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Lai Vax in: māwh ngai: lai pa hoik tat tix deuh lox kīeh māwh lai Vax yam yūh bang: kum: daux kaung: Moeg nu daux 1990 num khix (1) 15 hoek 25 ngāix.

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Lox voe.

Phuk lai in: māwh lai pa yūh ex son sang chix ka lai Vax ku kaux, yam gau ka lai in: caw tix gau chix mīex mai: kawn: lai voe heue. Daux lai Vax yam kleuk ngai: lai kīeh māwh lox koe: (2) glawk heue.

(1)

Mīex ang: brawm: mai: kawn: ang: brawm:.

(2)

Mīex brawm: mai: kawn: brawm:.

Mīex ang: brawm: mai: kawn: ang: brawm:

Lox tiag

kak,

kat,

pak, sat, mad, kang, pot, kawk,

Mīex brawm: mai: kawn: brawm:

Lox tiag

kluing, griang, kliang:, klia:,

Mīex brawm: koe:(24)mu:

Kr, kl, khr, khl, gr, gl, gh, ngh, dh, nh, pr, pl, phr, phl, br, bl, bh, mh, jh, nyh, yh, rh, lh, vh,

Mīex brawm: loe: mu:

Grh glh.

Kawn: brawm: koe:(10)mu:. Ia, iao, io, iu, iaw, ua, eei, eue, oe, ui,.

Phan: māwh mīex brawm: mai: kawn: brawm: jāh tix shiao daux glawk(1) heue. Can yix pa tiiem phuk lai gau son lai Vax ping nyia cuyi: krax lhak krax lhiao: yix ang: nyiang kub ang: nyiang koe: mai: māwh nang: kaing pa ang:

yix nyiang sax yūh dee kleuk ngai: lai ang: ah dee bleeh grawh grawng lai pa kīeh māwh phuk lai gau ang: ah, plak nie kawn koe: dee lud dee ang:

kub māwh kheu: nin: ex simie mai: rawg mhaing: krax keud krax sawn:

krax teem: krax coi ka can pui koe: krax lhak krax haing: ku kaux daux pui. Dee lud dee ang: khaw: pon tix ne raw ka heue. Num: cub caw ting

Cao: yuh phuk gau lai Vax. 2000 num.

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Mīex lai Vax

K

KH

G

NG

 

T

 

TH

D

N

P

PH

B

M

 

C

 

CH

J

NY

S

SH

Z

Y

 

R

 

L

V

W

 

F

 

H

X

 
 

kawn: lai Vax

 
 

A

 

E

   

IE

 

AW

 

OI

 

AO

 

AU

 

AI

I

 

O

   

U

   

EE

   

EU

   

Mīex kawn: lai pa tiiem ka taix.

O     U     EE     EU     M ī ex kawn:

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Mhai: pa shiao yam tiiem lai.

Simin.

Mhai:

lox

1.

(: )

mhai: voe

2.

(. )

mhai: sidāh lox.

3.

(, )

mhai: laux.

4.

(; )

mhai: laux tix vud.

5.

(“ ’’)

 

mhai: paoh, nyeep.

6.

( ? )

mhai: chawk.

7.

(

!

)

mhai: am:, daox am:.

8.

( ٨ )

 

mh a i: c u d ng a i: lai.

9.

( x )

mhai: lud.

10.

(

)

mhai: caw.

11.

(

)

mhai: awn: lox.

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K- kax daux rawm: nyawm tix ih. Kh- khaox sigang: kied ting pang: G- Gawng

K- kax daux rawm: nyawm tix ih.

K- kax daux rawm: nyawm tix ih. Kh- khaox sigang: kied ting pang: G- Gawng loi

Kh- khaox sigang: kied ting pang:

daux rawm: nyawm tix ih. Kh- khaox sigang: kied ting pang: G- Gawng loi mu:, nu

G- Gawng loi mu:, nu tix haok

NG- Ngai: lai Vax gau tom: chix.

sigang: kied ting pang: G- Gawng loi mu:, nu tix haok NG- Ngai: lai Vax gau

P-Pet pa paing taing daux rawm:.

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Ph- Phix ih kax tax pon yum.

