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Written by Ann Jonas

Common Core State Standard: 1.OA.6. Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g. 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g. 13 4 = 13 - 3 - 1 = 10 - 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g. knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one known 12 - 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g. adding 6 +7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 +1 = 13). Book Summary: A girl has a pond in her backyard with frogs, turtles, a cat, a dog, goldfish, and catfish. Throughout the story, different animals jump in and out of the pond. Children listening to the story have to determine how many animals are in the pond on each page. Lesson Description: 1. Give each student a piece of paper with a pond drawing on it and counter chips. 2. As the book is read aloud, students will place counter chips on their pond sheet to represent the animals jumping in and out of the pond. 3. When the book says How many are in my pond? the teacher will ask the students how they determined the answer with what strategy they used. Students can also discuss how they retrieved their answer, with a partner. 4. After the story is over, the teacher will pass out a worksheet that has a table. The table has the following headings: animals in pond, what happened, strategy to find total, and total. The teacher will first discuss how to fill out the table to the students and then he/she will read the story a second time, as the students fill out the worksheet. Make sure to give enough time for students to complete the table for each page. Students may use their counters and pond sheets to fill out the table. This book will be used during whole class instruction as an introduction to working with addition and subtraction of numbers larger than 10. Prior to reading this book, students will need to know how to add and subtract numbers within 10. The table that the students fill out will be an assessment to see what strategies students are using to add and subtract numbers larger than 10. The lesson can be extended by having more animals jumping in and out of the pond to reach larger numbers and writing addition and subtraction equations. Students also could act the story out as the teacher is reading it; they can take turns being an animal and jumping in and out of an imaginary pond inside the remaining students (sitting in a circle).

Animals in Pond

What happened?

Strategy To Find Total