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G EO M ETR IC D IM EN S IO N IN G

FAC TS TO R EMEMB ER S Y M B O L S , R U L E S , A N D G U ID E L IN E S FAC TS TO R EMEMB ER


FUNC TOLER
M - MMC - MAXIMUM MATER IAL C ONDITION: TYPE S YMB OL AS S HOW N TOLER ANC E MMC LMC DATUM FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME:
G AG E ZONE
THAT C ONDITION W HER E A FEATUR E OF ON DR AW ING ZONE OR R FS US ED .005 M A B
US ED TYPE C
S IZE C ONTAINS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
MATER IAL W ITHIN THE S TATED LIMITS .500 .005 TW O PAR ALLEL MOR L
OF S IZE. EXAMPLE: MINIMUM HOLE S IZE YES TER TIAR Y DATUM
.004 LINES .004 C AN A
AND MAXIMUM S HAFT S IZE. IF (ONE POINT MIN)
APAR T APPLY NO M H
TO A S EC ONDAR Y DATUM
S TR AIG HTNES S IS J
L - LMC - LEAS T MATER IAL C ONDITION: FEATUR E (TW O POINTS MIN)
S TATED
THAT C ONDITION W HER E A FEATUR E OF OF S IZE. PR IMAR Y DATUM
S IZE C ONTAINS THE LEAS T AMOUNT OF (THR EE POINTS MIN)
MATER IAL W ITHIN THE S TATED LIMITS .500 .005 TW O PAR ALLEL
MODIFIER FOR THE
OF S IZE. EXAMPLE: MAXIMUM HOLE S IZE .004 PLANES , .004
DOES S TATED TOLER ANC E
AND MINIMUM S HAFT S IZE. APAR T
NOT NO NO D S TATED TOLER ANC E
FLATNES S APPLY
R FS - R EG AR DLES S OF FEATUR E S IZE: DIAMETER S YMB OL (C YLINDR IC AL
FOR M
THIS IS THE DEFAULT C ONDITION FOR ALL TOLER ANC E ZONE)
G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES . NO B ONUS G EOMETR IC C HAR AC TER IS TIC S YMB OL
TOLER ANC ES AR E ALLOW ED. FUNC TIONAL .500 .005 TW O C ONC ENÐ
G AG ES MAY NOT B E US ED. TR IC C IR C LES
.004 .004 APAR T DOES
B AS IC S ENTENC E S TR UC TUR E: W HEN
NOT NO NO B
US ING THE ENG LIS H LANG UAG E TO S AY
P - PR OJ EC TED TOLER ANC E ZONE: W HEN APPLY
C IR C ULAR ITY W HAT IS IN THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME.
THE S YMB OL IS S HOW N, IT MEANS THE
YOU MAY US E THE FOLLOW ING C ONNEC TING
S TATED TOLER ANC E ZONE IS EXTENDED
W OR DS :
B EYOND THE S UR FAC E OF THE PAR T, NOT TW O C ONC ENÐ
W ITHIN THE PAR T. .500 .005
TR IC C YLINDER S .005 M A B C
.004 .004 APAR T DOES
ST - S TATIS TIC AL TOLER ANC E: A NOT NO NO E W ITHIN R ELATIV E TO
TOLER ANC E FOR A PAR T OF AN APPLY
C YLINDR IC ITY
AS S EMB LY B AS ED ON THE R ES ULTS FR OM EXAMPLE: THE POS ITION OF THE
A S TATIS TIC AL C ALC ULATION. THE DES IR ED FEATUR E AXIS MUS T B E WITHIN A .005
R ES ULT IS LAR G ER TOLER ANC ES . TOLER ANC E ZONE AT MMC RELATIVE TO
TW O PAR ALLEL MOR L A
.004 A YES DATUM FEATUR ES A, B , AND C .
