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mU]h B]gh

ek]]>il sui
http://malayalamebooks.wordpress.com

e`tiHYm]
mU]h B]gh
ek]]>il sui

E-book Published By
http://malayalamebooks.wordpress.com/
April 2011

e`tiHYm]

\Th
AmuKh.............................................................................................................................3
44. ki>UR kuiEMl Bgvti .............................................................................5
45. pU]nu nU>i............................................................................................ 21
46. AUR ni .................................................................................................. 27
47. vyx[k> ctuREvdiBti>iyuh yiyuh ............................................. 44
48. >]mpu>uv]>YR .............................................................................................. 48
49. ecez<uM]R ........................................................................................... 50
50. ek]c{i sNtu>]N ti>umnuek][ .......................................... 62
51. aUR p>EmsV>c{]kY]R.......................................................................... 129
52. Ec>]n}UR kuWuR]v[........................................................................ 133
53. ek]]>>E]s]........................................................................................147
54. EtvE>i ni ...............................................................................................151
55. ci |osV>M]>ueT pifh..................................................................... 188
56. prE]u nU>i .............................................................................................192
57. p]il s]x[t]v[ .......................................................................................... 197
58. ek]Tu}UR vxU>im] .............................................................................. 203
59. tZUfiur Eztie \XvL.............................................. 207
60. ArMu m]H]Yh ..........................................................................................211
61. Ek]iyil ek]c{y{N ............................................................................... 225

e`tiHYm]

AmuKh
k<i O>u st]]m]yi my]ikueT x]hx[k]>ik
jIvitie O>u aviB]jYB]gm]yi m]riy atuYm]y O>u zg
m]f[ ek]]>il sui vi>cic{ "e`tiHYm]". E]k
x]HitYil Ayi>e]u >]vukLuh, |oEx][ kkLuh
\tuh, B]>tIyx]HitYil pWtzinuh, k]x>it[x]g>
inu aEt ]nm]f[ my]x]HitYil |o zg
inut[. eckEs>i >]j]v[ mutl ti>uv]]diEksvN ve>
126 e`tiHY]f[ |tie \Th. my]ikL ni>vDi
tmurk]yi eekm]rukyuh AxVdiukyuh ecy[tiu |o
kZtiyueT jnzpiyty[[ |uh a[pvuh kurv[ vii} `t[
|tie mHtVe viiEc{]tuu.
yUEr]pYM]R v>utinu muu Ek>ie jnjIvit
ie O>u xjIvm]y cizth |o kkil nmuu k]fuv]N
x]Diuh. Ek>ie EztL, j]tivYv, A>]Dn]
xzd]yL, \XvL, >]j]M]R, zb]f EzsM]R,
vI>n]ykM]R, n]uzpm]fim]R, pitM]R, kvikL, mzv]di
kL, eevdYM]R, yikL, BUtEzptL, gjvI>M]R `uEv]
jnjIvitie `}]ienyuh zptiniD]nh ecy{u k]p]zt
eyuh >hgeyuh atYh atisEy]i Ey]eTyuh
AkRSfIym]yuh ek]]>il sui |til avt>iiu
u[.
cu>uil mDYk]In Ek>ie x]hx[k]>ik jIvit
ie O>u xmzgvuh, atY]>Yk>vuh aEtxmyh AxV]dYk>
vum]y k]>Upiu O>u viv>fm]f[ e`tiHYm] `u
pry]h. atutey]f[ |o zgie zpEtYktyuh. |tie
kkL v]yic{riy]nu avx>h |o tmuryieyuh v>uh
tmuryieyuh `}]vRuh BYm]uk ` \EsE]eTy]f[
e`tiHYm] ` zge Qijieex[ ecy{uv]nu |o
Ezp]j[ A>hBic{t[.
3

e`tiHYm]
e`tiHYm]yie 126 kkL pURm]y EsSh Oe>]
|bu[ Ayi zpxiIk>iutiEn]L e`tiHYm]yueT
AdYptiieE]e `u B]gi]yi zpxiIk>iuv]n]f[
\Esic{i>iut[. aeny]efil |o Ezp]j[ tI>utuve>
v]yn]Ru k]i>iEi v>i}E}]. AdYe 21 kkL \L
e]u AdYB]gvuh piITu 22 kkuLe]u >]h
B]gvuh |tinkh |bu[ Ayi |o Eb}]gil zpxiIk>i
eTukyu]yi. tuTRu 18 kkuLe]u mU]h B]gh
|u v]yn]>ueT muieuky]f[. |o xh>hBin[ xH]y
xHk>fL n[kiy `}] \d]>mnx[kE>]Tuh, e`tiHYm]
Qijieex[ ecy{u TImie `}] ahgE]Tumu HZdyhgm
m]y ni |vieT E>KeTuuu.
- zpx]DkN

e`tiHYm]

44. ki>UR kuiEMl Bgvti


ti>uvt]hkUR xh]n[ Ek]yh t]Uil kii>UR
Edsh pu etuhkUR >]jYuLet]yi>uu. atin]l |o
Bgvti Ezth kii>UR Eds]R etuhkUR >]j]vie anuv]d
E]Tuh xH]yE]Tuh kUTiy]f[ pfik<iic{t[. `]l
av>ueT vic]>h |vieT Bgvtiey zptiifem}]yi>uu.
s]x[t]vien zptiifemuvic]>ic{]f[ A Eds]R |o
Ezth pfik<iic{t[. aie pfiey}]h kuEr tIRiu
kyuh s]x[t]vie O>u vizgHmu]iukyuh zptiy[]yi
muHURh En]ic{u niyiukyuh aTuu ti>uv]Ru
Eztie tziy]y mi nU>i]ie aTulniu
zptiuh ksh mut]ytinuh Evu \pk>fLuh muh
pTi>c{]Ru v]ukyuh x]m]nL EsK>ic{u tuTu kyuh
zpti]dikL mury[u nTiutin]yi k>yil zpD]n M]>]y
piyil EmEn]N, eviku> ky[mL mut]yv>ueT aEp
zpk]>h etuhkUR >]j]v[ muNkUi ei Evu
chekuke}]h ecy[tuek]u t]mxh tuTukyuh ecy[tu.
|o xhgtikL nTu ek]i>iu k]u kii>UR
Edsu 'k][' ` vIil 'Ek]t' `u Ep>]y[ O>u x[ztI
\]yi>uu. vEy]vZyuh |osV>Byuh xt[gufvtiyum]
yi>u ave> `}]v>uh Ek]ty `]fu viic{i>ut[.
av!R[ ~<> n]<ikevuinu kuiyuh ci jpuh muh
ptivu]yi>uu. O>u Ey]gIsV>N avRu divYmzh \pEdsi
c{i>utin]l A mzh jpicu jpic{u avR O>u divYy]yi
IRuvezt. avR evu]N k]u kui]NEp]ku xmyh
'k]RtY]yni' `u Ep>]yi avRu]yi>u mkeUeT
ek]uEp]vuk ptiv]yi>uu.
O>u divxh evU]N k]u kui]NEp]k]r]yE]L
Ek]ty ptivu Ep]e mke viic{iu, ''a muNEp
ep]y[e]U, w]N pi]evu ek]]h' `u pryuky]l
5

e`tiHYm]
vZ Ep]yi. pu<yiiri kui A>hBic{u. aE]L mruk>yil
niu AE>] eviiri nTu te EnE> v>ut]yi
Et]uky]l vZ xV[ph ByE]TukUTi "k]RY]ynI" `u
\re viic{u. aE]L evilUTi nTu v AL
\c{il vii Ekuek]u Ek]tyyueT aTuEy[[ ecu.
atu te mk]yi>iuemu vic]>ic{i[ Ek]ty, "nIyiE]L
a>y[u Ep]yetin]f[?" `u Ec]dic{u. aE]L vy]L
"aE w]N O>u k]RY]yni tey]f[ `iuh niueT
mk}"`u pru. atu Ek[ vZxUic{u En]i. vZy[[
nyEnziysi kuruEp]yi>uu `iuh aE]L kuEre
ni]vu]yi>utin]l
A
vy]L
xRv{]hgxu>iyuh
nvyov{nyuyum]y O>u knYky]fuh A b]ik tmuTi
Bhgiy]yi cIkiei xu>BikuxumL cUTukyuh, k]til
O]yuh k<uilp]y[] Em]ti>vuh a>yil puvx[ztvuh,
D>iy[ukyuh ecy[tiuuh vZ mni]ukyuh avR
til xV[ph xhB]Sfh nTukyuhecy[tu
vZ: nI `vieT ni]f[ v>utu? `E]u Ep]kuu?
knYk: w]N xV[ph ki<uni]fu v>utu |vieT
kuiEMl pun]yi O>u Ezth pfIk<iic{iuE}]. w]N
avieT kyri p]R]n]yi]fu Ep]kut[.
vZ: A ah s]x[t]vien zptii]n]yiu pfiyi
c{iut]fE}].
knYk: atu s>ite. `iuh w]N te avieT
p]Ruh. wL ~<uEp>]f[ ki<uniuh Ep]t[. EsSem}]
v>uh |Ty[u O]E>]il kyri t]mxm]yi. `niu m]zth
`uh h kiiyi}. aE]<]fu |ien O>u h
ty{]r]yiue[ arit[. \Ten |E]u Ep]>ikyuh ecy[tu.
s]x[t]vien zptii]N Evfemil Ever ah pfiyic{u
ek]uv]N niL niueT xEH]d>N muK]i>h piyil
6

e`tiHYm]
EmEn]N mut]yve> ariyiEc{fh. avR >]j]vie aTul
ariyic{uek]umE}]. |ni Em]l |o k>yil kuikLu
k]RY]yni `u Ep>iTukyuh p]y[]Em]ti>h ekiy[ukyuh
ecy{>utuh niL niueT xEH]d>N muK]i>h jne
ariyiEc{fh. |et]uh prt]yiuh nL til
kt]yiuh AE>]Tuh niL prkyum>ut[."
|v>ueT xhB]Sfh Ekuek][ A Eds]>nuh,n}
Ej]XYnuh
zps[nm]Rnipufnuh
O>u
divYnum]y
kfiy]hprbil kfiy]R O>u m>inu mru nii>uu.
knYkyueT xhB]Sf mvx]nic{E]L \Ten A kfIy]R
aTiyN "|et}]h Eku vE}]" `u pru. aE]L AknYk
''`]l
nIyumiet]uh
AE>]Tuh
miiE]k>ut[.
nI
AE>]eTiuh pr]l nie x]ne}]h `uh cnuh ,
ep]nuh (muTnuh, bDi>nuh) AyiI>uh" `uh, vZEy]Tu
"kuiEMl v]l |niyuh niLu `e k]f]h" `uh
priu adZsYy]yi Bviukyuh ecy[tu. A knYkyueT
xV>Uph k]fukyuh xhB] Sfh EkLukyuh ecy[ti[
Byvix[myviHVy]yiIR Ek]ty fil kui k<ic{u
vIiei ptivu jpvuh muh k<ic{ukUi. aE]E<uh
Ek]tyyueT xEH]d>n]y ek]c{y
{ nuh avieTeyi. \Ten
Ek]ty
ek]c{y
{ En]T['
"`T]!
ek]c{y
{ ]!
kuiEMl
pfik<iic{i>iu ail O>u Bgvti |ek]i>iuu.
atin]l |ni s]x[t]vien zptiifemil ah Ever
\]ifh.
avieT
|ek]i>iutu
x]]l
k]RY]yniy]f[. atin]l |ni Em]l |o k>yil ARuh
k]RY]yni `u Ep>iukUT]. Ae>yuh p]y[] Em]ti>h
ekiy[yum>ut[. nI |o viv>h k>yil zpD]nM]>]y piyil 1
EmEn]N, eviu> eekmL mut]yve> |E]L te
D>iifh. >]j]vie aTul avR ariyic{uek]umE}]"
1

A kuTuhbh |E]<i}.

e`tiHYm]
`u pru. |tu Ekiu Ek]ty `E] pic{u pryuu
`]fu ek]c{y
{ nu Et]iytu. `iuh ay]L \Tn |o
viv>h piyil EmEn]N mut]yve> zgHiiukyuh EmEn]N
etuhkUR >]j]vie aTul ariyi ukyuhecy[tu.
Ek]ty
prt]ytuek][
|tu
Ekvh
abm]yi>iuyi}u vic]>ic{u >]j]vuh, piyil EmEn]N
mut]yv>uh kuiEMl kUTukyuh kfIy]N pril kfiy]en
v>ui zps[nh vy[ic{u En]iukyuh ecy[tu. |o pfiUr
tIRi>iu Eztil EdvIx]iYh \]yiueutu
v]x[tvh tey]fuh x]]l mH]m]yy]ku k]RY]
ynI Edvi E]k>]Rh p mURik]yii>iu |E]L
Ek>il xW>ic{u OE>] il kyri |ek]i>iuk
y]efuh, aUil O>u mURiy]fivieTyuh |ek]i>i
uetuh p mURik]yi pi>ii>iuueviuh `}]h
mH]m]y O>]L tey]fuh, ''~eekv]Hh jzgtYzt dVitIy]
k] mm]p>?'' `]fE}] Edvi a>uiec{y[ti>iut[ `uh
kfiy]N pru. aE]L `}]v>uh |et}]h visVxiukyuh
ecy[tu.
|o xmyh Ek]tyyuh kuiEMl `i. "kuiEMl
v]l |niyuh niLu `e k]f]h" `u Edvi a>ui
ec{y[ttien O]Ru avR ail kyri zsIEk]viink
Eu En]iaE]L avR avieT "n]eu tZeeki
ujViuh sU]din]n]yuDB]xm]n''y]yuh ''mURY]mEn]''
y]yumi>iu k]RY]yniey zptYm]yii[ Bvix[my]
kuy]yiI>ukyuh ci x[Et]ztL ec]}i Edviey x[tuti
ukyuh ecy[tu. A xmyh Bey et]uek][ En]iyv
e>}]h EdviyueT >Uph Em[przpk]>h k[ ~vuh By]ut
p>vsM]>]yi tIRu. kurc{u xmyh k<iE]L avieT
duRni>IYm]y O>u Etj[ m]zth avEsSiukyuh zkEmf
adZsYm]yitI>ukyuh ecy[tu.
8

e`tiHYm]
an>h avieT kUTiyi>u mH]M]>ueT AE]cn
''aTu muHURil zptii]n]yi pfitu vc{i>iu
s]x[t]vie vizgHh |ni `]f[ ecEy{t['' `]yi>uu.
pun]yi pfiyic{iu aie aTul
te
tt[]h O>u zsIEk]vil m]zth pfiyic{u s]x[t]vien zpti
nTi]emu `}]v>uh kUTi tI>um]nemTuu. azpk]>h
aeWu divxh ek][ O>u zsIEk]vil tIRu kur
tIRiukyuh ecy[tu.
zptiy[u zkiykL tuTutinu tEdivxh te
tzi, p>ikRmikL mut]yvR ei. aE]L avieT
\]y viEsSe}]h piyil EmEn]N tzi nU>i]ie
ariyic{u. \Ten nU>i]Iu ''`]l EdvIzpti kUTi |E]L
te nTuky]fE}] Evt[. Edvi |vieT | ek]iuu
niLe}]vRuh visV]xh viueiuh `}]vRuh
k]f viDh O>u aRc{n]bihbh zpti kUTi ecEy{t[
atY]vsYm]f[. aien tIRc{eTuuph atiEy[uh
Evu \pk>fuh O>u bihbvuh Evfh `u pru.
aE]L EmEn]N mut]yvR "\pk>f e]eyuh \]]h.
atinu zpy]xmi} . |o muHURinu zptiivh
bihbmu]iu k]>Yh ax]Ym]f[. atin]l EdvIzpti
|ni AdYmu]ku muHURi ]k]emu evy[]En
nivZiyuu" `u pru. "`]l aien mti" `u
nU>i]Tuh xtic{u.
au >]ztiyil Ek]tyy[u O>u xVp[nmu]yi. kurc{u
divxh muNp[ avR AukTvil vc{u kt]y A knYk
av>ueT aTul ecu, "niL ptiv]yi kuiu kTvil
niu xV[ph pTi]um]ri O>u kymuE}]. A kyil `e
O>u si]vizgHh kiTuu[. aetTuic{u |o aTu
muHURil te `e zptiyuh nTifh. Et]fiyil
kyri A kyie xmIpu ec]l avieT evinTiyil
niu D]>]h p]y[] ep]iv>utu k]f]h.A u
9

e`tiHYm]
muiiy]l vizgHh kukiuh" `u pru `]yi>uu
xVp[nh. xVp[nh k \Ten vZ \fRu ku turu En]I[
avieTeyuh Ae>yuh ki}. `iuh |tu Edvi `<ui
a>uiec{y[ttutey]efu visVxic{uek][ Ek]ty |o
viv>h ek]c{y{N muK]i>h ati>]vie pIyil EmEn]N
mut]yve>
ariyic{u.
Ek]tyyueT
v]u
O>iuh
miYy]yiE]kyi}u visV]xem}]vRumu]yi>utin]l
piyil EmEn]N mut]y ci zpD]nM]R evil
mui]N p>icyvuh x]mRYvumu ciE>]Tu kUTi \Ten
vil kyri A kyiEy[u Ep]yi. avieT ecE]L
O>u u xhKYyi}]et p]y[] evinTiyil niuh
ep]i v>ut]yi k]fukyuh avieT ciR muiiyE]L
bihbh kukiukyuh aetTu[ kuiEMl ek]uv>ikyuh
pie bihbp>izgHh mut]y xkzkiykuh ecy[tu niit
muHURil te EdviyuETyuh s]x[t]vieyuh zptiyuh
ksvuh nTukyuh ecy[tu. aEt]TukUTi atiEkmm]yi
\Xvvuh nTi.
a]u etuhkUR >]j]vuh tziyuh piyil
EmEn]N mut]yv>uh kUTi Eztil \Xvh mut]y
AviEsSL, m]xviEsSL, nitYnid]nh mut]yvy[u
pTi>h niyiukyuh avy[e}]h vkvc{u D]>]h
vx[tuL EdvxVh Ep>il ptiy[ukyuh ecy[tu. atin]l A
Bgvti EdvxVh ~vuh Dnpuiyut]yi tIRu. avieT
zp]D]nYvuh Edviy[[ te xiic{u. s]x[t]vin[ avieT O>u
\pEdve ]nh m]ztem xiic{uu. `iuh Edviy[[
|tuek]e]uh n} tZp[tiy]yi}. pTi>h niyic{ divxh
>]ztiyil
etuhkUR
>]j]vinu
O>u
xVp[nmu]yi.
xRv]hgxu>iy]y O>u x[ztI aEHie aTul ec[,
"|et]uek]uh `niu tZp[tiy]yii}, `niu tZp[tiy]k
femil `e Ek]tyy[u kUTi `eiuh ek]Tufh.
Ek]ty
xE]Sic{]l
w]nuh
xE]Siuh"
`u
10

e`tiHYm]
prt]yi]yi>uu xVp[nh. A xmyu te |zpk]>
em]>uxVp[nh piyil EmEn]numu]yi. En>h evuyuTen
piyil EmEn]N >]jxiDiyiei tniy[u]y xVp[n
ie viv>h ariyic{u. tniuh |zpk]>em]>u xVp[nmu]yi
`u >]j]vuh pru. \Ten >uEp>uh kUTi Ayc{u kfiy]N
pril kfiy]en v>ui zps[nh vy[ic{u En]ic{u. aE]L
|o \]yiutu EdviyueT dRsnh tey]fuh Ek]ty
y[u kUTi `eiuh s>iy]yiu ek]Tui}il EdviyueT
Ek]pvuh timih aEnkh anRu]yiI>uemuh
kfiy]N viDic{u.
atin]l Ek]tyyueT Ep>il ~t]nuh puWnih
|n]m]yiptic{u ek]Tutu kUT]et av>ueT xEH]d>n]y
ek]c{y{en EdvxVil m]r]c{i>m]yi niymiukyuh ecy[tu.
Ek]tyyueT Ep>il ptic{u ek]Tu niinu 'Ek]t EnTiy
nih' `]fu pru vi>ut[. atu k]zkEmf E]pic{u
Ek]t]Ti niem]yiIRu. A nih ~t]nuh ek]}Lu
muNp[ (1070-]m][) ve> k]u vIuk]>ueT eekvs]nuBil
te |>ui>uu. piIT[ avR `<uti viu ktin]l
anY]DIneuEp]yi. `iuh A niinu Ek]t]Tinih `u
tey]fu pru v>ut[. A vIuk]Ru EdvxVil 1030]m]uve> m]r]c{i>vumu]yi>uu. piIT[ ci k]>f ]l
atuh m]riE]yi. `iuh A vIuk]Ru zptivRSh 72 pr
en}u
vIth
gveil
niu
|n]m]yi
|E]<uh
ek]Tuuv>uu[.
Ek]tyy[u |n]m]yinih ptic{u ek]Tu k]u
kfiy]N pril kfiy]nuh ci vx[tuL ptic{u ek]Tui
>uu. viEsSic{u av>ueT trv]iEy[[ emc{>[ `e]>u
nE>ukUTi etuhkUR >]j]v[ k[pic{u ek]Tuu. vx[tu
e}]h avR O]e>] k]]yi `<uti viu ktin]l
|E]L avRu kuTip]Ru pu>yiTvuh emec{>[ `u
]nE>uh m]ztEmyuu. `iuh EdviyueT s]ph avR |uh
11

e`tiHYm]
anuBvic{uek]i>iuu[. Ek]tyyuh Edviyuh til
AukTvil vc{u]y xhB]Sfh mru niu Ek kfiy]N
A vRm]nh aE]L te xVk]>Ym]yi ave B]>YEy]Tu
pru. atin]l ave kuTuhbiu]ku pu>uSM]R
ep]En] cEn] Ayi>iuemu EdviyueT s]pinu
|E]<uh vYtY]xh vii}.
zpx[tut BgvtiEztil AdYk]h mutlu te
etuhkUR >]j]vinu n]mm]ztm]yi O>u Em]<[m ]nh
\]yi>uueviuh avieT xk eekk]>YkRZtVvuh
k>]Ru tey]yi>uu. etuhkUR >]jYh ti>uvt]hkUril
EcRiuh
ve>]Ey[u
A
EdvxVh
k>]>ueT
eekvsil te |>ui>uu. ek]}h 987-]m][ |o EdvxVh
ti>uvit]hkUR xR]>il EcRukyuh aEt]TukUTi k>]>ueT
aDik]>e}]hviu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. `iuh A Eds]R
A Edviey |E]<uh tueT p>Edvty]yie Ad>iu
kyuh Ac>iukyuh
ecy[tuv>uu[.
mUv{]yi>rnivuh
axhKYh pu>yiTuh tntu Ep>il te \]yi>u |o
EdvxVh xR]>il EcRE]L au zbiIS[ rxiQuh
ti>uvt]hkUR div]num]yi>u mFEzT] x]yivRkL Ezt
ie aTiyi>L[ muNpu niyic{i>u ptivuke}]h
kurc{u ktin]lavieT \Xv]dikL[ mutl Ouh mtiy]
k]ety]yiIRu. |oyieT \]y EdvxVh p>iS[]>E]Tu
kUTi A mtiy{]y[k p>mk]ey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. `iuh
A Eds]Ru Eztk]>Yiu zptipiyuh zsyuh Ouh
kuru Ep]yii}]tin]l avieT Evu k]tYe}]h
|E]<uh Bhgiy]yie nTu Ep]>uu[. Eztk]>YL
]yi Eds]R ~t]nuh pfh EsK>ic{iutin]l xR]>il
niuptivutu k<ic{u Ep]>]tinu Eds]>ueT A pf
ie pisyil niukUTi ecvu ecy[t]fu avieT avR
\Xvh mut]yv nTiE]>ut[. k>]R viEsS]l ci
ti>uv]B>fuh muh kUTi \]ic{iu[. avey}]h k>
12

e`tiHYm]
]>ueT eekvsh tey]fu |E]<uh |>iut[. \Xvk]
uh mu viEsSiuh \pEy]giutin]yi avR av
`Tuu ek]Tuukyuh aTiyi>h k<i]l ti>iey v]ievc{u
xUiukyuh ecy[tu v>uu. avey]uh avR xR]>iE
y[u viu ek]Tui}.
kii>UR kuiEMl EdvIzpti k<ii[ AdYm]yi nTn
\lxvh mInm]xil E>]Hifi ek]TiEyuh pU>h Ar]um]
yi]yi>uu. aente |E]<uh nTuv>uu. mInm]xil
k]Rik BgvtiyueT ti>un]eu x[pic{[ A divxeyuh
O>ulxvhEp]ete
AEG]SpURvh
ek]]Tiv>uu[.
atuh Eds]RkUTi pfh ecvuecy[t]f[ nTiv>ut[.
xR]R Eztil Eds]>ueT xHk>fh |tuEp]e
meumueu Et]ui}. |o Eztil 1022)m]u
zsIEk]viinuh
1060-]m]u
mpinuh
eciTuvic{tu
Eds]R tey]f[. aTuk][ ag[nib]Dy]l neu
Ep]y zsIEk]vil xR]>nuv]dzpk]>h vIuh pfik<ic{u
eciTuvi]N \lx]Hic{uv>utuh |o Eds]R te.
|et}]h A Eds]Ru Edvieyuric{u Biek]u m]ztm};
Byhek]u kUTiy]f[. A EdviyueT eectnYvuh m]H]Yvuh
azty[um]ztmu[. atiEu ci dZ]LkUTi pry]h.
kii>UR Edsi ARuh k]RY]ynieyu Ep>iTukyuh
p]y[] Em]ti>h ekiyum>uetu Edvi muNEpte
a>uiec{y[ti>uE}]. A >u kUvuh |E]<uh A Edsu
ptivi}. A Edsu pu>uSM]R xhbh ecy[Et] mE]
k]RY]yni `u Ep>]y x[ztIke anYEdsuni[ avieT
e]uvu t]mxiic{]uh xuKm]yi aDikdivxh t]mxi]
niTyi}. `eiuh k]>fvs]l A x[ztIkL epe[ A diu
viu Ep]Ekt]yi v>uh. |t[ |E]<uh kuv>u O>u xhgti
y]f[.

13

e`tiHYm]
pe]>il ech ` Eds[ O>u vIil x[ztI
x]nmi}]etyi>utin]l "O>u epFkuiyu]y]l A
kuiey kii>UR kuiEMl BgvtiyueT nTyil ek]uEp]yi
Ec]ru ek]TuE]h" `[ A vIuk]R niyic{u. an>h
aDikh t]mxiy]et A vIil O>u x[ztI gRBh D>iukyuh
y]k]h O>u epFkuiey zpxviukyuh ecy[tu. A vIuk]R
atYh xE]Sic{[ Ar]h m]xil Ec]ru ek]Tuutin]yi
kuiEyyuhek][ kii>UR kuiEMei ci v<ip]TukL nTi,
Ec]ru ek]Tuutin]yi AB>fumfiyic{u. kui ku
turukEy] mu kuTiukEy] ecy{]et evyii t]uEp]e
v]TiRu kiTutu ku kuiyueT m]t]pit]L m]ztm},
EdvIdRsnin]yi avieT kUTiyi>u anYjnL Ep]uh
atYh viS>]yiIRu. \Ten O>u eedven v>ui
zps[nhevy[pic{u
En]ukyuh
kuiyueT
axV]Yie
k]>fh, atien p]y[]Em]ti>h ekic{u nTyil ek]u
vt]efuh A Em]ti>m<ic{u nTy[uevc{]l kuiy[u
xuKm]kuemuh zps[n]>N viDiukyuh kuiyueT \TmM]R
A Em]ti>m<ic{u nTy[uevukyuh \Ten kuiu xuKm]ky]l
Ec]ru ek]Tuu ek]uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu. A p]y[]
Em]ti>h mu ti>uv]B>fueT kUil k>]>ueT eekvsh
|E]<umvieT |>iuu[. at[ avieT \Xvk]iuh muh
`<uiin[ aiyil c]Ruky]f[ ecy[tuv>ut[.
eevu Ek]yhmuKh 2 xYEvy[u Evu a>i,
kriE]ukL mut]y x]m]ne}]h Ek]yh p]RvtY]>N
EsK>ic{[, vi]i eevu ek]uEp]yi xYEv
nTuky]yi>uu muNk]il ptiv[. x]m]ne}]h v
i]i eevEu pureTu divxh p]RvtY]>N
mut]yv>ueT vky]yi kii>UR kuiEMl Bgvti[ O>u
c>iT v<ip]Tu nTukyuh ptiv]yi>uu. xR]Rvk
2

Ek]yh t]Uu vk

14

e`tiHYm]
aTiyi>Lu x]m]nLe}]h kukEyR]T]yE]L
xYEvy[u x]m]nL p]RvtY]>M]R EsK>ic{u
ek]uEp]vukeyu
ptivu
niuEp]yi.
aEt]TukUTi
kuiEMl Bgvtiu ptivu]yi>u aTv<ip]Tuh niru
]i. aE]L eevu ci duRfL ku tuTi.
xYEvdYy[u zpmnil a vI<uk, k]nil goi
vI<uk mut]y duRfL ptiv]yi ku tuTiyE]L
atie k]>fmriyutin]yi zps[nhevy[pic{u En]ic{u.
aE]L |o amhgL k]futie k]>fh kii>UR
kuiEMl Bgvtiu ptivu v<ip]Tu nT]tuek]u
eevnu]yiu viE>]Dm]efuh "`e k]RY]yni
u ptivutu ek]Tu]et `niu ptivutu w]N
xVIk>iukyi}" `]f[ eeve B]vemuh zps[n]>N
viDic{u. atienhbic{uh `<uukuukL nTuky]l
xR]R vky]yi A v<ip]Tu nTie]utin[ gvRe[
anuvdiv{u. peE]eey]ume}iuh xYEv vky]yi
A v<ip]Tu n]mm]ztm]yieiuh |E]<uh nTuu[.
|ni |vieT Edvi[ aTv<ip]T[ zpD]nm]yiIRtie
k]>fh kUTi pry]h. EdviyueT bihbinu zp]fzpti
k<ic{divxh tzinU>i]iE[ `E] a]<mi}] divx
m]yi>uu. atin]l pH]>in[ a>iep]Tic{u ek]uecu
ek]Tufem[ s]i]>N k<k]E>]Tu pru. k<k]R
|>un]<i \f>iy]f[ ep]Tic{u ek]uecu ek]Tut[.
atin]l s]i]>N atinu Ec>u sR>yuh n]iEk>vuh
EcRu]iy vlxN (aT) Ayi>uu tziu ek]Tut[.
atu kiu tzinU>i]T[ "vlxn]Ef] pH]>h? `]l
atu niEvdic{iu Evfhti]N. bihbinu zp]fzpti
k<ii>iutin]l |E]L `eiuh niEvdifmE}].
atin[
|tu
te
Ayiy]h"
`u
pr[
A
vlxenTuuevc{[ aEHhte niEvdYh k<ic{u. au
>]ztiyil nU>i]iEu EdviyueT dRsnmu]yi. "vlxN
15

e`tiHYm]
niEvdYh `niu ve> tZp[tik>m]yi>iuu. ptiv]yi a]<
UjEy]TukUTi niEvdiutin[ ~R]Tuecy{fh" `u Edvi
a>uiec{y[tt]yi]f[ nU>i]iEu dRsnmu]yt[. |en
dRsnmu]y viv>h piE divxh tzi nU>i]T[ >]j]vie
aTuuh piyilEmEn]N mut]yvE>]Tuh pru. avR
zps[nh evy[ic{uEn]iytil atu EdviyueT a>u]Tute
y]efu zps[n]>N viDiukyuh ecy[tu. atin]l zptidinh
a]<pUjy[[ |>un]<iy>iyueT vlxNkUTi pTi>fil
`<uiEc{Ru. atu ptiv]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. atiE]<uh
nTuv>uu[. aTv<ip]Tu Edviu zpItik>m]ef[ ariyuk
y]l O]E>]>uR O]E>] k]>YL x]Diutin]yi y]si
mUEk]iT<i a>iek]uh AErk]iT<i a>iek]uh
pzEk]iT<i a>iek]uh |>upEWk]iT<i a>i
ek]uh muh aTv<ip]Tu zp]Ric{utuTukyuh `}]vRuh
k]>YL x]Dic{u tuTukyuh ecy[tu. aen aTv<ip]T[
avieT nT]vukyuh atinu zp]D]nYh xiiukyuh ecy[tu.
pzEk]iT<i a>iek]utinu "pi>un]<iyT" `]f[
pruv>ut[. atilurtin[ a>i>un]<i, k]li>u
n]<i `uh y]zkmh EpR pryuu. |>upEWk]iT<i
a>iek]u aT viy c>il (v]Ril) a}]et \]]N
p]Ti}. atin]l atinu "c>iT" `uh EpR pruv>uu.
c>iTy[u nUe]u n]<i a>i, nUe]u n]iEk>h, nUe]u
kdi<h, mUu tu]h sR>, mu]<i eny{[ |eny]f[ ptiv[.
pi>un]<iyT mut]yvy[uh |o kfnux>ic{u vItzpk]>
mu n]iEk>h, sR> mut]yv EcRfh. kdi<h ki]et
v]l atinu pk>h Enz<vuh v>ic{<vuh EcR]ru[.
aTv<ip]Tu]y]l xmIpM]>]y Ab]vZh aEnkh
jnL A EztxiDiyil vukUTuk ptiv]f[. |ztyiT<i
a>iek][ aTyu]y]l zbxVm]yuh s]i]>N, ks]>N,
Et]fi]>N, piyil EmEn]N, eviu>y[mL,
p]zth Etuk]>N, |yuh virkuh ek]Tuuy]L mut]yvR[
|zt |zt aTvIth ek]Tufemu kfu[. aet]e
16

e`tiHYm]
k<i]l \tie avEp]e OE] >E] aTvIth
avieT vukUTuvRe}]vRuh ek]Tufemu niRb
m]f[. atuEp]e O>u B]gh v<ip]Tu nTu ALumu[. atu
ek]Tuie}iuh evruet v>uvRu ek]Tu]etyi>i]N
p]Ti}. avRu ek]Tu]etyi>u]l A v<ip]Tuek][
y]et]>u Pvumu]vukyie}u m]ztm}, EdviyueT viE>]Dmu
]vukyuh ecy{uh. |tinu dZ]m]yi p xhgtikumu
]yiu[. avyil Ou m]zth zpx[t]vic{uek]uu.
O>]il eevu xYEvy[u x]m]ne}]h
EsK>ic{u vi]ie]uEp]y p]RvtY]>N, ptivu
c>iT k<ic{iu s]i]>N mut]y anuBv]Rum]zth
ptivutu ek]Tutie EsSh pieyu]yi>u aTey}]h
v]i B]hekie]uEp]yi. \Ten eevinu y]zty]vu
kyuh ecy[tu. aT kiuem]zgHic{u vve>}]h |]Bhg
E]TukUTi ti>iekE]yi. ci kuikL \re k>uek]]f[
mTiyt[. atu ki[ ciR, "|tu Bgvti xHiuemu
Et]ui}. `e}]m]pukL vukUTuEm] `E]" `u
pruek]]f[ mTiE]yt[. k]>Yh aente pukyuh
ecy[tu.
p]RvtY]>N mut]yvR Evn]uk]yil `iyE]
E<uh atiks]yi k]uh m<yuh tuTi. k]yil O]L
ep>uki vil evh aTic{ukyri. vh muuem di]yi.
p]RvtY]>N mut]yvRu p>izBmvuh ks]yi. zp]fBIti
nimih ciR niviiyuh tuTi. aE]L p<mp>icymu
v>]yi viu]yi>uv>il ciR, "avieT vukUTiyvR
]>uuh aT ek]Tu]t[ Bgvtie]uh >xic{i}. EdviyueT
viE>]Dh ek]utey]f[ |E]L |o k]uh pisruh vu
kUTiyt[. `eiuh O>u zp]yih ecy{]emu niyic{ie}
il vL muukte ecy{uh" `u pru. atu Eku
p]RvtY]>N "`]l eevu Ep]yi xYEv k<iu
ti>iec{iy]uTen zp]yim]yi O>u c>iTkUTi k<iu
17

e`tiHYm]
kyuh avieT v>uvRe}]h D]>]m]yi ek]Tuukyuh ecy[Et
]h. |o k]uh pisruh m]re" `u pru. \Ten k]uh m<yuh
m]ruky]l k]yl s]tey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. xYEv
k<iu mTieyiy \Ten p]RvtY]>N niyic{tuEp]e
zp]yiv<ip]Tu nTukyuh avieT ecukUTiyvRe}]h
aT ptiviDikh ek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. EdviyueT m]H]Ye
xhbic{ Ou>u xhgtikLkUTi pri[ |o EKnmvx]ni
i]emu vic]>iuu.
1078-]m]u
kuhBm]xil
kii>UREdsuteyu
"puNmil sivy{N" ` p>Edszb]fnu mxU>ik]
(vxU>i) dInmu]yi. dInh ~vuh kTu vky]yi>uu. avieT
dIn>y[]yii>uv>uh dInh ecu kv>]y anYM]>u
em}]h A zb]fN kuiu k]>Yh ax]Ym]efute
tIRc{eTui. t]N |tin]e m>ic{uEp]kuemu E>]giuh
Et]i. aenyi>iuE]L O>u divxh >]ztiyil O>]L aEH
ie aTul ec[, "kuiEMl Bgvtiu pzu c>iT
k<iEc{]emu niyiU. aEu kuic{uet]<]N xhgti
y]kuh" `u prt]yi Et]i. aEHh ku turu En]iy
E]L Ae>yuh ki}. "`E] evruet xVp[nh kt]yi>iuh"
`u vic]>ic{[ aEHh pieyuh kTc{u kiTu. aEHh
myiuTiyE]L pieyuh y]pURv{h O>]L aTul
ecu prt]yi aEHinu Et]i. aen mUu
zp]vsYmu]yi. mU]h zp]vsYh aEHh ku turu En]iy
E]L xRv]hgxu>iy]y O>u t>ufi A muriyilni[ |ri
E]kut]yi aEHh k]fukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L at[ Edvi
yueT a>u]Tutey]ef[ aEHinu Et]ukyuh kuic{u
et]<u divxhte pzu c>iT k<iEc{]em[ aEHh
niyiukyuh ecy[tu. piE divxh mutl dInin[ |rh
tuTi. dInm]>hBic{tie |>upi>]h divxh aEHe
kuiic{u. O>u eviy]<[cy]f[ aEHe kuiic{t[. aTu
18

e`tiHYm]
w]r]<[c aEHe kuiEMl ek]uEp]yi et]<Iukyuh
aute pzu c>iT k<iukyuh ecy[tu.
|o Edsute me]>u mil 1085-]m][ yuv]v]y O>u
zb]fnu vxU>idInmu]yi. A dInvuh ~vuh kTu vky]
yi>uu. aEHvuh |o dIn]l m>ic{uEp]kuem[ `}]v>uh
tIRc{eTui. A zb]fe B]>Yy]y aY]R vYxn]
zk]y]yi[, " `e BR]vien kuiic{u et]<I]N xhgtiy]
y]l et]<Iu divxh `e k<uil ptiv]yi ekiv>u
pvNm] w]N nTy[u evEc{]h" `u niyic{u. |tu
m]E>]Tuh pri}. zb]fnu zkEmf dInh EBdeutuTi.
ptien]h divxh aEHe kuiic{u. aE]L aY]Ru
vic]>m]yi: "aEy{]! `e pvNm] ek]TufmE}]. atu
zpy]xvum]f[. |tilni[ O>u pvN \o>ieyTuu nTy[u
evEc{]h. atu mti" `[ AE]cic{u tIRc{eTui. zb]f
en nTyilek]uEp]yi et]<Ic{ divxh aY]>uh kUeTE]
yi>uu. avR niyic{tuEp]e O>u pvN \o>ieyTuu nTy[u
evc{u. dInmu]y zb]fN \TN viry[uv]N tuTi. atu
zkEmf vRic{[ aEHinu kiek]tuEp]ey]yiu evic{
]TM]R pryutuEp]e "ek]uv], pvNm] a<ic{uek]uv].
a}]et w]N xtiukyi}" `u viic{u prutuTi.
\Ten zb]fe B]>Y pvNm] a<ic{u zb]fe eekyil
e]Tuu. aEHh atu nTy[u evc{iu piyil EmEn]en
viic{[
"|etTuu
mu
ti>uv]B>fueT
kUil
xUic{uek]fh. viEsSdivxil aku ek]Tuu
bihbiEMl c]Rifh" `u pryukyuh kiyTi
zb]fN pURv{itiey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. A pvNm]
|E]<uh k>]>ueT eekvshte |>iuu. viEsSdivx
il EdviyueT bihbiEMl c]Riukyuh ecy{uu[.
|o pvNm]yil Ou< evc{t]y ptien[ a>vnuh O>u
mu<uvnum]fut[.
19

e`tiHYm]
|en pryuky]efil kii>UR kuiEMl BgvtiyueT
autm]H]YL |niyuh ve>yu[. vix[t>By]l
atin]yi tuniyui}. |o EdviyueT zptieyi O>u vidV]N
\]Iut]yi Ekiu Es}]khkUTi t]e< `<utie]uu.
"Ek]hb]E xupUEjY dinkZtiJSEg, kI>Eds]Eyx[miN
mhgEY xMuHURE nijjnHitkZl bihbiIEs] mH]]
yxY]h bihbzpti]h itivibuDvee> k]>y]m]x DI>
] EdvI eesknY] kyt kush xRvd] xRv] n"
|o Es}]kh ek][ |vieT EdvIzpti nTtu ek]}h
O>unUiptiEn<]m]u mInm]xi]efuh atu nTic{tu
tEsv]xik]y jnueT |zpk]>h etuhkUR >]j]v]
efuh x[pm]kuuE}].

20

e`tiHYm]

45. pU]nu nU>i


pU]nu nU>i Evd]RHn}] O>u zb]Hmfn]yi>uu
ev]f[ Eki>iut[. b]Yk]u kur ~t]e]e pic{i
>uuev}]et aEHh O>u vidV]n}]yi>uu. aEHie
|}h zbiiS[ sImyil 'a]Tiurh' ` dii]yi>uu.
pU]nu nU>iyuh EmpUR n]>]yfBti>iyuh jIvic{i>u
tu O>u k]]yi>uuevu k]fuu. Bti>iyueT n]>]y
fIyh \]iurtIRt[ atie 'Ayu>]E>]gYxoKYh'
`u kixhKYek]u ek]}vRSh 762-]m][ vZikm]xh
28-]h tIytiy]fu niyi]mE}]. atin]l pU]nu
nU>i jIvic{i>utu ek]}h 8-]h st]i]yi>uuevu
tIRc{eTu]vut]f[.
pU]nu nU>i[, ve> AzgHic{i>u[ xIm
puztn]yi[ O>U \iyu]yi. A \iyueT azp]snmTiyi>h
zpm]fic{u xVjnueT |}ie}]h fic{i>uu. muHURh
>]ztiyi]yi>uu. fzpk]>h vu EcR aRjnL
av>ueT vx[ztB]L avieTey]>u u \riiTi
yi>u \iyieT mIet ariy]et ek]ueciu. Ec]rUfinu
muHURmTuE]L \iyueT a \iey `Tuu kuii]
n]yi ecE]E<y[uh \i sV]xh mui m>ic{i>iut]yi ku.
aE]L avieT kUTiyi>uvRuh viEsSic{u \iyueT m]t]
pit]Lumu]y vYxnh `ztm]ztmu]yi>uuevutu
pryfemi}E}].
zpkZtY]te
O>u
viS[fuBnuh
x]Duvum]yi>u
pU]nu nU>i \i m>ic{Et]TukUTi O>u vi>nuh kUTi
AyiIRu. aEHh te puztN m>ic{tin]u vYxnE]Tu
kUTi \]iy kZtiy]f[ zpxim]y ]n]n. atYh
duH]y vYxnL En>iy{u k]il |o ]n]n
v]yic{]l mninu ve> xm]D]nmu]kuemutinu xhsy
mi}. |tu `}]vRuh aRh mni]kvh ve>
21

e`tiHYm]
itvuh x>xvum]yiut]f[. \i m>ic{tie EsSh
pU]nu nU>i kuiyuh, jpvuh, zpdifvuh, nmx[]>
vum]yi miv]ruh gu>uv]yUR Eztil te t]mxic{u
ek]i>uu. a]]f[ Bjnin]yi Em[pUR Bti>iyuh
avieT
ecu
EcRt[.
n]>]yfBti>i
n]>]yfIyh
\]]n]yi A>hBic{E]L pU]nu nU>i x]nEg]p]h
x]nk>m]yiut]fE}] `u vic]>ic{u A k O>u p]n
y]yiu]uv]nuh tuTi. atividV]nuh Evdnum]yi>u
Bti>iu B]S]kviteyuric{uh EvdHInnuh avYu[pnuh
Ay pU]nu nU>ieyuric{uh A>]l ve> pumu]
yi>uu. x]Duv]y nU>i A xUS[m] ariy]et O>u divxh
t]N \]iy ~t]numyi>u x]nEg]p]h p]n Bti>i
yueT aTul ek]uecu pi< En]i ti>uiek]Tufemu
aEpic{u. aE]L Bti>i "B]S]kvityil En]]eni>i
uu? atil abm}]et v}tuh k]fuEm]?viEsSic{uh
pU]ninu viBiyurc{iumi}. atin]l atu mu<uvnuh pi<
te Ayi>iuh" `u pru. p>uh EkLE Bti>i |en
prE]L nU>i vYxnh xHivy{]et ep]i>uEp]yi.
A xmyu zsIEk]viinku niu "pU]ninu Bti>i
Ey]h viBiyurc{iie}iuh Bti>iey]L Biyurc{iu[''
`e]>u as>I>iv]u]yi. gu>uvyU>e |o v]ukL
EkE]L Bti>iy[u ve> vYxnvuh yuh p]]pvuh
\ieyutu pryfemi}E}]. \Ten Bti>i nU>iey
aEnVSic{E]L nU>i vYxnic{u k>uek][ aie
O>u Ek]fil Ep]yi kiTut]yi ariu. avieT ecu "EH
pU]nh, w]N prtuek][ muSi[ vu kiTuky]Ef]?
w]nE]L O>u mEn]>]jYh vic]>ic{uek]i>utin]l aien
pruevE \u. pU]nie kvit ve> n}t]fu
aEeT
]n]nek]ute
xRv{xtm]yiutE}?
pie w]nen En>E]]yiu prtinu |zt mnx[t]p
eT]nuE]? x]nEg]p]h tIRETE]h k]fe. w]N
En]i ti>ui>]mE}].''`upru nU>iey xm]sVxiiu
22

e`tiHYm]
kyuh x]nEg]p]h v]i tIRETE]h B]gh mu<uvnuh
En]i atienuric{uh ve> s}]Gic{u pr[ nU>iey
xE]Siiukyuh ecy[tu.
x]nEg]p]il
zsIkZS[fnuh
aRjunnuhkUTi
eevkuf[il ec B]g[ eevkuf[e ~tuzpk]>m]fu
vRiEt[ `u vic]>ic{uek][ nU>i O>u divxh kiTu
\ruE]L gu>uv]yU>N eevkuf[e nU>iu xVp[nil
k]fic{u ek]Tuuevuh atiN zpk]>m]f[ nU>i vRi
c{i>iut[ `uh O>u Ek<[viyu[. Bti>iyueT n]>]yfIyh
mu<uvnuh tIR divxh tey]f[ pU]nu nU>iyueT
x]nEg]p]h p]nyuh kurtIRet]fu EkLvi. BsiE>]
mfiy]y pU]nu nU>iey Ey]gYn]]NEvi gu>uvyU>
N pe>yuh ab>]Iut]yi p kkuu[.
O>u divxh nU>i O>u x[Et]zth jpiuE]L 'pn]EB]
m>zpBu' `u ec]}i. atu Ek[ vidV]n]y me]>u nU>i,
"viQ[i! m>zpBuv}, am>zpBuv]f[. "pn]EB]m>zpBu" `u
xi EcRu ec]}ukte" `u pru. aE]L "pie
m>zpBu A>]f[; w]N m>zpBuvum]f[''`e]>u as>I>iv]u
zsIEk]viku niu EkLeu. aE]L vidV]N nU>i
abn]yitIRuevutu pryfemi}E}].
pU]nu
nU>iu
vYu[piyi}]yi>uueviuh
gu>uv]yUR Eztii>uu p vidV]M]R B]gvth v]yic{u
aRh pryutu EkuEk[ aEHinu B]gvth ~tu B]gh
v]yiutu Ek]uh aRh pry]r]yiIRu `u m]ztm},
Bn]y aEHh Bi>xE]TukUTi aRh pryutu
EkL]N `}]vRuh ve> kotukmu]yiIRu. OTuh
B]gvth A>u v]yic{]uh aRh pry]N pU]nu nUti>i
Evfemu jnLu niRbm]yiIRu. atuek]u
vidV]M]>]yvRu nU>iEy]Tu kuEre axUyyuh Et]i
tuTi. `iuh A>u v]yic{]uh aRh pryuk pU]nu
23

e`tiHYm]
nU>iteeyu ptiv]yiIRu. gu>uv]yUR Eztil
B]gvth v]yn ptiv]yiuE}]. O>u divxh O>u vidV]N
v]yi]nuh pU]nu nU>i aRh pry]nuh tuTi. v]yn
EkL]N pitM]>uh p]m>M]>um]yi[ axhKYh jnuh
avieT vu kUTi. au v]yic{ B]gh >uifIxVyhv>h
ky]yi>uu. vYu[piyi}]ti>utin]l nU>i aRh pryu
tu aEHie mEn]DRhEp]eey}]et Es}]k]Rh
mni]yi}]yi>uu. atin]l >uifi kZS[fe aTu
Ey[[ zb]fen pryu diil nU>i ">uifi
|en Oe pru zb]fe eekyie]e><uuh ek]Tu
yc{u" `Rh pru. `<uu ek]Tuyc{u `utu B]gvt
il prii}]t]yi>utin]l |tu Eku ek]i>u
vidV]n]y O>u nU>i pU]nu nU>iEy]Tu "`<uu ek]Tu
yc{u `ut[ ~tu Es}]ki]fu pri>iut[?" `u
Ec]dic{u. atu EkE]L pU]nu nU>i mrupTi pry]N
nivZiyi}]et viSmic{u. aE]L zsIEk]viinku ni[
"`<uuek]Tuyc{i} `[ ~tu Es}]ki]f[ pri>iu
t[? A zb]fN `e aTul vE]L >uifiyueT
Oe><uukUTi ek]uvi>uu." `e]>s>I>i v]u EkL
eu. |tu EkE]L duE]dYhEc]dic{ nU>i ve> mYmm]vu
kyuh pU]nu nU>i xE]Siukyuh EsSmuvR aut
eTukyuh ecy[tu.
|zpk]>h kurc{u k]h k<iE]E<y[uh pU]nu
nU>ieykuriec{}]vRuh
ve>
bHum]nmu]yiIRu.
Eztil ptiv]yi nmx[k]>Bfinu |>iuE]L
EvdM]>uh vidV]M]>uh Ay zb]fR `zt \]yi>u]uh
pU]nu nU>iey m]nY]nu O]mn]yi[ |>uuk
ptiv]yi. zkEmf A>uh pri}iuh aEHin[ m]nY]n
i>i]em]yiIRu.
aienyi>iuE]L
dU>nuh
vidV]nuh Evdnum]y O>u nU>i]T[ gu>uv]yUR Eztil
dRsnin]yi vu. nU>i]iEu \ofu Eztil
24

e`tiHYm]
tey]yi>uu. atin]l Ezt]Dik]>iy]y nU>i au
Bfinu m]nY]nu nU>i]Tien |>ufemu
niyic{u. pU]nu nU>i A xhgti ariy]et ptivuEp]e
\ofu k]m]yE]L m]nY]nu O]mn]yi Ep]yi>uu.
aE]L Ezt]Dik]>i pU]niEn]T[ "mH]Ey]gYn]yi>iu
O>umzb]fN |vieT vi>iu itiy[[ |u
t]nivieTTi>iutu nY]ym]yi}. atin]l EvgemfIu
m]riyi>iU" `u pru. `iuh p Ey]gYM]R kUTi tniu
xtic{u ti>iu m]nY]nh viuek]Tuutinu mnu
v>]y[ky]l pU]nu nU>i `fIu m]riyi}. atin]l
Ezt]Dik]>i aEHie eeky[u piTic{u `fIic{u. t]N
Evd]RHnuh vidV]num}]i]fe}] te |ien apm]nic{
etu vic]>ic{iu pU]nunU>i[ ve> vYxnmu]yi.
aEHh \Ten k>uek][ purEiri. aE]<uh
zsIEk]viinkuniuh "pU]nh |ni duM]>ueT aTul
t]mxiukyuh |vieT v>ikyuh Ev. pU]ninu `e
k]ffemil w]N pU]nie |}u vuek]]h"
`e]>u as>I>i v]u]yi. nU>i atuEku xE]Sic{[
aE]Lte te |}Ey[u Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
nU>i |}uectie EsSh Bgv]N vu k}]et
\ofu k<iukyi}u niyic{u avieTyi>uu. aE]L
BvXn]y Bgv]N zsIkZS[fN nU>iyueT |}u
`<ui. BsiE>]mfiy]y nU>i BvXn]y Bgv]en
te v]mB]gu(|Ttu) zptYm]yi ku nU>i \Ten `fIu
Bgv]en x]]hgm]yi nmx[k>ic{u vic{u. aE]L Bgv]N "|ni
pU]nh `e |vieTyi>uu Exvic{]l mti. `e x]iYh
|vieTyu]yi>iuh" `u a>uiec{y[ttie EsSh mryukyuh
ecy[tu. nU>i Bgv]en kt]y A u O>h
pfiyic{u (zsIEk]vil m]zth) avieT zsIkZS[fe vizgHe
kuTiyi>ui ptiv]yi pUj]niEvdY]dikL k<ic{u Exvic{u
ek]i>uu. A h nU>i |>utie |Ttuvs]yi>u
25

e`tiHYm]
tin]l A ainu "|Ttupurh" `u Ep>iTukyuh
ecy[tu.
B]gvtvuh muh v]yic{uEkiu]y pdp>icyh ek]uh
Bgvd[Bi ek]uh Bgvt[ k]>ufYhek]uh pU]nu nU>i
k]zkEmf xhx[kZtiuh kvityu]]N sn]yi
IRu.
pU]nu nU>i gu>uv]yUR Ezth vi[ |}[ i>
t]mxm]iytie EsSh Bgvt[k]>ufY]l aEHinu
dIRG]yuE]TukUTiy
puztx]nL
D]>]mu]vukyuh
aEHh pieyuh ve>]h aRpuztmizt]dikE]Tuh Bgv]
l nityuh xudZvum]y BiEy]TuhkUTi xuKm]kuhvh
jIvic{i>iukyuh ecy[tu.

26

e`tiHYm]

46. AUR ni
AUR niyueT |}h zbiISumb]ril ep]]ni
]Uil tZiyU>hsil AUR Eds]f[. |tu
kUT]et aviETu ek]c{i xh]nu ti]Uil
cUl zpvZiyil t]y]vuEdsuh O>i}mu[. atu
>]mtu]yt]f[. A Edsu pu cUl mU[ `e]>
eevdYnu]yi>uu. A |}[ O>u k][ pu>uSM]>]>umi}]et
O>u viDvyuh O>u knYkyuh m]ztm]yiIRu. A knYkEy
AUR nim]>ie]>]L xRvxVd]nm]yi viv]Hh k<ic{[
avieT du kyri. atin]]f[ avieTyuh O>i}h aviETu
]yt[. cUl mUie |}h vky]yiu]yi>u ~t]nuh
vx[tuvkkuh niu kii. ~t]nuh vx[tuuh O>u EdvxVvuh
anY]DIneuEp]yiumu[.
AUR niyueT |}[ O>il pu>uSM]>]>umi}]et
O>u knYk m]ztm]yiIRu. a[ A knYkey xRvxVd]nm]yi
viv]Hh k<ic{[ avieT dukyriyt[ krup]r nU>iyueT
|}unie]>]]f[. atin]l kruup]r nU>iyuh AUR
niyuh p>x[p>h puyuv>]yiIRu. aj]miEm]h, zDuv
c>ith mut]yvyueT niR]t]v]y kruup]r d]Em]d>N
nU>i m>ic{i[ aDikh k]m]yi}E}]. A d]Em]d>N nU>i m>ic{
E]<uh AUR nim]R pu Ac>ic{i>ut]yi]f[ ariyu
t[. atin]l |E]L AUR niyueT |}uvR kruu
p]r nU>iyueT x]np>>yiuLev>]efn[ viEsSic{u
pryfemi}E}].
AUR nim]>ueT cikiXy[[ anit>x]D]>fm]y
O>u viEsSmueutu zpxim]f[. atinu k]>fe
hbic{u p e`tiHYumu[.
AUR
niyueT
|}inu
xmIph
"eevdYN
tZE]vil" `u zpxim]yi[ O>u sivEztmu[. pe]>u
27

e`tiHYm]
k]u]yi>u O>u ni ptiv]yi >uEn>vuh A
sivEztilE]yi dRsnh k<ic{uvi>uu. ni ai
Eu Ep]kuE]L v<iu]yi>u O>]iEMi>uu >u
pikL "Ek]>u[, Ek]>u[" `u siukyuh ptiv]yi>uu.
O>u divxh ni A pikL Em[przpk]>h sic{E]L
ti>iuni[ A pike En]i,
"k]E HitmitEB]jI kZtchzkmf zkEmf v]msy
aviDZtmUztpu>IS x[ztISu yt]] c Ey] n> Ex]>u["
`u pri[ |}Eu Ep]yi. atilie A
pike k]fukEy] avyueT sh EkLukEy] \]yii}.
"Ek]>u[" `utin[ k a>u[? (E>]gmi}]vn]>[?" `]
fE}] aRh. A Ec]dYinu niyueT mrupTi, Evuk]
u Hitm]yuh mitm]yuh Biuvnuh, \ofu k<i]l
kurc{u nTukyuh |Ttuvsh ec>iukiTukyuh ecy{uvnuh
mmUzte tTu]et Evu xmyu vixRjiuvnuh
x[ztIkil atY]xiyi}] (aTmu) vnum]yi>iut[
AE>] A mnuSYN aE>]giy]yi>iuh `]fE}]. |t[ avR[
xtm]ytin]]yi>i]h A pikL pie v>]t[.
pike k]f]t]ytie EsSh >u divxh k<i
E]L >u zb]fkum]>M]R niyueT aTul ecu te
UeT avieT t]mxiic{u eevdYs]x[zth piifem[
aEpiukyuh ni xtiukyuh avR au te
pic{utuTukyuh ecy[tu. A kuikL mH]vikZtik]yi>uu
eviuh atYh buim]M]>um]yi>utin]l ni[ ave>
uric{[ viE>]Dm}, ~vuh x[EnHvuh v]XYvum]fu]yt[.
avR `e}]h kuxZtikL k]iy]uh pr]uh ni ave>
s]xi]ri}. atintin[ av>ueT du]mRYL vRic{uek]u
te |>uu. piu xmyh ni pruek]Tuuet]uh
avR EkLukyuh mni]ukyuh ecy{ukyi}. ni O>u
viDil O>u v]kYin[ aRh pruek]TuuE]L avR
28

e`tiHYm]
atinu Ever n]u viDil aRh pr[ aeny]y]e],
|eny]y]e] `u Ec]dYh tuTuh. avey}]h Ec>u
vyuh m]>uh vic]>iukyuh D>iukyuh ecy[tii}]vyum]
yi>iuh. atin]l A xmyiuh niu xE]Svuh
autvum}]et avE>]Tu Ek]pEm] viE>]DEm] \]yi}.
OTuh ni ave> piiut[ av>ilni[ aEnkviDi
u viEsS]RL Eku D>i]n]yiIRuevu pr]l
mtiyE}].
O>u divxh ni |}i}]ti>u xmyh |o zb]f
kum]>M]R avieTyu]yi>u pTiu>m]iky[u tI evc{u cu[
atu Bx[m]vEsSm]iu. ni ti>ic{uvE]L xhgti
mni]yi. `iuh atienuric{[ avE>]eT]uh Ec]diuk
Ep]uh ecy[ti}.
O>u divxh niyueT ae zs]m]yi>uu. biu
kui]n]yi ni Ep]yi>u xmyh ci n]y]TikL (EvTM]R)
pTil vu Biy[]yi viic{u. |o zb]fb]M]R |o
aTuyil kTu bi]yi evc{uevc{i>u kvYN (Ec]r[)
`Tuuek]uEp]yi
n]y]TikLu
ek]Tuu.
ni
kuic{uvE]L |o viv>mriu. `iuh Ever kvYN evc{u
]i zs]h nTiyt}]et |tienuric{uh A zb]f
b]M]E>]T[ Ouh Ec]dic{i}.
pieey]>il ni |o zb]fkum]>M]E>]TukUTi O>u
E>]giey k]futin]yi O>u EuEp]yi. aE]L mEDY
m]Rgh O>u ecriy ndiyu]yi>uu. mUuEp>uhkUTi avieTyu]
yi>u p]iEMl ecu kyri. ~kEdsh mDYi]yE]L
|o b]M]R niey piTic{u pu<yiEu tiyiu. ni nIi
ae>eyi. pi<iuTuu ty{]r]yi. aE]E<uh zb]f
b]M]>uh avieTeyi. piIT[ mUuEp>uh O>umic{ute Ep]yi.
|tienuric{uh ni avE>]eT]uh Ec]dic{i}.
29

e`tiHYm]
O>u tEvdn]>N tEvdn ks]kuE]L niyueT
aTul ecu pryukyuh ni v}tuh cikiX pryy[u
kyuh atuek]u kurc{u divxEu xuKm]yi>iukyuh
pieyuh tEvdn v>ikyuh xHi]N vy{]ety]kuE]L
niyueT aTul ecu pryukyuh ptiv]yi>uu. A ptivu
Ep]e O>il ay]L ecE]L ni avieT \]yi>ui}.
tEvdn duHm]yiI>uky]l ay]L "aEy{]! w]nini
`]f[ Evt[? w]N |vieT kiTu m>iuh" `u pr[ A
muu kiTu niviic{u. aE]L A zb]fkum]>M]R
avieTniiri pu>yiTiEu Ep]yi. >u kUh pc{ikL
pric{uek][ ti>ic{uv[, A tEvdn]>en viic{uhek][ O>u
murikE[ kyriE]yi. aku kTyuTen v]tiTc{u
x]yiu. niyueT puztM]>]y ecriy \ikL |ve>]f[
ecy{uetu k]f]n]yi A muriyueT ni>y[u]yi>u
ecriy dV]>ilUTi OiuEn]ie]u niu. aku
kT zb]fkum]>M]R O>ukUh pc{m>uu ti>uii<iu
E>]giyueT tyil pu>i. \Ten tyueT et]i Ak]eT
E>]mE]TukUTi ep]ivu. zb]fb]M]R A et]iey
Tuu m]ievc{iu tEy]iyil piyi>u O>ut>h ecruzp]fi
ke
tUukyukyuh
et]ieyTuu
vIuh
tyil
ptiukyuh pie O>u kUh m>uukUeT \]yi>ut[ ti>ui
i<iu nIe>Tuu tyil pu>ukyuh et]i y]pURvh
OiiTiukyuh ecy[tu. E>]giu tEvdn m]ri xuKm]vuky]l
v]til tu>u purEiriyyuTen y]zt pr[ ay]L
Ep]yi. zb]fkum]>M]R puririyE]L niyueT \ike
ki[ "|en En]iy]l Ek]u]kuh" `u pryukyuh
\y{il piyi>u m>u[ afie tUfiEMl Etc{ukyu
kyuh atie pisiT[ A>uh k]f]et avR `vieTEy]
kyukyuh ecy[tu.
ni mTieyi kui k<i[ aku ecu puztM]
E>]TukUTi \]ni>uu. \uek]i>iuE]L A \ikL
30

e`tiHYm]
tEvdn]>N vtu mutl \]y xk xhgtikuh
niEy]Tu pru. A xmyh mE zb]fkum]>M]R niyueT
aTulec{[, "wL[ |ni |vieT t]mxi]N nivZiyi}.
Ep]k]nu xmym]yi>iuu. wL |vieT]mxic{u piu
kyuh aE pviDil \pzdviukyuh ecy[tu. atien]e
tt]y zptiPh t>utinu wueT eekvsem]umi}.
`iuh |ti>ie" `u pr[ O>u ecriy zgh niyueT
Ene> nIie]Tuu. ni \uek]i>iuky]yi>utin]l
|Ttueek nIi atu EmTIc{u. aE]L zb]fkum]>M]R "O>u
nivZiyumi}]et muu xmyh |o zgm<ic{u En]iy]l
|til `eiuh xm]D]nh k]fuh. |o zgh |o
|}uv>}]et m]>uh k]f]niTy]k>ut[" `u pr[
y]zty]yi. ni vtu eek mTiiTic{uek][ anuy]zty]yi
av>ueT pi]e ecu. avR muiritiniTy[u niyuh
av>uh til O>u ecriy xhB]Sfh nTu.
ni: niL A>]f[?
zb]fkum]>M]R: atrii[ `u Evfh?
ni: Ouh EvI}. niL
Et]i. atuek][ Ec]dic{t]f[.

