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Books
Book 4 Aptitude?
[Reasoning] 4-Statement Syllogism: Approach,
Techniques, explained for SBI PO (High level
reasoning) and UPSC CSAT paper 2
Banking/Comm
erce
Introduction
Recap: 2 statement
Complimentary case
Approaching 4 statement
syllogism
18-Dec: DMRC Account
16-Dec: NDMC
(CA/HR/MBA)
14-Dec: IBPS Specialist
On RRB 2013 Score
12-Dec: Maharahstra
Gramin
12-Dec: JK Gramin
11-Dec: Prathama
RRB(UP)
Case#1 : Stick, lamps, power,
dresses, shirts
IT/Computer
Case#2: Bird, Horse, Tiger, Lion &
Monkey
23-Dec: IT designer in
UPSC
Engineers
Case#3: Bench, Wall, House,
Jungle, Road
On Gate'14 Score
Case#4: (Complimentary Pairs):
1. 2 Mar: IOC
Cups, Bottles, Jugs, Plates & Tables
2. 31 Jan: Bharat
Petro:Mech+Chem
Case#5: (Complimentary Pairs): Chair, Handle, Pots, Mats & Buses
3. 24-Jan: GAIL
Trainee
4. 21 Jan:NHPC
Introduction
5. 20-Jan: Nayveli
Lignite
SBI loves asking 4 statement syllogism questions in its PO exam.
(usually 5 questions.)
6. 20-Jan: CEL India
7. 18 Jan:NHPC
8. 7 Jan:HPCL
In 2012, UPSC asked 3 statement syllogism in CSAT paper II, and
nothing prevents UPSC from asking 4-statement syllogism in future,
under its Backbreaking TM move.
9. 29 Nov:Mazagon
Docks
UPSC IAS IPS
Strategy
Therefore, anyone who doesn’t want to dig his/her grave in SBI or
UPSC, should thoroughly prepare syllogism.
I
n
t
B
o
P
r
e
l
Good news is, no matter whether they ask 2 statement syllogism, 3
statement syllogism, 4 statement syllogism or 50 statement syllogism,
our UP-UN method continues to work.
I
n
t
However, to quickly and accurately solved 4 statement syllogism, first
M
a
i
you must master earlier techniques
D
o
Two statement syllogism
Click me to learn
Non-GATE jobs
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B
a
Three statement syllogism
Click me to learn
Uniformed
IBPS PO/MT
Recap: 2 statement
G
e
n
e
r
A
w
a
M
a
t
Whenever facing two statement syllogism, our standard operating
procedure is:
R
e
a
1. Two statements, must have only three terms
E
n
2. Classify them into UP, UN, PP or PN.
C
o
m
Other Exms
3. Two statements must be in the Format A to B then B to C, if not then
apply the conversion rules
Officer
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Asst.Commandant
logistics
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Officer
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Asst.Commandant
Jawan/Const.
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Constable
Specialist
M
P
P
C
Type of Statement
Valid Conversion
Path
15-Jan: Scientist, Andhra
A
C
1. Universal Positive
1. A to
Only PP
U
P
R
e
06-Jan: Himachal PSC
(Contractual)
(UP)
B
24-Dec: BIS Scientist
Some Cats (A) are dogs. (B)
R
A
2. All cats(A) are dogs
2. B to
Some dogs (B) are cats. (A)
C
D
(B)
A
24-Dec: HPSC-various
officers
23-Dec: Sci.Officer Punjab
are cats. (A) C D (B) A 24-Dec: HPSC-various officers 23-Dec: Sci.Officer Punjab converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
C A RBI 3. Universal Negative PN :Some Dogs (B) are not Cats (A). (UN)
C
A
RBI
3. Universal Negative
PN :Some Dogs (B) are not
Cats (A).
(UN)
23-Dec: CSIR Geophysical
23-Dec: Bihar Military
welfare
16-Dec: Scientist,Mohali
16-Dec: SSC Western
R
B
I
B
to A
4. No Cats(A) are dogs
R
B
I
UN: No Dogs (B) are cats.
(B)
P
r
e
(A)
5. Particular Positive
Technical
Medical
15-Jan: Delhi Jr.Resident
19-Dec: Haryana
Med.Officer
Legal
18-Dec: Rajasthan Civil
Judge
(PP)
Only PP: Some dogs (B) are
B
to A
6. Some cats (A) are
cats(A)
16-Dec: Mumbai District
Judge
dogs (B)
Misc.DeskJobs
02-Jan: Bokaro Power
7. Particular Negative
(Diploma/ITI)
Not possible.
(PN)
4.
Now apply the combo rules. Unless specifically mentioned, conversion
is A to C.
No conclusion combos
Yes conclusion combos
01-Jan: IIM Shilong
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Booktrust
09-Dec: Kurukshetra Univ
Teaching
1. UP’s politicians hate giving
particular statements (both
positive and negative). E.g.
they donot reveal their
clear position on FDI in
1. If Uttar Pradesh meets Uttar
Pradesh, then its size doesn’t
increase. (UP+UP=UP)
retail until the 11 th hour.
2. If Uttar Pradesh meets United
Nations then size increases and it
becomes United Nations.
(UP+UN=UN)
24-Dec: Punjab Univ
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16-Dec: Vet.univ
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09-Dec: Sanskrit Univ.
(UP+PP/PN=NO)
Subscribe (FREE!)
2. United Nations hates
negativity. (both Universal
Enter your email
address:
and
particular)(UN+UN/PN=NO)
Subscribe
SSC CGL
3. Pritish Nandy hates
everybody. (first statement
3. United Nations Secretary Ban Ki
Moon is in very positive mood. But
he meets another positive person,
and his attitude is totally
reversed- he becomes particularly
negative! (reversed =C to A).
(UN+UP/PP=PN)
G
K
is PN=NO, Irrespective of
second statement.)
M
a
4. Two-negatives=no
R
e
a
conclusion.
Recent Comments
E
n
5. Two particulars=no
conclusion.
4. When Mr.PP observes the
universe via NASA telescope, his
mood becomes particularly
positive or negative depending on
the mood of
universe.(PP+UP/UN=PP/PN)
ravi { i think you are
SBI PO
in better position if you
wrote well
i
attempted
G
A
/
C
o
r
k
e
Complimentary case
lesser questions than
you } – [Download]
R
e
a
s
o
Incase you get a no-conclusion combo, BUT any of the answer choice
E
n
(
D
e
s
says “either ** or ** follows.” In that case you’ve to check for
complimentary cases. (this is critical for SBI PO, since often the 4
C
A
T
statement conclusion have complimentary case situation).
For complimentary case to be valid, two conditions must be met:
L
I
C
General Studies
Paper4: Ethics,
Integrity & Aptitude,
20% repeat
questions from
UPSC's own sample
paper
C
S
Chandra bhushan
Condition #1: Two answer choices have same subject and predicate.
S
t
a
S
S
C
Applicable
Not applicable
{ @ neha, if u have no
idea abt mains den
better u keep ur mouth
shut frm speaking
S
P
UPSC tips
1. Some Politicians are
honest.
nonsense…. Nobody
cross 50% marks in
1. Some Politicians are honest.
optional…
} –
2. No Honest are Politicians.
I
n
d
i
a
2. No Politicians are
honest
5
L
1
0
0
N
e
w
s
Because both have common
subject (politician) and
common predicate (honest)
In first statement, subject=Politician but in
second statement, subject= Honest. Hence
complemantary case not possible.
[Download]
Geography Mains
2013 Paper 1 &
Paper 2 for UPSC
Civil Service IAS IPS
Exam Optional
Subject
A
r
t
o
Priya { Hey I have
2 for UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS Exam Optional Subject A r t o Priya {

