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A Study on

“ROLE OF HANDICRAFT ASSOCIATION ON


EXPORT PROMOTION OF THANKA”

By

BHAIRAB PD. PANDEY


T.U. Registration number: 7-1-246-5-2004
College Roll No: 174/063
Exam Roll No : 310796

A Field Work Report

Submitted to

Public youth Campus


Paknajol, Kathmandu

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Bachelor of Business Studies


August 20
Faculty of Management
Tribhuvan University
Public Youth Campus
Recommendation

This is certify that the field work assignment report:


Submitted by:

BHAIRAB PD. PANDEY

Entitled

“Role of Handicraft Association on Export Promotion of


Thanka”

Has been prepared as approved as by this department


This fieldwork assignment report is forwarded for examination

Supervisor
Date:-…………….
Head of Department
Public Youth Campus

2
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This field work report has been prepared under Small Business as partial
fulfill requirement of Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) programs of
faculty of management T.U. I hope this study will help those who wish to
study about Hand Made Paper Product in the future.

A detailed list of authors, books & other sources which were used as
fundamental sources in course of preparation of this report has been
included in Bibliography which will be useful to those enthusiastic to enter
the source.

I would heartily like to thanks to our Lecturers of Public Youth Campus


(Campus Coordinator), and all other respected lecturers of the college.
I am also grateful to the staff of Handicraft Association of Nepal, especially
towards manager for their efforts to conduct this study by providing
necessary data.

Lastly, I would like to extend sincere gratitude to the known and unknown
writer of the books and references that has been taken during the
preparation of this field report. Also my thanks goes to all of my friends for
their regular motivation, support and help to make this report possible.

BHAIRAB PD. PANDEY


Public Youth Campus

3
Contents
Page No.
To Whom It May Concern ii
Recommendation iii
Acknowledgement iv
List of Table & Figures v
List of Abbreviation Used vi

Chapter I 1-12

1.1 Background of the Study 1


1.1.1 Handicraft 2
1.1.2 Introduction to Handicraft Association on Nepal 3
1.1.3 Export Procedure of Handicraft 5
1.1.4 Introduction of Thanka 6
1.1.5 Organization Structure of Handicraft Associaition 8
1.2 Statement of the problem 9
1.3 Objective of The Study 9
1.4 Significance of the Study 10
1.3 Research Methodology 10
1.5 Research Methodology 10
1.5.1 Research Design 10
1.5.2 Nature and Sources of Data 11
1.5.3 Data Collection Technique 11
1.5.4 Data analysis tools 12
1.6 Limitation of the Study 12

Chapter II DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 13-21

2.1 Relationship of Thanka export with total export of handicraft 13


2.2 Tendency of Thanka export 17
2.3 Country wise Export of Thanka 19

Chapter III SUMMARY, CONCLUSION & RECOMM. 22-26

3.1 Summary 22
3.2 Conclusion 24
3.3 Recommendation 25
Bibliography
4
List of Tables and Figures

List of Tables 6-25

Table No. Title of Table

Page No

1 Total Handicraft Export and Export of Thanka 13


2 Calculation of Coorelation Coefficient 16
3 Estimation of Trend line by least square method 18
4 Country wise Export of Thanka 20

List of Figures 14-26

1 Bar Diagram Showing Total Handicraft Export 14


2 Bar Diagram Showing Thanka Export 14
3 Trend of Thanka Export 19
4 Country Wise Wise Export of Thanka 20

5
List of Abberviations Used

BBS : Bachelor of business study

C.V. : Coefficient of Variation

FY : Fiscal Year

HAN : Handicraft Association of Nepal

USA : United State of America

URL : Universal Resource Locator

6
CHAPTER-I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background Of The Study

Due to the rapid development in the field of science and technology, the
economy of the any nation is highly affected. Due to the globalization, the
organizations are getting borderless and the world has become very small.
No nation can remain isolated from one another due to the digital revelation
in technology. International trade had flourished worldwide. In fact it has
become a part of economic activities in all nations.

Now a day the International trade is regarded as a key factor to measure the
economic growth of a nation. Any country needs foreign currency of its
economic prosperity. Both developed & underdeveloped countries can gain
much more benefits from foreign trade. It can be very good source for
earning foreign exchange. So, the developing countries like Nepal has no
such satisfactory industrial products to export. But some distinct products
which it produces „the best‟ and has high demand and export phisibility in
the international market. One of the most common product having good
export phisibility is handicraft. So the study of this product regarding export
and its promotion is being essential.

