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175980462.xls.

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Summary

Summary Sheet
INPUT DATA
Bridge NO
Proposed Span
Loading

Project Name

1x

DPCL

30.5

m PSC

H.M.Loading
Common Level

Description

Super Str. Drg. No

Level ( m )

Proposed Formation Level


HFL
Deepest Scour Lvl
Front Bed Level

19.444
13.400
10.192
11.700

Bearing + PedestalThick (m)


Lowest Water Level ( LWL )

0.016
-11.000

SLAB
11521

Between Stn.
Km
Chainage
River
Individual Level

Description

Abt

Bottom Of Slab
Top of Bed Block
Bottom of Bed Block
Top of Foundation
Bottom of Foundation
Thickness of Bed Block
Observed Scour Level

18.857
18.841
18.091
10.000
-10.000
0.750
11.700
10.000

Top of Foundation( Back Side)

Span & Load


Description

Abt

Unit

Clear Span
Effective Span
Overall Span
Thickness of Slab/ Girder
Dead Wt. of Girder
Wt of Track / m run
Ballast Cushion
Live Load (OSL)
Long Load (OSL )
Live Load ( TSL )
Long Load ( TSL )

30.5
31.93
32.89
0.845
65.3
0.45
0
460.9
120
-

m
m
m
m
t
t/m
m
t
t
t
t

Reference / Remarks
C/C of Bearing as per Data Given in RDSO Drg.
O/A Length of Girder as per Data Given in RDSO Drg.
Thickness of Super Str with Wearing Coat
As per RDSO Drg.
Unballasted Deck
As per Cl . 2 .2 . 2 Br Rule
As per Appendix -II Br Rule
As per Appendix -VII Br Rule
As per Appendix -II Br Rule
As per Appendix -VII Br Rule

Soil & Seismic Data


Description
Angle of Repose of Back Soil
Angle of friction bet. Soil & Masonary

Coff. Of Friction
Safe Bearing Capacity
Seismic Zone
Zone Factor
Soil Coff.
Importance Factor
Velocity of Flow

a=
b=
I

Value
35
11.7
0.5
15
III
0.04
1.5
1
0.63

Unit
deg
deg

Refrence / Remarks
As per table " I " of Sub Str. Code ( As per Soil report for back fill not available)
1/3 of Phi (Angle of repose
As per Soil report or tan () at base of Foundation

t/m

As per Soil report or Bore log available


As per Appendix XV of Br Rule
As per Cl 2-12-3-3 Bridge Rule
As per Cl 2-12-4-3 Bridge Rule

m/s

As per Cl 2-12-4-4 Bridge Rule


As per Hydraulic Calculation sheet

Maretial Specification
Description

Abt

Construction Material ( 1= Stone in Lime,2=Stone in Cement, 3=Brick in Lime 4 = Brick in Cement , 5 =


Cement Concrete,6= RCC)

Factor for Over Stressing ( 2 = 100% 1 =0 %)

Pier 1

1
Compressive =
NA
Permissible Stress :- ( t/m ) without Over stressing
Tensile
=
NA
Permissible Stress :- ( t/m2 ) with Over stressing in Normal Compressive =
Tensile
=
Condition
Permissible Stress :- ( t/m2 ) with Over stressing in Seismic / Compressive =
Tensile
=
Wind
3
Density of Masonary
2.5 t/m
Grade of Mass CC ( If Provided)
Grade of RCC ( If Provided ) M 35 mPa
Grade of Steel to be Used fe-

Pier 2 Well

As per Cl 5.16.3.3

20
415

Other Misc Data


Trolley Refuge to Be Provided = ( 1 = Yes , 2 =No )
2
Approach Slab ( 1=Provided,2=Not Provided)
Frictional Resistance ( 1= to be taken , 2= not to be taken ) if well
1
Type of Channel ( 1=Balancing culvert,2=Channel)

DPCL

East Coast Railway

mPa
mPa

2
2

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
1
2

Bridge No

3
4
5
6

Prop. Span
Project
Std. Of Loading

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
23
24
25
26
27
28
30

33
34
35
36

31
32
33

37
38

34

39
40
41
42

35

43
44
45
46
47

DPCL

36

RCC Abutment
DESIGN OF ABUTMENT ( RCC )
8
Prop Formation Level
Top of Foundation
1x
30.500
+0x
0.000
PSC
Top of Bed Block
DPCL
Bed Level
H.M.Loading
First Checking Level
Prop 2nd Chk Level
Clear Span
30.500
Effective Span
31.926
Loaded Length of Girder/SLAB.
32.886
2
Surcharge
Dead Load=
6.200 t/m
Live Load
17.000
Total Load of Girder/SLAB
65.300
Dead Load of p.way per Running Metre
0.500
Total Live load on Girder
460.850
Total Long. load on Girder
120.000
Barrel Length of Abutment
7.000
Top Width of abutment
1.520
Dist From C/c of Bearing To Front of ABT.
0.713
Height From Formation To Bed Block...=
0.603
Thk of Pedestal = 0.400m
Bearing = 0.065 m Cap = 0.750
Height form bottom of Cap to TOP of FOUNDATION
8.091
Width of Bed Block
3.660
Dead Load Surcharge
6.200
Density of back fill
1.800
Width of Live Load Distribution
3.000
phi (radian)
f =
35.000 Deg
0.611
del (radian)
d =
11.667 Deg
0.204
Height of Passive from Top of Foundation
1.700
Coeff. of friction for phi soil
0.500
DEGREE OF CURVE
0.000
SLAB ( CUSHION = 1 , CUSHION LESS = 2 )
2.000
Seismic Parameter :Zone =
III
a =
0.040 b =
1.500
I =
Weight of Approach Slab =
0.000
Length of Approach Slab
0.000
Eccentricity of Approach Slab from C/L of Abt
-0.760
Abutment Cap Detail
Top width of cap =
1.695 m
Top Length of Cap =6.850
Thickness at End =
0.750 m
Thickness at Face =0.750
Detail of Dirt Wall :Length of Dirt Wall
=
6.850
Thickness of Dirt Wall =
0.300
Height of Dirt Wall =
2.210
Load from Straight Return :Load of Straight Return Wall ( 1 Return )
0.000
Eccentricity from back of Abt
1.700
Type Of Bearing ( 1 = Fixed , 2 = Free )
1

East Coast Railway

19.444
10.000
18.841
11.700
18.006
14.586
m
m
m
t/m2
t
t/m
t
t
m
m
m
m
m
m
t/m2
t/m3
m
radian
radian
m
Degree

1.000
t
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
t
m

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
48

RCC Abutment

Distribution Diagram

49

7.000

50
51

18.841

52

3.660

53

55
56

54

Width of Distri.

5.330

18.006
1st chk lvl

57

1.670

58

17.171

59
60
61
62
63
64
65

Width of Distri.

7.000

14.586
2nd chklvl

66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

10.000

81

TOF

82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment
Formation 19.444 F.L
Level

94

97
98

2210

95
96

300
Bottom of
19.306
Girder
Top of 18.841
Cap

99

102

750

100
101

1695

103

105

104

106

Bottom of 18.091
Cap

107
108
109
110
111
112

1520

113
114
115

1st chk
LVL

116
117

18.006

118
119
120

2nd CHK 14.586


LVL

121
122
123
124
125
126
127

Top of 10.000
Foundation

128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137

DPCL

Area of X -section ( 1 m Width ) =


Section Modulus = Zxx =

2
1.520 m
3
0.385 m

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment

138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150

DESIGN OF ABUTMENT
BRIDGE NO =
8
PROJECT =
DPCL
1.000 DEAD LOAD ( SIDL )
(i)
Loaded length of Girder / Slab =
32.886 m
DL @ 1stCHK LVL
(ii)
Weight of Track
=
0.500 t/m
81.743 / ( 2 x 5.33 )
(iii)
Weight of Slab / Girder
=
65.300 t
=
7.668 t/m (WIDTH)
(iv)
Total weight of Track
=
DL @ 2nd CHK LVL
0.500
X
32.886 =
16.443 t
81.743 / ( 2 x 7 )
Total Dead Load
=
81.743 t
=
5.839 t/m (WIDTH)
Dead Load on Each Abutment / m width ( At Top of Foundation)
81.743 /
(2X
7.000 ) =
5.839t/m (WIDTH)
2.000
LIVE LOAD

L :10
L :13
L :12

151

Standard Of Loading
=
H.M.Loading
Loaded length of Girder / Slab =
32.886 m
Live Load without Impact
= 460.850 t
Coff . Of Dynamic Augment as per Bridge Rule Clause No 2.4.1.1

152
153
154
155

L :14

156
157

159

8
6+L
Dynamic Augment At First Checking Level
CDA =

158

(i)

0.150

= 0.15 +

0.356

6 + 32.886

160

As per Cl 5.4 ( c ) of sub str. Code full CDA to be taken

161

0.356

162
163

(ii)

Dynamic Augment At 2nd Checking Level

164

As per Cl 5.4 ( c ) of sub str. Code full CDA to be taken

165

0.356

166
167

(iii)

Dynamic Augment At Top of Foundation

168

As per Cl 5.4 ( c ) of sub str. Code full CDA to be taken

169

0.356

170
171
172

2.(a).
(i)

Live Load /m (Width)


At First Checking Level
=460.850
(2X

(ii)

Live load with Impact


624.788
/
At 2nd Checking Level

=460.850
(2X

(iii)

Live load with Impact


624.788
/
At the Top Of Foundation
Live load with Impact
624.788
/

=460.850
(2X

173
174
175
176

X (1 +
0.356
5.330 ) =

=
624.788 t
58.611 t/m

=
624.788 t
44.628 t/m

=
624.788 t
44.628 t/m

L :56

177
178
179
180

X (1 +
0.356
7.000 ) =
L :65

181
182
183

L :16

184
185

X (1 +
0.356
7.000 ) =

3.000

186
187
188
189
190
191

CALCULATION OF HORIZONTAL FORCE (LONGITUDINAL LOAD).


Loaded Length
= 32.886 m
Total Horz. Force
= 120.000 t
Dispersion of Horz. Force on App as per Bridge Rule = Higher of 16t or 25% of Total horz. Force
But In case of Rail Free Fastening Only .
=
30.000 t
Net Horz. Force
=
120.000
30.000
=
90.000 t

L :10
L :15

192
193

(i)

194
195

(ii)

196
197
198

DPCL

(ii)

Long Load / m Width at First CHK LVL


90.000
/
1x
5.330
Long Load / m Width at 2nd CHK LVL
90.000
/
1x
7.000
Long Load / m Width at Top of Foundation
90.000
/
1x
7.000

16.886 T/m (WIDTH)

12.857 T/m (WIDTH)

12.857 T/m (WIDTH)

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
199

RCC Abutment

4.000

ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE


For Calculating the Active Earth Pressure COULOMB'S Theory will Fallowed
As Per This Theory The Active Earth Pressure Is Given As Under
0.5 X KA X w X (H)2 per unit length of wall
Pa
=

200
201
202
203

Cos^2(f - a)

Ka =

204
205

Cos^2(a) Cos(a + d ) [1+

Sin(f + d) Sin(f - I ]) ^2
Cos(a+ d) Cos (a - I)
Fallowing values are taken for calculating the active earth pressure
a =
0.000 Radians
f =
0.611 Radians
a =
0.000 Radians
d =
0.204 Radians
i =
0.000 Radians
Hence Ka
=
0.251

206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219

Earth Pressure Due to Seismic Effect


a =
b =
a (h) =
0.040
x
1.500
a (v) = a (h) /
2=
0.060

220

a-

223
224
225
226
227
228

l =

tan -1

a (h)
1 +a (v)

x
/
tan -1

1+

=
=
0.060
0.030

Sub Str

0.060
0.030
=
=

0.058

With ( + )

0.774
0.628

( 1 + a v ) Cos2(f - a - l)
" +" Value

222

Case I- with " +" &

221

5.12.6.1

I =
1.00
2

Ca =

Cos( l )Cos2 (a) Cos(a + d + l)

Ca =

Sin(f + d) Sin(f - i - l )
Cos(a+ d + l) Cos (a - i)

1 +

0.292

229
230

b-

233
234
235
236
237
238

l =

tan -1

a (h)
1 -a (v)

tan -1

1-

0.030
0.000

=
=

0.030

With ( - )

0.719
0.640

( 1 - a v ) Cos2(f - a - l)
" -" Value

232

Case IV- with " -" &

231

Ca =

Cos( l )Cos (a) Cos(a + d + l)

Ca =

Sin(f + d) Sin(f - i - l )
Cos(a+ d + l) Cos (a - i)

1 +

0.267

239

Final Ca =

240

0.292 ( Max Value of above 4 i.e a,b)

241

Dynamic Increment = Ca - Ka =

242

0.292

0.251

0.041

243
244
245

(i)

246
247
248

(ii)

249

Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure


Pa X Cos( a + d )
Pah
=
Acting At Y1= (H/3) Above Section Considerd
Vertical Component Of Active Earth Pressure
X Sin(
a FACE
+ d ) OF WALL ( Will be ignored in all calculation as Faces are
Pav
ACTING
AT= Y1 X Cot Pa
(90-a)
FROM
Vertical )

