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FLUJO GRADUALMENTE VARIADO

b [cm]
So [%]
Yn [cm]
Vol. Equ. [lt]
N
x [cm]
y [cm]

7.5
1.3667
1.1
12.49
1

Y [cm]

5.6

40
5.1

60
5.0

80
4.7

100
4.4

20

60

120

200

300

t2 [s]
20.9

0.015

20
5.3

x Acum [cm]
t1 [s]

t3 [s]
20.9

20.91

t4 [s]
21.01

t5 [s]

tprom [s]
20.7

20.884

1
Yc [cm]
2

2.187

A [m ]
R [m]

1.6404E-03
1.3814E-02

Sc [%]

1.45494

Q [m3/s]

5.9807E-01

Yn [cm]

1.1000

0.001140032

Tipo de Perfl

N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

y [cm]

A [cm2]

P [cm]

R [cm]

V [cm/s]

5.6
5.3
5.1
5.0
4.7
4.4
4.1
3.7
3.4
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1

42
39.75
38.25
37.5
35.25
33
30.75
27.75
25.5
9
9
8.25
8.25

18.7
18.1
17.7
17.5
16.9
16.3
15.7
14.9
14.3
9.9
9.9
9.7
9.7

2.2460
2.1961
2.1610
2.1429
2.0858
2.0245
1.9586
1.8624
1.7832
0.9091
0.9091
0.8505
0.8505

18.0817
19.1052
19.8545
20.2515
21.5442
23.0131
24.6970
27.3670
29.7817
84.3815
84.3815
92.0525
92.0525

Grfica "x" vs "y"


6.0

5.0

y [cm]

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0
0.0000

50.0000

100.0000

150.0000

x [cm]

7
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

e [%]

11.48
6.13
32.60
17.67
10.11
5.48
3.20
4.77
9.98
0.02
6.26
15.93

8
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

x [cm]

Dx [cm]

y [cm]

A [cm2]

V [cm/s]

0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160

0
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

5.6
5.58
5.489
5.399
5.299
5.199
5.099
4.999
4.899

42.000
41.850
41.168
40.493
39.743
38.993
38.243
37.493
36.743

18.0817
18.1465
18.4474
18.7549
19.1088
19.4764
19.8584
20.2556
20.6691

10
11
12
13

180
200
220
240

20
20
20
20

4.799
4.699
4.599
4.499

35.993
35.243
34.493
33.743

21.0998
21.5488
22.0173
22.5067

Grfica "x" vs "y


6

y [cm]

0
0

10
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

e [%]

5.01792115
7.08690107
7.39025746
11.3040196
15.3683401
19.5920769
25.985197
30.5980812
74.9947906
77.7728384
76.0817569
75.5501222

50

100

10

120
4.1

140
3.7

160
3.4

180
1.2

200
1.2

220
1.1

420

560

720

900

1100

1320

240

1.1
1560

Q [m3/s]

7.5943E-04

Grfica "x" vs "y"


6.0
5.0

y [cm]

4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0

50

100

150

200

250

x [cm]

E [cm]

DE [cm]

Sf

Sf PROM

So - Sf PROM

Dx [cm]

x [cm]

5.76681
5.48623
5.30112
5.20925
4.93681
4.67021
4.41120
4.08212
3.85252
4.83277
4.83277
5.42330
5.42330

0.28058
0.18511
0.09187
0.27244
0.26661
0.25901
0.32908
0.22959
-0.98025
0.00000
-0.59053
0.00000

1.1609E-03
1.3354E-03
1.4735E-03
1.5504E-03
1.8189E-03
2.1596E-03
2.5994E-03
3.4135E-03
4.2836E-03
8.4437E-02
8.4437E-02
1.0982E-01
1.0982E-01

1.2481E-03
1.4045E-03
1.5120E-03
1.6847E-03
1.9892E-03
2.3795E-03
3.0065E-03
3.8486E-03
4.4360E-02
8.4437E-02
9.7128E-02
1.0982E-01

1.2419E-02
1.2262E-02
1.2155E-02
1.1982E-02
1.1677E-02
1.1287E-02
1.0660E-02
9.8181E-03
-3.0694E-02
-7.0770E-02
-8.3461E-02
-9.6152E-02

22.5938
15.0958
7.5588
22.7370
22.8309
22.9474
30.8697
23.3846
31.9364
0.0000
7.0754
0.0000

