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Physical, Language, Development

Overview
Physical, language and cognitive development in adolescence.

Cognitive

Atypical Development
Cognitive and verbal deficits of conduct disorder. Adolescent-limited path- describes youngsters who antisocial behavior begins around puberty and continues into adolescence, but who later desist from these behaviors during young adulthood.

Development
Physical: Puberty, young people attain an adult-sized body and become capable of producing offspring (Berk, 2012). Girls a sharp rise in body weight and fat may trigger sexual maturation (Berk, 2012). Boys at around 13 , spermarche, or first ejaculation, occurs (Berk, 2012). High pubertal hormone levels are linked to greater moodiness, but only modestly so (Berk, 2012).

Language: Masters syllable stress patterns of abstract words (Berk, 2012). Comprehends over 40,000 words, including many abstract terms (Berk, 2012). Understand subtle, nonliteral words meanings, as in sarcasm, irony, and proverbs (Berk, 2012). Continues to refine complex grammatical structures (Berk, 2012).

Cognitive: Connectivity among distant region of the cerebral cortex expands and attains rapid communication (Berk, 2012). Adolescent gain the diverse cognitive skills, including speed of thinking, attention, memory, planning, capacity to integrate information, and regulation of cognition and emotion (Berk, 2012). Surge in sex hormones at puberty heightens sensitivity of the prefrontal cortex and inner brain structures to the hormone oxytocin, secreted by the

Physical, Language, Cognitive Development

pituitary gland (Berk, 2012).

Strategies
To help your adolescent develop it is important keep them health by talking to them about alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. Teach them what affects it could have on the body. At this time the stress level and emotions are high, listen to them and give support where you can.

Physical, Language, Cognitive Development