250
251
252

(i)

253
254
255
256
257
258

Active Earth Pressure at First Checking Level


Height form Formation Level
=1.438 m
Pa =
0.500
X
0.251
X
1.800
L :214
L :24
Pa =
0.467 t/m
Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pah
=
0.467 X Cos(
0.000
+
Pah =
0.458 t/m
Will act at
1.438

94&116

X (

0.204
/3=

1.438

)
0.479

)2

259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266

(ii)

Active Earth Pressure at 2nd Checking Level


Height form Formation Level
=4.859 m
Pa =
0.500
X
0.251
X
1.800
X ( 4.859
Pa =
5.333 t/m
Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pah =
5.333
X COS(
0.000 +
0.204 )
Pah =
5.223 t/m
Will act at
4.859 / 3
= 1.620

2&7

)2

267

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
(iii)

268
269
270
271
272
273
274

RCC Abutment

Active Earth Pressure at Top Of Foundation


Height form Formation Level
=9.444 m
Pa =
0.500 X
0.251
X
1.800
Pa =
20.151 t/m
Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pah =
20.151
X COS(
0.000 +
Pah =
19.735 t/m
Will act at
9.444

2&3

X (

9.444

)2

0.204
/3 =

)
3.148

275
276

5.000

EARTH PRESSURE DUE TO SURCHARGE

277

(i)

278
279
280
281

At First Checking Level


Height = H =
Length of Abutment = L =
Width Of Distribution = B =

L :11

1.438
7.000
3.000

282

L :25

283

Since

m
m
m

Live Load sur =S= 17.000


Dead Load Sur = V6.200
=

t/m^2
t/m^2

L :11

<

(L-B)

284

Case no =

285
286

P1 =
P1 =

287
288

1
Will be Used
(S+V) X Ka x H
(B+H)
1.887 t/m

Will act at

H/2

289

Horizontal Component
P1h
=
1.887 X COS(
P1h
=
1.848 t/m

290
291
292

0.000

+
0.204
Will act at 0.719

)
m

293
294

P2 =

295

(S+V)XKa X H^2
2 X B X (B+H)

296

P2 =
0.452 t/m
Y2 =
0.959 Metre
Horizontal Component
P2h
=
0.452 X COS(
=
0.443 t/m

297
298
299
300
301

Will act at 2H/3

0.000

+
0.204
Will Act at 0.959

)
Metre

302
303

(ii)

304
305
306
307
308

At 2nd Checking Level


Height = H =
4.859 m
Length of Abutment = L =
7.000 m
Width Of Distribution = B =
3.000 m
Since
H
>
CASE NO.=
2 will be used

L :261
L :16
L :25

(L-B)

309

P1 =

(S+V) X Ka x H
L
P1 =
4.042 t/m
Horizontal Component
P1h =
4.042 X COS(
0.000
WILL ACTING AT
2.429 Metre

310
311
312
313
314
315

Will act at = H/2 m


=
2.429
m

0.204

) =

3.959

t/m

3.525

2.173

t/m

316

P2 =

(S+V) X Ka X (L-B)^2
2XB X
L
P2 =
2.219 t/M(WIDTH), ACTING AT = [H-(L-B)/3)]
Horizontal Component
P2h =
2.219 X COS(
0.000 +
0.204 )
WILL ACT AT Y2 = 3.525 Metre

317
318
319
320
321
322

323
324
325
326
327

.(iii)

At the Top of Foundation


Height = H =
Length of Abutment = L =
Width Of Distribution = B =

328
329

CASE NO.=

9.444 m
7.000 m
3.000 m
Since
H
2 will be used

L :269

>

(L-B)

330
331
332

P1 =

333
334
335
336
337

(S+V) X Ka
L

P1 =
7.857 t/m
Horizontal Component
P1h =
7.857 X COS(
WILL ACT AT Y1= (H1)/2 =

XH

Will act at

H/2

Will act at 4.722


0.000 +
4.722 m

0.204

7.695

t/m

(S+V)XKa X
(L-B)^2
2XBX
L
P2 =
2.219 t/m
Will act at
= [H-(L-B)/3)] =
Horizontal Component
P2h =
2.219 X COS(
0.000 +
0.204
) =

8.111

2.173

t/m

338
339
340
341
342
343

DPCL

P2 =

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment
WILL ACT AT =

344

8.111 Metre

345
346

6.000

Calculation Of Reaction from Approach Slab

347

Load on per unit Barrel Length =

348

350

0.000 /

7.000

2 =

0.000

7.000 =

0.000

t-m

7.000 =

0.000

t-m

0.000

L :34

349

7.000

Moment Due to Weight of Return

351
352

Total Load from Return =

0.000

Total load / Width

0.000

2.000

353
354

355

Eccentricity from back face of Wall =

356

-1.700 m

357
358

Total Moment =

0.000 t-m

Moment / m width

359
360

0.000

361
362

8.000

Calculation of Self Weight of Abutment :-

363

Considering 1 m Width

364
365

366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373

Eccentricity form
L
( b ( Vert. Density
Centre of Abt ( Moment
Weight ( t )
3)
( t-m )
Item
Horz.) )
( t /m
m)
Dirt Wall
0.300
2.210
2.500 1.658
-0.610
-1.011
Bed block
1.695
0.750
2.500 3.178
0.088
0.278
Lower Rec portion
1.520
0.000
2.500 0.000
0.000
0.000
Lower Triangle Portion
0.175
0.000
2.500 0.000
0.818
0.000
From bott of BB to 1st chk lvl 1.520
0.085
2.500 0.323
0.000
0.000
from 1st chk lvl to 2nd lvl
1.520
3.421
2.500 12.998
0.000
0.000
from 2nd chk lvl to top of Fnd 1.520
4.586
2.500 17.425
0.000
0.000

374
375
376
377
378

Levels
Weight Moment
Load up 1st chk LVL
5.159
-0.733
Load up to 2nd chk lvl
18.157 -0.733
Load up to top of Foundation 35.581 -0.733

379
380

9.000

SEISMIC FORCE

381

HORZ. SEISMIC COFF. (ALPHA h ) =a o X b X I


VERT. SEISMIC COFF. (ALPHA v) =ALPHA h /2=

382
383

0.060
0.030

384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393

a
c
e
f
I
j
k

394
395
396

1st Checking Level


DESCRIPTION
FORCE L.A
Moment
SFH1= DUE TO Live LoaD(50 %inY direction)
1.758
0.835
1.468
SFV1= DUE TO Live Load
0.879
0.713
0.627
SHF3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.350
0.835
0.293
SFV3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.175
0.713
0.125
SFH5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
0.310
0.418
0.129
SFV5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
0.155
0.000
0.000
Due to Dynamic increment in Earth Pressure ( 0.5*(Ca-Ka)*w*h2 )
0.08
0.72 = 0.05
Total Ver Load =
0.330 t
Ignoring the Seismic Effect of Live
Total Horz Load =
0.736 t
Load in Perpendicular Direction
Total Moment =
0.601 t-m

5.12.6.1( c ) Sub Str.

397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409

DPCL

a
c
e
f
I
j
k

2nd Checking Level


DESCRIPTION
FORCE L.A
Moment
SFH1= DUE TO Live Load
1.339
4.256
5.697
SFV1= DUE TO Live Load
0.669
0.713
0.477
SHF3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.350
4.256
1.491
SFV3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.175
0.713
0.125
SFH5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
1.089
2.128
2.318
SFV5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
0.545
0.000
0.000
2
Due to Dynamic increment in Earth Pressure ( 0.5*(Ca-Ka)*w*h )
0.87
2.43 = 2.11
Total Ver Load =
0.720 t
Ignoring the Seismic Effect of Live
Total Horz Load =
2.308 t
Load in Perpendicular Direction
Total Moment =
6.042 t-m

East Coast Railway

5.12.6.1( c ) Sub Str.

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment

410
411

a
c
e
f
I
j
k

412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421

Top Of Foundation
DESCRIPTION
FORCE L.A
Moment
SFH1= DUE TO Live Load
1.339
8.091 10.832
SFV1= DUE TO Live Load
0.669
0.713
0.477
SHF3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.350
4.256
1.491
SFV3= DUE TO D.L OF SUPER STR.
0.175
0.713
0.125
SFH5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
2.135
2.128
4.543
SFV5= DUE TO SELF WT. OF Abutment
1.067
0.000
0.000
2
Due to Dynamic increment in Earth Pressure ( 0.5*(Ca-Ka)*w*h )
3.28
4.72 = 15.48
Total Ver Load =
1.243 t
Ignoring the Seismic Effect of Live
Total Horz Load =
5.764 t
Load in Perpendicular Direction
Total Moment =
21.642 t-m

5.12.6.1( c ) Sub Str.

422
423

Passive Earth Pressure

424
425

19.444
11.700

426
427

Passive Fill Line

428

8.314

429
430

18.006

431

1.0
0.5

432
433
434

14.586
11.130

435
436
437
438
439
440

441

1.130

442
443
444

10.000

45

26.491

445

3.400

446
447

448

3.400 - X
= 2.270

449
450
451

From first triangle

Y =

452
453

0.498

3.400 - X

ah =
av =
a =
Density

0.060
0.030
0.000
3
1.200 t/m

X =

=
=
=
=

0.062
0.204
0.611
0.000

1.130 m

454
455
456
457
458

l
d
f
I

Cl 5-126-2 sub str

459
460

Cp =

461

(1 - av ) cos2 ( f +a - l )
Cos l Cos2 a Cos(d - a + l )

1 -

462

1.000
Sin ( f + d ) Sin ( f + I + l )
Cos ( a - I ) Cos ( d- a + l)

2.000
1/2

463
464
465

Cp =

466

0.706
0.929

1.000
0.373

2.000

5.458

467
468

Taking FOS =

3.000

469
470

Cp =

471

Horz.

472
473

Level

474
475
476
477

1.819

1st
2nd
TOF

Horz.

Ht
of Ht
of Force of Leaver Force of Leaver
Passive Surchar Passive Arm
Surcharge Arm
m
m
t
m
t
m
0.000 0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.130 8.314
1.395
0.377
2.468
5.487

Moment
t-m
0.000
0.000
14.066

478

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment

10

Calculation of Bending Moment at Bottom of Dirt Wall :-

479
480

Depth of Dirt wall from Formation Level=

481

0.603 m

482

(i)

483
484
485
486
487
488
489

Active Earth Pressure at Bottom of Dirt Wall


Height form Formation Level
=0.603 m
Pa =
0.500
X
0.251
X
1.800
Pa =
0.082 t/m
Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pah
=
0.082 X Cos(
0.000
+
Pah =
0.082 t/m
Will act at
0.603

X (

0.000
/3=

0.603

)
0.201

)2

490

(ii)

491
492
493
494
495
496

Due to surcharge at bottom of Dirt Wall


Height = H =
0.603 m
Length of Abutment = L =
7.000 m
Width Of Distribution = B =
3.000 m
Since
H
<
CASE NO.=
1.000 will be used

(L-B)

497

P1 =

(S+V) X Ka x H
(B+H)
P1 =
0.975 t/m
Horizontal Component
P1h =
0.975 X COS(
0.000
WILL ACTING AT
0.301 Metre

498
499
500
501
502
503

Will act at = H/2 m


=
0.301
m

0.204

) =

0.955

t/m

0.402

0.096

t/m

0.017
0.288
0.039
0.343
x
t-m
kN-m

t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m
1.700

504

P2 =

(S+V) X Ka X H^2
2XB X
(B+H)
P2 =
0.098 t/M(WIDTH), ACTING AT = 2H/3
Horizontal Component
P2h =
0.098 X COS(
0.000 +
0.204
WILL ACT AT Y2 = 0.402 Metre

505
506
507
508
509
510

511

Total Moment at Base of Dirt Wall :-

512
513

Active Er Pr
Surcharge

514
515

=
=

516
517
518
519
520

0.082
0.955
0.096

x
x
x

0.201 =
0.301 =
0.402 =
Total =
Ultimate Moment = 0.343
=
0.583
=
5.829

521

At First CHK LVL


HORZ VERT
LOAD LOAD L.A
(T)
(T)
(M)
7.668
0.047
58.611 0.047
16.886
1.300

522

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD

523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541

SNO
1
2
3
4
a
5
a
b
6
7
8

Dead load of girder/slab&Track


Live load on Girder/Slab
Horizontal Force on girder/slab
Active earth pressure
PAH
0.458
Surcharge Load
P1h
1.848
P2h
0.443
Self Wt. & back fill
Approach Slab
Moment Due to Weight of Return
Moment due to Passive
TOTAL ( Without Seismic Effect )
19.634
Due to Seismic Effect
0.736
Considering increase of 33 % in permissible stress
Combined Forces with seismic /1.33 =( For working Laod Only)
15.316
Designed Value ( Max of Above two )
19.634