0
22.5938
37.6895
45.2483
67.9853
90.8162
113.7636
144.6333
168.0179
199.9543
199.9543
207.0297
207.0297

200.0000

250.0000

H' [cm]

R [cm]

Sf

Sf PROM

hf [cm]

H [cm]

5.76681
5.74801
5.66263
5.57846
5.48530
5.39254
5.30020
5.20833
5.11696

2.2460
2.2428
2.2279
2.2129
2.1960
2.1786
2.1608
2.1427
2.1241

1.1609E-03
1.1715E-03
1.2214E-03
1.2738E-03
1.3360E-03
1.4027E-03
1.4743E-03
1.5512E-03
1.6340E-03

1.1662E-03
1.1964E-03
1.2476E-03
1.3049E-03
1.3694E-03
1.4385E-03
1.5127E-03
1.5926E-03

2.3323E-02
2.3928E-02
2.4952E-02
2.6099E-02
2.7387E-02
2.8770E-02
3.0254E-02
3.1852E-02

5.76681
5.72469
5.63870
5.55351
5.45920
5.36515
5.27143
5.17808
5.08511

0
4.2125E-02
8.5988E-02
8.5187E-02
9.4309E-02
9.4053E-02
9.3717E-02
9.3355E-02
9.2965E-02

5.02614
4.93591
4.84633
4.75745

2.1051
2.0856
2.0657
2.0452

1.7234E-03
1.8199E-03
1.9244E-03
2.0377E-03

1.6787E-03
1.7717E-03
1.8722E-03
1.9811E-03

Grfica "x" vs "y"

100

150

x [cm]

200

250

300

3.3574E-02
3.5433E-02
3.7443E-02
3.9621E-02

4.99257
4.90048
4.80888
4.71782

9.2544E-02
9.2088E-02
9.1595E-02
9.1061E-02

5.3
5.1
5.0
4.7
4.4
4.1
3.7
3.4
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1

22.5938
37.6895
45.2483
67.9853
90.8162
113.7636
144.6333
168.0179
199.9543
199.9543
207.0297
207.0297

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160

5.58
5.489
5.399
5.299
5.199
5.099
4.999
4.899

180
200
220
240

4.799
4.699
4.599
4.499

V =

12.49 Lt =

L
1
2
3
4
5

12490 (cm)

Y1

Y2

37
34
20
32.5
36.8

2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

t1

t2

6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

t3

9.6
20.49
15.98
13.48
8.64

9.6
20.52
15.97
13.54
8.64

9.62
20.5
16
13.6
8.66

Flujo Rapidamente Variado:

1.- Para cada caso calcular Yc con (21) y verificar si se cumple:


Y1 < Yc < Y2
g =
b =

Q2
Yc
2
g *b

980 (cm/s)
7.5 (cm)
Q (cm/s)
Y1
1650.021
774.036
991.994
1168.927
1835.648

Yc
2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

Y2
3.669
2.215
2.614
2.916
3.939

6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

1/ 3

Y1<Yc<Y2
Cumple
Cumple
Cumple
Cumple
Cumple

2.- Para cada una de las mediciones calcular el tirante conjugado mayor Y2, en funcion del tirante conjugado
menor medido experimentalmente Y1,segn (22).

Y1
2
Y2
1 1 8 * Fr1
2
Q (cm/s)
y1
1650.02081
774.036115
991.993995
1168.92689
1835.64815

v1
2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

Fr1

Fr1
88.001
71.176
66.133
72.492
88.359

V1
g * Y1

Y2
1.778
1.888
1.494
1.579
1.696

5.159
3.214
3.342
3.846
5.401

3.- Calcular el numero de Froude con (23) y determinar el regimen. Verificar si cumple la condicion de flujo

Fr1

V1
g * Y1

y1

v1
2.5

88.001

Fr1

Fr1> 1

V1
g * Y1

.=>

1.45
2
2.15
2.77

71.176
66.133
72.492
88.359

flujo supercritico

4.- Para Y2 experimental y teorico calcular el porcentaje de error, realizar este calculo para cada uno de los dat
N

Y2 (exp)

1
2
3
4
5

Y2 (teo)

6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

Error %

5.159
3.214
3.342
3.846
5.401

18.24
24.45
25.68
35.74
18.49

5.- Segn (24) calcular la perdida de energia entre la seccion 1 y 2 para los valores de Y2 teorico y
experimental,realizar este calculo para cada caso.

