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Daniel Globig 2 Corinthians Notebook Sections Pericopi: 1-7/8-9/10-13 2 Cor. 1:1-2:13 [17] 4.6.

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1) Observations: - Repetition of comfort o God of all comfort o Comforts in affliction, we able to comfort others with the comfort we are comforted by God sharers of our comfort. Paul writes about comfort (v.3-7) - Comparison o v.7- just as you are sharers of our sufferings, sharers of our comfort - Contrast o v.9- we would not trust in ourselves, but in God who raises the dead - Contrast o v.12- not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we have conducted ourselves in the world - Contrast o v.17- I was not vacillating when I intended to do this. o This is to contrast any accusation that Paul was fickle and unstable - Questions and Answers o Do I purpose according to the flesh? o As God is faithful, our word to you is not yes and no. (v.17,18) - Conjunctions o All throughout passage o Paul builds two different sets (v.1-14, 1:15-2:17) o Paul connects these sets together also - Cause and effect o 2:10 one whom you forgive, I forgive also o v.11 so no advantage taken of us by Satan - Cause and effect o 2:12-13 Titus is not in Troas Paul had no rest for his spirit and goes on to Macedonia 2) Questions: - Where is Achaia? - v.6 How is this affliction for Corinths comfort and salvation? - v.9 What was the sentence of death? - What were the different accusations against Paul and others? - 2:4 Why was Paul writing to them in tears? What occurred to cause grief? - 2:5-11 Who is the offender who needs forgiveness?

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- 2:12,13 Why is Titus not in Troas? Was there some sort of miscommunication? Summary: Blessed be God who gives us all comfort, in our afflictions so we will be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the same comfort we have from God. In Christ we have abundant sufferings and comfort. We had, in Asia, much affliction beyond our strength. We had a death sentence within ourselves and we trusted in God who delivered us. We set our hope in Him. Thank you for your prayers. We wrote nothing to you besides what you read so you can know there is no deception in what we do. Also, I am not fickle in my actions but I am carrying out the will of God. I spared you by my not coming to Corinth. I would have come to you in sorrow again. There was apparently a tearful letter over something which apparently inflicted anguish. For the person who causes sorrow by their offense offends you and you should forgive the person. If you forgive him I will too. Paul went to Troas and did not find Titus so he went on to Macedonia because he had no rest for his spirit. Keywords/Concepts: - Both comfort and affliction come to believers by Christ so we can comfort others who have afflictions. (1:4) - Paul trusted the God who raises the dead when he had a death sentence and God delivered him. We can also trust God instead of ourselves. (1:10) - God always says yes with the many promises in Him. (1:20) - God anoints His servants, seals them, and gives them the Spirit in their hearts as a pledge. (What kind of pledge?) (1:21) - Sorrow is a keyword for the beginning of chapter 2. Apparently there was an offense which caused Paul sorrow and he wrote a tearful letter. (2:4) - Paul forgives others so Satan will not take advantage of the Corinthians. We should also forgive others so Satan will not force us into snares with his schemes. (2:11) Title: Comfort and forgiveness always prevail in the midst of affliction and Satans traps. Keener: Whatever Pauls suffering in Asia (1:8), it appears life-threatening sentence of death in 1:9 may be figurative like the beasts in 1Cor 15:32. (p. 157) Many thought fickleness inappropriate for a virtuous person the Roman world despised it in leaders. (p. 159)

Reflection: Paul clearly states how he was not fickle and this Roman hate for fickleness may have been the main reason Paul defended himself in this certain way. He did not want to be that guy, in modern words. Some Corinthians may have already been dissatisfied with Pauls servile, apparently populist, flexibility, even before this change in plans (cf. 1 Cor 9:19-23). (p. 159)

