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DEFINITIONS

Nurse - a person who cares

for the sick or infirm or a licensed health-care professional who practices independently or is supervised by a physician, surgeon, or dentist and who is skilled in promoting and maintaining health.

Nursing - Nursing delivers autonomous and

collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. It includes the promotion of health, the prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people.

Health A state of complete

physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity. -WHO

Illness It is a condition characterized by a deviation

from a normal healthy state which is manifested by physical and psychological symptoms.

Hygiene - Conditions

or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.

CONCEPTS OF HEALTH
Biomedical Concept
Ecological Concept Psychosocial Concept

Holistic Concept

Biomedical Concept

Health has been viewed as an absence of disease and if one was free from disease, then the person was considered healthy.

Ecological Concept -

Health is a dynamic equilibrium between man and environment, and disease is maladjustment of the human organism to the environment.

Psychosocial Concept

Health is also influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economic and political factors of the people.

Holistic Concept

Health implies a sound mind, in a sound body, in a sound family, in sound environment.

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
Biological Determinants
Behavioural and Socio cultural Conditions Environment

Socio economic Conditions


Health Services Aging of the Population Gender Other Factors

CHARACTERISTICS OF MENTALLY HEALTHY PERSON

MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS

ASSIGNMENT How should we develop good health habits? Give suitable examples.