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The Paper

The Logic and Metaphysics paper covers many of the central problems of philosophy. Do not be misled by the occurrence of the word logic' in the title of the paper: it is not primarily about formal logic (the sort of thing you will have learned in your first year but about what is sometimes called Philosophical Logic'. Philosophical Logic is about philosophical problems that arise in reflecting on logic! and in applying logic to the following areas: the analysis of reasoning (e.g. validity! conditionals " the study of aspects of natural language (e.g. names! descriptions " the treatment of certain traditional metaphysical problems (e.g. truth! e#istence! necessity .