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Indicator Diagrams of Diesel Engines

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Pcom - Compression Pressure


Pmax - Maximum Pressure There are 4 types of indicator diagrams that can be taken from he engine cylinder to know the condition and performance of the engine. 1. Power card / Power indicator diagram 2. Compression diagram 3. Draw card / Out of phase diagram 4. Light spring diagram

The area of indicator diagram is calculated by

Power Card

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Indicator Diagrams of Diesel Engines

POWER CARD

Compression Diagram

COMPRESSION DIAGRAM

Draw Card / Out of Phase Diagram

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Indicator Diagrams of Diesel Engines

DRAW CARD

Light Spring Diagram

LIGHT SPRING DIAGRAM

One-Line Diagrams
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Indicator Diagrams of Diesel Engines


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DIESEL ENGINES DIESEL ENGINE COMPONENTS MEASURE INDICATED POWER COMBUSTION PISTON COOLING INDICATOR DIAGRAMS IRREGULARITIES IN INDICATOR DIAGRAMS SCAVENGING SCAVENGE FIRE --------------CONTACT US

Indicator Diagrams

The diagram is taken periodically from the indicator valve equipped on he cylinder head and combustion condition is to be confirmed. The compression pressure and maximum pressure in the cylinder can be presumed from the indicator diagram. Engine indicator is the device used to take the indicator diagram, which can be considered as a 'stethoscope ' for diesel engines. Indicator diagrams give efficiency of combustion in the cylinder, condition of the running gear, irregularities in fuel pumping and injection and a lot of things.

Planimeter (Usually used on board)


Mid Ordinate Method

Power card is taken with the indicator drum rotating in phase with the piston movement
The area within this diagram represents the work done during one complete cycle to scale Mean Indicated Pressure (MIP) is obtained from this diagram to calculate power produced in the cylinder

Compression diagram is taken in similar manner to the power card but the fuel shut off in the cylinder
The height of this curve shows maximum compression pressure If the compression and expansion line coincide, it indicates that indicator is correctly synchronized with the engine Reduction in height of this diagram shows low compression which may be due to worn cylinder liner, faulty piston rings, insufficient scavenge air or leaky exhaust valve

Draw card is taken in a similar manner to power card with fuel pump engaged but with the indicator drum 90 degree out of phase with the piston stroke
This diagram illustrates more clearly the pressure changes during fuel combustion. Fuel timings or injector faults may be detected from its shape

Light spring diagram is taken similar to the power card and in phase with the engine and with a light compression spring fitted to the indicator
This diagram shows pressure changes during exhaust and scavenge to an enlarged scale It can be used to detect faults in these operations

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Indicator Diagrams of Diesel Engines

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