Ekvh

mnuSY>e}u

zb]fkum]>M]R: `]l wL pikE] EdvM]E>]


Aefu visVxic{uek]fh.
ni: niL |vieT vetin[?
zb]fkum]>M]R: AyuREvdcikiXy[u
Pxiiyuh zpc]>vuh vRii]N.

zpxiiyuh

ni: niL `e pTiu>y[[ tIevc{Et]?


zb]fkum]>M]R:
ag[nib]Dyu]k]nu

A
xmyh
|vieT
O>u Ey]gmu]yi>uu.
31

|}in[
atien

e`tiHYm]
tI>e `u vic]>ic{]f[. `iuh at[ |niey]>u k]u
]kuh.
ni: zs]inuevc{
ek]Tuetin]f[?

kvYN

`Tuu

n]y]TikLu

zb]fkum]>M]R: av!R v]x[tvil n]y]Tik}.


pitZ]f[. zs]inu xmyh atizkeemc{tin]l avR |o
>Upil vu viic{t]f[. aE]L aetTuu ek]Tuie}il
avR spiukyuh |vieT xtiyuh xuh nsiukyuh
ecy{um]yi>uu. aen v>>uetu vic]>ic{[ azpk]>h ecy[t
t]f[.
ni: `e pu<yil \>uiyietin]f[?
zb]fkum]>M]R: A xmy[ A pu<yil ghgyueTyuh
ymunyueTyuh x>xVtiyueTyuh x]iYmu]yi>uu. aE]L
avieT x[n]nh ecy[t]l ztiEvfIxhgmx[n]nie Ph
xiium]yi>uu. at[ aE[ xii]n]yi]f[ aen
ecy[tt[.
|ztyuh prE]E<uh avR muirukyuh avieT
yu Alryil kyrukyuh avieTevc{[ avR adZsY>]yi
Bviukyuh ecy[tu.
zb]fkum]>M]>ueT A xhB]Sfh nimih avR
asVinIEdvM]>]yi>uuevuh
avR
tey]f[
te
p>Ii]n]yi AiEMl vi>uu "Ek]>u[" `u Ec]dic{
etuh niu mni]yi. asVinIEdvM]R aR]nh ecy[t
A Alryilevc{[ |E]<uh AuEt]ruh pmi[ asVinI
EdvM]e> pUjic{uEp]>]ru[. AUR nim]Ru cikiX]viSy
il anit>x]D]>fm]y zpc]>vuh zpxiiyuh xiic{t[ A
|}u asVinIEdvM]>ueT x]iYmu]ytuek]]efu
|ni viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}]. asVinIEdvM]R av>ueT
32

e`tiHYm]
ky{iEMl piy m>uu Etc{ tUfu cu>i xV[ph ep]TieyTuu
evil ku<c{u eniy[u pu>iy]l ~tu tEvdnyuh
tlfh m]rum]yi>uu. atu pRuh anuBveiu O>u
k]>Ym]f[. `iuh ae A |}h aute A Edv
eevdYM]R pri>utuEp]e ~t]nuh k]inumu[ ag[ni
Bgv]n[
aH]>m]yiI>ukyuh
aEt]TukUTi
A
tUfu
Bx[m]vEsSm]yiE]vukyuh ecy[tu. asVinIEdvM]R ek]Tu
zgh |Ttueekek][ v]iytin]l AUR nim]R
|E]<uh m>uukE] m>uinu kuric{Et] |Ttueekek][
ek]Tu]l aDikh Ph k]fuem]f[ jnvisV]xh. |ni A
|}uvR cikiX]viSym]yi ecy[tiu ci aut
kRmeiUTi xV[ph pruek]uu.
xREzsn]y x]]l tkN O>il O>u \d>E>]gh
nimih avsn]yiI>uky]l O>u zb]fe >Uph D>ic{[
au gZHn]yi>u niyueT aTul ecu te E>]g
ie viv>mriyiukyuh te dInh EBdm]i ayy[fem[
aEpiukyuh ecy[tu. ni O>u m>uu cuuevil
ki, A zb]fen avieT kiTIu v]yil O>u ku<l evc{u
vtueekek]u piTic{uek][ |Ttueekek][ m>u[ ku<i
UeT O<ic{uek]Tuu. A m>uu Exvic{ file
vyil Evdn m]ri aEHh pURxuKe zp]piukyuh
aEHE]Tu
ni,
"|ni
Ep]k]h,
|ni
|o
dInh
O>iumu]vukyi}" `u pryukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L A
zb]fN "`e E>]gh smiic{u k]Tu nIiy mH]n]y
aE vWiut[ `niu viHitm}E}]. atin]l w]ene
xtYiti ariyic{uek]uu. v]x[tvil w]en]>u mnuSY
n}. w]N tkenu pryeTu xRm]f[. aviTu[ `e
E>]gh smiic{til `niu ap]>m]y xE]Sh nimih
|t] w]N anuzgHiuu: |o |}u jniuve> Ae>yuh
O>u k]uh xRL dhsiukyi}. av] dhsic{]uh viSh
vY]piukyi}. |o |}u>yiTinkuevc{[ anYM]e>yuh
33

e`tiHYm]
azpk>hte. `ni[ |Ttueekek][ m>ue]<ic{ut]fE}]
`e dInh EBdm]iyt[. atin]l |o |}uvR |Ttueek
ek]u ek]Tuu m>uinuh muh kUTutl Pmu]yi>iuh.
`uh avieT O>]Leiuh xRdZiyu]yi>iukyuh
ecy{uh" `u pri[ zb]fEvSD]>iy]y tkN avieT
ni[ |riE]vukyuh ecy[tu.
asVinIEdvM]>ueTyuh tkeyuh anuzgHh nimih
|E]<uh Ek]E] xRdZiEy] |}] A>uh \]k]ri}.
tke anuzgHh kUTi xiic{E]L |Ttuky{ie m]H]Yh
OukUTi vRiukyuh ecy[tu. niyueT |}u>yiTh ~kEdsh
n]EEr]h vix[t]>mut]f[. atie n]u mUy[uh O]E>]
xR]vu[. A |}uve>yuh A pu>yiTilevc{[
anYM]e>yuh |E]<uh p]u kTiukEy] kTic{]uh viSh
vY]piukEy] ecy{]ri}.
O>il p]uE]u nUti>im]R O>]Lu dInm]yiu
cikiXy[]yi au]yi>u O>]UR niey v>ui
yi>uu. O>u divxh \c{ ti>i xmyh Em]unU>iyuh
niyuh kUTi evTi pruek]i>u xmyh atiBy>]kZti
y]y O>u xRh av>ueT aTuE[ |<uecu. atu k[
ni Bye[ `fIE]T]N B]vic{u. aE]L nU>i, "ByeTukyuh
p>izBmiukyuh Ouh Ev]. |vR \pzdviuv>}" `u
pru. `iuh ni[ \ru vi}. xRh |<uec[
nU>iyueT mTiyil kyriiTu. atuk[ nU>i[ O>ivumu
]yie}u prEyti}E}]. atu kE]L ni[ O>u
xm]D]nm]ytin]l y]pURvh nU>iyueT aTule
eci>uu. aE]L A xRh niyueT aTuEu t nIi.
atu kE]L ni vIuh p>izBmic{[ `fI]N B]vic{u.
aE]<uh nU>i, "Ev], avieTe |>i]h. ByeET],
at[ \pzdvi]n}; atie ty[[ `E] xuKETutin]l
atu niey k]fi]n]yiu t nIiyt]f[" `u pru.
ni xUic{uEn]iyE]L A xRie tyil xV[ph
34

e`tiHYm]
nI>[ \>uukUTiyi>iut]yiu. ni nU>iyueT v]u
visVxic{[ O>u viDh eeD>Ye avhbic{uek][ O>u
kieyTu[ A nI>u kIrukyuh atink[ Oii>u
|}imu[ `Tuukyukyuh avieT O>u m>uu pu>ukyuh xRh
ptue |ri v v<iEy Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
~t]nuh divxhek][ p]uE]u nU>iu dInh m]ri
xuKm]vuky]l nU>i niu pviD x]nuh muh
ek]Tuu y]zty]i. ni Ep]k]n]yi[ |riyE]L
anuy]zty]yi nU>iyuh pi]e ecu. A xmyh muu ni
mueTuukuvi xRh avieT vu. ni En]iyE]L
nIe>}]h Ep]yi, zvfmufi xRinu n} xuKm]yi>iu
t]yi ku. \Ten A xRh v]yilni[ O>u m]fikY}[
niyueT muNpil |uek]Tuu. ni atu k[ xhsyic{u
niE]L nU>i "Ouh xhsyiE], ni dInh EBdm]i
ytin]l xE]Sic{u xRh atu niu x]nm]yi
tt]f[. `Tuuek]u Ep]k]h" `u pru. ni A
m]fikY}uemTuuek]u Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. A n]g
m]fikYh |E]<uh AUR niyueT |}[ |>iuu
e]f[ EkLvi.
nvyovnyunuh n} xu>nuh >xiknum]y O>u nU>i
kuE>]gb]Ditn]yiI>uk nimih p eevdYM]e>e]u
cikiXiic{iuh O>u Pvumi}]y[ky]l OTuh AUR ni
yueT aTul ecu viv>e}]h pru. ni xV[pEn>h
mni>ui vic]>ic{tie EsSh, "O>u mu]<i ep>u]iN eny{[
Exvi]emil w]N |o dInh EBdm]]h. a}]et w]en},
A>u vic]>ic{]uh |tu EBdeTu]N x]Diyi}" `]f[
prt[. atu EkE]L nU>i[ vYxnh xHivy{]ety]yi.
`]y]uh ep>u]iN eny{[ Exviu k]>Yh zpy]xh te
`u tIRc{eTUi. AUR ni te |en pri>iu
iti[ pie eevdYM]e> ktuek][ zpEy]jnem]u
35

e`tiHYm]
mi}E}] `u vic]>ic{[ aEHh \Ten czmvei Bjnh
tuTi.
"a>uvi citri vI<uh n} Ep>]rute'
vTke> m>utiNkILec{u EcRE]>u eedvh
am>kL pvh eeket]<uh czmvh
vixin kueedvh t]uEv]n]keye"
`u zp]RnEy]TukUTi aEHh pzu divxh avieT
Bjic{tinuEsSh O>u divxh >]ztiyil aEHh ail
kiT[ \riyi>uE]L AE>] O>]L aEHie aTul
ec[, "ptiv]yi >]vie pu<yilec{[ kuiuE]L xY]
vnh k<i]uTen pu<yilniu mUu kuT (>u ky{uh
nirc{u) evh `Tuu kuTifh. aen n][ptu divxh
ecy[t]l dInh EBdm]kuh" `u prt]yi aEHinu
Et]i. |tu czmvu s]x[t]v[ a>uiec{y[ttutey]efu
visVxic{u nU>i pie ptiv]yi aen ecy[tuek]u Bjic{u.
aen n][ptu divxh k<iE]E<uh dInem]e EBdm]yi
nU>i xVs>I>n]yiIRu.
an>h nU>i AUR niyueT aTulec{[,
"ep>u]iN eny{[ Exvi]et te `e dInh EBdm]yi" `u
pru. aE]L ni, "pie `u Exvic{u?" `u
Ec]dic{E]L nU>i "w]N czmvy{en Exvic{u. a}]et
Ouh Exvic{i}" `u pru. pie ni \]y
xhgtike}]h
viv>m]yi
pry]N
prE]L
nU>i
Bjnie viv>vuh atiniTy[u tniu dRsnmu]ytuh
pu<yilniu evh Ek]>iuTic{i>utuem}]h vix[t>ic{u
pru. \Ten, ni "`eneyiuh nU>iu xuKm]yE}],
atu xE]Sh te. `iuh `ni[ A em]u k]ffh.
nU>i
kUeT
v>fh"
`u
pru.
pie
avR
>uEp>uhkUTiE]yi czmve aTvilniu pu<v
UeT kurc{u dU>h ecE]L avieT O>u viy ep>u]u
36

e`tiHYm]
cu cIiu kiTunuh m<evE]TukUTi atie
eny{[ pu<yiE[ O<ukiEc{>utuh kiu ni nU>iEy]T[,
"|t], |tu kuEv]? |o enEy{]Tu kUTiy evm]f[ nU>i
ptiv]yi kuTic{i>ut[. mu]<i eny{u ExvifemE w]N
pruU. |E]L mUiT<iyiDikh eny{[ nU>i Exvi
c{i>iuh" `u pryukyuh s>i teeyu nU>i xtiu
kyuh ecy[tu. | E>]gin[ |tu ecy{]et A E>]gh
EBdm]vukyie}u |tuek]u x[pm]kuuE}].
pe]>il O>]UR ni k[pnzpk]>h ve>]h
ti>uvnpu>u t]mxic{i>uu. a]u kiim]UR ek]]>
il ae mU Ek]yiu>]n[ O>u dInmu]yi. dInh
tIRd]Hm]yi>uu. atu vRic{[ `zt evh kuTic{]uh
mtiy]k] niyi]yi. aen kfi}]et evh kuTiu
t[ s>iy}E}] `u vic]>ic{[ ki mut]yv zptidinh
nUNpt[ |nI>ie evh kUTi kuTiuk `e]>u ptivuevc{u.
atuek][ mtiy]yi}. `iuh O>u kfu EvfmE}] `u
vic]>ic{[ aen niyic{t]f[.
aenyi>iuE]L Ek]yiu>]N "`e |o d]Hh
Ae>iuh m]iy]l m]uvR[ w]N Ayi>h >Up ek]Tu
E]h" `u pru tuTi. aen p divxh EkE]L
kiim]nUR ek]]>il O>u tu>]iyueT BRv]yi t]mxi
u Auh ti>uvnpu>u viy ek]]>ie O>u pUj]>
nuh niyueT x[EnHitnum]y O>u nU>i Ek]yiu>]e
O>]e niyil ti>uvnpu>u ec[ niey viv>em}]h
pru fic{u kiim]nURu ek]uEp]yi. avieT `iy
divxh te ni Ek]yiu>]en k]fukyuh O>u m>uu
ek]Tuu Exviiukyuh ecy[tu. piE divxm]yE]L nUi
n][ptu k>ikuk[ (|nI!R) ek]u m]tiy]yi. aTu divxm]y
E]L |nI!R pukUTi kuru. aen divxhek][ O>u
|nI>]y]l mtieyu itiyi]yi. aE]L ni "|E]L
|enyi>ie. |ni w]N n]iE[ Ou Ep]yi v>]h. |}u
37

e`tiHYm]
niu Ep]yi[ ve> n]]yi" `u pr[ y]zty]yi.
Ek]yiu>]N ni[ nUru >Up ek]Tuu. ni Ouh mi]et
xE]SxEmth ek]Tutu v]ie]u Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
ni Ep]ytie piE divxh mutl Ek]yiu>]e
d]Hh vRic{u. ptinWu divxhek][ pURv{itiyil
nUNptu k>iie evh kuTic{]uh mtiy]vukyi} `]yi.
Ek]yiu>]N niey viic{uek]uv nU>iey viic{u
niey O>ilkUTi ek]uv>femu prE]L, nU>i
"atu zpy]xm]f[. O>il w]N viQ[iy]yi. |ni atinu
ty{]ri}. ae}il |E]L ek]TuiutukUT]et muNpu
priutuEp]e Ayi>h >Up tikc{u ek]Tufh. aen
ecy{]emu niymueil w]N Ep]yi niey ek]uv>]h.
A xhKY ni v]uTen ek]Tuukyuh Evfh" `u pru.
nU>iyueT aBizp]yh Ep]e ecy{]em[ Ek]yiu>]N
xtiukyuh nU>i Ep]yi vIuh niey ek]uv>ikyuh
\Ten Ek]yiu>]N Ayi>h >Up ekie]Tuukyuh ni
cikiXic{u dInh EBdeTuukyuh ecy[tu.
AUR niyueT |}[ ap[PM]>]f[ eevdYil
aDikh vidg[M]>uh zpxiM]>um]yiI>uk ptiv[. aN
nim]Ru xV[pem]>u k]y 3 \]yi>iuk ptiv]f[.
`iuh gu>utVinuh eekufYinuh ARuh kurvu]yi
>i]ri}. |<i 1092-]m]u k<iuEp]y ap[PNni
te ~vuh vidg[nuh zpxinum]yi>uuvE}].
1092-l k<iuEp]y ap[PN niyueT EjYn]yi O>]L
\]yi>uu. aviETu piuh zpxiiyuh ve> kurv]yi>uu.
xV[pm]y \M]d]yyumu]yi>uu. O>il aviTu[ O]
inu xmIph O>u uEp]yi mTiv>uE]L kuti>vu
viy n]y>ueT ci BZtYM]R kukUTi. viyn]yR[ ati
3

kiru[

38

e`tiHYm]
ks]yi O>u vyilEvdny]yi[ |y niey kUie]u
ec}]n]yi ave> pryc{i>iuky]yi>uu. avR mU
nieyE]L |y niy]ef[ eti>ic{u kUie]u
Ep]yi. viyn]yR EvdnyueT k]inYh nimih AH]>h
k<i]nuh |>i]nuh kiT]nuh vy{]ety]yiu mukil O>u
kyrueki atiEMl piTIc{uek][ ni[ niviiuky]yi>uu.
ni avieT `iy \Ten "`niu d]Hh ks]yi>iuu.
atinu v}tuh Evfh" `u prI[ kui]N Ep]yi. ni
kui k<iu vE]L aW]ru k>iuh pu ptinWu pUvN
p<vuh ek]uecu ek]Tuu. ni atil >u k>ieTuu
tuc{u evh tyil O<ic{u. O>u k>iie evh kuTic{u. >u
p<vuh tiu. pie E>]giEy]T[ "kurc{u p<h ti]Em]?" `u
Ec]dic{u. "vy{]" `u viy n]yR prE]L ni "`iuh
p>Iic{u En]U" `u pr[ O>u p<emTu[ skh
muric{uek]Tuu tIi. atu tiu k<iE]L ni "|E]L
Evdn `enyi>iuu" `u Ec]dic{u. "kurc{u kurvuE]
`u xhsyh" `u n]yR pru. ni kuEre kuErey]yi
O>u p<h mu<uvnuh tII[ "|E]L `enyi>iuu" `u
Ec]dic{u. "ve> EBdmu[" `u n]yR xtic{u. pie ni
avieTyi>u[ "O>u p<vuh kUTi ti[ O>u k>iie evvuhkUTi
kuTiU" `u pru. aztyuh kUTi k<iE]L viyn]yR
"|E]L Evdn Oumi}. `niu n} xuKm]yi" `u pru.
ni aE]Le avieTni[ |riE]yi. viy n]yR[
pie m>iutuve> vyilEvdn \]yi}.
Em[pr
xhgtiyu]yt[
O>u
mInm]xi]f[.
mY]xmy]f[
ni
Ep]yt[.
kurc{unTE]E<uh
evyiie cUTuek][ nT]N vy{]ety]vuky]l ni v<iu
k O>u pTiu>yil kyriyi>u[ vizsmic{u. atu viy
Dnv]n]y O>u n]y>ueT vITinu pTiu>y]yi>uu. A vIie
k]>fvR k]uh k]>Yinuh ve> Ey]gYnuh ecru]>nu
m]yi>uu. `iuh ay]l kurc{u n]]yi bDi>n]yiIRu.
39

e`tiHYm]
atinu cikiXke]e ecy[tu En]Iuh y]et]>u gufvuh
k]f]y[ky]l ay]uh vIiu m]ukuh atYh vYxnic{u
ek]i>iu avx>i]f[ ni avieT ecu kyriyt[.
niey ariyuv>]yi A vIi]>umu]yi>ui}. aE]L
niyum]yi p>icymu O>]L eedvgtY] avieT vuEc>ukyuh
A mnuSYN |o vi>iut[ |]]ef[ A vIuk]e>
zgHiiukyuh ecy[tu. "aEnkh eevdYM]R pic{ vidYke}]h
zpEy]gic{u En]Iuh O>u gufvumu]k]] itiu
viEsSic{u Pem]uh \]vukyi}]yi>i]h, `iuh |tukUTi
Ou p>Iic{u En]iy]h" `u vic]>ic{u vIuk]R A
p>icitN muK]i>h viv>h niey ariyiukyuh A bDi>en
ek]uecu k]fiukyuh ecy[tu. ni \Ten kurc{u ek]e
(viie]<iu O>u m]ti>i `) v>ui E>]giyueT tyil
Etic{u evyiu piTic{u nirui. tIEp]eyu evyiu
kurc{u En>h niE]E<uh E>]gi v}]et viSmic{u. ay]ueT
k]T[ k[ vIiue>}]h k>c{iuh pi<ic{iuh ayuh muryuh
tuTi. OTuh E>]giyueT a niyueT aTul ec[ "`e
zpiye ~k puztN |en evyiu niu ep]>iyutu
ku xHi]N `niu siyi}. >u n]<ikyiDikvuh
En>m]yE}] avN keTuu; |nieyiuh kyriE]k]n
nuvdic{]l ek]]h" `u vYxnxEmth k>uek]u
pru. \Ten ni E>]giyueT aTul ecu >u eckiTuh
O]E>] "vIu" evc{u ek]Tuu. atu k[ vIUk]R pURv{Dikh
\re niviic{u. `iuh t}uek]tiEn]TukUTi E>]giu ecvi
EkL]r]yi. \Ten ni avieT niu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
O>il Ek]y[l t]mxic{i>u ~r]L]Tu tu>]N
yE>]gb]Ditn]yiI>uky]l
cikiXy[]yi
anujN
niey ek]u Ep]yi>uu. ni avieTeyi kE]Lte
E>]gh ax]Yemu tIRc{eTui. `iuh atu pryukEy]
B]viukEy] ecy{utu s>iy}E}] `u vic]>ic{u ci
cikiXkL ecy[tuek][ avieT t]mxic{u. E>]gh zptidinh
40

e`tiHYm]
vRic{uek]i>uu.
tu>]nu
>uci
vEsmi}]ety]yi.
Bfh kurtiEn]TukUTi Ifvuh ks]yi. ">uciEy]TukUTi
O>u>u Ec]rui[ aE]L te m>ic{]uh xTmi}. atinu
v}tuh nivZiyuE]?" `u tu>]N niEy]Tu Ec]dic{u.
">uciyu]]h" `u ni mrupTiyuh pru. aeny}]et
pry>utE}] `u vic]>ic{]f[ aM[pi aen prt[. pru
k<iE]L "|ni `] nivZi" `u vic]>ic{i[ niu
m]Rgem]uh Et]iyi}. aE]L EjYN avieT xmIph
"ac{izp" ` Edsu eciueu Ek[ \Ten Ayc{u
Ek]y[l v>ui viv>em}]h pru. EjYN ni tu>]en
ecu k[ "`u Bi]n]f[ aviETu >uci Et]ut[?"
`u Ec]dic{u. "`ni[ Oinuh >uci Et]ui}. `]l
O>u>uEc{]eriuh
>uciEy]TukUTi
\]l
ek]]emu
Em]Hmu[. >uciyi}t]nuh; pie `] ecy[k" `u tu>]N
mrupTi pru. \Ten ni O>u viy xdYy[u viBv
e]e \]uv]N pru. fil `}]h ty{]r]yi. |
evc{u tu>]en piTiec{fIic{[ avieTyi>ui. EjYN ni
`E] O>u m>u[ ky{ii[ ti>ui O>u ecriy guikEp]ey]i
tu>]e v]yil |uek]Tui[ |r]N pru. at[ |riy
\Ten eny{uh p>iuhkUi O>u>u Ec]r[ ek]Tuu. at[ \u
k<iE]L muNpieE]e O>u zp]vsYh kUTi m>uu
ek]Tuu. "|E]L >uci Et]uuE]?" `u ni Ec]dic{u.
"kurc{ukUTi \]emu Et]uu[" `u tu>]N pru.
pie k]N mut]yvyuh Em]>uhkUi ~kEdsh n]<iy>iyueT
Ec]ruh kuer zpmnuh k<ic{u. tu>]nu ve> xE]Sm]vukyuh
ecy[tu. EjYN ni avieTe t]mxic{u. piE divxh
>]vie y]zty]yE]L "anujN |u v>uuEv]?" `u
Ec]dic{tinu "w]N n]u divxh k<iu v>]h" `u anujN
ni mrupTi prE]L EjYN ni "atu Ev], |ie}il
n]e >]vie Ep]>U" `u priu Ep]yi. au >]ztiyil
tu>]N tIeTukyuh ecy[tu.
41

e`tiHYm]
A EjYN ni[ pi[ aDikmu]yi>uie}u m]ztm},
kuEre k]yyumu]yi>uu. `iuh eekufYh m]Ruh
aztyumu]yi>ui}.
cikiX
aE]<E]L
Et]u
tuEp]ey]f[ ecy[k; s]x[ztzpk]>em]um]yi>ii}. `iuh
Pi]et v>]ri}. ` k]c{i Etc{i[ Oe>yuh piTi]ety]ku
E]L Ae>iuh ecu pr]l EjYN ni kuiutinu
mu]efil `eiuh kuer `eyTu[ |Ttueekek][
av>ueT tyil Etic{yy[uh. kui k<ii]efil `
v>ueT tyil O<ic{uek]Tuuh. pie avRu pec{ Etc{]l
mti. O>u dInvumu]vi}.
|o EjYN ni O>u kuEW>i mUie avt]>m]
efukUTi jnueT |Tyil O>u visV]xmu]yi>uu. atie
k]>fm]yi Oee>tiHYmu[.
AUR nim]R eevdYs]x[zth piuk kuEW>i
mUie aTu]f[ ptiv[. A ptivnux>ic{[ |o EjYN
niyueT munuh avieTec{u pic{u t]mxic{i>uu.
au]yi>u kuEW>i mU[ eevdYxhbm]yi BUE]k
iu xkzguh En]Iu]yi>uuvEzt. aEHh O>u
divxh siSYn]y niEy]T[, "w]N a]hgHZdyh, a]hg
xhzgHh, c>kh, xuzsuth mut]yi BUE]kiu xkeevdY
zguh En]Iu[. |ni O>]zgHEm \U. niyueT |}[
asVinIEdvM]R ek]Tu O>u zgmu[ `u Ekiu[.
atukUTi Ou En]iy]l ek]]em]f[ AzgHh. atien]
nivZi?" `u Ec]dic{u. atinu mrupTiy]yi ni, "atien]
zpy]xh? avieTec{e]u jnic{]l mtiyE}]" `u pru.
|tu Eki[ mUin[ ve> xE]Sm]fu]yt[. \Ten mU[
"mrupTi ve> Bhgiy]yi. |en tey]f[ prEyt[. |en
`}] viSyiuh `}]y[Ep]<uh \citm]ytu Et]e" `u
pr[ niyueT si>il >u ky{uh vc{[ anuzgHiukyuh
epe[ avieTiT[ m>iukyuh ecy[tu. A kuEW>i mU[
|vieT vu jnic A]f[ EjYN ni `]f[ jnzsuti.
42

e`tiHYm]
AUR niyueT |}t[ aTu k]u]yi>uv>il
zpxinuh Ey]gYnum]yi>ut[ 92-l m>ic{uEp]y aN ni
tey]yi>uu. aviTuu kIRiyuh vixuh siSY
xuh D]>]m]yi x]dic{u. |E]L A |}u mUu
nim]e>yuh eevdYs]x[zth piic{t[ aviTuutey]f[.
pE>tn]y >]mvRu czEsK>N pi, |E]L tZivEp>UR
pfil O>u eevdYs] ]pic{u cikiX nTiv>u >]mN
pi avRkL mut]yi aEnkh eevdYM]R aviTue
siSYvRgilev>]fE}].
92-l
m>ic{uEp]y
niyueT
anujn]yiuh
O>u
niyu]yi>uu. aEHinu zpxvcikiXyi]f[ aDikh
zpxiiyu]yi>ut[. O>il Ek]<iE]T[ x]mUti>i Ek]vi
k[ O>u tu>]i[ zpxvEvdn tuTI[ aW]ru divxm]yiuh
zpxvi]y[ky]l aEnkh EQ]Rm]e> v>ui]fic{u. `}]
v>uh ax]Yemu pr[ O<itie EsSh |o ni ci
vidYkL zpEy]gic{[ ty[uh piy[uh y]et]>u Ed]Svuh
p]et zpxvh nTiytil x]mUti>i]Tu tu>]N xE]Sic{u
ni[ vI>sZhK x]nic{yc{u. |en AUR nim]e>
xhbic{u pryukeyuevc{]l |niyuh aEnkh xhgtiku[.
vix[t]>By]l cu>uuu.
AUR nim]>il cikiX]viSyil aDikh zpxi
iyuh zp]c]>vuh xiiuk ap[PM]R]f[ ptievu muu
priuE}]. A p]>>Yzkmmnux>ic{[ |E]L A ]nh
vHic{i>iut[ mU]mN niy]f[. aviETu cikiX] viSy
il xiic{iu zpxiiyuh zpc]>vu Ouh ci}ry}. aviTu
euric{u zpEtYkem]>upnY]xem<uEtt]ky]l atiniey]
>vx>i]yie]]emu k>uti |o EKnh |ztyuhek][
avx]niic{uek]uu.

43

e`tiHYm]

47. vyx[k> ctuREvdiBti>iyuh yiyuh


vyx[k>yi}[ O>u k][ pu>uSM]>>umi}]et O>u
knYk m]ztm]yiI>ukyuh A knYkey pi]mE]L mU[
xRvxVd]nm]yi viv]Hh k<ic{[ avieT du kyrukyuh ecy[k
y]l a]h mutl]fE}] avieTyuvR[ vyx[k> mU[
`u Ep>u xiic{t[. |tinu muuh |o |}[ pE]<uh
pu>uSM]>i}]et O>u knYk m]ztm]yiI>uk \]yiu[.
aE]e<}]h O]E>]>uR A knYkm]e> xRvxVd]nm]yi
viv]Hh k<ic{[ avieT dukyrukyuh azpk]>h du kyru
v>ueT Ep>nux>ic{[ avieT \]kuvR[ vyx[k> nU>i,
vyx[k> Bti>i, vyx[k> Ep]i |en p Ep>ukuh
xiiukyuh ecy[ti>uu. O>il avieT O>u Bti>i du
kyriytin]l a]h mutl pie O>u du]ytuve>
avieTyuve> Bti>i `]f[ pruvi>ut[.
O>u k][ vyx[k>yi}[ AyuREvdmuLeeT n]u Evd
uh pic{ O>u mH]vidV]n]nu]yiIRu. aEHe `}]
v>uh "ctuREvdi Bti>i"ey]f[ pruvi>ut[. aEHh O>u
mH]eevdYnuh viy mzv]diyum]yi>uu. mzv]diu
zpxiiek][ aEHe mzv]din]yi p diukilniuh
AukL vu kUie]uEp]vuk ptiv]yi>uu.
aenyi>u k][ au n]Tu v]fi>i x]mUti>i]Tu
tu>]n[ O>u yiyueT \pzdvh \]yiI>ukyuh p mzv]di
kL pic{ vidYke}]h zpEy]gic{uEn]Iuh A yiey O<ii
]N k<iy]y[ky]l OTuh x]mUti>i]Tu tu>]e AukL
vu ctuREvdi Bti>iey Ek]<iE]Eu kUie]uEp]vu
kyuh Bti>i ci mztzzpEy]gLek][ A yiey
x]mUti>i]T[ tu>]e EdHil ni[ \<iu m]iyukyuh
ecy[tu. yi te EdHil ni[ vium]rieyu pURfEb]Dh
v>iky]l x]mUti>i]Tu tu>]N pviD x]nL ek]Tu[
xE]Siic{[ ctuREvdi Bti>iey xbHum]nh ti>ic{yc{u.
44

e`tiHYm]
Bti>i Ek]<iE]uniu ti>ic{uEp]u. En>h eevkiyE]L
v<i[ O>u nU>iyueT |}u kyri kuiyuh xY]vn]dikuh
a]<vuh k<ic{[ avieT \pgZHm]yiu O>u m]ikyil kiTu.
v<i nTu Ifhek][ kiT \Ten aEHh \riuTi.
aE]L AE>] aTul v[ "EH! tyifyueT t]e<yi>iu
zgh avieTni[ m]ivy[fh" `u prt]yi aEH
inu Et]i. epeufRu ku turu En]iyE]L
xRv]hgxu>iy]y O>u x[ztI te aTul nilut]yi
aEHh ku. viu ekTuIi}]yi>utin]l A x[ztIey
aEHinu zptYm]yi k]f]m]yi>uu. A x[ztI pieyuh
A zgh m]ievy[]N pru. ctuREvdi Bti>i `vieTE]ku
E]<uh O>u mzv]dzgh ek]u Ep]vukyuh >]ztik]il
kiTuE]L at[ ty[l evc{uek][ kiTukyuh ptiv]yi
>uu. aEHh p ilniu duEdvtke O<ic{iu
Auh O<iu Aum]ky]l A vk]R[ aEHE]Tu
viE>]Dmu]kutinuh timih avR aEHe \pzdvi]
nuh |Tyutuek]uh |o zgh eekvsmuE]L O>u
Edvty[uh aEHe b]Di]N nivZiyi}]tuek]u
m]f[ aEHh A zgh ek]unTutuh atu ty[l
evc{uek][ kiTukyuh ecy[ti>ut[. Bti>i A x[ztIyueT
anit>vnit]x]D]>fm]y >Up]vfYh k[ avL Ekvh
mnuSYx[ztIye}u niyiukyuh atYh vix[myiukyuh
ecy[tuek][ "nI A>[? |vieT vetin[? |o zgh
m]ivy[uetin[?" `u Ec]dic{u. "a[ `e \pzdviuk
yie}[ xtYh ecy[t]l w]N p>m]Rh pry]h" `[ A x[ztI
pryukyuh avueT >UpviEsSh k[ avil Axm]nx
n]yiIR Bti>i azpk]>h xtYh ecy[kyuh ecy[tu. \Ten
A x[ztI vIuh pru, "w]N x]mUti>i]Tu tu>]en
b]Diukyuh avieT ni[ a]l niS[k]xity]yiI>ukyuh
ecy[t yiy]f[. Bv]e >Upxo>Yh ku Bv]nil atYh
anu>y]yiI>uky]]f[ w]N |vieT vi>iut[.
atin]l a[ `e xdyh xVIk>ifh. A zgh m]i
45

e`tiHYm]
vy[]et `niu Bv]en et]T]N nivZiyi}E}]." |tu Eku
Bti>i, "nI `e \pzdviukyie}[ xtYh ecy[t]l w]N
zgh m]ivy[]h" `u pru. atu Eku yi xxE]Sh
xtYh ecy{ukyuh Bti>i zgemTu[ m]ivy[ukyuh avR
xE]SxEmth B]>Y]BR]M]>ueT niyil A >]ztiey
nyiukyuh ecy[tu. evu]N k]m]yE]L teUeT
ek]uEp]Ekfem[
yi
Bti>iEy]Tuh
tE]TukUTi
Ep]E>femu Bti>i yiEy]Tuh aEpiukyuh azpk]>h
>uEp>uh xtiukyuh ecy[tu. an>h Bti>iyuh anY
M]R[ adZsYy]yi yiyuh avieTni[ pure[ ~t]nuh
divxLek][ vyx[k>yi}u vuEc>ukyuh piEyuh
avR
B]>Y]BR]M]e>E]e
p>x[p>x[EnHE]TukUTi
e vRiukyuh ecy[tu. A yi viupi>iy]et xd]
vyx[k>yi}ute t]mxic{i>uueviuh Bti>i}]et
m]Ruh A divYmURiey k]f]N p]Ti}]yi>uu. atin]l
|o key]uh m]>uh arii>ui}.
|en ~t]nuh k]h k<iE]L A yi Bti>iyil
ni[ gRBh D>iukyuh aciE>f zpxvic{[ O>u epFkui
yu]vukyuh ecy[tu. aE]E<uh Bti>i[ yovnh yiu
ky]l aEHinuh yiuh p>x[p>h vi>i jniukyuh
yi xVpuztiey, Emnk skuey `Ep]e, avieT
tYjic{iu xV]nEu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. A yiyueT
anuzgH]l A puztiyuh divYy]y O>u yiy]yi epeu
yovnyuy]yiI>ukyuh anYM]R[ adZsYy]yi avieT
e t]mxiukyuh ecy[tu.
ctuREvdi Bti>i c>mgtiey zp]pi]r]y xmyh xVpuzti
y]y yiey aTul viic{u xVk]>Ym]yi, "w]N |HE]k
v]xh viT]r]yi>iuu. `iuh nI kuTuhbp>Edvty]yi `uh
|vieTe vxifh. |e O>u p>Edvty]yi |vieTyuvR
`uh Ac>ic{uek]uh" `u pri[ aEHh te xj]tIy
B]>Yyiu]yi>u zpmpuztenyuh aTul viic{u tniu
46

e`tiHYm]
yi B]>Yy]yiIR kyuh puztiyu]ytuh A puzti
kuTuhbp>Edvty]yi t]mxiu viv>vuh A puztiy]y yi
ey Ac>iEu zkmvuh muh pryukyuh \Ten m>iukyuh
ecy[tu.
ctuREvdi Bti>iyueT puztiy]y yi |E]<uh adZsY
y]yi vyx[k>yi}u t]mxic{uv>uue]f[ visV]xh. A
yiey xu>iy]y x[ztIyueT >upiuh xV>Upiuh ag[ni
Eg]m]yuh muh ~t]nuh k]Lu muuve> p>uh kiu
t]yi EkLviyu[.
vyx[k>yi}t[ |E]<uh Aie]>il O>u divxh kuru
M]e>e]u kem<uuh p]uh nTiv>uu[. |t[ muNpi
n]e nTiv>ut]f[. kuruM]e><utu k(aWu niri
u ep]TikLek]u niu v>y[u xV>Up)ueT kU
il ctuREvdi Bti>iyueTyuh yiyueTyuh kLkUTi
|E]<uh `<uti]fuu[. yieyuric{u p]il kuru
M]R "ctuREvdi Bti>i[ ti>umk]yi>u" `ukUTi p]Tuu
mu[. atin]l |o e`tiHYh Ekvh aTi]n>Hitme}uh
~Et] O>u k][ ~t]e]e \]yiut]efuh visVxi
]vut]yie |>iuu.

47

e`tiHYm]

48. >]mpu>uv]>YR
>]mpu>u v]>Y>ueT xVEdsh mInc{il t]Uil EcR
>]mpu>h tey]f[. |EHie jnnh ek]}h 9-]h
st]ie OTuvi]yi>ifh. |EHh x]m]nYh vYut[piyuh
n}
kvit]v]xnyuh
\
A]yi>uu.
|EHie
zpD]nkYti kuEcvYh vWi]]f[. atukUT]et ci
OE]kuh
kIRnuh
mum}]etey]uh
|EHh
\]iyiut]yi k]fui}. |EHh vWi]u]]nu
k]>fh t]e<pryuu.
>]mpu>uv]>YR d]>izdYh xHivy{]t]yi[ xVEdsh viu
pure[
eevuecu
EcRu.
|o
d]>izdYduKh
eevNte tIRu t>fh `u zp]Ric{uek][
|EHh avieTey]>u xhvX>Bjnh tuTi. "eev[
\oupu>yil xdYyu divxhm]zth O>u En>h \ofuk<i]h.
xdYyie}il auukyuh Ev" `u niyE]Tu
kUTiy]f[ v]>YR Bjnh tuTiyt[. aEHh Bjnh tuTiytil
pie avieT O>u divxvuh muT]et xdYyu]yi>uev]f[
Ekiut[.
Bjnh k]hkUTu divxh m]R]vR mH]>]j]v[
eeve<ui. v]>YR mH]>]j]vien x[tutic{[ n]Wu
E]ku]i `<uE]TukUeTyu]yi>u >]my{N dv
muK]>h tYey{ieic{u. ti>iey
`<uu pureu
Eb]il `<uu xmyh kTvil v]>Y>uh H]j>u]yi>uu.
v]>Y>uhkUTi
Eb]il
kyrie]utinu
k[piukyuh
v]>Y>uhkUTi Ekrukyuh ecy[tu. Eb]u nIi kuer Ep]yE]L
v]>YR O>u vWi]u]i]Tutin[ tu>]N k[pic{u. A
kln zpk]>m]f[ kuEcvZh vWi]u]iyt[. v<i
e]e v]>YR p]u]ukyuh p]Tukyuh ecy[tuek]uEp]yi.
piEb][ ti>uvnpu>[ k[p]TviTuE]E<y[uh
p]u mu<uvn]ukyuh ecy[tu. A p]il "`u p>m]Rh
48

e`tiHYm]
p]uek]u]h" `u zpEy]gic{i>iutuek][
kuEcenEp]e d>izdn]efu xUciic{i>iuu.

v]>YR

ti>uvnpu>u vu EcRyuTen v]>YRu t]mxi


utin[ O>u vuh A<[cmur[ `yuh >u En>vuh
pu Bfvuh muh ek]Tuutinu k[pic{u ch eki.
aen v]>YR kurc{u divxh avieT t]mxic{u. OTuh muKh
k]fic{[ y]ztyriyic{uEp]y xmyh v]>YRu y]et]uh
klic{uek]Tui}. kuEcN dV]>>kyilnieEp]e v]>YR
viS]dE]TukUTi ti>uvnpu>uniu mTiEp]yi. xVgYHi
Tul ecE]<uh v]>YRu kuEcnu]ytuEp]eyu
p>izBmvuh a]ivuem]eyu]yi. v]>YR ti>uvnpu>u
t]mxic{i>u k]hek]u k[pnzpk]>h v]>Y>ueT gYHh viy
m]iky]yiu pfiyiukyuh gZHil Evu xk
p]ztuh avieTyuvRe}]h AB>fuh k>em]<iv]yi[
ve> vx[tuuh ek]Tuukyuh k<ii>uu. an>h v]>YR
kuEcenE]e aRmiztpuztkzt]dikE]Tuh mH]>]j]vi
uh |osV>uh ve> BiEy]TuhkUTi xuKm]yi p]Rukyuh
ecy[tu.

49

e`tiHYm]

49. ecez<uM]R
ecez<ue gZHh zbiIS[ mb]ril vuvn]Tu
t]Uil ti>uEvgzp ahsil eczEdsu piurh
tIvix[ESnilni[ O> n]<ik vT]f[. |vRu x]mUti>i
Ek]viku epFv<iu>]M]>il mU]y a]Ti Ek]vi
ku viy tu>]iy]f[ "`<uN" `u ]nh
ek]Tuiut[. |o ]nh trv]iE]yi ek]Tuiut]k
y]l A kuTuhbiuv>uh \]yi>uv>uh |ni \]ku
v>uh `}]h `<uM]R te. kuike `<uini>uukyuh
`<uu piiukyuh ecy{uve> etN diukil As]M]
e>]fE}] pruv>ut[. vTN diukil `<uM]
e>u pryeTuv>ueT zpD]n et]<iuh kuike `<ui
ni>uukyuh `<uu piiukyum]f[. atin]l `<uN
`ut[ As]N `utie p>Y]ypdm]efuh |et]>u
j]tiE>e}uh |o >u pdLuh gu>u `u m]ztm]f[
aRemuh mni]Et]f[. tuWe<uN j]tiyil
c]n]yi>uu `]fE}] zpxii. aEHe tuWu gu>u
`uh pry]ruE}]. AD]t]v[, ad]t]v[, \pEnt]v[,
vidY]d]t]v[, Byzt]t]v[ |o aWuEp>uh pit]M]>]ef]
fE}] zpm]fh. atin]l `<uN `u v][ ~vuh
s>iy]yiut]efu te prEyiyi>iuu.
ecez<uM]>uh av>ueT zpD]n et]<i]i vc{i>iu
tu xVEdsu azb]fb]M]e> `<uini>uukyuh
`<uu
piiukyuh
tey]f[.
`iuh
mzv]dh
nimim]f[ avRu zpxii xiic{iut[. mzv]dh |o
kuTuhb]R[ muNpin]e \t]f[. `iuh "m]u" `u
Ep>]yi>u `<ue k]h mutl]f[ timimu KY]ti
E]kil xRvzt vY]pic{t[. m]u `<uN mzv]dh
pic{tu k]E>i Bti>iyueT aTulni]f[. eczey<u
M]>ueT kuTuhbp>Edvt Evy[e]>u mkn]efiuh m]u
50

e`tiHYm]
`<uN
gfptiey
Exvic{u
zptYeTuukkUTi
ecy[ti>uu. aEHh gfptiey xVgZHinu xmIph zptiic{[
ptiv]yi pUjyuh kRiTkm]xil pzu divxvuh
mk]h
mu<uvnuh
(vZikh
O]h
tIyti
mutl
n][pe]u divxh) muT]et gfpti EH]mvuh nTi
yi>uu. A gfptiey |E]<uh A gZHiuvR xVyEmv
ptiv]yi pUjiuu[.
mzv]dh
xhbic{u
m]u
`<uN
aEnkh
autkRmL ecy[tiu[. avyil citu m]zth pru
ek]uu.
ep]]ni]Uiu ec]v{>umny[e O>Rjnh
A>ueTEy] \pEdszpk]>h Hnum]en Exvic{utuTi. Exvyil
`E] etu puky]l aRjninu buizBmh piTiepu. atu
zkEmf vRic{u mu<uzB]]yiIRu. aEnkh mzv]dike
mny[l v>ui p viDiu mzv]dL ecy{ic{u.
Ouek]uh zB]inu y]et]>u EBdvumu]yi}. viy m>i
EMuh pu>mukiuh muh kyri, p]dL `vieTeyiumuric{iu
tkI<]yi tUiiTuk, kifil c]Tuk, mnuSYR]Ruh
|]NEp]uh vy{] viy k}ukL niS[zpy]xh `Tuu
ek][ nTuk mut]y autkRmuh, mzv]din]yi
ec}uv>ueT muKu tuuk eckiTic{[ ave> O]Tiuk
mut]y azkmum]f[ A aRjnh zB]unimih ecy[tu
ek]i>ut[. O>u nivZiyumi}]ety]yiI>uky]l OTuh
m]u `<uen mny[l v>ui viv>hpru. `<uN
Ou<iu nIutinuh O>u biek]Ty[uh Ev x]m]n
Lu cu>uil O>u c]Re<utie]Tuu. atu ki[
mny[e k]>YN, "|tien]L Ekmm]yi[ vL kUi
viy viy mzv]dL p>uh nTIu m]r] zB][ |ztyuh
ek]]Ef] m]rut[? viEsSh te" `[ A>uh EkL]et
H]xYm]yi pru. `iuh O>uL ty{]r]ie]Tuu.
En>h `<>n]<ik |>u]ytie EsSh `<uN n]uekil
51

e`tiHYm]
O>u i>uu pUj tuTi. A xmyh k]>YN pTiu>
m]ikc{uvil O>u u kiTuruky]yi>uu. aE]L
AE>] ay]ueT ty[iTiut]yiE]i. ay]L ku
turu En]I[ Ae>yuh kumi}. |en pzp]vsYm]yE]L
kiT]N nivZiyi}]et k]>YN `fI[ `<ue aTu
l ecu viv>h pru. aE]L `<uN "niL `e
mzv]deEy] `eEy] p>iH]xYm]yi v}tuh vic]>iu
kEy] pryukEy] \]Ey]?" `u Ec]diukyuh k]>YN
p>m]Rh xtic{u pryukyuh m]y]cnh ecy{ukyuh ecy[tu.
"Ae, |ni aenyu viQ[ih vic]>iukyuh pryukyuh
ecy{>ut[. A uniu m]ri `vieTeyiuh kiTuek]U.
\pzdvem]uh \]vukyi}" `[ `<uN pryukyuh
k]>YN h m]ri kiTukyuh ecy[tu. pie \pzdvem]umu
]ytumi}. `<uN pieyuh pUj mury[u nTie]
i>uu.
A xmyh O>u muriki>u aRjnh epe[
c]TieyfIu n]uekiEu ecu. |tu te t}]nu
v>v]efri[ `<uN EvgiefIu purEiri.
pi]e aRjnvuemi. `<uN muiuh aRjnh
pirkium]yi pu>y[u mUu zpdifh O]Ti. `<uN
gfptiyueT mUmzh jpic{u gfptiey DY]nic{uek]]f[
O]Tiyt[. mUu zpdifh O]Tiytie EsSh `<uN
ti>iuniu. aE]L aRjnvuh niu. aRjnh "aEy{]!
`e |o Oe]ene]u kuiE}; `e >iEf;
w]N |o diu viu ep]y[e]]Em" `u niviic{u
pruek]]f[ nit[. "`]l akEu v>ik" `u
pr[ `<uN n]uekiE[ kTu. aRjnvuh pi]e
ecu. avieT evc{[ aRjne b]Dic{i>u Edvt
ep]uhviu piTic{u xtYhecy[t[ O<iuEp]yi. aEt]TukUTi
aRjnie zB]uh EBdm]yi. aRjnie BR]v]y
52

e`tiHYm]
nUti>i]T[ `<unu pviD x]nuh muh ek]Tuu
xE]Siic{yy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
`<ue Edsinu xmIph m>utU>hsil viy
Dnikn]y ec]ui EmEn]N `uekuh m]ikyum]yi[ O>u
pu> pfiyic{u. pu>pfiu ekiy m]iu>yueT nTuUf[
nTumu]f[ ku<ic{ii>ut[. pu>pfi k<itie EsSh
m]iu> ep]ic{u m]i. `iuh nTuUf[ avieTni[
`Tuum]]N O>u m]Rgvuh k]f]y[ky]l EmEn]N ~vuh
viSn]yiIRu. tUfu ve> vvuh nIvumu Oe>]
Tiy]yi>uu. EmEn]N pe>yuh v>ui]fic{u. pu>y[u
EkTup]et nTumuuni[ |o tUfu m]u k]>Yh ax]Yh
tey]ef[ atu vu kve>}]h pru. EmEn]nu
kuf[ith duHm]yiIRu. OTuh EmEn]N m]u `<uen
u viv>h pru. "pzu pr m>uh nUeu ek]Eyuh
mUu tu]h sR>yuh Ayi>eu kdi<vuh avieT EsK>ic{u
vy[fh. A >]zti avieTni[ `}]v>uh `vieTeyiuh
m]ri]mxifh. |ztyuem]e ty{]ruecy[ti[ `E]TU viv>h
pryuk. v}tuh nivZiyuE] `u En]]h" `[ `<uN
pryuky]l EmEn]N azpk]>em}]h ty{]ruecy[tuek][ viv>h
`<uen ariyic{u. au ptienu n]<ik |>uiyE]L
avieTniu mUu n]<ik dUe> B]>tu<yil `E] vIftu
Ep]e O>u sh Eku. En>h evuE]L ecui EmEn]e
nTumuunii>u tUf[ avieT k]]N |}]yi>uu. atu
B]>tu<yil kiTut]yi k]fukyuh ecy[tu. EmEn]e
pu>y[u y]et]>u EkTuh p]et A tUefTuuek]uEp]yi
B]>tu<yiit[ `<ue Exv]mURiy]y gfptiy]ef
ut[ viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}].
`<ue pril krix]m]nL D]>]m]yi kZSi
ecy{iuk ptiv]yi>uu. avieT kM]R kyri ciE]L ci
x]m]nL Em]ic{uek]uEp]yiuTiytin]l Ev]R O>u
divxh A viv>h m]u `<uen zgHiic{u. "Ae, atinu
53

e`tiHYm]
xm]D]nh \]ie]]h" `[ `<uN mrupTi pryukyuh
ecy[tu. au >]ztiyiuh kM]R aviet kyri ci x]m]n
L Em]ic{u. avR x]m]ne}]h `<uN kiTi>u
kiie aTul ek]uecu vc{i[ `<uen kiE]TukUTi
`Tuuek]u pu>y[u zpdifh vc{utuTi. aen En>h
evuu. aE]L `<uN \f>ukyuh kM]R p>m]R
em}]h pryukyuh `<uEn]Tu m]u Ec]diukyuh |ni
O>iuh tL avieTyri y]et]uh Em]iyie}u
xtYh ecy{ukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten `<uN "aylv]xik]y
niL `eiuh Evfemil |vieT vu Ec]dic{]l t>u
tinu `ni[ y]et]>u viE>]D vumi}E}]. pie niL >]ztiyil
|en keTuet in]f[? Ae, |ni |en ecy{>uet
EyuU. |E]L niL Em]ic{tu niLte ek]u
Ep]yie]LviN" `u pr[ A x]m]nL avRute
ek]Tuyc{u. atilie avieT kM]>ueT \pzdvh O>iuh
\]yii}.
p]TvIil EkuEmEn]N `e]>u DnikN m]u
`<ue zp]fx[EnHitn]yi>uu. ay]L mixmyvuh
`<ue
aTuley]yi>iuh.
>]ztiyil
kiTu
ay]L[ `<ue aTuley]f[ ptiv[. aen
yi>u EkuEmEn]en OTividY zpEy]gic{u ek]}uv]N ay]ueT
ci viE>]DikL ci OTiyM]e> cheki ~t]nuh pfvuh
ek]Tu[ ~R]Tuecy[tu.
O>u Ek]E] |oRiiEy] `Tu[ O>u mnuSYe Ene>
k]fic{[ O>u mzh jpic{[ OTic{]l A mnuSYnuh OTi[ niu
vIfu m>iuh. |en ecy{utin[ OTividY `uh |o vidY
zpEy]giuve> OTiyM]R `um]fu pryuk ptiv[. muNk]
il zbiIS[ mb]ril OTiyM]R D]>]mu]yi>uu. zbiIS[
gvFem[ OTiyM]e>iTic{u siic{u tuTiytin]l |E]L
avieT OTiyM]R ve> kuriu[. OTividYeyuric{u muNp[
pruvE}]. OTiyM]R k]yueTyuh kuti>yueTyuh piyueTyuh
54

e`tiHYm]
muh >Uph D>ic{uh kTy]yiuh >]zti k]il v<iyilE]yi
niluh. viE>]DikL A v<iey v]l pviDiu
\pzdvL ~liuh. |tin]f[ m]uk `u pryut[. etN
diukil |o vidYkL nTi}]tin]]f[ |tienuric{[
|ztyuh viv>ic{t[.
te viE>]DikL te ek]}]n]yi OTiyM]e> ch
ekIueu xhgti EkuEmEn]N `enEy] mni]i.
`um]ztm}, ay]L O>u divxh >]ztiyil a]<h k<iu
kiT]n]yi[ `<ue vIiEu Ep]y xmyh v<iyilevc{[
O>u viy k]ey k]fukyuh atu te akeTu]n]y{i
Oe>]TiyN EvShm]ri nilut]efu mni]ukyuh
ecy[tu. atin]l ay]L A k]yueT aTul Ep]k]et
xByh v<i m]ri O]Ti `<ue vIiEu Ep]yi. avieTec{[
`<uen kE]L "niL viy mzv]diyuh w]N
niueT |num]yi>uiuh >]ztik]il OTiyM]e> Byeu
nTEivi>iuuvE}]" `u EmEn]nuh "|ni aen
Eviv>ikyi}" `u `<unuh pru. `<uN \Ten
`E] O>u vidY zpEy]gic{u. EkuEmEn]en ek]}]N x
n]yi>u OTiyM]R n]uEp>uh tlfh `<ue pTie
ukyuh avREn>h evuutuve> p>x[p>h aTic{uek]u
nilukyuh ecy[tu. av>il O>]L O>u p]fnuh EsSh mUu
EpR ave kUuk]>]y pry>um]yi>uu. En>h evu
E]E<uh aTiek]u n]uEp>uh ~vuh avs>]yiIRu.
aE]E<uh `<uN pTil ecu. aE]<uh avR
p>x[p>h aTic{uek][ niluky]yi>uu. `<uN avE>]T[
"`] Ou mtiy]Ey]?" `u Ec]dic{u. aE]L OTiyM]R "ep]u
ti>uEmni, >ifh. aTiyL v} etuh ecy[tiueil
mifh" `u pru. \Ten `<uN "|ni niL |o
Eds[ O>iuh OTividY zpEy]giukyie}[ xtYh ecy[t]l
nie viyy[]h" `u pryukyuh A OTiyM]R azpk]>h
xtYh ecy{ukyuh `<uN \Ten ave> avieTniu
55

e`tiHYm]
pryy[ukyuh aE]L avR aTi mtiy]i y]pURvh
p>x[p>x[EnHkuM]>]yi Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
m]u `<uN O>il Otut pnil
n]y>ueT vIil O>u mzv]din]yi Ep]yE]L >]ztixmy[
v<imEDY muu kii}] O>u kT ku. A [
atinumu[ O>iuh kT kii}]tin]l `<un[
xhsyh Et]i. aEHh aTuuecu ky{iu]yi>u
pi]iek]u kTyueT O>u pTi muric{u. aE]L A kT
O>u mnuSYn]yiIRu. avN v]x[tvil OTiyn]y O>u
pryn]yi>uu. avN `<uen kyuTen t]fuet]<utu
ek][ "tu>]En, mifh. aviTu[ |tiE `<uuem[
arii>ui}. |trii>ueil |en ecy{ukyi}]yi>uu.
me]>]e ap]yeTu]n]f[ |o vidY ecy[tt[. tu>]nuh |o
diil xW]>mutuek][ aTiyL |ni O>iuh |o
zpEds[ OTividY zpEy]giukyi}" `u pr[ azpk]>h
xtYh ecy[t[ avieTni[ Ep]yi.
`<ue
aie
gfptiyueT
vizgHh
"aNep]u" ek]ut]f[. A bihbvuh mu x]Dnuem}]h
Em]ic{uek]uEp]kutin]yi O>u nv>]ztik]u ci k
M]R avieT ecu kyri. avieT O>u BZtYN k]vl kiTuu
]yi>uu. avN kURh viutu Eki[ n} \rm]ef[
ari]f[ aku kM]R kTt[. aku kyriy xmyh A
BZtYn[ te AE>] cU>l vTiek][ aTiut]yi Et]uk
y]l avN epee<uEu. atuk[ kM]R EpTic{[ O]Ti
E]vukyuh ecy[tu. avR[ Ouh Em]ic{uek]u Ep]kuv]N
x]Dic{i}.
m]u
`<ue
x[EnHitn]y
ek]c{iyil]>N
`E>]mEmEn]N `u zpxin]yi[ O>u viSeevdYnu]yi>uu.
A
mnuSYe
i>v]xh
eczy[u
xmIph
O>u
]yi>uu.
O>u
divxh
\c{ti>i
xmyh
|o
56

e`tiHYm]
viSeevdYnuh Ever ci >xikM]>uhkUTi `<ue m]ikyil
evTipru >xic{uek]i>uE]L ci x[ztIkL avieT
aTuu v<iyiUeT Ep]kutu ku. au tZ]
Eztil \Xvm]yi>utin]l A x[ztIkL k]<[cIEvi
k]f]N Ep]vuky]yi>uu. ave>E]L viSeevdYN
EmEn]N "viSeevdYM]R mzsi ek]u p]uke v>ui
viSemTui]ru[. atuEp]e `<unu mzsiek][ A
x[ztIke `}]h |vieT v>u]Em]?" `u Ec]dic{u. atinu
mrupTiy]yi `<uN "`]B]x>m]f[ EmEn]N pryut[?
O>u k]>Yvuh kUT]et anYx[ztIke |E]u v>uut[
m>Y]dy]Ef]?" `u Ec]dic{u. "ave> |vieT v>uukeyu
t[ ax]DYm]k]E} |o tV]nh pryut[" `u
EmEn]N vIuh Ec]dic{u. `<uN avieTyi>uuek][ A
x[ztIkueT Ene> Ou En]i. x[ztIke}]h v<i eti
`<ue pTiEu nTu tuTi. aTuu vE]L A
x[ztIkL EmEn]e vIiuvR tey]efu mni]vukyuh
ave> y]Ey]gYh xl>ic{yy[utin[ `<uN xVgZH
iu x[ztIke viic{u pryukyuh v x[ztIkL y]zty]y
E]L "EG]SL k[ ail aDikh t]mxi>ut[. En>h
|>uutinumuu vIiEu Ep]kfh" `u pryy[ukyuh
ecy[tu. avieT kUTiyi>uve>}]h EmEn]en p>iHxiuky]l
EmEn]N ~vuh |iBYn]yiIRu.
ti>uvit]hkUR mH]>]jvhse nsiiutin]l O>il
ci sztuL ABic]>]e>e]u ci m]>fEdvtke
viTuvic{u. A b]DkueT \pzdvh avieT duHm]yiI>uky]l
pe>e]uh p mzv]dL ecy{ic{i[ O>u Pvumu]yi}.
OTuh k[pnzpk]>h m]u `<uen ti>uvnpu>u
ek]uEp]yi.
`<uN cu>uil
mUu
divxe
mzv]dhek][ A b]Dke O<ic{u. pifiy]i>uiuic{u
xtYh ecy{ic{]f[ `<uN A Edvtke O<ic{uvit[. mH]
>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u ve> xE]Sic{[ `<ue >u
57

e`tiHYm]
eeky[uh vI>sZhKyuh muh ek]Tuu xbHum]nh pr
yc{u. |en m]u `<ue autkRL prutuTi
y]l avx]nmi}]etyu[. mu<uvnuh prutIRu k]>Yh
ax]DYm]ky]l atin]yiuniyui}.
m]u `<ue siSYn]yi kuui `<uN
`e]>]u]yi>uu. aEHh viy mzv]diyuh aEnkh
autkRmL ecy[tiu Aum]yi>uu. aEHie
autkRmL kriiuvR |E]L p>umutin]l
aveyi aDikh vix[t>iui}.
kuuiey<uN O>il kifru ekic{E]L atinu
p]hvy[utin]yi O>u k>i}[ `Tuuek]u v>uv]N xVh
BZtYM]>]y >uEpe>yuh aeWu kUi]e>yuh pryc{u.
k}uh >u mUu priT akey]f[ kiTi>ut[. atinu ve>
nIvuh vItiyuh knvumu]yi>uu. ayy[evR ecu
piTic{uEn]Iu ke}]i]N Ep]uh x]Dic{i}. A viv>m[
BZtYM]R `<ue aTul ecu pru. "`]l w]N
v>]h. niL >uEp>uh m]zth `e kUeT v]l mti" `u
pr[ `<uN O>u muvTieyTuuek][ A BZtYM]E>]Tu
kUeT Ep]yi. k}u kiT u ec[ `<uN muvTi
ek]u k}iEMe]u et]u. "|ni ke}Tuu En]uviN" `[
BZtYM]E>]T[ pru. avR >uEp>uhkUTi A k}u niS[zpy]x
emTuukyuh `<uN A muvTi ek][ k}iEMl et]u
ek]i>iukyuh aen k}[ an]y]Exn `<uN vIil
ek]uv>ikyuh ecy[tu. |o `<unuh gfptieyEvic{u
zptYeTuIu A]yi>uu. (|o kuuiey<uN
m>ic{i[ |E]L 19 ek]}Em AyiuU).
kuuiey<ue mkn]yi kZS[fen<uN `e]
>]u]yi>uu. aEHvuh viy mzv]diy]yi>uu.

58

e`tiHYm]
`<ue
vIinu
xmIph
O>u
mny[l
O>u
kuTivy[pTiyi>inu fic{i>utin]l m<yu]vukyie}u
vic]>ic{[ xdYy[i vy[utin[ muu p]fii>ut[.
xdYy[i evy[]r]yE]L |Tiyuh miuh m<]ruh ks]
vukyuh \Ten m< tuTutinu fe}]h ku
tuTukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L avieT kUTiyi>uv>uh |}u
v>uem}]h ~vuh viS>]yiIRu. gZHN nU>i `<u
e aTulec{[ "k]>Yh viy viSmi]yE}]. |tin[
`<uN `eiuh nivZiyu]fh" `u pru.
\Ten `<uN xVgZHilE]yi O>u zgemTuu ek]u
v<ic{u >]yikuu pie mukilvc{u. A |}rie
ati>uve> n]u vsiuh atiks]yi m< epy[tu. avieT
m]zth epy[ti}. `}]v>uh ve> vix[myic{u. nU>i `<uen
yEh
\ofuk<iic{[
ci
x]nuh
ek]Tuu
xE]Siic{yc{u.
vidV]N m]nvizkmN ~N tu>]N `u zpxin]yi>u
tIeuEp]y x]mUti>i]Tu ti>umniEu]yi>u k]x
E>]gh |EHm]f[ EBdeTuiyt[. |EHin[ eevdYvumu]
yi>uu.
O>u xVjngZHil kY]finu kii Ep]>]etyi>u
tin]l A vIuk]R aeWu kii]yi kZS[fen<ue
aTul Ayc{u. A ec AE]T[ `<uN "kii avieT
yutuek]u mtiy]kuh; Ep]e>il w]nvieT v>uE]L
\]ie]]h" `u pr[ Ae mTiyyc{u. `<uN
kY]fvIil ecE]L `enEy] `E] avieT Evti
Dikh kii k]feu.
|o `<uN viy k] zB]n]yi>uu. n} k] `vieT
yueu Ek]uh `u vi ek]Tuuh aEHh v]uh.

59

e`tiHYm]
O>il aEHh viy vi ek]Tuu >uk]ke v]i.
kil pU]n]yi avey ek]uEp]yi nukh vc{u
ekiyE]L >u k]kuh kiTu. pUuk]R pic{ vidYke]e
zpEy]gic{uEn]Iuh k]ke `fIi]N k<ii}. "|o
svL[ |zt ve> vi ek]Tu[ |EHh v]iyE}]. |tu
mH]km]yiE]yi" `u pru kunive>}]h p>iHxic{u
ci>ic{u. aE]L `<uN O>u pu}u priec{Tuuek][
aE]u ec[ atuek][ >u k]kLuh O]E>] aTivc{u
ek]Tuu.
k]kL
`fIu
nTutuTukyuh
ecy[tu.
atilie A k]kL pU]N ek]uecu ekiy]l
O>iuh kiTi>ui}.
eczEdsuteyu O>u v]>Y>ueT zb>ien
O<i]N Evu \pk>fL[ `<uN c]Ru ek]Tuu
kyuh v]>YuvR x]m]ne}]h EsK>ic{uvy[ukyuh
ecy[tu. atie EsSh kZS[fen<uN avieTec{u ci
pUjkuh EH]muh muh A>hBic{u. O>u czkh v>c{[ atil O>u
tUsnivc{iu >u b]Dic{iu v]>Ye>e]uv[ A
|yii>u]N pru. avieTyu]yi>uve>}]h |fiyuh
pifiyuh p viDil pruEn]iyiuh v]>YR A |yil
eci>ui}. b]l piTic{uek]uEp]k]n]yi zsmic{E]L
v]>YR svhEp]e niEn]yiiTuku. O>u nivZi
yumie}]yE]L pUj k<ic{uek]i>u `<ue aTul
ecu viv>h pru. `<uN \Ten O>u piTi a>iyuh pUvuh
v]>ieyTuu jpic{u ek]Tu[ at[ A v]>Y>ueT si>il
ek]ueciT]N pru. a>iyuh pUvuh si>ii fil
v]>Ye>fI[ A tUsniyil eci>uu. `<uN Bx[mh
jpic{i[ tuiyuh >u xtYh ecy[t[ O<iuEp]vukyuh
ecy[tu.
|o kZS[fen<uN m>ic{i[ |E]L 9 ek]}Em Ayiu
U. |EHie mkn]f[ |E]L |o trv]il k]>fv>]
yi>iu kuWuev<uN. aEHvuh n} mzv]diy]f[.
60

e`tiHYm]
ecez<uM]R mzv]dh ecy{femil AdYh te
av>ueT p>EdvtkL[ v<ip]Tin]yi Arf avieTe]Tu
fh.. |tu muNpin]e \ ptiv]f[. pie v}tuh ek]Tu
]uh Ouh ek]Tuie}iuh y]et]>u viE>]Dvumi}.
m]uev<ue k][ aEHie pTiu>m]ikyil
divxhzpti aEnkh Ey]gYM]R vukUTukyuh mZdhghv]yn,
vIfv]yn, p][ mut]yvyuh ctu>hgi, ecTi vidY
mut]yvyuh
ptiv]yi>uu.
|tu
kUT]et
`<uN
zsIkZS[fe O>u cizth evc{[ atie muii>u[ ptiv]yi
B]gvth v]yiukyuh ecy[ti>uu. A cizth |E]<uh avieT
|>iuu[. B]gvtp]>]yfh |E]<uh avieT ptiv]yi
nTiv>uu[. k]zkmhek][ A ciztin[ Bgvlx]iY
mu]yiI>uky]l A m]ikyiL >]ztik]il ci divYM]R
vu Ep]kuue]f[ visV]xh. atin]l A pTiu>
m]ikyil >]ztiyil mnuSY>]>uh kiT]ri}. avieT kiTu
ruve> AE>] \>ui]e<yiTuemut[ tIRc{y]f[. >]zti
yil ciE]L A m]ikyil p]uh vIfv]ynyuh muh
EkL]ru]yi>uuev}, |E]<uh EkL]h. atu w]yR,
ec]v{, evi |o A<[cki]f[.

