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VvORKING , VIEWS

GORE PATTERNS

tL- CIRCUMFERENCE

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12.

FITTING 4-A 3-Piece 450 Round Angle

WORKING DRAWING

ISrnETRIC DRAWING

5" L. E.

Note: The number of pieces an angle requires varies depending on the degree of the angle and the required throat radius, as explained on Pages 176-78. The stePil described on this page can be followed regardless of the degree of the angle or the number of pieces required. The curve B-F is determined by

the number of degrees required. Then this curve is divided into the number of equal spaces depending on the number of pieces required in the fitting (number of pieces x 2 - 2) as listed below.

To layout the working views:

1. Establish the working views as shown. Determine the curve B-F by the required degree of the angle. Divide the curve B-F into the required number of equal spaces.

Single
Pieces Equal Spaces Gore
Reouired for curve B-F Patterns
2 2 2
3 4 2
4 6 2
5 8 2
7 12 2
9 16 2
11 20 2 Double Gore Patterns

o 1

2 3

5 7 9

2. Divide the half circle into equal spaces. See Pages 172-,.

3. Label the working views as shown. To layout the Gore Patterns:

4. Establish points B-C equal to the circumference of B-C on the working view. To determine the circumference, see Pages 164-5. Allow for seams.

5. Divide line B-C into equal spaces (2 times as many as

the half circle). Number each point on line B-C as shown.

6. Square lines upward from line B-C at each point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C of the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore pattern and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Continue in the same manner for each number.

10. Draw a curved line to connect these . POints , as expltined on Page 166.

11. Trace the single gore pattern as shown to obtain the necessary single and double gore(s). Be sure to position the Single Gore Pattern correctly 80 you do not include the allowance that i. for attaching this fitting to the next fitting or pipe.

A

GORE F1\TTERNS

C B t-'IIil <~----lCIRCl1v1FERENCE -----:>1~

14.

FI'I'TING 4-B 4-Piece 600 Round An&le

ISOMETRIC DRAWING

NoU!: The number of pieces an angle requires varies depending

on the degree of the angle and the required throat radius, as explained on Pages 176-78. The steps described on this page can be followed regardless of the degree of the angle or the number of pieces required. The curve B-F is determined by the number of degrees required. Then this curve is divided into the number of equal spaces depending on the number of pieces required in the fitting (number of pieces x 2 - 2) as listed below.

To layout the working views:

1. Establish the working views as shown. Determine the curve B-P by the required degree of the angle. Divide the curve B-F into the required number of equal spaces.

Single Double
Pieces Equal Spaces Gore Gore
Reguired for Curve B-F Patterns Patterns
2 2 2 0
3 4 2 1
4 6 2 2
5 8 2 3
7 12 2 5
9 16 2 7
11 20 2 9
2. Divide the half circle into equal spaces. See Pages 172-3.
3· Label the working views as shown.
To lazout the Gore Patterns: 4. Establish pOints B-C equal to the circumference of B-C on the working view. To determine the circumference, see Pages 164-5. Allow for seams.

5. Divide line B-C into equal spaces (2 times as many as the half circle). Number each point on line B-C as shown.

6. Square lines upward from line B-C at each point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C of the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore patU!rn and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Continue in the same manner for each number.

10. Draw a curved line to connect these points, as explained on Page 166.

11. Trace the single gore patU!rn as shown to obtain the necessary' Single and double gores. Be sure to position the Single Gore Pattern correctly so you do not include the allowance that is for attaching this fitting to the next fitting or pipe.

\NCRKJNG VIEWS

THR()\T

RADIUS

GORE PATTERNS

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VvORKING YI.~W~

fiRE PATTERNS

~--- CIRCUMFERENCE----+i

18.

PITTING 5 2-Piece 90° Round Elbow

'WORKING DRA'WING

IS<Jo!ETRIC DRAWING

5.£

S L. E.

~I This 2-piece square throat 90° elbow 111 not a counntional fitting but is sometimes necess&r,1. It is generally used only in smoke pipe work.

To layout the working views:

.1. Establish the working views as shown. It is not necessary to establish the complete work:lng news, only the section labeled A-B-C-D-E &nd the hal! circle.

2 • Divide the half circle itrto equal. spaces. See Pages 172-3·

3. Label the working views as shawn.

To layout the gore pa.tterns:

4. Establish points B-C equal to the cir~erence o! B-C on the working view. To deterndne the circrumt'erence, see Pages 164-5. Allow for seams.

5. Divide line B-C into equal. spaces (2 times u many u the hUt circle). Number each point on line B-C u shown.

6. Squar-e lines upward !rom line B-C at each point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C o! the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore pe, ttern and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Contirrue in the same manner for each number.

10. Draw A curved line to connect these points, as explained. on Page 166.

11. Allow for seams and complete the other gore pattern.

Position the single gore pattern correctly to mark the necessary seam allowance lines. Remember that at each seam one of the two patterns DaUlt have twice the a11awance of the single edge.

· .1"\

GORE PATTERNS

ALLOWANCE FOR ATTACHING

TO THE NEXT FITTING OR PIPE S.E,

20.

FI'ITlllO 6 3-Piece 900 Round Elbow

WORKING DRAWING

ISOMETRIC DRAWING

S.E.

S 1... E.

Note I This 3-piece 900 elbow can be used in smoke pipe work and is also used in industrial operations. It is often used were a tee comes off it. See Fitting 19 on Page 60.

To layout the working views:

1. Establish the working views 8.S shown. Point F is the center of arc B-H. Point D is the center of arc B-F. Point G is the center of arc F-H. The miter line is line D-E. It is only necessary to develop points

A through R and the half circle.

