
; d: x 2
Bai 9. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet tao vi chieu dng truc Ox goc :
a) (C):
3
2 0
2 4; 60
3
x
y x x = + = b) (C):
3
2 0
2 4; 75
3
x
y x x = + =
c)
0
3 2
( ) : ; 45
1
x
C y
x

= =


Bai 10. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet tao vi ng thang d mot goc :
a) (C):
3
2 0
2 4; : 3 7; 45
3
x
y x x d y x = + = + =
b) (C):
3
2 0
1
2 4; : 3; 30
3 2
x
y x x d y x = + = + =
c)
0
4 3
( ) : ; : 3 ; 45
1
x
C y d y x
x

= = =


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 28/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
d)
0
3 7
( ) : ; : ; 60
2 5
x
C y d y x
x

= = =
+

e)
2
0
3
( ) : ; : 1; 60
2
x x
C y d y x
x
+
= = + =


Bai 11. Tm m e tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem c ch ra vuong goc vi ng thang d
cho trc:
a) (C):
2
(2 1) 2
1
x m x m
y
x
+ + +
=
+
tai iem A co x
A
= 0 va d la tiem can xien cua (C).
b) (C):
2
2 1
3
x mx
y
x
+
=

; tai iem B co x
B
= 4 va d: x 12y + 1 = 0 .
Bai 12. Tm m e tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem c ch ra song song vi ng thang d
cho trc:
a) (C):
2
(3 1)
( 0)
m x m m
y m
x m
+ +
=
+
tai iem A co y
A
= 0 va d: 10 y x = .
Bai 13. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C), biet i qua iem c ch ra:
a) (C):
3
3 2 y x x = + ; A(2; 4) b) (C):
3
3 1 y x x = + ; B(1; 6)
c) (C):
( )
2
2
2 y x = ; C(0; 4) d) (C):
4 2
1 3
3
2 2
y x x = + ;
3
0;
2
D
| |
|
\

e) (C):
2
2
x
y
x
+
=

; E(6; 5) f) (C):
3 4
1
x
y
x
+
=

; F(2; 3)
g) (C):
2
3 3
2
x x
y
x
+
=

; G(1; 0) h)
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+
=

; H(2; 2)

VAN E 2: Tm ieu kien e hai ng tiep xuc
1. ieu kien can va u e hai ng (C
1
): y = f(x) va (C
2
): y = g(x) tiep xuc nhau la he
phng trnh sau co nghiem:

( ) ( )
'( ) '( )
f x g x
f x g x
=

(*)
Nghiem cua he (*) la hoanh o cua tiep iem cua hai ng o.
2. Neu (C
1
): y = px + q va (C
2
): y = ax
2
+ bx + c th
(C
1
) va (C
2
) tiep xuc nhau phng trnh
2
ax bx c px q + + = + co nghiem kep.

Bai 1. Tm m e hai ng (C
1
), (C
2
) tiep xuc nhau:
a)
3 2
1 2
( ) : (3 ) 2; ( ) : C y x m x mx C tru c hoa nh = + + + +
b)
3 2
1 2
( ) : 2 ( 1) ; ( ) : C y x x m x m C tru c hoa nh = +
c)
3
1 2
( ) : ( 1) 1; ( ) : 1 C y x m x C y x = + + + = +
d)
3 2
1 2
( ) : 2 2 1; ( ) : C y x x x C y x m = + + = +
Bai 2. Tm m e hai ng (C
1
), (C
2
) tiep xuc nhau:
a)
4 2 2
1 2
( ) : 2 1; ( ) : 2 C y x x C y mx m = + + = +
b)
4 2 2
1 2
( ) : 1; ( ) : C y x x C y x m = + = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 29/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
c)
4 2 2
1 2
1 9
( ) : 2 ; ( ) :
4 4
C y x x C y x m = + + = +
d)
2 2 2
1 2
( ) : ( 1) ( 1) ; ( ) : 2 C y x x C y x m = + = +
e)
2
1 2
(2 1)
( ) : ; ( ) :
1
m x m
C y C y x
x

= =


f)
2
2
1 2
1
( ) : ; ( ) :
1
x x
C y C y x m
x
+
= = +



VAN E 3: Lap phng trnh tiep tuyen chung cua hai o th
(C
1
): y = f(x) va C
2
): y = g(x)
1. Goi : y = ax + b la tiep tuyen chung cua (C
1
) va (C
2
).
u la hoanh o tiep iem cua va (C
1
), v la hoanh o tiep iem cua va (C
2
).
tiep xuc vi (C
1
) va (C
2
) khi va ch khi he sau co nghiem:

( ) (1)
'( ) (2)
( ) (3)
'( ) (4)
f u au b
f u a
g v av b
g v a
= +

= +


T (2) va (4) f (u) = g (v) u = h(v) (5)
The a t (2) vao (1) b = (u) (6)
The (2), (5), (6) vao (3) v a u b. T o viet phng trnh cua .
2. Neu (C
1
) va (C
2
) tiep xuc nhau tai iem co hoanh o x
0
th mot tiep tuyen chung cu a (C
1
)
va (C
2
) cung la tiep tuyen cua (C
1
) (va (C
2
)) tai iem o.

Bai 1. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen chung cua hai o th:
a)
2 2
1 2
( ) : 5 6; ( ) : 5 11 C y x x C y x x = + = +
b)
2 2
1 2
( ) : 5 6; ( ) : 14 C y x x C y x x = + =
c)
2 3
1 2
( ) : 5 6; ( ) : 3 10 C y x x C y x x = + = +

VAN E 4: Tm nhng iem tren o th (C): y = f(x) sao cho tai o
tiep tuyen cua (C) song song hoac vuong goc vi mot ng thang d cho trc
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) (C). la tiep tuyen cua (C) tai M. Tnh f (x
0
).
V // d nen f (x
0
) = k
d
(1)
hoac d nen f (x
0
) =
1
d
k
(2)
Giai phng trnh (1) hoac (2) tm c x
0
. T o tm c M(x
0
; y
0
) (C).

Bai 1. Tm cac iem tren o th (C) ma tiep tuyen tai o vuong goc vi ng thang d cho
trc:
a) (C):
2
3 6
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
; d:
1
3
y x =
b) (C):
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
; d la tiem can xien cua (C)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 30/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
c) (C):
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+
=

; d la ng thang i qua hai iem cc ai, cc tieu cua (C).


d) (C):
2
1 x x
y
x
+
= ; d: y = x
Bai 2. Tm cac iem tren o th (C) ma tiep tuyen tai o song song vi ng thang d cho
trc:
a) (C):
3 2
10 y x x x = + + + ; d: 2 y x = b) (C):
2
1 x x
y
x
+
= ; d: y = x

VAN E 5: Tm nhng iem tren ng thang d ma t o co the ve c
1, 2, 3, tiep tuyen vi o th (C): y = f(x)
Gia s d: ax + by +c = 0. M(x
M
; y
M
) d.
Phng trnh ng thang qua M co he so go c k: y = k(x x
M
) + y
M

tiep xuc vi (C) khi he sau co nghiem:

( ) ( ) (1)
'( ) (2)
M M
f x k x x y
f x k
= +


The k t (2) vao (1) ta c: f(x) = (x x
M
).f (x) + y
M
(3)
So tiep tuyen cua (C) ve t M = So nghiem x cu a (3)
Bai 1. Tm cac iem tren o th (C) ma t o ve c ung mot tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
3 2
( ) : 3 2 C y x x = + b)
3
( ) : 3 1 C y x x = +
Bai 2. Tm cac iem tren ng thang d ma t o ve c ung mot tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
1
( ) :
1
x
C y
x
+
=

; d la truc tung b)
2
2
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x
+ +
=

; d la truc hoanh
c)
2
2
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x
+
=
+
; d: y = 1 d)
2
3 3
( ) :
2
x x
C y
x
+ +
=
+
; d: x = 1
e)
3
( ) :
1
x
C y
x
+
=

; d: y = 2x + 1
Bai 3. Tm cac iem tren ng thang d ma t o ve c t nhat mot tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
2
6 9
( ) :
2
x x
C y
x
+
=
+
; d la truc tung b)
2
3 3
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x
+ +
=
+
; d la truc tung
c)
2 1
( ) :
2
x
C y
x
+
=

; d: x = 3 d)
3 4
( ) :
4 3
x
C y
x
+
=

; d: y = 2
Bai 4. Tm cac iem tren ng thang d ma t o ve c hai tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
2
2
( ) :
2
x x
C y
x
+
=
+
; d la truc hoanh b)
2
1
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x

=
+
; d la truc tung
c)
2
3 3
( ) :
2
x x
C y
x
+ +
=
+
; d: y = 5
Bai 5. Tm cac iem tren ng thang d ma t o ve c ba tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
3 2
( ) : 3 2 C y x x = + ; d: y = 2 b)
3
( ) : 3 C y x x = ; d: x = 2
c)
3
( ) : 3 2 C y x x = + + ; d la truc hoanh d)
3
( ) : 12 12 C y x x = + ; d: y = 4
e)
4 2
( ) : 2 C y x x = ; d la truc tung e)
4 2
( ) : 2 1 C y x x = + ; d la truc tung
Bai 6. T iem A co the ke c bao nhieu tiep tuyen vi (C):
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 31/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
a)
3 2
( ) : 9 17 2 C y x x x = + + ; A(2; 5) b)
3 2
1 4 4
( ) : 2 3 4; ;
3 9 3
C y x x x A
| |
= + +
|
\

c)
3 2
( ) : 2 3 5; (1; 4) C y x x A = +
Bai 7. T mot iem bat k tren ng thang d co the ke c bao nhieu tiep tuyen vi (C):
a)
3 2
( ) : 6 9 1 C y x x x = + ; d: x = 2 b)
3
( ) : 3 C y x x = ; d: x = 2

VAN E 6: Tm nhng iem ma t o co the ve c
2 tiep tuyen vi o th (C): y = f(x) va 2 tiep tuyen o vuong goc vi nhau
Goi M(x
M
; y
M
).
Phng trnh ng thang qua M co he so go c k: y = k(x x
M
) + y
M

tiep xuc vi (C) khi he sau co nghiem:

( ) ( ) (1)
'( ) (2)
M M
f x k x x y
f x k
= +


The k t (2) vao (1) ta c: f(x) = (x x
M
).f (x) + y
M
(3)
Qua M ve c 2 tiep tuyen vi (C) (3) co 2 nghiem phan biet x
1
, x
2
.
Hai tiep tuyen o vuong goc vi nhau f (x
1
).f (x
2
) = 1
T o tm c M.
Chu y: Qua M ve c 2 tiep tuyen vi (C) sao cho 2 tiep iem nam ve hai pha vi truc
hoanh th
1 2
(3) 2
( ). ( ) 0
co nghie m pha n bie t
f x f x

<



Bai 1. Chng minh rang t iem A luon ke c hai tiep tuyen vi (C) vuong goc vi
nhau. Viet phng trnh cac tiep tuyen o:
a)
2
1
( ) : 2 3 1; 0;
4
C y x x A
| |
= +
|
\
b)
2
1
( ) : ; (1; 1)
1
x x
C y A
x
+ +
=
+

c)
2
2 2
( ) : ; (1; 0)
1
x x
C y A
x
+ +
=
+
d)
Bai 2. Tm cac iem tren ng thang d ma t o co the ve c hai tiep tuyen vi (C)
vuong goc vi nhau:
a)
3 2
( ) : 3 2 C y x x = + ; d: y = 2 b)
3 2
( ) : 3 C y x x = + ; d la truc hoanh
c)
2
2 1
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x
+ +
=
+
; d la truc tung d)
2
2 1
( ) :
1
x x
C y
x
+
=

; d la truc tung
e)
2
3 2
( ) :
x x
C y
x
+
= ; d: x = 1
Bai 3. Tm m e d cat (C) tai hai iem phan biet ma tai o hai tiep tuyen vi (C) vuong
goc vi nhau:
a)
2
( ) :
2
x x m
C y
x m
+
=
+
; d: y = 1 b)
2
8
( ) :
x mx
C y
x m
+
=

; d la truc hoanh
c)
2
2
( ) :
x mx m
C y
x m
+
=
+
; d la truc hoanh
Bai 4. Tm m e t iem A ke c 2 tiep tuyen vi (C) sao cho 2 tiep iem nam ve hai
pha vi truc hoanh;
a)
2
( ) : ; (0; )
1
x
C y A m
x
+
=

b)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 32/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
VAN E 7: Cac bai toan khac ve tiep tuyen

Bai 1. Cho hypebol (H) va ie m M bat k thuoc (H). Goi I la giao iem cua hai tiem can.
Tiep tuyen tai M cat 2 tiem can tai A va B.
1) Chng minh M la trung iem cua oan AB.
2) Chng minh dien tch cua IAB la mot hang so.
3) Tm iem M e chu vi IAB la nho nhat.
a)
2 1
( ) :
1
x
H y
x

b)
1
( ) :
1
x
H y
x
+
=

c)
4 5
( ) :
2 3
x
H y
x

=
+

Bai 2. Cho hypebol (H) va ie m M bat k thuoc (H). Goi I la giao iem cua hai tiem can.
Tiep tuyen tai M cat 2 tiem can tai A va B.
1) Chng minh M la trung iem cua oan AB.
2) Chng minh tch cac khoang cach t M en 2 ng tiem can la khong oi.
2) Chng minh dien tch cua IAB la mot hang so.
3) Tm iem M e chu vi IAB la nho nhat.
a)
2
3 4
( ) :
2 2
x x
H y
x
+
=

b)
2
3 3
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+
=

c)
2
2 2
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+ +
=
+

Bai 3. Tm m e tiep tuyen tai iem M bat k thuoc hypebol (H) cat hai ng tiem can
tao thanh mot tam giac co dien tch bang S:
a)
2 3
( ) : ; 8
mx
H y S
x m
+
= =


Bai 4. Tm iem M thuoc hypebol (H) tai o tiep tuyen cat cac truc toa o tai cac iem A,
B sao cho OAB vuong can:
a)
2
1
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+ +
=

b)
2
2 5
( ) :
2
x x
H y
x
+
=
+
c)
2
3 3
( ) :
2
x x
H y
x
+ +
=
+

Bai 5. Cho (C):
2
2 1
1
x x
y
x
+
=

. Chng minh rang tren ng thang d: y = 7 co 4 iem sao


cho t moi iem co the ke en (C) hai tiep tuyen tao vi nhau mot goc 45
0
.
Bai 6. Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen vi ng cong (C) tao vi cac truc toa o mot tam
giac co dien tch S cho trc:
a)
1
( ) : ; 4 C y x S
x
= + = b)
3
1 1
( ) : ;
2
x
C y S
x
+
= =
4. HO O TH

Cho ho ng (C
m
): y = f(x, m) (m la tham so).
M(x
0
; y
0
) (C
m
) y
0
= f(x
0
, m) (1)
Xem (1) la phng trnh theo an m.
Tuy theo so nghiem cua (1) ta suy ra so o th cu a ho (C
m
) i qua M.
Neu (1) nghiem ung vi moi m th moi o th cua ho (C
m
) eu i qua M.
Khi o, M c goi la iem co nh cua ho (C
m
).
Neu (1) co n nghiem phan biet th co n o th cua ho (C
m
) i qua M.
Neu (1) vo nghiem th khong co o th nao cua ho (C
m
) i qua M.

VAN E 1: Tm iem co nh cua ho o th (C
m
): y = f(x, m)
Cach 1:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 33/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) la iem co nh (neu co) cua ho (C
m
).
M(x
0
; y
0
) (C
m
), m y
0
= f(x
0
, m), m (1)
Bien oi (1) ve mot trong cac da ng sau:
Dang 1: (1) Am + B = 0, m Dang 2: (1)
2
0 Am Bm C + + = , m

0
0
A
B
=

(2a)
0
0
0
A
B
C
=

(2b)
Giai he (2a) hoac (2b) ta tm c toa o (x
0
; y
0
) cua iem co nh.
Chu y: Cac he (2a), (2b) la cac he phng trnh co 2 an x
0
, y
0
.
Cach 2:
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) la iem co nh (neu co) cua ho (C
m
).
M(x
0
; y
0
) (C
m
), m y
0
= f(x
0
, m), m (1)
at F(m) = f(x
0
, m) th F(m) = y
0
khong oi.
F (m) = 0 (3)
Giai (3) tm c x
0
. Thay x
0
vao (1) tm c y
0
. T osuy ra c cac iem co nh.

Bai 1. Tm cac iem co nh cu a ho o th (C
m
) co phng trnh sau:
a) ( 1) 2 1 y m x m = + b)
2
2( 2) 3 1 y mx m x m = + +
c)
3 2
( 1) 2 ( 2) 2 1 y m x mx m x m = + + + d)
2
(1 2 ) (3 1) 5 2 y m x m x m = +
e)
3 2
9 9 y x mx x m = + f)
3
( 2) 2 y m x mx = +
g)
4 2
2 4 1 y mx x m = + h)
4 2
5 y x mx m = +
i)
( 1) 2
( 1, 2)
m x
y m m
x m

=

k)
3 1
( 2) 4
x m
y
m x m
+
=
+ +

l)
2
5 7 2
2
3
x mx
y m
mx
| | +
=
|

\
m)
2
2 ( 2)
( 0)
2
x m x m
y m
x m
+ + +
=


n)
2
2
( 1)
2 2 1
x m x m
y
x mx m
+ +
=
+ + +
o)
2
2
2 6 4
2 (5 2) 6
x x m
y
x m x
+ +
=
+ + +

Bai 2. Chng minh rang ho o th (C
m
) co 3 iem co nh thang hang. Viet phng trnh
ng thang i qua 3 iem co nh o:
a)
3 2
( 3) 3( 3) (6 1) 1 y m x m x m x m = + + + + +
b)
3 2
( 2) 3( 2) 4 2 1 y m x m x x m = + + +
c)
3 2
( 4) (6 24) 12 7 18 y m x m x mx m = +
d)
3
( 1) (2 1) 1 y m x m x m = + + +

VAN E 2: Tm iem ma khong co o th nao cua ho o th (C
m
): y = f(x, m) i qua
Goi M(x
0
; y
0
) la iem ma khong co o th na o cua ho (C
m
) i qua.
M(x
0
; y
0
) (C
m
), m y
0
= f(x
0
, m) vo nghiem m (1)
Bien oi (1) ve mot trong cac da ng sau:
Dang 1: (1) Am + B = 0 vo nghiem m
0
0
A
B
=

(2a)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 34/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Dang 2: (1)
2
0 Am Bm C + + = vo nghiem m
2
0
0
0
4 0
A B
C
A
B AC
= =

<

(2b)
Chu y: Ket qua la mot tap hp iem.
Nhng iem nam tren tiem can ng co nh cua ham h u ty la nhng iem o th
khong i qua.

Bai 1. Tm cac iem trong mat phang ma khong co o th nao cua ho (C
m
) i qua:
a)
2
( 2) 2 y m x m m = + + + b)
2
2 2
1
1 1
m m
y x
m m m m
+
= +
+ + + +

c)
2
2(1 ) 1 ( 0) y mx m x m m = + + + d)
2 3 2
2 y x m x m = +
e)
3 2 3 2
2 3 5 4 y x mx m m = + f)
3 2 2 2
4 4 6 y mx m x mx m = +
g)
2
( 2) 2 4 m x m m
y
x m
+
=

h)
2
(3 1) m x m m
y
x m
+ +
=
+

i)
2
8
1
x mx m
y
x
+ +
=

k)
2
2 2 x mx m
y
x m
+ +
=


l)
2
2
2 4
2 5
x mx m
y
x x
+ +
=
+ +
m)
2
2
(3 1) 10
3 2
x m x
y
x x
+
=
+

Bai 2. Tm cac iem thuoc (L) ma khong co o th nao cua ho (C
m
) i qua:
a) (C
m
):
3 2 2 2
4 4 6 y mx m x mx m = + ; (L) la truc hoa nh.
b) (C
m
):
3 2
2 3( 3) 18 6 y x m x mx = + + + ; (L):
2
14 y x = + .
c) (C
m
):
2 2
2
1
1
x mx m m
y
mx m m
+ +
=
+ + +
; (L) la truc tung.
d) (C
m
):
2 2
( 1) 1 m x m x
y
x m
+ + +
=
+
; (L): x = 2.
e) (C
m
):
2 2
1 m x
y
x
+
= ; (L): y = 1.

VAN E 3: Tm iem ma mot so o th cua ho o th (C
m
): y = f(x, m) i qua
Ta co: M(x
0
; y
0
) (C
m
) y
0
= f(x
0
, m) (1)
Bien oi (1) ve mot trong cac da ng sau:
Am + B = 0 (2a) hoac
2
0 Am Bm C + + = (2b)
So nghiem cua (2a) hoac (2b) theo m = So (C
m
) i qua M.

Bai 1. Tm cac iem trong mat phang sao cho co ung k o th cua ho (C
m
) i qua:
a) (C
m
):
2
2 2
2( )
mx m m
y
x m
+ +
=
+
; k = 1. b) (C
m
):
2 2
x mx m
y
x m
+
=

; k = 2.
c) (C
m
):
2
2 2 4 0 xy my mx m x m + = ; k = 1.
Bai 2. Tm cac iem thuoc (L) sao cho co ung k o th cua ho (C
m
) i qua:
a) (C
m
):
3 2 2
( 1) 4 y x m x m = + + ; (L): x = 2; k = 1.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 35/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
b) (C
m
):
3 2 2
( 1) 4 y x m x m = + + ; (L): x = 2; k = 2.
c) (C
m
):
3 2 2
( 1) 4 y x m x m = + + ; (L): x = 2; k = 3.
Bai 3. Chng minh rang cac iem thuoc (L) co ung k o th cua ho (C
m
) i qua:
a) (C
m
):
2 2 2
( 1) 2 mx m m x m m
y
x m
+ + +
=

; (L): x > 1; k = 2.
b) (C
m
):
2 2
( 1) m x m
y
x m
+
=

; (L): x > 0; k = 2.
c) (C
m
):
4 2 2
2 1 y x mx m = + + ; (L): y = 1; k = 1.
d) (C
m
):
3 2 3
( 1) (2 3 2) 2 (2 1) y x m x m m x m m = + + + ; (L): x = 1, y > 2; k = 2.
5. TAP HP IEM

Bai toan: Tm tap hp cac iem M(x; y) thoa tnh chat .
Nhan xet: Tm tap hp iem M trong mat phang toa o la tm phng trnh cua tap
hp iem o.
Dang 1: Tm toa o cua iem M.
1) Tm ieu kien (neu co) cua tham so m e ton tai iem M.
2) Tnh toa o iem M theo tham so m.
Co cac trng hp xay ra:
Trng hp 1: M
( )
( )
x f m
y g m
=


Kh tham so m gia x va y, ta co mot he thc gia x, y oc lap vi m co dang:
F(x, y) = 0 (goi la phng trnh qu tch)
Trng hp 2: M
( )
( )
x a ha ng so
y g m
=


Khi o iem M nam tren ng thang x = a.
Trng hp 3: M
( )
( )
x f m
y b ha ng so
=


Khi o iem M nam tren ng thang y = b.
3) Gii han qu tch: Da vao ieu kien (neu co) cua m ( bc 1), ta tm c ieu
kien cua x hoac y e ton tai iem M(x; y). o la gii han cua qu tch.
4) Ket luan: Tap hp ca c iem M co phng trnh F(x, y) = 0 (hoac x = a, hoac y = b)
vi ieu kien cua x hoac y ( bc 3).
Dang 2: Trong trng hp ta khong the tnh c toa o cua iem M theo tham so m ma
ch thiet lap c mot he thc cha toa o cua M th ta tm cach kh tham so m trong
he thc e tm c he thc dang F(x, y) = 0.
Chu y: Neu bai toan ch hoi : iem M chay tren ng nao th ta ch tm phng trnh
F(x, y) = 0 ma khong ca n tm gii han cua qu tch.

Bai 1. Tm tap hp cac iem ac biet cua ho o th a cho.
a) (P
m
):
2
2 ( 2) 2 4 y x m x m = + . Tm tap hp cac nh cua (P
m
).
b) (C
m
):
3 2
3 2 3 1 y x mx x m = + . Tm tap hp cac iem uon cua (C
m
).
c) (C
m
):
3 2
2 3(2 1) 6 ( 1) 1 y x m x m m x = + + + + . Tm tap hp cac iem cc ai cua (C
m
).
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 36/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
d) (H
m
):
( 1) 1
1
m x
y
mx
+
=

. Tm tap hp cac tam oi xng cua (H


m
).
e) (H
m
):
2
2 3 5
2
x mx m
y
x
+
=

. Tm tap hp cac iem cc ai cua (H


m
).
Bai 2. Cho (C) va (C). Tm tap hp trung iem cua oan thang.
1) Tm m e (C) va (C) cat nhau tai hai iem phan biet A, B.
2) Tm tap hp cac trung iem I cua oan thang AB.
a) (C):
3 2
3 1 y x x mx = + + + va (C):
3 2
2 7 y x x = + + .
b) (C):
2
3 y x mx = + va (C): 2 y mx = + .
c) (C):
1
1
x
y
x

=
+
va (C): 2 0 x y m + =
d) (C):
2
( 2)
1
x
y
x

va (C) la ng thang i qua A(0; 3) va co he so goc m.


e) (C):
2
4 3
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
va (C): 1 y mx = + .
Bai 3. Cho (C) va (C).Tm tap hp cac iem.
1) Tm m e (C) cat (C) tai 3 iem phan biet A, B, C (trong o x
C
khong oi).
2) Tm tap hp cac trung iem I cua oan thang AB.
a) (C):
3 2
3 y x x = va (C): y mx = .
b) (C):
3 2 2 2
2( 1) ( 1) y x m x m x m = + + + va (C): 3 y mx m = + .
c) (C):
3 2
6 9 y x x x = + va (C): y mx = .
d) (C):
2
( 2)( 1) y x x = + va (C) la ng thang i qua C(2; 0) va co he so goc m.
Bai 4. Cho (C). Tm tap hp cac iem t o co the ve c hai tiep tuyen cu a (C) vuong
goc vi nhau.
a) (C):
1
y x
x
= + b) (C):
2
1
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+

Bai 5.
a) Cho (C):
2
1
x
y
x

. Tm tap hp cac iem tren truc tung ma t o co the ke c


tiep tuyen vi (C).
b) Cho (C):
3 2
3 2 y x x = + . Tm tap hp cac iem tren ng thang y = 2 ma t o
co the ke c 3 tiep tuyen vi (C).

6. HAM SO CO CHA DAU GIA TR TUYET OI

Bai toan: Ve o th cua ham so y = f(x) vi f(x) co cha dau gia tr tuyet oi.
Cach 1: Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th.
Xet dau bieu thc co cha dau gia tr tuyet oi.
Chia mien xac nh thanh nhieu khoang, trong moi khoang ta bo dau gia tr tuyet oi.
Ve o th ham so tng ng trong cac khoang cua mien xac nh.
Cach 2: Thc hien cac phep bien oi o th.
Dang 1: Ve o th ham so ( ) y f x = .
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 37/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
o th (C) cua ham so ( ) y f x = co the c suy t o th (C) cua ham so y = f(x)
nh sau:
+ Gi nguyen phan o th (C) pha tren truc hoanh.
+ Lay oi xng phan o th cua (C) pha di truc hoanh qua truc hoanh.
+ o th (C) la hp cua hai phan tren.

Dang 2: Ve o th cua ham so
( )
y f x = .
o th (C) cua ham so
( )
y f x = co the c suy t o th (C) cua ham so y = f(x)
nh sau:
+ Gi nguyen phan o th (C) ben phai truc tung, bo phan ben trai truc tung.
+ Lay oi xng phan ben phai truc tung qua truc tung.
+ o th (C) la hp cua hai phan tren.


Bai 1. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C). T o suy ra o th C). Du ng o th (C)
bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh (1):
a) (C):
3 2
3 6 y x x = ; (C):
3 2
3 6 y x x = ;
3 2
3 6 x x m = (1)
b) (C):
4 2
2 3 y x x = ; (C):
4 2
2 3 y x x = ;
4 2
2 3 x x m = (1)
c) (C):
2
2 5 2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
; (C):
2
2 5 2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
;
2
2 5 2
1
x x
m
x
+
=
+
(1)
d) (C):
2
1
2
x x
y
x

=

; (C):
2
1
2
x x
y
x

=

;
2
1
2
x x
m
x

=

(1)
e) (C):
2 2
2
x
y
x

; (C):
2 2
2
x
y
x

;
2 2
2
x
m
x

(1)
Bai 2. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C). T o suy ra o th C). Du ng o th (C)
bien luan so nghiem cua phng trnh (1):
a) (C):
3 2
2 9 12 4 y x x x = + ; (C):
3
2
2 9 12 4 y x x x = + ;
3
2
2 9 12 x x x m + =
b) (C):
2
1
x
y
x
=

; (C):
2
1
x
y
x
=

; ( 2). 0 m x m = (1)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 38/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
c) (C):
2
4 5
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
; (C):
2
4 5
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
;
2
4 5
2
x x
m
x
+ +
=
+
(1)
Bai 3. Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C). T o suy ra o th C). Dung o th (C),
tm m e phng trnh (1) co k nghiem phan biet:
a) (C):
4 2
2 1 y x x = ; (C):
4 2
2 1 y x x = ;
4 2
2
2 1 log x x m = ; k = 6.
b) (C):
3 2
6 9 y x x x = + ; (C):
3
2
6 9 y x x x = + ;
3
2
6 9 3 0 x x x m + + = ; k = 6.
c) (C):
2
2 5 2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
; (C):
2
2 5 2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
;
2
2 5 2
1
x x
m
x
+
=
+
; k = 4.
d) (C):
4
2
5
3
2 2
x
y x = + ; (C):
4
2
5
3
2 2
x
y x = + ;
4
2 2
5
3 2
2 2
x
x m m + = ; k = 8.

7. IEM AC BIET TREN O TH CUA HAM SO

VAN E 1: Tm iem tren o th (C): y = f(x) co toa o nguyen
Tm cac iem tren o th ham so hu t
( )
( )
P x
y
Q x
= co toa o la nhng so nguye n:
Phan tch
( )
( )
P x
y
Q x
= thanh da ng ( )
( )
a
y A x
Q x
= + , vi A(x) la a thc, a la so nguyen.
Khi o
x
y

Q(x) la c so cua a. T o ta tm cac gia tr x nguyen e Q(x) la


c so cu a a.
Th lai cac gia tr tm c va ket lua n.

Bai 1. Tm cac iem tren o th (C) cua ham so co toa o nguyen:
a)
2
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
b)
10
2
x
y
x

=
+
c)
2
2
x
y
x
+
=


d)
2
1
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
e)
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+
f)
4
1
1
y x
x
= + +


Bai 2. Tm cac iem tren o th (C) cua ham so co toa o nguyen:
a)
2
2( 1) 4 y x y x y x = + + + + b)
2
2 4( 1) 6 y x y x y x = + + +

VAN E 2: Tm cap iem tren o th (C): y = f(x)
oi xng qua ng thang d: y = ax + b
C s cua phng phap: A, B oi xng nhau qua d d la trung trc cua oan AB
Phng trnh ng thang vuong goc vi d: y = ax = b co dang:
:
1
y x m
a
= +
Phng trnh hoanh o giao iem cua va (C):
f(x) =
1
x m
a
+ (1)
Tm ieu kien cua m e cat (C) tai 2 iem
phan biet A, B. Khi o x
A
, x
B
la cac nghiem cua (1).
Tm toa o trung iem I cua AB.
(d)
(C)
( )
B
A
I
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 39/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
T ieu kien: A, B oi xng qua d I d, ta tm
c m x
A
, x
B
y
A
, y
B
A, B.
Chu y: A, B oi xng nhau qua truc hoanh
A B
A B
x x
y y
=


A, B oi xng nhau qua truc tung
A B
A B
x x
y y
=


A, B oi xng nhau qua ng thang y = b
2
A B
A B
x x
y y b
=

+ =


A, B oi xng nhau qua ng thang x = a
2
A B
A B
x x a
y y
+ =


Bai 1. Tm tren o th (C) cua ham so hai iem oi xng nhau qua ng thang d:
a)
3
( ) : ; : 2 0 C y x x d x y = + + = b)
4
( ) : ; : 2 6 0
2
x
C y d x y
x
+
= =


c)
2
( ) : ; : 1
1
x
C y d y x
x
= =

d)
2
1
( ) : ; : 1
1
x x
C y d y x
x
+
= =


Bai 2. Cho o th (C) va ng thang d. Viet phng trnh o th (C) oi xng vi (C) qua
ng thang d:
a)
3 2
( ) : 3 5 10 2; : 2 C y x x x d x = + = b)
2
2 3 7
( ) : ; : 2
1
x x
C y d x
x
+
= =


c)
2
2
( ) : ; : 2
2
x x
C y d y
x
+
= =

d)
2
2 5 3
( ) : ; : 1
1
x x
C y d y
x
+
= =


Bai 3. Tm m e tren o th (C) co mot cap iem oi xng nhau qua ng thang d:
a)
3 2 2
( ) : 3 2 ; : C y mx x x m d Ox = + + +

VAN E 3: Tm cap iem tren o th (C): y = f(x) oi xng qua iem I(a; b)
C s cua phng phap: A, B oi xng nhau qua I I la trung iem cua AB.
Phng trnh ng thang d qua I(a; b),
co he so goc k co dang: ( ) y k x a b = + .
Phng trnh hoanh o giao iem cua (C) va d:
f(x) = ( ) k x a b + (1)
Tm ieu kien e d cat (C) tai 2 iem phan biet
A, B. khi o x
A
, x
B
la 2 nghiem cua (1).
T ieu kien: A, B oi xng qua I I la trung iem cua AB, ta tm c k x
A
, x
B
.
Chu y: A, B oi xng qua goc toa o O
A B
A B
x x
y y
=



Bai 1. Tm tren o th (C) cua ham so hai iem oi xng nhau qua iem I:
a)
3 2
( ) : 4 2; (2; 4) C y x x x I = + + b)
2
2 5
( ) : ; 0;
1 2
x x
C y I
x
| | + +
=
|
\

c)
3 2
( ) : 3 2 1; (0; 0) C y x x x I O = + d)
4
( ) : ; (0; 0)
1
x
C y I O
x
+
=
+

e)
3 4
( ) : ; (1;1)
2 1
x
C y I
x
+
=

e) ( )
2
2 5 1
( ) : ; 2; 5
1
x x
C y I
x
+
=
+

A
B
I
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 40/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 2. Cho o th (C) va iem I. Viet phng trnh o th (C) oi xng vi (C) qua iem I:
a)
3 2
( ) : 2 3 5 1; (1; 2) C y x x x I = + + + b)
2
( 1)
( ) : ; (1;1)
2
x
C y I
x


c)
2
1
( ) : ; (2;1)
1
x x
C y I
x
+
=

d)
3 2
2 5 1
( ) : ; (2;1)
2 3
x x x
C y I
x
+
=


Bai 3. Tm m e tren o th (C) co mot cap iem oi xng nhau qua iem:
a)
3 2 2 2
( ) : 3 3( 1) 1 ; (0; 0) C y x mx m x m I O = + +
b)
3 2
( ) : 7 3; (0; 0) C y x mx x I O = + + +
c)
3 2
( ) : 9 4; (0; 0) C y x mx x I O = + + + d)
2 2 2
2
( ) : ; (0; 0)
1
x m x m
C y I O
x
+ +
=
+

VAN E 4: Khoang cach
Kien thc c ban:
1) Khoang cach gia hai iem A, B: AB =
2 2
( ) ( )
B A B A
x x y y +
2) Khoang cach t iem M(x
0
; y
0
) en ng thang : ax + by + c = 0:
d(M, ) =
0 0
2 2
ax by c
a b
+ +
+

3) Dien tch tam giac ABC:
S =
( )
2
2 2
1 1
. .sin . .
2 2
AB AC A AB AC AB AC =



Bai 1. Cho o th (C) va iem A. Tm iem M tren (C) sao cho AM nho nhat. Chng minh
rang khi AM nho nhat th ng thang AM vuong goc vi tiep tuyen cua (C) tai M.
a)
2
( ) : 1; (0; 0) C y x A O = b)
2
( ) : ; (3; 0) C y x A =
c)
2
( ) : 2 1; (9;1) C y x A = +
Bai 2. Cho o th (C) va ng thang d. Tm iem M tren (C) sao cho khoang cach t M
en d la nho nhat.
a)
4 2
( ) : 2 3 2 1; : 2 1 C y x x x d y x = + + = b)
2
4 5
( ) : ; : 3 6
2
x x
C y d y x
x
+ +
= =
+

c)
2
( ) : ; : 2( 1) C y x x d y x = = + d)
1
( ) : ; : 2 3
1
x
C y d y x
x
+
= = +


Bai 3. Tm cac iem M thuoc o th (C) sao cho d(M,Ox) = k.d(M,Oy) vi k cho trc.
a)
2
( ) : ; 1
2
x
C y k
x
+
= =

b)
2
1
( ) : ; 1
1
x x
C y k
x
+
= =


c)
2
1
( ) : ; 2
1
x x
C y k
x
+
= =

d)
2
2 2
( ) : ; 2
1
x x
C y k
x
+ +
= =
+

Bai 4. Tm cac iem M thuoc hypebol (H) sao cho tong cac khoang cach t o en hai
tiem can la nho nhat.
a)
2
( ) :
2
x
H y
x
+
=

b)
2 1
( ) :
1
x
H y
x

=
+
c)
4 9
( ) :
3
x
H y
x


d)
2
2
( ) :
3
x x
H y
x
+
=

e)
2
1
( ) :
2
x x
H y
x
+
=

f)
2
3 3
( ) :
2
x x
H y
x
+ +
=
+

Bai 5. Tm cac iem M thuoc hypebol (H) sao cho tong cac khoang cach t o en hai truc
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 41/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
toa o la nho nhat.
a)
1
( ) :
1
x
H y
x

=
+
b)
2 1
( ) :
2
x
H y
x
+
=

c)
4 9
( ) :
3
x
H y
x


d)
2
11
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+
=

e)
2
3
( ) :
2
x
H y
x

f)
2
6
( ) :
3
x x
H y
x
+
=


Bai 6. Tm cac iem M thuoc hypebol (H) sao cho khoang cach t o en giao iem cua
hai tiem can la nho nhat.
a)
2
2 2
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+ +
=

b)
2
1
( ) : ; 1
1
x x
H y x
x
+
= >


Bai 7. Cho hypebol (H). Tm hai iem A, B thuoc hai nhanh khac nhau cua (H) sao cho o
dai AB la nho nhat.
a)
1
( ) :
1
x
H y
x

=
+
b)
2 3
( ) :
2
x
H y
x
+
=

c)
4 9
( ) :
3
x
H y
x


d)
1
( ) : 2 1 H y x
x
= + + e)
2
3 3
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+
=

f)
2
2 5
( ) :
1
x x
H y
x
+
=


Bai 8. Cho (C) va ng thang d. Tm m e d cat (C) ta i 2 iem A, B sao cho o dai AB la
nho nhat.
a)
2
6 4
( ) : ; :
1
x x
H y d y k
x
+
= =
+
b)
1
( ) : ; : 2 0
1
x
H y d x y m
x
+
= + =





Bai 1. Cho ham so:
3 2
4, y x ax = + a la tham so.
a) Khao sat va ve o th vi a = 3.
b) Tm cac gia tr cua tham so a e phng trnh sau co nghiem duy nhat:

3 2
4 0 x ax + =
S: b) a < 3.
Bai 2. a) Khao sat va ve o th ham so:
3 2
6 9 1 y x x x = + .
b) T mot iem bat ky tren ng thang x = 2 ta ke c bao nhieu tiep tuyen ti o
th cua ham so?
S: b) mot tiep tuyen.
Bai 3. Cho ham so:
3
3 (1) y x x =
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so (1).
b) Chng minh rang m khi thay oi, ng thang d cho bi phng trnh:
( 1) 2 y m x = + + luon cat o th ham so (1) tai mot iem A co nh. Hay xac nh cac
gia tr cua m e ng thang d cat o th ham so (1) tai 3 iem A, B, C khac nhau sao
cho tiep tuyen vi o th tai B va C vuong goc vi nhau.
S: b)
2
( 1; 2); 1 2
3
A m = +
Bai 4. a) Khao sat va ve o th ham so:
4 2
2 1 (1) y x x =
b) Vi nhng gia tr nao cua m th phng trnh sau co 6 nghiem phan biet.
III. ON TAP NHAO SAT HAM SO
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 42/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
4 2
4
2 1 log (2) x x m =
S: b) 4 < m < 16.
Bai 5. Cho ham so:
4 2
5 4 (1) y x x = +
a) Khao sat va ve o th (C) cua ham so.
b) Tm ieu kien cua tham so m e ng thang y = m cat o th (C) cua ham so tai 4
iem phan biet.
c) Tm m sao cho o th (C) cua ham so chan tren ng thang y = m ba oan thang co
o dai bang nhau.
S: b)
9
4
4
m < < c)
7
4
m =
Bai 6. Cho ham so:
4 2
1 3
2 2
y x mx = + (1)
a) Khao sat va ve o th (C) cua ham so khi m = 3.
b) Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen i qua
3
0;
2
A
| |
|
\
tiep xuc vi (C).
c) Xac nh m e ham so (1) co c c tieu ma khong co cc ai.
S: b)
3 3
; 2 2
2 2
y y x = = + c) m 0.
Bai 7. Cho ham so:
3 4
( )
1
x
y H
x
+
=


a) Khao sat va ve o th ham so.
b) Vi gia tr nao cua a, ng thang y = ax + 3 khong cat o th (H)?
c) Qua iem M(2 ; 3) viet phng trnh tiep vi o th (H).
S: b) 28 < a 0 c) y = 28x + 59.
Bai 8. a) Khao sat va ve o th
2
( )
1
x
y C
x

.
b) Tm tat ca nhng iem tren o th (C) cach eu hai iem A(0; 0) va B(2; 2).
S: b) (2 ; 0), (0 ; 2).
Bai 9. Cho ham so:
1
2 ( ) y x C
x
= +
a) Khao sat va ve o th (C).
b) Tm tren (C) cac iem cach eu hai truc toa o.
c) Tm k e ng thang y = k cat (C) tai hai iem ma tai o hai tiep tuyen vi (C)
vuong goc vi nhau.
S: b)
1 1
;
2 2
M
| |
|
\
c) 2 5. k =
Bai 10. Cho ham so:
2 2
( 1) 4 4 2
( 1)
x m x m m
y
x m
+ +
=


a) Khao sat va ve o th vi m = 2.
b) Tm cac gia tr cua m e ham so xac nh va ong bien tren khoang (0 ; +)
S: b)
2 3 3
7 2
m


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 43/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Bai 11. a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so:
2
2 2
1
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+
.
b) Goi I la tam oi xng cua o th (C) va M la mot iem tren (C). Tiep tuyen tai M
vi (C) cat hai ng tiem can tai A va B. Chng minh rang M la trung iem cua oan
AB va dien tch tam giac IAB khong phu thuoc vao v tr iem M tren (C).
S: b) 2 2.
IAB
S =
Bai 12. Cho ham so:
2
2 2 1
1 ( )
1 1
x x
y x C
x x
+ +
= = + +
+ +

a) Khao sat va ve o th (C).
b) Tm tren o th ham so a cho cac iem sao cho tiep tuyen tai o vuong goc vi
tiem can xien cua no.
S: b)
1 2
2 3 2 2 3 2
1 ; ; 1 ;
2 2 2 2
M M
| | | |
+ | |
\ \

Bai 13. Cho ham so:
2
( 1) 1
( )
m
x m x mx
y C
x m
+ + +
=


a) Khao sat va ve o th (C) cua ham so ng vi m = 2.
b) Chng minh rang tch cac khoang cach t mot iem tuy y thuoc o th (C) (vi m = 2
cau tren) ti hai ng tiem can luon bang mot hang so.
c) Vi gia tr nao cua m th ham so a cho co cc ai, cc tieu, ong thi gia tr cc
ai va gia tr cc tieu cung dau.
S: b)
9 2
2
c) 3 2 3 3 2 3 m hay m < > +
Bai 14. a) Khao sat va ve o th ham so:
2
4 1
2
x x
y
x
+ +
=
+

b) Tm cac iem tren o th co khoang cach en ng thang () : y + 3x + 6 = 0 la
nho nhat.
S: b)
1 2
3 5 5 5
; ; ;
2 2 2 2
M M
| | | |

| |
\ \
.
Bai 15. Cho ham so:
2
2 2
1
x mx
y
x
+
=

vi m la tham so.
a) Xac nh m e tam giac tao bi hai truc toa o va ng tiem can xien cua o th
cua ham so tren co dien tch bang 4.
b) Khao sat va ve o th ham so tren khi m = 3.
S: a) m = 6 hay m = 2.
Bai 16. Cho ham so:
2
1 x x
y
x
+ +
= .
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so tren.
b) Xac nh m sao cho phng trnh sau co nghiem:
4 3 2
( 1) 3 ( 1) 1 0 t m t t m t + + =
S: b)
3 7
.
2 2
m hay m
Bai 17. Cho ham so:
3 2 2 2 2
3 3(1 ) (1) y x mx m m m = + + + (m la tham so)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 44/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th ham so (1) khi m = 1.
b) Tm k e phng trnh
3 2 3 2
3 3 0 x x k k + + = co 3 nghiem phan biet.
c) Viet phng trnh ng thang i qua hai iem cc tr cua o th ham so (1).
S: b) 1 3; 0; 2; k k k < < c)
2
2 y x m m = +
Bai 18. Cho ham so:
4 2 2
( 9) 10 y mx m x = + + (1) (m la tham so)
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so (1) khi m = 1.
b) Tm m e ham so (1) co ba iem cc tr.
S: b) 3 0 3. m hay m < < <
Bai 19. Cho ham so:
2
(2 1)
(1)
1
m x m
y
x

=

(m la tham so)
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th (C) cua ham so (1) ng vi m = 1.
b) Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi ng cong (C) va hai truc toa o.
c) Tm m e o th cua ham so (1) tiep xuc vi ng thang y = x.
S: b)
4
1 4ln
3
S = + c) m 1.
Bai 20. Cho ham so:
2
1
mx x m
y
x
+ +
=

(1) (m la tham so)


a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th ham so (1) khi m = 1.
b) Tm m e o th ham so (1) cat truc hoanh tai hai iem phan biet va hai iem o co
hoanh o dng.
S: b)
1
0.
2
m < <
Bai 21. Cho ham so:
3 2
3 y x x m = + (1) (m la tham so)
a) Tm m e ham so (1) co hai iem phan biet oi xng nhau qua goc toa o.
b) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th ham so (1) khi m = 2.
S: a) m > 0.
Bai 22. a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so
2
2 4
(1)
2
x x
y
x
+
=


b) Tm m e ng thang d
m
: y = mx + 2 2m cat o th cua ham so (1) tai hai iem
phan biet.
S: b) m > 1.
Bai 23. Cho ham so:
2
3 3
2( 1)
x x
y
x
+
=

(1)
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so (1).
b) Tm m e ng thang y = m cat o th tai 2 iem A, B sao cho AB = 1.
S: b)
1 5
2
m

= .
Bai 24. Cho ham so:
3 2
1
2 3 (1)
3
y x x x = + co o th (C)
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so (1).
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 45/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
b) Viet phng trnh tiep tuyen cua (C) tai iem uon va chng minh rang la tiep
tuyen cua (C) co he so goc nho nhat.
S: b)
8
: ; 1.
3
y x k = + =
Bai 25. Cho ham so:
3 2
3 9 1 (1) y x mx x = + + (vi m la tham so)
a) Khao sat s bien thien va ve o th cua ham so (1) khi m = 2.
b) Tm m e iem uon cua o th ham so (1) thuoc ng thang y = x + 1.
S: b) m = 0 hay m = 2 hay m = 2.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 46/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk Gii tch 12

CCH GII CC DNG TON THNG GP

Phn 1: S NG BIN,NGHCH BIN CA
HM S
Bi 1.1: Xt s ng bin nghch bin ca hm s
Tm TX
Tnh y. Tm cc im ti hn.
Lp bng bin thin
Kt lun.
Bi 1.2: Tm m hm s ng bin, nghch bin trn
R hoc trn tng khong ca tp xc nh.
Tm TX
Tnh y
Hm s B trn R ' 0, y x R

0
0 a


>


( Hm s nghch bin trn R ' 0, y x R

0
0 a


<

)
T suy ra iu kin ca m.
Bi 1.3: Tm m hm bc 3 ng bin, nghch bin
trn khong (a,b)
* Cch 1:
+ Hm s B trn (a,b) ( ) ' 0, , y x a b
[ ] ' 0, , y x a b ( v ylin tc ti x = a v x =b)
g(x) h(m) , [ ] , x a b
( ) ( ) min
,
g x h m
a b
(
(

(*)
+ Tnh g(x) . Cho g(x) = 0 tm nghim x
0 [ ] , a b
Tnh ( ) ( ) ( )
0
, , g x g a g b => ( ) min
,
g x
a b
(
(


+ T (*) suy ra iu kin ca m.
* Cch 2: (thng dng khi tham s m c bc 2)
+ Hm s B trn (a,b) ( ) ' 0, , y x a b
C 2 trng hp :
* TH1 :
0
' 0,
0
y x R
a



>

suy ra m
* TH2 : y = f(x) =0 c 2 nghim phn bit x
1
, x
2
tha
.(iu kin v x
1
, x
2
hm s B trn (a,b) xem
phn so snh cc s vi nghim ca tam thc bc hai )
Suy ra m
Kt hp hai trng hp trn ta c p s m cn tm.
Bi 1.4: Tm m hm s B , NB trn on c
di bng d.
+ Tm TX
+ Tnh y
+ Hm s c khong B, NB y = 0 c 2 nghim
phn bit x
1
, x
2

0
0 a
>

.suy ra m. (*)
+ Bin i
1 2
x x d = thnh ( )
2
2
1 2 1 2
4 x x x x d + =
Dng nh l Viet a pt trn v pt theo m.
Gii pt tm m , so vi k (*) c m cn tm.
Bi 1. 5 : Chng minh bt ng thc P(x) > Q(x),
( ) , x a b bng cch s dng tnh n iu
( Chuyn v a BT v dng : f(x) = P(x) Q(x) >0 )
Xt hm s f(x) = P(x) Q(x) lin tc trn [a,b).
Tnh '( ) f x . Chng t '( ) 0, [ , ) f x x a b
Hm s ng bin trn [a,b).
( ) , : ( ) ( ) x a b f x f a > =
Suy ra pcm
---------------------------------------------------------------
Phn 2 : CC TR CA HM S
Bi 2.1: Tm cc tr ca hm s
Quy tc 1:
+ Tm TX
+ Tnh y. Cho y = 0 tm nghim (nu c)
+Lp bng bin thin
+ Kt lun : Hm s t cc i ti x =

v y
C =

Hm s t cc tiu ti x =

v y
CT =

Quy tc 2 ( thng dng i vi hm lng
gic):
+ Tm TX
+ Tnh y . Cho y = 0 tm cc nghim x
i

+ Tnh y
Tnh y(x
i
)
+Kt lun :
y(x
i
) >0 => hs t CT ti x
i
v y
CT
=
y(x
i
) <0 => hs t C ti x
i
v y
C
=
Bi 2.2: Tm m hm s c ( ko c )cc tr.
(Lu : hm s c cc tr khi y = 0 c nghim v y
i du khi qua nghim )
Tm TX
Tnh y
- Hm bc ba c cc tr ( hoc c C, CT hoc c
2 cc tr) pt y=0 c hai nghim phn bit

'
0
0
y
a
>

.suy ra m.
- Hm b3 ko c cc tr y=0 c n
0
kp hoc v n
0
.
- Hm
2
1
b
b
c cc tr pt y=0 c hai nghim
phn bit khc x
0
( vi x
0
l nghim mu)

0
0
( ) 0
g
g x
>

( vi g(x) = t s ca y )
Gii h tm m.
Bi 2.3 : Tm m hm s t cc tr ti x = x
0
.
Tm TX
Tnh y
Cch 1:
Hm s t cc tr ti x = x
0
=> y(x
0
) = 0 .tm m
Vi mi gi tr m tm c, ta thay vo y. lp
bng bin thin. Da vo BBT kt lun m c
tha ycbt khng.
Cch 2 : Hm s t cc tr ti x = x
0

( )
( )
0
0
' 0
" 0
y x
y x
=


Gii h tm m.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 47/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk Gii tch 12

Bi 2.4 : Tm m hm s t cc i ( CT ) ti x = x
0

Tm TX
Tnh y , y
Hm s t cc i ti x = x
0

( )
( )
0
0
' 0
" 0
y x
y x
=

<


( Hm s t cc tiu ti x
0

( )
( )
0
0
' 0
" 0
y x
y x
=

>

)
Gii h tm m.
Bi 2.5 : Tm m hm s bc 3 c hai cc tr (hoc
c cc i v cc tiu) tha iu kin K ( k v x
1
, x
2
)
.
+ Tm TX
+ Tm m hm s c cc i v cc tiu. (*)
+ Honh cc i v cc tiu l nghim ca pt y = 0
( Ta c th suy ra cc honh ny hoc tng , tch ca
cc honh )
+ Tm m cc i v cc tiu tha iu kin K.
So vi iu kin (*) c m tha ycbt.
Bi 2.6 : Tm m th hm bc 3 c hai im cc
tr tha k K cho trc ( VD: t qua 2 cc tr vung
gc hoc song song vi t cho trc,.)
+ Tm TX
+ Tnh y
+ Tm m hm s c 2 cc tr. (*)
+ Ly y chia y ta c : y = y.g(x) + (ax + b)
Gi ( ) ( )
1 1 1 2 2 2
, , , M x y M x y l cc im cc tr.
=> ( )
1
' 0 y x = v ( )
2
' 0 y x =
Suy ra :
1 1
y ax b = + ,

2 2
y ax b = +
Do : ng thng i qua hai im cc tr l d
m
: y =
ax +b
+ Tm m tha iu kin K.
+ So vi (*) kt lun m cn tm .
Bi 2. 7 : Cc tr ca hm trng phng
( )
4 2
0 y ax bx c a = + +
+ TX : D = R
+ Tnh y = 4ax
3
+2bx

( )
2
0
' 0
4 2 0 *
x
y
ax b
=
=

+ =


Hm s lun t cc tr ti x = 0
Hm s c 3 cc tr y = 0 c 3 nghim phn
bit
pt (*) c 2 nghim phn bit
khc 0
a.b <0
Hm s c 2 C v 1 CT
y = 0 c 3 nghim phn bit v a<0

0
0
a
b
<

>


Hm s c 2 CT v 1 C
y = 0 c 3 nghim phn bit v a>0

0
0
a
b
<

>


Hm s c ng 1 cc tr
pt (*) v nghm hoc c nghim kp bng 0.

. 0
0
a b
b
>


Lu : Khi th hm s c 3 cc tr A, B ,C v A
thuc Oy th tam gic ABC cn ti A.
--------------------------------------------
Phn 3: GTLN GTNN CA HM S

Bi 3.1 : Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s y = f(x) trn
khong (a,b)
Xt hm s trn (a,b)
Tnh y
Cho y = 0 tm nghim (nu c )
Lp bng bin thin
Da vo BBT kt lun
( ) ( )
max , min
, ,
y y
a b a b
.
Bi 3.2 : Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s y = f(x) trn
[a,b]
Xt hm s trn [a,b]
Tnh y
Cho y = 0 tm cc nghim x
i
[ , ] a b
Tnh ( ) ( ) ( ) , ,
i
y x y a y b
Kt lun max , min
[ , ] [ , ]
y y
a b a b
.
Bi 3.3 : Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s y = f(x) trn
[a,b] hoc trn R, vi f(x) l hm lng gic phc tp
Bin i f(x) v cng mt hm s lng gic
ca cng mt cung
t t = HSLG . iu kin ca t
( ) [ , ] t
Ta c : g(t) =
Tnh g(t) . Cho g(t) = 0 tm cc nghim t
i

[ , ]
Tnh g( t
i
) , ( ) ( ) , g g
Suy ra :

( )
( )
max max .... ....
[ , ] [ , ]
min min .... ....
[ , ] [ , ]
y g t khi x
a b
y g t khi x
a b


= = =
= = =

Bi 3.4 : tm m hm s t GTLN (hoc GTNN )
bng d trn [a,b]
Xt hm s y = f(x) trn [a,b]
Tnh y . cho y = 0 tm nghim ( nu c )
Xt du y trn [a,b] ( thng thng ta cn
chng t y >0 (hoc y <0) vi mi x thuc
[a,b] => hm s lun B (hoc lun NB) trn
[a,b] )
Suy ra max
[ , ]
y
a b
( hoc min
[ , ]
y
a b
)
Cho max
[ , ]
y
a b
= d (hoc min
[ , ]
y
a b
=d ) tm m.
Bi 3.5 : ng dng ca GTLN, GTNN vo gii ton
VD : trong cc hnh ch nht c chu vi 12cm , tm hnh
ch nht c din tch ln nht.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 48/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk Gii tch 12

Phn 4: KHO ST HM S
Bi 4.1 : Kho st hm bc 3 , bc 4 trng phng
B1 : Tp xc nh : D = R
B2: Tnh y . Cho y = 0 tm nghim .
B3 : Gii hn : lim
x
y
+
v lim
x
y


B4: Bng bin thin
Kt lun : ng bin , nghch bin , cc i, cc
tiu
B5: Bng gi tr : ( 5 im c bit)
B6 : V th.
( Nhn xt : th ca hm bc 4 trng phng
nhn Oy lm trc i xng)
Bi 4.2 : Kho st hm ( )
1
: 0
1
b ax b
y ad bc
b cx d
+
=
+

B1 : Tp xc nh : D = \
d
c

`
)

B2: Tnh y.Nhn xt y>0 hoc y <0,
d
x
c


B3 : Gii hn v tim cn :
+
0
lim
x
y y

=
y =
0
y l tim cn ngang.
+ lim
d
x
c
y
+
| |

|
\
= v lim
d
x
c
y

| |

|
\
= (- hoc+)

d
x
c

= l tim cn ng.
B4: Bng bin thin .
Kt lun :
- Hm s ng bin , nghch bin trn tng
khong xc nh.
- Hm s khng c cc tr.
B5 : Bng gi tr : ( 4 im c bit)
B6 : V th.
Bi 4.3 : Da vo th (C): ( ) y f x = v, bin
lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh
( ) , 0 F m x = (1)
a pt (1) v dng : ( ) ( ) f x g m =
y l phng trnh honh giao im ca (C)
v ng thng d : y = g(m) ( nm ngang)
S nghim ca pt (1) bng s giao im ca (C)v d.
Da vo th, lp bng bin lun v kt lun.
g(m) m S nghim pt (1)
+


-


Phng trnh tip tuyn vi th hm s
* Cho hm s y = f(x) c th (C). Pt tip tuyn ca (C)
ti im ( )
0 0
, M x y c dng :
( ) ( )
0 0 0
' . y y f x x x =


* Cho hm s y = f(x) v y = g(x) c th ln lt l
(C
1
) v (C
2
).
(C
1
) tip xc vi (C
2
)
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
' '
f x g x
f x g x
=

c n
0

Bi 4.4 : Vit pt tip tuyn ca th (C) y = f(x) ti
im ( )
0 0
, M x y
Tm x
0
, y
0
.
Tnh y . => y(x
0
)
Pt tip tuyn ca (C) ti ( )
0 0
, M x y c dng :
( ) ( )
0 0 0
' . y y y x x x =
Bi 4.5 : Vit pt tip tuyn ca th (C) y = f(x) bit
tip tuyn c h s gc k.
Gi ( )
0 0
, M x y l tip im.
Tip tuyn d cn tm c dng: ( )
0 0
. y k x x y = +
d c h s gc k => ( )
0
' y x = k.
Gii tm x
0
. suy ra y
0
= y(x
0
)
Suy ra Pt tip tuyn d.
Cch 2: Dng k tip xc
+ Pt tip tuyn d c dng : y = kx +b
+ d tip xc vi (C)
( )
( )
'
f x kx b
f x k
= +

c nghim
+ Gii h tm b . Vit pttt d.
Lu : H s gc ca tip tuyn c th c cho gin
tip nh sau :
+ d song song vi ( )
2 2
: y k x b = + => k = k
2

+ d vung gc vi ( )
2 2
: y k x b = + =>
2
1
k
k

=
+ d to vi ( )
2 2
: y k x b = + mt gc th

( ) ( )
0 0 2
1 2
tan , 0 , 90
1
k k
k k

=
+

+d to vi chiu dng ca trc honh 1 gc th k = tan
Bi 4.6 : Vit pt tip tuyn ca th (C) y = f(x) bit
tip tuyn i qua im A (x
A
, y
A
)
Gi d l tip tuyn qua A (x
A
, y
A
) v c h s
gc k . Suy ra : d : ( )
A A
y k x x y = +
d tip xc vi (C) h pt sau c nghim :

( )
( )
( )
'
A A
f x k x x y
f x k
= +


Gii h tm x ( pp th). => k . Vit pttt.
Cch 2: tm ta tip im :
Gi ( )
0 0 0
, M x y l tip im.Khi ( )
0 0
y f x =
Pt tip tuyn d ti M c dng :
( ) ( )
0 0 0
' . y y y x x x =
V d qua A(x
A
, y
A
) nn :
( ) ( )
0 0 0
' .
A A
y y y x x x =
Gii pt tm x
0
. T vit pttt.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 49/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk Gii tch 12

Bi 4.7: Bin lun theo m s giao im ca 2 ng:
Cho 2 hm s y = f(x, m) v y = g(x, m) c th ln lt l
( ) ( )
1 2
, C C . Bin lun theo m s giao im ca (C
1
) v (C
2
):
* B1 : Lp pt honh giao im ca ( )
1
C v ( )
2
C
f(x,m) = g(x, m) (1)
* B2: Bin lun theo m s giao im ca ( )
1
C v ( )
2
C .
Ch :
* Nu (1) l pt bc hai th bc 2 ta lm nh sau:
- Tnh .
- Bin lun theo => s nghim pt (1) => S giao im
ca ( )
1
C v ( )
2
C .
* Nu (1) l pt bc 3 th bc 2 t a lm nh sau :
- on 1 nghim ca pt ( gi s pt c nghim x = a)
- Thc hin php chia a thc ( S Hoocne). Ta c:
(1) (x-a)(Ax
2
+Bx + C) = 0

2
0 (2)
x a
Ax Bx C
=

+ + =


- Tnh , Bin lun theo => S nghim pt(2) => s
nghim pt (1).
Bi 4.8 : Nghim ca pt bc ba:
S n
0
ca pt b3 bng s giao im ca (C) vi trc Ox
Pt bc 3 th ca hm
s v trc honh
Nu
C 3 nghim
to thnh cp
s cng
Ct ti 3 im
cch u nhau
(hay 3 im lp
thnh CSC)
f (x) = 0 c 2 n
0
pb v
im un nm trn
trc Ox
C 3 n
0
n
phn bit
Ct nhau ti 3
im phn bit
f (x) = 0 c 2 n
0
pb v
y
C
.y
CT
<0
C 1 n
0
kp,
1 n
0
n
Tip xc nhau ti
1 im v ct
nhau ti 1 im
f (x) = 0 c 2 n
0
pb v
y
C
.y
CT = 0

C duy nht
1 n
0
n
Ct nhau ti 1
im
C 2 trng hp :
* f (x) = 0 c n
0
kp
hoc v n
0
.
* f (x) = 0 c 2 n
0
pb
v y
C
.y
CT
>0
nh l Viet v pt bc 3:

1 2 3
1 2 2 3 1 3
1 2 3
b
x x x
a
c
x x x x x x
a
d
x x x
a

+ + =

+ + =


Bi 4.9 : Tm nhng im trn th hm hu t
( )
( )
P x
y
Q x
= c ta nguyn
* Phn tch
( )
( )
( )
( )
P x
a
y A x
Q x Q x
= = + , vi A(x) l a
thc , a
* Ta im trn th nguyn x nguyn v a l
bi ca Q(x).
* Th li cc gi tr m tm c => Kt lun.
Bi 4.10 :Tm im c nh ca h th
(C
m
): y = f(x,m)
Cch 1:
Gi M(x
0
, y
0
) l im c nh ca h th (C
m
)
( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
. , ,
m
M x y C m y f x m = c n
0 m
Bin i pt theo n m.
p dng k pt c n
0
m cc h s ng thi
bng 0. gii tm x
0
, y
0
. => Kt lun.
Lu :* ax + b = 0 , m
0
0
a
b
=


*
2
0
0, 0
0
a
ax bx c m b
c
=

+ + = =


Cch 2:
Gi M(x
0
, y
0
) l im c nh ca h th (C
m
)
( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
. , , ,
m
M x y C m y f x m m = (*)
t F(m) = f(x
0
,m) .
F(m) = y
0
khng i => F(m) = 0 . Gii pt tm x
0
.
Thay vo (*) tm y
0
. Kt lun im c nh.
Bi 4.11: th ca hm cha du gi tr tuyt i:
Cho th (C) : y = f(x) . Da vo th (C) , v
th (C) : a)
( )
y f x = , b) ( ) y f x =
V th (C) : y = f(x)
a) th hm s ( ) y f x =
Ta c:


( ), ( ) 0
( )
( ), ( ) 0
f x f x
y f x
f x f x

= =

<


+Gi nguyn phn th (C) nm bn trn trc honh
+Ly i xng phn th (C) nm pha di trc honh
qua trc honh
Suy ra th hm s ( ) y f x =
b) th hm s ( ) y f x =
Ta c: ( ) y f x = l hm s chn v
( ), 0
( )
( ), 0
f x x
y f x
f x x

= =

<


+Gi nguyn phn th (C) nm bn phi trc tung
+B phn th (C) nm bn tri trc tung.
Ly i xng phn th (C) nm bn phi trc tung qua
trc tung.
Suy ra th hm s ( ) y f x =



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 50/232




L LU UY Y N N

T TH HI I

I I

H H C C



C CH HU UY Y N N



: :K KH H O O

S S T T

H H M M

S S



BA CNG THC TNH NHANH O HM
CA HM S HU T
+
( )
2
'
d cx
bc ad
y
d cx
b ax
y
+

=
+
+
=

+
( )
( )
2
2 2
2
'
e dx
cd be aex adx
y
e dx
c bx ax
y
+
+ +
=
+
+ +
=
+
2
2 2
2
2
1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1
2
1 2 2 1
2 2
2
2
1 1
2
1
) (
) ( 2 ) (
'
c x b x a
c b c b x c a c a x b a b a
y
c x b x a
c x b x a
y
+ +
+ +
=
+ +
+ +
=

CHUYN : CC CU HI TH HAI TRONG
THI KHO ST HM S LTH


Dng 1: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
hm s

ng bin trn ?