H f1 2

y1
1
2
3
4
5

(Y 1 Y 2) 2

4 * Y1* Y 2
EXPERIMENTAL
y2
Hf(1-2)
2.5
6.1
1.45
4
2
4.2
2.15
5.22
2.77
6.4

TEORICO
n
0.212
0.280
0.144
0.210
0.186

y1
1
2
3
4
5

2.5
1.5
2.0
2.2
2.8

6.- Calcular la longitud del salto hidraulico segn las ecuaciones: (25),(26),(27),(28) y (29) y comparar con el va
experimental,que debera ser menor,lo cual indicara que las ecuaciones anteriores pueden ser utilizadas en dise

Fr1

Y1
1.7779
1.8881
1.4938
1.5793
1.6959

Fr1

Y2
2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

Y1
1.7779

L
Teorico
6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4
L
Teorico

Y2
2.5

36.72
26.01
22.44
31.31
37.03

6.1

SIERCHIN
L=10.2(Y2-Y1)
37.00
34.00
20.00
32.50
36.80

EXPERIMENTAL
SILVESTER
L=9.75Y1(Fr1-1)^1.001

EINWACHSTER
L=8.3Y1(Fr1-1)

36.72

16.1412

18.96.
12.55.
9.62.
12.14.
18.79.

1.8881
1.4938
1.5793
1.6959

1.45
2
2.15
2.77

4
4.2
5.22
6.4

26.01
22.44
31.31
37.03

10.6888
8.1969
10.3370
15.9990

7.- Dibujar la curva de energas especificas, donde las ordenadas corresponden a los tirantes alternos Y1 e Y2,
el valor de las abscisas a la energa especifica, la velocidad expresarla en fucin del caudal, no olvide que el pun
de inflexin corresponde al valor de Yc.

7.5 (cm)

b=

n
1
2
3
4
5
n
1
2
3
4
5

Q
Y1
1650.02081
774.036115
991.993995
1168.92689
1835.64815
Q
Y2
1650.02081
774.036115
991.993995
1168.92689
1835.64815

g =
E

2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

88.001
71.176
66.133
72.492
88.359

E
6.451
4.035
4.231
4.831
6.753

36.066
25.801
31.492
29.858
38.243

y
6.451
4.035
4.231
4.831
6.753
6.764
4.340
4.706
5.675
7.146

6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

980 (cm/s)

6.764
4.340
4.706
5.675
7.146

2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77
6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

8.- Calcular la fuerza especifica aplicando la siguiente ecuacion "F=Q/(Ag)+yG*A*y" y graficar la curva
de fuerza especifica
n
1
2
3
4
5
n
1
2
3
4
5

Q
Y1
1650.02081
774.036115
991.993995
1168.92689
1835.64815
Q
Y2
1650.02081
774.036115
991.993995
1168.92689
1835.64815

yG
2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

F
1.25
0.725
1
1.075
1.385

yG
6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

F
58.68354705
11.50497205
30.06748258
37.34287726
79.7924105

F
3.05
2
2.1
2.61
3.2

851.2155521
240.0263278
277.8621346
533.417897
983.0790231

y
58.684
11.505
30.067
37.343
79.792
851.216
240.026
277.862
533.418
983.079

2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77
6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

9.- Empleando los principios de flujo uniforme, utilizando la ecuacin de Manning:Calcular los caudales utilizan

datos de geometria del canal, utilizanr los datos obtenidos en flujo rpidamente variado realizar para los valor
asi como los de Y2, informar sobre el comportamiento de los datos; para el coeficiente n emplear tablas

R 2 / 3 * S 1/ 2 * A
Q
n
n=
So=
b=

0.015
1.366666667
7.5
Y1
2.5
1.45
2
2.15
2.77

A
18.750
10.875
15.000
16.125
20.775

P
12.50
10.40
11.50
11.80
13.04

R
1.500
1.046
1.304
1.367
1.593

Q(cm3/s)
1914.853
873.172
1395.598
1547.575
2208.632

Y2
6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

A
45.75
30.00
31.50
39.15
48.00

P
19.70
15.50
15.90
17.94
20.30

R
2.322
1.935
1.981
2.182
2.365

Q(cm3/s)
6252.894
3631.235
3872.513
5133.474
6639.643

10.- Del punto 9, realizar una tabla comparativa entre los caudales obtenidos aplicando los principios de flujo u
que seran dos y los obtenidos con el mtodo volumtrico.
FLUJO UNIFORME
MET.VOLUMETRICO
Q y1(cm3/s) Qy2(cm3/s)
Q(cm3/s)
1914.853
6252.894
1299.42
873.172
3631.235
609.57
1395.598
3872.513
781.21
1547.575
5133.474
920.55
2208.632
6639.643
1445.60

