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TA'.Zara Tabi (ztabi@ucsd.edu) BICD12A:Dr.

Schmidt
AIM:ztabi06 Week 1
Plants:an lntroduction
of Ozaid in the radiationof morespecies?(2 ans.)
- Howdid the accumulation
- Whatarethe pros andconsof plantlifemovingon land?

The PlantCell: 3 MaiorDifferences


CellWalls:Givesa plant
1) - Porousstructure
M 4 maincomponents:
a (45o/o) ' (30%)
a (15%) . (1 0 %)

2',) - composedof
(75o/o)and (25%)
- Cross-linking
betweenligninmakecell
- Foundusuallyin stems,branchesandtrunks
- Unableto divideoncelignified

3) - occupiesspacebetweencells
- Composedmostlyof

4) - Aid in transportbetween
neighboringcells

Plastids:Characterized by theirCompounds!
- Though different
in function all plastidssharewhat4 characteristics?
and components,
a a

a a

Tvpe Contains? Function? Main Location?


Chloroplast Leaves

Carotenoids RipeFruits

Amyloplast Storage
Starch/Energy

Elaioplast Oil/EnergyStorage

Precursorto all plastids

Precursor
to Chloroplasts
- Becausethe Chloroplast of all plastids,
is the mostrecognized you shouldbe ableto pointout
specificpartsof its structure.
- Be awarethat a one typeof plastidmay havethe abilityto turn intoanother!

Vacuole:Largecompartment enclosedby the ) Manyfunctionsto be familiarwith!


1) Storageof
2) Storageof in seeds
- Acts as reserve
3) pigmentAccumulation
- Gives coloration
4) and of Macromolecules
5) Maintain
6) Maximize ratioin cell) Maximizelightcapture
7 )M a in t ai n(pH l ev e| s ,c onc e n t r a t io n o f P o a , No s , e t c . )
Can + lons

Plant Metabolites
Knowthe Difference:
- PrimaryMetabolites:Foundin ALL plants,necessary for
- SecondaryMetabolites: Restrictedto certaincelltypesor species.
. Althoughnot essentialfor the growthof a plant,servesimportantecologicalfunctions
ex.
. MajorClasses
- Alkaloids:Ringcompounds containing
- Turpenoids:Composed of
. Canbe structures
- Phenolics: with sidegroupsattached

Photosvnthesis

ffin,4
wK_n r^o rAk
//-**,.,,),, a37ff-{{^
1 d'Photophosphor4lattoq \ >
I\-
oxidotrva
PhoepYrorulla{ron
Phoepnorulla{ron

I
{ ArP ll
NAD'*
-
rxhsl
rrilht
ll \>
\>_
l>
|
---- t )
n,ADH
N nDH
\,- ll --
l\ {l
; c t'H 'f-gi -\
tYto
(,lucoss+ P5ruvafe
last
Chlorop
A HistoricalPerspective

Scienfisf FamousFor..

Jan BabtistaVan
Helmont

JosephPreistly

Jan Ingenhousz

NicolasSaussure

Van Niel

Be sureto understand that ledto theirconclusions!


the experiments