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Civilizations of Early India

Buddhism
Seat work

Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 220-227 with your row group.

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Civilizations of Early India

Buddhism
What was the name of the man known as the Buddha? Siddhartha Gautama What is the name of the state of perfect wisdom he was seeking? Nirvana What is the goal of someone who follows the Eightfold Path? Enlightenment

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Define in your own words the idea of enlightenment. Do you know anyone who is enlightened?

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Key Ideas
The Buddha gave up a life of luxury to seek the truth and eventually found enlightenment. Buddhists believe the root of suffering is desire and that, by following an eight-step path, they can end suffering and desire. Buddhism spread across Asia and had an impact on other parts of the world.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Key Terms
meditateto calm or clear the mind, often by focusing on a single object
enlightenmenta state of perfect wisdom

nirvanaa state of blissful peace without desire or suffering


monasteryreligious community Theravada Buddhismsect that focuses on the wisdom of the Buddha Mahayana Buddhismsect that focuses on the compassion of the Buddha

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

The Life of the Buddha


In the 400s B.C., the religion of Buddhism arose in India.

It began with Siddhartha Gautama, a Hindu prince raised in wealth and luxury.
The story of his life comes mainly from teachings of the Buddha memorized by his followers, and legends.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

According to legend, what four sights opened Siddharthas eyes to the world?
Four Sights of Siddhartha

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

The Life of the Buddha


Siddhartha set out to find the truth about life, suffering, and death.

After meditating for 49 days and nights, he achieved enlightenment and became the Buddha.
For the next 45 years, the Buddha traveled across India sharing his message.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Buddhist Beliefs
Buddhism differs from Hinduism in that it does not believe in any god or the idea of a permanent soul.

It also does not accept the caste system.


The Buddha believed in following the Middle Way to stop suffering caused by selfish desires and to escape the cycle of reincarnation.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Buddhist Beliefs
What is the Middle Way?

What are the Four Noble Truths?

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

Buddhist Beliefs
The Eightfold Path was another of the Buddhas insights.

These eight steps require wisdom, good behavior and thoughts, and meditation.
Following the Eightfold Path results in nirvana and freedom from reincarnation.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

The Spread of Buddhism


The Buddhas followers memorized his teachings. Many lived in monasteries or became missionaries and spread Buddhism throughout Asia. From China, Buddhism spread to Korea and Japan, and later arrived in Tibet.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

The Spread of Buddhism


As Buddhism spread, its followers split into two major sects, or branches.

The Theravada Buddhism sect focuses on the Buddhas wisdom, enlightenment, and entry into nirvana. The Mahayana Buddhism sect focuses on the Buddhas compassion and return from nirvana to share his wisdom.

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

The Spread of Buddhism


Where did the Buddhas most devoted followers live?

What did they do there?


Who are Bodhisattvas?

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Civilizations of Early India Buddhism

How are Buddhism and Hinduism different? How are they similar?

Buddhism

Shared

Hinduism

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