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SUBSIDIA

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Edited by

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Samuel N. C.Lieu

Macquarie University
. Sydney
Associate ~ditor

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AN IN"ERNATI0NAL COMMITW -..

A102 vari ~ o n ~ k l o o ~ohannesVan Oort


University of h v e n
Editor in Chief -

University of Utrecht
Associate Editor

with the support of


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WON
(Union Acadhique Internationale)

. INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC
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THE LEVERHULME TRUST (U.K.)


SEVEN PILLARS OF WISDOM TRUST (U.K.)

THE CHIANG CHING-KUO FOUNDATION


FOR INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARLY EXCHANGE
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DICTIONARY.
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~ictionary:of Manichaean Middle


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To the spirit

O 2004 BREPOLS

of the Ancient lndio and Iran Trust

2 PUBLISHERS, TURNHOUT, BELGIUM

All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced. stored in a remeval system, or transmitted, in any
form or by any mean$ electronic, mechanical, photocopying. recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission
of the publisher.

ISBN 2-503-51776-5
D/2~/0095/141

Contents
Editor's foreword

~ntroduction.

vi

vii

Abbreviations
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xiii

Bibliography .

xviii

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Dictibnarp if.Manicbaean Middle Persian' and PartMan..


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Editor's foreword
The purpose and plan of the Dictionary of Manicbaean Texts have been explained in the
Foreword to VoL I (1998) by Professor Alois van Tongerloq Editor in Chief of the Corpus Fontium
Manichaeorum, and in the Introduction to that volume by Professor Samuel N. C Lieu, its editor. The
original plan was for a work in three volumes, the third of which would be divided into three fascicles.
As work has progressed, however, it has become clear that the Iranian texts from Central Asia were too
extensive to be covered in a single fascicle We also came to the conclusion that it would be convenient
for users of the Dictionary to have a consolidated English index to the whole work as a separate
volume. The slightly expanded scheme resulting from these modifications is as follows:
Vol. 1: Texts f rom the Roman Empire - Texts and citations in Syriac, Greek, Coptic and Latin
VoL Ik Texts f rom Iraq and Iran - Texts and citations in Syriac, Arabic and Zoroastrian Middle
Persian.
Vol. 111: Texts f rom Central Asia and Cbina, in four parts
Part 1: Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian;
. Part 2: Sogdian, Bactrian and New Persian;
Part 3: Old Turkish and Tcdmian~I
Part 4: Chinese.
VoL IV: English index to Volumes 1-111.
After the publication of Vol. I of the Dictionary the future of the project was for a while uncertain,
since few scholars with the necessary linguistic expertise had sufficient time to devote to its completion
The problem was solved in 1999 by a successful application to the Arts and Humanities Research Board
(AHRB), which awarded funding to the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London,
for a five-year project under my direction. The project, which began in 2000, was fortunate enough to
find convenient and congenial accommodation at the Ancient India and Iran Trust in Cambridge and
to recruit two excellent scholars as its first full-time researchers Dr Gunner Mikkelsen and Dr Desmond
Durkin-Meisterernst The latter. to whom we owe this magnificent Dictionary of Manichaean
Middle Persian and Partbian, is particularly to be thanked for continuing his work on this volume
after his move to a new position in the section Turfanforschung of the Berlin-Brandenburgische
Akademie der Wissenschaften It is also a pleasure to express my gratitude to Professor van Tongerloo
for accepting this volume into the Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum; to Professor Lieu for entrusting to
me and to SOAS the continuation of the project which he had begun; and not least to the AHRB for
gratitude will be shared by a wide range of scholars concerned
funding i t I have no doubt that
with Manichaeism, Central Asian studies and Iranian languages, for dl of whom the present work will
fill a long-felt want

my

Nicbolas Sims-Williams

Introduction
'wi gwrg 'yw gryfl ('ws'/ 'w [ " / w d
'wd qm'd 'ndt xwmb kyrdn
KF'T(1810-11)
The preparation of this dictionary has been described in a lecture 'Lexicography of Western Middle
Iranian: The Manicbaean Dictionary Project' given at the conference on Middle Iranian
iexicography in Rome in April %I01 and to be published shordy! Ic particular, derails about the
organisation of the database in which the text material was gathered and sorted to allow the lexicon
to be compiled can be found there
.

...

The dictionary contains real words from published texts only. In the first instance thii m&ns that
attestations are listed only for fully or partially visible words Reconstruction$ are generally not.
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included, even those that can be regarded as virtually certain This also means that the spelling of a
. .
word attested only once is retained even if it contains a morpheme that is otherwise n~rmalised,.e.~.
. .
. . Middle Persian words ending .in .the abstiact suffix -y, -yy, -yyh are normally placed under -yb if this
.
. .
:
. . .. .. . . , is amstec.whereasdyjwityy-is retained in the form of its unique attestation.-since only published
.
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words are included the lemma re'fleck the ranged published spellings.only.Unfortunately, some words
.. : . . . . are listed here as being attest4 in:oni)l.one of the languages PGthiafi and &fiddle Persian because
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. . . . . - . attestations in only one language ate published It was essential to restrict the dictionary to published
. .
. . . texts because there would not have. been enough time to prepare more than preliminary edition>-'of
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. the unpublished fragments. This would have led to unnecessary mistakes; many of which can ,only be
1 avoided by finding parallel or duplicate texts on other fragments in the collection, a time-coniuming
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task An exception has been made in the case of those words published in Henning 1937 that have not
been published in the meantime. Since these words have been in the public sphere for so long'now it
makes sense to provide at least one attestation for each of them. Except for 'wd (and variants) ail the
.
attestationshave been included for every word and every spelling. Some insignificant variants in words .
attested in dilplicates are not indicated
,

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,,

Semitic elements (names, titles, words occurring in quoations and individual loan-words) in the'
blanichaean texts are included as are all loan-words To provide basic information for the reader,
Sogdian, Turkish and Chinese names and titles occurring in texts in Manichaean script in Middle Persian
(or, occasionally, Parthian) are included here but without going into detail. On the other hand, Sogdian
2ad T~rbshaptions are not included

Every effort has been made to include all the texts published entirely or in part in the now hundred
years of work on the fragments. The main resource for information on the fragments is Boyce 1960
which also indudes information on the state of publication of most of the fragments listed. The
quotations from otherwise unpublished texts provided there have also been added, so as to provide an
index of sorts to that materiaL Of course, the Catalogue is not an edition, not even of the lines quoted
So e.g. lmyrd in M 6734 is impossible to understand on its own; likewise Jdwr on M 6743. Since there
is no point in introducing uncertainty into the dictionary l m y z d is not quoted at all, neither under
myzd nor under 'whrmyzd, etc Many texts have b&n published since Boyce 1960, most in the
copious works of Sundermann listed in the bibliography. These have been included in full Information
on the publication of-he texts can be foundin the lists in Sundermann 1996a and Weber 2000. The
Parthian and Middle Persian texts published in the Otani catalogue (Kudara-Sundermann-Yoshida 1997)
1

The lecture as given and in its written form contains references to some possibilities, e.g. indicating the
valency of verbs and colletting verb-groups (verb and copula) systematically,which, under pressure of time,
have not been carried .out in the present dictionary.

viii

.,

1I -

Introduction

are included and therefore indexed here for the first time. Ch Reck very kindly allowed me to include
the .material in her.PhD. thesis which will .appear in Reck 2004
Many of the texts published in the first decades of work on the Turfan fragments have been the subject
of partial or complete re-edition~individual words have also been reinterpreted The collation of the
editions with photographs, facsimiles and the manuscripts has also brought about corrections and
changes to published r a t s The changes range from the correction of slight inaccuraaes to the
replacement of readings by new ones In the reading of damaged passages, a combination of accurate
recording of what has mrvived and conjecture can lead to substantial changes. Even well-preserved
words and phrases can be subjected to a new and more convincing interpretation if new information
becomes available about the context
The data-files upon whi* this dictionary is based differ in varying degrees from the printed
editions Since it was not practicable to compile a protocol of all the changes made only some of the
more significant ones have been noted in the dictionary.Readings now discarded have only rarely been
commented upon Ghost-words are, with very few exceptions, not included
Since the difference between the data-files and the printed editions canmake it frustrating to use
the dictionary to study a specific text, the textual data on which the dictionary is'bsed has been placed
on the internet site of the section Turfanforschungat the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and
~ u m a n i t i dThe
. text-fie con*& allthe published Middle Persian and Parthian material in Manichaean
script up to December 2003 when the dictionary was exuactedfrom the database containing it and the
texts. At the same site the digital images of the fragments in the Turfan Collection in Berlin can also be
viewed and compared with the text-editions.

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Form of the entries in the dictionary


The entries are constructed in the following manner. The lemma i n transliteration is followedby an
indication of the language or language% between '//' a transcription is offered; the word-type is
defined and a translation given If appropriate, a reference is made to literature on this word The
attestations follow in the order 'W(estern) M(idd1e) Manian)' for those'the language of which cannot
be determined; then *Pa(rthian)' and 'M(idd1e) P(ersian)'. The language is given for each individual
form or spelling The references follow.
hwfry'd Pa/MP lbuf raykf/ a.'helping well, helpful; helper'. Chilain 1939,9L
WMLr hwfry'd M538212
Pa hwfry'd MMiiij(68) M42 V i 16;H.V/Zb/ M6.220 V 2 = oM895atM2224 R 2; RH(129) oM86 V U; M335 B 1;
M408a B 5; M2063!3; M558213
Pa hwfry:d MMiiiplU7) M39 R i. 18
MP hwfry'd aOmni6lj6t A 3

ie. bwf ry'd is an adjective meaning 'helping well' etc and has been discussed by Ghilain !I9391
It is attested in one context of undetermined language (WMIr) and otherwise in Parthian in two
spellings (bwfry:d is an abbreviation - indicated by two dots - of the normal spelling
bwf ry'd) and once in Middle Persian

-'

References are given for both entirely and partially attested words Entirely attested words are
represented by the reference alone; partial attestations are marked with '0' before the signature. Some
corrections etc are given after the reference. Conjectures are not quoted even when they can be
regarded as certain References are to the fragment with signature, page (I, 111, side (R; V or A, B),
headings (H), column (i, ii etc.) and line-number. If the fragment has been given continuous linenumbers in a publication the abbreviation for that publimtion together with the continuous linenumbers in brackets is given before the manuscript signature, e.g. ~ ~ T ( 4 4M1002+
4 ) R i 1 This system

Introduction

ix

of double references covers the texts of MMii, MMiii, BBB, Kaw, AR, H.,KPT, MKG, Hu, GW, LN,CPar,
Mo, RH and therefore allows a large proportion of the material to be easily located in the relevant
publication as well as on the fragment The fragments without double references can be found using
Boyce 1960, Sundermann 1996a and Weber 2000.
Changes in line-numbers have unfortunately been necessary. This is because publications
occasionally have omitted partly illegible lines or, more importantly, because joins have re-positioned
a small fragment on a reconstructed page. On the other hand, though in principle it would be best
always to include blank lines in the line-numbering this has nor generally been done in view of the
risk of confusion Joined fragments are indicated by '+' between the signatures, e.g. M4526+~7265.~f
more than two fragments have been pined the signature of only one fragment is used; the '+' added
here indicates that ocher fragments join it, eg WOm+ for: MlOm + MI012 + M1013 + MI015 etc In pined
fragments either the signature with the lowest number or the signature of the largest fragment is used
In all joined fragments the numbering refers to the newly reconstructed page, column, line, etc In some
fragments the order of the sides has been changed In the case of some smaller fragments alreadv
published by Boyce her attribution of additional letters to the signatures has been retained despite the
confusion introduced here in GuMcsi 2001,e.g. for M 596a-f.
A major aspect of work on the fragments in the Turfan Collection since Boyce's painstaking
reconstruction of the Parthian Hymn-Cycles from a large number of partly overlapping fragments
{Ooyce 1954) hai k e n the identification of such duplicate's,since they alloar the reconstruction of longer
texts and secure the readhfgs of even badly damaged fragments which would often be quite
incomprehensible on their own Therefore particular attention has been paid to indicating which
fragments are, in fact, duplicates. References of this kind are pined by '='. e g Pa-'bn'syyd pres.3.sg.
LN $31 A427 V 19 uM457 Y 8 Some, but by no means all, equivalents and spelling variants from
duplicates have been included in the form 'a=b' in order to dccument unusual spellings or significant.
variants, e.g Pa 'pdn='bdn I-LVIc/lla/ M93+M289a I1 V 1= M4970 R 3. Other variants are included after
the reference so that disagreements between texts that are otherwise identical are noted Where
unpublished duplicates have been combined with published texts the combined text is quoted under
the published numbers though this text may yield a different reading or status of this reading than the
one pu blishd

The order of entries and subordinate entries


Thesorungorderk'"bPcd 6 f g y h h j k / q I m n p r s S t _ t w x y z 2 .
Le. 'is placed directly after '; P after 6; 6 after d; y after g; S after s;_t after t and f after r;k and
q are piaced together but f (= /f/)andp (= lpl or /f l )are kept separate. (Words which can be spelt
with either p or f are placed under whichever is the more frequent spelling) Extensive crossreferencingisused to ensure that the lemma can found Generally h e languages Parthian and Middle
Persian are strictly distinguished; in dre case of words speIt identically in both languages the Parthian
one is placed first Only when a word has precisely identical forms in both languages is a common
lemma chosen; otherwise two separate lemmata are preferred This may sometimes seem unnecessary
but it is justified, since for example, some verbs have the same present stem in both languages but
different formationsfor the past tense, e.g. Pa pwrs- with the pp.II in -'dl MPpurrs- with the pp.11 in
. -yd. If the same spelling occurs for different words ig the same language(s), the different words are
numbered 1,2 etc If one spelling is Pa only and the other MP only then no numbers are used since the
language markers are enough to distinguish the words
The primary order of the subordinate enuies is according to the language and script of the attestations.
Parthian is regularly placed before Middle Persian but undecided anestations.are placed firsas 'WMIr '.
Spellings in Sogdian script (S) and Turkish Runes (R) are marked 'as such The order within the
attestations for a particular language is strictly alphabetical, which means that, in the case of groups of
words in which the lemma is not the first word, the alphabetical order of this first word is predominan~
s the lists under yzd. This should make the written forms easier to find, but it does mean that, for
example, plural forms can be scattered amongst the various spellings occurring.

ij

Introduction

x.

4
4

A systematic presentation of the morphology of the verb seems preferable to a simple alphabetic
list of attested verb forms, thoughthe latter would be easier to us&The order i s

;I'

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:.z.
.

....
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presl, 23sg I, L3.pl; (followed by 'h'z, 'nJd, 'nand),


sub& 2,3sg, I,Z 3.~1;
impvsg, pl.;
opt 2 . s 3sg,
~ lpl, 2pl3.pl; -ynd.yB
pres stem, unclear;
.
prpl -g,prpJa -'3, prp.11 -ynd, prpna. -yndg, prp.II1 -'n;
pp-I -t/d, pp-Ia -t/dg; infl -t/d, inf.Ia -t/dn;
pp-II -'d, ppX -'dg, ppB -yd,ppJI -ydg, ppl1 -yst;
id31 -'d, inf1 -'dn, infn -ydn, infa -ystn;
unclear,
. . . .
.
. .. . .
pass (-s-,
-ih-);
.

:*,;

..

Calls

This scheme is adhered to strictly to place the attested forms in a fixed sortin6 order. This places the
ppl before the pp3I though the latter is formed from the present'stern. T h e rationale for this
arrangement is that the pp.IIis oftensecondary. Unclear forms are divided into tho& that clearly belong
to the present stem and rhme that do not. The latter areplaced at the end of the scheme for the nonextended irerb, ie.before the passive and causative forms The qclear attestations for.the present stem
are placed after the opt, ie. before the formations in the pp.1; though some of these unclear,forms could
belong to a ppX, if attested. Since these ekes ar,e'not numerous I think this.small disadvantage in the
way the verbal d e m e is presented is.outweighed by the advantages The 'preterite is not entered as
a separate categosy: it is placed under the pp. but also entered' under the forms of the copula
If the analysis of a form is ambiguous kg. Pa -'m preslsg. = preslpL= subPpL) the attestation is
placed under what seems to be the most likely for the context Since hymns have a declamatory
character I have often leaned toward the subjlpl though I do not doubt that other interpretations are
possible. Isolated verb form in -yd are listed as pres.3sg. though the form is .mbiguous
Cross-references are used not only to cope with unusual spellings but also to give some guidance
on.unusual or difficult verbal forms Participles, even those in -g and -2,
are regularly placed under
the verbal stem.
The references are listed in the order in which the texts are to be found in the database and thus
reflects the fairly random order in which texts were added to the database
'

Non-initial elements (enditics and-otherelements that do not stand alone but are written together with

- a prevjous word which, in the case of enclitics, is often the first word in the sentace) are listed at the
beginriing of the dictionary or cross-referenced there to the appropriate lemmata In the definition of
a word to which an enclitic is attached. the enclitic is not usually indicated, i.e. dbwm is simply entered
as an 'impvsg.' under the verb dh- while the suffix -mis entered under '2.
In connection with proper names it is impossible to decide the language of the attestation with
consistency. Some names that occur in Pa and MP are listed under the language of the text even when
.- the names are clearly Semitic or e.g. Pa in a M P text For the non-WMIr (Sogdian, Turkish, Chinese)
names and titles of the Manichaean community in Turfan, particularly those listed in M 1(though not
.. all the persons mentioned are necessarily Manichaeans), only the script is indicated: M(anichaean1,
." S(ogdian), R(unes), without reference to the iaoguage of the text in which they happen-to be attested
These names are included in the dictionary not in order to provide a prosopography of Central Asian
Manichaeans but rather to assist the reader in a basic attribution of the material to the Iranian or nonIranian spheres Names of Manichaeans occurring in other texts, e.g. in Sogdian and Turkish texts, have
not been included

Introduction

'

xi

Crossref erences
Quite a number of cross-ieferences have been included Cross-referencesare applied to varianr spelling
and forms
Cross-references are, as a rule, made from words with internal ' to those without if such are
attested: from b to x; p to f if attested; z and f to c. No cross-references are made from spelling
regarded as basically identical, e.g h/b, g/y etc
Since the present stem is used as the lemma for a verb, the ppl and related forms are referred to
the present stem if the formation and therefore the spelling is substantially different Some plurals are
&red to singularq comparatives and superlatives to the positive; adverbs in -yh' to the base word;
causa~vesto non-causative stems if these are attested (otherwise the causativeis lemmatised as such).
Similarly there is some cross-referencing between present stems in -s- and hose without, if attested,
and the relevant past formations. Forms of the copula are not crossreferenced to the lemma nor are
the endings of the present stem

Transliteration
The transliteration is that wed by AndreasHeming 1934 with some slight modifications. The two dots
normaiYplaced by the suibes above and sometimes below or even benveen letters are conventionally
represented by a colon affer'the letter, e.g. G>.The abbreviation of 'wd is represented here by <w:>
. ,-,
rather than <IP favoured by some.
=
The order of he entries follows Henning etc and therefore agrees with Boyce 1977. Prior to he
first letter, some enclitics aie listed; after the last letter numerals with I are listed, other numerals are
listed according to the letter form :blp and ni (with the ialues '5', 'lo', '20' and '100').
Transcription
The principles of transcription followed here are the same as those in BQyce 1977. The use of
instead of Boyce's 'Up should not be taken to indicate that this dictionary is claiming to provide a
phonematic transcription as opposed to a phonetic one since,for example, the status of the Pa sounds
/PIl /y/ and /6/ is by no means sure. Though the asterisk used by Boyce 1977 to indicate a degree of
uncertainty is not often used here this is not to claim more certainty than Boyce had. In the
and /"x/ are not used; the digraphs <xw>and <wx> are
transcription the possible notations /P/
retained. In the case of the letter <c> a reliable transcription can only be given if the language and
sometimes the age of the formation is known, s. hwcyhr.
30transcription is given if this is unknown or too uncertain. In transcriptions capital letters are not
used for the initial letters of proper names The inclusion of /'/ in transcriptions is not intended to
suggest that this sound was a phoneme in WMIr even in names like yySwc;similarly, the hiatus /'/ is
not a hrrowec! P,.tunak phoneme
Transcriptional variants of words with F d b, e&-ibf sad /4
for MP absrract nouns normally
ending in /-ib/ are not given if the spelling with -y&is attested
Double consonants are indicated when etymologically justified, though these may have been
simplified Therefore MP b p - is transcribed as /benn-l, cf. Pa bnd- /band-/, and 'y'd as /ayydd/,
cf. Pa 'by'd.
I//'

Literature
References are made to secondary literature (mostly to works containing text-editions) to support a
particular reading or the amibution of a particular meaning to a word The works of Henning and
Ghilain dealing with the verbs of MP and Pa respectively (Henning 1933%Ghilain 1939) have not been
quoted with any consistency since they are well-indexed (GhiIain 1937 and Ghilain 1939). References
to the larger text-editions are made in the following manner; LN, P5 (26,5). Here 95 is the page-number
and 5265 note 5 on $26. Note that MKG,115 means MKGl page 115, while MKG(ll5) means line 115 of
the text edited in MKG.
The lexicographical sources available are, in the first instance, Boyce 1977 to which the debt owed
and gratefully acknowledged here will be perfectly clear. For MP MacKenzie 1971a and Nyberg 1974

:-11

xii

ij

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Intfoduction
- .

:::have been consulted Of great importance have been the glossaries in the major text-editions of
Andreas-Henning, Boyce 1954, MacKenzie 1979-1980, Hutter 1992 and the many works of Sundermann
Because they quote much unpublished material, Henning 19336 and Ghilain 1939 have also been very
usefuL All these works have been consulted as the need arose; nb material from them has been
(consciously) included without testing its appropriateness for at least one attestation in the Manichaean
material. An additional lexicographical source of great interest was made available though the kindness
of Mary Boyce, 'who secured Anne Kahle's most generous permission to have the notebooks on
Manichaean WMIr of her father, WB. Henning (s Boyce 1975, x), placed in the library of The Ancient
-.':. India and Iran TAT
1 have been able to consult a photocopy of these in the last months and have
:. therefore included Henning's notes on some d e z r words
I.:

I
I

Acknowledgements
1 would like to express my gratitude to SN.C Lieu and the late D.N.MacKenzie for the first versions of
the database of texts that formed the basis of the collection of texts which I added to and corrected
over the years both before and during the dictionary project; to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
for a Habilitantenstipendium which enabled me to prepare the grammatical analysis in the database as
part of my &ammarof WIMIr; to the Niedersiichsische Universitits- und Staatsbibliothek Gottingen for
permission to consult the photographs in the Andreas papers, to the Turfanforschungsstelle of the Berlin
Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities for allowing me to check the originals on various
occasions; to the St Petersburg Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies for permission to check the
Salemann fragmentq to the Bibliotheque Nationale for permission to check the two Pelliot fragments;
to the Corpus Inscriptionurn Iranicarum for placing the. photographs for the facsimile editions .
Sundermam 1996a and -Wekr.2000 at the disposal of the
to the AHRB and SOAS for funding
and hosting the project; to The Anaent India and Iran Trust in Cambridge for the excellent working
conditions, including access to H. Bailey's library,and the most agreeablecompany of all who I had the
pleasure of working wilh and alongside of during my time there; to my present d e a g u e s in the
Turfanforschungstelle of the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities for an equally.
congenial environment to the Iranianists Ch Reck and W. Sundermann for very many helpful
suggestionsand pieces of advice; to the Turkologists S-C Raschmann, J. Wilkens and P. Zieme for advice
and assistance; to M. Boyce and k Kahle for generously making Henning's notebooks available; to N.
Sims-Williams for his guidance, help and suppoit W.Sundermann and N. SimsWilliams kindly looked
through the whole work, while E Morano graciously saved me from a number of errors.
Berlin, September 2004.

Abbreviations
Conventional signs
Some signs are used in different ways in different contexts
Indicates a gap in the ms and therefore lost letters
0
Indicates a correction carried out at the time when the text was written
11
Indicates damage in the ms. but not to the extent that letters are I o q or slightly incomplete
O
letters In signatures round brackets are used to enclose the continuous line-number given
in an edition, e:g MKG(1O01) or the line-numbers of a single texdfragrnent counted
continuously, eg.1W24V (1215 is line 5 of the verso but line 12 of the whole fragment. If
() occurs after the abbreviation for an edition it means hat the line of text is n E
numbered in the edition, eg.MP 'qrwg HuO M98 I V H In lemmata these brackets are used
to indicate variations in spelling, e.g 'skw(w) means that both 'skw and 'skzow occur.
Indicates that letteds) present in the ms are incorrect and should be deleted. Comments
I)
are enclosed in {), e.g jinitia1,c'gd indicates that the word is written with a large initial

Indicates that letteds) not present in the m s are to be added Lencrs deleted by the editor
and replaced by others are mzrked {A)<B>, where B replaces A Occasionally in comments
on readingsec separate lerters are referred to by placing them between these brackets,
ie. <s> = 'the letter s'. In derivations '>' signifies 'becomes'.
Marks transcriptions, e g m'byc MP h d b i z / .
indicates the end of the link/column in a ms and therefore, within a huotation, that the
scribe has started the word($ in one line and continued in the next A reference given for
such a word or group of words indicates the line in which the word or word group starts;
Indicates directly or indirectly pined fragments, e.g. M4526tM7265. If the number of
fragmentsis greater than two only one signature is given followed by +, e.g MlOOli instead
of: MlOOl + MI012 + MI013 + MI015 etc
Placed before the abbreviated title of a text or the signature of a ms, e.g. oM341a, this
indicates that the word is incompletely attested here, i.e. the attestation contains some
letters in square brackets (round brackets are ignored).
Indicates that two or more signatures contain identical text and have been combined in the
critical edition of the text.
Indicates a tentative reading, transcription or meaning or a reconstructed form.
In transcriptions, the colon is used conventionally to indicate two dots in the original even
though these are seldom placed vertically but rather horizontally,e.g. <w>= <w>with two
horizond dots above it, indicating that it is an abbreviation for 'wd.
Indicates an unexpected reading or transcription
'

//
F

General abbreviations
Indicate the pages of a double-page.
. I, 11
i, ii, iii, iv Indicate the columns on a page.
Indicates the fist side of a fragment when this is not certainly the recto.
A
a
adjective
= Boyce 1952 with letters as assigned there
Abcd
adj.
adjective
adv.
adverb
= Angad R65ndn, Boyce 1954 (and Sundermann 1990) with strophes as assigned there
AR
Arm.
Armenian
art
article
astr.
asuonomicaI
aux.
auxiliary
Av.
Avestan

f
f

1.
i

xiv

Abbreviations

B
Bactr.
BBB

Indicates the second side of a fragment when this is not certainly the verso.
Bactrian
= Henning 1937b with the additional,letters and continuous line-numbers given there, eg.
BBB(23). BBBd(l4)
Bild Manis = (the short inscription published in) Sundermann 198%
c
conjunnction
cantill.
'cantillated
.
qrd
cardinal (number)
-.. caus.
causative
,.d.
conf ere = compare
Ch/So.
Signature of fragments in the Turfan collection containing Chinese text on one side and
. .
-Sogdianon .the other
drcumpos. circumpmition (combined prep. and postp.)
.
.col.
column .
. coll.
.
collective
. comp.
comparative.
. coni . .
conjunction
. . .
. . .cop.
copula : . . :
.
..
.
.
. .. . . :-.
. . . Copti<. . .. . . : .
- - . . copk:.
.
.
.
.. corr.
.
corrected - .:
. ' .
correlative . . - . :'
. .carrel.
- CPar .
= Coldin:19Rwith
the continuous line-numbers given there
.
.
.d&
definite'. . :
.
dem.
demonstrative . - . .
. . denom;
deno&nati,ve .
disj
disjunctive
emph. .
emphatic . - . . .
end. .
enclitic
. .
.
f:.
feminine
.
. fac.
factitive
Gloss.
= Heming 1940,12-58 with the letters assigned there to the fragments
. Gr.
Greek
Gyrin wifrcjs = Sundermam 1997with the paragraph-numbers given there. GW, 147136,2
means GW,page 147, note 2 on S136.
heading or headline .
HuyadagrnPn, Boyce 1954 (and Sundermam 1990) with strophes as assigned there
= Hutter 1992 with the continuous line-numbers
there
s. MIK which replaces i t The numerical part of the signature usually remains the same but
there are exceptions .
ibid.
ibidem = in the same place
i.e.
id est = that is
impv.
imperative
inf.
infinitive (infl -t/d, inf.Ia -t/dn; id11 -'d,-'dn, -ydn and -ystn)
interj
interjection
interrog. interrogative
itr.
intransitive
K
K24
Kao
Signature of texts in the British Library; KaoOUl is now"0r. 12452,3'.
Kaw
= Henning 1943 with the letters and line-numbers given there
KPT
= Sundermann 1973 with the continuous line-numbers given there, eg. KPT(52). KPT, 60
means KPT, page 60.
L
M~ller1904,29 and 108; Salemann 1908,31-2 Boyce 1960,xxxi: = La, Lb. But also used by
Sundermann 1984b for SI 0/120.
,

'

'

'

, ,

'

'

'

line
literally
Icht-Nous = Sundermann 1992 with the paragraph-numbers given there. LN, 89, (517,l)
LN
means LN, page 89, note 1on 517.
signature of Manichaean fragments in Parthian and Middle Persian stored in the Turfan
M
Collection, Berlin Those quoted in the dictionary without an indication of piace of
publication can be found using Boyce 1960, Sundermann 1996a and Weber 2000. Some
further fragments were published by Colditz 2000.
M
Manichaean script
m
masculine
Mannerheim = (fragmentspublished in) Sims-Williams-Hal& 1980
= ,ME
III, 'Museum ftir Indische Kunst, Haus 111', signature oE fragments stored there
MIK
- = Sundermann 1981a with the continuous line-numbers given there, e.g. MKG(203). MKG,
MKG
80 means -&KG,page 80.
MMi
= Andreas-He~ing1932
MMii
= Andreas-Henning 1933
= Andreas-Henning 1934 with the letter assigned. to each text
MMiii
= Morano 1998 with the continuous line-numbers given there
Mo
MP
Middle Persian
Middle Persian (in) Book (Pahiavi)
.MPB
MPI
Middle Persian (in) Inscriptions
MPR
Middle-Persianin (Turkish) Runes
..
MPS
Middle Persian in Sogdian script
MPT
Middle Persian (in) Turfan (texts)
ms
manwipt
MSogd
Manichaan Sagdian
n
noun; also (foot)note
neg.
negation, negated
num
numeral
NP.
New Persian
NPers
New Persian
nomen proprium = proper name
npr.
OIran
Old Iranian
omits
om
OP
OM Persian
opt
optative
ord
ordinal (number)
Signature of the Otani collection, Japan; s. Kudara-Sundermann-Yoshida 1997; OtaniCat102
Otani
i s Otani Catalogue, Nr. 102
Pa
Parthiin
PahL
Pahlavi
Pa1
Parthian (in) Inscriptions
PaR
Parthian in (Turkish) Runes
part
particle, s also pres.parL
Parth
Parthian
Pas
Parthian in Sogdian script
passive (verb stem in -s-or, in MP, with the suffix -yh-1
pass.
PaT
Parthian (in) Turfan (texts)
patr.
patronymic
pei
pejorative
pers.
person
Pers
Persian
PI.
plural
lit

xvi
j

Abbreviations
= Pelliot Manichen (in Bibliothkque nationale, Paris). Two frapents P.M.914

and 9lU are


referred to here using this concise signature though these fragments now have the
signatures 'Pellio~fragments divers DA I=
~ouldur-Aqourlfragment J' and ..* K'.
pas
possessive
.
postp.
postpition
past participle (ppl -t/d, ppla -t/dg; ppJI -'dl -'dg, -yd, -ydg and -yst)
pp.
,Prep.
preposition
.i-Pres.
present tense
.
' pres.part . present participle
prer.
. preterite
,..::
"proh
prohibitive
pron. . : 'pronoun
present participle (prpl -g,prpJa -'g, prp.II -ynd,,
prp.IIa -yndg, prplIl -'n)'
PrP.
Ps. .
. Psalter = Andreas-Barr 1933
q.v. . . .. quod uide = see there
.R
.
recto; also (Turkish) Runes
refi
. reflexive
rel; '. ; ;. :relative,
RH . -.:'::.
. : -Texts'in Reck.1991 and Reck 2004 with the continuous line-numbers given there
. .
.
.
R u . .; . : Runes
S : . . . . . - .Sogdian
script also Saint Petersburg fragments, published in Salemann 1904, Salemam 1907
.
. . . . . . an@Sa!emann 1912
.
.
s.iS
.
sie/See.
'.
Sbrg . . - - $iibuhragcin = MacKenzie 1979 and 1980 with the continuous line-numbers given there..
.
. ..Sbrgfm is 'Sbrg fragment m'.
sg;
-singular
. .
S.O. . someone
.
So. . .
'signaturi of fragments in Sogdian script in the Turfan collection A five-digit number
:: follows: sometimes this number is given.without .a preceding 'SO.'.
Sogd.
Sogdian
SoM
Sogdizn in Manichaean saipt
s.th. .
something
.sub!
subjunctive
suff.
suffix
supplerive
~UPPL
suprl.
superlative
S.V.
sub voce = under the word
Syr. Syriac
TM
= 'Turbristan ~anu&i~te','s
Boyce 1960, xxii
tr.
transitive
transl.
translation
TuM
Turkish in Manichaear! script
Turk.
Turkish
U
Uighur saipt
Uigb
Uighur
unp.
unpublished .
v
verso
verb
Western Middle Iranian
Young Avestan
s. Yoshida-Sunderrnann 1992 and Sundermann 2001c, 683ff.
P.M.

,'

'

',

'

',

'

'

'

. .

'

Scheme of verbal endings, s above in the introduction.

Abbreviations

xvii

Bibliographical abbreviations
A green leaf A green leaf. Papers in Honour' of Professor Jes P. ~srnussen,Leiden 1988
U S HActa Antiqua Academiae ~ci&tiarumHungaricae
AcJr.
Acta Iranica
Annali.
Istituto orientale de Napoli
AION
.AM
Asia Major
.A 0
Acta Orientalia
AoF
Alt~rientalische~ o r s i h u n ~ e n
..
Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
AOH
Abhandlungen d e r K6niglichen Preussischq Akademie der Wissenschaften
APAW
B S O A)S
~
.
Bulletin of the School of oriental (and.~frican) Studies
~ i z i ~ t . .: . . Encyclopaedia Iranica
IIAN. BASP Izvkstija.Zmperatorskoj Akadentii~auk':Bulletin de I 1 A c a d h i eImp&iale
des Sciences de St.-PBersbourg
IF.
~ndogermaniscbeForschungen
.
JA
. .
Journal Asiatique ] . ..
JRAS
journal of the Royal' ~ s i a t i cSociety
MI0
.
Mitteilungen des Instittcts f tir OrieriCforschung
..
.
. MO
Le Monde Oriental
.
.
. . .
MSS ; . Mimchener Studien w ~pracbwisse~scba
f t . . .
Nachricbten u o n d e (&ngl.) Gesellscbaf t d w ~ i s ~ e ~ h a f tGlittiggen,
en;
$GWG '.
.
.
..
. Phil.-hist. KI.
OAW, SBpb d~ter~eicbiscbe
~kiademieder wissenschaf ten. ~itzungsbericbtoder pbil.-hist.
Klasse. ..
OLZ
~rientalischeLiteraturreitung
. .
Sitru~gsberichted m Heidelberger Akademie der wissenschaf ten
SHAW
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der ~ i s s e n s c hf aten
SPAW
Studien zur Zndologie und Iranistik
StII
St.lr.
Studia lranica
Transactions of the Philological Society
T PhS
Unvala Memorial Volume, Bombay 1964
U-MV
Zeitschrif t der Deutscben Morgenlciizdischen Gesellschaf t
ZDMG
Zeitschrif t f l?r Indologie und Iranistik
ZII
ZPE
Bitschrif t f iir Papyrologie und Epigraphik
.. .
.,

'

'

i
I

I1

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W. Sundermann: 'Namen von Gatern, Dhonen und Menschen in iranischen
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.' Sundermann 1980
W. Sundermam 'Partisch 'E&wDG'N"
die Taufer'. AAASH 25, 1977 [I9801
. -,. .
237-42 (Sh& in hon of J. Harmam, 1).
..,...
Sundermann l98la
W. Sundermann Mitteliraniscbe rnanicbmsche Texte kirchengeschicbtlichen Inhalts mit einern Appendix von N. Sims-Williams, Berlin:
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e
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' Sundermam 1982b
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W. Sundermann 'Zur Etymologie vom mittelpeisisch awist(uhudr', ZPE 45,
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W. Sundermann 'Die Prosaliteratur der iranischen Manichaer', in Middle
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W. Sundermann 'Probleme der Interpretation manichEsch-soghdischer Briefe ',
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Sundermann 198%
W. Sundermann 'Ein ubersehenes Bild Manis', AoF 12 (19851,172 -174.
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1-rnV,
AOF (1986), I: 4 0 - 9 ~
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W. Sundermann: 'Der Paraklet in der ostrnanichWen Oberlieferung'! in: P.
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.
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.... .

;>Y,

xxix

.. ..,

_,?.

'

'

Dictionary of Manichaean ,Mddle Persian and Parthian


T h e alphabeticalorderis"bPcdb f g y h h j k / q l m n p r s S t _ t w x y z k
Note that k and q a r e placed together but f (= /f /) aad p (= lp/ or 1f 0 are kept separate. Words
which can be spelt with either p or f are placed under whichever is the more frequent spelling
Suffixes are placed before '; numerical signs are placed at the end of the dictionary.

-', {h, -'fh PdMP /-a; - d y d (not a part of


speech). A syllable, found in verse only, added to
a word apparently to indicate continuous intonation
with a singing voice. Boyce: 'for invocation.
exclamation or emphasis..
WMIr rwSna M6839/1
WMIr whySt'h M850/3
Pa 'bad' BBB(60) M801dp4 16 = olM341a V 5: RH(797)
M341a B 6
Pa 'bmga M315 1 R 7
Pa 'fryd' M422 R 7
~a'p~64~7;IM64V6
Pa 'm'h' M315 I R 5
Pa 'njrnd RH(847) M782 R ll
Pa 'njywg' M501b R i 3; RHO351 ~ 3 l i8:. RH(849)
~
M782 V 2

'niywg'h RH(803) oM449a A 2


'nwSyna M64 R U
'rg'w' M38 V 5: MMlb V ii 3: M501b V ii 6
"rg'w'h aM5Olb R i 8
Pa "rw'n' M38 V 11; M38 V 12
I'a "w' M64 R 10: ~ ~ ( 7 634319
4) IR 4
Pa
M64 R 14
Pa 'wr' M176 V 2
Pa ' w n 3 ~H(632)M5070 V 1
Pa 'ygay'6 M64 V 4
Pa 'yg'y'y6' M64 R 6
Pa 'zgd' S54 B 1
!'a bg' BBB(94) ~801a/p614: BBBc(3l) M5779 V 7:
M176 V 4: 41176 V 5: ~ 1 7 Y6 l3;RH(840) M782 R
4; RH(848) M782 V 1: RH(851) M782 V 4:
M516712; M5188/3: ~679412:M7422 R 7
Pa bwj' BBB(~)M801a/p6 16: RH(756) M311V I3
Pa bwyndy' M7422 R 7
Pa drwd' MI76 V 3
Pa dydn' BBBd27) M5779 V 3: MWlb R i 6
Pa fryhgwn' ~~(846)
M782 R 10
Pa fryn'#ma M64 R 9
Pa gryw' jywndg' M84 V 3
Pa gryw' rwSn' ~BBd(l4)MI14 I V 6
Pa gy'n' RH(540) M782 R 4
Pa hyrz' M176 V 10
Pa jyryft' MI76 V 12
Pa jywhr' MS4 V 1
Pa m'nv' BBBc(6) M5779 R 6: BBBc(30) M5T9 V 6:
BB&(%)M5779 V 22: M38 V 8: M38 V 9: M23 A
1: RH(842) M782 R 6
Pa many' xyws BBB(47) oM801a/p4 3
Pa
Pa
Pa
Pa

Pa m'rym'ny' LW42t87 .
Pa mn' BBBd(l6) 1W14 I V 8: ' ~ 1 7 6V 5: MI76 v u
Pamyu'M38V5
Pa n'm' ~~(812)
M449a ~1 .
Pa nma.rryg'ygaygg'jwwtwwm;S6 V a
Pa nyw' Ma2714
Pa prd'b' M23 A 1
. .
Pa prywfn' M315 I R 8 . '.:"
. ...
Pa prywxi' lM1602/1
. : - .
Pa r'xmy6' M64 R 12 - . . .: . : ..' . . Pa rw'n'h BBB(96) ~&ldla/~G.l6.
. .. .
: Pa*
~ ~ 1 ~ 14 i I4I Q)I . F & - : . . B ~
.R 10: ~ 1 7 R6
It ~l76V l2;R H ( ~ H ) M ~ ~ '10
~:v
~a rw3na& MS v 10: M S O I ~ , ' ?.ii;,
~ ~4 . .
Pa rwSn'gr'yah M303 R 4 .. . .;
Pa rwJn'h M501b V i j 6.
- '.
. .
.
.
Pa rwin' RH(850) M782.V 3 . .
Pa srwShr'ya olMIK497Oa.V . .
.
Pa S'd 'wmyzd' iW15 t R iO = oM198a R 1-2.
-PaS'd~md'~M3151R3 . ' I ' .
.
..
Pa w'#hy3twin' M64 R 10
Paw'SM64RU
.'
. .
Pa whyyg'f? &I64 V 9
Pa wxSnarn' M176 R 10
Pa wxin'rn'h aM176 R 8
Pa wyspwyh'h RH(752) M311 V 9: RH(804) M449a A
3
pa ~ w d ' ~BBBd3)
'
M5779 R 3: BBBc(46) M5779 V
22; M315 1 R 10 = aM198a R 1: oM176 R 8: M23 A 3;
RH(756) M311 V U:RH(763) M319 1 R 3
Pa xard'y'f? MI76 R 9.Pa xw6 M64 V 10
Pa yarz'6oM64 R 8
Pa ymgrwin' RH(818) M449a B 7
Pa yySw" M176 R 5; MI76 R 8; Mi76 R 9
Pa yySwlcnygmrSn' M38 V.7 .
Pa yzd' hi7422 R 7
Pa yzdn' M18R I1 V 10
- Pa z'dmwrd' M38 V ll; RH(757) M3ll V 14: RH(830)
aM486 B 2: RH(831) ohi486 B 3
'

'

'

'

'

.,

,,

'

'

'

'

I?&

36'oTM406b R 9

Pas k'x' TM406b R 2


MP 'RH(773) M319 I V 4
WP 'bz'fnd' M315 11 R 5
MP 'fryn' M315.11 V 11
MP 'fwr'd' M315 I1 R 22
MP 'fwr'nd' M315 11V 15
M P 'gfw n'm' BBB(73) M801aIp5 11; BBBc(33)

-. .

::i

;i

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian md Parthian

4
I

1
I

i
!

1
I

!
1i

M ~ 7 V9 9: RH(768) M319 I R 8: RH(837) M782 R


sr'ynd' RH(823) aM486 A 2
1: RH(852) M782 V 5
MP Shry'r'nn d827 R 5 = M5751 A i 9: M5751 A i 9
MP 'h'f' dl76 V 8
MP w'xS'na BBB(47l) M80Wp30 14 = M276 V i 10
MP 'm'lf BBB(55) M801a/p4 11
MP whmn' Ml76 R 12
MP 'm'h'h M176 R 1
whySl+rwh' MMii ME9 11 V i 5 = M897 V 8
MPwug'M7971 V 14
MP 'wra MMii M31 11 R 12: BBB(397) M801a/p26 8;
A@ wzyna9,r'na BBB(423) M801a/p27 17
M315 I1 R 11: MI76 V 7
MP xwd'wn' BBB(78) M801a/p5 16
MP 'wzxt'h M90 R l b
MP xwd'y'oM176 R 16: MI76 V 2: RH(772) M319 I V
MP 'yrwd' M315 11 R 1
3:M9l2R7
MP 'spyzyd'h RH(775) M319 I V 6
MP xwd'y" BBB(88) M80Wp6 8
MP 'stayad' M315 I1 V I
MP xwnrSyd'M4b II R 7
MP 'st'y'm' BBB(74) M80la/p5 12: M315 1 R 17
MP ymg ha
RH(844) M782 R 8
MP 'st'ySna oM5Olb V i 3
MP yySwa RH(834) M486 B 6
MP 'stwdn'm' BBB(419) M801aIp27 13
MP yzd'n' RH(767) M319 1 R 7: RH(814) M449a B 3
MP 'ystynd' RH(822) aM486 A 1
MP m a n aM3l5 I1 R 16
MP b'mryzd' MI76 R 12
MP bg' RH(821) M449a B 10
MPS 'stwb n'm' oMannerhei R 4
MP bng'n'h R~(776)M319 I V 7
MPS 'ystynf TM406b R 6
MP br'zyd'b RH(774) oM319 I V 5
lUPs prysty TM406b R 5
MP bwd' BBB(5I) M801a/p4 7
MPS rwc' MannerheimE R 4
MPS sr'ynt' TM406b R 7
hP cyd' RH(8I4) M449a B 3: RH(869) MI874 B 4
MP drwd' MI76 V 2
MPS S'by' Onni7003 V 3
.MP dwsyst' M315 I R 18
Pa 'gdappJ .BBB(91) M80ldp6 11;RH(824) a 4 8 6 A
MP dyn' M315 1 R 19 = oM3607 A 2
3
MP frwx' M297 B 4
-'f MP 1-ciydpart:= d, in verse only. Elongated
MP gy'nwm'h M232 V 2
/IW, with /y/ as in cantillations
MP hwcyhr' MMii Id729 11 R ii 14; RH(845) M782 R
MP pwrm'h'y' oM176 R 15
9
-bPa/MP /-b/pmt.encl. Always -wb. Panicle added
MP hy' M315 I R 20 = MI607 A 2
to the first word of a sentence Henning 1940, 30:
MP k'dwrh M90 R 2c: M90 V 4c
'stresses the fust word of a sentence'. Does MP
MP m'ny' BBB(82) M801a/p6 2; M315 I1 V U:oMjOlb
wyptwb really belong here? Cf. mabyc;possibly
also 'b and therefore also to the particles SogG
V i 7: M501b V i 8; a176 R 16: RH(835) M486 B
-/3(y) and Xbwar. f
' discussed by Sims-Williams
7: RH(852) M782 V 5: a203 I R 1; M203 I R 8
1996a'
MP many%BBBd32) M5779 V 8
Pa 'gwb G I m w MU4 V (103
MP m'ny: BBB(69) M80la/p5 7
Pa 'whwb MMiii,M52) M5815 I R ii 26
MP mn bycaMI76 V U
Pa mrdwb km4 V i 6
MP mwrdg'n' RHO391 M3U R 12
MP wyptwb Hu(856) M984 I R ii 34
MP mwrw'h' BBB(410) M80laip27 4: M315 I1 V 4
-c,-2 (-ye, -yz3Pa /-i1.l-ii.l part.emph.enc1. 'also,
MP nam' MMii M73 L' V ii 2
too'.
MP nmbr'm' BBB(425) M8Ola/p28 1
Pa 'b'rygyc MgG(1143) ah44570 k ii 4
MP nSst'h RH(773) M319 I V 4
MP nwgm'h' M176 R 2
Pa 'b'wc MgG(1044) OM4572 V ii 2
Pa 'm'hyc MgG(1166) M4570 V i 3: BBBc(4) M5779
MP nyw' RH(816) M449a B 5: RH(870) MI874 B 5:
R 4 : ~ 6 6 5 0 ~ 8 : M 8 3 1 R 9 = M 2 0 0 V 6 = M l %R
M339 V 8
MP p'sb'n' BBB(421) M80la/p2i 15 (p'sb'n' ( 3 or
3: M52621R 5: M779R?5
p'sb'nS(n).)
Pa 'nyc hMiii,b(l4) M5815 I R i 14: MMiii,b(Z)
MP prmyn'm' BBH427) M80la/p28 3
M5815 1 R i 25: MMiii.cO) M5%9 R 3: MKG(766)
MP pryscg'n' BBB(470) M801a/p30U = M276 V i 9
M4)T A ii 2; MKG(1601) M47 I V 10: MMiiij(77)
MP psyy' M315 I1 V 10
M42 V i 23 CPar(l08) M334a R 3: LN 5100 M491+
MP pwrm'y oM176 I: 20
R7=M9Q5V3;;M24 V%oM6281+R 5
MP pws' BBB(76) M80la/p5 14: RH(837) M782 R 1
Pa 'a?MMiiib(65) M5815 I V i 15
MP ramyn'd' M315 Il R 20
Pa 'Sm'hyc MMiiifb(162)M5815 I1 R ii 26: RH(185)
MP ramySn' M31j II R 17: M315 11 V 12
M284a R i l9
MP rwc' RH(838) M782 R 2
Pa 'w'gwnyc ~ 8 2 8 61 V U: GW 523 aM451 V 5
MP rwSna oM3lj I1 R 4
Pa %~'sychMii,k(15) M104+ ~ ' 1 5 MKG(1544)
:
~5651
MP rwSn'gr' oMSOlb V i 9: M291b B 5
A 4: MMiii,f(23) M817'l R ii 11
h P rwSnan' B~~(416)
M80laIp27 10
Pa 'tyc MMigb(192) M5815 II V i 31: Glosss M5542 V
,

1
I

i1
I

i
,

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persiaa and Parthian

26: Hu(1079) M7983 1 R i 19

MP hgryc M97 V ii 20
MP hgrytc RH(l111) M273 V 5
MP hngwnc MMii M825l I R U
MP hs'ryc Hu(767) M798l 11 V ii U
MP hs'ryz Hu(757) M98l I1 V ii 3
MP hf'gyrd'nc M731 R 4
MP qswcSl3 R 6
MP kwc Hu(lO2) M7984 I1 R i 2
NIP m'hwyc KawA(19) MlOlc V 8
.- MP mnc Sbrg(705) M475a 11 V 9: WT(1745) M45 R
4: KPT(1747) M45 R 6; M5756 V i 6
MP mnyc OtaniCatlOZ I V 7
MP mrgyhyc M794e V i 1
MP myhryc yzd KPT(738) oMlOO V i 16
MP nwnc Sbrg(319) M470a+ V 7: Hu(193) M7984 I1
V i 25: Hu(W4) M7980 1 V ii 00)ll; MMii M49 II
R 4: Sl2b R ii 51
MP nxwstc Hu(n8) M798l I1 R ii 32
V2 nxwstyc Hu(806) M7984 I R i 18; MMii M219 V
5: L SIO lU)I R 4; M12 R 5
- MP nxwystyc Sbrg(251) M535+ R ll
MP nyc Sbrg(414) M%2b+ I1 V 6 = M805a+ R 12;
~ a w ~ ( 2 ? > ~ 6 1colC
2 0 3: KawF(30) M6UO colC 6:
XPT(217) ~1063+~1025
B ii 12: m(409) M1004+
V iii 3: KPT(47j) M1002+ K iii 10: KPT(1772) M382
A 9; M174 I1 R 6: Ml74 11 R 10: oM28 I V i 20
(Skj-B 1997,24&lbyjc.)
MP nyyc S9 R ii I3
MP pc =pad + -2Sbrg(I3) M473a+ I R 13: S17 R 1;
M199+ V ii U
MP prwyrSnyc SVc V i 37
MP ps'c Sbrg(20) M473at I R M:~ ~ ( 5 6 oM7980
6)
1R
ii (24)3; Hu(902) hi7984 V ii 12
MP rwd'nc M28 I V i 22
MP S'dyc S20 V 3
MP tnyc MMii= MKG(1459) M49 I V 14
MP rwyc MMii M219 R 6; MIK4974 V ii 15
- MP twyyc MIK4974 V i 17 .
MP tyswc M3 05) V U; M653 R ii 4
MP tysyc MMii M9 I1 V 4
MP wyc'rySnyc Hu(100) M99 I V 25 .
MP xrdyc MMii M49 I R 11
MP xwdyc M3 R 15; Sbrg(350) $J1542b+ I R 14:
KpT(34) M1001+ R ii 7: KPT(333) oM1004+ R i 3;
KPT(2066) M6005 A ii 5
MP zwr'nc Sbrg.q(36) oM537a+ 11 V 12
-d2n see 'Sm3
-m see n' and 'z
-man see 'm2
-n Pa/MP see 'm'h
-S see hw Pa, "wy MP
-5'n see hw Pa, 'wy MP
-t see tw
-tansee 'Srn'l~
-yy Pa /-SI (not a part of speecb). Lengthened
syllable in verse. Poss just graphical?