PLANES .004 C AN D
F - FR EE S TATE: THIS S YMB OL INDIC ATES IF
APAR T APPLY
THE PAR TS MUS T NOT B E R ES TR IC TED YES M G B ONUS TOLER ANC E: W HEN MMC IS
A TO A
DUR ING INS PEC TION. A IS H S HOW N MODIFYING A PAR TIC ULAR
PAR ALLELIS M FEATUR E
S TATED TOLER ANC E, THE S TATED TOLER ANC E
OF S IZE. J
- DATUM S YMB OL: THIS S YMB OL IS APPLIES ONLY W HEN THE FEATUR E B EING
A
OR IENTATION

ATTAC HED TO A PLANE OR S IZE TW O PAR ALÐ A C ONTR OLLED IS AT MMC . THE B ONUS IS
.004 A MOR L YES THE DIFFER ENC E B ETW EEN THE AC TUAL S IZE
FEATUR E THAT MUS T B E C ONTAC TED LEL PLANES
C AN IF D AND THE MMC S IZE AND MAY B E ADDED
FOR MAC HINING AND INS PEC TION. .004 APAR T
APPLY YES M G DIR EC TLY TO THE OR IG INAL TOLER ANC E.
A TO A
PER PENÐ A IS
- B AS IC DIMENS ION: THES E FEATUR E H EXAMPLE:
DIC ULAR ITY S TATED
DIMENS IONS HAV E NO TOLER ANC E. 90û OF S IZE. J AC TUAL .503
.500 .507
THEY ONLY LOC ATE A TOLER ANC E ZONE. MMC .500
TW O PAR ALLEL A .005 M A
.004 A MOR L YES
PLANES .004 B ONUS .003
- DIAMETER S YMB OL: THIS S YMB OL C AN IF D
APAR T
R EPLAC ES THE W OR D "DIAMETER ." IT 15û APPLY YES M G AT MMC THE HOLE MUS T B E POS ITIONED
15û TO A
S HOULD B E US ED ANYW HER E THER E IS A A A IS W ITHIN A C YLINDR IC AL TOLER ANC E ZONE OF
ANG ULAR ITY FEATUR E H
DIAMETER ON THE DR AW ING , AND W HEN S TATED .005 DIAMETER . AS THE EXAMPLE S HOW S ,
A TOLER ANC E ZONE IS C YLINDR IC AL. OF S IZE. J THE HOLE HAS DEPAR TED FR OM MMC B Y
.003. THE .003 B ONUS TOLER ANC E MAY
.004 TW O LINES NOW B E ADDED TO THE OR IG INAL .005
TOLER ANC E ZONES : ALL TOLER ANC E
.004 APAR T MAY B E ZONE FOR A TOTAL OF .008 TOLER ANC E.
ZONES S HOW N IN THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL DOES
ALONG TR UE US ED
FR AME AR E TOTAL. EXAMPLE: FLATNES S NOT NO C
PR OFILE OR
W ITHIN .004 MEANS THAT TW O PAR ALLEL PR OFILE APPLY FUNC TIONAL G AG ES : DEV IC ES THAT
MAY NOT
PR OFILE

PLANES NO MOR E THAN .004 APAR T OF A LINE MEAS UR E THE C OLLEC TIV E EFFEC TS OF S IZE
DEFINE THE TOLER ANC E ZONE. AND G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES AT THE S AME
TIME. IT R EPR ES ENTS A S IMULATED
.004 A TW O PLANES MATING C ONDITION.
- DATUM TAR G ETS : US ED TO LOC ATE .004 APAR T MAY B E D
S PEC IFIC POINTS , LINES , OR AR EAS DOES
A1 ALONG TR UE US ED
ON PAR TS US ED FOR S UPPOR T FOR PR OFILE NOT NO E B ONUS TOLER ANC ES AND FUNC TIONAL
PR OFILE OR
MAC HINING AND INS PEC TION C OMMONLY OF A A A APPLY F G AG ES : DIR EC TLY APPLIC AB LE TO ANY
MAY NOT
US ED ON R IG ID PAR TS LIK E C AS TING S AND S UR FAC E G EOMETR IC C HAR AC TER IS TIC THAT IS
FOR G ING S AND NON-R IG ID PAR TS MADE MODIFIED B Y M .
