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{*Program 1*}

(*FY B C A*)

{program: To find multiplication of two matrices}

program matrix(multi);
uses crt;
var
a,b,c:array [1..3,1..3] of integer;
i,j,k:integer;
begin \\{beginning of the program}
clrscr;
writeln('first matrix');
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of first for loop}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
writeln('second matrix');
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin \\{end of first for loop}
for j:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of second for loop}
begin
read(b[i,j]);
end;
end; \\{end of second for loop}
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of third for loop}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
c[i,j]:=0;
for k:=1 to 3 do
begin
c[i,j]:=c[i,j]+a[i,k]*b[k,j];
end;
end;
end; \\{end of third for loop}
writeln('Sum of Matrices')
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
write(c[i,j]:3);
end;
writeln;
end;
end.
\\{end of the program}
Output:
first matrix
111

111
111
second matrix
222
222
222
Multiplication of Matrices
666
666
666
{*Program 2*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program:To find larger and smaller no in a matrix}

program matrix(max,min);
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..3,1..3] of integer;
i,j,min,max:integer;
begin \\{beginning of the program}
clrscr;
max:=0; \\{assigning value of max to 0}
writeln('enter the elements for the matrix')
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of for loop}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end; \\{end of for loop}
min:=a[i,j];
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of for loop}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do \\{end of for loop}
begin
if(max<a[i,j]) then
max:=a[i,j];
if(min>a[i,j]) then
min:=a[i,j];
end;
end;
writeln('max ',max); \\{displaying the max value}
writeln('min ',min); \\{displaying the min value}
readkey;
end. \\{end of the program}

Output:

Ener the elements for the matrix


123
654
789
Max 9Min 1
{*Program 3*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program: To arrange no’s in ascending order from the array}

program arrassending;
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..10] of integer;
i,j,temp:integer;
begin \\{beginning of the program}
clrscr;
writeln('insert the elements for the array');
for i:=1 to 10 do \\{taking the elements in an array}
read(a[i]);
for i:=1 to 9 do \\{beginning of for loop}
begin
for j:=i+1 to 10 do
begin
if(a[i]>a[j]) then
begin
temp:=a[i];
a[i]:=a[j];
a[j]:=temp;
end;
end;
end; \\{end of for loop}
writeln(‘Ascending Arrangement of array’);
for i:=1 to 10 do
write(a[i]:3);
readkey;
end. \\{end of the program}

Output:

Insert The elements for the array


123
654
789
Ascending Arrangement of array
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
{*Program 4*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program: To find the sum of rows and columns of matrix}

program matrix;
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..3,1..3] of integer;
i,j,r,c:integer;
begin \\{beginning of the program}
clrscr;
writeln('enter the elements for the matrix');
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{reading matrix}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
r:=r+a[i,j] \\{applying logic}
end;
writeln(r);
r:=0;
end;
writeln(‘Sum of Row and Column’);
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
c:=c+a[i,j]
end;
writeln(c);
c:=0;
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of the program}

Output:

enter the elements for the matrix


565
432
578
Sum of Row and Column
16
9
20
14
16
15
{*Program 5*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To find addition of two matrices}

program matrix(add);
uses crt;
var
a,b,c:array [1..3,1..3] of integer; \\{variable declarations}
i,j:integer;
begin
clrscr;
writeln (‘Enter 1st matrix’);
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{beginning of for loop matrix 1}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
writeln (‘Enter 2nd matrix’);
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin \\{beginning of for loop matrix 2}
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(b[i,j]);
end;
end;
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{adding 2 matrix}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
c[i,j]:=a[i,j]+b[i,j];
end;
end;
writeln(‘Addition of Matrices ‘);
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin \\{display}
write(c[i,j]:3);
end;
writeln;
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:
Enter 1st matrix
111
222
333
Enter 2nd matrix
111
222
333
Addition of Matrices
222
444
666
{*Program 6*}
(*FY B C A*)

program matrixdiago;
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..5,1..5] of integer; \\{variable declaration}
i,j:integer;
begin
clrscr; \\{beginning of for loop for reading}
for i:=1 to 5 do
begin
for j:=1 to 5 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
writeln(‘Diagonal Elements are’);
for i:=1 to 5 do \\{beginning of for loop for displaying}
begin
for j:=1 to 5 do
begin
if(i=j) then
writeln(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
readkey; \\ {end of program}

end.