Pa 'cymyy oM38 V 12
Pa 'ymyyRH(757) M311 V 14: RH(831) oM486 B 3
Pacymyy)1U8V11
a PaIMP /a/ (not a part of speecbl. Isolated letter
6 to mark the fm verse of an alphabetical hymn
KPT,1U.Smilarlyl, m,n and s in MIK8259/I/V/.
"b Pa/MP sa b
I
"b'n MP sse 'b'n
'Xywz Pa see 'ywzr
"bc'r, 'bcr, 3j'r Pa /&Zrir/ n. 'materials, means'.
Note 'ba!
Pa "bc'r MMiiia(89) M2 I1 V i 15
Pa "bj'r U' S25oM1603 R 6
Pa W n g l . MMiii,i(%) M42 V i 6
"bg Pa /ii&zgf? ? '?'. Cf.'bg. GW.130 ($883).
Pa "bg KFlfl349) M7l5d A 5: GW St38 M71M B 5
"brr Pa see "bc'r
"brwxt MP see k c "car, 'car Pa /rlirirl n. 'source, base'. GW, 106-7
'

(520~1

Pa "c'r GW 520 M4526+M7265 I V U = M6680+V 11


= M B R % G W S102oM6300~10; ~ 7 3 v5 8
pa 'tax GW
M5531 A 3
"cyhr MP / ~ - b r lacWibt/?
/.
n. 'seedless plants' (?).
MP "cyhr Hu(238) M798l I R i 2
"cyS MP see 'c MP
"d 1MP l&i/czdu. 'sq thus'. Henning 1937%80.
MP"dM5794+IR10
"d 2 MP /a/
n 'moment'. Henning 1937%79.
MF' "d RH(1117l M273 V 11
"dg, "dwg Pa/MP IrSdzZgl. /&dug/ a. 'capable of
(mostly + infY. Tafazzoli 1979,568-9.
Pa "dg MKG(1761) ah45059 V i 2: MMiiij(91) M42 V
ii 16: gl R 6
MF' "dg'KFT(47J) M1002t R iii 8: M28 I V i 19:
MlWVi9
MP "dwg MMii M9 I R 7
"dywn Pa /&3yhI a 'way, path'. Henning 1958,104
n6 corrects Iienning 1937a. 79 "palace'.
Pa "dywn MZSWi Ptmrp.1 (Referencrkindly
supplied by W.Sundemam)
"f ryd Pa see Yryn"frywn Pa see 'frywn
"gat Pa /agG/ 'heaven, sky'. Indian loan-word
GW, 114 (333~). Sims-Williams 1983, 139.
Sirns-Wil;rms 1989~169. Sundermann 1991b, 29
transaibes iigE
Pa "g'c GW 933 M83 I1 V 1 = oM838 R 10
"y'dg Pa see 'g'dg
"g 'm Pa / G Y M n 'time'.
Pa "g'm M4b I V 20
"ywz, 'C)gwz Pa / ~ Z ~ 6n.
z / 'covering, envelopment,
encirdemenc endaswe' Pa "ywz BBB(144) M801a/p9 U
Pa "gwz RH(zfl)M284a V i 23; M99 I1 R 6a
pa 'gwz -103)
M7 I V ii 6
"gynyn MP see 'gnyn

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

"hng MP IrSbmtg/ n 'melody '.


MP "hng MI9512
"hwg MP /rSb6g/ n 'defilement fault, blemish'.
MKG, 147.
MP "hwg MKM2240)aM236+ R ll; M731 R 2
"jyd Pa see'jj"jynd Pa see 'jy"kwndg Pa /&undagl np. m. Name of a demon
in a Jataka type story. S Schaeder 1936,96 nl
Pa "kwndg MMiiib(76) MW! I v i 26
' I w p MP / d u / / n 'eagle'. Henning 1937179 (Ylwf1.
MPT d uf, MPB dlub.
MP "Iwp iCawA(70) MlOlk V 4
"m'y~q 'm'ySn Pa /a'miiyisn/ n. 'decorating
oneself'. IN101 (3161.
Pa "mayJn LN 31 oM349 R 4 = oM4V R U
"ml /amall apt.m (Turk.)
M"
'd W 6 3
"myxsynd NP see 'myz"njyrWImiirkil n.p. m.(lmg.?I
M"njyrkyyM/lU
"nl'w /anlad npr.m.(Chin.). Mtiller 19l3,34.
M "'nl'w Mull4
'"prJhq see 'fr'h
"p'ngyh3 ,MP l af sdrragihdl adv. 'in the manner
of a fabie, story; as a narration'. Henning 1940, 19.
' Gershevitch 19% 274.
"psangyh'hadv. Glossa MI09 R 18
"rySnwg MP /ZriSnzigl n. -elbow'. Heming 1937a
79. KPT, 113 Gippert 1993 i70.
MP "rySnwg KPT(379) M1004+ R iii 11
"s- Pa I&-/ ~ l f r'to
. eat' (1). Henning 1940, 51.
bnguag@
Pa "s r'mpusg.Glossr M5542 R 3: M2889/1
"sg /&aglnpr. rn (Turk.). Poss <g> instead of c p .
M "sg W 9 7
"sn'y- MP l&xiy-/ oir. 'to bathe, wash (tr.); cleanse,
purify'.
,I,W sz'jf'd subj.3sg. MMii M564 R 2 b
"sySn MP /rZn'Sn/ n. 'burning'. KPT, ll4 Sundennann
2003b, 219.
MP "sySn KPT(U33) = Hu(649) ~ 5 0 R6 5
"St MP lZtl n. 'peace'.
IMP "St MMii M28 U V ii U
"5 yft Pa see '55t
"1 /at/,lad/ zp.f.(Turk.) - xwnjwyy. Miiller 1913,
35.
M "t MV129
'"taly', "flfh Pa ldtdyb/ n 'dragon (astronomical
term), eclipse'. < Syr. &Stcilyii. Henning 1937%79.
Pa "t'ly' M728 V 8
Pa "fly% M2755 A 3
"tn Pa I?/? '?*MP "tn KPT(U81) M4500 V i 2
'"trwn MP lrStrh/ n 'priest'.
MP "trwn'n pi. S8 R 4
'"w'c- pa ldwdi-/ v.tr. 'to call'.
--J

--

Pa "wacyndpres.3pl.GW 553 M248+ :


' :I) = -!.:890
V1
"w'g MP lrkuc3gl n 'voice. speech'. He,ming p h a ,
584
MP "wag Hu(987) Mi982 R ii 29; Hu(1074) Mi983 I
R i 14
"w'st Pa see 'w'y"whr- MP/Zwubr-/v-itr.'to be convened' or -to do
penance'. Ghilain 1939, 49; Henning 1940, 19.
Sundermaun 200% 23% (as 'wbr-) 'to do penance'.
,,wMnd subji3.1pl.M97 ii
MP "whryd impvpC. GIossa MI09 R 17
"wn MP /Z6nl correladv. 'so,as': b. 'dn ,2 ' 6 ~
'even as, so'; d'6n kzk 'so that'.
MP "wn Sbrg(250) M53F R 10; Sbrg(283) M539 V
19; Sbrg(318) M470a+V 6; Sbrg(538) M472 11 R lo: .
Sbrg(%3) M472 U V ll: Sbrg(567) M472 II v 15;
Sbrg(625). M477 11 R 1: Sbrga M537a+ I R 19;
KawNl93) MlOlf V 8: MKG(2008) M742 I V 22:

WKG(2298) M4%+ I1 V 3: Hu(219) M7984 I1 V ii'


17; Hu(223) M7984 II V ii 21: Hu(892) lW984 V ii
2: HuW1) M7984 V ii 11: Hu(1273) M7983 I1 V i
9: ~ d G 2 4 M7983
)
II V ii 26: MMii M9 11 R 17;
KMii M9 I1 V 2:
M9 I1 V 10; MMii M49 I R
1: MMii M49 I R ll; MMii M49 I1 V 10; MMiii,q
M454'I R 8: KPT(88) M1001+ V i 4; KPT(118)
M
W
l V ii U;KPT(128) M1001+ V iii 2; KPT(242)
M1014cM1030 A 4: KPT(269) M1007+M1027 A i 1:
KPT(3.5) MI009 -4 ii 2: KPT(4-45) M1002+ R i 2:
KPT(489) M1002+ V i 5: KPT(738) MlOO V i 16:
K P T O ) M263f+ B ii 3; KPT(902) M263f+ B ii 5:
KPT(97) M765 A ii 1; KPT(2011) M221 V 12:
W197; BBB(l27) MMla/p8 11: M16 R 6; MI6 V 9:
Glossr oM5542 V (612; M781+ I V (12)l; 1M781+I1 V
(47)7:-MK4974 R ii 22: MlK4974 V i 17; oMIK4974
V ii 15: L SIO 120 I R 5; L SIO 120 11 R 8: S2 R ii 3:
GW I41 Sll V 22; ~ 2 I1
6 R 3: ~ 2 I1
6 R 6;
MKG(2.18) M5794+II R 5; ~KG(2Z261M5794+ 11
V 6: M28 1V i 10: M28 I V ii 9: PM.914.1 R? 10:
0KaoOU.I R 4 (Sunderrnann thinks '(yw) on the
previous line is a iniswritten first attempt at this
word1 MMii M82511 V 6: oM82K) R 1: M545 V 5:
M627 V ii lo; M627 V ii 12: M627 V ii 17: M5750 R
i 11
"WIT Pa see tw
"wsyg, 'wsyg /iwarigl a. "serving, 'acting as a
servant' (?> MKG, 148: LW C Skt dvisika- 'resident
(in monastery)' or 'servant'. Sirns-Williams 1983, U9.
. Pa "wsyg MKG(1928) MI77 V 2: MXGC1944>-M177V
18
Pa krsyg MKG(387) M499 V i 2
"'w5 MP lZ&"l n 'load (catried on the arm)'. KPT,1U
(superseding Henning 1937%80: 'foundation (of a
house>'>Tafazzoli 1989,369.
MP "wS gVr(734) MlOO V i 11; KPT(734) MlOO V i 11
"wgt Pa /cSwdt/? ? '?'. Morano 2000, 415 translates

..!

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

'put on'. What is h e thinking of? Possibly a ppJ to


R2
an unattested 'liward-, cf. ws't to wrt- 'turn'?
MF' "y'q prpJa MMii M729 11 R ii 15
Perhaps the previous letters belong together with
MP 'y'g'n prp..la,pl. M679212
this to form 's'bwu~Jtt,s. '3.
"'ybMP lZyEb/ n. 'conflagration, fire'.
Pa "wSt M72GU B 5
MP "yb Sbrg(296) M470at R 8: Sbrg(309) M470a+ R
"wydgyft Pa l&ibagift/ n "destruction'. LN ll9
2: S b r g O ) M470a+ R ZT; Sbrg014) M470a+ v 2;
SbrgOl5) oM470a+ V 3; Sbrg(318) M470a+ V 6;
(5882).
Pa "wydgyft LN 938 oM34 V 5
Sbrg022) M47@+V 10; Sbrg(378) M542b+ I V 18;
"Wyndq Pa lciwmdagl n. 'equal peer'.
KawA(l3) MlOlc V 2; KawF(70) 0M6120 colE 17:
Pa "wyndq W S b / M6222 R 10
57 V i 17; S14 R 5; M447a B 3
"x'3t Pa see 'xyz- Pa
"yn MP lci'inl n. 'manner'. Henning 1940, 19.
"xw'n- MP /kxw,5n-/ uir. 'to call'. Sundermann
MP "yn Glossa MI09 R 17
apud Re& 2004 on RH(64).
"yng MP Ici'Znagl t~ 'manner'. Henning 1937a, 80.
MP "xw'nydpres.3~8- R~(64)ohi2053 R i 2
ReCk2004.snyn
"y /ay/ (Turk) "y DgryyiY
Part of Uighur
MP "yng RH(936) M647+ I R 5: M299e B 5: M419 I
Ri2
narne/title
"ypt
MP l6yaf t / n. 'boon,[avour, gift'.
M "y MU9
MP "ypt BBB063) M80lalp22 14; MI74 I1 V 8
S "y oMannerheimE V 3
"ywn MP /rSywa72/ n 'palam'. Henning 1937%79 sub
"y- MP l ~ i y - vitr.
I
'to come'. =ySghas also been
"dywn. Henning 1944%ll0 n.l.
entered separately. Cf. 'md.
MP
"ywn Hu(12751M7983 I1 V i 11: Hu(I279) M7983
, - M P ?y y p r e s ~ s g~9
- Vi6
MP "yd pres.Bg. .'Sbrg(l59) M a + 1 K 15; MMii
11 V i I5 Hu(l294) M7983 II V i 30: Hu(U06)
M7983 II V ii 8; ~ ~ ( ~ M7983
1 6 1 Il V ii 18;
M224 I R 4; Miii M224 I R 6: MMii oM224 I R 9:
KPT(n7) MlOO R iii 19; KPT(720) MlOO R iii 22;
MMii r~M2241r\ 4; Mkii OM729 I V ii U: Ghss.b
KFrUZ7) M l o o V i 5
Mlll+M76 V (24110: RH(888) oM394 B 5: M235 1
"ywSt Pa see "ywzR 2; ~ 1 ~ 8 2 n5 9R 4; M627 v ii 5
"ywxSyst MP /ay6xSst/ n 'metal '.
MP "yd pres2@- Glossb Mlll+M725 V (25111
MP "ywx3yst'n pl. Glossa MI09 V (202
MP "ynd pes3.pl. Sbrg(72l) M473a+ II R 1;
KPT(1405) hfj66+M4501R i 3: G1oss.b MUM725 "ywz Pa /rSy6z/ n. 'lake'. Henning 1940,51For Gy6z
'turmoil' see 'ywz.
V (271x3; MEIl8259 II R 6; oM5794t I V U;
Pa "ywz G l m M5542 R 3; kWII7/33b/ oM1530 I V
Otani6197 R 4
6
. MP "yynd pres-3pl.KPT(1985) M22.l R 10
"ywz- Pa/MP /6y6z-/ v.tr. 'to agitate, disturb'. S.
MP "y'n subjJsg. M3 R I2
ppJa ?wag entered separately.
MPR ayad subj3sg. oTM339b R 2
Pa "ywzynd p e s 3 p I . RH(41) M280 I R 9 MP "ynd subj3sg. MMii M311 V 9
Pa "ywSt ppJ Mdll) M104t V (2817 = M734 R 9
MP "y'd subjdsg. MMii hi31 1R 2: MMii M31 I R 7:
Pa 'ywSlppJ kRJal2a/ M5l8 R 3
MMii M31 I R 14: UMi M729 II R i ll: MMii M729
Pa 'ywJt ppJ Mo(20) M104+ V (37116
I1 R ii 8 = Ma97 R U:MMii M729 11 V i 14: MMii
'
z
P a M I&/ n. 'greed; the demon Greed'.
-M729 II V ii 6: BBB(365) M80la/p22 16; BBB(450)
Sundermann 1979,100: 'Hyle'.
M80la/p29 It M43 V 4; Glossb MIIl+M725 V
Pa "z MKG(648) M4575 R i 4; MKG(881) M4578 B i
(25111: MU67 V 2; MI1 R 23; S7 V ii 15; M68b I R
14: MMiii,i@l) M42 V ii 16; MMiiipl(75) M39 V ii
10: M277 R ii 7; M339 V 8; M4a I1 V'14: M4b I1 R
U;KPT(1194) oM183+ I V 6; M4b I R 15; M741 V
l2:M4b II V 2:M4b 11 V 17; M897 V 15: M797 1
14b: LN 7 M351 V 8 = M5187 V 1; LN I0 M240 R
V 7: M2334 R 5
MP 'y'd subj3sg. MI863 A 6
5; LN I3 ~ 9 0 R6 1: LN W a M500a V 2: LN 598
M3U V 8 = M96 R 5; RH(431) MU16 V i 25:
MPS "y'6 subj3sg. Otani7003 V 3
RH(ll44) M30 R i 16; GW 5103 ~ 6 3 0 B0 4; ~ 6 2 3 6
MP "y'nd subj.3.pl. SbrgOl3) M470a+ V 1; Hu(1162)
Rx
M983 I V i 34; MMii aM36 V 18: KPT(177l) M382
MP "z Sbrg(89) M475a I V 17; Sbrg(l32) M477 I V U:
A 8: KPT(2085) aM6005 B i 9: M506Vl
Sbrg(208) M4724 I R 16; Sbrg(210) M472+ I R 18;
MP $'nd subj3$l. MU I V-3 (Pass not from the
Sbrg(243) M539 R 3: Sbrgf247) oM535+ R 7;
verb "y- which is mostly written with two 6.
Sbrg(253) M535+ R U; Sbrg(267) M535+ v 3:
Alternatively read together with letters from the
Sbrg(284) oM539 V 20; Sbrg(294) M470a+ R 6;
end of the previous line I'ify'nd.)
MP "yd irnp~pl.G1oss.b Mlll+M725 V (24110
Sbrg(334)M470a+V 22; Sbrg(358) M542b+ I R 22;
MP "y'g ppJa RH(1045) M785 V 2
SbrgO73) M542b+ I V U;Sbrg081) oM542b+ I V
MP "yag"n prpJa, pl. MMii M311 V 1
2 ; Sbrg089) M54W II R 5; Sbrg(394) M542b-t 11
MP "y'g'n prpJa,pl. M74 I R 15; oM543 R 8: M9U3
R 10: Sbrg(410) M805at R 7: Sbrg(416) M542b+ I1
A

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

V 8: ~brg(420)MWb+I1 V 12: Sbrg(542) M472 11


MKG(814) M4577 B ii 4: MKG(1705) M267t . 314
R 14: Sbrg(543) M472 II R l5 Sbrs(544) M472 D R
V i ZZ KFTIf63) oM5932 B 4; KPT(1166j X5;:2 3
16: Sbrga(44) M537a+ I V 20: Sbrgfm(28) M8256
7: KPT(El6l M183+ II R l3: KPT(U49) >Ffj15+ .i j:
V 4: MKG(1463) oh9414 A 3: MKG(1469) M3414 B
K V d W bf2339 V 3: kR.I/25b/ M6943 d' 2 =
3: lMKG(lM7) M+V 10: Hu(174) M7984 I1 V i
M673 V 2 M741 V 12b: LN 510 M240 R 1: RH(38)
M284a V ii 28: RH(1034) M785 R 10: GW 524 ,hi83
6: Hu(190) hi7984 II V i 22: Hu(241) M7981 I R i
5: Hu(276) M7981 I R ii 6; Hu(3U) M7981 I V i 9:
I1 R 1:
9 4 M83 I1 R 2: GW 535 M83 I1 V 6:
GW 95bi83 I1 V 10 = M34U v 4 = oM342t~520R
Hu(335) M798l I V i 31: Hu(352) M7981 I V ii 14:
10: GW 4l M248+ R 3 = M608a R 2: GW 41
3~066)
M981 I Y ii 28: Hu(HH)) M7980 1 V ii
M248t R 4: GW 542 M248+ R 6 = M342tM520 V
(26)7: Hu(638) M7980 I V ii (2818; Hu(799)
10:
GW
M248+ R 7: G W 595 M5531 A 8:
M7984 I R i 11: Hu(82I) M7984 I R i 33; ~ ~ ( 8 4 6 )
Omill076
B
4:
M1804llb: M3834/2: M5U8/2
M7984 I R ii 24: Hu(857) M7984 V i 1: Hu(877)
Pa 'b yzd GW Zl d66m V 16: GW S
Om & a R
M7984 V i 21; HdtB3) M7984 V ii 3; Hu(903)
2;
GW
63
oM295
R
1:
G
W
563
M340a
V 5 = &295
M7984 V ii U: H u m M984 V ii 27; Hu(940)
R3
M7982 R i 16: H U ( % ~ M982 R ii 9; Hu(1029)
MP 'b Sbrg(l36) M477 I V 16: Sbrg(l65) oM482t I R
~ 7 9 8 2V ii 3: Hd1047) M7982 V ii 21; Hu(lll5)
. 2l: Sbrg(168) M482+ 1 R 24: Sbrg(1~1)M a + I V
M7983 I R ii 21: Hu(ll30) M7983 I V i 2; Hu(ll77)
.9; Sbrg<m) M42+ I V 5; Sbrg.fe M510b R 8:
M7983 I V ii 15; Hu(12l.I) MI983 I1 R i 15;
KawAO6) MlOlj V 4: KawA(55) oMlOll V 6:
Hu(1217) hi7983 Ii R-i 21: Hu(1228) M7983 11 R i
KawA(170)
IWO$ V 7; KawA(2f5) MlOlmR 6:
32: ~ ~ ( 1 2 4 ,9w) 9 e n R ii 19: H ~ W mn
~u(9)'
M98 I R 9: Hu(18) M98 I R 18: Hu(28) M98
R ii 26: Hu(1258) -83
II R ii 28: Hu(1266)
I V 3: HdB) M99 I V 8: Hu(201) M7984 11 V i
M7983 11V i 2: Hu(1270) M7983 11V i 6: Hu(U25) .
- ~ 7 9 8 113 V ii 27I MMii M9 II R 16:MMii M49 I1 R . . . 33: Hu099) A47980 I R i (2718: Hu(400) M7980 I
R i (2819: Hu(429) M7980 I R ii (2313: Hu(507)
7: MMii M49 II R 10: BBB(193) M8lWpl2 12: SU
M7980 1 V ii (33114; Hu(1112) M7983 I R ii 18:
V 6: S9 R ii 3; MKi(2ZlO) MS794+ I V 1: M798c A
Hu(ll41) Mi983 I V i U: Hu(l2U) M7983 I1 R i 17;
ii 5: MMii M8251 I R 18: M627 V ii 9: oM415c I V
Hu(1221) hi7983 11 R i 25: Hu(1252) M7983 11 R ii
ii 7
22: HU(W ~ 9 8 n3R ii 31: ~ ~ ( 1 3 3 1~)7 9 8 3II
"zadm
$'
/&zki~cSm/ np'f.(Sogd.). Sundermann
V ii 33: MMii M2 I V ii 2: MMii M49 I V 7: MMii
1994b,255: a combiiatim of a WMIr. and Sogd term.
M95 V 4 = M1876t V 3; MMii M95 V 6b =
M "z'dgp'm a 4 5 .
Ml876+ V 4: KPT(857) M263f+ A i 5: KPT(1446)
"zadgwn/dz&ig&/ mp. WMIr. Henning 1944%w:
M5566tM4501V ii 5; M78l+ I R 9: L SIO 120 I V 9:
'noble'.
M "z'dgwn Ml/314
L SIO W ) I V 10; S9 V i 34: S17 V 1: M653 R i 8:
"zbryft Pa ldz~arSft/ n. 'covetousness'. LN 97
ME8259 I1 R 16
MP 'b'n pl. S9 V ii 20
(SW).
'b'c, 'b'j Pa lab& ado.'back, away, again'.
Pa "zbryft LN 528 M27 V 6 = old2705 V 5
Pa 'b'c MKC(945) M4582 B i 1: MKG(1203) M4570 V
"zg'm, "zq'm, "zyq'm MP liizegdml a. 'greedy'.
M=cIEende !980,3L Hemi!! 1940,18.
ii 17: MKcfns6) M2061 B 5: KIIT(1791) W 2 R 9:
MP "zgam Sbrg042) M54W I R 6: Sbrg(396)
KPT(nSn M512 R U:cpar(16) oM332tM724 R 15:
M542bt I1 R 12
~4bIR8:3f4aI R4: LN 5% 34312 V 3
Pa 'b'j S32 B 3
MP "zq'm Sbrg(l03) M477 I R 7
hlP "zyyq'm Glossa &09 R 12
'b'c MP labrid a&. 'back, away, again'. a b i z est"znd Pa see 'zynd
'to cease'.
"zpymwg MP liizpaynGg/ a. 'whose clothes are Az,
WMIr 'b'c Or Pa M67W2
clothed in Az' or 'clothing At'. Tafaaoli 1979,569
MP 'b'c M3 R Kt M3 R 23: Sbrgq M537a+ I1 R 14:
'being a garment for greed, clothed in greed'.
Hu(41) M98 I V 16: Hu(705) M981 II R ii 19;
Sundermann (persoaally) prefers 'who are the
MMii M2 I R i 7: MMii M2 I R ii 27: KPT(197)
clothes of Az'.
M1003tM1025 B i 9: ~ ~ T ( 8 8 6M263f+
)
B i 4:
MP "zpymwg'n p!. Hd@38) M7982 R i 14
lPT(14S6)At5%7 R i 2: M97 R i19
"zygryy MP IcSzegm-1 n 'greedin% lustfulness'. ' 'b'cw'gyft Pa /abiiiwdgift/ n. "platitude (because
MP "zygryy M97 V ii 20: MMii M a I R 14
often told)'. abriri-wdgift LN 96 (27,4).
"zyrd Pa see 'z'r- Pa
Pa 'b'cw'gyft W 27 MU R 19 = oOtani6237 B 4
'b, "b Pa/MP Id11n 'water'; also a deity, the fourth 'bad Pa /cibcSd/ a (pp.) 'prosperous, cared for'.
Pa 'b'd MMiiiet48) M6 R ii 18
light element Sunderrmnn 1979.99Pa 'b'd' BBB(60) M80la/p4 16 = oM341a V 5: RH(797)
Pa "b LN 599 M312 V 15
M31a B 6
Pa 'b WKG(l%) M2230 R 5; MKG(804) M4577 B i 17:

!!
,

I
1

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

'b'dyft Pa /&ridiff/ n. 'prosperity'. Reck 2004,n on


RH(645)Pa 'b'dyft RH(639) hi6259 R 6
'bag MP /abcig/prep. '(together) with, by'.
MP 'b'g Sbrg(45) M473a+ I V 21; Sbrg(62) aM475a 1R
14: Sbrg(220) M472+ I V 4: Sbrg(267) M535+ V 3;
Sbrg(384) M542b I V 24: Sbrg(385) M542b+ 11 R
1; Sbrg(397) M%2b+11R U: Sbrgt-403) oM542b+I1
R 19: Sbrg(422) M542b+ 11V 14: Sbrg(424) M542b+
I1 V 16: sbrg(540) M472 11 R U:Sbrg(559) M472 I1
V 7: SbrgO27) @473a+ II R 7: Sbrga(44) M537a+
I v 21;KawA(14) 0~10lc
V 3: Kaw~(T1)~ l O l kv
5: KawA(l00) MlOli R 7: MKG(2012) M742 11 R 4;
Hu(159) M7984 II R ii 25; MMii M9 11 R 1: MMii
M9 I1 R 15; Mhli M9 I1 V 6: MMi M9 n V lo:
MMiioM2IR i4: MMii M2 1R i23;MMii M2IR
ii 5: MMii M2 I R ii 7: MMii M2 I V ii 16: MMii
M49 11 R 5: MMii M49 I1 R 7: MMii M31 II V 17:
KPTW) MlW+R i 15: KPT(819) M819M2154 V
S: KPT0.?60) oh44500 R i 4: KPT(1460) M5567 R i
6: KPT(1560) M590D A 20: KPT(1561I M5900 A 14:
KPT(1595) M8101 R i U; KPT(1978) M221 R 3;
KPT(M08) M22! V 9: MVH2: MI/@ MnU6 R i 1;
BBB(5) M80laipl 5: BBB(41) M80la/p3 1) =
oM34l.a R 5: BBB(226) M801a/p14 9: BBB(344)
M801a/p21 l3;31315 II R 12: M43 R 2: M74 I V 10:
M74 1 V 19; b1731 R 3: M731 R 6; M781+ I1 R
(37)U: M90 R la: Mi74 Il R 5: M882a B 2; S12b R
ii 26: S12b R ii 27:Slzb R ii 28: RH(787) oM341a A
6; RH(1016) M799c B 1: MI5 V 5: M4a 11 R 1: M4a
I1 R 7; M4a I1 R 20: M4b I1 R 2: M4b I1 R 8: M4b
11 V 1: oP.M.914.2 V i 4: KaoOlll R 5: MIK4969 I R
2: M7971 R 1: MMi M82jl I R 2; MMii M82511 R
6: Otani6197 R 4: M573 R i U: oM902 I V 4:
M47.5311: M609814: M6944/2
MP 'bg M8430 R 5
'b'j Pa see 'b'c Pa
'b'myh Pa /&&nib/ n 'loan'. ~ e n & 1937%
n ~ 80: NP
&dm! KPT, 114. However, Steingm has ka'm and
,
avdm.
Pa 'b'myh KPT(20j2) M580 V 11: KPT(2pj3) &80 v
12: KPT(2056)
V 15
'ban, "ban MP idbin/ n p . (('waters') &Gn mdh
'Month of the Waters' (the 8th month).
MP "b'n Hu(657) M798111 R i 5
Mp 'b'n I(PT(u~~)
= ~ ~ ( 6 4 o5 )~ % R 1: Hu(660)
M7981 11 R i 8
'baryg Pa/MP /&rig/ a 'other, remaining'. .
Pa 'b'ryg MKG(263) oM4912 R 5: MKG(1104)M4573 V
.ii 3: MI8 It 10
Pa 'b'ryg'n pl. m
G
(
2
1
0
6
)
M502d A 2
Pa 'b'rygyc MKG(1143) oM4570 R ii 4
Pa 'b'ryyg aM18 V U
MP 'b'ryg Sbrg.fm M8256 R 2; KawA(53) Id1011 V 4;
KPT097) M1004+ V ii 3: KPT(U86) OM11500 V i 7;
Ml2 R 18
MP 'b'ryg'n pl. Sbrg(409) M805a+ R 6: Hu(676)

M7981 li R i 24 =aMWV 6: Hu(905) M7984 v ii


15: KPT(l342) oM506 V 6; KPT(1780) M382 B 6:
M5794+JRRM28I V i 5
M P 'b'rygyc oM2lO R 2
'b'rygyc Pa see 'b'rys
'b'w Pa /abdur/adv. 'then'.
Pa 'b'w MMiiiFOg) M5569 V 18: MKG(122) M48+ I v
U:M K G ( T I U M ? ~ ~ &
R 10:
M ~MKG(193)
~ ~ O MZ6a
R 5: MI(G(%I) M4m2 R 3: MKG(668) M4575 V i
6:MKGl7Bl) M677 A ii 17; MKG(932) M4581 V ii
2: MKG(lOZ7) M4572 R ii 3; MKG(l272) M4589b B
1: MKG(l395) 0~6040V 22; MKG(l368) M6041 R
9: MKG(1400) ~ 6 0 4 V1 11: MKG(1823) HWP B U:
MMiii,a M2 I1 R i 34: MMiii,a(80) M2 I1 V i 6:
MMiiia(96) M2 Il V i 22: MMiiip(l26) M2 I1 V ii
15: KPT'(18fB) M6280 R 3: CPar(2l) oM332+M724 V
1; CPar(25) oM332+M724 V 5; CPar(29)
oM332tM724 V 9: CPad37) .M332+M724 V 17:
CPar(40) oFd499+ R 1: CPar(53) oM499+ R 14:
CPar(84)0M333 R 8; CPar(95) oM333 V 4: M6033 B
i (14) 2 2;B i (17) 5: M6020 I R i 10: LN n
M208+M638 R 2; mi 23 aM208+M638 V 11: Lh'
553a Mj09 V 3: LN 5101 M491+M3417 R 16; LK
. 5102 oh9307a+ R 7; WT(!914) MIK8259 I R i 7:
. .M263i A ii 5; M8U I R 10
Pa 'b'wc MKG(1044) oM4572 V ii 2
Pa 'b'wm MhfiiM124) Id5815 I1 R i U
Pa fb'wm'n hMika(u1) M2 11 V ii 20
Pa 'b'd MKG(697) M4Y6 R i 15; MKG(785) M4j77
A ii 21; MJIC(1018) M4572 R i 3; MMiiip M2 I1 R i
19: KF'T(1900 MI68 R 2: M6020 I R i U;M6020 1
R ii (27)4: M60#ll R ii 05112
Pa 'bawS'n MMS,id8l) a5815 I V i 31: MMiiia(50)
M2 Il R ii U:Bar0 M499 R 17; CPar(77) M333
R1
Pa 'bWa CPar(98) M333 V 7
Pa 'bw: CPar(74) M499+ V 16 oTM330 R 2
MPR abaffu
'b'~h
'b*
'b'xtr Pa /ab&tm/ n 'north'.
Pa 'b'xtr M M W 2 5 ) M67 V i 19; MMiii,o(55) ~ 6 V7
ii 17: MMW65) M67 V ii 27
'b'xtr MP /abcjxtar/n. 'planet'.
MP 'b'm Hdl) M98 I R 1: KPT(841) a 8 5 3 R 7:

M695lh
MP 'b'xu'n pl. Hu(1003) M7982 V i 11: Hu(1092)
M7983 I A i 32
'b'xtrg Pa /abGxfarag/ n. 'planet'. KPT,114.
Pa 'vxug'n #-m(1025) I142082V 5
'bay- MP /abZp/ uitr. ab~yZdimpersonal + inf: 'it
is necessary'.
MP 'b'yd pres3sg. MMii M9 II R 9
'b'ySn Pa/MP /
~n. 'necessity'.
~
/
Pa 'b'ySn MMiiif(28) M8171 V i 4
MP 'VySn M3 (29) V 6; M3 (33) V 10; MMii M9 I V
4
'bc'r MP /abzcIr/n 'materials, means'.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

IMP 'bc'r Hutzm) M7983 II V i l3: Hu(1293) M7983


I1 V i 29: Hu(l3ll) M7983 I1 V ii U: JCPT(730)
MlOO V i 8
'bcr'n Pa see "bc'r
'bcyrm MP /?/TL? '?'. Connected with crm 'skin'?
Henning 1940,16
MP 'bcyrm Glossa aM109 R 1
'@ MP /apd/ a. 'wonderful'. I s the spelling 'pd MP
or Parth.? Henning 1940,53.
NfP 'pd Gloss.EMS052 R 5: G1osk.r M562 R 5
'bd'b Pa /abdiib/ n. 'sunshine'. Henning 1937% 80.
Ghilain 1939,72 Boyce 1954.180.
Pa 'bd'b A.RVII/W M91 V 9 = o . e 4 R 7 = M6265
R 2: kRVIVl2bI M91 V 12 = hi774 R 10
'bd'c- Pa /abddZ-i v ~ r 'to
. remove, free, rescue'.
KPT, U4: 'freisetzen' (El.
Pa 'bd'c'n subjJsg. KVIa/4a/ oM6223 R 7:
kRVV43b/ M675 R 4 = oM6240+ R 4: ARVI/49a/
aM6240t V j
Pa 'bd'c' subjdsg. IUVa/5a/ dl6221 R 9
Pa 'bd'cmm subjlgl. AIKG(I95U) MlZTV 24
Pa 'bd'c impusg.W 2 8 9
Pa 'bd'cwm impvJg.UW4bI 315570 R 4
Pa 'bd'cyndyy opt. ARmb/12a/' wiV1673 R 5 = M2701
v3
Pa 'bd'd pres. stem, unclear M2456/3
Pa 'bd''c'd ppJI WT(ll59) M5932 A 7
Pa bd'c'd ppJI MMiiiMl4) M104+ R 14 = oM891b+
R 12: MKG(739) M4576 V ii 6: oh4544 R 2
'bd'c- MP /abdcir-/ vlr. 'to remove, free, rescue'.
MP 'bd'c'd subj.3sg. PAL941 R?10
MP 'bd'c impsg. MMii M28 I1 V i 5
MP 'bd'c'h prpJ Boyce 1975, W n on 17: mute <h>
instead of late mute <g>. Sundermann 1985b.
646647. MMii M564 R 4 b
MP 'bd'cg prp.1 M798a R ii 7
MP 'bd'c'g prp.1~RH(1059) oM785 V 16: P.M.9142 R
i5
h!P Wxi ppJ KPT(12jj)-h4871i A 4: d4325 A 8:
M389 R 10; OtaniCat102 I V 5
'bd'g Pa/MP /cibadGgl n. 'assailant (mostly
demonic)'. LN 121(S9k3).
Pa 'bd'g'n pl. KPT(1155) oM5932 A 3; KPT(ll65)
M5932 B 6: KPT(l278) oM2098 A 7; KPT(1533)
M8280 V i 3: LN S95a oM312 R ll; M405b A 2a:
M830Ui 1
Pa 'bd'g[ M3239/2
MP 'Mg KPT(475) M1002t R iii 10
MP 'bd'g'n pi. KawF(48) M61#)co1D U;MMii 1428
I1 R i 24: MMi M28 11 R ii 16: MMii M28 11 V i 5:
MMii M28 I1 V i 14; Im(765) MlOO V ii 18:
KPT(1257) M811i A 6: BBB(383) oM801alp24 18:
&?a R 28: oOtani6151 R 1
'bd'xt hlP see 'bd'c- MP
'bdr Pa /abdar/ n.pr. Name of a character in a
Jataka-type tale Henning's interpretation of the
compound 'bdr n'm as referring to the addressee

of a letter was rejected by Schaeder 1936. 96 n L


Pa 'Wr MMiiiM74) M581S I V i 24
'bdrynj- Pa Iapbrenj-l vitr., tr. 'to be sure/seciie;
assure, make certain' (?). .
Pa 'bdrynjyd pres.3sg- LN 921 oM208+M638 R 8
Pa 'bdrynjyd impv.pI- MMiif(30) M8171 V i 6
'bdc~ynjyd
'bdrz- Pa /&bar%-/ uIr. 'to untie, unload'. KPT, 114:
'bdyit. LN 111 (46J) suggests 'to conceal' as a
further possibility.
Pa 'bdrzyd pres.3sg. LN 546 oM1848 V 1
Pa 'bdrzynd pres.3.pl. MMiiip M2 11 R i 15
Pa 'bdySm inf .Ia KPT(1789) o M 9 2 R 7
'bdw- Pa /abdaw-l v.itr. 'to turn away'. Henning
1937%80: 'bdwyd (Panh) adv. 'turning away' but
without defining the form1 MKG(1842). 'bdwyd
bwy(nlkd1.
Pa 'bdwynd pres.3.pl. CPar(37) M32+M724 V 17
- Pa 'bdwyd ppJI ? MKG(1842) M6032 R 14
'bdwm MP /abdom/ p, adv. 'last; lastly, finally'. 6
a b d m 'to the 1%'.
IMP 'bdwm MMii hi729 I1 R i 4; MMi M729 I1 V i 2
= Ma97 V 5; MMiii,q=MKG(2274) oM4% I R 13:
ME% R ii 18:'M74 I V 17: MKG(2205) M5794+1 R
1; oM5794+ I v !
'bdwmyb, 'bdwmyy MP /abdomih/ n. 'finality.
end'.
MP 'bdwmyh S9 V i 5
MP 'Wwmyy KPT(1476) oh45567 V i 3: M28 I R i 36:
M28 I V i 32
'bdwmyn MP /abdonz&/ a. 'last final '.
MP 'bdwmyn Sbrg(23) M473a+ 1 R 23: MKG(317)
Mn43 A 2: M210 V 4; M28 I V i 35
'bdxt MP /abdaxtl v-itr., pp. 'to escape'. Henning
1937%80.
MP 'bdxt pp.1 KPT(542) MlOll B i 1
IMP 'bdxm inf .la KawF(87) M6120 COIF13
'bdyn, 'bdyyn Pa lapbGn/ n., a 'custom, habit;
cust~mary~usual;
mannerprmy '. pd - 'bdyrr 'in the
manner of -'.Henning 1944,110 (There he translates
MS/V/iiS/as: 'the wonted garment of the body');
Henning 1%8,71.
Pa 'bdyn MKG(785) M437 A ii 2l: MKG(1909)
M523ax B 11: MKG(1953) M502e A 3: MKG(t129)
M3WM2238 R 8; MMiiid(65) M5 V i 5 = M748 V
2: MMiiii M77 R 6: KPT(ll50) aM540b V 3:
KPT(2051) M580 V 10; M229 V ii 2; M8201 R i 4;
~ 6 0 2 0I V ii (5415: AbcdB M507 R 3a; Abcd.B
M507 R 4b: RH(520) ~ 7 6 V3 ii 15: M92 R 7a;
HCfr33.2 M2750 B 3
Pa 'Wyyn MKG(1943) MI77 V 17
'bdys Pa /aBdls/ n. 'instruction, command '. Ghilain
1939,61;Humbach-Skjaerva 1983 2.58.
Pa 'bdys MKG(174) M2l6c+M1750 R U: MKG(l55l)
M5651 B 4: MKG(2078) oM45j A i 7; MMiii,d(52)
M5 R ii 22; MMiiiiOO) M42 R ii 4: MU266:
Ml/3n; RH(472) M763 R ii 18; GW 976 M847 R

1.

10

~ i c t i o n a rof~ Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

,...

'
I

1i

I
I

16: M648a R 8 = M622 A 5


Pa 'bdyswt MMiii,f(l9) M8171 R ii 7
{'bdy(mwt))c'bdyswt>
Pa 'bdyys M730 V i 5
'bdys- Pa /aSS@s-/vtr. 'to tell, explain, show'.
Pa 'bdysyd pres.3sg. MKG(1873) M6@2 V 16; MI8
R 8; GW 9 8 oM556lt~5562V 2 = M847 V 3 =
OM4350 v 1
Pa 'bdysmn subjJsg. MMiiig(83) M7 I V i 25
Pa 'bdy3n ~ A j J s g . ?i.VII?/W M689 R 3;
-AR
.W
. Oa/ 0M175R 17: kRVnn6a/ OM@ R 2 =
--M690+M439V 9 = OM6265 V 2
Pa 'bdys' subj2sg.MKG(1935) MI77 V 9
Pa 'bdys'b subj2sg. MKG(1379) M6041 R XI
Pa 'bdys impvsg. ~bcdlV28a/M94+/28a
Pa 'bdyS1 ppJ Abcm M!W7/15b
Pa 'bdySt ppl MMiii,d M5'R i 30 = M748 R 9:
MMiiig(l99) M7 I1 V i 23; M1/442: Abcd.D
M5877/14a: AbcdD oMnO 18a; M812 R 8; M6281+
v1
,
Pa 'bdySrwm ppJ MU370
MP 'bdysyd pres.3sg. 6 9 V ii 31
'bdysg'r Pa /aP68sgGr/ a. 'obedient, conforming to precepts'. MKG, 148
Pa 'bdysg'r MKG(1843) M6032 R 6
'bdySt Pa see 'bdys'bg Pa lapay/ a. '%settled, 'nervous'. Henning
1937a, 80.
Pa 'bg KPT(2046) M580 V 5: Otani6175A B 2
(Perhaps not complete.)
'bg'm 1Pa labydmf? n. 'grang *a thing given'. MKG,
148
Pa 'bgam MKG(705) M4576 R ii 6
'bg'm 2 Pa /upyarn/ n 'agony; torment'. Henning
1937a. 80. Henning 1958.71 Ghilain 1939,73KPT, 114:
Tafazzoli 1979,569; MKG,148. LN 97 (528,6).
Pa 'bg'm MKG(80.5) M457? B i 18; KPT(1793) M572 R
11;HVIII/llb/ M689 V 2; Abcd.A/l9b/ M94+/19b:
AbcdD M5877/12a; Lh' 9 8 oM27 V 5
Pa bwrd 'bg'm GW 63 M340a V 6=aM295 R 3
'bg'm- Pa /abydrn-f? "to grant'. Henning 1937%80.
MKG, 148 sub 'bg'm
Pa 'bg'm impvsg. M851atM629c R i 11
'bg'ng Pa/MP /abgiiGg/ n. 'abortion' = 'aborted
foetus'. LN I23 (5995).
Pa 'bg'ngn: pl. LE;' 9 9 M3U V 17
- MP 'bg'ngnnpZ. Hu(828) M7984 I R ii 6
'bg'w Pa lapyaw/ n 'increase'. Ghilain 1939.76
Pa 'bg'w MMiiim) oM5815 1 R ii 30
'bg'w- Pa /apydw-/ v ~ r 'to
. increase, add'.
Pa 'bg'wynd pres3.pl. RH(279) M2$4aV ii 19
Pa 'bgawah subj.3sg. ~Miii,m(88)M39 V ii 27:
M1/288
Pa 'bg'wyd impv.pl. ~ ~ i i ( 4M39
6 )V i 2
Pa 'bg'd pres. stem, unclear MKG(835) oM4578 A
i5
Pa 'bywd ppJ 1MMiii,a(55) M2 11 R ii 18

%n- PaIMP /abgm-/ Utr. 'to throw'. w'ng 'bgn-:


'to shout'.
Pa 'bgnydpres3sg. MKG(236) M27OatM869 I R 1:
CPad60) M499+ V 2
Pa 'bgnynd pres.3pl. MKG(l372) M6041 R 13; LN

5% M312V3

'.

Pa 'bgnyndy opt. MMMuib(l9) M58l5 I R i 19


Pa 'bgnd pjDJ MKG(159) M2.230 V 4; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 1 5 5 )
'M4570 R ii 16: MKGCU33) 0M33NM2238 V 1:
K F T ( M oM31GM801d R 8
MP 'bgnyd pres3sg. KPT(616)'M1026 B 9
MP 'bgnyndpres3.pl. MMii o m 9 V 1: MMii M219
V16 .
MP 'kignfd kbj.3.sg. KPT(1954) M1926 B 6
(Sundemiana or sub'@plS
MP 'bgn'nd &bj3.plI Sbrg(l28) oM477 I V 8
MP 'bgnyd impv.pl. KPT(1446) M5566+M4jO1V ii 5
MP 'bgnd ppJ M3 R 18: KawA06) MlOlj V .4: .
f(awA(180) MlOlf R 7: H~(264)M7981 1 R i 28:.
KPT(665) MlOO R i 14: KPT(846) M853 V 4.1. ..
- KPT(1558) oM5900 A 8: aMIK8259 II V 7
'bgrySp. MP /abgti&/.n.
'crying, moaning'. KPT,
.114.' . .
MP 'bgry@ 1(~~(672)
MlOO R i Zl
. . ..
'bgryy' MP ./abg,~Y-lvitr. 'to weep'. Reck 2004:
'klagen'. .
MP 'bgryynd pres3pl. RH(1120) M273 V 14
MP 'bgryy'g ppJa G1oss.e oM1.24 R 3
'bgw- Pa / a m - / vitri 'to increase, become more'.
MKG,148
Pa 'bywyd pres.3sg: MMiiia(59) M2 I1 R ii 22
Pa 'bgwyd pres3sg. MKG(l374) oM6041 R 15
Pa 'bgwynd pes.3gl. M741 V 18b
'bywd Pa see 'bg'w'bgwhg MP /abg6bag/ .dirt' (?I.
MP 'bgwhg Hu(91) M99 1V 16
'bgwnd-, 'bywnd- Pa-labyund-/, vtr. 'to uncover,
reveal'. .
Pa 'bgwndv pres2sg. RH(1031) M85 R 7
Pa 'bgwndyd pres3sg. MKG(1839) M6032 R 11
Pa 'bgwndyyd,pres3sg. H..Vlc/W M4970 V 3
Pa 'bgwndynd pres3.pl. kRM/6lbl M88 I V 2 =
M96 V 2
Pa 'bywnd impvsg. ~ ~ i i i a ( l 4 M2
0 ) 11 V ii 29
Pa 'bgwnd impvsg. ? AbcdH aM2700 I1 V 12b . .
Pa 'bgwnd pres. stem, -unclear M1576/3
Pa 'bgwq ppJ k~v11a/6a/ oM667+ R 11; Abcd.D
aM58nA4b
Pa 'bgwst ppl ~ ~ ~ ( l 8 HWP
2 6 ) B 16; ~KG(1856)
Ma32 R 28; HI/39b/ o M 6 ~ 1V 4; H.WlOa/
~5263
R 4 = &f588 R 5; M4524/3; M6281+ R 1
Pa 'bgwstg ppl H.I/5M oM2851 R 5
'bgwst Pa see 'bgwnd.
'bgwS Pa /aby6s/ a. 'Silent:. Ghilain 1939, 66
'attentif'.
Pa 'bgwS.~o(60)0~5861
V i 1: MMiii,b(80) M5815 I
.'

