Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 14

www.Achamel.

info

Exercices pratiques en ligne

RL 


   
  

1
  :   R= 300 (  + "  )( ' & #  
.L  ,    /
.      ;   '        

%" !$ :" !


../ /) # "   #  GBF  3
.t 3 4  u 2 u1  > )? @)
Y1

u1

GBF

Y2

u2

di
4  u 2 u1  C -1
dt
:  // > ' ) -2
L; R; i;

.9:  . /     8

t [ 2 ms ;3ms ] t [0;2 ms ]  +M t 3 4  u 2 u1   C 8 -3


       E L / ) u 2 u1    N EO : -4
. t [0;2 ms ]
. t [ 2 ms ;3ms ] +M EO P;@ O&  I -5

:  &" $
.t=0 F /  GHE IJ> K  Q   GBF >

E =4V

+
i

u1

u2
. u 2     +  N   : -1
t /
+ B  @  C> -2
.() C 9 > ) B A   @ . u 2 (t ) = Ae
.    E L / ) 3  R     ? : -3

t  )( u2 $ '  %





2
>^    r   ' L  ,  & G + + ( R = 100 
  (E  Q # E = 6V  GHE .K
 /  +?  u1 +?  u2& Z  Q> + );; X . +
> F (1) R)(.
Y1
i
K
L
R

Y2
> GHE IJ  C > F / &  O\
 +M.(2) R

 1
)   ' /M ( t=0) X ;; //

  2
@ -1   C1 // I? C2  ):  . u2(t.9
 -2    ]/ J  J  .u2
-3 :   N   +  .u2

R E 4  B A   @ u2(t) = Ae-t/ + B  N  @  C 


.L r
. X"  F/ +M I0   3  R   E 2 R  L / )
.  L    r  E L / ) XR u2(t) C :
.  +?  uL(t)   i(t)   C L / )
.t 3 4  uL(t) J '// # 

-4
-5
-6
-7
-8

3
:" +M +>^ '  
.L  ,  r1    .r b  (  E  #( E  Q   .R=200 (  + & (L,r1)
.K  GHE uL

K
u1

u2

(E,r)

// ' a/M u2 u1    @) : > )? t=0 F /  GHE IJ>
. 

-1 :   N   +   ).i(t


-2
- t
(  C @    N i(t) = I0e + I01 C :  I01 4 
.E , L, r ,r1 , R
(      " C I 0 = I 01
 -3 ) G ^)/  u2(t  ). i(t
-4)  L /C  u2(t) C ) t 4  i(t  .I01 E
-5)  L /C  R 3 ) E L /  XR  u2(t) C 8 ).t 4  i(t
 -6   +M ?/ + >4  ".X
-7)  L /C   #  E  (  .r b
-8 C :  ) 4  u1(t.t 3
-9 E :  .
-10)  L /  .  L
-11 C : 

+ ,$

%" !$ :" !


:/  -1
u1 = L

di
dt

u 2 = Ri
 R  2 '// ( i ? b  )X Q  C 1 '// @  > C  -2

G ^)/  u1 IQ jQ :  L / Q>  R  +?( b  )i   . X>


: +  t [ 2 ms ;3ms ] t [0;2 ms ]  O +M I ) +  u2  .
1 '// ) ?( i    + # ) u2 2 '//     + # ) u1 -3
: t [0;2 ms ]  C >
u1 = 0,5V
u 2 = at
:G
u
40
= 2000V .s 1
a= 2 =
3
t 2.10 0
:+ 
u1 = 0,5V
u 2 = 2000t (V )
t [ 2 ms ;3ms ]  C >

u1 = 1V

: > ?] /

u 2 = 4000t + b(V )

u 2 (t = 0,003s ) = 0 = 12 + b b = 12V
u1 = 1V
u 2 = 4000t + 12(V )

:b ) )
/ 
:

:/  -4

u1 = L

di
L du2
=
dt
R dt
:

di
L du 2
=
dt
R dt
Ru1
L=
du 2
dt

u1 = L

: > t [0;2 ms ] +M

u1 = 0,5V
du2
= 2000V .s 1
dt

L=

300 * (0,5) 150


=
= 0,075H = 75mH
2000
2000

u1 = 1V

: > X 

:/  t [ 2 ms ;3ms
3 ] +M -5

du 2
= 4000V .s 1
dt
L du 2
L du 2
0,075
* (4000) = 1V

=
= u1
R dt
300
R dt

:  &" $
u 2 + u1 = E
di
=E
dt
L du 2
=E
u2 +
R dt
u2 + L

:/  -1

: N  @  C  -2


u 2 (t ) = Ae

L/R

+B

: > C Ob 


u 2 (t = ) = B = 4V
u 2 (t = 0) = 0 = A + B A = B = 4V

:^ #> X 
u 2 (t ) = 4(1 e

L/ R

)(V )

-3
:%  !
 aM >? +M (u2 = 4)  > 4  / '// G? K@ t=0 F / '//> 
.t= =0,25.ms
:>?
. =0,25.ms /M u2 =0,63 u2max   # K@ t= F>