FR OM PLAS TIC , R UB B ER , OR S HEET METAL.
.004 A C ONC ENTR IC
A C IR C LES S HIFT: AS A DATUM FEATUR E OF S IZE,
A
DATUM R EFER ENC E FR AME: (THR EE PLANE .004 APAR T R FS THAT IS G EOMETR IC ALLY C ONTR OLLED,
C ONC EPT). THE C ONC EPT OF US ING YES NO B DEPAR TS FR OM MMC , ADDITIONAL
C IR C ULAR ALW AYS
MUTUALLY PER PENDIC ULAR FEATUR ES OF A TOLER ANC E MAY B E C ONS IDER ED FOR THE
R UNOUT

PAR T TO C ONTR OL ITS FR EE MOV EMENT IN R UNOUT C ONTR OLLED FEATUR ES . THIS ADDITIONAL
S PAC E (DEG R EES OF FR EEDOM). S EE DATUM TOLER ANC E DOES NOT ADD DIR EC TLY TO
S YMB OL AND DATUM TAR G ETS . TW O C ONC ENTR IC THE OR IG INAL TOLER ANC E B UT MUS T B E
.004 A APPLIED TO THE PATTER N OF FEATUR ES AS A
A C YLINDER S A
.004 APAR T G R OUP. IT IS C ONS IDER ED A TOLER ANC E
R FS
YES NO E THAT ALLOW S THE C ONTR OLLED FEATUR ES
ALW AYS
TOTAL TO S HIFT AS A G R OUP.
R UNOUT
V IR TUAL C ONDITION: THE C OLLEC TIV E
.250 .004 EFFEC T OF S IZE AND G EOMETR IC
.022 ZONE TOLER ANC ES THAT MUS T B E C ONS IDER ED
.014 M A B C AT LMC IN DETER MINING THE FIT OR C LEAR ANC E
B MOR L B ETW EEN MATING PAR TS OR FEATUR ES .
FR EE MOV EMENT .014 ZONE YES
C AN G
R ES TR IC TED MOV EMENT AT MMC IF TO C ALC ULATE V IR TUAL C ONDITION:
.380 APPLY
YES M H
TO A EXTER NAL FEATUR ES :
LIMITS OF S IZE R ULE: W HER E ONLY A IS
POS ITION .620 FEATUR E J MMC S IZE + TOLER ANC E OF FOR M,
S IZE DIMENS ION IS G IV EN. a) THE S IZE S TATED
OF S IZE. OR IENTATION, OR LOC ATION
DIMENS IONS AT ANY C R OS S S EC TION MUS T C
A .620 .380
B E W ITHIN THE S IZE TOLER ANC E. b) THE INTER NAL FEATUR ES :
S UR FAC E(S ) S HALL NOT EXTEND B EYOND TR UE C ENTER MMC S IZE Ð TOLER ANC E OF FOR M,
THE PER FEC T FOR M DEFINED B Y THE MMC OR IENTATION, OR LOC ATION
S IZE. c) THE FOR M MAY V AR Y W ITHIN AN
ENV ELOPE B ETW EEN THE MMC AND LMC . .004 AR OUND A V IR TUAL C ONDITION W ILL EXIS T ONLY FOR
LOC ATION

.004 A DATUM AXIS TOLER ANC ES THAT C ONTR OL S IZE FEATUR ES .


A
G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC E R ULE: G EOMETR IC R FS
TOLER ANC ES AR E UNDER S TOOD TO B E YES NO J * THIS C OLUMN INDIC ATES POS S IB LE
ALW AYS
C ONC ENÐ TOLER ANC E ZONES THAT MAY B E US ED W ITH
APPLIED R FS . IF MMC OR LMC IS
R EQUIR ED, IT MUS T B E PLAC ED IN THE TR IC ITY THE V AR IOUS C ONTR OLS . THE DIFFER ENT
FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME. S EE MMC , LMC , A TOLER ANC E ZONES AR E S HOW N ALONG THE
OR R FS C OLUMN. B OTTOM OF THIS C HAR T.