11.- Informar cual es el valor ms optimo del coeficiente de rugosidad n que nos permita obtener resultados m
proximos, asumir como caudales mas precisos aquellos hallados por el mtodo volumetrico.
2/3
* S 1/ 2 * A
R 2 / 3 * S 1/ 2 * A n R
Q
Q
n

Y1

A
2.5
1.45
2

18.75
10.875
15

R
12.5
10.4
11.5

1.500
1.046
1.304

Q(cm3/s)
n
1299.417 0.02210
609.566 0.02149
781.211 0.02680

2.15
2.77

16.125
20.775
n=

11.8
13.04

1.367
1.593

920.548 0.02522
1445.602 0.02292

0.023705

12.- Para la parte de flujo rpidamente variado, graficar en papel milimetrado la curva L/Y2 Vs F1; donde L/Y2 s
valores de ordenadas y corresponden a cada uno de los valores y Fr1 el nmero de Froude a los obtenidos en e
flujo rpidamente variado, estos valores sern las abscisas.
Y2
37
34
20
32.5
36.8

6.1
4
4.2
5.22
6.4

L/Y2
6.066
8.500
4.762
6.226
5.750

Fr
1.778
1.888
1.494
1.579
1.696

2.000
1.800
1.600
1.400

L / Y2 [cm]

1.200
1.000
0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000
0.000

1.000

t4

t5
9.6
20.49
15.96
13.68
8.64

n del tirante conjugado

e la condicion de flujo
Fr1
1.778

9.64
20.45
16.03
13.54
8.62

t prom.(s)
Q (m/s)
9.61 1650.0208
20.49
774.0361
15.99
991.9940
13.57 1168.9269
8.64 1835.6481

1.888
1.494
1.579
1.696

para cada uno de los datos.

Y2 teorico y

TEORICO
y2
5.1589
3.2141
3.3418
3.8457
5.4012

Hf(1-2)
0.137
0.167
0.067
0.087
0.116

(29) y comparar con el valor


eden ser utilizadas en diseos.
EXPERIMENTAL
SILVESTER

OBSERTUSER

L=9.75Y1(Fr1-1)^1.001

L=10.3Y1(Fr1-1)^0.01

18.96.
12.55.
9.62.
12.14.
18.79.

25.69.
14.92.
20.46.
22.02.
28.43.

OYUICHI
L=(Y2-Y1)(8-0.05*Y2/Y1)

28.36

51.00

20.05
17.37
24.19
28.62

53.20
59.00
96.30
100.00

rantes alternos Y1 e Y2,


audal, no olvide que el punto

Grfica "E" vs "Y1 , Y2"


1.45
2
2.15
2.5
2.77
4
4.2
5.22
6.1
6.4

7
6

Y1 , Y2 [cm]

5
4
3
2
1
0
0.000

1.000

2.000

3.000

4.000

5.000

Energia Especifica [cm]

y graficar la curva

Grfica "E" vs "Y1 , Y2"


7
6
5

Y1 , Y2 [cm]

4
3
2
1
0
0.000

200.000

400.000

cular los caudales utilizando como

600.000

800.000

1000.000

Energia Especifica [cm]

1200.000

6.000

7.000

8.000

ado realizar para los valores de Y1,


te n emplear tablas

do los principios de flujo uniforme

mita obtener resultados muy

a L/Y2 Vs F1; donde L/Y2 se graficaran como


oude a los obtenidos en el punto 3 de

Grfica "Fr" vs "L / Y2"

2.000

3.000

4.000

Fr

5.000

6.000

7.000

8.000

9.000

FLUJO GRADUALMENTE VARIADO


DATOS
So
0.017901731 0.017901731
Yn
1.1 cm
b
7.5 cm
1
X (cm)
0
20
Y (cm) 1 med
5.6
5.6
CAUDALES
T1
20.9
P (Kg)