61

e`tiHYm]

50. ek]c{i sNtu>]N ti>umnuek][


am]nuSzpB]vn]yi>u sN tu>]N 4 ti>umniE
uric{[ Ekii}]v>]yi Ek>i]>uh te \]yi>iu
emu Et]ui}. A ti>uEmni zpvRic{iu kTuheekke
uric{[ Ek]l aviTu[ nItiyuh m>Y]dyumi}] zkU>nuh
azkmiyum]yi>uu `[ |]u ci p>iS[k]>ikL[
Et]iEy]h. `]l v]x[tvh aeny}. aviTu[ >]jYu
nIti nTfemuh azkmem]uh \]k>uetuh jnL xd]
xm]D]nE]TukUTi xeeV>m]yi vxifemuh ARuh O>u
viDiuh y]et]>u xTvuh En>iT>uetuh ve> niRbmu
A]yi>uu. A niRbe p]i]n]yi aviTuu ciE]L
ci kinzpvZikL ecy[tiie}i}. `]l aet}]h du
M]E>]T[ m]ztm]f[. x]Due aviTu[ O>u viDiuh
xTeTuIi}. duM]e> siiyuh siM]e> >iyu
m]fE}] >]jDRh. atinuEvi ci kineekL zpEy]gi
c{]uh at[ O>iuh anItiy]yi v>ut}E}]. pie a]
u jnL[ |E]<eE]e vidY]BY]xEm] >]j BiEy]
viEvkEm] Oumu]yi>ui}. Ekvh mUM]>uh azkmikuh
aviEvkikum]yvE>]Tu DRms]x[ztzpk]>h zpvRic{uek]i>u
]l
>]jYu
nIti
nT]nuh
xm]D]nmu]]nuh
x]Diyi}E}]. atin]l aviTu[ k]mri[ zpvRic{i>uu
`u m]ztEm vic]>i]nuU.
sN
tu>]N
ti>umnuek][
ti>uvvt]>h
ecy[t>uiyt[ ek]}h 926-]m][ kRTkm]xh 10-]h tIyti
vY]<]<cyuh pUyh nztvuh am]v]xi tiiyuh kUTiy
xmy]yi>uu.
a][
ek]c{i>]jkuTuhbiuvR
t]mxic{i>ut[ ev]>iiyiu Ek]vik]yi>utin]l
avieTvc{]yi>uu ti>umnie ti>uvvt]>h. A Ek]vikh
|E]<umu[.
4

62

e`tiHYm]
ti>umnie
ti>uvvt]>xmyh
EjY]ti]x[ztzpk]>h
azt suBzpdm}]yi>uu. atin]l avieTey}]vRuh viEsSic{[
au>]i te puztnu k]>itke}]h nIi Emil
gufh xiiutiE[ `eiuh m]Rgmu]i>fem[
O>u zptipu>uSN muK]>h A xnY]xiEy]TEpic{u. A
xnY]xi kuEr pUevTuu jpic{[ "|o pUvu ek]uEp]yi
>]jkum]>en kiTiyi>iu kiTyueT cuvii]l mti,
xk Ed]Suh nIi >]jkum]>N Emil ekEmn]yiI>uh"
`u pru ek]Tuyy[ukyuh A zptipu>uSN A pUvu
ek]uEp]yi >]jkum]>e emyueT cuvil |Tuviukyuh
ecy[tu.
sN ti>umnie ti>uvvt]>h pUyh >]h k]il
(a k]il) Ayi>utuek]E] `E] aviET[ ~kEdsh
mUu vy]yE]E<uh au>]i tIeuEp]ky]l
piITu
ti>uEmniey
EvtuEp]e
p>ic>ic{uvRiyt[
aviTue ciu>]iy]yi>uu. ti>umnuek][ A
ciey AjIvn]h epeyE]e vic]>iukyuh ecy[ti
>uu.
y]k]h EvtuEp]e vidY]BY]xvuh AyuD]BY]xvuh
ecy{iuky]l, buis]iy]yi>u sN ti>umnuek][
ecruile n} vidV]nuh yuvidg[num]yiIRu.
DI>tyuh sU>tyuh aviETu zpkZtY]te \]yi>iukyuh
ecy[tu. 930-]m]inuEsSh >]jkuTuhbiuve>}]h i>
v]xh ev>iiyilni[ m]i tZUfiuer Aiytin]l
sN ti>umnie vidY]BY]xvuh muh tZUfiurvc{u
tey]yi>uu. aviETu pu ti>uvy]yE]E<uh n]]h
kUer ]nh xiic{u. aE]L mutlute ti>umnie
DI>tyuh sU>tyuh kuEre evieutuTukyuh aviETu
ptin]ru ti>uvy]yE]E<uh "sN" `u ti>un]mEDyh
ci k]>f]l zpxim]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. O>il O>u
nU>i kuer pfvuh ek][ tZUfiuerni[ `rf]ku
63

e`tiHYm]
E[ pureu. v<iuevc{[ ci m]im]RkUTi pfh tiric{u
ek]uEp]vuky]l nU>i vYxn]zk]n]yi tZUfiury[u
te mTukyuh viy tu>]N ti>umnie ti>umu]ekec{[
viv>em}]h ti>umnriyiukyuh ecy[tu. viy tu>]N
ti>umnuek]u vRm]nem}]h Ektie EsSh "xUic{u
nTEt]yi>uu. atinirtuek]u zpEy]jnmi}E}].
Ae,
\iyueT
aTul
viv>mriyiU.
`eiuh
nivZiyu]uh" `]f[ a>uiec{y[tt[. (viytu>]N
ti>umnuek][
sN
ti>uEmniey
"\i"
`]f[
viic{i>ut[). kln Ek[ nU>i, sn[T[ ti>umnie
ti>umuNp]ek viv>mriyic{u. aE]L sN ti>umnuek][
kiE]yueT (|E]L tu>]M]>ueT |hg}IS[ x[kU]yi
\pEy]gic{uv>u ekiTie) muu pukic{uek]u
niluky]yi>uu.
nU>i
viv>em}]mriyic{uk<iE]L
"a]ve aTul ariyi]m]yi>uE}]" `u klic{u.
\Ten nU>i 'avieT ariyic{i[ |vieT ariyi]n]f[
klic{t[" `riyic{u. "`]l nU>i |vieT nilU. w]N
a]ve ti>umuie]u Ep]yiv>]h" `>uiec{y[tiu sN
ti>umnuek][
avieT
nie<ui
viy
tu>]N
ti>umnie
ti>umuiei.
aE]L
viy
tu>]N
ti>umnuek][ "`] \I, nU>iyueT vRm]nem}]h
EkiE}? viy km]yiE]yi. |ni Em]eiuh v<i[
|zpk]>mu azkmuh muh nT]etyi>iutinu Evu
m]Rgm]E]cifh. \i `] Ouh mi]t[?"
sN
tu>]N:
a]ve
ti>uvumueil
`eiuh nivZim]Rgmu]]N zsmic{uEn]]h.
viy tu>]N: \i ecy{uet]e `ni[ xtm]f[.
`eiuh ecy[tuek]U. `}]h w]N anuvdic{i>iuu. \i
kurc{u divxh `rf]kuu Ep]yi t]mxifh. `]l
mtiey]f[ Et]ut[. `] atinu viE>]DmuE]?
64

e`tiHYm]
sN tu>]N: O>u viE>]Dvumi}. k[pnEp]e ecy{]h.
viy tu>]N: `]l n]ee Ep]kfh. avieT
]mxiutinu Evet}]h |E]Lte chekiEy]h.
nU>iu Ep]y pfvuh ek]TuyEc{]h.
sN tu>]N: nU>iu Ep]y pfh ek]Tuyy[]N
w]N Ep]yi viumti. atuve> |vieT t]mxie.
viy tu>]N: `]l |h Ep]ey]ve.
sN ti>umnuek][ viy tu>]N ti>umnie
ti>umuNpil ni[ pi>itie EsSh nU>i kurc{udivxm[
tZUfiuere t]mxiutin[ chekIu piEdivxh
te avieT xmIpu pikiEe}]h klnyycu.
"xmIpM]>]y m]im]e>}]h aTu divxh >]vie O]E>]
viy kuTvuh O>u m]ru nImu O]E>] kyruhek][ `rf]
kuu k]ylv[ `ie]fh" `]yi>uu kln
yueT x]>h. klnEp]e aTu divxh >]vie ~kEdsh
aUEr]h m]im]R kuTvuh kyruhek]u niit
ei. sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ avieT `<ui.
"mUu n]u divxh muNp[ O>u nU>iyueT ~t]nuh pfh
tiric{uek]uEp]yt[ niil Ae>}]h kUTiy]f[? xtYh
pryfh. akZtYh zpvRic{vR kuh ~u pryuph viy
si kUT]etk<i]h. EsSmuvRu xuKm]yi ti>ieyE]vu
kyuh ecy{]h. xtYh evieTu]ph niL `}]vRuh
viy kt anuBviEi v>uh" `u a>uiec{y[ti[ m]i
m]>i]>uh mrupTi pry]y[ky]l "|ve>ey}]h \Ten mny[l
ek]uEp]yi a" `u k[pic{u. A fil >]jBTM]R
m]im]e> `}]h viy vWikil kyie]uEp]yi k<uil
kuTL eki "ki<vnc{]"il t]<[i (ek]c{i]yiu
klc{]ien "ki<vnc{]l" `]f[ Ep>u pri>ut[. A
[ "ki<vn" `u Ep>]yi[ O>u nU>iyueT |}mu]
65

e`tiHYm]
yi>uu `uh atin]]f[ |o Ep>u]yetum]f[ e`tiHYh.
nU>iyueT |}mu]yi>u m]ky]l atinu "mny[l"
`uh pry]ru[.)
EsSmu m]im]e>}]h atinTu divxh kuTvuh
ek]u H]j>]kutinu vIuh O>u k[pnyyc{u. tE divxh
nT xhgtike}]h arii>utin]l vIuh k[pn
kE]L m]im]e>}]h Byvuh vYxnvuhek][ ~vuh p>vs
>]yiIRu. `}] pikilniuh zpm]fik]yiu m]im]
e>}]h kuEre pfvuhek][ ti>umu]ekeyi ti>umul]<[c
vc{u vic{uek][, "aTiye k[pic{u >ifh. aTiy
i]>uh aTiyueT ariEv]TukUTiyuh y]et]>u duS[kZtYvuh
zpvRic{ii}. avR |e siyikeiu]yi>ifh.
|ni Em]l aTiyueT j]ti]>i]>uh |enyu
duS[kZtYL y]et]uh ecy{ut}. av] aTiyueT
j]tiyiuv>il Ae>iuh |en v}tuh zpvRic{t]yi
ti>umnriyutiniTy]y]l a[ aTiyeey}]h k]yil
ei]<[ut[ aTiyLe}]h pURxtm]f[" `u
ti>umnriyic{u. "|niEm]l niueT j]ti]>il niu
y]et]>u
sYvumu]kyie}u
n}
niymueil
niLe}]h |E]L Ep]k]h. |ni Ayy[uE]L v]l
mti" `>uiec{y[tu m]im]e> mTiyyc{iu sN tu>]N
ti>umnuek][ aE]Le tZUfiuery[[ `<uu
kyuh viy tu>]N ti>umnie ti>umuiei ti>umul
]<[cy]yi Bic{ pfh ti>umuilvc{[ vic{i[, "kM]>ueT
sYh Em]u]k]etyi>ivh EvtuEp]e sh
ekIu[. |o pfh ci m]im]R k]<[c vc{t]f[" `u
ti>umnriyic{u. atuEk[ viy tu>]N ti>umnuek][
"xE]Sm]yi.
|o
pfh
\ite
`Tuuek]U"
`>uiec{y[tu. aE]L sN ti>umnuek][ "`ni]vsY
mu]kuE]L w]N v]ic{uek]]h. |E]L |o pfh
|vieTe |>ie" `>uiec{y[ti[ avieTni[ `<ui.
66

e`tiHYm]
viy tu>]N ti>umnuek][ kM]>]l Azkmie
nU>iey ti>umu]ek v>ui A pfem}]h aEHinu
ek]Tuu. atu kM]R tiric{uek]uEp]ytil ve>
aDikmu]yi>utin]l nU>i ~vuh xE]Sic{u y]ztyri
yic{uek]u Ep]yi. sN ti>umnie kTuheek zpEy]gil
|t[ O]mEt]f[.
951-]m]u ki m]xh 9-]h tIyti sN ti>umniEu
"vI>Ek>" (mU]hkUR) tu>]N ` ]nh Bic{u. aviETu
mutu ti>uvyu tiktie EsSh 957-]m]iTy[[ O>u
eentY]>ey \]femu Et]ukyuh viy tu>]N
ti>umnie anuv]dE]TukUTi tZivEp>U>ilni[ O>u yuvti
ey v>ui eentY]>y]ukyuh eentY]>y[u Evet}]h
aEnVSic{uh ch ekiyuh ek]Tuutinu ecrupru
kuiiEmEn]N ` Ae k[pic{u niymiukyuh ecy[tu. |o
EmEn]nu ecruh mutl ti>umniEUeT t]mxic{[ ~vuh
p>icyvuh visVx[ttyuh xV]miBiyuh xiic{iutin]l
ti>umniEuh eentY]>y[uh tZp[tiy]kuhvh Ev
et}]h aEnVSic{uek]i>iukyuh aDikh k]t]mxhkUT]et
ti>umniE[ A eentY]>yil ni[ O>u x[ztIx]nh
jniukyuh ecy[tu.
an>h kurc{uk]h k<iE]L kuiiEmEn]e
nTpTikei ti>umniEu ci xhsyL Et]iuTu
kyuh xU[m]EnVSfL nTiyE]L xhgti v]x[tvm]
efu Eb]YeTukyuh ecy[ky]l ti>umnuek][ O>u
divxh kuiiEmEn]en ti>umuNp]ek v>ui niRie][
"kuiiy[[
|y{ieT
`e]f]ti>u]l
ek]]em[
Et]iuTIu[, |E}? `]l `e vic]>h `E]<uh
kuiieyuek]i>ifem]f[. atin]l kuii[
`e O>iuh k]f]Nvy{]etyuh `niu kuiiey
`}]y[Ep]<uh k]futinu viE>]Dmi}]etyuh |>iv
mu O>u kosh ecy{utin[ w]N niyic{i>iuu" `>ui
67

e`tiHYm]
ec{y[tiu kurc{ure "A>vieT" `u k[pic{uEc]diukyuh
\Ten >u >]jBTM]R ti>umuieukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L
ti>umnuek][ avE>]T[ "niL kuiiyueT ku >uh
tu>eTu[ `e muNpil vy[fh. fi]ve, Ouh
t]mxi>ut[" `>uiec{y[tu. atuEk[ kuiiEmEn]N vYxn
xEmth pviDil xTmriyiukyuh m]y]cnh ecy[kyu
mu]yi. `iuh ti>umnuek][ aet]uh eeke]]y[k
y]l >]jBZtYM]R \Ten k[pn nTi. atie EsSh
ti>umnuek][ EmEn]En]T[ "kuiiEy]T[ `ni[ Ouh
viE>]Dmi}. |niyuh xuKm]yi |vieTe t]mxic{uek]U.
Evet}]h w]N tuek]]h" `uh a>uiec{y[tu.
viy tu>]N ti>umnuek][ |o xhgtike}]mriu
kuiiEmEn]en ti>umu]ek v>ui, "`], kuiI, \i
x]Hxh zpvRic{u, aE}? Ae, Ouh vYxniE]. kuii
yueT AzgHem]efu pr]l atuEp]e ecy{utinu
w]N chek]h" `>uiec{y[tu. |tinu mrupTiy]yiu EmEn]N,
"ti>uEmnike]f]et jIvic{i>iu k]>Yh aTiynu p>m
xTm]f[. atin]l aTiye Ep>il ti>uvumueil
fil aTiye zp]fen k[pic{u kyifh. |tiDik
m]yi aTiynu me]>]zgHmi}" `u ti>umnriyiukyuh viy
tu>]N ti>umnuek]u EmEn]e AzgHhEp]e \Ten
aEHe evTivy[pic{u ek]}iukyuh ecy[tu.
ci k]>f]l sN tu>]N ti>umniEu
eentY]>yueT Ep>iuh vi>xt Bviuky]l k[pic{u
Everey]>u mu]ic{u eentY]>ey aE]u m]i
]mxiiukyuh ecy[tu.
965-]m]u kRiTkm]xh 23-]h tIyti viy tu>]N
ti>umnuek]uh atinu muE te |y tu>]N
ti>umnuek]uh tIeu Ep]vuky]l sN tu>]N
ti>umniEu ti>umUu xiiukyuh aviTuu te
68

e`tiHYm]
m]tuM]>ueT xhx[k]>]dikuh ti>uvi (pi) aTiyi>vuh
y]Ey]gYh Bhgiy]yuh Ekmm]yuh nTukyuh pidI
A>hBiukyuh ecy[tu.
>]jYk]>YL xhbic{u ci p>iS[k]>L ecy{fem
u vic]>h sN tu>]N ti>umniEu muEte \]
yi>uu. `iuh ti>umUu xiiutuve> atien]uh aviET
iTy]yi}. xihH]xn]E>]Hf]n>h aviTuu k[pic{u ci
~RTuk!L ecy[tutuTi. AdYh te >]jY>]Rh tZUfi
ueryuh tZivEp>U>uh O]E>] Ek]yuh kiTumu]iuk
y]f[ aviTu[ ecy[tt[. tZivEp>U>u]ic{ viy Ek]yueT
mDYi]yi O>u Ek]vikh pfik<iiukyuh atie cuuh
O>u ecriy Ek]kUTi ekiukyuh A Ek]yueT \p>iB]g[ O>u
viy ek]Tim>h n]ic{u ek]Ti tUiukyuh ecy[tu. viy
Ek]yueT cuuh k]vl nilutin]yi ~t]nuh |o<ve>yuh
av>ueT tvn]yi O>u t]enyuh k[pic{u niymic{u.
n]yM]>ueT xkgZHilniuh yovnyuM]>]yiu
v>il O]E>]>uR p]ilEc{Ruek]fem[ O>u k[pn
zpxieTuukyuh atnux>ic{[ ~kEdsh ptin]yi>E]h
n]yM]R p]ilEc{>ukyuh av>ueT EmDik]>ik]yi n]u
kumud]ikeyuh av>ueT Em]v]yi pfi>u viy ki]N
`e]>u \EdY]genyuh k[pic{u niymiukyuh ecy[tu. A
pfiR viy ki]N "ek]}u >]j]vinu tiu mzi"
`utuEp]e sN ti>umniEku EcR \EdY]g
n]yi>uu. A mnuSYenE]e sU>tyuh DI>tyuh p>]zkmvuh
g]hBI>Yvuh \vR a]e}, |]uh `umueu
Et]ui}.
sN tu>]N ti>umnuek]u gt]gtxok>Yh,
sucIk>fh mut]y viSyiuh zpEtYkh zsic{i>uu.
aviTuu xV>]jYie n]n]B]giuh xW]>xok>Yinu
vix[t]>il evuv<iku]iukyuh v<ikueT |>uvs
iuh C]yvZL vc{upiTiiutin[ ~R]Tu ecy{ukyuh
69

e`tiHYm]
v<ikueT |>uvsiumu vx[tuueT \TmR av>ueT
atiRi ve>yu v<ikL divxvuh aTic{uv]>i vZiy]i
yiuek]femuh k[pnek]Tuukyuh azpk]>em}]h s>i
y]yi nTiukyuh ecy[tu. tZUfiuer Eztie
ki<E nTmutl ki<E Ek]v]tilve>yu m]Rgiuh
aeW[ a>y]l vZL aviTuu nupiTiiukyuh
avyilni[ O>iEp]uh y]et]>u>uh ep]ic{uEp]k>uetu
zpEtYkh k[piukyuh ecy[ti>uu.
ti>umnuek][ te m]tuM]>ueT pidI O>u
xhvX>h
y]viDi
Ac>iukyuh
ti>um]xmTiyi>h
Bhgiy]yuh Ekmm]yuh niRv{Hiukyuh ecy[ttie EsSh
xVkIy zpiypuztiyueT t]iekukY]fh aEG]SpURv{h
nTiu kyuh ecy[tu. A kY]fh ~kEdsh O>u h >Up
k[pic{u ecvu ecy[tu. ~vuh Ekmm]yi nTe
aTiyi>il
tZivEp>U>u
zpD]ne
xkn]yRkuTuhb]hguh xhbic{i>uu. A kUil
"k>ie cuuuiy"yuh xiHity]yi>uu. xo>Yh,
xosIYh
mut]y
xkxd[guf
uh
p>ipURfm]yiu]yi>u A t>ufImfiey ti>umnu ek][
eentY]>y]yi xVIk>iuakyuh ecy[tu.
ae |ytu>]N ti>umnie vky]yi n]W[
ATuku]yi>uu. avy[u ti]N ek]Tuutin]yi |y
tu>]N
ti>umnieUeT
t]mxic{i>u
ecrupru
kuikZS[fEmEn]N ki<EnTyil sN tu>]N ti>u
mnie k[pnzpk]>h vc{upiTiic{i>u a>y]l vZil
niu kuer | priec{Tuu. |o kuikZS[fEmEn]N
|ytu>]N ti>umnie Exvknuh |nuh visVx[tnuh
kuiiEmnve an>vnum]yi>uu. `iuh a>y]l vZ
ilni[ | priec{Tuuevu vRm]nh Ek fil
sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ ay]e piTic{uv>ui,
kuTumy[u cuiiTic{uek][ v]eTu[ ay]ueT k<uuev]N
70

e`tiHYm]
B]vic{u. A xmyh |y tu>]N ti>umnuek][ avieT
O]Tieyukyuh "`ee]iu kuikZS[fene]E]U"
`>uiec{y[tuek][ sN tu>]N ti>umnie a>y[u
ekiiTiukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten sN ti>umnuek][ "|ve
k]]f[ |o >]jYh anY]DIneuEp]kut[" `>uiec{y[t[
v]L ni[ viec{riyukyuh"Ep], nie `e muil k]f>ut["
`u k[pic{u kuikZS[fEmnven viyy[ukyuh |y
tu>]N ti>umnuek][ ay]e kUie][ avieTni[
`<uukyuh ecy[tu.
tZivEp>U>u
xk
n]yRx[ztIkuh
zptidinh
vTu]Eztilec{u dRsnh k<ic{uEp]vukeyutu
pEupEyu O>u ptiv]f[. viy Ek]y[u puru
t]mxic{i>u O>u n]yR x[ztIyuh A ptivnux>ic{[ divxh zpti
vTu]dRsnh nTiE]i>uu. k[pnzpk]>h Ek]y[u
k]v]yi niruei>u |o<v>ueT tvn]y t]N
xRv{hgxu>iyuh yovnyuyum]y |o x[ztIey O>u divxh
k]futiniTy]yi. A x[ztI>t[nie dRsnm]ztyile
t]N t]Rp>vsn]yiI>ukyuh A viDil kurc{u divxh
ve> pfieu k<ic{ukUiytie EsSh avN te aBi]S
e A t>ufImfiey D>iiukyuh ecy[tu. "v]cY]v]cY
vic]>m]RvimuEK] E]EkSu k]mI jn" `uE}].
t]N sN viy tu>]N ti>umnie |nuh
zpbnum]yi>utin]l ave |e anux>i]ti>u]l
avN v}tumu]iIReiE] `u Byvuh xVku]c]>
vi>um]y akZtYh zpvRiutiu xTvuh nimih A
ab atYh p>vsy]yiIRu. `iuh buis]iniy]y
A yuvti te p]>vsYh puru k]fi]etyuh aven
evrui]etyuh tt[]h ci O<ivuk<ivukL pru pi>iu
Ep]yi. t]e niRbh pieyuh zkEmf vRic{utuTi.
atintin[ A mnxVini O]E>] zptibL pru
k<ic{ukUie]umi>uu.
71

e`tiHYm]
|en ~t]nuh divxL k<itie EsSh O>u divxh
t]N |o x[ztI Ek]y[kEu Ep]ku xmymriu
Ek]v]tilei k]uniu. x[ztI aTuu ecE]L
t]N, "`], |en O]E>] O<ivuk<ivukL prute
k<ic{ukU]em]Ef] vic]>iut[? |tu n} piy]kuemu
Et]ui}. viy tu>]N ti>umnuek][ `e eekyi]
efu n} O]R Evfh. Ariy]ety]f[ kiut[. |u
ti>iek v>uE]L tIRc{ pryfh. ae}il pieyu]ku
Ph anuBvhek]riy]h" `u pru. A x[ztI |tu Eki[
Ouh \>h pry]et akEu kTuEp]yi. "`e
vTu]], |o Apilnie]<iyutin[ `eiuh m]R
mu]i>Ef! w]N ptiv]yi BgvRsnh nTutie
Ph `niieny]fE}] vu EcRt[" `ien O]E>]u
vic]>iukyuh ptuetue pryukyuh ecy[tuek][ A
x]DVi vYxnE]TukUTiE]yi kuiyuh EdvdRsnvuh k<iukyuh
vIuh vic]>mg[ny]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. "|osV>], `]f[
ecEy{t[? Ek]v]tillec{u} E]L A duEn]T[ `]f[
prEyt[? |ni O<ivuk<ivukL pr]l avN xtiuemu
Et]ui}. O>u nivZiyumi}]ety]yE}]. ~etiuh |o
DR]xTh viy tu>]N ti>umnie ti>umu]ek
Oriyic{u En]]h. t]N aviTue |n]yi>iu
iti[ k[pnyu]kut[ ~tu zpk]>m]yi>iuEm], `E]?
`eneyium]ke. "niEvdYEt >YjEnn duKh tt
p>x[t]t[ zpBv zpm]fh" `uE}]. atin]l pry]nutu
prEyu u pryuk. pie viDiEp]e anuBviuk.
a}]et nivZiyi}E}]. dunizgHvuh sip>ip]nvum]
fE}] >]jDRh. ti>umnuek][ nitim]n]efutinu
xhsymi}. aviETy[uh xV>]jY[ |o anIti nTutinu
xtm]efil |ete kRm]efu tIRc{y]]h. aviTu[
|E]L |vieT `<ui t]mxiu iti[ |triyi]et
yi>iutu s>iy}. ~t]y]uh Oriyic{uEn]uk te"
`ien vic]>ic{u niyic{i[ A x[ztI Ek]viku ti>u
72

e`tiHYm]
muu ecu viS]dE]TukUTi aen niu. akx[m]l A
x[ztI avieTec{u nituki[ "`in]f[ vu nilut["
`u ti>umnuek][ k[pic{[ O>]e ayc{u Ec]diiukyuh
"O>u xTh ti>umnriyi]n]f[" `[ A x[ztI mrupTi
pryy[ukyuh ecy[tu. \ten ti>umnuek][ A
abey ti>umuNp]ek v>ui "xTem]f[?" `u k[pic{u
Ec]dic{u. x[ztI xhgtike}]h viv>m]yi ti>umnriyic{u.
ti>umnuek][ avnen AzgHmueil
x]Diic{uek]TuEt]f[. atien] viE>]Dh?"

atu

x[ztI: |en k[pny]kutu xTm]f[.


ti>umnuek][: |til xTeT]N `]fut[?
Oumi}. k]>Yh |ute nTe. jnxW]>h nii[
avnvieT v]l mti. pu n]<ik >]ec{tinuEsSh avN
avieT `ie]utinu prEfh. Ae, ep]y[E].
|ni |vieT nituek][ zpEy]jnem]umi}. n]h k]>Yh
tIRc{eTui<iu.
|o k[pn Ek[ A x[ztI atYh vYxn]zk]y]yi
k>uhek][ avieTni[ |riE]vukyuh xihHie
aTul m]NEpT ` Ep]e virc{uek][ t]e aTul
`ukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L t]N, "`] niyic{t[? tIRc{
pryfh" `u pryukyuh A x[ztI ti>umnie k[pn
zpk]>em}]h xtic{u pri[ xVgZHiEu Ep]vukyuh
avieT `iytie EsSvuh vYxnhnimi]h jp]nh Ep]uh
k<i]et Apiv]>f]Rh BipURv{h |osV>ene
DY]niukyuh zp]Riukyuh ecy[tuek]i>iukyuh ecy[tu.
A xu>i xtic{u prtuek][ t]N xE]S
x]g>vIcikil mu<uki nIiuTic{uek]u te v]x
ei pkie duHm]y eedRGYe spic{uek]i>uu.
73

e`tiHYm]
sNtu>]N ti>umnuek]u y]k]h nitYkR]nu
]n]dikeyuh a]<mmZEtuh k<ic{tie EsSh viy
ki]en ti>umu]ek v>ui, "|[ ci En>E]ukuh
dIp]<[cyuem]e Evfemu niyic{iu[. atiEu kuer
`yuh
ti>itufiyuh
n]Wu
pvuh
ek][
ci
p]]E>]TukUTi pumfi k<iyuE]E<[..... `fh. w]N
|E]Le Ep]kuu" `[ a>uiec{y[tu ki]en
ayc{iu >umUu BZtYM]E>]TukUTi purE[ `<ui, A
x[ztIyueT vIiTuei O>u gU[, BImExnN
kIcke v>vien k]u nZ]g]>ieEp]e, t]e
Agmne zptIic{uek]i>uu. kurc{uEn>h k<iE]L
t]N aR, pu<u, kBh, kx[tU>i, pninIR mut]y
xugvRg]uh
xu>Bikuxum]uh
viEsSe
vx[zt]uh muh ahkZts>I>n]yi, t]l AzgHie
yuvtiy]uh EcEt]vWkn]y pWb]fn]uh aDRi
mREBdiy]y DR>]j]vin]uh niRim]y xEtE[
|osV>viDiy]l nyieu. t]N A x[ztIyueT vITie
pTikEu kTE]! Axm>fe pi]e aken
Ep]e ti>umnuek]u gUm]yiukTu. t]N vIink
Eu kT]n]yi B]vic{E]L ti>umnuek][ ave
kuTuy[[
cuiiTiukyuh
"aE]},
|E]["
`[
a>uiec{y[tuek][ pi]h Ou viukyuh aEt]TukUTi
t]N nihptiukyuh ecy[tu. ti>umnuek][ t]en
avieTyi[ amRiiTic{uek][ "A>vieT? x]m]ne]e
ek]uv>e. ph ek]ue. |ve EdHh mu<uvnuh
ti>iufi cue. ` O<ic{u nny[e. tI ek]ue. |ve
ARn]dh puruEkL]etyi>ivh EB>i ek]ig[
EG]Sie" `ien a>uiec{y[t fil xkx]Dn
uhek][ viyki]N mut]yvR avieT `ukyuh
k[pnEp]eey}]h nTukyuh t]e s>I>h m]ztEn>h
ek]u Bx[m]vEsSm]yiI>ukyuh ti>umnuek][ aE]L
74

e`tiHYm]
e Ek]vikEe<uukyuh ki]N mut]yv>uh
av>v>ueT v]xiEu mTiE]vukyuh ecy[tu.
sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ O>il `rf]ku[
`<ui]mxic{i>uE]L avieTniu >umUu nU>im]R
tZivEp>UR]yi pureu. avR `rf]kuuni[ vWi
kyri k>UTe |ri. avR avieTeyiyE]L ~kEdsh
>u
n]<ik
pku]yi>uu.
atin]l
a]<inu
ev]}UE>] mE] v}yiTuem]emu vic]>ic{[ avR
avieTniuh k]lnTy]yi pureu. kurc{u nTtie EsSh
avR mEYm]Rh O>u u muru]n]yii>uu. aE]E<uh
En>h ~kEdsh xYy]yiuTi. avR evi muruu k<i[
avieT niu pureT]N B]vic{E]L >u Ej]nkm]im]R
avieTeyi. avR A nU>im]E>]T[ "nU>iM]R `E]]f[
purei>iut[ axmy[ xW>i]N niL[ Bymi}Ey]"
`u Ec]dic{u. aE]L nU>im]R "|E]L sN ti>umnie
k]mE}? |][ Ae> ByeTfh" |E]L ARuh
`vieTyuh ~tuxmyuh niRBym]yi xW>i]mE}]" `u
pr[. atuEk[ m]im]R, "sN >]j]vie si
k>UTy[[ vTE]u Piyi}. |vieT wueT siEy
nTukyuU.
xhsymueil
k]fic{ut>]h.
niueT
ky{iuet]e |E]u tEuk. tie}il kui
km<[iyuh" `u pr[ a>yil ti>ukiyi>u \ryilniu
ki \o>ieyTuu. atuk[ nU>im]R Bye[ av>ueT
eekyiu]yi>u Em]ti>uh pfmTiIkuem}]h m]i
m]>ueT muil vc{uek]Tuu. m]im]R aveyTuuek][
av>ueT v<iuEp]yi. nU>im]R ti>iey k>UTeec{u
vWikyri `rf]kuEuh pureu. pie divxh >]vie
nU>im]R `rf]kuei, sN ti>umnie mu]ek
ecu tEdivxh v<iuvc{u]y xhgtike}]h viv>m]yi
ariyic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][ viy ki]en ti>umu]ek
v>ui, "|o nU>im]>ueT pfvuh puh tiric{uek]u
75

e`tiHYm]
Ep]y kM]e> piTic{u kvumutukE]TukUTi n]e >]vie
|vieT ek]uv>fh. |E]Le k>UTy[[ pureE]U"
`>uiec{y[tu. k[pn Ek m]ztyile viy ki]N
avieT niu pureu. aute k>UTeyi, kosil
aEnVSic{ri[, A kM]e> piTikUTi piE divxh >]vie
ave> ti>umu]ek ek]uec}ukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten sN
tu>]N ti>umnuek][ A nU>im]e> ti>umu]ek v>ui,
A m]im]e>yuh kvumutukuh k]fic{i[, "A m]im]R |vR
teEy], niueT Em]ti>uh mTiIkuh |vteEy]?"
`u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. atuEk[ nU>im]R xUic{uEn]I[,
"A m]im]R |vR tey]ef]f[ Et]ut[; Em]ti>uh
mTiIkuh |v te, xhsymi}" `u ti>umnriyic{u.
ti>umnuek][ A Em]ti>uh pfmTiIkuh nU>im]R[
ek]Tu[
ave>
xE]Siiukyuh
"|ni
`E]L
Evfemiuh `vieT Evfemiuh xW>i]h. Esh Ep]uh
ByeET]" `[ a>uiec{y[t[ ayy[ukyuh A kM]e>
"mny[l" e ek]uEp]kutin[ viyki]nu k[pn
ek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. viy ki]N \Ten A m]im]e>
vWikilyie]uEp]yi klc{]il eki]<[ukyuh
ecy[tu.
sN viy tu>]N ti>umnie kUeT]mxic{i>u
v>il aviTue zpItiu zpEtYkh p]ztIBvic{i>ut[ Ek]
uru kuN ti>umul]eTuh m]iyy[l viy yjm]nN
`uh >uEp>]yi>uu. viy yjm]nn[ ABij]tYh xV[ph
kurv]ytin]l ki>iyh, |}h mut]y \yRt>h n]yM]R
aEHie gZHilE]yi Bfh k<iukyuh muh ptivi
}]yi>uu. atu nimih yjm]nnu ve> kuf[itm]yi>uu. A
viv>h ti>umnuek][ ariyukyuh ecy[ti>uu.
aenyi>iu
k][
yjm]ne
vIil
O>u
t]iekukY]fmu]yi. A aTiyi>in[ A Edsu
xk n]yM]>uh av>ueT x[ztIkuh yjm]ne vIilec{[
76

e`tiHYm]
aTiyi>h EvtuEp]e nTie]Tufemu k[pnyu]
vukyuh
k[pnzpk]>h
`}]v>uh
Ep]vukyuh
ecy[tu.
muHURxmym]yE]L ti>umnuek][ avieT `<uukyuh
ecy[tu. t]ieku k<iyuTen xdYy[[ |vy[]N k[pn
y]yi. | vc{[ xkviBvuh vii<iE]L x[ztIkuh
pu>uSM]>uh `}]v>uh Bfini>i]N k[pic{u. `}]v>uh
|>uyuTen ti>umnuek]ute >u mUiy[[ Ec]ru
viukyuh
EsSmikie}]h
yjm]nene]u
Ec]ru
viiyuh ecy[tu. aE]L \utuT]et `}]v>uh
xhsyic{i>uu. atuki[ sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][
"Ouh xhsyiE, `}]vRuh \ofu k<i]h; m]iyy[N
|u mutl n]y>]yi>iuu" `[ a>uiec{y[ti[ v]uh
\oiiTic{uek][
avieTe
`<ui
niu.
A
k[pnEp]ete |uh nTuv>uu. viy yjm]nn[ A
yjm]n]nh sN ti>umnuek][ k[pic{uek]Tut]ef
utu viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}]. atukUT]et aEHinu
enTiy kuT, c vk mut]y pdvikuh trv]Eu
Emnv]nvuhkUTi k[pic{u ek]Tuu. m]iyy[l viy
yjm]ne vITu tZUfiury[u xmIph `>vUR `
Eds]af[. m]iyy[l viy yjm]ne Ep>il sN
tu>]N mniEu ve> k>ufyuh v]XYvumu]yi>uu
eviuh aviTu[ yjm]nn[ aDInn]yi>uuev[ A>uh
vic]>ic{uEp]k>ut[. ti>umnie |hEp]ey}]et yjm]ne
|hEp]e aviTu[ O>u k]>Yvuh k[pic{u ecy[ti>ui}.
O>il Dnv]n]y O>I<vN O>u kuh (O>u nU>iey
tIukEy] mE]) ecy[ttin[ aveniTic{u tTvil vy[uv]N
ti>umnuek][ k[pn ek]Tuu. |o<ven k[pnzpk]>h
piTic{u tTvil vc{yuTen ave buL ecu kuer pfvuh
k]<[cvc{u viy yjm]nenu xTh pryukyuh ~tu viDvuh
aven tTvilniu viTuvic{u ek]Tufemu zpEtYkh
aEpiukyuh ecy[tu. "Ake, v}tuh kosmu]]Em]
77

e`tiHYm]
`u En]]h" `u pru yjm]nN A k]<[czdvYh xVIk>ic{u
ek][ ave> ayc{u. |o xhgti ti>umnuek][ `enEy]
\TN ariyukyuh viy ki]en ti>umuNp]ek v>ui,
"tTvi]iyi>iu A |o<ven n]e m]iyy[l `e
aTul v>u xmyh evTivc{u ek]Efh" `u
k[piukyuh ecy[tu. |et]uh ariy]et viy yjm]nN
piEdivxh >]vie ti>umuNpiei, A |o<ven tTvilniu
viTuviEu k]>Yei ti>umnriyic{uek]uniE]L
O>u
evTiyueT
sh
Ekiu
ti>umnuek][
avieT
p]r]vunii>u sip]yiEy]T[, "`]f[ sh A Ekt[?" `u
k[pic{u Ec]dic{u.
\Ten sip]yi, "|e k[pnzpk]>h tTvi]iyi>u A
|o<ven viy ki]N yjm]n!N evTivc{u ek]u. A
evTiyueT sm]f[" `u ti>umnriyic{u. atuEku ti>umnu
ek][ "O]! s>i te, aven |u >]vie evTivc{u
ek]}utinu n]h |ete chekIu]yi>uu. aven
viyy[femu
m]iEyy[inBizp]ymu]yi>uuevil
|e `E]Tu pry]m]yi>uiE}? `]l aen ecy{]m]
yi>uu. |ni atu prtuek][ zpEy]jnmi}E}]?" `>ui
ec{y[tu. atuEku viy yjm]n!N ~vuh kuf[itE]TukUTi
ti>umuilniu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. sN tu>]N ti>umnu
ek]u ExvkM]>ueT |zpk]>h y]et]uh zpvRic{i>ui
e}utiEu dZ]m]yi |en p xhgtikl pryuv]
nu[. vix[t>By]l avey]uh |vieT viv>ifemu
vic]>iui}.
sN tu>]N ti>umniE[ ciyueT puztM]>]yiu
]yi>u xEH]d>M]R >uEp>uh (|y tu>]nuh vI>Ek>
mU]hkUR tu>]nuh) s]x[ztM]>]yi>uu. avRu Evd]
s]x[zth kUTi zgHic{]l ek]]em[ O>]zgHh jniuky]l
atu piiutinu Evd]ik]y p my]zb]fE>]Tuh
AvsYetil "Evd]h ztiyR[ aRHm]yiut}" `u
78

e`tiHYm]
prt}]et A>uh piic{i}. atin]l A tu>]M]R
tZivEp>UR `<ui]mxic{uek][ tuu `z]M]>ueT
xV]miy]>]y O>u Evd]iey avieT v>ui]mxiiukyuh
aEHie aTul Evd]s]x[zth pic{utuTukyuh
aEt]TukUTi viS[fumuzd D>ikukyuh vizgH]>]Dn mut]y ci
kRL Ac>ic{utuTukyuh ecy[tu. `u m]ztm}, A
tu>]M]Ru zkEmf viS[fumtil zptipi vRic{u
v>iky]l tuu `z]M]>ueT Ac]>nTpTike avR mi
v]ruh xVIk>iyuh ecy[tu. |ztyuem]e AytinuEsSh A
tu>]M]e> piiutin[ te siSYM]>ie]>]e tZiv
Ep>UR t]mxiic{i[ A xV]miy]R xVEdsEu Ep]yi.
a][ sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ `<ui
]mxic{i>utu tZUfiuery]yi>uu. ~t]nuh divxL
k<iE]L te xEH]d>M]R Evd]s]x[zth pic{utuTu
kyuh viS[fumuzd D>iukyuh vizgH]>]Dn mut]y ci kR
L Ac>ic{u tuTukyuh tuu `zM]>ueT Ac]>nTpTi
ke mi]v]ruh xVIk>iukyuh ecy[ti>iut]yi aviET[
arivu kii. A xEH]d>M]>ueT zpvZikL ti>umniE[
Ouh >xic{i}. `iuh t]N avRu viE>]Dm]yi v}tuh
zpvRic{]l
ciy[u
mnx[t]pmu]eyiE]
`u
vic]>ic{u tt[]h aviTu[ Ouh ecy[ti}. aenyi>iu
k][ |y tu>]nuh vI>Ek> tu>]nukUTi tLu
ecvinuvc{i>iu xhKY Ouh mtiy]kuie}uh atin]l
kurc{ukUie]Tufemuh sN viytu>]N ti>umnie
aTuE[ O>Ep ayc{u. atinu sN ti>umnuek][,
"zkmzpk]>mu ecvin[ |E]L niyic{i>iu xhKYek]u
mtiy]kuh. xVkIy]c]>vi>u]y nTpTikL]yi kUTutl
xhKY anuvdiut}" `u mrupTi ek]Tuu. |o mrupTi A
anujN tu>]M]R[ Ouh >xic{ie}u m]ztm}, aumutl
avR[ sN ti>umnie Ep>il eev>h vRic{uv>ukyuh
ecy[tu. atin]l A tu>]M]R sN ti>umnie
79

e`tiHYm]
nTpTiEd]Se xvix[t>h viv>ic{[ Oe><ue<uti a][
|hg}IS[k]>ueT zptiniDiy]yi (rxiQ]yi) vut]mxic{i>u
em]i]y[pie EpRyc{u. x]y[p[ A `<u[ sN
ti>umnuek][ k]futin]yi aviETyc{uek]Tuu. A
`<uu kE]L sN ti>umniEu]y Ek]ph
atiduHm]yi>uu `utu prEyti}E}]. `<uuk
fil ti>umnuek][, A `<uuhek][ ciu>]i
yueT ti>umu]ek `<ui, aE]L tu>]i, "kuii |o
mY]xmy[ |zt beuvt[ `in]f[?" `u k[pic{u
Ec]dic{u. (au viy tu>]iy]yi>u ciu>]i sN
ti>uEmniey O]mnE>]yi kuii `]fu viic{uvi>u
t[). \Ten sN ti>umnuek][, "viEsSiec{]umi}; ci
yueT puztM]>ueT zpvZikeuric{[ xV[ph ti>umnriyi]
nu[. atin]yi]f[ w]niE]L vt[. at[ ave>UTi |vieT
v>uI]f[ n}etu Et]uu" `u ti>umnriyic{u. A
tu>]M]R aE]L tZUfiuereyu]yi>utin]l
tu>]i \Ten Ayc{[ ave> avieT v>ui. aE]L sN
ti>umnuek][ A `<uu v]yic{u EkLic{i[ |tu ciyueT
zpiypuztM]>]y |vR em]iyueT EpRyc{i[ w]N k]f]
n]yi ay]L `niyc{utiut]f[ `>uiec{y[tu. atu
Eki[ tu>]i "|v>ueT k]>Yem]uh `E]Tu prEy].
kuiiyueT |h Ep]e `eiuh ecy[Et]U. `niu
y]et]>u viE>]Dvumi}" `>uiec{y[tu. aE]L ti>umnu
ek][ "|tien]e pk>h ecy{]nuh |ve> n}sIh piic{u
m>Y]dy[u nT]nuh `niu vy{]y[kyi}. w]N v}tuh
zpvRic{]l atu ciy[u vYxnk>m]yiI>umE}] `u
m]zth vic]>ic{u w]N |tuve> mic{u Ep]t]f[. ciey
vic]>ic{u w]N |o zp]vsYhkUTi miuu. |vR |niyuh
|zpk]>h v}tuh zpvRic{]l atie Ph aE]riy]h"
`>uiec{y[ti[
avieTnie<ui.
\Ten
anujN
tu>]M]>uh EpTic{uvirc{uhek][ avieT ni[ `<ui.
80

e`tiHYm]
O>il sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ tZivEp>Ue><u
i t]mxic{i>uE]L vTu]Eztie n]uvsuh
Etu]Tu
niri>iut]yuh
timih
avieTUTi
gt]gth ecy{utin[ jnL[ ve> Byvuh axok>Yvuh
\t]yiuh k]fuky]l A k]eT}]h evim]ic{u Eztinu
cuuh vix[t]til zpdifv<i \]ifemu niyic{u.
O>u divxh ti>umnuek]ukUTi `<ui niu k]Tuevic{u
tuTiyE]L "p]rEml]v[" `u zpxim]y avieTyu
BgvtIEztie evic{]Tu v]uh ciuh D>ic{u tui
e]u ti>umu]ek ec[, "|ete ae jTy]f[; |tien
eviy]N p]Ti}" `u Ek]pB]vE]TukUTi pru. aE]L
ti>umnuek][ "w]niet]e eviyic{[ |viTh evTiuh
vZiyuh v>ui |Tuvi]n]f[ niyic{i>iut[. an]vsY
m]yi Ouh pry]et ep]y[E], at]f[ n}t[. Tiu xul]N
v[ Eztil kT[ vTu]e bihbh |iric{u
purukE]L nIyuh nie anuh `vieTE]yi>uu?"
`[ a>uiec{y[tu. |tuEkE]L evic{]Tinu Ek]ph
kurc{ukUTi vRic{u. tul OukUTi kTuu. "AH], \i
`E]Tu kiuu, aE}? anuBvh k]fic{ut>]h" `u
pruek][ ay]L tevie]i]N tuTi. evic{]Tie
v]L mURc{yi}]t]yi>utuek][ t n}Ep]e murii}.
aE]L ti>umnuek][, "nI vic]>ic{l nE]T[ `u
ecy[v]N k<iyuh? A v]inu mURc{yie}il mURc{yu v]L
`e
ky{iu[.
|t]yi>iuh
n}t["
`>uiec{y[tiu
ti>umnie tZeeyii>u piv]L ti>umnuek]ute
evic{]Tie si>ilvc{u ciuek]u muiri. A v]L
n}Ep]e mURc{yut]yi>utin]l evic{]Tie s>I>m[
fil >]yi piRu niu ptic{u. atie EsSh
ti>umnuek][ avieTyu]yi>u k]Tuke}]h eviyic{u
evTi]ic{u Eztinu cuuh zpdifv<i \]ic{u.
atin]l avieT jnLu gt]gtxok>Yvuh niRBytyuh
xiic{u.
81

e`tiHYm]
cuuuiy
eentY]>y[[
a]hve>
avR
zpxvic{u xtiyu]k]etyi>utin]l atYh mnx[t]p
E]TukUTi "xtYRm]yi v}tuh ci xlRL
ecy[t]l ek]]m]yi>uu" `[ avR ti>umnriyic{u.
atuEk[ sN ti>umnuek][, "atien] viE>]Dh? cuu
vie |hEp]eey]e ecy{]mE}]" `[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh
av>ueT |zpk]>h pviDiu d]nEH]m]dixlR
uh
zb]fRu
p>e
xdYyuh
zptizgHvuem}]h
tZivEp>URvc{ute nTiukyuh ecy[tu.
|vey}]h nTiytie EsSh kurc{udivxh k<iiu
sNtu>]N ti>umnuek][ tZUfiury[e<ui. O>u
divxh aviTu[ ciuu>]iyueT ti>umu]ek `<uiy
xmyh tu>]i, "kuii p]rEml]vie evic{]Tien
ek]u `u Eku. BgvtiEy]T[ |en ecy{]Em]? |ni |tu
nimih `e}]nR]f]Ev] \]vut[? |osV>M]E>]Tuh
muh kiut[ Ouh n}t}" `>uiec{y[tu. atinu
mrupTiy]yi sN ti>umnuek][, "w]N BgvtiEy]T[
y]et]uh ecy[ti}. w]N ek]t[ Ek]m>ey]f[. avN
an]vsYm]yi tuie]uvu ci axhbL pryuk
yuh ci D]RYL k]fiukyuh ecy[tu. atuek]]f[
w]nen ecy[tt[. atu nimih Bgvti[ `E]T[ O>u
viE>]Dvuh Et]ukyumi}. |vieT O>nRvuh xhBviuk
yumi}."
tu>]i: Ae, |ni Em]l |enyu x]Hxem]uh
zpvRi>ut[. |tieey]e Ph `eiuh O>il
anuBviEt]yiv>uh.
sN ti>umnuek][: |osV>viE>]Dh v>vh
w]en]>iuh y]et]uh zpvRiukyi}. |tuve> zpvRi
c{iumi}. Eztil cuumu]yi>u k]T[ kyic{u zpdifv<i
82

e`tiHYm]
\]ic{tuek][
|osV>zpx]dm}]et
O>iumu]k]niTyi}E}].

|osV>viE>]Dh

tu>]i: cuUnu xtiyu]k]n]yiu kuii ve>


xlRL ecy{ic{uevu EkuvE}]. |vieT nmuuh xti
cu>um]yiE} |>iut[? atin]yie]uh ecy{ic{i}E}].
|tien]uh ecy{i]et mEtu nTic{tu n]yi}. nueT
k]>Yh k<iiE} me}]h Evt[?
sN ti>umnuek][: ci |en anY] si>ut[.
A xlRe}]h w]N ecy{ic{tukUTiy]yi>uu. pE
cuuvinu xtiyu]k]n]yi]efu cuuvuh jnuh
vic]>ic{i>i]h. atuek]u nmue]f[? nueT mutl ecvu
ecy[tu ecy{iu xlRueT Ph anYM]R[ anuBvi
]N k<iyuEm]? "ep]>uL Ep]kuiTu pufYh" `E}
aBivcnh? vZie cuvil nnc{]l Pmu]kutu
mukiE}? atuEp]e cuuvinu Evi `u pru ecy{ic{
xlRueT Pmu]kut[ |vieTy]yi>iuh.
|en a>uiec{y[tu ciu>]iey xtiiukyuh
xE]Siiukyuh ecy[ti[ aviTu[ ti>umuilni[ `<u
ukyuh ecy[tu.
sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][ n]y]in]yi O>il O>u
vnil `<uiy xmyh O>u pui ti>umnie Ene>
c]Tiec{u. ti>umnuek]u tt[]h a[pem]u p>izBmic{u.
`iuh \TN eeD>Ye avhbiukyuh tZeeyiu]
yi>u |>u<l Et]il ni[ O>u nir O<iukyuh A
evTiEyu pui tlfh niu vI<ukyuh ecy[tu.
ti>umnie xH]yin]yi Ever]>u evTi]>N kUeTyu]
yi>uu. puiey km]ztyil aven k]f]t]yi. puiey
ek]tie EsSh ti>umnuek][ avN `viET[ Ep]yi
Oic{uev[ ariy]n]yi[ n]uvsEuh En]i. aE]L
83

e`tiHYm]
avN O>u m>ie mukilni[ |riv>utuku. te
EdH>y[]yi t]N ek]uvvN atu En]]et xVEdH
>ey m]zth k>uti zpvRic{tin]l ti>umniE[ ave
Ep>il ve> azpItiyuh Ek]pvumu]yi. atin]l ti>umnu
ek][ te Et]ie mEu<iu]yi>u nir ave Ene>
O<iukyuh avnuh cu niu vI<ukyuh \Ten ti>umnu
ek][ n]y]u mtiy]i Ek]vikE[ `<uukyuh
ecy[tu.
973-]m]u n]TunIiy ti>uvit]hkUR >]mvR mH]
>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ O>il Auv] ek]]>il
`<uei]mxic{i>uE]L O>u divxh mY]xmy[,
ky{il O>u pIiuvuh cumil O>u viy B]vuh vHiu
kyuh
D]>]m]yi
vRi>u
tmuTi
ekivy[ukyuh
ecy[ti>u O>u mnuSYN avieT xmIpu O>u myilni[
|ri pu<yiE[ v>ukyuh ek]]>inu vTuvsu
mflur[, pIiuvuh B]vuhvc{iu kuiyuh nitYkR]nu
]n]dikuh k<ic{tie EsSh A mfluru te
O>TuukUi, B]il ni[ a>iyuh virkuh p]ztvuemTu[
xVyhp]kvuh \uh mukuh m]zth kUi Bfvuh k<ic{iu p]zth
Etc{[ mui B]ilvc{ueki A B]vuh pIiuvuem
Tuuek][ v v<iey te Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. >]mvR
mH]>]j]v[ ti>umnuek][ |et}]h kuek]]f[ ek]]>
il `<uiyi>ut[. A mnuSYN ti>ic{uEp]yi<iE]L
mH]>]j]v[ ti>umnuek][ aTul nii>u Eksvi
div]NjiEy]T[, "A mflur[ a>ivc{[ \ofuk<ic{uEp]y
mnuSYN A>]ef[ mni]Ey]?" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u.
"aTiynu mni]yi}" `u div]N| ti>umnriyic{E]L
ti>umnuek][, "atu nueT ep>uTil mUI]f[.
aviTEu vy{] k]>Yh Oumi}. |en O>u En>h
k<ic{ukU]N `]l x]DYm}. |niey]>u divxh |E]uh
v>vu]Ey]h. atini `]f]Ev]? `}]v>uh k>utiyi>uu
84

e`tiHYm]
ek]fh. Ariy]et abem]uh p]niTy]k>ut[ `>ui
ec{y[tu. pie n]Wu divxh k<iE]L O>u divxh sN
tu>]N ti>umnuek][, Auv]e]]>ie<ui, >]m
vR mH]>]j]vu ti>umnie k]fukyuh kurc{uEn>h p>x[p>h
xhB]Sfh ecy[ti>utie EsSh ti>iEy `<uukyuh
ecy[tu.
O>]il |Tv]tiyi}, miun]ti k<iiuh m<epy{]ti
>utin]l tZivEp>UR mut]y iu jnL kUTi
sN ti>umnie aTul xTmriyic{u. \Ten ti>umnu
ek][ tZivEp>Ue><ui v]DY]N nU>i mut]y mH]
zb]fe> ti>umu]ek v>ui, "m< epy{i]N v}tuh
m]RgmuE]?" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. "jjph tuTiy]l
pzu divxinkh m< epy{uh" `vR ti>umnriyic{u.
v>u zb]fRe]e atiEkmm]yiu xdYyuh difyum]
yiu piE divxh te jjph k[pic{u tuTic{u. aen
ptien]u divxh k<iiuh m< epy[ti}. pz]h divxh
jjpinu xmym]yE]L ti>umnuek][ v]umU>iiTic{u
jjp[ `<uukyuh nU>im]e> k[pic{u viic{[
"jjph tuTI[ |[ pz]h divxm]yi>iuu. |tuve> m<
epy[ti}. |uh m< epy{]ph niey]e>yuh evruet
viyy[ukyi}. `}]v>uh n}Ep]e k>utie]fh" `>ui
ec{y[kyuh ecy[tu. k[pn EkE]E<uh nU>im]Ru Byvuh
vYxnvuh p>izBmvuh ks]yi. sN tu>]N ti>umnu
ek][ Ek]ph v]l k<uu eviy]nuh mTiu Ae}[
`}]vRuh
ariy]m]yi>utuek][
nU>im]e>}]v>uh
BiEy]TukUTi |osV>en x[m>ic{uek][ mni>ui jjph
tuTi. aen kurc{uEn>h k<iE]E<uh k]REmGh ek][
Ak]smh niryukyuh atiEkmm]yi m<epy[tu tuTukyuh
ecy[tu. ti>umnuek][ xE]Sic{[ au nU>im]Re}]
vRuh ptivii>i dif k<ic{[ ave> xE]Siiukyuh
85

e`tiHYm]
au mutl muTh kUT]et D]>]m]yi m< epy[tu tuTukyuh
ecy[tu.
O>]i>un]L divxh sN tu>]N ti>umnuek][
ptivu xmy[ amZEtin[ `<u]etyi>utin]l viy
(ci) tu>]iyuh mu tu>]M]>uh k]i>uu. aen
ve> En>h k<iE]L sN ti>umnuek][ `<uu
kyuh aviTuuh mu tu>]M]>uh amZEtini>iukyuh
ecy[tu. \Ten ptivuEp]e sN tu>]N ti>umniE[
viie]Tui[ viy tu>]iyuh amZEtini>uu. pie
viy tu>]i "kuii |izt t]mxic{et]f[?" `u
Ec]dic{u.
sN: |u >]vie w]N kui]n]yiu pureE]L
O>u m]i O>u psuvien aru `u Eku. `]l ave k
k<ic{i]v]h kui `u vic]>ic{[ \Ten Ep]yi, aEnVSic{[ aven
piTikUTi ek]tie EsSm]f[ kuic{t[. atuek][ xV[ph
t]mxh piE]yi.
tu>]i: kh! |[ Aur]]yi[ |en ecy[tt[
Ouh n]yi}. xlRh ecEy{u divxh duS[Rh
ecy{]Em]? n>HtY te kh! viEsSic{[ jMnztdivxh atu
mH]kh te.
sN: jMnztdivxh Eg]HtY ecy{utu n}t]Ef]?
atu n}t]efil w]N ecy[ttu etute.
tu>]i: avN ecy[ttu n]yi}. `iuh atie
p]ph avnE} anuBviut[?
sN: ciE, atinu kurc{u EBdmu[. avN ecy[t
p]pmvnnuBvium]yi>i]h. `iuh atu Eki[ w]en]uh
ecy{]ti>u]l atuh p]pmE}? atu w]N anuBviEt]yi
v>umE}]. y]zkmh si]>kL ecy[t[ |o >]jYu nIti
86

e`tiHYm]
nT]nu cumt `ni]f[. atu w]N ecy{]ti>u]l
p>E]ku ec}uE]L atienuric{[ `E]Tu Ec]di]N
AuE}]. atuek][ `e k][ |zpk]>mu duS[kZtYh
|o >]jY[ A>uh ecy[v]N w]N xtii}.
|en a>uiec{y[tuek][ amZEtuh k<ic{[ aviTu[
avieTni[ `<ui.
zpxin]y tZivEp>UR pU>h sN tu>]Nti>u
mnie][ aviTue k[pnzpk]>h \]iyt]f[.
atinu mu[ avieT aen O>]EG]Smu]yi>ui}. O>il
ti>umnuek][ tZivEp>Ue><ui t]mxic{i>uE]L A
Eds]e>}]h ti>umu]ek v>ui, "|vieT AuEt]ruh
EmTm]xil pU>h O>]EG]Sdivxm]yi ek]]Tfh; atinu
n]uk]R ti>uv]Ti, p]rEm]v[ |en >u B]gm]yi pi>iu
s]x[t]vu mut]y EdvM]e>yuh `<uic{u vTu]Ezt
xiDiyil ek]uv>fh; avyil ti>uv]Tiyilniuh
p]rEm]vilniumu `<uukL zpD]n]yi>ifh'
|o vky[u Evu pfh jnL vItiec{Tuu ecvu
ecy{fh; pie Evu xH]ye}]h n]h ecy[tut>ukyuh
ecy{]h" `>uiec{yu{ kyuh `<uu xhbic{uh muh
Evu murkuh cTukuem}]h zpEtYkh zpEtYkh k[piu
kyuh ecy[tu. jne}]v>uh A k[pney xtiukyuh A
Aile pU>mEH]Xvh tuTukyuh ecy[tu. tZivEp>UR
pU>in[ |E]<uh tuTRuv>u cve}]h sN
ti>umnuek][ au k[pic{u niyic{iuvy]f[. pU>h
tuTiy k]h mutl AjIvn]h aviTuukUTi `<uiyi
>u]f[ A mEH]Xvh nTiyi>ut[.
ti>umnuek][ pU>h xhbic{u zsmuh cheku
kuh ecy[tuek][ >umUu m]xE]m[ tZivEp>URte
`<ui]mxic{u Ep]ytuek][ a][ au>]N
Ek]vikEu ecvinu pfh ayc{uek]Tuutin[
87

e`tiHYm]
aviETu x]Dic{i}. atin]l viy tu>]i te
puztim]E>]T[, "kuii nueT k]>Yh mruEp]yi>iuEm]?
ecvinu pfh |tuve> ayc{uti}E}]. |ni `vieT
nieiuh kurc{u pfh kTh v]ukte; a}]et nivZi
yi}E}]" `>uiec{y[tu. aE]L ek]c{utu>]im]R, "ay[[
|ente pfh. a O]ey zkmiDikh v]lx}ic{[
`Tuu tyi!lvy[utie Pm]fit[" `u ti>umnri
yic{u. atuEk[ viy tu>]i, "atu s>iy]f[. Ae,, |ni
kuii |vieT v]l w]N miukEp]umi}, niyh
te" `uh a>uiec{y[tu. pU>h k<itie EsSh
sNti>umniE[ |o xhgti (pfh ayc{u ek]Tui}
`ut[) O]Rv>ukyuh \Ten tZUfiury[[ `<uu
kyuh tlfh viy tu>]iyueT ti>umu]ek `i, O>u
kuT xVRpuS[ph (xVRhek]u]iy pUv[) tZ]di
l ec]>iu x]]hgm]yi nmx[k>ic{i[, "ciE, `niu
kurec{]>u a]ih piE]yi, at[ aviTu[ xdyh
mifh. ecvinu pfh pisEy]TukUTi ek]uviu["
`>uiec{yu{ kyuh pfh ti>umu]ek vy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
aE]L
tu>]i,
"`niu
kuiiEy]Tu
y]et]>u
>xETumi}. pfinu tl]mu]y buimuuek]uh `e
sugtiek]uh xV[pm]yi v}tuh mnil Et]iyi>uuev
iuh kuiieyE]Le aet}]h tIRuEp]yi"
`>uiec{y[tu. sNtu>]N atuEku xE]Siukyuh
\Ten ti>umu]ekni[ `<uukyuh ecy[tu.
sN tu>]N ti>umnie][ ti>uvit]hkUR >]jYh
v]fi>ut[
973-]m]u
n]TunIiy
>]mvRmH]>]jvu
ti>umnuek]]yi>uu
`u
muNpu
priuE}].
aviTue div]n]yi>u Eksvpi O>il A mH]>]j]vu
ti>umnie aTul, "v} zpk]>vuh ek]c{i>]jYh kUTi
piTic{Tiy]le]em[ aTiyn[ AzgHmu[" `riyic{u.
aE]L mH]>]j]vuti>umnuek][, "|E]<e ep>uTil
88

e`tiHYm]
mUie k][ at[ ax]DYhtey]f[. xhsymueil
EksvN ek]c{iyiE]h Ep]yi aviTue xVB]vh Ak]eT
O[ ariuEp]>U" `>uiec{y[tu. aute Eksvpi
div]Nji
ek]c{iyiEu
pureu.
tZUfiuereyi,
sNti>umnie Ou k]lek]]em[ aviTue Exvk
M]>ie]>]L muK]>h ti>umnriyiukyuh ti>umuNp]ek
ec}]N k[pny]vukyuh ecy[tu. Eksvpi div]Nji
k]f]n]yi ec xmyh sN ti>umnuek][ tZy{il
v]umU>iiTic{u kiE]yil ]ie]i>iuky]yi>uu.
ti>umnie kE]Le div]NjiyueT EdHh viyRukyuh
virc{utuTukyuh ecy[tu. aTuuec}]N Byh Et]uky]l
ake niu vic{u. aE]L ti>umnuek][ "`] dUe>
nilut[? aTuuv>U" `[ a>uiec{y{uky]l Eksvpi
ve> ByE]TukUTi aTuu ec}ukyuh ti>umnuek][
kuszps[n]n>h "Eksven k]le]]emu n]h ve>
n]]yi
vic]>iuu.
|E]L
k]f]N
xhgtiy]ytu
xE]Sm]yi.
Eksven
n]h
nueT
xVm]]yi]fu
vic]>iut[" `>uiec{y{ukyuh tZeeyii>u v]uh >u
eeky[uh vI>sZhKyuh O>u kuu p]vumuuh k[pic{u
ek]Tuu y]ztyyy[ukyuh ecy[tu. Eksvpi xE]S
E]Tuh ByE]Tuh kUTiy]f[ x]nL v]ie]u
ti>umuNpilniu
Ep]yt[.
aEHh
ti>uvnpu>ei
mH]>]j]vuti>umnie ti>umuNp]ek ecE]L, "`e}]
m]f[ EksvN Ep]yiu vRm]nL. Eksve AzgHh
PiuEm]. `u Et]uu?' `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. "A
ti>umnie k][ ax]Yh tey]f[" `u Eksvpi
ti>umnriyiukyuh "atu w]N muNEp te pri>uiE}?
aEHie aTul Eksve vidYey]uh pukyi}.
aEHh O>u >]jxihHm]f[" `[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh ecy[tu.
an>h kurc{uk]h k<iE]L viyu>]N
tIeu. A viy tu>]i ci Ayi>uueviuh epey
89

e`tiHYm]
E]etey]f[ sN ti>umnuek]u vic]>ic{uEp]t[.
atin]l svxhx[k]>h mut]ytin[ aviTuukUTi kUTukyuh
ti>uvi (pih) aTiyi>h Ekmm]yi nTukyuh ecy[tu.
O>u ek]}e pidI sN ti>umnuek]uh y]viDi
Ac>ic{u. ti>um]xmTiyi>h `rf]kuuvc{u ve> Bhgiy]yuh
ekEmm]yum]f[ k[pic{u nTiyt[. |en Ekmm]yie]>u
ti>um]xh |tunumuu]yiie}[ avieT kUTiyi>u xk
jnuh xtic{u. `iuh A ti>um]xinu xV[pm]yi[
O>]Eph vukUTi. xdYvky[u Evu pWx]>y[[
~[pic{i>ut[ ek]c{iyil O>u viy kc{vT]>n]yi>u
EdvE>sifi `e]>u ek]ifiey Ayi>uu. ay]L
pWx]> y]k]h `ic{uek]Tu]etyi>utin]l xdYy[u
pWx]> vi]N xV[ph t]mxh vuEp]yi. viiyE]L
D]>]h viieyiuh atu Evu xmy]yi} `u ci
zb]fR AEph pru. A AEph tIRutin]yi
sNti>umnuek]u nU>i]TM]Ru n]uh nU>im]Ru
mUuh, `z]M]R, ti>umu[p]TM]R mut]yvRu >uh
p>Edszb]fR[ Ouh av]xikL[ a>yuh >Up]vIth
zptizgHhek]Tuu. zptizgHh ptivil kUTutl kiiyE]L
`}]vRuh ve> xE]Sm]yi. muE AEpic{i>uvR
teyuh pie x[tutic{utuTi. tZivEp>UR v]DY]NnU>i,
eevdikM]R, zpBuM]R mut]yi ti>um]xmTiyi>iu vu
kUTiyi>u Ey]gYM]Re}]h piE divxh vNmuri xdYk<i
tie EsSh ti>umnuek][ y]zkmh x]nuh k[pic{u
ek]Tuu xE]Siic{[ ave>yuh y]zt ayc{u. a[ a]<
mmZEtu k<iu piuruin[ `<u]r]yE]L pfi>u
viyki]en ti>umuNp]ek v>ui, "EdvE>sN pWx]>
xmyin[ `ic{uti>uie}u viv>h pfi>uh arii
>iumE}]. ave p]Ru ek]c{iyil Ek]y[k]ky]l ne
kU]I[ `u Evfemu vic]>ic{]yi>ifm[ avN aen
ecy[tt[. atin]l n]e >]vie w]nuf>uE]L kfi
k]Fm]N tvh ave t `e muNpil ek]uv>fh.
90

e`tiHYm]
ek]c{iyil Ek]v]til aTy[utinu muNp[ aku kTfh.
atin]l |E]Le ep]y[E]U. w]N \r]N Ep]kuu"
`>uiec{y[tiu piuriien<ui.
|vieT ek]c{IE]yueTyuh EdvE>sifiyueTyuh iti
eyi xV[ph viv>iEiyi>iuu. |E]L zbiISuek]c{i
`u pryeTu h pu ek]c{I>]j]vie vky]yi>uu.
Ep]RugIuk]R AdYh ek]c{iyil v xmyh av>ueT
aEpzpk]>h A h >]j]v[ avRu ek]Tuyuh
>]j]vie anumtiEy]TukUTi avieT O>u Ek] ekiukyuh
ecy[tu. Ek]yueT pTi]ruvsh xmuzdvuh vTuvsh a<iyuh
(turumuKvuh) kiTumu]iukyuh >umUu Ek]v]tiu
ku]ic{u Ek]v]tile}]h p]]>ueT k]vEReTu
ukyuh ecy[ti>uu. pumfimutl n]umfive> Ek]v]ti
ukL aTc{iTuk ptiv]yi>utin]l A xmy[ ARuh
Ek]y[kuniu purEuh akEuh gt]gtL
ecy[v]N nivZiyi}]yi>uu. Ek]v]tiukL aTc{i>u
xmyil Ek]y[kuh p]]>ueT k]vu]yi>uu.
Ep]RugIxuk]R aviTh viuEp]ytie EsSh A h
]R eekvseTui. av>uh ~kEdsh Aru ek]}E]h
Ep]RugIxuk]e>E]e eexnYxEmth avieT]Ri>uu.
]R avieTniu Ep]ytie EsSm]f[ A h
|hg}ISuk]>ueT eekvsm]yiIRt[. tdn>h Ek] nsic{u
Ep]vukyuh A inu "zbiISuek]c{i" `u n]mh xii
ukyuh ecy[tu. |zpk]>m]kuu zbiISuek]c{iyueT c>izth.
|ni EdvE>sifieyuric{u pry]h.
EdvE>sifi viy Dnv]nuh p il kc{vTh
nTi vi>u Auh ek]ifikueT zpD]ne m]y
ti>umEdvxVie aDik]>iyum]yi>uu. `um]ztm}, xk
ek]ifikuh ay]ueT v>utiyium]yi>uu. ay]ueT s
il k]>YM]>uh kfe<uuk]>uh gumx[tM]>uh Esvuk
]>uh mum]yi aEnkh Ep>umu]yi>uu. ay]ueT zpD]ne
91

e`tiHYm]
kc{vTvuh Bvnvuh ek]c{iyil Ek]y[k]yi>utin]l
ay]Lu ek]c{I>]j]vienE]uh Byvuh bHum]nvuh \]yi
>ui}. a]u Ek] ]>ueT eekvsm]yi>utin]l
ave>uric{um]ztEm ay]Lu xV[ph bHum]nmu]yi>u
uU. |zpk]>m]yi>uu EdvE>se iti. |ni zpkZtil
zpEvsi]h.
k[pn Ekm]ztyil viyki]N te a>v]uh
kurc{u pfvuh `Tuuek][ O>u vWiyil kyri ek]c{iyil
|rukyuh Ek]v]til aTy[utinumuu Ek]y[ku
kTukyuh ecy[tu. ki]N p]iks]yil ecE]L
EdvE>sN ae pi>ivieyuh v>vuecvukueTyuh kfu
kL p>iEs]Dic{uek]i>iuky]yi>uu. EdvE>sN ki]en
kyuTen (O>u kEx> cUi]fic{i[) "yjm]nN |vieT
|>i]mE}]. `] |o >]ztiyil |E]u puret[? viEsSic{u
v} k]>YvumuE]?" `u Ec]dic{u.
ki]N: kurc{u pin[ atY]vsYm]yi]f[ w]N vt[.
EdvE>sN: |tinu yjm]nNte buimui v>f
emi}]yi>uu. O>]e ayc{]l Evu x]m]nuhek]u
w]nE]u v>um]yi>uE}].
ki]N: w]Nte vu v]ie]u ec}fem]f[
k[pn. v}ve>yumyc{]l s>iy]vukyie}]f[ ti>umnie
vic]>h. \Ten Evfemuh w]Nte Evfemum]f[ k[pic{t[.
k[pny]ytuh |E]]f[. atin]]f[ beu w]Nte
Ep]t[. Ae, peTuU, En]e.
EdvE>sN: t]<[t>h pukL m]ztEm |vieT |>iuuU.
Eml>h puke}]h m]ikyueT muki]fi>iut[.
ki]N: aDikh
t>iuh kurc{u Evfh.

