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TABLE OF CONTENT

Concept Map of Light 1

Teaching Overview 2

Development of Lesson 3

Worksheet 7

Materials 9

PowerPoint Slide 11
Concept Map of Light

Light
Speed is: Represented by:

300 000 000 Rays


m/s

Reflects Refracted

Properties of plane mirror


Law of reflection Law states: In a prism:
image are
1. The incident ray, 1. Image same size as Wave bends towards the Waves are dispersed in
reflected ray and the object. normal in the slower to a spectrum.
normal at the point of 2. Image is upright. medium.
incidence, all lie on the
same plane 3. Virtual Caused by
2. Angle of incidence =
4. Laterally inverted Change in wave speed
angle of reflection
5. As far away from the
plane of reflection as the
object

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TEACHING OVERVIEW

Subject : Physics Form 4


Date and Day : 16 July 2008
Class / Form : Form 4A
Title / Theme : Light
Time : 9.00- 9.40 am (40 minutes)
Learning Objective : Understanding reflection of light
Learning Outcome : At the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. Describe the characteristics of images formed by plane
mirror under reflection of light
2. State the laws of reflection of light

Prior Knowledge and : Students have ideas about images formed by mirrors and
Skills that light travels in straight line.

Scientific Skills : Observing, classifying, inferring and predicting.

Thinking Skills : Attributing, comparing and contrasting, classifying.

Moral and Scientific : 1. Having an interest and curiosity towards the environment.
2. Having critical and analytical thinking.
Value
3. Being flexible and open-minded.

Materials : 1. Physics Form 4 Textbook


2. Reflection of light worksheet
3. Video clip of introduction
4. Video clip of image of plane mirror

Teaching Aid : LCD, laptop, white board and worksheet.

Preparation` : 1. Instruct students to read text book as a preparation from


page 40 to 41 before entering the class.
2. Review the reflection video clips, textbook and or other
related teaching aids.
3. Prepare activity sheet for the lesson

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DEVELOPMENT OF LESSON

Pedagogy : Classroom discussion with LCD presentation


Learning Activities Content T&L Strategies / Methods
Introduction Based on the video clip of introduction, • Recall what students have learnt about propagation of
(5 minutes) (i) Light streaming into a dusty space in the evening. light.
Observe situations (ii) Shadows of object are formed. • Tell students that they are going to learn about light
that relate shadows The forming of shadows is due to the fact that light traveling in straight lines and how we can make use of
and how light travels. travels in straight lines. this fact to trace the path of light in reflection and in so
Writing observations doing we are able to describe the characteristics of the
on work sheet. images.
Work sheet is given out to students.
• View video clip:
(i) Light streaming into a dusty space in the evening.
(ii) Shadows of object are formed.
• Guide students to make an inference from what they see
from the video clip and facilitate them to write their
observations on work sheet.

Scientific Skills: Observing, inferring, predicting

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Development 1 (i) Introduce the terms used in reflection such • Introduce terms used in reflection by plane mirror by
(10 - 15 minutes) as the normal, incident ray, reflected ray, doing ‘hands-on’ activity about the laws of reflection.
Hands-on activity. angle of incidence and angle of reflection. • From the activity, teacher facilitates and discusses with
(ii) The laws of reflection: the students how to state the laws of reflection.
Answer questions in • The incident ray, the reflected ray and • Students completing questions 2 and 3 on the work sheet.
work sheet. the normal at the point of incidence,
all lie on the same plane.
• The angle of incidence = the angle of Materials: protractor, source of light and a plane.
reflection Scientific Skills: Observing, inferring

Development 2 (i) Characteristics of image formed by plane • Students are asked observe the characteristics of image
(10-15 minutes) mirror: formed by plane mirror by watching video clip of image
Refer to video clip of • Virtual of plane mirror or hands-on activity.
image of plane mirror • Same size as object • Students are asked to look at the clip and doing hands-on
Discuss the activity to describe the characteristics of image formed
• Upright
characteristics of in the work sheet.
• Laterally inverted
image formed by
• As far away from the plane of
plane mirror. Scientific Skills: Observing, inferring and predicting.
reflection as the object

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Answer questions in (ii) Drawing of ray diagram using the • Teacher guides the students to draw the ray diagram
work sheet. characteristics of the image formed by the based on the characteristics of image formed.
plane mirror.
Scientific Skills: Classifying, inferring and predicting.

Moral and Scientific Value:


• Having critical and analytical thinking.
• Being flexible and open-minded.

Closure Summary from work sheet. • Guide students to summarize the lesson by referring to
(5 minutes) (Go over the work sheet.) their work sheet.
Summarizing lesson. • Give homework to students – 5.1 Questions (text book
Assignment page 43)

Moral and Scientific Value:


• Having an interest and curiosity towards the environment.

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Objective achievement:
At the end of teaching and learning, students are able to:
1. Describe the characteristics of images formed by reflection of light
2. State the laws of reflection of light in their own words.
3. Drawing of ray diagram using the characteristics of the image formed by the plane mirror.

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WORKSHEET

1. ‘Shadows are formed when the path of light is obstructed. The shape of the
shadow is similar to the shape of the object.’
What can you say about the propagation of light?

2.

Plane mirror

In the ray diagram shown above, label


i. incident ray,
ii. reflected ray,
iii. normal,
iv. angle of incidence, i,
v. angle of reflection, r.

3. The laws of reflection:

i.

ii.

4. List the five characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror.

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

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5. Complete the ray diagrams in the following examples:

i. An observer looking at the image of a ball in the mirror.

eye

Plane mirror

ii. An observer looking at the image of the moon.

eye

Plane mirror

iii. An observer looking at the image of the letter F.

eye

Plane mirror

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MATERIALS

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MATERIALS

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POWER POINT SLIDES
HANDOUT

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