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Collection of Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Diagrams

S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams


DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Impacts on External Environment


Assets Situation of Rural people
Capital Assets Policy & Institutional
Vulnerability Context
Natural Context
Changes in
Social Human Laws of Government /
Resources &Stocks
NGOs /CBOs /Private
Climate /Population
Sector /Traditional /
Density /Conflict / Physical Financial
Influence Influence Donors
Political Change /
Processes
Technology /Markets
Laws /Policies /
Disease incidents Livelihood outcome desired Incentives/ Services /
More income/Improved well being/ Formal / Informal
Reduced vulnerability/ improved food
Impacts on security / More sustainable use of NR Base
Vulnerability Negotiation on
appropriate
Livelihood strategies chosen Structures &
processes for
Natural Resource Based /On farm /Off
the strategy
Farm /Non NR Based /Migration
(circular, Permanent, International Decide appropriate
roles, self help, advice
etc
Implementation
Impacts on Own Activities without support Impacts on
Livelihoods Activities supported by external Institutions

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IFAD Livelihood Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

BASIXS ISLP Livelihood Framework

External Context
Context of livelihood
Intervention design
Institutional
conditions

Objective of the
Intervention

Intervening Agency
Mission
Capacity
Funding Assets
Demand Factor Awareness
conditions People’s Livelihood conditions Ability
Portfolio Access
Capacity
Strategy
Nature of Design of the
Intervention livelihood
Internal Context Activity

Industry
conditions

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM Livelihood Framework

IMM1: Examples of People’s IMM.2.Livelihood Assets


Key Characteristics

Human
Individual
Religion
Religion

Personal
History
Information Personal
Gender
Gender History Social
Abilty/
YOU Ability/
Ethinicity Disability
Ethinicity
YOU Disability

Class/
Age Caste Class/
Age Caste

Beauty Physical Natural


Beauty

Financial
IMM 3: People, Service Providers & Controllers

Relationships Service
Controllers Providers

Relationships Relationships
Human
Individual

Religion

IMM 3A.The short &Long routes to Information Personal


influence service providers Gender History Social
Long Route for influence Ability/
Ethinicity
YOU Disability

Service Class/
Controller Provider IMM3B:TheSeparation of Roles
Age Caste
Controller Service
Short Physical Natural Provider
Beauty
Route for
Division of
influence
Roles

User
User
Financial

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM 4: Other Influences on Livelihoods

Relationships Service
Controllers Providers
Influences
Power Politics Markets Culture Rights Language

Relationships Relationships

Human
Individual

Religion

Information Personal
Gender History Social

Ability/
Ethinicity
YOU Disability

Class/
Age Caste

Physical Natural
Beauty

Financial

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM.5.The Vulnerability Context

Vulnerability Context
Shocks Changes & Threads

Relationships Service
Controllers Providers
Influences
Power Politics Markets Culture Rights Language

Relationships Relationships

Human
Individual

Religion

Information Personal
Gender History Social

Ability/
Ethinicity
YOU Disability

Class/
Age Caste

Physical Natural
Beauty

Financial

IMM 5 A :Ever-Changing Livelihoods

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM 6: Hopes & Opportunities, Actions & Choices

Vulnerability Context
Shocks Changes & Threads

Relationships Service
Controllers Providers
Influences
Power Politics Markets Culture Rights Language

Relationships Relationships

Human
Individual

Religion

Information Personal
Gender History Social

Ability/
Ethinicity
YOU Disability

Class/
Age Caste

Physical Natural
Beauty

Financial
Hopes Opportunities

Choices
Actions

Livelihood Outcomes

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Tribal peoples living in a remote forest area may have strong ties
of kinship and mutual exchange (social capital), ample access to
rich forest resources (natural capital) and an intimate knowledge
of their local environment (human capital), but practically no
financial or physical capital and limited access to formal
education. The livelihood strategies they adopt will reflect this.
They will use their knowledge to exploit a wide range of different
natural resources in different ways, ensuring a supply of food,
clothing, fuel and shelter through the year. Their ties of kinships
and mutual exchange within their community will ensure that
they are usually able to overcome episodes of vulnerability, such
as sickness or the deaths in the family, without reliance on help
from “outside”. But the physical capital available to them may be
very specialized and appropriate to their local circumstances
only. As a result they may have difficulty in adapting to any
changes, such a those brought about by destruction of their
forest environment or intrusion by outside influences. Similarly,
their complete unfamiliarity with financial capital may leave them
at a disadvantage if they find themselves involved in market
transactions, even if they have products of potentially high
market value.

Poor people in rural areas may have only their labor capacity (human capital) and the financial capital they can
generate through their labor, but very limited direct access to natural capital, low levels of education and
knowledge, and a very low social status that weakens their social capital base. The poorest households may
have extremely reduced “livelihood pentagons” with extremely limited livelihood assets of any kind at their
disposal.

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Nine Square RLS Mandala

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Human Capital Existing Situation


5

4 Desirable Situation
3
0
2

Physical Capital 1 Social Capital

Financial Capital Natural Capital

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Capital / Asset Pentagon


N. Natural Asset
P. Physical Asset
N N
100 S. Social Asset 100
H. Human Asset
F. Financial Asset

F F
P P
100 100
100 100

100 100 100 100


H S H S

N N
100 100

F F
P P
100 100
100 100

100 100 100 100


H S H S
N N
100 100

F F
P P
100 100
100 100

100 100 100 100


H S H S

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