Phng php:

TX: D =

Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s

ng bin trn

th ' 0 y x
0
0
a >



Dng 2: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
hm s nghch bin trn ?

Phng php:

TX: D =

Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s

ng bin trn

th ' 0 y x
0
0
a <


Dng 3: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m


th hm s c cc tr?

Phng php:

TX: D =

Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
th hm s c cc tr khi phng trnh y = 0 c 2
nghim phn bit v y i du khi x i qua hai nghim

0
0
a

>


Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 51/232

Dng 4: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. Chng
minh rng vi mi m th hm s lun lun c cc tr?
Phng php:
TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
Xt phng trnh y = 0, ta c:
=.>0, m
Vy vi mi m th hm s cho lun lun c cc tr.
Dng 5: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
th hm s khng c cc tr?
Phng php:
TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
Hm s khng c cc tr khi y khng i du trn ton
tp xc nh
0
0
a


Dng 6: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
th hm s t cc i ti x
0
?
Phng php:
TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s t cc i ti x
0
th
0
0
'( ) 0
''( ) 0
f x
f x
=

<


Dng 7: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
th hm s t cc tiu ti x
0
?
Phng php:
TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s t cc tiu ti x
0
th
0
0
'( ) 0
''( ) 0
f x
f x
=

>


Dng 8: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
th hm s t cc tr bng h ti x
0
?
Phng php: TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s t cc tr bng h ti x
0
th
0
0
'( ) 0
( )
f x
f x h
=


Dng 9: Cho hm s y = f(x) c cha tham s m. nh m
th hm s i qua im cc tr M(x
0
;y
0
)?
Phng php:
TX: D =
Ta c: y = ax
2
+ bx + c
hm s i qua im cc tr M(x
0
;y
0
) th
0
0 0
'( ) 0
( )
f x
f x y
=


Dng 10: Cho hm s y = f(x) c th (C) v
M(x
0
;y
0
)(C). Vit PTTT ti im M(x
0
;y
0
) ?
Phng php:
Ta c: y = f(x) f(x
0
)
Phng trnh tip tuyn ti im M(x
0
;y
0
) l
y y
0
= f(x
0
).( x x
0
)
Cc dng thng gp khc :
1/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th (C) ti im c
hanh x
0
.
Ta tm: + y
0
= f(x
0
)
+ f(x) f(x
0
)
Suy ra phng trnh tip tuyn cn tm l
y y
0
= f(x
0
).( x x
0
)
2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th (C) ti im
tha mn phng trnh f(x)= 0.
Ta tm: + f(x)
+ f(x)
+Gii phng trnh f(x) = 0 x
0
+ y
0
v f(x
0
). Suy ra PTTT.
Dng 11: Cho hm s y = f(x) c th (C) Vit phng
trnh tip tuyn (d) ca (C)
a/ song song vi ng thng y = ax + b.
b/ vung gc vi ng thng y = ax + b.
Phng php:
a/ Tnh: y = f(x)
V tip tuyn (d) song song vi ng thng y = ax + b
nn (d) c h s gc bng a.
Ta c: f(x) = a (Nghim ca phng trnh ny chnh l
honh tip im)
Tnh y
0
tng ng vi mi x
0
tm c.
Suy ra tip tuyn cn tm (d):
y y
0
= a. ( x x
0
)
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 52/232

b/ Tnh: y = f(x)
V tip tuyn (d) vung gc vi ng thng y = ax + b
nn (d) c h s gc bng
1
a
.
Ta c: f(x) =
1
a
(Nghim ca phng trnh ny chnh
l honh tip im)
Tnh y
0
tng ng vi mi x
0
tm c.
Suy ra tip tuyn cn tm (d):
y y
0
=
1
a
. ( x x
0
)
Ch :
+ ng phn gic ca gc phn t th nht y = x.
+ ng phn gic ca gc phn t th hai y = - x.
Dng 12: Cho hm s y = f(x) c th (C) Tm GTLN,
GTNN ca hm s trn [a;b]
Phng php:
Ta c: y = f(x)
Gii phng trnh f(x) = 0, ta c cc im cc tr: x
1
,
x
2
, x
3
, [a;b]
Tnh: f(a), f(b), f(x
1
), f(x
2
), f(x
3
),
T suy ra:
[ ] [ ] ; ;
ax ; in
a b a b
m y m y = =
Phng php chung ta thng lp BBT
Dng 13: Cho h ng cong y = f(m,x) vi m l tham
s.Tm im c nh m h ng cong trn i qua vi
mi gi tr ca m.
Phng php:
Ta c: y = f(m,x)
Am + B = 0, m (1)
Hoc Am
2
+ Bm + C = 0, m (2)
th hm s (1) lun lun i qua im M(x;y) khi (x;y)
l nghim ca h phng trnh:
0
0
A
B
=

(a) (i vi (1))
Hoc
0
0
0
A
B
C
=

(b) (i vi (2))
Gii (a) hoc (b) tm x ri y tng ng.
T kt lun cc im c nh cn tm.
Dng 14: Gi s (C
1
) l th ca hm s y = f(x) v
(C
2
) l th ca hm s y = g(x). Bin lun s
giao im ca hai th (C
1
), (C
2
).
Phng php:
Phng trnh honh giao im ca y = f(x) v
y = g(x) l
f(x) = g(x)
f(x) g(x) = 0 (*)
S giao im ca hai th (C
1
), (C
2
) chnh l s nghim
ca phng trnh (*).
Dng 15: Da vo th hm s y = f(x), bin lun theo
m s nghim ca phng trnh f(x) + g(m) = 0
Phng php:
Ta c: f(x) + g(m) = 0
f(x) = g(m) (*)
S nghim ca (*) chnh l s giao im ca th (C): y
= f(x) v ng g(m).
Da vo th (C), ta c:v.v
Dng 16: Cho hm s y = f(x), c th (C). CMR im
I(x
0
;y
0
) l tm i xng ca (C).
Phng php:
Tnh tin h trc Oxy thnh h trc OXY theo vect
( )
0 0
; OI x y =

.
Cng thc i trc:
0
0
x X x
y Y y
= +

= +

2
3
x
y
x
+
=


Th vo y = f(x) ta c Y = f(X)
Ta cn chng minh hm s Y = f(X) l hm s l. Suy ra
I(x
0
;y
0
) l tm i xng ca (C).
Dng 17: Cho hm s y = f(x), c th (C). CMR ng
thng x = x
0
l trc i xng ca (C).
Phng php:
i trc bng tnh tin theo vect ( )
0
; 0 OI x =


Cng thc i trc
0
x X x
y Y
= +


Th vo y = f(x) ta c Y = f(X)
Ta cn chng minh hm s Y = f(X) l hm s chn. Suy
ra ng thng x = x
0
l trc i xng ca (C).

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 53/232

Dng 18: S tip xc ca hai ng cong c phng trnh
y = f(x) v y = g(x).
Phng php:
Hai ng cong y = f(x) v y = g(x) tip xc vi nhau khi
v ch khi h phng trnh

( ) ( )
'( ) '( )
f x g x
f x g x
=


C nghim v nghim ca h phng trnh trn l honh
tip im ca hai ng cong .
Dng 19: Tm im A ,t A k c n tip tuyn ti
th ) (x f y = (C)
Phng php
+Gi s ( )
0 0
, y x A
+ Pt thng i qua ( )
0 0
, y x A c h s gc k c dng :
( ) ( )
0 0
: y x x k y d + =
+thng (d) tip xc vI th (C) khi h sau c nghim
( ) ( )
( )

=
+ =
) 2 (
) 1 (
'
0 0
k x f
y x x k x f

Thay (2) vo (1) c : ( ) ( )( )
0 0
'
y x x x f x f + = (3)
+Khi s nghim phn bit ca (3) l s tip tuyn k t
A tI th (C)
Do t A k c k tip tuyn tI th (C)
c k nghim phn bit im A (nu c)

Dng 20: nh kin th hm s bc 3 c C ,
CT nm v 2 pha (D)
Phng php +nh kin th hm s bc 3 c cc
im cc tr ( ) ) , ( & ,
2 2 2 1 1 1
y x M y x M
(
2 1
, x x l nghim ca pt y' = 0)
1)Nu (D) l trc Oy th ycbt
2 1
0 x x < <
2)Nu (D) l thng x = m th ycbt
2 1
0 x x < <
3)Nu (D) l thng 0 = + + c by ax th:
ycbt ( )( ) 0
2 2 1 1
< + + + + c by ax c by ax
@ Nu (D) l ng trn th cng ging trng hp 3)


Dng 21: nh kin th hm bc 3 c C , CT
nm v cung 1 pha I vI (D).
Phng php +nh kin th hm s bc 3 c cc
im cc tr ( ) ) , ( & ,
2 2 2 1 1 1
y x M y x M
(
2 1
, x x l nghim ca pt y' = 0)
1)Nu (D) l trc Oy th
ycbt
2 1 2 1
0 0 x x x x < < < <
2)Nu (D) l thng x = m th
ycbt
2 1 2 1
0 x x m x x < < < <
3)Nu (D) l thng 0 = + + c by ax th:
ycbt ( )( ) 0
2 2 1 1
> + + + + c by ax c by ax
@ Nu (D) l ng trn th cng ging trng hp 3)
Dng 22: nh kin th hm s (C) ct thng
(D) tI 2 im phn bit tho 1 trong nhng kin sau:
1)Thuc cng 1 nhnh (I) c nghim phn bit nm
cng 1 pha I vI x = m ( (I) l PTHG ca
(C) v (D) ; x = m l t/cn ng ca (C) )
2) Cng 1 pha Oy ) (I c 2 nghim phn bit cng
du
3)Khc pha Oy ) (I c 2 nghim phn bit tri du

Dng 23: Tm im trn th hm s (C) sao cho:
Tng cc khong cch t n 2 t/cn l Min
Phng php:
+Xt ( )
0 0 0
, y x M thuc (C) ( )
0 , 0
, y x
tho y = thng +d /mu
+Dng BT Csi 2 s kqu

Dng 24:Tm im trn th hm s (C) sao
cho:khong cch t n 2 trc to l Min
Phng php:
+Xt ( )
0 0 0
, y x M thuc (C)
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 54/232

+t P = ( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
, , y x P Oy M d Ox M d + = +
+Nhp :Cho ; 0
0 0
A y x = = B x y = =
0 0
0
GI L = min ) , ( B A
+Ta xt 2 trng hp :
TH1: L P L x > >
0

TH2: L x
0
.Bng pphp o hm suy ra c kqu


Dng 25:Tm kin cn v 3 im M,N,P cung
thuc th (C) thng hng?
Phng php
M ,N,P thng hng vet MN cng phng vI vect
MP
a
b
x x x
P N M

= + +
Dng 26: Tm trn th (C) :y = f(x) tt c cc im
cch u 2 trc to

Phng php:
+Tp hp nhng im cch u 2 trc to trong (Oxy)
l ng thng y = x v y = -x .Do :
+To ca im thuc (C) :y = f(x) ng thI cch u
2 trc to l nghim ca :

=
=

=
=
x y
x f y
x y
x f y
) (
) (
kqu

Dng 27:Lp pt /t i qua 2 im cc tr ca hm s hu
t :
' '
2
b x a
c bx ax
y
+
+ +
= ( )
m
C
Phng php :
t
( )
( ) x
x
V
U
y =
+ c
( ) ( )
( )
2
) (
) (
'
) ( ) (
'
) (
'
x
x x x x
V
U V V U
y

=
+GI A( )
1 1
, y x l im cc tr ca ( )
m
C
'
1
'
1
1
1
1
'
1 1
'
1
0 '
x
x
x
x
x x x x
V
U
V
U
U V V U y = = = =
1
y (1)
+ GI B( )
2 2
, y x l im cc tr ca ( )
m
C
'
2
'
2
2
....... .......... .......... . ..........
x
x
V
U
y = (2)
T (1), (2) suy ra pt /t i qua 2 im cc tr l
'
'
x
x
V
U
y =

Dng 28:Lp pt /t i qua 2 im cc tr ca hs bc 3
( )
m
C , khi ko tm c 2 im cc tr
Phng php:
+Chia
' ' y
d cx
b ax
y
y +
+ + = (cx+d :l phn d ca php
chia)
( ) d cx y b ax y + + + = '
+Goi A( ( ) ( )
2 2 1 1
, , , y x B y x l 2 im cc tr ca hm s
( )
m
C 0 ' '
2 1
= =
x x
y y
+Do A ( )
m
C nn ( ) d cx y b ax y + + + =
1 1 1 1
'
d cx y + =
1 1
(1)
+Do B ( )
m
C nn ( ) d cx y b ax y + + + =
2 2 2 2
'
d cx y + =
2 2
(2)
T (1),(2) suy ra pt /t i qua 2 im cc tr : d cx y + =

Dng 29:nh kin th hm s bc 3 c im
C v CT I xng nhau qua 1 /t y = mx + n
( ) 0 m
Phng php:
+nh kin hm s c C, CT (1)
+Lp pt /t (D) i qua 2 im cc tr
+Gi I l trung im on nI 2 im cc tr

+ycbt kq
n mx y I
D n mx y
dk

+ =
+ = ) (
) 1 (

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 55/232

Dng 30:Tm 2 im thuc th (C) y = f(x) I xng
nhau qua im ( )
0 0
, y x I

Phng php:
+Gi s ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1 1
: , x f y C y x M = (1)
+GI N( )
2 2
, y x I xng M qua I suy ra to im N
theo
1 1
, y x
+Do N thuc (C): ( )
2 2
x f y = (2)
(1),(2) :giI h , Tm
2 2 1 1
, , y x y x
Dng 31:V th hm s ) ( x f y = (C)

Phng php:
+ V th ( ) x f y = (C ')
+C ) ( x f y = =
( )
( )

<

) ( 0 ,
) ( 0 ,
2
1
C x x f
C x x f

th (C) gm th ( )
1
C v th ( )
2
C
VI : ( ) ( ) '
1
C C ly phn x 0
( )
2
C l phn I xng ca ( )
1
C qua Oy
Dng 32 :V th hm s ( ) x f y = (C)

Phng php:
+ V th ( ) x f y = (C ')
+C ( ) x f y = =
( ) ( )
( ) ( )

<

) ( 0 ,
) ( 0 ,
2
1
C x f x f
C x f x f

th (C) gm th ( )
1
C v th ( )
2
C
VI ( ) ( ) '
1
C C ly phn dng ca (C') (nm trn
Ox)
( )
2
C l phn I xng ca phn m (nm dI
Ox ) ca (C') qua Ox
@:Ch : thi ( ) x f y = s nm trn Ox
Dng 33 :V th hm s ( ) x f y = (C)
Phng php:
+ V th ( ) x f y = (C ')
+V th hm s ) ( x f y = (C1)


CHUYN :CC BI TP LIN QUAN N
KHO ST HM S LTH


Cau 1.Tm m ng thng y=x+4 ct th hm s
3 2
2 ( 3) 4 y x mx m x = + + + + ti 3 im phn bit A,
B,C sao cho tam gic MBC c din tch bng 4. (im B,
C c honh khc 0, M(1;3)
Cau 2. . . . Tm m hm s
3 2
(2 1) 2 y x mx m x m = + + ct Ox ti 3 im phn
bit c honh dng
Cau 3. Tm hai im A, B thuc th hm s
3 2
3 1 y x x = + sao cho tip tuyn ti A, B song song
vi nhau v 4 2 AB =
Cau 4 Cho :
1
x m
hs y
x
+
=

Tm m tip tuyn ca th
ti giao im I ca hai tim cn ct trc Ox , Oy ti A, B
v din tch tam gic IAB bng 1
Cau 5.Cho hm s
1
1 2

+
=
x
x
y vit phng trnh tip
tuyn cu HS bit tip tuyn to vi 2 trc ta tam gic
c din tch bng 8
Cau 6. Cho hm s y =
1
2
x
x
(H) .Tm cc gi tr ca m
ng thng (d): y = mx m + 2 ct th ( H ) ti hai
im phn bit A,B v on AB c di nh nht.
Cau 7. Cho hm s
1
( )
1
x
y H
x

=
+
. Tm im M thuc (H)
tng khong cch t M n 2 trc to l nh nht.
Cau 8. Cho hm s
3 1
( )
1
x
y H
x
+
=

v ng thng
( 1) 2 y m x m = + + (d) Tm m ng thng (d) ct
(H) ti A, B sao cho tam gic OAB c din tch bng
3
2

Cau 9. Cho hm s
3 2
3 3(1 ) 1 3 y x x m x m = + + +
(Cm). Tm m hm s c cc i cc tiu ng thi cc
im cc tr cng vi gc to to thnh tam gic c
din tch bng 4
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 56/232

Cau 10. Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
Tm m ng thng
y=-2x+m ct th ti hai im phn bit A, B sao cho
tam gic OAB c din tch bng 3
Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s (1)
Vit phng trnh ng thng i qua M(1;3) ct
th hm s (1) ti hai im phn bit A, B sao
cho 3 2 = AB .
Cau 11. Cho hm s y =
3 2
2 (1 ) y x x m x m = + + (1),
m l tham s thc.
1. Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s khi m
= 1.
2. Tm m th ca hm s (1) ct trc honh ti 3
im phn bit c honh
1 2 3
; ; x x x tho mn iu kin
2 2 2
1 2 3
4 x x x + + <
Cau 12. Cho hm s
2
2 2
x
y
x
+
=

(H)
1) Kho st v v th hm s (H).
2) Tm m ng thng (d): y=x+m ct th hm s
(H) ti hai im phn bit A, B sao cho
2 2
37
2
OA OB + =
Cau 13. Cho hm s
4 2
2 y x x = (C)
1) Kho st v v th hm s
2) Ly trn th hai im A, B c honh ln lt l a,
b.Tm iu kin a v b tip tuyn ti A v B song song
vi nhau
Cau 14. Cho hm s
2
( )
m x
y H
x m

=
+
v A(0;1)
1) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
2) Gi I l giao im ca 2 ng tim cn . Tm m
trn th tn ti im B sao cho tam gic IAB vung cn
ti A.
Cau 15. Cho hm s
4 2
2 1 y x mx m = + (1) , vi m
l tham s thc.
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s (1) khi
1 m = .
2)Xc nh m hm s (1) c ba im cc tr, ng thi
cc im cc tr ca th to thnh mt tam gic c din
tch bng 4 2 .
Cau 16 . Cho hm s
4 2
2 1 y x mx m = + (1) , vi m
l tham s thc.
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s (1) khi
1 m= .
2)Xc nh m hm s (1) c ba im cc tr, ng thi
cc im cc tr ca th
to thnh mt tam gic c bn knh ng trn ngoi tip
bng 1.
Cau 17. Cho hm s
4 2 2
2 y x mx m m = + + + (1) , vi
m l tham s thc.
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s (1) khi
2 m= .
2) Xc nh m hm s (1) c ba im cc tr, ng
thi cc im cc tr ca th to thnh mt tam gic c
gc bng 120

.
Cau 18 . Cho hm s
4 2
2 y x mx = (1), vi m l tham s
thc.
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s (1) khi
1 m = .
2)Tm m th hm s (1) c hai im cc tiu v
hnh phng gii hn bi th hm s v ng thng i
qua hai im cc tiu y c din tch bng 1.
Cau 19. Cho hm s
( ) ( )
4 2 2
2 2 5 5 y f x x m x m m = = + + +
1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C ) hm s vi m
= 1
2/ Tm cc gi tr ca m th hm s c cc im cc
i, cc tiu to thnh mt tam gic vung cn.
Cau 20. Cho hm s
3 2
1
2 3
3
y x x x = + (1)
1).Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s (1) .
2)Gi , A B ln lt l cc im cc i, cc tiu ca
th hm s (1). Tm im M thuc trc honh sao cho
tam gic MAB c din tch bng 2.
Cau 21. Cho hm s
3 2
6 9 4 y x x x = + (1)
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s (1)
2)Xc nh k sao cho tn ti hai tip tuyn ca th
hm s (1) c cng h s gc k . Gi hai tip im l
1 2
, M M . Vit phng trnh ng thng qua
1
M v
2
M
theo k .
Cau 22. Cho hm s
3 2
3 4 y x x = + (1)
1.Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1)
2. Gi s , , A B C l ba im thng hng thuc th (C),
tip tuyn vi (C) ti , , A B C tng ng ct li (C) ti
' ' '
, , A B C . Chng minh rng ba im
' ' '
, , A B C thng
hng.
Cau 23. Cho hm s
3
3 1 y x x = + (1)
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1).
2)ng thng ( ): 1 y mx = + ct (C) ti ba im. Gi
A v B l hai im c honh khc 0 trong ba im ni
trn; gi D l im cc tiu ca (C). Tm m gc
ADB l gc vung.
Cau 24. Cho hm s
( )
3 2 2 2
3 3 1 3 1 y x x m x m = + + (1), vi m l
tham s thc.
1.Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s (1) khi
1 m= .
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2. Tm m hm s (1) c cc i v cc tiu, ng thi
cc im cc tr ca th cng vi gc to O to
thnh mt tam gic vung ti O.
Cau 25. Cho hm s ( ) ( )
2
2 2 1 y x x = (1)
1.Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1).
2.Tm m th (C) c hai tip tuyn song song vi
ng thng y mx = . Gi s , M N l cc tip im. Hy
chng minh rng trung im ca on thng MN l mt
im c nh (khi m bin thin)
Cau 26. Cho hm s
3 2
3 4 y x x = + (1)
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1).
2)Gi
k
d l ng thng i qua im ( ) 1; 0 A vi h s
gc k ( ) k R . Tm k ng thng
k
d ct
th (C) ti ba im phn bit v hai giao im , B C ( B v
C khc A) cng vi gc to O to thnh mt tam
gic c din tch bng 1.
Cau 27. Cho hm s
3 2
3 4 y x x = + (1)
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1).
2)Cho im ( ) 1; 0 I . Xc nh gi tr ca tham s thc
m ng thng : d y mx m = + ct th (C) ti ba
im phn bit , , I A B sao cho 2 2 AB < .
Cau 28. Cho hm s y = 2x
3
+ 9mx
2
+ 12m
2
x + 1, trong
m l tham s.
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s cho
khi m = - 1.
2)Tm tt c cc gi tr ca m hm s c cc i ti
x
C
, cc tiu ti x
CT
tha mn: x
2
C
= x
CT
.
Cau 29. Cho hm s
3 2
y (m 2)x 3x mx 5 = + + + , m l
tham s
1)Kho st s bin thin v v th (C ) ca hm s khi
m = 0
2)Tm cc gi tr ca m cc im cc i, cc tiu ca
th hm s cho c honh l cc s dng.
Cau 30. Cho hm s
2
m x
y
x

=
+
(Hm). Tm m ng
thng d:2x+2y-1=0 ct (Hm) ti 2 im phn bit A, B sao
cho tam gic OAB c din tch bng
3
8

Cau 31. Tm m hm s
3
2 y x mx = + ct Ox ti mt
im duy nht
Cau 32. Cho hm s
2 4
1
x
y
x
+
=

(H). Gi d l ng
thng c h s gc k i qua M(1;1). Tm
k d ct (H) ti A, B m 3 10 AB =
Cau 33. Tm m th hm s
3 2
2 y x mx m = + ct
trc Ox ti mt im duy nht
Cau 34. Cho hm s:
2
1
x
y
x
+
=

(C)
1) Kho st v v th (C) hm s
2) Cho im A( 0; a) Tm a t A k c 2 tip tuyn
ti th (C) sao cho 2 tip im tng ng nm v 2
pha ca trc honh
Cau 35. Cho hm s
3
3 2 y x x = + (C)
1) Kho st v v th hm s (C)
2) Tm im M thuc (C) sao cho tip tuyn ti M ct (C)
N m 2 6 MN =
Cau 36. Tm m ng thng y=x+4 ct th hm s
3 2
2 ( 3) 4 y x mx m x = + + + + ti 3 im phn bit A,
B,C sao cho tam gic MBC c din tch bng 4. (im B,
C c honh khc 0, M(1;3)
Cau 37. Tm m hm s
3 2
(2 1) 2 y x mx m x m = + + ct Ox ti 3 im phn
bit c honh dng
Cau 38. Tm hai im A, B thuc th hm s
3 2
3 1 y x x = + sao cho tip tuyn ti A, B song song
vi nhau v 4 2 AB =
Cau 39. Cho :
1
x m
hs y
x
+
=

Tm m tip tuyn ca
th ti giao im I ca hai tim cn ct trc Ox , Oy ti A,
B v din tch tam gic IAB bng 1
Cau 40. Cho hm s
1
1 2

+
=
x
x
y vit phng trnh tip
tuyn cu HS bit tip tuyn to vi 2 trc ta tam gic
c din tch bng 8


Phn mt: CC BI TP LIN QUAN IM CC
I V CC TIU HM S
Cu 1) Cho hm s 1
3
1
2 3
+ + = m x mx x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
b) Tm m hm s c cc i cc tiu v khong
cch gia im cc i v cc tiu l nh nht

Cu 2) Cho hm s 1
3
1
2 3
+ = mx mx x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 1
b) Tm m hm s t cc tr ti
2 1
; x x tho mn
8
2 1
x x

Cu 3) Cho hm s 3 7
2 3
+ + + = x mx x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= -8
b) Tm m hm s c ng thng i qua im cc
i cc tiu vung gc vi ng thng y=3x-7
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Cu 4) Cho hm s m x m x x y + + =
2 2 3
3
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 0
b) Tm m hm s c cc i cc tiu i xng
qua ng thng
2
5
2
1
= x y

Cu 5) Cho hm s
1 3 ) 1 ( 3 3
2 2 2 3
+ + = m x m x x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 1
b) Tm m hm s c cc i cc tiu cch u
gc to O.

Phn hai: CC BI TON LIN QUAN N TIP
TUYN V NG TIM CN

Cu 1) Cho hm s 1
3
+ = m mx x y (Cm)
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 3
b) Tm m tip tuyn ti giao im cu (Cm) vi
trc Oy chn trn hai trc to mt tam gic c
din tch bng 8

Cu 2) Cho hm s 1 3
2 3
+ + + = mx x x y (Cm)
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 0
b) Tm m ng thng y=1 ct (Cm) ti 3 im
phn bit C(0;1), D,E v cc tip tuyn ti D v E
ca (Cm) vung gc vi nhau.
Cu 3) Cho hm s ) (
2
Hm
x
m x
y

+
=
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 3
b) Tm m t A(1;2) k c 2 tip tuyn AB,AC
n (Hm) sao cho ABC l tam gic u (A,B l
cc tip im)
Cu 4) Cho hm s ) (
3 2
Hm
m x
mx
y

+
= *
1) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
2) Tm m tip tuyn bt k ca hm s (Hm) ct 2
ng tim cn to thnh mt tam gic c din
tch bng 8

Cu 5) Cho hm s ) (
1
2
H
x
x
y
+
= *
a) Kho st v v th hm s cho
b) Tm M thuc (H) sao cho tip tuyn ti M ca (H)
ct 2 trc Ox, Oy ti A, B sao cho tam gic OAB
c din tch bng
4
1


Cu 6) Cho hm s ) (
1
1 2
H
x
x
y

= *
a) Kho st v v th hm s
b) Gi I l giao im 2 ng tim cn ca (H). Tm
M thuc (H) sao cho tip tuyn ca (H) ti M
vung gc vi ng thng IM.

Cu 7) Cho hm s ) (
2
2
H
x
x
y
+
= *
a) Kho st v v th hm s (H)
b) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca (H) bit khong
cch t tm i xng ca th hm s (H) n
tip tuyn l ln nht.
Cu 8) Vit cc phng trnh tip tuyn k t im
|

\
|
4 ;
12
19
A n th hm s 5 3 2
2 3
+ = x x y

Cu 9) Tm im M thuc th hm s
2 3
2 3
+ = x x y m qua ch k c mt tip
tuyn n th
Cu 10) Tm nhng im thuc ng thng y=2 m t
c th k c 3 tip tuyn n th hs
3
3 y x x =

Cu 11) Tm nhng im thuc trc tung qua c th k
c 3 tip tuyn n th hs 1 2
2 4
+ = x x y

Cu 12) Tm nhng im thuc ng thng x=2 t k
c 3 tip tuyn n th hs x x y 3
3
=

Cu 113) Tm nhng im thuc trc Oy qua ch k
c mt tip tuyn n th hs
1
1

+
=
x
x
y

Cu 14) Cho hm s
1
+
=
x
m x
y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
b) Vi gi tr no ca m th hm s ct ng
thng y=2x+1 ti 2 im phn bit sao cho cc
tip tuyn vi th ti 2 im song song vi
nhau.
Phn ba: CC BI TON TNG GIAO 2 TH
Cu 1) Cho hm s
2 2 2 3
4 ) 1 4 ( 2 m x m mx y + =
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
b) Tm m th hs tip xc vi trc Ox
Cu 2) Cho hm s
2 3 2 4
2 m m mx x y + =
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1
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b) Tm m th hs tip xc vi trc Ox ti 2 im
phn bit
Cu 3) Cho hm s
2
5
3
2
2
4
+ = x
x
y
a) Kho st v v th hm s
b) Tm phng trnh sau c 8 nghim phn bit
m m x x 2 5 6
2 2 4
= +
Cu 4) Cho hm s mx mx x y 6 3
2 3
=
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m=1/4
b) Bin lun s nghim 0 4 6 3 4
2
3
= a x x x
Cu 5) Cho hm s x x y 3 4
3
= (C )
a) Kho st v v th hm s (C )
b) Tm m phng trnh m m x x 4 4 3 4
3 3
=
c 4 nghim phn bit
Cu 6) Cho hm s
) 1 ( ) 1 ( 3 3
2 2 2 3
+ = m x m mx x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 1
b) Tm m hm s ct Ox ti 3 im phn bit c
honh dng
Cu 7) Cho hm s
) 5 ( 2 ) 7 5 ( ) 2 1 ( 2
2 3
+ + + + = m x m x m x y
a) Kho st v v th hm s khi m= 5/7
b) Tm m th hs ct Ox ti 3 im c honh
nh hn 1.
Cu 8) Tm m hm s
8 18 ) 3 ( 3 2
2 3
+ + = mx x m x y c th tip xc vi
trc Ox
Cu 9) Cho hm s
4 2
3 2 y x x = +
a) Kho st v v th hs
b) Bin lun s nghim phng trnh
m x x = ) 1 ( 2
2 2

Cu 10) Cho hm s
3 2
3 3 y x x x = +
a) Kho st v v th hm s
b) Bin lun theo m s nghim phng trnh
1 2 )
3
3
( 1
2
+ =
+
m
x
x
Phn bn: CC CU TON LIN QUAN N
KHONG CCH
Cu 1) Tm M thuc (H)
2
5 3

=
x
x
y tng khong
cch t M n 2 ng tim cn ca H l nh nht
Cu 2) Tm M thuc (H) :
1
1
+

=
x
x
y tng khong cch
t M n 2 trc to l nh nht
Cu 6) Tm m hm s y=-x+m ct th hm s
2
1 2
+
+
=
x
x
y ti 2 im A,B m di AB nh nht









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CHUYN TIP TUYN
Xt hm s ( ) y f x = c th ( ) C .
Dng 1. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti ( )
0 0
; M x y :
( )( ) ( ) ( )
0 0 0 0 0
' y f x x x y y f x = - + =
Dng 2. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) bit tip tuyn c h s gc k
- Honh tip im x
0
l nghim ca phng trnh: f(x
0
) = 0 (*)
- Gii PT (*) tm c honh tip im x
0
tung tip im y
0
bi ton tr v dng 1
Dng 3. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th ( ) C i qua im ( ) ; M a b
Cch 1. (Phng php tip im)
- Gi s tip tuyn cn tm tip xc vi (C) ti im ( )
0 0
; M x y , suy ra tip tuyn D c phng
trnh dng ( )( ) ( )
0 0 0
' y f x x x f x = - + ()
- V ( ) ; M a b D nn ( )( ) ( )
0 0 0
' b f x a x f x = - + (**)
- Gii phng trnh (**) tm c x
0
bi ton tr v dng 1.
Cch 2. (Phng php iu kin tip xc)
- ng thng D i qua ( ) ; M a b , vi h s gc k (cha bit k ) c phng trnh dng
( ) y k x a b = - + (***)
- iu kin cn v D tip xc vi ( ) C l h
( ) ( )
( )
(1)
' (2)
f x k x a b
f x k
= - +

c nghim.
- Th (2) vo (1), gii phng trnh tm c x , sau thay x vo (2) tm c k , ri thay k vo
phng trnh (***) phng trnh tip tuyn cn lp.
Ch :
a) /k hai ng cong ( ) y f x = v ( ) y g x = tip xc nhau l h
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ' '
f x g x
f x g x
=

c nghim.
b) Hai ng thng song song c h s gc bng nhau, vung gc c tch cc h s gc bng -1.
c) H s gc ca tip tuyn
0
'( ), tan k f x k j = = (j l gc hp bi gia tip tuyn v trc honh).
d) Tip tuyn c h s gc k (cha bit k ) to vi ng thng y ax b = + mt gc j th tan
1
k a
ka
j
-
=
+
e) Khong cch t im ( )
0 0
; M x y ti ng thng : y ax b D = + ( 0 ax y b - + = ) l :
0 0
2
1
ax y b
a
- +
+
.
f) ABC D vung ti A khi v ch khi . 0 AB AC =

; ABC D cn ti A khi v ch khi AB AC = .
Dng 1: Phng trnh tip tuyn ti mt im
Bi 1. Tm , a b th hm s
ax
1
b
y
x
+
=
-
ct Oy ti ( ) 0; 1 A - ng thi tip tuyn ti A c h s gc
bng 3. p s: 4, 1 a b = - =
Bi 2. Cho hm s ( )
3 2
3 1 y f x x x mx = = + + + c th (C
m
).
a) Tm m (C
m
) ct ng thng 1 y = ti 3 im phn bit ( ) 0;1 , , C D E .
b) Tm m cc tip tuyn vi (C
m
) ti D v E vung gc vi nhau.
p s:
9 9 65
)0 )
4 8
a m b m

< =
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Bi 3. (H Hu khi D-1998) Chng minh rng hm s
4 2
2 2 1 y x mx m = - + - + lun i qua 2 im c
nh A v B. Tm m cc tip tuyn ti A v B vung gc vi nhau. p s:
5 3
;
4 4
m m = =
Bi 4. (H khi B-2004) Cho hm s
3 2
1
2 3
3
y x x x = - + c th (C). Vit phng trnh tip tuyn d ca
(C) ti im un v chng minh rng d l tip tuyn ca (C) c h s gc nh nht.
p s: 8 / 3 y x = - +
Bi 5. (HV Qun Y 1997) Cho hm s
3
1 ( 1) y x m x = + - + c th (C
m
).
a) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca (C
m
) tai cc giao im ca (C
m
) vi Oy.
b) Tm m tip tuyn ni trn chn hai trc to tam gic c din tch bng 8.
p s: ) 1 b)m=9 4 5; 7 4 3 a y mx m m = - + - = -
Bi 6. Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
-
=
-
c th (C). Cho M bt k trn (C) c
M
x m = . Tip tuyn ca (C) ti M
ct hai tim cn ti A, B. Gi I l giao im ca hai tim cn. Chng minh M l trung im ca AB v
din tch tam gic IAB khng i.
Bi 7. Cho hm s
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
c th (C). Chng minh rng mi tip tuyn ca (C) to vi hai tim cn
ca (C) mt tam gic c din tch khng i.
Dng 2: Phng trnh tip tuyn khi bit h s gc
Bi 8. (DB1 H khi B-2002) Cho hm s ( )
3 2
1 1 4
2
3 2 3
y f x x x x = = + - - c th (C). Vit phng tnh
tip tuyn ca th (C), bit tip tuyn song song vi ng thng : 4 2 d y x = + .
Bi 9. (H khi D-2005) Gi (C
m
) l th hm s
3 2
1 1
3 3 3
m
y x x = - + . Gi M l im thuc (C
m
) c
honh x = -1. Tm m tip tuyn ca (C
m
) ti im M song song vi ng thng 5 0 x y - = .
p s: 6 m =
Bi 10. Tm m tip tuyn ca th (C) ca hm s
( )
2
3 1 m x m m
y
x m
+ - +
=
+
( ) 0 m ti giao im giao
im ca (C) vi trc Ox song song vi ng thng : 10 d y x + = . Vit phng trnh tip tuyn.
p s:
1 3
;
5 5
m y x = - = -
Bi 11. Cho hm s
3 2
1
x
y
x
-
=
-
c th (C). Vit phng tnh tip tuyn ca (C) to vi trc honh mt
gc 45
0
. p s: 2; 6 y x y x = - + = - +
Dng 3: /k tip xc ca hai ng
Bi 12. (DB1 H khi D-2008) Gi (C
m
) l th hm s ( )
3 2
2 1 1 y x m x m = - - + - - . Tm m th
(C
m
) tip xc vi ng thng 2 1 y mx m = - - .
p s: 0; 1/ 2 m m = =
Bi 13. Cho hm s
3
3 y x x m = - + . Tm m th hm s tip xc vi trc Ox
p s: 2 m =
Dng 4: Tm im sao cho tip tuyn tho mn tnh cht no
Bi 14. (DB2 DDH khi B-2003) Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
-
=
-
c th (C). Gi I l giao im ca hai ng
tim cn ca (C), Tm im M thuc (C) sao cho tip tuyn ca (C) ti M vung gc vi IM.
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Bi 15. (H khi D-2007) Cho hm s
2
1
x
y
x
=
+
c th (C). Tm to im M thuc (C), bit tip
tuyn ca (C) ti M ct hai trc Ox, Oy ti A, B v tam gic OAB c din tch bng
1
4
.
p s: ( ) ( ) 1/ 2; 2 ; 1;1 M M - -
Bi 16. (DB2 H khi D-2007) Cho hm s
1
x
y
x
=
-
c th (C). Vit phng trnh d ca (C) sao cho d
v hai tim cn ca (C) ct nhau to thnh mt tam gic cn.
Bi 17. (DB2 DDH khi B-2003) Cho hm s
2
2 3
x
y
x
+
=
+
c th (C). Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca
th (C), bit tip tuyn ct trc Ox, Oy ln lt ti hai im phn bit A, B v tam gic OAB cn ti
gc to O. p s: 2 y x = - -
Bi 18.. (H Cng on 2001) Tm im M thuc th (C) ca hm s
2 2
2 3 12 1 y x x x = + - - sao cho
tip tuyn ca (C) ti M i qua gc ta .
Bi 19. Tm trn ng thng 2 y = - cc im k n th (C):
3 2
3 2 y x x = - + hai tip tuyn vung
gc vi nhau. S: ( ) 55 / 27; 2 M -
Bi 20. (HSP H Ni II, khi B, 1999) Tm trn trc honh cc im k c 3 tip tuyn n th (C)
ca hm s
3
3 2 y x x = - + + . S: 2; 1 2 / 3 a a > - < -
Bi 21. Tm m th (C):
4 3 2
1
3 7
2
y x x x = - - + lun lun c t nht hai tip tuyn song song vi
ng thng y mx = .
Bi 22. Tm m t im ( ) 0; A m k c 2 tip tuyn vi th (C):
2
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
sao cho 2 tip im
nm v hai pha vi trc honh.
Bi 23. Tm hai im A, B thuc th (C):
3 2
3 1 y x x = - + sao cho tip tuyn ca (C) ti A v B song
song vi nhau v di on AB = 4 2 . S: A(3; 1) v B(1; 3)
Bi 24. Cho hm s
3 2
3 4 = - + y x x c th (C). Gi d l ng thng i qua im A(3; 4) v c h s
gc l m. Tm m d ct (C) ti 3 im phn bit A, M, N sao cho hai tip tuyn ca (C) ti M v N vung
gc vi nhau. S:
18 3 35
9
m

=
CHUYN CC TR
Dng 1: Tm iu kin hm s t cc tr
1. Hm bc ba: y=f(x) = ax
3
+ bx
2
+ cx + d (a 0)
o hm y = f(x) = 3ax
2
+ 2bx + c
Hm s c cc tr (c C v CT) f(x) = 0 c hai nghim phn bit.
'
0
y
D > .
Ch :
+ Hai cc tr C,CT i xng nhau qua im un.
+ Hai gi tr C, CT tri du nhau
( ) 1 2
'
( )
0
. 0
y
x x
y y
D >

<

, trong
1 2
, x x l cc nghim ca ' 0 y = .
( PT
3 2
0 ax bx cx d + + + = ( 0 a ) c ba nghim phn bit).
2. Hm trng phng: y=f(x) = ax
4
+ bx
2
+ c (a 0)
o hm y = f(x) = 4ax
3
+ 2bx = 2x(2ax
2
+ b).
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Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 63/232
Hm s c ng cc tr
0
0
0
. 0
a
b
a
a b


=

>

; Hm s c ng 3 cc tr
0
. 0
a
a b


<

Ch :
+ Nu hm s c 3 cc tr th 3 im cc tr to thnh mt tam gic cn.
+ nhn bit ti im
0
x l honh ca C hay CT, ta c hai du hiu:
1. Du hiu 1 (Xt du o hm y): Lp bng bin thin.
2. Du hiu 2 (Xt du o hm y): Da vo iu kin sau
0
x l im C
( )
( )
0
0
' 0
'' 0
y x
y x
=


<

0
x l im CT
( )
( )
0
0
' 0
'' 0
y x
y x
=


>

Bi 1. Tm m hm s sau c cc i v cc tiu
1) ( ) ( )
3 2
1
6 2 1
3
y x mx m x m = + + + - +
2) ( )
3 2
2 3 5 y m x x mx = + + + - p s: 1)
2
3
m
m
< -

>

2)
2
3 1
m
m
-

- < <

Bi 2. (H Bch khoa HN-2000) Tm m hm s ( )


3 2
3 1 1 y mx mx m x = + - - - khng c cc tr.
Bi 3. (H Khi B 2002) Tm m hm s
( )
4 2 2
9 10 y mx m x = + - + c 3 im cc tr.
p s: 3; 0 3 m m < - < <
Bi 4. (H cnh st-2000) Tm m hm s
4 2
1 3
4 2
y x mx = - + ch c cc i m khng c cc tiu.
Bi 5. (H kin trc-1999) Tm m hm s ( ) ( )
4 2
1 1 2 y mx m x m = - - + - c ng mt cc tr.
Bi 6. (H khi A DB1 - 2001) Tm m hm s ( )
3
3 y x m x = - - t cc tiu ti im c honh
0 x = .
p s: 1 m = -
Bi 7. (H khi B - 2002) Tm m hm s
( )
4 2 2
9 10 y mx m x = - - + c ba cc tr.
p s: 3 m < hoc 0 3 m < <
Bi tp t luyn
Bi 1. Chng minh rng cc hm s sau lun c cc i v cc tiu
1) ( ) ( )
3 2
2 3 2 1 6 1 1 y x m x m m x = - + + + + .
2)
2
2
1
x mx m
y
x m
+ - +
=
- +
.
Bi 2. Tm m cc hm s sau c cc i v cc tiu
1) ( ) ( ) ( )
3 2 2
3 1 2 3 2 1 x m x m m x m m - - + - + - - . 2) ( )
3
3 1 1 y mx mx m x = + - - - .
3)
( )
2
2 3 2
1
x m x m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+
. 4)
( )
2
1 1
2
mx m
y
mx
+ + +
=
+
.
Bi 3. Tm m hm s
1)
( )
3 2 2
2 1 2 y x mx m x = - + - + t cc i ti 2 x = .
2) ( )
4
2 2 5 y mx m x m = - + - + - c mt cc i ti
1
2
x = .
3)
2
2 2 x mx
y
x m
- +
=
-
t cc tiu khi 2 x = .
4)
2
1
x x m
y
x
- +
=
-
c mt gi tr cc i bng 0 .
Bi 4. Tm m hm s ( )( )
2
1 4 3 1 y x x mx m = - - - + c hai gi tr cc tr tri du.
Bi 5. Cho hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
3 1 6 1 1 y x m x m x = - + + + + .
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
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1) Tm m hm s c hai im cc tr dng.
2) Tm m hm s nhn 3 3 x = + lm im cc tiu.
Dng 2: Phng trnh ng thng i qua hai im cc tr
1. Phng trnh ng thng i qua C v CT ca hm bc ba
3 2
( ) ax y f x bx cx d = = + + +
* Chia f(x) cho f(x) ta c: ( ) ( ). '( ) Ax f x Q x f x B = + +
* Khi , gi s ( ) ( )
1 1 2 2
; , ; x y x y l cc im cc tr th:
( )
( )
1 1 1
2 2 2
Ax
Ax
y f x B
y f x B
= = +

= = +

* Vy PT ng thng i qua cc im cc tr l: y Ax B = + .
Bi 1. Vit phng trnh ng thng i qua hai im cc tr ca th hm s
3 2
3 6 8 y x x x = - - + .
p s: 6 6 y x = - + .
Bi 2. (H khi A-2002) Vit phng trnh ng thng i qua hai im cc tr ca th hm s
( )
3 2 2 3 2
3 3 1 y x mx m x m m = - + + - + - .
p s:
2
2 y x m m = - + .
Bi 3. Tm m hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
2 3 1 6 2 1 y x m x m x = + - + - - c ng thng i qua hai im cc tr song
song vi ng thng 4 1 y x = - + .
S: 1; 5 m m = = .
Bi 4. Tm m hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
2 3 1 6 1 2 y x m x m m x = + - + - c cc im cc tr nm trn ng thng
4 y x = - .
S: 1 m = .
Bi 5. Tm m hm s
3 2 2
3 y x x m x m = - + + c cc im cc cc i v cc tiu i xng nhau qua
ng thng
1 5
2 2
y x = - . S: 0 m = .
Bi tp t luyn
Bi 1. (H DB2 khi A 2007) Tm m th hm s
2
m
y x m
x
= + +
-
c cc tr ti cc im , A B sao
cho ng thng AB i qua gc ta O.
S: 2 m = .
Bi 2. Tm m hm s
3 2
7 3 y x mx x = + + + c ng thng i qua hai im cc tr vung gc vi
ng thng 3 7 y x = - .
S:
3 10
2
m = .
Bi 3. Tm m hm s
3 2
3 2 y x x mx = - - + c C, CT cch u ng thng : 1 y x D = - .
Bi 4. Tm m hm s ( )
3 2
3 1 2 y x m x m = - + + + c hai gi tr cc tr tri du v ng thng i qua
hai cc tr i qua im ( ) 1; 4 M - .
Bi 5. Tm tp hp trung im ca hai cc tr ca hm s
3 2
1 2
3 3
y x mx x m = - - + + .
Dng : Tm iu kin hm s t cc tr tha mn mt iu kin no
Bi 1. Tm m hm s ( ) ( ) ( )
3 2 3
2 3 2 6 5 1 4 1 y x m x m x m = - + + + - + c hai im cc tr nh hn 2.
p s:
1
0
3
m - < < .
Bi 2. (H khi B DB2 - 2006) Tm m hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
1 2 2 2 y x m x m x m = + - + - + + c hai im cc
i, cc tiu ng thi honh ca im cc tiu nh hn 1.
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p s:
5 7
1;
4 5
m m < - < < .
Bi 3. (C - 2009) Tm m hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
2 1 2 2 y x m x m x = - - + - + c cc i v cc tiu ng thi
cc im cc tr ca hm s c honh dng.
p s:
1
1, 0
3
m m - < < .
Bi 4. (HV quan h quc t 1996) Tm m hm s
4 2 4
2 2 y x mx m m = - + + c cc im cc tr lp
thnh mt tam gic u.
p s:
3
3 m = .
Bi 5. Tm m th hm s
4 2 4
2 2 y x mx m m = - + + c ba im cc tr to thnh mt tam gic u.
p s:
3
3 m = .
Bi 6. (H khi A BD1 - 2004) Tm m hm s
4 2 2
2 1 y x m x = - + c ba im cc tr l ba nh ca
mt tam gic vung cn.
p s: 1 m = .
Bi 7. Chng minh rng hm s ( ) ( )
3 2
3 1 3 2 1 y x m x m m x = - + + + + lun c cc i, cc tiu. Xc nh
m hm s c cc i, cc tiu ti cc im c honh dng .
p s: 0 m > .
Bi 8. (Khi B - 2007) Tm m hm s
( )
3 2 2 2
3 3 1 3 1 y x x m x m = - + + - - - c cc i v cc tiu v cc
im cc tr ca th hm s cch u gc ta O.
p s:
1
2
m = .
Bi 9. Tm m hm s
4 2 2
2( 2) 5 5 y x m x m m = + - + - + c cc im cc i, cc tiu to thnh 1 tam
gic vung cn.
p s: m = 1.
Bi 10. Tm m hm s ( ) ( ) ( )
3 2 2 2
2 1 4 1 2 1 y x m x m m x m = + - + - + - + t cc tr ti x
1
, x
2
tha mn
( )
1 2
1 2
1 1 1
2
x x
x x
+ = + p s: 1; 5 m m = = .
Bi 11. (H Khi A 2005) Tm m hm s
1
y mx
x
= + c cc tr v khong cch t im cc tiu n
tim cn xin bng
1
2
.
Bi tp t luyn
Bi 1. Tm m hm s
1)
3 2
1
1
3
y x mx mx = - + - t cc i ti hai im
1 2
, x x sao cho
1 2
8 x x - .
S:
1 65 1 65
; ;
2 2
m

- -
- +



.
2) ( ) ( )
3 2
1 1
1 3 2
3 3
y mx m x m x = - - + - + t cc tr ti hai im
1 2
, x x sao cho
1 2
2 1 x x + = .
3)
4 2
4 y x mx x m = - + + c 3 cc tr l , , A B C v tam gic ABC nhn gc ta O lm trng
tm.
Bi 2. Cho hm s ( ) ( )
3 2 2
2
1 4 3
3
y x m x m m x = + + + + + Gi
1 2
, x x l cc im cc tr ca hm s.
1) Tm m hm s t cc tr ti t nht 1 im > 1.
2) Tm m sao cho ( )
1 2 1 2
2 A x x x x = - + t gi tr ln nht.
S: 1) 5 3 2 m - < < - + ; 2)
9
4 max
2
m A = - = .
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Bi 3. (H Khi B 2005) CMR vi mi m, th hm s
( )
2
1 1
1
x m m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+
lun c cc tr v
khong cch gia hai im cc i v cc tiu bng 20 .
Bi 4. (H Khi A 2007) Tm m th hm s
( )
2 2
2 1 4
2
x m m m
y
x
+ + + +
=
+
c cc i, cc tiu, ng
thi cc im cc tr cng vi gc ta O to thnh mt tam gic vung ti O.
S: 4 2 6 m = - .
Bi 5. Tm m hm s
3 2
1
1
3
y x mx x m = - - + + c khong cch gia cc im C v CT l nh nht.
S: 0 m = ; khong cch =
2 13
3
.
CHUYN TNG GIAO
1. Phng php chung:
Thit lp phng trnh honh giao im ca th hai hm s cho:
( ) ( ) ( ) 1 f x g x =
Kho st nghim ca phng trnh (1). S nghim ca phng trnh (1) chnh l s giao im ca
(C1) v (C2).
Ch : * (1) v nghim (C
1
) v (C
2
) khng c im chung
* (1) C n nghim (C
1
) v (C
2
) c n im chung
* Nghim x
0
ca (1) chnh l honh im chung ca (C
1
) v (C
2
). Khi tung im
chung ( )
0 0
y f x = hoc ( )
0 0
y g x =
2. Xt phng trnh ( )
3 2
ax 0 f x bx cx d = + + + = (1)
a) /k (1) c 1, 2, 3 nghim
(1) c 3 nghim phn bit khi v ch khi
( )

<

( ) co cc ai, c c tie u
1
y . 0
C CT
f x
y
(1) c 2 nghim phn bit khi v ch khi
( )

( ) co cc ai, c c tie u
2
y . 0
C CT
f x
y
(1) c 1 nghim khi v ch khi
( )

>

( ) khong co cc ai, cc tieu


3 ( ) co cc ai, c c tie u
y . 0
C CT
f x
f x
y
b. /k (1) c 3 nghim lp thnh mt cp s cng, cp s nhn
* /k (1) c 3 nghim lp thnh CSC:
/k cn: G/s (1) c 3 nghim
1 2 3
, , x x x lp thnh CSC khi
2
3
b
x
a
= - th vo (1) gi tr ca
tham s
/k : Thay gi tr tham s tm c trong /k cn vo PT (1) xem n c 3 nghim lp thnh
CSC hay khng.
* /k (1) c 3 nghim lp thnh CSN:
/k cn: G/s (1) c 3 nghim
1 2 3
, , x x x lp thnh CSN khi
3
2
d
x
a
= - th vo (1) gi tr ca
tham s
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/k : Thay gi tr tham s tm c trong /k cn vo PT (1) xem n c 3 nghim lp thnh
CSN hay khng.
Ch : Nu a = 1
( ) ( )
3 3 3
2 2
0 0 x d f x c b d d = - = =
3. Xt phng trnh ( )
4 2
ax 0 = + + = f x bx c (2)
t
2
t x = /k 0 t ta c phng
2
( ) 0 g t at bt c = + + = (*)
a) /k (2) v nghim, c 1,2, 3,4 nghim
* (2) v nghim khi v ch khi (*) v nghim hoc c nghim
1 2
0 t t <
* (2) c 1 nghim khi v ch khi (*) c nghim
1
2
0
0
t
t
=

<

* (2) c 2 nghim khi v ch khi (*) c nghim


1 2
0 t t < <
* (2) c 3 nghim khi v ch khi (*) c nghim
1
2
0
0
t
t
=

>

* (2) c 4 nghim khi v ch khi (*) c nghim


1 2
0 t t < <
b) /k (2) c 4 nghim lp thnh mt cp s cng
(2) c 3 nghim lp thnh CSC(*) c 2 nghim
2 1 1 2
1 2 2 1
1 2
0
9 0
. 0 9
0
t t t t
t t t t
t t
D >

= < <


> =

+ >

4. Xt phng trnh ( )
ax
3
+
= +
+
b
mx n
cx d
- a phng trnh v dng:
2
( ) 0
d
f x Ax Bx C x
c

= + + = -


(**)
(3) c 2 nghim phn bit khi v ch khi (**) c 2 nghim phn bit
0
0
d
d
f c
c
D >

-

-

Ch : Trn y ch l iu kin trong trng hp tng qut, khi gii bi ton c th ta c gng nhm
nghim phn tch phng trnh v dng tch khi iu kin s n gin hn
5. Bi tp:
Dng 1: Tm /k th ct trc honh ti k im phn bit
Bi 1 (DB2 H Khi D -2002) Tm m th hm s
4 2
1 y x mx m = - + - ct trc honh ti 4 im
phn bit.
p s: 1 2 m <
Bi 2 (DB1 H Khi B -2003) Tm m th hm s
( )( )
2
1 y x x mx m = - + + ct trc honh ti 3
im phn bit.
p s:
1
4; 0
2
m m > < -
Bi 4: Tm m th hm s
( )
3 2
3 3 1 1 3 y x x m x m = - + - + + ct trc honh
a) ti 1 im
b) ti 2 im
c) ti 3 im
p s: ) 1 b)m=1 c)m>1 a m <
Bi 5: Tm m th hm s
( )
3 2 2
1 2 y x m x mx m = + + + + ct trc honh ti 3 im phn bit c
honh m
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p s:
1
0
4
m < <
Bi 6:Tm m th hm s
( ) ( )
3 2 2 2
2 2 1 1 y x mx m x m m = - + - + - ct trc honh ti 3 im phn
bit c honh dng
p s:
2
1
3
m < <
Bi 7: Tm m th hm s
( )( )
2
1 2 1 y x x mx m = - - - - ct trc honh ti 3 im phn bit c
honh ln hn -1
p s:
Bi 8: Tm m th hm s
3 2
18 2 y x x mx m = - + - ct trc honh ti 3 im phn bit tha mn
1 2 3
0 x x x < < <
p s: 0 m <
Bi 9. (H khi A 2010). Tm m th hm s ( )
3 2
2 1 y x x m x m = - + - + ct trc honh ti 3 im
phn bit c honh
1 2 3
, , x x x tha mn iu kin
2 2 2
1 2 3
4. x x x + + <
p s:
1
1; 0
4
m m - < <
Dng 2: Tm /k th (C) ct ng thng d ti k im phn bit
Bi 9 (C -2008) Tm m th hm s
1
x
y
x
=
-
ct ng thng : d y x m = - + ti hai im phn
bit
p s:
0
4
m
m
<

>

Bi 10: Cho hm s
3 2
2 8
4
3 3
y x x x = - - + . Tm m ng thng
8
3
y mx = + ct th hm s ti 3
im phn bit
p s:
35
4
8
m - < -
Bi 11 (DB2 H Khi D -2003) Cho hm s
3 2
2 3 1 y x x = - - c th (C), gi
k
d l ng thng i qua
im
( )
0; 1 M - v c h s gc k. Tm k ng thng
k
d ct (C) ti 3 im phn bit.
p s:
9
0
8
k - <
Bi 12 (H Khi D -2006) Cho hm s
3 2
3 2 y x x = - + c th (C), gi d l ng thng i qua im
( )
3; 20 A v c h s gc m. Tm m ng thng d ct (C) ti 3 im phn bit.
Bi 13 (H Khi D -2009) Tm m ng thng 1 y = - ct th
( )
m
C ca hm s
( )
4 2
3 2 3 y x m x m = - + + ti 4 im phn bit c honh nh hn 2.
p s:
1
1, 0
3
m m - < <
Bi 14: Tm ng thng : 2 d y x m = + ct th hm s
3 1
4
x
y
x
+
=
-
ti hai im phn bit A, B .
Tm m on thng AB ngn nht.
p s:
Bi 15: Cho hm s
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
c th (C).
a) Chng minh rng ng thng : 2 0 d x y m - + = lun ct (C) ti hai im phn bit A, B trn
hai nhnh ca (C).
b) Tm m di AB ngn nht
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Dng 3: Tm /k th ct trc honh ti cc im lp thnh cp s cng, cp s nhn
Bi 16: Tm m th hm s
( )
3 2 2
3 2 4 9 y x mx m m x m m = - + - + - ct trc honh ti 3 im lp
thnh cp s cng
p s: 1 m =
Bi 17: Tm m th hm s
( ) ( )
3 2
3 1 5 4 8 y x m x m x = - + + + - ct trc honh ti 3 im lp thnh
cp s cng
p s: 2 m =
Bi 18: Tm m th hm s
( )
4 2
2 1 2 1 y x m x m = - + + + ct trc honh ti 4 im lp thnh cp s
cng
p s:
4
4;
9
m m = = -
Bi 19: (H Khi D -2008) Chng minh rng mi ng thng i qua im
( )
1; 2 I vi h s gc
( )
3 k k > - u ct th hm s
3 2
3 4 y x x = - + ti 3 im phn bit I, A, B ng thi I l trung im
ca on thng AB
CHUYN HM S CHA DU GI TR TUYT I
1. Phng php chung:
v th ca hm s c mang du GTT ta c th thc hin cc bc sau:
Bc 1: Ph du GTT
+ Xt du biu thc cha bn trong du GTT.
+ S dng /n kh du GTT (vit hm s cho bi nhiu biu thc)
Bc 2: V th tng phn ri ghp li (v chung trn cng mt h trc to
2. Cc kin thc s dng:
/n GTT:
+
A 0
A A < 0
A
A

=

neu
neu
Mt s tnh cht ca th:
1. th hm s y = f(x) v y= - f(x) i xng nhau qua trc honh Ox.
2. th hm s y = f(x) v y = f(-x) i xng nhau qua trc tung Oy.
3. th hm s y = f(x) v y = - f(-x) i xng nhau qua gc to O.
3. Bi ton tng qut:
T th (C): y = f(x), hy suy ra th cc hm s sau:
( )
( ) ( )
( )
1
2
3
: ( )
:
: ( )
C y f x
C y f x
C y f x
=

Dng 1: T th ( ) : ( ) C y f x = suy ra th ( ) ( )
1
: C y f x =
B1: Ta c ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
f f 0 (1)
:
-f f < 0 (2)
x x
C y f x
x x

= =

neu
neu
B2: T th (C) c th suy ra th (C
1
) nh sau:
- Gi nguyn phn th (C) nm pha trn Ox (do 1)
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- Ly i xng qua Ox phn th (C) nm pha di trc Ox (do 2)
- B phn th (C) nm pha di trc Ox.
Minh ho
Dng 2: T th ( ) : ( ) C y f x = suy ra th ( ) ( )
2
: C y f x =
B1: Ta c ( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
f x 0 (1)
:
f x < 0 (2)
x
C y f x
x

= =

-

neu
neu
B2: T th (C) c th suy ra th (C
2
) nh sau:
- Gi nguyn phn th (C) nm pha phi trc Oy (do 1)
- Ly i xng qua Oy phn th (C) nm pha bn phi trc tung (do 2)
- B phn th (C) nm pha bn tri trc Oy (nu c).
Minh ho
Dng 3: T th ( ) : ( ) C y f x = suy ra th ( ) ( )
3
: C y f x =
B1: Ta c
( ) ( )
( )
2
f 0
:
( ) (1)
( ) (2)
x
C y f x
f x
f x

= =

B2: T th (C) c th suy ra th (C


3
) nh sau:
- Gi nguyn phn th (C) nm pha trn Ox (do 1)
- Ly i xng qua Ox phn th (C) nm pha trn trc Ox (do 2)
- B phn th (C) nm pha di trc Ox (nu c).
Minh ho
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3. V d:
VD1: Cho hm s
3
3 y x x = - + (1)
1. Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1)
2. T th (C), hy suy ra th cc hm s sau:
a)
3
3 y x x = - + b)
3
3 y x x = - + c)
3
3 y x x = - +
VD2: Cho hm s
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
(1)
3. Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s (1)
4. T th (C), hy suy ra th cc hm s sau:
a)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
b)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
c)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
d)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
e)
1
1
x
y
x
+
=
-
4. Bi tp:
Bi tp 1: Cho hm s
3 2
2 9 12 3 y x x x = - + - c th (C)
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)
b) Tm m phng trnh
3 2
2 9 12 1 x x x m - + + = c 6 nghim phn bit
c) Tm m phng trnh
3 2
2 9 12 3 x x x m - + + = c nhiu hn 2 nghim
p s: b) 5 6 m < < c) 4 5 m
Bi tp 2 (Khi B - 2009) Cho hm s
4 2
2 4 y x x = - c th (C)
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)
b) Tm m phng trnh
2 2
2 x x m - = c ng 6 nghim phn bit
p s: 0 1 m < <
5. Bi tp t luyn
Bi tp 1 (Khi A - 2006) Cho hm s
3 2
2 9 12 4 y x x x = - + - c th (C)
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)
b) Tm m phng trnh
3 2
2 9 12 4 x x x m - + - = c 6 nghim phn bit
p s: 4 5 m < <
Bi tp 2: Cho hm s
4 2
8 10 y x x = - + - c th (C)
c) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)
d) Tm m phng trnh
4 2
8 10 x x m - + - = c 8 nghim phn bit
p s: 0 6 m < <
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KIM TRA 1 TIT CHNG I
1
Cu I (5.0 im) Cho hm s
2
4 1
4
x x
y
x
+
=

, c th (C)
1) Xc nh cc khong n iu v cc im cc tr ca hm s.
2) Tm phng trnh cc ng tim cn ca th (C).
Cu II (2.0 im) Cho hm s ( )
3 2
2 1 1 y x mx m x = + + . Tm m h/s t cc i ti x = -1.
Cu III (2.0 im) Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s:
2sin cos2 2 y x x = + .
Cu IV (1.0 im) Tm m bt phng trnh sau c nghim vi mi 0 x .
1 x x m + + >
2
Cu 1: (2 im) Xt tnh ng bin, nghch bin ca hm s: y = x
3
- 6x
2
+ 9x - 7
Cu 2: (1 im) Tm gi tr ln nht, nh nht ca hm s y = f(x) = x
2
- 6x trn on [1; 4]
Cu 3: (1 im) Tm phng trnh cc ng tim cn ca th hm s:
4 1
4 2
x
y
x
+
=


Cu 4: (2 im) Tm gi tr nh nht ca hm s
2
4
1
y
x

=
+

Cu 5: (3 im) Cho hm s y =
1
2
x
4
+ x
2
- 2
5.1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s
5.2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ti im cc tr ca th (C)
Cu 6: (1 im)

Tm cc gi tr ca tham s m hm s y = -2x
2
+ mx - 7 t cc i ti x = -1

3
Cu 1:( 1,5 im)Tm m hm s
3 2 2
(2 1) 3 2 5 y x mx m x m m = + + + + t cc tiu ti im c
honh x
0
= 2.
Cu 2:( 2,0 im)Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s:
6 6
4 4
1 sin os
1 sin os
x c x
y
x c x
+ +
=
+ +
.
Cu 3:(4,0im)Cho hm s
2
2 1
1
mx x m
y
x
+
=

(C
m
).
a/.Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s khi m=1.
b/.Tm m (C
m
) c tim cn xin v tim cn xin to vi ng thng 2x+y-5=0 mt gc 60
0
.
Cu 4:(2,5im)Tm m phng trnh: x+3= m
2
1 x + c ng mt nghim.
4
Cu 1(7). Cho hm s
2 3
2
x
y
x

=
+

a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s.
b) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca (C) bit tip tuyn i qua im M(0,3).
c) Bin lun theo tham s m s im chung ca ng thng (d): y = mx + 2m +2 vi th (C).
Cu 2 (2) . Cho hm s
4 2
3 6 18 y x mx = + . Tm m th hm s c 3 im cc tr A, B, C to
thnh mt tam gic vung.
Cu 3 (1). Tm gi tr ln nht ca hm s ( )
2011 2012
sin .cos , 0; .
2
y f x x x x
(
= =
(


5
Cu 1. Cho hm s
4 2
( ) 2 1 y f x x x = = c th (C).
a)Kho st s bin thin v v th (C).
b)Bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh:
4 2
2 0 x x m =
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Cu 2:
a) Xt chiu bin thin hm s: y=
3 2
2 9 24 7 x x x + +
b) Tm tim cn th hm s: y=
1
2
x
x

+

Cu 3: Tm m hm s c 1 cc i v 1 cc tiu: y= x
3
(m + 2)x
2
+ (m +2)x + 2
Cu 4: Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht hm s: y=
2
sin cos 2 x x + +
6
Cu 1 (6,5 im) Cho hm s
4 2
1
2
4
y x x = + - 1 c th (C).
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)
b) Viet phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti im c honh bng 1
c) Tm m phng trnh
4 2
1
2 0
4
x x m + = c bn nghim phn bit.
Cu 2 (3,5 im) Tm gi tr ln nht, gi gi tr nh nht ca cc hm s sau:
a) f(x) = x
3
+ 5x
2
+ 3x trn on [- 4 , -1]
b) f(x) = 2 cos( )
4
x



7
Cu 1. (5,0 im)
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s
3 2
1
3 4
3
y x x x = + + .
b) Da vo th (C), bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh
3 2
3 9 9 3 0 x x x m + = .
Cu 2. (4,0 im) Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=

c th (H).
a) Tm cc tim cn ca th (H).
b) Vit pttt ca (H), bit tip tuyn song song vi ng thng 3 4 8 0 x y + = .
Cu 3. (1,0 im) Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s
( )
2
2 12 y x x = .