Evtu
92

Eml>i]f[.

t]<[

e`tiHYm]
\Ten EdvE>sN t]<[t>h p[ ki]N priTE]h
muric{uek]Tuiu Em>h peTuutin]yi ki]En]TukUTi
m]ikyueT mukie niyiEu Ep]yi. avieT ecyuTen
EdvE>sN viEsSe ci put>eTuu Emsuru
vy[ukyuh >uEp>uh O]E>] kx]yii>uuek]u xhB]Sf
m]>hBiukyuh ecy[tu.
EdvE>sN:
pWx]>eyi]N
xV[ph
t]mxh
vuEp]ytuek][ `e Ep>il ti>uvuET]yi>iuh. aE}?
`e Ej]ii>ukLek]u w]n]>Yh a]ic{uEp]yi.
O]R vyuTen ek]Tuyy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
ki]N: ti>uvuEeT]uh
ti>umu]ek ec]l aet]e tI>uh.

x]>mi}.

nie]u

EdvE>sN: `e t]mxh A tu>]e >]jY]yi>ue


il `e k |E]L k<iyum]yi>uu. |o Ek]y[k]
ytuek][ Ouh Byh Et]ui}.
|en
O]E>]u
pruek]i>iutiniTyil
ki]N \p]yil a>v]eTu[ EdvE>se k<uin[ O>u
evu ek]Tuu. tlfh t muri[ t]e< vIfu. ki]N
A t O>u pil ep]tieTuuek]uEp]yi t]<Eu
Ep]u. EdvE>sN t]<E[ |riv>]ti>utin]uh >]zti
ve> aDikm]yi>utuek]uh ay]L m]ikyueT mukil
kiTuruky]yi>iuemu vic]>ic{[ ay]ueT BZtYM]>uh muh
t]<u kiTuri. ki]N EdvE>se tyuhek][
aE]Le avieT niiri. Ek]v]tiinu xmIph O>u
u eci>uu. n]umfiu Ek]v]til tur \Ten
puriri, aE]u Ep]y vWiyile kyri ki]N
`rf]kueukyuh Ek]viku ecE]L ti>umnu
ek]u piuruufRii}]yi>utin]l EdvE>se t
pilnieTuu piyrv]till eki tUI[ piuruu
93

e`tiHYm]
f>]n]yi k]unilukyuh ecy[tu. kurc{u xmyh k<i
E]L ti>umnuek]u piuruufRu piyrv]til
turu. A xmyh ti>umnu ek][ AdYh EdvE>se tyuh
>]mtu viy ki]enyum]f[ kfi kt[. ti>umnuek][
~vuh xE]Sic{u ki]En]T[, "pfiR kurc{u buimui
yi>iuh, `iuh vic]>ic{ k]>Yh x]Dic{uvE}]; ve> xE]S
m]yi. pfiR viy DI>nuh n} sU>nuhte xhsymi}"
`>uiec{y[tu.
ki]N: |et]uh aTiye DI>tVvuh sU>tVvuh
x]mRYvuh muh ek]u x]Diut}. ti>umnie
k[pnyueT siek]u m]zth. k[pnyueil |tie]L
viy k]>YL x]Diutinuh ARuh k<iyuh.
ti>umnuek][: Ae, pfiR |e Ouh \riyi
>iyi}E}]. Ep]yiiTu kurc{urU. `e kuiyuh \ofuh
k<iyuE]L pfie> |vieT k]ffh. |E]L ep]y[E]U.
k[pn EkyuTen ki]N ti>umu]ek niu Ep]vuk
yuh ti>umnuek][ EdvE>se t \Ten k]yil eki
]<[ic{iu nI>]Tukui, amZEtu mut]ytin[ `<uukyuh
ecy[tu.
ti>umnuek][ amZEtu k<i[ `<uiyE]E<uh
viy ki]N ti>umu]ek `i. ki]enyuTen
ti>umnuek][ "pfiR kurc{ukUTi buimuEiyi>iuu.
EdvE>se zp]Bvvuh zpt]pvuh nimih ek]c{iyiu
ek]ifike}]v>uh te ~vuh gRv{iM]>]yiIRiu[.
atin]l ek]c{iyil Ep]yi xk ek]ifikueTyuh av>ueT
EdvxVieyuh xk jhgmxVuuh ek]yiu kuiv]>i
|vieT ek]uv>fh. |tiE[ AvsYmu eexnYeUeT
ek]uep]y[E]U" `>uiec{y[tu. viy ki]N \Ten
eexnYxEmth
ek]c{iyiei
ek]ifikueT
xVvuh
94

e`tiHYm]
EdvxVhvkyum]yu xk xVuuh ek]yiu kuiv]>i
uTiyE]L
ek]ifike}]h
p>vs>]yiI>ukyuh
av>ueT vizgHh kUTi ki]N |ieyTuu ek]u
Ep]Eyuemu sic{[ av>il ciR A vizgHmiieyTuuh
ek]u ti>uvit]hkUriei aByh zp]piukyuh ecy[tu.
ki]N av>ueT B>fip]ztuh ep]Neviuh
pfvuh >t[nvuem}]h ek]uEp]yi ti>umu]ekvc{u. \Ten
ti>umnuek][, "|vey}]h nueT |oTuvy[pil ek]uEp]yi
xUie" `u k[piukyuh ki]N avey}]h
|oTuvy[pil ~[piukyuh ecy[tu. "ti>um EdvxVh vk" `u
Ep>uevIu p]ztuh muh |E]<uh tZUfiur |oTu
vy[pil k]fuu[.
O>il sNtu>]N ti>umnuek]u ti>uvnpu>h
pfvuh >]mvRmH]>]j]vuti>umnieyuh Ou k]ffemu
niyic{[ aeWu BZtYM]E>]TuhkUTi aE]e<uei. aviTu[
ti>uvnpu>eiyt[ O>u divxh evu]Nk]]yi>uu.
AdYhte mH]>]j]vien kuky]emu niyic{u viy
ek]]>iEe<ui. aE]L, mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u
piuruufRu purEe<uiyie}uh atin[ ~kEdsh
>u
n]<ikkUTi
t]mxmu]Ey]emuh
tvf]>N
pryuky]l
mH]>]j]vu
piuruuf>uEE<uh
ci
L kiu ti>ic{uv>]emu niyic{[ sN tu>]N
ti>umnuek][ \Ten avieTniu pureu. aviTu[ O]E>]
L k[ zkEmf kuti>]yil ecei. aE]L
fyu]y ci O]h t>h kuti>kL ve> cTc{uh
Ific{umi>iut]yi ku. "]yh vic]>iuk]>envieT?"
`u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. \Ten ci kuti>]R "vic]>iu
k]>nu[ |t] v>uu" `u cUi]fic{uek]u pru.
vic]>iuk]>N aTuE]L ti>umnuek][ "|o kuti>kL
|en Ific{i>iuet]f[?" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u.
95

e`tiHYm]
vic]>iuk]>N: cit[ aenyi>iuh at[ avyueT
xVB]vm]f[.
sN ti>umnuek][: |tu xV]B]vikm]yiu If
m]efu Et]ui}. s>iy]yi pu}uh muti>yuh muh ek]Tu]l
|v |en Ifiuvy}.
vic]>iuk]>N: `]l aeny]yie]e.
ek]u tniu nem]umi}E}].

atu

sN: `T] xV]miEzd]HI, `niu nem]uh \]yi}.


|o kuti>ke EvtuEp]e En]i >iutin]yi
niymiei>iu nI A vky[u sh v]i x]]Tu
k<ic{iu nie Ej]i nI s>iy]yi ecy{]et]ef]f[
Ec]dic{t[?
vic]>i[: |tu Ec]di]N tnieDik]>m]f[? t]ene
Em]v]Ef]?
sN: Em]ve}iuh anY]ym]y zpvZi k]l
ARuh Ec]di]h. kuti>kueT tIi]m]nLu ptivu
pfh v]i apH>iukyuh |o mi]zp]fike pifiyi
TukyumE} nI ecy{ut[? xV]miEzd]HI! niE]Tu Ec]dic{]l
mtiEy]? nie duS[zpvZiu x]nh |t] piTiEc{].
`>uiec{y[tiu vic]>iuk]>e eckiTu tZee
ek]ute O>Tivc{uek]Tuu. aTi ek] fil
vic]>iuk]>N niu ptic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek]u
BZtYxEmth avieTni[ `<uukyuh ecy[tu. O>u n]<ik
k<iE]L vic]>iuk]>nu Eb]Dh vIfu. \Ten ay]L O>u
viDil avieTniefIu xTmriyi]n]yi k>uek]u
viy ek]]>iei. aE]L mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u
piyryilniu
pure<uiytin]l
vic]>iuk]>N
96

e`tiHYm]
ti>umuilec{u
riyic{u.

>]vie

\]y

xhgtike}]h

ti>umn

vic]>iuk]>N: |vieT aTiyeey]e sii]nuh


>i]nuh aDik]>mu[. k[pic{[ `uecy[t]uh aet]e
aTiyL xHifh. atinu xTmi}. v}v>uem]e |vieT
v[ aTiye |eney]e ecy{utu viy xTm]f[.
|tienuric{[ k[pic{EnVSic{u EvtuEp]e ecy{fh.
mH]>]j]v[: A mnuSYN A>]yi>iuh? ay]ueT EvSh
`enyi>iuu?
vic]>iuk]>N:
O>u
nU>iy]ef]f[
Et]ut[.
pufUu[. tmuTi vRIu[. ky{il O>u v]umu[. ay]ueT
kUeT BZtYM]>umu[.
mH]>]j]v[: `]l ep>uTu mUI]yi>ifh. a}]et
y]Ruh |vieTv[ |en zpvRi]N eeD>Ymu]kuemu
Et]ui}. Ae, nI ep]y[E], w]N |tienuric{[
aEnVSi]h.
|en a>uiec{y[tu vic]>iuk]>en ayc{u. aE]
E<uh sN ti>umnuek][ ek]]>ie<ui. ti>umni
e k fil mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ aBYu]nh
ecy[tu tZy{uh piTic{uek]uEp]yi, Axnxl]>h ecy[ti>u
I[ ti>umnuek]uh |>u[ kuszps[n]dikL ecy[tu.
p>x[p>h kure]u xeeV>x}]ph ecy[ttie EsSh sN
ti>umnuek][, "|u w]N |viET O>u x]Hxh zpvRic{u.
at[ avieT arii>iumE}]. fyu]y A
O]>h kuti>kueT kiti kE]L `niu kurc{u
Ek]ph vuEp]yi. atuek]]f[ aen ecy[tt[.
mH]>]j]v[: aviTue zpvZi ve> \citm]yi. |tu
w]N ecEy{t]yi>uu. Ej]ii>ukuh Ood]xInYvuh
97

e`tiHYm]
nimih |o vk k]>Yil dZivy[]N `niu x]Di
ui}. atin]l |o kM]e>]e v}]et mUuEp]yi.
|v>ueT k>in[ |eney]e ciE]L ecEy{t]f[.
ae}il atu zkmiDikh vRic{uEp]kumE}]. Ae,
aviTu[
|E]u
pureTu
viv>h
muNkUi
`e
ariyi]et]f[? |vieT `E]L `i? vyuTen
]yiE]yi>iuEm] Ep]yt[?
sN: w]N a>uEf]dym]yE]L |vieTeyi. aE]L
|vieT
\rmufRii}]yi>utin]l
\fRu
puru
v>uE]E<uh ci e]e En]iu v>]emu
vic]>ic{u pureu. A v<i ]yiuh kyr]niTy]yi. A
kuti>kueT
p]>vsYh
ki[
`nie]uh
xHic{i}.
atuek]]f[ vic]>iuk]>en zpH>i]niTy]yt[. w]N
|E]u pureTfemu muNkUR vic]>ic{i>ui}. O>u divxh
aen Et]i. \Ten pureTukyuh ecy[tu. at]F muNkUi
ariyi]ti>ut[.
mH]>]j]v[: |vieT vieiuh k]ffemu Et]i
yE}]. atuh kUT]et k<ic{uky]emu vic]>i]tu te
B]gYh. Ae, |ni nmuu kui mut]ytu k<i]N Ep]k]h. En>h
aDikm]yi>iuu.
|en kurc{uEn>h p>x[p>xhB]Sfh k<itie
EsSh nI>]u kui, amZEt[ mut]ytin]yi >u ti>uEmni
m]>uh `<ui. sN ti>umniE[ `<ui]mxiu
tinu zpEtYkem]>u ek]]>h O<iuek]Tui>uu. `iuh
amZEtu >u ti>uEmnim]Ruh O>umic{u O>u ute
y]yi>uu. >]mvRmH]>]j]vu ti>umnie AtiYh xVIk>ic{u
ek]u sNti>umnuek][ xuKm]yi n]u divxh
ti>uvnpu>[
`<ui]mxic{u.
atiniTy[u
>u
ti>uEmnim]>uh O>umiec{<ui ti>uvnpu>u zpD]n
e}]h xRsic{u.
98

e`tiHYm]
O>u divxh \c{ti>i xmyh >u ti>uEmnikuh kUTi
k>uEvu> m]ikyueT mukil O]E>] xhgtikeuric{u
xhB]Sfhecy[tuek]i>iutiniTy[[ >]mvR mH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][, "|o m]ikyueT mukil niu t]<Eu
c]T]N Ae>iumu]kuEm]?" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u "O]EH],
\]vuh" `u sNti>umnuek][ a>uiec{y[tu. atu Ek
mH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][
te
aTul
nii>u
BZtYM]E>]T[ "`] c]T]Em]?" `u k[pic{[ Ec]dic{u. avR
O]E>]>u>uh mukilniu t]E<u En]Iu zpy]xm]efu
B]vil piM]ri niu. aE]L sNti>umnuek]u te
BZtYM]>ueT Ene> Ou k[pic{u En]i. ave>}]v>uh \Ten
t]<Eu c]Ti. `}]vRuh O]E>] t>il p>iukL pi.
ciR Eb]D>Hit>]vukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten >]mvR mH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][, "ave> `Tuu ek]uEp]yi cikiXie.
k<iyutuh Evgil ave> xuKeTufh" `>uiec{y[tu.
k[pn
Ek
m]ztyil
ciR
v[
ave>
`Tuu
ek]uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu.
sN ti>umnuek][ n]u divxh k<iu ti>iec{<u
]yE]L A y]zty[u Evu xkxok>Yuh k]>Y
uem}]h >]mvRmH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u zpEtYkh
k[pic{u chekiytin]l v<iu y]et]>u buimuinumiTy]
k]et sN ti>umnuek][ xxuKh ti>iey tZUfiuer
`<uei. A `<uuvky[u Eviv ecvu mu<uvnuh
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]]f[ ecy[tt[.
m]ikyueT mukilniu c]Ti p>iukL pi cikiXyil
ti>uvnpu>u t]mxic{i>uvR O>u m]xhek][ xuKEeT
}]h m]ri pURv{itiey zp]pic{u. an>h mH]>]j]vuti>umnu
ek][ ave> ti>umuNp]ek v>ui, "niL `u vic]>ic{]f[
m]ikyueT mukilniu c]Tiyt[?" `u k[pic{[ Ec]dic{u.
aE]L avR, "aTiyL ap[EP]L c]Tiyie}il aTiy
ueT k aE]Le k<iyuh; c]Tiy]l O>u xmyh jIvic{u
99

e`tiHYm]
evuh v>]mE}] `u vic]>ic{i]f[ c]Tiyt[" `u ti>umnri
yic{u. atu Eku ti>umnuek][ ve> xE]Siukyuh
av>ueT xV]miBieyuric{[ ~vuh zpshxiukyuh avRu
pviD x]nL k[pic{u ek]Tuu xE]Siic{yy[ukyuh
ecy[tu.
sNti>umnuek][ tZufiuer `<uiytie
EsSh aDikh t]mxiy]et tZsivEp>URe<uukyuh >u
m]xE]h avieT t]mxiutinu niyiukyuh ecy[tu.
A k][ anujN tu>]M]R tueT \pEd]v]y
tuun]TNxV]miy]et tZUfiuer v>uukyuh kurc{udivxh
xl]>pURv{h t]mxiic{tie EsSh gu>udifyuh muh
k<ic{u xE]Siic{yy[utinu niyiukyuh ecy[tu. |o
xhgti `enEy] sN ti>umnuek][ ariyukyuh "w]N
kUTi tZUfiuer vu vic{[ anuzgHh v]iy}]et xV]mi
y]e> y]ztyyy[>ut[" `e]>u ti>uev<u[ |ytu>]e
EpRu tZUfiury[u ayy[ukyuh ecy[tu. ti>uev<uu
k[ |y tu>]N ve> xE]Siukyuh "Ejn[ |o
k]>Yil
tZp[tiyie}]yi>uu
w]N
vic]>ic{i>ut[.
ti>uev<uu ki[ aen Et]ui}. aviETuh xV]miey
uric{u ve> Biyuh bHum]nvumueu ti>uev<uu
x[pm]kuu[" `u aviTue anujn]y vI>Ek>
tu>]En]T[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh xV]miy]e> ayy[]et avieT
t]mxiiukyuh ecy[tu.
an>h pu divxh k<iE]L sN viytu>]N
ti>umnuek][ tZufiuer `<uukyuh \Ten xV]miey
ec{u k]fukyuh k]<[ckLvc{u vic{u kuszps[n]dikL
ecy[tu y]ztyyy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
xV]miy]e> EQ]iyil
(Emn]vil)
yi
v]dYEG]SE]TukUTiy]f[
ayc{t[.
Ek]v]tilve> sNti>umnuek]u anuy]zty]yi `<u
ukyuh avieTeyiyE]L xV]miy]e> |riey<uic{u
t]e<yi>uukyuh "`z]M]Ruh Bx[mh kuriyiTuk ve> niY
100

e`tiHYm]
m]fE}]; atuek]u D]>y]ve" `[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh
sNti>umnie k[pnzpk]>h O>u vWi nirc{u c]>h
ek]<ue ki avieT vc{i>utu mu<uvnuh xV]miy]>ueT
si>il aBiESkh k<ic{[ avieTni[ ayy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
|tu ki[ anujN tu>]M]Ru xHi]Nvy{]et
vYxnvuh Ek]pvumu]yi. `iuh sN ti>umieuric{u
Byh nimih avR `}]h xHic{u mone avhbic{uek]u
te niu. A xV]miy]R au Ep]yiu pie sNti>u
mnie k]h k<iyutuve> ek]c{I>]jYu kTii}.
O>il
sNti>umnuek][
`rf]kuuniu
tZivEp>UR[ O>u O]TivWiyilyri `<uiyp[EP]L
|Ty[uvc{u vTuni[ O>u vWi v>utu ku. A vWi
aTuu vE]L atii>ui>u O>u Ex]my]ji (Ec]m]ti>i)
"|iT[ | Ec]m]ti>i |u >]vie m>ic{uEp]yi>iu
tin]l aEHie Ep>iu p]nh `ni]i>fh"
`u ti>umnriyic{u. O>u Ec]m]ti>i m>ic{]l A vRm]nh
AdYh ec[ ti>umnriyiu AL]f[ m>ic{ AL[
ptivu pfi<iyueT avk]sh. aen AdYh ec[ ariyi
utie EpR "vI<i}h pryuk" `]f[. Ec]m]ti>i vI<i}h
pryuTen ti>umnuek][, "Ae aten ecy{]h.
Ec]mti>i |o v<i |ni ti>uvnpu>E]efil `e |o
O]TivWiyilyri Ep]y[E]u. `]l Evgie]h. w]N
Ec]m]ti>iyueT vWiyiuh ep]y[e]]h" `[ a>uiec{yu{ k
yuh azpk]>h p>x[p>h vWi m]rukyuh ecy[tiu vWi]E>]T[,
"n]E \diutinumuE niL Ec]m]ti>iey kuEsK>
e>um]ueT muieifh" `ukUTi a>uiec{y[tyy[u
kyuh ti>umnuek]u Ec]m]ti>iyueT vWiyile `<u
ukyuh ecy[tu. a[ aR>]ztiy]yE]L O]TivWi '|Tv'
` ei. avieTniu ti>uvnpu>Eu vWiu
Ep]kuv]N
a]u
m]Rmi}]ti>utin]l
vWi]R
Ec]m]ti>iey ekieyTuuh ek][ O]Ti. O>u viDil En>h
101

e`tiHYm]
evuE]E<uh avR Ec]m]ti>iey ti>uvnpu>u viy
ek]]>ieic{u. mH]>]j]vuti>umnuek]u piuruu
fRu pure<uiy \Ten Ec]m]ti>i, "|iT[ |
Ec]m]ti>i |e >]vie m>ic{i>iuu. atin]l aEHie
Ep>iu p]nL `e Ep>il ptic{ut>utinu kln
yu]kfh" `u ti>umnriyic{u. atu EkE]L, Aru
divxe v<iuru]y[ O>u vRm]nh aruptu n]<ik
k<iyutinu
mu[
O>]L
|vieT
vu
pryfemil
sNti>umnie
xH]yh
kUT]et
x]Diuayie}u
ti>umnil
Et]uky]l
mH]>]jvu
ti>umnuek][
Ec]m]ti>iEy]T[, "Ep]>u v<iu ep>uTilmUie k]fukyu
]Ey]? `u klic{u Ec]dic{u. \Ten Ec]m]ti>i, "ku;
`um]ztm}, aviTu[ aviTue O]Ti vWiyilyi `[
|[ \diutinu muE |vieTeyinemu vWi]E>]Tu
zpEtYkh cheki ayy[ukyuh ecy[tu. atuek]]f[ w]N
|zt Evgil |vieT `iyt[. `iuh mUztvixRninu
k>y[ir]et vWi]R `e ve> buimuic{u" `riyic{u.
aE]L ti>umnuek][, "Ae, Ec]m]ti>i |vieT]mxiU.
A buimuiniTy]k]et w]N ayc{uek]]h. Ec]m]ti>i
Ep]kuE]L prE Ep]k]vuh. |E]L viu vWi]R
mTiE]y[e]e" `u k[piuky]l A vWi]R
mTiE]vukyuh Ec]m]ti>i ti>uvnpu>u t]mxiukyuh
ecy[tu. n]Wu divxh k<iE]L Ec]m]ti>i y]ztyriyic{u.
\Ten mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u klic{u Ec]m]ti>iey O>u
vWiyilyi, piEdivxh aEHe tZivEp>ue>if
emuh v<iu k]fu kTvukie}]miri mUztvixRnh
k<iifemuh zpEtYkh klic{yc{u. klnzpk]>h vWi
]R Ec]m]ti>ieyyuh ek]u pureu. v<iu kTvuk
ie}]h avR Ec]mti>iey k>y[iri mUztem]<iic{u.
Ec]m]ti>iu mUztvixRnh Eveu pr]uh vWi]R
xtiukyi}. kln hGi]N p]Tie}u pr[ avR
Ec]m]ti>ieyiTic{u k>y[iri mUztem]<ii]et O>u kTvuh
102

e`tiHYm]
kTuEp]yi}. Ouh Eveu Ec]m]ti>i pr]uh vWi]R
niRbic{[ aEHee][ kurec{iuh mUztem]<iiuh.
aen ek]uEp]yi avR aEHe piEdivxh te
tZivEp>Ue>ic{u. Ec]m]ti>i sNti>umnie ti>umu]ek
ec{E]L "`] Ec]m]ti>I, xuKm]yi Ep]yiEp]u, |E}"
`u klic{u Ec]dic{u. aE]L Ec]m]ti>i, "aE]u Ep]y
E]L mUztvixRninu k>ir]etyuh |E]u Ep]
E]L `niu Eveiuh niRbic{uh vWi]R `e ve>
buimuic{u. at}]et viEsSem]umu]yi}" `u ti>umn
riyic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][,"Ec]m]ti>i[ O>u zp]vsYh kUTi
ti>uvnpu>E]h Ep]yiv>]Em]" `u klic{u Ec]dic{u.
atinu mrupTiy]yi Ec]m]ti>i,"niL til mX>iuti
en]e buimu]N w]N EvfEm]? atu kUT]et k<ic{]l
e]]h" `ufRic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][, "buimu]ef
ueil Evfemi}" `>uiec{y[tu Ec]m]ti>iy ayc{u.
sNti>umnuek][ aviTue eentY]>y[[ O>u
vITu pfiyic{u ek]Tuu. pu>pfikur tIRu p]uk]c{[ aTu
E]L eentY]>, "p]uk]c{Tiyi>h O>uviDh Ekmm]yuh Bhgi
y]yuh nTiy]le]em[ aTiyn[ AzgHmu[. Eds]e>
ey}]h fic{[ O>u xdY nTiy]le]em]f[ aTiye
AzgHh" `u tI>umnriyic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][,
"atien] viE>]Dh? cuuvie |hEp]ey]kmE}]. xdYy[[
Evu vLu cuute O>u vE>Y] `<utiEU.
azpk]>em}]h chekiEy]h" `>uiec{y[tu. eentY]>
Evu x]m]nLe}]h O>u vE>Y] `<utie]Tuukyuh
A vE>Y]zpk]>em}]h klic{u cheki vhkUiukyuh
ecy[tu. xdYyueT vem]e ve> Ekmm]yi>uu. a>im]zth
vE>Y]yie<ut]N eentY]> mruEp]yi>utin]l atum]zt
mi}]yi>uu. aTiyi>divxh kriuevuh EdHvuem}]h
k<iu. xdYy[u klnzpk]>h Eds]e>ey]e fic{i>u
tin]l ave>}]v>uh vu. xdYy[[ |vy[ukyuh
103

e`tiHYm]
`}]v>uh \]ni>iukyuh xk viBvuh viukyuh
ecy[tu.
Ec]rum]ztmi}.
aE]<]f[
Ec]ru]iie}u
eentY]> arit[. klnzpk]>h vhkUi nTu
aTiyi>m]ky]l
`}]h
muru
nTuemu
vic]>ic{[
eentY]> |Ty[e]uh aEnVSic{i>ui}. `}]v>uh \]ni
>uuk<iiri]l pie nivZiey]umi}E}]. `}]v>uh
Ec]ru kUT]et xdYyUfuh k<ic{uEp]yi. |tu eentY]>y[u
viy apm]ninuh kuf[itinuh k]>f m]yi. eentY]>
ti>umu]ekec{[ |tienuric{u ve> mnx[t]pE]TukUTi
xTmriyic{u. aE]L ti>umnuek][,
"cuu vE>Y]yil a>i `<utiyi>ui}]yi>iuh. at]f[
Ec]ri}]etyi>ut[. at[ |ni prtuek]u zpEy]jnem]
umi}]E}]" `>uiec{y[tu.
pu ek]c{i>]jYu pfiR, ky[mL, kR]v[ |en
p n]Tuv]<ikumu]yi>iu. ave>}]v>uh viy Dnv]M]>uh
gRv{iM]>um]yi>uu.
av>il
ciR
m]ztEm
>]jEB]gh
ek]Tuuh >]jk[pn anux>ic{uh nTi>uuu. miv>uh
>]jEB]gh ek]Tu]etyuh >]jk[pn
anux>i]etyuh
nTu muS[>M]>]yi>uu. azpk]>mu Di]>ikeey}]h
sN ti>umnuek][ piTic{mRukyuh av>ueT xRv{xVvuh
ek]ecy[tu kuiv]>i apH>iukyuh ecy[tu. `]l
>]jEB]gh s>iy]yi ek]Tuukyuh k[pnynux>ic{u nTukyuh
ecy[ti>uve> ti>umnuek]u EvtuEp]e >iukyuh
xH]yiukyuh ecy[tuek]i>uu.
Emlpr n]Tuv]<ikueT kUil "mu>iy]Tu nY]R"
`e]>u]yi>uu. ay]L j]tiyil n]y>]yi>uu. nY]R
`utu k[pic{[ ek]Tu O>u ]nE>]yi>uu. ay]ueT
Bvnil xtiyi}]et OTuh O>u vZ m]zth EsSic{u.
atin]l
A
x[ztI
te
kuTuhbiEu
cie>
deTufemu niyiukyuh A viv>h sNti>umnie
104

e`tiHYm]
aTul ariyiukyuh ecy[tu. A kuTuhbh ~vuh
Dnpuiyut]yi>utin]l
av>ueT
vx[tuvkke}]h
eekvseTufemu \EsYE]TukUTi sNti>umnu
ek][ A x[ztIyueT EpR[, "dinu Evuet}]h vhkUi,
divxvuh muHURvuh niyic{u viv>mriyic{]l deTu]nu
ve>yuh ek]u w]nvieT vuek]h. w]N ek]uv>uve>
a}]et Ever Ae>yuh deTuuEp]kyum>ut[" `e]>u
k[pnyyc{u.
A x[ztI azpk]>h dinu Evuet}]h vhkUi
mUHURvuh niyic{u viv>h ti>umnriyic{u. mUHURxmym]y
E]L pu>uSnuh x[ztIyum]yiu >u kuikeyuhek][
sNti>umnuek][ A e<ui. A kuikL O>u
t]e Ek]vikEt]yi>uu. kuikL t]e j]tiyiu
v>]ef[ ariE]L A x[ztIu xIm]tItm]y xE]S
mu]yi. \Ten die zkiykuh cTukuem]e mury[u
nTukyuh av k<itie EsSh xdY A>hBiukyuh
ecy[tu. xdY atiEkmm]yiu]yi>uu. aE]Le de
Tue kuikeyuh Bfini>ui. avR[ A vZ te
Ec]ru viie]Tuu. avR \]et viS]dB]vE]TukUTi
yi>utu ki[ vZ ti>umu]ekec{[ "aTiye avk]si
k]i deTuevR aTiyN viie]Tu ah
Bi]etyi>iuet]f[? |t[ aTiynu ve> xTk>m]f["
`ufRic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][ kuikE]Tu, "Ae,
\ofuk<iutinu viE>]Dmi}. piITu w]N En]ie]]h"
`[ a>uiec{y{ukyuh kuikL mnE]TukUTiye}iuh Bfh
k<iukyuh ecy[tu. duxhbic{u xdY mut]yvey}]h
k<itie EsSh A kuike avieTe t]mxiic{iu
ti>umnuek]u Ek]vikEe<ui. kurc{uk]h k<i
E]L A x[ztI m>iukyuh av>ueT EsSzkiykL A kui
kee]ute ecy{iukyuh ecy[tu.
105

e`tiHYm]
an>h sNti>umnuek][ eevdikM]R mut]yve>
v>ui, n]y>ueT ah Bic{ |o ztiyuike ~tu
itiyi]f[ |>uEet AE]cic{u. kuikL k[pney
ni>xi]N nivZiyi}]et v>uky]l mnukUT]et Bic{t]
ky]l avRu zB[ k[pi]N p]Tie}uh ave> O>u
zpEtYkj]ti]>]yi |>uEt]efuh av>ueT Ac]>
e}]h ztiye>E]e Ayi>iEt]efuh zkiy]dikL
mzh kUT]et zb]fR nTie]TuEt]efuh \pnynh
pUfUiT]et nTfemuh ave> Edv]yvuh zb]f]y
vumi}]]y O>u Eds[ O>u ndII>u t]mxiiEt]
efuh mH]zb]fR kUTiy]E]cic{u viDic{u. atin]l
ti>umnuek][ "my]UR" ` Eds[ avRe]>u Bvnh
pfik<iic{u ek]Tuukyuh ave> avieT]mxiiukyuh
av>ueT civinu ptiv]yi xR]>ilniu ek]Tuutinu
k[pic{[ ~R]Tuecy{ukyuh ecy[tu. A [ A kuikueT
vhsYM]R |E]<uh t]mxiuu[. av>ueT ecvin[ |E]<uh
ek]c{ixR]>ilni]f[
ek]Tuuv>ut[.
avR
AdYh
t]M]>]yi>utin]l ave> n]yM]R mut]yvR |E]<uh
viic{uv>utu t]M]e>u tey]f[. `]l nY]>ueT
kuTuhbil du Ekriyv>]ytuek][ zb]f>uh muh
ave> |E]<uh nY]M]e>]fu pruv>ut[. A kuTuhb
il OTuh EsSic{i>u x[ztI m>ic{tie EsSh av>ueT
xRv{xVvuh ek]c{ixR>iEu EcRu. p]ztuh pu
em}]h v>u[ ti>umnuek][ |oTuevy[pil evy[ic{u.
nY]>ueT p]ztiEMuh muh Ep>u eviyi>ut[
"mukupu>h" `]yi>uu. aen Ep>uevIu puh
p]ztuh tZUfiuer |oTuevy[il |E]<uh k]fuu[.
ti>uvnpu>e murjpie vuh Ekmuh muh
ci nU>im]R pruEki[ sNti>umnuek][ aet]e
Ou Ep]yi kuh anuBvic{uh mni]femuh niyic{[ O>u
murjp][ aE]upureu. p>iv]>e]uh kUT]et
106

e`tiHYm]
~vuh gUm]yi]yi>uu A `<u[. O>u kTY]vuB]vuh
OE>]uTyuh O>u vTiyum]yi O>u nU>iyueT mi]f[
`<uiyt[. murjpk]u v<i[ O]E>] iuh nU>i
m]Ru Bfinu xR]>ilniu Ekmm]yi vhkUiyi>iu
mE}]. ti>umnuek][ A ie]eyiri nU>im]>ueT
kUil amZEtu k<ic{uek]]f[ `<ueiyt[. `iuh
|osV>]nukuYhek][ v<i[ ariyuv>]>uh ki}. aen
zkEmf ti>uvnpu>ei. ptIRil Oe>]tuiy
iri,
kuTyuh
vTiyuh
B]vuh
k>y[uvc{iu
nI>]ukuiyuh nitYkR]nu]n]dikuh k<ic{u sIEviu>yil
ec{[ amZEtu k<ic{u. aE]<uh A>uh krii}.
amZEtu k<iu eek k<uk]n]yi En>e nI>]ukui k<ic{
kTvile eciri eek k<uki. A xmyh >]mvR
mH]>]jvu ti>umnuek]u k>uEvu> m]ikyueT mukii
>uuek]u k]fukyuh kyueTen Ariyukyuh ecy[tu.
`iuh aviTu[ aE]L arit]yi B]viukyuh Ouh
zpvRiukyuh ecy[ti}. >]ztiy]yE]L ptIR>yi
e}]h k[pnzpk]>h tIevi (dIpyi) ek]uiiTiukyuh
ti>umnuek][
k>uEvu>m]ikyueT
mukiEe<ui
En]ie]i>iukyuh ecy[tu. kurc{uk<iE]L nU>im]R
a]<h k<iu eek k<uk]n]yi ptIRil viri
uTi. A kUil sNti>umnuek]u eek k<uk]nir
iyt[ >]vie nI>]ukui k<ic{ kTviley]yi>uu.
aE]<uh aviTue tZy{il O]uTyuh vTiyuh kTY]vu
B]vumu]yi>uu. aviTuu kTvil viriy \Ten
>]mvRmH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u >u p]e> viic{[
"vTE>yiu A |TuukTviiri eek k<uku A
kTY]vuB]]>en viic{[ |vieT ek]uv>fh. w]N pru
`u pr]l aEHh v>uh. niL bh zpEy]gic{u
ek]uv>femi}" `u k[pic{yc{u. p]]R O]Tiec{[
"k>uEvu>m]ikyil ec}]N k[pny]yi>iuu" `u
pru. "aEHh Ariuk<iu. |ni |vieT mTiukyuh
107

e`tiHYm]
Oiukyuh ecy{utu yum}" `u vic]>icu sN
ti>umnuek]u
Ene>
k>uEvu>m]ikyiEute
`<ui. `<uu Ek]vfic{uvi]yE]L >]mvR
mH]>]j]vuti>umnuek][ t]e< `<ui tZeey[u piTic{[
mukiEu ek]uEp]yi. Axn xl]>h ecy[titi>uI[
aviTuuh O>u kx]yii>iukyuh \Ten xhB]Sfm]
>hBiukyuh ecy[tu.
>]mvR: |ete]>u En>hEp]]f[? |o gUxW]>
ie \EsYem]f[?
sN: |eny]y]}]et |o EG]Se]e Evtu
Ep]e k]f]nuh muh x]Diyi}E}]. nU>im]>ueT bHuh
muh k]fukyuh A kUilec{u xdYyuuEn]ukyuh muh
ecy{utin[ |eny]y]}]et x]DiuEm]?
>]mvR: ati}. w]N at[ \oHi]ti>ui}. w]N
>]viete aviTueu. AzgHh x]Dic{uk<iye `u
vic]>ic{]f[ |tuve> mic{t[. |et]e aviET}]et
x]Diyi}.
sN: |ovk kvukL kupiTi]N aviETuh.
>]mvR: kUeT Ever A>u[?
sN: |t] |o kuTyuh vTiyuh B]vuh m]zth.
>]mvR. atuh auth te. BZtYM]>]>uh kUT]et
Evu k]>Ye]e xVyEmv x]Diu aviTue,
jnL senu pryutu y]Rhte. sN `u
Ep]>], xRv{sN `ute prEyt]f[. Ae, A
vTiku v]]yi>iumE}].
sN: atente. atuh |}]et tnic{u xW>iu
tu ciE]L Apl>m]yi vEumE}].
108

e`tiHYm]
>]mvR: `e
uem] vic]>ic{t[?

ariyi]et

mTiE]kfem]yi>i

sN: x]Dic{uevil aen Evfemutey]yi>uu


vic]>h. x]Diu k]>Yh ax]DYm]efuh vic]>i]et
yi>ui}.
>]mvR. Ae. k]f]N x]Dic{uvE}]; xE]Sm]yi. |ni
murjph k<ii[ Ep]y]l mti.
sN: atinu nivZiyi}. |ute ti>iey mT
fem]f[ vic]>ic{t[. atu etiyE}]. n]eeyiuh Ep]kfh.
>]mvR: Ae,atu n]e niyi]h. |E]L nmuu
kiT]N zsmi]h. En>h >]zti aDikm]yi.
|en xhB]Sfh avx]niic{tie EsSh >u
ti>uEmnikuh
piuruien<ui.
kuEsK>e>um]L
ti>umnie niRbh nimih sNti>umnuek][ A
zp]vsYvuh n]u divxh ti>uvnpu>[ `<ui]mxic{u.
>]mvRmH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u Evu BZtYM]e>yuh
muh
~ReTuie]Tuu.
>]jpdviEy]TukUTiey]f[
sNti>uEmniey avieT t]mxiic{i>ut[. ti>iec{<uiy
xmyh v<iu Evu xok>Ye}]h k[pnzpk]ah ch
ekiyi>uu `um]ztm}, ti>uvnpu>uniu Eb]ilyi
y]f[ tZUfiuer `ic{t[.
sNti>umnuek][ A>umriy]et ti>uvnpu>u
vuEp]kfemu vic]>ic{uvE}]. atinu pk>em]u pi
fem[ >]mvR mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u niyic{u.
`]l at[ AE>]Tuh k[pic{i}t]nuh. O>il ti>umnuek][
amidRsnin]yi eeve<uukyuh avieT ~t]nh
divxh t]mxiukyuh ecy[tu. an>h ti>iey `<utu
niyic{[ O>u divxh a]<mmZEtu k<iu Eb]ie<ui.
109

e`tiHYm]
Eb]u nI]r]yE]L tZUfiury[u piTie `uh
nim]yi>ifemuh Eb]u tZufiuer Eztinu
pTi]ruvsu
Et]ukTviTufemuh
k[pic{u.
azpk]>h Eb][ avieT aTu \Ten ti>umnuek][ O>u
x]D]>f mnuSYenE]e O>u muuh O>u Et]Rumuuh m]zt
muTuuek][ k>y[iri Ene> ki<E]u k]lnTy]yi
`<ui. auiei nI>]ukui k<ic{[, A |orN
te D>ic{uek][ aie<ui. O>u s>e]im]yuh
ptvuh nTy[uvc{u xV]midRsnh k<ic{u puriri. f
il Eb]ie<ui ti>iey `<ueukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L
avieT \Xvm]yi>uu `utey}, au tZE pur]Tum]
yi>uu. viien<uic{u pTi]Er nTyil Emh ep]Tiep]Ti
c{i>u xmy]f[ ti>umnuek][ xV]mdRsnh k<ic{[
`<uiyt[.
atin]l
A>uh
kriyutiniTy]yi}.
ti>umnuek][
ti>iey
`<ui
kurc{uk<iE]L
ap>icitn]y O>]L ail vu ve> vi piTiut]y
O>u s>e]im]yuh ptvuh nTy[uvc{u xV]midRsnh k<ic{u
Ep]yt]yi sNti>umniE[ arivukii. m]yuh ptvuh
v>ui p>iEs]Dic{E]L ptie purkuvs[ "ti>uvit]h
kuR >]mvR" `u Ep>ueviyi>iut]yiu. \Ten
Auke ayc{[ aEnVSic{E]L kurc{u xmyh muE pTi]er
Eb]ukTvil O>u Eb][ aTuu kiTi>uuevu atu
viuEp]yi[ ~kEdsh n]u n]<ik k<ii>iuuevuh
arivukii. |o vuEp]yt[ |]>efuh |tute piuk
y]f[ ecy[tetuh sNti>umnuek]u mni]ieyu
tu
viEsSic{u
pryfemi}e}].
>]mvRmH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][ piE divxh >]vi aue< `ukyuh A
v<i ti>uvnpu>in[ `<uukyuh ecy[tu.
>]mvRmH]>]j]vu ti>umnie
zpEtYk
zpItiu
p]ztIBvic{v>]yi Eksvpi div]Njiey kUT]et, kuWiui,
kuti>i, eevh pn]Bpi |en mUuEp>ukUTiyu]
110

e`tiHYm]
yi>uu `u m]ztm},zpxi m]zikn]yi>u EtvE>ini
yueT aTul siSYe[ \pEdsh v]Iu viy mzv]di
kum]yi>uu. avRu sztuueT AyuDEmu m>fh xhBvi
]etyi>iutin]yi EtvE>ini ave> > D>iiu
kyuh ecy[ti>uu. xVRkiTil >ey<uti av>ueT tuTkIri
tuTy[k]f[ ni > ]pic{i>ut[. av>ueT aut
kRuh muh viv>iutin[ O]E>]>ue>uric{uh zpEtYkh
zpEtYkh O]E>] \pnY]xL Eviyi>iutin]l atin]yi
|E]L
\Ymiui}.
|vieT
zpkZth
sNtu>]N
ti>umnie c>iztm]fE}]. atin]l A ti>uEmniyum]yi
kUTi]f]N
xhgtiy]yiu
kuWiuieyuric{um]zth
xVlh pruek]uu. kuWiui ti>uvnpu>u viy
ek]]>h xRv{]Dik]>Y]>]yi>utin]l aEHe `}]v>uh
x]D]>fy]yi pruvi>ut[ "kuWiui xRv{]Dik]>Y]R"
`]yi>uu.
O>il ek]c{iyuh ti>uvit]hkUruh tilEc{Rt]y
atiRi [ O>]n ku<iyil vIfu. atri[ A Aney
ku<iyilniu kyie][ Ep]k]n]yi kuWiui xRv{]Di
k]>Y]R Ep]yi>uu. kuWiui eiyE]E<uh
ek]c{IxR]>ilniu t]]nkeyuh muhek][ AukLv[
Aney ku<iyilniu kyi atiRi kTi<ii>uu.
kuWiui aTuuecu te mzsiek][ Aney
purEk]u nTi ti>ic{u ek][ v[ AnUi]iyTc{u.
|fvuh p>icyvuh v>] k]]ney piTi]En] tTu]En]
atie aTulec{]} En] ARuh x]DYm}E}]. atin]l
ek]c{iyilniu vvR Ouh ecy{]et En]ie]u
niEtyuu.
|o vRm]nh Eku sNti>umnuek]u ti>uvit]h
kUR mH]>]j]vu ti>umieER[ "avieT xRv{]Diy]yi>iu
kuWiuiey
Ou
k]le]]emu[.
atin]l
xok>YhEp]e
aven
|E]yc{]lek]]h"
`e]>u
111

e`tiHYm]
ti>uev<ue<utiyyc{u. ti>uev<uu kyueTen mH]>]jvu
ti>umnuek]u
xRv{]Dik]>Ye>
ti>umuNpil
v>u[,
"kuWiuiey Ou k]f]n]yiu tZUfiury[[ ayc{]l
ek]]emu ep>uTil mUie `<uu vi>iuu. `],
Ou Ep]yiv>]N vEy{" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. "kln
yueil viTek]]h" `u xRv{]Dik]>Y]R \fRi
ukyuh "Ae, Ou Ep]yi v>U. xUic{u Evfh. aEHh O>u
su]]v]f[. `iuh muNEk]ph ks]f[. EdSYh v]l
`uh zpvRiuh. aeny]f[ xVB]vh. Ariu ep>um]ri
e]]l mti'`u kliukyuh ecy[tu. xRv{]Dik]>Y]R
mH]>]j]vu ti>uEmniey vic{uek][ aute pureu.
n]]h divxh tZUfiuereyi. ExvkM]R muK]>h
anuv]dh v]ie]u ti>umuNp]ekecu. A xmyh sN
ti>umnuek][ kim]ikyueT v>]yil O>u kx]yil
`<uiyi>iuky]yi>uu. tZeeyil O>u v]umu]yi>uu.
xRv{]Dik]>Y]R aTuu evu vic{u. aE]L sN
ti>umnuek][, "kuWiuieyuric{[ D]>]m]yi Ekiu[.
k]f]N k<iii}. Ou k]l ek]]emu w]N vic]>ic{u
tuTIu ve> divxm]yi. |u kuvE}]; xE]Sm]yi."'
xRv{]Di: |vieT viTek]u tZ]dh ku vic{]lek]]
em[ aTiynuh vic]>i]ru[. atinu viDi |E aTiynu
Bic{uu.
sN: (tZy{ii>iu v]L k]fic{uek][) kuWiui
|tu kuEv]?
xRv{Di: `r]N, ecrut]yie][ aTiye eekyiumu[.
(`u pr[ a>yil Oic{uvc{i>u a>v]eTuu k]fic{u.)
sN: k]fe, atie]e]u t>u.
xRv{Di:
e]]h.

tZeei>iutu
112

|E]u

klic{ut]l

e`tiHYm]
(sNti>umnuek]u tZeeyii>u v]L k[pic{u
ek]Tuukyuh xRv{Dik]>Y]R t]fu et]<utiu >u eekyuh
nIi v]ukyuh ecy[ttie EsSh)
sN: |ni atiE]u t>>uEt]?
xRv{Di: nivZiyi}. |tu ti>uvit]hkU! mH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][ aTiynu k[pic{[ tiut]f[. |t[ aTiye
jIvnuE]L
te<
vy[ukEy]
me]>]ueT
ky{il
ek]TuukEy] ecy{ukyi}.
sN: `]l w]N tt[ |E]u tEu.
xRv{Di: aTiyn[ |viTueuric{uh Bi Ou kurvi}.
aviTu[ aTiynu klic{utt[ aTiyN ti>ic{ut>utu
m>Y]dy}E}]. atuh aTiyN aTiye jIvnuE]L t]e<
vy[ukEy] me]>]ueT eekyil ek]TuukEy] ecy[kyi}.
aTiynu
k[pic{uttu
ti>ic{u
v]utu
|vieTu
yuvum}E}].
sN: `T], xmR]! nI kuWiuiy}, Anuiy]f[.
xRv{]Di: |vieT vic]>ic{]l aTiyen Anuiy]]nuh
pUnuiy]]nu k<iyuh.
sN: Ae, xE]Sm]yi. kuEsK>e>um]ueT Auk
e}]h nueT xVm]f[.
`[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh O>u kuu p]vumuuh O>u vI>
sZhKyuhkUTi x]nm]yi klic{uek]Tuu. xRv{]Dik]>Y
]e> ayy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
ku<iyil vIf Aney ti>ic{uek]uEp]tienuric{u
v}tuh klic{uEc]diuEm] `u vic]>h xRv{Dik]>Y>ueT
mnil
x]m]nYiDikmu]yi>uu.
|osV>kZpek][
atieni y]et]uh klic{u Ec]dic{i}. ti>umnie AyuD
113

e`tiHYm]
Emu m>i]niTy]vukyie}u eeD>Ymu]yi>uueviuh
ti>umuNp]ekniu pi>iuEp]tie EsSEm xRv{]Dik]>Y
]>ueT mninu xm]D]nmu]yuu. xRv{]Dik]>Y]R tZUfi
urni[ aute pureTukyuh y]k]h ti>uvnpu>
ei tZUfiuer eciu]y xhgtike}]h viv>m]yi
ti>umnriyiukyuh ecy[tu.
sNtu>]N ti>umnuek]u ec]v{> ` Edsu
pu<v]yi O>u Ek]vikh pfik<iiukyuh A Ek]vik
ie etuvsh pu<y]yi>utin]l EsSh muu vsiuh
kiTu]iukyuh avieT O>u ek]Tim>h ]pic{u ek]Ti
tUiukyuh ecy[ttie EsSh ~t]nuh divxh avieT
`<ui]mxic{i>uu.
a][
O>u
siv>]ztin]L
ti>umnuek][ A Ek]viie muiri ]iek][
niE]L ci nU>im]R O>u Et]fiyilyri pu<yilUTi
Ep]kutu ki[, "|vieT OirIu Ep]kfh" `u
viic{>uiec{y[tu. \Ten nU>im]R Et]fi avieT aTuic{u
k>y[iri ti>umu]ekec{u. A xmy[ O>u m]iyueT
mUu tuc{u kyru Ek]RupiTic{uek][ v]dYEG]SE]TukUTi
>u BTM]R aven ti>umu]ek ek]uecu. \Ten ti>umnu
ek][ `E] O>u B]Syil O>u v][ A BTM]E>]T[ a>ui
ec{yu{ kyuh avR A m]ieyyuhek]u Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
|tu kE]L |tie k]>fvuh \EsYvuem]uh mni]k]
y[ky]l nU>im]R v}]et p>izBmic{uvs]yi. atu kE]L
ti>umnuek][,
"niL p>izBmiukyuh a]iukyuh Ouh Ev].
nie}]v>uhkUTi `E]]yi]f[ purei>iut[? atu
pryuk" `u a>uiec{y[tu. aE]L nU>im]R, "|u siv>]zti
y]fE}], wL \rem]<i]N Auv] mflurEu
Ep]vuky]f[" `ufRic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][, "`]l
niL[ |E]L Ep]k]h. n]e >]vie kui]Ntvh
nie}]v>uh
|vieT
v>fh"
`[
a>uiec{y{ukyuh
114

e`tiHYm]
"aeny]v]h" `u xtic{u nU>im]R
Et]fiyilyri Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.

aE]Le

piEdivxh >]vie ti>umnie nI>]ukuiyuh nitY


kR]nu]n]dikuh k<iE]E<uh nU>im]>uh ec]v{>
eyi, kuiyuh muh k<ic{uek]u ti>umu]ekec{u. \Ten
ti>umnuek][ avR[ O]E>] pvN d]nhecy[tu. pie
av>ueT Bfvuh ti>umnie amZEtuh muh k<itie
EsSh nU>im]R vIuh ti>umu]ek ecE]L "|e O>u
m]ieyiTic{[ |vieT ek]uvtu niuh kuvE}]. avN
|e >]zti O>u psuvien arut]yiEu. |enyu
duS[kZtYh nueT >]jYu nTuuky]efil w]N siv>]zti
zvth anuic{tuek][ `u Pm]fut[? atin]l aven
|ee evTivc{u ek]}ic{u. |e siv>]ztiy]yi[ A
duS[kZtYh nTt]yi Ektie Ed]Sh tI>]n]yi]f[ w]niu
d]nh ecy[tt[. |ni b]Tu v}tumueil niLu Ep]k]h.
aet]umie}il kurc{udivxh |vieT]mxic{iu Ep]y]l mti.
|h Ep]ey]v]h" `>uiec{y{ukyuh nU>im]R aE]L
e y]ztyriyic{[ek]u Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
atie EsSh n]u divxh k<iE]L ti>uvit]hkUR
>]mvR mH]>]j]vuti>umnuek]u n]TunIiyt]yiE[
sNti>umnuek]u ve> vYxniukyuh "`e vtueek
Ep]yi" `u xgd[gdh a>uiec{yu{ kyuh ecy[tu.
>]mvR
mH]>]jvu ti>umnuek][ n]Tu nIiyt[, "ek]}h et]]yi>
il>em]e><uptuh
mUum]h
kuhBm]Ex
nE}>]r]hdiEn
EcRiyin buDv]>il" Aefutu zpxim]fE}].
tdn>h sNti>umnie zpD]nzsmh kukZSivx[tu
u]]n]yi]yi>uu. ti>umnuek][ O]E>] i
e<ui "|iTh mutl |iThve> nueT tntuvx[tu
]f[" `>uiec{y{ukyuh aviTuukUTi `<uiniu ku
pUiukyuh (\<vu nTiukyuh) ecy[t]lpie A vx[tu
115

e`tiHYm]
L A>ueT vky]yi>u]uh ti>umnie vky]yi. avyil
pie ARuh zpEvsi]N p]Ti}. |eny]f[ sN
ti>umnuek][ kukZSivx[tuu]iyt[. ci p]ve
vx[tu \TmM]Ru kuEr vi k[pic{uek]Tuyuh ecy[tu.
|en ti>umnuek][ muUrupWu kukZSiuh
aviTie]e O]E>] kuuh Et]ukuh \]ic{u.
O>il ti>umnie Exvkn]y O>]L ti>umnie
aTul "|vieT xR]>iEu D]>]h muteTuuE}]. pie
|o kukZSikUTi \]uetin]f[" `u Ec]dic{tinu
mrupTiy]yi ti>umnuek][, "nueT an>ve>]e Ekvh
EB]SM]>uh k]>YEsSiyi}] v>um]ky]l av>ueT k][ |o
>]jYh anY]DIneuEp]Ey]enum]f[. aen v]uh
nueT kuTuhbiuvR pifiy]yiE]k>uetu vic]>ic{[
|en ecy[tt]f[. ptiv]yi O]E>] kukZSi il
niuh en}uh Et]ukil niuh kri]m]nuh n]iEk>h
mut]yvyuh kiie]i>u]l avR[ pifikUT]et k<ic{u
kU]mE}]" `>uiec{y[tu. kukZSiyu]utinu ti>umnu
ek]u jMik]y ci nU>im]>ueT vx[tuLkUTi apH>ic{
tin]l avRu ti>umnieE>il ve> atZptiyu]yi.
`iuh ti>umnuek][ av>ueT viE>]De Ouh vkvc{i}.
O>il ti>umnuek][ O>u EQ]iyilyri tZiv
Ep>u>ilniu pi]Eu pureu. mUR]eT eiy
E]L A diil t]mxic{i>u[ |>i]UT]>]y ci nU>i
m]R aTuuec[ axBYh pru ti>uEmniey aDiEpiu
kyuh EQ]iyiEu eci kuieyTueriyukyuh ecy{uky]l
ti>umnuek][ ~vuh kupitn]yi v]uemTuuek]u EQ]i
yilniu c]Tiyiri nU>im]>ueT Ene> p]uecu. atu
k[ `<uE]TukUTiyu]yi>u puru kuN
ti>umul]T[, ti>umnie a>y[u ekiiTic{uek][, "ep]u
xV]mI, zbHtY ecy{>uEt" `u pru. aE]E<uh nU>i
m]e>}]h ByviHV>]yi O]Tiey]ic{uk<iu. aE]L ti>umnu
116

e`tiHYm]
ek][, "Ae, kun]yiE]yE}]. atuek]u w]N mi
uu" `[ a>uiec{y[tiu vIuh EQ]iyilyri `<uu
kyuh ecy[tu.
atinuEsSh sNti>umnuek]u kurc{uk]h tZiv
Ep>UR te `<ui]mxic{i>uu. AyiTy[[ anujN
tu>]M]R vTuni[ O>u EjY]lxYN v]>Ye> gUm]yi
tZUfiuer v>ui, "sNti>umnuek][ |ni `zt
jIvic{i>iuemu gfic{uEn]i xU[mhpryfh" `>ui
ec{y[tu. ti>umnie jnnxmyh mut]ytuh pruek]Tuu.
v]>YR gfic{uEn]i tIRc{eTui. |y][ |m]xh
|zt]h tIyti, | xmyh c>mgtiey zp]piuem[ `<uti
e]Tuu. tu>]M]R xE]Sic{u v]>YRu p x]nuh
muh ek]Tu[ ayy[ukyuh ecy[tu. |o vRm]nh sN
ti>umnuek][, c]>RmuEKn ariyukyuh A v]>YR tZiv
Ep>URkUTi vTE]u kTuEp]k]n]yi ec xmyh BTM]e>
e][ ay]e piTiic{u ti>umu]ek v>uukyuh "nI tZUfi
uerE]yi, w]N m>iut[ | divxm]efu tIRc{eTui
`<utie]TuuEv]" `u k[pic{u Ec]diukyuh ecy[tu.
v]>YR EpTic{u virc{uek][ "gfic{iu kzpk]>h aTiyN
kuric{uek]Tuu" `ufRic{u. aE]L ti>umnuek][ "nI
niyic{tu s>iy]kuemu Et]ui}. `]l nI |[
ax[tmiutinumuu m>iuemu w]N niyic{i>iuu.
atinu vYtY]xh v>ukyumi}" `[ a>uiec{y[tiu viy
ki]en ti>umu]ek v>ui v]>Ye> cUi]fic{uek][
"|ve k |[ ax[tmiutinumu[ k<iEc{fh. |ven
n]uEpR kUTi piTic{ueki aTie" `u k[pic{u. \Ten n]u
>]jBTM]R vu v]>Ye> piTic{ueki ek]uEp]yi ve>
aTiukyuh ax[tmiutinumuE ay]ueT k k<iukyuh
ecy[tu.