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Paul delayed his visit in part to test their obedience (2:9); if fickleness was bad (1:17), they must prove loyal to him. (He returns to testing them further later in the letter; 8:8; 9:13; 13:5.) He tested them by a letter much firmer (and more successful) than 1 Corinthians (2:3-4; 7:8). The letter caused him great anguish; tears were common signs of affection even in public orations (and other tearful letters, letters frequently emphasized abundant love. (p. 162) Reflection: I can see how Paul writes in 2:9 how he wrote to test them but did he really delay his visit to test them. From the text all I see is that he wrote to test them. Perhaps I am missing Keeners main point. The disciplined man may have been a vocal critic of Paul (though see the one wronged in 7:12). (p. 162) ACCS: Theodoret of Cyr: God is the source of all good things. He has given us firm faith in Christ. He has anointed us and made us worthy to receive the seal of the Holy Spirit. (p. 202-3) Chrysostom: Notice that Paul nowhere mentions the crime, because the time had now come to forgive. (p. 206) Chrysostom: Satan can destroy even under the show of piety. For he can destroy not only by leading into fornication by even by the opposite, the immoderate sorrow which can follow on repentance for it. To take us by sin is his proper work, but to ensnare us in our repentance is an even more subtle disgrace, because that is our weapon, not his. (p. 208) Reflection: I have found this to be my own weakness. I allow Satan many times to ensnare me when I am at my weakest point but yet strongest in a way; in repentance. During my repentance I see how disgusting my sin was and Satan seems to push me into the window where all I see is this disgusting sin. I soon lose hope and all I have through tears is frustration complete helplessness. Instead of running to God I wallow in my pain when I should get up and fight harder for God and allow Him to reach down and pick me up out of the dust. Ambrosiaster: Lacking the consolation of Tituss presence Paul found the work unbearable, because there was so much opposition to him. For although some people had opened their hearts and accepted the Word of God, there were many unbelievers who reacted with impudent hostility. One lone voice could not teach the new believers and fend off these attacks at the same time. Therefore Paul said goodbye to those who had received him and left for Macedonia. (p. 209) Reflection: Sometimes I find the work of God hard to fulfill without other brothers at my side fighting with me and shielding me from flaming arrows. Paul may have required the presence of other soldiers in the fight in order to keep up strength.

Daniel Globig 2 Cor. 2:14-3:18 [18] 4.8.09

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1) Observations - Repetition of Aroma o Aroma is used to describe the knowledge of Christ being spoken among so much life and death. Not only are we the salt and light but we are an aroma. - Comparison o We are a fragrance and aroma This is compared to the speaking of the truth. - Question and answer o 3:1-3. Are we to commend ourselves again? Should we reintroduce ourselves (Gk. Word to introduce) Should Paul prove himself again? o You are our letter - Contrast o 3:4 o Our confidence Not in ourselves our adequacy from God - Inter-textual Comparison/Contrast (3:7) o Moses face shone with the glory of God. o Ministry of death (old covenant) shines a fading glory o Ministry of the Spirit/ righteousness does not fade - List of Ministry of Spirit o Hope, boldness in our speech, veil taken away when person turns to Lord - Christians today constantly increase in showing the glory of the Lord (3:18) instead of fading (3:11) 2) Questions: - What kind of things are the people who are peddling the word of God doing? - How does the letter kill? (3:6) - Why could the sons of Israel not look intently at the face of Moses but they can look intently at Christians faces today if the glory today is unfading? (3:8,11) - 3:12-16 states how the veil of Moses is removed in Christ. Also, 3:16 explains how only when a person turns to the Lord is the veil over their hearts taken away. With this said, how do non-Christians ever turn to the Lord if they do not see their sin? Is 3:16 a concrete order of events or is a non-Christian revealed their sin to them, then turns, then the veil is removed? 3) Summary: Paul thanks God for triumph in Christ and the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him. Christians are a fragrance and aroma of Christ to God among others who are being saved and perishing. Paul strengthens reputation by claiming to be sincere, from God, and speaking the word of God in sight of God. Does Paul have to prove himself to the Corinthians again? No: the Corinthians are the letter of commendation, written in their hearts. Pauls adequacy comes from God.