Ph- Phix ih kax tax pon yum.

 

B- Baug pa lawm giex tawm: kaux.

M- Moi lang: rung: cung daux kawg.

M- Moi lang: rung: cung daux kawg.

T-Tai pa raoh kaoh dee mawx.

T-Tai pa raoh kaoh dee mawx.

Th- Thai ma: ceem yeem dee mawx.

Th- Thai ma: ceem yeem dee mawx.

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D- Dak pa awn: sawn: lox leng:.

D- Dak pa awn: sawn: lox leng:.

N- Niex cie yix v ī ex hawt m ā ix.

N- Niex cie yix vīex hawt māix.

C- Cak kak rung: cung daux ngawd.

C- Cak kak rung: cung daux ngawd.

Ch- Chax bang: kum: num: tix dah.

Ch- Chax bang: kum: num: tix dah.

J-Jim: tawk khaox maox vien ox.

J-Jim: tawk khaox maox vien ox.

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NY- Nyiiex yaong: ku tawm: ju tax.

NY- Nyiiex yaong: ku tawm: ju tax.

S- Sang: ting tu kied nu hu:

S- Sang: ting tu kied nu hu:

SH-Shao lox cao: ku kaux ex.

SH-Shao lox cao: ku kaux ex.

Y- Yaong: d ē x gawng tawng pui hun:.

Y- Yaong: dēx gawng tawng pui hun:.

R-Roi ting ngai: nai: y ū h n ē x.

R-Roi ting ngai: nai: yūh nēx.

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L- Law pa lung cung daux dung.

L- Law pa lung cung daux dung.

V-Vaig kawg tax bax pax v ī ex.

V-Vaig kawg tax bax pax vīex.

W- Bwan son: m ī ex lox diex keeing:.

W- Bwan son: mīex lox diex keeing:.

F- Fax ting vaig baig daux ngai:.

F- Fax ting vaig baig daux ngai:.

H-Hak pa im:coh daux laih.

H-Hak pa im:coh daux laih.

X- Ax ah lai phai: chix ex.

X- Ax ah lai phai: chix ex.

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Lawg (4)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: ngai: lai num: lox A (a) K+A= Ka

Kleuk lox

num: j ā h mai: ngai: lai num: lox A (a) K+A= Ka Kleuk lox Nad

Nad

j ā h mai: ngai: lai num: lox A (a) K+A= Ka Kleuk lox Nad lhax

lhax

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

K+a-

ka

Ka, kak, kat, tap, pat, hax Gah, gab, bak, kag

lox. K+a- ka Ka, kak, kat, tap, pat, hax Gah, gab, bak, kag la. (1) La

la.

(1)

La tax Sara ax, bax ax sawg.

(2)

Jāh pa sax, tax ah ka ax.

(3)

Khaox an: lawm kat tawm: ting tix.

(4)

Gaox haoh yaong: yix.

(5)

Nad pex chix tāoh lie?

(6)

Gap khaox ngawm tau, yau an: hoik lāux.

(7)

Caux caong ka rawm:, kawm: taix ka tiex.

(8)

Gah māwh ceu pa ngiiex tix ih.

(9)

Nyiiex yix hoik gōh.

(10) Hax taix nawh ka ngu, nu tix pai:.

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LAWG (5)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox AI (ai) K + AI = KAI

Ngai: lai tat lox,

Kleuk lox

num: lox AI (ai) K + AI = KAI Ngai: lai tat lox, Kleuk lox Daix

Daix

k +

ai = kai

K, T, P, H, X G, D, B, NG, N M Aik, taik, pai, gaig, paig Dai, bai, ngai: nai:, maing, ngaing:

taik, pai, gaig, paig Dai, bai, ngai: nai:, maing, ngaing: sivai tai Ngai: lai pa kab

sivai

pai, gaig, paig Dai, bai, ngai: nai:, maing, ngaing: sivai tai Ngai: lai pa kab m

tai

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Ai rai

vai daix māix.

(2)

Sivai koh ku: ih nēx poh.

(3)

Goh māwh to: sat pa ot daux tiex.

(4)

Giex nad māix tom: kaux.

(5)

Gaig māix pa tix lie?