'

Vi30

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

11

o W P A 2: CPar(42) M499+ R 3: C? -lug)


aM4U+M#)&A 2: M4a I V 4: M4a i V 9: :, -133 B
ii (22) 4
Pa 'bjyrw'ng'npl. Mo(2S) oM104+ V (4212 = :5?39ib+
V 9: Mo(40) M734 V 5: LN %5 M1848 R 3
Pa 'bjyrwngn pL MKG(11%) M4570 R ii 15
Pa 'bjyrwng M M i i 2 0 8 ) M5815 II V ii 16
'bn'm MP lWm/ n 'mud'. Henning 1937%80.
IMP 'bn'm KPT(423) M1004+ V iv 1; L SIO 120 11 V 1:
MI2 R 8
'bn'm- MP /abmZm-l vitr. 'to cause to go out,
depart'. Masentie 1979,528,aote on 172
MP 'bn'm'd subj3sg. oP.U9141 R? 3
MP 'bn'm'nd subj.3#1. Sbrg(172) M482+ I V 4
'bn's Pa /ah&/ n 'destruction, ruin'.
Pa 'bn's MKM1687) M267b+M314 V i 4: MKG(1924)
M5805 B 5: MMiiin oM77 R 7: M544 R 2: M544 V
2; H.lVa/&/ M6221 V 6 = kV2412 R 3: H.IVat/Sb/
Otani606 R Z HIVb/lbi $16220 R 2: H.IVb/2b/
M6220 R 4 = dItani4617 V 4: HY/la/ M6m) R 9:
kRt/WoM68 Y ll= d11892 V 5: kWIII/69b/
oM1532 I V 2: kR.IIIb/l2b/ oM2701 V 4:
AJ&/IVlb/ oM1531 I V 2; ARVI/43a/ M675 R 3 =
oM6240+R 3: rtRVW4a/ 3191 R 13 = M69UtM439
R 5 = MI75 V ll; kR.VII/l4b/ M91 V 16 =
M690tM439 V 6 = oM774 R 14: A.R.VII/19a/ M517
V 3 = M281+M223 R 5 = All74 V 3: AR.W1/2la/
M517 V 7 = oM287+M1223 R 9 = M774 V 7:
AR.vn/Z?b/ aM281+M1223 R 12 = Mi74 V 10 =
oM817 R 5: kRVIV25b/ o111489a V 1 = M578 R 4:
A.R.VIII/Ub/ M89 V 6: A.R.FragDO/Zbi
M449bcM503c R 4: AbcdB OM507 V 12b: LN 584
M
4 R 12; LN
M3.1 V 16 = 0 ~ 3 6 6V 7:
RH(110) M86 R 19: HCfrG >I1542 I B llb: HCfrK
MWB llb: HCfrL M698 B lib: M830t R n =
Mn5t V i 7: oM1183/2
'bn's- Pa /abncSs-l v3r. 'to destroy'. KPT, 114.
Following Henning 1947, 51 (translation: 'vanish')
~~l890~6
and 52, Boyce 19'77.6 includes an itr. use of the verb
'bj'mygn Pa labZrimi5d. laflirlmiSn/ n 'torment,
for M1202/R/U/. but since the context is not
torture'. Heming 1937a,80 sub 'bfm'dn
entirely dear this cannot be certain.
Pa 'bj'myzn Mo(44),M734 V 9 = M5861 R i 3;
Pa 'bn'syd pres.3sg. KPTKPT(940M316+M801d R 4: LN
AR.w33a/
OM5503 v 5
sn m R 14: LN 528 ~ 2 v71: LN 929 ~ 2 v7 7:
'bjd MP /?/u? '?'.Undear. Henning's notebook has
LN 3OM27VU=olM457 V 2
"plan&?'.
Pa'bnasyydpres3sg. LN 531 M27 V 19 = OM457 V 8
MP 'bjj M605/4
Pa 'bn'syd impvpl. ME02 R l3
'b jrw'ng Pa see 'bjyrw'ng
Pa 'bn's'n p r p J Z Z M9107/lb
'bjyn'gr Pa l a b i M g a d n. 'tailor'. Henning 1937%
Pa 'bn's'd ppJI MKG(Zl36) r11330+M2238V 4 (MKG,
128 n.3: '3. .Sg. Pr3t oder 2 PI. Konj. 'ihr
80.
* solIt/werdet zerstBren'?'): H.I/53b/ oM2851 R 6:
Pa 'bjj'gr M258 I R 4 (Reference kindly supplied
by W.Sundermann)
AbcdC M533 R 2b
'bjyrw'ng, 'bjrw'ng Pa labiirwdnagl n 'disciple, 'bnd MP labandl a. 'unbridled, perverted'.
Sundermann (personally).
pupil'.
MP 'bnd Glossa MI09 R ll
Pa 'bjrw'ng 1hlKG(1%1) M502.e B 5
Pa 'bjjrw'ng MMiiii48) M5815 I R ii 22; 'bndyft Pa laflandiftl n. '(state of being unbridled)
perversion, corruption'. LN 110 691a 3).
MMia146) oM5815 I1 R ii 4: MMiii,b(Z16) M5815
Pa
'bndyft LN 91a M34 V 15 = ~ 3 6 6V 6
I1 V ii 24; MKG(1742) oMS055c R i 5: MKG(1797)

'bgyng Pa l&gEnagl n 'crystal, glass'. GW, ll9


(S5W).
Pa 'bgyng GW 551 M248+ V 6
'bhdt I?/ np. m. MKG 148; 70 n 4. Sundermann
1994b, 245.
Pa 'bhdt MKG(986) M4579 V i 1: iW(G(988) M4579 V
i3
'bhwm- MP labbum-l. labbumm-/ cur. 'to disclose,
reveal ('br obj)'. pass 'bbwmyh-.
MP 'bhwmyd ps.3sg. H. h.1233 R 1
MP 'bhwm impvsg. S9 V i 1
IMP 'bhwm'g prpJa oOmni6199 A 4; oM5692 B 8 =
oOmai6199 A 4
MP 'bhwm'g'n prpla. pl. MMi oM36 R 22
MP 'bhwpt ppl M644 V 1
MP 'bhwmyhyd pass, pres.3sg. MMii M219 R 10
'bhwmb Pa labbumb/ n "disclosure'. GW 98 (5621
Pa 'bhwmb GW 6 oM259c+M45% R U. (replacing
~orano's'ywb.)
' b h w m y h MP ,/abbumiSnl. labbummiin/ n.
'revelation'.
MP 'bhwmySn oM5794+I V U
'bhwpt MP see 'bhwm' b h p - Pa labbirr-/ v h . 'to zlhdon, d e s k
forgive'.
Pa 'bhyrzyd imp.pI. RH(194) M284a R i 28:
RH(ZO8) Mma R ii 12
Pa 'bhy3fpp.I MMiii,e M6 R i 22
.
'bhySt Pa see 'bhyrz'bj'm- Pa /abicIm-I. IapiZm-/ u#r. 'to torment,
torture'. Henning 1937%80 sub 'bj*m'dn
Pa 'brmyd pres.3sg. N 3 b l M256 I V 6
Pa 'bfmydpres2.pl. KFT(2027) M580 R 4
Pa 'bpmynd pres.3.pl. CPar(122) oM334a V 1
Pa 'bfm'd ppJI Mo(45) M734 V 10
'bj'mg Pa /abicimagl. lapiZmag/ n 'torture,
torment'.
Pa 'bj'mg AW48b/ oh41539 I V 2: kRJbll3bl

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

12

.'bnft Pa /aflnaft/ vjr. (pp.) 'drawn near to,


approached'.
Pa 'bnft ppi CPar(172) M44 V 10: M18 R 12
'bnft Pa see 'bnm'bnm- Pa labmzm-1 vitr. 'to withdraw, depart, flee'.
Pa 'bnmynd pres3gl. RH(1229) M30 V ii 21
Pa 'bnfy ppl A R W M6222 R 9
Pa 'bnft ppl ARVll/lb/ M91 R 8= MI75 V 6
'bns- Pa Iabnas-/ uitt. 'todisappear, be destroyed'.
Pa 'bnsydpe&g. ARbV11/WW74V 5: GW 515
oM668CH R 18
Pa 'bnsyyd pres3Jg. MS84 R i 11
Pa 'bnsynd pres3@..GW 50 M248+ V 5 = M5906 R

iI

'br 1 Pa/MP / a W prep. 'upon, on to; abour,


. concerning in (of time), against'.
WMIr 'br M l W k hi2240 V? H: h0406/2: M5072A
Pa 'br Mo(l1) MIM+ V (2817 = M734 R 9; Mo(17)
MI04 V oJ3 = M891b+ V 3: MMiiiJd18) M58l5
I R i 18: MhG,b(22)M5815 1 R i 22; MMiii,M160)
. , - -M5815 11 R ii 26,; MKal) &534+M5910V 8;
MKG(274) hi3848 V 2: MKG(644) M4n5 V H:
MKG(681) M4576 V H: MKG(728) ~ 4 5 7 6V i 12;
MKG(923) M%8l R i 3: MKG(938) M4582 A i 3:
MKG(952) Ma B ii 4; MKG(959) M4583 B 3:
MKG(992) M4579 V ii 1: MKG(ll25) M4570 R i 7;
MKG(1129) W
OR i 11: MKG(1221) M4574 R ii 3;
MKG(1224) W74 R ii 6:MKG(1237) M4574 V ii 3
(MacKenzie (in Boyce 1975, U1): Pbdbyyg
'w)~br'yygaw>);
MKG(1243) Mb74 V ii 9;
MKG(1249)
A 6; MKG(U32) M6040 R 23:
MKG(1409) M6ar1 V 20: MKG(1424) M5%5 B 1:
hlKG(142j) ~ 5 9 6 5B 2: MKG(l545) M5651 A 5:
M8286 1 R 3; hfKG(1605) M47 I V 14: MKG(1608)
M1964+M822R H: ~KG(1656)M267b+M314R i 27:
MKG(1672) W67i1tM314 R ii 16: MKG(1805)
oHWP A 10; MKG(1824) HWP 3 14: MKG(1831)
oM6032 R 3; MKG(2061) obi631 R 2; MKG(2122)
oM330cM2238 R 1; MIMiiiA791 &I2 Il V i 5:
MMiiia(l34) M2 I1 V ii 23: MMiii.dO M5 R ii 24:
MMiii,d(@) M5 V i 23 = a 7 4 8 V 10; MMiii,d(97)
Mj V ii 7 = M748 V 16: MMiiif09)
M817l V ii 3:
M M i i W ) M7 1 V ii 5: MMiiiil09) M7 I V ii 21:
MMii1,g(204)M7 II V i 30; MMiiigC234) M7 II V ii
30: MMiii,h(90) M33 II V i 6; W i M42 R i 14:
MMiii,m@l)
R ii 5; MMiii,mW M39 R ii 8:
MMiiid28) a 7 V i 22; MMioO6) M67 V i 30:
KPT(947) M36tM801d R ll; MMiii,p M2l R 2;
KPT(1237) 0M354 V 7; KPT(l288) oM2098 B 7:
KPT(1829) M6470 R 2; XPT(2028) OM580 R 5:
KPT(2035) hi580 R 12; Mll235: MV236: MU237:
MY273 MV34-4;M1139: M1/351: W366:MV391;
M1/392: Ml/393; MV394: BBB(151) M801alp10 1:
BBBc(40) h4577!l V 16: CPar(7) oM332+M724 R 6;
CPa'ar(13)M33PM724 R 12; 0M448 B 1: M32a V 12:
M75 V 9; M33l R 7; M544 V 6; M544 V 7; dl544

V 7: M544 V 8; dl544 V 9: M544 V 10: M544 V 11:


OM% V 12: oMS44 V U:ah16031 I A ii 4: h16650 R
7; M83 1R 8 = M200 V 5 = M105a R 2 = 0M1927 R
3; M538 R 8; M730 R ii 1: H.I/lb/ M233 V 2 =
M625b R 7: H.V24a/ M93 I R 5: H.I/48a/ M2306 R
1: H3/49b/ oM2306 R 5; KlII/2b/ M5540 R 4;
KIVa/fh/ M6221 V 1: H.IVb/la/ M6220 R 1:
M93+M289a I1 R 2: HVIdlOaI M4970 R
1: )tWdl4a/ M93+M289a 11 V 7; H.VIVlla/ M5263
R 6 = M87lf V 1: H.VIII/12b/ M689 V 4:
kRV1/58b/ M% R 16; kRVI/6lb/ oM88 1 V 2 =
M96 V 2; AJLVII/3b/ M91 R 12 = M6WM439 R 4
= MI75 V 10: kRVIV14al M91 V 15 = M690tM439
V 5 = Mn4 R 13; kRVI1/2lb/ dl774 V 8 = M817
R 3: kRW/27bl oM489a V 5: kRVIIalSa/ M667+
R 9: ARFragP/la/ MI668 R 1: A.R.FragP/llai
MI668 V 1;Abc(tA/i!Ob/M94+/20b: Abcd.B oM507
V 1%; M741 V 10a: M741 V 14a = Otani6208+ V 9:
M741 V lb,&I741 V 18b; MI02 R 3: M 0 2 R 6:
M102 R 9: oM102 R 17; M102 V 7: MI02 V 8: M102
V IL MI02 V U: MI02 V 15; M102 V 18: Lh' 52
M351 R 6; LN 59 aMSOOc R 1: LN 39 M500c R 4 =
M5931 R-2: LN 515 M240 V 4: LN 48 MI848 V 4:
Lh' 65oU%5 R U:Id35 R 6: RH(l35) oM86 V 19:
RH(164) oM50h B 5: ' ~ ~ ( 2 6 9M284a
)
V ii 9:
RH(301) M284b R i 10: RHCW-5)M284b R i 14:
RH(312) oFXZSlfb R i 21; RH052) oM284b R ii 29:
RH(548) ~ 5 6 4 0V 2: RH(586) M5860 1 R ii 6:
RH(1087) M273 R 3; RH(1198) M30 V i 18: GWH2
M6680 V H; GW 58 M259btM453b R 3: GW $17
oM259a V 7 = ~4526+M7265I V 5: GW 517 M259a
v 8 = ~4526t~7265
1 V 6 = M6680+ V 4 = M451 R
M4526M7265 I V 6 = oM6680t V 5:
1; GW
GW 517 oM259a V 9 = M4526+M7265 1 V 7 =
M6680+ V 5; GW 598 OM5642 B 3 s M2331 B 4:
GW 5 8 0M2331B 5; GW 598 M2331 B 6: M10 R
12: M17l Ii V H: M405a R 1: M95 R 5; MIK7251 V
5; MI201 V 2; Mj78j I1 R 14; M8W R 24 = M275-L
V i 11:. M85la+M629c V i la Otaai6171 3 3:
Otani620 A 4: OtaniCatlO2 I1 R 6; M
a5 R 11:
R U:M215 V 3: M235 V 6: MZ15
M2l5 R U;
V 8: M2l5 V 12: MS39a18: M1714/3; M2225/3;
M2229fi; M5778/ii 2; M7904/2; M812 R 4; M812 R
7; M6281+ R 2
MP 'br M3 R 17: M3 R 19; Sbrg M473a+ 1 V H: Sbrg
M475a 1 V H; Sbrg(91) M475a I V 19: Sbrg(126)
M477 I V 6: Sbrg(179) M482+ I V 11; Sbrg M472+
1 V H; Sbrg(218) M472+ I V 2; Sbrg(223) M472+ 1
V 7; Sbrg(227) M472+ 1 V 11: Sbrg(229) M472+ I V
U;Sbr$23j) M472+ I V 19; Sbrg M35+ V H:
V 11: Sbrg(307) M470a+ R 19:
Sbrg(275)
Sbrg M470a+ V H: Sbrg025) M470a+ V 13:
Sbrg(330) 0~470at
V 18: Sbrg051) oM542b 1 R 6:
Sbr&90) ~ 5 4 2 b 11
t R 6: Sbrgfc M497a I1 R H;
Sbrg.fm M8256 R 5; Sbrgfm oh48256 R 6;
KawAm) oMlOlj V 2: KawA(87) MlOlg V 2;

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


KawA(l32) Mole V ll: KawA(148) MlOlb V 4:
ii 11: M97 V ii 14: MW V 7: MBl R 3: :-'2;.:! R iO:
KawA(W) MlOlb V 6; KawA(W) oMNh R 12:
.M78l+ I R 11: M781c I1 V (50110: J: -511 :I V
K ~ w Do M 6 S V ii 1: fiwD M62Sc V ii 3:
(52112: M82 V 19: MU67 V 3: M a 7 5. :~!:j R 2:
KawF(49) ~6120colD 14: KawF(64) ~6120COLE
MU R 5: MU R 6: MU R 2: MU R 24. JIil v I:
11: KawF(66) M6l20 colE U: KawF(67) M6120 colE
M l l V 4: MI1 V 7: M11 V 10: MIK4974 R t 4:
14: KawF(80) M61#)colF 6: KawF(82) ~6120c o l ~
MIK4974 R i 2:MIK4974 R i 23: MIK4974 R ii 3:
8: MKG(1467) oiM3414 B 1: ~ ~ ~ 1 9M742
9 2 I )V 6:
M798a R i 3: M798a R i 5: M738 V H: M22 V? 27:
MKG(1994) M742 I V 8: MKG(2241) oM236+ R U:
M4168 ~ ' 6MnOl
:
B 2: L SIO I20 I V 7: M12 R 9:
M12RU: M22 V EM1721 V2:M172I V 3 = ~ 1 7
~KG2267)M23& V B:~ ~ (M98
6 1 I R 6: Hu(31)
R ii 1: ~ 1 7 V
6 1: M176 V 2: S l V 8: Sl V 10: 8 V
M98 1 V 6; Hu(34) 51198 1 V 9: Hue71 oM98 I V
12; Hu(43) M98 .I V 18: Hu(45) M98 I V 20:
12: S1 V 14: SZ V 15: Sl V 16: S7 V ii 19:
R 10:
S9 V i 3: S!J V i 7: S9 V i 25; GW 5142 S11 R 21:
Hu(45) M98 I V 20: Hu(63) M99 I R U: Hu(68)
S12a R 22; S12b R ii 33: S12c V i 20: S14 V 8: S27 v
M99 I R 18: Hu(72) M99 I R 22: Hut731 M99 I R
I: oS28 V 2: ~ ~ ( 6 5 M874
2 ) R 5: MI5 R 1: M26 I1 R
23: Hu(76) M99 I V 1: Hu(79) M99 I V 4: Hu(90)
M99 I V 15: Hu(99) M99 I V 24: HuO M7984 I1 R
8: oMZ68 A 6: M297 A 7: Ma30 II R 7: M389 V 3
H: Hu(144) Id7984 II R ii lo: Hu(148) M7984 11R
= M8430 II R 7: M447b B 3: MIK8259 I V ii 9:
N4a II V 16: M4b I1 R 3:M4b I1 V 14: M4b I1 Y
ii 14: HuO M7984 I1 V H: Hu(206) M7984 I1 V ii
4: Hu(225) 347984 II V ii 23: HuO M7981 I R H:
20: MK~(2216) 1315794+ I1 R 3; M5794+ I1 V 12:
MY94 I1 V 15: M5794+ I1 V 16: M28 I R i 7: M28
Hu(264) M7981 I R i 28: Hu(268) M7981 I R i 32:
Hu(ZmM798II R ii 7:HW)M7981 I V i 1:
I ?! i 16: rnz!XI R ii 6: P.M.9142 V i %PAf.?14-2 v '
Hu(3U) MI981 I V i 9: Hu029) A47981 I V i 25:
i 6: ~ ~ 9 1V &
ii 2: PM9142 V ii 6: MIK4962b v
Hu060) M7981 I V ii 22: Hu(403) M7980 I R i
2: o w 7 1V 8: M797 I V 9: M8250 V 10: M545 R
(31112: Hu(707) ,W81 I1 R ii 2l: H u m ) M798l I1
6: M545 R 10; M%5 V 10: M627 R i 9: Otani6203.B
V i 23: HuO M7984 I R H: Hu(867) aM7984 V i 11:
6: 'OtaniCat102 I V 7: M5750 R i 10: oM237 R H:
Hu(1009) M7982 V i 17: Hu(1098) M7983 I R ii 4:
3643/ii 1: M777 I V H: MI215 R 1: M1850/2a:
Hu(ll51) M7983 I V i 23: Hu(1161) M7983 I V i 33:
242157 R H: M3420/2; M52651'7
IMP 'br # 'hr'm Hu(2l8) M7984 It V ii 16
Hu(1175) M7983 1 V ii U: Hu(ll84) M7983 I V ii
MP 'brc Hu(1000) M7982 V i 8
a:Hu(1236) M1983 I1 R ii 6: Hu(1241) M7983 11 R
MP 'bryyt M577#3
ii 11: MMii M9 I V 10: MMii M9 I V 14: MMii M9
MP 'pr KPT(853) M263ft A i I: KPT(861) M263f+ A i
I1 R 3: MMii M2 I V ii l3: MMii oh429 V 9: MMii
9: KPT(867) M263f+A i 15; KPT(902) M263f+ B ii
M28 I1 R i 21: MMii M28 II R ii 20: MMii M28 I1 R
5: KPT(919) M765i A ii 3
ii 22: MMii M28 11 R ii 28: MMii M28 I1 V i 7:
M P S '$r MannerheimE V 2: Otani7OO3 V 5
MMii M36 R 3: MMii M36 R 4; MMii M36 R U:
MMii M36 V 7; MMii 13136 V 19: MMii M31 I R 5: 'br 2 PdMP /abut/ a. 'higher, upper; loud' (?).'brdr
'louder' (MMiiin07) M77N/170.
MMii M31 I R 5: MMii M31 I R 11: MMii 1M31 I R
Pa
'b'-r'-yg'ddwm suprl. Cantillated. oM797 11 V 4
16: MMii M729 I V i 4: MMii M729 I V ii 14: MMi
Pa
"brdr comp. MMiiiJX62) oM5815 I V i 5:
M729 I1 R i 15; MMi M729 II R ii 10 = M897 R 14:
MKG(U18)
Mb040 R 9: hlKG(U27) oM6040 R 18:
Mhlii M129 Ii V ii IS: MMii A4729 I1 V ii 15:
,1MKG(l402) M6041 V 13: MMiii.d(ll2) M5 V ii 22:
KPTOO) M1001+ R ii 3 : - ~ ~ ~ ( 3MIOOl+
4 ) R ii 7:
MMi.nO7) 1M77V 17; MV291: Mll372: a102 V 4:
KPT(H) MIOOlt R iii 8: KPT(68) M1001+ R iv 2:
M e V U;oOtani11075 V i 2: M40 V 3
KPT(399) M1004+ V ii 5: KPT(473) Ml002+ R iii 8:
Pa 'brdwm supri. MMiiig(ll9) M2 I1 V ii 8: Ml/338:
KPT(S33) MlOll A 2 1: KPT(680) MlOO R ii 3;
3475 R 1: M730 V ii 2: RH(3) oMU7 I R 2: RH(121)
KPT(688) MlOO R ii 11; KPT(839) Ma53 R 5:
M86 V 5: MlO R l3: MI0 V 13: M797 I1 R 13; M79
KPT(843) M853 V 1: KFT(1088) M30&+M308b A ii
R 10
4: KPT(ll14) M308a+M308b B ii 1: KPT(lll7)
pas 'pr6wmt SUN
Otani7367 V 3
M308a+M308b B ii 4: KPT(117l) uV183+ I1 R H:
MP 'br'n pl. ~KCi(2026)oM742 11 R 18
KPT(l303) MI208 A ii 7: KPT(14ll) M5566+M4%1
MP 'brdr comp. KawF(57) 0 ~ 6 1 2 colE
0 4: KawF(84)
R i 9: KPT(1589) Ma101 R i 7: KPT(1624) Ma101 V
M6120 COIF10; HuC674) M7981 I1 R i 22 = a 5 0 6 V
ii 3: KPT(1740) M45 V H: KPT(1755) M45 V 2
5; Hu(1234) M7983 I1 R ii 4; KPT(1090)
KPT(1776) M382 B 2: M V ~ Ml/163:
.
~l/la
&f38ati@&?b
A ii 6: KPT(U41) aM.506 V 5;
BBB(l31) M80la/p8 15: BBB(l33) M8Ola/p8 17:
KPT(1426)
~5566+M4501
R ii 11: M738 R 8: S9 V ii
BBB(175) M80la/pll 10: BBB(253) M801aIp15 18;
k
M
6
0
l
l
V
i
4
BBB(255) ~801a/p162. BBB(256) M80laIp16 3;
MP 'brdr'n comp., pi. Hu(90) M99 I V 15: KPT(86)
BBB(337) M80la/p21 6: BBB(r94) M8Olalp39 1:
M1001t V i 2: KPT(302) M1007+M1027 B ii 5
M315 11R 1: OM315 I1 R 2: M315 11 R U:M315 I1 R
MP
'brdra comp., pl. RH(876) 34394 A 4
18: M36 11V U: M3b I1 V 19: M97 V ii 7: M97 V

. a

...<

14

~ i c t i o n a of
r ~~ a n i c h a e a nMiddle Penian and Parthian

MP 'brdwm suprl.Sbrg(l97) M47B I R 5: MMii M31 'brwc- Pa /apr62-l vlr- 'to illuminate, kindle, light'.
I R 9: M74 I R 15: RH(1052) M785 V 9: oM5436t 1
Pa 'brwcynd pres3.pl- GW 597 oM2331 A 5
V6
'brwc- MP /&6z-/ vfr. 'to illuminate, kindle, light;
MPS 'fk6wm suprl. TM406b V 1
polish'. KPT, 114
'br Shr Pa see W h r
MP 'brwcydm impvpl. MMii M95 V 5a
'or MP /apr/ n. 'cloud'. KPT,ll4
MP "brwxt ppJ KFT(1730) M47 I1 V 3
MP '$fn pl. KPT(658) MlOO R i 7
MP 'brwxt ppJ KPT(U62) &4500 R i 6: KPT(1710)
'br'st MP labr&/ vlr-pp. 'to raise up, exalt'.
M47 I1 R 6: v ( l 7 l 3 ) M47 I1 R 9: KPT(1734) M47
MP ' b f q p p l S9 V i 26
IIV~;M738V12:M%7IIR2.
'br'Stg Pa labrZtagl v~r.,
pp. 'to lift up'.
'brwd Pa /afirSl n 'plants'.
Pa 'bf5gpp.I Otani6160 B 4
Pa 'brwd H.In/W OM5540 R 5: Abcd.C M533 V Ub:
Pa 'bZStg pph ARI/24a/ M7WM889 V 7
GW 36 M83 I1 V 12 = M34U V 6 ('br dwd) =
"br'yyg'w Pa /abrciigrku/ a. 'in the Hebrew
0~%+Aa520 R 12; GW 47M248+ R 17 = 0M608a
language' (?).MacKenzie apud Boyce 1975, Ul,note
V 1; OtaniCat102 II R 4
on 1 Sundennann, MKG, 81 n.6 is sceptical and 'brwj'gyn Pa /aprdf d g d a. 'flashing, bright' (?).
expects 'Wyyg'w.
Pa 'brwj='gyn Glosse oh4124 R 4
Pa "bfyyg'w MKG(1238) M4574 V ii 4 (MacKenzie 'brwmy' Pa /?/ tz... Name of Mani's birthplace

in Boyce 1975, UL) {'bdhyyg 'w)~br'yygaw>)


'brdwm Pa see 'br
'brg MP /abarag/ n. 'north'.
MP 'brg Sbrg(224) oM472t i V 8: Sbrg(279) oM535+ V
15: Sbrgo02) M47Oat R 14: Hu(259) hi7981 I R i
23: Hut2621 M79811 R i 26; KPT(904) M263f+ B ii
7; KPT(910) M263f+ B ii U: BBB(232) M801a/p14
15
MP 'brgyh'h adv. Hu(78) M99 I V 3
'brng, 'bmng Pa /abrangl n. 'zeal'.
Pa 'bmg -141)
M58l5 I1 R i 30: MKG(694)
M4576 R i U:MKG(757) oM4577 A i 7; MKG(1779)
M5059 V ii 6; MMiii,g(l49) M7 I1 R ii 1;
hMii,m(n)M39 V ii 9: MMiii~n(87)M39 V ii 26:
M32a V 5: M14 V 9; Lh' 563 M5845 R 8: LN 563
oM5&15B 9; I
S 65 M5845 R U;LN 65aM5845 R
15 = M4450 V 1: RH(92) ~ 8 R61: RH(47l) M763 R
ii 17: RH(494) M763 V i U: M459b A 2; M765hl5;
M5828 B 2; M24 V 8
Pa 'brng' M315 I R 7
Pa 'bmng MMiiia(57)M2 I1 R ii 20:. MMiii,d?O) M67
V ii 32; M1,301:BBB(295) M801a/p18 8 = M5225 R
3: aM529 R 2: RH(215) M284a R ii 19
Pas 'prank Ch/So20U5 V 6 = 080.TTB1644= hi779 V 2
Pas 'pr'nkw 10202f6
'brng' Pa see 'brng
'brngyft Pa /abrang17;/ n 'zeal'.
Pa 'bm&g='bmngyff MMiii,k(l2) h4l04t R 12 =
M89W R 10
'brnng Pa see 'bmg
'brShr labmiabr/ npr. [Boycel 'the upper, ie
northern lands'; [Sundmann:I 'northeastern Iranian
province und its cdpiral (contemporary NeySHpOr)'.
Sundermann 1 9 a 86 n.36 Back 1978 500,nl54.
Pa 'br Shr MKG(669) M4575 V i 7; MKG(2075) M455
Ai4
MP 'brShr MKG(2230) M236+ R 1; MMii M2 I R ii 4
'brwc MP /abrdz/ n 'flash, brightness'. Henning
1940, 30.
MP 'brwc Glme MI24 R 3

according to Thedore bar Konay. Henning 1942%


947, n2
Pa 'brwmy'. oM6033 B ii (19) 1
'brwxt MP see 'brwc'brwyjyy MP Jabmw2i.i/ 'triumph'. Henning 1937%
80.With -j-?
MP 'brwyjyy ~ 3 II7R li (up.?
.
'bryl Pa /abmZll n.pr. rn.
Pa 'bryl ME02 R 7
'bryn Pa /abarh/ a 'higher, superior'.
Pa 'bryn M680 R 10 = I(24 R 6 = d l 8 9 R 7;
~RVI/54blM88 I R 8 = M% R 8 = 0 ~ 6 7 5V 6:
M741 R 4b = 10tani6208+R 8 = M2853 V x3b:
M741 R 6b: M741 V llb; M741 V 16b; M741 V 19a:
RH(483) M163 R ii 29: RH(1150) M30 R i 22:
otani6172 R 5
'brySwm MP /abri~orn/n 'silk'.
. .MP "brySwm Glossa MI09 R 15
'bsxwn Pa /absaxwan/ n. "appeal, 'call '. Coldiu 87,
302
Pa 'bsxwn Wl52)M44 R 1
'bsyst Pa /absist/ u,itr, pp. 'to stop, end'.
Sundermann BU3a3Z4: :'beconsumed'.
Pa 'bsystppJ MMiii,e(38) M6 R ii 8: kRJa/8a/ M815
R 3; A.R.Vn1'2al M91 R 9 = oM690+M439 R 1 =
MI75 V 7: ARMla/llb/ oM667t V 2 = M8285 V 2
cbysyst): M35 v 1
a
bs m- Pa /abJGm/vfr. 'to swallow, consume'.
Pa 'bS'mg pfpJ HCfrM o m 7 8 B Ub
Pa 'bS'mg'-n -prpJ,pl. ~.Iva/lWM622l V 9: M5785
IR4
Pa 'bFrn'dppJ1 kW3Ob/ OM831 V 5 = OM673 V 12
Pa 'bg'm'dn inf 11 W @ / l l b /
M449bMSOk

'

-2

vz

' h d g Pa /abi&iag/ n ''baptist'. Sundermann 1977


11980],238-9. MKG,148
Pa 'Ewdg'n pl. ~ ~ ~ ( 6 M4Si5
6 3 )V i 1; MKG(1822)
WPBl2
'bs'wdgyft Pa /abSddagTf t/ n. "baptist community'.
MKG, 148

..

,.

-...I!.,,

.7.j

..
7.7
- ..
..:- ..,
..
. ...
..
.. .,..
:. . .
<
. .

..

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

. A

Pa 'biwdgyft MKG(Il1 oMU44+M5910 R 1

!~...
3

...

'bw Pa see 'b'w

.:
-.
-:I
.-.
EJ
....-.

j:.

-..

:,I
..

..,. .,.
.. ,

.,..
.....,
. ,.

.. .,

.,

.
.

4
,

./*

..,

'

'bwd- Pa /ci/366-/ vlr. 'to look'. Henning 1940,18-P.


44.
Pa 'bwd i m p s g - Glossa M109 R U: Glossk MMln
Ri2
'bwg Pa lap6y/ k''co-wife'. Henning 1940,18
Pa 'bwg Glossa MI09 R 8: Giossk MSOln R i 4
'bwrg Pa /abiirag/ a 'childless'. Henning 194444.
Pa 'bwrg Glosk M5Mn R i 3
'bwrs WMP /aburs/ n 'juniper'. Henning 1%,63,

n6.

*.

:.:

:'I

Pa 'bwrs a 1 7 1 I V 9
MP 'bwrs Kaw~(l73)PMlOlh V 10
'bwrs'm 1WMP /abwsdm/ n...nt. Designates at
least two persons MKG, 148. Sunderrnann 1994b, 245.
Sundermann 1994b, 24526% 263.
Pa 'bwrs'm MKG<1943)Ml77 V 17
MP 'bwrs'm M28 I R H; M6011 R ii 15
'bwrs'm 2 IMP. ./ .*a b u r s h d n. 'balsam'. Henning 1940,
G. .. ... .., .. . . . . .
MP 'bwrs'm Glossk d%lnR i 1
' ~ w s -YP ides-/ v.tr. .to mil-'.
mI~4 (w.
adrisidan 'to collect').
MP 'bwsyd'pres.3sg. KPT(2063) ~ 6 0 0 A5 ii 2
'bwws MP /&us/ a 'with child, pregnant'.
,UP 'bwws ~ ~ ( 2 9M7981
1 ) I R ii 21
' b p pa /&w&-/ v.tr. 'dislike, disapprove of'. .
Pa 'bwyn% subj2sg. MMiiilO) M585 I R i 10
'bxrws- PdMP /abxrds-1 vh-. 'to call oul shriek,
howl'. Pa, vgL MPT xmb-.
Pa 'bxrwsyd pres.3sg. kRVllb/ oM780+M889 R 2;
M741 R 4a = oOtani6208+ R 7
Pa 'b&synd presd#l. MMiiid232) M7 II V ii' 28:
H.Vx/la/ d B 3 9 R 1: HVx/2a/ ,$I2339 R,3:1.V4 = OM831 V 3 = M673 V 10
,UI/Bb/
= 0Ml892 V 4: k R W 4 b / M667+ R 8
Pa 'bxrws'm subj.l$l. Or sg.? MV268: ARIIa/2la/
.

.....,
.-

;I
.

~.. .... . ,
.: .!

.
.

;;j,

.:I ,
:..,
.,

::I

.:I
-i

.:

. 3i

.j
....

I j
-'1

. .i

::j

.-. .
-- .!
.I
..

>

-$:I
;j
....
,;

.,--.!

J::

1
1

:
i

2'

i.
I

j,

c?.<l537 !V 2

Otani6202 B 6 Pa b S h [ pres. stem, unclear M478a I1 R i


Pa 'bxS'h'd inf J I ~ 6 0 2 0I R i 14
MP ' b s h impug. aM50lb R ii 3
'bxS'hySn Pa /abaxSr3bi5z/ n. 'pity, mercy'.'
Pa 'bxS'hySn MMilik(9) M104+ R 9 = &gglb+ R 8;
aM681412
'bx*
IW /abaxiiy-/ &.
'to forgive,have pity on
(abut-)',.
MP "bxS'ydorS ppJI S9 R i 32
'bkS'y3s 'bxSUySn LW /abaxfciyi+z/ n. .pity,
mercy'.
MP 'bxSUySnMKG(2217) M5794t I1 R 4
MP 'bxS'ySn Kaw~(l2l)-&ltlle R: 11;.MMii M28 I1 R
ii 21: MMii M28. 11'. R' ii 28: BBB(595)
oM8Ola/p39/2/: M2b A 14: OtaniCata2 I V 3;
OtaniCaU02 I V 7: MllOO/l
MP 'bxSy3n MMii M28 II V i 7
'bxS'ySngr Pa /abaxidyiSngar/ n. 'one who has
meicy, who taka pity'.
', - Pa 'brki'ySngr.RH(90) ~ 5 8 3 V
1 3.
I'.... .
'bxdn- MP /abxwin-/ v. 'to call, cry'. KPT,U4.
.MP =bx+d p e r . rent, u l i c ~ e +~ ~~ ~ ( 9~2 97 ) 4A 1
3
. .
.
'bxwn Pa/MP /abxuni. labxwan, abrdn/ n. 'cry'.
en&^ 1937%80, E!oyce'l954, 180; KPT, 114.
Pa 'bxwn A.RJ/23bl M780+M889 V 6
MP 'bxwn KFT(661) IMOO R i 10: KPT(67l) ah4100 R
i 20
'bxwrmg MP /?/n 'sorrow' (?I.
MP 'bxwrmg MMii oM95 R 7a = M1876t R 5
'by -Pa/MP /a&/ prep. 'without'. Some formations
with 'by are entered separately, see some of the
following
Pa 'by ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 0316~)2 6 7 b ~ 3R1 4i 7: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 7 7 0 ) '
M5055+ V i 8: M6020 I R ii (3017; H.IVa/3b/
1~6221R 6;-HV/9a/ M858e V 1 = M5350 R 1:
H.V/14b/ oM2607 V 2: H.VIc/3b/ M93tM289a I1 R
6: A.R.IIIb/lb/ oM2701 R 2: A.R.V/S&/
M5586+Ml534 11 V 7: kR.VI/66b/ M88 I V 12 =
M% V 12 = M175 R 10: kRViIl6al M690+M439 R
9: A.R.VII/33a/ M817+M45% V 6; LN.5102M307a+
R 8 = M6953 V 7: LN 5 4 M491tM3417 V 13; M35
R 7: M35 R 7: M35 R 8: G W 11'M4526+M7265I R
5 = M6680+R 5: MI49 II R i. lo: M85la+M629c R i
9; MI62313 M6281+ V 4
MP 'by MKG(M34) M742 11 V 6: ~ ~ T ( 1 6 9 3 )
~ 6 5 2 + ~ 5V
2 65; KPT(1865) M825 I V 5; MIK4974
V i 2; MKG(2222) MS794+ I1 V 2:. ~ 5 6 4 6R 3:.
~5646R--4;dtani6161 R 6:~ n 5 H2 R 4
MPabywh'n~556R15. 'byndwm Pa see 'by'd
'by'b Pa /abeab/ a 'waterless'.
Pa 'by'b KawT(5) M29la A 5: HV/Sa/ M6220 V 7
MP 'by'b SEb R ii 50
'by'd, 'by"d Pa /apylid/ n. 'memory'. 'by'd d'r- 'to
remember'; + bw- ditto + kr- ditto or factitive?
,

'

..

Pa 'bxrwsg'n prp.1,pi. ~ 5 7 8 51 R 5
.: Pa wSt or 'bxrw5t ppl dl02 R 4
MP 'bxrwsyd pres.3.q. KawN26) ~6120colC 2 .
MP 'bxrws impvsg. Kaw~(89)MlOlg V 4; ~ 9 0 0 I1
1
V1
'bxSah- Pa /&axS&l uir.. 'to have pity' (pd / ?br
'on').
Pa 'bxi'hyd pres-3sg. R H ~ % )M284b R ii 31
Pa 'bxS'h' subj2sg. M538 R 8
Pa 'bxS'h' subj.3sg. ARVIIa/5a/ oM667+ R 9
Pa ' b 3 impy.sg.-RfI(41) M280 I R 9; RH(43) M280
I R ll; RH(693) M73 V 3
Pa 'bxS'h impi'sg. MMiiip M77 R 12: MV286;
MV349: M1/351: h;n/352: MV366: RH(35) aM280 I
R 3: RH(299) M284b R i 8; RH(301) M284b R i 10;
RH(304) M284b R i U; RH(412) ~ ~ V 1i 6: 6
RH(1172) M30 R ii 18; 0M79la 11 V 5
Pa 'bsS'hyd imp@. MV350; MV395; MV3%;

15

'

'

16

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Ghilain 1939, 8 we be^ 1970,W-9.


Pa 'bywdwm M4b I V 17
Pa 'by'd MMiii#(ll9) M5 V ii 39: MMiiie(75) M6 V
i 15; MMiii,g(16)M7 II R i 25; MMiiih(23) 0M331
R ii U:MMi&t@) oM33 I V i 6: MMiiib(41) A433
I V i l5: MMiii(43) OM33 I V ii 1; MMiii,h(48)
M33 I V ii 6: MMiii,h(53) A433 I V ii 11; MMiiij
M42 R i 17:
MV397: BBB(286) M80laIp17
17: MI8 V 6: A.R.V11/17a/ M489a R 4 =
oM287tMl223 R 1: AbcdD oha58n1162 = &?lo
16a: RH(576) M5860 1 R i 20: G W 516 M259a V 6
= M4526tM7265 I V 3 = oM668O+ V 3; M6281+ R 7
'by'dg'r Pa /aSyr3dgir/ u 'remembering, in
memory'. MKG, 149.
Pa "byadgarMKG(1830) oM6032 R 2
Pa 'by'dgr. MKG(l603) M47 I V 32
'b y'dg'ryft Pa /ajyGdgcSrSf t / n. 'memory,
remembrance'. MgG, 149.
Pa 'by'dg'ryf~ MKG(1053) M4573 R i 3: KPT(W6)
aM1916 A 7
Pa 'by'dg'ryft IN -2ldQCB+M6B R I ; I&
M208tM638 V 10
'by'dgr Pa /apycSdgml a. 'memorable'. Ghilain 1939,
83.
Pa 'by'dgr AlxdD oM5877/Ub
'by'ng MP /abyrinagi n. 'bridle' or 'rushes*.
Henning 1940.3
MP 'by'ng Glosse oh4124 R 2
'by's- Pa /apyris-/ vlr. 'to remember'.
Pa "by'syd pres-3sg. LN S11 MSOOc V 4: LhT 66
oh14450 V 2; a 9 8 I1 V 3a
'b$star, 'by'stnr Pa/MP /abzEstrSr/ a 'sinless, free
from sin'.
Pa 'by'stwr BBB001) M801aIp18 14
Pa 'by'st'r Md49) oM5861 R ii 1 (Preferable to
'byr)/st/r.)
MP 'by'st'r m 6 R 11
'by'st'ryft,
'by'sg'ryfl
Pa /abErIsrcSriftl n.
'sinlessness'. KPT, 4:
'Absolution'.
Pa 'bya$ r y f ~KPT(2034) M580 R 11
Pa 'bya$ryft RH(497) 24763 V i 16
Pa "by'st'ryft KPT(M32) M580 R 9 'by'starcy>ft;
RH(292)M284a V ii 32
'byawS MP see W s
'by'xSd Pa IabEaxJ'bdl a 'without pity'.
Pa 'byaxSd H V M oM895atM2224 V 3; RH(750)
M31l V 7: RH(802) M449a A 1
'byb'r MP /abEbrSr/ a 'without fruit'.
MP 'by b'r KawA(Zl6) oMlOla V 4; KawA(Zl7) aMlOla
v5
'bybrhiu MP lab&&/
a 'withouiform'. Sk@rve
1997,251 'undressed'.
MP 'by brhmyh' udv. M28 I V ii 23
'bybxtgyh MP /abEbaxtagib/ n. '(fact of) being
without dissension'. Henning 1937b, 106: 'ohne
Zwiespalt, ungeieilt'.
MP 'bybxtgyh BBB(19) M80Wp2 1

'bybymyft Pa /abgbirnvt/ n. 'respectlessness'. LN


99 ~
~
4
l
Pa'bybymyft LN WoM27 V17=oM457V 6
'bycg, 'byzg MP /&zag/ a 'pure'.
MP'bycgM74 I V16
MP 'b*
adv. S7 R i 5
'byd Pa /H/
a (pp.1 'needed'. Henning 1933%168

(91wtc con M W / # .
Pa 'bydm1M% V 4
'byd'd Pa /&dcidl n.; a. 'lack of justice; unjust'.
MKG 14)Pa 'by8d MKG(1710) M267btM314 V i 27
'byd'g, w
q Pa/MP /abayddg/ a. 'invishe'.
Tafaudi 1979, 569 regards 'byd'g mah as a
compound which he compares to ntogm'b and
nymd& Panaino 2000, 466 n8 lists 'by'dg n a b
'new moon' < 'invisible. moon ').
MP 'bydg Hu(598) oM7980 I V i (2211: Hu(607)
M7980 I V i 01110: Hu(635) hi7980 1 V ii (25)5: L
S10mIvll
MP 'bydq Hu(n5) hi7980 1R ii (33)l2
'byd'r Pa f*drSr/
a 'without a a o s ' = 'without
suffering'. IN 12s (5102,l).
Pa 'byd'r UT
5102 &I6953 V 4
'bydrd Pa /&daydl a. 'without pain'. KPT, n4.
MKG, 147.
Pa 'bydrd biKG(895) M4578 B ii 9; KPT(2049) Mj80
V8;M35R7
'byg MP /iibZZ/ a. 'of water, watery '.
MP 'byg Sbrg(174) M482t I V 6
'byk'r MP /abEkdr/ a 'useless'.
MP ' b y b M1/192
'byqyrbgyy MP /abgkirbagi/ a. 'lacking alms, not
receiving marity'.
MP b' y*
Ml77 R 7
'byn 1P a m /rib&/ a. '(consisting) of water'.
Pa byn bfKG(864)a4578 A ii 17; MKG(1432) ~ 5 9 6 6
A 3: MMi&d(98) M5 V ii 8 = oM748 V 16: Abcd.B
M407B3b: LN 99 M312 V U
MP 'byrZMU) M98 I R U; Hu(20) M M R 20;
Hu(23)MW I R 23; Hu06) M98 I V ll; KPT(871)
M263f+Aii 4
'byn 2 Pa / . Ia. 'shining'. Andreas-Henning 1934,

893.

Pa %pMMiii,e(66) ~6 V i 6: M281 V i I2
'bynng R /ab&zungl a. 'without blame, flawless'.
Also advPa 'by- W445: RH(474) M763 R ii 20: MI0 V 5
Pa 'bynng='byngM83 1 R U = M200 V 9 = oM234 R
7-8sbf500e A3
'byny'z pa /ab&iydz/ a.'without need'.
Pa 'bynyt ~KG(1765)M5055+ V i 3
'byr MP /a&/ adv. 'very, much'. comp. abgrdar
'much more'. KPT, 114; MKG, 149.
MP 'br lare spelling. KPT(464) M1002+ R ii 9; M8110

IR3
MP 'byr MKG(2431) ~ 6 2 4 bB 3; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 9 9 )

...:i
_

('1

'-.<.
3

.;4.
.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.
:.. .,
.. .(,

.
I

L._ 8

.
. ..:

.. ..,

.-.:j.:
.... .
-=*

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I-:

-:
.-...
<.
:. ..
..
..

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... i

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. . .
.

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..:

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:
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L?.

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::I

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.,. ,

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?;:I .

:-;:,.
.1.3

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,.

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..,. . .
-...
. .

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.:

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-. ,,
.....,
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.,

-.I.

:.f

..,.:
..

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..-!
!I

.:.
.,I
.-{

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I

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.

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.:

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11
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I.

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j

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1i

aM652+M526 V 11: KP~(2013) M221 V 14:


KPT(2016) M22I V 17: M655bl2
MP 'byrdr comp. KFT(779) MlOO V iii 10
'byr'z MP /ab&dz/ adv. 'ceaselesily' (?I. W.
Sundermm suggests tentatively 'without a house',
6. r'z 3.
MP "byr'z MMii M82511 V 4
'byrnz MP /ab@ranz/ a :iKithout trouble'.
MP 'byrnz Glossa MI09 R 15
' h y w MP /abEtf/ a.."excess'. Skjzrva ~ 7247.,
MP 'byryy M28 I' V i 27
'hyspar- Pa /abespdr-l vtr. 'to deliver up, hand
over, commif enuust, ensign'.
Pa 'bysp'rynd pres.3.pl. MI8 V 8: oM35ll A 3
Pa 'byspwrdppJ Mo(27) Ma+V (44123 = M390 R
2 (Henning 1944b, 143 a6 'bysp'd (var. l e a
Jby~pw~d?).):
MKG(ll40) M4570 R ii 1: RH(361)
~ 2 8 4 bVi6:MlO V 14=M'j40cB 2
MP kpwrd ppJ 616 R 3
'bysp'rgyft Pa /abespgragTft/. n. gyan{?)
.'bysp7rgyf fi 'selfsacrifice', MKG;I60.
Pa 'bysp'rgyft MKG(211l) oM502d B 1.
'bysp's MP lab8spcisl a. 'ungrateful'.
Andreas-Henning 1933,335 .
MP 'byspas MMii oM28 II V i 16
'byspwrd Pa see 'bysp'r'bysr 1, 'bsr MP /abesar/ n. 'crown'. KPT, 114 sub
.
.
'bsr.
IMP "bsr KPT(822) M819M2l54 V 8
MP 'bysr F;awA(ll5) MlOle R 5: M309a R 4: M28 1V
ii 2: Kad)lll R 8
'bysr 2 MP /&sar! a. 'Mthout end unsurpassable'.
Sundermann (personally).
MP 'bysr KaoOlll R 8
'hysrwg Pa /abesr6g/ n. '(female) singer, musician'.
MKG,149.
Pa %ysf~ig'npl..MKC(709)oM4n6 R ii 10 .
'byst MP /abe.st/ n. 'place of refuge'. Sundermann
- .
199% 3U.n42 - .
IMP 'byst M57M R ii 8
..
'byst'g'n MP /abestdg& n [Boyel 'teacher(?)'; [Back/Burtea:l 'renegade'. ISimdermann:1 'apostates'.
Back 1988, 58 Burtea 1996, 56 Sundermann 2003~
232b. Cf.'bysr'wg'n.
IMP "byst'gan'n pl. oM97 R ii 16 (Boyce 1975, 178
'bysr'wg'n'n corrected by Sundermann apud
Tafazzoli 1979, 569. J01y 1958, 332-335 Suggests
restoring a negation) .
'bystaw- Pa /abestciw-/ u3r. 'to deny, to apostate'.
Pa 'bysy'wynd pres.3.pl. M K G ( ~M26W~314
)
R
ii 25
.
Pa 'bysr'wadpp.II Mdu) M104+ V (44123 = M390 R
2 = M89lb+ V 11
'byst'wg'n WMP labesttiwag&/ a-?,
pl-2
'apostate, denyer'. Tafazzoli 1979,569. MKG 149. Cf.
'byst'g'n.
Pa 'bystawg'n MKG(l570) 0~1608
B2

'

,.

'

..

17

MP 'byst'wgannp[-2 M731 R 3
'bystft MP Iabestaf t l ulr., pp. "to 2::: 2r;Jer
pressure'. MKG 149. For M4b/I/V/5/ ~afszrofi2379,
569 sees a compound /ab#-staft/ 'free .from
harshness'.
Pa 'bystft pp.I ~KG(1946)MI77 V 20: M4b i V 5
'bystn Pa labestan/ n 'delay'.
Pa 'bystn hQIiilp(ll2) M5815 I1 .Ri 1 .
'bystn MP /iibestan/ a 'pregnant'. Gershevitch 1973,
,

'

72

MP 'bysm KPT(854) M263f+ A i 2: GW 5141,mv 19


'bystnyh,'bystnpp MP /cSbestanih/ n. *pregnancy'.
Andreas-Henning 1933,335.
. . .
.
MP ' b p ~ y KPT(1461)
h
M5567 R i 7 - .
. .
MP 'bystnyy MMii M825l I R 19
'bysyh- MP /abesib-/ v-itr. 'to perish, be destroyed'.
MP 'bysyh'd subj.3sg. Sbrg(180) M482-c I v 12
'bySrm MP l&Sarml a 'shameless'.
MP ' b y h MI77 R 24
'bytrs Pa /ab@tars/,a'without fe.ar'..Colditz 87,307.
Pa 'by- M830+ V.23.zM27F V ii B
Pa 'byas Wad841 ~ 3 3 R3 8
.
'bywh'n MPsee wh'n . .
.
- .
'bywn' MP /abGwinc5/ a 'guiltless, innocent.': For
. .
' b m b . KPT, ll4. .
MP 'bywn' KPT(1717) M47 I1 R U
'bywS, 'byawS Pa/MP lab8os'l. labBuS/ a.
'wconsciotis'. Sometimes written apart 'by 'w$.
Pa'by'WSLNSllM593lV2
Pa 'by% MKG(133) oMa6b R 3: MKG(1602) ~ 4 I7
V LN Sll M500c .V 3: RHO321 M284b R ii 9:
M5760 II R 3
MP 'by 'wS KPT(1714) M47 11R 10
MP 'byw'w3 BBB(l%) M80la/p12 15
MP 'by'wS Hu(299) M7981 I R ii 29: MI77 R 18: S9 R
.
.
. .
:i 17
MP'bywS Hu(1228) M7983 I1 R i 32: KPT(1660) M46
'

'

V 6

'Isywiyft,
'bwSpft
,Pa./abe'oSfft/ n.
'unconsciousness'.
LN 1001 (S3l.2).
Pa 'bwjyft=wdySnasgyft LN 531 oM349 R 2 = M457 R
11
'byw3yh MP labOoEb/ n 'uncorisciousness'.
MP 'bywSyh Hu(973) MI982 R ii 15
MP 'bywSyyh Hu(1054) lM7982 V ii 28
'bywzynd Pa/MP / a b M z e n d / a 'inviolate,
. .
unharmed'.
Pa 'bywzynd M448 B 5 = hi315 I R 2: RH(1025) ~ 7 8 5
R I; GW 599 M2331 B 7 = oM2601 A 2: GW 599
~ 5 6 4 B2 10 = ,,M2601A 5: M360 B 8
MP 'bywzynii M43 R 2: M43 V 7: M293 V 10
abywz(y)ndyb 'by m d y y MP /&&izeidi;b/
n. 'invidateness'.
~p 'bytwzynd~BBB(246) olti801a/p15 11
MP ' b y m n d y y MU1
.:
MP 'bywmdyh S7 R ii 3 .
MP 'bywqndyh MMii M36 V 4
,

'

.-

18

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persia and Parthian

MP 'bywqndyy ~ 1 ~ R3ii 17:


6 M74 1 V 7: MIK8259
I V ii 23
'byfd Pa labdyddl a 'without share'.
Pa 'byy'd M18 B 3
'byz'r Pa /abbzrir/ a 'without sorrow, without
suffering'. KFT,1l4.
Pa 'byz'r KPT(2l6) M338 B 3
'byzgyh' MP see 'bycg
'byzyrd Pa /&zird/ a 'heartless' = 'barren' (?I.
.
Henning 1940,51
Pa 'byzyrd G l o w M5542 R 2
'bzad Pa see 'bz'y- Pa
'bz'r MP /abzrSr/ a 'strong, powerful'. Gershevitch
197l, 275.
MP 'bz"r M4b II V 10
MP
'bz'r h g . q M537a+ U R 12: MMii M28 II R i 32:
. .
MMii M28 I1 R ii W KFT(208) aMlOWM1025 B ii
3; ~ ~ ~ ( 3MI009
1 6 ) A ii 3: m(579) ddlol9 A ii 4
. .
KPT(736) MlOO V i 14: KPT(1092) M308a+M308b
A ii 8: BBB(l25) M80Wp8 9: BBBOl5) M80Wp20
.
. ' 2:- BBB(402) M801a/p26 14: BBB(424) M80Wp27
i8: ~BB(446)M801a/p29 7: m
4
5
1
)
M80laIp29
12;
BBB(468)
M&Ola/piM
1
1
=
M276
V
i
7: M315 I1
.
B 17: MI6 V 5: M74 I R 11: oM324 R 6
(;b(rxarn)(?)): M324 R 18: M82 R 7 = aM235 V 2:
oM82 R 23 = M235 V 9: Sl2b R ii 34: M842 V 1:
M4b I1 V 4: M4b I1 V 7: M596a R 4: M797 I R 7:
oOtani6207 A 4: ~46342:M693212
MP 'bz'r'n pl. M K G ( W M454t I1 R 9: MMii M36 V
16: BBB(43) M80la/p3 17 = oM34la R 6: RH(788)
oM341a A 7; RH(978) M647+ 11 V 7; M283 I R 7:
M4a 11 R Z M4a I1 R 8; M4a I1 R 22
MP 'bz'rdr comp. KawF(78) M6120 COIF 4:
oOtani6178 A 3
' b z a w MP /abz&-I? n? 'increase(?)'. Uncertain
MP 'bz'wy M559 B 4
'bz'y- Pa /apzdy-/ utr. 'to begin (+ id.)'.Henning
1937%80. MKG, 149.
Pa 'bz'yd pres3sg. Lh' 25 MI603 R 3
Pa "bi'yndyk optlMKG(l343) M6040 V 10 Pa 'bz'd ppJ MKG(U13) M6040 R 4: cPar(169) oM44
V7
'bz'y- MP Iabzriy-/ u ~ r'to
. increase (u.1add to, to
amount to'.
MP 'bz'yd pres3sg. M82 V 3 = M35 V 11
MP 'bz'yyd pres3sg. MI77 R 4
MP 'bz'ynd pres3pi. M4a 11 V 21: MI97 I R 5
~p 'bzayansubjJSrg.mat 11 v fi1)ll; M781+ 11 v
(52112
MP 'bzay'nd subj3.pl. MMii M36 V 21: BBB(176)
M80laIplllIr M43 V 3; M4a I1 R 9
MP 'bz'y'nd' subj3.pl. M3l5 11 R 5
MP 'bzay impsg. BBEK448) M80la/p29 9
'bzft MP / a h af t/ a ( p p ) 'to 'escape' (?).KPT, 114.
MP 'bzfy ppl KPT(l4U) M5566tM4501 R i 11
'bzftg Pa /abzaftag/ a. 'filthy' (?I. So Boyce.
Morano 1998,UZ 'wretched' or 'destroyed'.
'

Pa TI* M a ) Ml04+ V (40119 = M891b V 8;


RH(617) M5860 1 V ii U
' b m - MP /&raw-/ u.itr. 'to increase (iu.), be
increared, added to'.
MP 'bzwgd pres.3sg. Hu(70g) M981 II R ii 22:
Hu(7471M798IlI V i 27: Hu(755) M798111 V ii 1:
H~(769)W9Sl II V ii 15: KPT(534) MlOll A ii 2;
KPT'(536)MIWA ii 4
MP ' b ~ d p r e s 3 ~Hu(759)
g.
~ 7 9 8 1 1 1v ii 5
W 'bzwpod pres3#l. oM1723/3
MP 'b&n subjJsg. M6230 R 1
MP 'bzw'd SUbj3~g.MKG(2258) M236 V 9: MMii
M36 R RMMiiM36R 16:M82R 8 ~ 0 ~ 2v325
MP 'bzw'nd subj3pI. MMii M36 V l2
MP 'bzwd ppl KPT070) oM1020tM1022 V ii 7:
KPT(1828) M&nO R 1
'bzwn MP / a b W n 'inam'.
MP 'bzwn MMii M36 R 12: MMii M36 R 20; MMii
M31 JI R 19; Mln99: M315 1 V 8: M297 B 7: M797
1R6
MPS :@-VIM 0cmi7003 V 7
'bzwy8n P1/MP /abzawiZnl. laj3zawiin/ n.
'inaeasing, waxing (of the moon)'.
Pa "bzwySn M79j R 9
MP 'bzwySn Hu670) M7980 I R ii (28)7: Hu(811)
M7984 I R i 23
'bzwySn Pa /abzm'fn/ n. 'malediction, curse'.
Boyce 1% 18L
Pa "btwph ~ W / 3 6 a oM578
/
V5
%Wp
'bzxf'
l d z a x ~ a/ .a k z a k ~ d n.Pr.
/
m. Gr. abizacbias in Cologne Mani Codex.
Sundermann, MKG 67 n.2 Sundermann 1994b, 245.
'hbach 1997,3m9.one or two Persons?
Pa 'bzxy" MKG(909) M4580 R i 5
MPabnty'hOR3
'bzyn, ' b c p MP /&zt?n/ n. 'cloth, material'.
' ~ ~ Y S H ~ Um983
* ) Ii ji
MP 'bzyn Hdl2W M983 I1 V i 20: Hu(1294) M7983
IlVi3D
'1,zyn-MF /abz&-f v ~ r ,to
. sew'. Henning 1940,17.
'bz~n@ P'a3QI- Hu(ml) hi7983 I1 ii 3;
Hu(U18) M7983 II V ii 20: Glossa MI03 R 8
" b ~ i*nsgGlossa
'bzyngr MP /abxEngar/ n. 'tailor'. Henning 1937a
80 sub 'bjjm'gr.
MP 'bzyngr HdT28L) M7983 I1 V i 18
'c, Y Pa /&/prep- .'from,on, out of, for (the price
of) -'.'st 'c- 'among are 4 some of -'. 'c directly
preceding an adj.: ' c t g n b n d 'swiftly'
(ARW25bA In comparisons, ' c 'than', indicates
the reference point, %runner197'7,38-39.
W M 'c~Otanit1081B 1: M843aI4: Ml82011: M288712:
M53811'2 M5387/1: M914312
Pa 'c ~M.iiilr(Il)Ml@i+R 11; ~ ~ i i i K k (~U1) 0 4 R+ 12:
Mo(11) W+V (28)7 = A4734 R 9; Mo(24) M104+
V (41)20.- Mo(28) M390 R 3 = M891bt V 11: Mo(82)
M390 V 6 M a ) MU2a R 10: MMiii,Ml2) M5815

