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1. Use the figure at the right.

How can you prove that


GMH TMS? Justify each step.

RP

Given: M is the midpoint of HS and GT .


Prove: GMH TMS
1) M is the midpoint of HS and GT .

1) _______________________________________

2) GM TM

2) _______________________________________

3) HM SM

3) _______________________________________

4) GMH TMS

4) _______________________________________

5) GMH TMS

5) _______________________________________

2. Use the figure at the right. How can you prove that GHI JHI?

Justify each step.


Given: H is the midpoint of GJ .
Prove: GHI JHI
1) H is the midpoint of GJ .
2) GH JH
3) HI HI
4) GI JI
5) GHI JHI

1)
___________________________________________
2)
___________________________________________
3)
___________________________________________
4)
___________________________________________
5)
___________________________________________

ANSWERS

OO
O

Study this example then complete the proof below in the same way.
Given: The figure at the right
Prove:

Explain

Work

First, list the information that is given


directly in the diagram.
Second, use the fact that all right
angles are congruent to each other.

Justify

BQ YQ

A and X
are right .

Given

A X

All right angles


are congruent.

Next, use the fact that vertical angles are


congruent.

AQB XQY

Vertical
Angles

Finally, determine which theorem can be


used to prove the triangles congruent using
the information listed above.

ABQ XYQ

Angle-Angle-Side
(AAS) Theorem

Given: The figure at the right


Prove:

Explain

Work
HJ || KL
HL || KJ

HJL KLJ
HLJ KJL
JL LJ

HJL KLJ

Justify

ANSWER:

AND

SF

There are two sets of note cards below that show how to prove
BD is the perpendicular bisector of AE . The set on the left has the
statements and the set on the right has the reasons. Write the
statements and the reasons in the correct order.
Statements

Statements

ANSWER

Reasons

Reasons

The column on the left shows the steps used to prove that AB ED . Use the
column on the left to answer each question in the column on the right
in Right Triangles

Given: C is the
midpoint of AE
and BD
Prove: AB ED

1. What is the definition of the midpoint of


a line segment?
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________

1) C is the midpoint of AB || DE and BD ;


AB || DE ; mB = 90

Given
2) AC EC ; BC DC
Definition of midpoint

2. How do you know that AB || DE and


mB = 90?
________________________________
_
3. What does the symbol between
two line segments mean?
________________________________

3) B = D
Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
4) B and D are right angles.
Definition of a right angle
5) ABC EDC
Hypotenuse-Leg (HL) Postulate

4. What does the word interior mean?

________________________________
5. What is the measure of D?

_________________________________
6. What information is necessary to

apply the HL Postulate?


________________________________
________________________________
________________________________

6) AB ED
Corresponding parts of congruent
triangles are congruent.

7. What are the corresponding angles

and sides for ABC and EDC?


________________________________
________________________________
________________________________

ANC

ANSWER

A student wanted to prove EB DB given


AED CDE and AE CD . She wrote the
statements and reasons on note cards, but they
got mixed up.

Use the note cards to write the steps in order.


1. First, _____________________________________________________________
2. Second, ___________________________________________________________
3. Third, _____________________________________________________________
4. Next, _____________________________________________________________
5. Then, _____________________________________________________________
6. Then, _____________________________________________________________
7. Finally, ____________________________________________________________

UH

ANSWER

In each of the following three problems, the student made at least one
error. Find the error and write the solution correctly.

TR

ANSWER