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Christina Hunt Birth and Pregnancy Research Paper This project was a case study and research.

The students chose a subject to interview about a pregnancy complication they experienced, then they researched what about the complication using open discussions and experiments conducted by students within local universities. This spar s students interests and teaches them how to research and understand case studies and !ind out answers to their own "uestions. #nterview $. %hat is the name o! the person you are interviewing& How do you now them& # am interviewing my mother, Hollee 'wa!!ord. (. #n what year was the child born& How old was the parent at pregnancy& The child was born )ugust (**$ and Hollee was twenty+two years old. ,. %here was the child born& The child was born in the local -orth Bay hospital, .air!ield, Cali!ornia. /. %hat relationship did that parent have with the other parent at the time o! the pregnancy& Hollee had been dating 0esse !or a couple o! years and when they !ound out about the pregnancy they got engaged. 1. 2escribe the parent3s li!e at the time o! pregnancy& Hollee was currently a waitress at 'andy3s $*$ 4melet3s, 0esse was a construction wor er !or ' yline and Hollee was in the process o! buying a house with 0esse but her aunt she was living with stole her deposit money !rom the house they rented and Hollee had to sue the aunt !or her money. 5. How did the parent now she was pregnant& Hollee was on a cruise going to 6exico and she had never been sea sic be!ore and the motion sic ness pills were not helping her so she too a pregnancy test and !ound out she wasn3t seasic but it was morning sic ness. 7. How and when did the parent tell others about the pregnancy& 0esse was there when she too the test and saw the results. Hollee called her sister and told her but wanted to wait !or the whole !amily to be there to tell everyone because she did not want word to spread and !amily be mad they did not !ind out !rom her personally. 8. 2escribe the reactions to the pregnancy& 0esse was ecstatic to !ind out because it was his !irst child, Hollee was happy but nervous because they were not married and the baby was not planned. Hollee3s mother was very negative about the situation although Hollee and her mother have never had a good relationship so her reaction was expected. 0esse3s parents were very excited because this would be their !irst grandchild and they were excited !or the process and new !amily member and were very supportive. 9. 2escribe the pregnancy& 0esse was very supportive and always by Hollee3s side and made sure she was com!ortable and o ay. He went to every doctor3s appointment with her and was always see ing to help and learn more. Hollee gained about 91 lbs. 'he was diagnosed with preeclampsia, which was something new to her and !rightened her. 'he got di::y o!ten and passed out about once a day. 'he had to chec her blood sugar o!ten and had to watch her diet closely. Because o! passing out she

could not drive or wor the last !ew months o! pregnancy. $*. %hat care did the mother receive during pregnancy& The medical care received was !re"uent hospital visits and chec ups, prenatal vitamins were ta en. Hollee wor ed out the entire pregnancy doing pregnancy yoga and wor out classes at the gym. $$. How did the pregnancy a!!ect the parent3s daily li!e& The pregnancy brought 0esse and Hollee closer together their relationship became stronger and 0esse was more nurturing and loving. $(. 2escribe the labor& Hollee had been in labor be!ore so she new when she began to have contractions but she stayed home until her water bro e. 4nce the contractions came , minutes apart she decided to not wait and just go to the hospital. %hen she got to the hospital they had to brea her water. 'he had her !irst child all+natural so she tried to with this pregnancy but the pain was too much and she was vomiting because o! the pain so she got an epidural shot. 0esse3s mother and sister were crying during the labor because o! excitement and shoc . $,. 2escribe the actual birth; did it go as anticipated or were there unexpected medical procedures& The birth had no complications other than the baby had to be vacuumed out, they did not plan this but Hollee had to have her !irst child vacuumed out and this one was bigger so she was not surprised. 'he was not expecting to have an epidural because she wasn3t expecting so much pain. $/. %hat were the parent3s !irst reactions to seeing the baby& %hat the reactions o! others& 0esse cried because it was his !irst child and he was so excited, Hollee was excited and relieved her child was !inally here and she was no longer carrying him. 'arah, 0esse3s sister, was only $5 and was terri!ied but excited at the same time because she was an aunt. Cindy was excited because her !irst grand child was !inally here. $1. How was the baby3s name chosen& The name was chosen because 0ames was 0esse3s middle name and Ryan was Hollee3s !avorite name !or a boy. $5. 2escribe the ceremony that was per!ormed !or the newborn, did any !amily members gather& -o ceremony or baptisms were done and only close !amily members came such as me my grandmother and 0esse3s parents and siblings. $7. 2escribe parent and baby3s !irst wee s a!ter birth. .rustrating to 0esse because Hollee was nursing and he !elt he wasn3t helping enough but 0ames was a "uiet and easy baby just as her !irst child was. $8. How did # react to having a new brother& # was only !ive but # always wanted to hold him and help any way # could and # was play with him in his bouncer while my mom had to shower. %hen he cried # plugged my ears because # thought he was way too loud. 2id you still wor & Hollee too maternity leave !or , months and when she went bac to wor she only wor ed part time on the wee ends so she could ta e care o! her ids. 0esse too one wee o!! wor to help with his newborn.