7
1.1.1 Handicraft

Generally, a producer solely made by human hands without using any kinds
of complicated machinery and equipment is called handicraft. A simple
dictionary meaning of handicraft is “an art or craft needing skill with the
hands”. It is the practice of making decorative of functional objects, wholly
or partly by hand, an requiring both manual and artistic skill
According to Encyclopedia Britannica; “Handicraft is the occupation of
making by hands usable products graced with visual appeal. Handicraft
includes such activities as needlework, lace-making, weaving, printed
textile decoration, basketry, pottery, ornamental, metal working, jeweler,
leather working and wood working and such crafts as glass blowing and the
making of stain glass that requires complex facilities”
Therefore, we can say that handicrafts is an occupation that involves
making usable or decorative products by hand. For e.g. Origami (Japanese
for „paper folding‟). Developed in Japan, Origami is the art of
making/creating different kinds of objects by folding a sheet of paper. They
created forms range from simple figures to complex designs complete with
handicraft enjoyed worldwide. It has been popular especially as an art from
and hobby in Spain and Latin America.

Handicraft have been a valuable part of Nepalese heritage. They express the
great tradition and proud culture of this great Himalayan Kingdom. Their
origin can be traced back to the Stone Age when human beings were devoid
of tools of any king. The history of articles of everyday use

8
may be as old as the history of man living in Nepal itself. But the history of
„artistic handicrafts‟ probably can be traced only since the 5th century A.D.
When one looks back to the Nepalese handicrafts design, materials, tools,
craftsmanship and product development he/she finds them as old as the
human civilization.

1.1.2 Introduction to Handicraft Association of Nepal

Handicraft Association of Nepal was established on 1971 to enhance and


promote handicraft trade and industry. It was registered under Institutional
Registration Act of Nepal. As a service oriented, non-profitable
organization of private sector business and artisan community, it helps its
members to improve their productivity, explore markets and introduce them
to the international arena. It also works as a liaison between the members
and the Government / Non-Government organization. The Association has
more than 1400 members and three branches within Nepal. Today HAN has
its own web site for the seekers of information about handicraft.

Aims & Objectives of Handicraft Association of Nepal

Broadly, Association‟s aims and objectives are as follows,


To work towards steady growth of handicraft trade industry.
To encourage Nepalese artisans to adopt handicraft promotion s
their profession by reserving Nepalese Cultural Heritage and to
popularize it in the world.

9
To Provide pragmatic suggestion and advice to His Majesty‟s
Government and its related agencies to formulate policy/programs for
the betterment of Handicraft Trade & Industry.
To popularize and promote handicraft products.
To strive towards enhancing the quality of handicraft goods and its
productivity.

Activities
To attain its aim and objectives, the Association has been undertaking the
following activities.
Organize seminars, symposiums and conferences on various topics
relevant to strengthening of the handicraft trade and industry.
Explore additional markets for the handicraft products.
Organize Exhibition and Trade Fairs to highlight handicraft products
and create public awareness in its usage.
Activate and increase contacts with national and international
Agencies for the growth of handicraft trade and industry.
Institute award in recognition of highest Export and best
craftsmanship.
Arrange participation in international trade fairs and organize
exhibition for its members.
Publication of news bulletins, books, catalogues, directory and the
materials relevant to handicraft trade and industry.
Act as catalytic agent for management of training program for the
benefit of its members.
Issuance of valuation certificates for handicraft and silver products.
10
Certification of products made from the parts of domestic animals.
Documentation & Dissemination of information regarding handicraft
trade industry.

1.1.3 Export Procedure of Handicraft

1. An export should have:

a. Registration of Firm/ Company/ Industry


b. Registration in Local tax office
c. Current account in commercial bank

II. An export order could be affected

a. If a letter of credit is opened on the exporters‟ name, or


b. Advance payment is deposited, in convertible currency, in the
exporter‟s bank account, or
c. Samples, up to the value of US $ 150 could be exported without
the condition stated in II. a and b

III. Documents required for Export

a. Commercial invoice certificate by Handicraft Association of Nepal.


b. Packing list.
c. Certificate of origin.
d. Nepal Rastra Bank Declaration form.
e. Certificate from Handicraft Association of Nepal.

11
f. Advance Payment or Letter of Credit.
g. Authorized letter
h. A copy of Firm registration/Income tax registration
i. A copy of customs agent registration.
j. Museum pass certificate.
k. G.S. (Generalized System of Preference) form A.
l. No objection letter from Handicraft Association of Nepal.
m. Recommendation letter from Depart of Forestry for forest based
products.
n. Recommendation letter from Department of Mines for some mineral
products.