T2
20.9
Brazo P (cm)

5.2

61

T3
20.91

3
60
5.1

4
80
5.0

T4
21.01

T5
20.7

Tprom (s)
20.884

Brazo W (cm) W HO (Kg) Vol. HO (cm)


20
15.86
15860.00

W HO (Kg)
Vol. HO (cm)
CAUDALES
MEDIDA
Q (m^3/s)

2
40
5.3

15.86
15860.00

MED 1
0.000759

1 TIRANTE CRITICO

MED 1

Q (m^3/s)
g (m/s2)
b (m)
Yc (m)
0.000759
9.8
0.075

PENDIENTE CRITICA

0.022

Ecuacion de Maning

CALCULO DE Sc
MEDICION
Ac (m2)
Pc (m)
Rc (m)
n
MED 1
0.00164
0.1187
0.01381

0.015

2 Obtener el valor del caudal promediando los tiempos y, utilizando el valor del volumen de 12
MED 1
t prom (s)
V (lt)
V (m3)
Q=V/t (m3/s)

20.88
12.49
0.01249
0.000598

X (cm)

Y (m)
0

0.056

A (m)
#REF!

P (m)
#REF!

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180

0.056
0.053
0.051
0.050
0.047
0.044
0.041
0.037
0.034

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
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#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

2.000

AX cm

1.500

1.000
0.500
0.000
0.000

0.010

0.020

0.030

0.040

Y m

X (cm)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280

AX
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

9
Y
0.0100
0.01
0.02611839
0.03466602
0.03537989
0.03581879
0.03623878
0.03664551
0.03704004
0.03742323

Yexp
0.056
0.056
0.053
0.051
0.050
0.047
0.044
0.041
0.037
0.034

5
100
4.7

6
120
4.4

7
140
4.1

6.0

9
180
3.4

10
200
1.2

X-Y

Y cm

Q (m/s)
0.000759433

8
160
3.7

11
220
1.2

12
240
1.1

1 MEDICION

5.0
4.0
3.0

2.0
1.0
0.0
0

nexp
n tablas

50

100

150

200

250

0.002135
0.015

(m3/s)
Sc
0.000759
0.0145

, utilizando el valor del volumen de 12,49 lt

R (m)
#REF!

V (m/s)
#REF!

E
#REF!

E2-E1
Sf (%)
0.0000
#REF!

Sf P

So-Sf

X calc
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
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#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
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#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
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#REF!

1.000

AX cm

0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200

0.040

0.050

0.000
0.000

0.060

0.010

0.020

0.030
Y m

X (m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

COTA
0.0000
0.0036
0.0072
0.0107
0.0143
0.0179
0.0215
0.0251
0.0286
0.0322
0.0358
0.0394
0.0430
0.0465
0.0501

X (m)
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80

Y (m)
0.0100
0.0100
0.0261
0.0347
0.0354
0.0358
0.0362
0.0366
0.0370
0.0374
0.0378
0.0382
0.0385
0.0389
0.0392

EX
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

A (m)
0.0007
0.0007
0.0019
0.0026
0.0026
0.0027
0.0027
0.0027
0.0027
0.0028
0.0028
0.0028
0.0028
0.0029
0.0029

V(m/s)
0.8082
0.8082
0.3094
0.2331
0.2284
0.2256
0.2230
0.2205
0.2182
0.2160
0.2138
0.2118
0.2099
0.2080
0.2062

H1
0.0434
0.0470
0.0382
0.0482
0.0524
0.0563
0.0603
0.0642
0.0681
0.0720
0.0759
0.0798
0.0837
0.0876
0.0915

P
0.0930
0.0930
0.1252
0.1423
0.1438
0.1446
0.1455
0.1463
0.1471
0.1478
0.1486
0.1493
0.1500
0.1507
0.1514

R
0.0080
0.0080
0.0154
0.0180
0.0182
0.0183
0.0184
0.0185
0.0186
0.0187
0.0188
0.0189
0.0190
0.0191
0.0192

Sf
0.0806
0.0806
0.0049
0.0023
0.0021
0.0021
0.0020
0.0019
0.0019
0.0018
0.0018
0.0017
0.0017
0.0017
0.0016