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


I R i 12: MMiii,b65) oM58L5 1R ii 29: MMiiib(85)
MSG 1 V ii 4: M M i 8 6 1 hi5815 I V ii 5:
M~i,b(96)M5815 1 v ii 15: MME,b(127) hi5815 I1
R i 16; MMiiib(l64) M5815 U R ii 28: MMiil68)
II V i 1: M1MiiM169)M5815 11 V i 2:
MMiiilb(18n M5815 11 V i 24; i@fUb(l93)
M5815
11 V ii 1: MMiii,b(200) M5815 I1 V ii 8;
MMiiM209) M5815 II V ii 17; MMi&b(ZZO) M5815
I1 V ii 28: MMiiidlO) M5569 B 10: MMiii,c(30)
~5569V 9: ~ ~ i i i , 6 3 M5569
6)
V 15: MMik,c(38)
~ 5 5 6 9V 17: MKG(28) MU44tM5910 V j;
MKG(32) M1344+M5910 V 9: MKG(33)
,M1344+M5910 V 10: MKG(47l M48+ Il R 11:
MKG(54) M4&t II R 18: MRG(lO3) M48+ I R 11:
MKG(108) oM48+ I R 16: MKG(109) M48+ I R 17:
~ ~ ~ ( 1 ~1 40 8) +I R 18: -MKCXU3) MW I v 2:
MKG(127) M48+ I V 16: MKc(154) M2230 R 5;
~W(G(178)M2l6ccM1750 V 4: MKG(205) M2l6a V
7: MKG(303) M344a R 2; M
K
W
)M344a R 4:
MKcX647lM4575 R i 3: ma6492.44575 t i 5:
MKG(655) M4575 R ii 2; MKG(663) M4575 V i 1:
~ ~ G ( 6 6 8M4575
)
V i 6: MKG(702) M4576 R ii 3:
MKG(7l7) ~ 4 5 7 6V i 1; MB:GCno) M4576 V i 4:
~Xc(m)
M4576 V i 9: MKcCI68) M4577 A ii 4:
MKG(775) M4577 A ii 11; MKGCI84) M4577 A ii
20; MKG(791) M4577 B i 4: MKG(799) M4577 B i
12: MKG(807) M4m B ia;MgG(82l) oM4m V
i 3: MKG(830) M4>TR ii 3; MKG(831) M4578 A i
1: MKG(W)
oM4578 A i 11: MUG8691M4578 B i
2: ~ ~ ~ ( 8M4578
7 6 ) B i 9: MEG(907) M4580 R i
3; MKG(1059) M4573 R i 9: MKc(1102) M4573 V ii
1: MKG(1102) M4573 V ii 1: LHK~l106)
M4573 V ii
5; MKG(llll1 M4573 V ii 10: MJCG(lll5) M4573 V ii
14: MKG(ll24) M4570 R i 6: MgC(ll44) M4570 R
ii 5: MKG(llS3) M4570 R ii 14 MKG(ll56) M4570
R ii 17: MKG(ll69) oM4570 V i 6: MKG(ll94)
M4570 V ii 8: MKG(1197) M4570 V ii 11:
MKG(lE4) M4Y!I V ii !8; MKG(W1 N674 ta ii
5: MKG(1248) M4585 A 5: MKG(l268) M4589 B 2:
MKG(l.297) M6720 A 2: MKG(l318) M6040 R 9;
MKG(l322) M6040 R U;MKG(U25) ~ 6 0 4 0R 16;
MKG(l34l) M6040 f 8: MKG(U43) ~ 6 0 4 0V 10:
MKG(U46) M6040 V U;MKC(l347) M6040 V 14:
MKG(l367) M6041 R 8; MKG(881) ~ 6 0 4 1R 22:
MKG(U90) oM6041 V 1: MKG(1402) M6041 V U;
~ ~ G ( l 4 0 6M6041
)
V 17: MKC(1419) M5%5 A 2;
~ ~ ~ ( 1 4 3~5!%6
6 ) A 7: M K G ( M M5%7 A 3:
M8286 I R 4; ~KG(1610)~ 1 9 6 4 + ~ 8 2R 2i 1:
MKG(li55,4) ~267b+M314lt i 25; ~ K W 6 5 7 )
M267b+M314 R ii 1: MKG(1663) M267b+M314 R ii
7: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 ~267bM314
79)
R ii 23: MKG(1695)
M267bM314 V i 12: MKG(1758) M505'3 R ii 7;
~K~(1761)
M5053 R ii 10; MKG(1766) M5055t V
i 4; ~KG(1769)M505jt V i 7; MKG(l842) M6032
R 14; MKG(1866) Ma32 V 9: MKG(1890) M523a-c
A 4; MKG(1917) M5805 A 6: MKG(19l8) M5805 A

19

7: mG(1921) MS805 B 2 MKG(1924) aM5805 B 5:


MKG(1925) MS805 B 6: MKG(1926) M5805 B 7;
MKG(1938) MI77 V U:MKG(2074) M455 A i 3:
MKG(2lOl) M455 B ii 7: MKG(2l18) MMll8 A 1:
MKG(2140) M330cM2238 V 8: MKG(2153) 0~2061
B 2: M M I M2 II R i 1: MMiiia M2 I1 R i 14;
MMiii,a M2 I1 R i 18; MMiiig M2 I1 R i 21:
MMWdW) M2 I1 R ii 2; MMiiia(74) M2 11 R ii 37:
W 8 7 ) M2 II V i l.3; MMiiii(95) M2 11 V i 21:
M W 1 2 9 ) M2 II V ii 18: MMiiQ(146) M2 II V ii
35: MMiiild(68) M5 V i 8 = oM1122 V 4:
MMiiid(97) M5 V ii 7 = M748 V 16: MMiii,e M6 R
i 16: Mh4iii,e M6 R i 25: MMiiie(53) M6 R ii 23:
M U & ) M6 V i 4; MMiiie(99) M6 V ii 9: .
MMiiie(ll0) M6 V ii 2& Wiidllb) M6 V ii 28:
MMiiif M8171 R i 5: MMiiif(37) M817l V ii 1:
M M i M7 I R i 28: MMiiig(83) M7 1 V i 25;
M M i ) M7 I V ii 5: MMiii,g(l02) M7 I V ii 14:
MMiiig(Il0)A47 I V ii
~MMiiig(l27)M7 I1 R i
9: ~ 1 6 5iM7)ITR ii 17: MMiiid172) M7 3 R
ii 26 = M496a R 4: MMiiig(201) ~ 7 ' 1 1V i n:
1MvE&g(zW M7 I1 V ii 7:'MMiii.g(212) M 7 I1 V ii
8: MMiQ(231) M7 TI V ii 2 7 ; ~ i i i , hM33 I R i 8:
MMiii,h(22) M33 I R ii 12: Miiiiii M42 R i 19:
MMiii,i(28) M42 R ii 2: A4Miii,i(41) M42 R ii 15:
MMiiiiC46) M42 R ii 20: MMiiii(48) M42 R ii 22:
M M i 2 ) M42 R ii 26: MMiiii(57) M42 V i 5:
MMiiii(59) M42 V i 7: MMiiii(91) M42 V ii 16:
MMiiii(1Ol) M42 V ii 26: MMiii,m(7) M39 R i 8;
MMiii,m(15) M39 R i 16: MMiiim(l9) M39 R i 20:
MMiiim(80) M39 V ii 18: MMiiin M77 R 3:
MMiiin M77 R 8: ItiMiiin IW
R 9: MMiiis(29)
M77 V 8: MMiii,n(34)M77 V 13: MMiiip(42) M77
V 22: MMiio(l3) M67 V i 7: bLIiiii,dl4) M67 V i
M67 V i 10: MMiii.o(27) M67 V i 21:
8: ~~iii,0(16)
MMiiipOG) M67 V i 30: MMiiidSS) M67 V ii 17:
MMiiio(58) M67 V ii 20: MMiii.o(66) M67 V ii 28:
MMiii,d68) M67 V ii 30; KPT(959) M316+M801d V
11: MMiii,p(ll) M2l V 3: gPT(1007) M211+ V 9:
KPT(ll45) M540b R 3: KPT(1184) M183+ I R 11:
KPT(ll93) M183+ I V 5: KPT(1196) M183+ I V 8:
K.PT(m7)MI83 I V 9: gPT(l209) M183 I1 R 6:
KPT(I209) M183 II R 6 = MH R 3: KPT(1215)
oM183+ 1l R 12: KPT(lZl6) M183t I1 R 13:
KPT(l223) aM183+ I1 V 4: KPT(1236) M354 V 6:
KPT(l279) M2098 A 8; gPT(Z87) M2098 B 6:
KPT(U51) aMnM B 1: BPT(l352) M15d B 2:
ICPT(U45) M~IM B 5: KPT(l526) M8280 R i 4:
KPT(1534) M8280 V i 4; ICPT(1730) M572 R 8;
KPT(1792) M572 R 10: KPT(1893) ~ 6 2 8 0V 1:
KPT(1898) M6280 V 6: KPT(2029) M580 R 6:
KPT(B30) M580 R 7; I(PT(2033) M580 R 10:
KPT(20.52) M580 V 11: KPT(203) oM580 V 12:
KPT(ZCE@ M338 A 5; gPT(2097) M338 A 6:
KPT(2W) MI916 A 4; KPT(2116l M1916 A 7:
MlI277; M11287: M11293; MV23: MV296: ~ V 2 9 7 :

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


R 2: kRmV6lbl MI532 I R 7: kR1Ilbll2a/ M2701
V 3; ARV/Sh/ oM5586cM1534 11V 5: A.R.V1/32a/
M5503 V 3; W 2 b / M5503 V 4; A.R.V1/33a/
M5503 V 5; MW33b/ oM5503 V 6; A.R.V1/42b/
M675 R 2; ARW43d M675 R 3: A.R.V1/44b/
oM675 R 6 =M6240+R 6; kRVI/45b/ M624Ot R 8:
A.R.W45b/ M6240+R 8; AR.VI/49a/ M6240+ V 5:
A.R.VI/49b/ M6240, V 6: ILR.W49b/ M6240+ v
6; ARVYgW ~ 8 I 8R 9 = M% R 9; kRV1/64ai
M B I V ~ = M % V=?MI75 R 5: ARVI/64b/
M88 I V 8 * M% V 7 = MI75 R 6: kRVI/65a/
M88 I V 9 =M% V 9 = M175 R 7: A.R.VII/4b/ M91
R 14 = M690+M439R 6 = MI75 V 12; kRVII/5b/
M690tM439 R 8 = M175 V 14; AR.VII/Sb/
M69OtM439 R 8 = MI75 V 14; AB.VII/15a/
M69OtM439 V 7: A.R.VII/18b/ M517 V 2 =
M287tM1223 R 4 = Mn4 V 2; llRW/25b/ M578 R
4; k R W 4 W M667+R 8: ARVna,W M667+ V
3: ARVWl7a/ M667+ V U;kR.Vm/la/ M89 R
1; ARvm/2a/ M89 R 3: AR.VIII/3a/ M89 R 5:
.4B.VIU/3b/ M89 3 6 M5359 R 1; A.R.VIII/4b/
M89 R 8: kRMn/5b/ M89 R 10: A.R.WIV15b/
M89 V l0; AbcdA/2a/ M6726/2a; AbcdM3bi
M6726/3b: A W B M507 R 5a: Abcd.B Mj07 R 5a:
Abcd.B MM7 V 15a: AbcdE M722 R 3a: AbcdE
ah4722 R 4a; AbcdH W O O I1 R 4a: Abc& M2700
Il V llb: M741 R la;M741 R lb; M741 R 5a: M741
R 6b: M741 R 7b: M741 V 10a; M741 V 16a; M737
R 1; M737 R 4; M176 R 5; Lh' 3 M3h984+ R 1: Ln'
515 M240 V 2 LN 516 ~ 9 0 V
6 4; LN 516 M906 V
6: LN $20M428c V 3: LN .2l oM428c V 4; LK 9 5
~1848
R 1: LN 549 M509 R 6:
W a M509 R 9:
LN 554 ~ 5 0 9V 6: LN % M509 V 8: LF1'58
M4450 R 2: I& 558 M4450 R 5: LN %3 M5845 R 9;
LN S64 M5845 R 12: LN % M4450 V 3: Lh' 70
M818 R 4; LN 7l M5845 V 9: LN 9 6 M818 V 4:
LN 5100 M491+R 10 = M905 V 5; LN 5100 M905 v
7: LN 9
0
0M491t R U = M905 V 7: LN 5101 M905
V 8; 532 B 5: M103 R 4: 541 R 5 = M03 R 7;M103
R 8:
R 9: S41 V 6; S44 A 3: M23 A 4; M35 R
16; KawK(2l) M35 V 3: RH(38) M280 I R 6:
RH(47) K280 I R 15; RH(51) M280 I V 4: RH(140)
M86 V 24; RH(153)M1610 B 5: RH(2l7) M284a R ii
2:RH(22l) M284a R ii 25; RH(229) M284a V i 1:
RH(251) M284a V i 23: ~H(263)M284a V ii 3;
RH(267) m a V ii 7; RH(269) M284a V ii 9;
RH(3U) M284b R i 21: RHGl5) M284b R i 24:
RH(317) M284b R i 26; RHO70 M284b V i 16;
RH(417) 2,11316 V i ll; RH(419) ~1316V i U;
~~(425) V i 19: RH(447) M763 R i 20;
~ ~ ( 4 7 M763
9 ) R ii 25: RH(480) M163 R ii 26:
RH(481) M763 R ii 27; RH(498) M763 V i 17:
RH(532) ~ 6 V 3ii 27; RH(543) M5640 R 6;
RH(683) M73 R 1; RH(686) M73 R 4; RH(687) M73
R 5: RHm4) M798b A 3: RH(746) M311 V 3;
RH(748) W11 V 5; RH(757) M311 V 14; RH(758)

Middle Persian and Parthian

21

=yms.
v 12
pa ~ 6 R47; M64 V 6
Pa 2' MMi&b(ll) M5815 I R i ll: MMiii,b(U) M5S5 I
R i U: iWiiiJ$206) M5815 II V ii 14: MKG(U74)
-6: RH(ll94) M30 V i 14: EH(u00) M30 V i 20:
M4570 V i ll: MKG(U86) M6041 R 27:~ ~ i i i ~ ( 6 6 )
RH(1203) M30 V i 23: BH(l2lO) OM30 V ii 2 =
M2 II R ii 29: MMiii,a(73) hi2 I1 R ii 36:
M%8a V ii 5: RH(1224) M30 V ii 16: RH(1229)
MMi-)
M2 V i 5:-MMiiip(121) M2 I1 V ii 10;
M30 V ii 3:GW. 58 M259b+M453b R l5 GW 59
MMikdU3) M2 II v ii MMiii,g(203) M7 11 v i
LM259.b+M453bV 9: GW I2~&6+1h47265 I R 9,=
29: MMiii,i(96) M42 V ii 21: MMiii,,o(65) M67 V ii
M6680+ R 9 GW 16 M4526+M7265 I V '1:- GW
zl: 18T(19O3)
R 4: ~ 4 IbR 18: M229 R i 5;
522 M451 V 3: GW 52.2 M a V 4: GW 23 M451 V
HJVb/3a/ M6220 R 5 = M858e R 1: H.IVb/3a/
5: GW 523 M451 V 6 GW 29 M83 II R 15: GW
~ 6 2 2 0R 5 = M858e R 1: H.Vx/W M2339 R 1:
530 M83 II R 17 = M838 R 2; GW 9 5 M83 II V 10;
HVIa/W ~ 6 2 2 3R 7: H.VIb/llb/. M502b R 2:
GW 547 M24& R 17 = M890 B 6: GW 547 M248+
H.VIc/lb/ M93tM289a I1 R 2: H.VIc/l4b/
R 19:. GW %1 M340a R 6: GW 63 oh4295 R 6:
M93+M289a I1 V 8: HVIVllb/ oM871f V 2:
GW 7il~5561+M5562R 2: GW 7l M5561+~5562
KM/#)b/ ~ 5 2 6 3V 5: tU.VI/4aI ~ 6 2 2 2R 7:
R j: GW 575 ~5561tM5562R 12 = Ma47 R 11: GW
A.R.W7b/
M6222 V . 4 : kRVIl5W M88. I R 9 =
576 .~5561+M5562R l5 = M847 R I%
GW 77
M%
R
9:
A
W W ~67?5/12a;~bcd~,m/
k847 '~'17:,GW77 M847 R 18; GW 936 aM7l5d
.
M%+fnb:
M
7
4
V 14a-=.otani6mV. s i ; . . L ~523
" 3 ~Gl W
; W " W ~ ~ ~ A
~ ?~MGX W
~A~;GW
MZO8+~63b
V
7:
RHO49)
M3ll V 6: ~ ~ ( 1 1 9h30
2)
997bfZ33l.A 3: GW 97 hlB3l A 4: GW 97
V i 12 = M468a V i 20'= M347 V ii 9': GW 520
v2331.A 5::GW 597 Ma31 A 6: GW 97 k331 A
M6680c V U: GW 5104 M6300 B 8; ~ ~ f r 4 . 1 7
7: GW 310fM6300 A 4:GW 9
0
3M6300 B 2: GW
M2315 R 6: HCfr4l7 M2315 V 1: Oani6192 I V 2:
lo3 ~ 6 3 0 0B.5: GW 5105 OM6300 B 14; GW 9105
Otani6205 A 2: M!X57/7
M6300 B 1k MI0 V 7: hi10 V P. MIO V.10; oM24 V
4a
4 V 4; 0 ~ 2V4 6; M24 V l0: M63 V U: M67 R
Pa 'i='c LN 5100 M491t R 10 = M905 V 5
Pa cymyy Boyce 1975, l!?6, note: 'late forif~sof 'c
i 7: M84 V E Ma811 R4b; M98II R la: M99 II R
6a: IM99 n R 7b: M99 Il R 8a; M99 Jl R 9b; Ml7l
'ym'. M38 v ll
I v 14: GW 5143 m 6 11 R 6: GW 5144 M206 I1 V
Pas '2 lO2W 1A 2 102001A 3; KV60b/ Otani6386 R
4: M285.11R i 29; M285 II V ii l3;M301R 4: M327
2: ttV67aI oOtani6386 V 4 = TM406a R 3
PaR Z TM339a R 2
R 1: M327 R 2: M327 R 4: M327 R 5;M398 B 6:
W 2 A 2 : M W A i4: M735V8: M57OOIlR i 4:
MP 'ZyS Pa in MP text KPT(6fiI5)'
M1026 B 8:
PM9l4.2 V i 7
&I6898B 1: M795 R 4: OM795 V 9: MIK7251 V 3:
/ad prep. 'from. (one/some) o f , on, on
.GW 5145, ~ao.01031906 V 2 (Sundennann: less 'c, 'z
account of,by'. cirmmpos az hammis 'together
-likely (Td).): HCfrB ;\n6ao A lb: HCFrC MI891
with'. Also in comparisons to mark the compared
. A I~;..Hc~
M4727
~ N A Ib: HCfrN M4727 B Ka:
r
item 'than', B r u ~ e 1977,37.
HCfrN M4727. B 12b: HCfrN 344727 B Ua:
YMIr'c Ormill081B 6 bB4W4: M l W : MZ%7/2:
HCfr162 bi387 3: Mi56 U O :
V i: M837
M53W1; ~5387/1:MW/2
A 5; MU01 V 1; M1201 V 16 M%54 A 4: M5354 B
Pa 'z MP.for Pa. W 1 0 7 ) M5815 I.V ii 26
4: M53% B 5; ah45354 B 6: hi5785 I1 R U:M5785 II
MP "cy3 !In a damaged context. M5403/lb
R 16; M797 11 R 11;M797 II V 5: M66 V 6: M e
MP 'c M3 R 16: M3 (41) V 18; Sbrg(73) M475a I V 1:
R ~1:~830cV
=Mn5+ViZJ;
7
oOtani6165 A 5:
Sbrg(1Ol) M477 I R 5: Jbrg(l71) M482+ 1 V 3:
Otani6217 V 6; Otani6ln A 2; Otani6lR R 4:
Sbrg(l75) M482+ I V 7: Sbrg(l77) M482+ I V 9:
Otani6187 B 1; 0tani6193 V' 5: t0tanill076 A 5;
Sbrg(196) M472t I R 4: Sbrg(199) M472+ I R 7:.
Otani11076B 4; OtaniCaUO2 U R 6: OtaniCatlO2 I1
Sbrg(201) M472t I R 9: Sbrg(232) M472+ I V 16;
R 7: OtaniCat102 I1 R 8: M6948 A 1: M258 I R 4;
Sbrg(234) ~ 4 7 2 It V 18: Sbrg(247) M535+ R 7:
I R 6: M258 I1 V 5; MS03a A 7: M215 V 4:
Sbrg(253)
M539 R U: Sbrg001) oM470a+ R U:
Ml98b V 1: M623a/ii 9: M65613: oM79la I V 6:
S
b
r
m
)
M470at R 15: Sbrg(304) M470a+ R 16:
Mll26/2; Mi628/2: bh11907/4; M2057/1: Bf2093/2:
.
Sbrg004)
M470a+ R 16: Sbrg(328)' M470a+ V 16;
MZ23213: M3140/2: M5510A: M!Jll4/2: M40 R 1: .
S
b
r
g
O
oM542b+
I R 10: Sbrg(388) M542b+ I1 R
M40R4:M80V3=M40R4;M80.V7=M40R
4; SbrgO91) M%2b+ I[ R 7: Sbrg(540) M472 I1 R
8: M19 V 4=M40 V 8:M19V4 =M40V 9: M79
12: Sbrg(542) M472 II R 14: KawA(16) MlOlc V 5:
V j: M19 V 6 = M40 V 10: oM79 V 7; M812 R 3
KawA(17) MlOlc V 6: KawA(35) MlOlj V- 3;
M6281+ R 7; ~6281+V f ~6281+V 9.
~aw~(106)
MlOli V 4: KawA(118) MlOle R 8:
Pa 'cyd KPT(2UO) ~ 1 9 1 A6 1
KawA(U7) MlOlb R 4: KawA(l57) MlOlh R 2;
Pa 'cymyy Boyce 1975, 196, note: 'late forms of 'c

LW
V k RH(796) oM34la B R RHC197) oM341a
B 2: RH(826) M486 A 5: R H O oM749 R 7:
-M(1029)M785'R 5: RH(1033) M785 R 9; RH(1090)
M273 R 6: RH(1145) M 3 R i 17: RH(1160) M30 R ii

'r

'

'

i
.I
a

I
1

I
1

i,

i
!

I
I
I

22

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and W a n


KawA(161) MlOlh R 6: KawA(167) MlOlh V 4:
KawA(222) MlOla V 10: KawA(242) MlOld V 4;
KawA(248) MlOld V 10; KawD M625c V i 4;
KawK38) M6EO colD 3; KawF(56) M6IZD mlE 3:
KawH63) M6UO colE 10; KawF(64) ~ 6 l %
colE ll;
KawF(79) ~ 6 COIF
m 5; KawF(80) M6120 COIF6;
KawF(86) M6EO colF 12: MKG(1510) M-+
V U;
MKG(1987) M742 1 V 1: MKG(2001) oh4742 I V 15;
MKG(2011) M742 El R 3; MKG(2017) M742 I1 R 9;
MKG(2018) ,MX2 11R 10: MKG(ZB6) M742 H V 8:
MKG(2246) M36+ R 17; MKG(2250) M236+ V 1;
MKG(2256) M23b V 7: MKG(2265) M236+ V 16:
MKG(2309) ~ 4 % ;Il v 14: MKG(2309) ~ 4 5 4 ;11V
14: Hu(9) M98 I R 9; Hutlo) M98 I R 10: Hu(l1)
M98 I R 11: Hu(18) M98 I R 18: Hu(27) M98 I V 2:
Hu(38) M98 1 V
Hu(52) M99 I R 2; Hu(S4)
M99 1 R 4; Hu(j6) M99 I R 6;Hu(59) M99 I R 9;
. Hu(80) M99 I V .5Hu(148) MI984 n R ii 14:
Hu(189) M7984 II V:i 21: Hu(236) M7984 U V ii
34: Hu(248) hi7981 1.R i 12;Hu(254) M19@ I R i
- *18; Hu(260; W98IJ' Re.i 24; Eu(w61 M7981 I R ii
6: Hu(290) M79811 R ii 20: Hu(290) I47981I B ii
20; Hu(307) M7981 I V i 3; Hu(310) M7981 I V i 6;
HuU22) M7981 1 V i18: Hu(?25) M981 I V i 21:
Hu(327) M798l.I V i 23: Hu095) Mi980 1 R i
(23)4; Hue971 M7980 1 R i (25%; Hue981 M7980
I R i (2617: Hu(399) M7980 1 R i (2718: Hu(500)
M7980 I V ii (2617: Hu(507) M79M I V ii 03114:
Hu(539) M7980 I R i 0l)lO: Hum31 M7980 1R ii
(31!10: Hu(601) hi7980 1 V i (25)4: Hu(605) M7980
8 )7W 1 V i (32)ll: Hu(670)
I V i (2918; ~ ~ ( 6 0 M
M798111 R i 18: Hu(675) A47981 11 R i 23: HuC704)
M7981 11 R ii 18: Hu(7l8) A47981 II R ii 32:
Hu(743) M7981 11 V i 23: Hu(750) M7981 I1 V i
30: Hu(752) M7981 R V i 32: Hu(778) M7981 II V
ii 24: Hu(781) M7981 I1 V ii 27;Hu(784) M798lII
V ii 30: Hu(790) M7984 1 R i 2; Hu(818) Id7984 1
R i 30; Hu(82.2) M7984 I R i 34; Hu(B29 hi79811 I
R ii 3; Hu(828) N17984 1 R ii 6; Hu(845) M7984 1
R ii 23: Hu(879) M7984 V i 23; Hu(893) M7984 V
ii 3: Hu(949) M7982 R i 25: Hu(959) M1982 R ii 1;
Hu(%l) M7982 R ii 3: Hu(996) M7982 V i 4:
Hu(999) M7982 V i 7: Hu(1001) M7982 V i 9:
Hu(1006) M7982 V i 14: Hu(1022)
V i 30;
Hu(1031) M7982 V ii 5; Hu(1039) M7982 V ii U:
Hu(1041) M7982 V ii IS: Hu(1086) M7983 I R i 26:
Hu(1090) M7983 I R i 30; Hu(1091) M7983 I R i 31:
Hu(1105) MI983 I R ii 11; Hu(1156) M7983 I V i 28:
Hu(ll59) M7983 I V i 31; Hu(1186) M7983 I V ii
24: Hu(lB6) MI983 I1 R i 10: Hu(l252)M7983 11R
ii 2:Hu(l283) M7983 11 V i 19; Hu(1288) M7983
I1 V i 24; Hu(U28) M7983 11 V ii 30:MMii M9 1 R
15: MMii M9 I V 1;MMii M9 1 V 10; MMii M9 11R
3: MMii M2 I R ii 23: MMii M2 I R ii 29; MMii M2
I V i 4; MMii M2 I V i 9; MMii M2 1 V i 20: MMii
h12 I V ii l2; MMii M2 I V ii 28: MMii M2 1 V ii

31: MMii M2 1V ii 36: MMii M49 I V 1: MMii M49


I V 4; MMii M49 I V 7: MMii M49 I V U: M ~ i i
M49 I1 R 10; MMii M49 I1 R 14; MMii M219 R 1;
MMii M219 V l7: MMii M28 I1 V i 3: MMii M28 11
V i 4: MMii M6l2 V 12: MMii M95 R la = MI609 R
la; MMii M95 R h;MMii M95 V 3a; M95 V 7a:
MMii M564 R 1x MMii M564 R 1b: MMii M564 R
2 a: MMii M5bl.R 4 a: MMii M564 R 4 b; MMii
M564 R 5 a: MMii M224 I R 8: MMii M224 1 V 9
{w:jdc>: MMii M36 R U: MMii M31 I R 2; MMii
M311 R 4; MMii M311 R 8: MMii M31 I R 9: MMii
M31 I R 14: MMii M3l 1 R 15: MMii M31 I V 1:
MMii M31 I V 8; MMii hi31 1 V 8: MMii M31 I V
15: MMii M31 II R 9: MMii M31 I1 R 20; MMii
M729I V i 6: ~ M 7 2 9 1 V i i 2 MMiiM729
:
Iv
ii 7: MMii M729 1 V ii 8: MMii M729 11 R i 11:
MMii M729 U R ii 9 = MS97 R U;MMii M729 I1 V
i4==M897V6:MMiiM729II V i 14; MMii ~ 2 9
nVii7:MMiiM129nViill;MMiiM72911Vii
14: MMiii,q=NKG(2273) M454 I R 5 (So
Sundermann; &&ng '/&.I; MMiii,q IW I R
3; MMiii,q(23) M454 1V 10; KPT(33) M1001+ R ii
6: KPT(41) MlO(P,R ii 14: KPT(189) M1003+M1025
B i 1; KPT(2lj) M1003+M1025 B ii 10; KPT(223)
M1003+M1025 B iii 5; KPT(276) M1007+M1027 A ii
2; KPT(278) M1007+M1027 A ii 4; KPT(279)
M1007+M1027A ii 5; KPT(284l) M1007+M1027 A ii
6: KF'T(309) oIUl007tM1027 B iii 4: KPT(319)
MI009 A ii 6: KFiWO) M1004+ R i 10; KPT07a
M1004+ R iii & KPT(4%+1) M1002+ R i 12;
KPT(460) M1002+B ii 5: KPTC472) M1002+ R iii 7:
KPT(476) M1002,R iii 11:gPT(565) oM102O+M1022
V ii 2: KPT(566) Ml02O+M1022 V ii 3: KPT(567)
M1020+M1022 V ii 4: KPT(593) M1026 A 11:
KPT(598) M1026 A 16: KPT(603) MI026 A 21:
KPT(658) MlOO R i 7; KPT(664) MlOO R i 13:
KPT(675) MlOO R i 24; KPT(688) MlOO R ii 11:
KPT(729) M100V i 7: gPT(757) MlOO V ii 10:
KPT(778) MHK) V iii 9: gPT(787) MlOO V iii 18:
KPT(790) MlOO V iii 21; KPT(791) MlOO V iii 22;
KPT(843) oM8H V 1: KPT(844) M853 V 2:
KPT(861) M263f+ A i 9: WT(867) M263f+ A i 15:
KFT(896) M263f+ B i 14: KPT(919) ~ 7 6 5Ai ii 3:
KPT(1122) lWIEa+M308bB ii 9: KPT(139) oM1208
A ii 3; KPT(l3U2) MI208 A ii 6: KPT(1305) MI208
A ii 9: KPT(Ul2) M12D8 B i 3; KF'I'(l374) M4500 R
ii 7: KFT(1419) &5'WM45Ol R ii 4: KPT(142I)
M5%6+M4501 R ii 6: KPT(1439) M5566+~4501V i
ll; KPT(1451) MWM4j01 V ii 10: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 5 8 6 )
Ma01 R i 4; KPR1581)Ma01 R i 5; ~ ~ ( 1 6 0 9 )
M8101 v i 2: KFJT(I~U)
M8101 V i 6; KPT(1657)
M46 V 3; KPT(I709) M47 I1 R 5; KPT(1717) M47 11
R U;KPT(1731) M47 Il V 10; KPT(1737) M47 11 V
16: KPT(173) M47 II V 18; K?T(1740) M45 V H;
KPT(1756) M45 V 4; KPT(17'77) M382 B 3:
KPT(1945) Ml926 A 6; KFT(1979) M22l R 4:

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

23

I V 5: M627 V ii 2 M627 V ii fi; 0tan;GrSi R 4:


KPT(1991) M22l R 16: m
1
9
9
2
)
M Z l R 17:
0tani6194 B 3: Omni6194 B 4: Otani5:03 A 2:
KPT(1999) M221 R 24: Km(aOB) MM V 2l:
Otani6204 B i 1: Otani.11075 R ii 3; oOtani~~cli12
I
KPT(20P) M22l V 23: Mlh61; MV167: M1/171:
V 4: OtaniCat102,I V 4: OtaniCat102 I V 5 ; 36947
BBB(3) ~8Ola/pl 3; BBB(14) M80ldpl 14:
BBB(49) M80Wp4 5: BBB(m) M80Wp14 14:
A 3; MZ12 B 3 = M57% R ii 6: K1903 A 4: M5260
BBB(238) M W p l 5 3: BBB060) aM801a/p22 11:
V 4: oM199+ V i 2: M199+ V i 15: OM199 V ii 6:
M5750 R ii 6: M5750 R ii 14; M546 R 7: M419 I R
~ ~ ~ ( 3M&Ola/p23
68)
11: BBB(4U) M80Wp27 7;
ii 3: M& 11~i 3: ~ l 8 6 A
3 9: ~ 7 4 2 R1 8; MW
BBB(42l) M8OWp27 15; BBB(433J MWp28 10 =
A 2: ~ 5 4 3 6 +I V 5; M503V3: M777 I1 V 1: ~M882c
A47421 R 3; BBB(450) MWpB 11: BBB(454)
R 6: M W 3 : 1M1;?05 R 1: M W i i 8: M1925/ii 7:
M801a,p29 6 = MU68 A 2: BBB(465) M80Wp30 8
M2028/i 5: M2171 R 2: aM2706/2: M416911:
=~276
V i 3; BBB(479) W p 3 1 4 ; BBB(743)
M4728Q M606Vl
M80lalp47 12: M315 I V 6: M3l5 I V 8: M36 I1 R
MP 'cc Qossd oM182+ R 2
14; ~ 3 f i I V9;
I
'M315II V9:oMl98aV5; M16 R
MP 'cwm G1oss.d Ml82+ R 5
11: M20 I V 5; M20 I V 6: MI77 R 16; M309a R 2:
MP 'cyd'n GI& aM182+ R 4
M309a R 4: M554 V 4: IMB~V 4: M733 R 7;
MP '@ M3 (40) V 17; M3 (44) V 21: Sbrg(io5) M477
&I733 V 5; M22 A 5-6:GI&
M182+ R 3; M570 A
I R 9: Sbrg(l20) M477 I R 24: Sbrg(296) M470a+ R
2b: M6230 R 3: oM235 R 10; M82 R 1= M235 R 11:
8: XawF(58) M6120 colE 5: KawF(84) ~ 6 1 2 0COIF
M82 R 8 =M235 V 2: M82 R10=-M235V3: M82 R
lo; KawF185) M6120 colF 11: MKG(1993) M742 I V
12 = M235 V 4; M82 R 19 = M235 V 7; M82 R 22 =
7; MKG(1998) hi742 I Y MKC<z9iT. M454t I1
34235 V 9: M82 V 10: ME361V- l:M90 R la: oM90
R 19: ~ ~ ( 6 M99
9 ) I R 19: Hu(95) M99 I V 20;
V 3c: MI74 II R 7: MU R 23: M398a V i 2; M798a
Hu(248) M798l1 R i 12: Hu(301) M7981 I R ii 31:
V i 3: M798a V i 5; M79& V i 8: W98a V i 11:
M738 R 7: ,&i738~10:k738~
6: ~ ~ 1 0 1 2 0 1 ~ Hu(4.40) M7980 I R ii 04114: Hu(77l) M7981 I1 V
ii 17:
Hu(87l)
12~~~0m1v3;~~1om1v7:~s10
m1
v M7984 V i IS: Hu(990) M7982 R ii
32: Hu(1234) M7983 I1 R ii 4: Hu(l268) M7983 I1 V
8:LSIO~IV9:LSIO120~Rl:L~012011R
i 4: Hu(1272) M7983 11 V i 8: KPT(148) M1001+ V
5; J, sIO l#)n V 6; L SIO QO II V 8; L 6IO UO II
iv 6: gPT(241) M1014+M1030 A 3; KPT(327) MI009
V 8;M17 V ii 1; ~ 1 7 R6 2: Sl V 2: S2 R i 8: S2 R
B i 6; KPT(392) M1004+ V i 5: KPT(518) M1002+ V
i 9; S7 V ii 10; 513 R 7: SU V 10; S9 R i 5: S9 R i
iv 2: gpT(542) MlOll B i 1: KPT(679) MlOO R ii 2:
10: S9 V ii 15; oS9 V ii 28: S10 R 6: GW 5142 Sll R
KPT(873) M263fc A ii 6; KFT(1423) M5566+M4501
14: GW 5142 Sl R 22: Sl2a R 18;S12b R ii 40; S12b
R ii 8: KPT(1462) M5567 R i 8: KPT(1625) Ma101 V
R ii 42: Sl2b R ii 44; $12~V i ZZ SUc V i 33; SEc
ii 4: KFT(2069 ~ 6 0 0 A
5 ii 4: KPT(2067) M6005 A
V i 36:S12c V i 41: S12c V i 50; Sl4 R 7; S14 V 5:
ii 6: ML1204: BBBO73) aM80Wp23 16: oM97 R i
9c V 2; S23 R 3: 529 R I; S34
S14 V 14; Sl7 R 4: d
21: Glmd aMl&2+ R 1: Mll R 2: MIK4974 V i 7:
R 3: ~ ~ ( 6 M253
5 ) R i 3: ~ ( 6 6oM2053
)
R i 4:
MX4974
V ii 12: L SIO I20 I1 V 10: M17 V i 17:
RH(675) M234 V lo: RH(888) M394 B 5: RH(892)
RH(72)
MXK3
R ii 2; RH(965) M647+ I1 R 9: M842
M394 B 9: RH(981) M647f II V 10: RH(10E)
V 2: MMii M8251 I R 8; Mhfii oh48251 I R 12: MMii
oM793c A 5: RH(1051) M785 V 8: RH(1097) M273
M8251 I V 16
R U:M26 IR 4: h126IR 5S26II R6;M38R8:
MP
'cyy: Hu(mM7984 V ii 31; KPT(202l) M22l V
M59 I R 1: ~ 6 8 IbV 4: ~ 6 8 IbV 7: X203 I R 1:
22:
M9U8/5
MLT I1 V 4: M35 I R 5: ~ 2 6 8
A 7; M277 V i 7:
I
M
P
'
c
y
[
M840V5
M293 V 10; oM325- R 3: ~ 5 %
R 8: Mn3 R 5:
MP
'
c
circumpos.
Sbrg(225) Jl472t I V 9: Sbrg(299)
1\1501p+R 4; M501p R 7: MWp+ R 8; M73.51 R
M47Oa+
R
11;
Sbrg006)
M470a+ R 18
25; ~ 1 ~ 8 2n5 R9 4; M I K n~R 5: m a 9 II v
'z
Sbrg(64)
M47%
I
R
16:
Sbrg(l51) M482+ I R 7:
M
P
5; ~ 1 ~ 8115v9U;M I K n~v 16; ~ 1 ~ 8 2 II5 9
S
b
r
a
g
)
MS%+
II
R
6;
Sbrg.q(42)
M537at I1 V
V 18: M4a I1 R 15: M4a Il V 8: M4a Il V 14; oM4a
18;
H
a
)
M98l
I
V
i
25:
Hu(788)
1M7981
I1 V ii
I1 V 16; M4b II R 11: M4b U R l2: M4b I1 R 16:
34:
Hu(8n)
M7984
V
i
21:
Hu(906)
M7984
V
ii 16:
M4b 11 R 21; M4b 11 R 22: M4b II V 5; M4b I1 V
Hu(1000)
M7982
V
i
8;
Hu(1095)
M7983
I
R
ii 1;
9: M4b II V 12; M4b I1 V U: M4b II V 17; M4b I1
H
u
(
1
2
3
3
)
M7983
ITR
ii
3
Hu(lZ5%f7983
I
!
Vi
v 19: irlKG(Z08) M5794+ I R 4-M5794+I V 26:
U;
Hu(U29)
M7983
11
V
ii
31;
MMii
M9
I
R
9;
M28IRi35; M28IR ii17;M28I Riil8; oM555 R
MMi
MY
I
V
5;
MMii
M9
I
V
17:
MMii
M9
I1
R
2;
2a = M442 V 3 = M5361 R 3: M527 R i 6; &79& A
MMii
M
9
II
R
14;
MMii
M
9
I1
V
18;
MMii
M49
I1
R
ii 3; M87le A ii 3: Ma97 V 15; W4976a V i 10;
2: MMii M729 I V ii 11; SS V 5; Sl2b ~ ' i36;
i M277
PM.9141 R? 2; P~M9141R? 4: PM9l4l R? 7; M694
R
ii
10;
M28
I
R
ii
21:
M28
1
V
i
18;
M545
R 4;
V 4: M559 R 5; M559 V 3: M559 V 5; ~ 5 9 V6 3;
~
M476
A
i
3
M797 I R 14: oM797 I V 7: MMi M8251 I R 8;
MP 'zyS KFT(U331=Hu(649) oMN6 R 5; Hu(694)
MMii M8251 I V 2: MMii Ma251 I V 3: MMii M8251

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Partbian


M7981 II R ii 8: Hu(761) M798l 11 V ii 7: Hu(916)
M7984 V ii 26; Hu(1076) M7983 1 R i 16: Hu(1259)
M7983 I1 R ii 29: KPT(l8) MlOOl+ R i 1; KPT(863)
M263ft A i ll: KPT(864) M263f+ A i 32; S7 V ii 15:
M5755 R 3: MIK6279b' R 1
MP 'z circumpos. sbrg(46) M473a+ I V 22
MP '2 Pa in MP text MKG(2305) M454+ ll V 10:
KPT(385) M1004+ R iv 5: M731 R 5: M82 R 9 =
M235 V 3: S9 R i 6: M68b 1 R 10:. M389 R 4:
M199+Vi7
MPR i ! TM339b R 1
MPS ' 2 Otani7003 V 4
'car Pa see "car Pa
. .
'cyd'n MP see 'c MP
'cymyy Pa see 'c Pa
'cyS MP see c' MP
'd Pa / a b / p e p - 'with', 'd ,b n ~
'together with'.
Pa d
' ~o(43)~ 7 3 4V 8; MMiii,N2) . M a 5 I R i 2;
MMiiM8) M!BlS I R i 8: MMiii;c(9) M5569 R 9;
MMiiiA17) M5569 R 17: AMI(.C@~@ M216a R 8:
, . MKG(307) M344a V 2: MKG(658):I44575 R ii 5:
MKG(670) M45Yj-V i 8: M K G ( B M-4576R ii 16:
MKG(781) M437 A ii 17: MKG(111G kt4573 V ii
U;MKG(U%) M4570 V i 14: AdK~(l235)M4574 V
ii 1: MKG(U06) M7915 B 1: blKG(l313) M6040 R 4;
MKG(U38) M6040 V 5: ~KG(1566)MI@ A 5:
M8286 I R 16: MKG(1598) M47 1 V 7: h5G1892)
M523a-c A 6: MKG(2396) M380a-b V 3: hlMiiip
M2 I1 R i 12: MMiiia M2 I1 R i 17: MMiib M2 I1 R
i 37; MMiii(61) M2 I1 R ii 24: MMiiia(69) M2 11R
ii 32: MMiiia(94)M2 Il V i 20: MMiiia(1Ol) M2 I1
V i 27: ~~iii,a(l08)
M2 n V i 34: MMiib(326) M2
11 v ii lj: MMiiif ~8171R i 9; MMiii,f(m ~ 8
R ii 3; m a ( 4 l ) ~8171v ii 5: MMii&@) M7 I
V i 3:MMiij9) M33 I V i 13: MMiiiMU) M33
11 v ii u: MMiiij(n) M42 i 19: ~ ~ ( 7 M42
6 )
V I24: M m ( 3 5 ) M
n V 14: M w d 4 3 ) ~ 6 V7
ii 5: MMiii.o(4j) M67 V ii 7: KPT(1886) ~ 6 2 8 0R
H: KPT(lB7) M6280 R 1: BBB(274) M8Ola/p17 5;
BBBd(8) MU4 I R 8: CPar(62) M 4 W V 4:
CPar(63) M4W V 5: CPar(153) M44 R 2: W 1 5 7 )
M44 R 6; Bar(l&) M44 V 6: M4b I V U;~ 1 R8
lo: M18 V 5: M6033 A i 7: oM6031 I B i (11K:
M6232+~6230R 2 {'r}<'d>: M6232+MW R 11;
M533 R 2: Mj262 I R 5: M5262 I V 2: M5262 1 V 4:
M5262 I V 6: MI367 R 6: M a 1 R i 1: hi779 R? 5:
HJ/62b/ M5581 V 4: KVlc/lSa/ M93+M289a I1 V
9: H . w v ~ ~~/ 6 8 R9 1: u.I/29a/ ~ 8 3 v1 2 =
M673 V 9: A.RW2b/ M6222 R 4; A R W a /
M6222 V 3: kBWla/ aM91 R 1 = OMZE R 19;
kR.VIl73bl M88Ol R 2 = M175 V 4; kRVIW7b/
M91 V 2: kRVIII20aJ M287+M1223R 7 = Mi74 V
5; A.R.VII/W M287+M1223 R 11 = M774 V 9;
kR.VII/26al M578 R 5: AbcdM5al Ml73 R 5;
Abcd.Ul8bl M94+/18b; Abcd.A/19b/ M94+/19b;
AbcdN2laI M94+/21a: Abcd.A/%/ M94+/30a:

M741 V 14b: M102 V ll; LN 52 M351 R 6: LN 523


M208+M638V 8I LK S 9 MI848 V 7 = oM509 R 5:
LN 5102 W a + R 5: S33 V 3: M35 R 14: RH(180)
M284a R i t4: RHO451 M284b R ii 22: RH(347)
M284b R ii 24: RHO241 M798b B 5; RH(1025)
M785 R 1: RH(1145) M30 R i 17; M88 11 R 2b: M261
I R 6:M708 R b;N1795 V 4: M795 V 14: M7260 R
i 5; M8W v 21 = M275+ V ii 16: Otani6155 A 3:
Otani6155 B 1: '0tani6181 A 2: Otani6192 I R 2:
M745cll: dU2326:M4160/2; M832 R 5; M6281+ V
11
'd' /addri/ npr. m 'd' 'spsg. Semitic name.
Sundermann 1994b, 245,262 Tubach 1997,391-2
Pa 'd MKG(172) M216c+M1750R 11
MP'd'MMiM2IRi11; MMii M2 I R i 15
'dam /cSdcSm/ npr. TPL -Adamdam.
Semitic name.KPT?114.
Sundermann 1979.99&"dam KpT(150) -R
3: KPT(1526) MB280 R i
4
'
d
'
n Mf /addn/a 'ignorant'.
MP 'd'n MMii M9 II R 6
'dyxt MP /&icSxt/ ufr. 'to let flow'. Reck 2004.
MP 'd'xtwm ppJ + m s RH(1097) M273 R U
'd'wr, 'dwr MI?/ridur/ n 'excrement'. Sundemann
198% 292 n#1
MP 'd'wr KFR844) M8!3 V 2
MP 'dwr Ml2 R 7
'db'rg Pa /adbiirag/ n "resistance (?I,'opposition'
(?
MKGI149.
Pa 'dvrg MKG(16%) M267WM314 V i 13
'dbz Pa ladpazi n 'hunger'.
Pa 'dbz ~ M i i w h63
) IVi4
MKG, 149. S 'dwg from
1'dg Pa
~ /ridag/ a '~apabk'.
which it is p r ~ hnot to be distinguished
Pa 'dg MKG(1181) M m V i 18: ~ 4 B
64
' d h ~ dPa see 'W" b a s - Pa /d&I&-/ U- i t ~ 'to
. blow up, swell up'.
Gv, (39:4
Pa ' d d ~ dP r e Q ~ gGW
- 539 oM419+M3824 1
22: G%'
Pa 'dm'~nd~res3-#~Gw s39 M83
9
0
6dtani6Wj A 4: oOtani6205 B 4
'dr Pa labar/ &prep. 'down; below, under'. KPT,
115.
Pa 'dr KPT(1237) M% V 7: KPT(1288) M2098 B 7;
kRV11/29b/ M28/+Ml223V 6: M741 R 7a; M737 R
2: M578j II R 16: OtaniCat102 I1 R 7
'dry& 'drY?nh/admh/a'lower'Pa 'dryn h!o(U) Ma+ V (3019 = M73 R 10:
AR.Ia/3a/ M518 R 5 (Boyce: 'ryy, Sundermann:
rather 'ddyn).); M741 V llb: oM741 V 18a:
Hcfr3212'~2418B 4; M24 V 6
pa 'dryyn ARW42b/ M675 R 2 (Sundermann, but
doubtful The traces might fit (hr)wyn. <w>
seems very dear. Possibly even with a mrrection
blfwblltt~yn?): IN 59561I4312 R 9
'dryy Pa see 'dryn. Henning 1937%80. Boy= 1954 181.
'

1'
I

i'i

;I

26

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

1: LRT 15 M240 1; LN 526 M27 R 3: M392 A 5: 'dySg, "dySg Pa /Z&sbgl n. 'watcher, w a t c h '
M280313: M5227/3: oM6841/4: M830Vi 1
(?I.KPT,ll5 and I& 81 (6,l). Pmibly two words: 1.
Pa 'dy'nyf M'KGt657) M4575 R ii 4: MKG(751)
'watchman'; 2 'sign'.
aM4W A i 1: MKG(753) M4577 A i 3: MKG(1062)
Pa "dySg Md26)M104+ V (43122 = ~ 3 9 0R 1 =
M4573 R i U:hi8286 1 V 6: MKG(1934) MI77 V 8
M891b+ V 10
'dy'wr Pa /a6yriurar/ n. 'helper, friend'. Widengren
Pa 'dySg LN 96 M35l V 5 = oM5185 V 3
'fdn Pa I ~ f b a n ln. 'palace'. MKG. 152. Cf. 'pdn.
1969,39Pa 'dy'wr MKc(232) oM805b V 10; MKG(1109) M4573
Pa'fdn M745c16
V ii 8: MMii M2 I1 R i 30; MMiii,f Ma71 R i 1: 'ff. 'fry (abbreviated) see 'frynMMiiig oM21 R 7: KPT(990) MZll+ R 5: CPar(l28) . 'fr'h " p r 3 MP lrSfriSbl n 'teaching, instruction'.
M334a V 7: M538 R 9: H.V/2b/ M6220 V 2 =
kardan 'to instma, inform'.
M895atM2224 R 2: 1LRVI/23bl M5503 R &, M623a
MP "pr'h BBB(l5) M&Ola/pl15:MI77 R 14
Bi4
MP "pr'hwt_ M543 V 3
Pa 'dy'wr'n pl. hlMiii,Ml78) a5815 II V i 17:
MP 'fr'b MMiiQ(14) M454 I V 1: oOtani6151 R 5
MMiii~(59)K! I1 R ii 22: CPad92) M333 V 1; . MP 'pth MIK4974 V ii I3
M6031 1 B i ('12) 6: H.V/lla/ oM858e V 5: 'fr's PaS
rL
l f r&/ = 'teaching, instruction'.
H.Vlc/W M93+M289a I1 V 3 = M4970 R 5
Pa 'fr's MKc(U73) M457O.V i 10
'frdr Pa laf radar/ a;adv. 'prior, superior, better'.
'dy'wr yft Pa /&yrSwarff t l n. 'help'.
Pa 'dy'wryfy MMiiid(100) M5 V ii 10 = M748 V 17 . - ' Henning l937a, 80 'frdrystr.
Pa 'dy'wryft MMiiia(44) M2 11 R ii 7
Pa 'frdr MKG(1038) M4572 V i 5: ~ 6 0 2 0I R ii (35)12
. Pa 'frdrysu comp. MI(G(254) W27Oa I1 V 2
'dyd MP see 'dyh'dyh- Pa/MP ladib-i v.itr, 'to enter. approach'. pp.L: 'frdrysu Pa see 'frdr 'frdwm Pa /af radom/a, suprl. 'first, foremost '.
. adid, lnfia adidan attested in MP only.
Pa 'dyhyd pres3-sg. MKG(1408) M6041 V 19: ~ 6 6 3 1 Pa Trdwm suprl. Ml/258:'oM176 R 5: RH(1032) M78j
P 8: M224 I1 R 7; M274 V i 6: oOtani655B 1: M40
I B i (10) 4: W 914 M906 R 6: LN 16 M906 V 5:
v1
GW S27 M83 II R 10
Pa 'dyhynd pres.3.pl. MKG(1547) M5651 A 7: 'f rs'g Pa /rjif rmlig/ n. 'contempt '. MKG, 150.
corrected LK 99 (3OI7).
H.I/7a/ oM6Bb V 4: H.1/49a/ oM2306 R 3
Pa 'frs'g MK:G(1852)M6032 R 24
(Sundermam 'b)(.vnd/ or f dyb)fyndl.):
Yrs'gyft, "frs'gyft Pa /dJrascijgif t / n. 'contempt,
M6740/2
scorn'. T a f m l i 1979,569. LN 99 (30,7).
Pa 'dyh subj2sg. MMiiiiiib(95) M33 I1 V i ll: M680
Pa "frs'gyft LN 530 M457 V 8
V 14
Pa f' rs'gyft LN 989 oM34 V 8
Pa 'dyh% subjzsg. H.VIIIa/2a/ M256 I R 3 = M85j
Pa 'frsgft M M i 2 0 6 ) M58l5 II V ii 14
R 3: RH(715) M798b A 4
'fryd Pa see YrynPa 'dyh' subj&g. M229 V i 12
Pa 'dhyd impypl.RH(597) hlj860 I V i 5
'f rydgyg, "frydgyg Pa /df ridagT.g/ a.'pertaining
Pa 'dyhyd i m p p l . RH(570) M5860 1 R i 14
to iif ridag, containing the word cijf ridag '.
Pa 'dyhynd'p prp.11, pl. H.V/4b/ M6220 V 6 =
Pa "frydgyg ~ ~ ( 1 6aM284a
6)
V-R H
Pa 'frydgyg RHO) MU7 I V H; RH(32) M280 I V-R
oM2607 R 2: HVx/l2b/ M2339 V 4
MP 'dyhya pes3sg. ~ ~ ( 6 0M7980
3 ) I V i (27%
H: RH(85) A45831 R 2: ~H(86)M5831 R 3: RH(296)
'MP 'dyhynd preM.pl. oSlO R 5: M250 R ii 9
oMMb V-R H: RH(556) M5860 I V-R H:RH(629)
MP 'dyh'nd subj3.pI. Sbrg(414) oM542b+ II V 6 =
M5070 V-R H
M805a+ R It KPT(l77l) M382 A 8
Pa 'frydgyyg MU390
MP 'dyd pp.I M3 R 7;'~u(313)M7981 I V i 9: oM97 'fryn, 'pryn MP /cifrin/ n. 'prayer, blessing, praise,
creation'. Smdennann 1965.
R i 15: M97 R i 18: MIK8259 11V 5
PaR abrin TM327V 7
MP 'dydn inf Ja Sbrg(372) oM542b-t I V l2
'dyn MP lad&/ n 'entrance'.
MP 'fryn MMii M36 V a: MMii M36 V 19: M315 1 R
MP 'dyn MMii M2I V ii 7
16; M315 I R 21 = M a 7 A 3; M315 I V 1: M315 I1 R
'dyn- MP /ad&-/ VIY. (caus.) 'to cause to enter,
6: oM315 II R 14; M315 II R 16; M74 I R 18; M554 R
- bring before'.
6: M6230 R 3; h483 I V 15 =.M235 R 8; M82 R 19 =
MP 'dynyndpres.3.pl. MMii M31 I1 R 18
M235 V 7; M82 V 17: RH(807) oM449a A 6;
MP 'dyn'd mbj2.pl. d B 7 V 4b
RH(881) M394 A 9: RH(992) M485a R 6; M68a I1
'dyng, "dyng P1 /iib5nugl n. 'mirror'. Henning
V 10: M849c B 2: M849cl2
1937%79 (NP. W),
Ghilain 1939.96, MKG, 147.
MP 'fryn' M315 11 V 11
Pa "dyng Kawl71) M291a A 1: MKG(B73) M4578 B i
MP 'pryn Sbrgo5) M473at I V 11; Sbrg(60) M47ja I
6; GW 914j Kao.0103 1906 V 6
R 12: MMii M2 I R ii 30;MMi M28 I1 R ii 6; MMii
Pa 'dyng MKG(880) M4578 B i U
M28 I1 V ii 4; MMii M612 V U:MMii M224 1 V 8;
,