8
Cu 1 (5 im)
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s
3 2
2
2 2
3
y x x = +
b) Bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh
3 2
2 6 3 0 x x m =
Cu 2 (4im) Cho hm s
3 1
4
x
y
x
+
==

c th l (G)
a) Tm phng trnh cc ng tim cn ca th (G)
b) Vit phng trnh cc tip tuyn ca th (G) bit tip tuyn song song vi ng thng
d : y= -13x+ 2010
Cu 3 (1 im ) Tm GTLN v GTN ca hm s
2
sin 1
sin sin 1
x
y
x x
+
=
+ +


9

I. PHN CHUNG CHO TT C HC SINH (7,0 im)
Cu I (4,5 im) Cho hm s
( ) ( )
3 2
1 1
- -1 3 - 2
3 3
y mx m x m x = + +
1. Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s khi 2 m= .
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2. Da vo th (C), gii bt phng trnh:
3 2
2 3 1 0 x x + < .
3. Tm gi tr ca m hm s c cc i, cc tiu.
Cu II (2,5 im)
1. Chng minh rng ng thng - y x m = + lun ct th (C) ca hm s
2
1
x
y
x

ti hai im
phn bit A v B.
2. Xc nh m di on thng AB nh nht.
II. PHN T CHN (3,0 im) Hc sinh ch c chn mt trong hai phn sau
Phn 1. Theo chng trnh Chun
Cu III.a (3,0 im)
1. Tm GTNN v gi tr ln nht ca hm s:
3 2
3 9 35 y x x x = + trn on 4;4 (

.
2. Xc nh m hm s
2
2
x m
y
x m

=
+
nghch bin trn khong ( ) ; 2 .
Phn 2. Theo chng trnh Nng cao
Cu III.b (3,0 im)
1. Tm gi tr nh nht v gi tr ln nht ca hm s:
2
2
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
trn on 1;3 (

.
2. Cho hm s
( )
2 2
3 2 2
3
mx m x
y
x m
+
=
+
(1). Tm m gc gia hai ng tim cn ca
th hm s (1) bng
0
45 .

10

Bi 1 (6,5 im) Cho hm s
3 2
1
2 3 1
3
y x x x = + + c th (C).
1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s;
2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C), bit rng tip tuyn song song vi / thng : 3 1 d y x = ;
3/ Dng th (C), tm m phng trnh sau c t nht hai nghim dng:
3 2
6 9 3 6 0 x x x m + + = .
Bi 2 (1,5 im) Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s:
2
sin 2
sin sin 2
x
y
x x
+
=
+ +
.
Bi 3 (2 im) Cho hm s
2
1
x
y
x

c th (C). Chng minh rng vi mi gi tr ca m, ng


thng : d y x m = + lun lun ct th (C) ti hai im phn bit A, B. Xc nh m on AB c
di nh nht.

11

Bi 1 (6,5 im) Cho hm s
3
2
11
3
3 3
x
y x x = + + c th (C).
1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s;
2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C), bit rng t/tuyn vung gc vi /thng
1
: 5
3
d y x = + ;
3/ Dng th (C), tm m phng trnh sau c hai nghim m v mt nghim dng:
3 2
3 9 14 3 0 x x x m + + = .
Bi 2 (1,5 im) Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s:
2
8sin 3
sin sin 1
x
y
x x

=
+
.
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Bi 3 (2 im) Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
c th (C). Chng minh rng vi mi gi tr ca m, ng
thng : d y x m = + lun lun ct th (C) ti hai im phn bit A, B. Xc nh m on AB c
di nh nht.

12

Bi 1: a. Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s
2
1
x
y
x

=
+
.
b. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti giao im ca (C) vi trc tung.
Bi 2: Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s
2
1 2
1
x
y
x

=
+
trn na khong [ 3; ) + .
Bi 3: Cho hm s
3 2
(2 1) 2 y x mx m x m = + + (m l tham s), c th l ( )
m
C .
a) Tm m hm s c mt cc i v mt cc tiu.
b) Tm m th ( )
m
C ct trc honh ti ba im phn bit v cc im u c honh dng.

13

Bi 1: a. Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s
2
1
x
y
x
+
=

.
b. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti giao im ca (C) vi trc tung.
Bi 2: Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s
2
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
trn na khong ( ;3] .
Bi 3: Cho hm s
3 2
(1 2 ) (2 ) 2 y x m x m x m = + + + + (m l tham s), c th l ( )
m
C .
a) Tm m hm s c mt cc i v mt cc tiu.
b) Tm m th ( )
m
C ct trc honh ti ba im phn bit v cc im u c honh m.

14

Bi 1: Cho hm s
4 2
2 3 y x x = + + c th (C).
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th ( C )ca hm s.
b) Da vo th ( C ) bin lun theo m s nghim thc ca phng trnh
4 2
2 m 0 x x + = .
Bi 2: Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s
3 2
- 8x +16x- 9 y = x trn on [1;3].
Bi 3: Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th hm s
2 3
4
x
y
x
+
=
+
bit tip tuyn vung gc vi
ng thng d:
1
3
5
y x = + .
Bi 4: Tm gi tr ca tham s m khong cch t tm i xng ca th hm s
3 2 2
3 2 7 y x mx m x = + + n ng thng : 1 y x = + bng 2 2 .

15

Bi 1 (6) 1) Kho st s bin thin v v th (H) ca hm s
2
1
x
y
x
+
=

.
2) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th (H) , bit rng tip tuyn song song vi
ng thng y = -3x + 2009
Bi 2 (3). Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s f(x) =
3 2
2 3 12 1 x x x + trn on [-
2;1] . T suy ra iu kin ca tham s m pt
3 2
2 3 12 2 x x x m = 0 c nghim trn on [-2;1]
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Bi 3 (1,00 im). Chng minh rng :
3
cot + cosx , x 0;
2 6
x
| |
>
|
\


16

Bi 1 (6) 1) Kho st s bin thin v v th (H) ca hm s
3
1
x
y
x

=
+
.
2) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th (H) , bit rng tip tuyn song song vi
ng thng y = 4x + 2008.
Bi 2 (3). Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s f(x) =
3 2
3 9 7 x x x + trn on [-
2;3] T suy ra iu kin ca tham s m pt
3 2
3 9 3 2 0 x x x m + + = c nghim trn on [-2;3]
Bi 3 (1). Chng minh rng :
3
tan sinx + , x ;
2 3 2
x
| |
>
|
\


17

I. PHN CHUNG (7.0 im)
Bi 1. (4.0 im) Cho hm s
3
3 3 y x x = + c th (C).
a/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s.
b/ Dng th bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh
3
3 x x m = .
Bi 2. (3.0 im) Cho hm s
2 3
1
x
y
x
+
=


a/ Vit phng trnh cc ng tim cn ca th hm s.
b/ Xc nh to im A trn th hm s cch giao im I ca hai ng tim cn mt
on bng 26
II. PHN RING (3.0 im)
Phn 1. Theo chng trnh Chun.
Bi 3.a.
a/ Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s ( ) 2 5 f x x x = + trn on [ ] 4;5 .
b/ Tm m hm s
4 2
2 y x mx = nhn im x = 1 lm im cc tiu.
Phn 2. Theo chng trnh Nng cao.
Bi 3.b. Cho hm s ( ) 2 5 f x x x = +
a) Chng minh rng th hm s tip xc vi parabol
2
10
( )
2
x x
y g x
+
= = ti im A(1; 5)
b) Tm m phng trnh f(x) = m c hai nghim thc phn bit



18
Bi 1: Kho st v v th hm s
4 2
1 1 3
( )
4 2 4
y f x x x = =
Bi 2: Cho hm s
3 2
( ) 3 y f x x mx mx m = = + +
a/ Tm m hm s ng bin trn tp xc nh.
b/ Tm m hm s t cc i, cc tiu sao cho im cc i v cc tiu ca th hm s nm hai
pha i vi trc tung.
Bi 3: Tm m ng thng (d): y = - x + m ct th (C):
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
ti hai im A, B phn bit
sao cho di on AB ngn nht.
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19
Bi 1: Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x
+
=
+

1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C ) ca hn s.
2/ Tm tt c cc gi tr ca tham s m ng thng d: y = mx 2 ct (C ) ti hai im phn bit.
Bi 2:
1/ Chng minh rng parabol (P) c phng trnh y = x
2
3x 1 v th (C ) ca hm s
2
2 3
1
x x
y
x
+
=

tip xc nhau. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn chung ca (P) v (C ) ti tip im ca
chng.
2/ Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s:
3
cos 2 cos 2 y x x =
Bi 3:
1/ Tm m hm s
3 2
1
(2 1) 2
3
y x mx m x m = + + c hai cc tr c honh dng.
2/ Chng minh rng:
3
tan ; 0;
3 2
x
x x x
| |
<
|
\


20
Bi 1: Cho hm s ( )
3 2
3 1 1 y x mx m x = + + + (C
m
).
1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C ) ca hm s khi m = -1
2/ Tm cc gi tr tham s k phng trnh
3 2
3 0 x x k = c ba nghim phn bit.
3/ Tm tt c cc gi tr ca tham s m ng thng d: y = 1 3x ct th (C
m
).ti ba im phn
bit A, B v C(0; 1) sao cho 10 AB = .
Bi 2:
1/ Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s: ( )
4 2
2 3 f x x x = + trn on [0; 2]
2/ Cho hm s
2 1
1
x
y
x

=
+
c th (C). Tm tim cn ngang, tim cn ng v chng minh giao
im ca hai tim cn l tm i xng ca (C).


21
Cu 1: (6 im) Cho hm s
4 2
2 2 y x x = + (C).
a) Kho st v v th (C) ca hm s.
b) Tm m phng trnh sau c 4 nghim phn bit:
4 2
2 4 2 0 x x m + + = .
c) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th (C) ca hm s ti im c tung bng 1.
Cu 2: (2 im) Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s sau:
3 2
( ) 3 3 2 y f x x x x = = + trn on [-1;2]
Cu 3: (2 im ) Tm a hm s
4 3 2 2
( 2 ) 1 y x a a x = + c ba cc tr.

22

I. PHN CHUNG CHO TT C HC SINH (7,0 im)
Cu I (4,5 im) Cho hm s
( ) ( )
3 2
1 1
- -1 3 - 2
3 3
= + + y mx m x m x
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s khi 2 m= .
b) Da vo th (C), gii bt phng trnh:
3 2
2 3 1 0 x x + < .
c) Tm gi tr ca m hm s c cc i, cc tiu.
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Cu II (2,5 im)
a) Chng minh rng ng thng - y x m = + lun ct th (C) ca hm s
2
1
x
y
x

ti hai
im phn bit A v B.
b) Xc nh m di on thng AB nh nht.
II. PHN T CHN (3,0 im) Hc sinh ch c chn mt trong hai phn sau
Phn 1. Theo chng trnh Chun
Cu III.a (3,0 im)
a) Tm GTNN v GTLN ca hm s:
3 2
3 9 35 y x x x = + trn on 4; 4 (

.
b) Xc nh m hm s
2
2
x m
y
x m

=
+
nghch bin trn khong ( ) ; 2 .
Phn 2. Theo chng trnh Nng cao
Cu III.b (3,0 im)
a) Tm gi tr nh nht v gi tr ln nht ca hm s:
2
2
1
x
y
x
+
=
+
trn on 1;3 (

.
b) Cho hm s
( )
2 2
3 2 2
3
mx m x
y
x m
+
=
+
(1). Tm m gc gia hai ng tim cn ca
th hm s (1) bng
0
45 .

23
I. PHN CHUNG (7.0 im)
Bi 1. (4.0 im) Cho hm s
3
3 3 y x x = + c th (C).
a) Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) ca hm s.
b) Dng th bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh
3
3 x x m = .
Bi 2. (3.0 im) Cho hm s
2 3
1
x
y
x
+
=


a) Vit phng trnh cc ng tim cn ca th hm s.
b) Xc nh to im A trn th hs cch giao im I ca hai ng tim cn mt on bng
26
II. PHN RING (3.0 im)
Phn 1. Theo chng trnh Chun.
Bi 3.a.
a) Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s ( ) 2 5 f x x x = + trn on [ ] 4;5 .
b) Tm m hm s
4 2
2 y x mx = nhn im x = 1 lm im cc tiu.
Phn 2. Theo chng trnh Nng cao.
Bi 3.b. Cho hm s ( ) 2 5 f x x x = +
a) Chng minh rng th hm s tip xc vi parabol
2
10
( )
2
x x
y g x
+
= = ti im A(1; 5)
b) Tm m phng trnh f(x) = m c hai nghim thc phn bit

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 79/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12




1. nh ngha luy tha
So mu C so a
Luy tha a


*
N n = a R
. ......
n
a a a a a

= = (n tha so a)
0 = 0 a 1
0
= = a a


) (
*
N n n = 0 a
n
n
a
a a
1
= =


) , (
*
N n Z m
n
m
=
0 > a
) ( a b b a a a a
n n n m
n
m
= = = =


) , ( lim
*
N n Q r r
n n
=
0 > a
n
r
a a lim =


2. Tnh chat cua luy tha
Vi moi a > 0, b > 0 ta co:


b
a
b
a
b a ab a a a
a
a
a a a =
|

\
|
= = = =
+
; . ) ( ; ) ( ; ; .
.

a > 1 : a a > >

; 0 < a < 1 : a a > <


Vi 0 < a < b ta co:
0
m m
a b m < > ; 0
m m
a b m > <
Chu y: + Khi xet luy tha vi so mu 0 va so mu nguyen a m th c so a phai khac 0.
+ Khi xet luy tha vi so mu khong nguyen th c so a phai dng.
3. nh ngha va tnh chat cua can thc
Can bac n cua a la so b sao cho
n
b a = .
Vi a, b 0, m, n N*, p, q Z ta co:
.
n n n
ab a b = ; ( 0)
n
n
n
a a
b
b
b
= > ;
( )
( 0)
p
n p n
a a a = > ;
m n mn
a a =
( 0)
n m
p q
p q
Ne u th a a a
n m
= = > ; ac biet
mn
n m
a a =
Neu n la so nguyen dng le va a < b th
n n
a b < .
Neu n la so nguyen dng chan va 0 < a < b th
n n
a b < .
Chu y:
+ Khi n le, moi so thc a ch co mot can bac n. K hieu
n
a .
+ Khi n chan, moi so thc dng a co ung hai ca n bac n la hai so oi nhau.
4. Cong thc lai kep
Goi A la so tien gi, r la lai suat moi k, N la so k.
So tien thu c (ca von lan lai) la: (1 )
N
C A r = +

CHNG II
HAM SO LUY THA HAM SO MU HAM SO LOGARIT
I. LUY THA
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 80/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 1. Thc hien cac phep tnh sau::
a)
( ) ( )
3 2
3 7 2 7
1 . . 7 .
8 7 14
A
| | | | | |
=
| | |
\ \ \
b)
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 6
4
6 4
2
3 . 15 .8
9 . 5 . 6
B

=


c)
3 2
2 3
4 8 C = + d)
( )
2
3
5
2
32 D

=

e)
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
7 3
4
4 5 2
18 .2 . 50
25 . 4 . 27
E

=

f)
( ) ( )
( )
3 3
6
4
2
3
125 . 16 . 2
25 5
F

=
(

(


g)
( )
( ) ( )
2
3 1 3 4 2
0 3
3 2 2
2 .2 5 .5 0, 01 .10
10 : 10 0, 25 10 0, 01
G


+
=
+
h)
( )( )
1 1 1 1 1
3 3 3 3 3
4 10 25 2 5 H = + +
i)
4
3 5 4
3
4. 64. 2
32
I
| |
|
\
= k)
5 5 5
2
3 5
81. 3. 9. 12
3 . 18 27. 6
K =
| |
|
\

Bai 2. Viet cac bieu thc sau di dang luy tha vi so mu hu t:
a)
( )
4 2 3
, 0 x x x b) ( )
5 3
, , 0
b a
a b
a b
c)
5 3
2 2 2
d)
3 3
2 3 2
3 2 3
e)
4 3 8
a f)
5 2
3
b b
b b

Bai 3. n gian cac bieu thc sau:
a)
1,5 1,5
0,5 0,5
0,5
0,5 0,5
0,5 0,5
2
a b
a b
b
a b
a b
a b
+

+
+

+
b)
0,5 0,5 0,5
0,5 0,5
2 2 1
.
1
2 1
a a a
a
a a a
| |
+ +
|
|

+ + \

c)
1 1 1 1 3 1
2 2 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2
2
.
x y x y x y y
x y x y
xy x y xy x y
| |
|
+
+
|
+
|
+
\
d)
1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2
2
1 1
2 2
3 3
.
2
x y x y x y
x y
x y
| |
|
+
+
|

| | |
| |

\ \

e)
( ) ( )
1 2 2 1 2 4
3 3 3 3 3 3
. . a b a a b b + + f)
( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1 1 1 1
4 4 4 4 2 2
. . a b a b a b + +
g)
( )
( )
( )
1
1
2 2 2
2
1
1
. 1 .
2
a b c
b c a
a b c
bc
a b c

| | + +
+
+ + + |
|
+ \
h)
1 1 1
2 2 2
1 1
2 2
2 2 ( 1)
.
1
2 1
a a a
a
a a a
| |
|
+ +

|
|
+ +
\

Bai 4. n gian cac bieu thc sau:
a)
3 3
6 6
a b
a b

b)
4
:
ab ab b
ab
a b
a ab
| |

|

+
\

c)
4
2 4
2
4
2
a x x a
a x a x
a x ax
| |
+
+ + |
|
+
\
d)
3 3 2 2
3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3
6
6 6
2
a x ax a x
a x a ax x
x
a x
+
+
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 81/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
e)
3
4 4 3 3
4 4
1 1
1 1
x x x
x x
x x
x x
(

(
| || |
(
+
| |

(
| |
+ (
\ \
f)
3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 3
3
3 3
3 2 3
2
:
a a a b a b a b ab
a
a b
a ab
(
+
(
+
(



g)
( )
3 3 2 2
1
6 6 6
3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3
.
2
a b ab a b
a b a
a ab b a b

(
+
(
+
(
+


Bai 5. So sanh cac cap so sau:
a) ( )
( )
2 2
0, 01 va 10

b)
2 6
va
4 4
| | | |
| |
\ \

c)
2 3 3 2
5 va 5


d)
300 200
5 va 8 e) ( )
0,3
3
0, 001 va 100

f) ( )
2
2
4 va 0,125


g)
( ) ( )
3 5
2 2 va

h)
4 5
4 5
5 4
va

| | | |
| |
\ \
i)
10 11
0, 02 50 va


k)
( ) ( )
1 2
4 2
3 1 3 1 va l)
2 2
3 2
va
5 2

| | | |
| |
\ \
m)
5 10
2 3
va
2 2
| | | |
| |
\ \


Bai 6. So sanh hai so m, n neu:
a) 3, 2 3, 2
m n
< b)
( ) ( )
2 2
m n
> c)
1 1
9 9
m n
| | | |
>
| |
\ \

d)
3 3
2 2
m n
| | | |
> | |
\ \
e)
( ) ( )
5 1 5 1
m n
< f)
( ) ( )
2 1 2 1
m n
<
Bai 7. Co the ket luan g ve so a neu:
a)
( ) ( )
2 1
3 3
1 1 a a

< b)
( ) ( )
3 1
2 1 2 1 a a

+ > + c)
0,2
2
1
a
a

| |
<
|
\

d)
( ) ( )
1 1
3 2
1 1 a a

> e)
( ) ( )
3
2
4
2 2 a a > f)
1 1
2 2
1 1
a a

| | | |
>
| |
\ \

g)
3 7
a a < h)
1 1
17 8
a a

< i)
0,25 3
a a

<
Bai 8. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
5
4 1024
x
= b)
1
5 2 8
2 5 125
x+
| |
=
|
\
c)
1 3
1
8
32
x
=
d)
( )
2
2
1
3 3
9
x
x

| |
=
|
\
e)
2 8 27
.
9 27 64
x x
| | | |
=
| |
\ \
f)
2
5 6
3
1
2
x x +
| |
=
|
\

g)
2 8
1 0, 25
.32
0,125
8
x
x

| |
=
|
\
h) 0, 2 0, 008
x
= i)
3 7 7 3
9 7
49 3
x x
| | | |
=
| |
\ \

k) 5 .2 0, 001
x x
= l)
( ) ( )
1
12 . 3
6
x x
= m)
1 1
1
7 .4
28
x x
=
Bai 9. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a) 0,1 100
x
> b)
3
1
0, 04
5
x
| |
>
|
\
c)
100
0, 3
9
x
>
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 82/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
d)
2
7 . 49 343
x+
e)
2
1 1
9
3 27
x+
| |
<
|
\
f)
1
3
9 3
x
<
g)
( )
1
3 .3
27
x
> h)
1
1
27 .3
3
x x
< i)
3
1
. 2 1
64
x
| |
>
|
\

Bai 10. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
2
2 2 20
x x+
+ = b)
1
3 3 12
x x+
+ = c)
1
5 5 30
x x
+ =
d)
1 1
4 4 4 84
x x x +
+ + = e)
2
4 24.4 128 0
x x
+ = f)
1 2 1
4 2 48
x x + +
+ =
g) 3.9 2.9 5 0
x x
+ = h)
2
5 6
3 1
x x +
= i)
1
4 2 24 0
x x+
+ =


1. nh ngha
Vi a > 0, a 1, b > 0 ta co: log
a
b a b = =


Chu y: log
a
b co ngha khi
0, 1
0
a a
b
>

>


Logarit thap phan:
10
lg log log b b b = =
Logarit t nhien (logarit Nepe): ln log
e
b b = (vi
1
lim 1 2, 718281
n
e
n
| |
= +
|
\
)
2. Tnh chat
log 1 0
a
= ; log 1
a
a = ; log
b
a
a b = ;
log
( 0)
a
b
a b b = >
Cho a > 0, a 1, b, c > 0. Khi o:
+ Neu a > 1 th log log
a a
b c b c > >
+ Neu 0 < a < 1 th log log
a a
b c b c > <
3. Cac qui tac tnh logarit
Vi a > 0, a 1, b, c > 0, ta co:
log ( ) log log
a a a
bc b c = + log log log
a a a
b
b c
c
| |
=
|
\
log log
a a
b b =


4. oi c so
Vi a, b, c > 0 va a, b 1, ta co:

log
log
log
a
b
a
c
c
b
= hay log . log log
a b a
b c c =

1
log
log
a
b
b
a
=
1
log log ( 0)
a
a
c c =



Bai 1. Thc hien cac phep tnh sau:
a)
2 1
4
log 4. log 2 b)
5 27
1
log . log 9
25
c)
3
log
a
a
d)
3 2
log 2
log 3
4 9 + e)
2 2
log 8 f)
9 8
log 2 log 27
27 4 +
II. LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 83/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g)
3 4
1/ 3
7
1
log . log
log
a a
a
a a
a
h)
3 8 6
log 6. log 9. log 2 i)
3 81
2log 2 4log 5
9
+

k)
9 9 3
log 36 4log 7 log 5
81 27 3 + + l)
5 7
log 6 log 8
25 49 + m)
5
3 2log 4
5


n)
6 8
1 1
log 3 log 2
9 4 + o)
9 2 125
1 log 4 2 log 3 log 27
3 4 5
+
+ + p)
3
6
log 3. log 36
q)
0 0 0
lg(tan1 ) lg(tan2 ) ... lg(tan89 ) + + +
r)
8 4 2 2 3 4
log log (log 16) . log log (log 64) ( (


Bai 2. Cho a > 0, a 1. Chng minh:
1
log ( 1) log ( 2)
a a
a a
+
+ > +
HD: Xet A =
1 1 1
1 1
log ( 2) log log ( 2)
log . log ( 2)
log ( 1) 2
a a a
a a
a
a a a
a a
a
+ + +
+ +
+ + +
= +
+
=
=
2
1 1
log ( 2) log ( 1)
1
2 2
a a
a a a
+ +
+ +
< =
Bai 3. So sanh cac cap so sau:
a)
3 4
1
log 4 va log
3
b)
3
0,1 0,2
log 2 va log 0, 34 c)
3 5
4 2
2 3
log va log
5 4

d)
1 1
3 2
1 1
log log
80
15 2
va
+
e)
13 17
log 150 log 290 va f)
6
6
1
log
log 3
2
2 va 3
g)
7 11
log 10 log 13 va h)
2 3
log 3 log 4 va i)
9 10
log 10 log 11 va
HD: d) Chng minh:
1 1
3 2
1 1
log 4 log
80
15 2
< <
+

e) Chng minh:
13 17
log 150 2 log 290 < <
g) Xet A =
7 7 7
7 11
7
log 10. log 11 log 13
log 10 log 13
log 11

=
=
7 7 7
7
1 10.11.7 10 11
log log . log
log 11 7.7.13 7 7
| |
+
|
\
> 0
h, i) S dung bai 2.
Bai 4. Tnh gia tr cua bieu thc logarit theo cac bieu thc a cho:
a) Cho
2
log 14 a = . Tnh
49
log 32 theo a.
b) Cho
15
log 3 a = . Tnh
25
log 15 theo a.
c) Cho lg3 0, 477 = . Tnh lg9000 ; lg0, 000027 ;
81
1
log 100
.
d) Cho
7
log 2 a = . Tnh
1
2
log 28 theo a.
Bai 5. Tnh gia tr cua bieu thc logarit theo cac bieu thc a cho:
a) Cho
25
log 7 a = ;
2
log 5 b = . Tnh
3
5
49
log
8
theo a, b.
b) Cho
30
log 3 a = ;
30
log 5 b = . Tnh
30
log 1350 theo a, b.
c) Cho
14
log 7 a = ;
14
log 5 b = . Tnh
35
log 28 theo a, b.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 84/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
d) Cho
2
log 3 a = ;
3
log 5 b = ;
7
log 2 c = . Tnh
140
log 63 theo a, b, c.
Bai 6. Chng minh cac ang thc sau (vi gia thiet cac bieu thc a cho co ngha):
a)
log log
a a
c b
b c = b)
log log
log ( )
1 log
a a
ax
a
b x
bx
x
+
=
+
c)
log
1 log
log
a
a
ab
c
b
c
= +
d)
1
log (log log )
3 2
c c c
a b
a b
+
= + , vi
2 2
7 a b ab + = .
e)
1
log ( 2 ) 2log 2 (log log )
2
a a a a
x y x y + = + , vi
2 2
4 12 x y xy + = .
f) log log 2log . log
b c c b c b c b
a a a a
+ +
+ = , vi
2 2 2
a b c + = .
g)
2 3 4
1 1 1 1 1 ( 1)
...
log log log log log 2log
k
a a
a a a a
k k
x x x x x x
+
+ + + + + = .
h)
log . log . log
log . log log . log log . log
log
a b c
a b b c c a
abc
N N N
N N N N N N
N
+ + = .
i)
1
1 lg
10
z
x

= , neu
1 1
1 lg 1 lg
10 10
x y
y va z

= = .
k)
2 3 2009 2009!
1 1 1 1
...
log log log log N N N N
+ + + = .
l)
log log log
log log log
a b a
b c c
N N N
N N N

, vi cac so a, b, c lap thanh mot cap so nhan.





1. Khai niem
a) Ham so luy tha y x =

( la hang so)

So mu Ham so y x =

Tap xac nh D
= n (n nguyen dng)
n
y x = D = R
= n (n nguyen am hoac n = 0)
n
y x = D = R \ {0}
la so thc khong nguyen y x =

D = (0; +)
Chu y: Ham so
1
n
y x = khong ong nhat vi ham so ( *)
n
y x n N = .
b) Ham so mu
x
y a = (a > 0, a 1).
Tap xac nh: D = R.
Tap gia tr: T = (0; +).
Khi a > 1 ham so ong bien, khi 0 < a < 1 ham so nghch bien.
Nhan truc hoanh lam tiem can ngang.
o th:
III. HAM SO LUY THA
HAM SO MU HAM SO LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 85/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

c) Ham so logarit log
a
y x = (a > 0, a 1)
Tap xac nh: D = (0; +).
Tap gia tr: T = R.
Khi a > 1 ham so ong bien, khi 0 < a < 1 ham so nghch bien.
Nhan truc tung lam tiem can ng.
o th:

2. Gii han ac biet

1
0
1
lim(1 ) lim 1
x
x
x x
x e
x
| |
+ = + =
|
\

0
ln(1 )
lim 1
x
x
x
+
=
0
1
lim 1
x
x
e
x

=
3. ao ham

( )
1
( 0) x x x

= >

;
( )
1
. u u u

=


Chu y:
( )
n
n
n
v i x ne u n cha n
x
v i x ne u n le
n x
1
1
0
0

| | >
=
|

\
.
( )
1
n
n
n
u
u
n u


=


( )
ln
x x
a a a

= ;
( )
ln .
u u
a a a u

=

( )
x x
e e

= ;
( )
.
u u
e e u

=

( )
1
log
ln
a
x
x a

= ; ( )
log
ln
a
u
u
u a

=

( )
1
ln x
x

= (x > 0);
( )
ln
u
u
u

=

Bai 1. Tnh cac gii han sau:
a) lim
1
x
x
x
x +
| |
|
+ \
b)
1
1
lim 1
x
x
x x
+
+
| |
+
|
\
c)
2 1
1
lim
2
x
x
x
x

+
| | +
|
\

0<a<1
y=log
a
x
1
x
y
O
a>1
y=log
a
x
1
y
x
O
0<a<1
y=a
x
y
x
1
a>1
y=a
x
y
x
1
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 86/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
d)
1
3
3 4
lim
3 2
x
x
x
x
+
+
| |
|
+ \
e)
1
lim
2 1
x
x
x
x +
| | +
|
\
f)
2 1
lim
1
x
x
x
x +
| | +
|
\

g)
ln 1
lim
x e
x
x e

h)
2
0
1
lim
3
x
x
e
x

i)
1
lim
1
x
x
e e
x


k)
0
lim
sin
x x
x
e e
x

l)
sin2 sin
0
lim
x x
x
e e
x

m)
( )
1
lim 1
x
x
x e
+

Bai 2. Tnh ao ham cua cac ham so sau:
a)
3 2
1 y x x = + + b)
4
1
1
x
y
x
+
=

c)
2
5
2
2
1
x x
y
x
+
=
+

d)
3
sin(2 1) y x = + e)
3 2
cot 1 y x = + f)
3
3
1 2
1 2
x
y
x

=
+

g)
3
3
sin
4
x
y
+
= h)
11 5 9
9 6 y x = + i)
2
4
2
1
1
x x
y
x x
+ +
=
+

Bai 3. Tnh ao ham cua cac ham so sau:
a)
x
y x x e
2
( 2 2) = + b)
x
y x x e
2
( 2 )

= + c)
2
.sin
x
y e x

=
d)
2
2x x
y e
+
= e)
1
3
.
x x
y x e

= f)
2
2
x x
x x
e e
y
e e
+
=


g)
cos
2 .
x x
y e = h)
2
3
1
x
y
x x
=
+
i)
x
y x e
cot
cos . =
Bai 4. Tnh ao ham cua cac ham so sau:
a) y x x
2
ln(2 3) = + + b) y x
2
log (cos ) = c)
x
y e x . ln(cos ) =
d) y x x x
2
(2 1) ln(3 ) = + e) y x x
3
1
2
log ( cos ) = f) y x
3
log (cos ) =
g)
x
y
x
ln(2 1)
2 1
+
=
+
h)
x
y
x
ln(2 1)
1
+
=
+
i)
( )
2
ln 1 y x x = + +
Bai 5. Chng minh ham so a cho thoa man he thc c ch ra:
a)
x
y x e xy x y
2
2
2
. ; (1 )

= = b)
x x
y x e y y e ( 1) ; = + =
c)
4
2 ; 13 12 0
x x
y e e y y y

= + = d)
2
. . ; 3 2 0
x x
y a e b e y y y

= + + + =
g) .sin ; 2 2 0
x
y e x y y y

= + + = h)
( )
4
. cos ; 4 0
x
y e x y y

= + =
i)
sin
; cos sin
x
y e y x y x y = = 0 k)
2
.sin5 ; 4 29 0
x
y e x y y y = + =
l)
2
1
. ; 2
2
x x
y x e y y y e = + = m)
4
2 ; 13 12 0
x x
y e e y y y

= + =
n)
x x
xy
y x e y e x
x
2 2
2
2
( 1)( 2010); ( 1)
1
= + + = + +
+

Bai 6. Chng minh ham so a cho thoa man he thc c ch ra:
a)
1
ln ; 1
1
y
y xy e
x
| |
= + =
|
+
\
b)
1
; ln 1
1 ln
y xy y y x
x x
( = =

+ +

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 87/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
c) y x x y xy x y
2
sin(ln ) cos(ln ); 0 = + + + = d)
x
y x y x y
x x
2 2 2
1 ln
; 2 ( 1)
(1 ln )
+
= = +


e)
2
2 2
1
1 ln 1; 2 ln
2 2
x
y x x x x y xy y = + + + + + = +
Bai 7. Giai phng trnh, bat phng trnh sau vi ham so c ch ra:
a)
x
f x f x f x e x x
2
'( ) 2 ( ); ( ) ( 3 1) = = + +
b)
3
1
'( ) ( ) 0; ( ) ln f x f x f x x x
x
+ = =

c)
2 1 1 2
'( ) 0; ( ) 2. 7 5
x x
f x f x e e x

= = + +
d) '( ) '( ); ( ) ln( 5); ( ) ln( 1) f x g x f x x x g x x > = + =
e)
2 1
1
'( ) '( ); ( ) .5 ; ( ) 5 4 ln5
2
x x
f x g x f x g x x
+
< = = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 88/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


1. Phng trnh mu c ban: Vi a > 0, a 1:
0
log
x
a
b
a b
x b
>
=


2. Mot so phng phap giai phng trnh mu
a) a ve cung c so: Vi a > 0, a 1:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
f x g x
a a f x g x = =
Chu y: Trong trng h p c so co cha a n so th: ( 1)( ) 0
M N
a a a M N = =
b) Logarit hoa: ( )
( ) ( )
( ) log . ( ) = =
f x g x
a
a b f x b g x
c) at an phu:
Dang 1:
( )
( ) 0
f x
P a =
( )
, 0
( ) 0
f x
t a t
P t

= >

, trong o P(t) la a thc theo t.


Dang 2:
2 ( ) ( ) 2 ( )
( ) 0
f x f x f x
a ab b + + =
Chia 2 ve cho
2 ( ) f x
b , roi at an phu
( ) f x
a
t
b
| |
=
|
\

Dang 3:
( ) ( ) f x f x
a b m + = , vi 1 ab = . at
( ) ( )
1
f x f x
t a b
t
= =
d) S dung tnh n ieu cua ham so
Xet phng trnh: f(x) = g(x) (1)
oan nhan x
0
la mot nghiem cua (1).
Da vao tnh ong bien, nghch bien cua f(x) va g(x) e ket luan x
0
la nghiem duy
nhat:

( ) ong bie n va ( ) nghch bie n (hoa c o ng bie n nhng nghie m ngat).
( ) n ie u va ( ) ha ng so
f x g x
f x g x c


Neu f(x) ong bien (hoac nghch bien) th ( ) ( ) f u f v u v = =
e) a ve phng trnh cac phng trnh ac biet
Phng trnh tch A.B = 0
0
0
A
B
=

Phng trnh
2 2 0
0
0
A
A B
B
=
+ =

=


f) Phng phap oi lap
Xet phng trnh: f(x) = g(x) (1)
Neu ta chng minh c:
( )
( )
f x M
g x M

th (1)
( )
( )
f x M
g x M
=



Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cu ng c so hoa c logarit hoa):
a)
3 1 8 2
9 3
x x
= b)
( )
2
3 2 2 3 2 2
x
= +
c)
2 2 2
3 2 6 5 2 3 7
4 4 4 1
x x x x x x + + +
+ = + d)
2 2
5 7 5 .35 7 .35 0
x x x x
+ =
e)
2 2 2 2
1 2 1
2 2 3 3
x x x x +
+ = +
f)
2
4
5 25
x x +
=
g)

2
2
4 3
1
2
2
x
x

| |
=
|
\
h)
7 1 2
1 1
. 2
2 2
x x +
| | | |
=
| |
\ \

i)
1
3 .2 72
x x+
= k)
x x x 1 1
5 6. 5 3. 5 52
+
+ =
IV. PHNG TRNH MU
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 89/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
l)
10 5
10 15
16 0,125.8
x x
x x
+ +

= m)
( ) ( )
1
1
1
5 2 5 2
x
x
x

+
+ =
Bai 2. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cu ng c so hoa c logarit hoa):
a)
4 1 3 2
2 1
5 7
x x + +
| | | |
=
| |
\ \
b)
2 1
1
5 .2 50
x
x
x

+
= c)
3
2
3 .2 6
x
x
x+
=
d)
2
3 .8 6
x
x
x+
= e)
1 2 1
4.9 3 2
x x +
= f)
2
2
2 .3 1, 5
x x x
=
g)
2
5 .3 1
x x
= h)
3 2
2 3
x x
= i)
x x
2
3 .2 1 =
Bai 3. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu dang 1):
a)
1
4 2 8 0
x x+
+ = b)
1 1
4 6.2 8 0
x x + +
+ = c)
4 8 2 5
3 4.3 27 0
x x + +
+ =
d) 16 17.4 16 0
x x
+ =

e)
1
49 7 8 0
x x+
+ =

f)
2 2
2
2 2 3.
x x x x +
=
g)
( ) ( )
x x
7 4 3 2 3 6 + + + =

h)
2
cos2 cos
4 4 3
x x
+ = i)
2 5 1
3 36.3 9 0
x x + +
+ =
k)
2 2
2 2 1
3 28.3 9 0
x x x x + + +
+ = l)
2 2
2 2
4 9.2 8 0
x x + +
+ = m)
2 1 1
3.5 2.5 0, 2
x x
=
Bai 4. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu dang 1):
a) 25 2(3 ).5 2 7 0
x x
x x + = b)
2 2
3.25 (3 10).5 3 0
x x
x x

+ + =
c) 3.4 (3 10).2 3 0
x x
x x + + = d) 9 2( 2).3 2 5 0
x x
x x + + =
e)
x x x
x x x x
2 1 2
4 .3 3 2.3 . 2 6
+
+ + = + + f)
2 2
3.25 (3 10).5 3 0
x x
x x

+ + =
g)
x x
x x 4 +( 8)2 +12 2 0 = h)
x x
x x ( 4).9 ( 5).3 1 0 + + + =
i)
2 2
2 2
4 ( 7).2 12 4 0
x x
x x + + = k) 9 ( 2).3 2( 4) 0
x x
x x

+ + =
Bai 5. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu dang 2):
a) 64.9 84.12 27.16 0
x x x
+ = b) 3.16 2.81 5.36
x x x
+ = c)
2 2
6.3 13.6 6.2 0
x x x
+ =
d)
2 1
25 10 2
x x x+
+ = e)
x x x
8 . 2 12 27 = + f) 3.16 2.81 5.36
x x x
+ =
g) 0 4 . 6 6 . 13 9 . 6
1 1 1
= +
x x x
h)
1 1 1
4 6 9
x x x

+ = i)
1 1 1
2.4 6 9
x x x
+ =
k)
( ) ( )( ) ( )
x x x
7 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 0. + + + + + + =
Bai 6. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu dang 3):
a)
( ) ( )
x x
2 3 2 3 14 + + = b)
( ) ( )
x x
2 3 2 3 4 + + =
c) (2 3) (7 4 3)(2 3) 4(2 3)
x x
+ + + = + d)
( ) ( )
x x
x 3
5 21 7 5 21 2
+
+ + =
e)
( ) ( )
5 24 5 24 10
x x
+ + = f)
7 3 5 7 3 5
7 8
2 2
x x
| | | |
+
+ =
| |
| |
\ \

g)
( ) ( )
6 35 6 35 12 + + =
x x
h)
( ) ( )
2 2
( 1) 2 1
4
2 3 2 3
2 3

+ + =

x x x

i)
( ) ( )
3
3 5 16 3 5 2
+
+ + =
x x
x
k)
( ) ( )
3 5 3 5 7.2 0 + + =
x x
x

l)
( ) ( )
x x
7 4 3 3 2 3 2 0 + + = m)
( ) ( )
x x
3 3
3 8 3 8 6. + + =
Bai 7. Giai cac phng trnh sau (s dung tnh n ieu):
a)
( ) ( )
x x
x
2 3 2 3 4 + + = b)
( ) ( ) ( )
x x x
3 2 3 2 5 + + =
c)
( ) ( )
3 2 2 3 2 2 6 + + =
x x
x
d)
( ) ( )
3
3 5 16. 3 5 2
x x
x+
+ + =
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 90/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
e)
3 7
2
5 5
| |
+ =
|
\
x
x
f)
( ) ( )
2 3 2 3 2 + + =
x x
x

g) 2 3 5 10
x x x x
+ + = h) 2 3 5
x x x
+ = i)
2
1 2
2 2 ( 1)
x x x
x

=
k) 3 5 2
x
x = l) 2 3
x
x = m)
1
2 4 1
x x
x
+
=
n)
2
2 3 1
x
x
= + o) 2 9 7 4 + = + x
x x
p) 0 1 5 5
3 1 2
= +
+
x
x x

q)
x x x x
7 4 8 3 + = + r)
x x x x
3 5 2 6 + = + s)
x x x x
14 10 15 9 + = +
Bai 8. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve phng trnh tch):
a) 8.3 3.2 24 6
x x x
+ = + b)
1
12.3 3.15 5 20
x x x+
+ =
c)
3
8 .2 2 0
x x
x x

+ = d)
x x x
6 1 3 2 + = +
e) 1 4 4 4
7 3 . 2 5 6 2 3
2 2 2
+ = +
+ + + + + x x x x x x
f)
( )
1 2 2 4
2 2 2
1 1
+ = +
+ + x x x x

g)
x x
x x x x x
2 3 2
.3 3 (12 7 ) 8 19 12 + = + + h)
2 1 1
.3 (3 2 ) 2(2 3 )
x x x x x
x x

+ =
i)
sin 1 sin
4 2 cos( ) 2 0
y x x
xy
+
+ = k)
2 2 2 2
2( ) 1 2( ) 1
2 2 2 .2 1 0
x x x x x x + +
+ =
Bai 9. Giai cac phng trnh sau (phng pha p oi lap):
a)
4
2 cos ,
x
x = vi x 0 b)
2
6 10 2
3 6 6
x x
x x
+
= + c)
sin
3 cos
x
x =
d)
3
2
2. cos 3 3
2
x x
x x

| |

= + |
\
e) x
x
cos
sin
= f)
x
x
x x
1
2
2
2
2 +
=


g) x
x
2 cos 3
2
= h)
2
5 cos3
x
x =
Bai 10. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co nghiem:
a) 9 3 0
x x
m + + = b) 9 3 1 0
x x
m + = c)
1
4 2
x x
m
+
=
d)
2
3 2.3 ( 3).2 0
x x x
m + + = e) 2 ( 1).2 0
x x
m m

+ + + = f) 25 2.5 2 0
x x
m =
g)
2
16 ( 1).2 1 0
x x
m m + = h) 25 .5 1 2 0
x x
m m + + = i)
2 2
sin os
81 81
x c x
m + =

k)
2 2
4 2 2
3 2.3 2 3 0
x x
m

+ = l)
1 3 1 3
4 14.2 8
x x x x
m
+ + + +
+ =
m)
2 2
1 1
9 8.3 4
x x x x
m
+ +
+ = n)
2 2
1 1 1 1
9 ( 2).3 2 1 0
t t
m m
+ +
+ + + =
Bai 11. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co nghiem duy nhat:
a) .2 2 5 0
x x
m

+ = b) .16 2.81 5.36
x x x
m + =
c)
( ) ( )
5 1 5 1 2
x x
x
m + + = d)
7 3 5 7 3 5
8
2 2
x x
m
| | | |
+
+ = | |
\ \

e)
3
4 2 3
x x
m
+
+ = f) 9 3 1 0
x x
m + + =
Bai 12. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co 2 nghiem trai dau:
a)
1
( 1).4 (3 2).2 3 1 0
+
+ + + =
x x
m m m b)
2
49 ( 1).7 2 0 + + =
x x
m m m
c) 9 3( 1).3 5 2 0 + + =
x x
m m d) ( 3).16 (2 1).4 1 0 + + + + =
x x
m m m
e)
( )
4 2 1 .2 +3 8 0
x x
m m + = f) 4 2 6
x x
m + =
Bai 13. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau:
a) .16 2.81 5.36 + =
x x x
m co 2 nghiem dng phan biet.
b) 16 .8 (2 1).4 .2
x x x x
m m m + = co 3 nghiem phan biet.
c)
2 2
2
4 2 6
x x
m
+
+ =

co 3 nghiem phan biet.
d)
2 2
9 4.3 8
x x
m + =

co 3 nghiem phan biet.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 91/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


1. Phng trnh logarit c ban
Vi a > 0, a 1: log
b
a
x b x a = =
2. Mot so phng phap giai phng trnh logarit
a) a ve cung c so
Vi a > 0, a 1:
( ) ( )
log ( ) log ( )
( ) 0 ( ( ) 0)
a a
f x g x
f x g x
f x hoa c g x
=
=

> >


b) Mu hoa
Vi a > 0, a 1:
log ( )
log ( )
a
f x b
a
f x b a a = =
c) at an phu
d) S dung tnh n ieu cua ham so
e) a ve phng trnh ac biet
f) Phng phap oi lap
Chu y:
Khi giai phng trnh logarit can chu y ieu kie n e bieu thc co ngha.
Vi a, b, c > 0 va a, b, c 1:
log log
b b
c a
a c =


Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cu ng c so hoa c mu hoa):
a)
2
log ( 1) 1 x x ( =

b)
2 2
log log ( 1) 1 x x + =
c)
2 1/8
log ( 2) 6. log 3 5 2 x x = d)
2 2
log ( 3) log ( 1) 3 x x + =
e)
4 4 4
log ( 3) log ( 1) 2 log 8 x x + = f) lg( 2) lg( 3) 1 lg5 x x + =
g)
8 8
2
2log ( 2) log ( 3)
3
x x = h) lg 5 4 lg 1 2 lg0,18 x x + + = +
i)
2
3 3
log ( 6) log ( 2) 1 x x = + k)
2 2 5
log ( 3) log ( 1) 1/ log 2 x x + + =
l)
4 4
log log (10 ) 2 x x + = m)
5 1/ 5
log ( 1) log ( 2) 0 x x + =
n)
2 2 2
log ( 1) log ( 3) log 10 1 x x + + = o)
9 3
log ( 8) log ( 26) 2 0 x x + + + =
Bai 2. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cu ng c so hoa c mu hoa):
a)
3 1/3
3
log log log 6 x x x + + = b)
2 2
1 lg( 2 1) lg( 1) 2lg(1 ) x x x x + + + =
c)
4 1/16 8
log log log 5 x x x + + = d)
2 2
2 lg(4 4 1) lg( 19) 2lg(1 2 ) x x x x + + + =
e)
2 4 8
log log log 11 x x x + + = f)
1/ 2 1/ 2
1/ 2
log ( 1) log ( 1) 1 log (7 ) x x x + + = +
g)
2 2 3 3
log log log log x x = h)
2 3 3 2
log log log log x x =
i)
2 3 3 2 3 3
log log log log log log x x x + = k)
2 3 4 4 3 2
log log log log log log x x =
Bai 3. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cu ng c so hoa c mu hoa):
a)
2
log (9 2 ) 3
x
x = b)
3
log (3 8) 2
x
x =
c)
7
log (6 7 ) 1
x
x

+ = + d)
1
3
log (4.3 1) 2 1
x
x

=
e)
5
log (3 )
2
log (9 2 ) 5
x x
= f)
2
log (3.2 1) 2 1 0
x
x =
V. PHNG TRNH LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 92/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g)
2
log (12 2 ) 5
x
x = h)
5
log (26 3 ) 2
x
=
i)
1
2
log (5 25 ) 2
x x +
= k)
1
4
log (3.2 5)
x
x
+
=
l)
1
1
6
log (5 25 ) 2
x x +
= m)
1
1
5
log (6 36 ) 2
x x +
=
Bai 4. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve cung c so hoac mu hoa ):
a)
2
5
log ( 2 65) 2
x
x x

+ = b)
2
1
log ( 4 5) 1
x
x x

+ =
c)
2
log (5 8 3) 2
x
x x + = d)
3 2
1
log (2 2 3 1) 3
x
x x x
+
+ + =
e)
3
log ( 1) 2
x
x

= f) log ( 2) 2
x
x + =
g)
2
2
log ( 5 6) 2
x
x x + = h)
2
3
log ( ) 1
x
x x
+
=
i)
2
log (2 7 12) 2
x
x x + = k)
2
log (2 3 4) 2
x
x x =
l)
2
2
log ( 5 6) 2
x
x x + = m)
2
log ( 2) 1
x
x =
n)
2
3 5
log (9 8 2) 2
x
x x
+
+ + = o)
2
2 4
log ( 1) 1
x
x
+
+ =
p)
15
log 2
1 2
x
x
=

q)
2
log (3 2 ) 1
x
x =
r)
2
3
log ( 3) 1
x x
x
+
+ = s)
2
log (2 5 4) 2
x
x x + =
Bai 5. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu):
a)
2 2
3 3
log log 1 5 0 x x + + = b)
2
2 1/ 2
2
log 3log log 2 x x x + + =
c)
4
7
log 2 log 0
6
x
x + = d)
2
2
1 2
2
log 4 log 8
8
x
x + =
e)
2
2 1/ 2
2
log 3log log 0 x x x + + = f)
2
2
log 16 log 64 3
x
x
+ =
g)
5
1
log log 2
5
x
x = h)
7
1
log log 2
7
x
x =
i)
5
1
2log 2 log
5
x
x = k)
2 2
3 log log 4 0 x x =
l)
3 3
3 log log 3 1 0 x x = m)
3
3
2 2
log log 4 / 3 x x + =
n)
3
3
2 2
log log 2 / 3 x x = o)
2
2 4
1
log 2log 0 x
x
+ =
p)
2
2 1/ 4
log (2 ) 8log (2 ) 5 x x = q)
2
5 25
log 4log 5 5 0 x x + =
r)
2
9
log 5 log 5 log 5
4
x x x
x + = + s)
2
9
log 3 log 1
x
x + =
t)
1 2
1
4 lg 2 lg x x
+ =
+
u)
1 3
1
5 lg 3 lg x x
+ =
+

v)
2 3
2 16 4
log 14log 40log 0
x x x
x x x + =
Bai 6. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu):
a)
2
3
3
log ( 12) log 11 0 x x x x + + = b)
2
2 2
log log 6
6.9 6. 13.
x
x x + =
c)
2
2 2
.log 2( 1).log 4 0 x x x x + + = d) x x x x 2 6 log ) 1 ( log
2
2
2
= +
e)
2
3 3
( 2) log ( 1) 4( 1) log ( 1) 16 0 x x x x + + + + + = f)
2
2
log (2 ) log 2
x x
x x

+ + =
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 93/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
g)
2
3 3
log ( 1) ( 5) log ( 1) 2 6 0 x x x x + + + + = h)
3 3
4 log 1 log 4 x x =
i)
2 2
2 2 2
log ( 3 2) log ( 7 12) 3 log 3 x x x x + + + + + = +
Bai 7. Giai cac phng trnh sau (at an phu):
a)
7 3
log log ( 2) x x = + b)
2 3
log ( 3) log ( 2) 2 x x + =
c) x x
3 5
log ( 1) log (2 1) 2 + + + = d)
( )
x
x x
6
log
2 6
log 3 log + =
e)
( )
7
log 3
4
x
x
+
= f)
( )
2 3
log 1 log x x + =
g)
2 2 2
log 9 log log 3 2
.3
x
x x x =
h)
2 2
3 7 2 3
log (9 12 4 ) log (6 23 21) 4
x x
x x x x
+ +
+ + + + + =
i)
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 3 6
log 1 . log 1 log 1 x x x x x x + =
Bai 8. Giai cac phng trnh sau (s dung tnh n ieu):
a)
2 2
log 3 log 5
( 0) x x x x + = > b)
2 2
log log 2
3 5
x x
x + =
c)
5
log ( 3) 3 x x + = d)
2
log (3 ) x x =
e)
2
2 2
log ( 6) log ( 2) 4 x x x x + = + + f)
2
log
2.3 3
x
x + =
g)
2 3
4( 2) log ( 3) log ( 2) 15( 1) x x x x ( + = +


Bai 9. Giai cac phng trnh sau (a ve phng trnh tch):
a)
2 7 2 7
log 2. log 2 log . log x x x x + = + b)
2 3 3 2
log . log 3 3. log log x x x x + = +
c)
( )
( )
x x
2
9 3 3
2 log log . log 2x 1 1 = +


Bai 10. Giai cac phng trnh sau (phng pha p oi lap):
a)
2 3
ln(sin ) 1 sin 0 x x + = b)
( )
2 2
2
log 1 1 x x x + =
c)
2 1 3 2
2
3
8
2 2
log (4 4 4)
x x
x x
+
+ =
+

Bai 11. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau co nghiem duy nhat:
a)
2
2 3 2 3
log 2( 1) log (2 2) 0 x m x x m
+
(
+ + + =

b) ( ) ( )
2
2
log 2 log x mx =
c)
( )
2
5 2 5 2
log 1 log 0 x mx m x
+
+ + + + = d)
( )
( )
lg
2
lg 1
mx
x
=
+

e)
2
3 3
log ( 4 ) log (2 2 1) x mx x m + =
f)
2
2 2 7 2 2 7
log ( 1) log ( ) 0 x m mx x
+
+ + =
Bai 12. Tm m e cac phng trnh sau:
a)
( )
2
log 4 1 = +
x
m x co 2 nghiem phan biet.
b)
2
3 3
log ( 2).log 3 1 0 x m x m + + = co 2 nghiem x
1
, x
2
thoa x
1
.x
2
= 27.
c)
2 2 2 2
4 2
2log (2 2 4 ) log ( 2 ) + = + x x m m x mx m co 2 nghiem x
1
, x
2
thoa
2 2
1 2
1 x x + > .
d)
2 2
3 3
log log 1 2 1 0 x x m + + = co t nhat mot nghiem thuoc oan
3
1; 3
(

.
e) ( )
2
2 2
4 log log 0 x x m + + = co nghiem thuoc khoang (0; 1).
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 94/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12



Khi giai he phng trnh mu va logarit, ta cung dung cac phng phap giai he phng trnh
a hoc nh:
Phng phap the.
Phng phap cong ai so.
Phng phap at an phu.
.

