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Logaritmi -exercitii rezolvate

1) S se calculeze:
2log
5
4
5 = 2 5 log 25 log
2
1
2
5
5
, , .
4
1
2
4
1
2
2
1
2
4
1
5 log
2
1
2 5 log
2
1
5 log
4
1
2
2
5
2
5
5
= + = + =
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
Stiind c = = 3 log , 5 log
2 2
s se calculeze:
3
2
3 log
3
1
5 log
3
2
2 log 3
1
2 log 3
2
8 log
1
8 log
1
2 3 log 25 log ) 3 25 ( log 75 log
2 2
3 5 3 5
8 8 8 8
+
= + =
= + = + = + = =
3) Stiind c = = 3 log , 5 log
2 2
s se calculeze:


+
+
=
+
+
+
=
+
+
+
=
= + == + = =
2
3 log
5 log
1
1 2
5 log 3 log
1
5 log 3 log
2
15 log
1
15 log
2
3 log 2 log 2 3 2 log 12 log
2
2
3 3 2 2
3 2
15 15
2
15 15
4) S se calculeze :
2
1
4 log 2 log ) 9 (log log
2
1
log log log
512
1
log log log
2
1
4 4 3 4
9
2
1 3 4
2
1 3 4
= = = =
1
1
]
1

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
1
]
1

|
.
|

\
|

5) S se calculeze : , , 1
3
2
log 5 log log 3 log log
3
2
3
2
5
3
2
25 log
5
3
2
3
3
= = |
.
|

\
|
=
6) S se calculeze :
, , , , 1
2
1
log 6 log log 3 log log log 729 log log log
2
1
6
2
1
6
3
6
2
1 3
6
2
1
= = = =
7) S se arate c urmtoarea expresie este independent de x:



= = = = = =
+
+
= 4 log
5 lg
4 lg
4 lg
lg
5 lg
lg
log
log
log
log
log log
log log
5
4
5
5
4
5
5
3
4
2
4
3
5
2
5
.
8) Demonstra|i egalitatea:
3
1
7 log 6 log 5 log 4 log 3 log 2 log
8 7 6 5 4 3
=
3
1
2 lg 3
2 lg
8 lg
2 lg
8 lg
7 lg
7 lg
6 lg
6 lg
5 lg
5 lg
4 lg
4 lg
3 lg
3 lg
2 lg
= = =
9) Eolosind regulile de calcul cu logaritmi, s se scrie ntr-o Iorm mai simpl:
1 7 log
45
9 35
log 45 log 9 log 35 log
7 7 7 7 7
= =

= + .
10) Eolosind regulile de calcul cu logaritmi, s se scrie ntr-o Iorm mai simpl:
3 5 3 log 3 5 3 log 3 4 log 169 log
13 13 13
3
13
+ + + + + + + = .
6
7
) 13 13 ( log 13 log 169 log ) 3 4 3 4 ( log 169 log
) 3 5 3 3 5 3 3 4 ( log 169 log
2
1
3
2
13 13
3
13 13
3
13
13
3
13
= = + = + + =
= + + + + + =
11) Rezultatul calculului
4 8
8
1 8 8
4
2
243 9 log 3 log 384 log ) 10 (lg log + este
a)
12
41
; b)
12
7
; c) 1; d)
3
5
.
12
7
3
7
12
35
8 log
1
7
12
35
2 log 7
12
11
2 )
3
1
( log 2 log 2 3 log 3 log 3 2 log 4 log
2
8
12
11
3
1
7
8
12
11
3
1 8
7
8 2
= = =
= + = + = + =

Deci, varianta corect este b).