Dictionary of ~ a n i c h a e a nMiddle Persian and Parthian

27

M
m W/323; M11324:W3S:W 3 2 6 : :1!2'127:
MMii M31 I R 2; MMii M3l I R 8: MMii M31 I V 7:
MMii M31 I V 16: MMii M729 I R ii 14: MMii M729
M1/328: W329: M1/330: M1/336: 3113337 :
11 V ii 7; MMii M729 11 V ii 12: gPT(1759) M45 V
Mlf404: MV405: MV406;' MlI407; 311;433:
7; BBB(122) M&Ola/p!?6; BBB(237) M8Wp15 2
MV409; W410; BBB(140) M801a/p9 8: BEB(;.ra)
BBB(433) M801a/p28 10 = M7421 R 3: M198a R 6:
M801aIp9 16: M544 V 3; M6232+~6230R g:
M324 R 16; MI1 R 2: MU R 9; MU R 11; Mll V 4;
M6232tM6230 V 4; M6232tM623 V 4: M66jO V
o M ~ ~ V ~ ~ : L S I O ~ ~ R ~ : M ~ I R U = M ~ ~ R ~
11: M6650 V l2:~ 6 6 5 0V 14: M6650 V 16: M83 I v
16: M172 I V 2: S7 R i 19; S7 V ii 1l:RH(78) M2053
2: ~73.0'R.i '10: M3511 ~ ' , 2 :M779 R? 3;
V i 4: RH(lO&) .&I785 V 3; M8 R i 1: M37 I1 R 7;
A
b c W oM5315 V 5 = MI73 Y.4: ah1102 V 10:
M4a I1 R 11: 314a B R 21: M4a I1 V 8: M4a I1 V 14:
~
1
0V.
2 19: RH(l3) MU7 I R 12: RH(647) M6259
M4b 11 R 12: M4b I1 V 10: M4b 11 V 12: M5692 A
V 6: RHmM798b A 5: GW 59 &M259b+~453b
V
14=~5756V14
9; MIO v 5: ~ 5 v7 4: M ~ RI 2; 0 ~ 2 0 3n v 2:
MPS "pryn MannerheimE R 6
'fryn- Pa/MP l~frin-/ vfr..'to invoke bIessings on,
M445 ,B9: M795 V l2: M500f A lo'= Ml571 A 3:
Mess, pray; create' !Andreas-Henning 1934, 8931
Ma00 B 2 bl@72 II V 9: oM2080 A 3: M M S O B 1:
'f ryd and 'frydg ' b l d ' . S 'prydgnam.
OM& A 3; M797 II R 10: M797 II V 7; ~ 8 5 1 bB
WMIr 'frydg M3040/1
4: Otani6164 V 2; Otani11075 V ii 1: 00tani11075 v
WMIr 'fryd ppJ Or Pa ~68.55V? H
ii 2;.MT78;42:M1392f2: M3839/x: ~3839/x:M80
Pa 'fryn'm p r e s ~ s gGlbssa:
. . - MI09 V (24H; RH(53)
R'2~80.lt.6;
M$l R 3: M8O V 1t M40 R 3: M 8 0
- . .
~ 2 8 I0V 6
V
5
=~40%.7;
.
.
M40 R ll: M79 R 1: M79 R 11: M40
Pa 'frynyd pres3sg. CPdl71) M44 V 9; Otani6160
v
i
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
B2
Pa a f q 8 p pM7422
~ R7
Pa 'fryn'm presJ.pl. ~ ~ ~ ( 2M8(1Wp16
68)
17: M315 I
Pa ?fryydppJ MMW M42 R i 8.
R 9 = 0M198a R 1; R H O M284b R i 15; RH(684)
.
Pa 'fryy! ppl 616232t~6230R 9
M73 R 2
.
Pa 'pryd.pp~.MK~(969)
aM4587 A 1: M40 R 7
Pa 'f rynyd pres.2.pl. RH(243) M284a V i 15
Pa-'frydgppJa
MMiii.gtl94)
M7
I1
V
i.
18
=.M4%a
V
Pa 'frynynd pres.3.pI. M730 R ii 5: AbcdAI26al
3; MMiii,M109) M33 I1 V ii.8: M11322: MV331:
~94+/26a:M5560/6 MY332: -3:
W334:MV335: M1/339: Mlt345:
Pa 'fryn'h subj2sg. MU342: RH(19) MU7 I V 3
MU380;.
WW.
MV388: MV443; M32a V 7:
Pa 'fryn'm subjJ.pL MMiiLdll8) M6 V ii 30:
MU02 R 4; ARW67bl M88 I V 14 = M% V 14 =
MMiiif(44) M817l V ii 8; MM1h,g(197) M7 I1 V i 21
M175 R 12 ='&I538 I1 v 1: AbcdA/4a/ M6726/4a:
= 0~496aV 5: MMiia(37) M77 V 17: MU254
AbcdD M710 17b: M102 V 8: MI02 V 11: aM102 V
"f ryna<m>: Mlf259; M1/303: W338; MI1339
16: RH(4) Ml37 I R 3; RH(17) MU7 I V 1: RH(30)
{'frydg}<frynam>; MV340; W341; M11369:
M137 I V 14: RH(56) M280 I V 9; RH(98) M86 R
MU414 ML14B; ~V4l6:MW2;BBBc(l3) M5779
7; RH(269) M284a V ii 9: RH(397) M284b V .ii 16;
R U: M6232+~6230V 2: R~(16)MU7 I R 15;
R~(496)M763 V i 15: RH(535) M763 V ii 30:
RH(96) oM86 R 5; RH(917) M749 R 10: oM1971 A
RHW)M%40 V 2: RH(SH)M5640 V 7: RH(919)
8: Ma050 B 4; M830+ R l5: rDanj62l4 B ii 1;
A4749 V 1;
M30 R 'ii 6: RH(ll6.5) W R ii
oOtani6214 B ii 2: 0tani6214 B ii 3: Otani6214 B ii
ll: R~(ll67)M30 R ii U; GW 597 M2331 A 6;
4; Otani11075 V ii 7: oOtanill075 V ii 8; oM798d/l
oMIK6ZI9c R 2: Otani6143+/2: Otani6202 B 5; M79
Pa 'frynyd impv.pl. MY319: M1/411; MV412;
R2;M79B4
.
RH(502) M763 V i Zf; RH(ll38) M30 R i 10; :
Pa 'frydg'n ppla,pl. ~6232+~6230
R 3: M538 V 10:
aOtani11075 V ii 3 (Kudara-Sundermann-Yoshida:
~ ~ % ~ ~ 7 = o ~ 1 6 0 2 ~ 3 : R ~ ( 6 9 2.) ~ 1
Pf ryn)n;oOcanill075 V ii 4
Pa 'frydp m a ,PI. RH(236) M284a V i 8
Pa 'frynY pres. stem, unclear 645 R 5
Pa 'frydq p p ~ RH(234)
a
M284a V i 6
Pa "fryd pp.I IMMiiim(52) M39 V i 9
Pa
'fryydg
ppla
M730
V
ii 8
Pa 'fryd pp.1 MKGOl2) MU45 R 3: MKG(662)
Pa
'fry pp1a Cut off. MU383 'fry<dg>
M4575 R ii 9; ~W(G(l254)M4585 B 5; 0 ~ 8 2 8 6I V
Pa 'fr ppJaut off. MU439 f' q d g >
7; MKG(1926) M5805 B 7; LMP&,~ MZ I1 R i 23;
Pa 'prydg ppla oM331 V 8
MMiii,g(l73) M7 I1 R ii 27 = ~ 4 9 6 aR 5;
MP 'frydppJ MMii M36 V 8; MMii ~ 3 V620; M626
MMiii,g(l73) M7 I1 R ii 27 = M496a R 5;
R 8; Mm V 15; ~5561+~5562
R margin 1: MU05
MMiii,g(208)iM7 I1 V ii 4: MMiiim(2) M39 R i 3;
A 4: oMm61n; M2201 I1 R 1
MP TrydwdppJ + SUJ -d, s. tw.~ 6 9 5 11
5R2
MMiii~n(38)M39 R ii U;MMiiid41) M39 R ii 16;
.MP 'pryd ppl KawA(4) MlOlc R 4; MMii M2 I R ii MMiii~n(50)M39 V i 7; M M i i ) M67 R ii 32 =
8; BBB(I71) M80ldpll6; BBB(186) M80lalp12 5;
oM480c V ii ll; MMiii,,p(lS) MZl V 7; M1/304;
.'

'

'

'

.'

RH(m)

28

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

BBB(400) M80Wp26 12; MI1 V 25: L SO 120 I1 R


MP 'pwfd subj2sg. M324 R 11
4: S7 R i 17: S7 R ii 19
MP 'fwr'd' subj3sg. M315 I1 R 22
MP "frydg ppJa oM797 I R 15
MP 'pwi"d subj.3sg. MMii M31 I R 12
MP 'frydg ppJa MMii aM36 V 19; RH(652) M874 R
MP 'fwr'm subjlpl. RHRH(805)M449a A 4: RH(818)
5: RH(659) MY347 A i 2: RH(1052) M785 V 9;
M449a B 7; RH(844) hi782 R 8; M503h R 2
M293 V 8; aM797 I R ll; M5405 R 3
MP 'pwr"m subjl@- BBBO'I)M80la/p3 11= aM341a
R 1: BBB(81) M80Wp6 1
MP 'prydg ppla Sbrg(76) M47h I V 4; MMii M729
I V i 9: BBB(l34) M801a/p8 18: BBB(256)
MP ' p d m subjJ@- BBBOO) M80Wp3 4: BBB(69)
M80Wp5 7; 14176 R 14: MI76 R 16: RH(783)
M80la/p16 3: BBB046) M80la/p21 l5: M8 R i 4:
MKS259 I V i U
0M34laA 2; MHHO R 1: oM9U I1 R 2: M636016
MPR aburam subjIpZ. TM339a V 1
MP 'p rydq ppla RH(82) M a 3 V ii 4
'frywn, "frywn Pa /rif riwan/ n. 'blessing, prayer,
MP 'pwr'm' subjJ@. BBB(26) M80la/p2 18
praise'.
MP 'pwfrn'h subjl.pI. + S U ~ ?BBB(24) M801a/~2
Pa "frywn Ml/-rll: M529 V 1= Otani7117 V 3
16
Pa 'frywn MKC(993) M499 V ii 2: MKG(1061)
MP 'fwr'nd'subj3.pZ. M43 V 1
oM4573 R i 11; MKG(1064) M4573 R i 14:
MP 'fwi'nd' subj391. M315 I1 V 15
.
MP 'foir'nd~subj3pl.M742l R 8
MKG(l227) oh$4574 R ii 9; M8286 1 V 6:
MKG(1626) M1964+M822 V ii 2: ~KG(1661) MP 'p&.ndwt subj3pl. M539d/6
M267b+M314 R ii 5; MKG(1914) M5805 A 3: . MP 'pwr impvsg. H u m ) M7980 I R i (2314; MMii
~ 3 n 1~ ' 6 ~: 5 4 R6 4
MKG(1922) M5805 B 3: MKG(1933) MI77 V 7;
MP ' p ~ r i m p v ~Hu(400)
g g hi7980 1 R i (28)9
- MMii,d MS R i 11= Mll22. R 2: MMiid(62) M5 V i
MP a p ~ ' imp
d up^. MMii M31 I V 3
2=M
48 V 1= oM1122 V 1:MMiiW) M39 R i 4;
' P V ~ PPJI Hu(173) Id7984 11 V i 5: Hu(2l6)
M1/305: MLJ4U: MU435 'frcyw>n: BBB(158)
.
~79i)4
II V ii 14: H~(1144)M7983 1 V i 16
M801a/p10 8: BBB(281) MSOla/pl7 18: CPar(l&l)
M44 V 2: M315 1 R 6: M32a R 2: 0 ? 5R H; aM544 - h p 'PVY~.PPJI M'59 R 2
' p ~ d infJI
n
Hual) M98 I V 6
R H; w 2 7 R 4 = K24 V 5; M83 I V 3 = M234 V 8;
MP
M730 V i 2; Otani6229 R? 4: LN 51 aM351 R 1; LN
M4824/1
MP 'pwd
566 M4450 V 2: W 9 7 M312 V 6 = M905 R 3:
MP ' p w r y h ' d ~ s -subj3sg. oM762 V 9; M325 R 9;
RH(458) M763 R i 31: RH(731) oh1311 R 4: RH(929)
M325 V JdIK82B I V ii 17
M749 V 11; RH(llS7) M30 R ii 3; M327 R 4; M328
MP
"fwryh'ndpass, mbj3.pl. M83 I V 18 = M235 R
A 4: ~ 3 8 R1 H: ~1830I R H: ~1965
A 5: o~ 5741
10
I1 V 9: Otani6229 A 4: oM1596 V? H: M3707/3:
MP 'pwryh'nd pass- subj.3pl. BBB(121) M801a/p8
M8289 V 3; oOtani11075 V ii 5 (Kudara5: M762 R 5: RH(938) M647+ I R U:oM1305 A 3
Sunderrnann-Yoshida: f Ifrynyd bur the line
MP 'pwryh"d pass,pplZ BBB(165) M801a/p10 18
will rather correspond to MV4Ul.I
Pa 'fr Cut off. Ml.1358 Yrcywn>
'fwrySn, 'pwrySn /df fur&/
n. 'praise, hymn of
Pas "prywn 14570 R 6 praise'. In Turk. runes ab,rpiln, (identified wlth
'frywnsr Pa / Ef riwansari n. 'choir-master'.
the kind help of P. Zieme).
Pa 'fr)wn*sf'n pl. BBN270) M80Wp17 1
MP 'fwry& OM- V If: oM233 V? H
Yryyr Pa see 'frynMP 'pwrySn MMii oM224 E V H: BBB M801aIH8:
'fs'ng Pa/MP /af srinagl n. 'fable'.
BBB M801alH12; BBB M801a/H20: BBB
Pa 'fs'ng'n pl. M765j R 1
oM80la/H22: BBBU08) M801aIp19 3; BBB(310)
'fswn MP see 'pswn
M801a/p19 15; S7 R ii 9: RH(931) ~ 6 4 7 +
1 R H:
'fwr-, 'pwr- MP /afur-/ urr. 'to invoke blessings on,
RH(936) M647+ 1 B 5: RH(937) M647+ 1 R 12:
bless, pray; to create'. M7984/1I/V/ii5/ for 'to
RH(9j7) M647i L1 V H: M299e B 5: M715b R H:
create'. Henning 1933a, 20037: Later form, derived
MWVH
from 5f rid, pp. of cif fin- which it then partly
MP 'pwrySnan pl. BBB M80la/H25
replaces
MP 'pwrySnp RH(94l) oM647t I V H
MP 'fwryyd pres3sg. M555 V 3a
MP 'pwryhyg BBB(388) M80la/p25 5: oh426 I V H
MP 'pwrym presJ@l. MMii M31 I V U; MMii M729
MPS 'pwryb oTM406b V H
I R i 2: BBB(314) M801a/p20 I; BBB(357)
R abruSn Metathesis TM327 R 4
M80la/p22 8: oh4223 I R 5: M4a I1 R 16; M4a I1 V
R abruSni With metathesis ur > ru and Turk
20; oM6W I R 7
possessive suffik 'I'M327 R H
R abruSnlr Metathesis and Turk pl. suffix. TM327 V
hlP 'pwrynd pres.3~1.KawA(268) M911 R 4; MMii
4
M729 I1 V i 1: MIK8259 I V ii 15
g -: 'if - if ,'; 'either - or
MP 'pwin subjlsg. M798a R ii 3; M798a V i 7: 'g Pa /ag/ COG 'if'. 'g - '
oM798a V ii 8

Dictionary of Manichaan Middle Persian and Parthian


Pa 'g ~ ~ ~ ( 7 M4577
6 5 ) A ii 1: MKG(765) M4577 A ii
1: ~ ~ ~ ( 7 M4577
6 6 ) A ii 2: MKG(768) M4577 A ii
4; ~ ~ ~ ( 7M4577
7 9 ) A ii 15: MKG(7&n M4577 A ii
20: ~ ~ G ( 1 0 2M4572
6)
R ii 2: MKG(1141) M W R
ii 2; ~KG(l378) M6041 R 19: MKG(1617)
~1964+M822R ii 4; ~BG(1623)M1964+Mm V i
4: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M267b+M314
69)
R ii U: mG(l&U))
~ 6 0 3 2R 12: MKG(I&I~)
M6032 R 16; MKG(1849)
~ 6 0 3 2R 21: MKG(1857) M6032 R 29: MKG(2156)
~ 2 0 6B
1 5: M~iii,g(82)M7 I V i 24; Mhliiij M42 R
i 25; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 8M6280
8 9 ) R 3: KPT(2092) M33 A 1:
~ 3 8 8R 9: H.IVa/6ai M6221 V 1: LN 521
~ 2 0 8 t ~ 6 3R 81: LK 521 ~208+M638R 6: LN 523
~208+M638V 9: S31V 6: S31 V 8: S31 V 9; M743
R 8; Otani11079 B 1
... .
Pa 'gwb G1oss.e 34124 V (ion
Pa 'gycn MMii,a(48) M2 II R ii ll
'g MP lag/ n 'damage, danger'. Henning 19% 30MP 'g G1oss.e MI24 V (1W; M384Vi 4 ' - g ~p /Q#/ a.'aware, knowinging.
(+ '
c 'abbyt'li(4
115. MPB tigab.
MP 'g' KPT(17l7) M47 I1 R U .
'gadgy"gadg, "fdg Pa lriyci6ag/ n. -'wish, desire'.
.
See Bacu. ay&p, Si-Williams 2000, 177..
pa "y'dg ~ ~ i i i a ( l l 'M2
4 ) 11V ii 3
Pa "g'dg ~KG(199)MlTI V 12: ~l/261:d U 6 7 R 7:
~ ~ R 69: ~bcd.~/27d
7
M94+/2?a: M232814:
OM546013
pa 'g'dg MKG(1059) M4573 R i 9: MMiiidll5) M6 V
ii 27: M1/331: BBB(65) M801aIp5 3; M32a V 5:
~ 8 I 3R 4: RH(29) MU7 I V U: RH(177) M284a R
i 11; RH(240) M284a V i 12: RH(ll60) M30 R ii 6:
RH(1175) ha0 R ii 2
Pa 'g'dgwm M5501+ A ii 7
'gam Pa /@dm/ cmj. 'or' agzm ,u g h , 'or or
'- 'either or (+ h)'.
KPT,l15. MKG, 150; Henning
1958, 70 n.3 5gcSm. Humbach-Skjzrve 1983 2 111:
'The fact that 'g'm occurs at the beginning of canto
V of ~uyadag-mad m o t contradictthe meaning
'or' as canto V is obviously closely connected with
the last stanza of canto 1%'.
Pa 'g'm MKG(7n) M496 V i 11: MKG(m) M4576 V
i 13; ~KG(734)~ 4 5 7 V6 ii 1: MKG(1040) M4572 V
i 7: MKG(1049) M4572V ii 7: MKG(u84) M6041 R
25: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 0 M338
9 8 ) A 7; M6033 A ii (10) 3:
H.V/la/ M6220 R 9 = OMS% R 5 = so14615 R 25 =
So14445 R H ('km'm!): GW 8 M259b+M453b R 8:
GW 515 ~ 4 5 2 6 t M 7 ~I R5 18 = M6680-t R 18: GW
5144 ~ 2 0 161 V 6: M201513
Pa 'gamyS MKG(731) ~4576V i 15
'g'm'y, 'q'm'y Pa/MP / a g d d y / a,adv. 'unwilling,
unwillingly'. Colditz'87.292, Sundermann 1997b. 263.
Pa 'g'm'y MMiiij(99) M42 V ii 24: KPT(1788) a 5 7 2
'

a-

D u

11

Pa 'q'm'y CPar(95) M333 V 4


MP 'g'm'y M%5 R 2

29

'g'ryh- MP Iagcirib-/vitr. 'to be inactive, to becoine


powerless' (?).H&g 1%0,2l
hlP .'g'ryyh~dpteS3sg. G~ossaMI09 R 19
'gd, "gd Pa /dyad/ u.itrVpp. 'to come'. Cf. 's-.
"gbyy ppJ + COP. -4979
Ri1
V 10: MMiii.b(l24) M5815
pa 'gd ppJ Mo(72)
I1 R i D; MMiii.b(l38) M5815 I1 R i 27:
~~iii,b(l86)
M5815 I1 V i 25: *W(G(69) M48+ll V
5: MKG(659 M675 R ii 2: MKG(670) M4575 V i
- 8: MKG(1125) M4570 R i 7: MKG(1605) M47 1 V
14: MKG(1931) MI77 V 5: MKG(2108) oMM2d A 4:
MKG(Zl60) M%%+M31U)
A 3: MMiiib(46) M33 I
V ii 4; MMiib(93) M33 I1 V i 9; MMiii,o(%) M67
V ii 20: MMiiip(l3) M2l V 5; ~ ~ ~ ( i 8 M572
1 6 ) .V
12: M1/292; W293: M1/294; M11346; M1/364:
MU3653 M1/382: M1/398: M1/399: M1/400:
~ ~ 4 0 MV402:
1:
M1/403: BBB(57) M80lalp4 U:
&%la V 3; BBBcl48) M5779 V 24; M4b I R 18:
M4b I V 3; M4b 1V 7; M4a I R 18: MI8 R 9: M64
~ 1M64Vl:&,@R
:
XM680R 3 ~ 6 8 R0 6 =
K 2 4 ~f = ~ 1 8 9 ~ 2 : ~ 6 8 0 ~47 ~= ~~ 12R84 9~
4: M680 R 9 = oK24 R 6 = MI89 R 6: M680 R U =
K24R 7:M680 R12=K24R 9: M680 R 14=K24 R
11; ~ 3 2 27; g~2 4 ~ 3 : ~
3 5 ~ 8 ~ V~25; 4
dl327 R7=K24V 7;M680 V4=K24V 9 =MI89
V2=M327R9;M68OV5=K24Vll=M189V5:
M680 V 7 = oK24 V U = MI89 V 7: M680 V 9;
~ 6 6 5 0R n;&66W R 15; M6650 R 18: M66M V 6:
HVIT/lla/ M5263 R 6 M87lf V 1: AR.W64a/
M88 I V 7 = M96 V 7 = M175 R 5; AbcdD M710
9a: AbcdGc Ma830 V? lla; S37 V 3; RH(U1) oM86
V Is; RH052) M284b R ii 29: RH(683) M7.3 R 1:
RH(795) oM341a B 4; RH(914) W49 R 7: RH(ll78)
M30 R ii 24: RH(ll99) M30 V i 19; RH(l208) M3O
V i 28: RH(1217) M30 V ii 9: GW 512
~4526cM7265I R 9 = ~6680+R 9: GW 512 M25%
R 12 = M4526+M7265I R 11= M6680t R 10; MI0 R
u: mg n R 8a: mu R 2: ~ 2 3 R8 I: ~ 2 3 R8 2:
MZ?8It 2: M238 R-3; oMZ38 R 3: M238 R 4; M238
R 4:
R 5: M197 I1 V 6; 0tani6155 A 3:
Otani615 B 2: Otanill075 V i 4: M198b V 1:
oM1818/3:M323212: M4470/1: M4878/1: ~48'78/2;
M9072/2
Pa a g # p P ~ B B B ( B ) M ~U:~ ~~( /8~2 ~44))& A

2
.#

Pa 'yg'y'b p p M64
~ V4
Pa pg'y'yb' ppJ M64 R 6
PaS "yB ppJ oTM406b R 9
PaS "yb'y ppJ oM68O R 4% K24 R 1: K24 R U
'gdnyft Pa /rSyadartiiftl z 'amval'.
Pa 'gdnyf~Glosse MU4 V (l2)5; M24 R 9
'gnd, "gnd Pa/W Idgundl vjr., pp. 'filled, filled
in'.
Pa "gnd p p ~Miii(U2)
~
M2 11 V ii n
Pa 'gnd ppl CPaN) M332tM724 R 4: AbcdC MH3

30

Dictionary of Manichaean' Middle Persian and Parthian


R 3

MP 'gfyy Hu(296) M7981 1 R ii 26: ~ ~ ( 8 3 . M7984


3)
I R ii It Hu(l200) M7983 I1 R i 4: MMii M36 R U;
KPTf9) M464c A ii 4; RH(893) M394 B 10 = M468b
B7
MP '&YY!+!KPT(1988) WZl R U; KPT(20U) M221 v
14
'gryc Pa /a@/ adv. 'ever, never'. Heming 1940,30.
Pa 'gryc Glme MI24 V (11)4
'gryft MP see gyr- '
'gs, 'gs Pa /Ggas/a.'apparent, visible'. Ghilain 1939,

MP "gnd ppl KPT(462) M1002+ R ii 7


MP 'gnd ppJ KPT(240) aM1014+M1030 A 2

'gnyn, "gnyn, "gynyn MP /rigin&/ adv.


'together'.
MP "gnyn Kaw~(26)MlOlj R 4: KawA(28) oMlOlj R
6: M733 V 4: M733 V 6: M733 V 8
MP 'gynyn Sbrg.q(40) oM537a+ 11 V 16: Hu(532)
M7980 1 R i (24B
MP 'gnyn KawA(65) aMlOlk R 9: MKG(2385)
M380a-b R 3; Hu015) M7981 I V i 11; Hu(431)
M7980 I R ii (2515: Hu(599) M7980 I V i (2312:
Hu(7l3) M7981 I1 R ii 27; Hu(9U) M7984 V ii 23:
Hu(929) M1982 R i 5; ~ ~ ( 9 4 6M7982
)
R i 22;
Hu(lO27) M982 V ii 1: Hu(l.299) M7983 I1 V ii 1;
Hu(Ul5) MT983 11 V ii 17; Hu(U32) M7983 I1 V ii
34: KPT(1630) M8101 V ii 9: KPT(1666) M% V 12;
BBB(741) oMSOVp47 10: SUc V i 15: M694 V 4:
M577218
'gr MP /agar/conj. 'if'. ma'gr 'hopefully not'. 'gr
,-- L
' - in parallel sentences. CS. 'gryc?
- MP 'gr ibrg~31)~;70a+V 19; Sbrg052) M542bt I R
16: KawA(U6) MlOlb R 3: wG(1977) M742 I R
U; KF'T(1420) ~5566+~4501
R ii 5; KPT(1446)
oM5566+M4501V ii 5: KPT(17l3) M47 I1 R 9;
KPT(1737) M47 I1 V 16: KPT(1853) M825 I R 2:
KPT(1856) Ma25 I R 5: KPT(1857) M825 I R 6;
KPT(1860) oh4825 I R 9; M97 R ii 17: M882.a B 3;
M341b A 3: hf7l7 R 2a: M5794+ II R 11: M5794+ 11
R 12: M9%+ 11 R 12; M28 I R i 21: M28 I R ii 26:
M28 1 V i 28; M545 V 5: M4W I1 R i 5; M6809/3
MP 'grt Sbrg(SO)M475a I R 2
MP 'gryc Glosse aMl24 V (9)2
=grawMP /agrrSw/ a 'noble, excellent, fine'. S.n'm.
MP "@w M555 R 4b
MP 'gfw MKG(2386) M380a-b R 4: MMii aM28 I1 R
i 16: MMii M28 II V i 2l: MMi M28 11 V ii 28;
BBB(336) MSOla/p21 5; B B B ~ I M801alp21
)
10:
Glosse MI24 V
M74 1 R 14; G1oss.e MI24 V (123:
. (1417: ~h(877)M394 A 5: RH(984) M647+ 11V U:
RH(1000) M485a V 4: RH(1002) oM485a V 6; M438
V 8: MlW B 8; oMIK4969 I R 1: Otani6203 A 4:
Ml84/3: M494 R 4
MP 'gr'w n'm M4a I1 V 4
MP 'gr'w nam' BBB(73) M80la/p5 11: BBBc(33)
M5779 V 9; RH(768) M319 I R 8 ; - ~ ~ ( 8 3M782
7) R
1: RH(852) M182 V 5
MP ' e n pl. Ml74 I R 8: oS9 V H: oMIK4959 R 3
MP 'gr'wtr corn..KPT<m) oM1020tM1022 V ii 8
MPR g#rau TIu930 V 6 'grawqwnySn MP /agrcfwkuni&/ a. 'acting in a
nice, praiseworthy, decent manner'.
MP 'grawqwny5n G1as.e MI24 V (13%
'gr'yh 'gram MP /agrcfy-b/ n 'fineness, nobility'.
KPT, 115: 'Sch6nheit9.
MP 'grayh MU V H; MIK7285 V ii 4

Cl

7L

Pa 'gs MMiiik(5) M104+ R 5 = M891b+ R 5;


MMiii76) A42 11 .V i 2: KPT(1165) M5932 B 6:
A.R.lh6bl M5930 R 3 = M673 R 4 = oM6264 V 1:.
A.R.Wb/ M88 I R.12 = M96 R 12; M.V1/6la/
M&3 I V 1= M96 V 1; kR.V1/62al&88 I V 3 =
M% V 3 = MI75 R.l;'qW I43 M206 I1 R 6: M231 .
R 7;M24 R 4; oh47200 A 1
'ywb Pa /rjyub/ n. 'revelation' (?)or 'revealer' (or .
'prone to reveal on&lf', '.EA~\Roc).
Morano 198z . '
21-2 S u n d e repactid
this
with
'bbwmb
q . ~.. .
..
'gwb Pa see.-b
. . .
'gwc Pa. /igdi/ n. :sidev.drw 'gwc I 1 sides,
.
.
everywhexe!. - .
Pa 'gojr k~iii,b(i64)M58iS I1 R .ii 28; M5530 v 4;
M66W,Rl9-...
. '
'gwd- Pa /tZrS-/ i,Jr. 'to defik, soil'. Henning 1965%
32 n6. Tafazzoli i979, 569. Boyce 1954, 181 'gwst
'hang up* is MP (the Pa verb ,in that meaning is
'gwxt). . Pa 'gwdydpres3sg. M6020 I ~ ' i(65)16
i
Pa
subj.3,rg. GW '71 M5561tM5562 R 5 =
oM047R1
Pa 'gwst pp.1 A.R.VIIa/l4a/ M667+ V 7:
AR.FragP112b/ MI668 V 4
Pa 'gwstg pp.Za RH(109) M86 % 18
'gwhySg~MP /6g6biSn/ n. 'defilement'.
MP 'gwhySn MMii M82511 V 17
'gwmyg, 'gwmyq MP /agumEg/ a. 'unmixed'.
Boyce-"1977,9-'gwmpgvb' 'adv. in form, but used
as adj,'.
MP 'gwrnyg MMii M9 I V 6: MMii M9 11 V 4
MP 'gwmygyh' adu. MMii M9 I V 2
MP 'gwmyq MMii M9 I R 4 .
'gwst MP /@gust/ vlr, pp. 'to hang up, fasten '. KPT,
,

'

'

'

'

'

'

"pa

'

-A-

1U.

'.

MP.-wgwstppJ Hu(2) M98 I R 2: Hu(4) M98 I R 4


.MP 'gwst ppJ KPT(433) aM1004+ V iv 11 (KFT, 29
11.61: 'Unsicher. Vielleicht / p y w / ( s ) t

'verbunden'?')
'gwst Pa see 'gwd'gwstgyft Pa /6gustagift/ n. 'soiling, blemish '.
Pa 'gwstM-ZN 584 M34 R 10
'gwSt Pa /rSy&t/ v.tr.,pp. 'to hide'. MKG, 150.
Pa 'gwhppI MKG(983) oM4579 R ii 4; AILVIII/7a/
Ma9 R I3
'gwxt Pa /aguxt/ v ~ rpp.
. 'to hang up'. Henning

32

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


M616/6: M765b/l: Mll09/2; M170715: MI909 I V 2;
M22W1; &3W/2; M4822/1: M141/2: M80 R 2;
M80 R 7; M80 R 11; M40 V 2: M40 V 5; M6281+ R
2 M7201 B 5M7201 B 5
Pa Py='y pes2xg. M83 I R 20 = M234 R 17
Pa wxybyh'ypes2sg. M6281+R 3 (With unclear 'y, poss pres2sg. of 'b-? Morano 2000, 408
wxybyb ( 3 which would be unusual in having
b instead of b)
Pas "yay pes2sg. aM680 R 4 = a 4 R 1: K24 R
Pa 'sf pres3sg. MKG(1962) M502e B 6: MMiiip(136)
M2 I1 V ii 25; MMiiidl31) M7 11R i U: KPT(1813)
M572 V 9: KPT(2045) M580 V 4: CPar(38)
aM332+M724 V 18; CPar(83) M333 R 7: CPar(88)
M333 R 2: CPar(U6I M334a R 11: CPar(ll7)
oM334a R 12; I.tV62a/ M2851 V 3 = OW6386 R 8:
H.IVa/2b/ M622I R 4i HIVa/%/ M62tl R 10;
H.IVb/2b/ M6120 R 4: ILV/'Lbi M6220 V 2 =
M895a+M2224 R 2 = OM6729 R ~;.H.v/$/ ~ 6 2 2 0
V
3 = M895a+M2224R 3: HV/4ai/ M 6 a V 5 =
-7
R 1; RV?5b/ M6220 V 8 't oM2607 R 4:
kR.VIII/l2a/ M89 V 3; M741 'R 3b:'M102 V 1: LN
3 5 M4!57 V 10; S35 V 1; S41 R 4 = MI03 R 6:G W
M* R 4; M285 I1 v ii 3: M q j 11 V ii 9;
M57OO I1 V i 8; HCfrA M859 A lb: HCfr16.4 M6725
A 5; HCfr32ll MI669 B 3
Pa 'st pres3sg. Mo(40) M734 V 5; Mo(%) MU2a R
lo: MMiiib(28) M5815 1 R i 28: MMiii.Wl) M5815
I R i 31: MMiiib04) M5815 1 R ii 3: MMiiilb(37)
M5815 I R ii 6: MMii1,b(44) M5815 I R ii 18:
MMiii,M46) MS8l5 1 R ii 20; MMiii,M48) M5815 1 R
ii 22: MMiiiM49) M58l5 1 R ii 23; MMiii,b(M)
M5815 I R ii 24: MMiiiM99) M5815 I V ii 18;
MMiilb(211) hi5815 I1 V ii 19; MMiii.M2l6) M581j
11 V ii 24: MKG(144) aMn6b V 4; MKG(146)
M2l6b V 6: MKGCI21) M4576 V i 5; MKG(843)
M498 A i U;MKG(941) M4582 A ii 1; MKG(1090)
M4573 V i 6; MKG(1147) M4570 R ii 8: MKG(lfi5)
hi4570 R ii 15: MKG(1156) M4570 R ii 17:
MKG(l.240) M4574 V ii 6: MKG(l316) M6040 R 7:
MKG(l.339) M6040 V 6; MKG(1402) M6041 V 3:
MKG(1587) M I R U; MKG(1617) M1964tM822 R
ii 4; MKG(1646) M267bM314 R i 17: MKG(1665)
M267b+M314 R ii 9: MKG(1716) M267b+~314V ii
6: MKG(1836) M6032 R 8: MKG(184O)M6032 R l2:
MKG(1874) M e V 17: MKG(1895) M523a-c A 9;
MKG(2117) Ml.18 A H: MMiiit M2 I1 R i 20;
MMiiip(82) M2 Il V i 8; MMiiip(l22) M2 I1 V ii 11;
MMiii,d(84) Mj V i 24: MMiii,e(72) M6 V i l2;
MMiiig(43) M7 I R ii U;MMiiii55) M7 I R ii 25;
MMiiib(63) M33 I1 R i 10 = M367 V 5; MMiiib(65)
M33 11 R i U = M367 V 7; MMiiij(82) M42 V ii 7;
MMiiiq(8) M39 R i 9; MMiiip(82) M39 V ii 20;
MMiiip(82) M39 V ii 20; MMiii~n(83)M39 V ii
21; MMiiip &i77 R 9; MMiiip(24) M77 V 3;
KPT(l2jl) M8802 B 7; C~ar06)M332tM724 V 16;

34

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

i
I

6: CPar(l23) M334a V 2: W U 9 ) M4WM2086 A


2; CPar(154) M44 R 3: CPar(l55) M44 R 4:
CPar(lj6) M44 R 5: CPar(159) M44 R 8; MI8 R 12:
0M75 V 3: M75 V 6: old331 R 11: M538 R 4; M538
V 5: ~ ~ / 5 l a / ~ W l R l = o M 5 5 8l=M6UOR3:
7R
H.IVa/lb/ M6m R 2: ~.RU15a/oM780+M889R 9
= a5570 v 5 = &673 R 1 = ,,~6943 R 1;

g ' h y n d y opt. MMiii,a(51) M2 II R ii 14


Pa 'hyndyb opt. MKG(797) M4577 B i 10; MKG(799)
M4577 B i l2: MMiiip(49) M2 I1 R ii 12
Pa 'hyndyy opt. MMiii,b(l2l) M5815 I1 R i 10: M8l3 I
R 10
Pa 'hyndwh opt. MMiii,M118) M5815 11 R i 7
Pa -ndprer3@.
MKG(145) M216b V 5
MP ' W p e s Z s g . Pa in MP text BBB(~o)M801aIp5
18; BBW90) M801aIp26 1: M315 I1 V 19
'h'r Pa /a&/
n. 'food'. Indian loan-word
Pa %'rMKG(1932) MI77 V 6: aM1202 V (16)l: MU02
V (18)3: MU02 V (2116: MI202 V (26)ll
'hsf Mil6
'hlmwg MP /ablanujgl n. 'heretic'.
MP %~g'n pl-S9 ii 3
'hlw MP /ablaw/a 'just righteous'. Zoroastrian term.
An-Henning
1933,320 note on 4 a
MP 'hlw'n pl. MMii M95 V lb = oM1609 V lb . .
'hnwnWPMP
/abantinl adu. 'now'.
MP %nwn Sbrg(252) M535t R 12: Hu(1261) ~ 7 9 8 311 .
R ii 31; Hu(1292) M7983 II V i 28: Otani6U B. 1 :
l6
.
Mp 'hownc M3 6:MMii

AR.1/27bl M5930 V 5: W 2 W M5930 v 6 =


M673 V 7 : ' ~ 4 b /a518 R 8: AR.Ia/Ub/
,,~518 v 6 = a 1 5 v 4; -nda/
~ 5 1 8v 7;
kR.VI/4d ~6222R 7: kR.Vlll4a/ ~ 9 R1 fi =
oM69QtM439 R 5 = M175 V 11 = oM1539 Il R 1;
A.R.VIII/Sb/ M89 R 10: ~ b c d BM507 V Ua:
*bcdJ) & m / 2 b : * b c 0~72-2
~
v 12a: AM
M2089 R h;M741 V 14b = oOtani6208+V 10; Lh'
s10 M240 R.2; LN
~ 2 4 R0 4:
R
M349 R 6; LN
2: LN 26 o ~R n
5;
M727b R 3: LK %la oMI27b R 8; LN 543a M727b
Mm
=mb
v 3: 545
MI848 R 5: LK 5103 M307atb V 1: KawNC32) M35
V 14: KawN05) W4Oa v 3 R.H(l61) Id5021 B 2:
RH(162) M502 B 3: RH(238) MB4a V i 10:
RH(620) M58M) I Y ii 16: RH(U42) M30 R i 14:
G v 98 M259btM4539 R 14: Gw DM66801 V15:

Gw

':Gw

'

graft ft

awm MP ,abrhl
n. .mising up..
19,j
P.
.UY.j the physical redemption of light . .
Sunder-n
1979, 102 (and p U2 n. 232) suggesrs
a
w
n
,<yzyzd>
is a term for ~h~ Column of
that

':
Gw

577 TI847 R 19: Gw 9 9 M5%1+M5%2V 3: GW


580 M5561tM5562 V 7 = M847 V 8: GW
oM5561tM5562 V 10 = M847 V 12 =
11 R 4:
v
14:
hf92 R
GW 9102 M6m A l2; hob v 2:
7b: M92 V fia = 5898 V 13; M92 V 15b = M898
V 15b: a398 B 4: m(1912) MIKa2%' I R i 5:
KPT(1922) MIK82j9 I R i 6: HCfrN M4727 A 2b:
HCfr16.2 M387 B 4; 03t6020 V ii 12: M55W R 3:
oM?78a/2: M689211: M40 R 3 (Morano): M80 V 4
= M40 R 6: M40 R 10; M79 R S-MmB 2; Mn00
B 4; M7201 B 3, dl7201 A 6 (Morana V? 6:
?mfr)/)
Pa 'hyynd pres3gl. Ml/3U: CP&Q oM333 V 3
Pa hynd pres3pl. M02 V 2 M&;rlmS
ZLha609U2
Pa 'h'z past 3- ~MiiiM73)M5815 1' V i 23;
MMiii,M77) Mj8l5 I V i 27;MKG(83) M48+ I1 V
19: MKW20) M1514 R 3; MKG(983) M4579 R ii 4:
~ ~ G ( 1 5 8 3~ ) 4 I7R 8: MKG(1590) M47 1 R 1%
MMiiip M2 I1 R i 35: MMiiip(41) M2 ll R ii 4:
~.1/23b/ M93 1 R 4; k~1/W
M673 V 11:
AR.VIVlb/ M91 R 8 = MI75 V 6: M741 R 6b: 550
B 2b
Pa 'h'd ~ubj.3sg.M-45)
M%l5 1 R -ii 19;
MMiiiIM209)Mssls U V ii 17:.MKG(766) M477 A
ii 2: MKG(802) M e 7 7 B i 15; MKG(lj95) M47 I v
4: MKG(1757) M%P R ii 6; MKG(1929) Ml77 V
3; MKG(2137) M3WM2238 V 5: KPT(ll96) oM183+
1 V 8: KPT(2048) M580 V 7: WT(2055) M580 V
14: BBB(285) M80laIp17 16: LN 554 M509 V 6; LK
558 M44W R 3; LN 73 MY345 V 14: LN 76 M8l8
V 4; RH(427) ~ U 1 6V i 21

%r + ahfm HU(28) M7984 11 V ii 16


v.tr.,itr. W: 'to lift up, raise: .lud
up'; ia. 'riseup, -nd
(= die)'. .KPT,115. Ps.
&&!f t ~ndreas-Ban1933.119. Gershevitch 1964.202
fi
~p w m y d pesS3sg. Sbrg(195) M472+ 1 R 3:
Sbrg(222) M472t I V 6: Sbrg(2%) oM535+ R 16 (Or:
'(brYm/ynd].); Sbrg(564) M472 I1 V 12:
SWm(26) M8256 V 2; Hu(542) M7980 I R i
M U ; oM5750 R i 18
MP Wmd pres.3sg. MY50 R ii 4
-6
ptes3sg.
T M & ~v 3
~p Wmad s&ji3sg. Sbrg(l&) oM482+ I R 20:
Sbrg(2!?8) M470a+ R 10: Hun941 M7984 I R i 6:
MYOA 3a: ~7 R i 5: S36 R 2
MP 'hfmand subj.3$[. Sbrg(173) M482+ I V 5:
Sbrm1) M470a+ R l3: MKG(1506) M86a- V 9
MP vm
i m p s g . M315 I1 V 21;Ml28 R 2
~p a h f f l p p ~~9R ii 28
hip 'hr'ft p p MKG(2265)
~
oM236+ V 16; M5794+ I R
17: oM12U I R 3
~p
ppj BB88(118) M801a/p8 2
~p 'wpt p p SbrgC6n)
~
d477 11 V 9; Hu(8) hi98 I
R 8; Hu(158) Mi984 I1 R ii 24; Mlj165: RH(ll00)
~ 2 7 3R 16
~p 'hfptwm p p +~ su# RH(1094) M273 R 10
~p %t ppj Sbrg(j6j) oM472 I1 V U: Sbrgfm
M8256 R 2
MP 'Wpm inf Ja Hu(84) M99 1 V 9
~p

awm /abgm-/

'

aw

Dictionary of ~ a n i c h a e a nMiddle Persian and Parthian

35

MP 'hr'ptn inf Ja KPT(474) &M1002+R iii 9


'hrmynk MP /abremenak/ n. 'creature of .arezra'.
'hr'm- Pa /abrdm-I ujr;, itr. 'to lift up, raise: rise'.
M a c K d e 1980,302
MP 'hrmpnk'n pl. Sbrg096) oM542b+ I1 R u
Pa 'hr'm'd pplI -MMiii.c(n) A45569 V 6
'hr'myin MP /abrdmiSn/ n [Boycel 'raising up, 'hrpt MP see 'hr'mredemption'; [MacKenziel 'ascension'; [Sundermannl 'hrsyd Pa see 'hr's'guiding upwards'.
'hr yndws b4P labrendus1 n.pr. m.
MP 'hryadws RH(951) M647+ I V 10
IMP 'hr'mySn Sbrg(159) M482+ I R l5; MKG(2251)
~ 2 3 6 +V 2: MKG(22.57) M236+ V 8: MV168; 'hrywn MP /?/? '?'.
~ ~ ~ ( 2 2o~5794+
0 4 ) I v H:m o 6 / 5
MI' ' h r e~( 1 8 7 2 ) oM85 ?I R 3: KPT(1874) M825
I1 R 5
'hr'pt MP see W m 'hr'ptwm NIP see 'hfm'hr& 'hrywwr PaIMP jabrewar/ n 'pit of death,
'hr's Pa IabrrIsl n 'fear, terror*.
deadly pit'. KPT, 1 5 'Todespfuhl'.
Pa 'hr's Ml202 R 10
Pa 'hrywr MMii,k(ll) oM104+ R U: KPT(1143) M540b
'hr's- Pa /ah&-! vh: 'to frighten, terrify'. 'hr'sg in
R 1: AbaiB M507 V 14b: oOtasi6155 A 4: 1 ~ 7 9 0 ~ 3
H.VII 19a is possibly a noun
Pa 'hrywwr &VIa/7b/ M6223 V 4
Pa 'hrsyd pres3sg. Sunderrnann: 'defektive
MP 'hrywr HU(%)M99 I V. 2l:.Hu(97) M99 I V 22
Schreibung fiir 'Wsyd ?' M5785 I R 7
'hw'y, ' h e Pa Iahwdyl np:f,'Eve'. Replacing
the readings bur'y, W y (KPT,125) s Sundermann
Pa 'hr'sg prpJ Hvn/l9a/ MS263 V 2 = oM588 V 3
1979,99 and 118 11.22and 11.23.:
Pa 'hfs'd p p l ~~VIaI3blo ~ 6 Ra 6: H.VIa/ab/
. Pa ' h e gPT(1520) M W R 3.
X6223 V Ii: .~!W9b/ M6Za V 8: oh44820/2
~ a h w ' KPTCl525)
y
OM8280 R i'3;'.~88
I1 V 9a
'hrm MP /?/@ Name of a Giant Schwartz 2002,
'hwg,
"hwg
Pa/MP
/&kg/
n,
;deer,
gazelle'.
233,234 and a19.
MP "hwg KawA(5l) MlOll V 2
MP 'hrm-KawA(24) oMlOlj R 2
MP 'hwg KP'I'(906) M263f+ B ii 9 .
'hrmyn, 'hi-m~-'hrmn P a m /abreriten/.
;ahreman/ n 'the Hostile Spirit, the Devil, the 'hwgyn- MP //cib6g&-l' vtr. .'to defile'. Skjierva 1997.
247. But the plural of an adi cib6ggn 'blemished'
King of Darkness'. Sundermann 1979, 101 and 128
seems mcae likely.
13.201.
MP 'hwgyn'n prp.1I.f Correct?M28 I V i 22
Pa ' h m oOtanill076 A 3
Pa 'hrmyn MKG(724) M4576 V i 8: MMiiid69) M2 I1 'hwn MP /tibun/ n 'iron'. Henning 1937%79 ("hwn:
X ii 32: KPT(U52) o~M715dB 2: CPar(52) M499+ R
s. g'w "bum here). KPT.115.
MP 'hwn KPT(1665) M46 V U
13; CPar(ll6) oM334a R II; HVx/lb/ M2339 R 2:
LN S16 oM906 V 6: 631 R 9: 1237 R 3: RH(749) 'hwngr MP /dhungar/ n 'ironworker: blacksmith'.
Henning m7a, 79.
M311 V 6; GW 586 oM715d A 2
MP "hwngr KawA(283) MlOln V 3: KawA(285)
Pa 'hrmyyn ~Mii,b(76)MS8l5 I V i 26: KPT(1190)
oMlOln V 5 (Poss. just ('bhngr.)
M183i I V 2: CPar(53) M4W R 14
MP 'hwngr Kaw~(116)MlOle R 6
LMP ' h m Hu(638) M7980 I V ii (2818
MP 'hrmyn Sbrg(M8) M472+ I R 16; Sbrg(211) 'hxt Pa see 'hynj0M472t I R 19: Sbrg(243) a 5 3 9 R 3; Sbrg(248) 'hxt MP see 'hynzaM53F R 8: S b r g i a ) &535+ V 4: 3 ~ 2 8 5 ) 'hy MP /46yl a 'beginning'; :c 'by 'in the
oM53Sc V 21: Sbrg(385) OM%%+ 11 R 1: Sbrg097)
beginning'; adv. 'saon(est), first'. KPT,ll5: "dam'.
M542b 11 R U: Sbrga(45) aM537a+ I V 21:
MP 'hy Hu(290) M7981 I R ii 20; Hu(791) M7984 I R
Sbrg.a(47) M537a+ 1-V 23; MKG(W8) M805a+ V
i 3: Mbfii M28 11 V i U;KPT(524) M1002+ V iv 8
11; MKG(l5Zl) 0M6812V 4: MKCX2304) M454+ I1 V 'by' MP /abya/ n.pr. m. Henning 1943, 54 and 70.
Milik 1976,312: Aramaic bbyh lhabyahl.
9: MKG(2305) oM4%+ 11V 10: MKG(2308) oM454+
MP 'hy' Kaw~(60)MlOlk R 4
11 v U;Hu(174) M1984 II V i 6: Hu(191) M7984 I1
V i 23: H a g ) M7981 I V i 32: Hu(343) M7981 I 'hy'n Pa I?/? '?'. Andreas-Henning 1934 48 suggest a
npr.
V ii 5: Hu(353) M7981 I V ii k Hu(367) M798l I
Pa 'hy'n MMiijn M77 R U
V ii 29: Hu(404) M7980 1 R i (321U; Hu(532)
'hy'ng
Pa /abycinag/ n 'nest'.
M7980 I R i (24)3; H u m ) M7984 I R i 1; MMii
Pa
'
h
y'
ng MMiii,e M6 R i 14
M49 11 R 7: MMii M49 I1 R 10: KPT(l678)
M
P
'hang
Henning "b'ng corr. prima many now
M652tM526 R 3: S7 V i 20: MI5 V H; M4b I1 R 22;
indistinct;
meant to be 'hy'ng ("nest")?'
M28 I R i 30: M28 I R ii 2; M28 I R ii 11: M5750 R
KawA(60)
MlOlk
R4
ii 15
'hyd,
"hyd
MP
libid/
n 'state of being ashamed,
'hrmyng'n Pa /abrememg&/ a. 'ahremenic,
sullemess'
(?I.
Henning
1943,64, n6
devilish'.
M
P
"hyd
KawA(247)
MlOld
V 9: Hu(972) M7982 R ii
Pa 'hrmyng'n LN 52 0M35l R 7; LN 53 M384+ R 2;
14:
M
4
W
I
V
ii
2
LN 55 oM384+ R 8: LN % 0M351V 1

'

36

1
I
1
1

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

MP 'hyd Hu(1053) M7982 V ii 27


'hydgr MP /ribidgar/ a 'one who pollutes,
corrupts'. Henning 1937%80,s. 'byd.
MP 'hyd#gr'n pl. KawF(43) M6UO colD 8
'hyng MP / a h & ? /a.; n. 'ancient, former'; pL 'men
of old'. S. Henning 1934%28 nl
MP 'hyng M738 V 5
MP 'hyng'n pl. M299a R ii 4; oM5794+ I R 8
'hynj- Pa /r3benj-/v~r.
'to draw.draw up, draw out'.
Pa 'hynjyd pres.3.sg. AbcdGa old8828 V Ilb; GW
534 M83 II V 5
Pa 'hynjyydpres3sg. GW 535 M83 I1 V 9 = oM34l3
V 3 = aM342+M520 R 9 ((M3413/V/3/ has
'by nJ( j1ynd)J
Pa 'hynjynd pres3.pl. AKVII1/2b/ oM89 R 4: GW
522 M451 V 3: GW 30 M83 fl R 17 = oM838 R 2;
GW 535 M83 I1 V 11
Pa 'hxt ppJ ARla/l4b/ M518 V 8
'hynz- MP /ibmr-! v3r. 'to draw, draw up'.
'bynz'g 'towing, man towing a boat'.
MP 'hynzyd pes3sg. KawA(261) oMlOlm V 4
MP 'hynzynd pres.3~2-Sbrg(722) M473a+ Il R 2
MP 'hynz'd subj.3sg. Hu(792) M7984 1 R i 4;
KPT(148) M1001+ V iv 6
MP 'hynfnd subj3~~1.
hIKG(1505) ~ 6 a V+ 8
MP 'hynz'g ptpJa KawA(2ll) oMlOla R 14
MP 'hxt ppJ KawD M625c V ii 2; Hu(1243) M7983 I1
R ii U
'hynzySn MP i&enzijn/ n. 'pulling up'. MacKenzie
1979,532,note on 327.
MP 'hynzyin Sbrg027) aM470a+ V 15
'hyzynyd'r MP !cibEz&ziddr/ n 'the raiser up, he
who raises up ,he who makes ,get up'.
Andreas-Henning 1933, 314, translation and nL S.
'hyz- MP.
MP 'hyzynyd'r MMii oM28 U R i 31
Pa see 'c Pa
'jdh'g Pa /aEbabcig/ n. 'dragon'. .
Pa 'jdvg G1oss.b Mlll+M725 R 9
Pa 'jdh'g MMiii&22$) M7 I1 V ii 24
'jwn,"jwn Pa /rii&/ n. 'rebirth'. Ghilain 1939. 88
prob- loan-word from Sogd
Pa "jwn MMiiig(l63) M7 I1 R ii 15; ~ ~ a r ( 6 oM499+
0)
V 2: HJVa/5a/ M6221 R 9: A.R.lIII/SOa/ 0Ml533 I
V 3;. A.R.VII/8a/ M91 V 3 = M774 R 1;
kR.VIla/lW M667+ V 7; S32 A 4
Pa 'jwn MKG(Z19) 0M805b R 8; MKG(242)
M ~ o ~ + M I@v 2; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 8 ~523a-c
90)
A 4:
MMiiig(l44) M n R i 26: KPT(2040) Mj80 R 17;
H.IVa/ga/ M62n V 7 = oOtani6187 A 1: RH(163)
oM5022 B 4: RH(163) M502a B 4
Pa 'jwn'n pl. MKG(1894) oM523a-c A 8
~ i t r 'to
. be reborn'. GhiIain
'jy-, "jy1939,88: prob. loan-word from Sogd
Pa "jyd pres3sg. M741 R 5b
Pa "jynd pres.3~11.AR.VII/9al M91 V 5 = M517 R 3
=M774 R3=M8801V 1

'r

Pa 'jynd pres.3.pl. MMiii,b(%) M5815 I V ii 13:


MMiiib(%) M5815 1 V ii 15
'qam'y Pa see 'g'm'y
'qdn'y MP /rIkedm-yl n. 'viper'. Henning 1940. 22:
ultimately a loan-word from Greek.
MP 'qdn'y G1oss.b Mlll+M725 R 10
'qn'rg MP lukanrIrag/ a. 'without limie boundless'.
MP 'qn'rg G1oss.d oM182t R 10
'qn'rgwmd MP /akanrSraghmd/ a. 'unlimit&
without boundary'.
W 'qn'qwmnd G1w.d oM18B W 6
'qrwg MP /akirr6g/ a. 'unexperienced'.
MP 'qrwg HuO M98 I V H: G l a d M182t R 11
'qSm[ MP N ? '?'.
MP 'qSd Glossd oM182+ R 7
'kwcyk /ah-&/ a. (Sogd.) 'of 'akuti = KuTi'.
Henning
566.
M 'kwcyk him2
'qwmn MP l a k l k a n l n. 'Evil Thought', an archdemoa Henning 1940, 29' 'Rot attested in Man
texts'.
MP'qwinn Glossd M82+R 9
'qwn MP / d u n / a. 'inactive'.
MP 'qwn Glossd M182+ R 8
'kyndyg Pa/MP /?Ia '&nceming/containing "kynd'
(?).=kyndis not attested Perhaps a place-name.
WMIr 'kyndyg[ ~9186/2
'qyrd Pa i&d/ a. 'abandoned, unworked'. Colditz
1987, 308 md 281 Cf. MPT 'gyrd. <q> may mean
/g/ here
Pa 'qyrd M l 4 ) oM332tM724 R l3
'I'styft Pa iUtif t/ n. 'wonder'. Morano 1982, 22-3.
Sundermann replaces it with r'ayft, q.v.
'Ip /alp/ (Turk.). Part of Uighu title, s. 'wlwy. S.
also 'Ipctortm
M 'lp MVIO; a ~ 1 ~ R3 i66: MlS8 I R 2
S '1p oMannerheimE V 4
'Ipcwr /al$w/ n.pr. m. (Turk.). A name followed
by the tide cwt.
M 'ipcm WE0
'lxs' / a l x d ngr. rn. = Alchasaios of the Cologne
Mani Codex etc, the eponymous leader of a group
of baptists in which Mani grew up.
Pa 'lxs' MK~(261MW+M5910V 3
'lxsyndrgyrd MP / a l a x s i n d a r g i r d / n.pr.
'Alexandria (in Egypt)'.
MP 'lxsyndrgyrd MMii M2 I R i 27
'lyf, Syf ldef / n. 'aleph', the first letter of the
alphabet UG, 1%. Cf.'rb.
Pa "lyf AbaU/24a/ MI73 V 5; ~ 6 B512
Pa 'lyf MKG(D31) Ma40 R 22
'maPa see 'm3
'm'br Pa / d m / adv. 'in the future, hereafter'.
Pa 'm'br MMiii,b(s) M586 I V ii 14; MKG(l205)
0M4570V ii 19
'm'dg MP / M a g / a. (PP-1'prepared, ready '.
MP 'm'dg Glossa MI09 R 14
t

. .