Bai 1. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2 5
2 1
y
y
x
x

+ =

b)
2 4
4 32
x
x
y
y


c)
2
3 1
3 19
y
y
x
x

+ =

d)
1
2 6
8
4
y
y
x
x


e)

= +
= +
1
3 2 2
y x
y x
f)
2 .9 36
3 .4 36
x y
x y


f)
.
2 5 20
5 .2 50
x y
x y

g)
2 .3 12
3 .2 18
x y
x y


h)
( )
2
7 10
1
8 x 0
y y
x
x y
+
=

+ = >

i)
( )
2 2
16
1
2 x 0
x y
x
x y

=

= >


Bai 2. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
4 3 7
4 .3 144
x y
x y

b)
2 3 17
3.2 2.3 6
x y
x y

+ =


c)
1
2 2.3 56
3.2 3 87
x x y
x x y
+
+ +

+ =

+ =

d)
2 2 2 2
1
3 2 17
2.3 3.2 8
x y
x y
+ +
+

+ =

+ =


e)
1
1 1
3 2 4
3 2 1
x y
x y
+
+ +

f)
2 2
2
2( 1) 1 2
2 1.
4 4.4 .2 2 1
2 3.4 .2 4
x x y y
y x y

+ =


g)
2
cot 3
cos 2
y
y
x
x

h)
2
2
2
2
( )2 1
9( ) 6
y x
x y
x y
x y

+ =

+ =


i)
2
3 2 77
3 2 7
x y
x y

k)
2 2
2 2 ( )( 2)
2
x y
y x xy
x y

= +

+ =


Bai 3. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
3 2 1
3 2 1
x
y
y
x

= +

= +

b)
3 2 11
3 2 11
x
y
x y
y x

+ = +

+ = +


c)
2 2
2 2
3
x y
y x
x xy y

+ + =

d)
1
1
7 6 5
7 6 5

x
y
y
x

VI. HE PHNG TRNH
MU VA LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 95/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 4. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2 2
6
log log 3
x y
x y
+ =

+ =

b)
log log 2
6
y x
y x
x y
+ =

+ =


c)
2
2
log 4
2 log 2
x y
x y
+ =

d)
( ) ( )
2 2
3 5
3
log log 1
x y
x y x y

+ =


e)
32
log 4
y
xy
x
=

f)
2
3
log
log 2 3
9
y
y
x
x

+ =


g)

=
= +
8
5 ) log (log 2
xy
y x
x y
h)
2 3
9 3
1 2 1
3log (9 ) log 3
x y
x y

+ =


i)
2
3 3
3
2
1
log log 0
2
2 0
x y
x y y

+ =

k)
3
12
log 1
3
y
y x
x
=


Bai 5. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
( )
( )
log 3 2 2
log 2 3 2
x
y
x y
x y

+ =

+ =

b)
log (6 4 ) 2
log (6 4 ) 2
x
y
x y
y x
+ =

+ =


c)
2 2
3 3
2 2
log 1 2 log
log log 4
x
y
y
x y
| |
=
|

+ =

d)
2
2
4 4
log log 1
log log 1
y
x y
x y


e)
( )
2 2
2
3 3
log 6 4
log log 1
x y
x y

+ + =

+ =

f)
2 2
2 2
log log
16
log log 2
y x
x y
x y

+ =


g)

=
= +
1 log log
27 . 2
3 3
log log
3 3
x y
y x
x y
h)
2 2
2
4 2
log log
3. 2. 10
log log 2
y x
x y
x y

+ =

+ =


i)
( )
( )
log 2 2 2
log 2 2 2
x
y
x y
y x

+ =

+ =

k)
( )
2
2
log 4
log 2
xy
x
y

| |
=
|

\

l)
2 2 2
2
lg lg lg ( )
lg ( ) lg . lg 0
x y xy
x y x y

= +

+ =

m)
2 2
6
5
log log
2
log ( ) 1
y y
x x
x y

+ =

+ =


n)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 5 log
lg lg4
1
lg lg3
x y x y
x
y

= +

o)
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
lg 1 lg8
lg lg lg3
x y
x y x y

+ = +

+ =


p)
( )
1
log 2
log 23 3
x
x
y
y
+
=

+ =

q)
( )
2
2
log log 1
log 1
xy y
y
x
x
y x


Bai 6. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
lg
lg lg 4
1000
y
x y
x
+ =

b)
( )
2
6
36
4 2 log 9
x y
x
x y x

+ =


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 96/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
c)
5
5
( )3
27
3log ( )
y x
x y
x y x y

+ =

+ =

d)
lg lg
lg4 lg3
3 4
(4 ) (3 )
x y
x y


e)
2
1
2
2 log 2log 5 0
32
x
y
x y
xy
| | + =

|
\


Bai 7. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2 4 4
3 9 9
4 16 16
log log log 2
log log log 2
log log log 2
x y z
y z x
z x y
+ + =

+ + =

+ + =

b)
2 2 2
3 3 3
3
log 3 log log
2
2
log 12 log log
3
x
x y y
y
x x y

+ = +

+ = +


c)
2 2
1 1
1 1
log (1 2 ) log (1 2 ) 4
log (1 2 ) log (1 2 ) 2
x y
x y
y y x x
x x
+
+

+ + + + =

+ + + =

d)
2 3
2 3
log 1 3sin log (3cos )
log 1 3cos log (3sin )
x y
y x

+ =

+ =


e)
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 3
2 2
2 3
log 1 3 1 log 1 2
log 1 3 1 log 1 2
x y
y x

+ = +

+ = +


f)
2
3 2
3 2
2log (6 3 2 ) log ( 6 9) 6
log (5 ) log ( 2) 1
x y
x y
y xy x x x
y x

+ + + =

+ =


Bai 8. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2
log
4
2 2
2
log log 1
x
y
x y

b)
( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2
1
3
3
log log 4
x y
x y
x y x y

| |

=
|

+ + =


c)
8 8
log log
4 4
4
log log 1
y x
x y
x y

+ =

d)
( )
1
3
3 .2 18
log 1
x y
x y

+ =


e)
( )

= + +
|

\
|
=

4 ) ( log ) ( log
3
1
3
2 2
2
y x y x
y x
y x
f)
( ) ( )
3 3
4 32
log 1 log
x y
y x
x y x y
+

= +


g)
( )
3
3 .2 972
log 2
x y
x y

h)
( )
5
3 .2 1152
log 2
x y
x y

+ =


i)
( ) ( )
2 2
log log 1
x y
x y x y
x y

+ =

k)
3 3
log log 2
2 2
4 2 ( )
3 3 12
xy
xy
x y x y

= +

+ =


l)
3 3
log log
3 3
2 27
log log 1
y x
x y
y x

+ =

m)
2
2log
log log
4 3
y
x y
x
xy x
y y

= +







Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 97/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


Khi giai cac bat phng trnh mu ta can chu y tnh n ieu cua ham so mu.

( ) ( )
1
( ) ( )
0 1
( ) ( )
f x g x
a
f x g x
a a
a
f x g x
>

>

>
< <

<


Ta cung thng s dung cac phng phap giai tng t nh oi vi phng trnh mu:
a ve cung c so.
at an phu.
.
Chu y: Trong trng h p c so a co cha an so th:
( 1)( ) 0
M N
a a a M N > >

Bai 1. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (a ve cung c so ):
a)
2
1
2
1
3
3
x x
x x

| |

|
\
b)
6 3
2 1 1
1 1
2 2
x x x +
| | | |
<
| |
\ \

c)
2 3 4 1 2
2 2 2 5 5
x x x x x + + + + +
> d)
1 2
3 3 3 11
x x x
+ <
e)
2 2
3 2 3 2
9 6 0
x x x x + +
< f)

1 3 7 3 2
3 . 2 6
+ +
<
x x x

g)
2 2 2
2 1 2
4 .2 3.2 .2 8 12
x x x
x x x x
+
+ + > + + h) 9 3 . 3 . 2 3 . 3 . 6
2 1 2
+ + < + +
+
x x x x
x x x

i)
1 2 1 2
9 9 9 4 4 4
x x x x x x + + + +
+ + < + + k)

1 3 4 2
7.3 5 3 5
x x x x + + + +
+ +
l)
2 1 2
2 5 2 5
x x x x + + +
+ < + m)
1 2
2 .3 36
x x +
>
n)
( ) ( )
3 1
1 3
10 3 10 3
x x
x x
+
+
+ < o)
( ) ( )
1
1
2 1 2 1
x
x
x
+

+
p)
2
1
2
1
2
2
x
x x

q)
1 1
2 1 3 1
2 2
x x +

Bai 2. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (at an phu):
a) 2.14 3.49 4 0
x x x
+ b)
1 1
1 2
4 2 3 0
x x


c)
2
( 2)
2( 1)
3
4 2 8 52
x
x x

+ > d)
4 4
1
8.3 9 9
x x x x + +
+ >
e) 25.2 10 5 25
x x x
+ > f)
2 1 1
5 6 30 5 .30
x x x x + +
+ > +
g) 6 2.3 3.2 6 0
x x x
+ h) 27 12 2.8
x x x
+ >
i)
1 1 1
49 35 25
x x x
k)
1 2 1
2
3 2 12 0
x
x x + +
<
l)
2 2 2
2 1 2 1 2
25 9 34.25
x x x x x x + +
+ m) 0 9 . 9 3 . 8 3
4 4 2
>
+ + + x x x x

o)
1 1 1
4 5.2 16 0
x x x x + + +
+ p)
( ) ( )
3 2 3 2 2
x x
+ +
r)
2 1
1
1 1
3 12
3 3
x x
+
| | | |
+ >
| |
\ \
s)
3 1
1 1
128 0
4 8
x x
| | | |

| |
\ \

t)
1 1
1 2
2 2 9
x x
+
+ < u)
( )
2 2 1
2 9.2 4 . 2 3 0
x x
x x
+
+ +
VII. BAT PHNG TRNH MU
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 98/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 3. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (s dung tnh n ieu):
a)
2
2 3 1
x
x
< + b) 0
1 2
1 2 2
1

x
x x

c) 1
2 3
2 3 . 2
2

+
x x
x x
d)
4 2 4
3 2 13
x x + +
+ >
e)
2
3 3 2
0
4 2
x
x
x

f)
2
3 4
0
6
x
x
x x
+
>


g)
( )
2
2 2 x
3x 5 2 2x 3 .2x 3x 5 2 2x 3
x
x x + + > + +
Bai 4. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau co nghiem:
a) 4 .2 3 0
x x
m m + + b) 9 .3 3 0
x x
m m + +
c) 2 7 2 2
x x
m + + d)
( ) ( )
2 2
1
2 1 2 1 0
x x
m

+ + + =
Bai 5. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau nghiem ung vi:
a) (3 1).12 (2 ).6 3 0
x x x
m m + + + < , x > 0. b)
1
( 1)4 2 1 0
x x
m m
+
+ + + > , x.
c)
( )
.9 2 1 6 .4 0
x x x
m m m + + , x [0; 1]. d)
2
.9 ( 1).3 1 0
x x
m m m
+
+ + > , x.
e)
( )
cos cos 2
4 2 2 1 2 4 3 0
x x
m m + + + < , x. f)
1
4 3.2 0
x x
m
+
, x.
g) 4 2 0
x x
m , x (0; 1) h) 3 3 5 3
x x
m + + , x.
i) 2.25 (2 1).10 ( 2).4 0
x x x
m m + + + , x 0. k)
1
4 .(2 1) 0
x x
m

+ > , x.
Bai 6. Tm m e moi nghiem cua (1) eu la nghiem cua bat phng trnh (2):
a)
( ) ( )
2 1
1
2
2
1 1
3 12 (1)
3 3
2 3 6 1 0 (2)
x x
m x m x m
+

| | | |

+ >
| |

\ \

<

b)
2 1
1
2 2
2 2 8 (1)
4 2 ( 1) 0 (2)
x x
x mx m
+

>

<


c)
2 1
2
2 9.2 4 0 (1)
( 1) ( 3) 1 0 (2)
x x
m x m x
+

+ + + + >

d)
( )
2 1
2
2
1 1
9. 12 (1)
3 3
2 2 2 3 0 (2)
x x
x m x m
+

| | | |

+ >
| |

\ \

+ + + <




Khi giai cac bat phng trnh logarit ta can chu y tnh n ieu cua ham so logarit.

1
( ) ( ) 0
log ( ) log ( )
0 1
0 ( ) ( )
a a
a
f x g x
f x g x
a
f x g x
>

> >

>
< <

< <


Ta cung thng s dung cac phng phap giai tng t nh oi vi phng trnh
logarit:
a ve cung c so.
at an phu.
.
Chu y: Trong trng h p c so a co cha an so th:
VIII. BAT PHNG TRNH LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 99/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
log 0 ( 1)( 1) 0
a
B a B > > ;
log
0 ( 1)( 1) 0
log
a
a
A
A B
B
> >

Bai 1. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (a ve cung c so ):
a) ) 1 ( log 1 ) 2 1 ( log
5
5
+ + < x x b)
( )
2 9
log 1 2log 1 x <
c)
( )
1 1
3 3
log 5 log 3 x x < d)
2 1 5
3
log log log 0 x >
e)

0 )
1
2 1
(log log
2
3
1
>
+
+
x
x
f)
( )
2
1
2
4 log 0 x x >
g)
( )
2
1 4
3
log log 5 0 x
(
>

h)
2
6 6
log log
6 12
x x
x +
i)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 3 1 log 1 x x + + k)

( )
2
2 2
log log
2
x x
x +
l)
3 1
2
log log 0 x | |
|
\
m)
8 1
8
2
2log ( 2) log ( 3)
3
x x + >
n)
( ) ( )
2 2
1 5 3 1
3 5
log log 1 log log 1 x x x x
( (
+ + > +
(
(


Bai 2. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a)
( )
( )
2
lg 1
1
lg 1
x
x

<

b)
( ) ( )
2 3
2 3
2
log 1 log 1
0
3 4
x x
x x
+ +
>


c)
( )
2
lg 3 2
2
lg lg2
x x
x
+
>
+
d)
2 2
5log 2 log log
18 0
x
x x
x x

+ <
e)

0
1
1 3
log
2
>
+

x
x
x
f)

2
3 2 3 2
log . log log log
4
x
x x x < +
g)
4
log (log (2 4)) 1
x
x
h)
2
3
log (3 ) 1
x x
x

>
i)
( )
2
5
log 8 16 0
x
x x + k)
( )
2
2
log 5 6 1
x
x x + <
l)
6 2
3
1
log log 0
2
x
x
x
+
| |
>
|
+
\
m)
( ) ( ) 2
1
1
log 1 log 1
x
x
x x


+ > +
n)
2
3
(4 16 7). log ( 3) 0 x x x + > o)
2
(4 12.2 32). log (2 1) 0
x x
x +
Bai 3. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (at an phu):
a)
2
log 2log 4 3 0
x
x + b)
( ) ( )
5
5
log 1 2 1 log 1 x x < + +
c)
5
2log log 125 1
x
x < d)
2
2
log 64 log 16 3
x
x
+
e)
2 2
log 2. log 2. log 4 1
x x
x > f)
2 2
1 1
2 4
log log 0 x x + <
g)

4 2
2
2 2 2
log log 2
1 log 1 log 1 log
x x
x x x
+ >
+
h) 1
log 2
2
log 4
1
2 2

+
+ x x

i) 0 8 log 6 log
2
2
2
1
+ x x k)
2
3 3 3
log 4log 9 2log 3 x x x +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 100/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
l) ) 2 4 3 ( log 1 ) 2 4 3 ( log
2
3
2
9
+ + > + + + x x x x m)
5 5
1 2
1
5 log 1 log x x
+ <
+

n)
2
1 1
8 8
1 9log 1 4log x x > o)
100
1
log 100 log 0
2
x
x >
p)
2
3
3
1 log
1
1 log
x
x
+
>
+
q)
2
16
1
log 2. log 2
log 6
x x
x
>


Bai 4. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau (s dung tnh n ieu):
a)
2
0,5 0,5
( x 1)log (2 5) log 6 0 x x x + + + + b) 2 ) 2 4 ( log ) 1 2 ( log
3 2
+ + +
x x

c)
( ) ( )
2 3
3 2
log 1 log 1 x x
>
+ +
d)
5
lg
5
0
2 3 1
x
x
x
x
+

<
+

Bai 5. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau co nghiem:
a)
( )
2
1/ 2
log 2 3 x x m + > b)
1
log 100 log 100 0
2
x m
>
c)
1 2
1
5 log 1 log
m m
x x
+ <
+
d)
2
1 log
1
1 log
m
m
x
x
+
>
+

e)
2 2
log log x m x + > f)
2 2
log ( 1) log ( 2)
x m x m
x x x

> +
Bai 6. Tm m e cac bat phng trnh sau nghiem ung vi:
a)
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
log 7 7 log 4 x mx x m + + + , x
b) ( ) ( ) 5 2 log 4 2 log
2
2
2
2
+ + + m x x m x x , x [0; 2]
c)
2 2
5 5
1 log ( 1) log ( 4 ) x mx x m + + + + , x.
d)
2
1 1 1
2 2 2
2 log 2 1 log 2 1 log 0
1 1 1
m m m
x x
m m m
| | | | | |
+ + >
| | |
| | | + + +
\ \ \
, x
Bai 7. Giai bat phng trnh, biet x = a la mot nghiem cua bat phng trnh:
a)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 2 log 2 3 ; 9 / 4
m m
x x x x a > + + = .
b).
2 2
log (2 3) log (3 ); 1
m m
x x x x a + + =
Bai 8. Tm m e moi nghiem cua (1) eu la nghiem cua bat phng trnh (2):
a)
2 2
1 1
2 4
2 2
log log 0 (1)
6 0 (2)
x x
x mx m m

+ <

+ + + <

b)
2
2 4
log (5 8 3) 2 (1)
2 1 0 (2)
x
x x
x x m

+ >

+ >


Bai 9. Giai cac he bat phng trnh sau:
a)
2
2
4
0
16 64
lg 7 lg( 5) 2lg2
x
x x
x x

+
>

+ >

b)
( )
( ) ( )
( )
1
1 lg2 lg 2 1 lg 7.2 12
log 2 2
x x
x
x
x
+

+ + < +

+ >


c)
( )
( )
2
4
log 2 0
log 2 2 0
x
y
y
x

>

>

d)
1
2
log ( 5) 0
log (4 ) 0
x
y
y
x

+
+ <

<





Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 101/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
2 1 1
1
2 .4
64
8
x x
x
+

= b)
3 1 8 2
9 3
x x
=
c)
0,5
0, 2 (0, 04)
25
5
x x +
= d)
2
1 2 11 9
5 9 5
.
3 25 3
x x x + +
| | | | | |
=
| | |
\ \ \

e)
2 1 1
1
7 .7 14.7 2.7 48
7
x x x x + +
+ = f)
( )
2
7,2 3,9
3 9 3 lg(7 ) 0
x x
x
+
=
g)
2
1
1
3
2
2(2 ) 4
x
x
x

+
| |
|
=
\
h)
1
5 . 8 500
x
x x
=
i)
2
1
1 lg
3
3
1
100
x
x

= k)
lg 2
1000
x
x x =
l)
lg 5
5 lg
3
10
x
x
x
+
+
= m)
( )
3
log 1
3
x
x

=
Bai 2. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
2 2
2 2
4 9.2 8 0
x x + +
+ = b)
2 2
5 1 5
4 12.2 8 0
x x x x
+ =
c) 64.9 84.12 27.16 0
x x x
+ = d)
1 3
3
64 2 12 0
x x
+
+ =
e)
2 2
1 3
9 36.3 3 0
x x
+ = f)
4 8 2 5
2
3 4.3 28 2log 2
x x + +
+ =
g)
2 1 2 2( 1)
3 3 1 6.3 3
x x x x + + +
= + + h)
( ) ( )
5 24 5 24 10
x x
+ + =
i)
3 3
1 log 1 log
9 3 210 0
x x + +
= k)
2
lg 1 lg lg 2
4 6 2.3 0
x x x + +
=
l)
2 2
sin cos
2 4.2 6
x x
+ = m)
lg(tan ) lg(cot ) 1
3 2.3 1
x x +
=
Bai 3. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a)
6 5
2 5
2 25
5 4
x
x

+ | |
<
|
\
b)
1
1
2 1
2
2 1
x
x

<
+

c)
2 2
.5 5 0
x x
x
+
< d)
2
lg 3lg 1
1000
x x
x
+
>
e)
4 2 4
2
1
x
x
x
+

f)
2
3 2
8. 1
3
3 2
x
x
x x

| |
> +
|
\


g)
2 3 4 1 2
2 2 2 5 5
x x x x x + + + + +
> h)
2
2
log ( 1)
1
1
2
x
| |
>
|
\

i)
2
2 1
9
3
x
x
+
| |
>
|
\
k)
1 2
2
1 1
3
27
x
x
+
| |
>
|
\

l)
2 1
3
1
1 1
5 5
x
x
+

| | | |
>
| |
\ \
m)
72
1 1
3 . . 1
3 3
x x
| | | |
>
| |
\ \

IX. ON TAP HAM SO
LUY THA MU LOGARIT
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 102/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 4. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a)
2
4 2.5 10 0
x x x
> b)
1
25 5 50
x x +

c)
1 1 1
9.4 5.6 4.9
x x x

+ < d)
2
lg 2 lg 5
3 3 2
x x + +
<
e)
1
4
4 16 2log 8
x x +
< f)
2 3
2 1
1
2 21. 2 0
2
x
x
+
+
| |
+
|
\

g)
2( 2)
2( 1)
3
4 2 8 52
x
x x

+ > h)
2 3
4 3
1
3 35. 6 0
3
x
x

| |
+
|
\

i)
2
9 3 3 9
x x x +
> k) 9 3 2 9 3
x x x
+
Bai 5. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
3
log (3 8) 2
x
x = b)
2
5
log ( 2 65) 2
x
x x

+ =
c)
7 7
log (2 1) log (2 7) 1
x x
+ = d)
3 3
log (1 log (2 7)) 1
x
+ =
e)
3
log lg 2
3 lg lg 3 0
x
x x + = f)
3
log (1 2 ) 2
9 5 5
x
x

=
g)
1 lg
10
x
x x
+
= h)
( )
5
log 1
5
x
x

=
i)
2 2
lg lg 2
lg
lg
2
x x
x
x
+
| |
=
|
\
k)
lg 7
lg 1
4
10
x
x
x
+
+
=
l)
3 9
1
log log 9 2
2
x
x x
| |
+ + =
|
\
m)
3 3
3 3
2log 1 log
7 1
x x
x x

+ =


Bai 6. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a) ( )
2
2 log 5 3log 5 1 0
x x
+ = b)
1/3 1/3
log 3 log 2 0 x x + =
c)
2
2 2
log 2log 2 0 x x + = d)
1 3
3 2log 3 2log ( 1)
x
x
+
+ = +
e)
( )
2 2
3
log 9 . log 4
x
x x = f) ( )
2
3 1/ 2 1/ 2
log log 3log 5 2 x x + =
g)
2 2 2
lg (100 ) lg (10 ) lg 6 x x x + = h)
2 2
2 2 2
9
log (2 ). log (16 ) log
2
x x x =
i)
3 3
log (9 9) log (28 2.3 )
x x
x + = + k)
1
2 2 2
log (4 4) log 2 log (2 3)
x x x+
+ = +
l)
3 3
2 2
log (25 1) 2 log (5 1)
x x + +
= + + m) lg(6.5 25.20 ) lg25
x x
x + = +
Bai 7. Giai cac bat phng trnh sau:
a)
2
0,5
log ( 5 6) 1 x x + > b)
7
2 6
log 0
2 1
x
x

>


c)
3 3
log log 3 0 x x < d)
1/3
2 3
log 1
x
x


e)
1/ 4 1/ 4
2
log (2 ) log
1
x
x
>
+
f)
2
1/3 4
log log ( 5) 0 x
(
>


g)
2
2
1/ 2
4
0
log ( 1)
x
x

<

h)
2
log ( 1)
0
1
x
x
+
>


i)
9
log log (3 9) 1
x
x
(
<

k)
2
2 3
log 1
x
x
+
<
l)
2
2
log ( 8 15)
2 1
x
x x

+ +
< m)
1/ 3 2
5
log
3
(0, 5) 1
x
x
+
+
>
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 103/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Bai 8. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2
( ) 1
4 1
5 125
x y
x y

+

b)
3 2 3
4 128
5 1
x y
x y
+

c)
2 2 12
5
x y
x y

+ =

+ =


d)
3.2 2.3 2, 75
2 3 0, 75
x x
x y

+ =

e)
7 16 0
4 49 0
x
x
y
y

f)
3
3 .2 972
log ( ) 2
x y
x y


g)
5
4 3.4 16
2 12 8
x y x
y y
x y

h)
2
/ 2
3 2 77
3 2 7
x y
x y

i)
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2 1
9 6
y x
x y
x y
x y

+ =

+ =


Bai 9. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
4 2
2 2
log log 0
5 4 0
x y
x y
=

+ =

b)
3
4
log ( ) 2
7
log log
6
x
x y
x y
=

c)
lg
2
20
y
x
xy


d)
2 2
2 4
log 2log 3
16
x y
x y
+ =

+ =

e)
3 3 3
1 1 2
15
log log 1 log 5
x y
x y

+ = +

f)
5
7
log 2 log
log 3
log
3
2
x
y
y
x
y
x


g)
2 2
lg( ) 1 lg13
lg( ) lg( ) 3lg2
x y
x y x y

+ =

+ =

h)
2 2
2
2
9
8
log log 3
x y
y x
x y

+ =

+ =

i)
( )
8
2 log log 5
y x
xy
x y
=

+ =


k)
2
1
2 2
2log 3 15
3 . log 2log 3
y
y y
x
x x
+

= +

l)
3 3
4 32
log ( ) 1 log ( )
x y
y x
x y x y
+

= +

m)
2
3 .2 576
log ( ) 4
x y
y x





Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 104/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
KIM TRA 1 TIT CHNG II

1
Cu 1: (3,0 im) Tm tp xc nh ca cc hm s sau:
a)
1
5 25
x
y =

b)
7
log ( 3) y x = + c) ( )
5
3 y x

=
Cu 2: (3,0 im)
a) Tnh o hm ca cc hm s sau:
i) ln 3
x
y e x = + ii)
2
2
log ( 1) y x x = + +
b) Tnh gi tr ca biu thc:
3
2
log2
1
A 10
4

| |
= +
|
\

Cu 3: (2,0 im) Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a) 5.25 26.5 5 0
x x
+ = b)
20 11
20 11
log log 1
x x
| || |
=
| |
\ \

Cu 4: (2,0 im)
a) Gii bt phng trnh:
( )
2 2 1
2 5 2 5 0
x
x x + +
+ .
b) Tm cc cp s thc ( ) ; x y sao cho:
2 2
1 3 1
16 16 0, 0625
x x y y + + +
+ = .

2

Cu 1 (2) Tnh gi tr ca biu thc sau: A =
9 2
1 log 4 2 log 3
(3 ) : (4 )
+

Cu 2 (2) Chng minh rng:
log log
log ( )
1 log
a a
ax
a
b x
bx
x
+
=
+

Cu 3 (2) Gii phng trnh v bt phng trnh:
a) log
2
x + log
2
(x-1) =1
b)
3
2
log
5 1
x
x
| |
|
\
<
Cu 4 (2) Cho hm s f(x) = ln 1
x
e + . Tnh f

(ln2)
Cu 5 (2) Gii h phng trnh:
2 200.5
1
x y
x y
=

+ =



3

Cu 1: a/(1) Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s
1
3
y x

=
b/ (1)Cho hm s
2
ln( 1) y x x = + + . Gii phng trnh y=1
Cu 2: (1,5) Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a/
2 4 16
log log log 7 x x x + + =
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 105/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
b/ 4.9
x
+12
x
-3.16
x
=0
Cu 3: (2,5)Gii cc BPT
a/ ( ) ( )
0,2 1
5
log 3x-5 log 1 x < +

( ) ( )
( )
2
3
/ log 1 log 2x-1 log 2
/ log 4 3.2 log 3
x x
b x
c

+ <


4

Cu 1: (3 im) Thc hin php tnh
a)
2
1
0,75 1 0
3
1
0, 027 256 3 0,1
6

| |
+ + +
|
\

b)
2
log 3
4 4
1 l og16 l og4
log log 2
8 l og64
| |
+
|
\


Cu 2: (2 im) Tnh o hm ca cc hm s sau
a)
2x
y xe

= b) ln y x x x = ( 0) x >
Cu 3: (2 im) Gii cc phng trnh
a)
2 3 3 7
7 11
11 7
x x
| | | |
=
| |
\ \
b)
2
2 4
2log 14log 3 0 x x + =
Cu 4: (2 im) Gii cc bt phng trnh:
a)
2
3 3 6 0
x x
b)
( ) ( )
2
0,1 0,1
log 2 log 3 x x x + > +
Cu 5: (1 im)
Tm gi tr ln nht v gi tr nh nht ca hm s ( )
2
( ) ln 1 2 f x x x = trn on [ ] 2; 0

5

Cu 1 : n gin v tnh gi tr biu thc : A =
1 1 4
3 3 3
2
3
2 (4 5 )
2
a a a
a

; vi a = 1.
Cu 2 : Gii cc phng trnh sau :
a) 3. 9
x
+ 12
x
= 2.16
x
b) log
2
3
x + log
9
x
4
2 = 0 .
Cu 3: Tm tp xc nh :
a) y = 25 5 2
x x
b) y = log (
1
3 2
x
x

) .

6

Cu 1. Tm tp xc nh ca hm s
( )
3
log 5 5
1
2
x
y =
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Cu 2. Rt gn biu thc sau:
1
1 log 25 log 2
9 27
3 2 M
+
= +
Cu 3. Tnh o hm ca hm s
2
ln
1
x
x
e
y
e
+
=
+

Cu 4. Tnh
3 5
1
log
72
bit
1
2
1
log
27
a =
Cu 5. Gii cc phng trnh sau
A. 9 2.3 3 0
x x
+ = B. ( ) ( )
2 2
log 1 log 3 1 5 x x + + =
C. 10 6 2.5 3.2
x x x
+ = + D.
log 9
.3 27
x
x =
E.
3 3
2 2 2 2 4 4
4 2 4 2
x x x x x x + + + + +
+ = +

7

Cu 1 (3 ). Rt gn cc biu thc sau:
a/
5 1
1
2 2
3 1 1
2 2
1
a a b b
A
a
b b

+ +
= +

b/
3 log
3 7
1
3
log 3 log 1
4
2 2 1211
2 B
+
= + +
Cu 2 (1 ). Cho log 7 .
2
a = Tnh log 2
28
theo a.
Cu 3 (6 ). Gii cc phng trnh sau
a/ 36 5.6 6 0
x x
= b/
( ) ( )
log 2 log 6 2
3 3
x x + + =
c/
2 2
2 2 4
9 3 5 1
x x x x + + +
= d/
2
log 81 log 9 1
3
x
x
=
8
Cu 1(3 ). Rt gn cc biu thc sau:
a/
5 1
1
2 2
3 1 1
2 2
1
a a b b
A
a
b b


= +
+
+
b/
2 log
2 5
1
2
log 2 log 1
4
3 3 2012
3 B
+
= + +
Cu 2( 1 ). Cho log 7 .
3
a = Tnh log 3
21
theo a.
Cu 3 (6). Gii cc phng trnh sau
a/ 49 6.7 7 0
x x
= b/
( ) ( )
log 7 log 1 3
3 3
x x + + + =
c/
2 2
1 2 2
25 5 5 1
x x x x + + +
= d/
3
log 9 log 27 0
3
x
x
=
9
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Cu 1 : (1) Cho , a b l nhng s thc dng. Rt gn biu thc :
1 9 1 3
4 4 2 2
1 5 1 1
4 4 2 2
a a b b
A
a a b b


=
+

Cu 2 : (2)
a) Tnh o hm ca hm s :
2
( 2 )
x
y x x e =
b) Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s
2
ln y x x = trn on
1
;1
2
(
(


Cu 3 : (6) Gii cc phng trnh v bt phng trnh sau :
a) 4.4 12.2 8 0
x x
+ = b) 3.4 2.6 9
x x x
= c)
4
4log 5log 4 1 0
x
x +
Cu 4 : Hc sinh chn mt trong hai cu a) hoc b)
a) (1) Cho + = a b c , vi > > 0, 0 a b . Chng minh rng : + <
m m m
a b c , nu >1 m .
b) (1) Gii phng trnh :
1 3
2
2
8
2 2
log ( 2 3)
x x
x x
+
+ =
+


10

Cu 1: (3,0 im) Tm tp xc nh ca cc hm s sau:
a)
1
3 1
x
y =

b)
3
log ( 7) y x = c)
( )
1
2 3 y x
+
= +
Cu 2: (2,5 im) Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a) 4 10.2 16 0
x x
+ = b)
( )
2
7 7 7
1
log 4 8 log 10 log 5
2
x x x x + =
Cu 3: (2,0 im)
a) Tnh o hm ca hm s: ( 1). ln 1
x
y x e x = + +
b) Tnh gi tr ca biu thc:
7
log 4
49
Cu 4: (2,5 im)
a) Gii bt phng trnh:
2 0,5
15
log log 4 2
16
x
(
| |

|
(
\


b) Gii phng trnh: ( ) ( ) ( )
2 3 4 5
log log 1 log 2 log 3 x x x x + + = + + +

11
Bi 1(2): Tnh gi tr biu thc:
8
2
3
0,75
1
5 3log 3 log 5
4
2
1 1
4 ; (0, 5)
81 32
A B

+

| | | |
= = +
| |
\ \

Bi 2(1): Tm tp xc nh ca hm s:
2
3
log ( 5 6) y x x = +

Bi 3(3): Gii cc phng trnh sau:
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a.
2 2
log ( 1) log ( 3) 3 x x + + + = ; b.
1
49 7 60
x x
=
Bi 4(3): Gii cc bt phng trnh sau:
a.
2
6
1
1 ;
2
x x +
| |
<
|
\
b.
3
2 3
log 1
1
x
x

+

Bi 5(1): Cho hm s
sinx
y e =
. Chng minh h thc
y'. osx '' .sinx 0 c y y =

12

Cu 1: (2) Rt gn biu thc A =
3 2
2 log 2 log 6
4 3
+
+
Cu 2: (1.5) Tnh o hm ca hm s sau ti x = :
sin
ln(7 )
x x
y e = +
Cu 3: (6.5) Gii cc phng trnh, bt phng trnh, h phng trnh sau:
a)
2
lg 1 lg lg 2
4 6 2.3 0
x x x + +
=
b)
2
3 3 3
log (4 59) 4.log 2 1 log (2 1)
x x
+ < + +
c)
2 3
9 3
2
3.log (9 ) log 3
2 3.2 4
x y
x y =

+ =




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CNG N TP HC K I
Ch 1: NG DNG O HM KHO ST V V TH HM S
1. Cc kin thc c bn cn nh
1. ng dng o hm cp mt xt tnh n iu ca hm s. Mi lin h gia s ng bin, nghch
bin ca mt hm s v du hm cp mt ca n.
2. Cc tr ca hm s. iu kin c cc tr. im cc i, im cc tiu, im cc tr ca hm
s. Cc iu kin c im cc tr ca hm s.
3. Gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s. Gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s trn mt
tp hp s.
4. ng tim cn ca th hm s. ng tim cn ng, ng tim cn ngang.
5. Kho st hm s. S tng giao ca hai th. Phng trnh tip tuyn ca th hm s. Cc
bc kho st v v th hm s (tm tp xc nh, xt chiu bin thin, tm cc tr, tm tim cn, lp
bng bin thin, v th).
2. Cc dng ton cn luyn tp
1. Xt s ng bin, nghch bin ca hm s trn mt khong da vo du o hm.
2. Tm im cc tr ca hm s.
3. Tm gi tr ln nht, gi tr nh nht ca hm s trn mt on, mt khong.
4. Tm ng tim cn ng, tim cn ngang ca th hm s.
5. Kho st v v th ca hm s

3 2
ax ( 0) y bx cx d a = + + +

4 2
( 0) y ax bx c a = + +
( 0, 0)
ax b
y ac ad bc
cx d
+
=
+
, trong a, b, c l cc s cho trc.
6. Dng th hm s bin lun s nghim ca mt phng trnh.
7. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th hm s ti mt im thuc th hm s.
8. Tm trn th nhng im c tnh cht cho trc(nh im c nh). Tng giao gia hai th
(mt trong hai th l ng thng);
MT S KIN THC TRNG TM CH 1.
I. n iu ca hm s.
Cho hs y = f(x) xc nh trn K (KR)
1) Nu f(x) 0 vi mi xK th hs ng bin trn K.
2) Nu f(x) 0 vi mi xK th hs nghch bin trn K.
Du = ch xy ra (vi c 2 trng hp trn) ti mt s hu hn im xK.
* Nhc li kin thc lp 10:
Cho tam thc bc hai g(x) = ax
2
+ bx + c (a 0) v bit thc = b
2
4ac
1)
0
g(x) 0, x R
a 0



>


2)
0
g(x) 0, x R
a 0



<


II. Cc tr ca hm s.
1) iu kin cn hs c cc tr:
Nu hs y = f(x) c o hm v t cc tr ti x
0
th f(x
0
) = 0 (ngc li khng ng)
2) iu kin (gi l du hiu) hs c cc tr: (dng tm cc tr ca hs)
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a) Du hiu I: o hm i du khi x i qua x
0
th x
0
l im cc tr
b) Du hiu II:
* Nu
0
0
f '(x ) 0
f "(x ) 0
=

>

th hs t cc tiu ti x
0

* Nu
0
0
f '(x ) 0
f "(x ) 0
=

<

th hs t cc i ti x
0

Ch : c 2 iu kin trn u l iu kin 1 chiu!
III. Qui tc tm GTLN v GTNN ca hs.
1) Nu bi ton yu cu tm GTLN v GTNN ca hs trn khong, hoc trn TX th ta lp BBT ri
KL.
2) Nu bi ton yu cu tm GTLN v GTNN ca hs trn on [ ] a; b th ta thc hin cc bc sau:
Bc 1: Khng nh trn on [ ] a; b , hs cho lin tc
Bc 2: Tm cc im x [ ] a; b m ti o hm khng xc nh, hoc l nghim ca o hm
Bc 3: Tnh gi tr ca hs ti cc im x ni trn bc 2, gi tr ca hs ti 2 u mt a, b ca [ ] a; b
So snh cc gi tr bc 3 ri KL.
Lu khi tm GTLN v GTNN ca hs trn on [ ] a; b th ta c th lp BBT ri KL cng c
IV. Tm cc ng tim cn ng, ngang ca th hs.
Tm TX ca hs, gi s hs y = f(x) c TX: D = ( ) ( ) , a b, + .
Ta tm cc gii hn ca hs khi x tin ti cc bin ca TX, y ta c 4 bin: ; +; tri a; phi
b. Vy ta tm c thy 4 gii hn ca hs khi x , x , x a , x b
+
+ . (lu phi tm tt c 4
gii hn)
Gi s
0
x
lim y y
+
= th KL th hs c 1 ng tim cn ngang y = y
0
( x tin ti v cng, y tin ti s)
Gi s
x a
lim y

= th KL th hs c 1 ng tim cn ng x = a (x tin ti s, y tin ti v cng)


V. Bi ton PT, BPT cha tham s c rng buc iu kin nghim.
Gi s hs y = f(x) lin tc trn on [ ] a; b v
[ ] a;b
Min y m = ,
[ ] a;b
Max y M = . k l s thc. Khi :
1) PT f(x) = k c nghim thuc [ ] a; b m k M
2) BPT f(x) k c nghim thuc [ ] a; b k M
3) BPT f(x) k nghim ng x [ ] a; b k m
4) BPT f(x) k c nghim thuc [ ] a; b k m
5) BPT f(x) k nghim ng x [ ] a; b k M
BI TP
I. NG BIN V NGHCH BIN
1. Cho hm s
3 1
1
x
y
x
+
=

c th ( ) C . CMR hm s ng bin trn khong xc nh.


2. Tm cc khong ng bin, nghch bin ca hm s
2
2 y x x = .
3. CMR hm s
2
2 y x x = ng bin trn khong ( ) 0;1 v nghch bin trn khong ( ) 1; 2 .
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4. Tm cc khong ng bin, nghch bin ca hm s
2
2 y x x = .
5. Cho hm s y=x
3
-3(2m+1)x
2
+(12m+5)x+2. Tm m hm s lun ng bin.
6. Cho hm s y=mx
3
-(2m-1)x
2
+(m-2)x-2. Tm m hm s lun ng bin.
7. Chng minh rng vi x > 0, ta c:
3
sin
6
x
x x <
8. Cho hm s ( ) 2sin tan 3 f x x x x = +
a. CMR hm s ng bin trn 0;
2
|
|



b. CMR 2sin tan 3 , 0;
2
x x x x
|
+ >
|




II. CC TR
Cu 1: Chng minh hm s ( )
3 2
1
2 3 9
3
y x mx m x = + + lun c cc tr vi mi gi tr ca tham s m.
Cu 2: Xc nh tham s m hm s
( )
3 2 2
3 1 2 y x mx m x = + + t cc i ti im 2 x = .
Cu 3: Tm m hm s ( )
4 2
2 2 5 y mx m x m = + + c mt cc i ti
1
2
x = .
Cu 4: Tnh gi tr cc tr ca hm s
3 2
2 1 y x x x x = + . Vit phng trnh ng thng i qua 2 im cc tr.

Cu 5: Tm m hm s ( )
3 2
2 3 5 y m x x mx = + + + c cc i, cc tiu.
III. GI TR LN NHT V GI TR NH NHT
1. Tm GTNN, GTLN ca hm s: ( )
2
2 4 y x x = +
2. Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s
2
3 10 y x x = + .
3. Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s ( ) 4 y x x = .
4. Tm GTLN v GTNN ca hm s ( )
4 2
2 1 f x x x = + trn on
[ ] 0; 2 .
5. Tm GTLN v GTNN ca hm s ( ) 2 osx f x x c = + trn on 0;
2
(
(

.
6. Tm GTLN, GTNN ca hm s: ( )
9
f x x
x
= + trn on [ ] 2; 4
7. Tm GTLN v GTNN ca hm s ( )
4
1
2
f x x
x
= +
+
trn on [ ] 1; 2 .
8. Tm GTLN v GTNN ca hm s ( )
3 2
2 6 1 f x x x = + trn on
[ ] 1;1 .
9. Tm GTLN v GTNN ca hm s ( )
2 1
3
x
f x
x

trn on [ ] 0; 2 .
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IV. TIM CN
Tm cc tim cn ng v ngang ca th mi hm s sau:
a)
2 1
2
x
y
x

=
+
b)
( )
2
2
2
1
x x
y
x

=

c)
2
2
3
4
x x
y
x
+
=

d)
2
2
4 3
x
y
x x

=
+

e)
2
1
3
x
y
x
+
=
+
f)
2
5
3
x
y
x

=
+
g)
2
2 4
3
x x
y
x
+
=

h)
2
5
2
x
y
x
+
=



IV. KHO ST V V TH
Cu 1: Cho hm s
3
3 2 ( ) y x x C =
1. Kho st v v th hm s (C).
2. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti ( ) 2; 4
o
M
3. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) bit tip tuyn song song vi ng thng
24 2008 ( ) y x d = + .
4. Vit phng trnh tt vi (C) bit tip tuyn vung gc vi ng thng:
1
2008 ( ')
3
y x d =
5. Vit phng trnh tt vi (C) ti giao im ca th vi trc tung.
6. Bin lun s nghim ca phng trnh:
3
3 6 3 0 x x m + = theo m
7. Bin lun s nghim ca phng trnh:
3
| 3 2 | x x m = theo m
Cu 2: Cho hm s
4 2
1 5
2 ( )
2 2
y x x C = +
1. Kho st v v th hm s (C).
2. Vit pt tt vi th (C) ti im
5
2;
2
M
| |
|
\

3. Bin lun s nghim ca pt:
4 2
1 5
2 0
2 2
m
x x

+ =
Cu 3:1. Kho st v v th ( ) C ca hm s
3 2
3 y x x = + .
2. Da vo th ( ) C , bin lun theo m s nghim ca phng trnh:
3 2
3 0 x x m + =
Cu 4: Cho hm s
3 2
2 3 1 y x x = + .
1. Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s.
2. Bin lun theo m s nghim thc ca phng trnh
3 2
2 3 1 x x m + =
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Cu 5: Cho hm s
4 2
2 3 y x x = + + c th ( ) C
1. Kho st hm s
2. Da vo ( ) C , tm m phng trnh:
4 2
2 0 x x m + = c 4 nghim phn bit.
Cu 6: Cho hm s
4 2
2 1 y x x = + , gi th ca hm s l ( ) C .
1. Kho st s bin thin v v th hm s.
2. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th ( ) C ti im cc i ca ( ) C .
Cu 7: Cho hm s:
3
1
3
4
y x x = c th ( ) C
1. Kho st hm s
2. Cho im ( ) M C c honh l 2 3 x = . Vit phng trnh ng thng d i qua M v l tip
tuyn ca ( ) C .
Cu 8: Cho hm s
3 2 3
3 4 y x mx m = + c th ( )
m
C , m l tham s.
1. Kho st v v ( )
1
C ca hm s khi m=1.
2. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca th ( )
1
C ti im c honh 1 x = .
Cu 9:
1. Kho st v v th ( ) C ca hm s
3 2
6 9 . y x x x = +
2. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ti im un ca th ( ) C .
3. Vi gi tr no ca tham s m, ng thng
2
y x m m = + i qua trung im ca on thng
ni hai im cc i v cc tiu ca th ( ) C .
Cu 11: (H -KA 2002) ( C )
3 2 2 3 2
3 3(1 ) y x mx m x m m = + + +
a-kho st v v th hm s ( C ) khi m =1.
b- Tm k pt :
3 2 3
3 0 x x k + + = C 3 nghim phn bit .
Cu 12: Cho hs : ( C )
3
3 2 y x x = +
a.Kho st v v th hm s ( C ) .
b.Vit PTTT ( C) qua A ( -2;0)
c. Bin lun SNPT : x
3
- 3x+3 + 2m=0

Cu 13: Cho (C) : y = f(x) = x
4
- 2x
2
.
a) Kho st v v th hm s (C).
b) Tm f(x). Gii bt phng trnh f(x) > 0.
c) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca (C) :
1. Ti im c honh bng 2 .
2. Ti im c tung bng 3.
3. Bit tip tuyn song song vi d
1
: y = 24x+2007
4. Bit tip tuyn vung gc vi d
2
: y = 10 x
24
1
.
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Cu 14: Cho hs : ( C )
2 4
1
x
y
x
+
=
+

a-KS-( C ) .
b-CMR: thng y =2x+m ct th ( C ) ti 2 im phn bit A; B vi mi m . Xc nh m AB ngn
nht.
Cu 15: - Cho hs : ( C )
2
1
x
y
x
+
=
+

a-KSHS.
b-Tm m th y= mx+m+3 ct th (C) ti hai im phn bit.
c- Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti giao im ca th hm s vi trc tung.
d- Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) ti giao im ca th hm s vi trc honh.
e- Tm trn (C) cc im c ta nguyn
Cu 16: Cho HS ( C ) y = x
3
- 6x
2
+9x-1
a- Kho st v v th hm s trn.
b- (d) qua A(2;1) c h s gc m. Tm m (d) ct (C) ti 3 im phn bit .
Cu 17: Cho hm s
4 2
2 1 y x x = + , gi th l (C).
a) Kho st v v th ca hm s.
b) Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th (C) ti im cc i ca (C).
Cu 18: Cho hm s
2 1
( )
1
x
y C
x
+
=
+

a. Kho st v v th hm s.
b. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) bit tt song song vi ng thng y = 4x -2.
c. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi (C) bit tt vung gc vi ng phn gic gc phn t th
nht.
Cu 19: Cho hm s
3
3 ( ) y x x C =
a. Kho st v v th (C).
b. Tm k ng thng 2 y kx k = + + tip xc vi (C).
Cu 20: (H KB 2008) Cho hm s
3 2
4 6 1 ( ) y x x C = +
a. Kho st v v th (C).
b. Vit pttt bit tip tuyn i qua im M(-1; -9).
Ch 2 HM LU THA , HM S M V HM S LOGARIT
MT S KIN THC TRNG TM CH 2.
1. Lu tha:

0
1
1 (a 0); (a 0); (a>0)
m
n n m
n
n
a a a a
a

= = =
* Quy tc tnh:
.
m n m n
a a a
+
= ;
( )
n
m mn
a a = ;
n
n
n
a a
b b
| |
=
|
\
;
m
m n
n
a
a
a

= ; ( ) .
n
n n
ab a b =
* Quy tc so snh: + Vi a > 1 th
m n
a a m n > >
+ Vi 0 < a < 1 th
m n
a a m n > <
2. Cn bc n
. .
n n n
a b a b = ;
n
n
n
a a
b b
=
( )
p
n p n
a a =
m n mn
a a =
3. Hm s ly tha
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Hm s ly tha l hs dng y = x

, vi l s thc ty
* Nu nguyn dng th hm s xc nh vi mi x.
* Nu nguyn m th hm s xc nh vi mi x 0
* Nu khng nguyn th hm s xc nh vi mi x>0
4. Lgarit
* log
a
b a b

= =
*
log
log 1 0; log 1; log ;
a
b b
a a a
a a b a b = = = =
* Tnh cht so snh:
+ Vi a > 0 th: log log
a a
b c b c > >
+ Vi 0 < a <1 th: log log
a a
b c b c > <
+ log log
a a
b c b c = =
* Quy tc tnh:
( ) log . log log
a a a
b c b c = + log log log
a a a
b
b c
c
=
log log
a a
b b

=
1
log log
a
a
b b

=
1
log log
n
a a
b b
n
=
* Cng thc i c s:

log
log
log
a
b
a
c
c
b
= hay log .log log
a b a
b c c =

1
log
log
a
b
b
a
= hay log .log 1
a b
b a = ;
log log
b b
c a
a c =
* Ch : Lgarit thp phn (c s 10) k hiu l: logx hoc lgx
Lgarit c s e k hiu l: lnx
5. Bng o hm cn nh:
o hm ca hm s s cp thng gp o hm ca hm s hp u = u(x)
( )
1
' . x x


=
( )
1
' . . ' u u u


=
,
2
1 1
x x
| |
=
|
\

'
2
1 ' u
u u
| |
=
|
\

( )
'
1
2
x
x
=
( )
'
'
2
u
u
u
=
( )
'
1
1
.
n
n n
x
n x

=
( )
'
1
'
.
n
n n
u
u
n u

=
( )
'
sin cos x x = ( )
'
sin '.cos u u u =
( )
'
cos sin x x = ( )
'
cos '.sin u u u =
( )
'
2
1
tan
cos
x
x
= = 1 + tan
2
x
( )
'
2
'
tan
cos
u
u
u
=
( )
'
2
1
cot
sin
x
x
= = - (1 + cot
2
x) ( )
'
2
'
cot
sin
u
u
u
=
( )
'
x x
e e =
( )
'
'.
u u
e u e =
( )
'
.ln
x x
a a a =
( )
'
'. .ln
u u
a u a a =
( )
' 1
ln x
x
= ( )
' '
ln
u
u
u
=
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 116/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk

( )
' 1
log
.ln
a
x
x a
= ( )
' '
log
.ln
a
u
u
u a
=

BI TP
1. LU THA
Vn 1: Tnh Gi tr biu thc
Bi 1: Tnh a) A =
1
5 1 3 7 1 1
2
3 3 2 4 4 2
3 5 : 2 : 16: (5 .2 .3

( (
( (

b)
1 2 2 3 3
1 4 5 2
(0, 25) ( ) 25 ( ) : ( ) : ( )
4 3 4 3

(
+
(


Bi 2: a) Cho a =
1
(2 3)

+ v b =
1
(2 3)

. Tnh A= (a +1)
-1
+ (b + 1)
-1
b) cho a = 4 10 2 5 + + v b = 4 10 2 5 + . Tnh A= a + b
Bi 3: Tnh
a) A =
5 3
2 2 2 b) B =
3 3
2 3 2
3 2 3
c) C =
3
3 9 27 3
Vn 2: n gin mt biu thc
Bi 4: Gin c biu thc sau
a) A =
4
( 5) a b) B =
4 2
81a b vi b 0 c) C =
3 3
25 5
( ) a (a > 0)
d) E =
2
1 1 1
2 2 2
1 1 1
2 2 2
( )
2
( )
x y x y x y
xy
x y x y

| |
+ +
|

|
|
+ +
\
vi x > 0, y > 0
e ) F =
2
2
2 1
1
a x
x x

+
vi x =
1
2
a b
b a
| |
+
|
|
\
v a > 0 , b > 0
f) G =
a x a x
a x a x
+
+ +
Vi x =
2
2
1
ab
b +
v a > 0 , b > 0
g) J =
2
1 1
1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2
4 9 4 3
2 3
a a a a
a a a a

(
+
(
+
(

vi 0 < a 1, 3/2
h)
3 3 3 3
a b a b
a b a b
+

+
i)
1
4
4
3 1
4 2
1
. . 1
1
a a a
a
a
a a
+
+
+
+

j)
( ) ( )
5
2 2
4 4 4 4
3 3
. .
a b a b
a a a
a ab
(
+ +
(
(
+
(

k)
( )
2 3 3
3 3 2 2
2
2
3
.
:
x x y x y
x x y y
x xy


Vn 3: Chng minh mt ng thc
Bi 5 chng minh : 2 1 2 1 2 x x x x + + = vi 1 x 2
Bi 6 chng minh :
3 3 3 3 2 4 2 2 2 4 2 2 3
( ) a a b b a b a b + + = +
Bi 7: chng minh:
2
3 3 1 1
1
2 2 2 2
2
1 1
2 2
( ) 1
x a x a
ax
x a
x a
( | |

| (
+ =
| (

|

(
\
vi 0 < a < x
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 117/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk

Bi 8 chng minh:
1
4 3 3 4 2 2
2
1
2 2 1
3 ( )
( ) : ( ) 1
2 ( )
x x y xy y y x y
x y x y
x xy y x x y

| | + + +
+ + + =
|
+ +
\

Vi x > 0 , y > 0, x y , x - y
Bi 9: Chng minh rng
3 3
9 80 9 80 3 + + =
2. LOGARIT
Vn 1: cc php tnh c bn ca logarit
Bi 10 Tnh logarit ca mt s
A = log
2
4 B= log
1/4
4 C =
5
1
log
25
D = log
27
9
E =
4
4
log 8 F =
3
1
3
log 9 G =
3
1
5
2
4
log
2 8
| |
|
|
\
H=
1
3
27
3 3
log
3
| |
|
|
\

I =
3
16
log (2 2) J=
2
0,5
log (4) K =
3
log
a
a L =
5 2 3
1
log ( )
a
a a
Bi 11 : Tnh lu tha ca logarit ca mt s
A =
2
log 3
4 B =
9
log 3
27 C =
3
log 2
9 D =
3
2
2log 5
3
2
| |
|
\

E =
2
1
log 10
2
8 F =
2
1 log 70
2
+
G =
8
3 4log 3
2

H =
3 3
log 2 3log 5
9
+

I =
log 1
(2 )
a
a J =
3 3
log 2 3log 5
27


Vn 2: Rt gn biu thc
Bi 12: Rt gn biu thc
A =
4
3
log 8log 81 B =
1
5
3
log 25log 9 C =
3
2 25
1
log log 2
5

D =
3 8 6
log 6log 9log 2 E =
3 4 5 6 8
log 2.log 3.log 4.log 5.log 7 F =
2
4
log 30
log 30

G =
5
625
log 3
log 3
H =
2 2
96 12
log 24 log 192
log 2 log 2
I =
1 9
3
3
log 7 2log 49 log 27 +
Vn 3: Chng minh ng thc logarit
Bai 13: Chng minh ( gi s cc biu thc sau cho c ngha)
a)
log log
log ( )
1 log
a a
ax
a
b x
bx
x
+
=
+
b)
1 2 .
1 1 1 ( 1)
...
log log log 2log
n
a
a a a
n n
x x x x
+
+ + + =
c) cho x, y > 0 v x
2
+ 4y
2
= 12xy
Chng minh: lg(x+2y) 2 lg2 = (lgx + lg y) / 2
d) cho 0 < a 1, x > 0
Chng minh: log
a
x .
2
2
1
log (log )
2
a
a
x x =
T gii phng trnh log
3
x.log
9
x = 2
e) cho a, b > 0 v a
2
+ b
2
= 7ab chng minh:
2 2 2
1
log (log log )
3 2
a b
a b
+
= +

3. HM S M HM S LOGARIT
Vn 1: tm tp xc nh ca hm s
Bi 14: tm tp xc nh ca cc hm s sau
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 118/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk

a) y =
2
3
log
10 x
b) y = log
3
(2 x)
2
c) y =
2
1
log
1
x
x

+

d) y = log
3
|x 2| e)y =
5
2 3
log ( 2)
x
x

f) y =
1 2
2
log
1
x
x

g) y =
2
1
2
log 4 5 x x + h) y =
2
1
log 1 x
i) y= lg( x
2
+3x +2)
Vn 2: Tm o hm cc hm s
Bi 15: tnh o hm ca cc hm s m
a) y = x.e
x
b) y = x
7
.e
x
c) y = (x 3)e
x
d) y = e
x
.sin3x
e) y = (2x
2
-3x 4)e
x
f) y = sin(e
x
) g) y = cos(
2
2 1 x x
e
+
) h) y = 4
4x 1

i) y = 3
2x + 5
. e
-x
+
1
3
x
j) y= 2
x
e
x -1
+ 5
x
.sin2x k) y =
2
1
4
x
x

Bi 16 . Tm o hm ca cc hm s logarit
a) y = x.lnx b) y = x
2
lnx -
2
2
x
c) ln(
2
1 x x + + ) d) y = log
3
(x
2
- 1)
e) y = ln
2
(2x 1) f) y = x.sinx.lnx g) y = lnx.lgx lna.log
a
(x
2
+ 2x + 3)

4. PHNG TRNH M V PHNG TRNH LOGARIT
Vn 1: Phng trnh m
Dng 1. a v cng c s
Bi 17 : Gii c phng trnh sau
a)
4 3
2 4
x
= b)
2
5
6
2
2 16 2
x x
= c)
2
2 3 3 5
3 9
x x x +
=
d)
2
8 1 3
2 4
x x x +
= e) 5
2x + 1
3. 5
2x -1
= 110 f)
5 17
7 3
1
32 128
4
x x
x x
+ +

=
f) 2
x

+ 2
x -1
+ 2
x 2
= 3
x
3
x 1
+ 3
x - 2
g) (1,25)
1 x
=
2(1 )
(0, 64)
x +

Dng 2. t n ph
Bi 18 : Gii cc phng trnh
a) 2
2x + 5
+ 2
2x + 3
= 12 b) 9
2x +4
- 4.3
2x + 5
+ 27 = 0
c) 5
2x + 4
110.5
x + 1
75 = 0 d)
1
5 2 8
2 0
2 5 5
x x+
| | | |
+ =
| |
\ \

e)
3
5 5 20
x x
= f)
( ) ( )
4 15 4 15 2
x x
+ + =
g)
( ) ( )
5 2 6 5 2 6 10
x x
+ + =
2 1
) 3 9.3 6 0
x x
h
+
+ = (TN 2008)
i)
1
7 2.7 9 0
x x
+ = (TN 2007) j)
2 2
2 9.2 2 0
x x +
+ = (TN 2006)
Dng 3. Logarit h
Bi 19 Gii cc phng trnh
a) 2
x - 2
= 3 b) 3
x + 1
= 5
x 2
c) 3
x 3
=
2
7 12
5
x x +

d)
2
2 5 6
2 5
x x x +
= e)
1
5 .8 500
x
x
x

= f) 5
2x + 1
- 7
x + 1
= 5
2x
+ 7
x

Dng 4. s dng tnh n iu
Bi 20: gii cc phng trnh
a) 3
x
+ 4
x
= 5
x
b) 3
x
12
x
= 4
x
c) 1 + 3
x/2
= 2
x
Vn 2: Phng trnh logarit

Dng 1. a v cng c s
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 119/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk

Bi 21: gii cc phng trnh
a) log
4
(x + 2) log
4
(x -2) = 2 log
4
6 b) lg(x + 1) lg( 1 x) = lg(2x + 3)
c) log
4
x + log
2
x + 2log
16
x = 5 d) log
4
(x +3) log
4
(x
2
1) = 0
e) log
3
x = log
9
(4x + 5) + f) log
4
x.log
3
x = log
2
x + log
3
x 2
g) log
2
(9
x 2
+7) 2 = log
2
( 3
x 2
+ 1) h) ( ) ( )
3 3 3
log 2 log 2 log 5 x x + + = (TN L2 2008)
Dng 2. t n ph
Bi 22: gii phng trnh
a)
1 2
1
4 ln 2 ln x x
+ =
+
b) log
x
2 + log
2
x = 5/2
c) log
x + 1
7 + log
9x
7 = 0 d) log
2
x +
2
10log 6 9 x + =
e) log
1/3
x + 5/2 = log
x
3 f) 3log
x
16 4 log
16
x = 2log
2
x
g)
2
2 1
2
2
log 3log log 2 x x x + + = h)
2
2
lg 16 l g 64 3
x
x
o + =
Dng 3 m ha
Bi 23: gii cc phng trnh
a) 2 x + 3log
5
2 = log
5
(3
x
5
2 - x
) b) log
3
(3
x
8) = 2 x

5. BT PHNG TRNH M V BT PHNG TRNH LOGARIT
Vn 1: Bt Phng trnh m
Bi 24: Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) 16
x 4
8 b)
2 5
1
9
3
x+
| |
<
|
\
c)
6
2
9 3
x
x+

d)
2
6
4 1
x x +
> e)
2
4 15 4
3 4
1
2 2
2
x x
x
+

| |
<
|
\
f) 5
2x
+ 2 > 3. 5
x

Bi 25: Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) 2
2x + 6
+ 2
x + 7
> 17 b) 5
2x 3
2.5
x -2
3 c)
1 1
1 2
4 2 3
x x

> +
d) 5.4
x

+2.25
x
7.10
x
e) 2. 16
x
2
4x
4
2x 2
15 f) 4
x +1
-16
x
2log
4
8
g) 9.4
-1/x
+ 5.6
-1/x
< 4.9
-1/x

Bi 26: Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) 3
x +1
> 5 b) (1/2)
2x - 3
3 c) 5
x
3
x+1
> 2(5
x -1
- 3
x 2
)
Vn 2: Bt Phng trnh logarit
Bi 27: Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) log
4
(x + 7) > log
4
(1 x) b) log
2
( x + 5) log
2
(3 2x) 4
c) log
2
( x
2
4x 5) < 4 d) log
1/2
(log
3
x) 0
e) 2log
8
( x- 2) log
8
( x- 3) > 2/3 f) log
2x
(x
2
-5x + 6) < 1 g)
1
3
3 1
log 1
2
x
x

>
+

Bi 28: Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) log
2
2
+ log
2
x 0 b) log
1/3
x > log
x
3 5/2
c) log
2
x + log
2x
8 4 d)
1 1
1
1 log log x x
+ >


e)
16
2
1
log 2.log 2
log 6
x x
x
>

f)
4 1
4
3 1 3
log (3 1).log ( )
16 4
x
x


Bi 29. Gii cc bt phng trnh
a) log
3
(x + 2) 2 x b) log
5
(2
x
+ 1) < 5 2x
c) log
2(
5 x) > x + 1 d) log
2
(2
x
+ 1) + log
3
(4
x
+ 2) 2

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 120/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12



1. Khai niem nguyen ham
Cho ham so f xac nh tren K. Ham so F gl nguyen ham cua f tren K neu:
'( ) ( ) F x f x = , x K
Neu F(x) la mot nguyen ham cua f(x) tren K th ho nguyen ham cua f(x) tren K la:
( ) ( ) f x dx F x C = +

, C R.
Moi ham so f(x) lien tuc tren K eu co nguyen ham tren K.
2. Tnh chat
'( ) ( ) f x dx f x C = +

[ ] ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) f x g x dx f x dx g x dx =


( ) ( ) ( 0) kf x dx k f x dx k =


3. Nguyen ham cua mot so ham so thng gap

4. Phng phap tnh nguyen ham
a) Phng phap oi bien so
Neu ( ) ( ) f u du F u C = +

va ( ) u u x = co ao ham lien tuc th:


[ ] [ ] ( ) . '( ) ( ) f u x u x dx F u x C = +


b) Phng phap tnh nguyen ham tng phan
Neu u, v la hai ham so co ao ham lien tuc tren K th:
udv uv vdu =


VAN E 1: Tnh nguyen ham bang cach s dung bang nguyen ham
Bien oi bieu thc ham so e s dung c bang cac nguyen ham c ban.
Chu y: e s dung phng phap nay ca n phai:
Nam vng ba ng cac nguyen ham.
CHNG III
NGUYEN HAM, TCH PHAN VA NG DUNG
I. NGUYEN HAM
0dx C =


dx x C = +



1
, ( 1)
1
x
x dx C
+
= +
+



1
ln dx x C
x
= +



x x
e dx e C = +


(0 1)
ln
x
x
a
a dx C a
a
= + <


cos sin xdx x C = +


sin cos xdx x C = +



2
1
tan
cos
dx x C
x
= +



2
1
cot
sin
dx x C
x
= +



1
cos( ) sin( ) ( 0) ax b dx ax b C a
a
+ = + +



1
sin( ) cos( ) ( 0) ax b dx ax b C a
a
+ = + +



1
, ( 0)
ax b ax b
e dx e C a
a
+ +
= +



1 1
ln dx ax b C
ax b a
= + +
+



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 121/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Nam vng phep tnh vi phan.
Bai 1. Tm nguyen ham cua cac ham so sau:
a)
2
1
( ) 3 f x x x
x
= + b)
4
2
2 3
( )
x
f x
x
+
= c)
2
1
( )
x
f x
x

=
d)
2 2
2
( 1)
( )
x
f x
x

= e)
3 4
( ) f x x x x = + + f)
3
1 2
( ) f x
x x
=
g)
2
( ) 2sin
2
x
f x = h)
2
( ) tan f x x = i)
2
( ) cos f x x =
k)
2 2
1
( )
sin . cos
f x
x x
= l)
2 2
cos2
( )
sin . cos
x
f x
x x
= m) ( ) 2sin3 cos2 f x x x =
n)
( )
( ) 1
x x
f x e e = o)
2
( ) 2
cos
x
x
e
f x e
x

| |
= + |
|
\
p)
3 1
( )
x
f x e
+
=
Bai 2. Tm nguyen ham F(x) cua ham so f(x) thoa ieu kien cho trc:
a)
3
( ) 4 5; (1) 3 f x x x F = + = b) ( ) 3 5cos ; ( ) 2 f x x F = =
c)
2
3 5
( ) ; ( ) 1
x
f x F e
x

= = d)
2
1 3
( ) ; (1)
2
x
f x F
x
+
= =
e)
3
2
1
( )= ; ( 2) 0
x
f x F
x

= f)
1
( ) ; (1) 2 f x x x F
x
= + =
g) ( ) sin2 . cos ; ' 0
3
f x x x F
| |
= =
|
\

h)
4 3
2
3 2 5
( ) ; (1) 2
x x
f x F
x
+
= =
i)
3 3
2
3 3 7
( ) ; (0) 8
( 1)
x x x
f x F
x
+ +
= =
+
k)
2
( ) sin ;
2 2 4
x
f x F
| |
== =
|
\


Bai 3. Cho ham so g(x). Tm nguyen ham F(x) cua ham so f(x) thoa ieu kien cho trc:
a)
2
( ) cos ; ( ) sin ; 3
2
g x x x x f x x x F
| |
= + = =
|
\


b)
2
( ) sin ; ( ) cos ; ( ) 0 g x x x x f x x x F = + = =
c)
2
( ) ln ; ( ) ln ; (2) 2 g x x x x f x x F = + = =
Bai 4. Chng minh F(x) la mot nguyen ham cua ham so f(x):
a)
( ) (4 5)
( ) (4 1)
x
x
F x x e
f x x e

b)
4
5 3
( ) tan 3 5
( ) 4tan 4tan 3
F x x x
f x x x

= +

= + +


c)
2
2
2 2
4
( ) ln
3
2
( )
( 4)( 3)
x
F x
x
x
f x
x x
| |
+
= |
|

+ \

+ +

d)
2
2
2
4
2 1
( ) ln
2 1
2 2( 1)
( )
1
x x
F x
x x
x
f x
x

+
=

+ +

+


Bai 5. Tm ieu kien e F(x) la mot nguyen ham cua ham so f(x):
a)
3 2
2
( ) (3 2) 4 3
. .
( ) 3 10 4
F x mx m x x
Tm m
f x x x

= + + +

= +

b)
2
2
( ) ln 5
. .
2 3
( )
3 5
F x x mx
Tm m
x
f x
x x

= +

+
=

+ +

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 122/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
c)
2 2
2
( ) ( ) 4
. , , .
( ) ( 2) 4
F x ax bx c x x
Tm a b c
f x x x x

= + +

d)
2
( ) ( )
. , , .
( ) ( 3)
x
x
F x ax bx c e
Tm a b c
f x x e

= + +


e)
2 2
2 2
( ) ( )
. , , .
( ) (2 8 7)
x
x
F x ax bx c e
Tm a b c
f x x x e

= + +

= +

f)
2
2
( ) ( )
. , , .
( ) ( 3 2)
x
x
F x ax bx c e
Tm a b c
f x x x e

= + +

= +


g)
( ) ( 1)sin sin2 sin3
. , , .
2 3
( ) cos
b c
F x a x x x
Tm a b c
f x x

= + + +


h)
2
2
( ) ( ) 2 3
. , , .
20 30 7
( )
2 3
F x ax bx c x
Tm a b c
x x
f x
x

= + +

+
=



VAN E 2: Tnh nguyen ham ( ) f x dx

bang phng phap oi bien so


Dang 1: Neu f(x) co da ng: f(x) = [ ] ( ) . '( ) g u x u x th ta at ( ) '( ) t u x dt u x dx = = .
Khi o: ( ) f x dx

= ( ) g t dt

, trong o ( ) g t dt

de dang tm c.
Chu y: Sau khi tnh ( ) g t dt

theo t, ta phai thay lai t = u(x).