Preeclampsia is something # have never heard o! and want to learn more about how it a!!ects the body during pregnancy and what are ways to now i! you have it and how to treat it. <Preeclampsia= ) review o! the evidence,> is a review article written by T.). 0ido and #.). ?a asai in the )nnals o! )!rican 6edicine @ol. $( -o. (. This article goes into depth about the symptoms o! preeclampsia and the biological brea down o! what is occurring in your body to produce that symptom. )lso included are the people at higher ris !or developing preeclampsia, how to test i! you have it, and the medical treatments available today. The two main symptoms o! preeclampsia are hypertension and proteinuria. Hypertension alone a!!ects ten percent o! pregnancies and is the leading cause !or morbid pregnancies and miscarriages. ?ou are at higher ris !or preeclampsia i! it is your !irst pregnancy or you are predisposition to hypertension be!ore your pregnancy. The treatments available are, <limited to symptomatic control o! blood pressure and sei:ure prophylaxis> A0ido B ?a asai, 78C because medications can cause harm to the baby and consuming harsh chemicals during pregnancy can a!!ect the developmental process. The reason !or obtaining hypertension and proteinuria starts with placenta insu!!iciency through abnormal !etal growth and placenta damage, which causes a systematic in!lammatory response. The in!lammation o! your blood vessels causes the swelling o! the body, which is especially prevalent during the third trimester. 'ystematic in!lammatory response leads to vascular endothelial dys!unction and damage, which is what creates and turns into hypertension and proteinuria.

The )rticle <Ris o! !uture cardiovascular disease in woman with prior preeclampsia= a !ocus group study> was written by Dllen 'eely, 0anet Ddwards, 0anet Eui and other authors !or the Bio6ed Central Pregnancy and Birth articles. This study lin s preeclampsia to creating a higher predisposition to hypertension and cardiovascular disease prior to pregnancy. #n this study the woman were as ed i! they new about preeclampsia and how it a!!ects the body and majority did not now what it even was and were shoc ed when they were noti!ied it was lin ed to C2@. 6any wanted to join the program to better their health and prevent any !uture health problems. The interviewers o!!ered a twelve+step program to a healthier li!estyle and o!!ered over the phone help to the women. %hat was brought to attention in the study was the inability o! many women to change their li!estyles was due to, <so little time to !ocus on exercising and eating more healthier.> .or some the costs !or a healthier li!estyle were too high and some !amily responsibilities limited what they could do. This is shoc ing because not many people reali:e that yes !ast !ood is a cheaper !aster option but in the long run the damage to your body just is not worth it. A'eely et al, 8C The conclusion o! the study is that health care physicians need elaborate on the health problems their patient3s obtain and how their lives and !uture health can be a!!ected. The )merican Heart )ssociation recommends women with prior preeclampsia should, <undergo a li!estyle modi!ication to reduce C2@ ris , including smo ing cessation, weight reduction, and dietary approaches to stop hypertension.> A'eely et al, $C People who are overweight now they must watch out !or these things in order to stay