Output:
11111
22222
33333
44444
55555
Diagonal Elements are
1
2
3
4
5
{*Program 7*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To Display even numbers in an array}

program arrayeven;
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..10] of integer; \\{variable description}
i,j:integer;
begin
clrscr;
writeln(‘Enter array elements’);
for i:=1 to 10 do \\{beginning of for loop for reading matrix}
read(a[i]);
writeln(‘Even Elements from Array are’);
for i:=1 to 10 do
begin
if(a[i] mod 2 = 0) then \\{writing of condition}
writeln(a[i]);
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter array elements


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Even Elements from Array are
2
4
6
8
10
{*Program 8*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To display upper triangular elements of matrix 3*3 order}


program matrix;
uses crt;
var \\{Variable declaration}
a:array [1..3,1..3] of integer;
i,j:integer;
begin
clrscr; \\{Beginning of for loop for reading}
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
writeln ('Upper Triangular Matrix is');
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin \\{ Beginning of for loop for writing }
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
if(j>i) then
writeln(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
readkey; \\{End of Program}
end.

Output:
123
456
789
Upper Triangular Matrix is
2
3
6
{*Program 9*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To Display the sum of diagonal elements of matrix 3*3 order}


program matrixdisum;
uses crt;
var
a:array [1..3,1..3] of integer; \\{variable declaration}
i,j,sum:integer;
begin
clrscr;
\\{for loop for reading matrix}
for i:=1 to 3 do
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
read(a[i,j]);
end;
end;
for i:=1 to 3 do \\{for loop for writing matrix}
begin
for j:=1 to 3 do
begin
if(i=j) then
sum:=sum+a[i,j];
end;
end;
writeln(‘Sum of Diagonal Elements is ’,sum);
readkey; \\ {end of program}
end.

Output:
123
123
123

Sum of Diagonal Elements 6


{*Program 10*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To
program arrayoddsum;
uses crt;
var {variable declaration}
a:array [1..100] of integer;
i,j,n,sum:integer;
begin
clrscr;
sum:=0;
writeln('How many elements do you want to enter in array');
readln(n); {for loop for reading elements in array}
for i:=1 to n do
read(a[i]); {for loop for writing elements in array}
read(a[i]);
for i:=1 to n do
begin
if(a[i] mod 2 <> 0) then
sum:=sum+a[i];
end;
writeln('Sum of all odd elements in array',sum);
readkey; {end of program}
end.

Output:

How many elements do you want to enter in array


10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10Sum of all odd elements in array 25
{*Program 11*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To check whether the given no is Armstrong no. or not}

program armstrong;
uses crt;
var
a,b,c,temp:integer; \\{variable declaration}
begin
clrscr;
c:=0;
writeln(Enter a no:’); \\{entering a no for checking}
read(a);
temp:=a;
while(a>0) do
begin
b:=(a mod 10);
a:=(a div 10);
c:= c+(b*b*b);
end;
if(c=temp) then \\{if condition matches then is Armstrong no}
begin
writeln('Its Armstrong Number');
end
else \\{if condition doesn’t matches then it isn't
Armstrong no}
begin
writeln('Not Armstrong Number');
end;
end;
readkey;
end. \\ {end of program}

Output:

Enter a no :
153
Its Armstrong number
{*Program 12*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To find Fibonacci series up to given no.}

program fibonacci;
uses crt;
var
a,f0,f1,f2,temp:integer; \\{variable declaration}
begin
clrscr;
f0:=0;
f1:=1;
temp:=3;
writeln('enter a no of terms required');
read(a);
writeln('The Fibonacci series is ');
writeln(f0);
writeln(f1);
while(temp<=a) do \\{using while do command}
begin
f2:=f0+f1;
writeln(f2);
f0:=f1;
f1:=f2;
temp:=temp+1;
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter a no of terms required


5
The Fibonacci series is
0
1
1
2
3
{*Program 13*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To convert a binary no into its decimal equivalent}

program binartod;
uses crt;
var
no,rem,i:integer; \\{variable declaration}
a:array[1..10] of integer;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('ENTER THE NUMBER');
read(no);
i:=0;
while no<>0 do \\{logic block}
begin
rem:=no mod 2;
a[i]:=rem;
i:=i+1;
no:=no div 2;
end;
i:=i-1;
writeln(‘Binary form of entered no is’);
while i>0 do
begin
write(a[i]);
i:=i-1;
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}
Output:

ENTER THE NUMBER


36
Binary form of entered no is
10010
{*Program 14*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To add the series of given no.}

program series;
uses crt;
var
i,x,r:integer; \\{variable declaration}
sum,y:real;
begin
clrscr;
sum:=0;
y:=1;
writeln('enter range of series');
readln(r);
writeln('enter value for series');
readln(x);
for i:=1 to r do \\{beginning of for loop}
begin
y:=y*x;
sum:=sum+1/y;
end;
writeln(‘Sum of Series’);
writeln(sum:3:3);
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

enter range of series


12
enter value for series
5
Sum of Series
0.250
{*Program 15*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To add the series of given no.}

program series;
uses crt;
var
i,x,r:integer; \\{variable declaration}
sum,f:real;
begin
clrscr;
sum:=0;
f:=1;
writeln('Enter range of series');
readln(r);
for i:=1 to r do \\{beginning of for loop}
begin
f:=f*i;
sum:=sum+i/f;
end;
writeln(‘Sum of Series’);
writeln(sum:3:3);
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter range of series


23
Sum of Series
2.718
{*Program 16*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To convert a binary no. into its decimal equivalent }

program bitode;
var
p,m,d,no:integer; \\ {variable declaration}
begin
p:=1;d:=0;
writeln('Enter a binary no'); \\ {reading from user}
readln(no);
while(no>0) do \\ {logic block}
begin
m:=no mod 10;
d:=d+m*p;
no:=no div 10;
p:=p*2;
end;
writeln(‘Decimal form of entered binary ’,d); \\ {display result}
end.

Output:
Enter a binary no
10010
Decimal form of entered binary 18
{*Program 17*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To check whether a given no. is prime or not}


program prime;
uses crt;
var
i,no:integer;
p:boolean; \\{variable declaration}
begin
clrscr;
writeln('Enter a no');
read(no);
i:=2;
while(i<=no div 2) do \\{using while do command}
begin
if(no mod i=0) then \\{using if then command}
p:=true;
i:=i+1;
end;
if (p=true) then
begin
writeln('NOT prime'); \\{displaying no is prime}
end
else
begin
writeln('IT IS A PRIME NO'); \\{displaying number is not prime}
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}
Output:

Enter a no
23
IT IS A PRIME NO
{*Program 18*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To display the largest among the three given no’s}

program larger;
uses crt;
var
p,q,r,max:integer; \\{variable declaration}
begin
clrscr;
writeln('enter three nos ');
read(p,q,r);
if (p>q)then \\{using if else command}
max:=p
else
max:=q;
if (max>r) then
max:=max
else
max:=r;
writeln('The largest of these three nos is ',max); \\{displaying largest in matrix}
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:
enter three nos
6
3
9
The largest of these three no is 9
{*Program 19*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To program series;


uses crt;
var i,x,r,j:integer; {variable declaration}
sum,f:real;
begin
clrscr;
sum:=0;
f:=1;
writeln('Enter range of series'); {entering range of series}
readln(r);
for i:=1 to r do {calculating series}
begin
for j:=1 to i do
begin
f:=f*i;
end;
sum:=sum+f;
end;
writeln(sum:3:3); {display of sum}
readkey;
end. {end of program}

Output
Enter range of series
2
Sum
5
{*Program 20*}
(*FY B C A*)

(*write a program to display all prime numbers between 100 to 500.*)

program san;
uses crt;
var
i,j,k:integer; \\{declaration of variables}
a:integer;
begin
clrscr;
for i:=100 to 500 do \\{logic block}
begin
a:=1;
for j:=2 to i-1 do
begin
if (i mod j)=0 then
begin
j:=i-1;
a:=0;
end;
end;
if a=1 then
write(i,' '); \\{display}
end;
end.

OUTPUT SCREEN:

101 103 107 109 113 127 131 137 139 149 151 157 163 167 173 179 181 191 197 199 211 223 227 224
233 239 241
251 257 263 369 271 277 281 283 293 307 311 313 317 331 337 347 349 353 359 367 373 379 383 389
397 401 409
419 421 431 433 439 443 449 457 461 463 467 479 487 491 499
{*Program 21*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To display table between two accepted no. in proper format}

program table;
var i,j,no1,no2,res:integer; \\{variable declaration}
begin
writeln('enter no1'); \\{input from user of range}
readln(no1);
writeln('enter no2');
readln(no2);
writeln(‘Tables’);
for i:=no1 to no2 do
begin
for j:=1 to 10 do \\{calculation of each table}
begin
res:=i*j;
writeln(i,'*',j,'=',res); \\{displaying each term}
end;
readln;
end;
end.
Output:

Enter Starting No
1
Enter Ending No
2
Tables
1*1 = 1
1*2 = 2
1*3 = 3
1*4 = 4
1*5 = 5
1*6 = 6
1*7 = 7
1*8 = 8
1*9 = 9
1*10 = 10

2*1 = 2
2*2 = 4
2*3 = 6
2*4 = 8
2*5 = 10
2*6 = 12
2*7 = 14
2*8 = 16
2*9 = 18
2*10 = 20
{*Program 22*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To copy the contet of one file to another}

program copyfile;
uses
crt;
var
s,d : text; \\{variable declaration}
x:char;
begin \\ {identifying file}
assign(s,'source.txt');
assign(d,'dest.txt');
reset(s); \\ {opening the s file}
rewrite(d); \\ {read till end of file}
while NOT eof(s) do
begin \\{read till end of each line}
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x); \\ {read from s & store in x}
write(d,x); \\ {write in d from x}
end;
readln(s);
writeln(d); \\{display Output:}
end;
close(s); \\ {close file s & d}
close(d);
end.
Output:

source.txt
my name is Vivek kumar.
dest.txt
my name is Vivek kumar.
{*Program 23*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To find no. of “a” in a text file }

program findchar_count;
uses crt;
var \\{variable identification}
s: text;
x:char;
i:integer;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); \\{identifying file}
reset(s); \\{opening file}
i:=0;
while NOT eof(s) do
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x);
if(x='a') then
begin
i:=i+1;
end;
end;
readln(s);
end;
writeln('No of As in File is',i);
close(s); \\{closing file}
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}
\

Output:

source.txt
My name is Vivek kumar..

No of A’s in File is 2
{*Program 24*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To display tabs,char,lines in a text file}

{program copyfile;
Uses crt;
var \\{declaration of variable}
s: text;
x:char;
i,j,k:integer;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt');
reset(s);
i:=0;
j:=0;
k:=0;
while NOT eof(s) do \\{reading file and using conditions}
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x);
if(((ord(x)>123) and (ord(x)<96)) or ((ord(x)<91) and (ord(x)>64)))then
begin
i:=i+1;
end;
if(ord(x)=10) then
begin
j:=j+1;
end;
if(ord(x)=9) then
begin
k:=k+1;
end;
end;
readln(s);
end;
writeln('No of lines in File is',k); \\{display Output:}
writeln('No of Tabs in file is ',j);
writeln('No of characters in file is',i);
close(s);
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

No of lines in File is 3
No of Tabs in file is 3
No of characters in file is 100
{*Program 25*}
(*FY B C A*)
program : To display the content of a file in reverse order}

program reverse;
uses crt;
var \\{variable declaration}
f:text;
s:file of char;
x:char;
size:longint;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); \\{assigning file variables}
assign(f,'file1.txt');
reset(s);
reset(f);
size:=filesize(s);
seek (s,size);
while NOT eof(s) do \\{read and applying logic over files}
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
while size>0 do
begin
read(s,x);
write(s,x);
size:=size-1;
end;
end;
readln(f);
end;
close(f);
close(s);
end.

Output:
Source.txt
My name is indira.
File1.txt
.aridni si eman yM
{*Program 26*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program : To accept 10 natural no’s in a file & create two files as “oddtext” & “eventext” to store odd
7even no’s respectively}

program oddevenfile;
uses crt;
var
s,o,e:text; \\{variable declaration}
x:char;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); \\{assigning file variables}
assign(o,'odd.txt');
assign(e,'even.txt');
reset(s);
rewrite(e);
rewrite(o);
while NOT eof(s) do \\{read and apply logic for prog}
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x);
if(odd(ord(x))) then
begin
write(o,x);
end
else
begin
write(e,x);
end;
end;
readln(s);
writeln(e);
writeln(o);
end;
close(e);
close(o);
close(s);
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Source.txt
123456789
Odd.txt
13579
Even.txt
2468
{*Program 27*}
(*FY B C A*)

{program:To concantenate two text files}

program concatenate;
uses crt;
var
f:text; \\{variable declaration}
s:file of char;
x:char;
size:longint;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); \\{assigning file variables}
assign(f,'file1.txt');
reset(s);
reset(f);
size:=filesize(s);
seek (s,size);
while NOT eof(f) do \\{read and apply logic for prog}
begin
while NOT eoln(f) do
begin
read(f,x);
write(s,x)
end;
readln(f);
end;
close(f);
close(s);
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Source.txt
My name is Rohit.
File1.txt
I am from India.
Source.txt after execution of program
My name is RohitI am from India.
{*Program 28*}
(*FY B C A*)

