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The Coleman Report in 1929 recommended a foreign language in American schools and colleges.

Teachers taught short reading in the foreign language by lists of vocabulary. Rapid silent reading was the goal.

to develop foreign language programs for military

Objective: to attain conversational proficiency

The government universities

Linguists had already developed training programs to give linguists and anthropologists mastery of American Indian languages and other languages.

Bloomfield
used was sometimes the informant method native speaker = the informant

Charles Fries
applied the principles of structural linguistics to language teaching.

The approach developed by linguists


as the Oral, the Aural-Oral and Structural advocated aural training first, followed by speaking, reading and writing. It evidenced considerable linguistic analysis but very little pedagogy.

The language was taught attention to pronunciation at oral drilling

contrastive analysis

structural linguistic theory

The Audiolingual Method

aural-oral procedures

behaviorist psychology

had developed as a reaction to traditional grammar.

Learning a language entails mastering the elements like:

as taught or presented the foreign language

as the learners reaction

as the extrinsic approval or intrinsic selfsatisfaction

Foreign language is basically a process of mechanical habit formation.

Language skills are presented in spoken form before they are seen in written form.

The approach to the teaching of grammar is essentially inductive rather than deductive.

The meanings that the words of a language have for the native speaker can be learned only in a linguistic and cultural context and no in isolation.