1.1.4 Introduction of Thanka

The most popular paintings on canvas (coarse cotton) and on thick paper are
often called thankas or pauvas based on the Tibetan influence are mostly
introduced by the Tibetan refugees settled in Nepal and by the Sherpas and
tamang tribes of the northern regions. Amongst a sect in northern Nepal, as
in Tibet, the second son in every household be sent to a gumba (monastery),
where he is trained to be a lama. Fine arts are one of the subjects for those
students, who gradually turn into masters. This tradition is the chief reason
for the profusion of paintings, (mainly on especially prepared and smoked
cloth, but also on various other surfaces) that fill up all the gumbas in lama
lands. This tradition is embued to the present generation as well, that these
thankas based on traditional symbols, forms styles, and color arrangements
and are carried out in gouache. Some for the artistic religious and historical
paintings are also done by the Newars of Kathmandu Valley.
12
Varietis of the Buddhists and Hindu deities, secret philosophes and
illustrative scenes full of narratives are painted by traditional methods.
Mostly such paintings contain horror provoking images, the wheel of life,
images of different gods and goddesses, illustrations of stories, various
shaktis (erotic figures), imaginary representations of the great thinkers, etc.
some of these paintings were originally made to fulfill certain purposes,
such as (a) to serve as a guide out of chaos of the unconscious and the
entanglements of the world. (b) As a support of concentration, meditation
and ritual aids on the way towards the centre of the consmos and self and(c)
as a magical instruments were merely looking at a painting the faithful
might achieve what is desired.

While painting on coarse cotton of the ground with a mixture of chalk and
glue, the colour, being likewise mixed with glue, become one with the
ground. The finished painting is varnished with glue, become one duck‟s
egg mixed with water. Thanka is specially prepared on cloth of paper or left
bright subdued by some treatment are competitive to those in any other
country. The artistic and decorative oriental value of these exotic works of
art can blend tastefully and can be conversation piece in any modern
drawing room.

13
1.1.5 Organization Structure of Handicraft Association of Nepal

Federation of Handicraft Association of Nepal


Organization Chart
General Addembly Of members

Executive Board

Precident

IP Precident

1st Vice Precident

2nd Vice Precident

General Secretary

Executive members 16

Secreatariat (20)
Officers (7)
Functional Committees 8
Sr. Assiastants (4)
Asst. (2)
Product Development Committees 12
Jr.Asst (1)
Messengers (6)

14
1.2 Statement of The Problem

For the economic growth of a country like Nepal, there is a great role of
handicraft goods. Nepal is a country with rich cultural and traditional value.
There is a reflection of old age tradition and rich Nepalese culture in
Nepalese handicraft. So we can earn foreign currency by export promotion
of handicraft goods. In Nepal Handicraft association is established to
promote production and export of handicraft goods. Thanak is one of the
exportable handicraft product. So in this project work the answer of the
following research question is tried to find.

(I) What is the tendency of thanka export?


(II) What is the relation between total handicraft export and Thanka
Export?
(III) Which country is in the top priority regarding export of thanka?

1.2 Objective Of the Study

Following are the objectives of the Study

(I) To examine the relationship of thanka export with total export of


handicraft
(II) To observer the trend of thanka export
(III) To analyze the country wise export of thanka.

15
1.3 Significance of the Study

This study is carried out to fulfill the requirement of BBS 3 rd year. So this is
significant for me to fulfill the requirement of BBS 3rd year. Also the
detailed methodology applied to carry out this research is described in this
and all the name of the writer and their publication are included in the
bibliography. So this project wor will be helpful to those who want to carry
out the study regarding the product of handicraft association in the future.

1.4 Research Methodology

Thanka, being one of the important exportable handicraft goods, should be


studied extensively for its export promotion. The main objective of this
report is to carry out comparative study regarding total Handicraft export
condition and Total thanka export condition of Nepal. Also to fine the trend
of thanka export is another objective of the study. For this the detailed
methodology adopted is discussed under the following headings. Research
design, nature and sources of data collection techniques and data analysis
tools.

1.5.1 Research Design

“A research design is the arrangement of conditions for collection and


analysis of data in a manner that aims to combine relevance to the research
purpose with economy in procedure.” Research design is the

16
plan, structure and strategy of customer service conceived so as to obtain
answers to research questions. Descriptive and analytical research design
for the study has been applied as it gets two aspects. At first, it has the
description of the situation and secondly, it has the interpretation of data.

