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# CH4

E4.2 A digital audio system is designed to min imize the effect of disturbances as shown in
Figure E4.2. As an approximation, we may represent G ( s ) = K 2 .

( a ) Calculate the sensitivity of the system due to K 2 . ( b ) Calculate the effect of the disturbance noise Td ( s ) on V0 . ( c ) What value would you select for K1 to min imize the effect of

the disturbance?

E4.3
A closed loop system is used to track the sun to obtain max imum power from a photovoltaic array. The tracking system may be represented by Figure E4.1 = with H ( s ) 1= and G( s ) 100 S +1 where = 4 sec onds no min ally, ( a ) Calculate the sensitivity of this system for a small change in . ( b ) Calculate the time cons tan t of the closed - loop system response.

P4.13
One form of a closed - loop transfer function is T (s) = G1 ( s ) + kG2 ( s ) G3 ( s ) + kG4 ( s )

(a)

T = Sk

## k ( G2G3 G1G4 ) ( G3 + kG4 )( G1 + kG2 )

(b)

Deter min e the sensitivity of the system shown in Figure P4.13, u sin g the equation verified in part ( a ) .

CP4.9
Consider the closed - loop system in Figure CP4.9 ,whose transfer function is 10 s 5 = G (s) = and H ( s ) s + 100 s + 50 Y (s) and the unit step response; (a ) Obtain the closed - loop transfer function T ( s ) = R (s) = that is, let R ( s ) 1 = and assume that N( s ) s 0.

## (b) Obtain the disturbance response when N ( s ) =

10 is a sin usoidal input of s 2 + 100 frequency = 10 rad / s. Assume that R ( s ) = 0. In the steady - state, what is the frequency and peak magnitude of the disturbance response from part (b) ?

(c)