MOMEN
T
(T-M)
0.360
2.755
21.951

Fac
2.000
2.000
2.000

33.771

Mu
0.721
5.509
43.902

0.479

0.219

1.700

0.778

0.373

0.719
0.959

1.700
1.700
1.400
2.000
2.000
1.700

3.142
0.753

71.437
-0.330

1.329
0.425
-0.733
0.000
0.000
0.000
26.306
0.736

53.464
71.437

20.332
26.306

5.159
0.000
0.000

0.000

542

Ultimate Load

1.600

Puh

Puv
15.336
117.221

2.259
0.722
7.222
-1.026
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
38.444 139.779 52.460
1.177
-0.528
1.177
39.621 139.252 53.638
39.621 139.779 53.638
Pu
Vu
Mu

543
544
545

Pmax

546

=
=

71.437
1.520

26.306
0.385

=
=

71.437
1.520

26.306
0.385

2
115.31 t/m

2
-21.32 t/m

547
548
549

Pmin

550

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment

551

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD

552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564

SNO
1
2
3
4
a
5
a
b
6
7
8

565
566
567
568
569
570

11

STRESSES AT 2nd Checking Level


VERT
MOMEN
HORZ
LOAD
LOAD L.A
T
(T)
(T)
(M)
(T-M)
5.839
0.047
0.274
44.628
0.047
2.098
12.857
4.721 60.692

Dead load of girder/slab&Track


Live load on Girder/Slab
Horizontal Force on girder/slab
Active earth pressure
PAH
5.223
Surcharge Load
P1h
3.959
P2h
2.173
Self Wt. & back fill
18.157
Approach Slab
0.000
Moment Due to Weight of Return
0.000
Moment due to Passive
TOTAL ( Without Seismic Effect )
24.212 68.623
Due to Seismic Effect
2.308
-0.720
Considering increase of 33 % in permissible stress
Combined Forces with seismic /1.33 =( For working Laod Only)
19.940 51.055
Designed Value ( Max of Above two )
24.212 68.623

Ultimate Load
Fac
2.000
2.000
2.000

Puh

25.714

Mu
0.549
4.195
121.384
14.380

1.620

8.459

1.700

8.879

2.429
3.525

9.617
7.660
-0.733
0.000
0.000
0.000
88.067
6.042

1.700
1.700
1.400
2.000
2.000
1.700

6.730
3.694

0.000

1.600

70.758
88.067

Puv
11.678
89.255

16.349
13.022
25.419 -1.026
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
45.018 126.352 168.853
3.692
-1.152
9.667
48.710 125.200 178.520
48.710 126.352 178.520
Pu
Vu
Mu

571
572

Pmax

573
574

=
=

68.623
1.520

88.067
0.385

=
=

68.623
1.520

88.067
0.385

2
273.85 t/m

2
-183.56 t/m

575

Pmin

576
577
578
579
580

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD

581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600

SNO
1
2
3
4
a
5
a
b
6
7
8

STRESSES AT Top OF FOUNDATION


HORZ VERT
MOMEN
LOAD LOAD L.A
T
(T)
(T)
(M)
(T-M)
5.839
0.047
0.274
44.628
0.047
2.098
12.857
8.841 113.670

Dead load of girder/slab&Track


Live load on Girder/Slab
Horizontal Force on girder/slab
Active earth pressure
PAH
19.735
Surcharge Load
P1h
7.695
P2h
2.173
Self Wt. & back fill
35.581
Approach Slab
0.000
Moment Due to Weight of Return
0.000
Moment due to Passive
TOTAL ( Without Seismic Effect )
42.460 86.048
Due to Seismic Effect
5.764
1.243
Considering increase of 33 % in permissible stress
Combined Forces with seismic /1.33 =( For working Laod Only)
36.259 65.632
Designed Value ( Max of Above two )
42.460 86.048
Designed Value ( For Full Barrel Length )
297.222 602.335

Ultimate Load
Fac
2.000
2.000
2.000

25.714

Mu
0.549
4.195
227.340

62.125

1.700

33.549

105.613

36.337
17.624
-0.733
0.000
0.000
0.000
-14.066
231.395
21.642

1.700
1.700
1.400
2.000
2.000
1.700

13.082
3.694

3.148
4.722
8.111

190.254
231.395
1619.77

601

1.600

Puh

Puv
11.678
89.255

61.773
29.960
49.814 -1.026
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-23.913
76.040 150.747 404.492
9.223
1.988 34.627
85.262 152.735 439.119
85.262 152.735 439.119
596.84 1069.15 3073.83
Pu
Vu
Mu

602
603

Pmax

604

=
=

86.048
1.520

231.395
0.385

=
=

86.048
1.520

231.395
0.385

2
657.533 t/m

2
-544.31 t/m

605
606
607

Pmin

608
609

RCC Design :-

610

width of Section = b =

611

Grade of Conc = fck =

612

Clear cover
d'
=
d
=

613
614

=
50
1520

1000 mm
35
50 mm
+
13
=
63
=

Depth of the section = D =


Grade of Steel = fy =
Dia of Main Bar
=
63 mm
1457 mm

1520 mm
415
25 mm

615
616
617
618

As per Cl 15-7-1-1 of CBC


Pu
=
852.624 kN
0.1*fck*AC
=

( Load at top of Foundation )


0.1 *
35 x

1000 x

1520 / 1000

5320

619
620
621
622

Hence Abutment will be design as Cantilever Wall & Pu will be ignored


Checking at first Level
Mu
=
536.4 kN-m

623

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
624

RCC Abutment

12

As per Cl 15-4-2-2-1

625
626

taking it as Singly reinforced section

627
628

Checking for effective depth =

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

629
630
631

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

632

536375751
35
x 1000

319.635

mm

633
634

1 -

4.6 Mu

1-

bd

fck bd2

fy

635
636
637
638

Here :fck =

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1457 mm

fy =
b =
d =

639
640
641

Mu =
536.38 KN - m
Ast =
1029 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

32
20

mm
mm

642
643

Spacing of Main Bar required =

804

x
1029

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
1457
OK

4371

644

781

mm

645
646
647

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =

180
4466
1000
>

648

649

0.307

0.200

O.K

650
651

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C

652
653

Leaver Arm = z

1.000

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

1457

1399

654

655
656

z =

2038628
50995000

1-

657

0.95 d =

1384

658
659

final z

1384 mm

660
661

Mur =

0.87 * fy *As * z

662

0.87 *

663

415

4466 *

1384 =

2231760644

N-mm

664
665
666

2232 kN-m

>

536 kN-m

OK

667
668

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel

669
670

Area of Steel Required = 0.12 % =

0.120
100
1748
314

671
672
673

=
Required Spacing =

674

180
180

675
676

Provide Spacing

X
mm2
x
1748
mm
mm

1000

1457

1000

677
678

Checking for Shear Stress

679
680
681
682

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=

396 kN
1000 mm
1457 mm
As per Clause 15.4.3.1 of CBC

683
684

Shear stress =

v =

685
686

As per Clause 15.4.3.2.1 of CBC

687

Depth factor =

688

s =

396 * 1000
1000*
1457
500
d

1/4

0.272

N/mm2

or 0.7 whichever is maximum =

<

4.437

0.75 fck =

OK

0.765

689

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

RCC Abutment
0.27
Ym

690
691

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =

13
100 As
bd

1/3

fck

1/3

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

692
693
694

As =
Ym =

mm2

4466
1.25

vc =

0.270
1.25
0.476

vc =

695

1/3

446578

35

1/3

1457000

696
697
698

s * vc
v

=
=

1
*
0.272 N/mm2

0.476

0.364

N/mm2

699
700

Dia of Shear strippups

10 mm having nos of leg in 1 m =

701
702

314 mm

Asv =

703
704

As per Cl 15.4.3.2 ( Table - 14 )

705
706

As

<

s vc

707
708

Sv =

0.87 * fy * Asv / 0.4 b

113370

400

283

709
710

It should not be more than 0.75 * d or 450 mm

As per Clause 15.4.3.2.4 of CBC

711
712

So provide Sv

180 mm

713
714
715

Checking at 2nd Level


Mu
=
1785 kN-m

716
717

As per Cl 15-4-2-2-1

718
719

taking it as Singly reinforced section

720
721

Checking for effective depth =

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

722
723
724

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

725

1785197061
35
x 1000

583

mm

726
727

1 -

4.6 Mu

1-

bd

fck bd2

fy

728
729
730
731

Here :fck =

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1457 mm

fy =
b =
d =

732
733
734

Mu =
1785 KN - m
Ast =
3495
mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = # =

32
20

mm
mm

735
736

Spacing of Main Bar required =

737

804

1000
3495

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
1457
OK

230

mm

738
739
740

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =

741

742

0.307

180
4466
1000
>

0.200

4371

O.K

743
744

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C

745
746

Leaver Arm = z

1457

747

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

748
749

z =

1-

750

2038628
50995000

1399

0.95 d =

1384

751
752

final z

1384 mm

Mu =

0.87 * fy *As * z

753
754

755

0.87 *

756

415

4466 *

>

1785 kN-m

1384 =

2231760644

N-mm

757
758

2232 kN-m

OK

759

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
760

RCC Abutment

14

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel

761
762

Area of Steel Required = 0.12 % =

0.120

1000
100

=
Required Spacing =

1748
314

Provide Spacing

180
180

mm2
x
1748
mm
mm

763
764
765
766
767
768

1457

1000

769
770

Checking for Shear Stress

771
772
773
774

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=

487 kN
1000 mm
1457 mm

775
776

Shear stress =

v =

487 * 1000
1000*
1457

777

0.334

N/mm2

<

0.75 fck =

4.437

OK

778
779

Depth factor =

s =

500
d

780

1/4

or 0.7 whichever is max =

0.765

781
782

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =

0.270
Ym

783

100 As
bd

1/3

fck

1/3

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

784
785
786

As =
Ym =

4466
1

mm2

vc =

0.270
1.250
0.476

vc =

787

446578
1457000

1/3

35

1/3

788
789
790

s * vc
v

=
=

0.765
*
0.334 N/mm2

0.476

0.364

N/mm2

791
792

Dia of Shear strippups

10 mm having nos of leg in 1 m =

793
794

Asv =

2
314 mm

795
796

As per Cl 15.4.3.2 ( Table - 14 )

797
798

As

<

s vc

799
800

Sv =

0.87 * fy * Asv / 0.4 b

113370

400

283

801
802

It should not be more than 0.75 * d or 450 mm

803
804

So provide Sv

180 mm

805
806
807

Checking at Top of Foundation


Mu
=
4391 kN-m

808
809

As per Cl 15-4-2-2-1

810
811

taking it as Singly reinforced section

812
813

Checking for effective depth =

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

814
815
816

Ast =

.5 fck

817

0.15 x

4391190790
35
x 1000

915

mm

818
819

1 -

fy

820

4.6 Mu

1-

fck bd2

bd

821
822
823
824
825
826

Here :fck =
fy =
b =
d =

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1457 mm

Mu =
4391 KN - m
Ast =
9013
mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = # =

32
20

mm
mm

827
828
829

Spacing of Main Bar required =

804

1000
9013

89

mm

830

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
831
832

RCC Abutment

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =

833

834

0.613

90
8932
1000
>

mm
x
x
0.200

15

< 3d =
100
1457
OK

4371

O.K

835
836

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C

837
838

Leaver Arm = z

1457

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

839

840
841

z =

4077255
50995000

1-

842

1341

0.95 d =

1384

843
844

final z

1341 mm

Mu =

0.87 * fy *As * z

845
846

847

0.87 *

848

415

8932 *

1341 =

<

4391 kN-m

4322784031

N-mm

849
850

4323 kN-m

Revise

851
852
853

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel

854
855

Area of Steel Required = 0.12 % =

0.12

1000
100

856
857
858

=
Required Spacing =

1748
314

Provide Spacing

180
180

mm
x
1748
mm
mm

859
860
861

1457

1000

862
863

Checking for Shear Stress

864
865
866
867

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=

853 kN
1000 mm
1457 mm

868
869

Shear stress =

v =

853 * 1000
1000*
1457

870

0.585

N/mm2

<

0.75 fck =

4.437

OK

871
872

Depth factor =

s =

500
d

873

1/4

or 0.7 whichever is max =

874
875

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =

0.270
Ym

876

100 As
bd

1/3

fck

1/3

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

877
878
879

As =
Ym =

8932
1.250

mm2

vc =

0.270
1
0.600

vc =

880

893156
1457000

1/3

35

1/3

881
882
883

s * vc
v

=
=

0.765
*
0.585 N/mm2

0.600

0.459

N/mm2

884
885

Dia of Shear strippups

10 mm having nos of leg in 1 m =

886
887

Asv =

2
314 mm

888
889

As per Cl 15.4.3.2 ( Table - 14 )

890
891

As

>

s vc

892
893

Sv =

0.87 * fy * Asv / ( b ( v + 0.4 - s vc ))

