Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

1/4

Comparison between A106-B, A672-C70/Cl.22, A53-B and API 5L-B

March 5, 2002
Thomas J.C. Eun
Pipe Materials
Materials A106-B A672-C70/Cl22 A53-B API 5L-B
Subject Seamless carbon steel pipe Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) Pipe, steel, black and hot- Seamless and welded line
for high-temperature service steel pipe for high-pressure dipped, zinc-coated, welded pipes
service at moderate and seamless
temperatures
1. SCOPE • This specification covers  Fabricated from pressure-  NPS ⅛ to NPS 26 inclusive  It covers seamless and weld
seamless carbon steel pipe vessel quality plate steel line pipe.
for high-temperature  Heat treatment may or may not  The purpose of this
(Consideration should be be required to attain the specification is to provide
given to possible desired properties or to comply standards for pipe suitable for
graphitization of the material with applicable code use in conveying gas, water,
at the high temperatures at requirements. and oil in both oil and natural
which it may be used.)  The specification nominally gas industries.

• NPS ⅛ to NPS 48 covers NPS 16 (405mm) in


outside diameter or larger with
inclusive, with nominal wall
wall thickness up to 3 in. (75
thickness as given in ASME
mm), inclusive.
B36.10.
2. Applied -29 to 427℃ -49 to 427℃ -29 to 427℃ -29 to 427℃
Temperature
3. Referenced ASTM A520 specification for ASTM A516-60 specification for
Documents supplementary requirements pressure vessel plates, carbon
for seamless and electric- steel, for moderate-and lower-
resistance-welded carbon steel temperature service
tubular products for high-
temperature service
conforming to ISO
recommendations for boiler
construction.
2/4
Pipe Materials
Materials A106-B A672-C70/Cl22 A53-B API 5L-B
Subject Seamless carbon steel pipe Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) Pipe, steel, black and hot- Seamless and welded line
for high-temperature service steel pipe for high-pressure dipped, zinc-coated, welded pipes
service at moderate and seamless
temperatures
4. Process  Made by killed steel  Made by killed steel and fine Types and Grades; Types;
 Pipe NPS 1½ and under grain practice  Type F: Furnace butt welded EFW, ERW, and Seamless
may be either hot finished or  The joints shall be double (EFW), continuous welded
cold drawn welded, full penetration welds. Grade A
Unless otherwise specified,  RT : Full  Type E ; Electric-resistance
pipe NPS 2 and over shall be welded (ERW), Grades A and B
furnished hot finished. – UT & MT to be done for NPS
2 and larger
 Type S; Seamless, Grade A
and B

5. Heat  Hot-finished pipe need not  Base Metal: As rolled (for 40  The weld seam of ERW pipe in Pipe furnished to this
Treatment be heat treated. mm thickness and under), grade B shall be heat treated specification may be as-rolled,
 Cold-drawn pipe shall be normalized, and stress relieved after welding to min. of normalized, normalized and
heat treated after the final  Products: Class 22 shall be 1,000°F(540°C). tempered, sub-critically stress
cold draw pass at a uniformly heated within the relieved, or sub-critically age
temperature of 1200℉ post-weld heat-treatment hardened.
(650℃) or higher. temperature range indicated in
 Not required normalizing Table 2 for a minimum of 1
h/in. of thickness or 1 h,
whichever is greater.

6. Mechanical Properties
Ts, min psi 60,000 (415) 70,000-90,000 (485-620) 60,000 (415) 60,000 (415)
(MPa)
Ys, min psi 35,000(240) 38,000 (260) 35,000 (240) 35,000 (240)
(MPa)
3/4
Pipe Materials
Materials A106-B A672-C70/Cl22 A53-B API 5L-B
Subject Seamless carbon steel pipe Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) Pipe, steel, black and hot- Seamless and welded line
for high-temperature service steel pipe for high-pressure dipped, zinc-coated, welded pipes
service at moderate and seamless
temperatures
7. Chemical Composition, product analysis
Seamless ERW Seamless ERW
A
C, max 0.30 0.27~0.31 as per thickness 0.30 0.30 0.27 0.26
Mn 0.29 ~ 1.06 0.79~1.30 as per thickness 1.20 max 1.20 max 1.15 max 1.15 max
P, max 0.035 0.035 0.050 0.050 0.030 0.030
S, max 0.035 0.035 0.045 0.045 0.030 0.030
Si, min 0.10 0.13~0.45
B
Cr, max 0.40 These five 0.40
B
Cu, max 0.40 elements 0.40
Mo, max 0.15 combined shall 0.15
B
Ni, max 0.40 not exceed1%. 0.40
B
V, max 0.08 0.08
A
Notes ; For each reduction of 0.01% Cb, V, Ti, or combinations
below the specified carbon thereof, may be used by
max., an increase of 0.06% Mn agreement between purchaser
above the specified max, will and manufacturer.
be permitted up to a max. of
1.35%.
8. Results
Remark & Even if it is for high It will be additionally required the  Sometimes, min. 0.1 % Si is additionally required in the
Notes by temperature, it can be grain refinement, austenitic size equipment/piping specifications of the purchaser. This silicon will
Thomas Eun extended its using range due to five and over to improve the be helpful to keep killed condition more or less, not sufficient and
improving the toughness by toughness. also to prevent to a certain extent the graphitization of the material
grain refinement, austenitic at the high temperatures and hydrogen attack/ SSC/ HIC.
size five and over.  Normalizing is often required by the purchaser’s specifications.
4/4
Pipe Materials
Materials A106-B A672-C70/Cl22 A53-B API 5L-B
Subject Seamless carbon steel pipe Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) Pipe, steel, black and hot- Seamless and welded line
for high-temperature service steel pipe for high-pressure dipped, zinc-coated, welded pipes
service at moderate and seamless
temperatures
Results A106-B has excellent A672-C70/Cl.22 has excellent They are not in fully killed condition.
properties in moderate and properties for high- pressure
high temperature service service at moderate temperature.
because of hot finishing,
chemical composition and
additional requirements,
Conclusion for The main difference between both materials is Strength, De-oxygen Treatment (Killing), and NDE. Normally API 5L-B is not recommended
Deviation From in Hydrocarbon Process area (including Suncor Standards) due to the quality and safety. Especially there are a lot of brittle failure cases for
30” Sch.10 non-impact tested and non-killed steels in low temperature environment (-40°F to 32°F).
SA672-C70/Cl.22 I would like to agree the deviation only for utility and offsite lines but hydrocarbon process area.
to API 5L-B