{Program : To accept 10 integers in a file and create two files as “positive text “ & “negative text” to store
positive & negative numbers respectively}

program positive_negative_file;
uses crt;
var
s,o,e:text; \\{variable declaration}
x:char;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); \\{assigning file variables}
assign(p,'positive.txt');
assign(n,'negative.txt');
reset(s);
rewrite(p);
rewrite(n);
while NOT eof(s) do \\{read and apply logic for prog}
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x);
if((ord(x)>=-1)) then
begin
write(p,x:3);
end
else
begin
write(n,x:3);
end;
end;
readln(s);
writeln(n);
writeln(p);
end;
close(s);
close(n);
close(p);
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Source.txt
1 -3 4 5 -6 7 9
Negative.txt
-3-6
Positive.txt
145798
{*Program 29*}
(*FY B C A*)

program toupper;
uses
crt;
var
s,o:text; {variable declaration}
x:char;
begin
clrscr;
assign(s,'source.txt'); {assigning file variables}
assign(o,'upper.txt');
reset(s);
rewrite(o);
while NOT eof(s) do { read and apply logic for prog }
begin
while NOT eoln(s) do
begin
read(s,x);
write(o,UpCase(x));
end;
readln(s);
writeln(o);
end;
close(o);
close(s);
end. {end of program}

Output:
Source.txt
my name is rohit
Upper.txt
MY NAME IS ROHIT
{*Program 30*}
(*FY B C A*)

program rename;
uses
crt;
var
s,d : text; \{variable declearation}
x:char;
name,new:string;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('Enter File name with path to rename');
readln(name);
writeln('Enter new name with path for this file');
readln(new); {new name of file}
assign(s,name);
rename(s,new);
writeln(name,' is renamed to ',new);
readln;
end. {end of program}

Output:
Enter File name with path to rename
C:\rohit.txt
Enter new name with path for this file
C:\bca.txt
C:\rohit.txt is renamed to C:\bca.txt
{*Program 31*}
(*FY B C A*)

{Program : To accept information of five employees & display the employee whose age is above 35 }

program records;
uses crt;

type
employee=record \\{defining record}
codeno:integer;
name:string[25];
age:integer;
end;
var
s:array[1..5] of employee;
i:integer;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('Enter Name, Code, Age of 5 employees');
for i:=1 to 5 do
begin
read(s[i].name,s[i].codeno,s[i].age); \\{reading records}
end;
writeln(‘Employees whose ages are more than 35’);
for i:=1 to 5 do \\{applying logic}
begin
if( s[i].age>35) then
begin
writeln(s[i].name,' ',s[i].codeno,' ' , s[i].age); \\{displaying req records}
end;
end;
readkey;
end. \\{end of program

Output:

Enter Name, Code, Age of 5 employees


Rohit 123 33
Aditya 135 50
Avadhoot 134 36
Vinayak 140 40
Rajesh 130 40

Employees whose ages are more than 35


Aditya 135 50
Avadhoot 134 36
Vinayak 140 40
{*Program 32*}
(*FY B C A*)
{Program : To accept information of 5 employees & display whose name = Satish}
program records;
uses crt;
type
employee=record \\{defining record}
codeno:integer;
name:string[25];
age:integer;
end;
var
s:array[1..5] of employee;
i:integer;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('enter Name, Code, Age of 5 employees');
for i:=1 to 5 do
begin
read(s[i].name,s[i].codeno,s[i].age); \\{reading records}
end;
writeln('Employee whose name is Satish');
for i:=1 to 5 do \\{applying logic}
begin
if( s[i].name='Satish') then
begin
writeln(s[i].name,' ',s[i].codeno,' ' , s[i].age); \\{displaying req records}
end;
readkey;
end;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter Name, Code, Age of 5 employees


Satish 65 40
Sammer 66 42
Sunil 67 46
Swapnil 68 48
Rajesh 130 40

Employee whose name is Satish


Satish 65 40
{*Program 33*}
(*FY B C A*)