E

Q

s

R

u

s

.

Edu Tech

A

u

t

o

 

H

i

n

d

 

O

n

e

 

A

r

c

n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must
n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must
n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must
n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must
n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must
n d   O n e   A r c Condition#2: The answer choice combo must

Condition#2: The answer choice combo must be either of these three

Answer choice combo

example

Uttar Pradesh (UP) + Pritish Nandy (PN)

PP + Pritish Nandy (PN)

1.

All Politicians are honest.

2.

Some Politicians arenot honest

1.

Some Politicians are honest

2.

Some Politicians arenot honest

PP + United Nations (UN)

1. Some Politicians are honest.

2. No Politicians are honest

When these two conditions are met, then answer would be “Either (I) or (II) follows.” (to see actual question related to the complimentary pair situation, check the case number 4 and 5 given in the later part of this article.)

Here you pick up conclusion one at a time, find its parents.Apply chain formula and see if it leads to the given conclusion. (p rett y

Apply chain formula and see if it leads to the given conclusion. (p rett y much the same thing that we do in three statement syllogism click (pretty much the same thing that we do in three statement syllogism click me)

Anyways without much ado, let’s start solving 4-statement syllogism questions from SBI PO 2010 examthing that we do in three statement syllogism click me ) Case#1 : Stick, lamps, power,

Case#1 : Stick, lamps, power, dresses, shirts
Case#1 : Stick, lamps, power, dresses, shirts

Case#1 : Stick, lamps, power, dresses, shirts

This is a really cheap and easy question.

