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com/Mandarin

N ho Lesson 2 on Basic Mandarin!


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Revision - Tones

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Revision-Vocabulary

English Mother Hemp Horse Scold

Mandarin M M M M

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Lesson objectives

Hello in Mandarin

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Whats in store today?

Now that we have learnt the basic tones and their differences, let us see how tones work when used in actual conversation! Let's learn to say 'Hello' in Mandarin!

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Saying hello!

In Mandarin, 'Hello' literally translates to 'you good'

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Vocabulary

English You (singular, informal) Good

Mandarin N Ho

Type Pronoun Adjective

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Saying hello!
So let's try again: You = N (male/ female) Good = Ho 'N ho' literally means 'You good' and is used to say 'Hello'
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Tonal tip

You = N It is pronounced using a falling rising tone (3rd)

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Tonal tip

Let's try and say N It is said with a falling rising tone - also known as the third tone, N

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Tonal tip

Good = Ho Just like N, Ho is also said with a falling rising tone (3rd)

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Greetings

Hello

N h o

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Grammar tip!

Note that, whenever we have two third tones, the first third tone is pronounced as a second tone For example in 'N ho', ' N ' is pronounced using the second tone!

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So remember!

You = N Good = Ho N ho literally means 'You good'

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Culturally speaking
'N ho' is the most common form of greeting in China It can be used at any time of day when meeting people for the first time or for people you already know The response to this greeting form is also 'N ho'

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Let's see if you remember

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Pick the right option

What is the correct tone of 'you' in 'you good'?

1
N

2
N

3
N

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Solution

What is the correct tone of 'you' in 'you good'?

1
N

2
N

3
N

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So remember!

You = N is pronounced using a falling rising tone (3rd)

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Pick the right option

How do we say 'good' in Mandarin?

1
Ho

2
Ho

3
H o

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Solution

How do we say 'good' in Mandarin?

1
Ho

2
Ho

3
H o

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Let's practice!

Mark and Lisa are friends, they meet at a coffee shop Mark : N ho Lisa : N ho

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Culturally speaking

When addressing an elder or greeting someone formally, we use Nn' in place of 'N' You (respectful) = Nn

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Try yourself

Can you identify the tone that You (respectful) = Nn carries?

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Solution

You (respectful) = Nn It is pronounced with a mid rising tone (2nd)

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Tonal tips

Let's try and say Nn It is said with a mid rising tone - also known as the second tone, Nn

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Greetings

Hello (formal / respectful)

Nn h o

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Tonal tips

Let's try and say Nn ho

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Do you remember?

'Nn' is used is used in conversations with elders (Grandparents, parents etc) or to show respect to bosses etc... Nn ho = Hello (formal) = You (formal) good

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Pick the right option

While saying hello to your grand mom, 'nin' takes which tone?

1
Nn ho

2
Nn ho

3
Nn ho

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Solution

While saying hello to your grand mom, 'nin' takes which tone?

1
Nn ho

2
Nn ho

3
Nn ho

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Pick the right option

Hello (talking to your younger cousin)

1
N ho

2
Nn hao

3
N ho

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Solution

Hello (talking to your younger cousin)

1
N ho

2
Nn hao

3
N ho

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So remember!

English Hello (informal) Hello (formal)

Mandarin N h o Nn h o

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Pick the right option

Which tone may be described as falling rising?

1
Ni

2
N

3
N

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Solution

Which tone may be described as falling rising?

1
Ni

2
N

3
N

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Let's revise!

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Revision-Vocabulary

English You (informal You (formal) Good

Mandarin N Nn Ho

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Culture Leaf

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Culture leaf
Feng shui literally translates as wind-water in English and is the amalgamation of many ancient Chinese beliefs The aim of feng shui is to bring various water bodies and land configurations into complete harmony, so as to direct the flow or qi or vital energy

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Culture leaf

Benefits of good feng shui encompass health and longevity, prosperity, fecundity and general happiness The benefits of it are also believed to extend to ones descendants!

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Culture Leaf

A magnetic compass was invented for Feng shui and is used ever since

Many of the higher-level forms of feng shui involve altering architecture or design, however,less expensive forms of feng shui, including hanging special mirrors, or forks are also used to deflect negative energy

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What's next?

In the next lesson, we will learn more basic greetings such as 'How are you', 'I'm good' etc!

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Credits
Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_shui Images http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons /6/6e/La-chinatown-spiral.jpg Buchanan hermit

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See you at the Alley!


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