1.5.2 Nature and Sources of Data

This study is conducted on the basis secondary data only. The data related
to the study are collected from the following sources:
1. Annual reports of Handicraft Association Nepal,
2. Various booklets and journal concerned with foreign trade,
Handicraft Association of Nepal and Thanka.
3. From the official URL of Handicraft Association of Nepal:
www.nepalhandicraft.com
4. From the site of Thanka: www.yomari.com.np

1.5.3 Date Collection Technique

The information regarding to this study are mainly collected from the office
of Handicraft Association of Nepal from the published annual reports
relating to the Export of different Handicrafts items. Also the Internet is
used to find some literature and other necessary data regarding this study. A
prospectus published by HAN is much more useful to collect the data
regarding Introduction, Aim and Objectives, Promotion function. Also other
books regarding foreign trade are also studied to collect the data regarding
this Study.

17
1.5.4 Data Analysis Tools

Presentation of Data: The collected data were presented with the help of
Simple bar diagrams. Multiple bar diagrams etc.

Statistical tools used: The analysis tools used in this study are Mean,
Standard deviation, Trend analysis, Coefficient of Correlation analysis and
Coefficient of Variation analysis.

1.5 Limitation of the Study

1. This study is mainly carried out to attain the partial fulfillment of


BBS III year, which is also a limitation of the study.
2. The study is only focused on Export of Thanka and necessary data is
collected from only published source provided by Handicraft
Association of Nepal.
3. The study includes only five years data from FY 2060/61 to FY
2064/2065
4. Only top 5 export countries are selected to carryout study about
country wise export of Thankas.
5. The study has time and economy bond.

18
CHAPTER-II

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

2.1 Relationship of thanka export with total export of


handicraft
Data Presentation

Table 1 shows the figure relating to total handicraft and thanka export for
the five years form FY 2060/061 TO 2064/065

Table No 1
Total Handicraft Export and Export of thanka

FY Total Handicraft Export Total Thanka Export


2060/61 2719636490 17543529
2061/62 2552952543 15761935
2062/63 2571841423 15002557
2063/64 2849476340 21009108
2064/65 2880644848 15411112
Sources: Handicraft Association Nepal.

The data relating to the total Handicraft export is presented in the following
multiple bar diagram

19
Figure No.1
Bar Diagram Showing Total Handicraft Export
Total Handicraft Export
3000
2900
2800
2700
2600 Total Handicraft Export
2500
2400
2300
2060/061 2061/062 2062/063 2063/064 2064/065

Source: Table No.1

The data relating to the total Handicraft export is presented in the following
multiple bar diagram

Figure No.2
Bar Diagram Showing Thanka Export
Total Thanka Export
2500

2000

1500

1000 Total Thanka Export

500

0
2060/061 2061/062 2062/063 2063/064 2064/065

Source: Table No. 1


20
According to the above table and figure the export of total handicraft and
thanka in the year 2060/61 is Rs. 2719636490 and Rs 1,75,432 respectively.
Similarly the export figure of total handicraft in the year 2061/062, 2062/63,
2063/64 and 2064/65 is Rs. 2552952543, Rs. 2571841423, Rs. 2849476340
and Rs. 2880644848 respectively and that of thanka in the same year is Rs.
15761935, Rs. 15002557, Rs 2, 10, 09,108 and Rs. 15411112 respectively.

Data Analysis

Properties:

1. Correlation coefficient is denoted by r and lies between -1 and +1


2. When r=1, there is perfectly positive correlation between the two
variables
3. When r=-1, there is perfectly negative correlation between the two
variables.
4. When r=0, there is no correlation between the variables.

If the value of r is near to +1 or -1 the relationship between two variables


are closer and nearer the value of r to 0, lesser will be the relationship.

21
Table No. 2

FY Handicraft Export Thanka Export X=X-x Y=Y-y X2 Y2


(X) (Y)
2060 2719.63649 17.543529 4.7261612 0.597881 22.34 0.3574614

2061 2552.952543 15.761935 -161.9577858 -1.18371 26230.32 1.401176

2062 2571.841423 15.002557 -143.0689058 -1.94309 20468.71 3.7756034

2063 2849.47634 21.009108 134.5660112 4.06346 18108.01 16.511705

2064 2880.644848 15.411112 165.7345192 -1.53454 27467.93 2.3548013

= 16574.55164 = 84.728241 = 92297.32 = 24.40074

Calculation of Correlation Coefficient

SOURCE: Table No. 1

22
Here = = = 2714.910328; e = = =
16.9456482

Now, r =

= = 0.50

Hence the coefficient of correlation r=0.50

From the computation of coefficient or correlation between thanka export


and total handicraft export is r = 0.50 which shows positive moderate
correlation between the total handicraft export and thanka export.