113370

526

215

894
895

It should not be more than 0.75 * d or 450 mm

896
897

So provide Sv

180 mm

898

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
899
900

RCC Abutment

16

Checking at Bottom of Dirt Wall


Mu
=
6 kN-m

901
902

As per Cl 15-4-2-2-1

903
904

taking it as Singly reinforced section

905
906

Checking for effective depth =

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

907
908
909

0.15 x

910

5829149
35
x 1000

33

mm

911
912

Provide Over all Depth =

300 mm

Hence Effective Depth =

300

913
914

30 =

270 mm

915
916

Ast =

.5 fck

1 -

4.6 Mu

1-

bd

fck bd2

fy

917
918
919
920
921
922
923

Here :fck =
fy =
b =
d =

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
270 mm

Mu =
6 KN - m
Ast =
60
mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = # =

16
8

mm
mm

924
925
926

201

Spacing of Main Bar required =

1000

60

3350

mm

927
928
929

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =

810

O.K

< 3d =
100
270
OK

1000
100

=
Required Spacing =

324
50

Provide Spacing

155
150

mm2
x
324
mm
mm

930

931

130
1546
1000
>

mm
x
x

932
933

Distribution Steel

934
935

Area of Steel Required = 0.12 % =

936
937
938
939
940
941

DPCL

East Coast Railway

270

1000

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

17

Design Of Pile & Pile Cap


A
1 Dia Of Pile

1.200

25

2250

kN

2 Depth of Pile Below Cap ( Based on Soil Reprt )


3 Load Carrying Capacity of Single Pile as per Soil Report

4 Total nos of Pile in a Group

5 Scour Below Bottom of Pile Cap ( L1 )

1 Width of Pile Cap ( Across the Track )

8.5

2 Length of Pile Cap ( Along the Track )

8.5

3 Thickness of Pile Cap

1.8

4 C/C of Pile along the Track

3.5

5 C/C of Pile across the Track

3.5

PILE CAP

Material
1 Grade of Concrete

35

2 Grade of Steel

415

3 Clear Cover to Nominal Reinforcement

60

External Load

Ultimate Load

mm

Actual Load

1 Vertical Load

Pu =

12829.754

P=

7228.026 kN

2 Moment about Major Axis

Mux =

36886.003

Mx=

19437.21 kN-m

3 Moment about Minor Axis

Muy =

0.000

My=

4 Horz. Force Along Track

Vuy =

7162.0447

Vy=

0.000

kN-m

3566.661 kN

Abutment
1 Length of Abutment at Top of Cap

7000

mm

2 Width of Abutment at Top of Cap

1520.0

mm

2 Weight Calculation :-

Note :-

Load Carrying Capacity of Pile will be check on Actual Load Basis & RCC Design
on Ultimate Load Basis

Actual Weight of Pile Cap =

8.50 x

Ultimate Weight of Pile Cap =

1.4

8.50 x

1.80 x

3251.25

25 =
=

4551.75 kN

Design of Pile Cap


Max Vertical Load on Column = P
Moment in Column

7228.0 kN

=M =

19437.21 kN-m

Weight of Pile Cap =


Total Vertical Load = P =

Total Nos of Pile Provided

3251.25 kN
7228.0 +

3251.25

3251.25 kN

10479.3 kN

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

8500

18

8500

990

3500

1520

#REF!

750

3500

r1
Checking of Load Carrying Capacity of Pile With Actual Load
Load on Each Pile due to P =

10479.3

1164.4

kN

Load on Each Pile due to M = (


on Outer Pile )

M
=
Spacing of outer pile x Nos of Pile in a row

19437.21

Load on Each Pile due to Mu = (


on Outer Pile )
Max Load on Pile =

=
7

1164.36

925.6

925.6

=
<

2089.9 kN
2250

OK

Actual Capacity

Min Load On Pile=

1164.36

925.6 =

238.78 kN
>

0
No uplift

OK

kN

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

19

Calculation of Load on Pile With Ultimate Load


Load on Each Pile due to P =

12829.8

1425.5

kN

Load on Each Pile due to M =

Mu
Spacing of pile x Nos of Pile in a row

36886.0

Load due to Mx =

=
7

Max Load on Pile =

1425.5

Min Load on Pile =

1425.5

1756.476

kN

+
-

1756.48

3182.00 kN

1756.48

-330.95 kN

1520

900=D/2
3320

1840

3182.0
-330.96
3500

Taking Moment at Face of Wall with dispersion at 45 degress

Bending Moment At the Face of Column About y-y =


=

3182.00

3x

1.84

17564.66 kN-m

Muy

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

20

RCC Design Of Pile Cap


f CK =

35

N /mm

( For Depth Checking considering 1 m width ) Max of Both Direction

17564.66

Muy =

Ultimate Bending Moment = Mu ( Per meter )

Minimum Depth Required =

8.5

2066.43

KN - m

2066.43

sqrt ( Mu / 0.15 x b x fck )

Minimum Depth Required =

2066.43

10

1000

0.15
Minimum Depth Required =

627

mm

Over all depth required =

712

mm

So Provide Over all Depth = D =

1800

mm

So Effective Depth Provided = d =

1715

mm

4.6 Mu

.5 fck

1 -

1-

fy

fck bd

bd

Here :fck
fy

35 N /mm2

415 N /mm2

Reinforcement Parallel to X-X ( For Muy)


b =

1000 mm

d =

1715 mm

Muy =
Ast =

2066.43

KN - m

3419.78 mm

Dia Of Main Bar

= #

Muy

Spacing of Main Bar required =

25

mm

490.625

1000

3419.78
=

143

mm

So Provide Spacing =

140

mm

< 3d =

5145

3504.4643

100

% of Steel Provided = p =

0.204

1000

1715

>

0.20%

( Should Not be Less than 1.5*pile Dia)

Calculation Area of Steel Required ( For Under Reinforced Section )


Ast =

kN-m/m width

O.K

O.K

35

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

21

Reinforcement Parallel to Y-Y ( For Mux)


Dia Of Bar

= #

25

So Provide Spacing =

140

% of Steel Provided = p =

mm

mm

< 3d =

O.K

0.20%

O.K

Checking for Shear Stress


Ultimate Shear = Vu =

9546.0 kN

8500 mm

1715 mm

Shear
stress = v
=

9546.0 * 1000
8500 x

Depth factor =

0.6548457

N/mm2

<

1/4

500

Ym =

OK

or 0.7 whichever is Max =

100*As/ b d =

fck =

4.4370598

1715

s =

Ultimate
Shear
Resistance
of
Concrete = vc =

0.75

0.735

0.27

100 As

Ym

bd

1/3

1/3

fck

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

0.204
1.25

vc =

0.27

0.20

1/3

35

0.416

1/3

1.25
vc =

0.416

s * vc

0.7348124

0.6548457

N/mm2

Dia of Shear strippups

12

0.3056004

N/mm2

mm having nos of leg in total width =


25

2826 mm

Asv =

Hence

legged in 1m width

As per Cl 15.4.3.2 ( Table - 14 )

As

Sv =

>

s vc

0.87 * fy * Asv / ( b ( v + 0.4 - s vc ))

1020327.3

6369

It should not be more than 0.75 * d or 450 mm

So provide Sv

140 mm

Temperature Reinforcement At Top ( Min 0.12 % in both Direction)

160.21256 mm c/ c

175980462.xls.ms_office

Pile and Pile Cap

Assumed Dia of Bar =

22

16 mm

Area of Steel Required = 0.12 % =

0.12

1000

1715

100

( As per Cl 26.5.2 IS 456)


=

2058

mm

Required Spacing =

200.96

1000

2058.00
=
Provide Spacing

Summary Of Reinforcement :--

195

mm

140

mm

(For 9- Piles)

1-

Bottom Main Steel in Long Span Direction =

25 #

140

mm c/c

2-

Bottom Dist. Steel in Short Span Direction =

25 #

140

mm c/c

3-

Top Temp. Steel

16 #

140

mm c/c

4-

Shear Reinforcement=

=
3 legged

12

# Stirrups @

140 mm

R.C.C Design of Pile :Max ultimate Load


Dia of Stem

3182.00 N

1200 mm

Calculation of Depth of Fixity as Per IS Code 2911 ( Part 1/Sec -2)


As per Appendix " C" amendments 3
Type Of Soil

hence

Medium Sand

(Loose Sand = 1 , Medium Sand = 2 , Dense Sand = 3)

k1 =

0.525

2
31 kN/mm =

Modulus of Elasticity = E =

Dia of Pile

=D=

0.0490625

1/5

310000

k1

L1 =

10173600 cm

EI

2
310000 kg/cm

207360000

10173600

0 cm

1/5

359.53 cm

0.525

L1 /T =

= 3.60 m

359.53

From Fig 2 of Appendix C of Above Code

For L1 /T

As per Clause 5.2.2.1 of C.B.C

120 cm

Moment of Inertia = I = p D2 / 64 =

T =

For Submerged Condition

As per table 1 of above code

0.00

Lf / T =

0.00

175980462.xls.ms_office

Hence Lf

Pile and Pile Cap

359.53

Now Embaded Length = Le =

25

23

719.06 cm

7.19

Lf =

Depth of Scour =

L1 =

7.19 m

17.81 m

> 4T
Length of Fixity =

14.38 OK
7.191 m

0 m

total Leaver arm = Lf + L1 =

7.191

Ultimate Horz. Force on Each Pile =

0.000
3566.7

7.191 m
9

396.30 kN

Check for Deflection ( As per App C )

Assuming Fixed Head Pile

Y (cm) =

Q (L1 + Lf )3

39629.57

12 E I

12 x

As per Clause C-2.1

719.1

310000 x

10173600

0.3893 cm

For Fixed Head Pile

Hence Moment =Mu

396.30

7.19

1424.80 kN-m

2
Assuming effective Cover d' =

d' / D =

60

Hence Used chart

Mu / fck D3

Pu / fck D2

p / fck =

p =

As =

56

60 mm

1200

0.10

of SP 16

1.425E+09

238782.71

6.048E+10

0.024

50400000

0.005

0.02

35

p p D2 / 400

0.02

0.7 %

2
7912.8 mm

Steel Provided Below Depth of fixity

2
5338 mm

( Calculation Given Below )


Extra Steel to be Provided in the length of Fixity

7912.8

5338

175980462.xls.ms_office

Dia of Bar

Pile and Pile Cap

24
2

2574.8 mm

12.8125 Say

16 Nos

16 mm

Nos of Bar Required

16 bar ( 2 extra bar between General spacing)

So Provide

As per Cl 5-11-1 of IS-2911 (Part I/ Sec 2)

Minimum % of Reinforcement =0.4 % of Gross Area

Asc min

4521.6 mm

So Provide main Reinforcement

4521.6 mm

Dia of Main Bar

Nos of Bar Required

20 mm
=

Nos of Bar Provided

Provided Area of Steel

14.4
17
5338 mm

Check for Min Spacing of Bar As Per Cl 5-11-3 of IS-2911


Dia of Core ( Effective Dia )

Periphery of Core
Spacing Between Bars

1100 mm

(Assuming Clear cover=40mm)

3454 mm

203.17647 mm

>

100 mm

Okay

As per Cl 26.5.3.2

Horizontal Ties
Dia

of Ties

Dia of Main Reinforcement =

8
20

Spacing of Lateral Ties


Min of the fallowing =
a) Least Lateral Dimension =

1200

mm

b) 16 times the dia of Main Bar =

320

mm

c)

300

mm

So Provide ties of

of IS-456

8 mm Dia at the Spacing of


Say

300 mm
200 mm

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

25

Wing Wall
Bridge No
Standard of Loading

H.M.Loading

Level (m)
Top of Wing Wall
Formation Level
19.444
Top of Foundation
R.L of Bed Level
11.100
Bottom of Foundation
Deepest Scour Level
9.100
1
Height of Wall From Top of Foundation
2
Proposed Top Width
3
Back Batter (Equivalent for existing ) (1H:?V) (1000 = For Vertical Face )
4
Intermediate Front Batter (1H:?V) ( 1000 = For Vertical face )
5
Second Front Batter (1H:?V) ( 1000 = for Vertical face )
6
Sloping Thickness of Toe
7
Length of Toe Projection.
8
End Thickness of Foundation
9
Heel Projection
10
Angle of Friction of Wall with Soil (d)
11.67 Deg
11
Height of Second Batter (Intermediate Level) above Top of Foundation
12
Front Offset in Wall
13
Passive Height from Bottom of Foundation
14
Coefficient of Friction (m)
15
Distance form C/L of track to Back Face of Wall
16
Width of Sleeper
17
Depth of Ballast Cushion
18
Depth From Formation Level to Top of Wall
19
Live Load Surcharge
20
Dead Load Surcharge
21
Angle of Repose of Soil (f)
35.00 Deg
22
Angle of Surcharge (i)
23
Cohesion (c)
24
Angle of internal friction of Soil (f)
11.67 Deg
25
Density of Front Soil
26
Density of Back Fill
Seismic Parameter
27
Zone = III
a =
0.04
b =
1.5
28
Density of Masonry
29
Density of Submerged Soil
30
F.O.S. for Passive Earth Pressure
31
Front Delta
32
Angle of Back Batter (a)
33
Safe Bearing Capacity
34
Grade of Concrete fck =
35
Grade of Steel = 415
CHECK
Max
Min
14.9
7.5
Foundation Pressure
t/m2
Stability Check