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The glory of the spirit which is shown in Christians today of the New Covenant is unfading but rather more glorious than the glory shown on Moses face when it shone. Christians are not only shown as the glory of the Lord in a mirror but are transformed into the same image from glory to glory. 4) Keywords/Concepts: - Aroma The aroma which is sweet of the knowledge of Him. Christians are a fragrance of Christ to God among everyone. - Christians are confidant because of God (3:5) and use great boldness in speech because they have the hope of an unfading glory (3:11). - When a person turns to the Lord, a veil is taken away from their heart and they look intently at the glory of the Lord. They are transformed into the same image of glory which they see. (3:16-18) 5) Title: Christians are the sweet aroma among the perishing. Christians have adequacy and life only from God. Christians are transformed into the same glory which they see of the Lord as in a mirror. 6) Keener: 2:14-7:4. Here Paul is an ambassador of a revelation greater than that to Moses; those with eternal perspectives can recognize this revelations glory. Thus Paul pleads with the Corinthians to be reconciled to him hence to the Lord whose representative he is. (p. 163) Paul insists that he is not commending himself of boasting (3:1). Self commendation was viewed as inappropriate except under particular circumstances, such as those that Paul finally uses to indulge in the practice in 10:12 12:11. (p. 166) A Closer Look: Letters of Recommendation Cicero was a master at writing such letters, somehow managing to avoid the impression of sending form letters while obligating many younger men to himself politically. (p. 166-7) Had Paul depended on Corinthian letters, he could have appeared to be their client. (p. 167) Pauline theology focused heavenly vision (4:18) on Christ himself. (p. 171)

ACCS: Pelagius: The law kills the sinner, but grace revives him if he repents. There are some people who say that the literal sense of Scripture is the thing which kills, but this is to forget that not all Scripture is the thing which kills, but this is to forget that not all Scripture is meant to be taken literally, nor can allegory be pressed into service in every passage. (p. 217) Reflection: So possibly this idea of the law literally killing people may not be literal. It might be allegorical for something.

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Chrysostom: Whether a person is saved or lost, the gospel continues to have its own power. The light, even when it blinds someone, is still light. Honey, though it is bitter to those who are sick, is still sweet. So also the gospel has a sweet savor to all, even if those who do not believe it are lost. (p.210) Origen: For, as the apostle says, We are a good aroma of Christ, but he adds, To some a fragrance of life to life, but to others an odor of death to death. So also the prophetic word is a sweet fragrance to those who believe, but to the doubting and unbelieving and those who confess that they are Pharoahs people, it becomes a detestable odor. (p. 211)

Daniel Globig 2Cor. (4:1) (5:10) [19] 4.15.09

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1) Observations: - 4:1 we have this ministry only because it was given by Gods grace - Contrasts: 4:2 we dont walk this way because were busy walking this way by the manifestation of truth - 4:2 cause effect the only reason we renounce the things hidden is because of shame (Christians have shame for sleeping around dont do it because of shame) - Conditional clause: even if our gospel is veiled o Its only veiled to those who are perishing - 4:4 god of this world, most likely Satanaction made by god (Satan) o he is the one who has blinded the minds of the unbelieving o they dont see the light of the gospel. - The gospel is of the glory of Christ which is the image of God (man made in the image of God Christ, women made out of man) - 4:5 Christ is the one who preaches so were bondservants of you for Christs sake - List of contrasts: 4:8-9 - 4:14 Gods action He will raise us - Contrasts: 4:18 - Comparison: our body on earth earthly tent - Gods action recompenses us for our deeds in the body 2) Questions: - What does it look like to adulterate the word of God? (4:2) - If the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving then why does anyone ever see? (4:4) - How is our inner man renewed day by day? 4:16 Is this a process of sanctification or is there more to it? - What is our dwelling from heaven like? 5:2 - How will we be recompensed for what we did in the body, whether good or bad? 5:10 3) Summary: We (whoever that is) have the ministry and do not lose heart. They have renounced the disgusting things done in secret because of the shame. They dont walk in craftiness but rather in truth which people can tell because their consciences tell them so. Those who dont see are veiled because they are perishing. Satan has blinded their minds. Christ is the one who preaches and not Paul (or the others we 4:5). The reason we have received the treasure in earthly bodies is so that its shown how its all about Gods power and obviously not ourselves. We are always dying in the flesh just like Jesus so life will be in our bodies like Jesus. Christians are constantly delivered over to death so we have life for Jesus. With this spirit of believe, therefore speak is the same spirit which we speak. God will raise us like He did Jesus. All of things are for your sakes. Even though the outer man is dying the inner man is living more and more each day. This pain is momentary and tiny in comparison to the future glory promised for