2. Di vide the half circle into equal spaces. See Pages 172-3.

3. Label the working views as shown. To layout the gore patterns:

4. Establish points B-C equal to the circumference of B-C on the working view. To determine the circumference, see Pages 164-5. Allow for aeams ,

5. Di vide line B-C into equal spaces (2 times as ma.ny as the half circle). Number each point on line B-C as shown.

6. Square lines upward from line B-C at each point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C of the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore pattern and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Continue in the same manner for each number.

10. Dra.w a curved line to connect these points, as explained on Page 166.

11. Tra.ce the Single gore pattern as shown to obtain the double gore and other single gore patterns. Position the single gore pattern correctly to mark the necessary seam allowance l~ee. Remember that at each seam one of the 2 patterns must have twice the allowance ot the single edge.

20.

FITl'rnG 6 3-Piece 900 Round Elbow

WORKING DRAWING

ISOMETRIC DRAWING

S. E.

S L.. E.

Note I This 3-piece 900 elbow can be used in smoke pipe work and is also used in industrial operations. It is often used where a tee comes off it. See Pitting 19 on Page 60.

To layout the worldng views:

l. Establish the worldng views as shewn, Point F i8 the center of arc B-H. Point D is the center of arc B-F. Point G 1s the center of arc F-H. The miter line is line D-E. It is only necessary to develop points

A through H and the half circle.

2. Divide the half circle into equal spaceS. See Pages 112-3.

3. w.bel the worldng views as shown. To layout the gore patterns:

4. Establish points B-C equal to the circumference of B-C on the working view. To determine the circumference, see Pages 164-5. Allow for seams.

5. Di vide line B-C into equal spaces (2 times as ma.:ay as the half circle). Number each point on line B-C as shown.

6. Square lines upward from line B-C at each point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C of the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore pattern and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Continue in the same manner for each number.

10. Draw a curved line to connect these points, as explained on Page 166.

11. Trace the single gore pattern as shown to obt.a.in the double gore and other single gore patterns. Position the single gore pattern correctly to mark the necessary •• am allowance lines. RetDember that at each seam one of the 2 patterns IIlUSt have twice the allowance of the !lingle edge.

21

GORE PATTERNS

ALLOWANCE FOR ATTACHING

TO THE NEXT FITTING OR PIPE S.E.

22.

FI'ITIm 7 4-Piece 90° Round Elbow

.... ORKING DRAWING

ISCM:TRIC DRAWING

st..£

Note I This 4-piece 900 elbow is a cOOIlIOrUY used elbow in N!sidential and comnercial work. The seam shown here to attach the gores together is an elbow ec!ge look seam.

To layout the workin! viewsl

1. Establish the working views as shown. Divide arc B-F into 6 equal spaces. It is not neoessary to establish the complete workin8 views, only A-B-C-D-E-F ADd the hal! circle.

2. Divide the hal! circle into equal spaces. See Pages 172-3.

3. Label the working views as shown. To layout the gON! patternsl

4. Est&b11sh points B-C equal to the c1rCUIlI!erence o! B-C on the working view. To determine the circumference,

see Pages 164-5. Allow tor seams.

5. Divide line B-C into equal spaces (2 times as many as the halt circle). Number each point on line B-C as shown.

6. SquAre lines upward from line B-C a.t ea.ch point.

7. Set the dividers from point 4 on line B-C o! the working view to point 4 on the miter line D-E.

8. Set the dividers on each point 4 on the single gore pattern and strike an arc to locate point 4 on the squared line.

9. Continue in the same manner 'for each rrumber.

10. Draw a curved line to connect these pointe, as explained on P~e 166.

11. Trace the single gore pattern as shown to obtain the 2 double gores aDd. 1 single gore pattern. Position the single gore pattern correctly to mark the necessary seam allo,wance lines. Remember that at each seam one ot' the 2 pattern4 1IIl8t have twice the allowance ot the single ec!ge.

23

GORE PATTERNS

24.

P'ITTIm 7-'" Radius Method

tor Round Elbows, J.ngles and O"ffeet.e

lSCJwlETRIC DRA.\lINO

Kote I The steps described on this page are followed regardT;;; of the degree of the angle or elbow or number ot pieces ~. The throat radius curve is detenzrl..ned by the number of degrees required. Then this curve is divided into the tJ!.lCber of equAl spaces depending on the number of pieces rerequired in the fitting (number of pieces x 2 - 2) as listed on P~ 10.

Thill is I. short-cut method but is not as accurate as paral.lel line developnent or the quarter patt.ern. The seams and double gore patterns have been omitted. The illustrations merely ahov the radius method of determining the single gore pattern. Th.e double gore Patterns (or middle pattern) oan be traced frun the single gore pattern.

To lAYout the working view:

1. Establish the working view &.S shown. It is not necessary to establish the complete workins view, only the section 'that is labeled.

2. L&bel the working view as shown.

To la.yout the eingle gore pattern:

3. Establish the ba.se line for the single gore pattern equal to the circumference of the elbow. To determine the ciroumference, see Pages 164-5.

4. Divide the circum:t'erence into 4 equal spaces and square I. line upo.m.rd from each point.

5. Transfer the dietances from the working view and mark them on the squared lines as labeled.

6. Draw a I!tr&ight line connecting points E and G.

7. Extend line C-E downward toward H.

8. B18ect the etr&ight line E-G and extend it dO'WtlWard to eetablish point H.

9. With the dividers set equal to H-E and point H as center, dra:w an arc tram point G to G throUgh point E.

10. Extend line B-D upward toward H.

11. Witl'l. the dividers set equal to H-E and point G as center, strike an are to establish point H.

12. With the same setting and point H as center, draw an arc from point G to G through point D.

25

WORKING VIEW

H

SlliLGI E GORE PATTERN

H