117

e`tiHYm]
atie EsSh ti>umnuek]u vT]EW>iE]vik
e<ui ~t]nuh divxh avieT]mxic{u. a][ O>u
divxh avfru nU>i ti>umu]ekec{[ O>u divxh
ti>umniE[ O>u vi>umZEtu nTiy]le]]em[
AzgHmutin]l O>u divxh |}Ee<uiy]le]]
em[ ti>umnriyic{u. ti>umn[ at[ k[pic{nuvdiukyuh
divxh niyic{[ pryy[ukyuh ecy[tu. nU>i Ep]yi
vi>uumZEttiu Evuet}]h vhkUi. aEHh viy
Dnv]n]yi>utin]l v]Ue}]h ~vuh Ekmm]yi]yi>uu.
ti>umnuek][ niitdivxh p]]R mut]y p>iv]>
E]TukUTi nU>iyueT |e}e<ui.
aE]L nU>i
evyuh k>iTvuh vi>ic{u nirpryuh viuhvc{[ `}]h
ty{]r]iyi>uu. ti>umnuek][ ake<ui avieT
vi>ic{u ty{]r]iyi>u kiil xV[pxmyh `<uiyi>uu
vizsmiukyuh avieTyu nU>im]E>]Tuh muh kuszps[nh
ecy{ukyuh ecy[ttieEsSh nI>]ukui, amZEtu mut]y
vyuh k<ic{u. amZEtu mutl p]]R mut}yv>ueT Bfh
ve>yu xdYyueT vuh muh ekEmm]yi>uu. kut>ikL
e]e tiutinu enlti>u ek]y{ic{u v>uiy]f[
ek]Tut[. nirprvc{i>utu prkil vI>>]yN pfmiu
nirc{]yi>uu. |v Ak]eT ki[ ti>umniEu Ouh
>xic{i}. |ztey]uh AvsYmi}]yi>uuevuh nu>iyueT
Dnie tiu kurc{Dikm]efuh ti>umnil Et]i.
`iuh atienuric{[ Ouh a>uiec{y[ti}. a[ avieT
`<uei]mxiukyuh avieT `}]vRuh x]nL
k[pic{uek]Tuukyuh
ecy[tiu
piE
divxh
>]vie
`<uu pureT]n]yi B]vic{E]L nU>i ti>umu]ek
ec{[,
"n]u
divxhkUTi
|vieT
`<ui]mxic{]l
ek]]em]zgHmu[" `u ti>umnriyiukyuh "atini
E]L xok>Ymi}" `>uiec{y[ti[ aE]Le `<uu
kyuh ecy[tu. aTu divxhte nU>iyueT mi vx[tuuh
118

e`tiHYm]
klpn zpk]>h kueki xR]>il EcRukyuh nU>iyueT
muS[[ aEt]TukUTi smiukyuh ecy[tu.
pie ti>umnuek][ vT]EW>iyilniu vTN
diukiu p il xW>ic{tie EsSh tZiv
Ep>URuh avieT ni[ `rf]kuEuh `<ui. `rf]
ku[ `<ui]mxic{i>uE]L O>u divxh aie
<uiy xmyh t]Tiyuh tyuh vRiey O>u mUtien
avieTi[ "`], mutin[ ayueT dIy]Ef]" `u
k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. aE]L mUt[, "at}, gRBdIy]f[" `u
ti>umnriyic{u. atuEk[ ti>umnuek][ "zbfe>E]e
niLuh gRBdI ptivuE]" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{tin[
mrupTiy]yi mUt[, "zb]f]c]>il pkuti wLumu["
`u
ti>umnriyic{u.
ti>umnuek][
Eztilni[
Ek]vik[ `<uiy \Ten mUtien piTic{uek]uv>]N
k[piukyuh >]jBTM]R Ep]yi mUtien piTic{u ti>umu]ek
ek]u ec}ukyuh ecy[tu. k[pnzpk]>h O>u o>]>enyuh
avieT v>ui. "mUtinu zb]f]c]>il pkutiyue
E} prt[? aeny]efil t]Tiyuh tyuh mu<uvN
vRI]vsYmi}. atin]l Ap]dmx[tkh EdHil pkuti
B]gh o>h ecy{e" `>uiec{yu{ kyuh azpk]>h ecy{ic{u
mUtien viyy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
atinuEsSh ti>umnuek][ `rf]kuuh tZUfi
ueryuh m]rim]ri `<uit]mxic{i>uu. a]u ti>u
mnuek][ >]jY[ azkmL v}tuh nTuuE] `u
teuric{u jnL `u pryuu `uh ariyutin]yi
>]ztik]il gUm]yi p iuh xW>ic{uek]i
>uu. ciE]L ti>umnieUeT >E] mUE] BZtYM]>umu]
yi>iuh. miE]<uh aviTu[ ~k]kiy]yiutey]f[ xW>i
uk ptiv[. `eny]y]uh tZeeyil O>u v]i}]etyi>i
]ri}.
119

e`tiHYm]
O>u divxh >]ztiyil ti>umnuek][ ~k]kiy]yi
"`hkuh" ` u ecE]L O>u m]i kUeTUeT
pi]h ti>iuEn]ie]u gUm]yiu Ep]kutu ku.
'|vN v} uh kyri Em]Sfh nT]En] mE]
Ep]vuky]yi>ifh. aeny]efil atu kupiTifh,
`u vic]>ic{[ ti>umnuek][ gUm]yie ave
pi]ekUTi. A m]iecukyriyt[ O>u nU>iyueT |}]
yi>uu. avN |}ie mu[ ecE]L akuni[ O>u
vZSi |ri ave aTulec{[, "`}]h chekiu[.
akEu kT]h' `u pr[ aven n]uekinkEu
kUie]uEp]yi O>u murik]I[, "A kiilyri
iTE]U. kuW]e |E]L |E]yEc{]h" `u pr[
purEu Ep]yi. m]i akEu kTtiEn]TukUTi sN
tu>]N ti>umnuek]uh n]uekinku kTu v]U>i
iTic{uek][ O>u Ek]fil Oic{i>uu. aE]L aviTe
aRnh a]<h k<i[ O>u Ek]l vium]yi n]ueki
E[ vu. aE]L vZSi, "En>h ptivil ve>yDikm]yE}].
|u piuruin[ |zt am]em]f[" `u Ec]dic{u. atinu
mrupTiy]yi aRnh, "nU>i |vieTyi}E}] `u vic]>i
c{i]f[" `u pru. \Ten d]xi, "Ae, |nieyiuh
Evgm]kE. aTiynu nihep]]N eevki" `u prE]L
aRnh "`niini kiT]N t]mxem]umi}" `u pru
ek][ syngZHinkEu kT]n]yi B]vic{E]L kiil
m]i |>iutuk[ Bye[, "aEy{], |t]>]f[ |osV>]!
sN >]j]vie si |o diil Piyi}]yi>iuEm]" `u
pruek][ pi]h m]riye]L m]i kiilniefI[
aRneTu piTi]n]yi aTuu. avN aRn
e et]u, et]i} `]yE]L sNti>umnuek][
m]iey piTikUTi. aven ti>umnuek][ piTic{uvic{u
muuek]uEp]yi
v]Lek][
c
ek]utuEp]e
ek]iy>iiu. pie d]xiey viic{ "nU>i `vieTy]f[
Ep]yi>iuet"[
k[pic{u
Ec]diukyuh
"tZUfiur
120

e`tiHYm]
y[]f[" `[ avL \fRiukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten
ti>umnuek][, "nI ecy[t duS[kZtYh vic]>iuE]L
nieyuh ek]E}t]f[. `iuh nIey]>u x[ztIy]yiE]yE}].
atin]l
w]N
ek]}ui}.
`iuh
nie
evruet
viyy[uumi}" `u a>uiec{y[t[ avueT eekkL >uh
muric{uku. pie ti>umnuek][ xmIpM]>]y ci
n]yM]e>yuh av>ueT x[ztIkeyuh avieT viic{uv>ui,
"nU>i |vieT v>utuve> nie}]v>uh |vieT k]u
xUic{u niuek]fh" `>uiec{y[ti[ aE]Lte
tZUfiury[[ `<uukyuh ecy[tu.
piE divxh >]vie nU>iey ti>umu]ek v>ui,
"|e >]ztiyil nU>iyueT |}u ci En>E]uke]e
yu]yi. `iuh t>EeT]uh piyi}. ~t]y]uh nU>i
Evgil |}Eu ecE}t]vsYm]f[" `>uiec{y[tu.
kurc{u pfvuh ek]Tuu nU>iey Evgiyc{u. pie kurc{u
k]h
ti>umnuek][
tZUfiuere
`<ui
]mxic{u.
an>h ti>umnuek][ ec]v{>y[e<ui. ti>umni
E[ n]y]il ve> zBmmu]yi>utuek][ kurc{u divxh
avieTe `<ui]mxic{u. aen t]mxic{i>u
k]u ti>umnuek][ O>u divxh O>u pIiuvuh
D>ic{uek][ n]y]ien<ui. O>u myilecE]L O>u
piey k]fuky]l atien ek]}utin]yi ti>umnuek]u
kuvum]yi p]Tuu. pi Bye[ O]TiuTi. ti>umnu
ek][ atien piuTRu. aen ecE]L e`ni]T[
`i}E>]yi O>u nU>i A v<iEy v>utu ki[ "nU>i,
piTiEc{]U, piTiEc{]U, viukytut[" `[ \re viic{[
a>uiec{y[tu. nu>i aEHie eekyiu]yi>u kuT
mRiyiu piey ep]iiTiukyuh ti>umnuek][
O]Tieyi piey kuie]}ukyuh ecy[tu. atinuEsSh
121

e`tiHYm]
ti>umnuek][ nU>iEy]T[, "nU>i `vieTE]k]n]yi]f[
purei>iut[" `u k[pic{[ Ec]dic{u.
nU>i: |}t[ ve> d]>izdYm]f[. |e \pjIvninu
te avieT y]et]umi}. atin]l v}vE>]Tu y]cic{[ kuer
en}u v]ie][ Ep]kfemu vic]>ic{u purei>iuky]f[.
ti>umnuek][: Ae, nU>i |E]L |}Eu te
mTiE]y[E]u. |e ecvinuEvu en}[ avieTey
ic{uek]]h.
|tuEk[ nU>i aEHie |}Eu mTiE]yi.
ti>umnuek][ \Ten ec]v{> Ek]vik[ `<uukyuh
ku kZSivkyil ni[ n]lptu pr en}[ \Ten nU>iyueT
|}[ `ic{uek]Tuutin[ k[piukyuh avieTyu]
yi>u \EdY]gM]R azpk]>h `ic{uek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu.
ti>umnuek][ pieyuh kurc{uk]hkUTi ec]v{e>e
`<ui]mxic{u. a][ tZivEp>UR zbxVhmh
ag[nib]Dy]l nsic{uEp]yi>iuuevuh timih Evd]Y
ynh nT]N mi}]et vi>iuuevuh v]DY]N nU>i
sN ti>umnie aTul ariyic{u. atinu ti>umnu
ek][, "ec]v{e>vc{[ ztix nT]N niyic{i>iuuevuh
atiE[ v]DY]N nU>iyuh mu zb]Ef]mM]e>}]v>uh
\Ten ec]v{e> ecu Ec>f"emum]f[ mrupTi ayc{t[.
azpk]>h v]DY]N nu>i mut]yve>}]h ec]v{e> ecu
Ec>ukyuh \Ten ztix tuTukyuh ecy[tu. ztixy[u
zb]fR ptiviDikmu]yi>uueviuh >uEn>vumu
xdYyueT Ekmvuh ptivil ve> aDikm]yi>uu.
ztix nTuek]i>u k][ O>u divxh ti>umnu
ek][ viy ki]en ti>umu]ek v>ui, "|vieT ptiv]yi
EvdEG]Svuh muh nTuek]i>iu itiu |o Ezt
inu xmIph O>u piyi>iutu Bhgiy}. atin]l at[
122

e`tiHYm]
\Ten ep]iic{u pu<yil tiyfh" `u k[pic{u. k[pn
Ek fil ki]N eexnYxEmth ecu piep]i]
n]>hBic{u. \Ten piyueT \Tm>uh eek]n ]>uh muhkUTi
O>u epi nirc{[ \ruikyuhek][ ti>umu]ek ec[ epi
ti>umul]<[cevc{[
vic{uek][
"aTiye
k[pic{u
>ifh. aTiyueT pi ve> pu>]tnm]yiu t]f[.
at[ ep]ic{ukyut[ aTiyLu ve> xT m]yiut]f[.
at[ ep]ic{u ky]ti>iuv]N k[pnyu] kfh" `u
ti>umnriyic{u. \Ten ti>umnuek][ viy ki]en ti>u
mu]ek v>ui,"|v>ueT A pi ve> pu>]tnm]yiu
t]efuh atu ep]ic{ukyut[ avRu xTm]efuh
pryuuvE}]. atin]l A pi |E]L ep]iifemi}"
`u k[piukyuh ki]N eexnY Eyuh muh ti>iey
viic{uek]uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu.
"ztix k<iyuE]E<uh xRR ecviEMl tZiv
Ep>UR zbxVhmh pfitIRi>ifh" `u k[pn ek]Tui
>utin]l azpk]>h mie pfi tIRi>uu. ztix
ve> Bhgiy]yiu k<iukUTiytin]l ti>umnuek]u xE]
Sic{u v]DY]NnU>iuh muh y]Ey]gYh x]nL k[pic{u
ek]Tuu xE]Siic{[ ave> `}]ve>yuh tZivEp>UR
yy[ukyuh pie aDikh t]mxiy]et ti>umnu ek][
tZUfiury[e<uukyuh ecy[tu.
ti>umnuek][ tZUfiuer `<ui]mxic{i>u
A k][ au ti>uvit]hkUR eeve<uiyi>iu
t]yi aviET[ arivu kii. b]>]mvR mH]>]j]v[
ti>umnuek][ mH]sunuh niR HZdynuh p>m]Riyuh
Ayi>utuek][ aviTue eevuvc{u fic{u tZUfi
uer ek]uv[ xl>ic{u xE]Siic{u k>urh pi>u
k]tvuh A]Tuh prvU>uh \p]yil vIeTu]emu
vic]>ic{[ sN ti>umnuek][ mH]>]j]vu ti>umnie
fiutin]yi |y]u>]enyuh p]iyu viyc{enyuh
123

e`tiHYm]
kUTi eevEyc{u. |y tu>]nuh p]iyc{nuhkUTi
eevei mH]>]jvu ti>umnieu fic{i[ "|E]L
atinu xok>Ymi}]ttin]l |niey]>vx>i]v]h" `u
k[pic{u mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ ave> mTiyyc{u.
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnie `<uE]TukUTi Evui
dvyumu]yi>uu. Evuiyuh p]iyc{nuh til ~vuh
x[EnHvuh visV]xvumu]yi>uu. Evuti p]iyc{En]Tu
Ec]dic{[ sN ti>umnie aRth mni]ukyuh at[
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnie ariyiukyuh tl]h tZUfi
ury[[ `<u>uetu pru viE>]Diukyuh ecy[tti
n]]f[ mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ fh xVIk>i]etyuh
tZUfiury[[ `<u]etyumi>ut[. mH]>]j]vu ti>umnu
ek][ `<u]etyi>iyie} visV]xE]Tu kUTi sN
ti>umnuek][ vi>uuxl]>inu ve> Ekmm]yi vh
kUukyuh |xmyh `<ueu tZUfituer `u em[
niyic{ A xmy[ mH]>]j]vu ti>umnie `tiE>l]
n]yi p>iv]>xEmth pTi]er Ek]v]till k]tunilu
kyuh ecy[tu. A xmy[ |ytu>]N ti>u mnie
`tiE>l]n]yi p>iv]>xEmth pTi]er Ek] v]till
k]unilukyuh ecy[tu. A xmy[ |y tu>]N
ti>umnie Eb]u kTvil vTuu. Eb]il mH] >]j]vu
ti>umnie k]f]y[ky]l sN ti>umnuek][ viy
|]BhgE]TukUTi "`], kuEsK>e>um]L kbiic{u, aE}"
`u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. aE]L |y tu>]N "aEHin[
|E]L |E]u v>]N
xok>Ymie}uh |niey]>i]k]
emum]f[ prt[" `u ti>umnriyic{u. \Ten sN
ti>umnuek][ "|et}]h A EvutiyueT kosm]f[. Ae,
avN En]iE]E" `u a>uiec{y[ti[ tZufiurye
nTy[e<ui niuek][ "`e pUR ztyIs, n]lptu
divxinkh A Evuti `e k]ll vu vI<]N
xhgtiy]i>Ef" `u zp]Riukyuh aE]Le
kiE]yiee<uUkyuh ecy[tu.
124

e`tiHYm]
kiE]yie<uiyi>uuek][ p]iyc{en ti>u
mu]ek v>ui eevu Ep]yiu]y xhgtikei
k[pic{u Ec]diukyuh viyc{N `}]h viv>m]yi ti>umnri
yiukyuh ecy[tu. te aRth |t]efu Evutiu
arivuek]Tut[ viyc{n]ef[ ti>umniE[ \oHmu]yi
>utuek]u p]iyc{N ti>umu]ek nii>utu eek
BiiyiEMl c]>i vTE]u En]iy]yi>utin]uh ti>umnu
ek][ >Rm]yi[, "EmEn]N |E]<et ni etE]u
c]>iy]efu Et]uu" `>uiec{y[tu. ti>umnuek][
a>uiec{y[ttiu gU]Rh mni]ie][ viyc{N
"ni etE]u c]>iy]efiuh dZi vTE]u tey]f["
`u mrupTi \fRic{u. |o mrupTi ti>umniE[ OTuh
>xic{ie}u m]ztm}, ti>umnil Ek]p]g[niey jViiukyuh
ecy[tu.
atin]l ti>umnuek][, "`T], xV]miEzd]HI!
ep]y[E]. |niEml nie `e muil k]f>ut[" `[
a>uiec{y[ky]l viyc{N EpTic{uvirc{[ \Ten ti>umuilniu
Ep]yi. pie viyc{e t]mxh muUR>y]yi>uu. sN
ti>umnie k]h k<iyutuve> viyc{N pie avieTniu
etE][ O>iuh kTii}.
Evui `<uE]TukUTi ti>uvnpu>eiy
tie EsSh p]]>ueT sil xV[ph kurvuecy[kyuh
avRu \pzdvk>]y ci niymL ~ReTuukyuh muh
ecy{uky]l p]]R Ak]eT E]Bic{uvs]vukyuh Evu
iey k]l evTivc{u ek]}fem[ tiRc{eTuukyuh
ecy[tu. |o viv>mriu Evui ByeTu ti>uvnpu>u
niu gUm]yi OiEc{]Ti tZUfiuer `ukyuh sN
ti>umnie k]lek]]emu aviTue |M]R muK]>h
ti>umnriyic{[ anuv]dh v]ie]u ti>umuNp]ek ec[
~t]nuh vil]su ti>umul]<[cvc{u tZ]dil vIfu
vic{i[ "aTiyN `eiuh ap>]Dh ecy[tuEp]yiueil
aviTu[ aet}]h xdyh mic{[ aTiynu m]u t[ >ifh"
125

e`tiHYm]
`[ aEpiukyuh aviTue s>fh zp]pi]nu]y
k]>fh ti>umnriyiukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten sNti>umnu
ek][, "Ae Ou ByeET], ek]c{iyilE]yi t]mxiEc{]u"
`[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh Evuiey ek]c{iE]viku
pryc{u t]mxiiukyuh ecy[tu.
t]N pURztyIse aTul zp]Ric{tuEp]ete
n]ltu divxinkh Evuti te k]ll vu vI<]N
xhgtiy]ytin]l sNti>umnuek][ ve> xE]Siu
kyuh Evui ti>umul]<[cvc{ vil]su>ui O>u tyil
eu pfiyic{u pURztyIsnu nTy[uvy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
sN ti>umnuek][ pie kurc{u divxhkUTi
tZUfiuer t]mxic{tie EsSh tZivEp>URe<ui.
avieT t]mxic{i>u k][ ti>umniE[ O>u sI]y[m
A>hBic{u. atinu p cikiXkL ecy[tueviuh avey]uh
piTi]et sI]y[m zkEmf vRic{u tuTi. A viv>mri[
|ytu>]N aviTue anujEn]TukUTi tZivEp>Ue><ui.
avR ti>umu]ek `<ui xmyh sN ti>umnu
ek][, "`ni[ dInh zkEmf vRic{uv>uky]f[. Ifvuh
x]m]nYiDikmu[. |ni |tu EBdm]yi w]N xuK
m]yii>iuemu Et]ui}. atin]l niL |vieTte
t]mxifh, ep]y[y>ut[. `e k]h k<i]l >]jYh
murEp]e >ic{uek]fh. vTu]Eztil Ey]giy]e>
avE>]Diuk,
|>i]uT
Eztil
tc{uTky[me
avE>]Diuk, p]iyu Emnvnu mzi]nh ek]Tuuk,
|hg}ISuk]E>]Tu mX>ic{u evTivy[uk |en n]ukUh k]>Yh
O>iuh ecy{>ut[. |v n]uh ecy[t]l nueT >]jYh
ep]y[Ep]kuh" `[ a>uiec{yu{ kyuh A anujN tu>]
M]e> avieTe t]mxiiukyuh ecy[tu.
aienyi>iuE]L O>u divxh >]vie sN
ti>umnuek]f[ amZEttu k<ic{uek]i>u xmyh |y
126

e`tiHYm]
tu>]M]R avieT `<uukyuh avR >uEp>uhkUTi,
"Eje amZEtu ki[ >uciyh x]m]nYiDikmu
eu
Et]uu[.
v}tinuh
>uci
Et]uueil
a>uiec{y[t]l a]<mmZEtinu tvh ty{]r]]h"
`ufRic{u. atuEki[ sN ti>umnuek][ "|vR
nUeT k]h k<i]lpie >]jYh B>iEuv>]fE}].
av>ueT k[pn]si `ztm]ztmueu Ou p>Iifh"
`u ti>umnil vic]>ic{i[, "`ni[ Oiuh n} >uci
Et]ui}. `iuh c kU]N vc{]l kurc{u kU]emu
Et]uu[" `[ a>uiec{y[tu. \Ten |y tu>]M]R,
atu eevkuE>Eu]]h" `ufRic{iu ti>umuNp]ek
ni[ `<ui.
\Ten avR >uEp>uh "`vieTnieiuh
`u viek]Tuiuh eevkuE>Eu O>u c ek]u
v>fh" `u k[pic{u pfvuh ek]Tuu p i Euh
Auke ayc{u. En>h eevkiyE]E<uh ceyuh kiiyi
e}u pr[ A Auke}]h mTi vu. sN ti>umnu
ek][, "`] c kiiyi}]yi>iuh, aE}" `u k[pic{[
Ec]dic{u. \Ten tu>]M]R "kim]xh k]m]ky]l c
ki]N ve> zpy]xm]yiT]fi>iut[. wL pfvuh ek]Tu
[ p il Auke ayc{[ aEnVSiic{u. `uh
kiiyi}. wueT am]h Oumi}. wL k<iyuzt zsm
e}]h ecy[tuEn]i. k]>Yh x]Dic{i} `E \u. `vieT
nieiuh O>u ceyiuh v>u]n]yiu n]eyuh zsmic{u
En]]h" `ufRic{u. aE]L sNti>umnuek][,
"aEy{], kh! viikE! O>u c v>u]NEp]uh EsSiyi}]
niL |ni Em]l O>u >]jYh B>iueteny]f[?"
`>uiec{y[tu.
a]<mZEtu k<itie EsSh sNti>umnu
ek][ viy ki]en ti>umu]ek v>ui, "n]e >]vie
zb]fRu p>e O>u xdYyuh ci d]nuh mUh Evfemu
niyic{i>iuu. atin]l atinuEvuvey}]h En>h
127

e`tiHYm]
evuutinu mu[ ty{]r]i e]Tufh. xdYy[u zpmN,
`>iE>i, \E>i, Et]>N mut]yvey}]h cek]ute
Evfem]f[ niyic{i>iut[" `>uiec{y[tu. "k[pn
Ep]eey}]h
ty{]r]ie]h"
`ufRic{i[
viy
ki]N aE]Le ti>umu]ekniu Ep]yi. Niit
xmyinu muute ki]N xk x]Dnuh avieT
ty{]r]i `ic{uek]Tuu. En>h evuutinu muu
p<utuh pc{yum]yi aUriDikh c avieT vuEcRu.
xdYyueT AvsYh k<iiuh pieyuh ve> c EsSic{u
kiTi>uu. xdY ~vuh ekEmm]yieyutu pryfem
i}E}]. sNti>umnuek][ nU>im]Ru p>e p
viDiu d]nuh ecy[tu.
pieyuh sI]y[m zkEmf vRic{uek]uteyi>u
tin]l sN ti>umnuek]u pieyuh zptidinh pviD
iu d]nL ecy[tuek]uteyi>uu. kih bHun]? 981]h m]u kim]xh 12-]h tIyti A >]jEkx>i tZivEp>UR
vc{ute k]DRe zp]piukyuh ecy[tu.
ti>umnie pivh dHiic{tu tZivEp>UR Ek]vik
ie etuvsu Et]i]f[. A inucuuh
ecriyt]yi O>u mtil ekic{iut[ |E]<uh k]Fm]nu[.
avieT a]h mutl ptiv]yi viuvc{uvi>ut[ |E]<uh
nTuv>uu[. Aek]eT vic]>ic{]l sNtu>]N ti>u
mnuek][ O>m]nuSzpB]vn]yi>uuevu te prEyi
yi>iuu.

128

e`tiHYm]

51. aUR p>EmsV>c{]kY]R


EvSie Bhgiek]uh aBinyie tMytVh mut]y
gufL ek]uh aUR p>EmsV>c{]kY]E>]Tu tuYn]y O>u
nTN |]ie}, a]umu]yi>ui}. aEHie
i>v]xh mU<iuu xVBvni]yi>uueviuh ti>uvi
t]hkUR, ek]c{i, mb]R |o mUu >]jYiumu >]j]M]R,
zpBuL, Dnv]M]R mut]yvR aEHtie EvSvuh Avuh
k]f]n]yi fic{uv>ui kUeTUeT kUTiy]L nTi]ru
]yi>uu.
ek]}h 1036-]m]u n]TunIiy m]R]vR mH]
>]j]v[ |y tu>]n]yi>u k][ te Exvknuh piyr
vic]>iuk]>num]yi>u |osV>iey AmBYxii]n]yi |o
c]kY]e> ti>uvnpu>u v>ui t]mxiic{i>uuevuh
|osV>pi vic]>iuk]Ru Ail (kkiyil) ax]m]nY
m]y zpxiiyuh eek]Ex]>fh, xVR vRn, xmuzdvRn
mut]yv aBinyic{]Tutil annYx]D]>fm]y x]mRYvuh
gufvuh tMytVvuh xiic{tinu zpD]n k]>fh A c]kY]>u
eT si]x]mRYm]efut[ zpxim]fE}].
m]R]vR mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ |y
tu>]n]yi>u k]uh ti>uvnpu>u pUju>e]]>
il (a[ aviTu[ avieTy]f[ `<ui]mxic{i>ut[)
`uh kki ptiv]yi>uu. O>u divxh, kki k]f]N
ti>umnie aTul p>EmsV>c{]kY]>umu]yi>uu. a[,
"k]RvI>Y]Runvijy"m]yi>uu k. >]vfe eek]Ex]
>fh kiT[ ti>umnuek][ c]kY]E>]T[ "`] c]kY]E>,
eek]Ex]]>fh n]Ey]" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u. atinu
mrupTiy]yi
c]kY]R, "t>ETi}, eek]xh kurc{ukUTi viyt]ef
]f[ D>ic{i>ut[" `riyic{u. pie atienuric{[ Ouh
129

e`tiHYm]
k[pic{i}. piEdivxh \c{ti>ixmyh c]kY]e> ek]]>il
v>ui "eek]Ex]>fh O]Ti]le]]h" `u
k[pic{u. EvShek]ety]Tu k]>Yil kurc{u mTiyu]
yi>uueviuh k[pn anux>i]etyi>iutu viHitm
}E}] `u vic]>ic{[ c]kY]R \Ten >]hmu[ a>yil murui
eie][ Ah A>hBic{u. t]N tEdivxh pr
v]E]Ru te p>Ii]n]yi]f[ |o k[pneyu
mni]ytin]l c]kY]R mni>uiy]f[ ATiyt[. tEdivxh
dsmuKe EvSh ekiy]Tiy AL mut]yi ek]]>hvk ki
Ey]giu `}]v>uh ExvkM]>uh ac{iyuh avieTyu]
yi>uu. c]kY]>ueT Ah ve> Ekmm]yi `utu pryfem
i}E}]. Ahku ti>umnuek][ mut]yi `}]v>uh ve>
xE]Siukyuh vix[myiukyuh ecy[tu. vix[my]kuy]y
ac{i "aE]! eek]xpRv{th |zt viyt]Ef]? |e
ATiE]L at[ ~kEdsh nueT EviuiE]mu]
yi>iuemE Et]iyuu" `u pru.
ti>umnuek][
\Ten >t[nKcitm]yi O>u Em]ti>h c]kY]Ru k[pic{[ x]ni
ukyuh Ail adVitIyM]>]efu xVyEmv aBim]ni
c{i>u ek]]>hvk kkiEy]g]e>}]h aE]L "xE]H"
m]Tukyuh ecy[tu.
p>EmsV>c{]kY]R k[pnzpk]>h ti>uvnpu>u t]mxic{i
>uE]L O>u divxh pke evyi]riy xmyh k]uek]]
n]yi kTlurEu pureu. kTlureiyE]L avieT
n]uk]>]yiuh yUEr]pYM]>]yiTuh muh ve>y]ukL k]u
ek]]n]yi vukUTiyi>uu. aUil rxiQu x]y[puh
md]yuh av>ueT v]XYB]jnm]y O>u piyumu]yi>uu. A
pi x]y[Ep] md]Ey] pry]et Ae>yuh kTi]rie}iuh
viy xihH]enE]e By>mURiy]y aven]l
ap>icitM]>]y ~v>uh ByeuEp]kum]yi>uu. kTi]ne}i
uh A pi k]fuv>ueTey}]mTul mfu mfu ec}uk
ptiv]yi>uu. A ptivuEp]e atu c]kY>ueT aTuEuh
130

e`tiHYm]
ecu. c]kY]>u v}et Bye[ "pi, pi" `[ \re viic{u
pru. anuv]dh kUT]et atu kTiyie}u niymu]yi
>utin]l piey ti>ic{u vii]et x]y[puh md]yuh
c]kY]>ueT p>izBmh ku ci>ic{uek]u niEt \u. pie
gtY>em]umie}uk[ c]kY]R kuni[ avieT ni[ O>u
ke}Tuu piey Ym]i OE>ruek]Tut]yi OBinyic{u.
v]x[tvil `rit]yi nTiuk m]ztEm \]yuu. `iuh
~ruek]]t]yie Et]uky]l pTi \re niviic{uh
ek][ avieTni[ O]TiE]yi. pi[ ~ruek]]t]yie
Et]uky]l x]y[puh md]yuh atYh kupit>]yiIRu.
|o azkmh zpvRic{ AL A>]efu x]y[pu te aTuu
]yi>u ciE>]Tu Ec]diukyUh A mnuSYN k[pnzpk]>h
vu t]mxiu O>u c]kY]>]efu mni]ukyuh ecy[tu.
k[pnzpk]>h vu t]mxiu A]efil |o
viv>h
ti>umnriyi]et zptizkiyecy{utu viHitm}E}] `u
vic]>ic{u x]y[puh md]yuh ek]]>iEu pureTu. aE]L
ti>umnuek][ kTl]u ek]utin]yi kTluru
bhg}]vil `<uIueriyuky]l x]y[puh md]yuh
avieTec{u viv>h ti>umnriyic{u. \Ten c]kY]e> ti>u
mu]ek v>ui k[pic{u Ec]dic{E]L c]kY]R \]y
v]x[tvem}]h ti>umnriyic{u. `riie}u pryutu suEm
vY]jm]efuh n]TYh ku tueT pi O>iuh ByeTuk
yie}uh x]y[puh md]yuh v]dic{u. "|tien]f[ xm]D]n"
emu k[pic{[ Ec]dic{E]L c]kY]R, "v]x[tvh x]y[pienyuh
Eb]YeTu]Em] `u En]e" `u pru xV[ph
piE]h m]ri t]fu ni[ avieT k>i}uek]ii>u viy
nT}u ve> zpy]xeu kuui |ieyTuu x]y[pie
tyiEi]t]yi O>u n]TYh k]fic{u. A k}u te tyil
vIfu `ute Et]iE]vuky]l x]y[p[ "aEy{]!" `[
\re niviic{uek][ \Ten avieT mriuvIfu. k}[
x]y[pie tyil vIfu `ute Et]iE]vuky]l
md]yuh ~vuh p>vsy]yiIRu. vIfiu ve> En>h
131

e`tiHYm]
k<itie EsSm]f[ x]y[pinu Eb]DhvIft[. Eb]DhvIf[
`fIi>uiuh kurc{u evh kuTiukyuh tfuevhek]u
muKh k<ukukyuh kurc{uEn>h k]Elukyuh ecy[ttie
EsSEm x]y[pinu xhx]>i]r]yuU. x]y[pu pieyuh t
yil tiEn]i, k}u tyil vIfie}u tIRc{eTuiyEsSh
"nueT piuh ~ru ek]i}]yi>iuh. |zpk]>h aBiny
x]mRYmu O>u nTen w]N yUEr]u>]jYieuh ki
i}. |vieT |en O>u mH]nu]yiIRtu Ek>in[ Ak
]eT aBim]nk>hte. v]x[tvmriy]et |o mH]e Ep>il
mH]>]j]vie aTul p>]ti ariyic{tienuric{u w]N
niRvY]jh vYxniukyuh c]kY]E>]Tu m]u Ec]diukyuh
ecy[tuek]uu" `u pryukyuh c]kY]Ru p x]nL
ek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. aE]E<uh En>h eevkiytin]l
`}]v>uh p>x[p>h y]ztpr[ av>v>ueT v]xi
Eu pureu. A xmyh mu[ O]TiE]y piyuh avieT
vuEcRu. aE]L x]y[pinuh md]y[uh ve> xE]Sm]yi
`utu pryfemi}E}].
p>EmsV>c{]kY]>ueT v]k[x]mRYeiyuh p e`tiHY
L Ekiu[. aet]e |niey]>vx>il viv>i]emu
vy[]n}]et |E]L nivZiyi}. atin]l |y{ieT ek]c{i
viytu>]N ti>umnie tZy{ilniu vI>sZhK Bic{
p>EmsV>c{]kY]>uh |o p>EmsV>c{]kY>ueT kuTuhbj]t]n]efu
kUTi v]yn]e> ariyic{uek][ vi>miuu.

132

e`tiHYm]

52. Ec>]n}UR kuWuR]v[


Ec>]n}UR kR]vie Bvnh |E]L ek]c{Ixh]n[
kfyUR t]Uil Ec>]n}UR Eds]f[. |Tii tIvi
x[ESnilniu >u n]<ik vTum]riy]f[ |o Bvnh. |ve>
x]D]>fy]yi pru v>ut[ "Ec>]n}UR kR]v[" `]ef
iuh |v>ueT kuTuhbEu nER "kuu >]mum]>
eeL" `]f[.
p[ |v>ueT trv]Tu v>]u<y]yi>uu. avieTyu]
yi>u ]nER 'pTi]EYTu pTn]yR" `]yi>uu
evuh |v>ueT trv]Eu ek]c{i>]j]vie pTn]yk]nmu
]yi>utin]]f[ |o ]nE>u xiic{etuh O>u
EkLviyu[. |vRu v]>]ue< ci pu>yiTuh muh aTu
k]hve> \]yi>uu. atin]l |o EkLvi Ekvh aTi]n
>Hitm]efu Et]ui}.
`rf]kuh ji}y[[ 5 (ek]}vRSh 1100-l) |E]L 'aWi
y[mL ji}' `]fE}] Ep>u pruv>ut[. A h aWu
ky[mLm]>ueT vky]yi>uu. atin]]f[ A ji}y[[ |o Ep>u
xiic{t[. a ky[mLm]R anYhniuEp]yE]L atie]>u
kuTuhbh pTi]EYTu pTn]y>ueT trv]Ee]tui. ati
n]l `rf]ku[ |v>ueT ]nE>u "ecruk]T[ |>viy[mL"
`]yiiRu. |o vk xhgtike}]h ek]uh mu[ |v>ueT
]nE>u ky[mL `]yi>uu `uh kR]evu ]nh
piITu]yt]efuh vic]>iEiyi>iuu. kR]evuh
ky[mL `uh pfie>uh kurueuh mumu ]nL
>]j]M]R k[pic{uek]Tuut]fE}]. Ec>]n}UR kR]vinu
pfu]yi>u ky[mL ` ]nh |T][ ~Et] O>u
>]j]vu EBdeTui kR]ev]iyt]yi>i]h.

133

e`tiHYm]
mukupu>h t]uiu "Ek]TE>iR]vi"en ciR
"t]N" `uh pry]ru[. avieT O>u kvit]>N kR]vu
]yi>uuvE}].
aEHe
'Ek]TE>iuN
t]N
`]fu x]D]>fy]yi pruvi>ut[. Ek]TE>iR]
vie kuTuhbie x[ztIke "t]yim]R" `]f[ pryut[.
`]l Ec>]n}UR kR]vie x[ztIke pryutu ku
m]R' `]f[. |v>ueT O>u s]K]kuTuhbh ti>uvit]hkUril
mUv]upu<]Uil "tZ]>iyUR" Edsumu[. avieTyu
x[ztIkeyuh kum]R `utey]f[ pruv>ut[.
ti>uvit]hkUril Everyu kR]M]>ueT x[ztIkeyuh
pruv>u kum]R `utey]f[. ti>uvit]hkUril
ky[mL ` ]nE>]yi>u ci kuTuhb]R |oyieT kR]
ev[ Ep>uvc{[ `<uukuukL tuTiyi>iut]yi]fu
u[. |o ep>um]h avR xVyEmv ecy[tt]f[. >]jkln
zpk]>vuh mum}.
Emlprzpk]>h pviDiu ]nm]nE]TukUTi
Ec>]n}UR kuukuTuhbil jnic{ A]f[ nueT k]
n]ykn]y kuWuR]v[. |EHie jnnm>fL ~Ett]
uki]yi>uu `riyutinu m]Rem]uh k]fui}.
`iuh aEHh jIvic{i>ut[ ~kEdsh |>unUru ek]}Lu
muNp]yi>uu `utinu ci Yu[.
kuWuR]vu ecruilte xVEdsh viuEp]yi.
~t]nuhk]h p>Edsil xW>iukyuh t]mxiukyuh
ecy[ti>uu. A diuilni[ aEHh mzv]dh, eevdYh, p][,
vIfv]yn, |zj]h mut]y p vidYkil anit>
x]D>fm]y p]itYh x]dic{uek]]f[ xVEdsu ti>iec{
iyt[. xVEdsu vtie EsSvuh aEHh \pEy]gic{i>u
EvSBUS]dike}]h p>EdsIyhtey]yi>uu.
kuWuR]vinu p vidYkL ariy]m]yi>uueviuh
aEHh aDikm]yi zpEy]gic{i>ut[ |zj]m]f[. atin]l
134

e`tiHYm]
A viSyi]f[ aDikh zpxiiyu]yt[. aEHh Hnum]en
Evic{u zptYm]iyi>utin]l ~et]>u k]>Yh x]Diu
tinuh aEHtinu y]et]>u zpy]xvumu]yi>ui}. viEsSic{[
aEHh ci kuic{]M]e>yuh Exvic{u vshvdM]>]iyi>uu.
kuWuR]vu p>Edsuniu mTivu kurc{uk]h
k<iE]L trv]il mUu]nh Bic{u. `iuh aEHh
kuTuhbk]>Ye]uh aEnVSic{i>ui}. avey}]h an>v
e>e]u nTiuky]f[ ecy[ti>ut[. aEHh miE]<uh
t]mxic{i>utu >]jxiDiyi]f[. ciE]L m]ztEm xVgZH
il t]mxic{i>uuu.
ek]c{Ixh]nu vTutu<y[u vTu nikuti mu<uv
nuh pi>ic{u xR]>iTy[utin[ Ec>]n}URR]vien
klnzpk]>h aDik]>eTuiyi>uu. ve>]h avR A
Ej]i s>iy]yi nTie]i>iukyuh ecy[tu. A ~R]T[
EBdeTuiyt[ 1074-]m]]f[.
O>]il nikuti aTc{utIR]etyi>utin]l xR]>il
ni[ kR]vie aTul Ae ayc{u. aE]L kuWu
R]vu gZHiu]yi>uu. trv]Tuk]>YEnVSiukyuh
nikuti pi>ic{u xR]>iTy[ukyuh muh ecy[ti>u an>
vN aE]L avieTyu]yi>ui}. pur[ `vieTEy] Ep]yi>i
uky]yi>uu. atin]l kuWuR]v[ A v AE]T[
"an>vN |E]L |vieTyi}. ay]L `E] k]>Ym]yi
purevieTEy] Ep]yi>iuky]f[. `e eekvsh pfem]u
mi}. atin]l n]e v>fh. aE]E<uh an>vN
v>um]yi>i]h. ay]L vie}iuh n]Eu pfmu]i
>]h" `u pru. vy]L atu Eku aE]L mTi
E]vukyuh aTu divxh vIuh v>ukyuh ecy[tu. auh
k]>YEnVSf]>n]y an>vN kR]vu vii}]yi>uu.
`iuh t]N pri>uoEp]e ecy{]ti>iutu viHitm
}E}] `u vic]>ic{[ kuWuR]v[ akuni[ O>u epiey
135

e`tiHYm]
Tuuek]u vu tur[ xR]>iEu ec}uv]nu]yi>u
xhKY mu<uvnuh atilni[ `ie]Tuu. atu mu<uvnuh
a]u ek]c{I>]jYu nTU]yi>u |>iUn]yi>uu.
mu<uvnuh `i<iE]L "puenuric{u v} xhsyvu
mueil evimuriEc{] \>uiEy] En]ie]fh" `u
kuWuR]vu pru. vi>u AL Evu p>iEs]Dn
ey}]h k<itie EsSh "`}]h n} puNtey]f[.
xhsy em]umi}" `u pr[ puen}]h v]>ieie]u
Ep]yi. ay]L Ep]y kurc{uxmyh k<iE]L an>vN
kR]vu vu. aE]L aEHE]Tu nikutivk pfinu
xR]>ilni[ Ae ayc{i>uuevuh t]N pfmu]i
e]Tuyc{u `uh kuWuR]vu pru. |tu EkE]L
e an>vN kR]vu v}]et Byeu. k]>fv>ueT
eekvsh pfmu]yi>uie}[ an>vn[ ariy]m]yi>uu.
pie pfmu]ie]Tuyc{t[ |zj]hek]]yi>if
mE}]. atin]l an>vNkR]v[ "aEy{]! |tu Ev]yi>uu.
xR]>ien vWiutu viHitm}E}]. `u m]ztm}, xhgti
evieTuE]L nL si anuBviEt]yuh vE]h"
`u pryukyuh pfvuhek]u fil `rf]kuEu
Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. `rf]kuei pfh ~uv]Eu
\EdY]gM]>ueT aTulec{u "nikuti vk pfh H]j]>]
iyi>iuu. |t[ ~uv]i >xItu t>fh" `u prE]L
\EdY]gM]R "nikutivk pfem}]h |vieT aTc{utIRi>i
uu" `u pru. aE]L kR]v[, "k]>fvR ek]Tuyc{
afh Ever]>inm]f[. atin]l atu mTi>ukyuh w]N
ek]uvi>iu
pfh
~uv]i
zpm]fh
t>ukyuh
ecy{f"emuh niRbic{u. atin]l A \EdY]gM]R
aen xtic{u. k]>fvR ek]Tuyc{ pfh `Tuu
ek]uv[ `IEyliutin]yi a<ic{u En]iyE]L
atu mu<uvnuh |>iue vitil vZ]k]>m]yi muric{
O]Sf]yi>uu. atu k[ `}]v>uh vix[myiukyuh
nikutivk pfh ~uv]ie][ atinu >xItuh ek]Tu
136

e`tiHYm]
yy[ukyuh ecy[tu. kuWuR]vu p>Edsiniu mTi
vi[ AdYh zpEy]gic{ vidY |t]yi>uu. |tu k<iE]E<uh
aEHie zpxii xRv{zt p>u.
O>il tZufiuerniuh ci ek]c{utu>]M]R
kR]vie
Bvnil
`<uukyuh
ci
vidYkL
k]le]]emu kuWuR]viEn]T[ AvsYeTukyuh
ecy[tu. kuWuR]vu n]u Et]eTuu nirc{u n]u
BZtYM]e> viic{[ O]E>] Et]uvIth av>ueT ky{ilek]Tu[
avieTyu kuie n]u k>yiuh niruI[, "w]N |o
kuil muiy]l ep]iv>u xmyh niL `e
evTivy[fh" `u pru. BZtYM]R a>yuh tyuh murui
evTivy[]n]yi x>]yi<iu `u kE]L kR]vu
kuiiri mDYB]gu ecu mui. ek]c{utu>]M]>uh
BZtYM]>uh En]ie]u niu. ~kEdsh muEmu]l n]<ik
k<iE]L kuWuR]vie t evinu mukil ku.
\Ten BZtYM]R evTievukyuh kuWuR]vie t
ep]ic{itrukyuh kuie evh >my m]yiI>ukyuh
kurc{uxmyh
k<iE]L
kuWuR]vie
mZts>I>h
evinu mIet ep]iv>ukyuh ecy[tu. |et}]h ku
ek]c{utu>]M]R v}]et ByeTukyuh "kR]v[ |en
m>ic{tie k]>fem]yi>iuh? k]>fem]y]uh viy
km]yiE]yi. kR]vie vidY k]f]N vi[ nmuu m>fh
k]f]n]fE}] xhgtiy]yt[. kR]vu pri]efiuh |o
BZtYM]R evTivc{tu nY]ym]yi}. evTivy[u xmyh kR]vu
evil muiyuh. evTi ek]]niTy]vukyi} `]f[
vic]>ic{t[. ae}il evTievy[]N xtiyi}]yi>uu.
av] kR]vin[ abh piE]yt}Ey]? evTi v>uE]
E<uh
mui]y]em]yi>iuh
vidV]N
vic]>ic{i>ut[.
evTiyuyueT
Evghek][
atiniT
kiiyi}]yi>iuh.
`eny]y]uh
k]>Yh
viy
km]yi"
`uh
muh
a>uiec{yu{ kyuh ecy[tu. aE]E<uh kuWuR]vie
137

e`tiHYm]
mZts>I>h evil]fu. \Ten aEHie m]ikyil O>u
vIf v]yn EkutuTi. aE]L A evTi]>]y BZtYM]R
ek]c{utu>]M]>ueT
aTulec[
"|o
kxhBvh
tZFp]Rtin]l ti>umniu]yi>u axV]Yh A
m]ikyie<ui vIfv]yn kurc{uEk]lI>uh" `riyic{u.
\Ten ek]c{utu>]M]R m]ikyie<ui. aE]L avieT
vIf v]yic{uek]i>ut[ kuWuR]v]yi>uu. kR]vien
E]L A tu>]M]Ru]y xE]Svh vix[myvuh
`ztm]ztm]yi>uu `u pry]N zpy]xh. avR k>utie][
vi>u x]ne}]h ek]Tuu kR]vien atYh
bHum]nic{tie EsSh mTiey<uukyuh ecy[tu.
O>u
divxh
kuWuR]vuh
O>u
nU>iyuhkUTi
ctu>hgvc{uek]i>uE]L kR]vie ci x[EnHitM]R
avieTec{[, "wL vWiki]n]yi purei>iuky]f[.
yjm]nNkUeT
v>fh"
`u
pru.
ctu>hgiu
>xhek][
kR]v[,
'w]N
v>ui}.
niL
Ep]yi
vWikiuviN; wL ctu>hgh ki]h `uh pru. atu
Ek[ A x[EnHitM]R xti]et vIuh niRb{iuky]l
kR]v[ nU>iEy]T[, "w]N Ep]yi fil mTi vE]h.
aviTu[ |vieTe |>ifh. ep]y[y>ut[" `[ pri[
avE>]TukUTiE]yi. \Ten `}]v>uhkUTiec{u Et]fiyil kyri
ki
tuTi.
xV[pxmyh
k<iE]L
Et]fiyueT
ek]i>u kR]v[ `enEy] etric{u evil
vI<ukyuh \Ten t]fuEp]vukyuh ecy[tu. vWiyiu]yi>u
kUuk]Ru p>izBmm]yi. ciR evil c]Ti muiiEn]i.
kR]vie mZts>I>h Ep]uh `uh ki}. pie v]e>
v>ui vvIsic{uEn]i. `iuh ki}. kR]vie
svhEp]uh kukiu k]>Yh ax]Yemu tIRc{y]vuky]l
ave>}]v>uh ~vuh viS]dE]TukUTi ki mtiy]i k>y[u
kyri. |o vRm]nh kR]vie gZHiriyi]ti>iutu
s>iy}E}] `u vic]>ic{[ ave>}]v>uh kUTi aE]u nTu.
138

e`tiHYm]
avR avieTec{E]L kR]vuh nU>iyuhkUTi y]pURv{h
ctu>hgh vc{uek]i>iutu k[ avR auteu.
"yjm]nN
we
|en
vYxniic{tu
viy
km]yiE]yi" `[ avR prE]L "niL wueT
ctu>hg]Ey]DnmURVm]]N zsmic{tu km]yiE]yi" `u
kR]vu pru.
kuWuR]vie autkReuric{[ p>Edsu
EkLuky]l
avieTniu
ekEmn]y
O>izj]]>N
|EHe p>Ii]n]yi |E]u pureu. ay]l `rf]ku
ei, aTu divxh k]yilvc{[ O>u ki nT]N
niyic{i>iut]yi O>u p>xYh zpxieTui. niitxmy
m]yE]E<uh `rf]kuu k]yl>yil axhKYm]ukL
kUTi. ek]c{I viytu>]N ti>umnuek]uh p>iv]>xEmth
avieT `<ui. aUil kuWuR]vumu]yi>uu. A
p>Edsi vi>iutu kuWuR]vien p>Ii]n]ef[
ARuh ariy]N p]Ti}]yi>uu. ay]L A p>m]Rh AE>]Tuh
prumi}. `iuh kuWuR]v[ |o v]x[tvh \oHi]ti>u
i}. xmym]yE]L A e`zj]ikN ci x]m]nL eki
eyTuuek][ O>u emtiyTiyilyri evtie mIet nTu
k]yiEu Ep]yi. k>yilni[ ~kEdsh nUrTi akeec{[
avieT evinumIet O>u k>iTh vi>ic{[ atil
"EpnikL Epnyuh epnixiuh pic{]i pi]fvuh
cInUsiyumunUu c>Tuh tIei k]leiyuh"
muh ni>ivc{[ "O]Tiv>uviN, O]Tiv>uviN, x]m]nh emc{h,
vi xH]yh |E]L tIRuEp]kuh" `uh muh viic{u
pruek]i>uu. 'kuWuRvinu v]yux[thBh, jx[thBh
mut]yv ariy]emil evie mIet nTuec}uh.
aen ecie}il aEHtin[ Avk vidYkL ariu
kUeTu tIRc{eTuukyuh ecy{]mE}]' `u vic]>ic{]f[ A
139

e`tiHYm]
p>Edsi |en viic{upruek]fi>ut[. ay]L x]H]>h
|en viic{upryutu EkE]L viytu>]N ti>umnu
ek]u kuWuR]vien aTul viic{[ "`], avieTec{u
v}tuh v]ie]uv>]!N vEy{" `u k[pic{u Ec]dic{u.
"k[pnyueil p>Iic{u En]]h" `u kR]vu mrupTi
ariyic{E]L "Ae, Ou p>Iic{u En]U" `u vIuh
k[pic{u. \Ten kuWuR]v[ O>u viy ev kuti>yueT
puru kyri evinumIet O]Tic{[ aE]u ecu.
aE]E<uh k>iTvuh kc{vT]mnuh kc{vT]>nuh `}]h
evil t]fuk<iu. k]yiliTu muiyuh ep]iyuh
evhkuTic{u m>i]N tuTiy A p>Edsiken kuWu
R]vuh piTic{uvic{u te kuti>yueT puru kyiyi>ui
e][ kuti>ey ti>iey O]Tic{u k>y[eI[ A p>EdsiEy]T[
"`], p>I Ou mtiy]Ey]" `u Ec]dic{u. aE]L A
p>Edsi et]<utuek][ "abh pifuEp]yi. mifh.
`e zp]f>ecy[ttin]yi zpEtYkh vnhpruek]uu.
|ni `e jIvnuE]L w]N yjm]nen p>Ii]N
pureTukyi}" `u pru xtYhecy[tu ]vnzmmuKn]yi
avieTniu mTi p>EdsEute Ep]yi.
A Evnl]u v<iE]>]yuh mumu anvDiy]u
kL kR]vie m]ikyil vukUTi. avR evyiuek][
p>vsM]>]yi]f[ avieTyriyt[. d]Hh ks]yiu]yi
>utin]l kuTi]N evh Evfem[ avR kuWuR]
viEn]T[ pru. "`u evm]fu Evt[" `u kR]vu
Ec]dic{E]L k>i]y]lek]]h; ae}il |viTue xok>Yh
Ep]e `u evm]y]uh viE>]Dmi}" `vR pru.
aE]L kR]v[, "k>iute Av]h, |vieT xok>urev]
umi}. pE etiEMlyr]N |E]L |vieT nueT BZtY
M]>]>umi} `e]>u t>ETu m]ztEm \u. v]iy]e> Oe
O]E>] k]>YL]yi O]E>] iEu pryc{i>i
uky]f[. atuek][ viE>]Dem]umi}. etiEMlyr]N
140

e`tiHYm]
`niumriy]h. n} p>icymi} `E \u" `u pr[
kR]vu te ec[ O>u etiEMlniu me]>u eti
EMEu c]Ti. atiEMlniuh O>u k>iu pric{i[ pie]>u
etiEMEu c]Ti. aen O]E>] k>iuvIth pric{uek][
aEHh O>u ku>enE]e avieTyu]yi>u etiEM
e]e c]Ti nTu. avieT kUTiyi>uvR |tu k[ atYh
vix[myic{u. `iuh OTuh c] pi<c{u kR]vu niuvIfu.
atuku p>izBmic{[ avieTyu]yi>uve>}]h O]Tiec{u
En]iyE]L aEHinu Eb]Dmi}]yi>uu. atYh vivs
n]yi>iutu k[ aEHh aE]Le m>ic{uEp]kuem[
`}]v>uh tIRc{eTui. kR]vie avst kE]L evh
kuTifemu vic]>ic{ k]>Yh `}]v>uh mru. avR ~vuh
viSM]>]yiIRu. ave>}]v>uh |tikRvYt]mUM]>]yi
aen niE]L kR]v[ v]y[ tur[ k]fic{u. atu ki[
"aEHinu evh kuTifemu]yi>iuh; atuek]]
yi>iuh v]y[ ep]ic{uk]fiut[. Ae>iuh ec[ O>u k>iu
fil ecie]u v>fh" `[ O>]L pru. \Ten
ciR k>iu ecie]uv>uv]n]yi O]TiE]yi. aE]L O>u
eciy k>iuhek][ kuWuR]vu avieT vu. etil
niu vIf[ avsn]yiiTi>u kuWuRvu tlfh
adZsYn]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. A xmyh avieTyu]yi>u
jnLu]y vix[myh v]c]mEg]c>em}]et me]uh
pry]ni}. kR]vu etiEMe}]h c]Ti nTtu Hnum]e
anuzgHhek]uh t]e< vIf[ m>i]N tuTiyt]yi]fic{
|zj]vidYek]um]yi>uu `utu viEsSic{u pryfemi
}E}]. kR]vu etiEMl c]TinTutu kE]L jn
Lu]y vix[myh avsn]yiiTi>u
aEHe
xVs>I>n]yiE]L stgufIBvic{u. k>iu eciuTic{u
d]Hh tIRtie EsSh vIuh `}]v>uh m]ikyilUTi.
aE]L kuWuR]v[, "evhkuTi k<iuvE}], |ni Ou
muruiy]le]]emu]yi>iuh, |E}? AvsYmuvRe]
e muru]h" `u pru muruei turuevc{u. atil
141

e`tiHYm]
muru]nuet]umu]yi>ui}. aE]L O>]!L "|o epiyil
muru]nuet]umi}E}]" `u pru. \Ten kR]v[ "Ou
mie}il `}]miE]L v>u]mE}]" `u pru. atuEk[ A
jnUil O>]L "wLuEvi aen buimufemi}.
|vieTyiE]L
v]iy]>]>uh
|}]etyi>iutuek]u
muruux]m]nL v]]nuh yjm]nNte Ep]kfm]yi>iu
mE}]" `u pru. "niL aet]e `inriyuu? niL
Evfemil muruie]fh. ah tiuvN ku<ieyuet
in]f[" `u kR]vu prE]E<uh `vieT niE]
`E] muru]nu x]Dne}]h epiyil niruk<iu.
O]>h evi aTy[, pukyi, nUr[, ~i>i, zg]Uv[,
v]lmuk[, j]ti, j]tipzti mut]yvey}]h k[ A jnL
pURv{]Dikh vix[myiukyuh AvsYmuve>]e muruiytie
EsSh `}]v>uh kR]vien vic{u y]zt pru Ep]vukyuh
ecy[tu.
viEsSic{u v}v>umuE]L O>u x]Dnvuh kuWu
R]vu v]iye>yuh muh pryc{u v>uuk ptivi}.
AvsYmuet}]h t]En avieT vuek]uh. aeny]f[
ptiv[. |o x]m]ne}]h AvsYhEp]e ek]uvu
ek]Tuutu kuWuR]vu Exvic{u zptYm]iu
kuic{]M]>]efutu viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}].
kuWuR]vie autkRL |en |niyuh
ve> ry]nu[. av miv]ruh eeku<]e vidYke
anuk>iu vy]ky]uh EKneedRGYe Byeuh |ni
aDikh vix[t>iui}. Edv]xu>yutil xH]yiutinu
ec}]n]yiu fu nUiEMlei Ak]sm]Riil
niu EdEvzN eeku<]e EpRyy[]rutuEp]e
kuWuR]vie EpRuh ayy[]ru[. t]enE]e
kR]vuh nUiEMl piTic{ute xVRiEu kyriE]vu
kyuh muh pE]<uh \]yium]f[. t]N ti>uvit]hkUR
mH]>]j]vie ti>umuilvc{]efuh kR]vuh ek]c{i viy
142

e`tiHYm]
tu>]e ti>umuilvc{]efuh m]ztEm vYtY]xmuu. >u
EpR k]fic{t]efiuh O>uEp]eyu >u xhgtikL
zpEtYkh zpEtYkh viv>iut[ an]vsYm]fE}].
kuWuR]vu eevdYh vky]yuh mzv]dh vky]yuh
|zj]h vky]yuh ax[zts]x[ztzpEy]gL xhbic{uv
y]yuh Exv]m]RL viv>iuvy]yuh muh aEnkh zg
L
p>Edsuniu
x]dic{uek]uvu
xVgZHil
xUic{uvc{i>uu. aEHh avieTyi}]etyi>iu xmyil
an>vM]>il ciR A zgeTuuEn]i xVk]>Ym]yi
ci vidYkL pic{utuTi. kurc{uk]Eu kuWuR]v[
an>v>ueT |o kv[ arii}. kurc{[ k<iE]L
|triyutinu ci k]>fu]yi.
Ec>]n}UR kR]vie gZHmi>iu pu>yiTie
ki<uvsh kuh, ev>i, m mut]yv kZSiec{yutinu
ek]]vu m]f[. avieT AuEt]ruh ptiv]yi
Emlpr kZSi ecy{]ru]yi>uu. kuWuR]v[ avieT
yuE]L aEHh k]e `<uE[ avieTec{[ En]i
kuh,
m
mut]yvyueT
Ppui
k]niuk
ptiv]yi>uu. A ptivnux>ic{[ aEHh O>u divxh k]u
ecu En]iyE]L O>u kuyiEMl >Up]vil mrupurh
tut]y O>u dV]>h ku. |eteu xhsyic{u p>iEs]Dic{
E]L `}]iEMuh aen O]E>] dV]>h vIth k]fuky]l
an>ve> viic{[ |tie k]>femeu Ec]dic{u. aE]L
O>>vN, "w]N ax[zts]x[ztzgemTuu En]iyE]L O>u
zpEy]gh ku. A vidY PiuEm] `u p>Iic{u
En]uv]n]yi etie |oRilek][ O>x[ztmu]i
zpEy]gic{t]f[. w]N OiEMl m]ztEm `y[tuEn]iyuu"
`u pru. atu Eku kuWuR]v[, "gu>UpEdsh kUT]et
zgil k]fuv zpEy]gic{utuTiy]l anRu]
Eyuh, atin]l aen ecy{>ut[' `um]zth mrupTi pru.
143

e`tiHYm]
Ever]>n>vN Exv]zkmzgemTuu En]i ci
mzL pic{u ek]u Hnum]en Exv tuTi. OTuh
ay]Lu zB]upiTic{u. atukUeTy]yE]L kuWuR]v[ "|o
zgL |vieT vc{i>u]l |ni |tiEn]L viy
anRuh \]Eyuh" `u vic]>ic{[ avey}]emTuu
cuunsiic{uku. A zB]upiTic{ AueT b]Dey piTic{u
ciUR
Eztie
muNvsu
Alry[l
kuTiyi>uukyuh ecy[tu.
Ec>]n}UR kR]vie vky]yi ciUR ` Eds[ O>u
Eztmu[. gu>uv]yU>eney]f[ avieT zptiic{i
>iut[. Ec>]n}UR kR]vinu]yiu EzsyukLe]e
zpD]n k]>fh A xV]miy]f[. kuWuR]v[ A Eztil
mUuzp]vsYh atiniEy]TukuTi xhvX>Bjnh nTIu[.
mU]me xhvX>Bjnh k<itilpiey]f[ aEHie
kIRi E]kil xRv{zt vY]pic{t[. |ni A Eztmu]yt[
`eneyukUTi pri[ |o \pnY]xh avx]nii]emu
vic]>iuu.
|mur]>n]yi>u O>u Ec>]n}UR kR]v[ gu>uv]yUR
ecu BipURv{h xV]miey Bjic{u t]mxic{i>uu. aen
pupzu ek]}h k<iE]L k]>fvR m>ic{uEp]vuky]l
|o kR]vinu trv]il mU]yi. trv]il mUy]L nTE
t]y aEnkh k]>Yutin]l aEHh trv]il vu
t]mxifemu pr[ AukL ecu. aE]L aEHinu
gu>uv]yU>e xiDiyilni[ viupi>iyu k]>Yh ~vuh
vYxnk>m]yiIRu. trv]Til vu t]mxi]etyi>i]N
nivZiyi}]etyuh vu. atin]l aEHh v}]et vise n]yi
Bvic{u. "`e gu>uv]yU>]! w]en]f[ ecEy{t[? aviTuu
te |tien]>u nivZiyu]i>fh" `u vic]>ic{u
ek]u >]ztiyil kiTuriyE]L kR]vin[ O>u xVp[nmu
]yi. "nI Ouh vYxniE; n]ee xVgZHiEu
ep]y[e]uk. w]N avieT vu ek]]h. avieT O>u n}
144

e`tiHYm]
h En]i Ezth pfiyiukyuh xmUHURil zpti
nTiukyuh ecy{fh. `e x]iYh avieTyu]yi>iuh.
zptiy[u xmym]kuE]L avieT v>u tzieye]u
zpti
nTifh.
muNkUi
AE>]Tuh
pryfemi}"
`e]>]L aTulecu prt]yi]f[ kR]v[ xVp[nh
kt[. |tu gu>uv]yU>N a>uiec{y[ttutey]efu
visVxic{u kR]vu piE divxhte xVEdsEu Ep]u.
kR]vu xVgZHiei t]mxh tuTI[ aDikh
t]mxiy]et te h En]i niyic{u Ezthpfi nTi
ukyuh
zptii]nu
vizgHmu]ic{u
vy[ukyuh
muHURh En]ic{u niyiukyuh zptiy[u Evu
\pk>fe}]h EsK>iukyuh ecy[t[, tzi v>]n]yi
k]i>uu.
a]u Ec]unU>i]iEuh O>u xVp[nmu]yi.
"Ec>]n}UR kR]vu ciuR Eds[ O>u Ezth pfiyic{[,
zptiy[e}]h
vhkUi
vc{uek]i>iuu.
muHURh
|E]<]f[. atinu tvh avieTec{u zpti nTfh"
`]yi>uu xVp[nh. atnux>ic{u nU>i]T[ avieTeyu
kyuh niitmuHURile zpti nTukyuh ecy[tu.
kR]vu tziu difecy[tt[ O>u ep]Nkih nirey
vil]s]yi>uu. kih nirey vil]su ek]u ecu
tziyueT muNpil ec]>iiu kih ti>iey ek]uEp]u.
tzi kR]viEn]T[ "`}]h ve> Bhgiy]yi. |o Eztil
gu>uv]yU>e x]iYh `uh EvtuEp]e \]yi>iuh"
`u xE]SxEmth pr[ anuzgHic{u. aE]L kR]v[
"|o Ezth k]zkEmf gu>uv]yUR Ezte atisyiuh,
|E}? `u Ec]dic{u? "ati}, atie]>upTi t]e<y]yi>iEy
\u" `u tzi prE]L, "aetu ek]]f[? `u
kR]vu Ec]dic{u. aE]L tzi, " A ep]NkiE]Tu
kUTite dif ecy[ti>uuevil kR]vu vic]>ic{tu
Ep]ete Ak]m]yi>uu. aen ecy[ti}E}]. atu
145

e`tiHYm]
ek]]f[" `u pru. kR]v[ A ep]NkihkUTi `Tuu
ek]u ecu ek]Tuu. tzi atu xVIk>ic{i}. "`niu
mnE]TukUTi ttu mti. atiDikh AvsYmi}" `u pru
tzi nU>i]Tu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. |zpk]>m]f[ A
Eztie \d[Bvh. |viTe Edven Ec>]n}UR kR]M]R
av>ueT kup>Edvty]yi |E]<uh Ac>ic{u v>uumu[.

146

e`tiHYm]

53. ek]]>>E]s]
ti>uvit]hkUril ek]}h QiviSnilEc{R ek]]>>
t]Uil ek]]>> ` Eds[ O>u sivEztmu[. |o
Ezth pu ek]]>> (|yiTu xV>Uph) >]j]vie
vky]yi>uu. A xV>Upie >]j]M]R |o siven av>ueT
p>Edvt]y]yi]f[ Ac>iukyuh Ad>iukyuh ecy[tuvi>u
t[. ek]]>> Edsh ti>uvit]hkUR xR]R vky]yiIRu.
A Eztie etuvsu mtilk]yi O>u Eg]s]
|E]<uh k]]nu[. atie \veiy]f[ |vieT pry]N
B]viut[.
pu zbiiSumb]Rk]>n]y O>u nU>i anptYt
nimih ve> duKic{[ aEnkh xlRmuh d]nDRmuh
Eztil v<ip]Tukuh muh nTiytie Pm]yi O>u
puztx]nmu]yi. aE]L A m]t]pit]M]R ve>
xE]Sic{ueviuh A xE]Sh aDik n]Eu nIu
nii}. \iyueT j]tkPh ciic{til aEHh |>upt]met
vyil viSBymu]yi m>iuemu xmRM]>]y aEnkh
EjY]XYM]R e`kkf[EYn aBizp]yeu. atin]l m]t]pit]
M]Ru xE]SiDikh x]pmu]yitIRu. "|tien
]L n}t[ \i \]k]etyi>iuktey]yi>uu" `u
avR[ Et]i. `iuh A \i zkEmf vRuv>ukyuh
aEHie \pnynh, xm]vRnh mut]yv y]k]h
aNnU>i nTukyuh ecy[tu. y]zkmh Evd]DYynvuh
vidY]BY]xvuh ecy{iuky]l ptin]ru vyu k<iE]E<uh
A zb]fkum]>N n} Evdnh vidV]num]yiIRu.
AkZtiek]uh zpkZtiek]uh mEn]H>n]y A \inU>i
yueT zp]ye atizkmic{u vRc{yuh EdHpuiyuh ku
m]t]pit]M]R
"|vN
a[p]yu]yiu
Ep]k]Nte
\]yvn]f[" `u vic]>ic{u zptidinh duKic{uek]i>uu.
m]t]pit]M]R xd] duKic{u ek]i>utie k]>fh A
147

e`tiHYm]
\inU>i k]zkEmf mni]ukyuh "|tuek]u viS]di
]en]umi}. ptin]r]me vyil m>i]et m]REyen
>ic{ |osV>N `eyuh >i]N k<iyuh" `u mnil
dZm]yi niyiukyuh a]hmutl aEHh viy |osV>
Bn]yii>ukyuh ecy[tu.
an>h A \inU>i |}uniiri, Ek>iu
mH] Eztie}]h ecu xV]mi dRsnh ecy[tuek]u
xW>ic{u. aen zkEmf aEHh ArMueec{u EcRu.
ArMueb[Bgv]en Bjic{uek][ aEHh avieT O>u mh
(n][pe]u divxh) t]mxic{u. n]lpe]]h divxh
>]ztiyil aEHh ail kiT[ \riy xmyh O>]L
aEHie aTulec{[ "aE[ |E]L |>upt]me
vy]yi>iuu. |vieT]mxic{]l Pxii \]vukyi}.
|yiTu (ek]]>>) mH]Edven Bjic{uek][ avieTec{u
t]mxiuk. A mH]Edv!N ayueT Ape]<ic{[ >iuh"
`u prt]yi aEHinu Et]i. aEHh epeu ku
turu En]iyE]L avieTeyuh Ae>yuh ki}. |tu
k>uf]niDiy]y ti>uv]rmuyNte a>uiec{y[tt]efu
visVxic{uek][ aEHh aTu divxhte avieTniu
pureTu ek]]>>eyi |yiTu mH]Edven Bjic{u tuTi.
aen n][ptu divxh k<itie EsSh O>u divxh
eevkuE>h A nU>i xY]vnin]yi ail
niri kuiEu Ep]yE]L `vieTniE] O>u kZS[f
xRh cIie][ aEHie pi]e ecu. atu ku
nU>i, "O]! nueT j]tkPmnuBvinu k]m]yi>iuEm]?
|tienTu]N mH]Edvnu siyie}il anuBviukte.
xRBUSfn]y xREvsV>N O>u xReTu]N nivZi
yi}]et v>ukyi}" `u vic]>ic{uek][ kuiiri xY]
vnvuh jpvuem}]h nTi. xRh kuTvil k>y[u ecu
niu. nu>i me]>u v<iey k>y[u kyri, aiei
zpdifh vc{u tuTi. aE]L xRh avieTyuemi aEH
148

e`tiHYm]
e piNtuTRu. xRh ~vumTuE]L nU>i nTyil ecu
x]]hgm]yi
nmx[k>ic{uek][
avieTiTu.
aE]L
dIp]>]Dny[u nT aTc{i>iuky]yi>uu. xRh nU>iey
et]u et]i} ` itiyi]yE]L `vieTniE] O>u p>uu
v[ A xRe r]Wi (epeu ek]ieyTuu) ek]u
Ep]yi. dIp]>]Dny[u nT turE]L nU>i `fIu. aE]L
xRe avieTeyuh ki}. xRe p>uu ek][
aie mtilu puru pTi]ruvs]yi O>u u
ek]uEp]yi |t]yi jnL pr[ aEHh EkLukyuh
mH]Edve kZpek][ te Ap[ |en O<iu `u
visVxiukyuh ecy[tu.
aTu divxhte nU>i xVEdsEu pureTukyuh
|}ei viv>h m]t]pit]M]e> ariyiukyuh avR
atYh xE]Siukyuh ecy[tu. an>h nu>i ~t]nuh
pfvuhek]u vIuh ek]]>e> `ukyuh >]j]vie
anuv]dzpk]>h k>ilfikE]TukUTi mH]EdvEzth jIRE]
]>fh ecy{iukyuh atie etuvsu k>i}uek]u
te pun]yi O>u Eg]s] pfiyiukyuh ecy[tu. A
Eg]s] trmutl mu<uvnuh, mukie Emc{ilkUTiyuh, k>i}u
ek]]f[ pfi k<iic{iut[. Eg]s]yueT vTuvsem]<ic{u
mUu vsuh k>i}uek]ute Bii eki aTv]Iu[.
|o Eg]s] pfiyic{t[ ek]}h 900-]h m]iTy[]ef]f[
EkLvi. atin[ |E]<uh y]et]>u EkTuh xhBvic{ii}. xRh
cuvIf [ A nU>i O>u n]gzpti nTiukyuh
aviTh k]zkEmf O>u xR]v]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. A
xR]v[ |E]L avieT k]Fm]nu[.
Emlpr Eg]s] |E]L viy \pEy]gem]umi}]et
y]f[ kiTut[. `iuh \TmM]Ru piTiek]Tu]et >]zti
k]il kv>ueT vivil kyri tiu nsiic{u nTu
ci ku k]ikL ciE]L |E]<uh avieTec{u kiT]ru[.
atin]l A s] pfiyic{ AueT \Esh Ekvh
149

e`tiHYm]
niS[Pm]yiE]yi `u pry]Np]Ti}. |tu pfiyic{ nU>i
yueT |}E>[ pril `]efu ci>uh prU>[ `]efu
mu ci>uh pryuu. |o Eg]s] ek]}h 1092-]m]iTy[[
pu>]tn x]Dn]EnVSiy]y miR Eg]pIn]r]vu x!Rsiu
kyuh p<mp>icymu ci vZM]E>]T[ |tieni Ec]dic{u ci
viv>L ariyukyuh ecy[tiu[.