(6)

Dai: Am: ka hoik cāux ka rawm:.

(7)

Bai taux chu: khaing: aw:, paw kīeh nai:.

(8)

Ngaik nēx moi sang ih aux.

(9)

Nai: gaox ot daux cheu:, kheu: doh nawh.

(10) Maing nie ka dee cūx sium:.

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LAWG (6) Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: ngai: lai num: lox AU (au) K + AU = KAU

lai num: j ā h mai: ngai: lai num: lox AU (au) K + AU =

bau:

k + au

kau, taug , pauk, hau:, aux

gau, daux, baug ngau, nauk, maug,

= kau

, pauk, hau:, aux gau, daux, baug ngau, nauk, maug, = kau yau sikaux Ngai: lai

yau

pauk, hau:, aux gau, daux, baug ngau, nauk, maug, = kau yau sikaux Ngai: lai pa

sikaux

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox

(1)

Daux rawm: dung in: daing: raux.

(2)

Kaux māix pa tix lie?

(3)

Taug mao ka yūh tix kaing.

(4)

Naing son vaig tu.

(5)

Hau: kawg māix hoik doh.

(6)

Poh to: voe sox.

(7)

Toh ngai: phai: yāox māwh pa ting.

(8)

Baug māix kied lawm, nyawm tix paug.

(9)

Im: yum māwh eep sawm: rawm: nyāux.

(10) Cāux caong ex yāox cāux jeeh.

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LAWG (7)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: num: lox AO (ao) K + AO = KAO

Kleuk lox

lai num: j ā h mai: num: lox AO (ao) K + AO = KAO Kleuk

Khaox

k + ao

= kao

Kao, taoh, paox ,hoax Gaox , daux, baoh Ngao, Naog, Maog

kao Kao, taoh, paox ,hoax Gaox , daux, baoh Ngao, Naog, Maog Rao khaox Ngai: lai

Rao khaox

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Rao khaox

haoh ka khaox.

(2)

Kaoh pex khaing: dee mawx.

(3)

Kaog pex tix yūh pa tix tan:.

(4)

Kaong: tiex vīex tawx tin:.

(5)

Gien: taix Ai nap daing: kin: saux.

(6)

Haoh nyāox khaox gīx.

(7)

Kaoh cao cao pa sax hu: daux ma:

(8)

Haoh gaox daux num in:.

(9)

Nawh yāox ka pāox yaong: tix.

(10) Yaog yaw ka pāox ang: yāox cāox.

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LAWG (8) Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox O (o) K + O = KO k + o = ko

kleuk lox

h mai: lai num: lox O (o) K + O = KO k + o =

Ngot

KOK ,OT , PANG:, HON, OX Goh, Doh, Bon:

Ngot, Nong:, Mox.

KOK ,OT , PANG:, HON, OX Goh, Doh, Bon: Ngot, Nong:, Mox. sox. Ngai: lai pa

sox.

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Kok Ai nap haok tin: kin: saux mīex nawh.

(2)

Nyo coh ox sox ih nēx goh.

(3)

Ox tix gawng: ang: chix māwh pang:.

(4)

Coh ex ih nēx poh.

(5)

Ot yaong: pex caong gawng ting.

(6)

Goh cao saux yāog nawh kaoh.

(7)

Ngot in: ang: kaux paw ngawm kah.

(8)

Hon: sum: yix daing: nyawm tix ih.

(9)

Pih nyiiex ot pex ku singāix.

(10) Pong vaig nawh jao nie sawm: tix.

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LAWG (9)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox U (u) K + U = KU

Kleuk lox

k + u

=ku

Ku, kut, puk, hung, ux. Gun Dug, Baug:, Nu

lox k + u =ku Ku, kut, puk, hung, ux. Gun Dug, Baug:, Nu Ngu cak

Ngu

cak

k + u =ku Ku, kut, puk, hung, ux. Gun Dug, Baug:, Nu Ngu cak Ngai:

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Ku: it Tax jiet awn:

(2)

Tud maox an: dud.

(3)

Ngud ngai: Ai nap

(4)

Puk Ai yawn: taix tix

(5)

Hung: nie dee it pex.