DPCL

East Coast Railway

19.444
11.700
10.192
8.344
0.450
12
1000
1000
0.90
4.800
0.500
4.800
0.204
4.172
0.000
2.600
0.500
3.500
2.750
0.300
0.000
17.000
6.200
0.611
6.000
1.500
0.204
1.000
1.800
i

=
2.500
1.000
3
0.210
0.083
15.0

m
m

m
m
m
rad
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
t/m2
t/m2
rad
rad
t/m2
rad
t/m2
t/m2
1
t/m2
t/m2
rad
rad
t/m2

OK
OK

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

26

450
TOP

19.444

Formation Level
20 # @ 200

BACK SIDE

7744

4172

16 # @ 200

19.444

Curtailment Section
16 # @ 100
25 # @ 100
4172

11.700

16 # @ 100

32 # @ 100

TOF =

10.500

BOF =

9.100

500

1400

900

1200

Bed Level

20 # @ 100
32 # @ 100

4800

DPCL

1145

4800

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

27

DETAIL CALCULATION
1.0

ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE


For Calculating the Active Earth Pressure COULOMB's theory is followed.
Pa

0.5Kawh h

Where :Ka =
Coeff. of Active Earth Pressure
h =
Height of Soil
w =
Unit Weight of Soil

Ka =

Cos (a)Cos(a + d)
2

Cos2(f - a)
Sin(f - d)Sin(f - i)
1 +
Cos(a+ d)Cos (a - i)

5.7.1

Sub Str

Following values are taken for calculating the active earth pressure.
Level
Int. Chk & TOF
a=
Slope of Batter with Vert.
0.083
f=
Coff. of internal friction of Soil
0.611
d=
Angle of friction bet. Wall & earth
0.204
i=
Angle of slope of fill with Horz.
0.000
Ka =
0.284

BOF
rad
rad
rad
rad

(Effect of sloping Surcharge has been taken as per CL 5.8.4 of Sub Str. Code, So " i " is taken = 0 for calculation of K a )

Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure


Pah
Pa Cos(a + d)
=
Acting at Y1= (h/3) above section considered

a
Vertical Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pav
Pa Sin(a + d)
=
Pah
Y1 =h/3

Acting at X1 = Y1Cot (90-a) from face of Wall


a
d
Pa

f
Pav

1.1

At Intermediate Checking Level


Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

FL
h3 =

4.071 m
4.071 x 4.07083

0.000 m

4.238 t/m (Width)


Int. Lvl

Horizontal Component
Pah =
4.238 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
Will act at Y1
Vertical Component
Pav =
4.238 x

1.2

=
4.071 / 3

4.065 t/m (Width)

1.357 m

BOF

Sin( 0.083+
Will act at X1 = Y1Cot(90-a) =

0.204 )

1.357 x Cot(90 -

At Top of Foundation
Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

8.142 x 8.14165

1.199 t/m (Width)

0.083 )

8.142 m

0.113 m

h3 =

0.000 m

16.951 t/m (Width)

Horizontal Component
Pah =
16.951 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
=
Will act at Y2 8.14165 / 3 =

1.3

Vertical Component
Pav =
16.951 x Sin( 0.083+
Will act at X2 = Y2Cot(90-a) =

2.714 x Cot(90 -

At Bottom of Foundation
Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

8.745 x 8.74482

0.204 )

16.258 t/m (Width)


2.714 m

4.798 t/m (Width)


0.083 )

8.745 m

0.226 m

h3 =

0.000 m

Horizontal Component
Pah =
19.556 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
=
Will act at Y2 8.74482 / 3 =
Vertical Component
Pav =
19.556 x Sin( 0.083+
Will act at X2 = Y2Cot(90-a)

DPCL

TOF

0.204 )

2.915 x Cot(90 -

0.083 )

19.556 t/m (Width)

18.756 t/m (Width)


2.915 m

5.535 t/m (Width)


=

East Coast Railway

0.243

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
2.0

Wing Wall

28

EARTH PRESSURE DUE TO SURCHARGE


As per Cl 5.8.3 of Sub Str. Code
Earth pressure due to surcharge is assumed to be dispersed below formation level at an angle of 45.
P1 =

(S + V) x h1 x Ka
(B + 2D)

Will act at h1/2

Live Load Surcharge per m, S=


Dead Load Surcharge per m, V =
Width of Distribution, B =
2.1

2
17.000 t/m
2
6.200 t/m
2.750 m

At Intermediate Checking Level

3.500
1.777

0.348

2.750
B

Formation Level

1.777

h1

2.695

4.172

45

Checking Level
Height, h1 =
Depth of Dispersion, D =
P1 =
2.2

17.000+

2.695 m
1.777 m

6.200 2.695 x
2.750+
3.555

0.284

Will act at h1/2

2.817 t/m

1.347 m

At Top of Foundation

3.500
1.430

0.695

2.750
B

Formation Level

1.430

h1

7.214

8.344

450

Top of Foundation
Height, h1 =
Width of Distribution, B =
Depth of Dispersion, D =
P1 =
2.3

17.000+

7.214 m
2.750 m
1.430 m

6.200 7.214 x
2.750+
2.859

0.284

Will act at h1/2

8.478 t/m

3.607 m

At Bottom of Foundation

3.500
0.000

5.495

2.750
B

Formation Level

0.000

h1

10.644

10.344

45

Bottom of Foundation
Height, h1 =
Depth of Dispersion, D =
P1 =

DPCL

17.000+

6.200 10.644 x
2.750+
0.000

10.644 m
0.000 m
0.284

25.515 t/m

East Coast Railway

Will act at h1/2

5.322 m

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office
3.0

Wing Wall

29

PASSIVE EARTH PRESSURE


For Calculation Of Passive Earth Pressure On Substructure Coulomb Theory Is Used
Pp

0.5 Kp w h2

Kp=

Cos2(f+ a)
Sin(f + d) Sin(f + i)
1Cos(a- d) Cos (a - i)

Cos a Cos(a - d)
2

f =
Kp=
Pph

0.204 rad
d=
0.210 rad
1.936
Pp Cos(d - a) Acting at (h/3) above section.

a =
Ppv

i=
0.000 rad
0.000 rad
Factor of Safety for Passive =
Pp Sin(d - a) Acting at X=Y Cot(90 - a)

Considering only Horizontal component because Vertical Component will be ineffective.


3.1

At Top of Foundation
Passive Height = Bed Lvl or Scour Lvl TOF =
Pp =
0.5 x 1.936 x 1.000 x
0.000 2
Safe Passive Pressure =
0.000
/
Ph =
0.000 x Cos( 0.2100.000 )
Resisting Moment =
0.000 x 0.000 =

3.2

0.000 m
0.000 t/m

11.100 =

3
=
0.000 t/m
=
0.000 t/m
Will act @ h/3 =
0.000 t-m

At Bottom of Foundation
Passive Height = Bed Lvl or Scour Lvl BOF =
Pp =
0.5 x 1.936 x 1.000 x
1.092 2
Safe Passive Pressure =
1.154
/3
Ph =
0.385 x Cos( 0.2100.000 )
Resisting Moment =
0.376 x 0.364 =

4.0

10.192-

10.192-

0.000 m

1.092 m
1.154 t/m

9.100 =

=
0.385 t/m
=
0.376 t/m
0.137 t-m

Will act @ h/3 =

0.364 m

SELF WEIGHT
4.1

At Intermediate Checking Level


FL
0.000

Top of Wall

0.450
Back Fill

0.000
1

Passive 4.172
6

3
A

0.348
No.

0.000

0.000
Shape
Factor
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x

Vert.
(m)

Density Weight
W(t)
(t/m3)

4.172 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
-0.10 x
0.000 x
Sum
CG of Total Mass from A = Moment/Weight =
CG of Total Mass above Intermediate Level =

Ac
t

iv
e

Fi
ll

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
Passive W6

Horz.
(m)

FL

0.450 x
0.000 x
0.348 x
0.348 x
0.348 x
0.000 x

0.000

11
Back Fill

2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
1.800 =
1.800 =
1.000 =

4.694
0.000
1.813
1.305
-0.032
0.000
7.780
WX /W =
WY /W =

Top of Wall

0.450

10

Passive
0.000

L.A.
Moment L.A.
Moment
from A W X
above A W Y
(m)
(tm)
(m)
(tm)
0.573
2.688
2.086
9.791
0.798
0.000
1.391
0.000
0.232
0.420
1.391
2.521
0.116
0.151
2.781
3.631
0.116 -0.004
4.138 -0.131
0.798
0.000
3.256
15.812
3.256 /7.780
=
0.418 m
15.812 /7.780
=
2.032 m

0.000

4.172
1
2

13

15

0.000

0.000
5

1.200

14

4.172

1.200

B
4.800

11.100
0.695

0.000
6

DPCL

5.945
10.745

7
8

16

0.900
1.400
0.500

9.100

4.800

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

4.2

Wing Wall

At Top of Foundation

Pa
ss
e iv
Fi
ll

Ac
t

iv
e

Fi
ll

No.

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W9
W11
W12
W13
W14

Shape

1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x

Horz.
(m)

Vert.
(m)

0.450 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.695 x
0.695 x
0.695 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.001 x

8.344 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
8.344 x
8.344 x

-0.20 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
1.200 x

CG of Total Mass from B = Moment/Weight =


CG of Total Mass above Top of Foundation =
4.3

Density Weight
W(t)
(t/m3)
2.500 =
9.387
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
7.252
1.800 =
5.222
1.800 =
-0.127
1.000 =
0.000
1.000 =
0.000
1.000 =
0.001
Sum
21.735
WX /W =
WY /W =

L.A. from Moment L.A.


Moment
B (m)
WX
above B W Y

(tm)
(m)
(tm)
8.639
4.172 39.163
0.000
5.563
0.000
0.000
2.086
0.000
0.000
1.391
0.000
3.362
2.781 20.171
1.210
5.563 29.046
-0.029
8.277 -1.048
0.000
0.000
0.004
13.186
87.332
13.186 /21.735
=
0.607 m
87.332 /21.735
=
4.018 m
0.920
1.145
1.145
1.145
0.464
0.232
0.232
1.145
1.145
5.945

At Bottom of Foundation
No.

Fi
ll

iv
e

Fi

ll

Ac
t

ve

Pa
ss
i

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W6
W7
W8
W9
W10
W11
W12
W13
W14
W15
W16

Shape

1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x

Horz.
(m)

Vert.
(m)

0.450 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.695 x
5.945 x
4.800 x
4.800 x
0.695 x
4.800 x
5.495 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.001 x
4.800 x
4.800 x

Density Weight
W(t)
(t/m3)

2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
1.800 =
1.800 =
1.800 =
1.000 =
1.000 =
1.000 =
1.000 =
1.000 =
Sum
C.G. of mass from C =
Moment/Weight =
WX
C.G. of Total Mass above Bott of Foundation =
WY

5.0

30

8.344 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
4.172 x
8.344 x
1.400 x
0.900 x
0.500 x
8.344 x
8.344 x
-1.599 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
1.200 x
1.200 x
0.900 x

L.A. from Moment L.A.


Moment
C (m)
WX
above C W Y

(tm)
(m)
9.387
5.720 53.697
5.572
0.000
5.945
0.000
6.963
0.000
5.945
0.000
3.486
0.000
5.945
0.000
2.791
7.252
5.264 38.173
4.181
20.809
2.973 61.857
0.700
5.400
7.545 40.745
0.800
6.000
8.345 50.072
0.250
5.222
5.032 26.274
6.963
72.092
2.400 173.021
5.572
-15.818
1.832 -28.976
9.211
0.000
5.945
0.000
0.000
5.945
0.000
0.001 10.745
0.008
5.760
8.345 48.069
2.160
9.145 19.754
118.264
482.694
/W =
482.694 /118.264 =
/W =
395.367 /118.264 =

395.367
4.081 m
3.343 m

SEISMIC FORCE
Earth Pressure Due to Seismic Effect
bx
Ix
ah =
ao
ah =

0.0 x

1.0 x

5.12.6.1

1.500 =

Level
Slope of Batter with Vert.
Coff. of internal friction of Soil
Angle of friction bet. Wall & earth
Angle of slope of fill with Horz.

