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Quantitative Research methods in education 2010 3.

(a) Criterion- concurrent validity is the extent that a measure based on a new instrument correlates with a measure on a certain criterion based on established instruments at the current time. This validity is relevant to tests or inventories (instruments) that measure academic achievement or constructs. It is usually assessed using correlation coefficient between score using new instrument with score using other instrument at the same time. For example, new IQ inventory and Mathematic score. (b ) Five Steps of the stratified-random-sampling process: 1. Break population into subpopulations 2. Assign a number to each subject in each subpopulation 3. Determine total sample size and subsample size for each subpopulation 4. Select subjects numbers from table of random number or generated by computer for each subpopulation. 5. Select the subjects randomly from each subpopulation.