(6)

Teh kak khaox an: hoik.

(7)

Gun yeung kaing yūh māix ha.

(8)

Yūh sa tix ka ngu

(9)

Dug ngai: nawh ang: chix yāox.

(10) Bung: ak in: kied cong:.

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LAWG (10) Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox AW(aw) K + AW = KAW k + aw = kaw

Kleuk lox.

Kaw, kawk , kawp, hawt, tawx Gawng ,Daug, bawk Awng, awn:, awm:

kawk , kawp, hawt, tawx Gawng ,Daug, bawk Awng, awn:, awm: Kawk jauhsaw Ngai: lai pa

Kawk

, kawp, hawt, tawx Gawng ,Daug, bawk Awng, awn:, awm: Kawk jauhsaw Ngai: lai pa kab

jauhsaw

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

awn:, awm: Kawk jauhsaw Ngai: lai pa kab m ā wh gum lox. mawg. (1) Paw

mawg.

(1)

Paw tawx saw pa ting ka nawh.

(2)

Aw: Ai nap ang: chix sikah.

(3)

Tawk khaox in: daux tiex tix vud.

(4)

Pawk aux ih lox nawh.

(5)

Aux saux kaing: kawx kawx.

(6)

Yūh pa khaw pa caw ka nawh.

(7)

Bawg yam hu: sawm: hu: sawm: tau.

(8)

Hawx yūh lai, coh aw: pa ngāwh.

(9)

Dawg ot ex tin: tom: ju tax.

(10) Max tawng: kuh yix khawm: ra: mu:.

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LAWG(11)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox OI (oi)

Kleuk lox

ngai: lai num: j ā h mai: lai num: lox OI (oi) Kleuk lox Roi K

Roi

K + OI = KOI

k + oi

= koi

Koi, hoik,

Ngoi , noi, moi, koik, koig.

poi, going, doi, boi,

hoik, Ngoi , noi, moi, koik, koig. poi, going, doi, boi, Boisang: MOI Ngai: lai pa

Boisang:

Ngoi , noi, moi, koik, koig. poi, going, doi, boi, Boisang: MOI Ngai: lai pa kab

MOI

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Koi hu: māix awx.

(2)

Roi haoh daux nyiiex pex.

(3)

Hoik kaing yūh māix lie?

(4)

Ngoi yix naog ka rawm: pon: pung.

(5)

Poi pa yūh pex daing: ting te te.

(6)

Ngoing: maox in: tix ceeix.

(7)

Koik daux tiex, yūh tix ka nawh

(8)

Tawx aux nyāux rawm: ceeix.

(9)

Boi sang: in: kied lang:

(10) Kawm: taix nawh ka giex tix tiex.

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LAWG(12)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox K + I = KI k + I = ki

I (i)

Kleuk lox

h mai: lai num: lox K + I = KI k + I = ki I

Bi:

Ke, tik , pih ,hing, gi, dig, Bi, ngim, in, im, mi.

lox Bi: Ke, tik , pih ,hing, gi, dig, Bi, ngim, in, im, mi. bih jim:

bih

Bi: Ke, tik , pih ,hing, gi, dig, Bi, ngim, in, im, mi. bih jim: Ngai:

jim:

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Ki kaing yūh māix lie?

(2)

Tik māix khaox gix ax dee mawx.

(3)

Teei bih pih nyiiex ot pex ka.

(4)

Bih in māwh bih yix.

(5)

Dig law kawn: lig yum pon: mu:

(6)

Hon: an: daing: lang: to:.

(7)

Hing: in: daing: ting lox.

(8)

Gi khaix ex, tix vud ha.

(9)

Mi nyiiex in: ka sum: tix khaox.

(10) Im: ju jao eep sawm: rawm: nyāux.

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Kleuk lox.

Kleuk lox. Ten: LAWG (13) Pa kab ngai: num: j ā h mai: lai num: lox

Ten:

LAWG (13)

Pa kab ngai: num: jāh mai: lai num: lox E (e) K + E = KE K+ k = ke.

Nge, nēx, mēx.

num: lox E (e) K + E = KE K+ k = ke. Nge, n ē

pang:mēx

Ke ,

Ge, dēx , be

ten, pet , he, ex.

m ē x. pang:m ē x Ke , Ge, d ē x , be ten, pet

pet.