Case I: With
"+" & "+"
value

Case II: With


"-" & "-" value

l =

Ca =

tan-1a h
1+av

5.1

Int. Chk & TOF


0.083
0.611
0.204
0.000

tan-1 0.060
1 + 0.030

tan-1a h
1-av

Cosl Cos2a Cos(a + d + l)


l =

av =

0.06

a=
f=
d=
i=

(1 + a v) Cos2(f - a - l)

1 +

tan-1 0.060
1 - 0.030

(1 + a v) Cos (f - a - l)

Ca =

Cosl Cos2a Cos(a + d + l)


At
Final Ca =

1 +
Int. Chk & TOF
0.329

Ka =

0.284

Dynamic Increment (Ca - Ka) =

0.045

0.06 / 2 =

Sub Str

0.03

BOF
rad
rad
rad
rad
Pt I

TOF
0.878

Pt II

0.638

With (+)

0.058

1
2
Sin(f + d)Sin(f - i - l)
Cos(a+ d + l)Cos(a - i)
With (-)
0.062

1
Sin(f + d)Sin(f - i - l)
Cos(a+ d + l)Cos(a - i)

0.327

=
Pt I

0.882

Pt II

0.637

2
=

0.329

BOF
(Max Value of above, i.e., a and b)

At Intermediate Checking Level


DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh2(Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
0.233 t
Total Horz Load =
1.177 t
Total Moment =
2.429 t-m

DPCL

(tm)
52.304
0.000
0.000
0.000
30.324
14.566
4.320
1.500
36.357
401.698
-145.70

FORCE L.A.
Moment
0.467
2.032
0.949
0.233
0.000
0.000
0.710
2.086
1.481

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

5.2

Wing Wall

At Top of Foundation
DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh2(Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
0.652 t
Total Horz Load =
4.143 t
Total Moment =
17.084 t-m

5.3

FORCE L.A.
Moment
1.304
4.018
5.240
0.652
0.000
0.000
2.839
4.172 11.844

At Bottom of Foundation
DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh2(Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
3.310 t
Total Horz Load = 10.984 t
Total Moment =
44.699 t-m

6.0

31

FORCE L.A.
Moment
6.621
3.343 22.133
3.310
0.000
0.000
4.363
5.172 22.565

STRESS CALCULATION
6.1

At Intermediate Checking Level

S.No.
1

LOAD
L.A. (m) Moment
VERT HORZ.
(t-m)

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

4.065

Vertical Component Pav

1.199

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic

2.817

Fac

Ultimate Load
Puh
Mu

1.357

5.515

1.70

6.90968

9.38

0.113

0.136

1.70

0.23

1.347

3.796
3.256
12.703
2.429
15.132

1.70
1.40

4.78975
0
11.699

7.780
8.980
-0.233
8.746

6.91
Pu
Width of the section =
798 mm
Cover
=
70 mm
( Effective )
Effective Depthj =
798 Checking at first Level
Mu
=
230.5 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

209.5

mm

bd

fck bd2

Mu =
230.5 KN - m
Ast =
890.6 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

728 mm

4.6 Mu

1-

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
728 mm

fy =
b =
d =

0.216

23.05
Mu

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

230471262
35
x 1000

1 -

d =

fy
Here :fck =

70

6.45
4.56
20.618
2.429

200
1570
1000
>

314

x
890.6

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
727.667
OK

2183

0.20%

20
16

=
=

353

mm
mm

mm

O.K

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C


Leaver Arm = z

z =

final z

1=

0.87 * fy *As * z
0.87 *

DPCL

716705
25468333

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

728

707

0.95 d =

691

691 mm

Mur =

415

391.853 kN-m

*
>

=
1570 *
230 kN-m

691 =

391852920.6

N-mm

OK

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

32

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
873.2
200.96

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

230
200

1000

727.7

<

0.75 fck =

mm
x
873
mm
mm

1000

Checking for Shear Stress

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=
Shear stress =

69.1 kN
1000 mm
728 mm

v =

Depth factor =

69.1 * 1000
1000*
728

s =

500
d

1/4

or 0.7 whichever is maximum =

0.27
Ym

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =


As =
Ym =

mm2

1570
1.25

vc =
vc =

s * vc
v

=
=

0.91046
*
0.09496 N/mm2

0.09496 N/mm2

0.423

0.27
1.25
0.423

100 As
bd

1/3

4.43706

OK

0.91046

fck

1/3

1/3

157000

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

35

1/3

727667

0.38557 N/mm2

Hence NO Shear Reinforcement Required

6.2

At Top of Foundation

S.No.
1

LOAD
L.A. (m) Moment
VERT HORZ.
(t-m)

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

16.258

Vertical Component Pav

4.798

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Passive Earth Pressure
4
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic

Width of the section =


Cover
=
Effective Depthj =
Mu

2.714

44.123

1.70

27.6387

75.01

0.226

1.085

1.70

1.84

3.607
0.000
0.607

30.582
0.000
13.186
88.976
17.084
106.060

1.70
1.70
1.40

25
16

mm
mm

14.413
51.99
0
0.00
0
18.46
42.052 128.843
17.084
27.64
145.93
Pu
Mu

1075 mm

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

1459267476
35
x 1000

1 -

1-

4.6 Mu
fck bd2

fy

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1075 mm

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

0.456

527.2

mm

bd

Mu =
1459.3 KN - m
Ast =
3930.8 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

DPCL

Ultimate Load
Puh
Mu

1459.3 kN-m

fy =
b =
d =

21.735
26.533
-0.652
25.881

1.145 m =
1145 mm
70 mm
( Effective )
1145 70 =

Checking for effective depth =

Here :fck =

8.478
0.000

Fac

100
4906.25
1000
>

490.625

x
3930.8

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
1075.33
OK

3226

0.20%

=
=

125

mm

O.K

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

33

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C


Leaver Arm = z

z =

2239703
37636667

1-

final z

1011 mm

Mur =

415

1791.49 kN-m

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

1075

1011

0.95 d =

1022

( Min of above )

0.87 * fy *As * z
0.87 *

4906.25 *

>

1011 =

1459 kN-m

1791492472

N-mm

OK

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
1290.4
200.96

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

156
100

1000

1075.3

<

0.75 fck =

mm
x
1290
mm
mm

1000

Checking for Shear Stress

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=
Shear stress =

276.4 kN
1000 mm
1075 mm

v =

Depth factor =

276.4 * 1000
1000*
1075

s =

500
d

1/4

or 0.7 whichever is maximum =

0.27
Ym

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =


As =
Ym =

2
4906.25 mm
1.25

vc =
vc =

s * vc
v

=
=

0.82577
*
0.25702 N/mm2

0.25702 N/mm2

0.543

0.27
1.25
0.543

100 As
bd

1/3

4.43706

OK

0.82577

fck

1/3

1/3

490625

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

35

1/3

1075333

0.44875 N/mm2

Hence NO Shear Reinforcement Required

6.3

At Bottom of Foundation

S.No.
1

LOAD
Moment (t-m)
L.A. (m) Moment
(t-m) Front L.A.
Ms
VERT HORZ.

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

18.756

Vertical Component Pav

5.535

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Passive Earth Pressure
4
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic
6.2.1

118.264
123.799
-3.310
120.489

54.673

0.243

1.345

5.322 135.790
0.364 -0.137
4.081 482.694
674.365
44.699
719.064

10.502

58.130

6.664 788.093
846.224
846.224

Stresses at Bottom of Foundation

Case
Without Seismic
With Seismic

DPCL

25.515
0.376

2.915

Vert.
Load (t)

W
123.799
120.489

Moment
(t-m)

M
674.365
719.064

Z (m)

e (m)
B (m)

M/W
Z-B/2
5.447
0.075
10.745
5.968
0.595

Pmax (t/m2)

Pmin (t/m2)

W/B(1+6e/B)
12.00
14.94

W/B(1-6e/B)
11.04
7.49

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

34

Design of Toe Slab


Max Projection of Toe Slab

4.800

On safer side Taking Max Foundation Pressure as UDL ( Though it will be Trapezoidal )
Max Pressure =

149.399 kN/m
149.399

Max Moment =
Ultimate Moment
Mu

( Taking Unit Width in Consideration )

x
2

4.800

1.700

1721.08

1721.08

2925.84 kN-m

2925.8 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

d =

2925837307
35
x 1000

1 -

mm

Mu =
2925.8 KN - m
Ast =
6469.1 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

746.5

bd

fck bd2

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1330 mm

fy =
b =
d =

4.6 Mu

1-

fy
Here :fck =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

0.604

803.84

x
6469.1

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
1330
OK

3990

O.K

1000

100
8038.4
1000
>

0.20%

32
16

=
=

124

mm
mm

mm

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
1596
200.96

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

126
100

1330.0

mm
x
1596
mm
mm

1000

Design of Heel Slab


Max Projection of Toe Slab

Total Weight of Soil / m Run =


84.782 kN/m

Total Vertical UDL

Ultimate Moment
Mu

150.192

234.974 kN/m

Max Moment =

234.974

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x
1 -

fy

fy =
b =
d =

DPCL

18.000

84.782

150.192 kN/m

234.974 kN/m

( Taking Unit Width in Consideration )

x
2

4.800

1.700

2706.90

2706.90

4601.74 kN-m

4601.7 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Here :fck =

8.344 x

Surcharge =

Vertical UDL

4.800

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
1930 mm

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

4601738200
35
x 1000
1-

4.6 Mu
fck bd2

936.2

mm

bd

Mu =
4601.7 KN - m
Ast =
6899.6 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

East Coast Railway

32
20

mm
mm

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Wing Wall

Spacing of Main Bar required =

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

0.416

35

803.84

x
6899.6

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
1930
OK

5790

O.K

1000

100
8038.4
1000
>

0.20%

117

mm

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

7.0

=
Required Spacing =

0.12
100
2316
314

Provide Spacing

136
100

1930.0

mm
x
2316
mm
mm

1000

STABILITY CALCULATION
7.1

Against Overturning (Sub Structure Code Clause 5.10.1.1 and 6.8 )


Mo =

Moment due to [E.P. (Horz. Component) + Surcharge (Horz. Component)]

Without seismic,

Mo =

54.673 +

135.790 =

190.463 t-m

With seismic,

Mo =

54.673 +

135.790 +

44.699 =

235.162 t-m

Ms =

Moment due to [E.P. (Vert. Component) + Surcharge (Vert. Component)] +


Moment due to self Wt. & Earth Fill
(Calculated in Table 6.3 )
Without seismic, Ms =
846.224 t-m
With seismic,
Description
Without Seismic
With Seismic
7.2

Ms =

(Calculated in Table 6.3 )

846.224 t-m

Restoring moment (Ms)


846.224
846.224

Overturning moment (Mo)


190.463
235.162

Factor of Safety (Ms/Mo)


4.4
3.6

FOS (Reqd.)
2.0
1.5

Against Sliding (Sub Structure Code Clause 6.8 )


Total Horz. Force, H =

18.756

Total Vert. Force, W =

0.376 =

43.895 t

123.799

Coff of Friction, m =
Base Width =
Cohesion, c =
Passive Force, Pp =

0.500
10.745 m
2
1.500 t/m
0.376 (Ref. 9.2 )
m W+Bc+P p

Total Resisting Force, R =

61.900
=
Factor of Safety =

25.515

16.118

0.376

78.394
Resisting Force
Horz. Force

78.394
43.895

1.786

>

1.500

OK

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall

36

Return Wall
Bridge No

Standard of Loading
Level (m)
Top of Wing Wall
Formation Level
13.200
Top of Foundation
R.L of Bed Level
11.100
Bottom of Foundation
Deepest Scour Level
9.100
1
Height of Wall From Top of Foundation
2
Proposed Top Width
3
Back Batter (Equivalent for existing ) (1H:?V) (1000 = For Vertical Face )
4
Intermediate Front Batter (1H:?V) ( 1000 = For Vertical face )
5
Second Front Batter (1H:?V) ( 1000 = for Vertical face )
6
Sloping Thickness of Toe
7
Length of Toe Projection.
8
End Thickness of Foundation
9
Heel Projection
10
Angle of Friction of Wall with Soil (d)
11.67 Deg
11
Height of Second Batter (Intermediate Level) above Top of Foundation
12
Front Offset in Wall
13
Passive Height from Bottom of Foundation
14
Coefficient of Friction (m)
15
Distance form C/L of track to Back Face of Wall
16
Width of Sleeper
17
Depth of Ballast Cushion
18
Depth From Formation Level to Top of Wall
19
Live Load Surcharge
20
Dead Load Surcharge
21
Angle of Repose of Soil (f)
35.00 Deg
22
Angle of Surcharge (i)
23
Cohesion (c)
24
Angle of internal friction of Soil (f)
11.67 Deg
25
Density of Front Soil
26
Density of Back Fill
Seismic Parameter
27
Zone = III
a =
0.04
b =
1.5
28
Density of Masonry
29
Density of Submerged Soil
30
F.O.S. for Passive Earth Pressure
31
Front Delta
32
Angle of Back Batter (a)
33
Safe Bearing Capacity
34
Grade of Concrete fck =
35
Grade of Steel = 415
CHECK
Max
Min
8.4
1.6
Foundation Pressure
t/m2
Stability Check

DPCL

East Coast Railway

19.444
11.700
10.192
2.100
0.450
12
1000
1000
0.20
1.100
0.500
1.000
0.204
1.050
0.000
2.600
0.500
16.000
2.750
0.300
6.244
17.000
6.200
0.611
6.000
1.500
0.204
1.000
1.800
i

=
2.500
1.000
3
0.210
0.083
15.0

m
m

m
m
m
rad
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
t/m2
t/m2
rad
rad
t/m2
rad
t/m2
t/m2
1
t/m2
t/m2
rad
rad
t/m2