2.2 Tendency of Thanka export

If the rate of change of export is positive, the trend of the thanka export will
be in rising trend and it will be failing trend if the change of export is
negative.

23
Table No. 3
Estimation of Trend Line by Least Square Method
Year (X) Thana Export (y) X=X-2061 X2 Xy yc
2060/61 17543529 -2 4 -35087058 16749180.4
2061/62 15761935 -1 1 -15761935 16847414.3
2062/63 15002557 0 0 0 16945648.2
2063/64 21009108 1 1 21009108 17043882.1
2064/65 15411112 2 4 30822224 17142116
0

Source: Table No.1

Let, n=5=No. of years


2061 = middle of the year
yc = computed value of y or trend value
a = average of loan
b = rate of change
We have yc = a+bx
Since ,

a=

b=

Hence, for year 60, yc = a +bx = 16945648.2+ -196467.8 = 16749180.4


for year 60, yc = a +bx = 16945648.2+ -98233.9 = 16847414.3
for year 60, yc = a +bx = 16945648.2+ 0 = 16945648.2
for year 60, yc = a +bx = 16945648.2+ 98233.9 = 17043882.1
for year 60, yc = a +bx = 16945648.2+ 196467.8= 17142116

24
Since the rate of change (b) is positive, the tred value will show a rising
trend. Also with the help of yc calculated above we can build the graph of
trend line as shown in the figure 3 below

Figure No. 3
Trend Of Thanka Export

Trend line of Thanka Export


25000000

20000000

15000000
Trend line of Thanka
10000000 Export
5000000

0
60/061 61/062 62/063 63/064 64/065

Source: Table No. 3

According to the above figure No. 3 it is clear that the trend of thanka
export is in rising trend.

2.3 Countrywise Export of Thanka

The following table shows the figure relating to country wise export of
Thanak to thetop major 5 countries for the five years starting from FY
2059/2060 to 2063/2064

25
Table No. 4
Countrywise Export of Thanka
Rs. „000

FY USA GERMANY JAPAN INDIA FRANCE


060/61 6390.267 2175.43 997.113 957.676 391.141
061/62 6146.096 1178.463 706.564 946.785 252.883
062/63 5184.345 1477.297 609.28 1414.103 350.226
063/64 5659.662 2422.834 2035.591 1419.075 774.33
064/65 4764.5 1825.197 990.343 1430.077 957.419
Source: Handicraft Association Nepal.

The above data are also presented in the following figure.

Figure No. 4
Country Wise Export of Thanka

7000

6000

5000
USA
4000 GERMANY
JAPAN
3000
INDIA
2000
FRANCE

1000

0
60/61 61/62 62/63 63/64 64/65

Source: Table No. 4

According to the above table and figure the export of thankas in USA from
FY 2065/60 to FY 2063/64 is Rs. 6390.267, 6146.096, 5148.345

26
5659.662 and 4764.5 thousands respectively. Similarly the export figure of
Germany if Rs. 2175.43, 1178.463, 1477.297, 2422.834 and 1825.197 is
Rs. 997.113, 946.785, 1414.103, 1419.075 and 1430.077 thousands
respectively and that in the India compraises of Rs. 957.676, 946.785,
1414.103, 1419.075 and 1430.077 thousands respectively. At las the export
figure for the same period for France includes Rs. 391.141, 252.883,
350.226, 774.33 and 957.419 respectively.

Export country in top priority according to variability

Properties:

Less the C.V. the data will be more uniform and that will be less uniform if
C.V is more i.e. The Country having moiré uniformity in thanka export is in
the top priority for export and other hold succeeding priority.

27
CHAPTER-III

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION

3.1 SUMMARY

Handicraft have beena valuable part of Nepalese heritage. They express the
great tradition and proud culture of this great Himalayan Kingdom. The
history of articles of everyday use may be as old as the history of man living
in Nepal I itself. But the history of „artistic hadicrafts‟ probably can be
traced only since the 5th century A.D. When one looks back to the Nepalese
handicrafts design, materials, tools, craftsmanship and product development
he/she finds them as old as the human civilization.