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

37

'm'h 'm', 'n&

'm'h- PaIMP /a77uib/. iammr3h/


pron.l.pl. 'we, us, our'. The enct -man expresses
the direct objeq h e genitive/dative and the agent
in transitive sentences in the past tense (the
'ergative' construction), sometimes man is written
separately,is this-a nofiendtic use! The rare enclitic
-n in MPT pd'n and pd'nman and (previously
unrecognized) PaT xwd'yn also occurs in
inscriptional Pa and MP. Sundermann, GW 37 111.50.
S Humbach-Skjaecvra 1983 2 47. Does Morano 1982
39 interpret one attestation of cSin'n in this way?
WMIr 'ma Omi6162 R? 4
WMIr 'm'h M2314 B 3
Pa 'b'wm'n MMiiU1) M2 I1 V ii ZO
Pa 'maMKG(645) M4575 R i 1: MKG(646) M4575 R i
2: MKG(ll00) M4573 V i 16: mG(l246)oM4585 A
3; MMiiia(142) M2 11 V ii 31: M11273; Mll289:
BBB(290) MMla/pl8 3: BBBcOU M5n9 V 7:
M538 R 1: M538 R 8: oOtani6229 R? 3:
A~c&WWM94c/Ba: A M 2 9 b / M94+/29b:
533 V 2: S33 V 3: S33 V 4: S50 B 2a. RH(799)
M341a B 8: RH(813) M749 R 6; M84 V 2:
0tani6217 V 5; Otani6214 A ii 3: -6229
A3
Pa 'm'h Mo(34) M390 R 9 (Morana 'md.): 'MKG(315)
0M1345 V 2: ,mG(6%M4575
)
R ii !: MKG(927)
M4581 R i 7: LMKG(1006)M45K A ii t: MKG(1092)
M4573 V i 8: MKG(1121) oM4570 R i 3: MKG(ll25)
M4570 R i 7: MKG(U27) M4570 R i 9; MKG(lU4)
M4570 R i 16; MKG(l151) o M W R ii 12:
MKG(1203) M4YO V ii 17: M8286 I R U: M8286 I
R 15: 0M8286I R 17: ~ 8 2 8 61V 1: ~ 8 2 8 6I V 3:
~ 8 2 8 6I V 5; MKG(l@l7) HWP B I: MKG(1826)
oHWP B 16: MKG(2398) M4523 A L M.lMiii,a(U9)
M2 I1 V ii 28; MMiii,d(95) M5 V ii 5 = oM748 V 15;
MMiii,e M6 R i 5; MMiiie M6 R i 18: ,Wii,e M6
R i 25: MMiii.e(%) M6 R ii 24: MMiiiiB) M6 R ii
28: MMiii,m(G) M39 R ii 18: MMiii,m(44) M39 R ii
19: MMiii,n M77 R 10: KPT(1890) M62N R 4:
M1/242: M11328: M1/373: Ml/383: BBB(62)
M801a/p4 18 = oM34la V 7: BBB(U5) M801a/p9 1:
BBB(160) M80la/plO 10: BBBW) M80Wp18 15:
M315 I R 11 = ~ i 9 8 aR 3 (M3WYR/llI has
'ma&.):M448 A 2: M448 B 3; oM544 R 4: M544 R
5: M544 V 3: M544 V 6: M544 V 7: M544 V 8:
M544 V 9: M544 V 9: OM544 V 10: M544 V 11:
oM544 V 12: M679 V 11: ~6232+~6230
V 12: oh4680
R 2: ~ 6 8 0 ~ 7 = o K R2 44=M189 R3;M680 R U:
~327R3=~24~4;oM680V2=MqR8=K24

RH(915) M749 R 8: RH(1027) M785 R 3: RH(:lj35)


m3 R 1; m(W9)M30 R i ll: RH(1204) hi30 -/i
24: RH(l2l4) M30 V ii 6; oM99 I1 V a:
~ 2 8 I:5 v
ii 21: M327 R 3: M328 A 2: M400 B 4: ~ 1 0 5 0B 5;
MU09 A 8: M5785 1 V 9: Otanill075 V i 6:
oMm5/3: M435ll2.a: M620212. ~6281tv 5
PaamWM3151R5
Pa 'm'hyc a ~ ( 1 1 6 6 M4570
)
V i 3; BBJkf4) M5779
R 4: M6650 R 8: M83 I R 9 = M200 V 6 = M105a R
3; ~ 5 2 6 2I R 5: ~ ~ R? 15 9
Pa 'ndySySndn M544 V U
Pa 'wm'n ~ g ~ ( 6 4oM4575
7)
R i 3: MV294: BBB(152)
M80WplO 2: BBB(155) M801a/p10 5: M544 V 12:
M680 R ID = K24 R 7: M680 R 12 = K24 R 8: M680
R 14 =K24R 10: M680R 16;M327 R 1 = ~ 2 v4 2:
oM327R4=&24V 4:M327R 6=K24 V6; ~ 6 8 0
V 6 = K24 V 12 = MI89 V 6: M680 V. 8: M680 V
16: MH8 R 3: M538 R 6: M538 R 10: ~ 3 2 7 . R1:
M327 R 4 ~6281+V 7
. .
Pa 'wm'n AbcdA/28a/ M94+/28a
. . . .
Pa 'wSm'n M680 R 15 = K24 R 11
Pa 'xw'm'n M327 R 6' = aK24 V 6
Pa brm'n aM680 V 4 = aK24 V 9 = MI89 V 3.
Pa bwj'grmn M386 R 4
Pa bwjm'n RH(746) M311 V 3
Pa bwjydm'n M4a I R 17
Pa byan'n MMiiia M2 li R i 29
Pa bzySkm'n ~ 6 8 V
0 10
Pa cymwnMKG(ll67) M4570 V i 4
Pa cym'n cM83 I R 23: AbcdA/27b/ M94+/27b: M98
I1 R 2b
Pa dhm'n M83 I R 4: M369 R 5
Pa &nmanM680 R ll = K24 R 8
Pa f#wman M448 A 1
Pa grywm'n M680 R 8 = K24 R 5 = MI89 R 5; M680
V 15
Pa gy'nm'n RH(1028) M785 R 4
Pa hwydgman H/H/ M233 R H = oM625b R 4:
H.l/V/H/ M233 V H = M93 I V H: Hula/ M233 V
1 = o~625bR 5: H.Vb/ oM489b V H: H.VIb/H/V/
oM5846 V H: H.VIcN/H/ M93+M289a I1 V H =
M4970 V H: KVIIlal M256 I R 7: HCfr16.3 oM1901
VH
Pa kwm-n M4a I R 12
Pa kwm'n BBB(294) M801a/p18 7 = M5225 R 2: M32a
V 6 (Not by m'n.); M538 R 8
Pa kwm'n Md70) MU2a V 8: MKG(135) MZ6b R 5:
MKG(752) OM4577 A i 2: MKG(1935) MI77 V 9:
MMiii,a M2 11 R i 28: MMiii,e(ll6) M6 V ii 28;
v 8 : ~ 6 8 0 ~ 3 = - ~ 4 . ! 8 = W ~ 2 ~ h 4 6 8 aM628L)
0 ~ 5 V 6 (Morano: kwm)
Pa
qwm'
n M795 R 2
= K24 V 20 = MI89 V 4 = oM327 R'10: M6650 R 1;
Pa
qwm'
n M1/270
~ 6 6 5 0R 5: ~ 6 6 5 0R 15; M83 I V 7 = A4496a V U
Pa
qwm'
n
MKG(E27) M4574 R ii 9
= M759 I1 R 12: KI/lb/ M233 V 2 = ~ 6 2 5 bR 7:
Pa
kym'
n
R
H(554) M5640 V 8
AbcdA/27a/ M94+/27a: S44 A 2: RH(106> M86 R
man
MKG(9l9)
M4580 V ii 6: M544 V 5: M680 R
Pa
15: RH(l36) oM86 V 20: RH(140) abf86 V 24:
16
=
K24
R
12:
Otani6229
R? 3
RH(174) M2%a R i 8: RH(551) ~ 5 6 4 0V 5:
Pa
ng'
d
m'
n
otmi6214
A
ii
2
RH('jj8) ~ 5 8 6 4I R i 2; RH(848) M82 V 1;

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

38
--.

Pa ngwsm'n M1/387
20;Sbrg026) M470a+ V 14: ibrg(328) M470at v
Pa pw'gm'n M229 V i 11
16: hgC329) oM470a+ V 17: Sbrg(334) M470at v
Pa pydtm'n M680 V 8
22: Sbrg(689) oM47Sa I1 R 17; Hu(1162) M7983 1 v
i 34: MMii MB I1 R ii 2'l: MMii M28 11 R ii 24:
Pa rgm'n M315 I R 6
MMii M28 I1 R ii 27: MMii M28 I1 R ii 32: MMii
Pa synm'n RH(747) M311 V 4
M28 Il R ii 35: MMii M28 11 V i 4: MMii M612 V
Pa Shrd'ryff man hi680 V 6 = oK24 V 11= MI89 V 5-6
8: MMii M6l2 V 10; MMii M36 R 6; MMii M36 R
= oM3n R 11
7;
MMii M729 1 R i 10: MMii M729 1 R i 13;
Pa twm'n M369 V 5
BBB(180)
M80Wp11 15; BBB(243) M801a/p15 8:
Pa w'd'gmn M293 V 1
M198a V 6; M448 A 5 = M1607 B 5: M7101 A 2: SJ
Pa xwd'ym'n M6232tM6230 V 8
R i 8; S12b R ii 29: S23 R 3: oM32b A 15: M38 R 7:
Pa xwd'yn +. suff. -n MU53 V? 2: oM2753 R? 1
M4b II R 22: M4b II V 4; Otani6152 V 3
(Sunderrnann xwd'fynl. Morano 2000, 406:
MP 'wm'n Sbrg031) M470at V 19
(x)w(d)~yl.l
MP 'y'bwm'n Hu(ll63) A47983 I V ii 1
Pa zwwrm"n MMiii,e(62) M6 V i 2
MP 'ymSn MMii M36 R U
Pa zyrdm'n RH(1030) M785 R 6
MP 'yrn'n Kaw~(62)MlOlk R 6; KawD M625c R ii 1:
PaS 'ma WSo20Uj V 1
KawF02) ~6120colC 8: MMii ohi28 11 R ii 12;
PaS 'wm'n oK24 V 1 (So Reck (personally), replaces
MMii M6l2 V U;MMii M31 I V 2: MMii &I31 I V
.Waldschrnidt-Lenn'sI'lm/'l.)
2l: M315 I R 14; M20 I V 4: M82 V 18
PaR ama TM339a R 2
MP bwpwm'n Pa in MP text M448 A 5
MP 'ma KawF(26) M6l20 colC 2: Hu(176) M7984 I1 V
MP bycwm'n Sbrgt33l) oM470a+ V 19
i 8: BBB(52) MSOWp4 8: BBB(442) M80Vp29 2:
MP cymln Sbrg~tll)oM542b I. R 5:. Mbiii M31 I V 18
Ml98aV3
MP h'nym'n 5brgt332) M70a+ V 20
MP 'm'h M2004 V 4
MP hylm'n RH(660) M5847 A i 3: Otani6154 B 3
MP 'm'h KawA(63) MlOLk R 7: MKG(W7) aM236-t R:
MP qm'n KawAO) MlOlc R 3: ~aw~(68joMl0lk
V2
8: hiKCO265) ~ d f h
V 16: MKG(2268) M236+ VMP kwm"n M4b 11 R 20
19: Hu(172) M7984 II V i 4: Hu070) oM798l I v ii
MP M n KawF(29) M6120 colC 5: BBB(444)
32; Hu(1156) M7983 I V i 28; MMii M36 V 23;
M801alp29 4: M19 R 4: M4a I1 V ll: M4b I1 V 3;
MMii M31 I V 6: KPT(823) M819+M2154 V 9:
~ 7 6 %R li M3837/4
KPT(U73) M4j00 R ii 6; KPT(U74) M4500 R ii 7:
MP kwm'n Sbrg(ll4) M477 I R 18: Hu(1161) M7983 I
KPT(2087) M6005 B i 11: BBBN) M801a/p3 8:
V i 33
BBB(238) M80laJpl5 3; BBBOZI) M801a/p20 8:
MP qwmSnS7 R i 20: S34 V 4
BBB024) M801a/p20 11: BBB(395) M801a/p26 6:
MP m'dm'n MIK4974 V ii 6
BBB(423) M80la/p27 17: M3l5 I1 V 19; M315 I1 V
MP nwnman RH(ll09) M273 V 3
21: M448 A 5 = M198a R 6: oh988 R 7: M73117 5:
MP pd'n MMii M28 II V i 24: MMii M224 I V 7:
SlO V 3: RH(776)M319 I V 7: RH(968) M647+ I1 R
M798a R ii 2: M626 R 9: RH(737) M311 R 10:
12: RH(1071) ~ 1 8 R1 9: M291b B 7: M4a n v 7:
~ ~ ( l l O 4M273
) ; R 20: M32b A U: M297 A 3: M4b
M4a I1 V 9; M798c A ii 6: M797 I R U:M336a R
I1 R 1: M5561t~5562R margin 1; M527 R i 2
MP pd'nm'n Here with -n and m'n (because -n
3: Otani6152 R 7: Otani6154 .B 1: M6959/3:
was no longer understood?)M102 R H
M8530/4
MP+A-m98a
V4
MP
BBB(55) M80la/p4 11
MP pydrm'n BBBO33) M801alpZI2
MP 'm'h'h MI76 R I
MP pySman BBB(241) M80Wp15 6
MP 'm'hyc M22 V?17: M293 V 12: M79& A ii 2
MP r'yn'gm'n MMii M36 R 7 rayndgm'n: MMii
MP =mahytBBB(176) oM8Ola/pll11
M729 I R i 9
MP 'mh $ b r a ) oM473at I R 4: Sbrg(6) M473a+ I R
MP
rwym'n KPT(570) MlO#)tMlO22V ii 7
6: Sbrg(51) M475a I R 3; Sbrg(92) M475a I V 20;
MP
w'xSman MMii M6U V 9
Sbrg(l53) M482t 1 R 9; Sbrg026) oM470a+ V 14:
MP
wc'rm'n MMi M28 I1 V i 2
Sbrg030) M470a+ V 18; Sbrg(345) oM542b+ I R 9:
MP xwd'ym'n MIK8259 I V i 4
Sbrg051) oM542b I R 15: Sbrg(353) M542b+ I R
MP xwdmwn M4b I1 V 15
17: Sbrg062) M j b I V 2: S b r w ) o M 5 4 b I
MP yzdm"n BBBB) M80laIp20 5
V 4: Sbrg(379) M%
1 V 19; Sbrg083) M 3 2 b
MP yzclrd'n ~IK4974B ii 2
I V 23: MMii M28 I1 R ii 20:MMii M28 EI R ii 31;
MP zwrm'n M1455/1
MMii M28 I1 V i 7: MMii M28 II V i ll; MMii
m 'ma TM406b R 4: MannerheimE R 5
oM28 11 V i U:MMii M28 I1 V i 32: S7 R i 10: S7 V 'm'n Pa /?/? '?'.Hapax Unclear.
Pa 'man AbcdB M507 V 14b
ii 10: 9 V ii 19: SS V 6: oS8 V 9
MP 'mhyc Sbrg(333) oM470at V 21
'm'nwd Pa /-/
a 'sharing in support' (?),
'supporting one another' (?).Boyce 1954,182
MP 'wd"yman oM32b A 14
Pa 'm'nwd kRIIlb/2b/ MnOl R 4
MP 'wm'n Sbrg(50)oM475a I R 2: Sbrgtll6) M477 1R

m
' v'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middie Persian and Parthian

'm'x3- MP /ci&i-/.
I d x i - / vJr. [Henningl 'to
plough, till'; [Sii-V7iiliarns:I 'to look after, take care
of'. /iim&S-/: Andreas-Henning 1933, 308 n5;
/am&S-/: Sims-Williams 1989b1257.
MP 'm'xiyb opt.3sg. ? MMii M49 I1 V I3
IMP 'm'xSysf ppJI Glossa M109 R 10
'mb'y pa /ambdy/ n 'competitor, rival foe'.
Pa 'mb'y MMiiia(B5) M2 I1 V ii 24
'mb'hg Pa /amb&ag/ n. 'drooping'. Boyce 1954,182.
Pa 'mb'hg H.I/23a/ M93 I R 3
'mb'r- Pa /ambar-/ vlr. 'to fill'.
Pa 'mb'r'm pres.lsg. M2l5 V 5
'mb'rg Pa lambdrag/ n 'store-house, score'.
pa 'mb'rg ~ 5 3 8
V6
'mb'z Pa/MP /ambdz/ n 'partner'. Morano 2000,410
for this word in a phrase meaning 'to embrace'.
'
Pa 'mb'z M6281+ R 10
MP 'mb'z KawA(224) MlOla V 12
'mbd- Pa /ambad-/ u.itr. 'to fall down, collapse'.
Pa 'mbdynd pres.3.pl. A.R.?VZb/ M489a V 5
Pa 'mbst p p MMiii,d(S6)
~
&I5 V i 16 = OM748 V 7
'mbrdg Pa !ambardag/ a (pp.1 ''paid (of debts);
even'. GW,101(9,6). Sundermann 2003%424 d
l
.
Pa 'mbrdg $1U5 R 10: GW 59 M259b+M453b V 12:
M259b V 12
'mbs'n MP /ambasan/ a. 'opposed, adversary,
inimical'. Heming 1940.53.
MP 'mbs'n G1oss.t oM5052 R 2: G1oss.t om52 R 3
'mbst Pa see 'mbd'mbwy- Pa /ambey-/ vlr. 'to kiss'.
Pa 'mbwy'd ppJI ~ 8 2 8 16R ll: MMiiib(93) M33 11
Vi9
Pa 'mbwy'd inf JI MKG(1066) M4573 R i 16
'mbys Pa lambis1 n 'heap of corn'. Henning 1937%
80.MKG, 150.
Pa 'mbys NKG(U40) M6040 V 7: MKG(l347) ~ 6 0 4 0
V 14
'md MP /intad/ u.itr.,pp. SUP@to "y-.
IMP 'md ppJ M3 R 1; M3 B 8;M3 R 20; MKG(Z.241)
~ 2 %R 12: Hu(303) M7981 I R ii 33; MMii M2 I
R i 8: MMii M2 I R ii 23: MMii M2 I R ii 28: MMii
U2 I V i 5: MMii M3l I V 11: MMi M31 I1 R 7:
MMi M31 II R 19; MMi M31 11V 12: MMii oh131 I1
V 20: KPT(53) M1001+ R iii 8; KFT(315) MI009 A
ii 2: KPT(896) ~263f+
B i 14: KPT(l657) ~ 4 V63;
KPT(1668) M46 V 14: ~ ( 1 6 6 9 )oM46 V 15:
m(16n) oM46 V 17; KPT(1695) M652+M526V 7:
KPT(l97l) M2056 B 5; KPT(a8) M6005 A ii 7:
KPT(2070) M6005 A ii 9; KIT(2072) M6005 A ii 11;
BBB(50) M801a/p4 6; BBB021) M801a/pm 8;
BBB(344) M801a/p21 U;BBB(401) M80Wp26 U;
BBB(436) M801a/p28 14: BBB(437) M801a/p28 15;
BBB(447) M80Wp29 8: ~B~(463)
M801alp30 6;
~ 3 1 5II R 9; L SIO120 I V 6: L SIO 120 I V 8;
~ 1 7 6V 6; ~ 1 7 6V 7: ~ ~ ( 6 7 5M234
)
V 10;
RH(862) MI874 A 4; RH(889) M394 B 6; RH(890)

39

M394 B 7; RH(890) M394 B 7 0>!56?2 2 14:


RH(892) W94 B 9; RH(904) M428b V 3: RE!?%)
M485a V 3: RH(1044) M785 V 1: M j 9 I Sr a:
M W 11R 9; M468b R 7; M 8 n R 6 = hi5751 A i
10: MY% A i 10; M897 R 4: PM914.2 R i 1:
PM9142 R i 4; PMm4.2 R i 6: P.M.914.2 R i 9:
P.M.9142 R ii 2: PM914.2 R ii 4: PA4.9142 R ii 6:
PM9142.R ii 7: PM914.2 R ii 9; PM.914.2 V i 4:
P.M.914.2 V i 8: PMYl4.2 V ii 4: PM9Q V ii 8:
. Otani6167A V 1: Otani6199 A 1: Otani6199 A 3:
oOtani6199 A 4: Otani6199 A 5; Otani11075 R ii 3;
OtanillO75 R ii 4: oOtanill075 R ii 5; M212 B 3 =
oMm6 R ti 6: M%92 B 5 = Otani6199 A 1; M%92
B 6: Otani6199 A 3; oM5692 B 7; M5692 B 8 =
oOtani6199 A 4; &%92 B 9 = Otani6199 A 5:
o~5692B 9: M5260 V 3; M546 R 7: M858b/3; M912
R 7: M2237/1: M W 2 ; M2888/3: Mn00/2
MP 'mdym pretJsg. L SO lZIO I R 7
. .
MP 'mdyy pret2sg. RHO721 M3l9 I V 3
MPS 'mGppJ MannerheimE R 2 'mdySn MP /d;nadijnl n 'coming'. MKG, 151
MP 'mdySn MKG(1556) aM2202 A H; MKG(1557)
aM2202BH;MMiiM2IHV
MP 'mdyin'yg ~ 2 j R6 H
'mdySnyh MP /dmadi$nib/ n. 'coming'.
MP 'mdySnyb Sbrg M473a+ I V H: oh1315 I1 R 3: Sl V
U;S9Vi4:oM5750Vii2
MP 'mdySnyy Sbrg(154) M482+ I R 10
'mdyy MF' see 'md
'
I
& hfP see 'm'h
'mhr'spnd'n,
mhr'spnd'n, mhryspnd'n MP
/amabrcSspanddnl. lmabrdspanddn/ n.pl.
Refers to the five Light Elements; and to the Elm
Also attested in sg Boyce 1977,lO-1L 'Zor. religious
term, 'the Bounteous Immortals', usea for the 5
light Elements imprisoned in matter, and for the
Elect, as Wigs of Light' Sundermann 1979, 101. S.
also m'r'spnd'n.
W 'mlWspn8'n ~ufU@)&f%)83
FV ii 27: S9 R i 11;
oMIK8259 11 R 15
MP mhfspnd sgl KawA(ll5) oMlOle R 5: KawA(U7)
MlOlb R 4: KawA(15O) aMlOlb V 6: KawA(158)
M I O IR~3; m n v i
MP mhi'spnd'n pl. ~ ~ ( 4 3 6M7980
)
I R ii (30110:
MMii oh4224 I V 9; KPT(48) M1001+ R iii 3
mhr'spnden: KPT(ll28) oM302 R 2: oM781+I R 1:
M82 R 6 = oM235 V 1: M1K4974 V i 6: M98a R ii
10: oM22 V? 20: oM1K4964V 2
MP iphryspnd'n pl. S7 R ii 13; SI V ii 6
'mMP /amar/ a. 'countless, innumerable'. KPT, 115.
MP 'm m(1665) M46 V U;KPT(1666) M46 V 12
' m ~ y nPa /?/?
KPT 115.
Pa 'mrtyn KPT(2097) M338 A 6: KPT(2lU) ~1916A
4
'mn- Pa /c5marz-/ vir. 'to break'. Boyce 1954, 182
Cmrzg).
I?'.

40
.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Pa 'mrzg prpJ nVIb/zb/ M e 3 R 4


35 M457 V 12: LN & M5845 R 12: LN 865 M5845
'mSt Pa see 'mz- .
R U: IN % M4450 V 4
'mw Pa/MP /amm6/ npr.m mry 'mw. Sundermann 'mwjd, "mwjd Pa i'Zmui?d/ n 'mercy ':
1994b. 245,262 Mani's missionary in Parthia. Tubach
Pa "mwjd G l d M3234 R 2 Glossl M3234 R 3
. 1997,391.
Pa 'mwjd MMiiij(65) M42 V i U:MMiii,mOS) M39 R
Pa 'mw MMiii7j) M5815 1 V i 25: MMiii,b(91)
ii.9: M1/Zn; W 5 : M1/348: HJVb/2b/ M6220~
M!j8l5 I V ii 10: MMiiiMllO) M5815 I V ii 30;
4:'~bcd.FM888a V llb: RH(187) M284a R i 21:
MMiii,b(lll) M a 5 1 V ii 31: MKG(198) m 6 a V
RH(19n M284a R ii 1: RH(2l9) M284a R ii 23;
H; RH(1086) M273 R 2: oh46844 R? H:hi6844 V? H
~
~ 1 1W'R
~ 9 i) U: M5793 R 7; M6281+ v 2
..-MP 'mw MMii M2 1 R i 37: MMii M2 1 R ii 22: MMii 'mwjdgr Pa /&muidgar/ a, n. 'bringing mercy,
M2 1 R ii 30; hfMii.q(l6) M454 1 v.3; BBB(1)
bringer of mercy*.
M80Wpl1: oMI305 A 2
Pa 'mwjdgr Ml/274: MU275 ('rnwjrgr)emw@gr>
MP mry'mw aM37 I1 R 3 (Colditit mr(y)f.Jfmw)[= 'mwjdw'r Pa /&midwiir/ a. 'merciful'. MKG,151.
mr&)PJ(m)[ or mr(..I)[z]l(qw)[..
Pa 'mwjdw'r MKG(1828) oHWP B 18
'mwc-Pa /dm6Z-ft lamM2-/ vlr. 'to teach, .instruct; 'mwjdyft Pa j&nuidf'ft/
n 'mercifulness'.
learn'. 'mwxs- /Zmdxs-/ 'to learn'. 'mwxtg
Pa 'mwjdyfy ~ 4 I aV 15
'taught, learned; experienced'. S. also 'mwcg, 'mwk Pa-/&/.
lammbk/ n 'teaching' (?I. MKG
'mwc'g. KPT 115.
151.
'mwk'n pl. MKG(l7ll) &7b+~314 V ii 1
Pa 'mwxtg hMi@d209) M5815 I1 V ii 17; WT(2051)
'mwrd-,
'mwrt- Pa /award-/, /amwart-/? v.tr.'10
M580V10 .
bring t@er, gather, collect come together'.
Pa 'mwrdyhpres2sg. MMiiifnOo) M39 R ii 4
Pa
'mwrdydpres3sg. MKG(179) oMZ16ctM1750 V 5
Pa "mwc'h subj2sg. MMiiiM204) M5815 II V ii 12
Pa
'mwrtynd pres.3.pl. Mo(19) MI04 V (36)15 = .
Pz 'mwxc ppJ CPar(165) M44 $ 3
oM891b+
V4
Pa 'mwxtg p p l a MMiW209) M5815 Il V ii 17:
Pa
'mwr8
subj2Sg. MMiii(87) M33 I1 V i 3:
KPT(2051) M580 v 10
MIK4983 V 2
Pa 'mwxm inf Ja LN 35 M457 V U: LN 565 M5845
Pa 'mwrd'h subj3sg. A46650 V 4: M985 11 R 18;
RU
Pa 'mwc'd ppll Md41) M134 V 6
M4623B
Pa 'mwrd impsg. MMiii,p(U) M21 V 4
Pa 'mwxsyd pa& pres.3sg. -2ll)
M5815 Il
Pa "mwrdyd impugl. W i g M7 I R i 16: RH(374)
V ii 19
M284b V i 19: RH(1146) M30 R i 18
'mwc'g Pa /&taciZiig/,
l a m d i i i g l n 'teacher'. Cf.
Pa 'mwnyd impupl. MMiiih(ll3) oM33 I1 V ii 14
'mwcg.
(Henning: or 'mw(st'n.): M1/240: M1/359:
Pa 'mwcag'n pl. , ~ K 1 6 1 M58l5
)
II R ii 25 (Prob.
a srustake far 'rmucg'n): oMll45 R 2 (Boyce:
M1/360;MV361: Ml.1362; MV418: RH(1O) MU7 I R
blmwc'gara.)
9: RH(531) M763 V ii %. RH(1088) M273 R 4:
oOtani0202 B 3
'mwcg Pa /d&Zag/, lamm6iagl n. 'teacher;
Pa 'mwrtyyd impvpl. RH(722) M 9 8 b B 3
Teacher'. Boyce 1977, ll: 'title of high dignitary in
Pa 'mw$ ppJ MKG(985) M4579 R ii 6: ARU22a.I
the Manichaean church'. Cf.'mwc'g.
hf7mMwV3
Pa 'mwcg MMiii,k(16)M104+ R I& MoOB) bf390R 5:
Pa 'mw& ppJ MKG(664) M4575 V i 2: MMiii,g(204)
MMiii.b(49) K 5 I R ii 23: MMiii,b(lll)M5815 1
M7 I1 V i 30: MMiii,p M21 R 2: BBB(276)
V ii 31: M M i n 5 ) M5815 I1 V ii 23: MMiii,&2)
M801a/p17 7; CP&) M332+M724 R 4: AB1/13b/
M5569 V 11: MKG(172) M216c+M17M R 11;
M78OtM889 R 6 = M6238+R 3: AR.I/l%/ M673 R
MKG(194) oM216a R' 6: MKG(281) M320 R 11:
9 = MI892 R 3: ARI/27b/ M673 V 6
MKG(2074) M455 A i 3: MKG(UO1) M455 B ii 7:
Pa 'mwStg ppl MKG(1023) oh44572 R i 8
MMiiie(6l) M6 V i 1: MV239; M229 R ii 15:
Pa 'mwStgppla M680 R 13= oK24 R 10: M66M R 19
aM6033 B ii (23) 5: M6232+M6230 R 10: Lh' 7l
Pa 'mwrdn infJa (!) LN 597 M312 V 7 = M905 R 4
M5845V 8=oM818R6:LN7lMS845V 9: LN
-Pa 'mwrd ppJZ MKG(1047) M4572 V ii 5
S71 M5845 V 9: M278 R i 6: ~M726OR i 4:
(Presumably amwr(d)c'd> (MKG, 151 sub
M85WM629c V i U: M479/10: M W / i 7
Pa 'mwcg'n pl. MKG(U72) M4570 V i 9: KPT(2093)
'mwdd).)
'mwrd- MP /amward-/ vitr., tr. 'to turn, turn
oM338 A 2 (Sundermam or 'm(w)/ lg'n)
'mwg Pa /Gm6gl. l d g / n. 'teaching, doctrine'.
towards; to andbring together, gather, collect'.
Pa 'mwg Mo(9) M104+ V (26E = M734 R 8: Mo(40)
MP 'mwrdyd pres3sg. BBB(48l) M801a/p316
MP 'mwrd impvsg. MMii M3111 V 7
M734 V 5: MKG(141) M2l6b V 1: MKG(185)
MP 'mwrdpres. stern, unclear oOtani6207 A 5
oM216c+M1750 V 11: MKG(l57l) M1608 B 3:
MP 'mwSt ppl aM3 R 4: ~ ~ B ( 4 1oM80la/p27
6)
10
MKG(1962) MSMe B 6: MKG(2091) M455 B i 3; Lh'

;
i$1:

'

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


'mwrd'd /amurdcid/ n. 'lmmortalit~ (the sixth
Amahraspand, guardian of plants and food; cal 5th
month; 7th day)'. Henning 1940,19.
MP 'mwrd'd Glossa MI09 R 16
'mwrdn Pa /amwardan/ n 'place of assembly.
assembly'.
Pa 'mwrdn IMo(31) M390 R 6: MMiijc(l6) M5569 R
16; MKG(1022) M4572 R i 7: MKG(1043) oM492 V
ii 1: LN 50a M509 R 7: S6 V 4: RH(122) M86 V 6
RH(207) M284a R ii 11: M2I8b/2
Pa 'mwwrdn ~6281+V 10
'mwrdygn Pa /amwardisizl n. 'collecting,
collecrion'.
Pa 'rn wrdySn MKG(200) (uM26aV 2: MMiiii(87) M42
V ii 12: oMIK6279c R 3
'mwrg MP /?/n-2 '?'.Henning 1940, 2(1 'It reminds
one af NPers. bury ('value. essence, partide").
but could be analysed in more than one way'.
MP 'mwrg Glossa MI@ V (22)3
'mwrt'dnyft Pa , / a m u r a r t ~ a n ~ t/amward&&
/,
a n v t / ?n 'gathehng, reunion'. Kl%, U.
Pa 'mwrt'dnyft KPT(2034) oM580 R 11
'mwrtyd Pa see 'mwrd- Pa
'mwrz-, "mwrz- MP /iitnurz-/ uJr. 'ta pity'.
MP "mwrzyynd pres.3.pl. Glossa MI09 R 3
Mp "mwd pres. stem, unclear G l d m 2 3 4 R 1
MP 'mwnyd pp.11 Sbrg(124) M477 I V 4
'mwst Pa /amwast/ a (pp.) 'believing faithful
- 'believer'.
devout' (< 'having believed');
Sometimes a synonym for the Elect Henning 1937b,
26, n.l. Henning 1943.74 n.2
Pa 'mwsg Md24) M104+ V (41120: LN 5106 M307at V
8 = oM491+ V 1
Pa 'mwst MKG(723) M496 V i 7: M M i i M77 R 14;
M4b I V 15: RH(694) M73 V 4: GW S74 M847 R 8
Pa 'mwsra pl. Cut off. RH(691) M73 V 1
Pa 'mwsfn pl. MMiii7d(117) M5 V ii 27: BSB(l36)
M801a/p9 2: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 7M801dp17
9)
10; CPar(43)
oM499+ 3 4: M(528)01~763Y ii 23; &11i6202-~
2: oOtani6202 B 4
Pa 'mwstan pl. Mo(6) M104+ V (2312 = M734 R 5:
MMiiib(59) M33 I1 R i 6 = M367 V 3: MMiiib(Il3)
oM33 I1 V ii 14 (Henning places 'mwrrtyd in the
text but also suggests 'mwlsr'a); M1/364;
M1/367; MV368: ~11369:W411: MU419; MV424;
LN 549 MI848 V 7 = oh4509 R 5: RH(93) oM86 R 2:
RH(188) M284a R i 22: RH(284)aM2Ma V ii 24:
RH(463) M763 R ii 9: RH(689) aM73R 7; M24 R 5;
M56 R 2; M98 11R lb: HCfr33.2 M27W B 2: MI209
A 8: Otani6160 A 4: ~569bIS;oM6281+ V 11
Pa 'mwstn pl. ~~(1162)
M30 R ii 8
MP 'mwstan pl. oKadllll R 6
'mwstyft Pa /amwastfi/ n. 'profession (of faith)'.
Henning 1943,74.n2LN 103 (S35J).
Pa 'rnwstyfi LN 35 M457 V 10
Pa 'mwstyft KawU ah14990 R 6: LN %
M2453
'I V 3;
RH(ll43) M30 R i 15 'rn(w)st<y>ft

41

'mwstyg'n Pa /am&lgcin/
a. 'firm strongb.
Henning 1937b,104 n3.
Pa 'mwstyg'n pl. G1oss.c M879M699 I R 5: ~ 2 1 5v
9 .
'mw3 Pa see 'mwrd- Pa
'mw3 A@ see 'mwrd- MP
'mwxsyd Pa see 'mwc'mVXt Pa see ' ~ w c 'mfstg 1 Pa /imydstag/? a. '*terriblew.LN 123
- (985).
Pa 'my'stg W 598 M312 V 10 = M905 R 7: RH(~u)
M5860 I V ii 9
'mfstg 2 Pa /amy&tag/ vlr., pp. 'wreathed,
entwined'. Red 2004. Henning apud Boyce 1954,182
sv. 'my'st < 'barn-ycib-.But the extended form
only is attat@ in H.1 2 b 'my'st is doubtful
according to B o ~ c e1956. 320 who suggests
'm(yw)st instead
Pa 'my'stg ppJa RH(638) M6255c R 5
"mYY Pa / ~ ~n. 'mixture'.
Y I Ghilain 1939,81.
Pa "mpy MMiii,a(42) M2 ll R ii 5
Pa 'myg IN 53 M384+'R 1
'mpj- Pa /a'm?i-/vrr. 'to mix'. MKG, 147, '
Pa Omyjyd pres3sg. LN 26 MD R 12
Pa 'myxtppJ W i i p M77 R 3: M741 V 1%
Pa a m ~ xPt P~ I ~M5.530 V 5: MI71 11 R 4
Pa 'myxm inf Ja MMiiip M2 II R i 36
Pa 'm~xs~d
Ns.,pes.3sg. MMiiip M2 I1 R i 17
Pa 'mYWndpa=S-.Pres3@l.GW 599 0~2331
B7 =
0~2601A 2; GW 599 0~2601
A7
MP "myjyd ps.3sg. Pa in MP text MKG(2308)
~ 4 % fl+ v u
'myn WMP /r3m&l interj. 'amen'. Hebrew.
Pa 'myn MMiiig M7 I R i 22: MMiii,g M7 I R i 22:
M83 I V 6 =M496a Vll = M59 Il R 11: M538 R 10:
M98 11 R la: M5801 V 2: M5801 V 2
MP 'myn MMii M729 I R ii 10: MMii M729 I R ii 11:
M1144: Mlh58; MY158: M389 R 8; MIK4959 R 6:
I V ii 3: ~IK4983R 3 (BeDuhn
'wnyn.); M9l42/1
' m w Pa R l u-pp-? '?'.Hapax. Boyce 1956,320.
Pa 'm'mywst K1/22b/ M93 I R 2 ( ~ o ~ 1956,
c e 320
(replaang Boyce 1954:'m(ya)st).)
'myxs~dPa see 'myj'myx51rd seekyzamYXt Pa see 'myj' m ~ see
MP /&?&-/ Vfr. '10 mix''myz~ndpres3#- m(1630) Ma101 V ii 9: 628
R1
MP "myxt ppJ Sbrgfm oM8256 R 4: Hu(1332)
M7983 II V ii 34; Sl3 V 4
MP 'm~xtPPJ Hu(243) M7981 I R i 7; Hu(530)
M7980 I R i (22)l; Hu(930) M7982 R i 6: Hu(964)
M7982 R ii 6; Hu(1044) M982 V ii 18; MMii M9 I1
R 17: KPT(U;II) oM1208 B i 12: KPT(1597) oM81Ol R
ii 2 KPT(1%5) M2056 A 9: MMii oM8251 I R 15:

./

42

ij
P

,.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

MMi oh382511 R 19
MP 'myxtgppJa MMii M9 11 V 8
MP 'myxsyd pass., pres.3sg. KPT(1881) M825 I1 V
4
MP "myxsynd pass.,pres3.pl. KPT(BO8) M22l V 9
MP 'myxsynd pass.,pres.3.pl.MMii M825l1 R 2
'myzySn, 'myzSn MP lcSmEzi5n/ n 'mixture'.
Henning 1940,16 and 17.
MP "myzy5n Glossa MI09 R 4
- MP 'rnyzSn Hu(U29) M7983 11 V ii 31
MP 'myzySn Hu(I.208) M7983 1I R i 2:MMii M9 I V
17; MMii M9 Il V 1; MMii M9 I1 V 5; MMii M9 I1
V 9; KPT(1584) oM8101 R i 2
'mz-Pa /cSmaz-/ v ~ r'to
. break, destroy'. Henning
1965% 32 n3. The interpretation of MKGf91) as
lamaz-/ 'zusammentreiben(?)', MKG 151 is
superseded by MKG 22 11.6 and Sundermann in
Merkelbach B88,94 n9.
Pa 'mzyyd pres.3sg.M6020 I V i (43%
Pa 'm2d subj2pI. MKCX91) M48+ I1 V 27
Pa 'mSt pp-1 wiii,e M6 R i 12
Pa 'mStg ppJa Kaw'Kll) M291a B 4: kRVIIa/la/
M8285 R 1
Pa 'mStn infJa MMiii,b(21) M5815 1 R i 2l 'mzynyft Pa /amze'nift/ n -armour, state of being
in armour'.
Pa 'mzy[ AbcdE oM722 V Ub (Boyce 1952,447 note
d: '(zy) rather doubtful; Hfenningl spspecrs
*'m(zyMnyft j -'I
'
n 1 MP /an!pfonJsg.'1'. End. -m and non-end. mn
express the direct objeq the genitive/dative and
the agent in transitive sentences in the past tense
(the 'ergative' conmaion). In M210/R/6/ late use
of mn instead of 'n.
MP 'brwcydm MMii M95 V 5a
MP 'cwm Gl0ss.d M182t R 5
MP 'd'xtwm RH(1097) M273 R U
MP 'hr'ptwm RH(1094) M273 R 10
MP 'n M3 R 1: M3 R ll: Sbrg69) M475a I R 11:
SbrgtlOn M477 1 R 9: Sbrg(UO) M477 I R 24:
MKG(1473) M464a A 1: MMii M2 I R ii 26: MMii
M2 I R ii 29: MMii M95 V la = dl609 V la: MMii
M95 V6a=M1876+V3:M95V 8a =M1876+ V 7:
KPT(194) M1003tM1025 B i 6; M388 V 4: L B 2:
MI7 V i U ;M17 V i 17: S12b R ii a6; M422 V 1:
Otani6152 V 5
MP 'n'ywm MMii M95 R 4a = M503f R 3
MP 'nc Otani6156+ A 9
MP 'ny MMii M2 I V i 28: RH(73) M263 R ii 3:
M567 V 2 = M651tM4290 V.2
MP 'Srn'hycwrn oM87 V 4a
MP Snwdwm RHO01 M2053 R i 8: RH(1049) M785
V 6: Otani11075 R ii 1
MP 'wd'ywm BBBc04) M5779 V 10: RH(8.53) M782
3

V6

MP 'wm kwA(86) oMlOlg V 1; KawA(90) MlOlg V


5; Hu(870) OM7984 V i 14: MMii M49 I1 R 4: MMii

M49 I1 R 5: MMii M95 R lb; MMii M95 R 2b:


MMii M95 R 3a: MMii M95 R 3b: MMii M95 V 3b:
MMii M95 V 5b; MMii M564 R 1 a; MMii M564 R
1 b: MMi M564 R 2 a: MMii oM564 R 2 b: MMii
M564 R 2 b: MMii OM564 R 3 a: MMii oM564 R 3
b; M X n ~R (BB:-M~I+
11 R 0217: M ~ I II+ R
0S)lO; M57O A Za: M570,A 3a: M570 A 4a: M82 R
21 = M235 V 9; M174.1R 4: M882a A 6: L SIO UO
I R 7; M644 V 2 (Coldiu instead of B a 'w(m):
(')'w(nj.);. 8 R i 23; S12b R ii 25; S12b R ii 27;
S12b R ii 28; S12b R ii 30: S12b R ii 32: S12b R ii
37; S12b R ii 40; SUb R ii 43: S12c V i 27: Sl2c V i
37: RH(1095) M273 R ll: RH(1098) M273 R 14:
M744d V 5; M842 V-6: oM842 V: 8: M842 V 11:
MIK4964 V 3: aM545 R .I: -M545V 5: OtaniCat102 I
V 8: ~651tM4290V 12; M893/4
MP 'wmyS M28 I R i 15.
MP 'wmyS'n oM3 (46) V 23
MP 'wwm S9 R ii 34
MP 'y'bm Sbrg(708) M475a I1 V l2
. ..
MP~'ygwm MMii M49 II V 6; Mm93
MP 'ymyd'n MKG(1980) M742 I R 16 . .
MP 'ymyS BBB(17) M80lakpl W : Otani6161 R 5
MP 'ym Hu(863) M1984 V i 7:;MMil M9 1 V 9: MMii
M9 I1 R 2; MMii M49 1I.R 14;:M~iiM564 R 4 a:
MMii M564 R 4 b: MMii M564 R'5 a: BBB(2)
M80la/pl 2: BBBO M80la/pl 5; M781+ 11 R
(38)U;Sl2b R ii 34
MP b5nywm M842 R 1
MP bwrdm MMii oM49 JI R 4
MP bwzwm 0tani6194 B 4
MP byc'rwm M28 I R i 19
MP caw&nyd'n ILPT(490) M1002t V i 6: KF"I'(745)
MlOO V i 23
MP c'ynwm M82 R 22 = M235 V 9.
Mp m n w m . M ~ iM%
i R la = aM1609 R la: MMii
M95 -2a;- ~ ~M%i Ri 3a = oM503f R 1
MP cyhrwrn M842 R 3
MP cymyS ~9V i .29
MP cym M3 06)V U: W 2 2 4
MP cym M733 V-15
MPcynydwm MMii M95 V 2a = oM1609 V 2a
MP d'dwm MMii M49 II R 3
MP d'nystwm KPT(153) M45 V 1
MP dylwm RH(855)M782 V 8
MP dyswmM842 R 4
MP gw'm ~9 V i 22 (Dot under <m>)
MP gy'nwrn'b M2P V 2
MP hylwm BBEk(35) M5779 V 11: RH(853) M782 V
6; RH(856) oM782 V 9
MP km KawA(14) MlOIc V 3: MMii M9 I V 20;
Ml/l90; S12b.Rii 35 . .
MP qm M54S R 3
MPqwmMUIVZ
~p kwm Hu(865) hi7984 V i.9: MMii M95 V 6b;
BBB(364) M80lalp22 15
MP kwm M559 R 6
'

Dictionary of ~anichaeanMiddle Persian and P a & h


MP kwm M3 (25) V 2; Hu(W9) M7983 I V i 11:
MMii M9IV 15: M87V4b
MP kym M3 0 9 ) V 16: oM3 (41) V 18: oM3 (43) V 20:
HuO M99 I R H; M1142: M7l7 R 2b: 1WK4959R 3:
M6944/2
MP kyrdwm M28 1 R i 20
MP mhyqwm MI54912
MP m dl. M3 05) V 12; Sbrgt54) M475a I R 6;
Sb@) M475a I R lt Sbrg(95) M475a I V 23:
S b r g ( ~ )M& I R 23; MK&l970) M742 I R 6
MKcfan) M236+ V 2: MKG(2253) M236+ V 4:
MKcfZM) uM236+V 8; MKG(2258) ~ 2 3 6 +V 9:
HuO M98 I R H; Hu(1149) M7983 1 V i 2l: MMii
M2IRii 21: MMiiM21Rii 23: MMiiM2I R ii
29: MMii M2 I V i 2: MMii M2 I V i 4: MMii M2 I
V i 8: MMii M2 I V i 12; MMii M2 I V i 14: MMii
M2IVi2k MMiiM2IVi34; MMiiM49 I1 R 12:
MMii M49 II V 5: MMii M2l9 R 19; MMii M95 R
6 = oMW6+ R 3: MMii M9.5 R 7b: KPT(1635)
~ 4m
6p
e ~~Tt1bi6)
hf46 V 2: KPT(1690)
M6jB~526V 2; EPT(1699) M652tM526 V 11:
KPT(1753) M45 V 1: KPT(1974) M2056 B 8;
K
F
T
(
m~dlO5
B i 9: Ml/l89; W225:BBB(14)
M80Wpl 14; B~B(256) M80lalpl6 3: M16 R 3:
M733 V 9; M733 V 17; M2lO R 6: W81+ 11 V
(48)8: Mn38 A 1 3: MI76 v 15; S9 R ii 33: RH(652)
M874 R 5: ~ ~ ( 6 6M358
)47 A i 6; MI5 R I; M85 V
2: m 4 [ 1 ~ 6 : 0 ~ l 1 4 n V &
M203IR7: M776R
5: MKG(2208) M5794+ I R 4: M5794+ I R 9:
MXG(2212) MY%+ I V 3: M5794+ I V ll; M5794t
I V 16: Otani6lS1 R 4: -6194
B3
MP mnbyc' MI76 V U
MP rnnc -705)
M475a I1 V 9; KPT(1745) M45 R
4; KPT(1747) M45 R 6: ~57.56V i 6
MP mnyc oM.OtaniCat102 I V 7
MP nm'cwm RH(854) M182 V 7
MP nwnwm RH(667) M5847 A ii 2
MI' p'ywm RH(755) ball V 12
MP p n B W 3 ) M80la/p22 14: S& R ii 42
MP prmadwm MMii M95 V lb = dl609 V lb
MP prw"skwm M842 R 12 {unp.)
MP pry'dwm M501b R ii 6
MP pwsrwm M1/195
MP pyw'cydqvm M82 R a0 = M235 V 8
MP r'ynwm OW6194 B 4
MPsxwnwmM28 I Vii9
MPpwmM87V5a
MP -twm BBB(87) ~ 8 W p 7:
6 RH(661) oM5847 A i
4; M28 I V ii 1
MP tyswm M3 (24) V 1
MP w'synydwm M28 I R i 14
MPwcyh'gwrnS9Vi7
MP wy'nm'nwm M.283 It V 4 {unp.)
MP xwd'ywm oM108612
MP yzdwm ~ 6 8 9 0 / 2
MPS sxykrwm MannerheimE V 3
'n 2 PdMp /4a. 'other'. Late form of 'ny /any/.