150

e`tiHYm]

54. EtvE>i ni
EtvE>i niyueT Bvnh ti>uvit]hkUri!l zpxie
ecU!!R Ezti!lniu xV[ph etu m]riy]yi>uu. A
kuTuhb]e> "EtvE>i]N" `uh pri>uu.
|vR
av]xi v!RiuLe O>u j]ti]>]f[. |v!R[
p]>>Ym]yiu kuvidY mzv]dm]yi>uu. |v>ueT kuTuhb
vky]yi ArMu vTE> enTuhzpy]!R ` Eds[ ~t]nuh
]v>vx[tuuh O>u k>iyumu[. A k>iyi!l zptii
ei>iu mU!Ri Bzdk]iy]f[. EtvE>i niyueT gZHi
u]ku pu>uSM]e>}]v>uh \pnynvuh xm]v!Rnvuh
k<i]!l avieTec{[ O>u xhv!lx>k]h Bjic{u p]!Ruk
muin]e \ ptiv]f[. a]]f[ avR mzv]dh
piukyuh mzdI ni!Rv{Hiukyuh mzxii v>uukyuh
ptiv[. A k][ ave> mzv]dzg!L En]iutiuh
piiutinuh \pEdsiutinuh mum]yi gZHi!lniu
vEy]vZM]>uh vidY]vZM]>um]yiuv>il O>]L kUTi avieT
ecu p]!Rukyuh ptiv]f[. |en A xhvX>Bjnh
k<itinu EsSh m]ztEm av!R mzv]dh ecy[tutuT]ruu.
EtvE>i kuTuhbi!l OTuvil avEsSic{i>u A]y
d]Em]d>N nieyuric{]f[ |vieT viv>i]N B]viut[.
|EHh pURv{]c]>zpk]>h enTuzy]uk>iyi!l xhvlx>Bjn
vuh mzdIyuh niRviG[nh ni!Rv{Hiukyuh mzxii
v>uukyuh mzv]dh xhbic{[ mzx]>h, yzx]>h, zppW
x]>h, zpEy]gx]>h, s]>d]tikh mut]y aEnkh zgL
En]iic{u HZdim]ukyuh pURv{ikM]E>]T[ \pEdsvuh
anuzgHvuh v]ukyuh ecy[ti>utu kUT]et xhx[kZtB]S
yil ap]>m]y p]itYvuh x]dic{i>uu. |EHh mzv]dh
xhbic{[
zpvRic{iu
kRL[
avx]nmi}.
aEHie zpxii BUE]kil xRvzt zpx>ic{i>uu.
e`tiHYm] >]h B]gil n]E]upim]e>uric{u
151

e`tiHYm]
viv>ic{iu 12-]h \pnY]xil Ey]gIsV>N >]mNpiyueT
B]>Yey b]Dic{i>u gRven O<ic{t]yi pryei>iu
'EtvE>i]N' |o mH]N tey]efu v]yn]R
mni]ie]Et]f[.
d]Em]d>NniyueTjnnh 930-]m]]ef]f[ Ekiut[.
|EHinu mzv]dil m]ztm}, eevdYh, |zj]h mut]yv
yiuh ax]m]nYm]y p]itYh \]yi>uu.
|EHh
enTuhzpy]uk>iyie xhvlx>Bjnh niRvHic{tie EsSh
mUu xhvX>]h emonzvtm]yi xVgZHil nivryii
>uu Bgvtiey Exvic{u. a][ aEHie kui ~<>
n]<ik evu]nuE]<uh, ax[tmic{u pu n]<ik >]ec{tinu
EsSvum]yi>uu ptiv[. |o mU[ xhvX>]iniT[
aEHh xVh EjYenyuh aeyyum}]et m]e>yuh
dRsiukEp]umu]yii}. |o mUu xhvX>e emonzvt]
nu]nh k<itieEsSh |EHh n]le]udivxh
ecUR Eztil pTi]er nTyiuh Bjnh nTi.
|ztyuem]e x]Dic{tie EsSh ptien]me vyi]f[
aEHh mzv]dh ecy[tu tuTiyt[.
|o EtvE>i ni mzv]dh ecy[tutuTiy k][
p>Edsu ni[ O>u x[ztI ac{NEk]viil vu s]x[t]vie
Eztil Bjnmi>iuu]yi>uu. O>u b]DyueT \pzdvh
O<i]n]yi]f[ avR avieT vu Bjnh tuTiyt[. avieT
O>u xhvX>h Bjic{iuh b]D O<iu Ep]k]y[ky]l A
x[ztIyueT \TmM]R pie mzv]dike aEnVSic{u tuTi.
aE]L EtvE>i ni viy mzv]diy]efuh aEHh
~tu b]Deyyuh O<iiuemuh muh ciR prriyuky]l
avR A x[ztIeyyuh ek][ ecUR[ pureu. avR
niey[ viv>h prE]L, "Ae pzu divxh
ecUR pTi]er nTyil Bjnmi>ie. atuk<iiu pie
`eiuh Evfemil ecy{]h" `]fu aEHh prt[.
atin]l A x[ztIey pTi]er nTyil ek]uEp]yi Bjn
152

e`tiHYm]
mi>ui. Bjnm]yi]R pzu divxvuh A x[ztI xd]
ci>ic{uek]ute |>ui>uu. xY]xmy[ ni ptiv]yi
et]<]N ec}uE]L A x[ztI aEHie Ene> En]i
ku>uukyuh ptiv]yi>uu. pz]h divxh xYy[[ ni
et]<]N ecE]L A x[ztI ptiviDikh >UtEy]TukUTi
niyueT Ene> turic{uEn]ukyuh viEsS]l ci Eg]ikL
k]fiukyuh ecy[tu. \Ten ni s]i]>en viic{[, "|i
mzLe][ |ztyizt \>uvIth puS[p]w[ji ecy{fh. atu
k<iyuE]E<uh w]en]u Ep]yi v>]h" `[ pru ch
ekI[ avieTniu Ep]yi.
ni xVgZHilec{u nivryiiri ci mzL
jpic{uek][ avieT mUEmu]l n]<ik |>utie EsSh
t]N ptiv]yi vc{u pUjic{i>u cU>lvTiyuemTuuek][
vIuh aiei. nieyE]L A x[ztI pieyuh
turic{u En]ukyuh Eg]ikLk]ukyuh "`] vTi ek]u
vi>iut[? `e aTiEc{]Ti]em[ vic]>ic{]yi>iuh,
aE}? `]l aTiek]utuh O]Tutum]>]ef[ OTuh
nmuriy]h" `uh muh pryukyuh ecy[tu tuTi. ni
aet]uh kt]yiuh Ekt]yiuh B]vi]et aink
E[
ecu. aE]E<uh puS[p]w[ji k<ii>utin]l
zpx]dh (puS[p]w[ji k<ic{ pUv[) v]ie]u puriri
ainu mUu zpdifh vc{u pTi]ernTyiei. A
x[ztI aE]<uh Eg]ikLk]ukyuh muh ecy{uu]yi>uu.
ni puS[p]w[ji zpx]dh A x[ztIyueT si>iiiu cU>lvTi
av>ueT ky{ilek]Tu[. avL tuie][ A vTi v]i
te]N aTi tuTi. aen kurc{u k<iE]L A x[ztI,
"aEy{]! w]N ep]y[e]]Em. `e a `E]Tien
ecy{uem[ w]N vic]>ic{i>ui}. `ni[ nivZiyi}]ety]yi
>iuu. atin]l w]N |niey]>iuh |o EdHe b]Di
yie}u xtYh ecy[tu O<iuEp]y[ek]]h" `[ viic{u
pru tuTi. \Ten ni xtYv]ckh pruek]Tuukyuh
153

e`tiHYm]
b]D azpk]>h xtYh ecy[tu O<iuEp]vukyuh x[ztI
xVtey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. A x[ztIyueT BR]v[
ail aEnkh v<ip]TukL nTukyuh niu pukuh
muukuh pfvuh mum]yi axhKYh x]nL ek]Tuukyuh
muh ecy[ti[ x[ztIeyyuh ek][ p>iv]>xEmth xVEdseu
mTiE]yi. ni puh pfvuem}]h ecUR Bgvti[
v<ip]T]yi nTy[u vc{i[ muukLm]zth xVgZHiEu
ek]uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu. |o mzv]dh k<iE]L niyueT
kIRi p>Edsiuh pURv]Dikh vY]pic{u.
mzv]dh xhbic{u Em]Hnh, x[thBnh, bnh, m]>fh,
viEdVSfh, vsIk>fh, AkRSfh, \c{]Tnh mut]y zpEy]g
e}]h niriy]m]yi>uu. `}, aEdHin[ ariukUT]
t]yi Ouh teyi}]yi>uu `u tIRc{y]yuh pry]h.
yi, gRvN mut]yve> v>ui aEHh pe>yuh zptY
m]i k]fic{iu[. aEHh O]>h eevdYnuh adVitIyn]y
viSeevdYnum]yi>uu.
xihHvY]zG]dik]y
zkU>mZge
E]uh A]nux]>ik]utinu si aEHinu]
yi>uu. d]Em]d>NniyueT aut zpvRnL[ O>u ky{uh
kfumi}. vYkeu tIRc{eTuev>uh vEy]vZku
m]y aEnkh x[ztIkL niyueT cikiXyuh mzv]dvuh ek][
gRBh D>iukyuh zpxviukyuh ecy[tiu[. m>ic{ve>
jIviic{u kurc{u dU>h nT]nuh >uh mUuh v]ukL
xhx]>ii]nuh kUTi aEHinu k<iyum]yi>uu. Aek]eT
vic]>ic{]l ni am]nuSzpB]vn]y O>u divYn]yi>uu `u
te prEyiyi>iuu.
atY]vsYk]>YL]yi}]et
ni
xVgZHie
nivr viu purir]ri}. eviy]<[cyuh ec]v{]<[cyuh
>]vie enTuhzpy]u k>iyil Ep]yi viukyuh zptidinvuh
k]uh eevkuE>vuh ecUR pTi]er nTyilec[
Et]<ukyuh aEHh AjIvn]h ptiv]yi nTiyi>uu.
mzv]dinuh mum]yi dU>il Ep]y]uh |o ptiv[
154

e`tiHYm]
aEHh muT]ri}. `uh puh divxe v<iu>u
ilE]yi aEHh puh ptinWuh
divxh vIth
ciE]L t]mxi]ru[. a]iuh ec]v{]<[cyuh eviy]
<[cyuh >]vie k>iyiuh k]uh eevkuE>vuh ecUR
pTi]er nTyiuh aEHe ptiv]yi ki>uu. |t[
x]D]>f mnuSYR[ x]DYm}] k]>Ym]fE}].
muNk]il aTy[] kvu(k<u)iEMl p<uu ni]l
xR]>iE[ priiecTuuky}]et kuikL priec{TuukUT]
`e]E>R]Tu]yi>uu. O>il niyueT pu>yiTil ve>
aTy[] p<uunilut]yi ariu p]RvtYk]R, mui
]>N, Ec>um]n]>N mut]yvR p<u] priiutin]yi
avieT ecu. kvuiEMl kyrutinu Ever Ae>yuh
ki]y[ky]l Ec>um]n]>Nte kyriuTi. aE]L ni
nivryil Etv]>h k<ic{uek]i>iuky]yi>uu. atin]l
niyueT a nivrv]tillec{[, ''nueT p<u]
]e}]h pric{u ek]uEp]kuv]N xR]>]ukL vi>iuu.
Ec>um]n]>N aT]m]>iEMl kyriuTi" `u pru.
atuEk[ ni O>u ti>iyuh
ek]uieyTu[ O>u kii
evvuh ek]u nivru puruvu. nTumuiri ti>i
Em[Ep][ `riyukyuh evh nTumu[ O<iukyuh ecy[ti[
aEy]T[, "avR kyrukEy] |rukEy] `eiuh ecy{e.
a xVm]yi |>ifh. nmuuet]uh A>uh ek]u
Ep]vukyi}" `u pryukyuh pieyuh nivryile
Ep]yi |>iukyuh ecy[tu. Ec>um]n]>N aT]m>ie
mDYi]yE]L atie azgB]gu tI kutu ku
Byeu kI<[E]iriuTi. aE]L aTiyil evh
ep]iv>ut]yiu. eviiriy]l nIi `vieTey
iuh ecu >zp]pi]emu vic]>ic{[ kI<[E]ue |ri
niuvE]L mukil tIyuh t]e< evvuh k]]ni}]yi
>uu. "|tu niyueT j]vidYek][ evruet Et]iyt]f[.
p<u]u priukteEvfh" `u pru ay]L pieyuh
155

e`tiHYm]
kyriuTi. aE]<uh y]pURvh mukil tI kutuh t]e<
evh Ep]iv>utuh ep]iv>utuh k[ ay]L pieyuh
t]e<yiri. |en n]Wu zp]vsYh kyrukyuh |rukyuh
ecy[ti[ OTuh, "As]e (A diuk]R niey As]en]f[
pruvi>ut[) p<u] nmuu Ev]" `u pru avR
mTiE]yi. atilie p<u] pri]N avieT A>uh
ec}]ri}.
p[ r]iR]v[ Eds]DiptYmu O>iTzpBuv]yi>uu.
A Edsu ku<iyil vI<u AnkueT \Tm]vk]sh kR]
vin]yi>uu. atin]l kR]v[ te mkil Anu<iku]
iyuh Anke piTiukyuh ptiv]yi>uu. O>]il
ku<iyil vIE<u k][ vI<]etyi>utin]l atie
k]>fmriyutin]yi
kR]v[
zps[nhevic{u
En]ic{u.
aE]L ac{NEk]vil s]x[t]vie viE>]Dh ek]]f[ An
ku<iyil vI<]etu zps[n]>N viDic{u. |o viE>]Dh tI>u
tinu ci zptiviDikL niyic{[ ay]L O>u c]Ruh `<uti
e]Tuu. A c]RiNzpk]>mu zptiviDike}]h ecy[ti[
A Ail Anke piTiu k]>Yh ax]Ym]yi>utin]l
kR]vinu ve> mnx[t]pmu]yi. aenyi>u k][
xmIpem]>u
[
mzv]din]yi
EtvE>i
ni
viueu Ek[ kR]vuh avieTec{[ niey[
viv>em}]h pru. aE]Lni, "|tienuric{[ Ouh kuf[ith
Ev]. k]>Yh w]N x]Diic{u tuek]]h. aE[ Otu
ku<ikE} \t[? avyie}]h |u >]ztiyile An
vI<uh. n]e >]vie ecu En]iy]l k]f]h" `u pru.
|tu Ekiu kR]vinu n} visV]xm]yi}. ac{NEk]vil
s]x[t]vie viE>]Dh niyueT |o v]uek]u tI>uEm]"
`u xhsyic{ue]u kR]v[ Ep]yi a]<h k<ic{u
kiTuri. piEdivxh >]vie kR]vu n} visV]xE]Tu
kUTiye}iuh myilecu ku<ikil En]iyE]L Otu
ku<ikiuh O]E>] An vIth vIfiu]yi>uu. pE, Otuh
156

e`tiHYm]
piTiy]nk]yi>uu. atin]l kR]vie kuf[ith mu<uvnuh
vium]riyi}. A Anke ku<iyil niu kyi kUTuki]i
aT]N ~R]Tu ecy[ti[ kR]v[ ecu pieyuh niey
ku. "`], ku<ikie]e AnkL vIfiE}" `u ni
Ec]dic{u. "AnkL vIfu pE, `}]h piTiy]nk]f[. >u
mUeemiuh ek]n]yi>ui}E}] `u mnx[t]pEm
yuU" `u kR]vu pru. aE]L ni, "O]! atu x]>mi}.
|[ >]ztiyil vI<uet}]h ek]n]yi>iuh; `]l Ep]E>?
au Ep]yi ku<ikL[ akuh v}tuh viueil tIR[
`}]h s>iy]iyiTuvifh" `u pru kR]vien ayc{u.
kR]vu Ep]yi ku<ike}]h akuL tIRu s>iy]iyiTu
viukyuh ecy[tu.
au >]ztiyil kR]vu kiTuriyE]L O>u xVp[nh
ku. "ku<ikie}]h AnkL vIfiu[. `}]h ek]n]f[.
`iuh
aW]me
ku<iyilvIfi>iu
A
Aney
EtvE>ini kUTi v>]et ku<iyilniu k>u ky>ut[.
ae}il Apu]kuh" `]yi>uu xVp[nie x]>h.
piEdivxh >]vie kR]vu myilec{u ku<ikil
En]iyE]L `}] ku<ikiuh AnkL vIfiu]yi>uu.
`}]h ek]n]nkum]yi>uu. aE]L kR]vinu]y
xE]Sh `ztm]ztemu pry]Nzpy]xh. \Ten t]]nkeyuh
muh v>ui. n][ ku<ikie Anke kyi kUTuki]iyTc{u.
aW]meu<iyie Aneyy]N nieyUTi v>uI]v]
emu vic]>ic{u kR]vu ni vi>u E[ Ep]yi.
avieT ecEnVSic{E]L ni O>u mzv]din]yi Ep]yi
`uh avieT niu >umU]ukL vu n]Wudivxh muu
mutlute niRbic{ue]u kUTiyiu]yi>uuevuh
ariyuky]l
kR]vu
|]BhgE]TukUTi
mTiE]u.
aEHh aW]me ku<iyueT xmIpu ecu xUic{u
En]iyE]Lmu Anke]e Ep]y]uh A ku<iyil
vIfi>iu Aney ~tuviDiuh filku<iyilniu
157

e`tiHYm]
kyi kUi]i aTfem[ aEHinu Et]i. xk
fuh pURfm]yiik Oe>]]>h ek]n]yi>uu
A ku<iyilvIfi>ut[. a<kuek]uh puiek]uh f
Lek]uh muh |ztyuh Ey]gYt tik O>]ney kR]v[
atinumu[ O>iuh O>iTuh kiu]yi>ui}. atin]l
\TN A Aney ku<iyilniu ky]nu zsmh tuTi. A
xmyh atiBy>mURiy]y O>u viy vY]zGh epeu
k]ilniu c]Tiyirivu. kR]vien kTiec{Tuuek][
k]iEute kyriE]yi. aE]L avieTyu]yi>u Ev
]>uh muh Byh ek]uh p>izBmh ek]uh vYxnh ek]uh
vivsM]>]yiIRuevutu viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}].
`}]v>uh avieTniu n]uv<ium]yi fil O]TiE]yi.
|ni ni mzv]dinu Ep]y e k pry]h.
avieT O>u x[ztI[ O>u gRve \pzdvm]yi>uu. aEnkh
mzv]dikL A gRven O<iv]]n]yi pic{ vidYke}]h
zpEy]gic{uEn]i. Ouek]uh O>u Pvumu]yi}. a][
"\sk]>]vuR"' `u zpxin]y O>u m]zikN et]Tupue<
\]yi>uu. Emlr gRvb]Dity]y x[ztIyueT vIinu
xmIph
\sk] >]vu>ueT c]Rc{]>n]y O>u mHdIyN
t]mxic{i>uu. avN muK]>h >]vue>yuh avieTe]u
Ep]yi mzv]dh ecy{ic{u. >]vuR pic{ vidYke}]h
zpEy]gic{uEn]Iuh gRven O<i]Nk<ii}. |ni Ever
v} mzv]dikuh vu |o gRven O<iuky]efil atu
tniu kurc{i]yiI>umE}] `u vic]>ic{[ A>u vic]>ic{]uh
A gRven O<i]Nk<iy]viDil ci zpEy]gL kUTi
ecy{ukyuh |ni |o vIuk]R v} mzv]dikeyuh |vieT
v>uut]y]l \Ten A viv>h te ariyifemu te
c]Rc{]>En]Tu pru chekukyuh ecy[ti]f[
OTuh
>]vuR avieTniu mTiE]t[. >]vu>ueT |o gU
zpEy]gL A>uh ariumi}. |enyi>u xmy]f[ A
x[ztIyueT \TmM]R EtvE>i niey avieT kUi
158

e`tiHYm]
e]uEp]yt[. nieye]uv>]N AL Ep]kuu `u Ek
fil >]vu>ueT c]Rc{]>n]y mHdIyN viv>h
>]vue> ariyiukyuh ni avieT `utinu muute
>]vuR A c]Rc{]>e vIiei t]mxh tuTukyuh
ecy[ti>uu. |o vive>]uh ariy]et ni avieTec{u
EcRu. ni xo>Yvuh EdHpuiyuh vx[zt]B>f]dY]>
ezpoiyuh em>uh tiuh j]Tyuem]umi}] A]yi>u
tin]l aEHei[ A diuk]R[ azt bHum]n
mu]yi}. "\sk>]vuR mut]y Ey]gYM]R vic]>ic{i[ O<i]N
k<iy] gRven |o Es]iy]Ef] |ni O<i]NEp]kut[?
|y]e |vieT vic{uek]u vtute Ekvh an]vsYvuh
viQ[ivum]yiE]yi" `uh muh ciR kuEre pryukyuh
ecy[tu. aet]e kuEre niyuh Eku. `iuh aEHh
aet]uh Ekt]yi nTic{i}. anYM]R |eney]e pryuk
yuh vic]>iukyuh ecy[tueviuh A x[ztIyueT BR]v[
mut]yvR niey x]d>h xVIk>iukyuh aEHinu Bf
inuh muh evTi]yi ~R]Tu ecy[tuek]Tuukyuh |o
gRve \pzdvh nimimu]yiu kneuric{uh |o
b]D O<iutin]yi O]E>] mzv]dike v>ui mzv]dL
ecy{ic{ viv>vuh vix[t>ic{u pryukyuh ~tuviDvuh |o \pzdvh
O<ic{uek]Tufem[ aEpiukyuh ecy[tu. ni, "p Ey]gY
M]R p>Iic{iu x]Di]k]>Yh x]Di]emu w]N \ru
pryui}. `]l k<iyutu w]nuh ecy[tuEn]]emu
m]ztEm pry]N nivZiyuU. `iuh BgvtiyueT k]>ufYh
ek]u x]Di]et v>ukyie}]f[ `Ner visV]xh. w]N O>u
mzv]dinu eciu b]Dey]<iy]et |tuve> \]yii}.
atin]l |tuh O<iyuemute vic]>i]h" `u pryukyuh
Evu \pk>fLuh muh O>u c]Re<uti ek]Tuukyuh
ecy[tu. niyueT mzv]dinu aDikm]yi[ \pk>fe]uh
ptivi}. ni AdYhte pmiu viuvc{u Bgvti[ O>u pUj
k<iuh. pie \mic{]>hek][ O>u czkh v>c{uvc{[ atil
pifiy]e |>uuh. pifiy]ueT aTul O>u cU>lvTiyuh
159

e`tiHYm]
jpic{u vy[uh. |ztyuh ecy[ti[ ni kiTuruh. kurc{u
k<iyuE]L pifiy]L tui, cU>lvTieyTuu te]N
aTic{utuTuh. aen kurc{uEn>h k<iyuE]Ltuuy]L
"aEy{]! w]N ep]y[e]]Em" `u viic{u pru tuTuh.
aE]L ni `fIu pifiy]ee][ ep]uh viuh
piTiic{u xtYh ecy{iuh. b]D O<iu Ep]kukyuh ecy{uh.
|ztyum}]et niyueT mzv]dinu viy ve]uh
ptivi}. `]l|vieT aeny]y]l Ep]e>[ aEHh
niyic{u. te kiute puh Et]iyi>iuvRu
ni]>m]y c]RukUTi k]l AEpmDikm]kuh `u
vic]>ic{u ni ekEmm]yi]f[ c]Re<utie]Tut[. `iuh
\c{y]yE]E<uh xkvuh A vIuk]R ty{]r]ie]Tuu.
muu kuimrc{u eki vit]nic{[ a>ic{ pilni
pWvRfe]TikL ek]u gRv{e O>u kh (>Uph) `<uti.
jIvnueu Et]vh >xikn]y kh kE]L ni
ni]>ne}u jnLu Et]iuTi. kh `<utiIR
tie EsSh aEHh pUjy[u pmiTukyuh pifiy]e
|>u]nu czkh v>ukyuh kinTul xu>BikuxumL
ek][ O>u pUT kUukyuh ecy[tu. aE]E<uh En>h eevki
uTiytin]l "|ni EsSem}]h xY]vnh k<iu
vi]v]h" `u pru ni purEiriE]yi. n]Wu
n]<ik k<iiuh ni mTi v>]y[ky]l ciR, "k<iu
ay]ueT mzv]dh. |ztEy \U. x]Du! |vieT vE]<]f[
|vieT xUzth ek]e]uh k]>Yh pukyie}uh viy
ekEmM]e>]e
vic]>ic{iu
nT]
k]>Ym]fietuh
mni]iyt[. ay]L Oic{uEp]yt]f[. ay]L v>]n]yi[ |ni
k]i>ifemi}" `uh muh prutuTi.
|en O]E>]>uR O]E>]u pruek]i>uE]L
ni vuEcRu. \Ten aEHh BgvtiyueT pUj A>hBic{u.
aE]E<uh niyueT mzv]dh k]f]n]yi axhKYh AukL
avieT vukUTi. aUil \sk]>]vu>umu]yi>uu.
160

e`tiHYm]
pifiy]L tu]ti>iutinuh tuiy]uh b]D O<iy]ti>i
utinum]yi ci zpEy]gL >]vuR muE te
ecy[ti>utukUT]et aE]<uh ciet]eUTi ecy[ti]f[
aUil vukUTiyt[. pUj k<iE]L pifiy]ee]u
vu czkii>ui. ni \Ten pUjy[u puS[p]w[ji
ecy[ttilniu kuer pUvuh atvuh (en}um>iyuh) kUTi
eyTuu jpic{u pifiy]ueT si>iiu. ni pUvuh atvuh
jpic{i]l ~tu b]Dyuh \Ten tuuky]f[ ptiv[. `iuh |o
pifiy]Ltuiyi}. aE]Le atiNer k]>fh ~kEdsh
\oHic{ue][ ni, "|o kUil mzv]diy]yi]e>iu
muE]?" `u viic{u Ec]dic{u. aE]L aUilniuh O>]L
"|}" `u>h pru. at[ >]vu>]yi>uu. A AL |]>]
efu vYm]yiriie}iuh |o pr A]f[ te
zptiEy]gi `[ A sh ek]u tIRc{eTuie][ ni,
"OTuh nie]>u mzv]diy]efu vE]h" `[ pri[
aEHh O>u kSfh O]eyTuu atil O>u mzem<utukyuh
at[ skh skm]yi kIri EmlE]eriyukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L
avieT aTuunii>u k>inyueT cuvil kiTi>u vi
tuiui k>inyueT azgB]gh ve> kyrukyuh \Ten pn
ep]iIri |Wn]>uEp]ey]yi niuvI<ukyuh ecy[tu. A
vi niey akeTu]n]yi >]vuR `E] zpEy]g
em]ic{u |i>ut]yi>uu `u viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}].
|ztyuh k<iE]L >]vuR avieTniu ep]y[ku.
kurc{uxmyh k<iE]L niyueT vyR v}]et vIRutuTi.
atu vRic{uvRic{[ aEHh |>i]nuh sVEx]c{V]xh ecy{]nuh
vy{]et ~vuh vivsn]yiIRu. \Ten ni O>u n]>]y
emTuuek][ purEiri, A n]>]yh jpic{[ O>u v]<
yiEMlO>u kuuek]Tuu, n]>]yh ek] dV]>iUeT \Ten
evh zpvHic{utuTi. aen kuer evh v]<yilniu
Ep]yE]L niyueT vyer]ukyuh aEHh y]pURvh
xVs>I>n]yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. ni[ |o axV]Ymu
]yiIRtuh >]vu>ueT duS[zpEy]gh ek]]efut[
161

e`tiHYm]
x[pm]fE}]. niey akeTu]nuh apm]nic{yy[]
num]yi
>]vuR |en ptuh zpEy]gic{uEn]i. ni
\TnuTN zptiviDikL ecy[tuek]i>utin]l aEHinu
Ouh piyi}. te vidYke]uh niyueT aTu[
Piyie}u tIRc{y]yE]L >]vuR pieyuh jnUil
vu niu. aE]L >]vue> O[ pifemuh Ae
ariyi]et
Oic{uvu
nilu
ay]ee]ute
ay]ueT Ep>u viic{upryifemuh niyic{[ ni kurc{u
Bx[memTuu jpic{[ ALUiE[ \otiric{u. A Bx[mh
A>ueTey}]h EdHilptic{uEv], ave>]e \Ten tui
uTi. A kUil >]vu>umu]yi>uu. A tuiniTy[u
ni gRv{e kiuh O>u pUj k<ic{u. >]vu>ueT
tul murukiyE]E<uh muv>ueT tue}]h smic{u. viy
tTiynuh kuTvyrnum]yi>u >]vuR >umUu n]<ik En>h
c]TiuiyE]E<uh viyRe]ic{[ ~vuh p>vsn]yi
IRu. O>u nivZiyumie}]yE]L >]vuR, "aEy{], `e
>iEf, w]N \sk] >]vu>]Ef, ayueT Ey]gYt
ariy]etyuh `e aHtiyuh kyi}]y[kyuh ek]uh
ayueT mzv]dh Pi]etyi>iutinuh pifiy]L tu]
ti>iutinuh aEu jIvH]ni xhBviutinuh w]N
ciet]e
ecy[tuEp]yi.
avey}]h
viPIBviukyuh
ecy[tu. `e etuke}]h mic{[ aviTuee xdyh
>ifh. |niyuh `e |en tuiuky]efil w]N
|vieTe vIfu m>ic{uEp]kuh. |ni w]N O>uk]uh
O>iTuh mzv]dxhbm]yi y]et]uh ecy{ukyie}u xtYh
ecy{femil atuh ecy{]h. `]uh `e ek]}]et
viyy[fEm" `u viic{upru. atu Ek[ ni, "\sk]
>]vuE>]? `]l |vieT aTuuv>]mE}]" `u pru.
\Ten >]vu>ueT tul niu. aTuuecE]L ni
">]vuR avieT |>iuk. \sk] >]vue>[ w]N EkiE
\]yi>uuU. |u k]f]nu B]gYvuh xiic{uvE}]. ve>
xE]Sm]yi. >]vuR |vieTyu iti[ |o gRv{en
162

e`tiHYm]
O<iv]]N >]vuRte Evfh" `u vIuh pru. |t[
Eki[ |>i]et vic{uek][ >]vuR, "aviTu[ |niyuh
`e apm]ni]N tuTutu xTm]f[. w]N pic{
vidYke}]h zpEy]gic{i[ O<iy] |o gRv{en O<i]N w]N
sn}. `u m]ztm}, |t[ O>iuh O<iy]etyi>i
vh w]N ciet]e ecy[tuEp]yiumu[."
ni:atu x]>mi}. aenv}tuh
atinu p>iH]>h ecy[t]lmtiyE}].

ecy[tiueil

>]vuR: p>iH]>mi}] zpvZik]f[ w]N ecy[tu


Ep]yiut[.
ni: p>iH]>mi}] zpvZi Oumi}.
>]vuR: aviTuu vic]>ic{]l `}]inuh p>iH]>mu
]kuh. `ni[ aviTueE]e pivuh p>icyvuh p]>>Y
vumi}. nitYvZiu gtiyi}] w]N k]TuEkri nTE]L
O>]ilni[ O>u zgh ki]niTy]yi. atilEn]i w]N ci
et]e zpEy]giukyuh ciet]e Piukyuh timih
eedvgtY] Ep>[ kiukyuh ecy[tu `}]et `niu v]x[tv
il viy pie]umi}.
ni: aet]um}, >]vue>uric{u w]N n}Ep]e Eku
mni]iyiu[. >]vuR O>u O]>h mzv]diy]ef[
`niriy]h. |t] |o pUv[ A pifiy]ueT si>iiTuk.
`u pru ni gRv{nu pUjic{ pUvu kurec{Tu[
>]vu>ueT ky{ilek]Tuu. atu v]i pifiy]ueT si>i
iu. pifiy]L tuiuTi. niyueT Azpk]>h >]vuR
pifiy]ee]u ep]uh viuh piTiic{u xtYh ecy{ic{u.
gRv{N O<iuEp]vukyuh ecy[tu. A vIuk]R pfm]yuh
p]yuh niu ve> x]nLek]Tuu. ni av
ey}]h ky{il v]Iu "v]x[tvil OTuvil gRv{en O<ic{tu
163

e`tiHYm]
>]vu>]kuky]l |vy[e]e aRHN >]vu>]f[" `[
pr[ avey}]h >]vuRu ek]Tuu. >]vuR av v]]N
ve> mTic{u. OTuh niyueT niRbh ek][ mni}]
mnE]eT avey}]h >]vuR v]i. `iuh `eiuh
niey akeTufemu tey]yi>uu pieyuh ay]ueT
vic]>h.
mzv]dem}]h k<iyuTen ni xVEdsE[ pureu.
ni O>iuh v]iy]e> ek]unT]ri}. v]iy]Ru
pk>h aEHh ci Exv]mURikey]f[ \pEy]geTuuk
ptiv[. |o y]ztyuh aeney]yi>uu. >]ztiy]yi>u
tin]l ci mURikL vium]yi muNEp nTu. pi]e
niyuh Ep]yi. ni ecE], et]si mut]y ki<N
diukiEu Ep]vukyuh mTiv>ukyuh ecy{ut[ ac{N
Ek]vil v<i]f[ ptiv[. atin]l |o zp]vsYvuh A v<iu
tey]f[ Ep]yt[. >]zti ~kEdsh O>umfiy]yE]L aEHh
aNEk]viinu xV[ph ki<uvu. A xmyu kru[ tTic{u
kUn]y O>u p]ii k]ilni[ |riv[, "|o axmy[
|tiE kTuEp]kut]>]f[" `u Ec]dic{u. ni mrupTi Ouh
pri}. aE]L A p]ii, "O]EH], mni]yi. aN
Ek]viiy{en jyic{u r]i]R]vie ku<iki[ Anke
vI<ic{uek]Tu A]f[, aE}? kR]vien ay{e k]u
n]y[L piTic{uek]uEp]yi. |t[ ay{e k]un]y[L D]>]
mu di]f[, xUic{u nTfh" `u vIuh pru. atinuh
ni mrupTi y]et]uh pri}. `iuh ni ay]ueT Ene>
ti>iuni[ O>]kRSfvuh bnvuh O>umic{u k<ic{uek]u
pieyuh nTutuTi. niyueT pi]e piyuh nTu.
kurc{u k<iE]L "EH, aein]f[ `e k<uil
kyriueki vic{uek]uEp]kut[? `e viyy[fh. w]N
aNEk]vil ail viuevuk]>n]f[. eeB>vNpi
`]f[ `e Ep>[. `e viyc{ie}il w]N Ep]kuh."
164

e`tiHYm]
ni: Ep]k]n]yi niL p vidYkL zpEy]gic{u
En]iyE}]. `i[ `] Ep]k]t[? |ni ciet]eUTi
vic]>ic{iuE}]. av kUTi<iye. w]N niueT k<uil
kyriu ekiviui}.
eeB>vNpi: aEu ekivi]Nkyruh muh Evfem
i}E}].
|en pruek]u kurc{ukUTi nTE]L axhKYh
vY]zGL v<iyil ni>unilut]yi ku. |vEy]Tu ni
mTuh, aE]L tniu Ep]k]N m]Rgmu]kuh `u
eeB>vNpiyuh |veyUTi ek]uEp]kfh `u niyuh
niyic{u. vY]zGe kiu niu xV[ph Ep]uh Byvuh
kUxumu]yi}. aEHh avyueT aTulUTi kTuEp]yi.
niey k fil O>u viy kTuv] k]iE[ O]TiE]yi.
EsSic{u]yi>uv niyueT pi]e nTutuTi. avyueT
pi]e eeB>vNpiyuh nTu.
aTu divxh xYy[u mu]yi ni vY]zGE]Tuh
eeB>vNpiEy]Tuh kUTi r]iyil kR]vie gZHiei.
aE]L avieTyu]yi>uve>}]h kTuv] piTic{uek]uEp]y
k]>fv>ueT pu Ac>ic{uek]i>iuky]yi>uu. avieTyu]
yi>u kR]M]R k]>fv>ueT m>fvZ]h viv>ic{u
niEy]Tu pruek]i>u avx>il muu niey k
fil k]iEu kyriE]y kTuv]yueT k<uilyri,
k]>fvNkR]vuh avieT `i. aE]L muE avieT
vunii>u vY]zGe}]h avieTni[ O]TiE]yi. atu
ni avey \c{]Tnh ecy[ti]efut[ pryfemi}E}].
|vey}]h k[ avieTyu]yi>uve>}]h By]ut
p>vsM]>]yiIRu. A xmyuh eeB>vNpi niEy]T[
"|nieyiuh `eUeT viyy[Ef" `Epic{u. atinu
mrupTiy]yi ni, "`e mnE]TukUTi |E]L w]N nie
165

e`tiHYm]
viyy[ukyi}.
Ep]k]emil
ep]y[e]fh""`]fu
prt[. aE]L k]>fvN kR]v[ eeB>vNpiey ki[,
"`e kTuv] piTic{u k]ile]uEp]yi t]mxic{i>uE]L
`niu Bfvuh muh t[ `e >ic{t[ |o eeB>vNpi
tey]fE}]. |EHh |o kTuv]Uie O>u Em]v]f["
`u pru. yUvn]y A viy kTuv] eeB>vN
piyueT p]de nukyuh nmx[>iukyuh muh ecy[t[
aEHe ax]m]nYm]yi bHum]niutuh aE]L `}]
v>uh ku .
an>h ni kR]viEn]T[, "|ni |oy]il Anke
piTi]N zsmiE], n]]me ku<iyilvIfukiiy A
ek]en ac{NEk]vil s]x[t]vinu v<ip]T]yi ayc{uek]Tu
Efh. w]N |E]Le Ep]kuu" `u pru
y]zty]yi. "|E]Le Ep]kutu viy xTm]f[.
>udivxemiuh |vieT t]mxic{iu Ep]y]lmti" `uh muh
kR]M]R okikh pru. `iuh ni aet]uh
anuvdic{i}. aEHh eeB>vNpiey A viy kTuvyueT
k<uilyi |>uukyuh piNB]gu t]nuh kyriyi>iu
kyuh ecy[ti[, "xY]vninu am]h v>]viDil
ecUe>ifh" `[ kTuv]Ey]T[ pru. \Ten kTuv]
y]zty]vukyuh niitxmyinu muNEpte ecUe>u
kyuh ecy[tu. an>h ni O>u mfieyTuu jpic{u kTuv]yueT
k<uilekI[ "nin[ w]N mfikf[N`u Ep>ii>iuu.
|niyuh w]N vic]>iu xmyh `e aTulv>fh. |E]L
ninu Ep]k]h" `u kTuv]Ey]T[ pryukyuh kTuv] nieyyuh
eeB>vNpiEyyuh nmx[>ic{iu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. A
xmy[ eeB>vNpi, |nieyiuh `e viyy[Ef" `[
niEy]TEpic{u. "nie azteyuil viyy[ukyi}"
`u ni aE]<uh mrupTi pru.
atieEsSh ni kuiyuh nitYkRm]nu]n]dikuh
a]<vuh k<iukyuh eeB>vNpiey \ofu k<iiukyuh
166

e`tiHYm]
ecy[ti[ avR>uEp>uh O>u muriku ecukiTu. aE]L,
eeB>vNpi, "`e evruet |en t]mxiiueti
n]f[? viyy[utin[ `]f[ viE>]Dh?" `u Ec]dic{u .
ni: "viE>]Dem]umi}. kurc{u divxh |vieT t]mxic{iu
viyEc{]h."
eeB>vNpi: |niyuh kurc{udivxhkUTi `e |vieT
t]mxiifemu
vic]>iuph
`nie]>]zgHmu[;
atuhkUTi x]Diic{ut]l ek]]h.
ni: AzgHem]f[?
eeB>vNpi: niilniu kurc{u mzv]dh pic{]l
ek]]em]f[ `Ner AzgHh.
ni: niL `e]L viy mzv]diyuh s]x[zt
num]ef[ `niriy]h. pE, niLu >u Ed]Su[;
av >uh \Epic{]l pie nieE]e Ey]gYn]y O>u
mzv]di E]kil Ever \]yi>iyi}.
eeB>vNpi: A Ed]SL`e}]m]f[?
ni: ci b]DkL tuuE]L nie Afuh epuh
ti>ic{riy]ve mkN `uh muh pryuh. at[ EkLuE]L
niLu yu]kuu. aet]>u Ed]Sm]f[. pie niL[
AzsitM]>il anukyi}. at[ xRv{zpD]nm]y viy
Ed]Sm]f[.
eeB>vNpi: AzsitM]>il
`]fu zpvRic{iut[?

anukyi}]et

w]N

ni: r]iR]vu niueT O>u AzsitnE}? aEHh


`E]
t>]emu
pri>ut[
A
avDidivxhte
t>]etyi>utuek]E} aEdHie ku<iki[ AnkL
vI<]ety]iyt[? `]l aEHh at[ avDidivxh t>]et
167

e`tiHYm]
yi>uetuek]]efuh avDi etiy]uh aEHh t>u
A]efuh niL vic]>i]etyi>uet]f[? A avDi
divxh aEHinu a m>ic{ puy}]yi>uuEv]? pie `e
mzsiek][ w]N ku<iyil vI<ic{ ek]n]nkil
n]eien ku<ikil niu kyiytie EsSh aW]me
ku<iyil niu kR]vieneyTuic{uek]uEp]yi viy H
\]iIRetin]f[ ?
eeB>vNpi: A ONpt]nkil v]x[tvil n}
fE]TukUTiy n]eEm \]yi>uuU. EsSmu]
yi>u aW]nkuh k]l n} fyu]efu
Et]vy]yi>ueiuh v]x[tvil av vif]
yi>uu. A Anke kyie]u Ep]yi>uuevil kR]
vie e`sV>Yh niESh nsiukyuh aEHin[ aEnkm
nRL \]yiI>ukyuh ecy{um]yi>uu. aen v>>u
etu vic]>ic{]f[ w]N `e k]un]yey ayy[ukyuh muh
ecy[tt[.
ni: s>i, `]l w]niE]u Ep]E]L niL `e
pi]e vetin]f[?
eeB>vNpi: `e k]un]y[e niL \pzdvi
]ti>i]n]yiuh kR]vie k]>Yh pry]n]yium]f[.
ni: s>i. niilni[ ariy]nu]yi>uet}]h |E]L
w]nriu k<ii>iuu. atin]l |ni niLu Ep]k]h.
eeB>vNpi: w]n]>]efutuh niL ariuvE}].
ni: O]EH]. at[ AdYh p]iiyueT EvSil k
E]Le mni]i.
eeB>vNpi: `]l `niini ci xhgtikL kUTi
pry]nu[. muNk]il p>EdsiuvR[ v} b]ED]p
zdvEm] mE] \]y]l `e xiDiyilv[ `e Bjiukyuh
168

e`tiHYm]
s>fh zp]piukyuh w]N av>ueT \pzdvL nIi xuK
eTui ayy[ukyum]yi>uu ptiv[. niL p>Edsiuh
Ep]yi mzv]dh ecy[tutuTiytilie `e aTul A>uh
v>]ety]yi>iuu, atin]l `niu muu]yie]i>u
Ad]yh |E]L niuEp]yi>iutuek][ Em]l niL
p>EdsilE]yi mzv]dh ecy[kyie}u tIRc{eTufh.
p>EdsikLu b]ED]pzdvEm] mE] \]y]l avR `e
xiDiyil v>femuh atu Dnum]xil `e \Xv
k]]yi>ifemuh vYvecy{ukyuh a]u niuh
avieT \]yi>iukyuh Evfh. a][ avRu Evu
mzv]dh `e xiDiyilvc{u niLte ecy{utinu
viE>]Dmi}. p>EdsikLu niL mzv]dh ecy{ut[ `e
xiDiyilvc{uh \Xvk]um]yi>ifemu m]ztEm `ni[
niRbmuU. aeny]y]l atuh \Xvie AEG]S
ie]]yiI>umE}]. niL AuEt]ruh Dnum]xh O]h
tiy{ti >]vie avieTeyukyuh \Xvh k<iyutuve>
avieT]mxiukyuh Evfh. nie aE][ ek]uv>u
tinu nueT mfikf[en w]nivieT ayc{uek]]h. nie
w]nuh `e As]n]yi xVIk>ic{i>iuu. atin]l niL
avieT v]lEvu Ac]E>]pc]>e]e ecy{utinu
w]N ~R]Tu ecy[tuek]]h.
eeB>vNpi pret}]h ni pURm]yi xti
ukyuh eeB>vNpi aE]Le avieTniu Ep]vukyuh
ecy[tu. |o eeB>vNpi x]]l ac{NEk]vil s]x[t]v]
yi>uu `u v]x[tvh |E]L v]yn]R \oHic{rii>i
uemu visVxiuu.
A Ail Dnum]xh O]h tiy{tiyueT tEdivxh >]zti
yil ac{NEk]vil EdvxV]R[ O>u xVp[nmu]yi. "n]e
>]vie EtvE>i ni |vieT v>uh. aEHh `eyuh
gu>uv]f[. atin]l niL aEHe x]d>h `tiE>lukyuh
xbHum]nh Ac]E>]pc]>L ecy{ukyuh Evfh. bil
169

e`tiHYm]
u>yueT vTETiyil evyuh k>iTvuh vi>ic{[ aEHe
|>ufh. avieT O>u cvk ek]uivy[ukyuh Evfh.
aEHh |vieT]mxiu divxie}]h tziyueT ptivu
Ep]e a>iE]ukuh pkRc{yuh ek]Tufh. aEHiNer
p>iv]>eyuh y]Ey]gYh Ad>ifh" `]yi>uu xVp[nh.
Dnum]xh O]h tiy{tiyueT tEdivxh eevkuE>h mfi
kf[N niyueT aTul `ukyuh ni mfikf[e
k<uilkyri p>iv]>xEmth pureu Dnum]xh O]h tiy{ti
>]vie ac{NEk]viil ecuEc>ukyuh EdvxV]R xVp[n
zpk]>em}]h aEHe `tiE>[ x[>iukyuh ecy[tu.
ac{NEk]viil
zpD]nm]yiu
nTv>vu
eny{]f[.
atvieT D]>]m]yi v>ukyuh ecy{uh. `iuh viinuh muh
\pEy]giuky}]et at[ A>uh kUi \ofuk<i]ri}. avieT
eny{ukUiyUf[ k<ic{]l m]zt k<iyuE]L pni tuTuemu
k]>Yh tIRc{y]f[. atuek][ avieT tziuEp]uh pkRc{
y[u eny{[ ek]Tu]ri}. `iuh EtvE>i niu pkRc{
Uil O>u tuTh eny{ukUTi ek]Tuukyuh aEHh atukUi
\ukyuh ecy[tu. ni[ atuek][ pniey}, y]et]>u
xuKETuh \]yii}. |triE]L tzi[ ap>imitm]y
kuf[itmu]yi. eny{ukUiyi[ ni[ xuKeeT]uh \]k]
etyi>utu s]x[t]vie k>ufek]]yi>ifemuh t]N
tziy]yi>iu iti[ teuric{utiDikh k>uf
s]x[t]vinu me]>]ueT Ep>iu]kutu tniu kurc{i]
fE}] `uh mum]yi>uu aEHie vic]>h. aEHin[
eny{u kUi \femil avieT O>u zpy]xvumu]yi>ui}.
`iuh pni veiE] `u Byh nimih aEHin[
atinu eeD>Ymu]yi}. ~etiuh |tien]>u tIRc{yu]yi
}]et |ni \ofu k<iukyi}"`u niyic{[ aEHh piE
divxh \c{ti>iyutuve> \]etyi>uu. tzi \]et
t]nuut[ viHitm}E}] `u vic]>ic{u niyuh \ofu
k<ic{i}. \c{ti>iE]L zsIEk]viinkuni[ "ni[ O>u
170

e`tiHYm]
tuTh ek]Tu, t]<min[ O>u tuTh cuTu" `e]>s>I>i v]u]yi.
|t[ s]x[t]vie k[pny]ef[ avieTyu]yi>u xk>uh
visVxic{u. `iuh |tie aReme[ xhsyic{[ ciR
niEy]Tu Ec]dic{u. aE]L ni, "|tie aRh `ni[ O>u
tuTh eny{u t>femuh t]<mFEp]i (|EHm]f[ |viTue
tzi) eny{u tuTieTu[ cUTupiTiic{u kUie]femu
m]f[" `u pru. tzi azpk]>h eny{u kUiyuu.
aEHinu pni vumi}. pie atu ptiv]yiIRu.
EtvE>i ni aEHie jIv]vx]nh ve> Dnum]xh
O]h tiy{tiEt]ruh ac{NEk]viil `i \Xvh k<iyutu
ve> avieT t]mxiukyuh a]u b]ED]pzdv]>]yuh
muh aEnkh p>EdsikL avieT v>ukyuh ni avieTvc{u
mzv]dh ecy[t[ av>ueT b]Dkeyuh muh O<ic{u xuKeTui
ayy[ukyuh
ecy[tuek]i>uu. atin]l
a]u
v<ip]Tuk]yuh muh EdvxViEu v>vu ve> vRic{u.
ni vic]>iu k]>Ye}]h ac{NEk]vil s]x[t]vu
x]Diic{u ek]Tuuek]umi>uu .
ek]}h et]]yi>il>em]e><uptuh mUum]h kuhB
m]Ex n]T[ nIiy k]Rikti>un]L >]mvRmH]>]j]vu
ti>umnuek][ O>il mxU>i b]Ditn]yiIRu. aE]L
EtvE>i ni mxU>ik]E>]gh AkRSic{u m]uemutu
zpxim]yi>utin]l kln zpk]>h AL vu niey
ti>uvnpu>u ek]uEp]yi. E>]gh ~vuh kTuvky]yi
>utin]l ti>umnuek][ atYh avsn]yi kiTute
y]yi>uu. ni A E>]gh AkRSic{u te EdHiEM]i.
\Ten ti>umnie EdHiEMu]yi>u ku>ue}]h k]f]
ety]yiI>ukyuh ti>umniEu ve> xuKh Et]uky]l
aviTu[ `<uEi>iukyuh ecy[tu. `iuh niyueT EdHi
e}]h tlfh ku>uL k]feTukyuh ni ~vuh p>vs
n]yi avieTe vI<ukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L niyueT
AkZti kiu ti>umniEu te Byh Et]i. \Ten "|t[
171

e`tiHYm]
`niuh tnium>ut[" `u klic{u. aE]Lni, "pie
AR]k]emukUTi k[ifh" `riyic{u. ti>umnuek][
xV[ph AE]cic{i[, "|vieTni[ ~kEdsh n]ltu n]<ik dU>h
ki<u v<iy>iki]yi[ O>u k]viNkUmu[. avieT >u viy
p]kL niluu[. avyil aEnkh duREdvtm]R vu
v]xm]yiu[. A Edvtm]>ueT \pzdvh nimih pklxmy[
Ep]uh A v<iey jnLu xW>i]N nivZiyi}]t]yi>i
uu. |o E>]gh AkRSic{[ A p]kil Aiy]l av
nsiukyuh aE]L A duREvtm]R aviTh viuEp]vukyuh A
v<i jnLu xW]>Ey]gYm]yiI>ukyuh ecy{ut]ky]l
aet]>u viy \pk]>m]yi>iuh. atuek][ aen ecy[t]l
ek]]h" `>uiec{y[tu. aE]L ni, "`]l `e A
Eu
ek]uEp]kutinukUTi
k[pnyu]kfh.
`niu nTuEp]k]N nivZiyi}]t]yi>iuu" `riyic{u.
\Ten k[pnzpk]>h ~t]num]ukLvu niey O>u mWi
]ieyTu[ A u ek]uEp]vukyuh ni A mxU>i
E>]ge te EdHilni[ AkRSic{[ A p]ki]ukyuh
A p]kL ~<u divxhek][ \fiey]Tiu nihptiu
kyuh duREdvtm]e>}]h aviTh viu Ep]vukyuh A v<i jn
Lu xW]>Ey]gYm]yiI>ukyuh ni xVs>I>n]yi ti>iey
ti>uvnpu>eukyuh ecy[tu. aE]E<u ti>umniEu
Ifvuh muh tIRu xuKm]vukyuh ecy[ti>uu. ti>umnu
ek][ xE]Sic{u niu p x]nL k[pic{uek]Tutu
kUT]et kln zpk]>h ~t]nuh vx[tuL k>em]<iv]yi
ptic{uek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu.
|o ni zpxi yuvidg[M]>]yi>u kuWiuii
xRv{]Di k]>Y]R, kuti>i, eevh pn]Bpi `i
vRu ci \pEdsL ek]Tuukyuh sztuueT AyuDh
ek]u m>i]etyi>iutin]yi ci mzL D>iiukyuh
ecy[ti>uu. Evuidv] avx]nk]u >]m]Rem]u
mi}]t]yE]L viv>h niey zgHiiukyuh EtvE>iyil
172

e`tiHYm]
ec]l >ic{uek]]emu ni tiey ariyiukyuh
ecy[ti>uu. duS[]si
nimih ti[ avieTec{u
Ec>]N x]Di]y[ky]]f[ OTuh AHtY ecEy{t]yi
vt[.
|o EtvE>i niyueT k]ute 't]m>E>ini'
`u zpxin]yi[ O>u mzv]di ArMueyu]yi>uu.
t]m>E>ini EtvE>i niyueT xj]tIyn]yi>uueviuh
aEHinu EtvE>i nieyuric{u pum]yi>uu. te
jyivmu Ey]gYt EtvE>iie}]yi>uu t]m>
E>iyueT vic]>h. aen aEHh ciE]L ciE>]Tu
zpxhgvs]l kuEre pry]rumu]yi>uu. |tienuric{u
EtvE>i niyuh ariy]etyi>ui}.
"EtvE>iyum]yi
En>iu
k]f]niTy]>ut[.En>iu
k]ln]smu]kuh" `[ AE>] te aTul vu
prt]yi t]m>E>i ni kUeTUeT xVp[nh k]f]ru]
yi>uu. En>iu k]l n]smu]kutu EtvE>i]ef
]f[ t]m>E>i ni |o xVp[nh ek]u mni]iyt[.
EtvE>iEy]L Ey]gYt tniueu vic]>h mnii>i
uE]L aEHin[ aeny}]et Et]]Nt>mi}E}].
EtvE>i ni anYEdsilE]yuh xVEdsuvc{uh
mzv]dxhbm]yi
zptidinemEp]e O]E>] autL
zpvRic{uek]i>utin]l aEHie kIRi vRic{u
vRic{u BUE]kil xRv{zt vY]pic{u. atin]l mzv]di
n]yi t]m>E>i niyueT aTul A>uh ec}]etyuh
aEHe A>uh
`uh ek]uEp]k]etyum]yi. aE]L
t]m>E>i niu EtvE>i nieyuric{u axUy xHi
vy{]t]yiIRu. EtvE>i ni jIvic{i>iu k]u te
kIRi[ zpc]>mu]ku k]>Yh ax]Ym]ef[ Et]uk
y]l ~tuviDvuh EtvE>i niyueT k k<ifemu
t]m>E>i ni tIRc{eTui. En>iu k]ln]smu]kuemu
173

e`tiHYm]
xVp[nmu]yiuE}]. atin]lEn>iu k]]N m]Rgmu]f
emu te aEHmurc{u. atien]f[ v<iey]E]cic{E]L
EtvE>i ni ec]v{]<[cyuh eviy]<[cyuh evu]Nk]u
ptiv]yi enTuhzpy]u k>iyiEu Ep]k]rueuh at[
AiUeTy]f[ ptievuh ariv[ kii. atin]l aTu
eviy]<[c evu]Nk]u jm]Rm]yi Ou y]zt ecy{f
emu t]m>E>i ni niyic{u. |o viv>em}]h EtvE>i
ni `enEy] mni]ukyuh ecy[tu. `iuh aEHin[
atuek]u kUxe]umu]yi}. aEHh ptivuEp]e evi
y]<[c evu]Nk]u enTuhzpy]e[ pureu. EtvE>i
ni O>>k}[ (ai) `Tui[ atiEMlyri, atie
ty[l O>u pvuh ek]uiuie]]f[ AilUTi
ki<E]u puret[. A xmyute t]m>E>i ni ki<u
niu pTi]uh pureu. t]m>E>i ni O>u
tUsni
evii[ atiEMlyriy]f[ puret[. t]m>E>i ni
aimUT[ ` ]yE]L pTi]r[ ax]m]nYm]y O>u
Etju ku. xUic{u En]iyE]L EtvE>i niyueT
v>v]ef[ aEHinu mni]yi. A xmyh "O<iu
Ep]y[e]fh; ae}il Apu]kuh" `[ AE>] viic{u
prt]yi t]m>E>i niu Et]i. A duRi>IYm]y
Etju
k]fukyuh
Em[pr
v]ukLEkLukyuh
ecy[tE]Lt]m>E>i niyueT HZdyh v}]et Byp>vsm]yi
IRu. `iuh aEHh pieyuh muE]ute Ep]yi.
aE]E<uh EtvE>i ni vTuu k<iu. EtvE>i
niyueT muK[ aE]L atiBy>m]y O>u Etju
jVic{uek]i>uu. A muKh kE]L t]m>E>i niyueT Byh
stgufIBvic{u. aE]L EtvE>i ni, "|t[ OTuvie
k]<[cy]f[" `u pryukyuh t]m>E>i niyueT tUsni[ tI
piTic{[ at[ Bx[mm]yiE]vukyuh ni avieTyu]yi>u O>u
nIRc{u<iyil akeu t]fuEp]vukyuh ecy[tu. EtvE>i
ni Ene> ki<E]u ecu enTuhzpy]u k>iyiei. vic{iu
174

e`tiHYm]
ti>ieyE]yi ecUR pTi]er nTyiuh dRsnh k<ic{u
xVgZHiEu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
evu]Nk]u evil muiE]y t]m>E>i ni
piE divxh AEr<un]<ik puRE]E<uh O>u viDil
ArMu Eztinu vTuvsu kTviei. aE]L
aEHinu viy t>EeT]uh piyi>ui}. k>y[ukyri
xV[ph nTE]E<uh aEHh Eb]Dheku niuvIfu. atu
ku ciRkUTi `Tu[ aEHe aEHie gZHil
ek]uec]i. \Ten pfi tuTukyuh mU]h divxh
EdHil xRv{zt mxU>iu>u pureTukyuh pz]h divxh
aEHh m>iukyuh aEt]TukUTi A kuTuhbh avx]niukyuh
ecy[tu.
x]D]>f mzv]dikL eekviSh CRiic{uh mum]fE}]
kyuk ptiv[. `]lEtvE>i ni aeney]um}
ecy{]rut[. eekviSh Bic{iuvR atu kyutin]yi
aEHie aTulec]lO>u k>iueci tuc{u viy
dV]>mu]I[ at[ A viSh Bic{iu AueT vyEr]Tu
EcRu piTic{uek]u aEHh O>u mzh jpiuh. at[ k<i[
k>ieTuu En]iy]l eekviSh ~tu x]Dni]f[ ak[
EcRiuetu evc{]l A x]Dnh A k>iiNevil
k]fuh. aEt]TukUTi eekviSh Bic{ ALu xuKm]kukyuh
ecy{uh. |eny]f[ niyueT ptiv[.
EtvE>i ni O]>h viSeevdYnum]yi>uu. O>u
divxh >]ztiyil aEHvuh O>u viSeevdYnuh kUTi O>u
Eu Ep]yE]L mEDYm]Rh O>]LkUeT vukUTi.
ay]ueT tyil O>u p]ztvuh atil kurc{u p]yxvumu
]yi>uu. mUuEp>uh kUTi kurc{udU>h Ep]yE]L A p]yxh
tyil vc{uek]uEp]y AueT k]iEMl O>u p]u kTic{u.
\Ten ay]L, "aEy{], As]en! `e k]iEMl ~t]u
kTic{uvE}]" `u pru . at[ Eku ni, "O], atu x]>mi} .
175

e`tiHYm]
viSh |E]L |riy]h" `u pru avieTyi>u[ O>u
mzh jpic{u viSmiriuTi. viSh xV[pmirieyiuh
vIuh EmlE]u EkriuTi. aE]L viSb]DitN, "aEy{],
As]En! viSh EmlE]u Ekruky]ef]fE}] Et]ut[.
AdYh `e p]diEM]yi>uu Evdn. atiE]L muiEM]yi>i
uu" `u pru. |t[ EkE]L, kUeTyu]yi>u viS
eevdYN te p>Ii]En] apm]ni]En] Ayi[ `E]
kosh zpEy]giuueu ni tIRc{y]i. "`]l
Em[Ep]ute Ekre" `[ aEHh niyiukyuh ecy[tu.
viSh mury[[ EmlE]u Ekrie]i>uu. "|E]L Evdn
eyvieTy]f[, |E]L `vieTy]f[" `iq[qen ni kUeTueT
Ec]dic{uek]uh xRdn]y AL, "|E]L vyil, |E]L
nWil, |E]L eniyil" `ien pruek]umi>uu.
OTuh dN, "|E]L Evdn \c{i(niruk)yi]yi>iuu" `u
prE]L ni "`]l tyii>iutu dUe>EU"
`u pru. dN tyii>u p]yxh dUe> kyukyuh
ecy[tu. aE]L ni, "|E]L `vieTeyiuh Evdn Et]uu
E]" `u Ec]dic{u. "|}, xuKm]yi" `u dN pru. \Ten
ni, "`]l Ep]y[e]U. |ni ByeT]en]umi}. viSmiri
E]yi" `u pryukyuh dN avieTniu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
aE]L A viSeevdYN niEy]T[, "tyii>utu dUe>y]N
pretin]f[" `u Ec]dic{u.
ni: viSh si>i]yi `riE]L w]nt[ avieT
ni[ AkRSic{[ A p]yxi]i. pie A p]yxh
Ae>iuh Bic{]l m>ic{u Ep]kumE}]. atuek]]f[ atu
dUe>E]N prt[.
eevdYN: atu w]N vic]>ic{i}. viSh si>il kyriy]l
pie |r]N x]Diyi}E}], dN m>iukyuh ecy{uh
`]yi>uu `e vic]>h.