A A
PITC H DIAMETER R ULE: TOLER ANC ES THIS C HAR T IS PR OV IDED FOR
THAT APPLY TO S C R EW THR EADS APPLY TO INFOR MATIONAL PUR POS ES ONLY.
THE AXIS OF THE THR EAD DER IV ED FR OM THE INFOR MATION IS B AS ED UPON
THE PITC H C YLINDER . IF ANOTHER PAR T OF R FS G AS ME Y14.5M - 1994.
THR EAD IS TO B E US ED TO DER IV E THE YES NO
ALW AYS H
AXIS , IT MUS T B E S TATED B ENEATH THE S YMMETR Y G ENIUM PUB LIS HING C OR P.
FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME. ANY OTHER .004 EQUALLY ONE G ENIUM PLAZA
FEATUR E THAT HAS A PITC H DIAMETER MUS T .004 A S C HENEC TADY, NY 12304
DIS POS ED FR OM
HAV E THE DATUM FEATUR E S TATED. C ENTER PLANE (518) 377-8854

A PAR ALLEL LINES B PAR ALLEL LINES C PAR ALLEL LINES D PAR ALLEL PLANES E PAR ALLEL PLANES F PAR ALLEL PLANES G PAR ALLEL PLANES H PAR ALLEL PLANES J C YLINDER ZONE
G EO M ETR IC D IM EN S IO N IN G & TO LER AN C IN G
OR IENTATION TOLER ANC ES R UNOUT LOC ATION TOLER ANC ES
.002 S M N .266 F
.750 .005 A
1.500 .005 V .005 V .003 M N .008 M A B C
K .003 K -L .005 M F M
L
S
FOR C OAXIAL FEATUR ES ON PAR TS THAT DO
PER PENDIC ULAR ITY OF ONE S UR FAC E TO PER PENDIC ULAR ITY OF A FEATUR E OF S IZE TO A NOT R OTATE, US E POS ITION. US E MAXIMUM
ANOTHER , US E ONLY W HEN THE IMPLIED 90û PLANE S UR FAC E. THIS IS US UALLY US ED AS A .003 K -L C LEAR ANC E HOLES : US E POS ITION AT MAXIMUM
.002 M N MATER IAL C ONDITION IF THE PAR T FITS W ITH
ANG LE R ULE (THE TOLER ANC E OF AN R EFINEMENT OF A POS ITIONAL TOLER ANC E. MATER IAL C ONDITION.
C LEAR ANC E. US E R EG AR DLES S OF FEATUR E
UNDIMENS IONED 90ûANG LE IS C ONTR OLLED B Y TW O S UR FAC ES US ED T0 ES TAB LIS H A S IZE IF THE PAR T FITS LINE TO LINE OR W ITH
A FAC E AND AN AXIS US ED TO ES TAB LIS HED
THE TITLE B LOC K TOLER ANC E) W ILL NOT PR OV IDE S ING LE DATUM AXIS . INTER FER ENC E.
A DATUM AXIS .
THE R EQUIR ED C ONTR OL.