Question statements Subject predicate Type 1 some 1. sticks are lamps PP 2 some 2.
Question statements
Subject
predicate
Type
1 some
1. sticks
are
lamps
PP
2 some
2. flowers
are
lamps
PP
3 some
3. lamps
are
dresses
PP
4 all
4. dresses
are
shirts
UP
conclusion statements
1 some
shirts
are
sticks
PP
2 some
shirts
are
flowers
PP
3 some
flowers
are
sticks
PP
4 some
dresses
are
sticks
PP
Answer choice

a. None follows

b. Only 1

c. Only 2

d. Only 3

e. Only 4.

Approach

Approach

You can start with one conclusion at a time, find its parents and then apply combo rules.

But if you look at it carefully: 3 out of 4 question statements are Particular Positive (PP). So if you pick any two of them, PP+PP=no conclusion.

Fourth question statement is UP. UP+PP=PP if this is intermediate conclusion, it won’t give any final conclusion when paired with any(PP). So if you pick any two of them, PP+PP=no conclusion. attempted that much however whomever

attempted that

much

however

whomever I asked after exams I heard similar or more attempt than

Chandra bhushan

{ @ neha, if u have no idea abt mains den better u keep ur mouth shut frm speaking Nobody cross 50% marks in

nonsense

optional

}

ABHINAV { Its the

quality of answers that matters and leave an imprint on the person who checks the copy So I think ,attempt

above 190 marks

} –

alok kc { sir pls upload KANNADA LITERATURE optional

Approaching 4 statement syllogism

Approaching 4 statement syllogism

alok kc { sir pls upload KANNADA LITERATURE optional Approaching 4 statement syllogism converted by Web2PDFConvert.com

other question statement because PP + PP = no conclusion.

If situation requires you to convert UP (=can only be converted into PP), then again

If situation requires you to convert UP (=can only be converted into PP), then again PP+PP=no conclusion.

So with that thought in mind, check four conclusion statement, you’ll see none of their

So with that thought in mind, check four conclusion statement, you’ll see none of their parents can give conclusion.

So with that thought in mind, check four conclusion statement, you’ll see none of their parents

Therefore answer is (A) none follow.

Case#2: Bird, Horse, Tiger, Lion & Monkey Question statement Subject predicate Type 1 All Birds
Case#2: Bird, Horse, Tiger, Lion & Monkey
Question statement
Subject
predicate
Type
1 All
Birds
are
Horses
UP
2 all
Horses
are
Tigers
UP
3 Some
Tigers
are
Lions
PP
4 Some
Lions
are
Monkeys
PP
conclusion statements
1 Some
Tigers
are
Horses
PP
2 Some
Monkeys
are
Birds
PP
3 Some
Tigers
are
Birds
PP
4 Some
Monkeys
are
Horses
PP
Answer choice
a. Only 1 and 3
b. Only 1, 2 and 3
c. Only 2, 3 and 4

d. Only 1, 2, 3 and 4

e. None follows.

Approach

Approach

As you can see conclusion #3 is reappearing in option A to D. so first I’ll check conclusion #3. If it turns out to be false then my effort is saved, I’ll directly tick (E).d. Only 1, 2, 3 and 4 e. None follows. Approach Checking conclusion #3 3 Some

Checking conclusion #3

Checking conclusion #3

3

Some

Tigers

are

Birds

PP

If this conclusion is valid, who’re its parents?

1

All

Birds_A

are

Horses_B

UP

2

all

Horses_B

are

Tigers_C

UP

Ok this is in standard format: A to B then B to C.UP 2 all Horses_B are Tigers_C UP Apply combo rule: when UP is merged in UP,

Apply combo rule: when UP is merged in UP, its size doesn’t increase (UP+UP=UP, A to C). so my conclusion is All birds_A are tigers_C. I’ll reconvert this (UP to PP), so some tigers are birds. This matches with the conclusion number #3.UP Ok this is in standard format: A to B then B to C. So conclusion

So conclusion #3 is valid. So option E is eliminated.are birds. This matches with the conclusion number #3. Now I’ll have to check other conclusions

Now I’ll have to check other conclusions as well. Anyways, now let’s check all other conclusions in serial order (1, 2, 4)some tigers are birds. This matches with the conclusion number #3. So conclusion #3 is valid.

Checking conclusion #1

Checking conclusion #1

Concl.1

Some

Tigers

are

Horses

PP

If this is legit, who’re its parents?