176

e`tiHYm]
ni: Ou vic]>ic{]l avx]nhve> vic]>iukyuh Ouh
ecy[t]l avx]nhve> ecy{ukyuh ecy{]ve>y]f[ jnL
murieevdYM]R' `u pryut[.
|tu
Eku
viSeevdYN
~vuh
iukyuh,
"`}]hek]uh As]En]Tu mThte. si>ilyriy viSh
avieTni[ AkRSiec{Tuukyuk `e]>u vidYyueu
w]nituve> ariyukyuh vic]>iukyuh ecy[ti>ui}" `u
pryukyuh ecy[tiu Ep]yi.
EtvE>i niyueT gZHinu xmIphte O>u
Ep]iyueT mil O>u puN ti>uv]ti>y[[ (Evi k<ic{u
vc{i[ AdYe Dnum]xil ti>uv]ti>y[[ xVjnueT
milniuh Eds]>ueT vITukilniuh x[ztIk]>uh
Ep]k>uetu Ever]>u Ep]i viE>]Dic{u. aEHh O>u
zpbn]yi>utin]l at[ `}]v>uh xtiukyuh ecy[tu.
puN
ti>uv]ti>y[[
x[ztIkL
D]>]m]yi
kUTukyuh
ti>uv]ti> kiukyum]fE}] zpD]nm]yiu Evt[. atinu
x[ztIk]>uh ec}ukyie}riE]L puNti>uv]ti> nTE
u mie Ep]im]Ruh aRnLuh viy kuf[it
m]yi. |o viE>]Dic{ Ep]i aTiyi>]>NEp]iyueT O>u
c]Rc{]>n]yi>iuu.
|o
aTiyi>]>N
ti>uv]ti>
~et}]h zpk]>m]f[ AEG]SiEet[ A c]Rc{]>num]yi
AE]ci]ety]f[ niyic{t[. at[ c]Rc{]>N Ep]iu
>xic{i}. atuek]]f[ aEHh `}]ve>yuh viE>]Dic{t[.
`]l |o aTiyi>]>N Ep]i ecu mE Ep]iEy]T[ Ou
pr]l `}]ve>yuh pryEc{]h `[ aEHinu
xtmu]yi>uu. `iuh at[ aTiyi>]>N Ep]iu
xtm]yi}. "`e}]h Ed]SL v]uh ay]e ec[
Azsyi]N k<ikyi}" `]yi>uu aTiyi>]>e vic]>h.
atin]l aEHh EtvE>i niyueT aTul ecu viv>
em}]h zgHiiukyuh |tiE[ `eiuh nivZiyu]i
e]Tuefem[ aEpiukyuh ecy[tu. atu Eku ni,
177

e`tiHYm]
"Ae ep]y[e]u. ki tuT]nu xmym]kuE]L kiu
Evuve>}]h avieTyu]yi>iuh"`u pr[ aEHe
xm]D]neTuiyyc{u. ni prtuEp]ete ki tuT]
nu xmym]yE]E<uh A diiu]yi>u aRjnuh
Eds]>ueT vITukie x[ztIjnuh `}]h avieTeyukyuh
\Ten ti>uv]ti>ki tuTukyuh ecy[tu. p]uEk[ avieT
aTuu O>u mie O>u Ep]i avieT ecu En]iyE]L
A diiu x[ztIjne}]h avieT kiut]yi ku.
`um]ztm}, kiyil zp]D]nYh vHic{i>ut[ A>uh Ep]k>u
etu viE>]Dic{ Ep]iyueT aRnvum]yi>uu. |tuk[, A
Ep]i A viE>]Dic{ Ep]iyueT miei aEHe k[,
"EH, au n} ctiv]fE}] pic{t[. puNti>uv]ti>y[[
A>uh Ep]k>uet[ au prtnux>ic{]fE}] wueT
milni[ aRn]>uh Ep]k]ti>iut[. |vieTniu
aRneey]e pryy[ukyuh ecy[tu. A m
]Ru wE]Tu evruEt viE>]Dmu]iIR]nE} a[
|o vidY zpEy]gic{t[? |et]uh m>Y]dy]yi}" `uh muh
pru. aE]L A mie aRne}]v>uh avieT
e \]yi>utin]l A Ep]i, "t]en]f[ axhbh
pryut[" |vieTyuve>]e |vieTeyu[. av>]>uh
`uhEp]yii}" `u pr'u. "axhbm} EH! |viTue
aRnh avieT ti>uv]ti> kiutu xtYm]yi[ `e
kuek][ w]N kt]f[" `u mE Ep]i pru. aE]L
A mie Ep]i t]nriy]et aRnL puN
ti>uv]ti> u Ep]vukyuh fil ti>iek Ep]>ukyuh
ecy[tt]yi>iuEm] `u xhsyic{[ aRnE]Tu Ec]dic{i[
av>]>uh aEdivxh milniu puririyiie}u xtYh
ecy[tu pru. Aek]eT Ep]im]Ru viy xhsy
m]yiIRu. "`]l nmu A ti>uv]ti>i nTu
uEp]yi aEnVSi]h" `u pru Ep]im]R >uEp>uh
kUTi aE]uEp]yi. avieTec{u En]iyE]L >uEp>ueT
aRnuh avieT ti>uv]ti> kiuu]yi>uu. avR
178

e`tiHYm]
ti>iy av>ueT mil ecE]L av>ueT aRnL
`uh Ep]yi>ui}. A >u umu]yi>uu. A
Ep]im]R pie mu miuh vITukiuh Ep]yi aEnVSic{u.
A>uh `uh Ep]yi>ui}. `}]v>uh av>v>ueT gZHil
e \]yi>uu. vIuh puNti>uv]ti> u ecu
En]iyE]L xVEdsu xk ie aRn
uh mu x[ztIjnuh avieT ti>uv]ti> kiut]yiu
ku. Aek]eT A Ep]im]R autp>vsM]>]yiIRu.
avR |o viv>h A diiu mu jneyuh ariyic{u.
`}]v>uh av>v>ueT gZHiu x[ztIkL av>v>ueT gZH
iuh ti>uv]ti>ki uh itiecy{ut]yi ku
vix[myic{u. OTuh |tu EtvE>ini te |zj]vidY
ek]u jne zBmiiut]efri[ `}]v>uh xm]Dn
eu.
O>il viTnuh >xiknum]y O>u nU>i EtvE>i
niEy]T[, "yikueT DY]nh pviDil k]fuu[. A
DY]nzpk]>h ave> k]f]N x]DiuEm]? `u Ec]dic{u.
ni: yike k]f]N x]Diuh. av>ueT xo>Yh
ku zBmic{]l apkTm]yiI>ukyuh ecy{uh.
nU>i: `ni[ aeney]>u zBmvuh mumu]kukyi}.
x]Diuemil O>u yiey k]fic{ut]l ek]]h.
ni: Oeu evy[, D]>]h k]fic{ut>]h. |u
pun]<ik |>uuE]L k]f]h, zptIic{i>uuek]uk.
apkTil c]T]et zpEtYkh xUic{uek]fh.
nU>i a]<h k<iu syngZHiei k]i>uu.
~kEdsh pun]<ik >]ztiy]yE]L ci xu>Bikuxuku
eTyuh kBh, kx[tU>i mut]yvyueTyuh xo>BYh v>ut]yi
nU>iu Et]i. \Ten xRv]hg xu>iyuh nvyovn
yuyum]y O>u x[ztI v]til turu muriEu kTu
179

e`tiHYm]
v>ut[ aEHh ku. aE]Lte aEHh k]mp>vs
n]yiIRu. xV[ph k<iE]L ]vfYxURk]y
aEnkh yuvtikL pi]e pi]ey]yi avieT ecu kyri
nU>i |>ui>u kiinu cuuh ecu nil]yi. aEHh
v}]et ku<i. `]f[ ecEy{etriy]et viSmic{u. OTuh
aEHh ve> zpy]xe[, AdYh v x[ztIEy]T[, "|ve>]e
`in]f[ vt[? |zt ve> AukL |vieT AvsYmi}. |vieT
nI m]zth mti. mve>ey]e pryy[uk" `u pru.
nU>i
|ztyuh
pruk<iE]E<uh
pi]e
v
x[ztIke}]h adZsYk]yiIRu. AdYh v x[ztI m]zth
pieyuh avieTe niu>uu. aE]L nU>i, "|o kiil
|>iuk" `u pr[ A x[ztIey piTic{i>u]n]yi eek nIi.
A xmyh A x[ztIyueT muKB]vh epeu m]rukyuh avL
atiBy>]kZtiy]yiI>ukyuh \re aHxic{uek][ eek
nivRi nU>iyueT eckiT[ O>u aTivc{u ek]Tui[
avieTni[ |riE]vukyuh ecy[tu. nU>i aTiek]
fil Eb]D>Hitn]yi niuvIfu. En>E]TuEn>h
k<iiE aEHinu Eb]Dh vIfuu. Eb]Dh vIf[
`<uEE]L aEHie v]yil pe}]umu]yi>ui}.
pe}}]h niu kiTi>uu. `]l >h O>u tuiEp]uh
Ep]yi>ui}.
Eb]Dh vIfu kurc{u k<iE]<]f[ ni
pri>utu nU>I O]Rt[. A x[ztIke kE]L
aEHie bui v}]et zBmic{uEp]ytin]l ni pri
>utuh muh aEHh O]Ri}. "zp]ym]pvipik]E
DiEy]pi puhx]h min] Bvi" `uE}].
O>il mTi]vilBgvtiyueT xEtiuLe O>u
gZHil O>u x[ztIu ci b]ED]pzdvL \]yiIRu.
|o \pzdvL nimih gRBh D>i]etyuh |o x[ztI zpxvi
c{i}]et A gZHil x]nmu]kutinu Ever m]Rh
|}]etyuh |>uu. A xEtil \Le il
`vieTeyiuh AReiuh b]ED]pzdvu]y]l k]vil
180

e`tiHYm]
ecu Bgvtiey Bjic{u p]Rukyuh k]i]N tui Bx[mmiu
b]Dke O<iukyum}]et avieT A>uh mzv]dikee]u
Ou ecy{iukyuh mzv]dikL avieT ec[ `eiuh
ecy{ukyuh ptivi}. atin]l Emlpr vIuk]R |o x[ztIey
kI<[m>Y]dzpk]>h k]vile]uecu Bjnmi>ui. pzu
divxe Bjnh k<iE]L k]i]N tuiBx[mmi[ O]E>]
b]Dke zpEtYkh zpEtYkh xtYh ecy{ic{[ O<ic{u. OTuh O>u
b]D m]zth EsSic{u. aet]>u gRv{n]yi>uu. k]i]N
ve> zsmic{iuh A gRvN O<iuEp]yi}. OTuh A x[ztI
tui, "w]en]>u gRv{n]f[. w]N |o EdHvuh ek]}]et
O<iuEp]vukyi}. `e O<ic{uviT]n]yi A>uh zsmiE].
EtvE>i ni v]uh `e O<ic{uviT]N x]Diyi}" `u
pru. aE]L tuiek]u ni k]i]N, "`]l
EtvE>iyile ek]u Ep]kfh. ni |o gRven
O<ic{uviTuh" `u klic{u. A x[ztIyueT vIuk]R A viv>h
niey ariyic{E]L, " A x[ztIey |vieT ek]uvE>].
|vieTvc{u gRven O<iu k]>Yh ax]DYm]f[, Evfemil
w]nvieT vu zsmic{uEn]]h" `]f[ ni prt[. aE]L
A vIuk]Ru viy xhsym]yi. mTik]vil BgvtiyueT
xEtilevc{[ Ae>e]uh mzv]dh ecy{i]ri}E}]. A
itiu niey avieTe]uEp]yi mzv]dh ecy{iutu
Bgvtiu Hitm]kuEm] `]yi>uu av>ueT xhsyh. |tien
uric{u kln EkLutin]yi avR k]vilecu muu
p]Ti>uu. aE]L k]i]N tui, "`e xEtilvc{u
EtvE>i `uecy{utuh `niu xtvuh xE]Svum]f[.
me]>u mzv]di |vieT v[ Ouh ecy{]N p]Tie}um]ztEm
`niu niRbmuu" `u k[pic{u. A vIuk]R |o viv>vuh
niey ariyic{u. aE]L aEHh O>u c]Re<utie]Tuu
kyuh divxh niyic{u pryy[ukyuh ecy[tu. vIuk]R
c]RiNzpk]>mu \pk>fe}]h EsK>ic{uvc{u. niit
divxh evu]Nk]u ni avieTeyi. zp]y]DikYh
ek]u nT]N zpy]xm]yi>utin]l mfikf[e k<uil
181

e`tiHYm]
kyriy]f[ aEHh avieT `iyt[. ecyuTen kuiyuh
nitYkR]nu]n]dikuh k<ic{u ni k]viei Bgvtiey
Exvic{uek][ avieTyi>uu. au pkuh >]ztiyuh mu<uvN
EEzt]pv]xm]yi
avieTe
|>uEtyuu.
au
jp]nhEp]uh aEHh k<ic{i}. Bgvtiu v<ip]T]yi O>u
kUup]yxniEvdYvuh puS[p]w[jiyuh nTiukyuh ecy[tu.
piEdivxh evu]Nk]e kuiyuh nitYkR]dikuh
k<ic{u ni mzv]dinu niyic{i>u ei. A
vIuk]>ueT vk O>u milvc{]f[ mzv]dh nT]N
niyic{i>ut[. ni avieT ecyuTen O>u ztik]pUjy[u
pmiu viuvc{u. pUj A>hBiukyuh azdvYh kUi O>u
gfptiEH]mh k<iukyuh ecy[tu. \c{Ujy]yE]L A x[ztI
tui, "`e O<ic{uviT]n]yi zsmi>ut[. w]N |o s>I>E]Tu
kUTiy}]et O<iuEp]vukyi}. aeny}]et `e O<ic{]l
w]N spiuh" `u muh prutuTi. ni aet]uh
Ekt]yi B]viEp]uh ecy[ti}. \c{pUjyuh puS[p]w[jiyuh
k<iE]L ni vIuk]E>]T[, "eevkuE>e pUjy[[
niEvdYinu mu]riT<i]uh mu]ru ph pWx]>yuh
kUTi Evfh" `u pru. aE]L vIuk]R, "aet]e
\]h. aviTu[ \ofu k<ifh. |ee AH]>
em]uh k<ic{ii}E}]. Bfinu Evet}]h zb]fe>
e]u ty{]r]ic{iu[. aviTu[ |o vyuk][ |vieT
vu pifi kiTutu wLu viy xTm]f[" `u
pru. ni atin[, "w]N \]n]yi}E}] |vieT vi>iu
t[. niL `e v>uukyuh w]nivieT v>ukyuh
ecy[ti>iutie
\EsYh
x]Dic{}]et
w]N
\ofu
k<iyi}" `]f[ mrupTi prt[. aEHh AH]>em]uh
k<i]et te jpic{uek]i>uu.
En>h eevkiyE]L ni Ep]yiuic{u. xY]vn]di
ke}]h k<ic{u vu. pUjy[u AdYh niyic{i>u niEvdYuh
mU]riT<i p]lk]c{i pWx]>yi[ atuh ty{]r]ivc{u.
182

e`tiHYm]
pUjy[u viu vc{i>u muriyueT v]till pur]yi
\mic{]>hek]u O>u czkh v>c{[ atil pifiy]e (b]ED]pzdv
mu x[ztIey) |>uI[ aEHh muriku kyri v]tiTc{i
>uu pUj tuTi. ~kEdsh ~<> n]<ikyi>uiyE]E<uh
pUjyuh puS[p]w[jiyuh k<iu ni muriyueT v]til turu.
\Ten aEHh kuer tIRvuh zpx]dvuh atvuhkUTieyTuu
By>m]y O>u Hu]>E]TukUTi pifiy]ueT muKeeriu.
\Ten pifiy]L tuiuTi. aE]E<uh k]vilniu
k]i]nuh tuie][ avieTeyi. pifiy]L (gRvN)
aE]L, "aEy{]! `niu d]Hiuu" `u pru. ni, k]c{i
pWx]>yiuvc{i>u p]eTuu pifiy]ueT aTul vc{u
ek]Tuu. pifiy]L A mu]riT<i p]l mu<uvnuh kuTic{u
k<iE]L, "|E]L |tumti, tZp[tiy]yi, xE]Sm]yi.
`iuh w]N |o EdHe vie]<iu Ep]vukyi}.
atin]yiu niRbiukyum>ut[" `u pru. aE]L
k]i]N, "`e niey p>IiE]. fil |o
EdHilniu O<iuEp]vuky]f[ n}t[. ae}il ni
\pzdviuh. OTuh x]pE]Tuh apm]nE]Tuh kUTi
Ep]Ekt]yi v>uh. |E]]efil xE]SE]Tuh bHum]n
E]TuhkUTi Ep]k]h" `u klic{u. \Ten pifiy]L (gRvN)
"ni azt Ey]gYEn]?" `]l aet]riyfmE}]" `u
priu mzx]>h, yzx]>h, zpEy]gx]>h, zppWx]>h
mut]yvyiu ci gU]Rei niEy]Tu Ec]dYh
tuTi. gRve Ec]dYLe}]h ni s>iy]yiu>h
pru. aE]L gRvN, "|ztyuh piuh mu Ey]gYtkuh
tik O>u mzv]di O>Uru xhvlx>iniurh BUE]ki
u]yiie}utinu xhsymi}. |zpk]>h Ey]gYn]yi>iu
|EHvum]yi pifEt]yivi>itil `niu ve>
mnx[t]pmu[. atin]l |EHh `e \pzdviEc{]Ti]nudYmi
]et mTiE]vuk]y]fu Evt[. av] `e \pzdvi
]Nte B]viuky]efil w]N spiuh. |o EdHeviu
w]N Ep]kukyumi}" `u prtie EsSh kR]n
183

e`tiHYm]
k>m]kuh vh ci divY>]gL Apiukyuh mEn]H>]y
ci gItL p]Tukyuh |Ty[ieT puWi>iyiTukyuh muh ecy[tu
tuTi.
ni: |ovk vidYkL ek]u vi>uEp]kuvn} w]N.
`niu s]peuric{uh muh EshEp]uh Bymi}. |osV>viDi
Ep]ey}]et Ouh v>ukyie}u `niu n} niymu[.
`e si>ie<uien m]]N |ni A>u vic]>ic{]uh
x]Diukyi}E}]. atin]l Evgil |o EdHe viu
ep]y[e]uky]fu n}t[. mnE]TukUTi Ep]k] ph
w]nyy[uh.
gRvN: aEy{]! |tu xTm]f[. w]N Ep]kefemu
niRbm]efil O>u mUu xhvlx>e avDi `niu
t>fh. mUu xhvlx>h k<i]l |o EdHh vi[ w]N
ep]y[e]]h; atinnuvdifh.
ni: anuvdiyi}; mUu xhvlx>em},
n]<ikEp]uh |ni |o EdHii>i]N p]Ti}.

mUu

`u pru ni \mic{]>hek][ avieT O>u czkh v>c{i[


O>u cU>l vTieyTuu jpic{[ A czkil mUTi aTic{u.
aE]L gRvN, "aEy{]! w]N ep]y[e]]Em. ayueT
mzsiey tTuutinu xHiutinuh w]N sn}.
niRbpURv{h `e |en diic{yy[utuek][
aEu xtiyu]v]et Ep]e; ayueT vhsh ayueT
k]]vx]nE]TukUTi nsic{u Ep]e; `u pru.
ni: |o s]ph O>nuzgHm]ef]f[ w]N vic]>iut[.
|tuve> w]N viv]Hh k<ic{ii}. `niiE]L vy[
`<upW]yi>iuu. |tuve> nitYzbc]>iy]yi jIvic{
w]N |ni viv]Hh k<ifemE] xtiyu]kfemE]
vic]>ic{u `u v>ut}E}]. `e kuTuhbil |E]L
w]n}]et
A>umi}t]nuh.
atin]l
vic]>ic{i>i]
184

e`tiHYm]
Ape]uh |o s]phek][ `niu]yii}. |ni xtYh
ecy[t[ O<iuEp]y[e]uk. Ep]kuie}il |niyuh w]N
ci vidYkLkUTi zpEy]giuh.
gRvN: aEy{]! Ev], w]N ep]y[e]]h. w]N |t]
|o EdHilniu vium]ruu. |ni O>u k]uh w]N |o
Edseyuh |o kuTuhbeyuh b]Diukyie}u m]ztm}, |o
Edsu kTukEp]uh ecy[kyi}. |tu xtYh, xtYh, xtYh.
xtYh
ecy[tuk<iEt]TukUTi
pifiy]L
pi]h
mRuvIfu. \Ten A gZHiu]yi>u pTiu>yuh
purEu mriuvIfu. atu gRvN Ep]y Ep]inu
tiyit]efutu prEyti}E}]. gRvN Ep]yE]L
k]i]e tuuh niu.
A vIuk]R ni[ Ayi>h pfh difyuh mEnkh
x]nuh ek]Tuu. A pfh mu<uvnuh ni mTi]vil
Bgvtiu
v<ip]T]yi
k]i]en
~lic{uek]Tuiu
mfikf[e k<uilyri aE]Le xVEdsEu
mTukyuh ecy[tu.
gRvN b]Dic{ x[ztIu b]D O<itie EsSh
>umuu divxEu viy Ifmu]yi>uu. zkEmf atu
EBdm]vukyuh A x[ztI gRBh D>ic{u zpxvic{u k]zkEmf A
gZHil D]>]h xtiku]vukyuh ecy[tu. niyueT
k]h k<iyutuve> A vIuk]R aEHe |osV>niRviEsS
m]yi bHum]nic{uek]i>uu.
EtvE>i nuEy]Tu mlx>ic{u jyi]n]yi aEnkh
mzv]dikL \dYmic{iu. ave>}]v>uh Et][ OTuh aEH
ie siSYM]>]yiI>uky]f[ ecy[tiut[. Avk kkuh
niyueT autkRuh prvx]nii]N A>]uh
k<iyut}. atin]l atin]yiuniyui}. aEHie
185

e`tiHYm]
avx]neuric{ukUTi pri[ |o \pnY]xh xm]pi]emE
vic]>iuuU.
O>il O>u nU>i \sk]>]vu>ueT aTulec{u O>u
k]>Yh x]Diic{uek]Tufem[ AvsYeu. atiE[ |tu
zptiPh kifemu >]vuR prtien nU>i xtiu
kyuh ecy[tu. `iuh >]vuR ve> zsmeiuh atu
x]Diic{uek]Tu]N k<ii}. atin]l nU>i |]BhgE]Tu
kUTi avieTniu pi>iyukyuh viv>h EtvE>i niey
ariyiukyuh ni zptiPEkUT]et k]>Yh niS[zpy]xm]yi
nU>iu epeu x]Diic{uek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. >]vuR
pURveev>h nimih niey akeTu]n]yi ci gUzpEy]g
L ecy[tuek]]fi>ui>ut[. pE, niyueT muNk>utu
kLek][ aet]uh Pic{i>ui}. aenyi>uE]]f[ |o
xhgtiyu]yt[. |tu EkE]L >]vuRu]yi>u eev>h
dVigufIBvic{u. ~tuviDvuh niey t]mxiy]et ap]yeTu
fem[ ay]L aE]L tIRc{eTuukyuh atien]>up]yh
kupiTiukyuh atu ty{]r]ivy[ukyuh ecy[tu.
aenyi>iu k]u >]vu>uh pe nU>iyuh
til k]futiniTy]yi. aE]L zpxhgvs]l nU>i
">]vu>u vic]>ic{iu x]Di] k]>Yh EtvE>i ni
`niu x]Dic{utu" `u pru. >]vuR atu muE te
arii>uueviuh atu pry]etyuh B]vi]etyuh aE]L
m]ztEm ariuu `u B]vil autvuh xE]Svuh
nTic{uek][, "atuEv{]! xE]Sm]yi, EtvE>i ni x]m]nY
n}. aEHeE]e xmRn]yi[ O>u mzv]di |E]L
BUE]kii}. avieTu A k]>Yh x]Diic{uttil
`niu ap]>m]y xE]Se k]fiutin]yi w]N
t>u x]nh aviTuute niu ek]uecu ek]Tuu
w]N tyc{etu pryfh" `u pr[, ay]ueT
eekvi>iEMl kiTi>u O>u xVREm]ti>mU>i ek]Tui[,
"`e k]>Yh x]Diic{uttil \sk]>]vuRu xE]S
186

e`tiHYm]
e zpdRsii]n]yi |tu >]vuR tyc{t]f[" `u
pru. atu EkE]Le |tu te akeTu]nu
vidYy]efu niu mni]yi. atu ky{il v]iE]yti
n]l pie p>iH]>em]umi}etyi>utuek][, "|t[ |osV>
viDi te" `[ aEHh tIRc{eTui. `iuh tni[
abh piE]yi `u viv>h B]viukyuh pryukyuh
ecy{]et
aEHh
O>u
xE]SB]vil
nU>iEy]T[,
">]vu>ilni[ O>u x]nh ki]niTy]ytuek][ `niu
ve> xE]Smu[. at[ |vieTiiy viv>inu w]en]e>
<uu t>]h at[ aute ek]uecu >]vuRu
ek]Tufh" `u pru ni OE>]SfemTu[ atil,
"|t[ `eiumu]kuemu w]N vic]>ic{i>ut]f[. |tuve>
kRvuh k]vuhkUTi Ouvi}. |E]L >uem]u. Ae,
viE>]Dmi}. `ni[ n]lpe]]efil ninu pz["
`e<uti nU>iyueT ky{il ek]Tuu. nU>i atu ek]u
ec[ >]vuRuh ek]Tuu. atie pz]hdivxh
>]vu>uh Em]ti>h ky{il v]iytie n]lpe]]hdivxh
niyuh m>ic{u. aE]L niu zp]yh `<upE<u vy]
yi>uu. aEHE]TukUTie aEHie vhsvuh tIRu
`utu pryfemi}E}].

187

e`tiHYm]

55. ci |osV>M]>ueT pifh


Tiuxule Azkmfk]u gu>uv]yu>en avieT
ni[ |ieyTu[ aue<yuh piIT[ m]Evie>yuh
`<uic{u kuTiyi>uiyi>uu `utu zpxim]fE}].
gu>uv]yU>nuh aue< kZS[fxV]miyuh v]x[tvil AL
Outey]efiuh avR >uEp>uhkUTi aue< t]mxic{i
>u k]u p pifuh mlx>umu]yiut]yi
aEnkh e`tiHYu[.
gu>uv]yu>e zpIti]yi nTu nmx[]>dYkL
u k]N mut]y x]DnL vy[u O]up]ztil
e kiTuky}]et, mu p]ztil pk>uk ptivie}uh
`]l A x]DnLu ki]vucuv \]k]rie}umutu
zpxim]fE}]. `iuh gu>uv]yU>N aue< t]mxic{i
>u k][ nmx[k]>in]yi vc{u]u k]nuh muh
ki]vu cuvek]u mnuSYRu \pEy]gi]N nivZiyi}]
t]yiIRu. |tien AIIRtu gu>uv]yU>En]Tu
x[pR
nimih
aue<
kZS[fxV]miy]efutu
viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}]. |tinupk>h gu>uv]yU>nuh
citu
zpvRi]ti>ui}.
aue<
kZS[fxV]miu
zptidinh mu]ru pr p]lek]u pWx]>]yxh ptivu]
yi>uu. atil gu>uv]yU>N ayuh muh k]fic{u niEvdYinu
ek]] viDi]iIRutuTi. |en |vR tiu
x[pRyuh mX>vuh nimih >uEpRuh pUj]niEvdY]dikL
nT]N nivZiyi}]et vtin]l gu>uv]yU>en Tiu
xul]e \pzdvh smiutuve> m]Evie> ek]uEp]yi
|>uEt]yivu. gu>uv]yU>en kuTiyi>uiyi>u vuh
aviTue vkyyi O>u kifruh |E]<uh aue<
k]Fm]nu[.
|zpk]>h te eevnuh ~um]nUR Edvnuh tiuh
ci pifu]yiu[. 973-]m]u n]TunIiy >]mvR
188

e`tiHYm]
mH]>]jvu ti>umnuek][ eevnu v<ip]T]yi ~<> (~<u
viytuh Ou ecriytuh) ep]]nke (p}]vuek]u pfiyic{u
xVRkiTuek][ ep]tiyic{u) ti>uvnpu>uni[ eev
E[ ek]Tuyc{u. klpnzpk]>h H>i]>M]R ep]]nke
vi>ui]e>e][ `Tuic{u ek][ k>m]Rm]yi pure[ O>u
divxh ~um]nUR vuEcRu. ep]]nke Eztie
pTi]er Eg]pu>ryiirivc{u nT k]vl]e> ~lic{i[
H>i]>M]>uh cumuk]>uh kui]numu]nu Ep]yi. avR
kuiyuh Bfvuh k<iu vu En]iyE]L ep]]nkueT
tyil O]E>] viy xRi>iut]yi ku. Ae>iuh
aTuu ec]l A By> xRL PfL viTRie][
cIiuTuh. atin]l `}]v>uh Byeu m]riyt}]et
aTuu ec}utin[ ARuh eeD>Ymu]yi}. pie |tieni
zpsnhevic{u En]iytil, |o Anke t]N viyy[uk
yie}uh |v tniu Evfemum]f[ ~um]nUR Edve
aBizp]yemu k]fukyuh A viv>h ti>umnriyiutin[
`<uti
ayy[ukyuh
zps[nil
ktuEp]e
te
mH]>]j]vu ti>umniEu O>u dRsnmu]kukyuh ecy[tu.
atin]l A ep]]nke ~um]nUR Edve B]>il
`Tuuvc{uek]utinu klpic{nuvdic{u. |E]<uh ~um]nUR
B]>ii>iuvyuh \Xvk]il `<uE]TukUTi
ek][ nTuvyum]y ep]]nkL avieT vuEcR
tizpk]>m]f[.
eevnu v<ip]T]yi niyic{[ \]ic{yc{vy]y
ep]]nke ~um]nUR EdvN |Ty[uvc{[ tieyTutin]l
vIuh ~<>ep]]nke \]ic{u eevEyy[fem[
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek][ klic{u niyic{u. aE]L O>u
divxh >]ztiyil ti>umniEu O>u dRsnmu]yi. atie
x]>h tniu ep]]nyuh muh Evfemie}uh atie vi
ecv]i O>u xHzxksh nTiy]l mtieyum]yi>uu.
|tu eeve klpny]efu visVxic{u mH]>]j]v[
189

e`tiHYm]
ti>umnuek][ azpk]>hte atiEkmk]yi eev[ O>u
xHzxksh nTiukyuh ecy[tu. eevnuh ~um]nUR
Edvnuh til |E]<uh pifm]ef]f[ jnueT visV]xh.
atin]l eev[ ami dRsnin[ |E]<uh ~um]nUR
Eds]>]>uh Ep]k]ri}.
ArMu Edvnuh sb>ims]x[t]vuh tiuh pifm]ef
]f[ jnueT visV]xh. atin]l ArMu]R sb>imy[u
Ep]k]ri}. pe]>il ArMu]>]y ciR sb>imy[u
Ep]kutinu niyic{[ "en]yu" tuTi. aE]L avRu
ArMuEdvN xVp[nil zptYm]yi "`e jnL m
cvifemi}; xkk]>Yxiiuh `e Exvic{uek]]l
mti" `>uiec{y[tu. `iuh avR atien vkvy[]et
y]k]h sb>imy[u Ep]yi. sb>imy[[ Ep]kuvR
"s>fmy{E]" `uh "ay{x]miEy s>fh" `uh muh viic{u
pru ek]]fE}] Ep]kuk ptiv[. `]l ArMu]R
"ArMu xV]miEy s>fh" `u viic{uek]]f[ Ep]yt[. avR
sb>imy[u
xmIpm]yE]L
ay{xV]miyueT
n]y[L
(kTuv]kL) v]yuh ep]ic{uek][ av>ueT Ene> p]uecu.
atuk[ ArMu]R Byp>vsM]>]yi pURv{]Dikmure
ArMuxV]miey viic{utuTi.
aE]L A vY]zGueT
v]yil aukL vu try[ukyuh av mTiE]vukyuh
ecy[tu. A xmyh sb>im s]x[t]vie evip]Tu]yi
(evic{]Tu tui) "ArMu]R `e nTyil v>]N p]Ti}"
`u k[piukyuh ArMu]R avieT dRsnh k<i]et
mTiE]vukyuh ecy[tu. a]h mutl]f[ ArMu]R
sb>imy[u Ep]k]ety]yt[. ArMu EdvN mH]viS[fuvie
O>vt]>m]y
aRjunn]ef]fE}]
xlph.
atin]l
sb>imyy{e n]y[ueT Ene> s>myc{t[ A EdvN
tey]ef]f[ visV]xh.
|en Ek>il zptiieiu aEnkh EdvM]R
til p pifumu]yiutinuh |E]<uh pifm]ef
190

e`tiHYm]
utinuh ve> e`tiHYu[. |vey}]h mnuSY>ueT
xlpilniu]yiuvy]yi>i]n}]et k]>fmi}E}].

191

e`tiHYm]

56. prE]u nU>i


zbiiSumb]ril 'prE]T[' `i}E>]yi O>u nU>i
yu]yi>uu. aEHh xk Evds]x[ztuh pu>]Efti
H]x]dikuh zgHic{iu O>u vidV]nuh zpkZtY] vi>nuh
|osV>Bnum]yi>uu. e`HikxuKe}]muEpic{[ aEHh
kurc{uk]h |osV>en Exvic{uek][ xVgZHile
t]mxic{tie EsSh aRpuztmiztkzt]dike `}]muEp
ic{u
ve>]h
anYEdsil
xW>ic{uek]i>uu.
aen Ep]yiE]yi OTuvil aEHh O>u viy vn]>il
ecuEcRu. aE]E<uh aEHh ulpip]x]dikLek][
~vuh p>vsn]yiIRu. atin]l Bfp]nIyEnVSic{u
ek][ aEHh A vn]>il cuuxW>ic{u. aE]L
eedvgtY] O>u muniv>]zsmh keukyuh avieT tpu
ecy[tuek]i>u mHRSiEzse aTulecu tniu
visuh d]Hvuh duHm]yiIRi>iuuevuh avey
smiiutinu v}tuh t>femuh y]ciukyuh ecy[tu.
atuEk[ A mHRSiEzsN ci Bfx]Dnuh muh
ek]Tu[ A nU>iey xhtZp[tn]iytie EsSh, "a[
A>]f[? `in]yi]f[ |vieT vt[" `uh muh Ec]dic{u.
aE]L
nU>i
t]en]>u
zb]fn]efuh
mumu
p>m]Rem}]h mHRSiey zgHiic{u. \Ten mHRSi, "au
Evd]DY]ynh ecy[tiiE}" `u Ec]dic{u. "\[" `u nU>i
prE]L mHRSi. "`]l aEu ulpip]x]dikueT
b]Dyu]k]niTyi}E}].
Ae,
Evdh
mu<uvnuh
au
pic{zpk]>h Ou ec]}iELe" `u pru. atu Eku
nU>i Evdh mu<uvnuh t]N pic{i>utuEp]e ec]}iELic{u.
aE]L mHRSi, "|tumu<uvnuh pi<y]f[; |et}]h mr]l
aEu w]N EvdmupEdsic{ut>]h. |tu mrutinu kurc{u
divxh vTE]u ti>ii>u[ \>uvi]l mti." `u pru.
azpk]>h nU>i vTE]u ti>ii>u[ ~t]nuh divxh Evdh
\>uviTukyuh aE]E<uh aEHh pic{i>uet}]h mrukyuh
192

e`tiHYm]
ecy[tu. pie A mHRSiEzsN Evdh Adimutl avx]nhve>
nU>i[
\pEdsiukyuh
Evdil
|i
mzL
jpic{uek]]l
visuh
d]Hvuh
\]vukyie}u
pruek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. pie nU>i azpk]>h ul
pip]x]dike aTie]uh Ey]g]BY]xh ecy[tuek]uh A
mHRSiyueT aTul t]mxic{u.
aenyi>iuE]L O>u divxh >u divYpu>uSM]R
avieT v>ukyuh mHRSiey[ `E] ciet}]h pru
Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. av>uh mHRSiyum]yi \]y xhB]Sf
em}]h Ekueviuh atu mnuSYB]Syil a}]yi>utin]l
nU>i[ k]>Yem]uh mni]yi}. atin]l aEHh mHRSi
Ey]T[ A v divYpu>uSM]>]>]yi>uuevuh avR pr
et]yi>uuevuh muh Ec]dic{u. aE]L mHRSi, "A
divYM]R eek]xv]xik]y >u sivBUt]f[. |u
zsIp]Rvtiu Ex]mv]>zvtm]ky]l k]lk<ukic{Uinu w]NkUTi
ec}femu Edvi a>uiec{y[ti>iuu `]f[ avR prt["
`u pru. atu EkE]L tniuh kUTi eek]xil
Ep]y]le]]emu AzgHh ks]yiI>uky]l nU>i
teUTi ek]uEp]kfemu mHRSiEy]TEpic{u. aE]L
mHRSi, "a[ atiniE]L sn]yii}. |vieT]mxic{]l
kurc{uk]h k<iyuE]L auh atin[ sn]yiI>um]
yi>i]h. aE]L atin]yi]zgHic{]l mti" `u pru.
aet]uh xti]et nU>i pieyuh niRbiuky]l
OTuvil mHRSi nU>iyueT |hEp]e ecy{]emu xtiu
kyuh `]l eek]xilec{]l aumiuem]e En]u
kEy] v}tuh xhx]>iukEy] ecy{>uetuh Ouh mi]et t
kuiu niute En]ie][ |>uuek]femuh
mHRSi pryukyuh azpk]>m]yie]]emu nU>i xti
ukyuh ecy[tu.
Ep]k]nu xmym]yE]L mHRSi te eeky[u
piTic{uek][ kTy[]N nU>iEy]Tu pru. nU>i azpk]>h
193

e`tiHYm]
ecy{ukyuh a>nimiShek][ >uEp>uh eek]xieu
kyuh ecy[tu. aE]L k]l k<ukic{Uin]yi avieT axhKYh
mHRSim]R `Iu]yi>uu. ave>ey]e k]l k<ukic{t[
zsIp>EmsV>n]yi>uu. A kUil prE]u nU>ieyyuh
Bgv]N k]lk<ukic{u. \Ten `}]v>uh \]ni>uu. aE]E<uh
avRu kuTiu nIRvI<[]n]yi zsIp]RvtiyueT pur]T]yi.
EdviyueT k]lc{iie mw[jUn]dh EkutuTiyE]Le
nU>iyueT mnikiuTi. zsIp]Rv{ti O]E>]>uRuh
mury[u kuTiu nIRvI<[i. zkEmf nU>iyueT aTul
vuEcRu. aEHinu kuTiu nIRvI<[iy xmyh aEHh
kunii>iuky]yi>uu. `iuh zsIp]Rv{tiyueT p]dL
aEHh x[pm]yiu. "|o p]dL te |zt mEn]H>
]yi>iu iti[ |o EdviyueT muKh `ztm]zth xu>
m]yi>iuh! `e]ey]y]uh aet]u k]f]et k<iyukyi}"
`u vic]>ic{[ nU>i ptueey]u tyuyR]N B]vic{u.
aE]L EdviyueT xmIpu nii>u niEksV>e O>u
HU]>h EkLeTukyuh nU>i Eb]D>Hitn]yi avieT niu
etric{uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu.
piE divxh zpB]tm]yE]L nU>iu Eb]Dh vIfu.
aEHh kuturu En]iyE]L t]N kiTut[ O>u kui
]ef[ aEHinu mni]yi. `iuh |o Edsh ~t]
efuh muh aEHinriy]N p]Ti}]yi>uu. aE]L O>u
vZSi ci p]ztL Etc{u muutin]yi A kuil vu.
avE]Tu Ec]dic{E]L A kuh pUmuimny[e vky]efuh
muh pryukyuh nU>i avieT muu pE]<uh Ep]yi>utu
ek][ atu v]x[tvh tey]efu mni]vukyuh ecy[tu.
nU>iu xibe}]h tRi>uueviuh aEHh O>u
viDh avieT ni[ k>y[u kyri. A xmyh pUmui mny[l
atiks]yi O>u k>c{iuh pi<ic{iuh ayuh muryuem}]h
EkLuky]l atie k]>feme[ aEHh A vZSiEy]Tu
Ec]dic{u. aE]L avL, "mny[e viy ti>umniEu
194

e`tiHYm]
ve>
Em]Hic{i>uu]y
~kpuztN
|e
>]ztiyil
epeu]y `E] xuKETunimih m>ic{uEp]yi. A
tEp]eyi>u O]mnunu mUu vyum]ztEm zp]ym]yi>u
uu. atie svh |E]L dHii]enTuuek]u Ep]vuk
y]f[. atie Ek]]Hm]f[ |o EkLut[" `u pru.
|tu Ek m]ztyil nU>i mny[Eu ecu. A xmyh
viy nU>i]Iu te ~kpuzte mZts>I>h dHii]n]yi
`Tuu
cityiEu
ek]uEp]vuky]yi>uu.
nU>i
aTuuec[, "EH! aviTu[ Ouh vYxniE], \iey
w]niE]L jIviic{ut>]h. atien avieT kiTfh" `u
pru. |tu Eki[ nU>i]iE[ Ouh visV]xmu]yi}.
`iuh Em]H]DikYh nimih A mZts>I>e avieTiTi.
nU>i kurc{u evh eekyiETuu kTc{u `E] O>u mzh
jpic{[ \iyueT muK[ tic{u. \i \Ten ku turu. nU>i
pieyuh >u zp]vsYh kUTi evh jpic{u tic{u. aE]L
m>ic{ukiTi>u \i xVs>I>n]yi `fI[ "a]" `u
viic{uek][ nU>i]ie aTuE[ ecu. aE]L nU>i
]iEuh avieTUTiyi>u jnLuh mumu]y xE]S
vuh autvuh `ztm]ztemu pry]N zpy]xh.
prE]u nU>i nU>i]iEu p>icitn]yi>uu.
`iuh aE]L jTyuh muTiyuem]e D>ic{uh m>vu>i \Tuuh
mumi>utuek]uh
kiuh
ve>]m]yi>utin]uh
aEHh |]]efu nU>i]iEu tt[]h mni]yi}.
pie nU>i]iu Ec]diuky]l nU>i te c>izte}]h
nU>i]ie zgHiic{u. aE]L nU>i]iEu nU>iyueT
muK]y O]Ryil v>ukyuh aEHh pret}]h s>ieyu
visVxiukyuh ecy[tu.
prE]unU>i[
`iuh aEHie

ABij]tYh xVlph kurv]yi>uu.


Ey]gYtyuh divYtVvuh vic]>ic{u
195

e`tiHYm]
nU>i]I[ aEHinu te puE>]Hit]nh ek]Tuu
te kUeTe AjIvn]h t]mxiic{u.

196

e`tiHYm]

57. p]il s]x[t]v[


p]il s]x[t]vie Ezth ti>uvit]hkUril Ek]yh
t]Uil n]kh pkutiyi]f[. |o Ezth p[ ~vuh
zpxivuh zp]D]nYvumut]yi>uu. |tinu pu>]tntVvuh Ouh
kurvi}.
zsI p>su>]mN Ek>ie >y[]yi[ ki<u mkiuh
pTi]ru xmuzdtI>ium]yi p il s]x[t]vien
zptiic{iueutu zpxim]fE}]. p]ils]x[t]vuh A
kUiut]yi vic]>i]h. `]l xVlph EBdmie}umi}.
O>il zb]vu te EHmkuilni[ \d[BUtm]y O>u
s]x[tZvizgHh ag[niEdve ky{il ek]Tu[, "|tu p>su>]me
ky{il ek]Tu[, |tien yE]cith `vieTeyiuh O>u n}
u zptii]N pryfh" `u pryc{u. ag[niEdvN
azpk]>h ecy{uky]l p>su>]mN A vizgHvuh ek][ pure[
"p][" `u pruv>u A u vE]L |o h
ek]]emu Et]uky]l A bihbh avieT zptiic{u.
`iuh at[ avieT \ry[]et |ki \d[gmic{uek]i>uu. p
zp]vsYh piTic{i>uIuh bihbmvieT |>i]y[ky]l p>su>]mN
~vuh viSn]yiIRu. A xmyh eedvgtY] x]]l
p]n]>uh B]>Yyuh kUTi avieT vuEcRu. p]n]e>
kE]L p>su>]mN p>m]Rem}]h pru. \Ten p]n]R
A bihbiEMliTic{[ kI<[E][ amRie][ "|vieT]R["
`u pru. aEt]TukUTi bihbh avieT \rc{u. p]n]R
"p]R[" `u prtin]l A Edsinu "p]R[" `u te
Ep>u xiic{u. atu k]zkEmf "p][" `]yiIRu.
|zpk]>em]ey]f[ p]il s]x[t]vie Agmh. atin]l |o
s]x[t]vien zptiic{tu p>su>]mn]efuh p]n]>]efuh
ag[niEdvn]efuh O]E>]>uR O]E>]viDh pryuu.

197

e`tiHYm]
zpti k<iu p>su>]mN Ep]ytie EsSh s]x[t]v[
divYn]y p]n]Ru zptYIBviukyuh "p]n]e> Aie]
>ieiuh |vieT k]l ek]]emu[" `>uiec{y[kyuh
aeny]k]emu p]n]R xtiukyuh ecy[tu. p]n]R
murh viuek][ xW>ic{i>u avx>i]f[ avieTec{i>u
t[. atuEp]e p]n]R pieyuh AuEt]ruh kRTk
xhzk]in]L avieT eci>uu. p]n]>ueT murc{vTh
zpxim]fE}]. p]n]R ptiv]yi kRTkxhzk]in]L
p]ilec{i>utie x[m]>km]yi |E]<uh avieT kRTk
xhzk]iEt]ruh jnL kUTi O>u kc{vTh nTiv>uu[.
atinu 'xhzk]iv]fiBh" `]f[ Ep>u pruv>ut[. A
divxh avieT pj]ti]>]yi axhKYh AukL kUTukyuh
kc{vTin]yi aEnkh x]m]nL ek]uv>ukyuh ecy{uu
[. `]l v>uv>il aDikh Ep>uh pryruh puy>uh
x]m]nil aDikvuh ku, murh mut]yvyum]yi>iuh.
zpti]n>h p>su>]mN tEsv]xik]y jne
avieT v>ui |o s]x[t]vien `}]v>uh Edsp>Edvty]yi
Ad>iukyuh Ac>iukyuh ecy{femu \pEdsic{u. atnu
x>ic{u jnL kUTi avieT \p]yil O>h pfi
k<iiukyuh xmIpn]y ayR]u nU>ieye][ ksh
nTiukyuh ecy[tu. A Edvn[ AdYh niEvdYh k<ic{tu
n]<iy>ivc{[ atie mukil O>u tuTh evyuh vc{]f[.
atin]l aenyu niEvdYh A Edvnu ve> zpD]nvuh
zpiyt>vum]yiIRu. aen v<ip]T]yi[ |E]<uh p>uh
avieT nTiv>uu[. atinu n]<iy>iyuh evyuh `]f[
Ep>u pruv>ut[.
Eds]RUTi \p]yil AdYh pfik<iic{ |o
Eztinu piITu Evu puiey]e v>uiytu etuh
kUR >]j]v]f[. O>u k]u n]Tuv]fi>u etuhkUR >]j]v[
AuEt]ruh mk>xhzk]i[ sb>im EztilE]yi
xV]midRsnh k<ic{uvi>uu. A tu>]nu zp]y]DikYh
198

e`tiHYm]
ek]u Ifh nimih atu duS[>m]yiuTiytin]l
O>]il avieTec{i>uE]L nTyil et]<utuek]uni[
"`e xV]miN! |vieT vu dRsnh k<ic{Ep]k]N w]N
sn}]ety]yiIRi>iuu. |tu muTIu jIvic{i>iuk
eyut[ `niu p>mxTm]f[. atin]l |tin[ `eiuh
nivZiyu]i>Ef" `u BipURvh zp]Ric{u. au
>]ztiyil tu>]N kiTuriyi>u xmyh O>]L aTul
ec{[, "|vieT v[ `e dRsiutin[ nivZiyi}]vR
`e ki<E nTyil v[ `e]uh mti. p]il
p]Rutuh w]N tey]f[" `u prt]yi aEHinu
Et]i. \fR[ \Ten kuturu En]iyE]L avieTeyuh
Ae>yuh ki}. atin]l |t[ k>uf]niDiy]y sb>im
s]x[t]vu te zp]Rney eeke][ a>uiec{y[tt]efu
te tu>]N visVxic{u.
tu>]N
sb>imyilni[
ti>iey
>]jD]niyil
`iytie EsSh Ouh t]mxiy]et p]il s]x[t]vie
ah, n]h, bilu>h, v]tilm]Th mut]yvEy]Tu
kUTi Bhgiy]yi pfiyiutinu klpn ek]Tuu. >umUu
m]xhek][ ah pfiyuh p>iv]> zptiyuh ksvuh
nTiukyuh \Xvh mut]y AviEsSLuh m]xviEsS
Luh nitYnid]nh mut]ytinuh ptivukL niyiukyuh
avy[e}]h EviTE]h vx[tuvkkL EdvxVhEp>il
ptic{uek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. Aek]eT p]il Ezth O>u
mH]Eztm]iIRu `u pr]l mtiyE}]. Ezth
pfi
k<ii[
au
ksh
nTic{tuh
ayR]u
nu>ieye]utey]f[
atin]l
A
nU>i
A
Eztie tziy]yiIRu. |E]<uh avieT tzi aEHh
te. a]h mutl etuhkUR >]j]M]R p]il
s]x[t]vien av>ueT O>u p>Edvty]yi Ac>ic{utuTukyuh
ecy[tu. avR a]u m]xie]>ieiuh avieTE]yi
xV]midRsnh k<i]etyi>i]ri}. au >]jD]ni Ek]yu
199

e`tiHYm]
tiyi]yi>utin]l
p]il
EztiEu
n]Wu
n]<ikyiDikh dU>mu]yi>ui}. atin]l aE]u kUeTUeT
E]kutinu xok>Yvumu]yi>uu.
ep>um]M]>ueT B>f]n>h Ek>>]jYh p K]yi
B]gic{u ci >]j]M]>uh |TzpBuM]>uh zpEtYkh zpEtYkh
B>ic{utuTiyE]L avR til kUeTUeT yumu]vuk
x]D]>fm]yiIRu. atin]l avRe}]vRuh zpEtYkh
zpEtYkh eexnYe EsK>iEt[ atY]vsYm]yuh vukUTi.
etuhkUR >]j]vuh |Uil zp]Dne O>iTzpBuv]yi>u
tin]l aEHinu O>u eexnYEsK>h Evivu. atin]l
aEHh >]jYu O]E>] k>kiuh O]E>]>ue> As]M]>]yi
niyiukyuh avRe}]h ci ]nm]nuh muh k[pic{u
ek]Tuukyuh A As]M]R O]E>] k>kiuh k>ikL eki
n]uk]>]y pu>uSM]e>y}]h AEy]DnvidY aBYxiifem[
~R]Tu ecy{ukyuh aen aviETu D]>]h eexnYu]
yiI>ukyuh ecy[tu. `u m]ztm}, |zpk]>h yuh aBYxi
eTuvRu Aie]>il O>u p>I nTfemuh A
p>I nTutu p]il s]x[t]vie xiDiyilvc{u
Evfemuh niyic{u.
AuEt]ruh vijydsmiu vidY]h>hBh k<ii[ >]j]v[ O>u
n} divxh niyic{[ zpxieTuuh. A divxh >]jYu
xk k>kilniuh As]M]R av>v>ueT siSYM]E>]TukUTi
p]il vuEc>uh. aE]L >]j]vuh avieTeyuh. pie
Ep]>]ik]yiuve>
y]Ey]gYh
>uB]gm]yi
ti>ic{u
niRuh. avR etuh vTum]yi pi>i[ afini>uh.
`}]v>uh x>]yi niu k<iyuE]L yuh tuTutin[
>]j]v[ k[pnek]Tuuh. \Ten yum]>hBiukyuh ecy{u.
|eney]ey]yi>uu |tie ptiv[. |o p>I]yuin[
p]il pT `]f[ Ep>u pruvi>ut[. |o yuin]yi
p]il EztinuxmIph mtilupur]yi[ ~t]nuh h
O<ic{ii>uu. A in[ 'pTnih' `]f[ n]mk>fh
200

e`tiHYm]
ecy[ti>iut[. |o yuil jyiuvRu eexnYil
ci ]nuh ci x]nuh muh >]j]vu klpic{u
ek]Tuukyuh ecy[ti>uu.
yuil
jyiutinu
zpD]nm]yi
xH]yiu
EdvM]R Evy[e]>u mknuh s]x[t]vum]ef]fE}] vc{i>i
ut[. atin]l etuhkUR >]j]vuh >]jYv]xikuh m]ztm},
mu ci >]j]M]>uh Ek]yiu>]M]>uh kUTi p]il
s]x[t]vien O>u p>Edvty]yi]f[ Ac>ic{uv>ut[. n]u>]j]
M]R til yumi}]t]yE]L mutl atien]e xV[ph
kurvu vu tuTi. `iuh, ph, [mIpu>h, anpu>h,
p]iy>, zg]mh mut]y Ek]yiu>]M]>ueT ek]]>
iuh muh ek]c{utu>]M]>ueT azp]snvuh ek]c{utu>]i
m]>ueT pieu k<i]l p]il ek]uecu dRsnh
k<iic{u ek]uEp]vuk |E]<uh ptivu[.
sb>ims]x[t]vuh p]il s]x[t]vuh Outeey
]f[ jnueT visV]xh. sb>imy[[ Ep]kuv]N x]Di]
v>uh mum]yi aEnkh jnL mk>xhzk]iu p]il
Ep]yi dRsnh k<iuk |E]<uh ptiv]f[.
p]il
s]x[t]vinu
muNk]il
|zpk]>em}]h
zpxiiyuh zp]D]nYvuh \]yi>uueviuh etuhkUR >]jYh
ti>uvit]hkUril EcREt]TukUTu atien]e ve> EBdgti
vuEp]yi. `iuh Edvx]iYin[ |E]<uh avieT
y]et]>u m]vuh vii}. A Eds]R |E]<uh A s]x[tvien
tueT Edsp>Edvty]yiute Ac>ic{uv>uu[. Au
Et]rumu \Xvinu xR]>ilniu xV[ph en}uh pfvuh
ptic{uvc{iueiuh Ep]>]et}]h ecvuecy[t[ \Xvh
Ekmm]utuh aHukL nTutuh |E]<uh Eds]R
tey]f[.

201

e`tiHYm]
p]il s]x[t]vie m]H]YL pryuky]efil
ve>yu[. vix[t>By]l atin]yi |E]L tuniyui}.

202

e`tiHYm]

58. ek]Tu}UR vxU>im]


Eme<utiyi>iu EpR ek]Tu}UR evic{]T[ `u
pru Biy[u nTuvR preiuh Ekii}]vR
Ek>il aDikmueu Et]ui}. `]l at]>]efuh
A
mURiyueT
\vh
~tu
zpk]>m]efuh
muh
ariiuvR cu>um]ef]f[ Et]ut[. atin]l
vxU>Im]yueT O>u viv>fh an]vsYm]vukyie}u Ekvh
visVxiuu.
ezetE]kYkkn]yi d]>ukN `e]>xu>nu]yi>uu
`uh aven nizgHiutin]yi zsIp>EmsV>e mU]h
tZilniu Bzdk]i avt>iukyuh A Edvi yuil
aven
ek]}ukyuh
ecy[tuevuh
muumu
k
m]REypu>]fil aRBUtm]y BEzd]lizpk>fh
v]yic{u muh `}]v>uh arii>iumE}]. A d]>uk]xu>e B]>Y
my]xu>e puztiy]y mEn]d>i ` xu>iy]yi>uu. d]>ukN
Bzdk]iyum]yu
yuil
m>ic{uEp]kuem[
~kEdsh
tIRc{y]yE]L
mEn]d>i
eek]xxmIpil
ecu
zsIp>EmsV>enuric{[ atikinm]y tputuTi. avL
ve>]h tpuecy[tiuh Bgv]N zpx]diukEy] avLu
v} v>vuh ek]TuukEy] ecy[ti}. atin]l zsIp]Rv{ti
"a}Ey] Bgv]En! zp]fn]]! |o x[ztI Bgv]enuric{[
avueT
aBIee]Tuyy[]et]f[?"
`u
Ec]dic{u. zsIp>EmsV>N: " a}Ey] BEzd! zp]fzpiEy! |vL
~vuh duy]f[. |vueT BR]v]y d]>uk]xu>nu zbH]mvu
Evu
v>e}]h
ek]Tuuk
nimih
avN
ezetE]kYv]xike
`ztm]zth
\pzdvic{u
`ut[
Bvtiumriy]mE}].
|vueT
|zpk]>mu
v>h
w]N
ek]Tuuky]efil |vuh E]Ek]pzdvk]>ifiy]yiI>uh.
atin]]f[ w]N |vLu v>em]uh ek]Tu]etyi>iut[.
d]>uken |E]L nueT puztiy]y Bzdk]i nizgHic{i>iuh.
203

e`tiHYm]
ave \pzdvh tIRE]E<uh me]>u \pzdvh \]ivc{u
`u v>ututu km]fE}].
zsIp]Rvti,
"aet]e
s>ite.
`iuh
Azsyiuve>
anuzgHi]ti>iutuh
km]fE}].
|vueT BR]vien nueT puzti nizgHic{uevil |viE]L
an]y]y O>u viDvy]yitIRi>iuu. |ve aviTu[
anuzgHi]ph |vLu |ni A>]f[ O>u s>fh?
atin]l
`e}]m]y]uh
aviTuu
|ve
anuzgHic{yy[fh" `u pru. |zpk]>h zsI p]RvtiyueT
niRbh nimih Bgv]N zsIp>EmsV>N te EdHie
viyRuevh vTiec{Tuu ek]TuiT[, "nI |tu ek]uEp]yi
mnuSY>ueT EdHtil tiuk. ninu Evuet}]h mnuSYR
t>uh" `>uiec{y[tu mEn]d>iey ayc{u.
mEn]d>i |zpk]>h Bgv]e anuzgHh v]ie]u
eek]xiil pureTu. mEYm]Rh avL Bzdk]ieyu.
Bzdk]i
d]>uken
ek][
ave
si>u
muriec{Tu[
|Ttueekyil vHic{u ek]uh Evt]iyueT k<uil kyri
BUtEzptpis]c]dike]TuhkuTi
jyEB>i
mu<ic{uek]uh
ARiviic{uek]uh eek]xiEu v>v]yi>uu. |o
EG]Sy]zt
ki[ mEn]d>i[ Ou >xic{ie}} ve>
vYxnmu]kukyuh ecy[tu. |o du `e BR]vien
ek]uvE}]. atin]l |t[ AdYh |vile zpEy]gi]h
`u
vic]>ic{u
mEn]d>i
zsIp>EmsV>N
ek]Tu
viyRuevil ni[ xV[pemTuu Bzdk]iyueT EdHil
tic{u. \Ten BgvtiyueT EdHie}]h ku>uL pureu.
tEvdn pni mut]y xuKETukL ek]u Edvi ~vuh
p>vsy]yiIRu. atin]l Bgvti O>uviDh v]Hnil
niiri v<iyile kiT]yi. \Ten BUtgfil ciR
O]Tiec{u viv>h zsIp>EmsV>e aTul \fRic{u. atuEku
Bgv]N ~vuh Ek]pE]Tu vYxnE]Tuh kUTi Axnil
ni[ `fIu. aE]L Bgv]e ecviyilni[ O>u By>mURi
204

e`tiHYm]
\vic{u. \Ten Bgv]N A tnujen aTul viic{u. "a}Ey]
vX], w]N ninu G]kRN `u Ep>iitiuu. nI
fil Ep]yi nie xEH]d>iyueT avst tIRu v>fh.
avL ~vuh p>vsy]yi v<iyil kiTuu `>uiec{y[tu.
\Ten G]kRN zsI p>EmsV>e p]dil vIfu
nmx[k>ic{[ anuzgHvuh v]ie][ pureu. kuer dU>h
ecE]L p>vsy]yi v<iyil kiTi>u Bzdk]iey ki[ A
sivpuztN Bzdk]iyueT p]dh mutl ni ku>ue}]h
tie]Tui. OTuuh muKu n]n]yi B]vic{E]L Bzdk]imuKh
ti>ic{uek][ "nI `e xEH]d>n]fE}]. muKE]TumuKh
EcRuk s>iy]yiut}. atin]l muKu ku>uL `uh
`ni[
BUSfm]yi>ie.
EsSmu]yi>uet}]h
Ep]yE]Le `niu xuKm]yi<iu." `>uiec{y[tu.
\Ten Bgvti cu<vuh En]iyE]L EpTic{uvirc{u dUe> m]ri
En]ie]u
nii>u
mEn]d>iey
ki[
ave
piTic{uek]uv>utinu
G]kREn]T[
k[pic{u.
G]kRN mEn]d>iey piTic{u Bzdk]iyueT aTul
ek]uecu. Edvi te v]L ek][ avueT kuh ecviyuh
k]uh Ecdic{i[, "nI |ni kuh, Ekuh O]Tiyuh ecu mnuSYe>
\pzdvi>ut[. nie mEn]d>ieyu Ep>ien m]i ninu w]N
"vxU>i" `u Ep>ii>iuu. |ni nI `uh `e
A]k]>fiy]yi
p]Ruek]uk"
`>uiec{yukyuh
aveUTi te BUtgfueT kUtil eek]xiE[
ek]uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu.
|zpk]>m]f[ vxU>im] ` Edvt \]yiIRt[. A
Edvt
b]Dic{i]f[
vxU>I
ae}il
mxU>i
`
vY]Diyu]kuetuh Bzdk]iu viE>]Dmu]ku k]il
A
Edvi
pryc{i]f[
|o
Edvt
mnuSYe>
b]Diuetum]f[ ci>ueT visV]xh. vxU>im]y[[ kuh
ecviyuh k]umi}E}]. atin]l A Edvt mfh piTic{uh
ni>iyuh ec]f[ mnuSYe> b]Diuetuh atuek]]f[
205

e`tiHYm]
aTu il vxU>iyuE]L kTuku vruukyuh pTh
k]c{ukyuh muh ecy{>uetu pryuetuh ciR pryuu.
zps[n]R pryut[ vxU>i, ec]v{]xhbm]y O>u
E>]gm]efuh
ec]v{yueT
viE>]Dhek]]f[
atu]kuetum]fE}]. ec]v{] ` zgHee]u
niREsiutuh Bzdk]iey
AfE}]. `]l eevdYM]R
pryut[ vxU>iyuh ztiEd]SL Ek]pic{iu]ku mu
E>]geE]e te O]ef]f[. E>]gL `}]h te
pk>ut]efuh EnzttVEzg]gLu viEsSic{uh pk>]nu
skiyueum]fE}] eevdYs]x[zth EG]Siut[. vxU>iyuh
tVEzg]gueT kUiut]ky]l pk>utienumueE
atien]>u viEsSmuu `]f[ eevdYM]R pryut[. `]l
vxU>i dIninu x]D]>f eevdYM]R cikiXi]ri}. vxU>iu
cikiXiu
eevdYM]R
zpEtYkem]>u
kU]>]f[.
a]hgHZdyvuh muh avR pi]rumi}. av>ueT s]x[ztvuh
Every]f[. "vxU>ipTh"'`uh muh avRu zpEtYkh ci
eevdYs]x[ztzgu[. avyil pryu zpk]>m]f[ avR
cikiXiut[. `]l vxU>i \]k]etyi>i]nuh \]y]l
atie smnin]yiTuh Bzdk]iey Exviuky]f[ Evetu
miv>uh xtiuumu[. atu yuvuh te. "Apdi kih
k>fIyh" ` Ec]dYinu "x[m>fIyh c>fyugmhb]y]"
`]fE}] k]Eti Bti>i \>h pri>iut[.

206

e`tiHYm]

59. tZUfiur Eztie \XvL


x]nEg]p]mURiy]y
tZUfiurye
Eztil cih, vZikh, kuhBh |o m]xi]yi
AuEt]ruh mU[ \XvL vItm]f[ nTiv>ut[. |vyil
zpxiiyuh zp]D]nYvuh Ekmvuem}]h vZikm]xie
\Xvin]f[. "tZUfiurye \Xvh" `u Ep>uh A
\Xvinu m]ztEm \u. A \Xvh muin]E \t]f[. mu
\XvL >uh muin]E \vy}. av |T][ ci
k]>f]l \]yiuvy]f[.
cim]xie \Xvin[ "mUs]>iyueT \Xvh" `]f[
Ep>u pryut[. a \Xvin[ aen Ep>uv]>]nu k]>f[
t]e<ryuu.
pe]>i!l tZUfiurye bihbinu EkTu
xhBviuky]l bihbh m]ri zptiiEt]yivu. atiE[
O>u bihbh v]Rutin]yi O>u mUs]>iey ~[pic{u.
pWE]HL (xVRh, evi, ec[, pic{, |>u[) EcR]f[
bihbh v]Ruv]N ~R]T[ ecy[tt[. mUs]>i E]He}]h
kUiyu>ui v]Ri[ `}] E]Huh O>uEp]e \>ukiEc{Ri}.
>umUu zp]vsYh \>ui v]Riuh s>iy]k]y[ky]l mUs]>i
v}]et viSn]yiIRu. OTuh av!N BipURv{h Bgv]en
dZm]yi x[m>ic{[, "kUTukUeTe tZUfitury]!" `u
pruek][ v]RE]L `}]h s>iy]yi kUTiEc{>ukyuh A
bihbil A mUs]>iyuh kUTiEc{Ru Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu.
aen Bgvn]y A mUs]>i[ x]yUjYh xiic{tie
x[m]>km]yi O>uXvhkUTiuTi. atin]l A \Xve
"mUs]>iyueT \Xvh" `[ |E]L pruEp]>uu. |ni
kuhBm]xil \Xvumu]ytie k]>fh pry]h.
kuhBm]xie \Xvinu "n(knY)eie \Xvh"
`]f[
Ep>u
pruv>ut[.
pe]>il
~k]dsi
207

e`tiHYm]
(\dyE>UR) vTETu nU>iyueT |}[ aRjnh zpxvic{[
O>u epFkuiyu]yi. AdYm]yiu]y A kuiyil atie
m]t]pit]M]R[ ap>imitm]y v]XYmu]yi>uu. ci
nu>im]R[
epFkuikeuric{[
v]XYmu]yi>i]ri}.
ave> viv]Hh k<ic{uek]Tu]nu buumuu vic]>ic{iE]
`E], "knY]pitZtVh bHu duKEHtu" `]f[ avR
vic]>iukyuh pryukyuh ecy{uu. atu mnuSYtVme}]f[
ci>ueT aBizp]yh. ciR[ AFkuikeuric{utiDikh
v]XYh epFkuikeuric{]yiuh k]fuu[. "zp]yEs]
m]nv]n]h mk>il mukEruh pp]t]tiE>kh" `uE}].
vTETu nU>iyuh |Uiu A]yi>uu.
A epFkui[ j]tkvs]l pzu vyu k<iyutu
ve> viy zgHi<y]efuh tE]Sp>iH]>]Rh A k]h
k<iyutuve> kuiey ptiv]yi tZpUfiur Eztil
ek]uEp]yi
xV]midRsnh
k<iifemumu]y
EjY]lxYviDizpk]>h A kuiey Ar]h m]xil atie
azp]snh k<iE]L mutl ptiv]yi tZufiUere]u
Ep]yi et]<Ic{i>uu. aen eessvk]h mutl sIic{uvti
n]l kom]>k]m]yE]L A kui[ tZUfiuer xV]mi
dRsninu Ep]ku k]>Yil ve> xE]Svuh zsyuh
niRbvumu]yiIRu. OTuh A knYk tZUfiuryen
e]<]et
jp]nh
k<iyie}[
tIRc{eTuukyuh
niRviG[nh at[ aente nTie]i>iukyuh ecy[tu.
aen A knYky[[ pzu vyu k<iu. atuve>
A zb]fkum]>i[ y]et]>u xuKETumu]yi>ui}. |tiniT
y[[ aNnU>i[ Af]yiuh ep]yiuh mUun]u kuikL
kUTiyu]vukyuh `}]h tZUfiurye k]>ufYhek]e[
visVxic{[ A zb]fkuTuhb]R xE]Sic{uek]i>iukyuh
ecy[tu. EjY]XYM]R pri>u k]]vDi k<iukUTiytin]l
|ni |o knYky[[ Ape]umu]vukyie}[ avieTey}]
208

e`tiHYm]
v>uh tIRc{y]i. `iuh knYk te xV]midRsnh pieyuh
viG[nh kUT]et nTie]uteyi>uu.
aenyi>iu k][ knYkey viv]Hh k<ic{uek]Tu
fem[ AvsYeTuek][ O>u nU>i vuEcRu. aEHh
xuek]uh xo>Yhek]uh ABij]tYhek]uh `u
Ev], `}]hek]uh |o knYky[[ anu>Upn]yi>utin]l
aNnU>i EjY]XYM]e> v>ui, vDuv>M]>ueT j]tkL
En]iukyuh j]tkh Ec>uemu EjY]XYM]R xtiukyuh
k]>Yh tIRc{eTui viv]Hinu muHURh niyiukyuh
ecy[tu.
|o vRm]nmriE]L A knYky[u]y vYxnh
atiduHm]yi>uu. Evi k<i]N v nU>i dU>n]ky]l
te m]t]pit]M]e> pi>iuEp]kfmE}] `u vic]>ic{}
A epFkiT]vu duKic{t[. atienuric{[ A x]DusI O]RE]
`ute xhsym]f[. Evi niyic{u `riE]Lte
te xV]midRsnh muTumE}] `u vic]>m]f[ A
epFkuiu]yt[. atu nimimu]y duHduKh mni
e]tuie][ A knYk te ptivu pieyuh mui]et
nTie]i>uu.
A knYk EviyueT tE divxh et]<]n]yi nTyil ec
xmyh vYxnh xHivy{]et ep]i>uek][, "`e
tZUfiury], w]nini `]f[ `e xV]mieyu
et]<ut[? n]e][ `e Eviy]yi. atu k<i]uTen
`ee]uEp]vukyuh ecy{uh. `e et]<uh muuh. pie
w]N jIvic{i>iuetin]f[? `e xV]midRsnh muTIu
jIvic{i>iutien]L
n}tu
m>iuktey]f[.
`e
Bgv]En, |tien]>u nivZiyu]i>Ef" `ien
mnil vic]>ic{u BiEy]TukUTi et]<utuhek]u niu. A
xmyh tZUfiueryN eeknIi te zsIEk]vikEu
viiut]yi ny[u (knYky[u) Et]i. \Ten A
209

e`tiHYm]
epFkiT]v[ akEu kyriec{u} kyuh A vizgHh eeknIi
A knYkeyiTic{[ te m]Er]Tfy[ukyuh A xmymu]y
p>m]nE]TukUTi knYk A bihbe muruek ekiiTiu
kyuh A bihbE]TuEc{R[ adZsYy]yi Bviukyuh ecy[tu.
Edvx]yUjYh xiic{ A knYkyueT vkL, Em]ti>L mut]y
AB>fL bihbie pIiEMl kiTi>utu s]i
]>N `Tuu EdvxViE[pic{u. av |E]<uh avieT
B]>ii>iuue]f[ ariyut[.
A knYkyueT (neie) x[m]>km]yi nTiv>u
t]ky]]f[ kuhBm]xie \Xvinu "neie \Xvh"
`u n]mh xiic{t[. |o \Xvk] O>u divxh vTETu
nU>iyueT |}u tZUfiuryen `<uic{uek]u
Ep]vuk |E]<uh ptivu[. A divxh A |}u Ekmm]yi xdY
nTukyuh |}uvR tZUfiuryen Em]ti>miTuviuk,
tZUfiurye vky]yi A |}uvRe]e O]fuTv
ek]Tuuk mut]yi aEnkh cTukL |o \Xvh xhbic{u
|E]<uh nTuv>u iti[ |o e`tiHYh Ekvh
aTi]n>Hitm]efu vic]>i]N p]Ti}E}].