OK
OK

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall

37

Formation Level

19.444

450
TOP

13.200
16 # @ 140

BACK SIDE

1500

1050

12 # @ 140

Curtailment Section
12 # @ 140
16 # @ 140
1050

11.700

12 # @ 140

16 # @ 140

TOF =

9.800

BOF =

9.100

500

700

200

1900

Bed Level

12 # @ 140
16 # @ 140

1100

DPCL

625

East Coast Railway

1000

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall

38

DETAIL CALCULATION
1.0

ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE


For Calculating the Active Earth Pressure COULOMB's theory is followed.
Pa

0.5Kawh (h+2h3)

Where :Ka =
Coeff. of Active Earth Pressure
h =
Height of Soil
w =
Unit Weight of Soil

Ka =

Cos (a)Cos(a + d)
2

Cos2(f - a)
Sin(f - d)Sin(f - i)
1 +
Cos(a+ d)Cos (a - i)

5.7.1

Sub Str

Following values are taken for calculating the active earth pressure.
Level
Int. Chk & TOF
a=
Slope of Batter with Vert.
0.083
f=
Coff. of internal friction of Soil
0.611
d=
Angle of friction bet. Wall & earth
0.204
i=
Angle of slope of fill with Horz.
0.000
Ka =
0.284

BOF
rad
rad
rad
rad

(Effect of sloping Surcharge has been taken as per CL 5.8.4 of Sub Str. Code, So " i " is taken = 0 for calculation of K a )

Horizontal Component Of Active Earth Pressure


Pah
Pa Cos(a + d)
=
Acting at Y1= (h/3) above section considered

a
Vertical Component Of Active Earth Pressure
Pav
Pa Sin(a + d)
=
Pah
Y1 =h/3

Acting at X1 = Y1Cot (90-a) from face of Wall


a
d
Pa

f
Pav

1.1

At Intermediate Checking Level


Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

FL
h3 =

1.025 m
1.025 x 1.0245

0.000 m

0.268 t/m (Width)

Int. Lvl
Horizontal Component
Pah =
0.268 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
=
Will act at Y1
1.025 / 3 =
Vertical Component
Pav =
0.268 x

1.2

1.3

0.342 m

TOF
BOF

Sin( 0.083+
Will act at X1 = Y1Cot(90-a) =

0.204 )
0.342 x Cot(90 -

At Top of Foundation
Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

2.049 x 2.0491

0.076 t/m (Width)


=
0.083 ) =
0.028 m

h3 =

2.049 m

0.000 m

1.074 t/m (Width)

Horizontal Component
Pah =
1.074 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
=
Will act at Y2 2.0491 / 3 =

1.030 t/m (Width)

Vertical Component
Pav =
1.074 x Sin( 0.083+
Will act at X2 = Y2Cot(90-a) =

0.304 t/m (Width)

0.683 x Cot(90 -

At Bottom of Foundation
Height from Formation Level, h
=
Pa =
0.5 x 0.284 x 1.800 x

3.758 x 3.7581

0.204 )

Vertical Component
Pav =
3.612 x Sin(

0.083+

0.083 )

3.758 m

0.204 )

0.683 m

Horizontal Component
Pah =
3.612 x Cos( 0.083+
0.204 )
=
Will act at Y2 3.7581 / 3 =

DPCL

0.257 t/m (Width)

East Coast Railway

0.057 m

h3 =

0.000 m

3.612 t/m (Width)

3.464 t/m (Width)


1.253 m

1.022 t/m (Width)

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall
Will act at X2 = Y2Cot(90-a)

2.0

1.253 x Cot(90 -

0.083 )

39
=

0.104

EARTH PRESSURE DUE TO SURCHARGE


As per Cl 5.8.3 of Sub Str. Code
Earth pressure due to surcharge is assumed to be dispersed below formation level at an angle of 45.
P1 =

(S + V) x h1 x Ka
(B + 2D)

Will act at h1/2

Live Load Surcharge per m, S=


Dead Load Surcharge per m, V =
Width of Distribution, B =
2.1

17.000 t/m
2
6.200 t/m
2.750 m

At Intermediate Checking Level

16.000
14.538

0.088

2.750
B

Formation Level

14.538

h1

0.000

7.294

450

Checking Level
Height, h1 =
Depth of Dispersion, D =
P1 =
2.2

17.000+

0.000 m
14.538 m

6.200 0.000 x
2.750+ 29.075

0.284

Will act at h1/2

0.000 t/m

0.000 m

At Top of Foundation

16.000
14.450

0.175

2.750
B

Formation Level

14.450

h1

0.000

8.344

45

Top of Foundation
Height, h1 =
Width of Distribution, B =
Depth of Dispersion, D =
P1 =
2.3

17.000+

0.000 m
2.750 m
14.450 m

6.200 0.000 x
2.750+ 28.900

0.284

Will act at h1/2

0.000 t/m

0.000 m

At Bottom of Foundation

16.000
13.450

1.175

2.750
B

Formation Level

13.450

h1

0.000

10.344

450

Bottom of Foundation
Height, h1 =

DPCL

0.000 m

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall
Depth of Dispersion, D =
17.000+

P1 =
3.0

40

13.450 m

6.200 0.000 x
2.750+ 26.900

0.284

0.000 t/m

Will act at h1/2

0.000 m

PASSIVE EARTH PRESSURE


For Calculation Of Passive Earth Pressure On Substructure Coulomb Theory Is Used
Pp

0.5 Kp w h

Cos (f+ a)
Sin(f + d) Sin(f + i)
1Cos(a- d) Cos (a - i)
2

Kp=

Cos2a Cos(a - d)
f =

0.204 rad
d=
0.210 rad
1.936
= Pp Cos(d - a) Acting at (h/3) above section.

Kp=
Pph

2
i=
0.000 rad
0.000 rad
Factor of Safety for Passive =
= Pp Sin(d - a) Acting at X=Y Cot(90 - a)

a =
Ppv

Considering only Horizontal component because Vertical Component will be ineffective.


3.1

At Top of Foundation
Passive Height = Bed Lvl or Scour Lvl TOF =
Pp =
0.5 x 1.936 x 1.000 x
0.000 2

10.192-

0.000 m
0.000 t/m

11.100 =

Safe Passive Pressure =


0.000
/
3
=
0.000 t/m
Ph =
0.000 x Cos( 0.2100.000 ) =
0.000 t/m
Will act @ h/3 =
Resisting Moment =
0.000 x 0.000 =
0.000 t-m
3.2

At Bottom of Foundation
Passive Height = Bed Lvl or Scour Lvl BOF =
Pp =
0.5 x 1.936 x 1.000 x
1.092 2

10.192-

1.092 m
1.154 t/m

9.100 =

Safe Passive Pressure =


1.154
/3
=
0.385 t/m
Ph =
0.385 x Cos( 0.2100.000 ) =
0.376 t/m
Resisting Moment =
0.376 x 0.364 =
0.137 t-m
4.0

0.000 m

Will act @ h/3 =

0.364 m

SELF WEIGHT
4.1

At Intermediate Checking Level


FL
6.244

Top of Wall

0.450
Back Fill

0.001
1

Passive 1.050
6

3
A

0.088
No.

0.850

0.000
Shape
Factor
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x

Vert.
(m)

Ac
tiv
e
FL

0.450 x
0.000 x
0.088 x
0.088 x
0.088 x
0.001 x

Density Weight
W(t)
(t/m3)

1.050 x
1.050 x
1.050 x
1.050 x
-0.03 x
0.850 x
Sum
CG of Total Mass from A = Moment/Weight =
CG of Total Mass above Intermediate Level =

Fi
ll

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
Passive W6

Horz.
(m)

6.244

11
Back Fill

2.500 =
2.500 =
2.500 =
1.800 =
1.800 =
1.000 =

1.181
0.000
0.115
0.083
-0.002
0.000
1.377
WX /W =
WY /W =

Top of Wall

0.450
10

L.A.
Moment L.A.
Moment
from A W X
above A W Y
(m)
(tm)
(m)
(tm)
0.313
0.369
0.525
0.620
0.538
0.000
0.350
0.000
0.058
0.007
0.350
0.040
0.029
0.002
0.700
0.058
0.029
0.000
1.042 -0.002
0.537
0.000
0.378
0.716
0.378 /1.377
=
0.275 m
0.716 /1.377
=
0.520 m

Passive

0.001

0.000

1.050
1
2

13

15

0.850

2
0.000
5

DPCL

14

East Coast Railway

1.900

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall
14
3

41
1.050

1.050

4
B

11.100
1.000

0.175

0.000
6

4.2

16

0.200

7
8

1.625
2.725

0.700
0.500

At Top of Foundation
No.

Fi
ll

tiv

Ac

Pa
ss
e iv
Fi
ll
4.3

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W9
W11
W12
W13
W14

Shape

Horz.
(m)

Vert.
(m)

Density Weight
3
W(t)
(t/m )

0.450 x 2.100 x 2.500 =


2.363
0.000 x 1.050 x 2.500 =
0.000
0.000 x 1.050 x 2.500 =
0.000
0.000 x 1.050 x 2.500 =
0.000
0.175 x 2.100 x 2.500 =
0.459
0.175 x 2.100 x 1.800 =
0.331
0.175 x -0.05 x 1.800 =
-0.008
0.001 x 0.850 x 1.000 =
0.000
0.000 x 0.850 x 1.000 =
0.000
0.001 x 1.050 x 1.000 =
0.001
Sum
3.146
CG of Total Mass from B = Moment/Weight =
WX /W =
CG of Total Mass above Top of Foundation =
WY /W =

1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x

L.A. from Moment L.A.


Moment
B (m)
WX
above B W Y

(tm)
(m)
(tm)
0.945
1.050
2.481
0.000
1.400
0.000
0.000
0.525
0.000
0.000
0.350
0.000
0.054
0.700
0.322
0.019
1.400
0.463
0.000
2.083 -0.017
0.000
0.000
0.001
1.019
3.249
1.019 /3.146
=
0.324 m
3.249 /3.146
=
1.033 m
0.400
0.625
0.625
0.625
0.117
0.058
0.058
0.625
0.625
1.625

At Bottom of Foundation
No.

Fi
ll

tiv

Fi

ll

Ac

iv

Pa
ss

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W6
W7
W8
W9
W10
W11
W12
W13
W14
W15
W16

Shape

1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x
1.0 x
0.5 x

Horz.
(m)

Vert.
(m)

0.450 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.000 x
0.175 x
1.625 x
1.100 x
1.100 x
0.175 x
1.000 x
1.175 x
0.001 x
0.000 x
0.001 x
1.100 x
1.100 x

Density Weight
W(t)
(t/m3)

2.500 =
2.363
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
0.000
2.500 =
0.459
2.500 =
2.844
2.500 =
0.275
2.500 =
1.375
1.800 =
0.331
1.800 =
3.780
1.800 =
-0.723
1.000 =
0.000
1.000 =
0.000
1.000 =
0.001
1.000 =
2.090
1.000 =
0.110
Sum
12.904
C.G. of mass from C =
Moment/Weight =
WX /W =
C.G. of Total Mass above Bott of Foundation =
WY /W =

5.0

9.100

1.100

2.100 x
1.050 x
1.050 x
1.050 x
2.100 x
0.700 x
0.200 x
0.500 x
2.100 x
2.100 x
-0.342 x
0.850 x
0.850 x
1.050 x
1.900 x
0.200 x

L.A. from Moment L.A.


Moment
C (m)
WX
above C W Y

(tm)
(m)
(tm)
3.308
1.750
4.134
0.000
2.100
0.000
0.000
1.225
0.000
0.000
1.050
0.000
0.513
1.400
0.643
2.311
0.350
0.995
0.548
0.567
0.156
2.991
0.250
0.344
0.350
2.100
0.695
1.890
1.750
6.615
-0.283
2.686
-1.94
0.001
0.000
0.001
4.546
0.259
16.433
11.639
16.433 /12.904
=
1.273 m
11.639 /12.904
=
0.902 m
1.400
1.625
1.625
1.625
1.117
0.813
1.992
2.175
1.058
0.500
0.392
1.625
1.625
2.625
2.175
2.358

SEISMIC FORCE
Earth Pressure Due to Seismic Effect
bx
Ix
ah =
ao
ah =

0.0 x

1.0 x

5.12.6.1

1.500 =

Level
Slope of Batter with Vert.
Coff. of internal friction of Soil
Angle of friction bet. Wall & earth
Angle of slope of fill with Horz.