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us. The things that we dont see are the eternal so we look at those instead of those things seen. We are groaning because we are waiting for the future glory we will be dwelling in instead of our earthly tent. The Spirit is a pledge. We walk by faith instead of sight. We have ambition to please God because well be recompensed for our deeds in the body, whether good or bad. 4) Keywords/Concepts: - Received 4:1 - Christ Jesus is the One Who preaches 4:5 - Its Jesus life which is manifested in our bodies 4:10 - Jesus sake 4:11 - Our future is given from God 5:1 - God gave us the Spirit 5:5 - Christ is the One Who will judge 5:10 o Its all about God not us. 5) Title: God gives light through His gospel the god of this world blinds those who dont believe. We die to ourselves but live in You and so we speak. We see the invisible and eternal. We have an earthly tent now but a future glorified dwelling We want to please Him because Christ will judge/recompense for what we did in the body 6) ACCS: Keener:

Daniel Globig 2Cor. 5:11-6:10 [20] 4.17.09

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1) Observations: - Cause effect: 5:11 (cause) knowing the fear of the Lord, (effect) we persuade men - Purpose result statement: 5:12 occasion to be proud of us so that you will have answer - Conditional clauses: if this then this 5:13 - Repetition of died. o One died for all o All died o He died for all o For Him who died - Similarity/metaphor o New creature; old things; new things - Repetition of reconciliation/reconciling (5:18-20) o Who reconciled us to Himself o Ministry of reconciliation o Christ reconciling the world to Himself o Word of reconciliation o Be reconciled to God - List of hardships and marks of their ministry 6:4-10 - List of contrasts 6:8-10 2) Questions: Are those who take pride in appearance (5:12) peddlers of the gospel or the superapostles? - Why does Paul use the word equivalent to the English creature? - What is does 6:1-2 mean? - What are the weapons of righteousness? (6:7) 3) Summary: Because of the Fear of the Lord they are able to persuade men. Paul is telling the Corinthians so they will have answer for those who take pride in appearance and not in the heart. They are controlled by the love of Christ because Christ died for all, all died, and therefore they dont live for themselves but Him who died and rose. They dont look at appearances according to the flesh. After all, Christ is not according to the flesh anymore and so He is not known or recognized by the flesh. Also, the new things have come and we are new creatures. We are reconciled to Christ and are ambassadors for Christ. Working together with Him in the ministry they give no cause for offense in anything so that the ministry will not be discredited. Paul lists his hardships and marks of ministry. He then contrasts what a Christian life looks like; having nothing yet possessing all things. 4) Keywords/Concepts:

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Fear of the Lord Appearance You will have an answer for those who take pride in appearance and not in the heart (5:12) Christ died for all and so all died and live for Him. (5:14-15) 5:16 we recognize no one according to the flesh Reconciliation to God through Christ We are ambassadors for Christ The marks of true ministry: afflictions, sleepless nights, genuine love, and ministry by the weapons of righteousness.

5) Title: We do all things for Him because we have died through Christ We are a new creature reconciled to Christ The marks of true ministry: afflictions, sleepless nights, genuine love, and ministry by the weapons of righteousness. 6) ACCS: Keener:

