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Test Chapter 5 1. Consider the function y = 2(x + 4)2 + 7.

State whether the parabola opens upward or downward and write down the axis of symmetry and the vertex of its graph. (3 marks) 2. The figure below shows the graph of a quadratic function y = (x 2)2 9. Find the intercepts and the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of the quadratic function.

(6 marks) 3. Find the maximum or minimum value and the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of each of the following quadratic functions. (a) y = 2x2 40x + 6 (b) y = 5x2 + 30x + 7 4. In the figure below, the graph of the function y = x2 6x + h passes through the point (4 , 3). (6 marks)

(a) Find the value of h and write down the y-intercept of the graph. (b) Find the x-intercepts of the graph. (7 marks) 5. The difference between two numbers is 4. If the sum of their squares is S and the smaller number is n, (a) express S in terms of n, (b) find the value of n so that S is a minimum. (7 marks)

1.-- ans -Solution: Coefficient of x2 = 2 < 0 The parabola opens downward. The axis of symmetry of the graph is x + 4 = 0, i.e. x = 4. The coordinates of the vertex are (4 , 7). -- ans end -2-- ans -Solution: From the quadratic function y = (x 2)2 9, the vertex is (2 , 9). Substituting y = 0 into y = (x 2) 9, (x 2)2 9 = 0 (x 2)2 32 = 0 (x 2 + 3)(x 2 3) = 0 (x 1)(x 5) = 0
2

1A 1A 1A

1A 1M

x = 1 or x = 5 Substituting x = 0 into y = (x 2)2 9, y = (0 2)2 9 =49 = 5 The x - intercepts are 1 and 5. The y - intercept is 5. -- ans end -3.-- ans -Solution: (a) y = 2x2 40x + 6 = 2(x2 20x) + 6 = 2(x2 20x + 102 102) + 6 = 2(x2 20x + 102) 200 + 6 = 2(x 10)2 194 The vertex of the function is (10 , 194), the minimum value is 194. (b) y = 5x2 + 30x + 7 = 5(x2 6x) + 7 = 5(x2 6x + 32 32) + 7 = 5(x2 6x + 32) + 45 + 7 = 5(x 3)2 + 52

1M

1A+1A 1A

1A 1A+1A

1A

The vertex of the function is (3 , 52), the maximum value is 52. -- ans end -4 -- ans -Solution: (a) Since the graph passes through the point (4 , 3), 3 = (4)2 6(4) + h h =83 =5 When x = 0, y (0) 2 6(0) 5 5 The y-intercept of the graph is 5. (b) When y = 0, 0 x 2 6x 5 x 2 6x 5 0

1A+1A

1M 1A 1M 1A

1M

( x 5)( x 1) 0 x 1 or x 5 The x-intercepts of the graph are 1 and 5. -- ans end


5-- ans -Solution: (a) If n is the smaller number, then n + 4 is the larger number. S = n2 + (n + 4)2 = n2 + n2 + 8n + 16 = 2n2 + 8n + 16 (b) S = 2n2 + 8n + 16 = 2(n2 + 4n) + 16 = 2(n2 + 4n + 22 22) + 16 = 2(n2 + 4n + 22) 2(22) + 16 = 2(n + 2)2 8 + 16 = 2(n + 2)2 + 8 When S is minimum, n is 2. -- ans end -1M+1A 1M+1A 1A 1M 1A 1A+1A