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28 January 2014

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Fractions the Language of Equivalent Fractions and Cancelling Fractions Top Heavy Fractions and Mixed Numbers Ordering Fractions Finding a Fraction

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Parts of a whole Eg.

1 2 2 3 1 2 1 3 1 4

3 4

2 3

6 7
Numerator

Denominator

1 5

1 50

Unit Fractions

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What do they mean We have 1 of those parts 1 The whole is split into 2 parts

2
We have 3 of those parts The whole is split into 4 parts

3 4
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1 2 3 4
x2


x2

2 4
12

16
x4

1 2
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2 4

3 4

x4

12 16
5

x4

x3

5 8

x4

20

32

7 12

36
x3

21

Reducing fractions to their simplest form Equivalent fractions using the smallest numbers 5 Reduce to simplest form 10 Find HCF of 5 and 10 5 So divide both numerator & denominator by 5

5 10

1 2
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Cancel

12 15

16 36
4

12 15

4 5

16 36

4 9

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Convert

26 3

into a mixed number

2 26 3 = 8, with left over, so 3


Convert into a top heavy fraction

8
18 5
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2 3

How many fifths

3 5

Convert So

into a improper fraction =

3
3 7

3 5

3 5

Try

( 3 x 5 ) 3 5
1 3

18 5

(3x 3 )1 3
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5
10 3

(5x7) 3 7

38 7
10

But what about ..

1 5 3 5

4 5

2 5

3 5

Easy !!

Convert to equivalent fractions with same denominator first Find LCM of 5, 8 and 20 (denominators)

5 8

11 20

40
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Now put them in order

3 5

24 40

5 8

25 40

11 20

22 40

So, then answer the question

22 40

24 40

25 40

11 20

3 5

5 8
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What is

What about To find To find

1 of 50 ? 2
5 25

2 50 4 100

1 4

of 100 ?

How would we find

1 5

1 25

1 157

yes, 157
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What about
Find

Then, x by 2

1first 5

2 of 125 ? 5

25 5 125
25 x2 50

So,

of 125 is 50

2 5
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What are Percentages ? Converting between Fractions and Percentages Finding a Percentage

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15

They are just like fractions The whole is always split into 100 parts So 35% means 35 out of the 100 parts

35 100

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Converting a percentage to a fraction 40% means 40 out of every 100

Dont forget to cancel down, if possible

40 100

2 5

Converting a fraction to a percentage You need to find the equivalent fraction which has 100 as the denominator

x 20 ___

3 5

100
60

So 60%

x 20

Without a Calculator

Remember, 10% = To find

10 100

1 10

1 10

we

by 10

Without a Calculator

Use this info to find any percentage i.e. Find 30% of 240 10% = 24 So, 30% = 3 x 24 = 72
30% = 72.00

Without a Calculator

45% of 120 children at the theatre were boys, how many were boys ? 10% = 12 so 5% = 6 (half of 10%) So, 40% = 4 x 12 = 48 and 5% = 6 45% = 48 + 6 = 54 boys