{Program : To accept information of 5 students & display the details of top three students}

program records;
uses crt;
type
student=record \\{defining records}
roll:integer;
name:string[25];
m1,m2,tot:longint;
percent:real;
end;
var
s:array[1..5] of student;
i,j,max:integer;
temp:student;
begin
writeln('Enter Name, Roll no, Marks of 2 sub of 5 student');
for i:=1 to 5o do
begin
read(s[i].name,s[i].roll,s[i].m1,s[i].m2); \\{reading records}
end;
for i:=1 to 5 do
begin
s[i].tot:=s[i].m1+s[i].m2;
s[i].percent:=s[i].tot/2;
end;
for i:=1 to 5 do \\{applying logic}
begin
for j:=i+1 to 5 do
begin
if(s[i].tot>s[j].tot) then
begin
temp:=s[i];
s[i]:=s[j];
s[j]:=temp;
end;
end;
end;
writeln('Top 3 students are');
for i:=3 downto 1 do \\{displaying records}
begin
writeln(s[i].name,' ', s[i].roll,' ' , s[i].tot:2,' ',s[i].percent:2); {toppers are}
end;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Rohit 1 60 65
Ram 2 65 55
Sanket 3 56 67
Sayali 4 67 66
Shamal 5 56 67
Top 3 students are
Sayali 4 133 6.7E+01
Rohit 1 125 6.3E+01
Shamal 5 123 6.2E+01
{*Program 34*}
(*FY B C A*)

program records;
uses
crt;
type
student=record {defining records}
roll:integer;
name:string[25];
m1,m2,tot:longint;
percent:real;
end;
var
s:array[1..50] of student;
i,j,max:integer;
temp:student;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('Enter Name,Roll no,Marks of 2 sub of 50 student');
for i:=1 to 50 do
begin
readln(s[i].name,s[i].roll,s[i].m1,s[i].m2); {reading records}
end;
for i:=1 to 50 do
begin
s[i].tot:=s [i].m1+s[i].m2;
end;
writeln('Students Records Are as Follows');
for i:=1 to 50 do {displaying records}
begin
writeln(s[i].name,' ', s[i].roll,' ' , s [i].tot:2,' ',s [i].percent:2);
end;
readkey;
end.
{*Program 35*}
(*FY B C A*)

(*write a program to swap two numbers using function*)

program swap2;
uses crt;
var
n1,n2:integer;
function swap(a,b:integer):integer;
var
temp:integer;
begin \\{beginning of the function}
writeln('Enter two numbers');
readln(a,b);
temp:=a;
a:=b;
b:=temp;
writeln('The numbers after swaping are');
writeln(a);
writeln(b);
end; \\{end of the function}
begin \\{beginning of program}
clrscr;
swap(n1,n2); \\{displaying the result}
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter two numbers


9
56
The numbers after swaping are
56
9
{*Program 36*}
(*FY B C A*)

{*write a program to x to the power n using parameter passing in procedure*}

program powerx;
uses crt;
var
x,y,i,pow:integer;
function power(x,y:integer):integer;
begin \\{beginning of the function}
pow:=1;
for i:=1 to y do
begin
pow:=pow*x; \\{calculating result}
end;
power:=pow;
end; \\{end of the function}
begin \\{beginning of main program}
clrscr;
writeln('Enter base and power');
readln(x,y);
writeln(x,' to power ' ,y ,' is ');
writeln(power(x,y)); \\{displaying the result}
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}

Output:

Enter base and power


2
4
2 to power 4 is
16
{*Program 37*}
(*FY B C A*)

program factfuncion;
uses
crt;
var
i,j:integer; {declaring global variables}
function f(k :integer):integer; {declaring function}
begin
if(k=1)then
f:=1
else
begin
f:=k*f(k-1);
end;
end;
begin
clrscr;
writeln('Enter the number:');
read(i);
writeln('The factorial of a number is:',f(i)); {calling function}
end.

OUTPUT: SCREEN:
Enter the number:5
The factorial of a number is:120
{*Program 38*}
(*FY B C A*)

{Program : To find sum of digits of given no.’s using recursive function}


program digsum;
uses crt;
var
no:integer;
function sum(n:integer):integer;
begin \\{beginning of the function}
if(n<=0) then
begin
sum:=0;
end
else
begin
sum:=n mod 10 + sum(n div 10); \\{calculating result}
end;
end; \\{end of the function}
begin \\{beginning of main program}
clrscr;
writeln('Enter a number');
readln(no);
writeln('The digit sum is');
writeln(sum(no)); \\{displaying the result}
readkey;
end. \\{end of program}
Output:
Enter a number
963
The digit sum is
18