Dang 2: Thng gap cac trng hp sau:


Bai 1. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau (oi bien so da ng 1):
a) (5 1) x dx

b)
5
(3 2 )
dx
x

c) 5 2xdx


d)
2 7
(2 1) x xdx +

e)
3 4 2
( 5) x x dx +

f)
2
5
x
dx
x +


g)
2
1. x xdx +

h)
2
3
3
5 2
x
dx
x +

i)
2
(1 )
dx
x x +


k)
4
sin cos x xdx

l)
5
sin
cos
x
dx
x

m)
2
tan
cos
xdx
x


n)
3
x
x
e dx
e

o)
2
1
.
x
x e dx
+

p)
x
e
dx
x


q)
3
ln x
dx
x

r)
1
x
dx
e +

s)
tan
2
cos
x
e
dx
x


Bai 2. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau (oi bien so da ng 2):
f(x) co cha Cach oi bien
2 2
a x
sin ,
2 2
x a t t =


hoac cos , 0 x a t t =
2 2
a x +
tan ,
2 2
x a t t = < <


hoac cot , 0 x a t t = < <

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 123/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
a)
2 3
(1 )
dx
x

b)
2 3
(1 )
dx
x +

c)
2
1 . x dx


d)
2
4
dx
x

e)
2 2
1 . x x dx

f)
2
1
dx
x +


g)
2
2
1
x dx
x

h)
2
1
dx
x x + +

i)
3 2
1. x x dx +



VAN E 3: Tnh nguyen ham bang phng phap tnh nguyen ham tng phan
Vi P(x) la a thc cua x, ta thng gap cac da ng sau:


Bai 1. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a) .sin x xdx

b) cos x xdx

c)
2
( 5)sin x xdx +


d)
2
( 2 3) cos x x xdx + +

e) sin2 x xdx

f) cos2 x xdx


g) .
x
x e dx

h)
2
3 x
x e dx

i) ln xdx


k) ln x xdx

l)
2
ln xdx

m)
2
ln( 1) x dx +


n)
2
tan x xdx

o)
2 2
cos x xdx

p)
2
cos2 x xdx


q)
2
ln(1 ) x x dx +

r) .2
x
x dx

s) lg x xdx


Bai 2. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a)
x
e dx

b)
ln xdx
x

c) sin x dx


d) cos x dx

e) .sin x x dx

f)
3
sin xdx


g)
ln(ln ) x
dx
x

h) sin(ln ) x dx

i) cos(ln ) x dx


Bai 3. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a) . cos
x
e xdx

b)
2
(1 tan tan )
x
e x x dx + +

c) .sin2
x
e xdx


d)
2
ln(cos )
cos
x
dx
x

e)
2
ln(1 ) x
dx
x
+

f)
2
cos
x
dx
x


g)
( )
2
2
ln 1
1
x x x
dx
x
+ +
+

h)
3
2
1
x
dx
x +

i)
2
ln x
dx
x
| |
|
\




VAN E 4: Tnh nguyen ham bang phng phap dung nguyen ham phu
e xac nh nguyen ham cua ham so f(x), ta can tm mot ham g(x) sao cho nguyen ham cua
cac ham so f(x) g(x) de xac nh hn so vi f(x). T o suy ra nguye n ha m cua f(x).

( ).
x
P x e dx


( ). cos P x xdx

( ).sin P x xdx

( ). ln P x xdx


u P(x) P(x) P(x) lnx
dv
x
e dx
cos xdx sin xdx P(x)

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 124/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Bc 1: Tm ham g(x).
Bc 2: Xac nh nguyen ham cua cac ham so f(x) g(x), tc la:

1
2
( ) ( ) ( )
(*)
( ) ( ) ( )
F x G x A x C
F x G x B x C
+ = +

= +


Bc 3: T he (*), ta suy ra [ ]
1
( ) ( ) ( )
2
F x A x B x C = + + la nguyen ham cua f(x).

Bai 1. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a)
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x

b)
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x

c)
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +


d)
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

e)
4
4 4
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

f)
4
4 4
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x +


g)
2
2sin .sin2 x xdx

h)
2
2cos .sin2 x xdx

i)
x
x x
e
dx
e e


k)
x
x x
e
dx
e e

l)
x
x x
e
dx
e e

m)
x
x x
e
dx
e e



VAN E 5: Tnh nguyen ham cua mot so ham so thng gap
1. f(x) la ham hu t:
( )
( )
( )
P x
f x
Q x
=
Neu bac cua P(x) ba c cua Q(x) th ta thc hien phep chia a thc.
Neu bac cua P(x) < bac cua Q(x) va Q(x) co dang tch nhieu nha n t th ta phan
tch f(x) thanh tong cua nhieu phan thc (bang phng phap he so bat nh).
Chang han:
1
( )( )
A B
x a x b x a x b
= +



2
2 2
1
, 4 0
( )( )
A Bx C
v i b ac
x m
x m ax bx c ax bx c
+
= + = <

+ + + +


2 2 2 2
1
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
A B C D
x a x b
x a x b x a x b
= + + +



2. f(x) la ham vo t
+ f(x) = ,
m
ax b
R x
cx d
| |
+
|
+
\
at
m
ax b
t
cx d
+
=
+

+ f(x) =
1
( )( )
R
x a x b
| |
|
|
+ +
\
at t x a x b = + + +
f(x) la ham lng giac
Ta s du ng cac phe p bie n oi lng giac thch h p e a ve cac nguyen ham c ban.
Chang han:
+
[ ] sin ( ) ( ) 1 1
.
sin( ).sin( ) sin( ) sin( ).sin( )
x a x b
x a x b a b x a x b
+ +
=
+ + + +
,
sin( )
1
sin( )
a b
s du ng
a b
| |
=
|

\

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 125/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
+
[ ] sin ( ) ( ) 1 1
.
cos( ). cos( ) sin( ) cos( ). cos( )
x a x b
x a x b a b x a x b
+ +
=
+ + + +
,
sin( )
1
sin( )
a b
s du ng
a b
| |
=
|

\

+
[ ] cos ( ) ( ) 1 1
.
sin( ). cos( ) cos( ) sin( ). cos( )
x a x b
x a x b a b x a x b
+ +
=
+ + + +
,
cos( )
1
cos( )
a b
s du ng
a b
| |
=
|

\

+ Neu ( sin , cos ) (sin , cos ) R x x R x x = th at t = cosx
+ Neu (sin , cos ) (sin , cos ) R x x R x x = th at t = sinx
+ Neu ( sin , cos ) (sin , cos ) R x x R x x = th at t = tanx (hoac t = cotx)

Bai 1. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a)
( 1)
dx
x x +

b)
( 1)(2 3)
dx
x x +

c)
2
2
1
1
x
dx
x
+


d)
2
7 10
dx
x x +

e)
2
6 9
dx
x x +

f)
2
4
dx
x


g)
( 1)(2 1)
x
dx
x x + +

h)
2
2 3 2
x
dx
x x

i)
3
2
3 2
x
dx
x x +


k)
2
( 1)
dx
x x +

l)
3
1
dx
x +

m)
3
1
x
dx
x


Bai 2. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a)
1
1 1
dx
x + +

b)
1
2
x
dx
x x
+

c)
3
1
1 1
dx
x + +


d)
4
1
dx
x x +

e)
3
x
dx
x x

f)
( 1)
x
dx
x x +


g)
3 4
2
dx
x x x + +

h)
1
1
x dx
x x

i)
3
1
1
x dx
x x


k)
2 3
(2 1) 2 1
dx
x x + +

l)
2
5 6
dx
x x +

m)
2
6 8
dx
x x + +


Bai 3. Tnh cac nguyen ham sau:
a) sin2 sin5 x xdx

b) cos sin3 x xdx

c)
2 4
(tan tan ) x x dx +


d)
cos2
1 sin cos
x
dx
x x +

e)
2sin 1
dx
x +

f)
cos
dx
x


g)
1 sin
cos
x
dx
x

h)
3
sin
cos
x
dx
x

i)
cos cos
4
dx
x x
| |
+
|
\



k) cos cos2 cos3 x x xdx

l)
3
cos xdx

m)
4
sin xdx


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 126/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12



1. Khai niem tch phan
Cho ham so f lien tuc tren K va a, b K. Neu F la mot nguyen ham cua f tren K th:
F(b) F(a) gl tch phan cua f t a en b va k hieu la ( )
b
a
f x dx

.
( ) ( ) ( )
b
a
f x dx F b F a =


oi vi bien so lay tch phan, ta co the chon bat k mot ch khac thay cho x, tc la:
( ) ( ) ( ) ... ( ) ( )
b b b
a a a
f x dx f t dt f u du F b F a = = = =


Y ngha hnh hoc: Neu ham so y = f(x) lien tuc va khong am tre n oan [a; b] th
dien tch S cua hnh thang cong gii han bi o th cua y = f(x), truc Ox va hai ng
thang x = a, x = b la: ( )
b
a
S f x dx =


2. Tnh chat cua tch phan

0
0
( ) 0 f x dx =

( ) ( )
b a
a b
f x dx f x dx =

( ) ( )
b b
a a
kf x dx k f x dx =

(k: const)
[ ] ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
b b b
a a a
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx =

( ) ( ) ( )
b c b
a a c
f x dx f x dx f x dx = +


Neu f(x) 0 tren [a; b] th ( ) 0
b
a
f x dx


Neu f(x) g(x) tren [a; b] th ( ) ( )
b b
a a
f x dx g x dx


3. Phng phap tnh tch phan
a) Phng phap oi bien so
[ ]
( )
( )
( ) . '( ) ( )
u b b
a u a
f u x u x dx f u du =


trong o: u = u(x) co ao ham lien tuc tren K, y = f(u) lien tuc va ham hp f[u(x)]
xac nh tren K, a, b K.
b) Phng phap tch phan tng phan
Neu u, v la hai ham so co ao ham lien tuc tren K, a, b K th:

b b
b
a
a a
udv uv vdu =


Chu y: Can xem lai cac phng phap tm nguyen ham.
CHNG III
NGUYEN HAM, TCH PHAN VA NG DUNG
II. TCH PHAN
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 127/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Trong phng phap tch phan tng phan, ta ca n chon sao cho
b
a
vdu

de tnh
hn
b
a
udv

.


VAN E 1: Tnh tch phan bang cach s dung bang nguyen ham
Bien oi bieu thc ham so e s dung c bang cac nguyen ham c ba n. Tm nguyen
ham F(x) cua f(x), roi s dung trc tiep nh ngha tch phan:
( ) ( ) ( )
b
a
f x dx F b F a =


Chu y: e s dung phng phap nay ca n phai:
Nam vng ba ng cac nguyen ham.
Nam vng phep tnh vi phan.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+ +
2
1
3
) 1 2 ( dx x x b)

+
+ +
2
1
1 3 2
)
3
( dx e
x
x
x
c)


2
1
2
1
dx
x
x

d)
2
2
1
2
x
dx
x

e)
( )

+
1
2
2
2
4
4
dx
x
x
f)
2
2
1
1 1
( )
e
x x dx
x
x
+ + +


g)
2
1
( 1)( 1) x x x dx + +

h)
2
2 3
1
( ) x x x x dx + +

i) ( )

+
4
1
4 3
4 2 dx x x x
k)
2 2
3
1
2 x x
dx
x

l)
2
1
2 5 7
e
x x
dx
x
+

m)
8
3 2
1
1
4
3
x dx
x
| |
|
|
\


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
2
1
1 x dx +

b)
5
2
dx
x 2 2 x + +

c)
2
2 3
1
( ) x x x x dx + +


d)
2
0
2
1
xdx
dx
x

e)
2
2
0
3 3
3
1
x
dx
x +

f)
4
2
0
9 x x dx +


Bai 3. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

0
)
6
2 sin( dx x b)
2
3
(2sin 3 ) x cosx x dx + +

c)
( )
6
0
sin3 cos2 x x dx


d)
4
2
0
tan .
cos
x dx
x

e)
3
2
4
3tan x dx

f)
4
2
6
(2cot 5) x dx +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 128/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g)
2
0
1 sin
dx
x +

h)
2
0
1 cos
1 cos
x
dx
x

i)
2
2 2
0
sin . cos x xdx


k)
3
2
6
(tan cot ) x x dx

l)
2
2
sin( )
4
sin( )
4
x
dx
x

m)
4
4
0
cos x dx


Bai 4. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
1
0
dx
x x
x x
e e
e e

b)
2
2
1
( 1).
ln
x dx
x x x
+
+

c)
2
1
0
4
2
x
x
e
dx
e


d)
ln2
0
1
x
x
e
dx
e +

e)
2
1
(1 )
x
x
e
e dx
x

f)
1
0
2
x
x
e
dx


g)
cos
2
0
sin
x
e xdx

h)
4
1
x
e
dx
x

i)
1
1 ln e x
dx
x
+


k)
1
ln e x
dx
x

l)
2
1
0
x
xe dx

m)
1
0
1
1
x
dx
e +



VAN E 2: Tnh tch phan bang phng phap oi bien so
Dang 1: Gia s ta can tnh ( )
b
a
g x dx

.
Neu viet c g(x) di dang: [ ] ( ) ( ) . '( ) g x f u x u x = th
( )
( )
( ) ( )
u b b
a u a
g x dx f u du =


Dang 2: Gia s ta can tnh ( ) f x dx

.
at x = x(t) (t K) va a, b K thoa man = x(a), = x(b)
th [ ] ( ) ( ) '( ) ( )
b b
a a
f x dx f x t x t dt g t dt = =

[ ] ( ) ( ) ( ) . '( ) g t f x t x t =
Dang 2 thng gap ca c trng h p sau:

f(x) co cha Cach oi bien
2 2
a x
sin ,
2 2
x a t t =


hoac cos , 0 x a t t =
2 2
a x +
tan ,
2 2
x a t t = < <


hoac cot , 0 x a t t = < <
2 2
x a

{ }
, ; \ 0
sin 2 2
a
x t
t
(
=
(



hoac [ ] , 0; \
cos 2
a
x t
t

= `
)



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 129/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau (oi bien so dang 1):
a)


1
0
19
) 1 ( dx x x b)

+
1
0
3 2
3
) 1 ( x
x
c)

+
1
0
2
5
1
dx
x
x

d)

+
1
0
1 2x
xdx
e)
1
2
0
1 x x dx

f)
1
3 2
0
1 x x dx


g)

+
3 2
5
2
4 x x
dx
h)

+
+
3
0
2
3 5
1
2
dx
x
x x
i)
ln2
0
1
x
x
e
dx
e +


k)
( )
ln3
3
0
1
x
x
e dx
e +

l)

+
e
x
dx x
1
2
ln 2
m)

+
e
dx
x
x x
1
ln ln 3 1

n)

+
2
0
2 2
sin 4 cos
2 sin

dx
x x
x
o)

+
2
0
2
3
sin 1
sin . cos

dx
x
x x
p)

+
6
0
2 2
cos sin 2
2 sin

dx
x x
x

Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau (oi bien so dang 2):
a)


2
1
0
2
1 x
dx
b)


1
0
2
2
4 x
dx x
c)


2
1
2 2
4 dx x x
d)

+
3
0
2
3 x
dx
e)

+ +
1
0
2 2
) 2 )( 1 ( x x
dx
f)

+ +
1
0
2 4
1 x x
xdx

g)
0
2
1 2 2
dx
x x + +

h)


2
1
3
2
1
dx
x
x
i)
( )

+
1
0
5
2
1 x
dx

k)
2
3
2
2 1
dx
x x

l)
2
2
2
2
0 1
x
dx
x

m)
2
2
0
2 x x x dx




VAN E 3: Tnh tch phan bang phng phap tch phan tng phan
Vi P(x) la a thc cua x, ta thng gap cac da ng sau:


Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

4
0
2 sin

xdx x b)

+
2
0
2
cos ) sin (

xdx x x c)

2
0
2
cos xdx x
d) x x dx
2
4
0
cos

e)
3
2
4
tan x xdx

f)


1
0
2
) 2 ( dx e x
x


( ).
b
x
a
P x e dx

( ). cos
b
a
P x xdx

( ).sin
b
a
P x xdx

( ). n
b
a
P x l xdx


u P(x) P(x) P(x) lnx
dv
x
e dx
cos xdx sin xdx P(x)
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 130/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g) dx xe
x

2 ln
0
h) dx x x
e

1
ln i)


3
2
2
) ln( dx x x
k)

2
0
3
5 sin

xdx e
x
l)

2
0
cos
2 sin

xdx e
x
m)

e
xdx
1
3
ln
o) dx x x
e

1
2 3
ln p)

e
e
dx
x
x
1
2
ln
q) dx x e x
x
) 1 (
0
1
3 2

+ +

VAN E 4: Tnh tch phan cac ham so co cha gia tr tuyet oi
e tnh tch phan cua ham so f(x) co cha dau GTT, ta can xet dau f(x) roi s dung cong
thc phan oan e tnh tch phan tren t ng oan nho.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)


2
0
2dx x b)


2
0
2
dx x x c) dx x x

+
2
0
2
3 2
d)
3
2
3
1 x dx

e)
5
2
( 2 2 ) x x dx

f)
3
0
2 4
x
dx


g)
4
2
1
6 9 x x dx +

h)

+
3
0
2 3
4 4 dx x x x i)
1
1
4 x dx


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)


2
0
2 cos 1 dx x b)
0
1 sin2 . x dx

c)
2
2
sin x dx


d) 1 sin xdx

e)
2
0
1 cos xdx +

f)
0
1 cos2xdx +


g)
3
2 2
6
tan cot 2 x x dx +

h)
3
3
2
cos cos cos x x xdx

i)
2
0
1 sin xdx +



VAN E 5: Tnh tch phan cac ham so hu t
Xem lai cach tm nguyen ham cua cac ham so h u t.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+
3
1
3
x x
dx
b)

+
1
0
2
6 5x x
dx
c)

+ +
3
0
2
3
1 2x x
dx x

d)
( )

+
1
0
3
2 1
dx
x
x
e)
( )


3
2
9
2
1 x
dx x
f)

+
4
1
2
) 1 ( x x
dx

g)


4
2
) 1 (x x
dx
h)
( )

+ +
+
1
0
2
6 5
11 4
x x
dx x
i)
1 3
0
1
1
x x
dx
x
+ +
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 131/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
k)
0 3 2
2
1
2 6 9 9
3 2
x x x
dx
x x

+ +
+

l)
3 2
3
2
3 3 3
3 2
x x
dx
x x
+ +
+

m)
1 2
3
0
(3 1)
x
dx
x +


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+
2
0
2
2 2x x
dx
b)
( )

+
+
3
0
2
2
1
2 3
dx
x
x
c)

+
+ + +
2
0
2
2 3
4
9 4 2
dx
x
x x x

d)
1
2 2
0
1
( 2) ( 3)
dx
x x + +

e)
1 3
2
0
1
1
x x
dx
x
+ +
+

f)
1
4
0
1
x
dx
x +


g)
2
4
1
1
(1 )
dx
x x +

h)
2 2008
2008
1
1
(1 )
x
dx
x x

i)
3 4
2 2
2
( 1)
x
dx
x


k)
2
2
0
1
4
dx
x +

l)
2 2
4
1
1
1
x
dx
x

m)
1 4
2
0
2
1
x
dx
x



VAN E 6: Tnh tch phan cac ham so vo t
Xem lai cach tm nguyen ham cua cac ham so vo t.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+
2 2
0
2
1dx x x b)

+ +
1
0
2
3
1
dx
x x
x
c)

+ +
1
0
1 x x
dx

d)

+
2
1
1 1
dx
x
x
e)
6
2
2 1 4 1
dx
x x + + +

f)

+
2
0
5
4
1
dx
x
x

g)
10
5
2 1
dx
x x

h)

+
1
0
2 3
1dx x x i)

+ +

1
0
1 3 2
3 4
dx
x
x

k)

+
+
3
7
0
3
1 3
1
dx
x
x
l)
2 3
2
5
4
dx
x x +

m)
3 5 3
2
0 1
x x
dx
x
+
+


n)
2
2
0
1
1
x
dx
x
+

o)
2
3
2
2
1
dx
x x

p)
2
3
1 1
dx
x x +


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
1
2 2
0
1 x x dx +

b)
3 2
2 2
1
1
1
x
dx
x x
+
+

c)
1
2 3
0 (1 )
dx
x +


d)
2
2
1
2008 x dx +

e)
3
3 2
0
10 x x dx

f)
1
2
0
1 x dx +


g)
1
2
11 1
dx
x x + + +

h)
2
2
1 2008
dx
x +

i)
1 3
2
0 1
x dx
x x + +


k)
2
2
2 3
0 (1 )
dx
x

l)
2
2
2
2
0 1
x dx
x

m)
5
4
2
1
12 4 8 x x dx


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 132/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
Bai 3. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
2
0
cos
7 cos2
xdx
x +

b)
2
2
0
sin cos cos x x xdx

c)
2
2
0
cos
2 cos
xdx
x +


d)
2
6 3 5
0
1 cos sin cos x x xdx

e)
2
0
sin2 sin
1 3cos
x x
dx
x
+
+

f)
3
0
cos
2 cos2
xdx
x +


g)
2
2
0
cos
1 cos
xdx
x +

h)
3
2
4
tan
cos 1 cos
x
dx
x x

i)
2
0
sin2 sin
1 3cos
x x
dx
x

+
+


Bai 4. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
ln3
0 1
x
dx
e +

b)
ln2 2
0 1
x
x
e dx
e +

c)
1
1 3ln ln
e
x x
dx
x
+


d)
ln3 2
ln2
ln
ln 1
x
dx
x x +

e)
0
2 3
1
( 1)
x
x e x dx

+ +

f)
ln2
3
0 ( 1)
x
x
e dx
e +


g)
ln3
0 ( 1) 1
x
x x
e
dx
e e +

h)
1
0
x
x x
e
dx
e e

i)
ln2
0
1
x
e dx



VAN E 7: Tnh tch phan cac ham so lng giac
Xem lai cach tm nguyen ham cua cac ham so l ng giac.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

4
0
cos . 2 sin

xdx x b)

4
0
tan

xdx c)

+
2
0
cos 3 1
sin

dx
x
x

d)

2
0
3
sin

xdx e) dx x

0
2
sin f)

0
2
3 cos x
g)
2
2 4
0
sin cos x xdx

h)

2
0
3 2
cos sin

xdx x i)
2
4 5
0
sin cos x xdx


k)
2
3 3
0
(sin cos ) x x dx +

l)
3
2
0
cos
cos 1
x
dx
x

m)

+
2
0
cos 1
cos 2 sin

dx
x
x x

n)
4
3
0
tan xdx

o)
3
4
4
tan xdx

p)
3
3
4
sin . cos
dx
x x


q)
3
2
2
0
sin
1 cos
x
dx
x +

r)
3
2
0
cos
1 cos
x
dx
x +

s)
/3
4
/ 6
sin . cos
dx
x x


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 133/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)


2
0
5 3
cos sin cos 1

xdx x x b)

+
+ +
2
6
cos sin
2 cos 2 sin 1

dx
x x
x x
c) dx
x x
x

+
3
4
2
cos 1 cos
tan


d)
2
4 4
0
cos2 (sin cos ) x x x dx +

e)

+
4
0
sin
) cos (tan

dx x e x
x
f) ( ) dx x x

+
2
0
3
2
2 sin sin 1


g)
3
0
sin . ln(cos ) x x dx

h)
3
4
2 2 5
0
sin
(tan 1) . cos
x
dx
x x

i)
3
2 2
3
1
sin 9cos
dx
x x


Bai 3. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
2
3
1
sin
dx
x

b)
2
0
2 cos
dx
x

c)
2
0
1
2 sin
dx
x +


d)
2
0
cos
1 cos
x
dx
x +

e)
2
0
cos
2 cos
x
dx
x

f)
2
0
sin
2 sin
x
dx
x +


g)
2
0
1
sin cos 1
dx
x x + +

h)
2
2
sin cos 1
sin 2cos 3
x x
dx
x x

+
+ +

i)
4
0
cos cos( )
4
dx
x x +


k)
2
2
0
(1 sin ) cos
(1 sin )(2 cos )
x x
dx
x x

l)
3
4
sin cos( )
4
dx
x x +


m)
3
6
sin sin( )
6
dx
x x +



Bai 4. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)


2
0
cos ) 1 2 (

xdx x b)

+
4
0
2 cos 1

x
xdx
c)

3
0
2
cos

dx
x
x

d)
2
3
0
sin xdx

e)
2
2
0
cos x xdx

f)
2
2 1
0
sin2 .
x
x e dx
+


g)
2
1
cos(ln ) x dx

h)
3
2
6
ln(sin )
cos
x
dx
x

i)
2
2
0
(2 1) cos x xdx


k)
2 2
0
sin
x
e xdx

l)
4
2
0
tan x xdx

m)
2
0
sin cos x x xdx


n)
2
2
sin 3
0
sin cos
x
e x xdx

o)
4
0
ln(1 tan ) x dx +

p)

4
0
4
cos

x
dx


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 134/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
VAN E 8: Tnh tch phan cac ham so mu va logarit
S dung cac phe p toan ve luy tha va logarit. Xem lai cac phng phap tm nguyen ham.

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+
1
0
1
x
x
e
dx e
b)

+
2 ln
0
5
x
e
dx
c)
1
0
1
4
x
dx
e +


d)

+
8 ln
3 ln 1
dx
e
e
x
x
e)

+
8 ln
3 ln
2
. 1 dx e e
x x
f)

2 ln
0
1
1
dx
e
e
x
x

g)
2
1
1
1
x
dx
e

h)
2 2
0
1
x
x
e
dx
e +

i)
1
0
1
x
x
e
dx
e


k)
2
1
ln
(ln 1)
e
x
dx
x x +

l)
1 2
0
1
x
x
e
dx
e

m)
ln3
0
1
1
x
dx
e +


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

2
0
sin

xdx e
x
b)

2
0
2
dx xe
x
c)


1
0
dx xe
x

d)

+
2
0
cos ) cos (

xdx x e
x
e) ( )

+
1
0
1 ln dx x x f)
2
1
1 ln
e
x
dx
x
+


g)
2
ln ln(ln )
e
e
x x
dx
x
+

h)
|
|

\
|
+
+
e
dx x
x x
x
1
2
ln
1 ln
ln
i)
3
2
ln(ln )
e
e
x
dx
x


k)
2
2
1
ln x
dx
x

l)
3
2
6
ln(sin )
cos
x
dx
x

m)
1
0
ln( 1)
1
x
dx
x
+
+



VAN E 9: Mot so tch phan ac biet
Dang 1. Tch phan cua ham so chan, ham so le
Neu ham so f(x) lien tuc va la ham so le tren [-a; a] th ( ) 0
a
a
f x dx


Neu ham so f(x) lien tuc va la ham so chan tre n [-a; a] th
0
( ) 2 ( )
a a
a
f x dx f x dx

=


V cac tnh chat nay kho ng co trong phan ly thuyet cua SGK nen khi tnh cac tch phan
co dang nay ta co the chng minh nh sau:
Bc 1: Phan tch
0
0
( ) ( ) ( )
a a
a a
I f x dx f x dx f x dx

= = +


0
0
( ) ; ( )
a
a
J f x dx K f x dx

| |
| = =
|
\


Bc 2: Tnh tch phan
0
( )
a
J f x dx

=

bang phng phap oi bien. at t = x.
Neu f(x) la ham so le th J = K I = J + K = 0
Neu f(x) la ham so cha n th J = K I = J + K = 2K
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 135/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Dang 2. Neu f(x) lien tuc va la ham chan tren R th:

0
( )
( )
1
x
f x
dx f x dx
a

=
+

(vi R
+
va a > 0)
e chng minh tnh chat nay, ta cung lam tng t nh tren.

0
0
( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
x x x
f x f x f x
I dx dx dx
a a a

= = +
+ + +




0
0
( ) ( )
;
1 1
x x
f x f x
J dx K dx
a a

| |
| = =
|
+ +
\


e tnh J ta cung at: t = x.
Dang 3. Neu f(x) lien tuc tren 0;
2
(
(

th
2 2
0 0
(sin ) (cos ) f x dx f x dx =



e chng minh tnh chat nay ta at:
2
t x =


Dang 4. Neu f(x) lien tuc va ( ) ( ) f a b x f x + = hoac ( ) ( ) f a b x f x + =
th at: t = a + b x
ac biet, neu a + b = th at t = x
neu a + b = 2 th at t = 2 x
Dang 5. Tnh tch phan bang cach s dung nguyen ham phu
e xac nh nguyen ha m cua ham so f(x) ta ca n tm mot ham g(x) sao cho nguyen ham
cua cac ham so f(x) g(x) de xac nh hn so vi f(x). T o suy ra nguye n ham cua f(x).
Ta thc hien cac bc nh sau:
Bc 1: Tm ham g(x).
Bc 2: Xac nh nguyen ham cua cac ham so f(x) g(x), tc la:

1
2
( ) ( ) ( )
(*)
( ) ( ) ( )
F x G x A x C
F x G x B x C
+ = +

= +


Bc 3: T he (*), ta suy ra [ ]
1
( ) ( ) ( )
2
F x A x B x C = + + la nguyen ham cua f(x).

Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau (dang 1):
a)
7 5 3
4
4
4
1
cos
x x x x
dx
x

+ +

b)
2
2
2
cos ln( 1 ) x x x dx

+ +

c)
1
2
1
2
1
cos . ln
1
x
x dx
x

| |
|
+ \


d)
( )
1
2
1
ln 1 x x dx

+ +

e)
1
4 2
1
1
x dx
x x

f)
1 4
2
1
sin
1
x x
dx
x

+
+


g)
5
2
2
sin
1 cos
x
dx
x

h)
2
2
2
4 sin
xdx
x

i)
2
2
2
cos
4 sin
x x
dx
x


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau (dang 2):
a)
1 4
1
2 1
x
x
dx

b)
1 2
1
1
1 2
x
x
dx

c)
1
2
1
( 1)( 1)
x
dx
e x

+ +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 136/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
d)
2
sin
3 1
x
x
dx

e)

+
+
3
3
2
2 1
1
dx
x
x
f)
1
2
1
(4 1)( 1)
x
dx
x

+ +


g)
2
2
sin sin3 cos5
1
x
x x x
dx
e

h)
6 6
4
4
sin cos
6 1
x
x x
dx

+
+

i)
2 2
2
2
sin
1 2
x
x x
dx


Bai 3. Tnh cac tch phan sau (dang 3):
a)
2
0
cos
cos sin
n
n n
x
dx
x x +

(n N
*
) b)
7
2
7 7
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

c)
2
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +


d)
2009
2
2009 2009
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

e)
4
2
4 4
0
cos
cos sin
x
dx
x x

f)
4
2
4 4
0
sin
cos sin
x
dx
x x


Bai 4. Tnh cac tch phan sau (dang 4):
a)
2
0
.sin
4 cos
x x
dx
x

b)
2
0
cos
4 sin
x x
dx
x
+

c)
2
0
1 sin
ln
1 cos
x
dx
x
| | +
|
+ \


d)
4
0
ln(1 tan ) x dx +

e)
2
3
0
. cos x xdx

f)
3
0
.sin x xdx


g)
0
1 sin
x
dx
x +

h)
0
sin
2 cos
x x
dx
x +

i)
2
0
sin
1 cos
x x
dx
x +


k)
4
0
sin 4 ln(1 tan ) x x dx +

l)
2
0
sin
9 4cos
x x
dx
x +

m)
4
0
sin cos x x xdx


Bai 5. Tnh cac tch phan sau (dang 5):
a)
2
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x

b)
2
0
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x

c)
2
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +


d)
2
0
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

e)
4
2
4 4
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

f)
4
2
4 4
0
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x +


g)
6
2
6 6
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

h)
6
2
6 6
0
cos
sin cos
x
dx
x x +

i)
2
2
0
2sin .sin2 x xdx


k)
2
2
0
2cos .sin2 x xdx

l)
1
1
x
x x
e
dx
e e

m)
1
1
x
x x
e
dx
e e


n)
1
1
x
x x
e
dx
e e

o)
1
1
x
x x
e
dx
e e



VAN E 10: Thiet lap cong thc truy hoi
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 137/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Gia s can tnh tch phan ( , )
b
n
a
I f x n dx =

(n N) phu thuoc vao so nguyen dng n. Ta
thng gap mot so yeu cau sau:
Thiet lap mot cong th c truy hoi, tc la bieu die n I
n
theo cac I
n-k
(1 k n).
Chng minh mot cong thc truy hoi cho trc.
Tnh mot gia tr
0
n
I cu the nao o.

Bai 1. Lap cong thc truy hoi cho cac tch phan sau:
a)
2
0
sin
n
n
I xdx =

at
1
sin
sin .
n
u x
dv x dx


b)
2
0
cos
n
n
I xdx =

at
1
cos
cos .
n
u x
dv x dx


c)
4
0
tan
n
n
I xdx =

Phan tch:
( )
2 2 2
tan tan tan 1 tan
n n n
x x x x

= +
d)
2
0
cos .
n
n
I x x dx =

at
cos .
n
u x
dv x dx



2
0
sin .
n
n
J x x dx =

at
sin .
n
u x
dv x dx


e)
1
0
n x
n
I x e dx

at
.
n
x
u x
dv e dx


f)
1
ln .
e
n
n
I x dx =

at
ln
n
u x
dv dx


g)
1
2
0
(1 )
n
n
I x dx =

at cos x t = at
2
sin
sin .
n
u t
dv t dt


h)
1
2
0
(1 )
n
n
dx
I
x
=
+

Phan tch
2 2
2 2 2
1 1
(1 ) (1 ) (1 )
n n n
x x
x x x
+
=
+ + +

Tnh
1 2
2
0
(1 )
n
n
x
J dx
x
=
+

. at
2
(1 )
n
u x
x
dv dx
x
=


i)
1
0
1 .
n
n
I x x dx =

at
1 .
n
u x
dv x dx


k)
4
0
cos
n
n
dx
I dx
x
=

Phan tch
1
1 cos
cos cos
n n
x
x x
+
= at
1
1
cos
n
t
x
+
=
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 138/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP1: TCH PHN HM S HU T

Dng 1: Tch phn thc

Cu 1.
x
I dx
x x
2 2
2
1
7 12
=
+


I dx
x x
2
1
16 9
1
4 3
| |
= +
|
\

=
( )
x x x
2
1
16ln 4 9ln 3 + = 1 25ln2 16ln3 + .
Cu 2.
dx
I
x x
2
5 3
1
=
+


Ta c:
x
x
x x x x
3 2 3 2
1 1 1
( 1) 1
= + +
+ +

I x x
x
2
2
2 1 1 3 1 3
ln ln( 1) ln2 ln5
2 2 2 8 1
2
(
= + + = + +
(


Cu 3.
x
I dx
x x x
5 2
3 2
4
3 1
2 5 6
+
=
+

I
2 4 13 7 14
ln ln ln2
3 3 15 6 5
= + +

Cu 4.
xdx
I
x
1
0 3
( 1)
=
+


Ta c:
x x
x x
x x
2 3
3 3
1 1
( 1) ( 1)
( 1) ( 1)

+
= = + +
+ +
I x x dx
1
2 3
0
1
( 1) ( 1)
8

(
= + + =



Dng 2: i bin s

Cu 5.
x
I dx
x
2
4
( 1)
(2 1)

=
+

Ta c:
x x
f x
x x
2
1 1 1
( ) . .
3 2 1 2 1

| | | |
=
| |
+ +
\ \

x
I C
x
3
1 1
9 2 1
| |
= +
|
+
\


Cu 6.
( )
( )
x
I dx
x
99
1
101
0
7 1
2 1

=
+



( )
x dx x x
I d
x x x
x
99 99
1 1
2
0 0
7 1 1 7 1 7 1
2 1 9 2 1 2 1
2 1
| | | | | |
= =
| | |
+ + + \ \ \
+



x
x
100
100
1 1 7 1 1
1
2 1
0
9 100 2 1 900
| |
(
= =
|
+ \

Cu 7.
x
I dx
x
1
2 2
0
5
( 4)
=
+

t t x
2
4 = + I
1
8
=

Cu 8.
x
I dx
x
1 7
2 5
0
(1 )
=
+

t t x dt xdx
2
1 2 = + =
t
I dt
t
2 3
5 5
1
1 ( 1) 1 1
.
2 4
2

= =



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 139/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 9. I x x dx
1
5 3 6
0
(1 ) =


t
dt t t
t x dt x dx dx I t t dt
x
1 7 8
3 2 6
2
0
1 1 1
1 3 (1 )
3 3 7 8 168
3
| |

= = = = = = |
\


Cu 10. I dx
x x
4
3
4
1
1
( 1)
=
+

t t x
2
=
t
I dt
t
t
3
2
1
1 1 1 3
ln
2 4 2
1
| |
= =
|
+ \



Cu 11.
dx
I
x x
2
10 2
1
.( 1)
=
+


x dx
I
x x
2 4
5 10 2
1
.
.( 1)
=
+

. t t x
5
=
dt
I
t t
32
2 2
1
1
5
( 1)
=
+



Cu 12.
x
I dx
x x
2 7
7
1
1
(1 )

=
+


x x
I dx
x x
2 7 6
7 7
1
(1 ).
.(1 )

=
+

. t t x
7
=
t
I dt
t t
128
1
1 1
7 (1 )

=
+



Cu 13.
dx
I
x x
3
6 2
1
(1 )
=
+


t : x
t
1
=
t
I dt t t dt
t t
3
1 6 3
4 2
2 2
1
3
3
1
1
1 1
| |
= = +
|
+ + \

=
117 41 3
135 12

+
Cu 14.
x
I dx
x
2 2001
2 1002
1
.
(1 )
=
+



x
I dx dx
x x
x
x
2 2 2004
3 2 1002 1002
1 1
3
2
1
. .
(1 )
1
1
= =
+
| |
+
|
\

. t t dt dx
x x
2 3
1 2
1 = + = .
Cch 2: Ta c:
x xdx
I
x x
1 2000
2 2000 2 2
0
1 .2
2
(1 ) (1 )
=
+ +

. t t x dt xdx
2
1 2 = + =

t
I dt d
t t
t t
1000
2 2 1000
1000 2 1001
1 1
1 ( 1) 1 1 1 1
1 1
2 2
2002.2
| | | |
= = =
| |
\ \


Cu 15.
x
I dx
x
2 2
4
1
1
1
+
=
+


Ta c:
x
x
x
x
x
2
2
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
=
+
+
. t t x dt dx
x
x
2
1 1
1
| |
= = +
|
\


dt
I dt
t t t
3 3
2 2
2
1 1
1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2
| |
= =
|
+ \

t
t
3
1 2 1 2 1
. ln ln
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 1
1
| |

= = |
|
+ +
\

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 140/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 16.
x
I dx
x
2 2
4
1
1
1

=
+


Ta c:
x
x
x
x
x
2
2
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

=
+
+
. t t x dt dx
x
x
2
1 1
1
| |
= + =
|
\

dt
I
t
5
2
2
2
2
=
+

.
t
du
t u dt
u
2
2 tan 2
cos
= = ; u u u u
1 2
5 5
tan 2 arctan2; tan arctan
2 2
= = = =

u
u
I du u u
2
1
2 1
2 2 2 5
( ) arctan arctan2
2 2 2 2
| |
= = =
|
\


Cu 17.
x
I dx
x x
2 2
3
1
1
=
+

Ta c:
x
I dx
x
x
2
2
1
1
1
1

=
+

. t t x
x
1
= + I
4
ln
5
=

Cu 18.
x
I dx
x
1 4
6
0
1
1
+
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x x x x x
x x x x x x x x
4 4 2 2 4 2 2 2
6 6 2 4 2 6 2 6
1 ( 1) 1 1
1 1 ( 1)( 1) 1 1 1
+ + + +
= = + = +
+ + + + + + +


d x
I dx dx
x x
1 1 3
2 3 2
0 0
1 1 ( ) 1
.
3 4 3 4 3
1 ( ) 1

= + = + =
+ +


Cu 19.
x
I dx
x
3
2 3
4
0
1
=



x
I dx dx
x x x x
3 3
2 3 3
2 2 2 2
0 0
1 1 1 1
ln(2 3)
2 4 12
( 1)( 1) 1 1
| |
= = + = +
|
+ + \


Cu 20.
xdx
I
x x
1
4 2
0
1
=
+ +

. t t x
2
=
dt dt
I
t t
t
1 1
2 2
2
0 0
1 1
2 2
6 3 1
1 3
2 2

= = =
+ +
| |
| |
+ + | |
\ \


Cu 21.
x
I dx
x x
1 5
2 2
4 2
1
1
1
+
+
=
+


Ta c:
x
x
x x
x
x
2
2
4 2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
=
+
+
. t t x dt dx
x
x
2
1 1
1
| |
= = +
|
\


dt
I
t
1
2
0
1
=
+

. t
du
t u dt
u
2
tan
cos
= = I du
4
0
4

= =


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 141/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP2: TCH PHN HM S V T

Dng 1: i bin s dng 1
Cu 1.
x
I dx
x x
2
3 9 1
=
+



x
I dx x x x dx x dx x x dx
x x
2 2 2
2
(3 9 1) 3 9 1
3 9 1
= = =
+


+I x dx x C
2 3
1 1
3 = = +

+I x x dx
2
2
9 1 =

x d x x C
3
2 2 2
2
2
1 1
9 1 (9 1) (9 1)
18 27
= = +


I x x C
3
2 3
2
1
(9 1)
27
= + +
Cu 2.
x x
I dx
x x
2
1
+
=
+



x x
dx
x x
2
1
+
+


x x
dx dx
x x x x
2
1 1
= +
+ +

.
+
x
I dx
x x
2
1
1
=
+

. t t= x x t x x
2
1 1 + = x t
3 2 2
( 1) = x dx t t dt
2 2
4
( 1)
3
=
t dt t t C
2 3
4 4 4
( 1)
3 9 3
= +

=
( )
x x x x C
3
1
4 4
1 1
9 3
+ + +
+
x
I dx
x x
2
1
=
+

=
d x x
x x
2 (1 )
3
1
+
+

= x x C
2
4
1
3
+ +
Vy:
( )
I x x C
3
4
1
9
= + +
Cu 3.
x
I dx
x
4
0
2 1
1 2 1
+
=
+ +

t t x 2 1 = + . I =
t
dt
t
3 2
1
2 ln2
1
= +
+

.
Cu 4.
dx
I
x x
6
2
2 1 4 1
=
+ + +

t t x 4 1 = + . I
3 1
ln
2 12
=
Cu 5. I x x dx
1
3 2
0
1 =

t: t x
2
1 =
( )
I t t dt
1
2 4
0
2
15
= =

.
Cu 6.
x
I dx
x
1
0
1
1
+
=
+


t t x = dx t dt 2 . = . I =
t t
dt
t
1 3
0
2
1
+
+

= t t dt
t
1
2
0
2
2 2
1
| |
+
|
+ \

=
11
4ln2
3
.
Cu 7.
x
I dx
x x
3
0
3
3 1 3

=
+ + +


t t x tdu dx 1 2 = + =
t t
I dt t dt dt
t
t t
2 2 2 3
2
1 1 1
2 8 1
(2 6) 6
1
3 2

= = +
+
+ +

3
3 6ln
2
= +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 142/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 8. I x x dx
0
3
1
. 1

= +


t
t t
t x t x dx t dt I t dt
1
1 7 4
3 2 3 3
0
0
9
1 1 3 3( 1) 3
7 4 28
| |
= + = + = = = = |
\


Cu 9.
x
I dx
x x
5 2
1
1
3 1
+
=
+


t
tdt
t x dx
2
3 1
3
= + =
t
tdt
I
t
t
2
2
4
2
2
1
1
3
2
.
3
1
.
3
| |

+ |
|
\
=


dt
t dt
t
4 4
2
2
2 2
2
( 1) 2
9
1
= +




t
t t
t
3
4 4
2 1 1 100 9
ln ln .
9 3 1 27 5
2 2
| |
= + = +
|
+
\

Cu 10.
x x
I dx
x
3 2
0
2 1
1
+
=
+


t x t x t
2
1 1 + = = dx tdt 2 =

t t t
I tdt t t dt t
t
2
2 2 2 2 2 5
4 2 3
1
1 1
2( 1) ( 1) 1 4 54
2 2 (2 3 ) 2
5 5
| |
+
= = = = |
\


Cu 11.
x dx
I
x x
1 2
0
2
( 1) 1
=
+ +


t t x t x tdt dx
2
1 1 2 = + = + =

t t
I tdt t dt t
t t
t
2
2
2 2 2 2 3
3
1
1 1
( 1) 1 1 16 11 2
.2 2 2 2
3 3
| |
| |
= = = = |
|
\ \


Cu 12.
( )
x
I dx
x
4
2
0
1
1 1 2
+
=
+ +


t
dx
t x dt dx t dt
x
1 1 2 ( 1)
1 2
= + + = =
+
v
t t
x
2
2
2

=
Ta c: I =
t t t t t t
dt dt t dt
t
t t t
4 4 4 2 3 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
1 ( 2 2)( 1) 1 3 4 2 1 4 2
3
2 2 2
| | + +
= = +
|
\


=
t
t t
t
2
1 2
3 4ln
2 2
| |
+ + |
|
\
=
1
2ln2
4

Cu 13.
x
I dx
x
8
2
3
1
1

=
+



x
I dx
x x
8
2 2
3
1
1 1
| |
=
|
|
+ +
\

=
( )
x x x
8
2 2
3
1 ln 1
(
+ + +

=
( ) ( )
1 ln 3 2 ln 8 3 + + +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 143/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 14. I x x x dx
1
3 2
0
( 1) 2 =


I x x x dx x x x x x dx
1 1
3 2 2 2
0 0
( 1) 2 ( 2 1) 2 ( 1) = = +

. t t x x
2
2 = I
2
15
= .
Cu 15.
x x x
I dx
x x
2 3 2
2
0
2 3
1
+
=
+



x x x
I dx
x x
2 2
2
0
( )(2 1)
1

=
+

. t t x x
2
1 = + I t dt
3
2
1
4
2 ( 1)
3
= =

.
Cu 16.
x dx
I
x
2 3
3 2
0 4
=
+


t t x x t xdx t dt
3 2 2 3 2
4 4 2 3 = + = = I t t dt
3
2
4 3
4
3 3 8
( 4 ) 4 2
2 2 5
| |
= = +
|
\


Cu 17.
dx
I
x x
1
2
11 1
=
+ + +


Ta c:
x x x x
I dx dx
x
x x
1 1 2 2
2 2
1 1
1 1 1 1
2
(1 ) (1 )

+ + + +
= =
+ +


x
dx dx
x x
1 1 2
1 1
1 1 1
1
2 2

| | +
= +
|
\


+ I dx x x
x
1
1
1 1
1
1 1 1
1 ln | 1
2 2

| |
(
= + = + =
|

\


+
x
I dx
x
1 2
2
1
1
2

+
=

. t t x t x tdt xdx
2 2 2
1 1 2 2 = + = + = I
2
=
t dt
t
2 2
2
2
0
2( 1)
=


Vy: I 1 = .
Cch 2: t t x x
2
1 = + + .
Cu 18.
( )
x x
I dx
x
1
3
3
1
4
1
3

=

Ta c: I dx
x x
1
1
3
2 3
1
3
1 1
1 .
| |
=
|
\

. t t
x
2
1
1 = I 6 = .
Cu 19.
x
I dx
x
2 2
1
4
=


Ta c:
x
I xdx
x
2 2
2
1
4
=

. t t = x t x tdt xdx
2 2 2
4 4 = =
I =
t tdt t t
dt dt t
t
t t t
0
0 0 0 2
2 2 2
3 3 3 3
( ) 4 2
(1 ) ln
2
4 4 4
| |

= = + = +
|
+

\

=
2 3
3 ln
2 3
| |

| +
|
+
\

Cu 20.
x
I dx
x x
2 5
2 2
2 ( 1) 5
=
+ +

t t x
2
5 = +
dt
I
t
5
2
3
1 15
ln
4 7
4
= =

.

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 144/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 21.
x
I dx
x x
27
3 2
1
2
=
+


t t x
6
=
t t
I dt dt
t
t t t t
3 3 3
2 2 2
1 1
2 2 2 1
5 5 1
( 1) 1 1
(
= = +
(
+ + +

2 5
5 3 1 ln
3 12
| |
= +
|
\

Cu 22. I dx
x x
1
2
0
1
1
=
+ +


t t x x x
2
1 = + + +
dt
I t
t
1 3
1 3
1
1
2 3 2 3
ln(2 1) ln
2 1 3
+
+ +
= = + =
+


Cu 23.
x
I dx
x x
3 2
2 2
0
(1 1 ) (2 1 )
=
+ + + +


t x t 2 1 + + = I t dt
t
t
4
2
3
42 36 4
2 16 12 42ln
3
| |
= + = +
|
\


Cu 24.
x
I dx
x x x x
3 2
0
2( 1) 2 1 1
=
+ + + + +


t t x 1 = +
t t dt
I t dt
t t
2 2 2 2
2
2
1 1
2 ( 1)
2 ( 1)
( 1)

= =
+

t
2
3
1
2 2
( 1)
3 3
= =
Cu 25.
x x x
I dx
x
3 2 2 3
4
1
2011 +
=


Ta c:
x
I dx dx M N
x x
3
2 2 2 2
2
3 3
1 1
1
1
2011

= + = +



x
M dx
x
3
2 2
2
3
1
1
1
=

. t t
x
3
2
1
1 = M t dt
3
7
3 2
3
0
3 21 7
2 128

= =


N dx x dx
x x
2 2
2 2 2 2
3
3 2
1 1 1
2011 2011 14077
2011
16
2

(
= = = =
(



I
3
14077 21 7
16 128
= .
Cu 26.
dx
I
x x
1
3 3 3
0 (1 ). 1
=
+ +


t t x
3 3
1 = +
t dt
I dt
t t t t
3 3
2 2 2
2 2
1 1
4 3 2 3
3 3
.( 1) .( 1)
= =



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 145/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


dt dt
t
dt
t
t t t
t t
3 3 3
2
3
2 2 2
3
2 2 4
1 1 1
3 3
4 2 3
3 3
1
1
1 1
1 . 1

| |

|
\
= = =
( | | | |

| ( |
\ \


t
dt
u du
t t
3 4
1 3
1 = =
u u
I du u du u
1
1
1 1
2 1 2
2 1
2
2 2
3 3
3 3
3
0 0
0
0
1 1 1
1 3 3 3
2
3

| |
|
= = = = =
|
|
|
\


Cu 27.
x
I dx
x x
x
2 2 4
2
3
1
1
=
| |
+
|
\


t t x
2
1 = +

t
I dt
t
3 2 2
2
2
( 1)
2

=
t t
dt t dt dt
t t
3 3 3 4 2
2
2 2
2 2 2
2 1 1 19 2 4 2
ln
3 4
4 2 2 2
| |
+ +
= + = + |
|

\



Dng 2: i bin s dng 2

Cu 28.
( )
x
I x x dx
x
1
0
1
2 ln 1
1
| |

|
= +
|
+
\


Tnh
x
H dx
x
1
0
1
1

=
+

. t x t t cos ; 0;
2
(
=
(

H 2
2

=
Tnh K x x dx
1
0
2 ln(1 ) = +

. t
u x
dv xdx
ln(1 )
2
= +

K
1
2
=
Cu 29. I x x x dx
2
5 2 2
2
( ) 4

= +


I = x x x dx
2
5 2 2
2
( ) 4

= x x dx
2
5 2
2
4

+ x x dx
2
2 2
2
4

= A + B.
+ Tnh A = x x dx
2
5 2
2
4

. t t x = . Tnh c: A = 0.
+ Tnh B = x x dx
2
2 2
2
4

. t x t 2sin = . Tnh c: B = 2 .
Vy: I 2 = .
Cu 30.
( )
x dx
I
x
2 2
4
1
3 4
2

=


Ta c:
x
I dx dx
x x
2 2 2
4 4
1 1
3 4
2 2

=

.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 146/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

+ Tnh I
1
= dx
x
2
4
1
3
2

= x dx
2
4
1
3 7
2 16

.
+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
2 2
2
4
1
4
2

=

. t x t dx tdt 2sin 2cos = = .

tdt
I t dt t d t
t t
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
4 2
6 6 6
1 cos 1 1 1 3
cot cot . (cot )
8 8 8 8
sin sin


| |
= = = =
|
\


Vy:
( )
I
1
7 2 3
16
= .
Cu 31.
x dx
I
x
1 2
6
0 4
=


t t x dt x dx
3 2
3 = =
dt
I
t
1
2
0
1
3
4
=

.
t t u u dt udu 2sin , 0; 2cos
2
(
= =
(

I dt
6
0
1
3 18

= =

.
Cu 32.
x
I dx
x
2
0
2
2

=
+

t x t dx tdt 2cos 2sin = =


t
I dt
2
2
0
4 sin 2
2

= =

.

Cu 33.
x dx
I
x x
1 2
2
0 3 2
=
+


Ta c:
x dx
I
x
1 2
2 2
0 2 ( 1)
=

. t x t 1 2cos = .

t t
I dt
t
2 2
2
2
3
(1 2cos ) 2sin
4 (2cos )

+
=

=
( )
t t dt
2
3
2
3 4cos 2cos2

+ +

=
3 3
4
2 2

+
Cu 34. x x dx
1
2
2
0
1 2 1

t x t sin = I t t tdt
6
0
3 1
(cos sin ) cos
12 8 8

= = +


Cu 35. I x dx
3
2
2
1 =


( )
I
5 2 1
ln 2 1 ln2
2 4
= + +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 147/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP3: TCH PHN HM S LNG GIC

Dng 1: Bin i lng gic
Cu 1.
x x
I dx
x x
2
8cos sin2 3
sin cos

=



( )
x x x
I dx x x x x dx
x x
2
(sin cos ) 4cos2
sin cos 4(sin cos
sin cos
+
(
= = +



x x C 3cos 5sin = + .
Cu 2.
x x x
I dx
x
cot tan 2tan2
sin 4

=


Ta c:
x x x x
I dx dx dx C
x x x
x
2
2cot 2 2tan2 2cot 4 cos 4 1
2
sin 4 sin 4 2sin 4
sin 4

= = = = +


Cu 3.
x
I dx
x x
2
cos
8
sin2 cos2 2
| |
+
|
\
=
+ +

Ta c:
x
I dx
x
1 cos 2
1
4
2 2
1 sin 2
4

| |
+ +
|
\
=
| |
+ +
|
\



x
dx
dx
x
x x
2
cos 2
1
4
2 2
1 sin 2
sin cos
4
8 8


| |
| |
|
+
|
|
\
= +
|
| |
( | | | | | + +
|
+ + +
| |
( | \
\ \ \



x
dx
dx
x x
2
cos 2
1 1
4
2 3
2 2
1 sin 2 sin
4 8


| |
| |
+
| |
\
| = +
| | | | |
+ + +
| | |
\ \ \

x x C
1 3
ln 1 sin 2 cot
4 8
4 2

| |
| | | |
= + + + + | | |
|
\ \
\

Cu 4.
dx
I
x x
3
2 3sin cos

=
+



dx
I
x
3
1
2
1 cos
3


=
| |
+
|
\

=
dx
I
x
2
3
1
4
2sin
2 6


=
| |
+
|
\

=
1
4 3
.
Cu 5. I dx
x
6
0
1
2sin 3

Ta c: I dx dx
x x
6 6
0 0
1
1 1
2
2
sin sin sin sin
3 3


= =




x x
dx dx
x x
x
6 6
0 0
cos
cos
2 6 2 6
3
sin sin 2cos .sin
3 2 6 2 6


| | | | | |
+
| | |
\ \ \
= =
| | | |
+
| |
\ \


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 148/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


x x
dx dx
x x
6 6
0 0
cos sin
2 6 2 6 1 1
2 2
sin cos
2 6 2 6


| | | |
+
| |
\ \
= +
| | | |
+
| |
\ \

x x
6 6
0 0
ln sin ln cos .....
2 6 2 6

| | | |
= + =
| |
\ \

Cu 6. I x x x x dx
2
4 4 6 6
0
(sin cos )(sin cos )

= + +

.
Ta c: x x x x
4 4 6 6
(sin cos )(sin cos ) + + x x
33 7 3
cos 4 cos8
64 16 64
= + + I
33
128
= .
Cu 7. I x x x dx
2
4 4
0
cos2 (sin cos )

= +


I x x dx x d x
2 2
2 2
0 0
1 1 1
cos2 1 sin 2 1 sin 2 (sin2 ) 0
2 2 2

| | | |
= = =
| |
\ \


Cu 8. I x x dx
2
3 2
0
(cos 1) cos .


