Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 349
ArTICLe
ArTICLe

wide-area network created in the 1960s by the U.S. department of defense for the free exchange of information between universities and research organizations, also used by the military for its own communica- tions. Arpanet was the network from which the Internet evolved.

art any work or text (a painting, a sculpture, a musical composition, etc.) that evokes an aesthetic reac- tion, impelling people to contemplate its meaning and its qualities. The drawings found during the Paleolithic period, some 20,000 to 35,000 years ago, are likely to be the first works of art. Twenty-first-century art includes a wide range of media, such as film, video, sound recordings, and digital images.

art deco design style of the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s, which emphasized sleek elegance in form, reflective of “modern” technology. The style became popular in 1925 at the Paris exhibition called Exposition Interna- tionale des Arts Décoratifs et Indus-

triels Modernes. Prominent examples of art deco style include the interior of the Chrysler Building (1930) and radio City Music Hall (1931), both

located in New York.

art director individual who coordi- nates creative artwork in advertising, or the individual who oversees the design of a television or movie set

art film experimental film created as an artwork, not aimed at mass audi- ences, but at cinema connoisseurs

ArTICLe wide-area network created in the 1960s by the U.S. department of defense for the free

Isolde (1895) by Aubrey Beardsley

art nouveau style of painting of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, characterized primarily by the depiction of leaves and flowers in flowing, sinuous lines. The earliest examples of art nouveau are usually considered to be a chair designed in 1882 and an engraved frontispiece for an 1883 book (Wren’s Early Churches) by english architect Arthur Mackmur- do. The illustrations of Aubrey Beards- ley are considered the most prominent examples of this style. In the twentieth century, the art nouveau style became fashionable in interior decor as well as magazine illustrations.

article 1. text on a particular subject in a newspaper and magazine; 2. online message or posting

27