Just one:

Q.Statement 2

all

Horses

are

Tigers

UP

I can convert this! (UP to PP) so some tigers are horses. So conclusion

Dia { Is 102 a good score for general

$umit { Go to your sub division admin. office and get an

affidavit regarding your correct age attested by the Executive Magistrate of your area.Submit it during

Ankush { @sameeksha: no he has written books specific to CSAT available at all major
Ankush {
@sameeksha: no
he
has written books
specific to
CSAT
available
at all
major book selling sites
(flipkart,infibeam)
published by TMH or
easily available in
Rajendra Nagar
also
still
} – [World
History] Imperialism
and Colonialism:
Meaning, Factors
responsible

udit { i dnt hw could u attempt all

questions.then there are two options :either

u wrote small answers

or u r a superhuman.u r

the first

}

udit { dont worry brother let people say.i also wrote mains this

time .the pressure ,level of questions and the width of questions asked was amazing

.nd

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude, 20% repeat questions from UPSC's own sample .nd converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
#1=valid. paper poorna { Hi sir i Checking conclusion #2 scored 63 in IBPS PO
#1=valid.
paper
poorna { Hi sir i
Checking conclusion #2
scored 63 in IBPS PO
III belongs to SC in
2
Some
Monkeys
are
Birds
PP
tamilnadu
if i do well in
interview is there any
chance for
} –
If this is valid, who’re its parents?
1 All
Birds
are
Horses
UP
[IBPS]CWE PO/MT-
III Written result
declared, Interview
Call letters in
2 all
Horses
are
Tigers
UP
January 2014, Final
Allotment in March
3 Some
Tigers
are
Lions
PP
2014
Older »
4 Some
Lions
are
Monkeys
PP
I’ll reorder so it makes more sense
4
Some
Lions
are
Monkeys
PP
3
Some
Tigers
are
Lions
PP
2
all
Horses
are
Tigers
UP
1
All
Birds
are
Horses
UP
Ok we are facing 4 statement chain. We’ve to pick two at a time get
intermediate conclusions, pair them with next statement and keep
moving.
But today is my lucky day, you see first two statements are PP + PP=
no conclusion. So we can’t proceed further. And answer choice doesn’t
contain any “either or”. So we don’t need to check complimentary case
either. That means conclusion #2 is invalid. Our precious time and
effort is saved.
So far we’ve done following
Conclusion number
Valid/not?
3
Valid
1
Valid
2
Invalid.
Accordingly, Answer choice
a. Only 1 and 3
b. Only 1, 2 and 3
c. Only 2, 3 and 4
d. Only 1, 2, 3 and 4
e. None follows
Final answer (A) Only 1 and 3 follow.
Case#3: Bench, Wall, House, Jungle, Road
Question statement
Subject
predicate
Type
1 Some
Bench
Are
Wall
PP
2 All
Wall
Are
House
UP
3 Some
House
Are
Jungle
PP
4 All
jungle
Are
Road
UP
Conclusion Statements
1 some
Roads
Are
Benches
PP
2 Some
Jungles
Are
Walls
PP
3 Some
Houses
Are
Benches
PP
Roads Are Benches PP 2 Some Jungles Are Walls PP 3 Some Houses Are Benches PP
4 some Roads Are Houses PP Answer choices a. Only 1 and 2 b. Only