:/ 

L
L = .R
R

L = 2,5.10 * 300 = 0,075 H = 75mH


4

2
            ! -1
. u2 " # %  C2 <=1   ))* ( 4 5 6(7 *89 ?9@
. *    )(  + -+   01 u2 = Ri :# -2

u2 + u L = E

:# -3

di
=E
dt
u
d 2
u
R
u2 + r 2 + L = E
R
dt
r
L du2
u2 (1 + ) +
=E
R R dt
R
L du2
u2 +
=
E

R+r
R + r dt
u2 + ri + L

-4

u 2 = Ae t / + B
du 2
A
= e t /

dt
R
L du2
u2 +
E
=

R+r
R + r dt
R
L A t /
E
Ae t / + B +
e =
R+r
R + r
L
R
Ae t / (1
)+B
E =0
(R + r )
R+r

(R + r ) = 0

B R E = 0

R+r

:N   +M >

(R + r )

B = R E

R+r
: t=0 F / / 

u2 (t = 0) = A + B = 0
A = B =

:
R
E
R+r

-5

: ) )
:t= F /  > 4  /    ; G 3 4  u2 J '//  GH 
. = 4 ms ( 2) R  L / Q>
: I0 ) )
:nM X  U0= 5V  X"  F/ +M u2   R  L / Q>

I0 =

I0 =

U0
R

5
= 0,05 A = 50mA
100

u 2 = Ae

t /

+ B = B (1 e

250t

:/  -6
)

B = u2 (t = ) = 5V

:
u 2 = 5(1 e 250 t )(V )

:- . r ) ) 


:/ 

R
E
R+r
R
E
r = E R = R 1
5
5
B=5=

6
r = 100 1 = 20
5

L / $ 0 - ) )
:/ 

L
(R + r )
L = (R + r)

L = 0,004(120) = 0,48H

:
-7
i(t)  1- ) )
:/ 

u 2 (t ) = Ri (t )
(1 e 250t )
u 2 (t )
= 0,05(1 e 250t )( A) = 50(1 e 250t )mA
=5
i (t ) =
100
R
uL(t)  1- ) )
:/ 
(V )
u L (t ) = E u 2 (t ) = 6 5(1 e 250 t ) = 5e 250 t + 1
-8

3
:/  -1

u = u +u
1 L 2
di
E ri = r i + L + Ri
1
dt
di
E = (r + r + R)i + L
1
dt

L
E
di
=
r + r + R dt r + r + R
1
1

i+

-2
:/  (

i (t ) = I 0 e .t + I 01

di(t )
= I 0e .t
dt
:N   +M >

di
L
E
=
i+
r + r + R dt r + r + R

1
1

E
L
I e .t
I 0e .t + I 01 +
=0
r + r + R
+
+
r
r
R
0

1
1

L.
E
+ I 01
I 0e .t 1
=0
r + r1 + R
r + r1 + R

:' a> X 
L.
r + r1 + R

1
0

=
r+r +R
L
1

E
E
I 01
= 0 I 01 =
r + r1 + R
r + r1 + R

:t=0 / /  (

i (t = 0) = 0 I 0 e + I 01 = 0 0 I 0 + I 01 = 0 I 0 = I 01
0

.i  G ^)/  u2   nM X  u2 = Ri :/  -3


-4
t () u2(t) $) )
:+  #. ' u2    //# i  G ^)/  u2  
u2 (t ) = Ri(t ) = RI 01 (1 e .t ) = U 20 (1 e .t )
a> ;# U 20 = 10V : C  L / Q> K@ X"  F/ Ob u2    U 20 :K
:u2   C '

u2 (t ) = U 20 (1 e .t ) = 10(1 e .t )(V )
t () i(t) $) . ) )
:/ 
i (t ) =

u 2 (t )
= 0,05(1 e .t )( A) = 50(1 e .t )(mA)
R

U 20 = RI 01 I 01 =

: I01 ) )
:X"  F/ / / 

U 20 10
=
= 0,05 A = 50mA
R 200

-5
) )
:+   M IM +  F E   u2(t) '//)  
u 2 (t = ) = 0,63.U 20 = 6,3V
= 2ms >
) )
:/ 
1
= = 500s 1

i (t ) = 50(1 e

:' a> X 
500t

)(mA)

u 2 (t ) = 10(1 e 500t )(V )


.X"  F/ +M r1 (  + ^ & + >4 F/ +M   E    -6
-7
:) E 45) ) 
: i (t = 0) = 0  u1 (t ) = E ri (t ) :  +?    X>
u1 (t = 0) = E
.E=12V  C  L / Q> X 

:) r  7) )   )


:+  I01=50mA  +M   Q K@ X"  F/ +M  +?     C>
E U 01
U 01 = E rI 01 r =
I 01
:
12 11
r=
= 20
0,05
:/  -8
500t
500t
) = 11 + e
(V )
u1 (t ) = E ri (t ) = 12 (1 e
:X"  F/ +M /  -9
E
E
I 01 =
r1 =
(r + R)
I 01
r + r1 + R

12
(220) = 20
r1 =
0,05

=
L=

r + r1 + R
r + r1 + R
L=

:/  -10

240
= 0,48H
500
-11
:%  !
:/ 

u L (t ) = r1i (t ) + L

di(t )
= 20 * 0,05(1 e 500t ) + 0,48 * 0,05 * 500e 500t = 1 + 11e 500t (V )
dt

u L (t ) = u1 (t ) u2 (t ) = 11 + e 500t 10(1 e 500t ) = 1 + 11e 500t (V )

:  & 
:/