.500 Ð 13UNC Ð 2B
B
US E R UNOUT ON ALL R OTATING PAR TS EXC EPT W HER E C ONC ENTR IC ITY IS APPR OPR IATE. US E .008 P .250 B C D
R UNOUT ON S HAFTS THAT R OTATE S LOW LY (B ELOW THE FIR S T C R ITIC AL S PEED) AND ON S HAFTS THAT
AR E INHER ENTLY OUT OF B ALANC E (THOS E W ITH FLATS OR K EY W AYS OR W HIC H HAV E PULLEYS , G EAR S
W .500 .005 G
OR OTHER S IMILAR PAR TS FAS TENED TO THEM W ITH S ET S C R EW S ). US E C IR C ULAR R UNOUT TO C ONTR OL
.005 T .005 W INDIV IDUAL ELEMENTS OF FEATUR ES AND TOTAL R UNOUT TO C ONTR OL C OMPLETE S UR FAC ES . .005 M G M
T R UNOUT IS A C OMPOS ITE TOLER ANC E AND, DEPENDING ON HOW IT IS US ED, C AN C ONTR OL FLATNES S ,
1.000 .005 S TR AIG HTNES S , R OUNDNES S , C YLINDR IC ITY AND POS ITION. THR EADED HOLES : US E POS ITION R EG AR DLES S
OF FEATUR E S IZE W ITH A PR OJ EC TED TOLER ANC E
PAR ALLELIS M OF ONE S UR FAC E TO ANOTHER . PAR ALLELIS M OF A HOLE TO A PLANE S UR FAC E. ZONE. S LOTS , TAB S , K EY W AYS AND S IMILAR
US E W HEN R ULE 1 W ILL NOT PR OV IDE THE C ONS IDER US ING A S EC ONDAR Y DATUM. THIS IS R ULE ONE FEATUR ES : US E POS ITION. US E MAXIMUM
MATER IAL C ONDITION IF THE PAR T FITS W ITH
DES IR ED C ONTR OL. US UALLY US ED AS A R EFINEMENT OF A
POS ITIONAL TOLER ANC E. C LEAR ANC E. US E R EG AR DLES S OF FEATUR E S IZE
.4998 IF THE PAR T FITS LINE TO LINE OR W ITH
1.000 .005 .4990
C INTER FER ENC E.
.500 .005 .008 P .250 C D E
FOR M TOLER ANC ES : US E FOR M TOLER ANC ES W HEN "R ULE 1" (THE LIMITS OF S IZE OF A FEATUR E
.003 U .375 C ONTR OLS V AR IATIONS IN G EOMETR IC FOR M AS W ELL AS V AR IATIONS IN S IZE) W ILL NOT PR OV IDE THE
.005 X R EQUIR ED C ONTR OL.
U
H
X THE DIMENS IONS AND TOLER ANC ES S HOW N HER E C ONTR OL THE S IZE OF THE PAR TS AND, W ITHIN HOLES FOR A PR ES S FIT: US E POS ITION
60û THES E LIMITS , THEIR G EOMETR Y. THE TOP AND B OTTOM S UR FAC ES OF THE B LOC K MUS T B E FLAT AND R EG AR DLES S OF FEATUR E S IZE W ITH A .001 H
30û PAR ALLEL TO EAC H OTHER W ITHIN THE LIMITS OF S IZE. THE R OD MUS T B E S TR AIG HT AND C YLINDR IC AL PR OJ EC TED TOLER ANC E ZONE.
W ITHIN THE LIMITS OF S IZE. FOR M TOLER ANC ES , UNLES S OTHER W IS E NOTED, AR E US ED TO TIG HTEN THE
ANG ULAR ITY OF ONE S UR FAC E TO ANOTHER . ANG ULAR ITY OF OF A HOLE TO A PLANE C ONTR OL PR OV IDED B Y R ULE 1.
US E FOR ALL ANG ULAR S UR FAC ES W HER E A S UR FAC E. C ONS IDER US ING A S EC ONDAR Y C OAXIAL FEATUR ES ON R OTATING PAR TS : US E
W EDG E S HAPED TOLER ANC E ZONE IS NOT DATUM. THIS IS US UALLY US ED AS A R EFINEMENT .006 C ONC ENTR IC ITY ON PAR TS THAT R OTATE AT HIG H
.266 .000
APPR OPR IATE. OF POS ITION.
PR OFILE TOLER ANC ES D
.001 L P 1.000 D E F
S PEED AND W HER E V IB R ATION MAY B E A
PR OB LEM. (NOTE: C ONC ENTR IC ITY IS AN AXIS TO
AXIS R ELATIONS HIP AND IS DIFFIC ULT AND
THER EFOR E EXPENS IV E TO INS PEC T. C ONS IDER
FOR M TOLER ANC ES .002
US ING R UNOUT.)