43

MKG, 151
Pa 'n MKG(670) M4575 V i 8: MKG(1179) M457i) v i
16; MKG(1183) M4570 V i 20: MKG(1797) HW? ,4
2
~ 3 3 2 R ~6: M6031
~ 4 I A ii 2
MP '
n BBB(400) M80Wp26 12
'n'bfd Pa /anapyZd/ a 'unremembered, forgotten'.
Pa ' o w d MMiii,aCis)M2 II V i 4
'nab+ MP /an&@;/ a 'without harm'.
MP 'n'by: Glossa bll09 R 4
'n'd MP /add/ vmcx. 'was',as auxiliary with pp.
.ke Szemertinyi 1975, N O R Skjaerve 199L
MP 'n'd p . 3 s g . Sbrg(541) M472 11 R U: Hu(949)
M798L R i 25: Hu(I031) M7982 V ii 5: KPT(U98)
M ~ M Ov ii 7; SU V 6: S9 R i 8: S9 R ii 1: ~9 R ii
14; S9 R ii 17; S9 R ii 23; M28 I V i 7: 3M28 I V ii

15
MP "nyndpret.3pi.Hu(286) M79811 R ii 16; Hu(292)
M798l I R ii 22: Hu(887) M7984 V i 31: I(PT(140).
M1001+ V iii 14: KPT(502) M1002+ V ii 12:
gPT(516) M 1 W V iii U: ICPT(753) &lQO V ii 6:
KPT(757) M ~ O OV ii 10: RH(982) M647+ I1 V 1l
'n'dynyg Pa l a n d h i / a. 'without religion'.
124 @003).
Pa *n'dynygan pl. fi lOO M491+ R 12 = M905 v 6;
mnn v 15
MP 'n'dynyg'n pl. M38 R 9
'nag MP /amigl a. 'evil, wicked'.
MP 'dg MKG(2385) ~M380a-bR 3; M28 I V i 28
'nag h y S n MP l d g - k u n i i n l a. 'evildoing,
whose deeds are evil'.
MP 'nag kwnySn Sbrg(103) M477 I R 7
'n'gyh MP /ancigib/ n 'evil wickedness'.
MP 'n'gyh MMii M9 I R 9: MMii M9 I R 10: MMii
M9 I R 12: MMii IW I R 15; ~WiiM9 1 V 5
'nagybgwmyg MP /&gibgum@g/ a. 'mixed with
evil'.
MP 'n'gyhgwmyg MMii M9 I R 1
'n'hyd MP lancibidl q n p . 1.'immaculate'; name
of a goddess; astr. 'Venusr.
MP 'n'hyd M8430 R 4: M389 V 5 = M8430 I1 R 9
'dm- MP /&dm-/ vh-. .'to remove, drive away; to
remove oneself, go away'.
MP 'n'mand subj.3.#. S7 V i 11
MP 'nhyd impu.pi.oMn3 V 5
MP 'nap&ppJ M3 (45) V 22
MP 'n'pt ppJ KIT(l364) M4500 R i 8 (Sundermann:
'(zYpt or '(nY'.): SUb R ii 34
'n'mwn'yd MP l a n d m u r z i d l a . (neg.pp.)
'llqitied'.

MP 'n'mwrzeyd (ppJI, neg.) Glossa M109 R 6


'n'mwnyg MP /aminturrig/ a. 'pitiless'.
MP 'n'mwng Hu(lll1) M7983 I R ii 17
'n'mwnyg yh, 'nmwrzygyy MP /andmurzigibi n
'pithmess'.
MP 'n'mwrzygyh mi M49 I R 10
MP 'nqwnygyy MMii M49 I V 5
'n'myg Pa /andmig/ a 'without name, nameless'.

Diclionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

45

&rani6229 A 2: M47012 M502i12b: M1740,j.i


Pa 'ndmynd pres.3pl. MMiii,e(40) ~6 R ii 10
Pas
'ntr H.I/67b/ TM406a R 6
Pa 'ndm[ utzcfewoOtani6175A B 3
MP 'ndr Sbrg(l1) oM4Ba+ I R 11: Sbrgj30) ;M4;%- I
'ndr WMP /andarl prep. 'inin'.
k 'ndr 'within
V 6: Sbrg06) M473a+ I V l2: Sbrg(U6) M477 I v
inside'. LN 124 (51009).
16: Sbrg(153) M482+ I R 9: Sbrg(224) M472+ I v 8:
WMIr 'ndr M850/3: &1746/3: M482812
Sbrg(249) M535+ R 9: Sbrg(270) M535+ V 6:
Pa 'ndr MMiii,Hll8) MSSl5 I1 R i 7: MMiiLb(l36)
Sbrg(279).0~535+
V l!5 Sbrg(283) oMM5+ V i9:
M5815 I1 R i 25: MMiii.dZ5) ~ 5 5 6 9V 1:
SbrgUIl) M470a+ R 23: Sbrg(315) M470a+ V 3:
MMiii,&3) M5j69 V 12: ~KG(167)MZ6ctM1750
SbtgCGl) M470a+ V 9: Sbrg(342) M542bc I R 6:
P. 6: MKG17!) &!21&VW-750
R 10: -MKcC192)
- Sbrg(377l M%2b+ I V 17: Sbrg(391) M542b+ I1 R
~216aR 4: MKG(666) oh44575 V i 4: ~KG(873)
7: Sbrg093) M%?b+ I1 R 9: Sbrg(406) M805a+ R
M4578 B i 6: MKG(980) M4579 R ii 1: MKG(U39)
3: Sbrg(410) oM542bt I1 V 2: Sbrg(543) M472 II R
M6040 V 6: MKG(l353) ~6040
V 20: M~G(l360)
15: Sbrg(565)M472 II V U:3brg.q M537a+ II R 17:
M6041 R 1: M8286 1 V 9: MKG(l594) M47 1 V 3:
Sbrg.fk oMlM2 V 1: KawA(79) &l0lg R 3:
MKG(1695) M267b+M314 V i l2: MKG(1748)
KawA(147) oMlOlb V 3; KawA(206) MlOla R 9:
M5055+ R i 11: MKH1755) M5055+ R ii 4:
KawF(g) M ~ Q O colA l3: KawF(68) ~ 6 1 2 0colE
MKG(1882) ~6032V 25: ~KG1886)o~6032V 29:
6:MKG(1474) M464a A 2: MKG(197l) M742 1R 7:
MKG(1896) oM523a-c A10; MKG(2075) M455 A i 4:
MKG(2384) MW-b R 2: MKG(2415) oM624a A 3:
MKG(2076) oM455 A i 5: MKG(ZUO) M33WM2238
MKG(2429)
M624b B 1; ~ ~ ( 1M98
6 ) I R 16: Hu(23)
R 9; MKG(2394) M380a-b V 5: MMiii,a M2 11R i 5;
M98
T
R
2
3
;
iiu(%)
MF8-I
V
1:
Hu(66) Mw i R
MMip
A42
I1
R
i
25:
MMiii,d73)
M
2
II
B
ii
36:
>.,
16: Hu(71) M99 I R Zl:Hu(87) M99 I V 12:Hu(94)
MMiii,a(n) M2 U V i 3: ~ ~ i i G ( 8M42) II V i lo:
M99 I V 19: Hu(114) .M7984 I1 R i 14: Hu(195)
MMiii,h(35) M33 I V i 9: M M i M77 R 9:
M7984 I[ V i 27: Hu(242) ~73811 R i 6: Hu(250)
KPT(959) M316M801d V U: KF?(1232) Me3 II V
M798l I R i 14: Hu(258) M79811 R i 22: Hu(265)
13 = M354 V 3: KPT(l514) M2309 V 3: KPT(1811)
M7981 I R i 29: Hu(293) M798l1 R ii 23: Hu(344)
M572 V 7: KPT(18U) M572 V 9: K~T(1815)M572
M798l I V ii 6: Hu(354) M798l I V ii 16: Hu(496)
V 11; KPT(3817) M572 V U;KPT(2099) M338 A 8:
OM7980
I V ii (22B; Hu(530) M7980 I R i (231:
CPar(l1) oM332tM724 R 10: CPar(27) oM332+M724
Hu(736)
hi7981 II V i 16: Hu(787) M7981 I1 V ii
V 7: w 6 1 ) M499+ V 3: CPar(79) oM333 R 3:
Hu(8m)
M7984 V ii 1: Hu(894) M7984 V ii 4:
33:
CPar(83) M333 R 7; ~ 6 0 3 3
B i (15) 3: MI94 I1 R
Hu(%5)
M7982
R ii 7: Hu(985) M798i R ii 27:
11: oOcani6229 R? 2: W32b/ M93 I V 2: H.I/39b/
Hu(1046)
M7982
V ii 20: Hu(1070) hi7983 I R i 10:
M6ul V 4: ~ V 6 4 a -5587
/
V 7: H.V/2b/ ~ 6 2 2 0V
Hu(1106)
M7983
I R ii 12: Hu(1127) M7983 I R ii
2 = M895a+M2224 R 2 = oM6729 R 2: H.V/3a/
33:
Hu(1145)
M7983
I V i 17: Hu(ll77) M7983 1V
M6aO V 3 = M895a+M2224R 3; HV/4a/ ~ 6 2 2 0V
ii
l5;
hlMii
M
9
I
R
12:
MMii M9 I V 15: MMii M9
5 = obi2607 R 1: H.V/Sb/ M6220 V 8 = ~ 2 6 0 7R 4:
I1
R
1
1
:
MMii
M
9
II
R
16: MMii M9 I1 V 1: MMii
H.V/20a/ OM5350 V 3: H V b h M489b V 1:
II
V
6:
MMi
i
M
9
I1
v 14: MMii M9 I1 V 14:
M9
H.Vx/W M2339 V 1; H.Vx/l2a/ .W39 V 3;
MMii
M2
I
R
i
35;
MMii
M
2 I V ii 10; MMii M49 !
H.VIb/W M502b V 1;A
R
V
w M7WM889 R 1:
.
R
7:
MMii
M49
11
V
l23vfMi
&I V 1834Mii
AXI/24b/ i$l78O+MtB9 \r 8: P!!%b! -*9930 V
M729
II
V
i
5
=
M897
V
7:
KPT(23)
M1001+ R i 6:
1: bRV28b/ MI540 I V 2 = oM5W V 7 = ~ 6 7 V
3
KPT(49)
M
l
M
3
1
t
R
iii
4:
KPT(63)
M1001+
R iii 18:
8 = oM1892 V 2: kRIbll3d oM1890 V 5;
KPT(77) oM1001+ R iv 11: KPT(163) M1003+M1025
A.R.VII/Zlb/ M287cMl223 R 10 = ~ 7 7 4V 8;
A ii 6: KPT(166) M1003+M1025A ii 9: KPT(230)
kR.VIII/12a/M89 V 3: A.R.FragPI12bl~1668V 4:
MlOZl A 6: KPT(31) oM1007+M1027 B ii 4:
~bcdMl5bIhi3703 R 4 = MI73 R 6: ~ b c d ~ / l 6 b /
KPT(317) 0M1009 A ii 4: KPT(325) M1009 B i 4:
M94+/16b: ~ b c dM352
~ V l2b: M737 (15) V 6:
KPTO36) M1004+ R i 4: KPT(350) M1004+ R i 20:
MI02 R 2: LN 4 M%+ R 8: LN 55 M%+ R 9:
KPT(392) oM1004+ V i 5: KPT(419) M1004+ V iii
LN I ~ M ~ O & V ~ = ~ a
~M
2
V7
~ R7:
; L N
18: KPT(421) M1004+ V iii 20: KPT(426) M1004+V
LN 545 OM1848 R 1: IEi 9 5 M1848 R 4; LN 554
iv 4; KPT(432)MI004t V iv 10: KFT(448) M1002+
MjO9 V 6; LhT j8 OMR 2: LN 63 M%& R 9;
R i 5; KPT(462) M1002+ R ii 7: KPT(554)
LN 563 M5&15R 10: LN 73 oMW5 V 14; LN 76
M1020tM1022 R i 4: KPT(557) M1020cMlOZZ R i 7:
M818 V 4: LN 5100 ~ 4 9 l %
R 10 = M905 V 5; LN
KPT(660) MO
l O R i 9: KPT(761) MlOO V ii 14:
5100 M% V 7;RH(317) M284b R i 26; GW 926
KPT(798)
M819MZl54
R 4: KPT(838) M853 R 4;
M ~ ~ u R ~ = M M O ~ V ~ G W ~ M ~ ~ & + R ~ =
KPT(9ll)
W
f
t
B
ii
14:
KPT(ll39) oM302 V 5:
M4515 R 3 = oM342+M520V U;GW % o
M
2
mV
KPT(1264)
M87li
B
3:
M1/198:
M97 R i 14: M97 R
16 = ~ 5 9 0 6V 1: M 6 j B 12: 0 ~ 6 B
5 U;M285 I V ii
i
18;
M97
V
i
5
;
M74
I
V
18:
M543
R 6: M210 V 5:
5; M347 R ii 12; M79j V 8: HCfrA M859 A lb;
~
2
1
V
0
10:
1M781+
I
R
6;
M781+
I
R
7; oM781t I1 R
HCfrl6.4 M6725 A 5: -1
V 18; o
m
1 V 19;

1
8

46

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

(2914; hi73flV 14; M882a B 5; M762 R 8; L SIO 120


I1 R 3; L S10 UO I1 V 12;MI2 R 16: S1 V 2: S9 R i
9; S9 R i b;S9 R i 27; $9 V i 11: SlO R 3; S10 R 6;
S12c V i 28; 514 R 4: S14 R 6; RH(1062) M785 V 19;
M32b A 9; M87 V 4b: M203 I R 10: ah4556 R 1;
oM556 R 2: hf7l7 R lb: M882b A 1; MIK8259 I1 V
4: M5794+ I R 15; M2B I R i 29: M596a V 3;
MIK4958ab V 6: MMii oM8& I V 18: MMii oh48251
I V 19; M627R i 10: M627Vii 14; M67l1 R 6 ;
M747b V 4; MlW5
'ndrbxl Pa see hdrbyd
'ndrbyd Pa lmrdarbedl n. 'mediator*. Morano 1982,
39.
Pa 'ndrbyd M680 R 6 = K24 R 3 = MI89 R 3
Pa 'ndrb:d MKG(1215) M4574 R i 6
{'nrd(bHdl)endr(bHdb
'ndrw'dgyft Pa /andarwiibagift/ n 'intercession'
(?I.Henning 1940,K).Or just 'guiding, piloting' or
the like?
Pa 'ndrw'dgyft Glossr M5W R 1
.'sdr w'z, 'ndrw"z Pa/MP i a n d a r w d z / n.
'atmosphere, sky'.
Pa 'ndrflz MI0 \' 9; M67 R i 7
Pazndrw'zW 4 1 ) M48t II R 5: MKG023) MI514 V
3: MKG(851) M4S78 A ii 4; hirCG(857) oM4578 A ii
10: MKG(862) oM4578 A ii 15: MKG(1959) oM502e
B 3: M680 R 12 = K24 R 9; M538 V 6: LN 26 M27
R U;GW 9
7 OM2331 A 3; oM1631/2
MP 'ndrw'z KF'T(265) oM1014+M1030B 11; KPT(278)
M1007+MlO27A il4
'ndrw'zyg Pa /dndanuLizigl a. 'of the atmosphere,
sky'
Pa 'ndrw'zyg oMlO R 19
Pa 'ndrwozyq HlVa/7a/ M622l V 3
'ndrwn MP /&ar6d. l a n d a r r h l adv. 'within
inwardly'; (also a 'inner'). a z andar6m 'inside'.
Humbach-Skj9rw 1983 250.
MP 'ndrwn Sbrg(27) M473a+ I V 3; Sbrg069)
aM542bt I V 9; MKG(2017) M742 II R 9; Hu(46)
M98 I V 21;iin(66>M99I316:MMii m
9 V 18;
KPT(389) M1004+ V i 2; KPT094) M1004+ V i 7;
RPT(1665) M46 V U: KPT~2000)oM22l V 1;
BBB(549) M801aIp35 2: M4b I1 R 16: M4b 11 V 5
'ndrxs- Pa see 'ndrynj'ndrxt s e e ' n m ~
'ndrxtg'n MP see 'ndrynj'ndrxtgyft Pa /andraxtagiftl n. 'condemnation,
s t a t e of being condemned'. H a p a x .
Andreas-Henning 1934,894.
Pa 'ndrxttgyf fi~ii2g(162)M7 Il R ii 14
'ndryn Pa / a n d a h / a. 'inner, interior'.
Pa 'ndryn MMiii,g(l20) M7 Il R i 2; FUN391 M280 I R
7

'ndrjmj- Pa /&rarJ'-I
v ~ r 'to
. defeat, condemn'.
'ndrxs- 'to be compressed, constricted'. ppJa
'ndrxtg 'condemned, damned'. Boyce 1977, 12
enters 'ndrrt as MP only. Boyce 1954,182MKG, 151.

Colditz l987,295
Pa 'ndrynjynd pres391. MS89 I R 8
Pa 'ndrxt ppJ MKG(1217) M4574 R i 8; LN 44
aM516V2=M727bV5
Pa 'ndnng'n ppJa, pl. MMi1i,gtl41) M7 I1 R i 23;
MMiii,m(22) M39 R i 23 'ndrxtg<'>n:
ARFragDQ/126/ oM449b+M503cV 3
Pa 'ndrxtn i n l l a CPad126) aM334a V 5
Pa 'ndrynj'd ppJZ MKG(142) M216b V 2;
Mhfi&m(Z3) M39 R i 24
Pa h d d d pass., ppJI ARVIIII6bl M89 R 12
MP 'ndnn_ppl MMii M2 I R i 25
MP 'ndrxt ppl RH(lOl3) oM799c A 6; oM5901 V 2
MP 'ndrxtg'n ppla, pl. M798a V i 5
'ndryw Pa landmZw/ ? ?'. Coldia 1987,803.
Pa 'ndryw'n pl. M5861 R ii 2
'ndryw- Pa landr&-1 u&. 'to make run' (?).Hapax.
Morano 1998, l37: < *bbm-drdwaya-, with the
alternative suggestions 'to make run' and 'to
deceive'.
Pa 'ndryw'dppJI Mo(50) MU2a R 4 = M5861 R ii 2
'ndn -PaMP / d a r z I n 'precept, command;
respect'. Sundennam im tLiz a n d a r z d6rgd
'guard thls secret' or 'respect this secret'. Ghilain
1939,52 bMG 99 n.2 and 151(s.v. 'ndrzyw). LK Ill
(s6,l).
'Zusammenbindung' > 'verborgen'. Reck
2004, n. on R~(5601'Achtung'. GW 123 (570J.
Pa 'ndn MKG(186) m6a R H; MKG(682) 0M4576R
H;MKG(155l) M5651 B 4:MMiii.d(l20) M5 V ii 40:
MMiii&2)MI I R ii 2: MI8 R 6: oM229 R ii 16:
LN 48 M509 R 3; RH(525) M763 V ii 20: RH(560)
~ 5 8 6 0I R i 4: RH(%5) ~ 5 8 6 01 R i 9: GW 570
M5561+M5562 R 1: GW 573 aM5561+M5562 R 8 =
M847 R 6: GW 577 M847 R 17: M743 R 5;
M27W2; oM84Iln
MP 'ndn ffiwA(162) MlOlh R 7: MKG(1538) M6810 B
5; MKG(2OIl) MI42 II R 3: ~KG(2046)M742 I1 V
18: KPT(1681) aM652tM526 R 6; KPT(1702)
~ 6 5 2 + ~ 5V2 614; BBB(204) M80la/pU 5: M731 R
5: S9 R ii aD+RH(1069) MI81 WM5794+ Z R 19;
M5794t II R 15: M5794t I1 R 16: M5794+ I1 V 11:
MMii M
W I R 16: M627 R i 8: Otani6204 A ii 1:
M828/4
MP 'ndrz'n pl. MKG(ZKl7) oM742 I V 2l: MKG(2022)
A4742 II R 14: M74 I V 14: MI74 I R 7
'ndrzbyd Pa /andurzbed/ n. 'counsellor'. MKG, 7k
s-b 'nd(r)Izbyd.
Pa 'ndySdPndrzbyd OM6031 I B i (U) 7 (Henning
1942%948:'Or possibly 'ndlyiydl'. MKG, 7l Fb
"nd(r)(zbyd = Gr. Mayiorop in the Coptic
Crbcifixion Homily.)
Pa /&z&n/
a "cautious, 'careful'.
MKG, 151;GW, 123 (570J)
pa 'ndrzyw MgG(784) M4577 A ii 20: LK 548 oM509
R 3: LN 9 0 M5&15 V 7 = 124818 R 5: LK 578
0M2453R 3: M540a R 1
Pas 'ntrzyw T~406bV 2

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


'ndrzywyft Pa /andarzEwif t/ n 'cautiousness'. LN
103 (345).
Pa 'ndrzywyft W 534 IM4n V 8
'ndwc- MP /and&-/ up. 'to gain, acquire, amass'.
MP 'ndwcyhypd pass, ptes.3.pl. Glossa MI09 R 5
'ndwm MP /andom/ adu. 'so long,as long'. 'ndwm
- d': 'as long as, until'. Skjzrva 1997.242
MP 'ndwm Sbrg(534) a 4 7 2 II R 6: Hu(1237) M7983
I1 R ii 7: M5794+ I R 14: M28 I R i 2; MMii M8251
I V 3; M627 V ii 15: M W 2
'ndwS MP /anddS/ a. "familiar with'.
Andreas-Henning 1933,337MP 'ndwS MMii hi2 I R i 1
'ndwSyh MP / d 6 s ? b l n 'familiarity'.
MP 'ndwSyh M63WM691 R 3
'ndwxyn MP /andBxh/ n 'sad, sorrowful'. Cf.MPB
andcihgen
MP 'ndwxyndr comp. Glossa MI09 V (2011
'ndyS- Pa /and&"-/ uh.. 'to think, intend, plot think
of/about (+ pd), consider'.
Pa 'ndySyd p e s 3 s g . KPT(2047) MSSO V 6
Pa 'ndflynd pres.3.pl. Mo(18) M104+ V 05114 =
oM89lti-t v 4
Pa 'ndy3'h stZbj.3sg. KPT(2054) M580 V l3: M873e
'

A3

Pa 'ndy3'm subjJp1. Or sg.? Ml/377


Pa 'ndyS i m p s g . MV244; M4b I V U: M4b I V 16:
RH(350) M284b R ii n; ~ 6 2 8 l +
V8
Pa 'ndySyd impugl. RH(378) aM284b V i 23:
RH(512) M63 V i 31
Pa 'ndyi'd ppJI ~~G(66.5)
M4575 V i 3: MKG(9.50)
M4582 B ii 2: MMiii,g(lZl) hi7 I1 R i 3; A.R.Ib/3a/
oMl890 R 5
Pa 'ndyl'dfndrzbyd ppJI oM6031 I B i (U) 7
(Henning 1942a, 948: 'Or possibly 'ndlyfyd]'.
MKG,7 l 3 b 'nd(r)lzbyd = Gr. Mayiarop in
the Coptic Crucifiion Homily.)
hdySt Pa /andi?i/ u~r.,pp.'to heap together' or 'to
tie upS.Boyce19% 446. n-3
Pa 'ndySt ppK ~ ~ . M / 2 6 M578
b / R 6: AbcdD M 7 l O
"

aa

'ndySySn Pa /andt?SStsl n. 'thought, intelligence,


sentiment'. (Gr. W p q o y X sSundermann 1978,esp
p.491. The fourth element of the soul.
Pa 'ndySySn ,MAiiii,M54) M5815 I R ii 28; MKG(1854)
lM6032 R &, MMiiig(124) M7 II R i 6: M32a R 7;
M75 V 1: M75 V 2: ~ 6 8 0R 15 = oK24 R 12:
H.I/58b/ M2306 V 2: AR.IblZd oM1890 R 3: LN 9
M500c R 5 = M5931 R 3: LN 23 &@8+M638 V 7:
LN 526 aM27 R 6: LN 530 M27 V U: W 3 7 oM349
V 5; LN 585 M34 R 17: LN 589 M34 V 6: S50 A 3a:
MmA3
Pa 'ndySySnman M544 V U
'ng'f- Pa /angiif-/ v ~ r'to
. tear, lacerate'.
Pa 'ng'fd p p l l MMQ(224) M7 I1 V ii 20:
KawN(29) M35 V ll; KawN02) M35 V 14 = M740a
V 2: KawNm) M35 V 16

47

'ng'm Pa /angZm/ n. 'gathering'. Ghilain ;:15,


-7;
Henning 1945%485 and a7; MKG 1%
Pa 'ng'm W(C(307) h944a V 2: M11367; RH(S) 31137
I R 7;RH(IZ1) M86 V 5
'ng'm MP /angrSm/ n. 'account; process of la^'.
Henning l%%
485. S. bng'm
MP 'ng'm Sbrg(57) M475a I R 9
'ng'r, ' W r MP /angdr/ ~7 [Ebycel reckoni in^?)';
[MacKemid "tecounted'. MacKenzie 1979,526,note
on ll8. Henning 1933% 19224. Skjaewe 1997, 248
suggests d
' isresm shame'.
MP 'ng'r d 2 0 U R 2
MP 'mg'r Sbrg(llQ hi477 I R 22: M28 I R i 16
'ng'w- Pa /angciw-/ vtr. 'to end, make an endd'.
Henning 1937%80.
Pa 'ngWn subjJsg- H-VIakd OM6223 V 5
Pa 'ng'wyd impv.pl.RH(l231) M30 V ii 23
Pa 'ngaw"d ppll oMnO V i 3 (Henning 1937%80.
Sundennann in BeDuhn apud Gulacsi 2001,214 n
44 diffennt)
'ng'wg Pa /angciwag/-tz 'end'. Henning 1937a 80
sub 'ng'w-.
Pa 'ng'wg M4b I V 8
'ng'z- Pa /mga'z-1 u. '?'. MP or Parth.?Henning 1940,
21: 'MPers 'ng'z- probably connected with NPers
angcSz 'instrument(s)', -'.
Pa 'ng'zyd pres.3g. G1oss.a M109 V .(24)5:
kRV/%b/ ~5586+M1534II V 4
'ngd Pa /m&l u.itr., pp. > a. 'arrived; finished,
complete; fulfilled, happy, rich'. KPT,U6;MKG, 151
Szemerhyi 197l,5E-14. Though not a syntagma the
first words in A.lWla/ 'ngd rwSn'n are also the
title for the Hymn-Cycle A.R.
MP 'ngd'n pl. M97 R ii 23; M174 I1 R 5
Pa 'ngd ppl MKG(701) M4Y6 R ii 2: MKG(711)
M4576 R ii 12 MMii,h(h(l07)M33 11 V- ii 6: MV376:
M4a I V 18: kRI/la/ M4900 V 1: AbcdA/24b/
MI73 V 6: OtaniUO75 V i 3; M1757/9; aM3236/1
Pa *ngd rw"nan pp.1 kR.IIH/ M85j R H:
kRIaN/Ii/ oM518 V H: ARII/H/ oM863 V H;
A.R.VI/V/H/ M96 V H = MI75 V H = oM675 V H =
oM5503 V H: A.R.VII/V/H/ = oM91 V H =
oM287+Ml223V H = oh4517 V H = oM774 V H =
oM8285VH; A.RVIIa/V/W &667+ V H = oM8285
V H; AR.VIlI/V/H/ M89 V H
MP 'ngd ppl WT(1867) M825 I V 7
'ngd frwx Pa langad f arroxl n.pr. m. Reck 2004,
n on RH(lI81 Sundermann1994h.2
Pa 'ngd frwx RH(118) M86 V 2
'ngd rwSn'ny Pa langad-rdWni/ a. 'of angad
r6Sndn'.
Pa 'ngd rwSn'ny M4a I V 17
'ngdg Pa /mgadag/ a 'complete, perfect'. 'rich'
(MKG 151) is UMeCeSSary.
Pa 'ngdg MKc(1760) M%5+ R ii 9; BBB(Z97)
MSOla/p18 10= oM5Z R 4; CPar(125) aM334a V 4;

'

~ictionaryof Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


Otani6229 R?4: ~ ( 6 4 0 M6255t
)
R 7: M392 A 5:
KPT(1914) MIK8259 I R i 7: Otani6229 A 4:
M9187/2
PaS 'ny6'k WSoBl35 V 16 = 80.T.RI.644 =
cCh/SolOooo0)V 6
'ngryln Pa /angarijn/ n 'meditation'.
Pa 'ngrySn MU33
'ngw- Pa l a n g a d v&. 'to find rex, rest,remain'.
Pa 'ngwyd pres3sg-MBDe V 19 = ~M275+V ii U
Pa 'ngwynd pres3pI- CPar(89) oM333 R U;M741 V
lob = oOtani6208+V 2: M737 (ll) V 2
Pa 'ngw"n subjlsg.Glossr M5542 V 03
Pa 'ngw'n subjlsg.MKG(803) M4577 B i 16
Pa 'ngwd ppJ MMiiiF(16) M5569 R 16: MMiiii(85)
M2 I1 V i 11: MMiii,f(4l) Ma71 V ii 5: MMiiij(51)
M42 R ii 25
'ngwbyn Pa / a n g M n. 'honey'. KPT 116, LN 143.
Pa 'ngwbyn KPT(968) M8400 R 8: LN 2 M384t R 1
'ngwhr MP I?/? ?'. KPT, 116.
MP 'ngwhr'KPT(869) M263ft A ii 2
'ngwnPa /attg6n/ m kesation,rest, peace'.
Pa 'ngwn KawU M4990 R 7; MK~(687)~ 4 5 7 R
6 i 5;
MKG(741) M4576 V ii 8: MMiiid(39) M5 R ii 9:
KPT(2107) M338 B 5: MV231: MU284: CPU(ll7)
M334a R 12: OM448 B 3: H.IVa/2.b/ M622l R 4:
H.IVa/5b/ M6221 R 10; H.Vx/lb/ M2339 R 2;
H.VIbl3al MI953 R 5: I%VId2a/oM93+M289a Il R
3: H.VIna/3a/ M.56I R 5 = M855 R 5; A.RVV73aI
M91 R 5 = M8801 R 1 = MI75 V 3; M741 V l l b =
012853V xlb: R H W ) M763 V i 28: RH(610)
M5860 1 V i 9: RH(Ul6) M30 V ii 8 = M468a V ii
11; GW I5 oM4SM7265 I R 19 = &6680+ R 19:
HCfrA M859 A Ib: M1174/2: M146612
'ngwst MP lungusti n. 'finger. toe: unit of length
(3/4 inch)'. KPT?116
MP 'ngwst KPT(377) oM1004t R iii 9
'ngwlt, 'ngwlt Pa /mrguSt/ n. 'finger, toe'. Bbyce
1954,182; MKG, 151
Pa 'ngw31 ARIdI2d M5B V 3
Pa 'ngwSt MKG(2l33 M33WM2238 V 3; kRTa/Ilal
M518 V 1
'ngwSydg MP lan@fdag/ n. 'likeness, manner,
way'. Andreas-Henning 1933,00 n5
MP 'ngwSydg MMii W I1 V U
'nj'm- Pa lanj6m-/ uh. 'to complete,
MP 'nj'm[ pres. sta,unclear MlZU II R 3
'nj'mysn Pa /anj&n&l n. "completion,fulfilment'.
Pa 'nrmygn Md7) M104+ V (24B = M734 R 6:
MKG(1761) oM505F R ii 10
'g'r Pa /anj&/ t~ ' k v i o w ' . Ghilain l939,74..
Pa 'nQrwm M I I N
'njgyft Pa see 'njwgyft
'njmn Pa /anjaman/ n. 'gathering, assembly,
community'. Ghilain 1939, 72 Henning 1937b, 10-11:
'Gesamtheit der Eleaen eines kleineren Bezirks' I=
'all the Electi of a smaliish area'l
Pa 'njmn Mo(32) M390 R 7: MKG009) M344a V 4:

MKGO38) M4576 V ii 5: MMiii,d(l06) M5 V ii 16:


MMiiid41) M39 R ii 16: BBB(275) M801aIp17 6;
RH(477) M763 R ii 23
Pa 'njnm' RH(847) M782 R 11
'njwgyft a'F /mjzigvt/ n 'anguish, distress'.
Pa 'npgfi h&V18bl M623f3 R 3
Pa 'njwgyfy MMiii,g(148) M7 ll R i 30: MMiiig(l89)
M7 II V i U:.H.V/13a/ M895a+M2224 V 3;
H . ~ a I 3 W~ 2 5 6I R 6 = oM855 R 6; ARI/14a/
M78O+M889 R 7 = M5570 V 3 = oM6238t R 4:
A R W M6222 R 8
Pa 'njwgyft MMiiij(78) M42 V i 26: HJ/28a, oM603
V 1 = M6U1 R 1: H.V/2a/ M6220 V 1 =
M895atM2224 R 1; HVIdl4b/ M93+M289a II V 8:
H.Wllb/ M5263 R 7 = M87lf V 2: H.VII/20b/
M5263 V 5; ARW3a/ oM5503 V 7: kR.V1/46b/
oM675 R 10; A R m I 4 d Ad91 R I3 = M6WM439 R
5 = MI75 V 11; A.RVIV17a/ 0M287tMl223 R 1:
ARWI/Zb/ M89 R 4: A.RVIII/Sa/ oM89 R 9:
ARVIII/l7b/ oM89 V 14: HCfrA oM859 A la:
oM47n A 3b: HCfr312 a 6 7 4 1 - 2:
oOtani6148 V 2 0Ml520/2: OM6798 V 1
Pa 'njgyft ggIy1285) M2098 B 4
'njyw- Pa /anjJup/ v&. 'to give life to, revive'.
Pa 'njywwd ppII A b c O oMn0 8a
'njywg Pa /mjiiag/ n 'life-giver, saviour'.
Pa 'njywg MKG(128) M48+I V 17: MKG(1574) M1608
B 6: BBB(48) M80ldp4 4: M3l5 I R 32 = M198a R
3: M4b I V 12; M229 R ii 11: MI202 R 2: M680 R 5
= ag24 R 1= MI89 R 1: M6650 R 4: M369 V 6;
M306 R 4; W69) M280 1 V 12: RH(l34) M86 V
18: RHO%) M3ll V 8: RH(791) oM341a A 10:
RH(8U) MI119 R 6: RH(lO27) M785 R 3: Otani6160
A 6,M628l+V4
Pa 'njywga M50lb R i 3: RH(735) M311 R 8: RH(849)
M782 V 2
- Pa 'njywg% RH(803) OM449a A 2
Pa 'njywg'npl.M680 R 5=K24 R 2=M189 R 2
Pa 'njywq S
5A 5
'njywgyft Pa /anj'5wagift/ n. 'revivication,
redemption'.
Pa kjywgyf~hB.VW3Obl oM817+M459a V 1
Pa 'njywgyft AIUahal M518 R 1
'nm-MP lcina?n-/u~.'to turn away, stray'. Henning
1940,17 (7b). SkJzrv0 1997,248 de Blois 1998,483
'pervefted'.
MP 'nmyy pres2sg. Glossa MI09 R 7
MP 'npt ppl oM28 I R ii 21 (Skjzrvo 1997,246.)
MP 'nptg pp1 M28 I R i 24
'mbr Pa -/
n 'col~ection (?). gathering (?) '.
Hapax. S.
Pa 'nmbr
3
'-brPa /&-I?
v. 'to be gathered together' (?).
Hapax (but 5. =nmbr).Sundermann 1900. 15:
perhaps as a mistake for 'mbrynd/'nbrynd.
I1.e.
the a>
is theanalytical spelling. cm> the phonetic:
'nbr- lambar4.
Z&-.

m
i

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

49

Pa 'nmbrynd pres.3.pZ. H.IVa/lb/ M6221 R 2


Pa 'nwwgqg'gy S6 V 1
(Sundermann: 'n/m)bynd)
MP 'nwSg Sbrg(88) M475-a I V 16: M74 I R 10: '474 I
'mg'r MP see 'ng'r
V 19; M438 V 8: oM596f v 2: Otani61%+ -4 4:
'nptg MP see 'nm-W47b V 4: M200212
'nrg Pa /muzryl a 'without value'.
MP 'nwig'n pl. M738 R U: MIK8259 I V ii 6
Pa 'nrg M8255 II V 7 = M205 V 5
'nwSgyf t Pa /am5fagift/ n 'immortality'.
'nrgypt Pa /anuryift/ n. 'worthlessness, indignity'.
Pa 'nwigft Otani6193 R 2
Pa 'nrgyfi M837 A 5
Pa 'nwigyf~LW79+M2000V i i
Pa 'nrgypc A.RVII/22b/ Mi74 V 10
'ndgyh MP /arzi%agfb/ n. 'immortality'.
'nw'y Pa /anwiiy/ postp. 'according to.
'nwJgyb S7 R i 7
'nwsyn Pa /antiEn/.a.'ambrosial. sweet'.
corresponding to'.
Pa 'nwSyn ~KG(1634)M267bM314 R i 5: M64 R 4;
Pa 'nw'y MMiii,o(34) M67 V i 28
'nwd'n, 'nwd"n MP lamidcin/ adv. 'ceaselessly' (?I,
oM103R5;M83IR12=M200v 9 =~M234R7=
or 'without refuge' (?).
M O S a R 6 = oMMOe A 3; Abcd.A/16b/ M94+!16b:
MP 'nwdan Hu(356) M7981 I V ii 18
AbcdA/29b/ oM94+/29b; AbcdC M533 V Eb:
MP 'nwd'n Hu(1193) M7983 I V ii 31: oM797 I R 4
RH(1034) M785 R 10: M281 V ii 4: M285 I1 R i 29:
'nwdg I MP /aGdag/ a; n 'strange. alien'; pl
W 8 bV 1
'strangers'. S. 'nwdg latzrzijdagk Reck-Sundem
Pa 'nwjll' M64 R l3
1998,14l5
Pa 'nwiyyn Mhiiii,e(68) M6 V i 8
MP 'nwdg KPT(518) M1002+ V iv 2; MS56 R 11
IMP 'nwSyn M388 R 8; RH(lOM>h4785V 7: RH(1079)
' IMP 'nwdg'n pi. MKc(2030) M742 U V 2: ivi388 V 2
- MI81 V 6: M1856/3.
"nwdg 2 MP /annbdag/ a,n. 'the annointed one. 'nxSdyg Pa /anax&zdfg/' a 'unmerciful'. MKG, 152
not to be
Messiah'. Henning 1933% 18134-5.
Pa 'nxSdyg MKG(1903) oM523a-c B 5: CPar(54)
34499 R 15
distinguished from the preceding?
'ny WMP /any/ a 'other, next; another. a different
IMP 'nwdg'n pl. S9 V ii 24
thing'. 'nyc 'and other(s1'. In MP see also 'n 2.
'nwh MP /an6b/ ado. 'there*.
Pa 'ny M M i i i ) M58l5 I R i 9: MMiiilb(U5) M5815
MP 'nwh mG(1480) M a B 4: MKG(1531) M6810
U R i 24; . W M Z 6 ) IM5815 I1 V ii 24: MKG(208)
A 4: MgG(2233) M236+ R 4: Hu(151) M79M I1 R ii
MI343 A 1: MKG(742) M4576 V ii 9; MMiii.e(57)
17; Hu028) M7981 I V i 24: MMii M2 I R i 7:
M6
R ii 27:KFT(2044) M580 V 3; KPT(M54) M580
MMi M2 I R i U;MMii M2 I R ii 9: MMii M729 I1
V
U;
LN 69 oM818 R 2: LN 5102 M307a+ R 5; GW
V i 7 = M897 V 9: KPT(817) M819M2154 V 3:
578
M5561+M5562
V 1 = M847 V 3: GW 579
KPT(1760) M45 V 8; M466b/3
MSltMSj62
V
4
=
M847 V 5
'nwryd Pa /I/ a. 'endless, boundless'. Cf. 'nawrd.
Pa
'nyc
MMiiib(l4)
M5815
I R i 14: MMiii,M25)
Pa 'nwyd A.RWa/ oM6m V 3 (Sundermann:
M5815
I
R
i
25;
MMiii.c(3)
M5569 R 3: MKG(760
very doubtful.)
M4577
A
ii
2;
~KG(1601)
M47
I V 10: MMiiij(77)
'nwS 1 P a m /an65' a. "immonai'.
M42
V
i
25:
CPar(l08)
M334a
R
3; LN 5100 M491+
WMIr 'nw5 M491811
R 7 = ~ 9 0 5 v3M24VP,oM6281+ R 5
Pa 'nwS Otani6160 A 8
Paa& M ~ 6 9 M 5 8 1 5 1 Vi IF
.W 'nwS Bn32l/4
MP 'ny ~K~(1976)
M742 1 R 12: Hu(42) M98 I V 17:
'nwS 2 FWMP lemjj/
n.pr. m Name of a prophet
Hu(46) M98 I V 2;Hu(81) M99 I V 6: Hu(677)
Semitic
M7981 U R i 25: Hu(1034) M7982 V ii 8: MMii M9
Pa 'nwJ M350914
I1
V 8; MMii M2 I R i 10; MMii M2 I V ii 3 (MKG,
IMP 'nwS M299a R ii 5
'nwSg Pa/MP /&Sag/ a. 'immortal'.
18 reads ('n).): MMii 3149 I1 R 3; KPT(828)
Pa 'nwgg obi8286 I V 16: MKG(1599) M47 I V 8;
M819MZ154 V 14: KPT(839) M853 R 5; KPT(1647)
~ 4 R614 (Posibly 'n with hypercorrect <y>.);
MKG(1648) M267b+hl314 R i 19; MKG(1768)
M505F V i 6; ~~iii,d(56)
MS R ii 26 = ah4748 R
KPT(1933) ~ 4 6 6 aA 6; M97 R i 10: aM733 V 8:
M733 V 10: MI2 V 17; S14 V 3: M28 I V i 18:
19: MMiiii(53) M39 V i 10: MMiiipl(64) oM39 V
M1W V i U:M20521i 4
ii 2; MMiiip M77 R 12: MMiii,n M77 R 15;
MP 'nyc Kaw~(86)MlOlg V 1: KawA(90) MlOlg V 5:
KPT(l2l7) MI89 11 R 14; BBB(66j.~801aip54:
M64 R 10: M679 V 9: ~6232tM6230R 1: a 9 R
BBm) M8Wp35 3: M16 V 8; M731 R 13
MP 'nyi Pa in MP text BBB(655) M801a/p42 8:
2; M* V 1; 0 ~ 3 5 9V 10; M306 R 6; RH(169)
oM733 R 3
olM284a R i 3: RH(492) ~ 7 6 3V i 11: RIi(603)
oM5860 I V i 11: GW 59 M259bM4Hb V 10: d l 0 'ny-, ''ny- WMP /amy-1vlr. 'to bring, lead'. KPT,
114.
R 14; M285 I R i 25: M.374 A ii ll; oh4238 R 4;
MP
"nym presl~g.KPTKPT(1648)oM46 R 15
M2302 A 4; M'j785 I V 8; M797 11R ll; MI87 R 1:
MP
"nyy
pres2sg. KPT(1649) M46 R 16
oM516#3

50

MP 'nyd pres2.pl. KPTIl635) M46 R 2

;::

, .

1
1

j
.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

MP 'n'yh subj2sg. Misspelled! Colditz U)(X),gland


n145. Otherwise imperative. M39 V 9 = M8430 11
R l3 (Subjunctive or imperative with superfluous
-6.Still, ' n y y or 'ny would be expected It
seems both scribes have confused this with 'nay
'but'.) Now s Morano 2004,223.
MP "nyd impu.pi. KFT(l638) ~ 4 R65
MP 'nyd ppJ KPT(1457) M5567 R i 3--=..
'nyc MP /aniz/ a 'other'.
. .
- .. MP 'nyc'n pl. .WK4959 R 3 .
'nyc Pa see -c Pa
'nyl Pa /an.@llnpr.m.
. .
Pa 'nyl MU02 R 7
'nyr'n MP /an&cin! n.pr. 'Non-Iran, foreign lands'.
MP 'nyr'n Hu(781) hi7981 I1 V ii 27 .
MP 'nyr'nz Hu(752) M79811I V i 32,
'n5 Pa see -c Pa
'p' /spa/ n. (Turk.j 'p' s'nsz p'?g:l~art 'of Uighur
..
.
.
. .
. litle/name.
M 'p'.Ml/jO
.
, . . . .
. .
'pbn Pa / a p p a b d n -palaces.'Cf.h i p a r a n k
(pl.). MKG, 152 !f 'bdn (duplicate M4970/R/31 to
. .
. ..
H.VIc/lla/) is not a mistake (or a.,MP:form) the
transcription lappadan/ may be. .wtong. See
.
. . . Henning 1944a. 110 n.1 ,and MP"ywn
as a
metathesis of the same. Szemerhyi 2337 esp. 235.
See also 'fdn.
Pa bdn KawT(lG-1 MZ9la 8 3 ; ' ~ k ~ ( 9 7M4579
5) R i
.I: MKG(118lj M4570 V i 18; ~ M i i i d.M5 R i 18 =
.M748 R 5; M35 R 12; MI0 R 22 . .
~2 'pdn='bdn K\'Ic/lla/ M93iM289a 11.V 1= M4970
R3
'pr 1 MP /apparj n 'theft, robbery'. Henning 1933%
l75.12-3.
MP 'pr Hu(247) M?981 I R i 11: Hu(887) M7984 V i
31: MMii M49 I R 8
.
.
MP 'prdr comp. ~~(1011)
M7982 V i 19: Hu(1100).
M3983 I R ii 6
MP 'oryc MMii M49 I V 4
"pr 2 PalMP/appari, Iprl a., n. 'predatory, thievish';
. .
pl, as,n, nime af a dass of demons. Heming l933a,
175.12-3,37ff. KPT 16 n.15.
pa 'pr KPT(1830) M6470 R 3: RH(749) oM311 V 6
MP jpr% pl. KPT(764) MlOO V ii 17; M781+ 11 V
(4515
MP 'pr KFT(90) eM1001+ V i 6; MI99 R ii 11
MP 'pr S9 R i 24
'pr- MP lappar-1vlr. 'to carry off, steal'. S. 'pwr-;
, . the pp.1 'pwrd properly belongs here
MP 'pr'n subj.25. k 8 1 + I1 V (4%): .M781+ I1 V
(51)ll
hlP 'pr'd subj3sg. SU R 7 .
'pr'h MP see 'fr'b
'prg MP iappmagl n. 'thief'.
MP 'prg SbrgO59) M542b I R 23
'prg yh MP /apparagih/ n. 'thievishness' (?I.
,

:
.

. .
-

+'.

',

'

'

'

'

'

MP 'prgyh Hu(liXi7) M7983 1 R i 7


MP 'prgyy HuW5) M7982 R ii 27
'prs'gyh MP /af rasr3gihl n. 'contempt, scorn' (?).
Tafazzoli 1919.569. LN 99 (30,7).
MP 'prsS& MMii M564 R 1b
'pryd Palm sae 'fryn'prydgn'm MP 16f ridagndm/ a. 'whose name is
blessed'. Cf. Fa n'm 'f rydg.
MP 'frydgm'm ~1K36R i 12
MP 'prydgznam MIK8259 I V i 4
MP 'prydgn'm oM23 B 5 (BeDuhn: '(gr)/'w
I(n3m)I amibuted to Sundermann.)
'pryn MP see 'fryn . .
'prynsr MP /iif&zsar/
n. 'choir-master'.
MP 'prydn pl. BBB(219) M801aIp14 2
'pryy MP /apparf/ i 'theft, robbery' (?I.
MY 'pryy W 6 ) hi7982 R ii 18: Hu(lO57) M7982 V
ii 3l
'psarySn MP /af
n. ''cooling'.
MP 'wary& -Gtoss.b Mlll+M725 R 12; G1oss.b
&iil+M725%1
p..
'pssyh- MP iafsciy~b-f v.itr. (pass.) 'to be put
under a s p a enchanted'. Henning apud Boyce
1960, sub haul4 Cf. MPB af s6y-.
MP 'ps'yhyd pass., pres.3sg. M7sl+ I R 9
'ps'yy MP /af J ' /
n. 'enchantment'.
M P "ps'yy M78l+ 1 R 11
'pswn, ' f m -MP /af s h / n. 'spell, inmntation'.
Henning 1937%80 and 6.Bailey 1934,284.
MP 'fswn oM7m7/2 .
MP 'pswn
IR3
'pswsg MP /af&sag/ n. 'scorn,mockery '. Cf. 'f sws-.
Skjervo 1997.23 'woe to @dl'.
MP 'pswsg Mt8 1 V ii 14
'pt'b MP /Lifts/ n 'sunshine'. wsV-'pt'b 'released
by sunshine'.
MP 'pt'b Hu(665) M981 I1 R i U -- OM% V 1:
KPT(U37) OM506 v 1

'ptwd MP /aft&i/ v., pp. 'to tolerate'. Sundermann


fpersemidy) Fefers to MPpwd.
MP 'ptwd ppl M15 R 2
'pwn Pa lapun/ n. 'non-merit' .
pa 'pwn MB%I V 4
'pwr, 'PWWT MP /Zf ur/ n. 'creation'.
MP 'pwr !%q$252) M539 R 12; Hu(256) Mi981 I R i
20

'pwr- MP /appltr-I v3r. 'to carry off, steal'. S 'pr-to


which this is p b . a secondary formation based on
the P P ~
MP 'pwrydpres.3sg. Hu(572) M7980 1 R ii (30)9
MP 'pwd ppl K~wA(%)MlOlj 8 3; KawA(l03)
MlOli V 1; MMii M2 1 V ii 2l; KaoOlll V 2
MP ' p w h inf 3a KawA(27) oMlOlj R 5
'pwra(")d MP see 'fwr'pwrySn MP see YwrySn
'pwry5ncy MP see 'fwrySn
'pwrySnyg MP see 'fwrySn

{.3

.:.-A-

d.I
8

........,..,
.-

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

. ..:

51

::j

'.'. I

'-.L
.-.
1. .I
.- ...,,
.?..
....,

4
+..
....
....,

.-2...

*.
.:
.-'I

.:,

.. ~ 1

..- i,
--I

:!

.-I

, I

i
.

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,'.....$
5:
. ..
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ersr.

:.:.i

:!..4
...

.;

-.I

:::1

.-

...-

.
.

.A

:.

....

<.

~.

>..

---

.->.-..
....
..
-:- i

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. .,

...
::j
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-.,..
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.-?I.
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:.I.J

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I
.-

Ei

;j
::

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..