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Niex cie pex, chix tie ka rawm:

(2)

Kie taong: aux, pon sim: tix mu:

(3)

Tieb tie ka son ang: saux vaig.

(4)

Pie ex ka pāox tix ang: doh chix .

(5)

Hieh rawm: kuh daux aw:

(6)

Giex pui pie sau: daux

kawg.

(7)

Bie nad vīex pax nang: lie?

(8)

Mīex aux hu:daux laih.

(9)

Nie gaox pex khaing: yīx lie.?

(10) Die māwh māix pa ih nong: lie.?

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LAWG(14)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox IE (ie) K + IE = KIE k + ie = kie

Kleuk lox.

lai num: lox IE (ie) K + IE = KIE k + ie = kie Kleuk

Niex

num: lox IE (ie) K + IE = KIE k + ie = kie Kleuk lox.

Kiep

Kie , tieb, pie, hieh ,niex Giex, die, bie, Ng īex, nie, mīex

pie, hieh ,niex Giex, die, bie, Ng ī ex, nie, m ī ex M ī ex

Mīex

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

(1)

Ex ce: pex nyiiex yex ka:.

(2)

Ke: sum: yix daing: song:.

(3)

Dong: nyi nap daing: ting.

(4)

Pet moh tix ot daux rawm:

(5)

Keh lig daux kawg yix kawx kawx.

(6)

Ex hu: daux laih ku: kaux.

(7)

Geh moi yīx daing: lang: te te .

(8)

Be Tax ka ax lie?

(9)

Dēx yum nawh jao saux vaig tix.

(10) Mēx sum: nawh kied tie:.

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LAWG(15)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox EE (ee) K + EE = KEE

Kleuk lox.

Een:, kee, tee: , peeb, heet deex Gee, dee, bee, ngeet, neek, meet.

tee: , peeb, heet deex Gee, dee, bee, ngeet, neek, meet. Reeih jeeh Ngai: lai pa

Reeih

, peeb, heet deex Gee, dee, bee, ngeet, neek, meet. Reeih jeeh Ngai: lai pa kab

jeeh

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

neek, meet. Reeih jeeh Ngai: lai pa kab m ā wh gum lox. Pheen: (1) Nawh

Pheen:

(1)

Nawh peeh chee hu: daux ma:

(2)

Een: bau: māix dēx ngot.

(3)

Reeh māwh to: sat pa ot daux rawm:

(4)

Kee lig sipeem nyiiex yix lāux.

(5)

Peeb sim: tai ku: hu: nu tix jawm.

(6)

Pui gāux ka cāox yie yāox pa lud.

(7)

Bee in: ang: nyawm tix ih

(8)

Gee laih ex meung Vax.

(9)

Neek aux ka nyāux tix rawm:

(10) Meet ngu daux ngai aux .

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LAWG (16)

Pa kab ngai: lai num: jāh mai: lai num: lox EU(eu) K + EU = KEU

Kleuk lox.

k + eu

= keu.

Keu , teug, peung ,geu, deuk, b ēuh Ngeu, neung , meung.

Keu , teug, peung ,geu, deuk, b ē uh Ngeu, neung , meung. Reu teug Ngai:

Reu

, teug, peung ,geu, deuk, b ē uh Ngeu, neung , meung. Reu teug Ngai: lai

teug

Ngai: lai pa kab māwh gum lox.

neung , meung. Reu teug Ngai: lai pa kab m ā wh gum lox. Cheu: (1)

Cheu:

(1)

Dēuh reu dēx nyiiex pex.

(2)

Nawh yāox tix geu

kheu: cheu: nawh pa cāox.

(3)

Keu: peung: ka ngu

(4)

Teug aux hoik lāux.

(5)

Peung pex nyiiex mawx lie?

(6)

Bēuh kaing yūh yix daux num in:

(7)

Ngeu law tang: pex nang: lie?

(8)

Deuk gaox sawm: pex mie ding lie?

(9)

Neung to: kaux māix mai: ding: awx.

(10) Geu nawh saux ang: māwh lie.?

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