healthy and avoid cardio vascular diseases but what about women who are unaware that a medical condition they had during pregnancy predisposes them to heart diseases and other health issues. Preeclampsia education should be provided more to women su!!ering !rom it and women prior to it should be in!ormed on the healthier li!estyle they should live because o! the !uture health ris s. Preeclampsia can cause major health ris s during and a!ter. #t caused Hollee to gain a tremendous amount o! weight and the high blood pressure was ma ing her sic and causing her to pass out. High blood pressure is dangerous because it is the leading cause !or miscarriages and morbid pregnancies. )lso, having this condition a!!ects your health patterns the rest o! your li!e because you are now more prone to cardio vascular diseases. The extreme medical problems it can cause should be better taught to patients and it should be made more conscious the ris s it puts you and your baby at such as eclamptic sei:ures, hypertension, and proteinuria. %or Cited 0ido, T.)., and #.). ?a asia. FPreeclampsia= ) Review o! the Dvidence.F Annals of African Mediciine. Bolanle G Balogun, Bola 0 )de oya, 6odupe 6 Balogun, Rosemary @ -gwu, 4lugbemisola 4woru, n.d. %eb. 'eely, Dllen %., 0anet Rich+Ddwards, 0anet Eui, 0acinda 6. -ic las, )diti 'axena, Dleni Tsigas, and 'ue D. Eev o!!. FRis o! .uture Cardiovascular 2isease in %omen with Prior Preeclampsia= ) .ocus Group 'tudy.F BMC Pregnancy and Child Birth. Bio 6ed Central, n.d. %eb.

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth


This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

Risk of future cardiovascular disease in women with prior preeclampsia: a focus group study
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013, 13:240 doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-240 Ellen W Seely (eseely@partners.org) Janet Rich-Edwards (jr33@partners.org) Janet Lui (jlui@partners.org) Jacinda M Nicklas (jacinda.nicklas@ucdenver.edu) Aditi Saxena (asaxena@partners.org) Eleni Tsigas (eleni.tsigas@preeclampsia.org) Sue E Levkoff (slevkoff@mailbox.sc.edu) ISSN Article type Submission date Acceptance date Publication date Article URL 1471-2393 Research article 18 August 2013 16 December 2013 21 December 2013 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/13/240 Like all articles in BMC journals, this peer-reviewed article can be downloaded, printed and distributed freely for any purposes (see copyright notice below). Articles in BMC journals are listed in PubMed and archived at PubMed Central. For information about publishing your research in BMC journals or any BioMed Central journal, go to http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/authors/
2013 Seely et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Access this article online Quick Response Code: Website: www.annalsafrmed.org DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.112395 PMID: ******

Annals of African Medicine Vol. 12, No. 2; 2013

Review )rticle

Preeclampsia= ) review o! the evidence


T. A. Jido, I. A. Yakasai
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching ospital, Kano, !igeria Correspondence to: Dr" T" A" #ido, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aminu Kano Teaching ospital, $aria %oad, Kano, !igeria" &'mail( tu)ur*ido+yahoo"com

Abstract
Preeclampsia is a common complication o! pregnancy associated with high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. There is considerable progress in the understanding o! the pathophysiology and the management o! the diseases, although the aetiology and primary pathology remained elusive. #ntegration o! current evidence in the clinical management o! the condition has witnessed improved maternal and !etal outcomes in many societies. #n developing countries variations in management o!ten not based on current evidence accounts !or comparatively higher morbidity and mortality. This article aims to provide an overview o! our present understanding o! preeclampsia help care providers and our managers !ocus practice and policy to re!lect existing evidence. Keywords: Dvidence, management, preeclampsia Resume Ea preHeHclampsie est une complication commune des grossesses associeHes aI de !orts taux de morbiditeH et mortaliteH peHrinatales, particulieIrement dans les pays en voie de deHveloppement. 2es progreIs consideHrables ont eHteH reHaliseHs dans la compreHhension de la pathophysiologie et la gestion de cette maladie, bien "ue l3eHtiologie et la pathologie primaire en restent encore di!!icilement cernables. E3inteHgration des preuves clini"ues actuelles dans la gestion de cette maladie a deHmontreH une ameHlioration des reHsultats !oeto+ maternaux dans de nombreuses socieHteHs. Toute!ois dans les pays en voie de deHveloppement on deHnote une morbiditeH et mortaliteH comparativement plus hautes + ceci eHtant duaux variations et di!!eHrences de gestion de ce probleIme, gestion peu baseHe sur les reHsultats clini"ues actuels, Cet article a pour but de proposer une vue d3ensemble de notre compreHhension actuelle de la preHeHclampsie a!in d3encourager les prestataires et dirigeants meHdicaux aI adopter une prati"ue plus cibleHe et aI prendre les deHcisions "ui vont inteHgrer les reHsultats des tests clini"ues actuels. Page J 71 Mots cles: Preuve clini"ue, gestion, preHec H lampsie

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