4

some

Roads

Are

Houses

PP

4 some Roads Are Houses PP Answer choices a. Only 1 and 2 b. Only 1
Answer choices a. Only 1 and 2 b. Only 1 and 3 c. Only 3
Answer choices
a.
Only 1 and 2
b.
Only 1 and 3
c.
Only 3 and 4
d.
Only 2, 3 and 4
e.
None follows.
Approach
To save time and effort, I am going to test only 2 and 4. Let’s see if I can
get lucky!
Checking conclusion statement #2
2
Some
Jungle
Are
Wall
PP
If this is valid conclusion, who’re its parents (question statements)?
2
All
Wall
Are
House
UP
3
Some
House
Are
Jungle
PP
Cool, already in standard format A to B then B to C.
And UP’s politicians hate giving particular statements so UP+PP=no
conclusion.
So conclusion #2 is invalid, that means answer choice A and D are
eliminated. Let’s see what is left in the answer choices:
a.
Only 1 and 2
b.
Only 1 and 3
c.
Only 3 and 4
d.
Only 2, 3 and 4
e.
None follows.
Ok now let’s check conclusion #4.
Checking conclusion statement #4
4
some
Roads
Are
Houses
PP
If this is valid conclusion, who are its parents (question statements)?
3
Some
House
Are
Jungle
PP
4
All
jungle
Are
Road
UP
Good, already in standard format: A to B then B to C. so directly apply
the combo rule.
When Mr.PP observes the universe via NASA telescope, his mood
becomes particularly positive or negative depending on the mood of
universe.(PP+UP/UN=PP/PN)
PP+UP=PP. (A to C)
Therefore my conclusion is Some Houses are roads. And PP can be
converted into PP. So Some roads are houses = also valid.
So conclusion #4 is valid. Let’s check our answer choices
a.
Only 1 and 2
b.
Only 1 and 3
c.
Only 3 and 4
d.
Only 2, 3 and 4
e.
None follows.
Final answer: C, only 3 and 4 follows.
3 and 4 d. Only 2, 3 and 4 e. None follows. Final answer: C, only
Case#4: (Complimentary Pairs): Cups, Bottles, Jugs, Plates & Tables Question statement Subject predicate Type 1
Case#4: (Complimentary Pairs): Cups, Bottles, Jugs,
Plates & Tables
Question statement
Subject
predicate
Type
1 All
Cups
are
Bottles
UP
2 Some
Bottles
are
Jugs
PP
3 No
Jug
is
Plate
UN
4 some
Plates
are
tables
PP
Conclusion Statements
1
Some
Tables
are
Bottles
PP
2
Some
Plates
are
Cups
PP
3
No
Table
is
Bottle
UN
4
Some
jugs
are
cups
PP
ANSWER choice
a. Only 1 follows
b. Only 2
c. Only 3
d. Only 4
e. Either 1 or 3 follows.
Approach
Let’s start with conclusion 1.
1
Some
Tables
are
Bottles
PP
If conclusion 1 is valid then who’re its parents (question statements)?
2
Some
Bottles
are
Jugs
PP
3
No
Jug
is
Plate
UN
4
some
Plates
are
tables
PP
I’ll rearrange the order
2
Some
Bottles_A
are
Jugs_B
PP
3
No
Jug_B
Is
Plate_C
UN
4
some
Plates_C
are
Tables_D
PP
Now it is a three statement syllogism.
Already in standard format. So, First combine 2+3.
PP+UN=PN. (A to C)
Some Bottles_A are not plates_C. (PN)
That’s my intermediate conclusion. Now I’ll combine it with question
statement number 4.
Intermediate conclusion
Some
Bottles_A
Are not
Plate_C
PN
Q. statement #4
some
Plates_C
are
Tables_D
PP
Two particulars = no conclusion.
Ok so, conclusion #1=cannot be concluded definitely.
But wait, look at answer choice #4: either 1 or 3 follows. So this could
be a case of complimentary pairs.
Let’s relook at conclusion statement #1 and #3.
Subject
Predicate
1
Some
Tables
are
Bottles
PP
at conclusion statement #1 and #3. Subject Predicate 1 Some Tables are Bottles PP converted by
3 No Table is Bottle UN Apply the checklist for complimentary case. a. Two answer

3

No

Table

is

Bottle

UN

3 No Table is Bottle UN Apply the checklist for complimentary case. a. Two answer choices
Apply the checklist for complimentary case. a. Two answer choices have same subject and predicate?=
Apply the checklist for complimentary case.
a.
Two answer choices have same subject and predicate?= YES
b.
The answer choice combo must be either of these three
i. Uttar Pradesh (UP) + Pritish Nandy (PN)
ii.
PP + Pritish Nandy (PN)
iii.
PP + United Nations (UN)
Yes, it is combo number III (PP+UN). So final answer is either 1 or 3
follows.
Case#5: (Complimentary Pairs): Chair, Handle, Pots,
Mats & Buses
Question statements
are
Type
1.
Some
chairs
are
Handles
PP
2.
All
Handles
are
Pots
UP
3.
All
Pots
are
Mats
UP
4.
Some
Mats
are
Buses
PP
Conclusion Statement
1.
Some
buses
are
handles
PP
2.
Some
mats
are
chairs
PP
3.
No
bus
is
handle
UN
4.
Some
mats
are
handles
PP
Answer choices
a.
Only 1,2,3 follow
b.
Only 2,3 and 4 follow
c.
Either 1 or 3 AND 2 follow
d.
Either 1 or 3 AND 4 follow
e.
Either 1 or 3 AND 2 and 4 follow
Approach
Take a look at c,d,e all of them contain “Either 1 or 3”. So we’ve to check
for complimentary cases. Given conclusions
1.
some
buses
are
handles
pp
3.
no
buses
is
handle
un
Ok this both have some subject and predicate.
And they’re in form of PP+UN. So, Yes, they’re fit for complimentary
case= Either 1 or 3 follows. Let’s see our answer choices again:
a.
Only 1,2,3 follow
b.
Only 2,3 and 4 follow
c.
Either 1 or 3 AND 2 follow
d.
Either 1 or 3 AND 4 follow
e.
Either 1 or 3 AND 2 and 4 follow
So answer can be C/D/E. Let’s Start with answer choice C.
C says “either 1 or 3 AND 2”
We have already checked that either 1 or 3 is valid.
Now let’s test conclusion statement number 2
2.
some
Mats
Are
chairs
PP
If this is valid then who’re its parents (question statements)?
Mats Are chairs PP If this is valid then who’re its parents (question statements)? converted by

