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The Real Number Line

Integers (Whole #'s and their opposites)

Whole Numbers (Natural #'s and 0)

Natural Numbers (counting)

-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3

Negative Numbers Positive Numbers

The numbers used in Algebra are called Real Numbers and can be
pictured on a horizontal line called the Real Number Line.
The point labeled 0 is called the Origin

The scale marks are equally spaced and represent integers.


An integer is either negative, positive, or zero.

…,-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3,...


The three dots on each side of the list above indicate that the list continues
in both directions without end. For instance, the integer immediately to the
left of -3 is -4, read as negative four. Remember Left is Less.

The real number line has points that represent integers, fractions, and
decimals. The point that corresponds to a number is called the
graph of the number and drawing the point is called graphing the number
or plotting the point.

EXAMPLE 1: Graphing Real Numbers


Graph the points 1/2 and -2.3 on the number line.

-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
graph of -2.3 graph of 1/2

YOUR TURN:
Graph and label -4, 1.75, and -3/4 on the numberline above.
The Real Number Line

-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3

The numbers used in Algebra are called Real Numbers and can be
pictured on a horizontal line called the Real Number Line.
The point labeled 0 is called the _______________________.

The scale marks are equally spaced and represent integers.


An integer is either negative, positive, or zero.

…,-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3,...


The three dots on each side of the list above indicate that the list continues
in both directions without end. For instance, the integer immediately to the
left of -3 is -4, read as negative four. Remember Left is Less.

The real number line has points that represent integers, fractions, and
decimals. The point that corresponds to a number is called the
graph of the number and drawing the point is called graphing the number
or plotting the point.

EXAMPLE 1: Graphing Real Numbers


Graph the points 1/2 and -2.3 on the number line.

-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
graph of -2.3 graph of 1/2

YOUR TURN:
Graph and label -4, 1.75, and -3/4 on the numberline above.
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