In Nepal the production, promotion and export of Handicraft is found to be


facilitated by an organization called Handicraft Association which was
established on 1971 to enhance and promote handicraft trade and industry.
It was registered under Institutional Registration Act of Nepal. As a service
oriented, non-profitable organization of private sector business and artisan
community, it helps its members to improve their productivity, expolore
markets and introduce them to the international arena. It also works as a
liaison between the members and the Government / Non-Government
organization. The Association has moiré than 1400 members and three
branches within Nepal. Today HAN has its own web site for the seekers of
information about handicraft.
Thanka, one of the Handicraft products is the most popular paintings on
canvas (coarse cotton)and on thick paper based on the Tibetan influence
28
Is mostly introduced by the Tibetan refugees settled in Nepal and by the
Sherpas and Tamang tribes of the northern regions. This tradition is the
chief reason for the profusion of paintings, (mainly on especially prepared
and smoked cloth, but also on various other surfaces) that fill up all the
gumbas in lama lands. Some for the artistic religious and historical
paintings are also done by the Newars of Kathmandu valley. In this painting
varieties of the Buddhists and Hindu deities, secret philosophies and
illustrative scenes full of narratives are painted by traditional methods.
Mostly such paintings contain horror provoking images, the wheel of life,
images of different gods and goddesses, illustrations of stories, various
shaktis (erotic figures), imaginary representations of the great thinkers, etc.

In this study the data concerned with Total Handicraft export and Thanka
export is presented. All the data presented relates from FY 2058/059 to FY
2063/64. The data are presented by means of Tabulation and also plotted in
various types of diagram to make the data presented in cardinal number
clear.
The data has been presented to analyze the objectives of examining the
trend of Thanka export, analyzing the relationship between Total Handicraft
export and Thanka Export, ascertaining different export countries on
priority basis.
The trend analysis of data is brought through least square method. While
studying the trend it was found that the average export of thanka for the past
5 years was Rs. 16945648.2 and the value of b is found to be

29
98233.9. Since the value of b is positive the trend of Thanka export is in
rising trend.
The analysis of coefficient of correlation between Total Handicraft export
and Thanka Export found that these two sectors have moderate degree of
positive correlation since the value of r calculated was 0.50.

The analysis of coefficient of variation of export between different five


countries helped to know ascertain the export countries on the priority basis.
On he priority basis the USA is in top priority regarding uniformity on the
Export as its CV is found to be smallest i.e. 10.63 where as the C.V. of
Export for India, Germany, Japan & France is 20.15, 24.85, 47.54 and 49.87
respectively. Similarly the standard deviation of export for the export
countries USA, India, Germany, Japan and France is found to be 598.82,
248.60, 451.37, 507.61 and 271.81 respectively and mean of export for the
USA, Germany, India, Japan and France be 5628.98, 1815.848, 1233.55,
1067.78, 545.20 respectively.

3.2 Conclusion

From the analysis it is known that the export of Thanak is in rising trend. It
is also known that the total Export of Handicraft and Thanka export have
moderate degree of positive correlation. Bye the Study of C.V of different
countries concerned with Thanka export it was found that the USA is in the
high priority for the export procedure as it has lowest C.V. Similarly the

30
other countries on the priority basis of export are India, Germany, Japan and
France.
3.3 Recommendation

Based on the findings of the study the following recommendation is


formulated.

Quality control is one of the great problems in Nepalese exportable


goods. Due to the lack of quality checking system quality less product
may be exported which may reduces export in the future. So the effort
should be taken by the side of government to establish quality checking
department for exportable thanka.

Due to the chief kasmiri product there is high competition in export,


which may reduces the export of thanka in the future. So government
should be careful to get the patent rights of the Nepalese thanka.

The association should give proper training for its member to produce
quality product. Also the member of the association should be careful
to maintain the quality of their product.

The association should take its effort to search new export countries
and modern means of export by using recent net services.

31
Bibliography

Agrawal, G.R, Project Management in Nepal, M.K. Publishers and


Distributors, Kathmandu.

Annual Report of Handicraft Association of Nepal From FY 64/65 to


2065/66

Bajracharya, B.C., Business statistics & mathematics, M.K publishers and


Distributors, Bhotahity, Kathmandu, Edition 2057

Brocer published by Handicraft Associaton of Nepal, 2007

URL: www.nepalhandicrafts.org

URL: www.yamori.com

32

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