Daniel Globig 2 Cor. 6:11-7:4 [21] 4.20.09

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1) Observations: - Smooth (not deceptive but smooth) way for Paul to open to the Corinthians o O Corinthians, our heart is opened wide. - Similarity o I speak as to children (6:13) - Do not be bound together with unbelievers; o Contrasts: Righteousness lawlessness Light darkness Christ Belial Temple of God idols - Questions and answers (6: 14-16a Questions) (6:16b-7:1 Answers) - Comparisons o Christians: righteousness, light, Christ, Temple of the living God. - Verbs: o All of the promises from God listed in 6:16d 18 o They are in the future tense. I will you shall... 2) Questions: - What does it mean to have your heart opened wide? (6:11) - How are the Corinthians restrained in their own affections? - How can we cleanse ourselves of all defilement? - Who is Belial? - How were the Corinthians bound together with unbelievers? 3) Keywords/Concepts: - Open hearts 6:11 - Do not be bound together with unbelievers because they are completely separate and different from Christians. - God is our Father and we are His sons and daughters. 4) Summary: Paul tells the Corinthians how his heart is open to them and he wants them to get over their affections and have an open heart with him. It is not that Paul is the one who restrained them but it is by their affections. He says get over it and be open to us. Then he moves on to the next main command. He doesnt want them to be bound together with unbelievers in partnerships of some sort. They are lawless, have darkness, and have harmony with Belial. Christians are righteous, have light, and have harmony with Christ. How can someone have so much opposition and differences and still be bound together? Christians and unbelievers do not have much in common if anything at all. God is our Father and we are His sons and daughters. By these promises we should cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and spirit.

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5) Title: Be holy and separate from unbelievers. Cleanse ourselves from all defilement. 6) ACCS: Keener:

Daniel Globig 2 Cor. 7:5-16 [22] 4.22.09

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1) Observations: Action of God 7:6 God comforted us o Action of Titus God comforted us through Titus coming - Repetition of comfort o 7:4-7, 13 (Comfort which comes from God > Corinthians > Titus > Paul > We) - Actions of God o Paul wrote letter (7:8) which brought Corinthians to sorrow according to the will of God because it produced repentance without regret (7:10) - Contrast: 7:12 Paul wrote letter not for the offender or the offended but so they would know our earnestness - Cause effect: o Godly sorrow 7:10 Sorrow > repent > no regret > salvation - Contrast: worldly sorrow Godly sorrow (7:10) o Produces death leading to salvation (respectively) - Tone: Paul is excited, rejoicing, and comforted in the news Titus brings of the Corinthians repentance 2) Questions: - What does Paul mean by, conflicts without, fears within (7:5)? - Who is the possible offender or the offended? 7:12 - How might they have received Titus with fear and trembling? (15) - How was Paul afflicted? (5) 3) Keywords/Concepts: - Comfort - Paul is afflicted: and God gives Paul comfort through the news Titus brings o God always brings comfort to those who need it sometimes in mysterious ways. - Sorrow: Paul writes first of how God comforts those who are depressed (probably referring to those who follow Him). He continues on about how there is so much sorrow (repeated through 8-11) by the tearful letter Paul wrote, which ends in repentance. - Godly sorrow produces repentance without regret (10). 4) Summary: Paul was afflicted as he came into Macedonia and God comforted him by both Titus coming and the words Titus brought. Titus told Paul about how the Corinthians were mourning and zealous for Paul. Paul was sad that his letter had caused the Corinthians sorrow but since they were repentant Paul was rejoicing. They were having a godly sorrow, which produces

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repentance without regret. The Corinthians had had that godly sorrow, repentance, indignation, vindication of themselves, zeal, and avenging of wrong. Paul explained how he was not writing the letter for the sake of either offender or offended but rather he wanted their earnestness to be known to them in the sight of God. Paul is not only comforted but joyful and his spirit is refreshed by the awesome news. Paul had been boasting about the Corinthians and his bragging was proved so he was not put to shame. Paul tells the Corinthians of how Titus is affectionate that they received him with fear and trembling. Paul concludes by saying how he rejoices and has confidence in them. 5) Title: The Corinthians have a godly sorrow which produces repentance without regret. 6) ACCS: Keener:

Daniel Globig 2 Cor. 8:1-15 [23] 4.24.09

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1) Observations: 2) Questions: - What is does the word liberality hint toward? 3) Keywords/Concepts: 4) Summary: 5) Title: 6) Keener: ACCS: