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Republic of Yemen Hodeidah University Zabid College of Education Department of English Date: 31/01/2013

In the name of Allah Final Exam (Repeaters)

Level & Course: 3rd Year English Subject: Phonetics & Phonology Time: 3 hours Total marks: 150 Teacher: Dr. Abdullah Shaghi

ANSWER QUESTIONS ((I-V)) AND WRITE ONLY THE NUMBER OF THE QUESTION IN YOUR ANSWER BOOK

AND YOUR ANSWER TO IT

I. Read the following statements. Guess if 1 to 10 below are true (T) or false (F): (10 x 3 = 30 marks) 1. Using a three-term-label /z / is described as a voiced alveolar fricative. 2. Allophones are sounds, whilst a phoneme is a set of such sounds. 3. The International Phonetics Association/Alphabet is abbreviated as IPA. 4. It is the English stress that makes English sound really English. 5. Using a three-term-label /g/ is described as a voiceless velar stop. 6. In (English) phonetics, the abbreviation VPM refers to Voicing Place Manner of articulation. 7. It is necessary to distinguish between phonemes and allophones. 8. Using a three-term-label /s / is described as a voicless alveolar fricative. 9. The [p b], [t d], and [k g] show pairs of sounds similar only in voicing. 10. Using a three-term-label /i:/ is described as a short highfront unrounded monophthong. T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F

II. Use these 5 terms: ( Soft Palate, Voiced Alveolar Fricative, Hard Palate, Voiceless Alveolar Fricative, Larynx) to complete the following statements appropriately. (6x5 =30 marks) 1. The ________________________________ is called the roof of the mouth. 2. The ________________________________ is called Adam's Apple. 3. The ________________________________ is called the velum. 4. The ________________________________ is called /z/. 5. The ________________________________ is called /s/. III. Define briefly any three of the following topics. 1. IPA 4. [k] 7. Obsruents 2. Phonetics 5. Fricatives 8. [g] (3 x 10 = 30 marks) 3. The Tonic Syllable 6. Phonology 9. Nasals (2 x 15 = 30 marks)

IV. Write short notes with examples on any two of the following topics. 1. Minimal Pairs 3. Plosives/Stops 5. Word Stress in English 7. Consonant Clusters 2. Diphthongs 4. Falling Intonation 6. Triphthongs 8. Sonority scale

V. Write an essay on any one of the following topics. 1. English consonants 2. Place of Articulation 3. English vowels 4. Intonation in English

(1 x 30 = 30 marks)

Best wishes & Good luck! Teacher & Examiner: Dr. Abdullah Shaghi, 3rdYE, Phonetics & Phonology, Repeaters, 2012-2013