.002 .002 .004 P HOLES FOR S PR ING PINS : US E POS ITION
AT LEAS T MATER IAL C ONDITION W ITH A
PR OFILE OF A C ONE. IN THIS EXAMPLE THE PR OJ EC TED TOLER ANC E ZONE.
.500 .005 .500 .005 C ONTOL IS S IMILAR TO C YLINDR IC ITY OF A J
C YLINDER . THE TOLER ANC E ZONE IS INS IDE THE
R OUNDNES S (C IR C ULAR ITY) OF A S UR FAC E. C YLINDR IC ITY OF A S UR FAC E. B AS IC PR OFILE. .001 J
.006
.266 .000
P
.005 E .001 L E L
A A B S YMMETR IC AL FEATUR ES : US E S YMMETR Y FOR
B NON C OAXIAL PAR TS W HER E B ALANC E IS
PR OFILE APPLIED TO A C AM. THE TOLER ANC E
.002 IMPOR TANT. (NOTE: EXC EPT FOR THE S HAPE OF
APPLIES ALL AR OUND.
.500 .005 THE PAR T S YMMETR Y AND C ONC ENTR IC ITY AR E
IDENTIC AL, AND THE C AUTION EXPR ES S ED FOR
.500 .005 .002 M
PR OFILE B ETW EEN TW O POINTS . W HER E W ALL THIC K NES S IS C R ITIC AL US E C ONC ENTR IC ITY APPLIES HER E AS W ELL.
POS ITION AT LEAS T MATER IAL C ONDITION. C ONS IDER US ING POS ITION.)
S TR AIG HTNES S OF A C YLINDR IC AL S UR FAC E. S TR AIG HTNES S OF AN AXIS AT MAXIMUM
MATER IAL C ONDITION. THIS PAR T MAY G O .002 R .003
B EYOND THE B OUNDAR Y DEFINED B Y R ULE 1. .005
2 S UR FAC ES R
2 S UR FAC ES C HOOS E DATUMS B AS ED ON THE FUNC TION OF THE PAR T. THE DATUMS S HOW N HER E AR E
S UG G ES TIONS ONLY. US E MAXIMUM MATER IAL C ONDITION FOR ALL DATUM FEATUR ES OF S IZE THAT
HAV E C LEAR ANC E IN THE C OMPLETED AS S EMB LY.
PR OFILE US ED TO C ONTR OL C OPLANAR ITY. PR OFILE OF A LINE.
.002 .002 THIS C HAR T IS PR OV IDED FOR
INFOR MATIONAL PUR POS ES ONLY. © 1997 G ENIUM PUB LIS HING
PR OFILE TOLER ANC ES : THE TOLER ANC E ZONE IS EV ENLY DIS TR IB UTED ON B OTH S IDES OF THE B AS IC THE INFOR MATION IS B AS ED UPON C OR POR ATION
1.000 .005 1.000 .005 ONE G ENIUM PLAZA
PR OFILE UNLES S ITS LOC ATION IS S HOW N B Y A PHANTOM LINE ON THE DR AW ING . PR OFILE, W HEN US ED AS ME Y14.5M - 1994.
W ITH A DATUM, AC TS AS AN OR IENATION TOLER ANC E. W HEN US ED W ITHOUT A DATUM IT AC TS AS A C HAR T DES IG N B Y PR OF. W ALTER A. R YAN, S C HENEC TADY, NY 12304
FLATNES S OF A S UR FAC E. S TR AIG HTNES S OF A FLAT S UR FAC E. FOR M TOLER ANC E. FEATUR ES DEFINED B Y PR OFILE AR E DEFINED B Y B AS IC DEMENS IONS . NEW HAMPS HIR E TEC HNIC AL C OLLEG E (518) 377-8854