Ey
0.821
0.821
0.507
0.320
0.292
0.238
0.176
0.106
0.001
0.101

X cm
300

X Exp
0.000

0.200
0.400
0.600
0.800
1.000
1.200
1.400
1.600
1.800

0.030

0.040

Sf

hf

0.0806
0.0427
0.0036
0.0022
0.0021
0.0020
0.0020
0.0019
0.0019
0.0018
0.0018
0.0017
0.0017
0.0016

0.0161
0.0085
0.0007
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003

0.050

H
0.0434
0.0631
0.0467
0.0489
0.0528
0.0567
0.0607
0.0646
0.0685
0.0724
0.0763
0.0802
0.0841
0.0880
0.0918

Delta (m)
0.0000
0.0161
0.0085
0.0007
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0004
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003

0.060

FLUJO GRADUALEMENTE VARIADO


b [cm]
7.3 so [%]
0.013 yn [cm]
N
1
2
3
4
5
x [cm]
0
20
40
60
80
y [cm]
6.5
6.7
6.3
5.8
5.4
x [cm]
120
140
160
180
200
y [cm]
4.7
4.2
3.8
3.1

1.3
6
100
5
220

FLUJO RAPIDAMENTE VARIADO


xm [cm]
20.5 xM [cm]
61 P [ kg]
2.6 V Eq [l] 15.47 tprom
g [m/s2]
N
L [cm] Y1 [cm] Y2 [cm] t1 [s]
t2 [s]
t3 [s]
t4 [s] t5 [s] [s]
1
114
0.9
2.2
13.6
13.7
13.7 13.28 13.38 17.16
2
91
1
2.1
17.2
16.83
17.3
17.7
17.4
17.1
3
141.3
0.9
3.9
11.74
11.26
11.77 11.35 11.66 23.06

FLUJO RAPIDAMENTE VARIADO


xm [cm] 20.5 xM [cm]
61 P [ kg]
N
L [cm]Y1 [cm] Y2 [cm] t1 [s]
t2 [s]
1 28.1
0.9
2.2
13.6
2 10.3
1
2.1
17.2
3 17.3
0.9
3.9 11.74
4 17.2
1.2
3.3
12.1

1)

9.775
Q [m3/s]
9.02E-04
9.05E-04
6.71E-04
3)

6)

13.7
16.83
11.26
12.25

2.6 V Eq [m3]
t3 [s]
t4 [s]
13.7
13.28
17.3
17.7
11.77
11.35
12.14
12.28

1
2
3
4

Y1 [m]
0.009
0.01
0.009
0.012

Yc [m] Y2 [m] 2)
0.01832 0.022
0.01566 0.021
0.0203 0.039
0.01976 0.033

1
2
3
4

Y1 [m]
0.009
0.01
0.009
0.012

Fr
4)
9.79404
6.26706
11.4176
6.16977

1
2
3
4

Y1 [m] Y2 exp Fr 1
L [m] EXP L1 [m] L2 [m]
0.009
0.022 9.794
0.281 0.1326
0.773
0.01
0.021 6.267
0.103 0.1122
0.514
0.009
0.039 11.418
0.173 0.306
0.916
0.012
0.033 6.170
0.172 0.2142
0.606

3.1 0.0648
3.8 0.0656
4.2 0.1201
4.7 0.1014
5 0.1788
5.4 0.2495
5.8 0.4633
6.3 0.5943
6.7 -0.3379

Y2
11.5113
5.1318
15.7244
5.9632

V[m/s]
1 0.86163
2 0.6126
3 1.00446
4 0.72371

Y2 exp
2.2
2.1
3.9
3.3

Error [%]
423.24%
144.37%
303.19%
80.70%

6.5

0.00774 g [m/s2]
9.775
t5 [s]
tprom [s] Q [m3/s]
13.38 13.667 0.0006
17.4 17.300 0.0004
11.66 11.723 0.0007
12.22 12.203 0.0006

Fr
9.79404
6.26706
11.4176
6.16977

Y2 [cm]
11.5113
5.13182
15.7244
5.96317

5)

h teo
319.258
127.796
436.29
123.733

h exp
60.612
52.001
107.83
68.251

L3 [m]
L4 [m]
L5 [m]
0.095
0.657 0.102
0.105
0.437 0.087
0.095
0.778 0.234
0.126
0.515 0.165