1.

some

Chairs(A)

are

Handles(B)

PP

2. all

Handles(B)

are

Pots(C)

UP

3. all

Pots(C)

are

Mats(D)

UP

Ok now let’s pair up 1 and 2

 

1.

some

Chairs(A)

Are

Handles(B)

PP

2.

all

Handles(B)

Are

Pots(C)

UP

Are they in standard format A to B B to C? yes.PP 2. all Handles(B) Are Pots(C) UP Apply rules. PP + UP. When Mr.PP observes the

Apply rules. PP + UP.UP Are they in standard format A to B B to C? yes. When Mr.PP observes

When Mr.PP observes the universe via NASA telescope, his mood becomes particularly positive or negative depending on the mood of universe.(PP+UP/UN=PP/PN)in standard format A to B B to C? yes. Apply rules. PP + UP. Therefore,

Therefore, PP + UP = PP (A to C)negative depending on the mood of universe.(PP+UP/UN=PP/PN) Intermediate Conclusion statement is Some chairs(A) are

Intermediate Conclusion statement is Some chairs(A) are pots(C)universe.(PP+UP/UN=PP/PN) Therefore, PP + UP = PP (A to C) Combine intermediate conclusion with q.statement #3.

Combine intermediate conclusion with q.statement #3.Conclusion statement is Some chairs(A) are pots(C) Some chairs(A) are pots(C) PP 3. all

Some

chairs(A)

are

pots(C)

PP

3.

all

Pots(C)

are

Mats(D)

UP

Are they in std. format? yes they’re in standard format, (A to C C to D)PP 3. all Pots(C) are Mats(D) UP Apply rules. PP + UP = PP (A to

Apply rules. PP + UP = PP (A to D).format? yes they’re in standard format, (A to C C to D) Our conclusion: Some chairs

Our conclusion: Some chairs (A) are mats(D)==>convert Some mats are chairs (PP to PP).format, (A to C C to D) Apply rules. PP + UP = PP (A to

Conclusion statement #2 said: some mats are chairs.are mats(D)==>convert Some mats are chairs (PP to PP). Yes so conclusion statement #2 is legit.

Yes so conclusion statement #2 is legit. So far our situation isto PP). Conclusion statement #2 said: some mats are chairs. a. Only 1,2,3 follow b. Only

a. Only 1,2,3 follow

b. Only 2,3 and 4 follow

c. Either 1 or 3 AND 2 follow

d. Either 1 or 3 AND 4 follow

e. Either 1 or 3 AND 2 and 4 follow

Now let’s check conclusion statement #4.1 or 3 AND 4 follow e. Either 1 or 3 AND 2 and 4 follow

4.some

mats

are

handles

PP

Find its parents.

2. all

Handles_A

Are

Pots_B

UP

3. all

Pots_B

are

Mats_C

UP

2+3= already in std format, UP+UP =UP merged with UP, size doesn’t hence.Pots_B UP 3. all Pots_B are Mats_C UP So UP+UP=UP (A to C) very easy. Conclusion

So UP+UP=UP (A to C) very easy. Conclusion will be All handles are mats (UP).std format, UP+UP =UP merged with UP, size doesn’t hence. But fourth conclusion is some mats

But fourth conclusion is some mats are handles. No problem, we’ll convert our conclusion (rule UP–>PP).C) very easy. Conclusion will be All handles are mats (UP). So, All handles are mats

So, All handles are mats (UP) => Some mats are handles.problem, we’ll convert our conclusion (rule UP–>PP). Therefore, conclusion number 4 is also correct. Therefore

Therefore, conclusion number 4 is also correct. Therefore Final answer: (e) Either 1 or 3 AND 2 and 4 follow.So, All handles are mats (UP) => Some mats are handles. For more articles on reasoning

For more articles on reasoning and aptitude, visit Mrunal.org/aptitude

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122 comments to [Reasoning] 4-

Statement Syllogism: Approach, Techniques, explained for SBI PO (High level reasoning) and UPSC CSAT paper 2

1 2
1
2

Aakash

Consider the following statements

1. The light bulb sprinkles only when paper gets wet.

2. The paper gets wet if pin nails.

3. If the pin nails the light bulb sprinkles.

Which of the following can be definitely concluded:

(a)

If the pin nails the paper gets wet

(b)

Pin nails only if light bulb sprinkles.

(c)

Light Bulb sprinkles if the pin nails

(d)

Light Bulb sprinkles if the paper gets wet.

