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Zenas Choi and Elliott Sun Chemistry Honors Period 8

Single Replacement Reactions Lab


Part III: Demonstration Your teacher will demonstrate Calcium metal in acid. Write down your observations Calcium + Copper(II) Nitrate - turned blue and fizzed with bubbles Calcium + Magnesium Nitrate - Cloudy, white Calcium + Zinc Nitrate - cloudy, white Calcium + Lead(II) Nitrate -Cloudy, white precipitate Calcium + Silver Nitrate - Cloudy with black precipitate Calcium + Calcium Nitrate - NR Calcium + Hydrogen Chloride - Cloudy with precipitate

Reaction that Occurred: Magnesium and Zinc Nitrate

Zenas Choi and Elliott Sun Chemistry Honors Period 8 Mg(s) + Zn(NO3)2 = Mg(NO3)2 + Zn(s) Explanation: The reaction between Magnesium and Zinc Nitrate occurred because Magnesium is more reactive than Zinc according to the reactivity chart. Reaction that did not Occur: Lead and Copper (II) Nitrate Pb(s) + Cu(NO3)2 Lead and Copper (II) Nitrate did not react Explanation: The reaction between Lead and Copper (II) Nitrate did not occur because Lead is less reactive than Copper according to the reactivity chart.

Discussion Questions 6. Write net ionic equations for all the reactions that occurred (highlighting the ones that were supposed to occur that you may not have observed) Mg(s) + Zn(NO3)2(aq) = Mg(NO3)2 (aq) + Zn(s) Complete Ionic Equation: Mg(s) + Zn2+(aq) + 2NO3- (aq) Mg2+(aq) + 2NO3- (aq) + Zn(s) Net ionic Equation: Mg(s) + Zn2+(aq) Mg2+(aq) + Zn(s)

Zenas Choi and Elliott Sun Chemistry Honors Period 8 7. For each of the reactions, determine which substances has been oxidized and which one has been reduced as well as which is the oxidizing agent and which is the reducing agent. Magnesium has been oxidized as the charge of Magnesium went from 0 to 2+ Zinc has been reduced as the charge of Zinc went from 2+ to 0

8. A metal was found in the lab that was missing its labeling tape. In order to determine the identity of the metal several reactions were performed. When the metal was placed in hydrochloric acid, it bubbled. No reaction was noticed when placed in a solution of calcium nitrate. A reaction was observed when placed in a solution of zinc chloride. What could the metal possibly be? What further test could you run to determine the identity of the metal? The metal that was found in the lab must have been calcium, as calcium is the only metal that reacts with hydrochloric acid. Calcium also reacted with zinc nitrate and didnt react with calcium nitrate,

Conclusion: The single replacement lab allowed us to increase our knowledge on single replacement reactions. It provided us with a unique experience in which we both learnt and had fun.