210

e`tiHYm]

60. ArMu m]H]Yh


ti>uvit]hkUR
xh]nu
ti>uv}]]Uiu
ArMuEzth ~vuh pu>]tnvuh zpxivum]yiut]f[.
|vieT
zptiiei>iu
EdvN
p]Rx]>iy]y
zsIkZS[fxV]miy]kuu. xV]miey |vieT zptiic{t[ mDYm
p]vn]y aRunn]ef]f[ EkLvi. |vieT Bgv]e
eectnYvuh m]HYvuh atYutm]kuhvh xRvd] vii
e]i>iuu.
b]Yil a]Tiyil t]mxic{i>u k]u Eg]p]
b]M]E>]TukUTi kic{u nTi>u A]ytuek]E] `E]
ArMu Bgv]nu kuikeyuh kuikueT kikeyuh kuric{u
ve> zptipiyut]yi]fuuf[. ArMu Edvnu v<i
p]eTu x[pic{u kuikL[ Etc{ukui]N `yuh avR
Etc{ukuic{uv>uE]L ctuRviD viBvE]TukUTi Bfvuh
muuh muh ek]Tu]l EdvN zpx]diukyuh |o v<ip]Tu
nTuvR vic]>iu k]>Yh x]Diic{uek]Tuukyuh ecy{uh.
|zpk]>h
kuikLu
Bfh
ek]Tuutin[
"ArMu
yU["'`]f[ Ep>u pruv>ut[. |o v<ip]Tu ti>uvit]hkUR
xh]n[ xRvzt nTi v>uu[. |tin[ |zt kuikL
Evfemi}. ciR pzu kuikLuh ciR mu]ru kui
kLuh Dnv]M]>efil nUeuh atiDikvuh kuikLuh
xdY nTuu[. x]n]Rm]yuh kuikLu]ku dIn
L EBdm]kutinuh mum]f[ x]D]>fy]yi ArMuyUu
nTut[. ArMuyU[ | j]tiyiu kuikLE Ak]vU
`i}. ~tu j]tiyiu kuikLuh Bfh ek]Tuut[
ArMuEdvnu zpItik>m]f[.
ArMuEdsu kuikL AuEt]ruh Dnum]xh AdYh
mutl avx]nh ve> A diiu prukiuh Et]iuh
vI<u tfuu (aTy[]m>ie O]) ke}]h eprui
EsK>iuk ptiv]f[. ArMu aTy[]m>h ve>yu zpEds
211

e`tiHYm]
m]ky]l tfuu D]>]mu]yi>iuh. mutuh n]ltuh
b]M]R kUh kUTi O>uvk axBY]ukL p]Tukyuh etri
pryukyuh ecy[tuek]]f[ tfuu epru]N Ep]kut[.
`u m]ztm}, avR O]E>] uh ec]l p viDiu
\pzdvL ecy{ukyuh ptiv]f[. `]l A>uh ave>
viE>]Diyuh s]xiukyuh ecy{]ri}. aen v}tuh Ae>
iuh ecy[t]l avE>]Tu eedvEk]pvuh timih avRu
p viDiu Apukumu]kuemutu tIRc{y]f[.
pe]>il tfuu epru]N ec kuikE]Tu ci vIuk]R,
axBYh pryukyuh p]Tukyuh kslkUTukyuh mum>uetu
pru viE>]Diuky]l avRu EdvviE>]Dmu]vukyuh
OTumvR ArMu nTyil viic{uec{]}u zp]yih ecEy{
t]yi v>ukyuh ecy[tiu[. aen pRumu]ytil
iey]f[ tfuu epru]N ec}u kuikE]Tu A>uem]uh
pry]ety]yt[.
kuikL epriiyufi EsK>iu tfue}]h avR
mk>xhzk]iyueT
tEdivxh
nTyil
ek]uecu
k]ukL n]i avyilvc{u eki tI ek]uuh. zsIEk]vi
kuniu O>u ti>i ek]ui v]i AR[, v]y[u>v,
v]dYEG]Sh mut]y AQhb>E]TukUTi ek]uv]f[ |o
kin[ tI ek]utut[. |t[ Edvn[ ~vuh zpItik>m]yiu
t]f[. |tu k]futin[ AuEt]ruh A divxh avieT
axhKYm]ukL kUTuh. |tuh |E]<uh ptiv]yi nTuv>uu[.
ArMuEzth
p]ndiyueT
tI>]fE}].
A
EztTvil axhKYh mXYu[. avey 'ti>umL'
`]f[ pruv>ut[. Edve ti>um]ky]l avey A>uh
v vIsiyuh muh piTi]ri}. avey piTiukEy] \pzdviu
kEy]
ecy{uvRuh
EdvEk]phnimih
pviDiu
anRu]kuh. A mXYLu Et] ci>vi a>iyuh
kUiyii |uek]Tuut[ avieT EdvzpItik>m]y O>u
p<ip]T]f[. aBIxii]yi p>uh |o v<ip]T[ |E]<uh
212

e`tiHYm]
nTiv>uu[. ci x[ztIkL zpxvic{]l muyil p]l
cu>um]yi>iumE}]. aen v]l ti>umLu Emlr
zpk]>h a>i ek]Tu]l mti muyil p]l D]>]m]yiu]kuh.
kuikL kuTiutin[ am]>ueT muyil p]u]v]N
|vieT Ever]>u v<ip]TukUTiyu[. atu mW]Tiu>u EsK>ic{u
ek]uecu nTyil kUukeyut]f[. |en ecy[t]uh
tm]>ueT muyil D]>]m]yi p]u]kuh.
ArMuEzth \[ \o>]M]>ueT (\o>]Fm]>ueT)
vky]yi>uu. a]u EdvxVh vky]yi p il
muh en[pu>kumu]yi>uu. EdvxVh vk en}]} h pi>ic{[
A enlpu>ki]f[ |u xUic{u vi>ut[. cim]xil
O]finu muNpu v>u pU>]Tun]L A enlpu>kie}]h
agtikLu en}u ek]Tuuk ptiv]yi>uu. A divxh en}u
v]uv]n]yi aEnkmgtikL enlpu>kie}]emuk pti
v]f[. O]fin[ en}i}]iT[ A Eds]>uh pifiy]yiE]yi
`u v>>uet]f[ Edve vic]>h. pe]>il ptivuEp]e
O]finu en}u ek]Tuyc{E]L en}u v]utin]yi
"n]>]nh" ` u enlpu>yilec{ O>u c]iu
en}uvuk]R en}u ek]Tui}. EsSem}]vRuh en}u
ek]Tuu. vEy]vZyuh E>]gifiyuh agtiyum]yi>u A
c]iey duM]>]y en}vuk]R kiuh kie}u B]vic{u
ep]y[u. en}u kiuh kiuemu B]vic{u xYve> A
p]ve c]i avieT k]uniu. xYy]yE]L
atiks]y m< tuTi. m<]ruek][ czbihbh mUTiE]y
tin]l viy |>uuh vu. O>u viDiuh Ep]k]N nivZi
yi}]et m< nnuek][ A p]ve vEy]vZ avieTe
kiTu. avu jp]nh Ep]uh k<ic{iumi}]yi>uu. visu
ek]uh tfuuek]uh p>vsy]yiIR A c]i piE
divxh En>h evuutin[ muNp[ avieTiTute m>ic{u.
|tunimih atikinm]y EdvEk]ph xhBviukyuh \o>]
M]Ruh k]>]M]Ruhem}]h pviDiu anRu
213

e`tiHYm]
]yiuTukyuh ecy[tu. avR |tie k]>fmriyutin]yi
zps[nh evic{u En]ic{til p]veT c]iu en}u
ek]Tu]et pifiiu ek]tiu]y EdvEk]pm]f[ anR
k]>femu ku. |o Ed]Ss]iu \o>]M]>ueTyuh
k]>]M]>ueTyuh gZHilni[ O]E>]>uR `uh Au
Et]ruh cim]xil ti>uEv]fdivxh \pv]xm]yi Ezt
il t]mxiuky}]et Ever y]et]>u zptiviDiyumie}u
zps[n]>N viDiukyuh ecy[tu. |o viDizpk]>h |E]<uh
avieT nTuv>uu[. Ezth xR]>il EcRtiEn]TukUTi
O]fie en}v[ mut]y ptivukuh EBdeuEp]eyiuh
avieT \o>]Fmyuh k]>]Fmyumu]yi>uv>ueT gZHil
niu O]E>]>uR cim]xil ti>uEv]fu]L EEzt]p
v]xh ecy[tie}il avRu EdvEk]ph nimih anR
u]kuemutu tIRc{y]yiut]ky]l avR |E]<uh A
ptivien EBdeTuIi}.
cim]xil ti>uEv]fdivxh ArMuEztil ati
Ekmm]yi xdY ptivu[. A divxh avieT ec}uvRe}]h
j]timtEBdh kUT]et n]n]viBvE]TukUTi Bfh ek]Tuuk
ptiv]f[. |o xdYy[u x]Dne}]h "k]UR" `
u EdvxVh vk mil EsK>ic{u vy[ukyuh avieT ni[
avey}]h viy ekuv (vWi) i]i \zt]Tun]L
>]ztiyil pureTu ti>uEv]fdivxh a>uEf]dym]kuE]L
ArMuEzt]viTuukyum]f[ ptiv[. xdYx]m]nuh
ek]u v>vu ve> Ekmm]f[. x]m]nvL kUT]et
avy[[ akTiy]yi ~t]nuh kivumu]yi>iuh. ki
vie}]h AukL kyri vWi]u p]Ti kic{uh v]dY
EG]SE]Tuh ARuvii, v]y[u>v mut]yvEy]Tuh kUTi
yu A v>vu k]f]N EztnTyiuh xmIpzpEdsiuh
axhKYm]ukL kUTuk ptiv]f[.
pe]>il ptivuEp]e ti>uEv]fie tEdivxh
>]ztiyil x]m]nL ekuvi]ie][ AEG]S
214

e`tiHYm]
xEmth k]u>u niu pureTu. ~t]nuh v<i vE]L x]m]n
vL mEYm]Rh O>u [ k>y[Tu[ \rc{u. ve>
AukL kUTi pviDil zsmic{u En]Iuh A ve
avieT ni[ |r]N k<ii}. O>u nivZiyumie}]yE]L
avieT aTuu]yi>uu O>u eedvene][ zps[nh
evic{uEn]ic{u. aE]L vTui>iu inu
xmIph O>u vIiuvR gtiEkTunimih tEdivxhte
AH]>em]uh k<i]et "ArMuyNte s>fh" `u
pruek][ pifi kiTuueuh avR[ AH]>inu
v}tuh ek]Tul vikuemuh zps[n]>N viDic{u.
\Ten a>i ek]Tu]emu pr[ A vIuk]e> viic{u. avR
a>iv]utinu O>u ek]c{u murvuhek]u v>ukyuh A murh
nirc{[ a>i ek]Tuukyuh tt[fh vikuky]l
EvgilE]u
EztTviTuukyuh
ecy[tu.
pie
AuEt]ruh x]m]nL vil kyie][ avieT
v>uE]L A vIuk]e> viiukyuh ave>]>u murvuhek]u
v>ukyuh ek]uv>u murh nirc{[ a>i ek]Tuukyuh ptiv]yi.
ek]uec}u
murh
nirc{[
a>i
kiTuemu
kE]L
atY]zgHik]y A vIuk]R murie vih kUiuTi. |o
a>i v]utin]yie avR zpEtYkh pru viy
murmu]ic{[ A murvuh ek][ a>i v]]N v>uk ptiv]yi.
aen kuer k<iE]L av>ueT Eml EdvEk]pmu]vukyuh
avR zkEmf nsic{[ anYhniu Ep]vukyuh ecy[tu. `iuh
cim]xil \zt]Tu]L x]mnvL A ]nu
v>uE]L |o pURvvZ]ie x[m]>km]yi mUu mui a>i
v]>i avieTyiTuk |E]<uh nTuv>uu[.
ArMu vh (vWi) ki zp]D]nvuh zpxivum]fE}].
|tu Edvn[ ~vuh xE]Sk>m]yiut]f[. avieT ptiv]yi
vhki nTutu cim]xil ti>uEv]fh mutl \zt]ti
ve>y]f[. \zt]ti ti>uv]rMuye ti>un]]ef]f[
vc{i>iut[. A divxe A EdsuvR ti>uEv]feL
215

e`tiHYm]
zpD]nm]yi
Ac>iuu[.
zpD]nm]yiu
vhkiyuh
a]f[. vhki nTtu avieTyu k>(Eds)]>]kuu.
ArMuEdve xEtiuLet]yi aEnkh k>ku[. A
k>]R[ O]E>]>uRuh |o vhkiyiu v]siyuh
mX>vuh Ouh ci}ry}. av>v>ueT ki Ekmm]kfemu
vic]>h `}]vRumu[. |tiE[ A Eds]R O]E>]>u>uh
zpEtYkh zpEtYkh vu]ic{iu[. O]E>]>u>uh mX>ic{u
vinu nIh kUiUi |E]L avieT mUiy]Erk]l
Ek]lve> nImu vL D]>]m]yi>iuu. vL
cuN, cu>uN, O]Ti, p>uuv]N |en pvkyuE}].
avyil ArMue kiutin]yi \pEy]giutu cuN
vm]f[. |E]L avieT Eds>ueT vky]yi n]lptil
ury]et kivu[. av `}]hkuTi EcRu kiuk
\zt]]tin]L m]ztEmyuu. ti>uEv]fh mutl divxhEt]ruh
>uh n]uh vL kUTiUTi \zt]tin]L `}]h vukUTuh.
AdYm]yi v>u vL "n]r]fu mflurh" `u pryu
u vTuukiTuh. `}] vuh avieT vu
EcR]l ki tuTuh. pun][ptu vL O>umic{uni>u
ek]uh EG]Svuh ek]Ti, kuT mut]yvyuh p]uh ARu
viiyum]yu A vhki nyn]nk>m]y O>u k]<[c
tey]f[. ny[uk]>uh am>]>uh p]uk]>uh v]dY]>uh
mum]yi O]E>] viuh ~kEdsh `<upWuEpE>]h
k]fuh. cim]xil ptivu |o vhki kUT]et ci>ueT
EpRu v<ip]T]yiuh avieT ciE]L vhki \]k]ru[.
atinu >E] n]E] v}]et \]yi>i]ri}. v<ip]Tu
kiyueT ecev}]h v<ip]Tuk]>N te vHifmE}]. vh
ki]Ru ekEmm]yi xdY nTukyuh muh Evt]ky]l
vDikm]y]l ecvu duRvHm]yiI>uemu vic]>ic{u
x]m]nY]R vie `h kU]N AzgHiukyi}. >E]
n]E] vLek][ ki nTi]Nte O>uviDh Dnik
M]RE x]Diukyuu.
216

e`tiHYm]
ArMuEdve
vhki]Ru
xdY
k<iutuh
xV]miu v<ip]Tu te. vhki]Ru xdYy[u "vxdY"
`]f[ Ep>u pruv>ut[. x]n]Rm]yuh E>]gsmni
n]yuh muh |o v<ip]T[ p>uh nTuu[. anYEds]R
vxdY nTutie mur t]e<ryuh zpk]>m]f[.
AdYhte ~tu k>]>ueT v]R]f[ xdY nTu
etuh `zt vL v>ui xdY nTfemuh niyifh.
pie A niyieTu k>yie zpD]ne EpRu viv>
in[ `<utiyyy[fh. atil xdY nT]N niyic{i>iu
t[ | m]xh |zt]h tIytiy]efuh |zt vh v>femuh
viv>ic{i>iukyuh Evfh. k>n]e mrupTi kiiy]l xdYy[u
vhkU]h. niitdivxh >]vie fieiuiTE]h v
il nirc{[ AukL kyri ek]Ti, kuT, t< mut]y
AQhb>E]Tuh v]dYEG]SE]TuhkUTi p]Tiic{u v<ip]Tu
k]>e gZHil vuEc>uh. A xmyh v<ip]Tuk]>N avieT
nirpryuh viuhvc{u k]uniu v]e> `tiE>i>ui,
muru]nuh muh ek]Tuu xl>ifh. avR murui >xic{u
kurc{u En>mi>uu vizsmic{uk<i]l `}]vRuh Etc{ukuiN
`yumiWyuh muh ek]Tufh. avR Etc{ukui k<iuv]
uTen xdYy[u | vy[fh. xdYyueT vh \p]yie]u
m]y]lE]>]. k]N, O]N, `>iE>i mut]y my]rikuh,
p>i[, pc{Ti, kUukri, x]]R mut]y p>Edsriuh ah,
vT `u, Eb]i mut]yvyuh pTh (ecriytuh, viytuh)
p<h nuru[, pWx]> mut]yvyuh D]>]m]yieTuu
vifh. n]ukUh zpmN, `ukUmuE>i, aztyuh \iiv,
\ree>[, Em]>[ mut]yvyuh D]>]mu]yi>ifh. Oinuh
E]ph p]Ti}. xdY v]Ru m]zth ek]Tu]l Ep]>].
\]n]yi v>uvRe}]vRuh ek]Tufh. `}]vRuh xk
viBvuh D]>]m]yiu]yi>iukyuh Evfh. aeny]f[
vxdYyueT ptiv[. xdY k<iyuE]L `}]vRuh cnh,
pnInIR mut]yvyuh muru]nuh ek]Tufh. v]R murui
217

e`tiHYm]
>xic{u evTikuh pru xVlpEn>h |>utie EsSh
v<ip]Tuk]>e aBIh ArMuyN x]Diicuek]Tue `u
AsIRvdic{iu y]zty]kuh. A xmyh avRu v<iu
tiutinu D]>]m]yi evi pukyiyuh avil nnc{tuh
cumTu eki vilvc{u ek]Tufh. k>]>il zpD]nM]Ru
ci x]nuh ek]Tufh. |en ave> xE]Siic{u
vTvuve> anuy]zty]yiec{u y]zt pryfh.
|eney}]m]f[ v xdYyueT mur. |o v<ip]T[ |E]<uh pR
nTuu[. avR vic]>iu k]>Yh Bgv]N x]Diic{u
ek]Tuuumu[.
\zt]tin]L ve}]h n]r]fu mfluru
ecu EcRtie EsSm]f[ ki tuTuetu muu priu
E}]. O>]il ve}h n]rfu mfluru ecu
EcR xmyh a]u ti>uv}] tHsIld]>]yi>u Eksv
pi avRkL avieTec{[ avieT kUTiyi>u jnE]T[
"ArMu Bgv]e xEtiu xk k>kie jnuh
|vieT kUTIuE}]. nie `}]vE>yuh kUeT[ O>u k]>Yh
aEpiutin]yi]f[
w]N
vi>iut[.
k]>Yh
me]um}. nueT Bgv]e ah eciTuvic{]le]]emu
w]N vic]>iuu. atiEu nie}]v>uh y]si
DnxH]yh ecy{femut]f[ `e aEp" `u pru.
|tu Ek[ jnUil ni[ O>]L "auie |o \dYmh
Ekvh an]vsYvuh O>u vk EB]StVvum]f[. |tu O>iuh
nTutum}. xR]R vk Ezth eciTuviutinu
jne \pzdvic{u pfmu]Iu EvfemuE]? xR]>il
pfh D]>]muE}]. |tiE[ jnL DnxH]yh ecy{ut[
A>riy]n]f[? |t[ \ril k]l ti>uutuEp]ey]fE}].
|tiEu A>uem]uh t>uemu Et]ui}. jEn]pzdvuh
ecy[keyut[ O>u xR]>uEdY]gnu Ey]gYm]yiut]
Ef]? auitinu puret[ Ouh s>iy]yi}" `u pru.
|tu Ek[ tHsIld]R v}et viSn]yiIRu. aE]E<uh
218

e`tiHYm]
A mrupTi pry]L Eb]D>Hitn]yi ~vuh p]>vsYE]Tu
kUTi eviyi m>h Ep]e epeu nihptic{u. `}]v>uh
p>izBmic{[ aTuuec[ ay]e]Tu xuKEeT]efu Ec]di
c{i[ ay]Lu n]vii xhx]>i]N vHiy]yi>uu. ay]ueT
n][ x[thBic{uEp]yi>uu. aE]L avieTyu]yi>u mu
jnL t]HsIld]E>]T[, "|o ~BYN kyi}]y[kek][
|eney]e prt]f[. atuek][ aE[ wE]Tu
p>iBvh Et]>ut[. xV]mik]>Yin]yi y]si DnxH]yh
ecy{uv]N we}]v>uh x>]f[ `u pryukyuh ciR
~t]nuh xhKY aE]Lte ek]Tuukyuh tHsIld]R kii
ytu v]ie]u mTiE]vukyuh ecy[tu. A Eb]D>Hit
n]y Ae ciR kUTi O>u vi]i ay]ueT vIil
ek]uec]i.
vhki k<itie EsSh `}]v>uhkUTi A xuKETu
piTiep AueT vIiei. aE]<uh ay]L Eb]D>Hitn]yi
e kiTi>uu. eevdYM]R pic{ vidYke}]h zpEy]gic{u
En]iyiuh O>u Pvumu]yi}. atin]l O>u zps[n]>en
v>ui zps[nhevic{u En]ic{u. aE]L zps[n]>N |o
xuKET[ ArMuBgv]e Ek]ph nimimu]yiut]efuh
xV]miBn]y tHsIl]e> AEpic{ti]f[ xV]mi[ aDikh
viE>]Dmu]yiuetuh atin]l A vIilniuh ciR
ecu tHsIld]>vRkueT aTul m]y]cnh ecy{ukyuh
ah eciTuviu vky[u tt]y O>u xhKY avieT
ek]Tuukyuh Bgv]e nTyil viic{uec]}i zp]yih
ecy{ukyuh ecy[t]}]et |o xuKETu EBdeTukyie}uh
viDic{u.
\Ten
zps[nviDizpk]>em}]h
ecy[tu.
aE]L
xuKETuk]>nu Eb]Dh vIfu. `iuh ay]Lu xhx]>i]
r]yi}. aDikh t]mxiy]et ay]L m>ic{uEp]vukyuh ecy[tu.
|o vRm]nh Eku jnLu Bgv]enuric{u Byvuh Biyuh
pURv{]Dikh vRiuky]l Ec]di]ette ecuEmc{ilvk
y[u `}]v>uh y]si O]E>] xhKY tHsIld]>EHie
219

e`tiHYm]
aTul ek]uecu ek]Tuu. aEHh n]inu
eciTuvifemE vic]>ic{i>uuu. atu k<iiT[ pieyuh
pfh ve> aDikmu]yi>utin]l vium]TinukUTi
aEHh eciTuvic{u. |zpk]>m]f[ ArMu Ezth eciTu
vic{t[. Bgv]e m]H]YviEsSh |niyuh |en ve>
pry]nu[.
O>il O>u n]yRu n]Biu t]e<y]yi O>u mu<yu]yi.
atu zkEmf vRu O>u xWiEp]e tUi. at[ ay]Lu
~vuh \pzdvk>m]yiIRu. "|o mu<Ey]h viil
xVRhek][ O>u kumiyu]ic{[ ArMu Bgv]n[ nTy[u
vy[ukyuh avieT n]lpe]u divxh Bjiukyuh
ecy[t]l |o mu< Ep]kuh" `u ciR pryuky]l atu
visVxic{[ n]yR ArMueec{[ BipURvh Bjnh tuTi.
a][ ArMu mtilk[ O>u k (m]N ) \]yi>uu.
at[ kuiy]yi>uE]L O>]L ek]uec[ v<ip]T]yi nTy[u
ekiyt]yi>uu. atu zkEmf v>ukyuh viy ek]ukuh muh
\]yiI>ukyuh ecy[ti>uu. `iuh at[ Ae>yuh \pzdvi
]ri}. EdvxVilniu atinu tI[ ciet]e ek]Tuic{i
>utukUT]et avieT dRsnin]yuh Bjnin]yuh muh
ec}uv>uh A ky[u ti]N `eiuh ek]Tuuk
ptiv]yi>uu. O>u divxh A Bjn]>N n]yR Bgvt[n]mL
jpic{u ek][ Eztzpdifh ecy[tuek]i>u xmyh A
k aTuu ec}ukyuh atu c]Ti n]y>ueT n]Biu t]e<y]yi
O>u kuuvc{u ek]Tuukyuh ecy[tu. kuuek] fil
n]yR Eb]D>Hitn]yi niuvIfu. \Ten ciRkUTi ay]e
`Tuu mtilu puruek]u Ep]yiiTi. aE]L >h
|Tmuriy]et zpvHic{utuTi. avieT \]yi>uvR p>iEs]Dic{
E]L mu< kyueT ek]uek][ ep]iIriyi>iut]yi ku.
\Ten ciR O>u eevdYen v>uik]fic{[ "|ni |tien]f[
ecEy{t[? `u Ec]dic{u. eevdYN murivu p>iEs]Dic{i[ "|t[
A k Bgv]e klpnzpk]>h ecy[ttutey]f[. Bgv]e
220

e`tiHYm]
ky[uh sx[ztzkiy ariy]em]f[ Et]ut[. |o kuu
xV[ph m]riy]yi>uu ek]i>uetil E>]giyueT k
aE]Le k<iyum]yi>uu. Bgv]N ecy[ttinu EsSh
ecy[v]N w]N sn}. |ni Evutu ArMuyNte
ecy[tuek]uh. |en >h kuer Ep]y]lie mu<
k]fukyi}. pie murivufiy]l mtiyE}]. at[ Bgvt[
kZpek][ zkEmf s>iy]yie]uh" `u pri[ eevdYN
Ep]yi. pie mUu divxEu >h Oic{uek]ute
yi>uu. aE]E<uh mu< k]Fm]ni}]ety]yi. cikiXey]uh
kUT]et te zkEmf murivufi. n]yR pURxuKe
zp]pic{u. an>h A n]yR xVRumiyu]ic{u nTy[u
vy[ukyuh Everyuh ci v<ip]TukL nTi Bjnh k]hkUTi
mTiE]vukyuh ecy[tu.
O>]L me]>]Lu ek]Tu]nu]yi>u mutl ek]Tu]ni
e}[ ArMu nTyil kxtYh ecy[ti[ \TN ay]ueT
n]iriE]vuky]l xhx]>i]N vy{]ety]vukyuh au
te ay]L m>ic{uEp]vukyuh ecy[tt[ |o aTu k]]f[.
|tu kriv>ilc{iR |E]<uh jIvic{i>iuu[.
gu>uv]yu>nuh au< kZSfxV]miyuh tiuh eev
nuh ~um]nUR Edvnuh tiuh muh pu ci pifvuh
mX>vuem]e \]yiueutu zpxim]fE}]. atu
Ep]e ci xhgtikL |vieTyumu]yiu[. ArMu]>N O>u
n]yR kviyU>u O>u vIil O>u x[ztIy[u xhbh
ecy[ti>uu. A n]yR ay]ueT vIilni[ O>u pUvNv]<u
kviyUR B]>YgZHil ek][ ec[ av>ueT pril n}
vUru h En]i ku<ic{uevc{u. pieyuh n}Ep]e
vmiu suzsUSic{tin]l v]< y]k]h kuc{u viy
kuyu]yi. k]y[u mU]yE]L, "|o ku evi<uic{u
ek]uEp]yi ArMuBgv]nu niEvdifh" `u n]yR pru.
aE]L B]>Y "A ku evE; atvieT niu p<ue.
p<uiu evi kviyUREdvnu niEvdiifh" `u pru.
221

e`tiHYm]
|en avR >uEp>uh tilviy v]dm]yi. ku A>uh
ev]et avieT niu p<uutuTi. O>u pT p<uE]L O>u
divxh `vieT niE] O>u ku>u vu p<u k]y[ tiu
tuTi. at[ k[ n]yR ek]<iyuh k}uemTueri[ ku>ien
O]Tic{u. ku>u v]<yilniu c]TiyE]L c]h pi<c{[ O>u
kuiyiEMl vIfu vyru kIriE]ytin]l \Ten m>ic{u. aE]L
B]>Y, "A ku ArMuy[u ek]uEp]kfemu prtu
ek][ kviyUR EdvN te Hnum]en pryc{[ A ku
kTiic{[ asueTutiyt[ kiE}! |ni A ku ArMuy[u
ek]uEp]kut[ `nie]u k]ffh." atuEk[, "tni[
niEvdi]n]yi niyiei>u v]<y[u suh m]iy
ku>ien ArMuyN \Ten nizgHic{tuh kie}? ArMu
yEn]Tu kic{]l |enyi>iuh. ArMu EdvN v}]
y]eu nIyuh mni]ie]fh." `u BR]vuh pru.
ArMuniu ciR pe]>il sb>imy[uEp]yi.
sb>imy[u Ep]kuvR "xV]miey s>fmy{]" `u viic{u
ek]]fE}] Ep]vuk ptiv[. "xV]miey s>fm]rMuyE]"
`u viic{uek]]f[ ArMu]R Ep]yt[. a<ut `
uvc{[ ay{e evic{]T]yi O>]L tui, "`e n]mh
vii]et `e m Ekruve>}]h `e n]y[Lu (vY]zG
Lu) |>y]kuh" `u klic{u. `iuh ArMu]R
av>ueT Edven viic{uek]ute Ep]yi. aenEp]yi viy
vni]yE]L Ouve> vY]zGL v]yuh ep]ic{uek][
ArMu>ueT Ene> c]Tiec{u. ae]L `vieTniE] tu>u
tue> aukL ecu vY]zGueT v]yiuh EdHiuem}]h
ptic{utuTi. \Ten vY]zGe}]Em]Ti k]Tukyri. `iuh
au >]ztiyil ArMu]R kiTuriy xmyh "ni]>uh m
Ekr>ut[. n]ee ti>ieyE]>fh" `[ O>]L av>ueT
aTulecu prt]yi avRe}]vRuh xVp[nmu]yi.
|zpk]>h xVp[nh k]fic{tuh s>h zpEy]gic{[ vY]zGe
O]Tic{tuh ti>uv]rMuyn]efu viEsSic{u pryfemi}E}].
222

e`tiHYm]
xVp[nh ktie piE divxhte ArMu]R ti>ieyE]u.
a]h mutl ArMu]R sb>imy[u Ep]k]ety]yi.
|E]<uh A Eds]>]>uh sb>imy[u Ep]k]ri}.
ArMu Edve B]>il ti>uv]B>f]yiuh pf
]yiuh muh ve> mutuki>iueri[ av tie]u
Ep]k]n]yi pe]>il Ouve> tuuM]R AyuDp]fi
k]yi avieT ecu Ekri. ti>uv]B>fuh muh epruiey
Tuu B]hekie][ avR y]zty]y xmyh xhKYyi}]et
s>L v[ av>ueT EdHil trc{u tuTi. s>yy[u
t[ A>]ef[ En]I[ avieTeyuh AE>yuh k]Fm]ni}]
yi>uu. nivZiyi}]ety]yE]L tuuTkL avieT nie
Tu mutukuh av>ueT AyuDuh avieTte viec{ri
i[ AukTviE[ O]Ti. avR A kTvinTuu |Tv<iyil
ec{E]L avieT >u vsumu]yi>u p]rkL kUiyTu[
avRu muE]uh purEk]uh Ep]k]N p]Ti}]viDi]u
kyuh axhKYh tuuM]e> avieTyiu ewiew>uie]}u
kyuh ecy[tu. av>il ciR m]zth ci}. `iuh av>uh
c]k]et cu `u viDil ~vuh p>vsM]>]yi
IRu. aen EsSic{vR "|ni O>u k]uh wuh
wueT j]ti]>uh ArMuEdsu kyri Em]iukEy]
mupzdvL ecy{ukEy] ecy[kyi}. pTc{vn]f[ xtYh"'`[
xtYh ecy[t[ avieT ni[ Ep]yii<c{u. atilie |]h
ve> ArMu Edsu tuuM]>ueT \pzdvmu]yii}. avR
`riuk v]uke}]h epruieyTuu Eztm]ikyueT
mukil xUic{iu]yi>uu. avyil ~t]nuem]e tu>uu
piTic{u EkTuvu Ep]vukyuh Ouve>eyh Eh ecy[tu
vilukyuh ecy[tueviuh EsSmu v]ukL |E]<umvieT
bilu>yueT mukil xUic{uvc{iu[. |zt ve> v]ukL
\]yi>utuek]ute au ek]y[u vi>u tuu
M]>ueT xhKY Ouh ci}ry}]yi>uu `u tIRc{y]]h.
223

e`tiHYm]
ArMu Eztil `}]]uh Bjn]R D]>]mu]
yi>iuh. avieT dRsnin]yi v>uve>}]h y]si Bjn
]Ru v}tuh ek]Tuuk ptiv]f[. Bjn]Ru v}tuh
ek]Tuutu xV]miu xE]Svuh Ouh ek]Tu]etyi>iu
tu viy viE>]Dvum]f[. Bjn]R[ Ouh ek]Tu]vRu
EdvEk]pvuh timih pviDiu anRumu]kuem
utu niym]f[. ciR Bjn]Ru ctuRviD viBvE]Tu
kUTi Bfvuh pfvuh ek]Tu[ ave>e]u synzpdifh
nTi ptiv]kuu. atuh avieT EdvzpItik>m]y v<i
p]T]f[.
\Xvk]il sIEvixmyuh kuT, ek]Ti, t<
mut]yv `Tuuek]unTuvRu pH]>L, avil
e]ti mut]yv ek]Tuutuh avieT v<ip]Tute. avieT
Eztie zpD]n nTyil eviyilniu mtilku
kyr]N ptienu klpTikL \[. atinu 'ptien]hpTi'
`]f[ Ep>u pruv>ut[. \Xvk]u ciR EdvzpIti
]yi p<ukL ek]uvu ptien]hpTiyueT mukil niu
ek][ kuuuh. aE]L p<h `Tuutin]yi ptien]h
pTiyueT t]<u kuik]yuh agtik]yuh axhKYh jnL
kUTuh. aen pRuh tiutin]yi p<ukL kuuu
tuh avieT O>u v<ip]T]f[. |en ArMu Edve m]H]Y
L, avieTyu viEsSL mut]yv pryuky]efil
|niyuh ve>yu[. |o vk xhgtikL visVxiuvR |E]L
ve>
kuruEp]yi>iutuek]uh
visVxiuvRu
ArMu Bgv]e m]HYh Ouh ci}rye}u mni]utin[
|ztyuh prtuek]u mtiy]kutin]uh |ni aDikh
vix[t>iui}.

224

e`tiHYm]

61. Ek]iyil ek]c{y


{ N
Ek]iyil ek]c{y{enu zpxin]yi>u t]]ney
uric{u Ekii}]v>]yi ti>uvit]hkUR >]jYuh aTu
zpEdsiuh aDikm]ukL \]yi>iuemu Et]ui}. |o
An c>iu (m>ic{u) Ep]yi[ |E]L ptin]u ek]}iDikh
k]m]yii}]tin]l |ven (|o AnyueT xVB]vh vic]>iu
E]L |tien `} "|ven" `ute prEyiyi>iuu.)
kiuv>]yiute |E]L aEnkhEpR jIvic{i>iuu[
`utinu xhsymi}. |o An AdYh r]iyil kR]vie
vky]yi>uu. zpxi m]zikn]yi>u EtvE>i d]Em]d>N
ni prtnux>ic{[ kR]v[ |o Aney 990-]m][ ac{N
Ek]vil s]x[t]vinu v<ip]T]yi nTy[i>ui. nTy[i>uiy
xmy]f[ |o Any[u ek]c{y
{ N `u Ep>it[. a[ |o
Any[[ ~<u vyu m]ztEm zp]ymu]yi>uuu. nTy[i>ui
yE]L An EdvxVhvky]yiIRueviuh avieT nirui
yi>u]l Any[[ > mtiy]vukyie}u vic{]>ic{uh A
Aneyuric{u]yi>u v]XYhek]uh kR]v[ Aney
aE]Lte EdvxV]E>]T[ ~uv]i r]iyile ek]u
vu nirui >ic{u vRivu. a]u ek]c{y{nu
c |TukEy] aven ty[ukEy] ecyi>ui}. avnu
ek]Tuutu tiuek][ kR]vie v]xute
muuh prium]yi kic{unT]f[ ek]c{y{N
vRt[.
`]vN mnuSYe> \pzdviukEy] priu etiNeet,
v]< mut]yv nsiiukEy] y]et]uh ecy[ti>ui}. Ekvh
mnuSYb]enE]ey]f[ ek]c{y
{ N avieT t]mxic{i>ut[.
ek]c{y
{ nu kR]vie gZHiu x[ztIpu>uSM]E>]Tu
ve> x[EnHvuh kuikeuric{u zpEtYkh v]XYvumu]yi
>uu. avieTyuvRu ek]c{y
{ enuric{u x[EnHvuh
avt]yi>uu. A kuTuhb]hgil Ae>iuh "ek]c{y
{ ]!"
`u viic{]l avN aE]L avieTeyuh. kR]vie
gZHiu kuike kiiutinu ek]c{ynuh ek]c{y{
225

e`tiHYm]
e aTulec{u kiutin[ aviTue kuikLuh ve>
xE]Svuh \X]Hvumu]yi>uu. kuike ek]c{y
{ e
aTu]iy]l
EvtuEp]e
xUic{uek]uemu
visV]xh avieTyu am]Ruh mumu]yi>utin]l avR
atinnuvdiukyuh nT]r]y kuike}]h ek]c{ye
aTul ecu kiukyuh ecy[ti>uu.
ek]c{y
{ en
|Tvuh
vvuh
piic{[
|fi,
kUilniiri kR]vie v]xu ek]uv divxh
mutl k]>fv>u kR]v[ eny{uh p>iuh kUiu<c{[ O>u>uEc{]ru
ek]c{y
{ nu ek]Tu]et \ofu k<i]ri}. atu k[
avieTyuve>}]v>uh ek]c{y
{ n[ O>u>uEc{]ruvIth ptiv]yi
ek]TuutuTi. `]l k]>fv>ukR]v[ \>ue]Tuu
tinumu[ Ae>iuh \>u ek]uec]l ek]c{y
{ N v]uk
yie}utu tIRc{y]f[. k]>fv>ukR]vie \>u v]i
iuk<i]l pie A>u ek]uecu ek]Tu]uh avN
v]ie]uh. pie niRb{em]umi}.
ek]c{y
{ N kR]vie v]xu t]mxic{i>uE]L
avn[ An]>M]>u]yi>ui}. avnu tIi, etE]
mut]yv Ae>e]eiuh kR]vu evic{uek]Tuuh. avN
tIi k<i]l murrE] priE] `vieTeyiuh yEh
Ep]yiiTuek]uh; aeny]f[ ptiv[.
a]u kR]vie gZHil d]xYzpvZikL]yi
cieyuh viieyuh Ep>]yiu >u x[ztIkL t]mxi
c{i>uu. ek]c{y{e suzsUSy[]yi A x[ztIkey]f[
kR]vu niymic{i>ut[. avR ptiv]yi ek]c{y{en pu<yil
e]uEp]yi kuiic{uek]uv>fh at}]et viEsSiec{]uh
Aneyhbic{[ avR ecEy{t]yiu]yi>ui}. aen
kurc{uk]h k<iE]L ciyuh viiyuh epeu m>ic{uEp]yi.

226

e`tiHYm]
aE]L ek]c{y
{ nu]y xTh `ztm]ztemu pry]N
zpy]xh. vii[ muh mumu]yi>ui}. ci[ O>u mku
]yi>uu. ci m>ic{tie EsSh kR]vu ek]c{y
{ en
kuiiutinu ciyueT mke niymic{u.
aen kurc{u k]hkUTi k<iE]L k]>fv>u
kR]vuh m>ic{u. aE]L ek]c{y
{ nu]y xTh Ekvh
duHhtey]yi>uu. kR]vu m>ic{iu mUudivxE[
ek]c{y
{ N `eiuh tiuky]ke, evh kuTiuky]ke,
\ruky]ke ecy[ti}. aEH]>]zth k>u ek]ute
avN k<ic{ukUi.
k]>fv>ukR]vu m>ic{tu xhbic{u aTiyi>
e}]h k<itie EsSh ptiEn<]h divxh pie
k]>fv>ukR]vuh tilec{[ \]ni>uE]L muNptivu
vic]>ic{u ek]c{y{N tie v]till H]j>]yi niu.
`]l A k]>fv>ueT xVB]vh k<iuEp]y k]>fv>ueT
xVB]vhEp]e a}]etyi>utin]l aEHh ek]c{y{n[ \>u
ek]Tui}. aE]L ek]c{y
{ n[ ax]m]nYm]y kuf[itmu]yi.
`iuh avieT EsSmu]yi>uve>}]h ptivuEp]e \>u
ek]Tutin]l ek]c{y
{ N O>uviDh xm]D]neu. `]l A
xm]D]nvuh aDikdivxEu nIunii}. avieT EsSmu
ve>}]h Any[[ \>uek]Tuuueu >umUudivxh
k<iE]L putiy k]>fv>riyukyuh atienuric{[ aEHh
Ek]pic{[ `}]ve>yuh s]xiukyuh ecy[tu. Any[[ ti]N
etE]Ey] me] a}]et Ec]ru ek]Tuut[ an]vsYm]ef
]yi>uu aEHie aBizp]yh. `um]ztm}, Any[u
kuizp]yh k<ii>iutin]l |ni atin[ O>]n]>en
niymiukyuh cyiTu pfiyic{u tuTukyuh ecy{femu
kUTi aEHh aBizp]yeu. |et]umriy]et ek]c{y
{ N piE
divxh ptivu Ep]e \>uy[]yi aTuv]till H]j>]yi.
aE]L aviTe viy ek]c{y
{ En]T[, "`e mkEn,
|oyieT k]em]e m]riE]yi, viy, ninu Ec]ru t>>uet
227

e`tiHYm]
]f[ |E]<e k]>fv>ueT klpn. aEHh pryutien
anux>i]etyi>i]N wLu nivZiyi}E}]. ninu
Ec]ru t>>uetu m]ztm}. cyiu nie |ni pfiyy[f
emukUTi aEHh niyic{i>iuu. wLe]e |tu viy
xTm]yiu k]>Ym]f[. `iuh `u ecy{]h? `}]h xHiu
ky}]et nivZiyi}E}]" `u pru. |tu Eku ek]c{y{N
kIe>]iic{[ k>uek]u xVlpEn>h vic]>mg[nn]yi
avieT niu. A xmyh aviTe O>u ecriy ku kuer
Ec]erTuu ku<c{u>ui ek]c{y
{ nu ek]uecu ek]Tuu.
`iuh avN atu v]iyi}. pie avN `}]vE>]Tuh y]zt
pryu B]vil tuieeek]u ci AhgYL k]fiu
kyuh dInxV>L pureTuviukyuh ecy[tiu kie>]iic{u
ek][ avieTni[ |riE]yi. ek]c{y{e A y]zt k[
avieTyu]yi>u `}]v>uh Ab]vZh ep]i>uEp]yi.
ek]c{y
{ N Ene> ec[ Aiiri n]u n]<ik pk]ku
tuve> evile kiTu. n]u n]<ik pke ckiyueT
mkL kui]n]yi AukTvil ecu. A xmyh ek]c{y
{ N
avieTni[ `<uEu Ep]yi Auvu nii>u O>i}iUh
kui mric{iu. aE]L atie cuvil miniTyil |>ui>u
O>u ecukuTh \>u[ AiEu vIfu. ek]c{y
{ N A ecukuT
emTuu ciyueT mkLu ek]Tuukyuh y]zt pryu B]v
il tuieeek]u ci AhgYL k]fiukyuh ci
dInxV>L pureTuviukyuh pie kR]vie gZHi
Eu En]i k>yukyuh ecy[ti[ avieTniu Ep]vukyuh
ecy[tu. A ecukuTh nirc{u >]siy]yi>uu.
piEdivxh >]vie ek]c{y
{ N ac{NEk]vil s]x[t]
vie nTyiei. s]i]>N ek]c{y{en kE]L ariyuk
y]l kuer Ec]ruek]uecu ek]Tuu. ek]c{y
{ N atu v]i
tiiu k]ilyri ket]e pric{u tiutuTi. aumutl
ek]c{yN k]ilniu tIi nTukyuh keu tT]k
228

e`tiHYm]
iuh muh |ri evh kuTiukyuh >]ztiy]kuE]L a
ie ti>umuu ecu kiTurukyuh ptiv]i.
aen kurc{udivxh k<iE]L EdvxVR ek]c{y
{ en
>iutin[ O>]n]>en niymiukyuh viv>h Em]viEu
`<utiyy[ukyuh ecy[tu. aE]L ek]c{y
{ e kke}]h
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]u klic{riyukyuh |o Aney
Ek]iyil t]nkueT kUil nirui EvtuEp]e
>ic{u ek]femu klpnyu]vukyuh ecy[tu. a][
n]Tuv]fi>ut[ ek]}h 1022-]m]u n]Tu nIiy >]mvR
mH]>]j]vu ti>umnuek]]yi>uu. klpnzpk]>h ek]c{y
{ N
Ek]iyiei t]mxm]yi. kurc{uk]h k<iE]L pn]
pu>h ti>umUhpi `e]>u p]ii ave >kn]yi
niymieu.
ti>umUhpiyueT
si]x]mRYhek]uh
Ek]iyiu]yi>u mu t]]nkueT xHv]xhek]uh muh
ek]c{y
{ N k]zkEmf O>u t]]ny]yiIRu. `um]ztm}
ku<iyil vI<u Anke k>y[[ kyi kUi]i aTy[u
tinu ek]c{y{enEp]e buiyuh x]mRYvumu O>u
t]]n ti>uvit]hkUril Everyie}u zpxii avN
aciE>f x]diukyuh ecy[tu.
~er]mxiy]et pn]BN `u zpxin]y O>u
t]]nkUTi Ek]iyil vuEcRu. kurc{udivxe xHv]xh
ek]u ek]c{y
{ nuh pn]Bnuh p>x[p>h atYh x[EnH]
kuM]>]yiIRnu. avR >uEp>uh kUeT kUTiy]l `zt via
k]]ny]y]uh ku<iyilniu k>y[u kyi kUile]uec[
aTy[utin[ avR[ y]et]>u zpy]xvumu]yi>ui}.
aenyi>iu k]u xR]>ilni[ Anke
ku<iyil vI<ic{u piTiukeyu ~R]Tu Eveuvy[ukyuh
Anke piTiutinu Ek]iyilniu ptupzun]<ik
ki<u "muvNpu<i" ` [ O>u ek]mu]ukyuh
ecy[tu. ek]il k]]nkL vu kyrutu kUE]eT
229

e`tiHYm]
AfE}]. k]]nkL ek]il kyrik<i]l t]]nke
atiEu viTukyuh t]nkL k]]nke O]Tic{u pie]
(viy ek]inku ecriy ek])i]ukyuh avieT
vc{u vTiu ekukyuh pie t]]nkL |Tuvsuh
vuvsuh niu vTil piTic{uvic{u k]]nke
O]E>]E]E>]]yi ek]u Ep]yi kUi]i aTy[ukyu
m]fE}] ptiv[. aeny]yE]L t]]nkueT AvsYh
aDikeTukyuh ek]c{y
{ N, pn]BN mut]yi muvieT
\]yi>u t]nkeek]u mtiy]k]et v>ukyuh ecy{uk
y]l 'mzpi>unIkf[N ' mut]y ci t]]nkeuTi
avieT v>ui. mzpi>unIkf[nuh OE>]]>h t]]n
tey]yi>uu. `iuh ek]c{y
{ e xVB]vvuh ti>unI
kf[e xVB]vvuh til ve> a>mu]yi>uu. ek]c{y
{ N
te piTiyimRie]uEp]yi kUi]i aTy[uh. ti>unI
kf[N te piTiyim>] Anke \Ten kuie]}uh.
|t]f[ avR tiu zpD]n vYtY]xh. aen mzp
i>unIkf[N aEnkh
n} Anke kuie]}ukyuh
timih
xR]>iEu
ve>
nh
xhBviukyuh
ecy[tiu[. |tunimivuh mu ci k]>f]uh xR]>il
niu ek]h Eveuvy[ukyuh pURvitiyil Anke
ku<ikil vI<ic{upiTic{]l mtieyu tIRc{eTuukyuh ecy[tu.
a]u En>h eevkuE]L ek]c{y
{ enyuh pn]B
enyuh ceyTuu k]iEu viyy[uk ptiv]yi>uu.
avR >uEp>ukUTi k]ilyri ket]e OTic{uh pric{uh
tiu vyru niry[ukyuh \rh v>uE]L yEh `vieT
eyiuh kiTurukyuh En>h evuuE]L An]>ueT
v]xu
H]j>]vukyuh
ecy[ti>uu.
O>u
divxh
ptivuEp]e >]nkuh O>umic{u k]iEu Ep]yiu ek]c{y
{ N
tiutiu vTE]uh pn]BN etE]uh Ep]ytin]l avR
til pi>iy]niTy]yi. kurc{udU>h Ep]ytie EsSh pn]BN
ek]c{y
{ N v>uue] `u n]upurEuh En]i. aE]L
230

e`tiHYm]
muNvsu kurc{u dUe>y]yi O>]n nilutuk[ atu
ek]c{y
{ n]efu vic]>ic{u pn]BN ecTuE]L A
k]]n c]Tiey]>ukuuek]Tuu. pn]BN ek]uek]u
titin]l kuu ek]i}. aE]L k]ny[u EdSYh
ks]yi. A An pn]Ben ku]n]yi vIuh c]Tiec{u.
aE]L pn]Bnuh Ek]p]n]yiI>uky]l A kuuh
ek]]et ek]uek]u tiiu k]]ney ku]n]yi
pn]BN c]TivIfu. k]]nyuh kuuek]]et ek]uek]u
tiu. |en A >]nkuh b]ixuzgIvM]e>E]e
atiBy>m]y yuh ep]Tiep]Tic{utuTi. piE divxh En>h
evuiuh A AnkueT yuh avx]nic{i}. En>h evu
E]L ek]c{y
{ N ptivuEp]e An]>M]>ueT v]x
ei. aE]L pn]Ben avieT k]f]iu ek]c{y{nu
viy vic]>m]yi. En>h >]ztiy]yiuh pn]BN vuEcRi}.
O>uviDil >]zti k<ic{ukUIu En>h evue]L ek]c{y
{ N
pn]Ben aEnVSi]n]yi k]iEu y]zty]yi. ave
pi]e ci t]nkE]TukUTi ti>umUhpi mut]y An
]>uh Ep]yi. kuer dU>h ecE]L O>u k]l n]<ik
akey]yi >]nkueT amRc{yuh ek]ukL kUiyiTiu
suh EkutuTi. aE]Le ek]c{y{nuh ti>umUh
pi mut]yvv>uh xhgti mni]i. \Ten ti>umUhpi O>u
t]nyueT cy<ic{u ek]c{y
{ e muil |uek]Tuu.
ek]c{y{N A ce n]]yiu mTieyTuuek]u nTu
tuTi. pi]e muv>uh ecu. aen kurc{udU>hkUTi
ecE]L pn]Bnuh O>u viy k]]nyuh til yuh
ecy[tuek]u nilut[ avR x[pm]yi ku. k]]n c]Ti
pn]Ben kuukyuh pn]BN ek]uek]u tukyuh
ecy[t xmyh ek]c{y{N O]Tiec{u eekyiu]yi>u c
ek]u k]]nyueT O>u mR]n[ \oE]TukUTi O>Ti
ek]Tuu. aTiek] fil k]]n m>fEvdnEy]TukUTi
mUuvh cui nihptic{u. aEt]TukUTi A k]]nyueT kyuh
k<iu. pie `}]v>uhkUTi k]ilniu ti>iekE]>ukyuh
231

e`tiHYm]
ecy[tu. atilie ek]c{y
{ enUT]et pn]BN tnic{[ O>u
k]>Yinuh O>u uh Ep]k]ri}.
O>il ku<iyil vIf O>u k]ney ku<iyil niu
ky]n]yi vTiu ekiyEsSh purkie vTh O>u m>i
EMl ekIu k<uinu ekiyi>u vTil vtuvse vTh
ek]c{y
{ nuh |Tuvse vTh me]>u t]]nyuh piTic{u. pie
ku<iyueT mukiii>u tTikL mzpi>unIkf[e tui
eeyiEMl ek]utiniTy]yi. timih ti>unIkf[nu
xV[ph Evdnyu]vukyuh avN Ek]p]n]yiI>ukyuh
\oE]TukUTi c]Ti pn]Be p]RsVB]g[ O>u kuu
ek]Tuukyuh pn]BN tt[fh mriuvIfu c]vukyuh
ecy[tu. atu kE]L ek]c{y
{ e viDh Aek]eT Ou m]ri.
aE]L ti>umUhpi "mkEn! cti>uEt; vTh viukyE}"
`u ek]c{y
{ En]Tu pryukyuh "ti>unIkf[en m]i
e]fh" ` A AnyueT An]>En]T[ AhgYhk]fiu
kyuh ecy[tu. ek]c{y{N ti>umUhpiyueT v]ien anux>i
]etyi>i]N nivZiyi}]y[kek][ atYh Ek]pE]Tu
duHm]y duKE]Tuh vThpiTic{u ek]uEp]yi k]]ney
kUi]i aTc{tie EsSh ti>unIkf[N nii>u
Eu atiEvgil O]Tieyi. aE]L ti>unIkf[en
avieTeyuh k]f]y[ky]l ek]ie t>iu tIR]n]yi
avieT nii>u[ O>u Etum>iEMl \oE]Tuh Ek]pE]Tuh
kUTi O>u kuu ek]Tuu. kuu ek]u m>h tuu
ek]c{y
{ e ek]u mruvsu ecu. pie ek]c{y
{ N ek][
\o>ieyTuuek]u ti>umUhpiyueT v]xEu Ep]yi.
ek]c{y
{ N kuiuc{ Etum>h |E]<uh avieT niluu
Ezt. A xmyh ti>unIkf[en ki>uuevil ek]c{y{N
ave k k<ium]yi>uu `utinu xhsymi}. A
xmye} pie O>iuh ek]c{y{nu mzpi>u
nIkf[en k]futin[ |T ek]Tuii}. ti>unIkf[en
\Ten a>i]u Eztil `<uiin]yi aE]yc{[
232

e`tiHYm]
avieT niruukyuh x]]l eevu ti>unIkf[N
k<itie EsSh aE]yy[ukyuh avnu pk>h Ek]i
yiEu t]]n]yi viy b]kZS[fN `u zpxie
Aney niymiukyuh ecy[tu. ek]c{y{N ti>umUhpiyueT
v]xu eci[ ~<u divxEu evh kuTiukEp]uh
ecy{]et >]pkl O>uEp]e k>uek][ avieT O>u u
kiTu. pie ti>umUhpiyueT x]Vnv]ukLek][ O>u
viDh xm]sVxic{u kuerE tIi tiukyuh evh kuTi]N
tuTukyuh zkEmf pURv{itiey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. "v}
duKem]uh k]h ec}uE]L kuruEp]h" `uE}].
viy b]kZS[fN ` zpxie t]n Ek]iyil
vu EcRtie EsSh kurc{u k]Eu Anke ku<iyil
niu kyi kUi]i aTy[ukeyu k]>Yh A Anyuh
ek]c{y{nuh kUTiy]f[ niRv{Hic{u Ep]u. ek]c{y{nu viy
b]kZS[fenuric{[
pn]Benuric{u]yi>uiTE]h
x[EnHmu]yi>ui}. `iuh viE>]Dvumu]yi>ui}.
aenyi>uE]L O>u viy k]]n ku<iyil vIfu.
atien vTiu eki ku<iyilniu kyi k<uil ekiyi
>u vTil |TuvsEtu ek]c{y
{ nuh vuvsEtu
b]kZS[fnuh kTic{upiTic{uek][ kUiEu pureu. aE]L
A k]]n k]iEu p]u tuTi. |o >]nkL piTic{iuh
A k]]n nii}. kurc{u k<iE]L viy k]T]yi. k]]ney
ti>ic{uek]uv>uv]N x]Diyie}u kE]L b]kZS[fN
vTh viukyukyuh piNti>i[ O]TiE]vukyuh
ecy[tu.
`iuh
ek]c{y{N
vii}.
A
k]]n
k]ilUTi
ek]c{y
{ enyuh vic{uek]u nTu. kurc{u k<iE]L En>h
eevkiuTi. aE]L ti>umUhpi "mkEn! En>h eevki
uTi. >]ztiyil nL k]ikeT]l |o AnyueT
kU]nkL vu nueT k k<iuh. atin]l En>mi>uutinu
muu nmuu ti>ic{u Ep]k]nu m]Rh En]fh" `u pru.
\Ten ek]c{y
{ N tt]<[i vTiEMl cviiiTic{uek][
233

e`tiHYm]
ek]uek]u vTiEMl O>u tT ek]Tuu. aE]L k]]n
yueT t epeu t]<ukyuh ek]u niu muukyuh ecy[tu.
a>in[ ek]c{y
{ N k]]nyueT p]RsVB]g[ \oE]TukUTi
O>u kuuh aEt]TukUTi O>u tuh ek]Tuu. mEp]eyi>u
k]]n tt[fh mriuvIf[ c]kukyuh ek]c{y
{ nuh ti>umUh
piyuh aE]Le ti>iek v]xEu Ep]>ukyuh
ecy[tu. atilie ek]c{y{N viy b]kZS[fEn]TukUTi
y]et]inuh Ep]yi>ui}.
ek]iyil t]]nkueT kUil kY]fi `u
Ep>]yi[ O>u piTiy]nyuh \]yi>uu. atie An]>!N
Eg]vipi `e]>]]yi>uu. ay]L ek]c{y
{ e An]>
n]kfem]zgHic{[ atiEu ci sup]RskL ecy[tu
ek]i>uu. aEnkk]e \X]Hvuh sup]Rsyuh ek]
OTuh atu x]Dic{u. ti>umUhpiey kY]fiyueT An]>
n]yuh Eg]vipiey ek]c{y{e An]>n]yuh niymic{[
Em]vilni[ \>vu vu. ti>umUhpiy[uh ek]c{y{nuh
|t[ ~vuh xTk>m]yi>uu. `iuh nivZiyi}]y[ky]l
av>tu xtic{u. ek]c{y
{ nu Eg]vipiEy]T[ viE>]Dem]uh
\]yi>ui}. `iuh ay]L pryutuEp]eey]uh avN
ecy[ti>ui}.
atin]l
k]>Yh
nTi}]ety]yiIRu.
atriu Em]vilniu >]n]e>yuh y]pURv{h O>u m]x
inkh m]i niymiukyuh k]>Ye}]h mury[[ muie
E]e nTutuTukyuh ecy[tu.
pn]BN m>ic{tieEsSh ti>umUhpi pke pfi
k<iu te v]xEu Ep]kuE]L ek]c{y
{ en kUeT
ek]uEp]yi tI ek]Tu[ avieT niruuky]f[ ptiv[.
ek]c{y{N ecruil r]iyilkR]vie v]x[
`zpk]>Em] azpk]>htey]f[ ti>umUhpiyueT v]x
u t]mxic{i>ut[. ti>umUhpiyueT muh ek]c{y
{ e
aTul ecu kiukyuh avN ave> kiiukyuh
ecy[ti>uu. kuikLecu ek]c{y
{ e ecvikiuh tui
234

e`tiHYm]
y{iEMuh v]iEMuh piTic{u tuiy]uh avN ave> \pzdvi
]ri}. ciE]L kuikueT \pzdvhek]u Evdn \]y]l
ek]c{y{N
av>ueT
ecviuh
tuTy[uh
tuiy{ie
azghek]uh piTic{u ti>uuh. `]l kuikLu atuek][
viy Evdn \]k]rumi}.
ti>umUhpiy[[ O>iuh ek]c{y{en aTiEi
vii}. ti>umUhpi pryuv m]ztm} mnil vic]>iuv
kUTi ek]c{y
{ N ariu EvtuEp]e ecy{uh. pie aven
aTiuetin]f[? | u ku<iyil O>]n vIfiu[;
atien y]N nmu[ aE]u Ep]kfh `E], ae}il
| [ \Xvm]f[; avieT `<uiinu Ep]kfemE]
pr[ ti>umUhpi puru kyriiTuriy]l ek]c{y
{ N
muu Ep]yiu m]efil avN avieT `ie]uh.
|Ty[u v<iu xhsyh Et]iy]l avieTniu ptue
ti>umUhpiey \fRuh. ay]L v<i pruek]Tu]l
avN
piEyuh
nTutuTukyuh
Evu
u
ecuEc>ukyuh ecy{uh. aeny]f[ ptiv[.
O>u ek]}h ArMuEztil \Xv][ `<ui
in]yi ek]c{y{en ek]uEp]yi>uu. avieT `y[]u
ek]]>hvk O>u ek]n]nyuh vi>uu. A Any[u
evTieienuric{u ve> Bymu]yi>uu. evTiyueT sh
Ek]l A An kUiviic{uek][ O]Tuh. aeny]f[ atie
ptiv[. atin]l A Ail piEvn]L evTie[
|riey<uic{tie EsSm]yi>uu. |riey<uic{tie
EsSh ek]c{y
{ en mtilku pTi]er Eg]pu>inu vTu
vsuh ek]]>hvk Aney ki<e Eg]pu>inu etu
vsuh ek]u ecu nirui. ek]c{y{nu evTieu Ek]l
O>ivumi}; avN jne \pzdviyumi}. atin]l
ti>umUhpi aveyTul nil]et dUe>m]ri evTieu
k]f]N ty{]r]yi niu. ek]]>h vk AnyueT aTul Et]i,
kuh mut]y AyuDE]TukUTi >]n]>M]R nii>uu.
235

e`tiHYm]
Any[u ky{inu viumiu. \Ten evTie[ A>hBic{[. k
E] ep]iuTiyE]L ek]]>hvk An atYuc{il Ou
kUki. aE]L mtilk[ axhKYh jnu]yi>utin]l
avieTyu]yi>u bHvuh Ek]]Hvuh | zpk]>m]
efu pry]N zpy]xhte. ek]]>hvk AnyueT sh Ek
fil ek]c{y{N ki<e nTyiei A Aney piTikUTi
atin[ |k]N p]Ti}]viDil avieT nirui evTieu
k<iu jne}]h pi>itie EsSEm ek]c{y{N piTic{
piTi viuu.
ek]c{y
{ nuh Ec]ruvky[u xR]>ilni[ zptidinh >u
pr aWiT<i a>i ptivuvc{iu]yi>uu. A a>i ti>umUh
piey ~[pic{uek]Tuy]f[ ptiv[. Ek]iyil k]utIi
D]>]m]yiu]yi>utuek][ ti>umUhpi etE] mut]
yv D]>]m]yi ek]Tui>utin]uh ek]c{y{N O>u pr
a>iyueT Ec]riDikh ti]ri}. EsSmu a>i ti>umUhpi
`Tuuky]f[ ptiv[. ti>umUhpiyueT vIil B]>Yyuh muh
mum]yi aEnkh Ep>u]yi>uu. ay]Lu shek][
`}]vRuhkUTi ecvin[ mtiy]vukyi}]yi>uu. pie ay]l
|o a>iek]ukUTiy]f[ kuTuhbh puRiE]i>ut[. |o
p>m]Rmriu kY]fiyueT An]>n]y Eg]vipi Ep>uh
Ouh kuT]et kFxREvR x]y[pie EpR[ O>u kHRi
`<utiyyc{u. A HRiyil ek]c{y{N O>u pry>iyueT
Ec]riDikh tiukyie}uh EsSmu a>i ti>umUhpi
anY]ym]yi apH>iuky]efuh muh viv>ic{i>uu. HRi
kiIu murivuek]Tu]et \Ten pure[ x]y[p[ Ek]iyi
ei. k][ Arumfi]f[ x]y[p[ avieT `iyt[. \TN
ti>umUhpiey viic{u ek]c{y{nu Ec]r[ te]Fek a>i
aiu vc{uek]Tufemu x]y[p[ cheki. azpk]>h
ti>umUhpi x]y[pie muilvc{ute |>upWiT<i a>i
aiuvc{u ek]c{y
{ nu Ec]ru ek]Tuu. atiniTy[[ ti>umUh
pi ek]c{y
{ e ecviyil "mkEn! cti>uEt; `e
236

e`tiHYm]
kuukuikLu pifiy]E}" `u x]y[[ EkL]et
xVk]>Ym]yi pru. ek]c{y
{ N atu Eku k]>Yh mni]yi
`u B]vil t kuuukyuh ecy[tu. ek]c{y
{ N A
Ec]ru mu<uvnuh titie EsSh visTiyi} `u
B]vil x]y[pie muil ecuni[ \re niviic{u.
x]y[p[ aeWu p<ukUTi v>ui ek]c{y
{ nu ek]Tuu.
avN atuem}]h v]iiu. `iuh n} tZp[tiy]y
B]vmu]yi>ui}. pie x]y[p[ ti>umUhpiey viic{u
ek]c{y{ene]uEp]yi
avnu
vyR
niryvh
etE]Ey] mE] ek]Tu]N chekiyyc{u. aute
x]y[p[ aEHtinu kiiy HRi ti>umUhpiyueT viE>]Dik
]E>]
ayc{
kHRiy]efu
tIRc{eTuukyuh
ek]c{y{n[ aWiT<i a>i kUi zptidinh mUu pr a>iyueT
Ec]ruvIth ek]Tuutinuh atinu a>i y]pURv{h ti>umUh
pieye ~[pic{uek]Tuutinuh ~R]Tuecy{ukyuh
ecy[tu. atin]l Eg]vipi ecy[t \pzdvh ti>umUh
piy[[ \pk]>m]yiIRu.
aen kurc{uk]h k<iE]L eevu Eztil
`<uiinu tt]y Aney]uh |}]et v>uky]l
ek]c{y{en avieT ayc{u nirufem[ \>vu v>ukyuh
atnux>ic{[ aven aE]y[ukyuh ecy[tu. ae]}h
Ek]iyil tt]y t]]n |}]etyi>utuek][ ku<iyil
vIf Ankil mivyuh kyrie]y[yukyuh piTic{vey
e kUi]iyTy[]N ve> zpy]xh En>iTukyuh ecy{uk
y]l A viv>e}]h x]y[p[ `<uti ayy[ukyuh
ek]c{y{en ti>iey Ek]iyile v>ui niruie]u
tin[ \>vu]kyuh ecy[tu. atnux>ic{u ek]c{y
{ N
pieyuh Ek]iyile vu EcRu.
ek]c{y
{ N ek]ilniu piTic{u kUi]i aTc{iu
AnkLu kfi}. avN ku<ikilniute `<unUriDikh
Aney kyi kUi]i aTc{iu[. avN aDikh Anke
237

e`tiHYm]
ek]iumi}. ek]c{y
{ N O>u k]]ney cek][ aTic{uh
me]ien kuiyuh |en >]nke ek]iut]yi muu
priuE}]. atu kUT]et avN O>]neyUTi ek]iu[.
O>il Ek]iyiu AnUTukil h mtiy]k]et
v>uky]l
pn]pu>uh
ci
AnUTuku]i.
ek]c{y{nuh me]>u t]]nyuh kUTi O>u k]]ney ku<iyilniu
kyie]uv[ pn]pu>u kUiE[ aTy[]n]yi
pureu. A k]]n viy pif]>n]yi>uu. atien
ek]uEp]k]nu zpy]xhek]uh v} zpk]>vuh kUi]i
aTc{]uh piITu n]su]iIREuemu Et]iyti
n]uh piTivi]l tete avN kuie]Euemu
Byh nimivuh ek]c{y{N A k]]ney v<iu vc{u
kuie]uku. atu ti>umUhpiyueT xtzpk]>m]
yi>uu. ek]c{y
{ nuh kU]nyuh viSmiuu `u kE]L
"`]l k]c{i mkEn!" `u ti>umUhpi pri]f[
ek]c{y
{ N kuiyt[. ti>umUhpu pry]et ek]c{y
{ N
xVEmDy] aeney]uh ecy{]ri}.
|<i 1099-]m]u kRTm]xil n]TunIiy
zsImUh ti>un]L mH]>]jvu ti>umnuek][ O>il ek]}[
`<uiyi>u xmyh ek]c{y{en k]futinu klpic{]vsY
ezpk]>h `<utiec{}uky]l ti>umUhpi aven ek]}u
ek]uecu ti>umu]ek H]j>]i. ti>umu]ekec{ \Ten
tuiy{il mTiiTic{i>u O>u kT]x[ ti>umu]ek vc{iu
muukui tkunic{u nmx[k>ic{u. \Ten `<uEu ti>umu]ek
niu. ti>umnuek][ A kT]xu tZy{ieTuu tZF
p]Ru. at[ O>u HRiy]yi>uu. atie x]>h. "aTiyn[
Ak]m]yi>u k]e}]h ti>umnie gvReiE[ nh
En>iT]
viDiuh
Ad]ymu]kvvuh
mTiyuh
vY]jvuh kUT]et y]si aTiyN Evecy[tiu[. |E]L
aTiynu zp]y]DikYh nimimu Ifhek]u Evecy[v]N
nivZiyi}]et Ayi>iuu. atin]l Ev viTuRi epNSN
238

e`tiHYm]
t>utinu xdyh klpnyu]kfemu xvinyh aEpic{u
ek]uu." `]yi>uu. ek]c{y
{ n[ |t[ `<utie]Tut[
A>]efuh muh aEnVSi]et te ti>umnuek][ avnu
epNSN ek]Tu]N xxE]Sh klic{nuvdic{u. ek]c{y{en
e]u Em]l y]et]>u Evyuh ecy{ic{uEp]k>uetuh avnu
ptivu Ec]ruh mu tIikuh s>iy]yi ek]Tuuek]femuh
aven Em]l ArMue nirui >ic{uek]femuh
>uEn>vuh Ail ek]uEp]yi kuiifemuh Ec]ru
ek]Tuutinuh muh En>nIh v>u>uetuh mum]yi>uu
kln. |en O>u kln ti>uvit]hkUril me]>]ney
uric{uh \]yiut]yi Eku EkLviEp]umi}. |o kln
\]y k]hmutl ek]c{y
{ e t]mxh ArMuy]yi>uu.
avieTvc{u te avN viEsSic{u y]et]>u k]>fvuh kUT]et
an]y]Exn c>mgtiey zp]piukyuh ecy[tu. at[ ek]}h
1086-]m]u kuhBm]xil ek]c{y
{ e 103-]me vyi]
yi>uu. ek]c{y{enuric{[ |niyuh p kkL pry]nu[.
pE, |]u ci ecru]R[ avey}]h O>uvk
atisEy]ik]efu Et]iEy]emu vic]>ic{]f[ aDikh
vix[t>i]et cu>uil pru tIRt[. ek]c{y
{ N
ku<iyil vIf k]h mutl kf]uky]efil avn[
aEnkh An]>M]>u]yiueuh pry]h. `iuh ave
at]me vyumutl avx]nk]hve> ave >kn]yi
|>uiutu ti>umUhpitey]f[.

239