P.S.:I tried solving the question through the syllogism approach. But words like “only”,”if” is puzzling me! Kindly help me out to solve such questions. Thanks

ABHIMANYU

a,c,d follows

ABHIMANYU Reply to this comment a,c,d follows smit Reply to this comment answer must be only

smit

answer must be only A follows

comment a,c,d follows smit Reply to this comment answer must be only A follows Vignesh Kumar

Vignesh Kumar

a,c,d

answer must be only A follows Vignesh Kumar Reply to this comment a,c,d converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
jai Reply to this comment Consider following statements. 1. No politician is corrupt. 2. Some
jai
Reply to this comment
Consider following statements.
1. No politician is corrupt.
2. Some corrupt are jailed.
3. Some jailed are politicians.
Can the below statement concluded from above, pls answer with reason?
“Some jailed are not politicians” !!!
mohit
Reply to this comment
no…
Ayush
Reply to this comment
yes.
its in the format A to B.B to C.
from the first two statements it can be concluded that some jailed are not politicians.
however you cant say that some politician are not jailed.
PRAKAH K S
Reply to this comment
Hi Ayush,
I have clarification with ur explanation. When both elements i.e “Jailed” and
“politicians” are in the same statements, wht is the necessity to check with A->B
& B->C. instead we can directly check III statement & conclude that some
politicians are not jailed is wrong.
please correct me if I am wrong.
Ayush
Reply to this comment
there are 3 statements given.from 3rd statement we are not able to get the
conclusion :”some jailed are not politician”.we have to look on all the
conclusions from the three statements.
kaushal jha
we cn also check by ven diagram easily
vips
Reply to this comment
very easy
those jailed which are corrupt will not be politicians
if
cant apply logic in
brain, make a venn daigram
Rohit
Reply to this comment
true ,
Some jailed who are also corrupt are not politicians.
So your statement is correct.
Vijender
Reply to this comment
Statement III says some jailed are politicians…
Although some jailed are not politicians does not follow from this …
However From First two statement we can definitely conclude “Some jailed are not
… However From First two statement we can definitely conclude “Some jailed are not converted by
politicians” Tricky question, because being in haste one may readily conclude that Some jailed are
politicians”
Tricky question, because being in haste one may readily conclude that Some jailed
are not politicians can not be concluded form III Statement…
XY
Reply to this comment
Hi guys
lets solve these DMs.
1. Statements:
I. All walls are bricks.
II. Some walls are cement.
Conclusions:
a)
All cement is bricks.
b)
All bricks are cement.
c)
Some bricks are not cement.
d)
Some bricks are cement.
2.
Statements:
I.
Some balloons are orange.
II.
All orange are toys.
Conclusions:
a) Some balloons are toys.
b) All toys are balloons.
c) Some balloons are not toys.
d) Some toys are not balloons.
My conclusion is 1. d and 2. a.
But my answers are not same as others. What is your conclusions???
Ayush
Reply to this comment
your answers are correct.
YZ
Reply to this comment
Both are correct
wasif
Reply to this comment
i
am finding venn diagram stuff more easy,less heavy on the brain and faster! i didn’t
read mrunal’s method,though i tried to.just coudn’t make my way through, with all the
jargon and stuff.
i
see here everyone seems so taken in by the above method.am i losing out on something
by not using it?and yes i solved the examples above using venn and was like “it is so
easy”.anyone?
krishna
Reply to this comment
Yes dude, u r right…. venn diagram method is easier…. its unnecessary &
burdensome on the brain to try the above method when already we are dumped
with a thousand other things to do on the list…
PRAKAH K S
Reply to this comment
Hi
Wasif,
U
r absolutely right. Wenn diagrom are working fine, when statements are straight,
But I tried to apply UPSC standard questions wenn diagroms are not yielding
proper results
ABHIMANYU
Reply to this comment
can u post those UPSC questions whr venn diagram approach is not
Reply to this comment can u post those UPSC questions whr venn diagram approach is not
working??? wasif Reply to this comment yes post them.it will help clear up doubts.but about
working???
wasif
Reply to this comment
yes post them.it will help clear up doubts.but about last year’s UPSC questions
on syllogism ,i don’t think they were tough,one could have solved them by plain
logic without venn even.
kaushal jha
Reply to this comment
m agree….
Ayush
Reply to this comment
how to solve questions which have conclusions like:1 some A being B is a possibility.
2 Atleast some A are B.
ABHIMANYU
Reply to this comment
post full question
shahid
Reply to this comment
SIR, I expect from u an article describing the basics of GEOGRAPHY
PKS
Reply to this comment
guys can anyone help…
?
Statements:
1. All teachers are graduates
2. All poets are poor
3. Some Mathematicians are poets
4. No graduate is poor
Conclusions:
1.Some Mathematicians are not Teachers
2.Some Teachers are not Mathematicians
3.No teacher is poor
4.No poet is a teacher
Find the INVALID conclusion…
ABHIMANYU
Reply to this comment
1 & 2 are INVALID
PKS
Reply to this comment
ThnxABHIMANYU
But there is only one invalid statement, as the answer choices of this questions
were the conclusions itself…
Venn diagram results in as two conclusions to be invalid….
Using Mrunal’s method i got option 2 as valid and so the answer choice with
1…
ABHIMANYU
Mrunal’s method i got option 2 as valid and so the answer choice with 1… ABHIMANYU
Reply to this comment BUt option 2 is not always true same applies for option
Reply to this comment
BUt option 2 is not always true
same applies for option 1
PKS
yes ABHIMANYU…. Hence the confusion
And as u said, Mrunal’s method does good for option 1 too….
May be something fishy with the question but I doubt, that it would be
wrong…
Anyways thnx for the help…
vips
statement 1 is always true and venn diagram gives u correct answer in
seconds//statement is incorrect /// when u draw a circle with
mathematician u can cover whole of graduate circle…draw for
yourself///but some mathematicians are not teachers will always be
valid as those mathematicians which are poet will not be teachers……
dimag ki batti jalao
vips
if u want to rttaofy then from 1, 2 and 4, no teacher is poet ie UN plus
some mathematicians are poets or some poets are mathematicians pp
…un+ pp =/pn with order reversed hence some mathematicians are
not teachers valid conclusion
PKS
Reply to this comment
Vips…
Thnku bhai…. I was stuck there…
This seems to b out of de circle thinking… :-)
rama devi
Reply to this comment
SIR,
PLS TELL ME HOW TO FIND OUT PARENTS OF CONCLUSIONS
rama devi
Reply to this comment
SIR,PLS TELL ME HOW TO FIND OUT PARENTS FOR CONCLUSIONS
ME SIR
PLS
EXPLAIN
kanika thapar
Reply to this comment
pls can anyone help me to understand syllogism by using venn diagram
:(
i did’nt get
spri
Reply to this comment
gud one!!!
gautam kumar
Reply to this comment
did’nt get spri Reply to this comment gud one!!! gautam kumar Reply to this comment converted

1, 3, 4 are correct while 2 doesnt follow

Lakhan Jadeja

 

very easy method thank u so much sir

 

Simi

 

Thanks a ton

!!!

I always found 4 statement syllogisms very confused when combined

with either or conclusions. But now let them give any number of statement, i am so

confident to solve them all

Thanks thanks thanksss,,,,!!! :)

nitin kakkar

 

Thanks for this and every article you have written, really you are doing a good job . I have some problems in sylogism possibility questions ,can you write a post on that or guide me towards some book or link .

neeraj

 

ur methods not working here all B are A some C are A all D are C some E are B

pls

explain

conclusions:

1.some E are A 2.no B is D 3.some A are D

OPTIONS:

a) only 1 follows

 

b) 1 and 2 follows

c) 1 and either 2 or 3 follows

d)none follows

ravi kumar rai

 

hello sir the method for syllogism are taken but i have little confusion in complementary pairs, will you please make it clear ASAP I HAVE MY EXAM ON 26th

gaurav

 

can anyone tell me how to solve syllogism containing if and then plz…

gaurav

 

please solve Some symbols are figures . All symbols are graphics. No graphics is a picture.

conclusion 1 . Some graphics are figures. 2. No symbol is a picture .

 

ankit

 

Some pencils are kites

a picture .   ankit Reply to this comment   Some pencils are kites converted by
Some kites are desks All desks are jungles All jungles are mountains 1.Some Mountains are
Some kites are desks
All desks are jungles
All jungles are mountains
1.Some Mountains are pencils
2.Some jungles are pencils
3.Some mountains are desks.
4.Some jungles are kites.
(1)Only 1 and 3 follow
(2)Only 1, 2 and 3 follow
(3)Only 3 and 4 follow
(4)Only 2, 3 and 4 follow
(5)None of the above
am getting answer Only 1 and 3 follow but the answer given is Only 3 and 4 follow.
Please help me with this problem
I
ankit
Reply to this comment
Some pencils are kites
Some kites are desks
All desks are jungles
All jungles are mountains
1.Some Mountains are pencils
2.Some jungles are pencils
3.Some mountains are desks.
4.Some jungles are kites.
(1)Only 1 and 3 follow
(2)Only 1, 2 and 3 follow
(3)Only 3 and 4 follow
(4)Only 2, 3 and 4 follow
(5)None of the above
am getting answer Only 1 and 3 follow but the answer given is Only 3 and 4 follow.
Please help me with this problem
I
shubham
Reply to this comment
this method is comprehended by only mrunal.if you know 100-50 rule,plz eleborate
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