Case I: With
"+" & "+"
value

Case II: With


"-" & "-" value

DPCL

l =

Ca =

tan-1a h
1+av

Int. Chk & TOF


0.083
0.611
0.204
0.000

a=
f=
d=
i=

tan-1 0.060
1 + 0.030

(1 + a v) Cos2(f - a - l)

Ca =

tan-1a h
1-av

Cosl Cos2a Cos(a + d + l)


l =

av =

0.06

1 +

tan-1 0.060
1 - 0.030

(1 + a v) Cos2(f - a - l)
Cosl Cos2a Cos(a + d + l)

x
1 +

0.058

0.06 / 2 =

0.03

BOF
rad
rad
rad
rad
Pt I

TOF
0.878

Pt II

0.638

With (+)

1
2
Sin(f + d)Sin(f - i - l)
Cos(a+ d + l)Cos(a - i)
With (-)
0.062

1
Sin(f + d)Sin(f - i - l)

East Coast Railway

Sub Str

0.327

=
Pt I

0.882

Pt II

0.637

2
=

0.329

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

Case II: With


"-" & "-" value

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall
Cosl Cos a Cos(a + d + l)
2

At
Final Ca =

5.1

1 +
Int. Chk & TOF
0.329

Ka =

0.284

Dynamic Increment (Ca - Ka) =

0.045

Cos(a+ d + l)Cos(a - i)
BOF

(Max Value of above, i.e., a and b)

At Intermediate Checking Level


DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
2
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh (Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
0.041 t
Total Horz Load =
0.128 t
Total Moment =
0.067 t-m

5.2

FORCE L.A.
Moment
0.083
0.520
0.043
0.041
0.000
0.000
0.045
0.525
0.024

At Top of Foundation
DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
2
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh (Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
0.094 t
Total Horz Load =
0.368 t
Total Moment =
0.384 t-m

5.3

FORCE L.A.
Moment
0.189
1.033
0.195
0.094
0.000
0.000
0.180
1.050
0.189

At Bottom of Foundation
DESCRIPTION
SFH 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
SFV 1 to 5 = DUE TO SELF WT. OF Wall
Increment in Earth Pressure [0.5gh2(Ca-Ka)]
Total Ver Load =
0.321 t
Total Horz Load =
1.328 t
Total Moment =
1.984 t-m

6.0

42
=

FORCE L.A.
Moment
0.642
0.902
0.579
0.321
0.000
0.000
0.685
2.050
1.405

STRESS CALCULATION
6.1

At Intermediate Checking Level

S.No.
1

LOAD
L.A. (m) Moment
VERT HORZ.
(t-m)

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

0.257

Vertical Component Pav

0.076

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic

0.000

Fac

Ultimate Load
Puh
Mu

0.342

0.088

1.70

0.4377

0.15

0.028

0.002

1.70

0.00

0.000

0.000
0.378
0.468
0.067
0.535

1.70
1.40

1.377
1.453
-0.041
1.412

0
0
0.438

0.44
Pu
Width of the section =
538 mm
Cover
=
70 mm
( Effective )
Effective Depthj =
538 Checking at first Level
Mu
=
7.5 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x
1 -

fy =
b =
d =

1-

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
468 mm

0.75
Mu

468 mm

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

7494469
35
x 1000

Spacing of Main Bar required =

DPCL

d =

fy
Here :fck =

70

0.00
0.53
0.683
0.067

4.6 Mu
fck bd2

37.8

bd

Mu =
7.5 KN - m
Ast =
44.5 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #
200.96

mm

x
44.5

1000

East Coast Railway

16
12

=
=

4519

mm
mm

mm

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

0.307

140
1435.4
1000
>

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
467.5
OK

0.20%

43

1402.5

O.K

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C


Leaver Arm = z

z =

final z

655273
16362500

1=

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

468

449

0.95 d =

444

444 mm

Mur =

0.87 * fy *As * z
0.87 *

415

230.17 kN-m

1435.4 *

>

444 =

7 kN-m

230172882.3

N-mm

OK

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
561
113.04

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

X
mm
x
561
mm
mm

201
140

1000

467.5

<

0.75 fck =

1000

Checking for Shear Stress

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=
Shear stress =

Depth factor =

v =

4.4 kN
1000 mm
468 mm
4.4 * 1000
1000*
468

s =

500
d

1/4

0.0094

or 0.7 whichever is maximum =

0.27
Ym

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =


As =
Ym =

2
1435.4 mm
1.25

vc =

0.27
1.25
0.476

vc =
s * vc
v

=
=

1.0169
*
0.0094 N/mm2

N/mm2

0.476

0.4844

100 As
bd

1/3

4.4371

OK

1.0169

fck

1/3

1/3

143543

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

35

1/3

467500

N/mm2

Hence NO Shear Reinforcement Required

6.2

At Top of Foundation

S.No.
1

LOAD
L.A. (m) Moment
VERT HORZ.
(t-m)

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

1.030

Vertical Component Pav

0.304

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Passive Earth Pressure
4
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic

Width of the section =


Cover
=
Effective Depthj =

DPCL

0.625 m =
70 mm
( Effective )
625 -

0.000
0.000
3.146
3.449
-0.094
3.355

Fac

Ultimate Load
Puh
Mu

0.683

0.703

1.70

1.7507

1.20

0.057

0.017

1.70

0.03

0.000
0.000
0.324

0.000
0.000
1.019
1.739
0.384
2.123

1.70
1.70
1.40

0
0
0
1.751
1.75
Pu

0.00
0.00
1.43
1.225
0.384
1.61
Mu

625 mm
70

555 mm

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Mu

Return Wall

16.1 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Ast =

.5 fck

0.15 x

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

16088356
35
x 1000

1 -

mm

Mu =
16.1 KN - m
Ast =
80.5 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

55.4

bd

fck bd

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
555 mm

fy =
b =
d =

4.6 Mu

1-

fy
Here :fck =

44

0.259

140
1435.4
1000
>

200.96

x
80.5

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
555
OK

1665

0.20%

16
12

=
=

2497

mm
mm

mm

O.K

Checking of Mu as per Cl 15-4-2-2-1 of C.B.C


Leaver Arm = z

z =

final z

655273
19425000

1=

527 mm

Mur =

415

273.25 kN-m

1.1 fy Ast
fck b d

555

536

0.95 d =

527

( Min of above )

0.87 * fy *As * z
0.87 *

=
1435.4 *

>

527 =

16 kN-m

273253368.3

N-mm

OK

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
666
113.04

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

170
140

1000

555.0

<

0.75 fck =

mm
x
666
mm
mm

1000

Checking for Shear Stress

Ultimate Shear = Vu =
b
=
d
=
Shear stress =

Depth factor =

v =

s =

17.5 kN
1000 mm
555 mm
17.5 * 1000
1000*
555
500
d

1/4

2
1435.4 mm
1.25

0.27
Ym
vc =
vc =

s * vc
v

=
=

0.9742
*
0.0315 N/mm2

0.450

N/mm

or 0.7 whichever is maximum =

Ultimate Shear Resistance of Concrete = vc =


As =
Ym =

0.0315

0.27
1.25
0.450
0.4383

100 As
bd
x

1/3

4.4371

OK

0.9742

fck

143543

1/3

1/3

( Cl 15-4-3-2-1)

35

1/3

555000

N/mm2

Hence NO Shear Reinforcement Required

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

6.3

Return Wall

45

At Bottom of Foundation

S.No.

LOAD
Moment (t-m)
L.A. (m) Moment
(t-m) Front L.A.
Ms
VERT HORZ.

DESCRIPTION OF LOAD
Active Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component Pah

3.464

Vertical Component Pav

1.022

2
Earth Pressure due to Surcharge Ph
3
Passive Earth Pressure
4
Self Weight & Back Fill
TOTAL
Due to seismic Effect
Combined Load with Seismic
6.2.1

0.000
0.376
12.904
13.926
-0.321
13.605

1.253

4.339

0.104

0.107

0.000
0.364
1.273

0.000
-0.137
16.433
20.742
1.984
22.727

2.621

2.679

1.452

18.730
21.409
21.409

Stresses at Bottom of Foundation


Vert.
Load (t)

Case

Moment
(t-m)

W
13.926
13.605

Without Seismic
With Seismic

M
20.742
22.727

Z (m)

e (m)
B (m)

M/W
1.489
1.670

2.725

Z-B/2
0.127
0.308

Pmax (t/m )

Pmin (t/m )

W/B(1+6e/B)
6.54
8.38

W/B(1-6e/B)
3.68
1.61

Design of Toe Slab


Max Projection of Toe Slab

1.100

On safer side Taking Max Foundation Pressure as UDL ( Though it will be Trapezoidal )
Max Pressure =

83.781 kN/m
83.781

Max Moment =
Ultimate Moment
Mu

x
2

1.100

1.700

Ast =

.5 fck

=
50.69

50.69
86.17 kN-m

0.15 x
1 -

d =

Mu
0.15 x b x fck

86168398
35
x 1000

4.6 Mu

1-

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
630 mm

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
0.228

mm

Mu =
86.2 KN - m
Ast =
381.8 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

128.1

bd

fck bd2

fy

fy =
b =
d =

86.2 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Here :fck =

( Taking Unit Width in Consideration )

140
1435.4
1000
>

200.96

x
381.8

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
630
OK

1890

O.K

1000

0.20%

16
12

=
=

526

mm
mm

mm

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
756
113.04

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing

150
140

mm2
x
756
mm
mm

630.0

1000

Design of Heel Slab


Max Projection of Toe Slab

DPCL

1.000

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall

Total Weight of Soil / m Run =


Surcharge =

8.344 x

Vertical UDL

150.192

150.192 kN/m
150.192

Max Moment =

127.7 kN-m

Checking for effective depth =

Ast =

.5 fck

fy =
b =
d =

75.10

75.10

127.66 kN-m

Mu
0.15 x b x fck
=

4.6 Mu

1-

35 N /mm2
415 N /mm2
1000 mm
630 mm

155.9

mm

bd

fck bd

Mu =
127.7 KN - m
Ast =
567.6 mm2
Dia Of Main Bar = # =
Dia Of Bar on Comp Side = #

Spacing of Main Bar required =

So Provide Spacing =
% of Steel Provided = p =
=

150.192 kN/m

127663200
35
x 1000

1 -

d =

fy
Here :fck =

150.192 kN/m

( Taking Unit Width in Consideration )

1.700

Mu

0.15 x

0.000

1.000

x
2

Ultimate Moment

0.000 kN/m

Total Vertical UDL

18.000

46

0.228

200.96

x
567.6

1000

mm
x
x

< 3d =
100
630
OK

1890

O.K

1000

140
1435.4
1000
>

0.20%

16
12

=
=

354

mm
mm

mm

Steel on Other side Parallel to Main Steel


Area of Stee Required = 0.12 % =

0.12
100
756
113.04

=
Required Spacing =

Provide Spacing
7.0

mm2
x
756
mm
mm

150
140

630.0

1000

STABILITY CALCULATION
7.1

Against Overturning (Sub Structure Code Clause 5.10.1.1 and 6.8 )


Mo =

Moment due to [E.P. (Horz. Component) + Surcharge (Horz. Component)]

Without seismic,

Mo =

4.339 +

0.000 =

4.339 t-m

With seismic,

Mo =

4.339 +

0.000 +

1.984 =

6.324 t-m

Ms =

Moment due to [E.P. (Vert. Component) + Surcharge (Vert. Component)] +


Moment due to self Wt. & Earth Fill
(Calculated in Table 6.3 )
Without seismic, Ms =
21.409 t-m
With seismic,
Description
Without Seismic
With Seismic
7.2

Ms =

Restoring moment (Ms)


21.409
21.409

Overturning moment (Mo)


4.339
6.324

Factor of Safety (Ms/Mo)


4.9
3.4

FOS (Reqd.)
2.0
1.5

Against Sliding (Sub Structure Code Clause 6.8 )


Total Horz. Force, H =
Total Vert. Force, W =
Coff of Friction, m =
Base Width =
Cohesion, c =
Passive Force, Pp =

DPCL

(Calculated in Table 6.3 )

21.409 t-m

3.464

0.000

0.376 =

3.088 t

13.926
0.500
2.725 m
2
1.500 t/m
0.376 (Ref. 9.2 )

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Return Wall
m W+Bc+P p

Total Resisting Force, R =

6.963
=
Factor of Safety =

47

4.088

0.376

11.427
Resisting Force
Horz. Force

11.427
3.088

3.701

>

1.500

OK

DPCL

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.

175980462.xls.ms_office

Detailing

1000
Fromation Level 19.44
Dirt Wall

5000

48

1000
300
16 # @ 130 mm c/c

8 # @ 150 mm c/c

9444

Top ofAbutment
18.84

32 # @ 90 mm c/c

32 # @ 90 mm c/c
20 # @ 180 mm c/c

20 # @ 180 mm c/c

X
16 # @ 140mm c/c
Top of Cap
10.00
1800

25 # @ 140 mm c/c

25 # @ 140mm c/c

12 # 3 Legged
Stirrups @ 140
1200 mm Dia Pile

25000
Y

1200

20 # 17 Nos
8 # dia Ring @ 200
mm c/c

####

3500

3500

####
8 # dia Ring @ 200 mm c/c
20 # 17 Nos
Section at Y-Y

8500
20 # @ 180 mm c/c
7000

20 # 8 nos

3500
8500

750
Details of Abutment

1520

10 # 4 Leg @
180 mm c/c

Bridge NO 8
Section @ X-X

DPCL

32 # @ 90 mm c/c

East Coast Railway

Scoot Wilson India Pv. Ltd.