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# Pendulum Lab

## Name Date Period

Vocabulary 1. pendulum 2. variable 3. cycle 4. period 5. bob 6. experiment 7. controlled experiment 8. standard 9. Two-coordinate plane

10. prediction

1. A mass hanging from a fixed point that is free to swing to and fro. 2. Anything you can change in an experiment that might affect the outcome. 3. Any motion or activity that repeats itself. 4. Bob going back and forth once. 5. Weight of pendulum. 6. Investigation designed to find out how variables affect outcomes.

7. Experiment where one variable is changed and the outcome is compared to standard. 8. The original. 9. Shows the outcome of a series of experiments when a variable is changed by steps. 10. An estimate based on information or experience. Two-coordinate graphs are useful for predicting.

What scientists do. Page 1-3 1. A scientist is a person who _____ _____. 2._______ ________ is the process of finding answers to scientific questions. 3.List the steps to the scientific method. 4.Scientist use __________ to make observations, conduct experiments, and organize data. Some examples of those instruments are________,______, and ______________.

5.Scientists make the results of experiments known by publishing articles in ____________ _________. Scientific Inquiry (method) State a problem. Research it. Form a hypothesis. Perform experiment. Collect and interpret data. Repeat experiment.

Part 1 Define Vocabulary word #1. Instruction worksheet: Build a swinger or pendulum. Glue in instruction sheet. Build swinger or pendulum. Copy questions and answer: 1. How many times do you think your swinger will swing in 15 seconds? 2. How can you find out? We will try it but we must define drop and swing.

Drop Swing Define vocabulary 2-4 Now do it. 1st try______ 2nd try______ 3rd try______ What could you do to your swinger to change the number of swings in 15 seconds?

## These are examples of manipulated variables.

Part 2 What were the 3 different variables that might affect the number of swings in 15 sec.?

## Which variables made no difference in the number of swings?

Which variable made a difference? Length Swings 13cm ________ 18cm ________ 25cm ________ 45cm ________ 70cm ________ 90cm_________ 170cm________ Answer the questions below: The longer the pendulum, the _____ the swings. The shorter the pendulum , the _____ the

swings. The greater the number of swings, the ______ the pendulum. The fewer the number of swings the ______ the pendulum. Make a concrete graph on the wall. Make picture graph on worksheet. What is the relationship between the number of swings of the pendulum and the length of the string?

Part 3 Define vocabulary word #9. Make a two-coordinate graph of the information.

## What are the three types of graphs you have illustrated?

Read Swinging through History p.8-9. Copy and answer 1-5. 1) Who was the first person to think a pendulum could be used as a timekeeper? 2) Who was the first person to build such a timekeeper? 3) Where are likely to see a pendulum working? 4) What variable affects the number of swings in a given amount of time? 5) What is a controlled experiment? How do such experiments help scientists learn something new? Take test 1-10