A =
( )
xdx x d x
2 2
2
5 2
0 0
cos 1 sin (sin )

=

=
8
15

B = x dx x dx
2 2
2
0 0
1
cos . (1 cos2 ).
2

= +

=
4

Vy I =
8
15

4

.
Cu 9.
2
2
0
I cos cos 2 x xdx


I x xdx x xdx x x dx
2 2 2
2
0 0 0
1 1
cos cos2 (1 cos2 ) cos2 (1 2cos2 cos 4 )
2 4

= = + = + +


x x x
2
0
1 1
( sin2 sin 4 )
4 4 8

= + + =
Cu 10.
x
I dx
x
3
2
0
4sin
1 cos

=
+



x x x
x x x x x
x
x
3 3
2
4sin 4sin (1 cos )
4sin 4sin cos 4sin 2sin2
1 cos
sin

= = =
+

I x x dx
2
0
(4sin 2sin2 ) 2

= =


Cu 11. I xdx
2
0
1 sin

= +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 149/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


x x x x
I dx dx
2
2 2
0 0
sin cos sin cos
2 2 2 2

| |
= + = +
|
\

x
dx
2
0
2 sin
2 4

| |
= +
|
\



x x
dx dx
3
2
2
3 0
2
2 sin sin
2 4 2 4


(
(
| | | |
= + + ( | |
\ \
(
(


4 2 =
Cu 12.
dx
I
x
4
6
0
cos

=

Ta c: I x x d x
4
2 4
0
28
(1 2tan tan ) (tan )
15

= + + =

.

Dng 2: i bin s dng 1
Cu 13.
xdx
I
x x
sin2
3 4sin cos2
=
+


Ta c:
x x
I dx
x x
2
2sin cos
2sin 4sin 2
=
+ +

. t t x sin = I x C
x
1
ln sin 1
sin 1
= + + +
+

Cu 14.
dx
I
x x
3 5
sin . cos
=




= =
x x
dx
x x x
dx
I
2 3 2 3 3
cos . 2 sin
8
cos . cos . sin

t t x tan = . I t t t dt x x x C
t
x
3 3 4 2
2
3 1 3 1
3 tan tan 3ln tan
4 2
2tan

| |
= + + + = + + +
|
\


Ch :
t
x
t
2
2
sin2
1
=
+
.
Cu 15.
dx
I
x x
3
sin . cos
=



dx dx
I
x x x x x
2 2
2
sin . cos . cos sin2 . cos
= =

. t t x tan =
dx t
dt x
x t
2 2
2
; sin2
cos 1
= =
+


dt t
I dt
t t
t
2
2
1
2
2
1
+
= =
+

t x
t dt t C x C
t
2 2
1 tan
( ) ln ln tan
2 2
= + = + + = + +


Cu 16.
x x
I xdx
x
2011 2011 2009
5
sin sin
cot
sin

=


Ta c:
x
x
I xdx xdx
x x
2011
2011 2
2
4 4
1
1
cot
sin
cot cot
sin sin

= =


t t x cot = I t tdt t t C
2 4024 8046
2
2011 2011 2011
2011 2011
t (1 )
4024 8046
= + = + +


= x x C
4024 8046
2011 2011
2011 2011
cot cot
4024 8046
+ +
Cu 17.
x x
I dx
x
2
0
sin2 . cos
1 cos

=
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 150/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Ta c:
x x
I dx
x
2 2
0
sin . cos
2
1 cos

=
+

. t t x 1 cos = +
t
I dt
t
2 2
1
( 1)
2 2ln2 1

= =


Cu 18. I x xdx
3
2
0
sin tan

=


Ta c:
x x x
I x dx dx
x x
2 3 3
2
0 0
sin (1 cos )sin
sin .
cos cos

= =

. t t x cos =

u
I du
u
1
2 2
1
1 3
ln2
8

= =


Cu 19. I x x dx
2
2
sin (2 1 cos2 )

= +


Ta c: I xdx x xdx H K
2 2
2 2
2sin sin 1 cos2


= + = +


+ H xdx x dx
2
2 2
2sin (1 cos2 )
2 2



= = = =


+ K x x x xdx
2 2 2
2 2
sin 2cos 2 sin cos


= =

xd x
2
2
2
2 sin (sin )
3

= =


I
2
2 3

=
Cu 20.
dx
I
x x
3
2 4
4
sin . cos

=


dx
I
x x
3
2 2
4
4.
sin 2 . cos

=

. t t x tan =
dx
dt
x
2
cos
= .

t dt t
I t dt t
t
t t
3
3 3 2 2 3
2
2 2
1
1 1
(1 ) 1 1 8 3 4
2 2
3 3
| |
| | +
= = + + = + + = |
|
\
\


Cu 21.
( )
2
2
0
sin 2
2 sin
x
I dx
x

=
+


Ta c:
x x x
I dx dx
x x
2 2
2 2
0 0
sin2 sin cos
2
(2 sin ) (2 sin )

= =
+ +

. t t x 2 sin = + .

t
I dt dt t
t t
t t
3
3 3
2 2
2 2
2
2 1 2 2
2 2 2 ln
| | | |
= = = +
| |
\ \

3 2
2ln
2 3
=
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 151/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 22.
x
I dx
x
6
0
sin
cos2

=


x x
I dx dx
x
x
6 6
2
0 0
sin sin
cos2
2cos 1

= =


. t t x dt xdx cos sin = =
i cn: x t x t
3
0 1;
6 2

= = = =
Ta c
t
I dt
t t
3
1
2
2
3
1
2
1 1 2 2
ln
2 2 2 2 2 1

= =
+

=
1 3 2 2
ln
2 2 5 2 6


Cu 23.
x
I e x x dx
2
2
sin 3
0
.sin . cos .

=

t t x
2
sin = I =
t
e t dt
1
0
1
(1 )
2

= e
1
1
2
.
Cu 24. I x x dx
2
1
2
sin sin
2
6

= +

t t x cos = . I
3
( 2)
16
= +
Cu 25.
x
I dx
x x
4
6 6
0
sin4
sin cos

=
+



x
I dx
x
4
2 0
sin 4
3
1 sin 2
4

. t t x
2
3
1 sin 2
4
= I = dt
t
1
4
1
2 1
3
| |

|
\

= t
1
1
4
4 2
3 3
= .
Cu 26.
( )
x
I dx
x x
2
3
0
sin
sin 3 cos

=
+

Ta c: x x x sin 3 cos 2cos


6
| |
+ =
|
\
;
x x sin sin
6 6

| | | |
= +
| |
\ \
= x x
3 1
sin cos
2 6 2 6
| | | |
+
| |
\ \

I =
x dx
dx
x x
2 2
3 2
0 0
sin
6 3 1
16 16
cos cos
6 6


| |

|
\
+
| | | |

| |
\ \

=
3
6

Cu 27.
x x
I dx
x
2 4
2
3
sin 1 cos
cos

=



x x
I x dx x dx
x x
4 4
2
2 2
3 3
sin sin
1 cos . sin
cos cos



= =


x x
x dx x dx
x x
0
4
2 2
0
3
sin sin
sin sin
cos cos

= +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 152/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

=
x x
dx dx
x x
0 2 2 4
2 2
0
3
sin sin
cos cos

+

7
3 1
12

= .
Cu 28. I dx
x x
6
0
1
sin 3 cos

=
+


I dx
x x
6
0
1
sin 3 cos

=
+

= dx
x
6
0
1 1
2
sin
3

| |
+
|
\

=
x
dx
x
6
2
0
sin
1
3
2
1 cos
3

| |
+
|
\
| |
+
|
\

.
t t x dt x dx cos sin
3 3
| | | |
= + = +
| |
\ \
I dt
t
1
2
2
0
1 1 1
ln3
2 4
1
= =


Cu 29. I x xdx
2
2
0
1 3 sin2 2cos

= +


I x x dx
2
0
sin 3 cos

= I x x dx x x dx
3 2
0
3
sin 3 cos sin 3 cos

= +

3 3 =
Cu 30.
xdx
I
x x
2
3
0
sin
(sin cos )

=
+


t x t dx dt
2

= =
tdt xdx
I
t t x x
2 2
3 3
0 0
cos cos
(sin cos ) (sin cos )

= =
+ +



dx dx
2I x
x x
x
2 2
4
2
2
0 0 0
1 1
cot( ) 1
2 2 4
(sin cos )
sin ( )
4

= = = + =
+
+

I
1
2
=
Cu 31.
x x
I dx
x x
2
3
0
7sin 5cos
(sin cos )

=
+

Xt:
( ) ( )
xdx xdx
I I
x x x x
2 2
1 2
3 3
0 0
sin cos
;
sin cos sin cos

= =
+ +

.
t x t
2

= . Ta chng minh c I
1
= I
2
Tnh I
1
+ I
2
=
( )
dx dx
x
x x
x
2 2
2
2
0 0
1
tan( ) 1
2
2 4
sin cos 0
2cos ( )
4

= = =
+



I I
1 2
1
2
= = I I I
1 2
7 5 1 = = .
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 153/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 32.
x x
I dx
x x
2
3
0
3sin 2cos
(sin cos )

=
+


t x t dx dt
2

= =
t t x x
I dt dx
t t x x
2 2
3 3
0 0
3cos 2sin 3cos 2sin
(cos sin ) (cos sin )


= =
+ +



x x x x
I I I dx dx dx
x x x x x x
2 2 2
3 3 2
0 0 0
3sin 2cos 3cos 2sin 1
2 1
(sin cos ) (cos sin ) (sin cos )


= + = + = =
+ + +

I
1
2
= .
Cu 33.
x x
I dx
x
2
0
sin
1 cos

=
+


t
t t t
x t dx dt I dt dt I
t t
2 2
0 0
( )sin sin
1 cos 1 cos

= = = =
+ +



t d t
I dt I
t t
2
2 2
0 0
sin (cos )
2
4 4 8
1 cos 1 cos



| |
= = = + =
|
\
+ +


Cu 34.
x x
I dx
x x
4 2
3 3
0
cos sin
cos sin

=
+


t x t dx dt
2

= =
t t x x
I dt dx
t t x x
0 4 4 2
3 3 3 3
0
2
sin cos sin cos
cos sin cos sin

= =
+ +



x x x x x x x x
I dx dx xdx
x x x x
4 4 3 3 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
0 0 0
cos sin sin cos sin cos (sin cos ) 1 1
2 sin2
2 2
sin cos sin cos

+ +
= = = =
+ +


I
1
4
= .
Cu 35. I x dx
x
2
2
2
0
1
tan (cos )
cos (sin )

(
=
(
(


t x t dx dt
2

= =
I t dt
t
2
2
2
0
1
tan (sin )
cos (cos )

(
=
(
(

x dx
x
2
2
2
0
1
tan (sin )
cos (cos )

(
=
(
(


Do : I x x dx
x x
2
2 2
2 2
0
1 1
2 tan (cos ) tan (sin )
cos (sin ) cos (cos )

(
= +
(
(

= dt
2
0
2


I
2

= .
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 154/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 36.
x x
I dx
x
4
0
cos sin
3 sin2


t u x x sin cos = +
du
I
u
2
2
1 4
=

. t u t 2sin =
tdt
I dt
t
4 4
2
6 6
2cos
12
4 4sin

= = =


.
Cu 37.
x
I dx
x x
3
2
0
sin
cos 3 sin

=
+


t t x
2
3 sin = + = x
2
4 cos . Ta c: x t
2 2
cos 4 = v
x x
dt dx
x
2
sin cos
3 sin
=
+
.
I =
x
dx
x x
3
2
0
sin
.
cos 3 sin

=
x x
dx
x x
3
2 2
0
sin . cos
cos 3 sin

=
dt
t
15
2
2
3
4

= dt
t t
15
2
3
1 1 1
4 2 2
| |

|
+ \


=
t
t
15
2
3
1 2
ln
4 2
+

=
1 15 4 3 2
ln ln
4
15 4 3 2
| |
+ +
|
|

\
=
( ) ( ) ( )
1
ln 15 4 ln 3 2
2
+ + .
Cu 38.
x x x x
I dx
x x
2
3
3 2
3
( sin )sin
sin sin

+ +
=
+



x dx
I dx
x
x
2 2
3 3
2
3 3
1 sin
sin


= +
+

.
+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
2
3
1
2
3
sin

=

. t
u x
du dx
dx
dv v x
x
2
cot
sin
=
=


= =

I
1
3

=
+ Tnh
dx dx dx
I =
x x
x
2 2 2
3 3 3
2
2
3 3 3
4 2 3
1 sin
1 cos 2cos
2 4 2



= = =
+ | | | |
+
| |
\ \


Vy: I 4 2 3
3

= + .
Cu 39.
x
dx
x x
I
2
2 2
0
sin2
cos 4sin

+
=



x x
dx
x
I
2
2
0
2sin cos
3sin 1

=
+

. t u x
2
3sin 1 = +
udu
du
u
I
2 2
1 1
2
2 2
3
3 3
= = =


Cu 40.
x
I dx
x
6
0
tan
4
cos2

| |

|
\
=


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 155/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


x
x
I dx dx
x
x
2 6 6
2
0 0
tan
tan 1
4
cos2
(tan 1)

| |

|
+
\
= =
+

. t t x dt dx x dx
x
2
2
1
tan (tan 1)
cos
= = = +

dt
I
t
t
1
1
3
3
2
0
0
1 1 3
1 2
( 1)

= = =
+
+

.
Cu 41.
x
I dx
x x
3
6
cot
sin .sin
4


=
| |
+
|
\



x
I dx
x x
3
2
6
cot
2
sin (1 cot )

=
+

. t x t 1 cot + = dx dt
x
2
1
sin
=

( )
t
I dt t t
t
3 1
3 1
3 1
3 1
3
3
1 2
2 2 ln 2 ln 3
3
+
+
+
+
| |
= = =
|
\


Cu 42.
dx
I
x x
3
2 4
4
sin . cos

=


Ta c:
dx
I
x x
3
2 2
4
4.
sin 2 . cos

=

. t
dt
t x dx
t
2
tan
1
= =
+


t dt t
I t dt t
t
t t
3
2 2 3 3 3
(1 ) 1 1 8 3 4
2
( 2 ) ( 2 )
2 2 3 3
1 1
1
+
= = + + = + + =


Cu 43.
x
I dx
x x x
4
2
0
sin
5sin . cos 2cos

=
+


Ta c:
x
I dx
x x x
4
2 2
0
tan 1
.
5tan 2(1 tan ) cos

=
+ +

. t t x tan = ,

t
I dt dt
t t
t t
1 1
2
0 0
1 2 1 1 2
ln3 ln2
3 2 2 1 2 3
2 5 2
| |
= = =
|
+ +
+ + \


Cu 44.
xdx
x x x
I
2
4
4 2
4
sin
cos (tan 2 tan 5)

+
=


t
dt
t x dx
t
2
tan
1
= =
+

t dt dt
I
t t t t
2 1 1
2 2
1 1
2
2 ln 3
3
2 5 2 5

= = +
+ +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 156/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Tnh
dt
I
t t
1
1
2
1
2 5

=
+

. t
t
u I du
0
1
4
1 1
tan
2 2 8

= = =

. Vy I
2 3
2 ln
3 8

= + .
Cu 45.
x
I dx
x
2 2
6
sin
sin3

=

.

x x
I dx dx
x x x
2 2 2
3 2
6 6
sin sin
3sin 4sin 4cos 1


= =



t t x dt xdx cos sin = =
dt dt
I
t
t
3
0
2
2
2
0
3
2
1 1
ln(2 3)
1 4 4
4 1
4
= = =



Cu 46.
x x
I dx
x
2
4
sin cos
1 sin2

=
+


Ta c: x x x x x 1 sin2 sin cos sin cos + = + = + (v x ;
4 2
(

(

)

x x
I dx
x x
2
4
sin cos
sin cos

=
+

. t t x x dt x x dx sin cos (cos sin ) = + =


I dt t
t
2
2
1
1
1 1
ln ln2
2
= = =


Cu 47. I x x xdx
2
6 3 5
1
2 1 cos .sin . cos =


t
t dt
t x t x t dt x xdx dx
x x
5
6 3 6 3 5 2
2
2
1 cos 1 cos 6 3cos sin
cos sin
= = = =

t t
I t t dt
1
1 7 13
6 6
0
0
12
2 (1 ) 2
7 13 91
| |
= = = |
\


Cu 48.
xdx
I
x x
4
2
0
tan
cos 1 cos

=
+


Ta c:
xdx
I
x x
4
2 2
0
tan
cos tan 2

=
+

. t
2 2 2
2
tan
2 tan 2 tan
cos
= + = + =
x
t x t x tdt dx
x


3 3
2 2
3 2 = = =

tdt
I dt
t

Cu 49.
x
I dx
x x
2
3
0
cos2
(cos sin 3)

=
+

t t x x cos sin 3 = +
t
I dt
t
4
3
2
3 1
32

= =

.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 157/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 50.
x
I dx
x x
4
2 4
0
sin 4
cos . tan 1

=
+


Ta c:
x
I dx
x x
4
4 4
0
sin 4
sin cos

=
+

. t t x x
4 4
sin cos = + I dt
2
2
1
2 2 2 = =

.
Cu 51.
x
I dx
x
4
2
0
sin 4
1 cos

=
+


Ta c:
x x
I dx
x
2 4
2
0
2sin2 (2cos 1)
1 cos

=
+

. t t x
2
cos =
t
I dt
t
1
2
1
2(2 1) 1
2 6ln
1 3

= =
+

.
Cu 52.
x
I dx
x
6
0
tan( )
4
cos2

=


Ta c:
2 6
2
0
tan 1
(tan 1)

+
=
+

x
I dx
x
. t t x tan =
1
3
2
0
1 3
( 1) 2

= =
+

dt
I
t
.

Cu 53.
3 6
0
tan
cos 2

x
I dx
x

Ta c:
3 3
6 6
tan tan
2 2 2 2
cos sin cos (1 tan )
0 0

= =


x x
I dx dx
x x x x
.
t t x tan =
3
3
3
1 1 2
ln
2
6 2 3
1
0
= =

t
I dt
t
.
Cu 54.
x
I dx
x
2
0
cos
7 cos2

=
+


x dx
I
x
2
2 2
0
1 cos
2 6 2
2 sin

= =



Cu 55.
dx
x x
3
4 3 5
4
sin . cos


Ta c: dx
x
x
x
3
3
8
4
4
3
1
sin
. cos
cos

dx
x
x
3
2
4 3
4
1 1
.
cos
tan

=

.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 158/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

t t x tan =
( )
I t dt
3
3
8
4
1
4 3 1

= =


Cu 56.
3
2
0
cos cos sin
( )
1 cos
x x x
I x dx
x

+ +
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x x
I x dx x x dx dx J K
x x
2
2 2
0 0 0
cos (1 cos ) sin .sin
. cos .
1 cos 1 cos

| |
+ +
= = + = + |
|
+ +
\


+ Tnh J x x dx
0
. cos .

=

. t
u x du dx
dv xdx v x cos sin
= =


= =

J 2 =
+ Tnh
x x
K dx
x
2
0
.sin
1 cos

=
+

. t x t dx dt = =

t t t t x x
K dt dt dx
t t x
2 2 2
0 0 0
( ).sin( ) ( ).sin ( ).sin
1 cos ( ) 1 cos 1 cos


= = =
+ + +



x x x x dx x dx
K dx K
x x x
2 2 2
0 0 0
( ).sin sin . sin .
2
2
1 cos 1 cos 1 cos

+
= = =
+ + +


t t x cos =
dt
K
t
1
2
1
2
1

=
+

, t t u dt u du
2
tan (1 tan ) = = +

u du
K du u
u
2 2 4 4
4
2
4
4 4
(1 tan )
.
2 2 2 4
1 tan


+
= = = =
+


Vy I
2
2
4

=
Cu 57.
2
2
6
cos
I
sin 3 cos

=
+

x
dx
x x

Ta c:
2
2 2
6
sin cos
sin 3 cos

=
+

x x
I dx
x x
. t t x
2
3 cos = +
( )
dt
I
t
15
2
2
3
1
ln( 15 4) ln( 3 2)
2
4
= = + +




Dng 3: i bin s dng 2

Cu 58. I x x dx
2
1
2
sin sin .
2
6

= +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 159/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

t x t t
3
cos sin , 0
2 2
| |
=
|
\
I = tdt
4
2
0
3
cos
2

=
3 1
2 4 2
| |
+
|
\
.
Cu 59.
2
2 2
0
3sin 4cos
3sin 4cos

+
=
+

x x
I dx
x x


2 2 2
2 2 2
0 0 0
3sin 4cos 3sin 4cos
3 cos 3 cos 3 cos

+
= = +
+ + +

x x x x
I dx dx dx
x x x

2 2
2 2
0 0
3sin 4cos
3 cos 4 sin

= +
+

x x
dx dx
x x

+ Tnh
2
1 2
0
3sin
3 cos

=
+

x
I dx
x
. t cos sin = = t x dt xdx
1
1 2
0
3
3
=
+

dt
I
t

t
2
3 tan 3(1 tan ) = = + t u dt u du
2 6
1 2
0
3 3(1 tan ) 3
3(1 tan ) 6

+
= =
+

u du
I
u

+ Tnh
2
2 2
0
4cos
4 sin

x
I dx
x
. t
1 1
sin cos = = t x dt xdx
1
1
2 1 2
1 0
4
ln3
4
= =

dt
I dt
t

Vy:
3
ln3
6

= + I
Cu 60.
x
I dx
x x
4
2
6
tan
cos 1 cos

=
+


Ta c:
x x
I dx dx
x x
x
x
4 4
2 2
2
2
6 6
tan tan
1
cos tan 2
cos 1
cos


= =
+
+


t u x du dx
x
2
1
tan
cos
= =
u
I dx
u
1
2
1
3
2
=
+

. t
u
t u dt du
u
2
2
2
2
= + =
+
.
I dt t
3
3
7
7
3
3
7 3 7
3 .
3 3

= = = =


Cu 61.
x
I dx
x x
2
4
sin
4
2sin cos 3

| |
+
|
\
=


Ta c:
( )
x x
I dx
x x
2
2
4
1 sin cos
2
sin cos 2

+
=
+

. t t x x sin cos = I dt
t
1
2
0
1 1
2 2
=
+


t t u 2 tan =
u
I du
u
1
arctan
2 2
2
0
1 2(1 tan ) 1 1
arctan
2
2 2 2tan 2
+
= =
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 160/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Dng 4: Tch phn tng phn
Cu 62.
x x
I dx
x
3
2
3
sin
cos


=

.
S dng cng thc tch phn tng phn ta c:

x dx
I xd J
x x x
3 3
3
3
3 3
1 4
,
cos cos cos 3


| |
= = =
|
\

vi
dx
J
x
3
3
cos

=


tnh J ta t t x sin . = Khi
dx dt t
J
x t
t
3
3
3 2
2
2
3
3
2
3
2
1 1 2 3
ln ln
cos 2 1
2 3 1



= = = =
+
+


Vy I
4 2 3
ln .
3
2 3

=
+

Cu 63.
x
x
I e dx
x
2
0
1 sin
.
1 cos

| | +
=
|
+
\


Ta c:
x x
x x
x x x
2 2
1 2sin cos
1 sin 1
2 2
tan
1 cos 2
2cos 2cos
2 2
+
+
= = +
+


x
x
e dx x
I e dx
x
2 2
2
0 0
tan
2
2cos
2

= +

= e
2


Cu 64.
( )
x x
I dx
x
4
2
0
cos2
1 sin2

=
+


t
u x
du dx
x
dv dx
v
x x
2
cos2
1
1 sin2 (1 sin2 )
=
=


=
=

+ +


I x dx dx
x x
x
4 4
2
0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
. . .
4
2 1 sin2 2 1 sin2 16 2
2
0 cos
4

| |
= + = +
|
+ + | |
\

|
\



( )
x
1 1 1 2 2
. tan . 0 1
4
16 2 4 16 2 2 4 16
2
0

| |
= + = + + =
|
\


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 161/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP4: TCH PHN HM S M - LOGARIT

Dng 1: i bin s

Cu 1.
x
x
e
I dx
e
2
1
=
+


t
x x x
t e e t e dx tdt
2
2 = = = .

t
I dt
t
3
2
1
= =
+

t t t t C
3 2
2
2 2ln 1
3
+ + +
x x x x x
e e e e e C
2
2 2ln 1
3
= + + +
Cu 2.
x
x
x x e
I dx
x e
2
( )

+
=
+



x
x
x x e
I dx
x e
2
( )

+
=
+

=
x x
x
xe x e
dx
xe
.( 1)
1
+
+

. t
x
t x e . 1 = +
x x
I xe xe C 1 ln 1 = + + + .
Cu 3.
x
dx
I
e
2
9
=
+


t
x
t e
2
9 = +
dt t
I C
t
t
2
1 3
ln
6 3
9

= = +
+

x
x
e
C
e
2
2
1 9 3
ln
6
9 3
+
= +
+ +

Cu 4.
x
x
x x
I dx
ex e
2
2
2 1
ln(1 ) 2011
ln ( )
+
+ +
=
(
+


Ta c:
x x
I dx
x x
2
2 2
ln( 1) 2011
( 1) ln( 1) 1
(
+ +

=
(
+ + +

. t t x
2
ln( 1) 1 = + +

t
I dt
t
1 2010
2
+
=

t t C
1
1005ln
2
= + + = x x C
2 2
1 1
ln( 1) 1005ln(ln( 1) 1)
2 2
+ + + + + +
Cu 5.
e x
x
xe
J dx
x e x
1
1
( ln )
+
=
+


e x e
e
x
x
d e x e
J e x
e
e x
1
1
( ln ) 1
ln ln ln
ln
+ +
= = + =
+



Cu 6.
x x
x x x
e e
I dx
e e e
ln2 3 2
3 2
0
2 1
1
+
=
+ +



x x x x x x
x x x
e e e e e e
I dx
e e e
ln2 3 2 3 2
3 2
0
3 2 ( 1)
1
+ + +
=
+ +

=
x x x
x x x
e e e
dx
e e e
ln2 3 2
3 2
0
3 2
1
1
| |
+
|
|
+ +
\


=
x x x
e e e x
3 2 ln2 ln2
ln( 1)
0 0
+ + = ln11 ln4 =
14
ln
4

Cu 7.
( )
x
dx
I
e
3ln2
2
3 0
2
=
+



( )
x
x
x
e dx
I
e e
3ln2
3
2
0
3
3
2
=
+

. t
x x
t e dt e dx
3 3
1
3
= = I
3 3 1
ln
4 2 6
| |
=
|
\

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 162/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 8.
x
I e dx
ln2
3
0
1 =


t
x
e t
3
1 =
t dt
dx
t
2
3
3
1
=
+
I = dt
t
1
3
0
1
3 1
1
| |

|
+ \

=
dt
t
1
3
0
3 3
1

.
Tnh
dt
I
t
1
1
3
0
3
1
=
+

=
t
dt
t
t t
1
2
0
1 2
1
1
| |
+
|
+
+ \

= ln2
3

+
Vy: I 3 ln2
3

=
Cu 9.
( )
x x
x x x x
e e dx
I
e e e e
ln15 2
3ln2
24
1 5 3 1 15

=
+ + +


t
x x
t e t e
2
1 1 = + =
x
e dx tdt 2 = .

( )
t t dt
I dt t t t
t t
t
4 4 2
4
2
3
3 3
(2 10 ) 3 7
2 2 3ln 2 7ln 2
2 2
4
| |
= = = +
|
+
\


2 3ln2 7ln6 7ln5 = +
Cu 10.
ln3 2
ln2
1 2
x
x x
e dx
I
e e
=
+


t t =
x
e 2
x
e dx tdt
2
2 =
I = 2
t tdt
t t
1 2
2
0
( 2)
1
+
+ +

= 2
t
t dt
t t
1
2
0
2 1
1
1
| | +
+
|
+ + \

= t dt
1
0
2 ( 1)

+
d t t
t t
1 2
2
0
( 1)
2
1
+ +
+ +


= t t
1
2
0
( 2 ) + t t
1
2
0
2ln( 1) + + = 2ln3 1 .
Cu 11.
x x
x x
e e
I dx
e e
ln3 3 2
0
2
4 3 1

=
+


t
x x x x x x
t e e t e e tdt e e dx
3 2 2 3 2 3 2
4 3 4 3 2 (12 6 ) = = =
x x
tdt
e e dx
3 2
(2 )
3
=

tdt
I dt
t t
9 9
1 1
1 1 1
(1 )
3 1 3 1
= =
+ +

t t
9
1
1 8 ln5
( ln 1) .
3 3

= + =
Cu 12.

=
3
16
ln
3
8
ln
4 3 dx e I
x

t:
x x
t
t e e
2
4
3 4
3
+
= =
tdt
dx
t
2
2
4
=
+


t dt
I dt dt
t t
2 3 2 3 2 3 2
2 2
2 2 2
2
2 8
4 4
= =
+ +


( )
I
1
4 3 1 8 = , vi
dt
I
t
2 3
1
2
2
4
=
+


Tnh
dt
I
t
2 3
1
2
2
4
=
+

. t: t u u 2tan , ;
2 2
| |
=
|
\
dt u du
2
2(1 tan ) = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 163/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

I du
3
1
4
1 1
2 2 3 4 24

| |
= = =
|
\

. Vy: I 4( 3 1)
3

=
Cu 13.
x
x
e
I dx
e
ln3
3
0 ( 1)
=
+


t
x x x
x
tdt
t e t e tdt e dx dx
e
2
2
1 1 2 = + = + = =
tdt
I
t
2
3
2
2 2 1 = =


Cu 14.
x
x
e
I dx
e
ln5 2
ln2 1
=


t
x x
x
tdt t
t e t e dx I t d t
e
2
2 3
2 2
1
1
2 20
1 1 2 ( 1) 2
3 3
| |
= = = = + = + = |
\


Cu 15.
x
I e dx
ln2
0
1 =


t
x x x
x
td td
t e t e tdt e dx dx
e t
2
2
2 2
1 1 2
1
= = = = =
+


t
I dt dt
t t
1 1 2
2 2
0 0
2 1 4
2 1
2
1 1
| |
= = =
|
+ + \


Cu 16.
x x
x x
I dx
2
1
2 2
4 4 2

=
+


t
x x
t 2 2

= +
x x x x 2
4 4 2 (2 2 ) 4

+ = +
1 81
ln
4ln 2 25
= I
Cu 17.
1
0
6
9 3.6 2.4
=
+ +

x
x x x
dx
I
Ta c:
x
x x
dx
I
1
2
0
3
2
3 3
3 2
2 2
| |
|
\
=
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ \

. t
x
t
3
2
| |
=
|
\
.
dt
I
t t
3
2
2
1
1
ln3 ln2
3 2
=

+ +

ln15 ln14
ln3 ln2


Cu 18.
e
x
I x x dx
x x
2
1
ln
3 ln
1 ln
| |
= +
|
+
\



e e
x
I dx x xdx
x x
2
1 1
ln
3 ln
1 ln
= +
+

=
2(2 2)
3

+
e
3
2 1
3
+
=
e
3
5 2 2 2
3
+

Cu 19.
e
x x
I dx
x
3 2
1
ln 2 ln +
=


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 164/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

t t x
2
2 ln = +
x
dt dx
x
2ln
= I tdt
3
3
2
1
2
=


( )
3 3 4 4
3
3 2
8
=
Cu 20.
e
e
dx
I
x x ex
2
ln . ln
=



e e
e e
dx d x
I
x x x x x
2 2
(ln )
ln (1 ln ) ln (1 ln )
= =
+ +

=
e
e
d x
x x
2
1 1
(ln )
ln 1 ln
| |

|
+
\

= 2ln2 ln3
Cu 21.
x
x x
e
I dx
e e
ln6 2
ln 4
6 5

=
+

t
x
t e = . I 2 9ln3 4ln2 = +
Cu 22.
e
x
I dx
x x
3
2
2
1
log
1 3ln
=
+



e e e
x
x x xdx
I dx dx
x
x x x x x
3
3 2
2
3
2 2 2
1 1 1
ln
log ln2 1 ln . ln
.
ln 2
1 3ln 1 3ln 1 3ln
| |
|
\
= = =
+ + +


t
dx
x t x t x tdt
x
2 2 2
1 1
1 3ln ln ( 1) ln .
3 3
+ = = = .
Suy ra I t t
2
3
3 3
1
1 1 4
3
9ln 2 27ln 2
| |
= =
|
\
.
Cu 23.
e
x x x
I dx
x x
1
( 2) ln
(1 ln )
+
=
+



e e
x
dx dx
x x
1 1
ln
2
(1 ln )

+

=
e
x
e dx
x x
1
ln
1 2
(1 ln )

+


Tnh J =
e
x
dx
x x
1
ln
(1 ln ) +

. t t x 1 ln = +
t
J dt
t
2
1
1
1 ln2

= =

.
Vy: I e 3 2ln2 = + .
Cu 24.
e
e
x x x x
I dx
x x
3
2
2 2
2 ln ln 3
(1 ln )
+
=



e e
e e
I dx xdx
x x
3 3
2 2
1
3 2 ln
(1 ln )
=


e e
3 2
3ln2 4 2 = + .
Cu 25.
e
x x
I dx
x
2
2 2
2
1
ln ln 1 +
=


t :
dx
t x dt
x
ln = =
t t t t
t t t t t
I dt dt dt dt I I
e e e e
2
2 2 1 2
1 2
0 0 0 1
2 1 1 1 1 +
= = = + = +


+
t
t t t t
tdt dt dt dt
I te
e
e e e e
1
1 1 1 1
1
0 0 0 0
0
1

| | | |
= = + =
| |
\ \


+
t t
t t t t
tdt dt dt dt
I te te
e
e e e e e
2 2
2 2 2 2
2
1 1 1 1 2
1 1
1 2

= = + = =


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 165/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Vy :
e
I
e
2
2( 1)
=
Cu 26.
5
2
ln( 1 1)
1 1
+
=
+

x
I dx
x x

t
( )
t x ln 1 1 = +
dx
dt
x x
2
1 1
=
+
I dt
ln3
2 2
ln2
2 ln 3 ln 2 = =

.
Cu 27.
3
3
1
ln

1 ln
=
+

e
x
I dx
x x

t
dx
t x x t tdt
x
2
1 ln 1 ln 2 = + + = = v x t
3 2 3
ln ( 1) =

t t t t
I dt = dt t t t dt
t t t
2 2 2 2 3 6 4 2
5 3
1 1 1
( 1) 3 3 1 1
( 3 3 )
+
= = +

15
ln2
4
=
Cu 28.
e
x
I dx
x x
1
3 2ln
1 2ln

=
+

t t x 1 2ln = +
e
I t dt
2
1
(2 ) =

=
3
5 2 4


Cu 29.
e
x x
I dx
x
3 2
1
ln 2 ln +
=

t t x
2
2 ln = + I
3 3 4 4
3
3 2
8
(
=



Cu 30.
1
1
( ln )
+
=
+

e x
x
xe
I dx
x e x
t
x
t e x ln = +
1
ln
+
=
e
e
I
e
.

Dng 2: Tch phn tng phn

Cu 31.
inx
I e xdx
2
s
0
.sin2

=



inx
I e x xdx
2
s
0
2 .sin cos

=

. t
x x
u x du xdx
dv e xdx v e
sin sin
sin cos
cos
= =


= =



x x x
I xe e xdx e e
2
sin sin sin
2 2
0 0
0
2sin . cos 2 2 2


= = =


Cu 32. I x x x dx
1
2
0
ln( 1) = + +


t
x
du dx
u x x x x
dv xdx
x
v
2
2
2
2 1
ln( 1) 1
2
+
=


= + + + +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 166/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


x x x
I x x dx
x x
1
1 2 3 2
2
2
0
0
1 2
ln( 1)
2 2
1
+
= + +
+ +


x dx
x dx dx
x x x x
1 1 1
2 2
0 0 0
1 1 1 2 1 3
ln3 (2 1)
2 2 4 4
1 1
+
= +
+ + + +

3 3
ln3
4 12

=
Cu 33.
x
I dx
x
8
3
ln
1
=
+


t
u x dx
du
dx
x
dv
v x
x
ln
2 1
1
=
=


=

= +
+
( )
x
I x x dx J
x
8
8
3
3
1
2 1. ln 2 6ln8 4ln3 2
+
= + =


+ Tnh
x
J dx
x
8
3
1 +
=

. t
t t
t x J tdt dt dt
t t
t t
3 3 3 2
2 2
2 2 2
1 1
1 .2 2 2
1 1
1 1
| |
= + = = = +
|
+
\



t
t
t
8
3
1
2 ln 2 ln3 ln2
1
| |

= + = +
|
+
\

T I 20ln2 6ln3 4 = .
Cu 34.
e
x
x x x
I e dx
x
2
1
ln 1 + +
=



e e e x
x x
e
I xe dx xe dx dx
x
1 1 1
ln = + +

. + Tnh
e e
e
x x x e
I xe dx xe e dx e e
1
1
1 1
( 1) = = =


+Tnh
e e e x x
e
x x e
e e
I e xdx e x dx e dx
x x
2
1
1 1 1
ln ln = = =

.
Vy:
e x
e
I I I dx
x
1 2
1
= + +

=
e
e
1 +
.
Cu 35.
e
x
I x dx
x x
2
1
ln
ln
1 ln
| |
= +
|
+
\


Tnh
e
x
I dx
x x
1
1
ln
1 ln
=
+

. t t x 1 ln = + I
1
4 2 2
3 3
= .
+ Tnh
e
I xdx
2
2
1
ln =

. Ly tch phn tng phn 2 ln c I e
2
2 = .
Vy I e
2 2 2
3 3
= .
Cu 36.
2
3
2
1
ln( 1) x
I dx
x
+
=


t
x
du
u x
x
dx
dv
v
x
x
2
2
3
2
2
ln( 1)
1
1
2

=
= +


+


=

=

. Do I =
x dx
x x x
2 2
2 2
1
2 ln( 1)
1
2 ( 1)
+
+
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 167/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


x
dx
x
x
2
2
1
ln2 ln5 1
2 8
1
| |
= +
|
+ \

dx d x
x
x
2 2 2
2
1 1
ln2 ln5 1 ( 1)
2 8 2
1
+
= +
+


x x
2
2 ln2 ln5 1
ln | | ln | 1|
2 8 2 1
| |
= + +
|
\
=
5
2ln2 ln5
8

Cu 37.
x
I = dx
x
2
2
1
ln( 1) +


t
dx
u x
du
dx
x
dx I x
dv
x x x
v
x
x
2
2 1
ln( 1)
1 3
2
1
ln( 1) 3ln2 ln3
1 1
( 1) 2

= +
=

+
= + + =

=
+

=




Cu 38.
x
I x dx
x
1
2
0
1
ln
1
| | +
=
|


t
du dx
x
u x
x
x
dv xdx
v
2
2
2
1
ln (1 )
1
2

=
+
=


x
I x x dx
x
x
1
2
2 2
2
0
1
1 1 2
ln
2
2 1
1
0
(
(
| | | | +
( =
| |

( \ \
(



x
dx dx
x x
x
1 1
2 2 2
2
0 0
ln3 ln3 1 ln3 1 1 2
1 ln
8 8 ( 1)( 1) 8 2 2 3
1
(
= + = + + = + +
(
+



Cu 39. I x x dx
x
2
2
1
1
. ln
| |
= +
|
\

t
u x
x
dv x dx
2
1
ln
| |
= +
|
\

I
10 1
3ln3 ln2
3 6
= +

Cu 40. I x x dx
1
2 2
. ln(1 )
0
= +

t
u x
dv x dx
2
2
ln(1 )

= +

I
1 4
. ln2
3 9 6

= + +

Cu 41.
x
I dx
x
3
2
1
ln
( 1)
=
+

t
u x
dx
dv
x
2
ln
( 1)
=

I
1 3
ln3 ln
4 2
= +

Cu 42.
2 2
1
ln ( ln )
.
1
+ +
=
+

e x x
x
x e e x
I dx
e

Ta c:
e e x
x
e
I x dx dx H K
e
2
2
1 1
ln .
1
= + = +
+


+
e
H x dx
2
1
ln . =

. t:
u x
dv dx
2
ln


e
H e x dx e
1
2ln . 2 = =


+
e x
x
e
K dx
e
2
1
1
=
+

. t
x
t e 1 = +
e
e
e
e
e
t e
I dt e e
t
e
1
2
1
1 1
ln
1
+
+
+
= = +
+


Vy:
e
e
e
I e
e
1
2 ln
1
+
= +
+

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 168/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Cu 43.
2 1
1
2
1
( 1 )
+
= +

x
x
I x e dx
x

Ta c:
2 3 1 1
1 1
2 2
1
+ +
| |
= + = +
|
\

x x
x x
I e dx x e dx H K
x

+ Tnh H theo phng php tng phn I
1
=
2
2 1 1 5
2
1
1
2
2
1 3
2
+ +
| |
= =
|
\

x x
x x
H xe x e dx e K
x


5
2
3
.
2
I e =
Cu 44.
4
2
0
ln( 9 ) = +

I x x dx
t
( )
u x x
dv dx
2
ln 9

= +


( )
x
I x x x dx
x
4
4
2
2
0
0
ln 9 2
9
= + + =
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 169/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP5: TCH PHN T HP NHIU HM S


Cu 1.
x
x
I x e dx
x
3
1 4
2
0
1
| |
= + |
|
+
\



x
x
I x e dx dx
x
3
1 1 4
2
0 0
1
= +
+

.
+ Tnh
x
I x e dx
3
1
2
1
0
=

. t t x
3
=
t t
I e dt e e
1
1
1
0
0
1 1 1 1
3 3 3 3
= = =

.
+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
1 4
2
0
1
=
+

. t t x
4
=
t
I dt
t
1 4
2
2
0
2
4 4
3 4
1
| |
= = +
|
\
+


Vy: I e
1
3
3
= +
Cu 2.
x
x
I x e dx
x
2 2
3
1
4
| |

|
=
|
\



x
I xe dx
2
1
=

+
x
dx
x
2 2
2
1
4

.
+ Tnh
x
I xe dx e
2
2
1
1
= =

+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
2 2
2
2
1
4
=

. t x t 2sin = , t 0;
2
(

(

.

t
I dt t t
t
2 2
2
2
2
6
6
cos
( cot )
sin

= =

= 3
3


Vy: I e
2
3
3

= + .
Cu 3.
( )
x
x
I e x x dx
x
1
2 2 2
2
0
. 4 .
4
=



x
x
I x e dx dx I I
x
1 1 3
2
1 2
2
0 0 4
= = +



+ Tnh
x
e
I x e dx
1 2
2
1
0
1
4
+
= =


+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
1 3
2
2
0 4
=

. t t x
2
4 = I
2
16
3 3
3
= +

e
I
2
61
3 3
4 12
= +
Cu 4.
x
x
I e dx
x
1 2
2
0
1
( 1)
+
=
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 170/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

t t x dx dt 1 = + =
t t
t t
I e dt e dt
t
t t
2 2 2
1 1
2 2
1 1
2 2 2 2
1

| | +
= = +
|
\

=
e
e e
e
2
2
1 1
2
| |
+ + = |
|
\

Cu 5.
x
x e dx
I
x
2
3 3 1
2
0
.
1
+
=
+


t t x dx tdt
2
1 = + =
t
I t e dt
2
2
1
( 1) =

t t
t e dt e J e e
2
2 2
1
2
( )
1
= =


+
t t t t t t t
J t e dt t e te dt e e te e dt e e te e
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
1 1 1
2 2 2
2 4 2 4 2( )
1 1 1
| |
|
= = = =
|
\


Vy: I e
2
=
Cu 6.
x x x
I dx
x
2 3
2
ln( 1)
1
+ +
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x x x x x
f x x
x x x x
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
ln( 1) ( 1) ln( 1)
( )
1 1 1 1
+ + +
= + = +
+ + + +

F x f x dx x d x xdx d x
2 2 2
1 1
( ) ( ) ln( 1) ( 1) ln( 1)
2 2
= = + + + +


= x x x C
2 2 2 2
1 1 1
ln ( 1) ln( 1)
4 2 2
+ + + + .
Cu 7.
( )
x x x
I dx
x
4 2 3
2
0
ln 9 3
9
+ +
=
+



( ) ( )
x x x x x x
I dx dx dx I I
x x x
4 4 4 2 3 2 3
1 2
2 2 2
0 0 0
ln 9 3 ln 9
3 3
9 9 9
+ + + +
= = =
+ + +


+ Tnh
( )
x x
I dx
x
4 2
1
2
0
ln 9
9
+ +
=
+

. t
( )
x x u
2
ln 9 + + = du dx
x
2
1
9
=
+


u
I udu
ln9 2 2 2
1
ln3
ln 9 ln 3
ln9
ln3
2 2

= = =


+ Tnh
x
I dx
x
4 3
2
2
0 9
=
+

. t x v
2
9 + =
x
dv dx x v
x
2 2
2
, 9
9
= =
+


u
I u du u
5 3
2
2
3
44
5
( 9) ( 9 )
3
3 3
= = =


Vy
( )
x x x
I dx I I
x
4 2 3 2 2
1 2
2
0
ln 9 3 ln 9 ln 3
3 44
2
9
+ +
= = =
+

.
Cu 8.
e
x x x
I dx
x x
3 2
1
( 1) ln 2 1
2 ln
+ + +
=
+



e e
x
I x dx dx
x x
2
1 1
1 ln
2 ln
+
= +
+

. +
e
e
x e
x dx
3 3
2
1
1
1
3 3

= =


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 171/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

+
e e
e
x d x x
dx x x
x x x x
1
1 1
1 ln (2 ln )
ln 2 ln
2 ln 2 ln
+ +
= = +
+ +


e 2
ln
2
+
= . Vy:
e e
I
3
1 2
ln
3 2
+
= + .
Cu 9.
e
x
I dx
x x
3
3
1
ln
1 ln
=
+


t
dx
t x x t tdt
x
2
1 ln 1 ln 2 = + + = = v x t
3 2 3
ln ( 1) =

t t t t
I dt = dt t t t dt
t t t
2 2 2 2 3 6 4 2
5 3
1 1 1
( 1) 3 3 1 1
( 3 3 )
+
= = +

15
ln2
4
=
Cu 10.
4
2
0
sin
cos

x x
I dx
x

t
u x
du dx

x
dv dx
v
x
x
2
sin
1
cos
cos
= =


=
=


x dx dx
I
x x x
4 4
4
0 0 0
2
cos cos 4 cos

= =


+
dx xdx
I
x
x
4 4
1
2
0 0
cos
cos
1 sin

= =


. t t x sin =
dt
I
t
2
2
1
2
0
1 2 2
ln
2
2 2 1
+
= =


Vy:
2 1 2 2
ln
4 2
2 2
+
=


Cu 11.
4 3
2
1
ln(5 ) . 5 +
=

x x x
I dx
x

Ta c:
4 4
2
1 1
ln(5 )
5 .

= + = +

x
I dx x x dx K H
x
.
+
x
K dx
x
4
2
1
ln(5 )
=

. t
u x
dx
dv
x
2
ln(5 ) =

K
3
ln 4
5
=
+ H= x x dx
4
1
5 .

. t t x 5 = H
164
15
=
Vy: I
3 164
ln 4
5 15
= +
Cu 12. I x x x dx
0
2
2
(2 ) ln(4 )
(
= + +


Ta c: I x x dx
2
0
(2 ) =

+ x dx
2
2
0
ln(4 ) +

= I I
1 2
+
+ I x x dx x dx
2 2
2
1
0 0
(2 ) 1 ( 1)
2

= = =

(s dng i bin: x t 1 sin = + )
+
x
I x dx x x dx
x
2 2 2
2
2 2
2 0
2
0 0
ln(4 ) ln(4 ) 2
4
= + = +
+

(s dng tch phn tng phn)
6ln2 4 = + (i bin x t 2tan = )
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 172/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

Vy: I I I
1 2
3
4 6ln2
2

= + = +
Cu 13.
8
ln
1
3
=

+
x
I dx
x

t
u x dx
du
dx
x
dv
v x
x
ln
2 1
1
=
=


=

= +
+
x
I x x dx
x
8
8
3
3
1
2 1ln 2
+
= +


+ Tnh
x
J dx
x
8
3
1 +
=

. t t x 1 = +
t dt
J dt
t t
3 3 2
2 2
2 2
2 1
2 1 2 ln3 ln2
1 1
| |
= = + = +
|
\


I 6ln8 4ln3 2(2 ln3 ln2) 20ln2 6ln3 4 = + =
Cu 14. dx x
x
x
I

+
=
2
1
3
2
ln
1

Ta c: I xdx
x
x
2
3
1
1 1
ln
| |
= +
|
\

. t
u x
dv dx
x
x
3
ln
1 1
( )
=

= +


I x x x dx
x
x x
2
2
4 5 1
1
1 1 1
ln ln ln
4 4
| | | |
= + +
| |
\ \

=
2
1 63 1
ln2 ln 2
64 4 2
+ +
Cu 15.
e
x
x x x
I e dx
x
2
1
ln 1 + +
=


Ta c:
e e e x
x x
e
I xe dx e xdx dx H K J
x
1 1 1
ln = + + = + +


+
e e
x x e x e
H xe dx xe e dx e e
1
1 1
( 1) = = =


+
e e e x x
e
x x e e
e e
K e xdx e x dx e dx e J
x x 1
1 1 1
ln ln = = = =


Vy:
e e e e
I H K J e e e J J e
1 1 + +
= + + = + + = .
Cu 16.
x x
I dx
x
2
3
4
cos
sin

=


Ta c
x
x x
2 3
1 2cos
sin sin

| |
=
|
\
. t
u x
x
dv dx
x
3
cos
sin
=


du dx
v
x
2
1
2sin
=


I = x
x
2
2
4
1 1
.
2
sin

+
dx
x
x
2
2
2
4
4
1 1 1
( ) cot
2 2 2 2 2
sin

=
1
2
.
Cu 17.
x x
I dx
x
4
3
0
sin
cos

=


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 173/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

t:
u x du dx
x
dv dx v
x x
3 2
sin 1
cos 2. cos
= =


= =


x dx
I x
x x
4
4 4
2 2
0
0 0
1 1 1
tan
2 4 2 4 2
2cos cos



= = =


Cu 18. dx
x
x x
I

+
+
=
2
0
2
2 sin 1
) sin (


Ta c:
x x
I dx dx H K
x x
2 2 2
0 0
sin
1 sin2 1 sin2

= + = +
+ +


+
x x
H dx dx
x
x
2 2
2
0 0
1 sin2
2cos
4

= =
+ | |

|
\

. t:
u x
du dx
dx
dv
v x
x
2
1
tan
2cos
2 4
4

=
=


=
| |

= | |
|

| \

\


x
H x x
2
2
0
0
1
tan ln cos
2 4 2 4 4


| |
| | | |
= + =
|
| |
|
\ \
\

+
x
K dx
x
2 2
0
sin
1 sin2

=
+

. t t x
2

=
x
K dx
x
2 2
0
cos
1 sin2

=
+



dx
K x
x
2
2
2
0 0
1
2 tan 1
2 4
2cos
4

| |
= = =
|
| |
\

|
\

K
1
2
=
Vy, I H K
1
4 2

= + = + .
Cu 19.

x x x x
I dx
x
3
2
0
(cos cos sin )
1 cos

+ +
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x x
I x dx x x dx dx J K
x x
2
2 2
0 0 0
cos (1 cos ) sin .sin
. cos .
1 cos 1 cos

| |
+ +
= = + = + |
|
+ +
\


+ Tnh J x x dx
0
. cos .

=

. t
u x
dv xdx cos
=

J x x x dx x
0 0
0
( .sin ) sin . 0 cos 2


= = + =


+ Tnh
x x
K dx
x
2
0
.sin
1 cos

=
+

. t x t dx dt = =

t t t t x x
K dt dt dx
t t x
2 2 2
0 0 0
( ).sin( ) ( ).sin ( ).sin
1 cos ( ) 1 cos 1 cos


= = =
+ + +



x x x x dx x dx
K dx K
x x x
2 2 2
0 0 0
( ).sin sin . sin .
2
2
1 cos 1 cos 1 cos

+
= = =
+ + +


t t x dt x dx cos sin . = =
dt
K
t
1
2
1
2
1

=
+

, t t u dt u du
2
tan (1 tan ) = = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 174/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak


u du
K du u
u
2 2 4 4
4
2
4
4 4
(1 tan )
.
2 2 2 4
1 tan


+
= = = =
+


Vy I
2
2
4

=
Cu 20.
x x x x
I dx
x x
2
3
2
3
( sin )sin
(1 sin )sin

+ +
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x dx
I dx dx H K
x
x x x
2 2 2
2
3 3 3
2 2
3 3 3
(1 sin ) sin
1 sin
(1 sin )sin sin


+ +
= = + = +
+
+


+
x
H dx
x
2
3
2
3
sin

=

. t
u x
du dx
dx
dv v x
x
2
cot
sin
=
=


= =

H
3

=
+
dx dx dx
K
x x
x
2 2 2
3 3 3
2
3 3 3
3 2
1 sin
1 cos 2cos
2 4 2



= = = =
+ | | | |
+
| |
\ \


Vy I 3 2
3

= +
Cu 21.
x x
I dx
x
2
3
0
sin
1 cos2

+
=
+


Ta c:
x x x x
I dx dx dx H K
x
x x
2 2
3 3 3
0 0 2 0 2
sin sin
1 cos2
2cos 2cos

+
= = + = +
+


+
x x
H dx dx
x x
3 3
0 2 0 2
1
2
2cos cos

= =

. t
u x
du dx
dx
dv v x
x
2
tan
cos
=
=


= =


H x x xdx x
3
3 3
0 0 0
1 1 1
tan tan ln cos ln2
2 2 2
2 3 2 3



(
(
= = + =


+
x
K dx xdx
x
2
2
3 3
0 2 0
sin 1
tan
2
2cos

= =

[ ]
x x
3
0
1 1
tan 3
2 2 3

| |
= =
|
\

Vy:
( )
I H K
1 1 3 1 1
ln2 3 ( 3 ln2)
2 2 3 6 2
2 3
| |
= + = + = +
|
\

Cu 22. I x x dx
3
0
1sin 1. = + +


t t x 1 = + I t t tdt t tdt x xdx
2 2 2
2 2
1 1 1
.sin .2 2 sin 2 sin = = =


t
du xdx
u x
v x
dv xdx
2
4
2
cos
sin

=
=


=
=

I x x x xdx
2
2
2
1
1
2 cos 4 cos = +


t
u x du dx
dv xdx v x
4 4
cos sin
= =


= =

. T suy ra kt qu.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 175/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

Cu 23.
x
x
I e dx
x
2
0
1 sin
.
1 cos

+
=
+



x
x
e dx x
I e dx
x x
2 2
2
0 0
1 sin
2 1 cos
cos
2

= +
+


+ Tnh
x x
x x
x
I e dx e dx
x x
2 2
1
2
0 0
2sin . cos
sin
2 2
1 cos
2cos
2

= =
+

x
x
e dx
2
0
tan
2

=


+ Tnh
x
e dx
I
x
2
2
2
0
1
2
cos
2

=

. t
x
x
u e
du e dx
dx
dv x
v x
2
tan
2cos
2
2


=
=


x
x
I e e dx
2
2
2
0
tan
2

=


Do : I I I e
2
1 2

= + = .
Cu 24.
x
x
I dx
e x
2
0
cos
(1 sin2 )

=
+



x
x
I dx
e x x
2
0 2
cos
(sin cos )

=
+

. t
x
x
x
x x dx
u
du
e
e
dx
x
dv
v
x x x x
2
cos
(sin cos )
sin
sin cos (sin cos )

+
=
=


=
=
+ +



x x x
x x xdx xdx
I
x x
e e e
2 2
2
0 0 0
cos sin sin sin
.
sin cos

= + =
+


t
x x
u x du xdx
dx
dv v
e e
1 1
1 1
sin cos
1
= =



= =



x x x
xdx xdx
I x
e e e
e
2 2
2
0 0 0
2
1 cos 1 cos
sin .


= + = +


t
x x
u x du xdx
dx
dv v
e e
2 2
1 1
cos sin
1
= =



= =




x x
xdx
I x I I e
e e
e e
2
2
2
0 0
2 2
1 1 sin 1
cos . 1 2 1


= + = + = +


e
I
2
1
2 2

= +
Cu 25.
x
x x
I dx
6 6 4
4
sin cos
6 1

+
=
+


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 176/232
Gia i tch 12 Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

t t x = dt dx =
t x
t x
t t x x
I dt dx
6 6 6 6 4 4
4 4
sin cos sin cos
6 6
6 1 6 1



+ +
= =
+ +



x
x
x x
I dx x x dx
6 6 4 4
6 6
4 4
sin cos
2 (6 1) (sin cos )
6 1



+
= + = +
+

x dx
4
4
5 3
cos 4
8 8

| |
= +
|
\

5
16

=
I
5
32

= .
Cu 26.
x
xdx
I
4 6
6
sin
2 1

=
+


Ta c:
x x x
x x x
xdx xdx xdx
I I I
0 4 4 4 6 6
1 2
0
6 6
2 sin 2 sin 2 sin
2 1 2 1 2 1



= = + = +
+ + +


+ Tnh
x
x
xdx
I
0 4
1
6
2 sin
2 1

=
+

. t x t =
t
t t x
t t x
I dt dt dx
0 0 0 4 4 4
1
6 6 6
2 sin ( ) sin sin
2 1 2 1 2 1

= = =
+ + +



x
x x
xdx xdx
I xdx x dx
4 4 6 6 6 6
4 2
0 0 0 0
sin 2 sin 1
sin (1 cos2 )
4
2 1 2 1

= + = =
+ +


x x dx
6
0
1
(3 4cos2 cos 4 )
8

= +

4 7 3
64

=
Cu 27.
e
I x dx
1
cos(ln )

=


t
t t
t x x e dx e dt ln = = =

t
I e tdt
0
cos

=

= e
1
( 1)
2

+ (dng pp tch phn tng phn).


Cu 28.
x
I e x xdx
2
2
sin 3
0
.sin .cos

=


t t x
2
sin =
t
I e t dt e
1
0
1 1
(1 )
2 2
= =

(dng tch phn tng phn)


Cu 29. I x dx
4
0
ln(1 tan )

= +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 177/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

t t x
4

= I t dt
4
0
ln 1 tan
4

| | | |
= +
| |
\ \

=
t
dt
t
4
0
1 tan
ln 1
1 tan

| |
+
|
+ \

= dt
t
4
0
2
ln
1 tan


= dt t dt
4 4
0 0
ln2 ln(1 tan )

+

= t I
4
0
. ln2


I 2 ln2
4

= I ln2
8

= .
Cu 30. I x x dx
2
0
sin ln(1 sin )

= +


t
x
u x du dx
x
dv xdx
v x
1 cos
ln(1 sin )
1 sin
sin
cos
+
= + =


+
=



x x
I x x x dx dx x dx
x x
2 2 2 2
0 0 0
cos 1 sin
cos . ln(1 sin ) cos . 0 (1 sin ) 1
2
1 sin 1 sin 2
0


= + + = + = =
+ +


Cu 31.
x x
I dx
x
4
0
tan . ln(cos )
cos

=


t t x cos = dt xdx sin =
t t
I dt dt
t t
1
1 2
2 2
1 1
2
ln ln
= =

.
t
u t
dv dt
t
2
ln
1
=


du dt
t
v
t
1
1

I
2
2 1 ln2
2
=

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 178/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12

TP6: TCH PHN HM S C BIT


Cu 1. Cho hm s f(x) lin tc trn R v f x f x x
4
( ) ( ) cos + = vi mi xR.
Tnh: I f x dx
2
2
( )


=

.
t x = t f x dx f t dt f t dt f x dx
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )


= = =


f x dx f x f x dx xdx
2 2 2
4
2 2 2
2 ( ) ( ) ( ) cos

( = + =

I
3
16

=
Ch : x x x
4
3 1 1
cos cos2 cos 4
8 2 8
= + + .
Cu 2. Cho hm s f(x) lin tc trn R v f x f x x ( ) ( ) 2 2cos2 + = + , vi mi xR.
Tnh: I f x dx
3
2
3
2
( )


=

.
Ta c : I f x dx f x dx f x dx
3 3
0
2 2
0
3 3
2 2
( ) ( ) ( )



= = +

(1)
+ Tnh : I f x dx
0
1
3
2
( )

=

. t x t dx dt = = I f t dt f x dx
3 3
2 2
1
0 0
( ) ( )

= =



Thay vo (1) ta c:
( )
I f x f x dx x x dx
3 3 3
2 2 2
0 0 0
( ) ( ) 2 1 cos2 2 cos

( = + = + =


xdx xdx
3
2 2
0
2
2 cos cos

(
(
= (
(
(


x x
2
0
3
2
2 sin sin 6
2

(
(
= =
(
(
(


Cu 3.
x
I dx
x x
4
2
4
sin
1

=
+ +


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 179/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak

I x xdx x xdx I I
4 4
2
1 2
4 4
1 sin sin



= + =


+ Tnh I x xdx
4
2
1
4
1 sin

= +

. S dng cch tnh tch phn ca hm s l, ta tnh c I


1
0 = .
+ Tnh I x xdx
4
2
4
sin

=

. Dng pp tch phn tng phn, ta tnh c: I
2
2
2
4
= +
Suy ra: I
2
2
4
= .
Cu 4.
( )
( )
5
2
3 2 1
1 1
x
x
e x x
I dx
e x x
+
=
+



( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
5 5 5 5
2 2 2 2
3 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1
1 1 1 1 1 1
+ + +
= = = +
+ + +

x x x x
x x x
e x x e x x e x e x
I dx dx dx dx
e x x e x x e x x


( ) ( )
5 5
2 2
5 2 1 2 1
3
2 1( 1 1) 1( 1 1)

= + = +
+ +

x x
x x
e x e x
x dx dx
x e x x e x

t
( ) 2 1
1 1
2 1

= + =

x
x
e x
t e x dt dx
x


5
2
5 2 1 5
2
2
1
2 1
2 2 1
3 3 2ln 3 2ln
1
1
+
+
+
+
= + = + = +
+
+

e
e
e
e
I dt I t
t e
e

Cu 5.
x
I dx
x x x
2 4
2
0
( sin cos )

=
+

.

x x x
I dx
x
x x x
4
2
0
cos
.
cos
( sin cos )

=
+

. t
x
u
x
x x
dv dx
x x x
2
cos
cos
( sin cos )

=
+


x x x
du dx
x
v
x x x
2
cos sin
cos
1
sin cos
+
=

+


x dx
I dx
x x x x
x
4
4
2
0 0
cos ( sin cos )
cos

= +
+

=
4
4

+
.








Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 180/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
KIM TRA 1 TIT CHNG III

1

Cu 1: (3,0 im) Tnh:
a)
3
1
(4 1) x dx
x
+

b)
2
1
(2cos 4 )
sin
x
x e dx
x
+


Cu 2: (4,0 im) Tnh
a)
5
1
ln
e
x xdx

b)
2
3
0
(sin 2)cos x xdx


Cu 3: (2,0 im) Cho hnh phng (H) gii hn bi cc ng:
2
y x = v 2 y x = +
a) Tnh din tch hnh phng (H).
b) Tnh th tch khi trn xoay sinh ra khi cho hnh phng (H) quay quanh trc Ox.
Cu 4: (1,0 im) Tm s m > 0 sao cho:
2
2
0
.
1
(2 )
x m
x e
dx
x
=
+



2

Cu 1: (4,5 im) Tm nguyn hm ca cc hm s sau:
a)
2
( ) 3
x
f x x e = + b) ( ) cos 2sin f x x x = c)
2
1 1
( ) 5
cos
f x
x x
= +
Cu 2: (3,0 im) Tnh cc tch phn sau:
a)
1
4 ln .
e
x x dx

b)
1
2
0
.
1 3
x
dx
x +

c)
2
4
3
( 1).sin2
sin
x x
dx
x


Cu 3: (1,5 im) Cho hnh phng (H) gii hn bi cc ng:
x
y xe = v y ex =
a) Tnh din tch hnh phng (H).
b) Tnh th tch khi trn xoay sinh ra khi cho hnh phng (H) quay quanh trc Ox.
Cu 4: (1,0 im) Cho h ng thng :
m
y mx = v parabol (P):
2
4 y x = . Tm m
din tch to bi h ng thng
m
v parabol (P) l nh nht.

3
Bi 1 ( 1,0 im ) . Tm nguyn hm F(x) ca hm s f(x) =
3
2
1 x
x

bit F(-1) = 2 .
Bi 2 ( 6,0 im) . Tnh cc tch phn sau :
a.
2
5
1
(1 2 ) I x dx = +

; c.
6
0
2 1 4sin3 cos3 J x xdx

= +

;
b.
1
1
( 3)
x
K x e dx

= +

; d.
2
1
1 1
x
H dx
x
=
+

;
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 181/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Bi 3 ( 3,0 im). Cho hnh phng H gii hn bi th hm s y = x , trc honh v ng
thng x = 4.
1. Tnh din tch ca hnh phng H .
2. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay to thnh khi quay hnh phng H xung quanh
a. trc Ox .
b. trc Oy
4

Bi 1 ( 1,0 im ) . Tm nguyn hm F(x) ca hm s f(x) = x
3
2x + 5 bit F(2) = 5 .
Bi 2 ( 6,0 im) . Tnh cc tch phn sau :
a.
2
cos
0
( 1) sin
x
I e xdx

= +

; c.
3
2
2
4
2
x
J dx
x x

=
+

;
b.
3
2
4ln( 1) K x dx =

; d.
3
1
2
( 1) 2 3
dx
H
x x
=
+ +

;
Bi 3 ( 3,0 im). Cho hnh phng H gii hn bi th hm s y = x , trc tung v ng thng
y = 2.
1. Tnh din tch ca hnh phng H .
2. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay to thnh khi quay hnh phng H xung quanh
a. trc Oy .
b. trc Ox.
5

I. PHN CHUNG CHO TT C TH SINH
Cu 1 (2 im). CMR hm s
2
( ) ln( 4) F x x = + l nguyn hm ca hm s
2
2
( )
4
x
f x
x
=
+
trn .
Cu 2 (3 im). Cho hm s
3
8
( )
2 1
x
f x
x
=


a. Tm h nguyn hm ca hm s ( ) f x .
b. Tm mt nguyn hm ( ) F x ca hm s ( ) f x sao cho (1) 2011 F = .
Cu 3 (3 im). Tnh cc tch phn sau.
a.
4
4
2
0
1
sin 2
cos
x
e x dx
x

b.
1
3
0
1
2 63 1 63 1
dx
x x + + +


II. PHN RING CHO TNG BAN
A. Phn ring cho ban KHTN
Cu 4A (2 im ). Tnh tch phn sau.
4
2
0
cos
x
dx
x


B. Phn ring cho ban c bn A + D
Cu 4B (2 im ). Tnh tch phn sau.
2
2
0
sin x xdx




Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 182/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
6

Bi 1 (3.0 im) S dng phng php i bin s, hy tnh:
a)
2
0
cos 2
2
I x dx


= +

b)
2 3
2
5
4
dx
I
x x
=
+


Bi 2 (3.0 im) S dng phng php tnh tch phn tng phn, hy tnh:
a) ( )
2
0
1 cos I x xdx

= +

b)
3
2
0
cos
xdx
I
x


Bi 3 (2.0 im) Tnh din tch ca hnh phng gii hn bi th cc hm s:
2
, y x x y x = =
Bi 4 (2.0 im)Tnh th tch ca khi trn xoay do hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng sau khi
quay quanh trc Ox: , y = 0
x
y xe = v x 1 =

7
Cu1. Tnh
a.
1
5 3
0
(3 4 1) x x x dx + +

b.
2
0
(2 1) sin x xdx


c.
3
1
ln
e
x
dx
x

d.
3
0
1
x
dx
x +


Cu2. Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi: (C):
2
y x = v (d) : x + y + 2 = 0
Cu3. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay do hnh sau to thnh khi quay quanh trc Ox.
y = lnx ; y = 0 ; x = 1 ; x = 4.

8

Cu1. Tnh
a.
1
3 2
0
( 3 2) x x x x dx + +

b.
1
(2 1) ln
e
x xdx +


c.
3
1
2
0
x
x e dx

d.
3
0
3 4
4
x
dx
x


Cu2. Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi: (C):
2
5 y x x = + va
2
( ') : 3 7 C y x x = + +
Cu3. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay do hnh sau to thnh khi quay quanh trc Ox.

4
; 0; 1; 4 y y x x
x
= = = =
9
Bi 1 (2.5 im)
a) Tm h nguyn hm ca hm s
5
3
( ) 5 8 f x x
x
= + .
b) Gi F(x) l h nguyn hm ca hm s ( ) 3 . f x cos x cosx = . Tm ( ) F x , bit 2
4
F



= .
Bi 2 (2.5 im) Tnh cc tch phn sau:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 183/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
a)
1
2
0
1
x
I dx
x +
=

; b)
1
0
4
6
( 1)
1
x dx
K
x
+
=
+

.
Bi 3 (2.0 im)
Tnh cc tch phn sau:
a)
2
1
2
(2 1)
x
H x e dx =

; b) ( ) ( )
2
4
cos .ln sin G x x dx

.
Bi 4 (3.0 im)
a) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi parabol
2
( ) : 6 5 P y x x = + v ng thng
( ) : 5 1 d y x = .
b) Tnh th tch vt th to thnh khi quay hnh phng (H) quanh trc Ox, bit (H) c gii
hn bi cc ng 0, y =
4 4
4
3
sin , y x cos x = + 0 x = v
12
x

= .

10

Bi 1(6):Tnh cc tch phn:
a)
( )
4
2 2
0
cos sin I x x dx

b) I=
1
2
0
1 x x dx +

c) I =
2
0
(2 1).cos x xdx


Bi 2(2): Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th hm s y=x
3
-3x v y=x.
Bi 3(2): Tm mt nguyn hm F(x) ca f(x)= sin3x.cosx+2cos
2
x , bit F( )= -3.

11
Bi 1: (2 im) Tnh: sin3 cos5 x xdx


Bi 2: (6 im) Tnh cc tch phn sau :
a)
1
10
0
(2 1) x dx

; b)
1
2
0
( 1 )
x
x x e dx +


Bi 3: (2 im) Cho hnh phng D gii hn bi cc ng sau :
1
1
1
y
x
= +
+
, x = 0 , x = 1 , y = 0. Tnh th tch hnh trn xoay sinh bi D , khi D quay quanh
trc Ox .

12

Bi 1.Tnh cc tch phn sau :
a) A =
2
2
3
sinx(2cos 1) x dx

b) B =
2
2
1
(2 1)
x
x e dx

c) C =
1 4
6
0
( 1)
1
x dx
x
+
+


Bi 2 . Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng: y = xlnx, y =
2
x
v x =1
Bi 3 . Cho hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng sau y = e
x
; y = e
-x
; x = 1 quay quanh trc Ox. Tnh
th tch vt th trn xoay sinh ra
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 184/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
13
Cu 1: Tnh a) ( )
10
1 3x dx +

b)
( )( )
2
1 2 1 2
dx
x x +


Cu 2: Tnh a)
2
sin 1
2 .cos
0
x
xdx

b) ( )
0
1 sin 2 x xdx


Cu 3: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng: y = x
2
va y = 5x

14
Cu 1: Tnh a) ( ) 2 cos 2x dx +

b)
( )
9
2
1 x x dx +


Cu 2: Tnh a)
3
2
0
2 x x dx

b) ( )
1
2
0
1 .
x
x e dx


Cu 3: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng: y = 2x
2
v y = 2x +4

15
Cu 1: Tnh:
a/ I=
1
sin .cos
dx
x x

b)J=
2x
sin3x- cos 5x- 2e
3
dx




Cu 2: Tnh:
a)
4
0
sin
4
I x xdx


= +

b) J=
3
1
(2 1).ln . x x dx +

c) K=
2
2
0
2 1
x
dx
x +


Cu 3: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng:
2
2 y x x = + ,
2
y x x =

16

Cu 1.( 4) Tm nguyn hm ca cc hm s sau:
a)
3
3
( ) 3 2 f x x
x
= + b) f(x)=2cos3x-3sin2x
c) f(x)=(1-x)cosx d)
2
2
( )
4
f x
x
=


Cu 2. ( 4) Tnh
a)
( )
3
3
1
1 x dx

b)
4
2
4
2
3sin
cos
x dx

c)
( )
2
2
1
ln 1 x x dx +


Cu 3 (3 ): Xt hnh phng D gii hn bi y=x
2
-2 v y=-x
a. Tnh din tch hnh phng D.
b. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay sinh ra t hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng y=x
2
-2;
y=0 quay xung quanh trc Ox

17

Cu 1.(2 ) Tnh nguyn hm cc hm s sau
A.
2
3 2
( )
x x
f x
x

=
( )
( ) . 10)
x x
f x e x e

= +

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 185/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Cu 2.(7 ) Tnh cc tch phn sau
A.
1
0
(3 2) x x dx

B.
4
2
3
1
3 2
dx
x x +


C.
3
0
1
x
dx
x +

D.
2
0
sin 2 cos x xdx


E.
4
0
sin 2 x xdx

F.
1
2
2
1
1
1 ln
e
dx
x x


Cu 3.(1 ) Tnh din tch gii hn bi cc ng sau: 5
x
y xe = + v 5 y ex = + .

18

Cu 1. (2 ) Tnh nguyn hm cc hm s sau
A.
2
2 3
( )
x x
f x
x

= B.
( )
( ) . 12
x x
f x e x e

=
Cu 2. (7 ) Tnh cc tch phn sau
A.
1
0
(2 3 ) x x dx

B.
5
2
4
1
4 3
dx
x x +


C.
5
2
1
x
dx
x

D.
4
0
sin 2 cos x xdx


E.
2
0
sin 2 x xdx

F.
3
2
2
1
1
1 ln
e
dx
x x


Cu 3. (2 ) Tnh din tch gii hn bi cc ng sau: 4
x
y xe = + v

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 186/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12


1. Dien tch hnh phang
Dien tch S cua hnh phang gii han bi cac ng:
o th (C) cua ham so y = f(x) lien tuc tren oan [a; b].
Truc hoanh.
Hai ng thang x = a, x = b.
la: ( )
b
a
S f x dx =

(1)
Dien tch S cua hnh phang gii han bi cac ng:
o th cua cac ham so y = f(x), y = g(x) lien tuc tren oan [a; b].
Hai ng thang x = a, x = b.
la: ( ) ( )
b
a
S f x g x dx =

(2)
Chu y:
Neu tren oan [a; b], ham so f(x) khong oi dau th: ( ) ( )
b b
a a
f x dx f x dx =


Trong cac cong thc tnh dien tch tren, can kh dau gia tr tuyet oi cua ham so
di dau tch phan. Ta co the lam nh sau:
Bc 1: Giai phng trnh: f(x) = 0 hoac f(x) g(x) = 0 tren oan [a; b]. Gia s tm
c 2 nghiem c, d (c < d).
Bc 2: S dung cong thc phan oan:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
b c d b
a a c d
f x dx f x dx f x dx f x dx = + +


= ( ) ( ) ( )
c d b
a c d
f x dx f x dx f x dx + +


(v tren cac oan [a; c], [c; d], [d; b] ham so f(x) khong oi dau)
Dien tch S cua hnh phang gii han bi cac ng:
o th cua x = g(y), x = h(y) (g va h la hai ham so lien tuc tren oan [c; d])
Hai ng thang x = c, x = d.
( ) ( )
d
c
S g y h y dy =


2. The tch vat the
Goi B la phan vat the gii han bi hai mat phang vuong goc vi truc Ox tai cac iem
cac iem a va b.
S(x) la dien tch thiet dien cua vat the b cat bi mat phang vuong goc vi truc Ox tai
iem co hoanh o x (a x b). Gia s S(x) lien tuc tren oan [a; b].
The tch cua B la: ( )
b
a
V S x dx =


The tch cua khoi tron xoay:
The tch cua khoi tron xoay do hnh phang gii han bi cac ng:
III. NG DUNG TCH PHAN
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 187/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
(C): y = f(x), truc hoanh, x = a, x = b (a < b)
sinh ra khi quay quanh truc Ox:

2
( )
b
a
V f x dx =


Chu y: The tch cua khoi tron xoay sinh ra do hnh phang gii ha n bi cac ng sau
quay xung quanh truc Oy:
(C): x = g(y), truc tung, y = c, y = d
la:
2
( )
d
c
V g y dy =



VAN E 1: Tnh dien tch hnh phang

Bai 1. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
2
4 6, 0, 2, 4 y x x y x x = = = = b)
ln 1
, 0, ,
x
y y x x e
x e
= = = =
c)
1 ln
, 0, 1,
x
y y x x e
x
+
= = = = d)
ln
, 0, , 1
2
x
y y x e x
x
= = = =
e)
1
ln , 0, , y x y x x e
e
= = = = f)
3
, 0, 2, 1 y x y x x = = = =
g)
4
1
, 0, 0,
2
1
x
y y x x
x
= = = =

h)
1
lg , 0, , 10
10
y x y x x = = = =
Bai 2. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
3 1
, 0, 0
1
x
y y x
x

= = =

b) , 2 , 0 y x y x y = = =
c) , 2, 1
x
y e y x = = = d) , 2 0, 0 y x x y y = + = =
e)
2 2
2 , 2 1, 2 y x y x x y = = = f)
2
4 5, 2 4, 4 11 y x x y x y x = + = + =
g)
2
2
27
, ,
27
x
y x y y
x
= = = h)
2 2
2 , 4 4, 8 y x y x x y = = =
i)
2
2 , 2 2 1 0, 0 y x x y y = + + = = k)
2 2
6 5, 4 3, 3 15 y x x y x x y x = + = + =
Bai 3. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
1
, , 0, y x y y x e
x
= = = = b) sin 2cos , 3, 0, y x x y x x = = = =
c)
2
5 , 0, 3 , 0
x
y y y x x

= = = = d)
2 2
2 2 , 3 6, 0, 4 y x x y x x x x = = + = =
e) , 0, 4 y x y y x = = = f)
2 2
2 2, 4 5, 1 y x x y x x y = + = + + =
g) , 2 , 0 y x y x y = = = h)
2
1
, , 1
x
x
y y e x
e

= = =
Bai 4. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
2 2
4 , 2 y x y x x = = b)
2
4 3 , 3 y x x y x = + = +
c)
2 2
1 1
, 3
4 2
y x y x = = + d)
2
2
1
,
2
1
x
y y
x
= =
+

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 188/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
e)
2
, 2 y x y x = = f)
2 2
2 , 4 y x x y x x = = +
g)
2
2
1
,
2
1
x
y y
x
= =
+
h)
2
3 , 0 y x y
x
= + + =
i)
2
2 , 2 y x x y x = + = + k)
2
2, 4 y x y x = + =
Bai 5. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
2 2
, y x x y = = b)
2
5 0, 3 0 y x x y + = + =
c)
2
2 0, 0 y y x x y + = + = d)
2
2 1, 1 y x y x = + =
e)
2
2 , , 0, 3 y x y x y y = = = = f)
2
( 1) , sin y x x y = + =
g)
2 2 2
6 , 16 y x x y = + = h)
2 3 2
(4 ) , 4 y x y x = =
i)
3
1 0, 1 0 x y x y + = + = k)
2 2 2
8, 2 x y y x + = =
Bai 6. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a) . ; 0; 1; 2.
x
y x e y x x = = = = b)
2
. ln ; 0; 1; . y x x y x x e = = = =
c) ; ; 1.
x x
y e y e x

= = = d)
2
5 ; 0; 0; 3 .
x
y y x y x

= = = =
e)
5
( 1) ; ; 1.
x
y x y e x = + = = f)
1
ln , 0, , y x y x x e
e
= = = =
g)
2
sin cos , 0, 0, y x x y x x = + = = = h) sin ; ; 0; 2 . y x x y x x x = + = = =
i)
2
sin ; ; 0; . y x x y x x = + = = = k)
2
sin sin 1, 0, 0,
2
y x x y x x

= + + = = =
Bai 7. Tnh dien tch hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
2
1
( ) :
2
C y x
x
= + , tiem can xien cua (C), x = 1 va x = 3.
b)
2
2 1
( ) : , 0
2
x x
C y y
x
+ +
= =
+
, tiem can xien cua (C), x = 1 va x = 2
c)
3 2
( ) : 2 4 3, 0 C y x x x y = + = va tiep tuyen vi (C) tai iem co hoanh o x = 2.
d)
3
( ) : 3 2, 1 C y x x x = + = va tiep tuyen ci (C) tai iem co hoanh o x = 2.
e)
2
( ) : 2 C y x x = va cac tiep tuyen vi (C) tai O(0 ; 0) va A(3; 3) tren (C).

VAN E 2: Tnh the tch vat the
Bai 1. Tnh the tch vat the tro n xoay sinh ra bi hnh (H) gii han bi cac ng sau quay
quanh truc Ox:
a) sin , 0, 0,
4
y x y x x

= = = = b)
3 2
1
, 0, 0, 3
3
y x x y x x = = = =
c)
6 6
sin cos , 0, 0,
2
y x x y x x

= + = = = d) , 4 y x x = =
e)
3
1, 0, 1, 1 y x y x x = = = = f)
2
, y x y x = =
g)
2 3
,
4 8
x x
y y = = h)
2
4 , 2 y x x y x = + = +
i) sin , cos , ,
4 2
y x y x x x = = = =

k)
2 2
( 2) 9, 0 x y y + = =
l)
2 2
4 6, 2 6 y x x y x x = + = + m) ln , 0, 2 y x y x = = =
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 189/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
Bai 2. Tnh the tch vat the tro n xoay sinh ra bi hnh (H) gii han bi cac ng sau quay
quanh truc Oy:
a)
2
, 1, 4 x y y
y
= = = b)
2
, 4 y x y = =
c) , 0,
x
y e x y e = = = d)
2
, 1, 2 y x y y = = =
Bai 3. Tnh the tch vat the tro n xoay sinh ra bi hnh (H) gii han bi cac ng sau quay
quanh: i) truc Ox ii) truc Oy
a)
2
( 2) , 4 y x y = = b)
2 2
, 4 , 4 y x y x y = = =
c)
2
1
, 0, 0, 1
1
y y x x
x
= = = =
+
d)
2
2 , 0 y x x y = =
e) . ln , 0, 1, y x x y x x e = = = = f)
2
( 0), 3 10, 1 y x x y x y = > = + =
g)
2
, y x y x = = h)
( )
2
2
4 1 x y + =
i) 1
4 9
2 2
= +
y x
k) 1, 2, 0, 0 y x y y x = = = =
l)
2
0, 2, 0 x y y x = = = m)
2 3
, 0, 1 y x y x = = =



Bai 1. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)


2
0
2
dx x x b)
3 7
8 4
2
1 2
x
dx
x x +

c)
3
2
1
2 1 x x dx +


d)
2
2
1
1
2
x
dx
x

e)
5
3
( 2 2 ) x x dx

f)
1
2
0
2 5 2
dx
x x + +


g)
1
2
0
( 1)
xdx
x +

h)
0
2
1
2 4
dx
x x

+ +

i)
2 3 2
2
0
2 4 9
4
x x x
dx
x
+ + +
+


k)
1 3
2
0
1
x
dx
x +

l)
1
2
0
1
xdx
x +

m)
1
3
0
( 1)
xdx
x +


Bai 2. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)

+
2
1
1 1
dx
x
x
b)
3
3 2
0
1 x x dx +

c)
9
3
1
1 x x dx


d)
3 5 3
2
0
2
1
x x
dx
x
+
+

e)
4
1
2
5 4
dx
x

+ +

f)
2 4
5
0 1
x
dx
x +


g)
2
2 2
0
4 x x dx

h)
2
1
2 2
xdx
x x + +

i)
0
1
1 x x dx


k)
3
2 3
0
1 . x x dx +

l)
1
3 2
0
3 x x dx +

m)
3
1
3
3 1 3
x
dx
x x

+ + +


IV. ON TAP TCH PHAN
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 190/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
o)
1
5 2
0
1 x x dx

p)
3
3 3
0
1 . x x dx +

q)
7/ 3
3
0
1
3 1
x
dx
x
+
+


r)
1 2
2 3
0 ( 1)
x x
dx
x
+
+

s)
10
5
2 1
dx
x x

t)
1
3 2
0
1 x x dx


Bai 3. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
/ 4 2
0
1 2sin
1 sin 2
x
dx
x

b)
/ 2
0
sin2 sin
1 3cos
x x
dx
x

+
+

c)
/ 2
0
sin2 cos
1 cos
x x
dx
x


d)
/ 2
2 2
0
sin2
cos 4sin
x
dx
x x

e)
/ 2
0
sin sin2 sin3 x x x dx

f)
/ 2
5
0
cos xdx


g)
/ 2
4 4
0
cos2 (sin cos ) x x x dx

h)
/3
2
/ 4
tan
cos 1 cos
x
dx
x x

i)
2
0
sin
1 cos
x x
dx
x


k)
/ 4
2
0
tan x x dx

l)
/ 2
0
sin2
cos 1
x
dx
x

m)
/ 2
0
sin
1 3cos
x
dx
x


o)
/ 2 2004
2004 2004
0
sin
sin cos
x
dx
x x

p)
/ 2 3
0
4sin
1 cos
x
dx
x

q)
/ 4 2
0
1 2sin
1 sin2
x
dx
x


r)
/ 2
0
cos3
sin 1
x
dx
x

s)
/ 2
2 2
0
sin
sin 2cos cos
2
xdx
x
x x

t)
/ 3 2
2
0
sin
sin2 cos
x xdx
x x


Bai 4. Tnh cac tch phan sau:
a)
3
2
0
ln( 5) x x dx +

b)


3
2
2
) ln( dx x x c)
1
2
0
( 2)
x
x e dx


d)
/ 2
sin
0
( cos ) cos
x
e x x dx

e)
ln5
ln3
2 3
x x
dx
e e

f)
2 2
1
ln
e
x x dx


g)
3
1
1
ln
e
x
xdx
x
+

h)
1
2
0
( 1)
x
x e dx +

i)
1
0
1
x
dx
e +


k)
2 2
2
0
( 2)
x
x e
dx
x +

l)
1
2 2
0
(4 2 1)
x
x x e dx

m)
2
2
1
ln(1 ) x
dx
x
+


o)
/ 2
3
0
sin5
x
e x dx

p)
2
1
ln
e
x
dx
x

q)
1
2
0
ln(1 ) x x dx +


r)
1
3 2ln
1 2ln
e
x
dx
x x

s)

+
e
dx
x
x x
1
ln . ln 3 1
t)
3
2
1
ln
ln 1
e
x
dx
x x +


Bai 5. Tnh dien tch cac hnh phang gii han bi cac ng sau:
a)
3
3 1, 0, 0, 1 y x x y x x = + = = = b)
4
, 0, 2, 1
2
y y x x
x
= = = =


c)
4 2
1 9
2 , 0
4 4
y x x y = + + = d) , 2, 1
x
y e y x = = =
e)
1 1
1 , 0, 2, 4
2 1
y x y x x
x
= + = = =

f)
2 2
2 , 4 y x x y x x = = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 191/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
g)
2 1
, 0, 0
1
x
y y x
x
+
= = =
+
h)
2
, 0
1
x x
y y
x
+
= =
+

m)
2
3 2
, , 0, 1
1
x x
y tie m ca n xie n x x
x
+
= = =
+

n)
2
2
, 0,
1
x x
y y tie p tuye n ve t go c toa o
x
+
= =
+

o)
3 2
3 3 1 y x x x = + + + , tiep tuyen tai giao iem cua (C) vi truc tung.
p)
3
1
3
4
y x x = , tiep tuyen tai iem M thuoc o th co hoanh o x = 2 3 .
Bai 6. Tnh the tch ca c vat the tron xoay sinh ra khi quay hnh phang gii han bi cac
ng sau quanh truc:
a) , 0, 3; y x y x Ox = = = b) ln , 0, 1, ; y x x y x x e Ox = = = =
c) , 0, 1;
x
y xe y x Ox = = = d)
2 2
4 , 2; y x y x Ox = = +
e)
2
4 , 0; y x x Oy = = f) , 0, 1;
y
x ye x y Oy = = =

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 192/232
NG DNG TCH PHN TNH DIN TCH HNH PHNG

BI TON 1: Cho hm s ( ) y f x = lin tc trn [ ] ; a b . Khi din tch hnh phng (D) gii
hn bi:
- th hm s ( ) y f x =
- Trc Ox : ( 0 y = )
- Hai ng thng ; x a x b = =
c xc nh bi cng thc : ( )
b
D
a
S f x dx =


1) HTMi 99: Tnh ?
D
S = , bit D gii hn bi th:
2
2 y x x = , 1, 2 x x = = v trc
Ox .
2) HVCNBCVT 2001: Tnh ?
D
S = , bit
{ }
, 0, 1, 2
x
D y xe y x x = = = = =
3) CTCKTon 2003: Tnh ?
D
S = vi
{ }
2
4 , 1, 3 D y x x x x = = = =
4) HNN1 -97: Tnh ?
D
S = , vi , 0, , 0
3
D y tgx x x y

= = = = =
`
)

5) HNN1 98: Tnh ?
D
S = ,
2
ln
, 0, 1, 2
x
D y y x x
x

= = = = =
`
)

6) HHu 99B: Tnh ?
D
S = ,
ln
1, , 0,
2
x
D x x e y y
x

= = = = =
`
)

7) Tnh ?
D
S =
2
3 1
, 0, 1, 0
1
x x
D y x x y
x
+ +
= = = = =
`
+
)

8) HBKN 2000: Tnh ?
D
S = ,
2 3
sin cos , 0, 0,
2
D y x x y x x

= = = = =
`
)

BI TON 2 : Din tch hnh phng gii hn bi :
+ ( ) ( )
1
: C y f x = , ( ) ( )
2
: C y g x =
+ ng thng , x a x b = =
c xc nh bi cng thc: ( ) ( )
b
a
S f x g x dx =


PP gii: B1: Gii phng trnh : ( ) ( ) f x g x = tm nghim ( )
1 2
, ,..., ;
n
x x x a b
( )
1 2
...
n
x x x < < <
B2: Tnh
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 2
1
1
...
,...,
n
n
x x b
a x x
x b
a x
S f x g x dx f x g x dx f x g x dx
f x g x dx f x g x dx
= + + +
= + +



1) HHu 99A: Tnh ?
D
S = , ( )
{ }
5
1 , , 0, 1
x
D y x y e x x = = + = = =
2) Tnh ?
D
S = ,
2 2
1 1
, , ,
sin cos 6 3
D y y x x
x x

= = = = =
`
)

3) HTCKTon 2001: Tnh ?
D
S = ,
[ ] { }
2
2 sin , 1 cos , 0; D y x y x x = = + = +
4) HVBCVT 2000: Tnh ?
D
S = ,
2
3 12
1 2sin , 1 , 0,
2 2
x x
D y y x x


= = = + = =
`
)

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 193/232
5) Tm b sao cho din tch hnh phng gii hn bi th ( )
2
2
:
1
x
C y
x
=
+
v cc ng thng
1, 0, y x x b = = = bng
4


BI TON 3: Hnh phng (D) gii hn bi th: ( ) ( ) , , y f x y g x x a = = = .
Khi din tch ( ) ( ) ( )
0
x
a
S f x g x dx =

vi
0
x l nghim duy nht ca phng trnh
( ) ( ) f x g x = .
1) HTCKTon 2000: Tnh ?
H
S = , vi
{ }
, , 1
x x
H y e y e x

= = = =
2) HVNHng HCM _ 99: Tnh ?
H
S = ,
{ }
2
1 , , 1 H y x x Ox x = = + =
3) H-C_ 2002KD: Tnh ?
D
S =
3 1
, ,
1
x
D y Ox Oy
x

= =
`

)

4) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi : 2 ; 3 ; 0
x
y y x x = = =
5) HCon 2000: Tnh ?
H
S = ,
{ }
, 2 0, 0 H x y x y y = = + = =
BI TON 4: Tnh din tch hnh phng ( ) D gii hn bi th hai hm s:
( ) ( ) ; y f x y g x = =
PP gii: B1: Gii phng trnh ( ) ( ) 0 f x g x = c nghim
1 2
...
n
x x x < < <
B2: Ta c din tch hnh ( ) D : ( ) ( )
1
n
x
D
x
S f x g x dx =


1) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
2 y x x = ;
2
4 y x x = +
2) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
2 y x x = + v 3 y x =
3) HBKHN -2001: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
4 y x = v
2
3 0 x y + =
4) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
2 0 y y x + = v 0 x y + =
5) HKTQD 98: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
5 0 y x + = v 3 0 x y + =
6) H C : KA 2002:Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
4 3 y x x = + v 3 y x = +
7) H C : KB 2002: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi
2
4
4
x
y = v
2
4 2
x
y =
8) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
3 3
2 2
y x x = + v y x =
9) HSPHN 2000 A: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
1 y x = v 5 y x = +

BI TON 5: Tnh din tch hnh phng ( ) D gii hn bi ba th hm s:
( ) ( ) ( ) ; ; y f x y g x y h x = = =
PP gii: B1: Gii cc phng trnh : ( ) ( ) 0 f x g x = ; ( ) ( ) 0 f x h x = ; ( ) ( ) 0 g x h x =
B2: Thit lp cng thc din tch. ( C th v ba th trn cng h trc to )

1) HC - 99: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
y x = ;
2
8
x
y = ;
8
y
x
=
2) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
y x x = + ;
2
y x = ;
2
2 y x x = +
BI TP:
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 194/232
1) HQGHN 97A: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
2 y x x = + + v
2 4 y x = + .
2) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
4 y x = v
2
4 x y =
3) HKT 97: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
2 y x = ; 2 2 0 x y + = v
trc honh Ox .
4) HNN1 HN 98: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
ln x
y
x
= , cc ng
thng : 1; 2 x x = = v trc honh Ox .
5) HNN1 HN 98: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
3 2
4 6 y x x x = + + v
trc honh.
6) HNN1 HN 97: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi th: y tgx = , ng thng
3
x

=
v cc trc to .
7) HTLi 98: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
1
4
y x = v
2
1
3
2
y x x = + .
8) HTMi 96: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
y x = v
2
x y =
9) HTCKTon 98: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
y x = v 2 y x = .
10) HTCKTon 2000: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
x
y e = ;
x
y e

= v
1 x = .
11) HBKHN - 2000: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2 3
sin cos y x x = ,
0;
2
x x

= = v trc honh.
12) HTMi 99: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
2 y x x = , 1 x = , 2 x =
v trc honh Ox .
13) HHu 99A: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th: ( )
5
1 y x = + ,
x
y e = v cc
ng thng 0; 1 x x = = .
14) HNN1 99A: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
1
1
y
x
=
+
v
2
2
x
y =
15) HTLi 99: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
3 3
2 2
y x x = + v y x = .
16) HSPHN 2000B: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
4 3 y x x = + v
3 y = .
17) HVBCVT 2000: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
3
1 2sin
2
x
y = ,
12
1
x
y

= + v ng thng
2
x

= .
18) HTCKTon 2001: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th: 2 sin y x = + ,
2
1 sin y x = + vi [ ] 0; x .
19) HVBCVT 2001: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
x
y xe = , 1 x = , 2 x =
v trc honh .
20) HY TB- 2001: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
5
x
y

= , 3 y x = v cc
trc to .
21) HKTQD HN -2000: Parabon
2
2 y x = chia hnh trn
2 2
8 x y + = thnh hai phn, tnh din
tch mi phn.
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 195/232
22) HKTQD HN 2001: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi parabon
2
4 y x x = v cc
ng tip tuyn i qua
5
; 6
2
M
| |
|
\
.
23) Cho th ( )
2
4
:
1
x x
C y
x
+
=

. Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi ( ) C , tim cn xin


ca ( ) C v 2; 4 x x = =
24) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi parabon
2
4 3 y x x = + v hai tip tuyn ti cc
im ( ) 0; 3 A ; ( ) 3; 0 B
25) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th:
2
y x x = + ;
2
y x = ;
2
2 y x x = +
26) HMC HN 2000: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th: sin y x = ,
y x = .
27) H C : KA 2002:Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi:
2
4 3 y x x = + v 3 y x = +
28) CSPPTh KA 2003: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc th
2 2
4 ; 2 y x y x x = =

29) H C : KB 2002: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi
2
4
4
x
y = v
2
4 2
x
y =
30) H C D b 3 2002: Cho ( )
3 2
1 1
: 2 2
3 3
C y x mx x m = + . Tm
5
0;
6
m
| |

|
\
sao cho
hnh phng gii hn bi th ( ); 0; 2; 0 C x x y = = = c din tch bng 4
31) Hnh ( ) H gii hn bi Parabol (P), 0, 1, 2 y x x = = = . Lp phng trnh Parabol (P) , bit
(P) c nh ( ) 1; 2 S v din tch ( ) H bng 15.


Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 196/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12




1. Khai niem so phc
Tap hp so phc: C
So phc (dang ai so) : z a bi = +
(a, b R , a la phan thc, b la phan ao, i la n v ao, i
2
= 1)
z la so thc phan ao cua z bang 0 (b = 0)
z la thuan ao phan thc cua z bang 0 (a = 0)
So 0 va la so thc va la so ao.
Hai so phc bang nhau:
'
( , , ', ' )
'
a a
a bi a b i a b a b R
b b
=
+ = +


2. Bieu dien hnh hoc: So phc z = a + bi (a, b ) R c bieu dien bi ie m M(a; b) hay
bi ( ; ) u a b =

trong mp(Oxy) (mp phc)



3. Cong va tr so phc:

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
a bi a b i a a b b i + + + = + + +
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
a bi a b i a a b b i + + = +
So oi cua z = a + bi la z = a bi
u

bieu dien z, ' u

bieu dien z' th ' u u +



bieu dien z + z va ' u u

bieu dien z z.
4. Nhan hai so phc :

( )( ) ( ) ( )
' ' a bi a b i aa bb ab ba i + + = + +
( ) ( ) k a bi ka kbi k R + = +
5. So phc lien hp cua so phc z = a + bi la z a bi =

1 1
2 2
; ' ' ; . ' . ';
z z
z z z z z z z z z z
z z
| |
= = = =
|
\
;
2 2
. z z a b = +
z la so thc z z = ; z la so ao z z =

6. Moun cua so phc : z = a + bi

2 2
z a b zz OM = + = =


0, , 0 0 z z C z z = =
. ' . ' z z z z =
' '
z z
z z
= ' ' ' z z z z z z +
7. Chia hai so phc:

1
2
1
z z
z

= (z 0)
1
2
' ' . ' .
'
.
z z z z z
z z
z z z
z

= = =
'
'
z
w z wz
z
= =
I. SO PHC
CHNG IV
SO PHC
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 197/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
8. Can bac hai cua so phc:
z x yi = + la can bac hai cua so phc w a bi = +
2
z w =
2 2
2
x y a
xy b


w = 0 co ung 1 can bac hai la z = 0
w 0 co ung hai can bac hai oi nhau
Hai can bac hai cua a > 0 la a
Hai can bac hai cua a < 0 la . a i
9. Phng trnh bac hai Az
2
+ Bz + C = 0 (*) (A, B, C la cac so phc cho trc, A 0 ).

2
4 B AC =
0 : (*) co hai nghiem phan biet
1,2
2
B
z
A

= , ( la 1 can bac hai cua )
0 = : (*) co 1 nghiem kep:
1 2
2
B
z z
A
= =
Chu y: Neu z
0
C la mot nghiem cua (*) th
0
z cung la mot nghiem cua (*).
10. Dang lng giac cua so phc:
(cos sin ) z r i = + (r > 0) la dang lng giac cua z = a + bi (z 0)

2 2
cos
sin
r a b
a
r
b
r

= +


la mot acgumen cua z, ( , ) Ox OM =
1 cos sin ( ) z z i R = = +
11. Nhan, chia so phc di dang lng giac
Cho (cos sin ) , ' '(cos ' sin ') z r i z r i = + = + :
[ ] . ' ' . cos( ') sin( ') z z rr i = + + + [ ] cos( ') sin( ')
' '
z r
i
z r
= +
12. Cong thc Moavr:
[ ] (cos sin ) (cos sin )
n
n
r i r n i n + = + , (
*
n N )
( ) cos sin cos sin
n
i n i n + = +
13. Can bac hai cua so phc di dang lng giac:
So phc (cos sin ) z r i = + (r > 0) co hai can bac hai la:

cos sin
2 2
cos sin cos sin
2 2 2 2
r i
va r i r i
| |
+
|
\
( | | | | | |
+ = + + +
| | | (
\ \ \

M rong: So phc (cos sin ) z r i = + (r > 0) co n can bac n la:

2 2
cos sin , 0,1,..., 1
n
k k
r i k n
n n
| | + +
+ =
|
\




Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 198/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
VAN E 1: Thc hien cac phep toan cong tr nhan chia
Ap dung cac quy tac cong, tr, nhan, chia hai so phc, can bac hai cu a so phc.
Chu y cac tnh chat giao hoan, ket hp oi vi cac phep toan cong va nhan.

Bai 1. Tm phan thc va phan ao cua cac so phc sau:
a) i i i (4 ) (2 3 ) (5 ) + + + b)
1
2 2
3
i i
| |
+
|
\
c)
( )
2 5
2 3
3 4
i i
| |

|
\

d)
1 3 1
3 2
3 2 2
i i i
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ \
e)
3 1 5 3
4 5 4 5
i i
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ \
f) i i (2 3 )(3 ) +
g)
i
i
i
i

+
2
1
3
h)
i 2 1
3
+
i)
i
i

+
1
1

k)
m i
m
l)
a i a
a i a

+
m)
) 1 )( 2 1 (
3
i i
i
+
+

o)
1
2
i
i
+

p)
a i
b i a +
q)
2 3
4 5
i
i

+

Bai 2. Thc hien cac phep toan sau:
a) i i
2 2
(1 ) (1 ) + b) i i
3 3
(2 ) (3 ) + c) i
2
(3 4 ) +
d)
3
1
3
2
i
| |

|
\
e)
2 2
2 2
) 2 ( ) 2 3 (
) 1 ( ) 2 1 (
i i
i i
+ +
+
f) i
6
(2 )
g)
3 3
( 1 ) (2 ) i i + h)
100
(1 ) i i)
5
(3 3 ) i +
Bai 3. Cho so phc z x yi = + . Tm phan thc va phan ao cua cac so phc sau:
a)
2
2 4 z z i + b)
z i
iz 1
+


Bai 4. Phan tch thanh nhan t, vi a, b, c R:
a)
2
1 a + b)
2
2 3 a + c)
4 2
4 9 a b + d)
2 2
3 5 a b +
e)
4
16 a + f)
3
27 a g)
3
8 a + h)
4 2
1 a a + +
Bai 5. Tm can bac hai cua so phc:
a) 1 4 3i + b) 4 6 5i + c) 1 2 6i d) 5 12i +
e)
4 5
3 2
i f) 7 24i g) 40 42i + h) i 11 4 3. +
i)
1 2
4 2
i + k) 5 12i + l) 8 6i + m) 33 56i


VAN E 2: Giai phng trnh tren tap so phc
Gia s z = x + yi. Giai cac phng trnh an z la tm x, y thoa man phng trnh.

Bai 1. Giai cac phng trnh sau (an z):
a) 0
2
= + z z b) 0
2
2
= + z z
c) i z z 4 2 2 = + d) 0
2
= z z
e) 2 1 8 z z i = f) i z i (4 5 ) 2 = +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 199/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
g) 1
4
=
|

\
|

+
i z
i z
h)
i
i
z
i
i
+
+
=

+
2
3 1
1
2

i) 2 3 1 12 z z i = k) i z i i
2
(3 2 ) ( ) 3 + =
l) [ ] i z i iz
i
1
(2 ) 3 0
2
| |
+ + + =
|
\
m)
1 1
3 3
2 2
z i i
| |
= +
|
\

o)
3 5
2 4
i
i
z
+
= p) z i z z
2
( 3 )( 2 5) 0 + + =
q) z z z
2 2
( 9)( 1) 0 + + = r)
3 2
2 3 5 3 3 0 z z z i + + =
Bai 2. Giai cac phng trnh sau (an x):
a) 0 1 . 3
2
= + x x b) 0 2 . 3 2 . 2 3
2
= + x x
c) x i x i
2
(3 ) 4 3 0 + = d)
2
3 . 2 4 0 i x x i + =
e)
2
3 2 0 x x + = f)
2
. 2 . 4 0 + = i x i x
g)
3
3 24 0 x = h)
4
2 16 0 x + =
i)
5
( 2) 1 0 x + + = k)
2
7 0 x + =
l) x i x i
2
2(1 ) 4 2 0 + + + + = m) x i x i
2
2(2 ) 18 4 0 + + =
o)
2
4 4 0 ix x i + + = p) x i x
2
(2 3 ) 0 + =
Bai 3. Tm hai so biet tong va tch cua chung lan lt la:
a) 2 3 1 3 i va i + + b) 2 4 4 i va i +
Bai 4. Tm phng trnh bac hai vi he so thc nhan lam nghiem:
a) 3 4i = + b) 7 3 i = c) 2 5i =
d) 2 3 i = e) 3 2 i = f) i =
g) (2 )(3 ) i i = + h)
51 80 45 38
2 3 4 i i i i = + + + i)
5
2
i
i
+
=


Bai 5. Tm tham so m e moi phng trnh sau ay co hai nghiem z
1
, z
2
thoa man ieu kien
a ch ra:
a)
2 2 2
1 2 1 2
1 0, : 1 z mz m k z z z z + + = + = + b)
2 3 3
1 2
3 5 0, : 18 z mz i k z z + = + =
c)
2 2 2
1 2
3 0, : 8 x mx i k z z + + = + =
Bai 6. Cho
1 2
, z z la hai nghiem cua phng trnh
( )
i z i z i
2
1 2 (3 2 ) 1 0 + + + = . Tnh gia
tr cua cac bieu thc sau:
a)
2 2
1 2
A z z = + b)
2 2
1 2 1 2
B z z z z = + c)
1 2
2 1
z z
C
z z
= +
Bai 7. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)

= +
+ = +
i z z
i z z
2 5
4
2
2
2
1
2 1
b)

+ = +
=
i z z
i z z
. 2 5
. 5 5 .
2
2
2
1
2 1
c)
3 5
1 2
2 4
1 2
0
.( ) 1
z z
z z
+ =


d)
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1
1
. . 1
z z z
z z z
z z z
+ + =

+ + =

e)
12 5
8 3
4
1
8
z
z i
z
z

=

f)
1
1
3
1
z
z i
z i
z i

=


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 200/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g)
2 2
1 2
1 2
5 2
4
z z i
z z i

+ = +

+ =

h)
2
1
z i z
z i z

i)
2 2
1 2 1 2
1 2
4 0
2
z z z z
z z i

+ + =

+ =


Bai 8. Giai cac he phng trnh sau:
a)
2 1 2
3
x y i
x y i
+ =

+ =

b)
2 2
5
8 8
x y i
x y i
+ =

+ =

c)
4
7 4
x y
xy i
+ =

= +


d)
2 2
1 1 1 1
2 2
1 2
i
x y
x y i

+ =

+ =

e)
2 2
6
1 1 2
5
x y
x y

+ =

+ =

f)
3 2
1 1 17 1
26 26
x y i
i
x y
+ = +

+ = +


g)
2 2
5
1 2
x y i
x y i
+ =

+ = +

h)
3 3
1
2 3
x y
x y i
+ =

+ =




VAN E 3: Tap hp iem
Gia s so phc z = x + yi c bieu dien iem M(x; y). Tm tap hp ca c iem M la tm
he thc gia x va y.

Bai 1. Xac nh tap hp cac iem M trong mat phang phc bieu dien cac so z thoa man
moi ieu kien sau:
a) 3 4 z z + + = b) 1 2 z z i + = c) 2 2 z z i z i + =
d) 2 . 1 2 3 = + i z z e) 2 2 2 1 i z z = f) 3 1 z + =
g) 2 3 z i z i + = h)
3
1
z i
z i

=
+
i) 1 2 z i + =
k) 2 z i z + = l) 1 1 z + < m) 1 2 z i < <
Bai 2. Xac nh tap hp cac iem M trong mat phang phc bieu dien cac so z thoa man
moi ieu kien sau:
a) 2 z i + la so thc b) 2 z i + la so thuan ao c) . 9 z z =


VAN E 4: Dang lng giac cua so phc
S dung cac phe p toan so phc dang lng gia c.

Bai 1. Tm mot acgumen cua moi so phc sau:
a) i . 3 2 2 + b) 4 4i c) 1 3.i
d)
4
sin .
4
cos

i e)
8
cos .
8
sin

i f) ) 1 )( 3 . 1 ( i i +
Bai 2. Thc hien cac phep tnh sau:
a)
( )( )
3 cos20 sin20 cos25 sin25
o o o o
i i + + b) 5 cos .sin .3 cos .sin
6 6 4 4
i i
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ \

c)
( ) ( )
3 cos120 sin120 cos 45 sin 45 + +
o o o o
i i d) 5 cos sin 3 cos sin
6 6 4 4
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ \

i i
e)
( )( )
2 cos18 sin18 cos 72 sin 72 + +
o o o o
i i f)
cos85 sin85
cos40 sin40
i
i
+
+



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 201/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
g)
) 15 sin . 15 (cos 3
) 45 sin . 45 (cos 2
0 0
0 0
i
i
+
+
h)
2(cos 45 sin45 )
3(cos15 sin15 )
i
i
+
+



i)
)
2
sin .
2
(cos 2
)
3
2
sin .
3
2
(cos 2


i
i
+
+
k)
2 2
2 cos sin
3 3
2 cos sin
2 2
| |
+
|
\
| |
+
|
\


i
i

Bai 3. Viet di dang lng giac cac so phc sau:
a) 3 1 i b) 1 i + c) ) 1 )( 3 1 ( i i + d) ) 3 .( . 2 i i
e)
i
i
+

1
3 1
f)
i 2 2
1
+
g) cos . sin i + h) 2 2 i +
i) 1 3 i + k) 3 i l) 3 0i + m)
5
tan
8
i

+
Bai 4. Viet di dang ai so cac so phc sau:
a) cos45 sin45
o o
i + b) 2 cos sin
6 6
| |
+
|
\

i c)
( )
3 cos120 sin120 +
o o
i
d)
6
(2 ) i + e)
3
(1 )(1 2 )
i
i i
+
+
f)
1
i

g)
1
2 1
i
i
+
+
h)
( )
60
1 3 i + i)
40
7
1 3
(2 2 ) .
1
i
i
i
| |
+
|
\

k)
1 3 3
cos sin
4 4
2
i
| |
+
|
\

l)
100
1
cos sin
1 4 4
i
i
i
| | | | +
+
| |
\ \

m)
( )
17
1
3 i

Bai 5. Tnh:
a)
( )
5
cos12 sin12
o o
i + b)
( )
16
1 i + c)
6
) 3 ( i
d)
( )
7
0 0
2 cos30 sin30 i
(
+

e)
5
(cos15 sin15 )
o o
i + f)
2008 2008
(1 ) (1 ) i i + +
g)
21
3 2 1
3 3 5
|
|

\
|

+
i
i
h)
12
2
3
2
1
|
|

\
|
+ i i)
2008
1
|

\
| +
i
i

k)
5 7
(cos sin ) .(1 3 )
3 3
i i i

+ l)
2008
2008
1 1
, 1 z bie t z
z
z
+ + =
Bai 6. Chng minh:
a)
5 3
sin5 16sin 20sin 5sin t t t t = + b)
5 3
cos 5 16 cos 20cos 5cos t t t t = +
c)
2 3
sin3 3cos sin t t t = d)
3
cos3 4cos 3cos t t t =


Bai 1. Thc hien cac phep tnh sau:
a) (2 )( 3 2 )(5 4 ) i i i + b)
6 6
1 3 1 7
2 2
i i
| | | |
+
+ | |
\ \

c)
16 8
1 1
1 1
i i
i i
| | | | +
+
| |
+ \ \
d)
3 7 5 8
2 3 2 3
i i
i i
+
+
+

II. ON TAP SO PHC
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 202/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
e) (2 4 )(5 2 ) (3 4 )( 6 ) i i i i + + + f)
2 3 2009
1 ... i i i i + + + + +
g)
2000 1999 201 82 47
i i i i i + + + + h)
2
1 ... , ( 1)
n
i i i n + + + +
i)
2 3 2000
. . ... i i i i k)
5 7 13 100 94
( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i i

+ + +
Bai 2. Cho cac so phc
1 2 3
1 2 , 2 3 , 1 z i z i z i = + = + = . Tnh:
a)
1 2 3
z z z + + b)
1 2 2 3 3 1
z z z z z z + + c)
1 2 3
z z z
d)
2 2 2
1 2 3
z z z + + e)
1 2 3
2 3 1
z z z
z z z
+ + f)
2 2
1 2
2 2
2 3
z z
z z
+
+

Bai 3. Rut gon cac bieu thc sau:
a)
4 3 2
(1 2 ) 3 1 3 , 2 3 A z iz i z z i v i z i = + + + + + = +
b)
( )
B z z z z z v i z i
2 3 2
1
( 2 )(2 ), 3
2
= + + =
Bai 4. Tm cac so thc x, y sao cho:
a) (1 2 ) (1 2 ) 1 i x y i i + + = + b)
3 3
3 3
x y
i
i i

+ =
+

c)
2 2 2 2
1
(4 3 ) (3 2 ) 4 (3 2 )
2
i x i xy y x xy y i + + = +
Bai 5. Tm cac can bac hai cua cac so phc sau:
a) 8 6i + b) 3 4i + c) 1 i + d) 7 24i
e)
2
1
1
i
i
| | +
|

\
f)
2
1 3
3
i
i
| |

|
|

\
g)
1 2
2 2
i h) i, i
i)
3
1 3
i
i

+
k)
1 1
2 2
i + l)
( )
2 1 3 i + m)
1 1
1 1 i i
+
+

Bai 6. Tm cac can bac ba cua cac so phc sau:
a) i b) 27 c) 2 2i + d) 18 6i +
Bai 7. Tm cac can bac bon cu a cac so phc sau:
a) 2 12 i b) 3 i + c) 2i d) 7 24i +
Bai 8. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
3
125 0 z = b)
4
16 0 z + = c)
3
64 0 z i + = d)
3
27 0 z i =
e)
7 4 3
2 2 0 z iz iz = f)
6 3
1 0 z iz i + + = g)
10 5
( 2 ) 2 0 z i z i + + =
Bai 9. Goi
1 2
; u u la hai can bac hai cua
1
3 4 z i = + va
1 2
; v v la hai can bac hai cua
2
3 4 z i = . Tnh
1 2
u u +
1 2
v v + + ?
Bai 10. Giai cac phng trnh sau tren tap so phc:
a)
2
5 0 z + = b)
2
2 2 0 z z + + = c)
2
4 10 0 z z + + =
d)
2
5 9 0 z z + = e)
2
2 3 1 0 z z + = f)
2
3 2 3 0 z z + =
g) ( )( ) 0 z z z z + = h)
2
2 0 z z + + = i)
2
2 z z = +
k) 2 3 2 3 z z i + = + l)
( ) ( )
2
2 +2 2 3 0 z i z i + + = m)
3
z z =
n)
2
2
4 8 8 z z + = o)
2
(1 2 ) 1 0 iz i z + + + = p)
2
(1 ) 2 11 0 i z i + + + =
Bai 11. Giai cac phng trnh sau tren tap so phc:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 203/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
a)
2
4 4
5 6 0
z i z i
z i z i
| | + +
+ =
|

\
b)
( )( )( )
2
5 3 3 0 z i z z z + + + =
c)
( ) ( )
2 2
2 6 2 16 0 z z z z + + = d)
( ) ( )
3 2
1 3 3 0 z i z i z i + + + =
e)
( ) ( )
2
2 2 0 z i z z + + = f)
2
2 2 1 0 z iz i + =
g) z i z i
2
(5 14 ) 2(12 5 ) 0 + = h)
2
80 4099 100 0 z z i + =
i) z i z i
2
( 3 ) 6( 3 ) 13 0 + + + = k) z i z i
2
(cos sin ) cos sin 0 + + =
Bai 12. Giai cac phng trnh sau tren tap so phc:
a) x i x i
2
(3 4 ) 5 1 0 + + = b) x i x i
2
(1 ) 2 0 + + = c)
2
3 2 0 x x + + =
d)
2
1 0 x x + + = e)
3
1 0 x =
Bai 13. Giai cac phng trnh sau biet chung co mot nghiem thuan ao:
a)
3 2
2 2 0 z iz iz = b) z i z i z i
3 2
( 3) (4 4 ) 4 4 0 + + + =
Bai 14. Tm m e phng trnh sau:
( )( )
2 2
2 2 0 z i z mz m m + + =
a) Ch co ung 1 nghiem phc b) Ch co ung 1 nghiem thc
c) Co ba nghiem phc
Bai 15. Tm m e phng trnh sau:
3 2
(3 ) 3 ( ) 0 z i z z m i + + + = co t nhat mot nghiem thc
Bai 16. Tm tat ca cac so phc z sao cho ( 2)( ) z z i + la so thc.
Bai 17. Giai cac phng trnh trung phng:
a) z i z i
4 2
8(1 ) 63 16 0 + = b) z i z i
4 2
24(1 ) 308 144 0 + =
c)
4 2
6(1 ) 5 6 0 z i z i + + + + =
Bai 18. Cho
1 2
, z z la hai nghiem cua phng trnh:
( )
z i z i
2
1 2 2 3 0 + + = . Tnh gia tr
cua cac bieu thc sau:
a)
2 2
1 2
z z + b)
2 2
1 2 1 2
z z z z + c)
3 3
1 2
z z +
d)
1 2
2 1 1 2
1 2 1 2
z z
z z z z
| | | |
+ + +
| |
| |
\ \
e)
3 3
2 1 1 2
z z z z + f)
1 2
2 1
z z
z z
+
Bai 19. Cho
1 2
, z z la hai nghiem cua phng trnh:
2
1 0 x x + = . Tnh gia tr cua cac bieu
thc sau:
a)
2000 2000
1 2
x x + b)
1999 1999
1 2
x x + c)
1 2
,
n n
x x n N +
Bai 20. Tm tap hp ca c iem trong mat phang phc bieu dien cac so phc thoa man he
thc sau:
a) 3
z
z i
=

b)
2 2
1 z z + = c)
1
z
z
=
Bai 21. Hay tnh tong
2 3 1
1 ...
n
S z z z z

= + + + + biet rang
2 2
cos sin z i
n n

= + .
Bai 22. Viet di dang lng giac cac so phc sau:
a)
4 3 2
1 i i i i + + + + b) (1 )(2 ) i i + c)
2
1
i
i
+


d) 1 sin cos , 0
2
i + < <

e) 3 cos sin
6 6
i
| |
+
|
\

f) cot ,
2
i + < <


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 204/232
Tai lie u giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak Gia i tch 12
g) sin (1 cos ), 0
2
i + < <


Bai 23. Tm moun va mot acgumen cua cac so phc sau:
a)
( )
( )
8
6
6 8
2 3 2 (1 )
(1 )
2 3 2
i i
i
i
+ +
+

b)
( ) ( )
4
10 4
( 1 ) 1
3 2 3 2
i
i i
+
+
+
c)
( ) ( )
1 3 1 3
n n
i i + +
d) sin cos
8 8
i +

e) cos sin
4 4
i

f) 2 2 3i +
g) 1 sin cos , 0
2
i + < <

h)
1 cos sin
, 0
1 cos sin 2
i
i
+ +
< <
+


i) 4 3i
Bai 24. Tm moun va mot acgumen cua cac so phc sau:
a)
( )
( )
8
6
6 8
2 3 2 (1 )
(1 )
2 3 2
i i
i
i
+ +
+

b)
( ) ( )
4
10 4
( 1 ) 1
3 2 3 2
i
i i
+
+
+
c)
( ) ( )
1 3 1 3
n n
i i + +
Bai 25. Chng minh cac bieu thc sau co gia tr thc:
a)
( ) ( )
7 7
2 5 2 5 i i + + b)
19 7 20 5
9 7 6
n n
i i
i i
| | | | + +
+
| |
+ \ \

c)
6 6
1 3 1 3
2 2
i i
| | | |
+
+ | |
\ \
d)
5 5
1 3 1 3
2 2
i i
| | | |
+
+ | |
\ \

e)
6 6
3 3
2 2
i i
| | | |
+
+ | |
\ \

Bai 26. Trong cac so phc z thoa man ieu kien
3
2 3
2
z i + = . Tm so phc z co moun
nho nhat.
Bai 27. Xet cac iem A, B, C trong mat phang phc theo th t bieu dien cac so phc sau:

4 2 6
; (1 )(1 2 );
1 3
i i
i i
i i
+
+


a) Chng minh ABC la tam giac vuong can.
b) Tm so phc bieu dien bi iem D sao cho t giac ABCD la hnh vuong.
Bai 28. Giai cac phng trnh sau, biet chung co mot nghiem thuan ao:
a)
3 2
(2 2 ) (5 4 ) 10 0 z i z i z i + + = b)
3 2
(1 ) ( 1) 0 z i z i z i + + + =
c)
3 2
(4 5 ) (8 20 ) 40 0 z i z i z i + + =
Bai 29. Cho a thc
3 2
( ) (3 6) (10 18 ) 30 P z z i z i z i = + + + .
a) Tnh ( 3 ) P i b) Giai phng trnh ( ) 0 P z = .
Bai 30. Giai phng trnh
2
1
2
7
z
z
z
| | +
=
|
\
, biet 3 4 z i = + la mot nghiem cua phng trnh.
Bai 31. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
a)
4 3 2
2 2 1 0 z z z z + + + = b)
4 3 2
2 2 1 0 z z z z + =
c)
( ) ( ) ( )
4 3 2
1 2 2 2 1 2 1 0 z z z z + + + + + = d)
4 3 2
4 6 4 15 0 z z z z + =
e)
6 5 4 3 2
13 14 13 1 0 z z z z z z + + + =
Bai 32. Giai cac phng trnh sau:
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 205/232
Gia i tch 12 Ta i lieu giang day phu ao to Toan THPT Phan Chu Trinh ak Lak
a)
2 2 2 2
( 3 6) 2 ( 3 6) 3 0 z z z z z z + + + + + = b)
3
8
z i
z i
| | +
=
|
\

c)
2 4 2 2 2 4
( 1) 6 ( 1) 5 0 z z z z z z + + + = d)
3 2
1 0
z i z i z i
z i z i z i
| | | | | |
+ + + =
| | |
+ + + \ \ \

Bai 33. Chng minh rang: neu 1 z th
2
1
2
z i
iz

+
.
Bai 34. Cho cac so phc
1 2 3
, , z z z . Chng minh:
a)
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1 2 2 3 3 1 1 2 3 1 2 3
z z z z z z z z z z z z + + + + + = + + + + +
b) ( )( )
2 2 2 2
1 2 1 2 1 2
1 1 1 z z z z z z + + = + +
c) ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
1 2 1 2 1 2
1 1 1 z z z z z z =
d) Neu
1 1
z z c = = th
2 2
2
1 2 1 2
4 z z z z c + + = .



Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 206/232


I) DNG I S CA S PHC
Dng 1) Bi ton lin quan n bin i s phc
V d 1) Tm s nguyn x, y sao cho s phc z=x+yi tho mn
3
18 26 z i = +
Gii:
3
18 26 z i = + ( ) ( ) ( )
3 2
3
2 3 3 2
2 3
3 18
18 26 18 3 26 3
3 26
x xy
x yi i x y y x xy
x y y
=

+ = + =


Gii phng trnh bng cch t y=tx ta c
1
3, 1
3
t x y = = = . Vy z=3+i
V d 2) Cho hai s phc
1 2
; z z tho mn
1 2 1 2
; 3 z z z z = + = Tnh
1 2
z z
Gii:
t
1 1 1 2 2 2
; z a b i z a b i = + = + . T gi thit ta c
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
1 1 2 2
2 2
1 2 1 2
1
3
a b a b
a a b b
+ = + =

+ + + =


( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
2 1 1 1 a b a b a a b b z z + = + = =
Dng 2) Bi ton lin quan n nghim phc
V d 1) Gii phng trnh sau:
2
8(1 ) 63 16 0 z i z i + =
Gii: Ta c ( )
2
2
' 16(1 ) (63 16 ) 63 16 1 8 i i i i = = = T tm ra 2 nghim l
1 2
5 12 , 3 4 z i z i = = +
V d 2) Gii phng trnh sau:
2
2(1 ) 4(2 ) 5 3 0 i z i z i + =
Gii: Ta c = 4(2 i)
2
+ 2(1 + i)(5 + 3i) = 16. Vy phng trnh cho hai nghim l:
z
1
= i
i i
i
i
i
i
2
5
2
3
2
) 1 )( 4 (
1
4
) 1 ( 2
4 ) 2 ( 2
=

=
+

=
+
+

z
2
= i
i i
i
i
i
i
2
1
2
1
2
) 1 )( (
1 ) 1 ( 2
4 ) 2 ( 2
=

=
+

=
+


V d 3) Gii phng trnh
3 2
9 14 5 0 z z z + =
Gii: Ta c phng trnh tng ng vi ( )( )
2
2 1 4 5 0 z z z + = . T ta suy ra
phng trnh c 3 nghim l
1 2 3
1
; 2 ; 2
2
z z i z i = = = +
V d 4) Gii phng trnh:
3 2
2 5 3 3 (2 1) 0 z z z z i + + + + = bit phng trnh c
nghim thc
Gii: V phng trnh c nghim thc nn
3 2
2 5 3 3 0
2 1 0
z z z
z
+ + =

+ =

1
2
z

= tho mn c
hai phng trnh ca h:Phng trnh cho tng ng vi
( ) ( )
2
2 1 3 3 0 z z z i + + + = . Gii phng trnh ta tm c
1
; 2 ; 1
2
z z i z i = = = +
B
B B
I
I IT
T T

P
P P
S
S S
P
P PH
H H
C
C C
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 207/232

V d 5) Gii phng trnh:
3 2
(1 2 ) (1 ) 2 0 z i z i z i + + = bit phng trnh c
nghim thun o:
Gii: Gi s nghim thun o ca phng trnh l z=bi thay vo phng trnh ta c
( ) ( )
3 2
2 3 2
(1 2 ) (1 )( ) 2 0 ( ) ( 2 2) 0 bi i bi i bi i b b b b b i + + = + + + =
2
3 2
0
1
2 2 0
b b
b z i
b b b
=

= =

+ + =

l nghim, t ta c phng trnh tng


ng vi ( )( )
2
(1 ) 2 0 z i z i z + + = . Gii pt ny ta s tm c cc nghim
V d 6) Tm nghim ca phng trnh sau:
2
z z = .
Gii: Gi s phng trnh c nghim: z=a+bi thay vo ta c ( )
2
a bi a bi + = +
2 2
2
a b a
ab b
=

Gii h trn ta tm c
1 3
( , ) (0; 0), (1; 0), ( ; )
2 2
a b = . Vy phng
trnh c 4 nghim l
1 3
0; 1;
2 2
z z z i = = =
Dng 3) Cc bi ton lin quan n modun ca s phc:
V d 1) Tm cc s phc z tho mn ng thi cc iu kin sau:
1 2 2 z i z i + = + v 5 z i =
Gii:
Gi s z=x+yi (x,y l s thc) .T gi thit ta c
1 ( 2) 2 (1 )
( 1) | 5
x y i x y i
x y i
+ + = +

+ =


( )
( )
2
2 2 2
2
2
1 ( 2) ( 2) (1 )
1 5
x y x y
x y

+ + = +


+ =

2
3
10 6 4 0
y x
x x
=

1, 3 x y = = hoc
2 6
,
5 5
x y = = . Vy c 2 s phc tho mn iu kin.
V d 2) Xt s phc z tho mn ;
1 ( 2 )
i m
z m R
m m i

=


a) Tm m
1
.
2
z z =
b)Tm m
1
4
z i
c) Tm s phc z c modun ln nht.
Gii:
a) Ta c
( )( )
( )( )
( )
2
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
1 2
(1 ) 2 (1 2 )
1 2 1 2 1 2
1 4
i m m mi
i m m m m m m
z
m mi m mi m mi
m m

+ + +
= = =
+ +
+

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 208/232

( )
2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2
(1 ) (1 ) 1 1
1 1 1 1
1
m m i m m m
i z i
m m m m
m
+ + +
= = + =
+ + + +
+

( )
2
2
2
2
1 1 1
. 1 2 1
2 2
1
m
z z m m
m
+
= = + = =
+

b) Ta c
2
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
1
4 1 1 4 1 1 4
m m m
z i i i
m m m m
| |
+
|
+ + + +
\

2 4 2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
16 1
(1 ) (1 ) 16 1 6 15 15
m m m
m m m
m m m
+ +
+ + +

c) Ta c
( )
2
max 2
2 2
1 1
1 | | 1 0
1 1
m
z z m
m m
+
= = = =
+ +

V d 3) Trong cc s phc z tho mn iu kin 2 4 5 z i = Tm s phc z c
modun ln nht, nh nht.
Gii: Xt s phc z = x+yi . T gi thit suy ra ( ) ( )
2 2
2 4 5 x y + = Suy ra tp hp
im M(x;y) biu din s phc z l ng trn tm I(2;4) bn knh 5 R =
D dng c c (2 5 sin ; 4 5 cos ) M + + . Modun s phc z chnh l di vc t
OM.
Ta c |z|
2
=
2 2 2
(2 5 sin ) (4 5 cos ) 25 4 5(sin 2cos ) OM = + + + = + +
Theo BDT Bunhiacopxki ta c
( )
2 2 2
(sin 2cos ) (1 4) sin cos 5 + + + =
5 sin 2cos 5 + 5 3 5 z . Vy
min
1 2
| | 5 sin 2cos 5 sin ; cos 1, 2 1 2
5 5
z x y z i

= + = = = = = = +
max
1 2
| | 3 5 sin 2cos 5 sin ; cos 3, 6 3 6
5 5
z x y z i = + = = = = = = +

V d 4) Trong cc s phc tho mn iu kin 2 4 2 z i z i = .Tm s phc z c
moodun nh nht.
Gii: Xt s phc z = x+yi . T gi thit suy ra
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2
2 4 2 4 0 x y x y x y + = + + = Suy ra tp hp im M(x;y) biu din
s phc z l ng thng y=-x+4
Ta c
2 2 2 2 2 2
(4 ) 2 8 16 2( 2) 8 2 2 z x y x x x x x = + = + = + = + . T suy
min
2 2 2 2 2 2 z x y z i = = = = +
Dng 4) Tm tp hp im biu din s phc
V d 1) Tm tp hp cc im M trong mt phng phc biu din s phc z bit:
a) 3
z
z i
=

b) 3 4 z z i = + c) 4 z i z i + + =
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 209/232

Gii:
Gi z=x+yi
a) T gi thit ta c
2 2 2 2 2 2
9 9
3 9( ( 1) ) ( )
8 64
z z i x y x y x y = + = + + =
Vy tp hp im M l ng trn tm
9 3
(0; ),
8 8
I R =
b) T gi thit ta c ( )
2
2 2 2
3 (4 ) 6 8 25 x y x y x y + = + + = . Vy tp hp cc im
M l ng thng 6x+8y-25=0
c) Gi s z =x+yi th 4 z i z i + + =
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1 1 4 x y x y + + + + =
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
1 16 1 4
2 1 4
1 16 8 1 1
x y x y
x y y
x y x y x y


+ + + +



+ = +
+ = + + + + +


( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2 2
1 16(1)
1 16
4 4 8 4 8 16 1(2)
3 4
4
4(3)
x y
x y
x y
x y y y y
y
y

+ +

+ +


+ + + = + + + =





Ta thy cc im nm trong hnh trn (1) v Elip (2) v tung cc im nm trn (Elip)
lun tho mn iu kin y >-4. Vy tp hp im M l Elip c pt
2 2
1
3 4
x y
+ = .

V d 2) Tm tp hp cc im biu din trong mt phng phc s
phc
( )
1 3 2 i z = + + bit rng s phc z tho mn: 1 z 2.
Gii: t ( ) , z a bi a b R = +
Ta c 1 z 2 ( )
2
2
1 4 a b + (1)
T
( ) ( )
( )
3 2 3 1 3
1 3 2 1 3 2
3 3 3( 1)
x a b x a b
i z x yi i a bi
y a b y a b


= + = +

= + + + = + + +

= + = +


T ( )
( )
( )
2
2 2
2
3 3 4 1 16 x y a b
(
+ +

do (1)
Vy tp hp cc im cn tm l hnh trn ( )
( )
2
2
3 3 16 x y + ; tm
( )
3; 3 I , bn
knh R=4.
V d 3) Xc nh tp hp cc im M(z) trong mt phng phc biu din cc s
phc z sao cho s
2
2
z
z

+
c acgumen bng
3

.
Gii:
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 210/232

Gi s z=x+yi, th
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
x yi x yi
x yi z
z x yi
x y
+ + + ( (
+

= =
+ + +
+ +

( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
4 2 2 4 4
2 2 2
x y yi x x x y y
i
x y x y x y
+ + + + +
= = +
+ + + +
(1)
V s phc
2
2
z
z

+
c acgumen bng
3

, nn ta c:
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
4 4
cos sin
3 3
2 2
x y y
i i
x y x y

+ | |
+ = +
|
\ + +
vi 0 >
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
4
2
2
4 3
2
2
x y
x y
y
x y

+
=



T suy ra y>0 (1) v
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
4 4 2 4
3 4 (2)
4 3 3 3
y y
x y x y
x y
| | | |
= + = + =
| |
+
\ \
.T (1) v (2) suy ra
tp hp cc im M l ng trn tm nm pha trn trc thc(Trn trc Ox).
Dng 5) Chng minh bt ng thc:
V d 1) Chng minh rng nu 1 z th
2 1
1
2
z
iz

+

Gii:
Gi s z =a+bi (a, b R) th
2 2 2 2
1 1 z a b a b = + + . Ta c
2 2
2 2
4 (2 1) 2 1 2 (2 1)
2 (2 )
(2 )
a b z a b i
iz b ai
b a
+ +
= =
+ +
+
.Bt ng thc cn chng minh tng ng
vi
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
4 (2 1)
1 4 (2 1) (2 ) 1
(2 )
a b
a b b a a b dpcm
b a
+
+ + +
+

V d 2) Cho s phc z khc khng tho mn iu kin
3
3
1
2 z
z
+ . Chng minh
rng:
1
2 z
z
+
Gii: D dng chng minh c vi 2 s phc
1 2
, z z bt k ta c
1 2 1 2
z z z z + +
Ta c
3 3
3 3
3 3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 3 2 3 z z z z z z z
z z z z z z z
| | | |
+ = + + + + + + + + +
| |
\ \

t
1
z
z
+ =a ta c ( ) ( )
2
3
3 2 0 2 1 0 a a a a dpcm +
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 211/232

II) DNG LNG GIC CA S PHC
Dng 1: VIT DNG LNG GIC
V d 1) Vit di dng lng gic ca cc s phc:
a)
( ) 1 cos sin
1 cos sin
i
i


+
+ +
b) ( ) ( ) 1 cos sin 1 cos sin i i + + + (


Gii:
a)
( ) ( )
( )
1 cos sin 1 cos sin
1 cos sin 1 cos sin
i i
i i


+
=
+ + + +

2
2
2sin 2 sin cos sin cos
2 2 2 2 2
tan tan
2 2
2cos 2 sin cos cos sin
2 2 2 2 2
i i
i
i i




= = =
+ +

- Khi tan 0
2

> dng lng gic l: tan cos sin


2 2 2
i
( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

- Khi tan 0
2

< dng lng gic l: tan cos sin


2 2 2
i
( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

- Khi tan 0
2

= th khng c dng lng gic.



( ) ( ) ) 1 cos sin 1 cos sin
2sin sin cos .cos cos sin
2 2 2 2 2 2
b i i
i i


+ + + (

| | | |
= +
| |
\ \

2sin cos isin
2 2


( | | | |
= +
| | (
\ \

- Khi sin 0 = th dng lng gic khng xc nh.
- Khi sin 0 > th dng lng gic l: 2sin cos sin
2 2
i


( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

- Khi sin 0 < th dng lng gic l: ( 2sin ) cos sin
2 2
i


( | | | |
+ + +
| | (
\ \

V d 2): Vit di dng lng gic ca cc s phc:
a)
( ) 1 cos sin
1 cos sin
i
i


+
+ +
b) [ ][ ] 1 (cos sin ) 1 cos sin i i + + +
Gii:
a)
( )
2
sin cos
1 cos sin 1 cos sin
2 2
tan tan
1 cos sin 2 2
2cos 2 sin .cos cos sin
2 2 2 2 2
i
i i
i
i
i i



+
= = =
+ +
+

Khi tan
2

>0 th dng lng gic l tan


2

cos sin
2 2
i
( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 212/232

Khi tan
2

<0 th dng lng gic l - tan


2

cos sin
2 2
i
( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

Khi tan
2

=0 th khng tn ti dng lng gic.


b) [ ][ ] 1 (cos sin ) 1 cos sin i i + + +
2sin sin cos .2cos cos sin
2 2 2 2 2 2
2sin cos sin
2 2
i i
i



| | | |
= +
| |
\ \
( | | | |
= +
| | (
\ \

- Khi sin 0 = th dng lng gic khng xc nh
- Khi sin 0 > th dng lng gic l: 2sin cos sin
2 2
i


( | | | |
+
| | (
\ \

- Khi sin 0 < th dng lng gic l: ( ) 2sin cos sin
2 2
i


( | | | |
+ + +
| | (
\ \

Dng 2: MUN V ACGUMEN
V d 1) Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc z, bit
2
2 2 3 z i = +
Gii: Ta c:
2 2
2 2
2 2 3 4 cos sin
3 3
z i z i
| |
= + = +
|
\

Do :
2 2
2 2
2 2 3 4 cos sin
3 3
z i z i
| |
= + = +
|
\

2 2
2 cos sin
1 3 3 3
1 3
2 cos sin
3 3
z i
z i
z i
z i


| |
= +
|

= +
\

| | =

= +
|
\

T suy ra phn thc v phn o ca z tng ng l 1 v 3 hoc -1 v 3
V d 2) Tm mt acgumen ca s phc:
( )
1 3 z i + bit mt acgumen ca z
bng
3


Gii: z c mt acgumen bng
3

nn
1 3
2 2
z z i
| |
= +
|
|
\

Do :
( )
1 3 z i + =
1 3
( 2)
2 2
z i
| |
+
|
|
\

- Khi 2 z > , mt aacgumen ca
( )
1 3 z i + l
3


- Khi 0 2 z < < , mt acgumen ca
( )
1 3 z i + l
4
3


Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 213/232

- Khi 2 z = th
( )
1 3 z i + =0 nn acgumen khng xc nh.
V d 3) Cho s phc z c mun bng 1. Bit mt acgumen ca z l , tm mt
acgumen ca:
a)
2
2z b)
1
2z
c) z z + d)
2
z z +
Gii:
1 z = , z c mt acgumen l . Do cos sin z i = +
a) ( ) ( )
2 2
cos 2 sin 2 2 2 cos 2 sin 2 2 2 cos sin z i z i z i = + = + =
Vy 2z
2
c mt acgumen l 2
b) ( ) cos sin cos sin 2 2 cos sin z i z i z i = + = =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
cos sin cos sin
2 2 2
1 1 1
cos sin cos sin
2 2 2
i i
z
i i
z


= = +
= = + + +

Vy
1
2z
c mt acgumen l +
c) Ta c: 2cos z z + =
Nu cos 0 > th c mt acgumen l 0
Nu cos 0 < th c mt acgumen l
Nu cos 0 = th acgumen khng xc nh.
d)
2
cos 2 sin 2 , cos sin z z i z i + = + =
( )
2
3 3
cos 2 cos sin 2 sin 2cos cos .2cos sin
2 2 2 2
3
2cos cos sin
2 2 2
z z i i
i



+ = + + = +
| |
= +
|
\

Vy acgumen
2
z z + l
2

nu
3
cos 0
2

> , l
2

+ nu
3
cos 0
2

< v khng xc nh
nu
3
cos 0
2

=
V d 4) Cho s phc 1 cos sin
7 7
z i

= . Tnh mun, acgumen v vit z di
dng lng gic.
Gii:
Ta c:
2
2
8 4
1 cos sin 2 1 cos 2 1 cos 2cos
7 7 7 7 7
z
| | | | | |
= + = = + =
| | |
\ \ \

t ( ) arg z = th
2
8
sin sin
4
7 7
tan cot tan
4
7 14
1 cos 2sin
7 7

| |
= = = =
|
\


Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 214/232

Suy ra: ,
14
k k z

= +
V phn thc 1 cos 0
7

> , phn o sin 0


7

< nn chn mt acgumen l


14


Vy
4
2cos cos i sin
7 14 14
z
| | | | | |
= +
| | |
\ \ \

V d 5) Vit di dng lng gic ca mt s phc z sao cho
1
3
z = v mt
acgumen ca
1
z
i +
l
3
4


Gii:
Theo gi thit
1
3
z = th ( )
1
cos sin
3
z i = +
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1
cos sin cos sin
3 3
z i i = = +
V
1 2
1 2 2 cos sin
2 2 4 4
i i i

| |
| |
+ = + = +
|
|
|
\
\

Nn
1
os sin
1 4 4
3 2
z
c i
i


| | | | | |
= +
| | |
+
\ \ \

Do :
3
2 2 , .
4 4 2
k k k

= + = + vy
1
os sin .
3 2 2
z c i
| |
= +
|
\

V d 6) Tm s phc z sao cho:
3
1
z i
z i
+
=
+
v z+1 c mt cgumen l
6


Gii: T gi thit
3
1
z i
z i
+
=
+
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
3 ( 3) ( 1) 3 1
2
z i z i x y i x y i x y x y
y
+ = + + + = + + + + = + +
=

z+1 c 1 acgumen bng
6

tc l
( )
1 [ os sin ] 3
6 6 2
z c i i

| | | |
+ = + =
| |
\ \
vi r>0.
Ta c z+1=x+1-2i suy ra
3
1
4
2
2 3 1 2
2 3 1
2
2
x
z i
x

+ =

=

=

=

=


Dng 3) NG DNG S PHC TRONG BI TON T HP
V d 1) Tnh cc tng sau khi n=4k+1
a)
0 2 4 2 2 2
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
.......
n n
n n n n n
S C C C C C

+ + + + +
= + +
b)
1 3 5 2 1 2 1
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
.......
n n
n n n n n
S C C C C C
+
+ + + + +
= + +
Gii:
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 215/232

Xt
( )
2 1
0 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 0 2 2 1 3 2 1
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
1 ..... ... ( .. )
n
n n n n
n n n n n n n n n n
i C iC i C i C C C C i C C C
+
+ + +
+ + + + + + + + + +
+ = + + + + = + + +
Mt khc ta li c:
( )
2 1
2 1 (2 1) (2 1)
1 2 cos sin 1 2 cos sin
4 4 4 4
n
n n n
i i i i

+
+ + + | | (
+ = + + = +
|
(
\

=
(2 1) (2 1) (8 3) (8 3)
2 2 cos sin 2 2 cos sin
4 4 4 4
n n
n n k k
i i
+ + + + ( (
+ = +
( (


3 3
2 2 cos sin 2 2
4 4
n n n
i i
(
= + = +
(


T ta c
a) S=-2
n

b) S=2
n

V d 2) Tnh cc tng hu hn sau:
a)
2 4 6
1 ..........
n n n
S C C C = + +
b)
1 3 5 7
..........
n n n n
S C C C C = + +
Gii:
Xt ( )
0 1 2 2 2 4 1 3 5 7
1 ..... 1 ... ( ....)
n
n n
n n n n n n n n n n
i C iC i C i C C C i C C C C + = + + + + = + + + +
( ) 1 2 cos sin 1 2 cos sin
4 4 4 4
n
n n n
i i i i
| | (
+ = + + = +
|
(
\

T ta c kt qu
a) 2 cos
4
n
n
S

= b) 2 sin
4
n
n
S

=
V d 3) Chng minh rng:
3 6
1
1 ... 2 2cos
3 3
n
n n
n
C C
| |
+ + + = +
|
\

Gii: Ta c
0 1 2 3
2 ....
n n
n n n n n
C C C C C = + + + + (1)
Xt
3
2 2
cos sin 1
3 3
i

= + =
Ta c
( )
0 1 2 2 0 1 2 2 3 4
1 ...... .....
n
n n
n n n n n n n n n
C C C C C C C C C + = + + + = + + + + + (2)
( )
2 0 2 1 4 2 2 0 2 1 2 3 2 4
1 ...... .....(3)
n
n n
n n n n n n n n n
C C C C C C C C C + = + + + = + + + + +
Ta c
2 2
1 0;1 os sin ;1 os sin
3 3 3 3
c i c i

+ + = + = + = +
Cng (1) (2) (3) theo v ta c
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 0 3 6 0 3 6
2 1 1 3 ... 2 2cos 3 ...
3
n
n
n n
n n n n n n
n
C C C C C C

+ + + + = + + + + = + + +
3 6
1
1 ... 2 2cos
3 3
n
n n
n
C C
| |
+ + + = +
|
\


Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 216/232

MT S BI TP T LUYN
1) Gii phng trnh sau trn tp s phc:
3
) a z z = ) 3 4 b z z i + = + ( )
2
2
) 4 3 c z z i =
2
) 2 1 0 d z z i + + =
2
) 4 5 0 e z z + + =
2
)(1 ) 2 11 0 f i z i + + + =
2
) 2( ) 4 0 g z z z + + =
2) Tm s thc x tho mn bt phng trnh:
) 1 4 2 5
x
a i

+
2
1 7
) log 1
4
i
b x
+

2
1 2 2
)1 log 0
2 1
x i
c
| + + |

|

\

3) Tm s phc z sao cho ( 2)( ) A z z i = + l s thc
4) Tm s phc z tho mn iu kin
7
5;
1
z i
z
z
+
=
+
l s thc
5) Tm tp hp cc im M trong mt phng phc biu din cc s phc z tho mn
iu kin
( )
2
2
) 9 a z z =
2
) 4
2
z i
b
z i

=
+
)3 3 c z i z z i + = + ) 3 4 2 d z i + = ) 1 e z z i + +
) 4 3 f z z i = +
2
) 1
2
z i
g
z i

>
+
)2 2 h z i z z i = +
1
3
2 2
) log ( ) 1
4 2 1
z
k
z
+
>


6) Trong cc s phc tho mn iu kin
3
2 3
2
z i + = . Tm s phc z c modun ln
nht,nh nht.
7) Tm s phc z tho mn iu kin ( ) ( ) 1 2 z z i + l s thc v z nh nht.
8) Tm mt acgumen ca s phc z khc 0 bit z z i z + =
9) Tm s phc z tho mn
2
2 z z + = v 2 z =
10) Gii h pt sau trong tp s phc:
2 2
2 2
)
4
z i z z i
a
z z
= +


1 2
1 2
3
) 1 1 3
5
z z i
b i
z z
+ =

+ =


2
1 2
2
2 1
1 0
)
1 0
z z
c
z z
+ =

+ =


12 5
8 3
)
4
1
8
z
z i
d
z
z

=


3 2
2010 2011
2 2 1 0
)
1 0
z z z
e
z z
+ + + =

+ + =


11) Cho phng trnh
3 2
2 (2 1) (9 1) 5 0 z i z i z i + + + = c nghim
thc. Hy tm tt c cc nghim ca phng trnh.
12) Tm phn thc phn o ca
2011
2011
1
w
w
z = + bit
1
w 1
w
+ =
13) Tm n nguyn dng cc s phc sau l s thc, s o:
2 6
)
3 3
n
i
a z
i
| |
+
=
|
|
+
\

4 6
)
1 5
n
i
b z
i
+ | |
=
|
+
\

7 4
)
4 3
n
i
c z
i
+ | |
=
|

\

3 3
)
3 3
i
d z
i
| |

=
|
|

\

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 217/232

14) Cho n nguyn dng, chng minh rng
( )
0 2 4 6 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2
3 9 27 ..... 3 2 cos
3
n
n n
n n n n n
n
C C C C C

+ + + =
15) Tm s phc z sao cho 2 z z = v mt acgumen ca z-2 bng mt acgumen
ca z+2 cng vi
2


16) Gii phng trnh
a)
2 2 0
0
2
tan 10 4 2
os10
z
z i
c
= + + b)
2 2 0
0
2
cot 12 6 7
sin12
z
z i = + +

Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 218/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
1
Bi 1: ( 2 im )Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc sau: ( )( )
3 5
5 2 3
1 4
i
z i i
i

= +
+

Bi 2: ( 2 im ) Xc nh tp hp cc im trong mp phc biu din cc s phc z tha mn h thc
2 1 2 z z z = +
Bi 3: ( 2 im ) Tm tp hp cc s phc z tha iu kin
2
0 z z + =
Bi 4: ( 2 im) Gii phng trnh
2
2 4 3 0 z z + = trn tp s phc
Bi 5: ( 2 im) Chng minh rng vi mi s phc z
1
, z
2
ta c:
1 1
1 2 1 2
2 2
) ,
z
z
a z z z z
z z
= = b)
1 2 1 2
z z z z + = +
p dng chng minh: Nu 3 s phc x, y, z cng c mun bng 1 th x y z xy yz xz + + = + +

2
Cu1:(4 ) Thc hin cc php tnh sau:
a/ ( ) 2 3 (4 ) i i + b/ ( ) 1 2 (3 2 ) i i + +
c/ ( ) 2 3 .(1 4 ) i i + d/
(3 4 )
(1 4 ).(2 3 )
i
i i

+

Cu2 : (3 ) Gii phng trnh : (1 ) (2 ).(1 3 ) 2 3 i z i i i + + + = +
Cu 3: (3 ) Tm hai s phc bit tng ca chng bng 2 v tch ca chng bng 3

3
Cu 1(3,0): Tm phn thc phn o ca cc s phc:
1/. ( )
3
1 3 z i i = + 2/. z = (1 + i)(2 3i)
2

Cu 2(2,0): Thc hin php tnh:
( ) ( ) ( ) 3 2 4 3 1 2
5 4
i i i
i
+ + (


Cu 3(3,5):
1/. Gii phng trnh:
2
4 40 0 z z + = . Tnh
2 2
1 2
A z z = + ; z
1
, z
2
l hai nghim ca pt cho.
2/. Tm s phc z, bit ( ) 2 4 0 i z =
Cu 4(1,5):Tm tp hp biu din s phc z sao cho: 1 2 z i z + = +
4
Cu 1:(4,0) Cho s phc (2 3 )(1 ) 3 4 Z i i i = + +
a) Tm phn thc, phn o ca s phc Z;
b) Tm s phc lin hp ca Z;
c) Tm mun ca s phc Z.
Cu 2:(4,0) Gii cc phng trnh sau trn tp s phc
a) (2 3 ) (1 5 ) 4 3 i z i i + = ;
b)
2
3 5 0 z z + + = .
Cu 3:(1im) Tm cc s thc x, y sao cho x+3y+3i=5+(2x+y)i
Cu 4: (1 im) Tm s phc z tha mn: 2 2 4 z z i + =

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 219/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
5
Cu 1.( 3 im)
a. Xc nh phn thc v phn o ca s phc sau:
z = 2i ( 2 3i ) ( 2 + 4i )
b. Tm s phc z bit 3 5 z = v phn thc ca z bng 2 ln phn o ca n
Cu 2.( 3 im)
a. Tm x, y bit ( ) ( ) 1 2 7 24 4 18 i x i y i = +
b. Thc hin php tnh: B = ( ) ( )
1
1 2 3
2
i
i i
i
+ (
+
(
+


c. Thc hin php tnh
7
(1 ) C i =
Cu 3. ( 3 im) Gii phng trnh sau trn tp hp s phc:
a.
2
8 17 0 z z + + =
b.
4 2
3 8 3 0 x x =
Cu 4. ( 1 im) Cho phng trnh z
2
+kz+1=0 vi k[-2,2]
Chng minh rng tp hp cc im trong mt phng phc biu din cc nghim ca phng trnh
trn khi k thay i l ng trn n v tm O bn knh bng 1.

6
Bi 1:(4) Tnh:
a. (2-5i)+(-3+12i)(-4-2i). c) (3+2i)( 3 +5i ).
b.
7- 5i
2 +3i
. d)
3
( 3 - 2 i) .
Bi 2: (2) Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a. (1+3i)z+(2+6i)=5z+3- 4i .
b.
2
5z - 2z +1= 0 .
Bi 3 : (1) Tm cn bc hai ca cc s phc sau: 5+12i .
Bi 4: (1) Tm s phc bit 10 Z = v phn o bng -3 ln phn thc.
Bi 5: (2) Xc nh tp hp cc im trong mt phng oxy biu din s phc Z tha mn:
2 3 Z Z i = + .
7
Cu I : ( 5,0 im )
1) Xc nh phn thc v phn o ca mi s phc sau:
a) z
1
= i ( 2 3i ) ( 2 + 4i )
b) z
2
=
z i
z i

+
. Trong z = x+yi ( x, y l cc s thc) v z -i cho trc.
2) Xc nh tp hp cc im trong mt phng phc biu din cc s phc z = x + yi ,
x, y l cc s thc v z -i cho trc, tho iu kin
z i
z i

+
l s thc m.
Cu II : ( 3,0 im) Cho s phc: z = -2 + 2 3 i .
1. Tm cc cn bc hai di dng i s ca s phc z.
2. Vit dng lng gic ca s phc z v tm cc cn bc hai di dng lng gic ca n.
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 220/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Cu III : ( 2.0 im) Cho phng trnh n z : z
2
+ kz + 1 = 0 , trong k l s thc tho : -2 k
2 . Chng minh rng , khi k thay i, tp hp cc im trong mt phng phc biu din cc nghim z
ca phng trnh trn l ng trn tm O, bn knh R = 1.

8
Cu 1:
a) Tnh
2
(2 )(3 2 )(1 ) B i i i = +
b)Tm phn thc phn o ca s phc
3 2
(1 ) (2 ) z i i = +
c) Tm mdun ca s phc
7 2
1
i
z
i
+
=


d) Tm hai s thc x v y tha: 2 (2 ) 2 ( 2 ) x y x y i x y x y i + + = + + +
Cu 2: Gii cc phng trnh sau trn tp s phc:
a) (1 2 ) 1 (2 ) i z i i z i + + + = b)
2
2 1 0 z z + = c)
3
1 0 z =
d)
4
1 0 z = e)
4 2
6 0 z z =
Cu 3: Tm cc tp im biu din s phc z tho mn iu kin: a) | | 2 z z i = b)
| 2 3 | 2 z i + =
Cu 4: Tnh : a)
10
1
1
i
i
+ | |
|

\
b) ( )
2011
1 i +
9
1) Tm s phc lin hp ca z = (1 + i)(2 + 3i)
2) Tm moun ca s phc z =
3 4
2
i
i
+


3) Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc z = ( )
2010
1 i +
4) Tm tp hp im trn mt phng phc biu din s phc z tha mn | z i + 3| = 1
5) Tm s phc z, bit
2
z = 1 + i 3
6) Gii cc phng trnh:
a) 2 3 4 z z i + = + b)
2
5 0 z z + + = c)
( )
2
2 2 2
1 4 ( 1) 5 0 z z z z + + + =

10
Bi 1: (2 im). Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc sau: (2+i)
3
- (3-i)
3
.
Bi 2: (4 im). Gii phng trnh sau trn tp hp s phc:
1.
2 1 3
1 2
i i
z
i i
+ +
=
+
; 2.
2
6 10 0 x x + = ;
3. z
3
+ 2z 3 = 0; 4. z
4
+ 3z
2
- 4 = 0.
Bi 3: (2 im). Cho s phc z = (2-i)(i+1), tnh mun ca z ,
1
z
+ 2z + z .
Bi 4: (1 im). Tm hai s phc bit tng ca chng bng 4 tch ca chng bng 5.
Bi 5: (1 im). Trn mt phng phc, tm tp hp biu din s phc z m: |z 2 + 3i| = 5.
11
Cu 1 : (2 im) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi 2 ng sau
y =
2
3 2 x x + v y = 1 x +
Cu 2 : (3 im) Tnh mun s phc sau
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 221/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
a)
2 3
1 2
i
z
i
+
=


b)
2 2
(2 ) (3 2 )
4 3
i i
z
i
+
=
+

Cu 3 : (2 im) Trong mt phng phc tm tp hp hp cc im biu din s phc tha iu kin sau
2 4 z i =
Cu 4 : (3 im) Gii phng trnh phc sau :
a)
2
2 0 z z + + = b)
2
(2 ) 3 0 x i x i + + + + =

Cu 1 : (2 im) Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi 2 ng sau
y =
2
2 3 x x + v y = 1 x +
Cu 2 : (3 im) Tnh mun s phc sau a)
4
2 3
i
z
i
+
=

b)
2 2
(1 2 ) (3 )
2 3
i i
z
i
+ +
=


Cu 3 : (2 im) Trong mt phng phc tm tp hp hp cc im biu din s phc tha iu kin sau
3 2 z i + =
Cu 4 : (3 im) Gii phng trnh phc sau :
a)
2
2 5 0 z z + + = b)
2
(2 ) 7 0 x i x i + + =

12
Bi 1 Thc hin cc php tnh sau :
a) 5 2 3( 7 6 ) i i + + b)
1
(2 3 )( 3 )
2
i i + c)
2
(1 2 ) i + d)
2 15
3 2
i
i

+

Bi 2 Gii cc phng trnh sau trn tp s phc :
a)
2
1 0 x x + + = b)
4 2
7 18 0 z z + =
Bi 3 Xc nh phn thc v phn o ca s phc :
2 1
1 2 3
i i
z
i i
+
=
+

Bi 4 Cho
1
1
i
z
i

=
+
.Tnh
( )
2010
2010
A z z = +

13
Cu 1 (6 im). Thc hin cc php tnh sau:
a)
( ) ( ) ( ) 3 2 4 3 1 2
5 4
i i i
i
+ + (

b) ( )
1 2
2 5
2 3
i
i
i
+
+
+

c)
2 3 2010
1 ... i i i i + + + + +
Cu 2 (2 im). Gii phng trnh
4 2
3 0 z z + = trn tp s phc
Cu 3 (2 im). Gi
1 2
, x x l hai nghim phc ca phng trnh
2
1 0 x x + = . Tnh
4 4
1 2
x x +

14
Cu 1 (6 im). Thc hin cc php tnh sau:
a) ( ) ( )
4
2 3 1 2
3 2
i
i i
i

+ +
+
b)
( )( )
3 4
1 4 2 3
i
i i

+

c)
2 3 2010
. . ... i i i i
Cu 2 (2 im). Gii phng trnh:
2
4 20 0 z z + = trn tp s phc
Cu 3 (2 im). Gi
1 2
, x x l hai nghim phc ca phng trnh
2
1 0 x x + = .Tnh
3 3
1 2
x x +
Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 222/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk

15
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
2 3 ; 2 1; 2 4 z i z i z i = = + =
a. Tnh modun ca cc s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
2 ; 3 ; 2 ; 4 z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tm phn thc v o ca cc s phc:
3 1
1 2 3 2
2 2
3
. ; 2 . ; ; .
2
z z
z z z z
z z
.
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z):
( )
2 1 1 3 i z i =
Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a. 3 z = ; b. 1 2 z < .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau: a.
2 4 2
. 2 5 0; . 6 0 a x x b z z + = =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha:
2
2 2 z i = +
16
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
1 3; 3 2 ; 2 4 z i z i z i = = =
a. Tm s phc lin hp ca s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
2 ; 3 ; 2 ;3 z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tnh modun ca s phc:
3 1
1 2 3 2
2 2
3
2 . ; .3 ; ; .
2
z z
z z z z
z z
.
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z): 2 1 3
2
z
i i
i
+ =


Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a. 2 3 z i = ; b. 1 2 z i + > .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau:
2 4 2
. 2 2 5 0; . 2 6 0 a x x b z z + = + =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha:
2
5 4 z i =
17
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
1 2 ; 3 2; 3 z i z i z i = + = =
a. Tnh modun ca s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
2 ; 3 ;3 ; 2 z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tm s phc lin hp ca s phc:
3 1
1 2 3 2
2 2
2
2 . ; . ; ; .
3
z z
z z z z
z z
.
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z):
3 2
1 1 3
i
i i
z
+
=
Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a. 2 z i z + = ; b. 2 3 z i .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau:
2 4
. 3 4 3 0; . 4 1 0 a x x b z + = + =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha:
2
z z =
18
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
1 2 ; 3 2; 3 z i z i z i = = =
a. Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
2 ; 3 ; 2 ;3 z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tm s phc lin hp ca s phc:
3 1
1 2
2 2
3
. ; ; .
2
z z
z z
z z
.
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Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z): 1 1 3
1
z
i i
i
+ + =


Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a.
( )
3 4 2 z i = ; b. 2 3 z i + .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau:
2 4 2
. 4 10 0; . 3 4 4 0 a x x b z z + = + =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha: 5 11 17 iz z i + =
19
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
1 2 ; 3 ; 2 z i z i z i = = + =
a. Tnh modun ca s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
3 ; 2 ; 2 2. ; 2 2. z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc:
3 1
1 2 3 2
2 2
2 2.
. ; 2. . ; ; .
z z
z z z z
z z
.
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z):
1 5
3 2 3
i
i i
z

=
Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a.
( )
1 2 z i z + = ; b. 1 2 3 z .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau:
2 4 2
. 3 4 8 0; . 4 15 0 a x x b z z + = =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha: 2 z i + = v phn thc ln hn phn o 1 n v
20
Bi 1: 1. Cho 2 s phc
1 2 3
2 ; 2 ; 2 2 z i z i z i = = + =
a. Tnh modun ca s phc:
1 2 1 2 2 3 3 2
2. ; 2 ; 3 ; 2 z z z z z z z z + +
b. Tm s phc lin hp ca s phc:
3 1
1 2 3 2
2 2
3
2. . ; . ; ; .
2
z z
z z z z
z z
.
2. Gii phng trnh ( n z): 1 1 2
1 3
z
i i
i
+ = +


Bi 2: Trong mt phng Oxy, tm tp hp cc im biu din s phc z tha iu kin:
a.
( )
1 z i i z = + ; b. 3 4 z z + + .
Bi 3: Gii cc phng trnh sau:
2 4 2
. 2 2 3 0; . 2 8 0 a x x b z z + = + + =
Bi 4: Tm s phc z tha: 3 4 z z i = + v phn thc gp 2 ln phn o

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 224/232


N THI HC K II

NM HC 2011

2012

I.

KHO ST HM S V CC BI TON LIN QUAN

Bi 1: Cho hm s
3 2
3 4 y x x = +

1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th (C) hm s cho

2/ S dng th (C), Tm m phng trnh

:
3 2
3 3 0 x x m + + =

c 3 nghim phn bit.

3/ Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi th (C) v ng y = x
2

+4

Bi 2:Cho hm s y = x
3


3x + 2

(C)

1/ Kho st v v (C)

2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn (d
1
) vi (C) ti A e

(C) c hanh l 2.

3/ Tnh din tch hnh

phng gii hn bi (C), (d
1
), x =1

Bi 3: Cho hm s:
4 2
1
x
y
x

=
+
.

1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th ca hm s trn.

2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th ca hm s trn ti im c honh x
0

=1.

Bi 4:

Cho hm s
2
2
+
= =

x
y f x
x
( )

1/ Kho st s bin thin v v th ( H ) ca hm s .

2/ Vit phng trnh tip tuyn vi th (H) ti

im A(1;-3).

3/ Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi th (H), trc honh v hai
ng thng x = 3, x = 5.
Bi 5:

Cho hm s
3
3 = + y x x
c th (C)


1. Kho st s bin thin v v th (C)


2.Tm m phng trnh x
3
-3x+m-1=0 c 3 nghim thc phn bit.


3.Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi th (C) , trc honh; trc tung v ng thng x=1

Bi 6:

Cho hm

s

y =2x
3


3x
2

-1

1/ Kho st v v th (C) ca hm s

2/ Vit

PTTT vi


th

(C) ti

im

c

hon


x =-1

3/ Tnh

din

tch

hnh

phng

gii

hn

bi


th

(C ) v

ng

y =-1

Bi 7:

Cho hm

s

y =x
4


2x
2

1/ Kho st v

v th (C) ca hm s

2/ Da

vo


th

(C) tm

m

phng trnh

x
4


2x
2


m =0 c

4 nghim

phn bt.

3/ Tnh

din

tch

hnh

phng

gii

hn

bi


th

(C ). trc

Ox

v

cc

ng

x =-2, x =2

















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Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 225/232


8/
2
0
(2 sin ) I x x dx

= +
}

9/
}

e
dx
x
x x
1
3
2
3

10/ ( ) dx x
4
2
1
4 3
}



Bi

3: Cho hm s y=
3 2
1
3
x x

c th l (C) . Tnh th tch vt th trn xoay do hnh phng gii
hn bi (C) v cc ng thng y=0, x=0, x=3 quay quanh 0x.


III.

S PHC:

Bi 1: Gii phng trnh sau trn tp hp s phc :

1/
2
3 4 0 z z + + =

2/
2
3 1 0 x x + =

3/
2
1 0 z z + + =

4/ Z
2

+4Z +5 =0

5/ z
2

+3z +4 =0

6/
2
9 0 z + =

7/
2
4 5 0 z z + + =

8/
2
2 6 29 0 z z + =

9/
2
5 2 1 0 z z + =

10/
4 2
5 4 0 z z + + =

11/
4 2
5 36 0 z z + =

12/
3 2
2 10 0 z z z + + =

B

i

2: Tm m un ca s phc z bit

1/ z =
( )
( ) 1 3 1 i i + .

2/
(2 3)(3 2) 4
4 3
i i i
Z
i
+ +
=


3/ Z =( )
2 1 2
3 2
2
i
i
i

+
+

B3: Tm phn thc v phn o ca s phc sau:

1/ z =(2+i)
3
-

(3-i)
3

2/
1 3
1
i
i

+

3/ Z =
2
3 2
1
i
i
i

+
+

4/ ( 3 +2i) +( 2 -

3i )
2

5/
3 3
z ( 1 i) (2i) = +

6/ ( 3- 2i ) ( 5- 4i )

7)
8 5
2 3
i
i

+

8/
4 2
3
i
z i
i
+
=

9/ ( )
2
7 2 3 2 z i i =

10/
7
5 4
2
i
z i
i

= +


11/
7 3 1 5
1 3 2
i i
z
i i
+ +
=
+























II. NGUYN HM TCH PHN
Bi 1:
1/ Cho hm s
2
1 x
y
x

= .Tm nguyn hm F(x) ca hm s bit F(1) =


5
2
2/ Cho hm s ( ) ( ) y f x x = = +
2
1 . Tm mt nguyn hm ( ) F x ca hm s ( ) f x tha iu kin
( ) F = 1 0.
3/ Tm nguyn hm
( )
F x ca hm s
( )
2
4 = cos f x x bit rng 0
2
| |
=
|
\ .
F .
Bi 2: Tnh cc t ch phn sau:
1/
}
2
0
3
. cos . sin

dx x x
2/
4
0
tanx
cos
I dx
x

=
}
3/
2
2
0
sin2
4 cos
x
I dx
x

} 3/
( )
2
0
1 2sin cos I x xdx

= +
}
4/
2
3
0
cos xdx
t
}
5/
2
3
0
sin xdx
t
}
6/ +
}
1
x
0
x(x e )dx
7/
2
1
ln
e
x xdx
}
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Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 226/232


B

i

4: Trong khng gian Oxyz cho 3 im I(0;1;2), A(1;2;3), B(0;1;3).



1. Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) tm I v i qua A. Vit phng trnh mt phng (P) qua B v
vung gc vi ng thng AB.



2. Chng minh (P) ct (S) theo giao tuyn l ng trn (C). nh tm v tnh bn knh ca (C).

B5: Trong khng gian vi h to Oyxz. Cho im A=(1; 2; 3) v im B=(2; -3; 4).

1/ Vit phng trnh mt phng (P) i qua im A v vung gc vi ng thng AB.

2/Trong mt phng (P) cho im C= (2; 0 ; -8). Vit phng trnh tham s ca ng thng i
qua im B v song song vi ng thng AC.




































B4: 1/ Cho s phc Z = 2 3i . Hy tnh
( )
2
2
Z Z +
2/ Cho s phc 1 3 z i = + .Tnh
2 2
( ) z z +
B 5 : a). Cho hai s phc Z
1
=3x y +xi v Z
2
=2y +1 (2 3x)i Tm x v y Z
1
=2Z
2
b) Tm x v y sao cho : ( x +2i)
2
= 3x +yi
c) Tm s phc lin hp ca s phc Z =
7 3
(1 3)(2 )
5
i
i i
i

+ +
+
d/ Tm x, y (2x +y +1) +(x +y)i =(x - y - 1) +(4x - y +3)i
Bi 6 : Tm s phc nghch o ca cc s phc sau y : 3 4 z i = ; ( )( ) 4 2 3 z i i = + .
Bi 7 : Cho 2 3, 1 z i z i ' = + = + . Tm
2
. z z' v z z' .
IV. HNH HC TA TRONG KHNG GIAN
Bi 1 : Cho ng thng (d) c phng trnh :
1 3
1 2 2
x y z +
= =

v im M(-1 ; -1 ; 1)
1.Vit phng trnh ng thng ( A) qua M v (A) song song vi (d)
2.Tm ta H l hnh chiu vung gc ca M trn (d)
B i 2: Cho D(-3;1;2) v mt phng ( ) qua ba im A(1;0;11), B(0;1;10), C(1;1;8).
1. Vit phng trnh tham s ca ng thng AC
2. Vit phng trnh tng qut ca mt phng (ABC)
3. Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) tm D bn knh R=5. Chng minh (S) ct ( ).
Bi 3: Trong KGOxyz cho im A(1;2;-1) v ng thng (d):
1 3
2 2 ,
2 2
x t
y t t R
z t
= +

= e

= +

1. Vit phng trnh mt phng cha (d) v i qua A.


2. Gi B l im i xng ca A qua (d).Tnh di AB.
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1. Vit PTMP (P) i qua 2 im M, N v vung gc vi mp (Q).


2. Tm ta giao im ca ng thng MN vi mp (Q).

B6: Trong khng gian Oxyz, cho A(1; 2; -3) vmt phng (P): 2x +2y z +9 =0.
1. Vit phng trnh tham s ca ng thng d i qua A vvung gcvi mp (P).
2. Tmto im A i xng vi A qua mt phng (P).
3. Vit phng trnhmt cu (S) ctm A vtip xcvi mt phng (P).
B7: Trong khng gian Oxyz cho hai im A( 1;-2;-1) v B(-2;1;3) v mt phng (P): 3x - 2y +z -1 = 0.
a). Vit phng trnh ng thng AB
b). Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) tm A i qua B
c). Vit phng trnh mt phng ( o ) qua hai im A, B ng thi vung gc mp (P)
B8: Trong khng gian Oxyz cho ng thng d
2
1 2
1 3
x t
y t
z t
= +

v mp (P) : x 2y +2z +4 =0
a). Tm to giao im M ca ng thng d v mp (P)
b). Vit phng trnhng thng A nm trong mp (P) , ct v vung gc vi d.
B9: Trong KGOxyz cho ng thng d :
3 2
1
x t
y t
z t
= +

= +

v mt phng ( o ) : x -3y +2z +6 =0


a). Tm giao im M ca ng thng d v mp ( o )
b). Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) tm I(1;-1;2) tip xc vi mp(o )
c). Vit phng trnh mp (P) cha ng thng d v vung gc mp (o )
B10: Trong KGxyz cho mt cu (S) x
2
+y
2
+x
2
4x +2y +4z 7 =0 v mpo ) : x 2y +2z 3 =0.
a). Tm tm I v bn knh R ca mt cu (S). Vit phng trnh ng thng d i qua I v
vung gc mp ( o ).
b). Vit phong trnh mt phng (P) vung gc vi d v tip xc vi mt cu (S).
B11: Trong khng gian Oxyz cho ba im A(6;1;3); B(0,2,6); C(2;0;7)
a/. Vit phng trnh mt phng (ABC).
b/. Vit phng trnh tham s v phng trnh chnh tc ng thng AB.
c/. Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) c tm l C v bn knh R bng di an BC.
B12: Cho im M(1; 1 ; 0) v mt phng (P): x + y 2z +3 =0.
a).Vit phng trnh () i qua im M v song song mt phng (P).
b). Vit phng trnh mt cu tm M v tip xc vi mp(P).
c). Tm ta im M i xng vi im M qua mt phng (P).
B13: Trong KGvi h ta Oxyz, cho im A(1;2;3) v mt phng (P): x+y-4z +3=0.
1.Vit phng trnh mt cu c tm A v tip xc vi ( P ).
2.Vit phng trnh tham s ca ng thng ( d ) qua A v vung gc vi ( P ).
3.Tm ta hnh chiu ca A ln mt phng (P).
B14 : Trong KG Oxyz cho PT mt cu (C): x
2
+y
2
+z
2
- 2x +4y - 2z - 4 =0
1. Xc nh ta tm v bn knh mt cu (C)
2. CMR mp (P) c Pt x =5 khng ct mt cu (C).
3. Vit PTTS ca ng thng d i qua tm mt cu (C) v vung gc vi mp(P)
B15 : Trong KG Oxyz cho 2 im M(3; 1; -1), N(2; -1; 4) v mp (Q) : 2x - y +3z - 1 =0
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
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Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
CNG N TP HC K II
I. I S - GII TCH
Bi 1: Cho hm s y =
2
4 5
2
x x
x
+ +
+
(C)
a. Kho st v v th ca hm s trn.
b. Vit phng trnh tip tuyn ca (C) ti im c honh x = 0.
Bi 2: Cho hm s: y = x
3
- 3x
2
+ 3mx + 4 (Cm)
a. Tm m (Cm) tip xc vi trc honh.
b. Tm im c nh ca C(m) khi m thay i.
c. T M(0, 4) c th k c bao nhiu tip tuyn vi C
0
, vit cc phng trnh tip tuyn .
Bi 3: Tnh cc tch phn sau:
1. a)


=
1
0
1
3 25 x
dx
I b) I
2
=

+
2
1
3
2
2
.
x
dx x

c) I
3
= dx x . 4
3
3
2

d) I
4
= dx x x . 1
1
0
8 2


2. a) J
1
= dx
x
x
.
1
1
5
2

+

b) J
2
=

+
1
0
2
2 3x x
dx

c) J
3
=

+
1
0
2
4 x
dx
d) J
4
=

+ +
+
1
0
2
6 5
). 11 4 (
x x
dx x

3. a. K
1
= dx x


2
0
2
1 b.


+
=
1
5
2
2
1
. 2 1
x
dx x x
K
c. K
3
=
1
2009
0
( 1) . x x dx

d. K
4
=


1
0
10
. ) 2 3 .( dx x x
4. a. L
1
=
4
4
tan . x dx

b. L
2
=

0
2
. 4 cos dx x c. L
3
=
6
0
( 6 . 2 6). sin x sin x dx


d. L
4
=
2
2
0
( ). . x sin x cosx dc

e. L
5
=
2
0
2. 1 4sin3 . 3 . x cos x dx +

f. L
6
=
2
0
2 .
1
sin x cosx
dx
cosx



5. a. I
1
= dx e x
x
. ). 3 (
1
1
+

b. I
2
=

+
2
1
.
2
dx
e
e
x
x

c. I
3
=
2
2
0
sin 2
4
x
dx
cos x

d. I
4
= dx
e
e e
x
x x


+
5 ln
2 ln 1
). 1 (

e. I
5
=

2
ln .
e
e
x x
dx
f. I
6
=
0
. 2 .
a
x
e cos x dx


6. a.
2
1
0
.ln(1 ). J sinx cosx dx

= +

b. J
2
=


5
2
2
). 1 ln( . dx x x
c. J
3
=

e
dx x
1
. ln d. J
4
=

+
e
x x
dx
1
3 2
2 ln .

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Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
e. J
5
=


1
0
2
. . dx e x
x
f. J
6
=

+
e
dx
x
x x
1
3 2
.
ln 2 . ln

Bi 4: Cho I =
2
0
( . ) . x sinx dx

v J =
2
0
( . ) . x cosx dx


Tm I + J v I - J t suy ra I v J.
Bi 5: Tnh:
a. I
1
=

+
3 2
5
2
4 . x x
dx
b. I
2
=

+
2
1
1 1
.
x
dx x

c. I
3
= dx x x
e
. ln .
1

d. I
4
=
2
0
( ). .
eInx
e cosx cosx dx


Bi 6: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng sau:
1. x
3
- y = 0; x + y - 2 = 0; trc OX.
2. x
2
+ y - 2x = 0 v x + y = 0
3. 1
2
2
2
2
= +
b
y
a
x

4. Tnh din tch gii hn bi th ng cong: y = x
3
- 5x
2
+ 8x - 4 v trc honh.
5. Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi ng cong: y = x
4
- 2x
2
; y = 0 quay quanh Ox.
Bi 7: Tnh th tch khi trn xoay:
1. Tnh th tch khi trn xoay do hnh (H) gii hn bi y = 2x - x
2
; y = 0 quay quanh Ox? Oy?
2. Mt hnh (H) do y = x.e
x
v x = 2 v y = 0. Tnh th tch khi do (H) quay quanh Ox.
3. Mt hnh (H) gii hn
x
x
y

=
1
; x = 2; x = 4 v y = 0. Tm S
(H)
v V
K
(K do (H) quay quanh Ox).
Bi 8: Tnh cc tch phn ca hm s sau:
1. I
1
=

+
2
0
2
4 dx x
dx
2.

+ +
=
1
0
2
2
6 5x x
dx
I
3. I
3
=
2
5
0
. sin x dx

4. I
4
=
3
2
0
.
(1 )
x cosx
dx
sinx


5. I
6
=
2
2 2
0
sin 2 .
4sin
x dx
cos x x

6. I
7
=

+

5 ln
3 ln
3 2
x x
e e
dx

Bi 9: Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi cc ng sau:

1. y
2
= 2x + 1 v y = x - 1
2. x - y = 0; y = x + sin
2
x vi 0 x
3. Parabol: y
2
= 2x chia din tch hnh: x
2
+ y
2
= 8 theo t s no?
4. Tnh din tch hnh phng gii hn bi 3 4
2
+ = x x y v y = x + 3.
II. HNH HC
Bi 1: Cho A = (1; 0; 0), B (0; 2; -2), C (0; -1; -3)
a. Tm D sao cho ABCD l hnh bnh hnh.
b. Lp phng trnh mt phng qua M(0; 1; 5), N (1; 0; 3) v vung gc vi mp (ABC).
Bi 2: Lp phng trnh mt phng qua M(2; 1; 3) v song song vi trc Oz, ng thi vung gc
vi m phng x - 2y + 3z -7 = 0.
Bi 3: Cho hai mt phng c phng trnh: x - my + 2z + m = 0 v (m - 1)x - 2y - (3m - 1)z - 8 = 0
Vi gi tr no ca m th:
a. Hai mt phng song song.
b. Hai mt phng ct nhau.
c. Hai mt phng trng nhau.
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Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
Bi 4: Cho 4 im: A(1; 0; 0), B(0; 2; 0), C(0; 0; 2), D(-2; 1; -1)
a. Vit phng trnh mt phng (BCD).
b. Tnh ng cao BH ca BCD.
c. Tnh V
ABCD
suy ra ng cao AH ca t din.
Bi 5: Cho A(4; 3; ;5), B(1; -2; 1), C(0; -3; 2), D (3; 1; 0)
a. Vit phng trnh mt phng (BCD) ri suy ra bn im A, B, C, D l 4 nh ca t din.
Tnh th tch t din .
b. Vit phng trnh mt phng trung trc ca AB.
c. Vit phng trnh mt phng (P) qua C c vect php tuyn j i n

2 + =
Bi 6: Cho (P): 2x + 3y + 6z - 11 = 0; (Q): 6x + 2y - 3z - 5 = 0
a. Vit phng trnh mt phng (R) qua A(3; 4; 7) v vung gc vi hai mt phng (P) v (Q).
b. Chng minh rng: (P) v (Q) ct nhau. Vit phng trnh mt phng (S) qua giao tuyn ca
(P) v (Q) ng thi vung gc vi trc Oz.
Bi 7: Cho d:
3
2
1
1
2
1
=

=
+ z y x
v mt phng (P): x - y - z - 1 = 0.
a. Xc nh cosin ca gc to bi d v (P).
b. Tm phng trnh chnh tc ca ng thng i qua im M(1; 1; -2), song song vi (P)
v vung gc vi d.
c. Tm im M' i xng vi M qua mt phng (P).
Bi 8: Cho d
1
:
3
4
2
3
2
3
=

=
z y x
v d
2
:
0
1
2
6
1
1 +
=

z y x

a. Xc nh v tr tng i ca d
1
v d
2
.
b. Tm phng trnh ng thng vung gc chung ca d
1
v d
2
. Tnh khong cch gia d
1
v
d
2
.
Bi 9: Cho S(-3; 1; -4), A(-3; 1; 0), B(1; 3; 0), D(-1; -3; 0).
a. Chng minh hnh chp S.ABCD c y ABCD l hnh vung v ng cao SA.
b. Tm phng trnh mt cu ngoi tip hnh chp S.ABCD.
c. Vit phng trnh mt phng (P) qua gc to v ct mt cu theo thit din c din tch
ln nht v song song vi (ABCD).
Bi 10: Cho hai mt cu (S
1
):

x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
= 64
(S
2
): x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
- 6x - 12y + 12z + 72 = 0
a. Chng minh (S
1
) ct (S
2
) theo mt ng trn, tnh din tch ng trn .
b. Tm phng trnh nhng mt phng song song vi (P): x + 2z + 2z + 5 = 0 v tip xc vi (S
2
).
c. Vit phng trnh mt cu tm O(0;0;0) tip xc vi (S
2
).
Bi 11: Cho A(3; -1; 0), B(0; -7; 3), C(-2; 1; -1), D(3; 2; 6).
Tnh gc gia AB v CD Tnh khong cch AB v CD.
Bi 12: Cho M(1; 2; -1) v ng thng :
1
1
3
12
4
12
=

=
z y x
. Tm M' i xng vi M qua .
Bi 13: Trong khng gian A(6; -2; 3), B(0; 1; 6), C(2; 0; -1), D(4; 1; 0). Lp phng trnh mt cu
ngoi tip t din ABCD, Tm tm, bn knh mt cu.
Bi 14: Cho 4 im A(1; -1; 0), B(1; 3; 2), C(4; 3; 2), D(4; -1; 2).
a. Vit phng trnh mt cu (S) i qua 4 im A, B, C, D.
b. Vit phng trnh tip din ca mt cu ti A.
Bi 15: Cho: A(1; -1; 0), B(1; 3; 2), C(4; 3; 2), D(4; -1; 2).
a. Lp phng trnh mt cu (S) i qua 4 im A, B, C, D.
b. Vit phng trnh tip din ca mt cu bit t din song song vi mt phng (BCD).
c. Tm tm, bn knh ca ng trn (C) l giao ca (S) v (BCD).
Bi 16: CMR cc cp ng thng sau cho nhau, hy lp phng trnh ng vung gc chung.
1.
1
x=1-2t
(d ) y=3+t
z=-2-3t

v
2
x=2t
(d ) y=1+t
z=3-2t


Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 231/232
Ti liu ging dy ph o t Ton THPT Phan Chu Trinh k Lk
2.
1
x=1+t
(d ) y=-2+t
z=3-t

v
2
x + y - z + 5 = 0
(d )
2x - y + 1=0


Bi 17: Cho (d):
1
1
4
2
3
2
=
+
=
z y x
v (P): x + 2y + 4z + 4 = 0
1. Tm giao im ca (d) v (P)
2. Vit phng trnh hnh chiu ca (d) ln (P)
3. Tnh khong cch t A (-3; 1; 1; 0) n (d), (P)
Bi 18: Cho A (1;1;2), B (2;1; -3) v (P): 2x+y-3z-5=0
1. Tm to hnh chiu ca A trn (P).
2. Tm ta im A i xng A qua (P).
3. Tm im M trn (P) sao cho MA+MB nh nht.
4. Tm im N trn (P) sao cho NA+NC nh nht vi C (0;-1;1).
Bi 19: Cho (d)
2x-y+3z-5=0
x-2y+z-1=0

v (P): x - y - z = 0
1. Tnh sin ca gc gia (d) v (P).
2. Vit phng trnh mt phng cha (d) v:
a/ Qua A (2;1;3) b/ Song song vi (d
1
)
x-y-3z-2=0
2x-y+z-1=0


Bi 20: Cho (P): 2x=y=2z+10=0; (Q): 3y-z-1=0; (R): 2y+mz=0.
1. Tnh gc gia (Q) v (R) khi m=1
2. Tnh gc gia (Q) v (P)
3. Tm m gc gia (Q) v (R) bng 45
0

Bi 21: Cho im A (1;0;-2); B (2;1;2), C(3;-1;1) v D (2;-3,0)
1. Chng minh ABCD l mt t din.
2. Lp phng trnh mt cu bit.
a. Tm I (2;-1;0) v A thuc mt cu.
b. Mt cu qua A, B, C, D.
Bi 22: Cho mt cu c PT: x
2
+y
2
+z
2
-2x-4y-6z=0 (S)
1. Xc nh tm v bn knh mt cu trn .
2. Gi A, B, C ln lt l giao im ca (S) vi cc trc Ox, Oy, Oz. Vit phng trnh mt phng
(ABC).
3. Xc nh tm v bn knh ca ng trn:
a. Ngoi tip tam gic ABC
b. L giao im ca mt cu v mt phng (oxy).
Bi 23: Cho t din c 4 nh l A (6;-2;3); B (0,1,6); C (2;0;-1) v D (4;1;0)
1. Lp phng trnh mt cu ngoi tip t din.
2. Tm ca mt cu c trng vi trng tm ca t din khng?
3. Vit phng trnh tip din ca mt cu ti A
4. Tm ta giao im ca mt cu v ng thng:
1
3
4
1
3
1

=
z y x

Bi 24: Cho hai mt cu:
(S
1
): x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
-6x + 4y - 2z - 86=0
(S
2
): x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
+ 6x + 4y - 2z - 4z - 2 = 0 v (P) = 2x - 2y - z + 9
1. Xc nh tm ca ng trn l giao tuyn ca (P) v (S
1
)
2. Chng minh rng: (S
1
), (S
2
) ct nhau theo mt ng trn. Xc nh tm v bn knh ng trn
.
3. Gi I
1
, I
2
ln lt l tm ca (S
1
) v (S
2
).
a. Lp phng trnh mt cu tm I
1
v tip xc vi (P).
b. Xc nh ta giao im ca ng thng I
1
, I
2
vi (P) v vi (S
2
).

Ti liu lu hnh ni b Trang 232/232