..x

'pyd Pa /@d/ v.itr,pp. 'departed vanished'. 'pydg


GW 99M%42~9~aMB31~~10=&~&11
.t 5
'lost, strayed'. MacKenzie 1974 274
Pa 'rd'w frwrdyyn M468a R i 18
Pa ' p y d p p ~MMiiie ~6 R i 26: KawN(32) M35 V 14
Pa 'rd'w prwrdyn GW 25 a ~ 8 n3 R 4 = ol~45iv 10
Pa 'rdaw"n pl. Ml/427
Pa 'pydg'n p p . I a PI. MMiiim(23) LWR ii 2
'ram,"ram, "raam Pa /&rim/ n 'abode'. Ghilain 1939,
Pa 'rd'w'n pl. MKG(169) oM226c+M1750 R 8: a a &
I V 15: MMiiib(lO4) M33 I1 V ii 3; Ml/420:
73; Li\'105 (36,7) = 'Kloster'. Henning apud Tsui
BBB(U6) M&OW@2: BBB(272) M801aip17 3:
Chi 1943. 218 n.4: '... Parthian cirdm 'rest,
M194 1 V-EAbcdAnPa/ M94+/19a; A W 2 5 b /
resting-place, dwelling-place" may have been
~94+/25bi
LN % W848 R 2: RH(93) M86 R 2:
in meaning by Skt. drtima-'.
Otani6143c/$; ~ f f l 7 Vb3
pa "fm M4b I R 1: ~ 4 I aR 3:'~10v 20'
Pi 'rd'w'n # mad pl. MMjiiia(l02) M2 I1 V i 28: LN
Pa 'r'm ~Miiia(a(U1)
M2 I1 V ii 20: MMiii,d(56)~5R
%
! oM384+R 4
ii 26 = M748 1 19: MMiiifl(48) )DW V i 4:
p, a r w n
pL
H; M~iii,p(16)
M11230: Ml/283; MV284: M4a I R 2: Ma20 I R ii
oM2l V 8: KPT(1001) oM21l+ V 3; M5262 I V 3: LN
(31B: ~6232tM6230 5: H-vw
aM625b 2: . g2 DW51
on p62 is WTOng)
~.Vm/zb/'~ 6 8 9R 4: ~.R.V1/65b/M88 I V 10 =
~ g vj 10 = MI75 R 8: kR.vrr/4b/ M91 R 14 h ' - .Paard'w'n.'rn'dpl.~R13:~795v14
M6WM439. R.-6 = MI75 V a A.Rm/6b/' . . Pa 'ryy#iSyg'w M64 V 5
*1m.R a
i4690+~439R :LO:.
ARMVI~W-9
n v 4: . . pl mad #
mad ardwn = 'rdWn mad = s ~ g r q y r bKPT(992)
mrasm/3Q/
,jM449b+M503cR 5: LpJ 536 M$@
.'- P a:
~ 2 3 0 b f 2 0 8 22=~a ~ 2 2 1 +R 7
. .- .. v.41
&&.HW-..R8 : ' ~ ~WU.R
" s 1.6:. :.
.....
.
2
&
frd'w
gaw'A(ll3)
W e R 3: KawA(192) oMlOlf V - .
RH(490) ~ 7 6 3 :i ~9:.
: .RH(618)
I V ii 14: . .
. . .?: Kaw~(263)MlOlm V 6 (Henning's 'r&n is a
RH(n4) M798b +j: ~H(1182)IWV i 2 = ~ 4 6 8 a. .
.
.
. . mistake): MMii M2 I V i 19: BBB(652) MaOW'p42
V i 10: RH(&~) M30 V i 15: RH(ll97) M30 V i 17;
- '. 5: M74 1VZ.GW S140-SllV 18
Otani6171 A 1; 0taii6236 R 2
.
MP- 'ra'w'n pl. Sbrg(426) oM542b+ I1 V 18; ~ a w ~ ( 9 6 )
P ~ 'fm
S W67b/ 0bni6386 V 6 = TM406a R 5 - .
'rb, 'r$ .UP irirabi. larap/ n 'aleph'. the first leqer . . oMlOli .R 3: KawF(2) OM6120 colA 2: KawF(63) .
.
M6120 colE 10: MKG2261) M236+V 12: ,MMi M95 .
of the qphaber. i=f. 'lyf.
- R 2a = ~1609R 2a 'Yrd'w-nj:
MMiii,q(l9) M454
MP 'rb MI7 R H; S5i B.i 2 .
.
.
.
I
v
6:
M
M
i
i
&
3
W454
I
V
12:
K.PT(933)
M1741B
MP'raSlV4
:
2;
.KPT(1681)
~65PM526
R
6:
KPT(1727)
M47
I1 V
'rcwwn Pa /arZtinl? n. '*flail'. ~ e n n i n1937a.
~
80:
..
6 (' is in the text (pace Sundermann) though
Colditz 1987.288.
cursively written almast as: a swaight line.):
'KCPar(65)
7: Bar(n)
M4WI
~1/14:Hlg)6 R i 10: BBW55) M801a/p22 6:
15
G1m.d
oMl82+ V (laMI1 V 4: M2023 B H: S7 R
'rti'myn, 'rd'myn /a'r&jmin/ (Turk.). Part of
Uighur title, s. 'wlwy.
i ll; S7 V ii 20: S9 V i 9: S9 V i 21: RH(932)
M 'rd'myn atani6a3 B 4
M647+ I R 2; RH(lll4) M273 V 8; oM1$ R 4: M788
M 'rs'myn MIK36 R i 14
V 6: MIE;8259 I V i 2; MMii M8251 I V 2: MMii
'rd'w Pa/MP /ardciw/ -a., n 'just, righteous'; used
M8251 I V 7; MMii M8251 I V 8: OtaniCatlO2 1 V
sometimes as a synonym for the El- 'r&tt)'~rnad2; M8W3.
and mad'rd'w'n Sundermann 1979.102 'Mother of 'rd'wyf t Pa /ardlimit/ rr coll. 'community of the
the righteous' = The Mother of the Living.
righteous', ie 'the Manichaan church'.
Pa 'rd'w MKG(34) Ml344+M5910 V ll: MKC(37)
Pa 'rd'wyft MMiiid(l09) MS V ii 19: Abcdli M27OO
OM&+ II R 1: MKG(38) M48+ II R 2: MKG(40)
11 R 2b: 184968 V 3
M48+ II R 4: M K W ) M48+ 11 R 5: MKG(43)
Pa 'rd'wyft MMiiil9) M5569 R 19: MKG(661)
M48+ n R 7: MKG(48) M48+ I1 R 12: MKG(70)
M4575 R ii 8: MKG(1685) M267b+~314V i 2:
M48t II V 6: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 5 M47
7 6 )I R 1; MMiii,g(86)
M6650 V 8; M35 R b: RH(97) &86 R 6: RH085)
M7 I V i 28; ~~iii,h(63)
M33 11R i 10 = M367 V
M284b V i 30; ~~(1166)
M30 R ii 12; M99 I1 R 7b:
5; MI/*:
~ 6 V41; M6650 V 5; LN 9105 M307atb
aM99 11R 9a. ~ 7 2 6 R0 i 7: M8W R 15: 0tani6193
. V 7; RH(20) .MU7 I Y 4; GW 996 M%42 A 8:
;. . V 31 MS% I R 3: M7l6$4:,M844a4 M2LV.8
. .
oM1506/3
Pa 'rd'wypt hMiiJc(15) M104+ R 15 = M891bc R 12
Pa 'rd'w + frwrdyn LN 915 M240 V 3
'rd'wyf tyg Pa /md&?iitig/ a 'of the community
Pa 'rd'w frwrdyn GI& M5542 R 4: LN 510 oM240 R
of the righteous'.
1: GW Zl0~4526+M7265
I V 18 = oM6680t V 15:
Pa 'rd'wyyftyg M5680 V H
GW 22 d
6680t V 20: GW 324 ~ 4 5 V1 7; GW
MP 'rd'wyftyg S1 V I7
5% M83 11 R 6 = aM5OOh V 1: GW 28 M83 I1 R 'rd'yh, 'rd'yy MP lardZyib/ n. . 'justice,
12: GW 9
9 M83 I1 R 14; GW 530 oM83 I1 R 17-18 . righteousness'; colL 'community of the righteous',
= M838 R 2: GW 331 oM83 11 R 19 = dl838 R 4;
ie 'the Man church'.
'

.'

I
1

52

Dictionary of Manichaan Middle Persian and Parthian

MP 'rd'yh BBB(210) M80la/pU 11: MI74 1 R 6: S9 V


3
ii 17; RH(945) M&7+ I V 4 (More like 'rdawh.);
Pa 'rg MgG(l34l) M6040 V 8; MKG(1546) M5651 A 6;
M5921/2
M M i W ) M5 V i 17 = oM748 V 7; CPar(147)
MP 'rd'yy KPT(1457) M5567 R i 3: M97 R ii 11;
M413+M.2086B 2; M2753 R? 2; M730 R ii 3; M7201
M501cR7
~ 5
'rd$'n /ardajrin/ npr. m. Sundermann 1986 II,
MP "rg Sbrg(62) M475a I R 14; Sbrg(65) M475a I R
287-9.
17; SbrgG4) oM475a I V 2: Sbrg(lO1) M477 I R 5:
MP 'rdfn MMii M2 I R ii 5
M501p R 4
'rdhng, "rdbng Pa IrSrdabmrgl n. Xtle of one of arban, arg"r lea/ .noble, fine,
Mani's mrks S Sundermann 2003a,423.
WMlr'rgZv MU09/2
Pa "rdhng MMiiiil36) Mj815 I1 R i 25
Pa ' r e Ma286 I V i3
Pa 'rdhg M35 V H
Pa 'rg'w MMi,k(3) MI04 R 3 = M891b R 4:
Pa 'rdhng M M i i W ) M58l5 11 R i 23: MMiii,c(40)
MMiii,b(ZS) M58l5 II V ii 23: M8286 1 R 1:
M5569 V 19: M W I R H
MKG(~SS~)
M47 I R 11: MMiii,d(92) M5 V ii 2:
Pa 'rghng Ma255 I1 V H (Boyce 1960: 'r(d)bng.)
MMiiig(l95) M7 I1 V i 19 = M496a V 4:
Pa b g Correct7 oM416 A H
MMiilp(27)
M77 V 6: KPT(963) aM8400 R 3:
'rdw'n Pa /ardawr5n/ n.pr. m. MKG, 152
MU422
BBMIO)
M > mR 10: B B W ) Mm9 V
Sundermann 1994b, 245.
3; M4b I R 7: M544 R 7; MZl R i 15: M6650 R 16:
Pa 'rdw'n MKG(19n M2l6a R 7
aM369 V 8; M538 V 7; M5262 I R 5: M5262 1 V 5;
'rdw'ng3n /ardawrinagcin/ np.patr. 'descendant
H1/51a/ aM28n R 1 = oM5587 R 1 = M6UO R 3:
crf ArdawrSn'. Sundennann 1986 4 287.
..
KVWIla
oMWb V 1: H.WdlOb/ M4970 R 2:
MP 'rdw'Ilg'n &3 R b
~RV/54b/M5586+M1534
Il V 8: A.R.V1/68a/ oM96
'rdyg MP lardig/ n. 'battle'.
V
15
=
MI75
R
U:
kRVI/7Obl
oM175 R 18:
WMtr 'rdyg M18lOI2
AtnxL~,45b/
MI73
R
6;
AbuWlja/
M94+/17a;
MP "rdyg' Sbrg.q(41) @37a+ I1 V 17; KawA(59)
~
W
2
8
b
M94+/28b;
I
MI02
V
3;
d
l 0 2 V 4:
MlOlk R 3: Hu(533)M7980 I R i (294: KPT019)
MI76
R
7;
S45
R
8:
RHO241
M86
V
8:
RH(468)
oM1009 A ii 6: KFT(800) oM819M2l54 R 6; M554
M763
R
ii
14;
RH(745)
M3U
V
2;
RH(ll51)
M30 R
R 5; S12a R 2: M87le A ii 3; MT50 R i 14; M761 R
i
23;
~
~
(
l
l
8
4
)
V
~
i
4=M468a
N
Vi
l
3
=
~
3 4 V7
14: M2460/3
ii
2;
R
H
(
1
2
0
8
)
M30
V
i
28:
M81
R
3;
M99
II
V
12a;
MP 'rdyyg M798a R ii 6
M285 11 R i 19: M468a R i 17: M800 B 6; M800 B
'rdygc'r MP /ardTgr&; n 'battlefield'.
8: 0M1186 A lb: M218a/4: Mll86/2: M1691/3;
MP 'rdygc'r Glossd M182+ V (22)7
M3232/2:aM.371312: M4521/4; aM9188 R 1: M40 R
'rdyqr, 'rdykr MP lardf&kar/ a, n. 'warlike,
8; ~ 8 0 V 7 = M 4R0 8;M422V 2
striving; warrior. combatant'.
Pa
'rg'w' M38 v 5: M501b V ii 3; M501b V ii 6
~p 'rdykfn #. gpT(76) MlOO V ii 19; BBB(114)
Pa
'rgWb oMSOlb R i 8
MSOla,p7 16: ,WE I V 4: M28 I V ii 2
Pa
'rgwn
pLGW 145 ga0.0103
- MP 'rdyqr MMii M49 1V U:M43 R 5; Glo~sdMl82t
Pa
'rg'wystr
supt-1- oM369 V 3: GW 516
V (23)8: Glossd oMl82+ V (2419
M4526+M7265
I V 2 = M6680+V 1
'rdykryh MP /ardikkarib/ n. 'battle; doing battle'.
'rgawpft
~a
/aryWf
t/ PZ. "honour, respect; majesty,
Wr, 116
MP 'rdykryh KPT(63) M5740 A ii 1: Glmd aM182+
state'.
Pa 'ryawyft Glossa M109 V (23)4
V (28)U: OM419 I V i 3
A 1; MMiiif M8171 R i
Pa 'rg'wyfl ~KG(1541)~5651
'rdywhySt MP /ardmabijt/ n 'Right', the second
Amahraspand, guardii of light. Name of the
4; RHB)
oM86 R 2
Pa 'rg'wyft MMiiiJXEO) M5815 Il R i 9: MKG(1553)
second month and of the third day of each month
Henning 1940, 243 '= Av. asWauabiita-. got met
M5651 B 6: CPar(l65) M44 V 3; ~ 6 0 3 B3 i 03) 1:
with in Man texts, therefore function in Man
~ 6 0 3 11 B i (9) 3 ('dg'wyf(t)}ergawyf(t)>:
system unknown' Sundermann 1979, 101 and 126
M6232+M6230 R 7: oMl677 A 11: oOtani6223 R 2;
n156 (on Sogdian forms).
Otani6230 B 3; oOtani10170 V 3; M79 R 7
MP 'rdywhySt G1m.d oM182+ V (20E: G1oss.d 'rghng Pa see'rdhng
oMl82+ V
'rj.'n pa
a. 'worthy' (with 'W 'of').
'rg, "rg WMP lr2ragl n. 'side'.
Pa 'qn MKG(1032) M4572 R ii 8: MU3ll; M11318;
Pa "rg MKG(873) M4Y8 B i 6; MMiii,d43) M67 V ii
MI./@; ~ 3 1 5I R 4: M4b 1 R 1: M32a R 2; M6650
5; MMiii,o(45) ~ 6 V7ii 7; KPT(U47) M-7l5d A 3:
R 5; ~6650R 9; M83 I R 6 = M200 V 4 = M1927 R
AX.I/14a/ M780iM899 R 7 = M6238+ R 4:
1; ~
W23a
aM5315
/ V 4 = a173 V 3; Ab-'Gb
kRV2la/ M780tM889 V 1; ARI/25bl M7BM889
~ 8 8 2V
9 Ilb; RH(450) M763 R i 23; M279+M2000
V 10 = oM6943 V 2 = M673 V 2; GW 588 M7l5d B
Vil

<-!

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


'rk, 'rq MP /ark/npr. place-name Chin yan qi,
skt Agni (< ah& < *ark&) = Arg! = Ark or Arg
(attested 800 - 1050) = sulrnr (?) = 6llT.f (14th - 17th
cent) = QaraSahr (modern). Henning 1938, 566-7,
569-71.

MP 'rk M1/181
MP 'rq M297 B
'rkcyq /arkcik/ a. (Sogd.) 'of Ark'. Henning 1938,
566
M 'rkqq W 8 8
'rqlg larklig/ Irpr. m.(Turk.)
M 'rqlg My53
' m a s ,w /am&/ n. 'hardest metal, steel'. Henning
1937a,80.
MP 'mas M78l+ I1 R (3318
'rmyn MP /atmen/ n.pr.place-name 'Armenia'.
MP 'rmyn MI524 V 3
'rs MP Jars/ n. 'tear (drop)'.
MP 'rs Glossd Ml82+ V 01116 .
'rsl'n iarslan/ n p . (Turk-?
.hi 'rsl'n INK4979 R ii 8
'rsny'h Pa /arseniy5b/ n#r, 'Arsenoe':~reek m e .
Pa 'rsny'h MI8 V 3
'rsws MP /mstrs/ n p .m.
.. MP 'rsws RH(947) M&7+ I V 6
'rt Pa lard/ a Only in 'rt prwbr, term for the f i t
light element: 'aether, air'. LN 96 @26,6).
Pa 'rt w 526-Irm~11=Ml602V7
'rw'n Pa/MP /anudn/ n 'soul'. S rw'n
Pa 'rw'n M8286 I V ll; MKG(1761) &5055+ R ii 10:
BBBd(14) Mll4 I V 6: M23 A 4: RH(851) M782 V
4: Ml364/3
Pa 'rw'n' it438V ll: M38 V 12
Pa 'rw'n'n pl. MKG(20) MW+M5910 R 10: M6U5 R
5
Pa rw'n='rw'n GW 518 M259a V 11= M4526+M7265I
V8=~6&fMV7=M451R4
MP 'rw'n dI798c A ii 9
"rw'ng'n see rw'tigln
'rw'ysfn /anuciyestZn/ n.pr. The province BIZ!
'ArbHye in upper Mesopotamia MKG, 95,114:'Die
obermesopotamische; iranisch-r6mische Grenzprovinz EL'&iyE, parthI. /'rbysltny usw, urn
Nisibis -'.
MP 'rw'yst'n ~KG(1478)~ 4 6 4 aB 2
'rwdg MP ldnidagl n. (pp.) 'dirt'. KPT,116.
MP 'rwdg KP?T1444) M5566tM4581 V ii 3
'rwr'n Pa see 'wrwr
'rws-, "rws- Pa /6m's-/ v.itr. 'to turn towards, turn
to. face'. Despite Gbilain 1939.49 and 8l, 'nos- and
"rws- belong together. KPT, 52 translation: 'sich
gegen - wended ['to turn against s.o.'l
Pa 'rwsyd pres3sg. MKG(1545) MS651 A 5:
KPT(941) M3l6M80ld R 5: KPT(2047) M580 V 6
Pa 'rwsynd pres.3.pl. &446 A 4
Pa 'mrs'm subjJ.pl. MMiiig(144) M2 11 V ii 33
Pa 'rws impusg. MV*: M11307: M4b I R 11:

53

M6850/2

Pa 'rwst ppJ RH(923) M749 V 5


Pa "rws'd ppll CPar(l73) M44 V ll
pa 'rws'dppn M m A 5
Pa 'rws'd in/JI M60a0 I V i (47110
'my MP /cb.dy/ n. 'plants, herbs'.Hutter 1992,50.
MP 'rwy Hu(239) M7981I R i 3
' r w y s M P /amBs/ n 'rope'.
MP 'rwys GI& M182+ V (32)17
'ry'm'n MP /arydmcSn/ n 'friend'; used as an
epithet of JesusSundermann 1979,103 and 12246 s
also yyjw"ryam'n npc entered separetely.
MP 'ryam'n M324 R 18 'ry'mbn: S9 R ii 34; ~ & 1 b

B2
.
MP 'ry'm'n yySwc MMii oA436 V 7
MP 'ryam'nqy3w' zyndlu M90 R 2a
MP by 'ry'm'n BBB(461) M80Wp30 4
MP yyW#'ry'mJn M17V iU
MPyySw"rywn~1v(16)5

'ry'm'n d n M P . / q t y W n rSn/ n... B ~ D U ~


apud Gulicsi 200L:228 ol96
MP 'ry'm'n rwjn .MIK4974 R i 22
'ry'n Pa /aryciti/ d 'Aryan'. In ('ryJJn wyin
place-name 'Aryana V*'.
See also MPT 'rjr'ns7b
npr.
Pa 'ry'n G w U aM4990 R 4
'ry'nS'B MP / a r ~ d ~ c i ngrb / r. yzd mry ' r y ' n ~ '
hrnwf'. The name is Parth in form Sundennann
1994b, 253,262 In M60mi/17/
a second person. a
pupil.
MP 'rf& MU207
MP 'ry'd'h OM6011 R ii 17
'ry'yl MP /an'211 n . p .
MP '*1
M389 R 11
'r ySk MP /are&/ n. 'envy'. S rySk.
MP 'rySk Hu(97l) M982 9 ii U:Hu(1051) M7982 V
ii 25
MParySqLSIOl20IIR2
'rySkp MP /ares%&/ a. 'envious, jealous'. Cf.
ry.fkyn.
MP 'rySkyn M28 I V ii b
'n'n MP /mza'n/ a 'valuable, worthy'.
MP 'en BBB(79) M W p 5 17
MP 'rz'n MMii M224 I V 6: MIK36 R i 6: BBB(182)
M&Ola/pU17: 84315 I R 20 = MI607 A 2: M174 I1 V
5: ~ 6 1 9 A56: MnWl
'n'nyg MP /mzdntg/ a. 'worthy'.
MP 'n'nyg'n pl. M871h B 1
'rzx M P /atzax/ n. Name-oL the eastern kiiwar.
Henning 1940,28-9. - MP 'mr Glossd Ml82+ V (29)14
'nyz MP /arziz/ n 'tin, lead'. Henning 1940, 29. KPT,
85, n.5.
MP 'rzyz ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 6M46
6 ) V 12: G10~s.d M182+ V
(30115
'nyzyn hdP /arziz&/ a 'tin, leaden'. KPT,116
MP 'rzyzyn W(1664) ON146 V 10

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

d4

-I
I

1
j
f
t
I

I1
!

?s-,"s- Pa /as-/ v.ifr. 'to come'. Suppl pp. 'gd.


'skyy Pa /askil. laskB/ adv. 'above*.
Pa 'syh pres2sg. MKG(215) M805b R 4
Pa 'skyy W b / oM518 R 6
Pa "syd pres.3sg. ~KG(1708)~267b+~314
V i 25
'sm- MP lasam-1, 1isam-R vtr. 'to swallow'.
Pa 'syd pres.3sg. MMiii,M189) M58l5 II V i 28:
Henning 1944P4.
MMiii,b(197)'M5815 II V ii 5: MKG(220) M805b R
MP 'sm'g'n prpIa,ppl. G l d Mlll+M725 v (m)6
MI' 'smyhm Pass., PPJI G1oss.b oMlll+M725 V
9; MKG(1021) M4572 R i 6: MKNll97) M490 V ii
(UX?
11: MKG(1544) M5651 A 4: CPar(7) M332+M724 R
"man,'mu&'smn WMP / ~ s m d n / .
6: LN ~ 1 M
4* R 4; M35 R U;~ ~ ~ ~~ (3 v
25 6 'sm'n)
)
*sky*193411
8; ~ ~ ( 2 1 M284a
6 ) R ii 20; GW 89 M5H1 A 2:
Pa "sm'n M4a I-R 9
GW I43 hi206 n R 6: M5792 V 6
Pa 'sm'n MhliiiM6) M104+ R 6 = oM891b R 6:
Pa 'syyd pres.3sg. MMiii210) M5815 11 V ii 18:
Mo(80) A5!Xl V 4: MKG(48) OM&+ I1 R U:
M6893A
MKG(1W)
M4570 V ii 11:MMi&M100) M33 11 V i
Pa "synd pres3.pl. MKG(1753) M5055+ R ii 2:
16;
MM&dIl)
M39 R i 12: MMiiirn(l5) M39 R i
CPar(76) oM499+ V B
16; MMiiim(l9) M39 R i 20: MMiiim(26) M39 R i
Pa 'synd pres.3.pl. Mo(67) MU2a V 5 = M5861 V ii
27; MM&o@) ~ 6 V7i 22: KPT(1514) M2309 V 3:
2: MMiii,b(201) M5815 I1 V ii 9: MMiii,n@) Mn V
M6650 V 1: -fiVl/S7b/ M88 I R 14 = M96 R 14:
11: kR.IV2bl M863 R 4: RH(860) M1874 A 2:
ARV&~/ a ~ 8 I8 v 11' = M% v 11= ~ 1 7 R5 9:
oOtani62l9 B 2
AR.vn/zoW KT4 V 6 = OM817 R 1: ~R.W/28b/
, .
Pa "s'n subjlsg. MKGUOZ) M344a R 1
~287+Ml223
V 4: I& 54 oM384+ R 5: LN 55 M%+
Pa 's'n subjJsg. MKG(1552) oM5651 B 5
It ~ : M ~ @ W * V ~ : L N S ~ ~ ~ M ~ ~ R ~ : L
.,-Pa "s'b subf2sg. E4t I V 13: Mia 1 R 4
: Pa 's' subj2sg. M8286 1 R 15
94a M3~B5:LN!EaM3l2R ll= M6953 R 5:
GW lg M4526tM7265 1 V 10 = M6680c V 8 =
Pa 's'h subj.2sg. MKG964) M4586 B 2; M8286 I V
..
M451 R 6 ='biZOOh R 2 GW 9 7 M2331 A 6: M836 . 4; AR.VII/la/ M91 R'7 = MI75 V 5: ARVIJ/3a/
R 10; oOrani6159 A 4
M91 R 11 = M690cM439 R 3 = MI75 V 9;
Pa 'sm'nan@
M33 I R i 12: MMiiiJ1(1S) M33
A.R.V11/6a/ ~ 1 7 V
5 15; A.R.VII/~O~/ M m v 7 =
I R ii 3: gpT(l236) M354 V 6; UJa/3b/ M518 R
oM517 R 5 = M774 R 5 = M8801 V 3; A.R.W/Ua/
6: ARV/W M5586+Ml534 11V 6
M91 V U =M774R 11: M203 II V 1
MP 'man KawA(89) m l g V 4; Hu(ll8) M798.4 I1
Pa 's'h subj.3sg. MgG(1058) M4573 R i 8: M448 B 1;
R i 18: Glossb MllltM725 R 5
M448 B 2: HVA5b/ oh42607 V 4: M383 A 3
MP 'sm'n Sbrg(d) M473a+ 1 R U:Sbrg(27) oM473at
Pa "syd intpv.pI. M4b I R 5: M2753 R? 3
I V 3: Sb'g(l69) M482+I V 1: Sbrgtl%) M472+ I R
Pa 'syd impv.pl. M8286 I R 8: MLl241: MV308:
4: Sbrg(@7)~472+I R 5: Sbrg(b9 M472+ 1 V 19:
M1/309: M1/310: RH(569) ~ 5 8 6 0I R i U:
Sbrg(255)
R 15: Sbrd258) M535+ R 18:
RH(1091) M273 R 7
Sbrg(282) M535+ V 18: Sbrgt293) M470a+ R 5;
Pa 'syyd impv.pl. RH(723) oM798b B 4
Sbrg(411) Mffi+ R 8: SbrgU23) oM473a+ II R 3:
Pa 'syndyh opt. MKG(808) M4577 B i 21
Sbrgfc(~) oM497a I V 1: Sbrgfe &Slob R 2:
Pa 'sag prp.Za CPar(173) M44 V 11; M9114/2
Pa 'sy[ unclear pres. MKG(214) oM805b R 3
Kaw~(3.5)MlMj V 3: KawA(80) oMlOlg R 4:
'sag MP lasag/ a 'numberless'.
Hu(3) M98 I R 3; Hu(67) M99 1R 17:.Hu(89) M99
MP 'sag MMii M9 1 R 8
I V 14: Hu(149) MI984 I1 R ii l5: Hu(196) M7984
MP 's'g'n pl. Glossb Mlll+M725R 3
11
V i 28: ~ ~ ( 2 2 6M7984
)
11 V ii 24: Hu(276)
.
's'm'n MP /asd&n/ a 'unbounded '.
M79811 R ii 6: H
um)M79811 V i 19: Hu(540)
MP 's'm'n MMii M9 I R 4; MMii M9 I R 8
M7980 1 R i 02)11: Hu(822) M7984 1 R i 34:
's'ncwr /Zsdnc'or/ n.@&
(Turk.). Uighur name
Hu(829) M7984 1 R ii 7: Hu(880) M7984 V i 24:
written together with the title cwr.
Hu(gO7) M7984 V ii 17; Hu(1000) M7982 V i 8:
M 's'ncwr MIK4979 R ii 3
Hu(ll40) M7983 I V i 12: KPT(267) &1014+M1030
'sd MP /asad/ v.itr., pp. 'to go up, rise (of the sun)'
B 13; KPT(332) M1004+ R i 2: KPT(552)
(?I.To '&sun- 'to go up, rise (of sun)', cf. 'wsn-.
oM102UkMl022 R i 2: KPT(a6D MlOO R i 13:
MP 'sd RH(882) M3% A 10
KPT(676) OM100 R i 25; KPT(685) MlOO R ii 8;
'sk'dr Pa /askZdar/ a,adv. (camp..) 'higher, in a
-I(PT(8#)) M8l9+l@54 V 6; KPT(845) M853 V 3:
higher degree, more'. Henning 1937%80; Boyce 1954,
KPT(1087) M308a+M308b A ii 3: K~T(1090)
183;MKG,152
oM308a+BfjOE!b
A ii 6; KPT(1119) M30&+M308b B
'
Pa 'sk'dr MKG(1662) M267b+M314R ii 6: MKG(1678)
ii 6: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M8101
1 8 ) V i 11: L S10 120 1 V 7; L
M267bM314 R ii 22: H.I/32a/ M93 I V 1
~ 1 0 1 2 0 1 ~ 1 2 ; 5 1 4 ~oMIR1283V
5:
2; M545R6
Pa 'sk'drystr comp-MKG(1918) M5805 A 7
MP 'sm'n 'sm'n double Sbrg(204) M472+ I R 12
'sk'dryg Pa /askridmig/ n. 'more'. MKG, 152
MP 'sm'n'n pL Sbrg(31) aM473a+ I V 7: Sbrg(233)
Pa 'sk'drg MKG(1921) M5805 B 2
M47B I V l7:HUM)M98 I V 9; Hu(62) M 9 1 R
'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


E Hu(738) M7981 I1 V i 18: KPT(428) &1004+ V
iv 6: gpT(1085) &308a+M308b A ii 1: BBB(439)
M8Wp28 17; MIK8259 I1 R 4; M5603/1
MP 'sm'nc Hu(1090) M7983 I R i 30
MP 'smn Hu(293) M7981 I R ii 23

M79831Vi3

I*'srgSdn Hu(ll33) M7983 1 V i 5

'st Pa /asti adv. I . art ab- 'to dwell, abide' (rather:


'to be at home'l Rather YAv. asta- 'home' than
Henning's explanation (19% 107: 'st 'is'). Does
'stay really belong here! Sundermann spud
Klimkeit 1989,17l,n.16 suggests 'werfen, versueuen'
= 'to throw'. Yoshida-Sundermann 199%UQ 'stayy
'you ate'. Cf. NP bastE
'&y OQni62.29 V! 4: Ocani 6229 V?4: a398 A 6;
oOtad229 B 4; Otani6229 B 4
Pa 'st BBB(274) M W p l 7 5
Pa 'st BBB(283) M80la/p17 14: M331 V 9: ~ 3 3 v1 9:
M331 V 9: M331 V ll: M331 V ll: M398 A 6
.
'st MP /&I n 'bone'.
MP MUli M9 (91 IS
. . .

'sm'ng Pa /&niZmgl a 'of the sky'.


Pa 'sm'ng h4bGi,d(75)M5 V i 15 = aM748 V 7
'smg MP /asamagl. IlrSsamag~?n 'gulp'. 'snag 'smg
'by gulps'. Henning 1940,4
MP 'smg 'smg double GI& Mlll+hE5 V (239
'smn MP see 'srn'n
'sng, 'snug Pa /asangl n 'stone'.
Pa 'sng ~ M i 2 3A)45815 I R i 2k M6281+ R 5
m B 4
Pa 'smg w 2 2 ) M5815 I R i 22
'sngryzg Pa /awmgr@zag/n 'sand, flint'. HeMing
1937%80.
'st'ng, W n g WMP /cistrSnagl n. 'threshold, a
Pa 'sngryzg M8255 I R 2 {unpl
single house'; an astronomical technical term for'sngs'r Pa /asangsir/ rr 'stony. a stony place'. .
one month.
'scone-like'. Morano 2000, 410. Part of the
.
Pa %fng a30(38M67
> v 1 32 ~Mii,o(52)M67 v
Caia+'Pm
See
SttgSzr which
ii 14
may be identical with this word
MP "st'ng Hu(124) A47984 11 R i 24
. .
Pa 'sngsar M6281+ R 5
MP 'st'ng Sbrg(262) M535t R 22: Hu(655) M7981 n R
'sp P
a
m /asp/ n 'horse'.
i 3; ~d67l)
M7981 II R i 19 = M506 V 3: Hu(6n)
Pa
pi- Gw 537
= M83 I'
l6 =
M79a n R i = ~ 5 0 v6 4: Hu(683) M798 R
oM342+M520 R 15
31; gm(U39) M506 V 3; KPT(U40) M506 V 4
MP 'SP lcPT(1636) M46 R 3: KpT(1645) M46 R 12: 'st't,asfry 'sf'r Pa/Mp /&&, .siR.guilt.,
M1W3
Pa 'st? BBB(95) M80Wp6 15: RH(141) Ma6 V 25:
'spas P a m /asp&/ n 'service'. S 'spas.
RH(828) M486 A 7
Pa 'sp's KPT(2112) W16 A 3: M6020 I R i 6
Pa 'srr MMiiidll7) M6 V ii 29:MMiiig(ll9) M7 n R
MP 'spas KawA(104) oMlOli V 2; OM18815
i 1: BBBd(l5) MI14 I V 7: MI883 V 5
'SF Pa see 'spas
Pa
'sfr M8286 I V 5: KPT(2031) M580 R 8: BBB(89)
'spst /aspast/ ngt.m (SogdJ
MSOWfi
9: BBBc(29) M Z 9 V 5: M4a I V 15;
M 'spst bW7l
A f l W aM89 R 3: RH(208) M284a R ii 12:
'spSwn ,W /aspi&/n. 'horse-whip, whip'. Henning
RH(2l9) M284a R ii 23; RH(227) M284a R ii 31:
1940,UGershevitch 197&289 n36.
RH(275) M284a V ii 15: RH091) M284b V ii 10:
MP 'sdwn G1oss.b Mlll+M725 V (1814; M781+ I1 R
R H W ) M284b V ii 18; RH(405) M284b V ii 24:
(3Gl0
RH(B) MU16 V i 19; RH(jan M763 V i 24;
'spzn ME' /aspazanl n 'whip'. Henning 1940,23.
RH(Stsj aM763 V ii ff: RH(537) OM763 V ii 32:
MP 'spzn Glossb Mlll+M725V (17B
R H B ) OM5640 V 9: RH(591) oM5860 I R ii 11:
'sr MP /asr/ n 'tear'.
RH(605) M5860 I V ii 1: RH(851) M782 V 4:
MP 'sr RH(1098) M273 R 14
'srybt'r MP /cisare'Sta'r/. lZsare'Eta'r/ n.
oOtani6202 B 8: M3839/4
Pa 'su BH(159)~M502aA 5
'arch-demon, arch-fiend', a dass of demons.
Pa mn'st'r M176 V 10: M357 R 10: &lWl
Skjerve 1997, 165 and n.lO 'standiig at the head'.
PaR mnastr TM327 R 5
MP 'sr3r'm Hu(ll58) M7983 I V i 30
MP 'greME&ll
MP 'srflt'r Hu009) M7981 I V i 5: Hu(882) iM7984 V
MP 'st'r KawA(92) MlOlg V 7: MMii M31 I V 14:
i 26: HdW) W984 V i n;Hu(925) M7982 R i 1:
KPT(1757) M45 V 5; BBB(251) M80Wp15 16;
Hu(l0B) M7982 V i 28
8BBW81 M80Wp39 5; BBB(740) M80ldp47 9:
MP 'sryXr'% @, H U B ) hi7952 B i E; IYu(ll%)
BBBcO5)
MY79 V U; M198a V 6: M97 R ii 19;
M7983IVi8
M16
R
ll;
o
M16 V 1; Ml77 R 8; Mi77 R 17: RH(76)
MP ' s w f n pl. Sbrg(212) oM4TZ+I R 20; Sbrg(269)
MXl53
V
i
2:
R~(660)M5847 A i 3; RH(854) M782
OMS* V 5; MKG(1510) M a + V l3; Hu(898)
V
7;
RH(856)
M782 V 9: M32b A 15: oM546 R 5:
0M7984 V ii 8: Hu(951) M7982 R i 27; Hu(1002)
hi7982 V i 10
M1370/3
MP 'srysr'm pl. Hu(285) M7981 1 R ii 15: Hu(827) 'st'rd MP /cistirdf? v.? 'sinned' (?). Sunderrnann
1976, 187 translates with 'Siiade' = 'sin', but that
M7984 I R ii 5; Hu(904) M7984 V ii 14; Hu(l131)
etYmoT~osJf

56

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

leaves the final d unexplained Perhaps a p p of a


denominative verb 'risrdr- 'to sin'? The word is
damaged and may be miswritten (there are a
number of mistakes in the same text). A present
stem 'st'ryf is possibly attested- Cf. 'styrd.
MP 'stary[ pres. stem, unclear M4W I R ii 2
MP 'stard p p OMIW
~
v ii a
'st'rg Pa /astrSrag/ n 'star, planet'.
Pa 'st'rg kRla/2b/ M518 R 4; hRV11/22a/ Mn4 V 9:
Otani6mR 2
Pa 'st'rg'n pl. Glossb oMllltM725R 6: Z;N S94a M312
R6
'st'rgr, 'strgr Pa /&&-gar/ n. 'sinner'.
Pa 'sfrgr MKG(1667) M267btM314 R ii ll
Pa 'st'rgr M8286 I R 14
'sfy Pa see 'h'stay Pa see 'st'stg MP lastag/ n. 'bone; (fruit) stone'.
Pa 'stg LN $9 M500c R 1: LN 515 a 2 4 0 V 3: GW 567
o~2%v1=~6090~1
MP 'sfg'oM781+ I R 7 (rather than Henning 1947.43:
"
lb'Jdg 'muit')
MP 'srg Sbrgfm(27) Ma256 V 3; KawA(146) MlOlb V
2: ~ u ( 9 5 6 j ~ 7 9 8R 2i 32: Hu(1036) ~ 7 9 8 V
2 ii 10;
.
KIYFf100) MlbOl+ V i 16: L S10 120 n R 3
'str MP /astar/ n. 'star'.
MP 'str M545 R 5
'str Pa see '&r
'stw'n, "stw)n M? Itistawdnl a. 'professing'.
Nyberg 197432
MP 'stw'n BBB(234) M801alp14 17
MP "stw'n prpJII MMii M28 I1 V i 1
'stw'nyb ''stw'nyy MP idstawdnib/ n. 'belief,
profession'.
MP "stw'nyh M882a A 2
MP "stw'nyy KawA(165) oM1Ol.h V 2: MMii M2l9 R
20
'stwb pwxr Pa lastiib p u x r l n p m . = Parth. "stwd
pwbr. Sundermann 1994b, 258,263
PaS 'ma pwxr m69i3/2nd row
'stw6 rwSn Pa /astiid r6s'itl n.pr. Sundermann
1994b, 263
Pas 'stw8 rwSn MIK691813rd row
'stwd"n MP /a.st6ddn/ n. 'ossuary'. MacKenzie 1979,
527, note on 1145.
MP 'stwdmn Sbrg(145) M482+ I R 1
'stwnd, "stwnd, 'stwynd MP lastwend/ a.
'substantial, corporeal, material'. KPT, 116.
MP "stwnd HuO MI984 I1 R H
MP 'stwnd HuO M7984 11V H; Hu(206) M79a I1 Y
ii 4: oM1894/1
MP 'stwynd KPT(363) oM1004t R ii 11: KPT(418)
oh11004+ V iii 17; KPT(444) M1002+ R i 1;
KPT(558) oMlO20+M1022R i 8
'styh MP Iastihl n. 'being, existence'.
MP 'styh MMii M9 I1 R 8
'styrd MP lastirdl v.itr. 'to sin against'. MKG,152

'

'styrd. Cf. 'st'rd.


MP 'styrdppJ MKG(2386) M380a-b R 4
'sw'r MP / l ~ ~ w dn
r / 'horseman, rider'. KPT,116.
MP 'sw'r KPT(1929) M466a A 2; KPT(1930) oM466a A
3
'swddnd MP /asiddandl, IZsSddandl a. 'having
blunted U W d O or not blunted (/au'd/) teeth'.
Henning 1940, b Gershevitch 1970% m 3 0 6 : <
* t i r d < 'abr-&a- 'blood-rubbed'.
MP 'swddnd'n pl. Glossb MllItM725 V (19)s
'swn Pa /&a/n 'iron'. Henning 1937%79 Pswn).
Pa 'swn MKG(860) &I4578 A ii U; M6020 I V ii

(57M

'swnyn, "swnyn Pa l6sun&zl a.'of iron '. Henning


1937%79 ("swnyn). MKG, 18
Pa "swnyn M99 11 R 6b
Pa 'swnyn ~ 6 0 2 0 I V u (59110: ARI/26b/
oM7WM889 V 12 = a
673V 4
'swryst'n Pat'MP /astirestrin/ n.pr. place-name
'Worthern) Mesopotamia*. W e ' m q s h OM44W2
'sym MP / a s h / n 'silver'. LO*-word from Greek
MP 'sym MMii M9 11 V 3: MMii M9 I1 V 7: MMii M9
11 V 3:M736 V 6
'symyn MP /ast%&/ a. 'of silvei'.Andreas-Henning
1933,338
MP 'symyn MMii OM8251 1 R 20
'Fm'h Pa see "sm%
'Sk Pa /asw&/n 'tear'. Morano 2000.416. But see =wZt '
above. Perhaps to be read 's'k"wZt of unknown
meaning.
Pa3kM72DOB5
'Wn MP /as-hr5n/ a n.pr. *Arsacid'.KPT,U6.
MP 'Sk'n KPT(856) M263ft A i 4
Ik'rg, 'Sq'rg, "SYrg PdMP IrSZkdragI a. 'obvious,
apparent'.
Pa Sq'rg CPad40) M499+R 1
MP "Sk'rg H.M233 R 1
MP 'Sq'rg KawF(28) M6l20 colC 4: KPT(159)
~
1ii ~9 Rii6:~M%g2b
6
'5qarg see Wrg
'Sm'b'Sm'h-, 'Sm', S
' & 'Sm& Sm'h MP /aZtnZb/
pron.2.pl- 'you (pl.)'. Encl. -tan (also -dSn),
expressing the direct obiect, the genitive/dative and
the agent of a transitive sentence in the past tense
(in the 'ergative' construction). See also 'Sm'b
where all the Pa spellings with initial ' are listed.
MP 'cyd'n Glmd aM182+ R 4
MP 'Sm' KawN28) M6120 colC 4; KawF(33) ~ 6 1 2 0
;olC 9; Hu(ll43) W983 I V i 15; ~ 1 R 64: M6230
R 1: M82 R 17= M235 V 6; oh4389 V 13 = M8430 I1
R 17; M4b I1 V 14: M753 A 1: ~ 1 ~ 4 9 7 6R aii 14:
NK4976a V i 12;oOtani6152 R 11
MP 'Smab M3 05)V 12; M3 07) V 14; M3 09)V 16;
Sbrg(5) aM473at I R 5 (MacKenzie: (.m.);
Sundermann a p u d MacKenzie: ( w :
')[z](m)r4J.);KawA(45) MlOll R 4; Kaw~(22)

.;...

.. ,
-,.
..,

.%.A
-.
i:

...
;. >!
...
,
...
...:
.:
4

.
.. .

Dictionary of Manichaean .Middle Persian and Parthian


M6120 colB 8: KawF(41) ~ 6 1 2 0colD 6;
MKG(224) M236+ R 22: MKG(2245) 0M236+R 16:
MKG(2420) oM624a B 4: MMii M95 R 6b =
o~1876+R 4: KPT(817) M819+M2154 V 3:
KPT(1428) aM5566+M4501 R ii U: KPT(1451)
M5566tM4M V ii 10; gpT(1782) oM382 B 8:
KPT(2083) M6005 B i 7; BBB(257) M80Wp16 4:
~731~9;&473lRll:m V 6 : m 3 V U ; M 1 3 3
V 16: M82Rb=MB5V5;M82R20=M235V8:
3415 R 1: M
5
0
p
i R 3; oivI&
II V ii 5; M765gl2b;
M1850/2a; MZ325/la; -12:
hi5538 R 3
MP 'Sm'hyc MKG(1982) M742 I R 18
iMP 'Sm'hycwm oM87 V 4a
IMP 'S& Sbrg(55) M475a I R 7: Sbrg(58) M475a I R
10: Sbrg(69) M475a I R 21: Sbtg(75) M475a I V 3:
Sbrg(78) M472 I V 6: Sbrg(34) M475a I V 22:
Sbrg(l02) M477 I R 6: Sb'g(107) M477 I R ll:
Sbrg(335) M470a+ V 23; ~brg040)M542b+I R 4:
Sbrg(353) M!j42b+ I R 17; Sbrs066) M542b+ I V 6:
Sbrg(370) H b + I V I[): %r&384) oMWb I V
- 24: S b r g O M%2b I1 R 5: S ~ 4 5 1 & 5 4 2 b + il
V 17: SbrgCn0) M475a I1 V 14; MK)lp+ R 7
.
.
kIP 'tan MM2k B 3
IMP 'wt"n Sbrg(96) M475a I' V 24
MP 'wfn hi733 R 6
MP 'wt'n M3 07) V 14; Sbrg(69) 61447% I R 21;
Sbrg(79) M475a I V 7: Sbrg(80) M475a I V 8:
Sbrg(82) oM475a I V 1 0 Sbrg(83) M475a I V ll:
Sbrg(85) M47% I V U;Sbrg(105) M477 I R 9:
Sbrg(108) M477 I R 12; Sbrg(110) M477 I R 14;
Sbrg(lll) M477 I R 15: Sbrg(ll9) oM477 I R 23:
Sbrg(l23) M477 I V 3; Sbrg(124) M477 I V 4:
Sbrg046) M542b+ I R 10: SbrgC%Il) M542b+ I R
12: Sbrg049) oM542b+ I R U;Sbrg(390) oM542b+
11 R 6: h@ll
M475a
)
II V 6:KawA(58) oM1Ol.k
R 2: KawNl9) M6120 colB 5: MMii M95 R 5a =
oM503f R 4; 517 R 1: M501p R 7: M555 R 2b =
M442 V 4: P.M.914.1 R? 7; M1664 R 3: M882 R 6
MP 'ygjrd'n M
Xa2388)k m - b E 5
MP 'Sm'h NI20 U V 5: oM603014
IMP 'ymyd'n MKG(l989 M742 I R 16
hlP ' y r n MmV 8
MP 'yfn KawA(46) MlOU R MKG(WS) M7& I R
14; MMii bi95 R '6a = ~1876+R 3; M733 R ll;
oM5j5 R 2a = M442 V 3 = M5361R 3: MI75613
IMP c'wnmyd'n KPT(490) M100B V i 6; KPT(745)
MlOO V i 23 .
MP c'wnyt'n M299a R ii 9
MP cyr'n Sbq&W) M542b H -R 4; lvl? I R i 26:
M28 1 R i 30
IMP h'nt'n bgo M475a I R 8; Sbrg(7l) M47Sa I R
23; S b r g O M475a I V 23; Sbdll9) M477 I R 23
MP kt'n MIKV i 14
MP kwt'n 0Omi6152 R 8
MP kwtn MKG(1976) M742 I R 12;Mi M95 R 4b =
oM503f R 4; MMiii,q M454 I R 9
MP k d n KawF(37) ~ 6 l 2 mlD
0 2

57

MP kwtn Sbrg(117) M477 I R 21: Sbrg(3~! '2 ;+


'
V 3:BawA(44) MlOn R 3
MP kyt'nM389VU =M&UOIIR 18
MPpt'nM8Ri4
MP Sm'h KFT(1489) OM5567 V ii 8
MP -w'nyd'n M87 V 4b
MPzwryd'nM82R8=obf235V2
MP Yn Em(816) oM819M2l54 V 2
'3m.r- HP / d t k r - / v b . 'm count, reckon'. O n b
p g s aSmrSr-ib- attested Read US--?
Cf.LMPB
6Smrk-.
MP Tm'ryhyd pass., pres3sg. Hu(636) M7980 I v
ii (26%

'S& MP see 3m'h


'Sn's MP see W s 'Sn'synd MP see 'Sn's'S~W- MP - /&zuw-/. /&TZUW-/ V ~ T . 'to hear,
undersand'. .
MP 3nwgnd pres.3.pl. KPT(1769) M382 A 6: MMii
~ ~ 1 R l 3
MP 3n*.*j2sg.
MMii M2l9 R 9
MP "5- impvsg. MMi M2l9 R 14
MP 3nw'gprp.I~BBB(199) M80la/p12 18
MP 3ngg'n ptpJa, pl. PaM.9142 V ii 3: M714R9
MP 3nwdpp-Z ~PT(l669)M46 V 15: MI76 V 14
MP 'Snwdwm ppJ + mfl RH(70) M2053 R i 8;
RH(1049) M785 V 6: Otani11075 R ii 1
'Snwd Pa see 3nw'Snwhr Pa see 'Snwhr
' S n w w MP see "Swhryb
'Snwhryy MP see 'Snwhryh
's'nwyh,HP iawnawitd,
lrisrisnawis'iz/
n 'hearing'.
MP 3nwySn M781+ II R 06)ll: M842 V 8
'-spar2 /&$&rS1
n.pr. (Turk) bwyl'. Uighur name,
followed by a citle. Cf. Spa?'.
M 'Spar'
R ii 16
'3tgr Pa liftgar/ a., n 'peacemaker'. GW, 121 (557J).
Pa 'Stgr GW 557 M5906 V 3
'iwlp, "3wb Pa /~5Ef3! rr 'turmoil, disturbance'.. ~ l s o
MP.
Pa " h b AlW21bI M780eM889 V 2
Pa 'Swb MMiiiig(l65) M7 I1 R ii 17: KPT(1178) M183+
I R 5; ARV27b/ M673 V 6; kR.VIIa/Ua/ M667t
v5
MP"SwbSUV8:S9Ri2
'Swbgr Pa /zbj3gar/ a. 'turbulent, uruuly'.
Pa 'Swbgr IIRVIWW Mi39 V 9 = oM5359 V 4;
oMl02 R 14 (So Miiller (text lost).)
'Swbgryft Pa lZ6j3garif t l n 'disturbance',
~a'SwbgryftIK 8 4 M 3 4 ~ 9 = 0 ~ %R 67
'Syft, "Syfl Pa lzif t/ rr.pp. 'to trouble, vex'.
Pa "Syft ppl M.I/Ua/ M80tM889 R 5 = M5570 V
1
Pa 'Syfy ppl Mo(Z1) MI04 V (3917
'Syj- Pa lZZZ-l u.,ppJI 'to be excited, start up' (?).
MKG, 152
Pa 3yj"dpplI MKG(1218) M494 R i 9

58

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Pa 3 r d ppll Md9) MlM+ V (2615 = M734 R 7


'gym- MP /tZinz-/ v$r. 'to draw up (+ 'wl)'. ICPTl
U6 sub 'liyx.
MP 'Synzyd pres3sg. M30Wii 3
MP 'Syxt ppJ KPT(1256) aM871i A 5
MP 'Syxtn infJa KawA(110) oMlOli V 8 .
MP 'Synzh'd pass., si&j3sg. HuO50) M7981 I V ji

12 (Hutter: 'Synzyb'd.)

'Sm

'gpt,
Pa /r3&rt/ ulr, pp. 'to pour, flow,
-.-.:. overflow,sprinkle'Pa 'Syxf ppJ -/
oM1534 1 V 3 . .
E Pa Syxt ppJ AbcdB M507 V 15a
.
. .
'Syxt MP see 'Synz'tnbyS latnabiSl,lutMbis/n.pr.m '~tarnb'&'.
KPT,
U6; 78, nL Reeves 1993,114-g5 Utnapishtim of the
Gilgames epic Schwara 2002,237.
MP k b y 3 KPT(ljS1) M5900 A 1: KPT(1560) M5900 A

10; KPT(1566) M4900 A'16: L SIO W ) I V 5


'ty lati1 conj. (Sogd.), Sogd conjunction 'and' in a
: list of Sogd. and. T. ~ kkp e s. .(Henning
1940, U)in
. .
ML
.:
. ! .

..
M 'ty Mvm. .' 'w Pa/MP /6/prep. 'ta at, iril:

.,

'

to indicate the
indirea object; sometimes marks the direa o b j j .. .
For uses, s.Brunwr
.
1977.82-34L S. aka nan a d
"Wfwtz

'

WMIr 'w ~1679i3:~188512: G452/2; M685V3;


M6958 I v 2
. . .
Pa 'w KawT(U) M291a B 4: K a w U M4990 R 8:
MMiiik(5) M104+ R 5 = M891b+ R- 5; MMiii,k(7)
M104+ R 7; MMiiik(U.1~ l dR+
.I1: MMiiiMI3)
M104+ R U = ~ 8 9 1 b i11:
' ~Mo(12) M104+ V (29)8
. - = M734 R 10: Mo(l3) M104+ V 0019 = M734 R 10:
Mo(21) M1W V 08117; MOW) MlM+V 09)18:
Mo(26) M104+ V (43122 = M390 R 1= M891bt V
.lo: M&l) M390 R 6: Mo(85) M390 V 9; M&9)
M?34 V 4; Mo(42) M734 V 7; Md45) M734 V 10;
Mo(55) Ml32a R 9: Md58) Ml32a R l2: Md67)
M5861 V ii 2; MMiiZb(1)M5815 I' R i 1: hM&b(7)
M5815 I 'R i 7; :MMiii,b(9) M5B15 I R i 9;
. . MMiiilb(20)M a 5 I R i 20; MMiii,M23) A15815 I R
i 23; MMiii,M26) M5815 1 R i 26; MMiii,b(43)
-. . , M5815 I R ii 17; MMiii,,b(%)~ 5 8 i 5
I R ii 30;
MMiiilb(69)M a 5 1 V i 19; MMiii,b(70)Mj815 I V
i 20; MMiii,b(l02) M5815 1 V ii 21; MMZJX103)
M58l5 I V ii 22: MMiijb(l04) M58l5 1 V ii 23;
MMiiilb(124) MB5 Ii R i U;MMiii,b(UO)MW5 Ii
R i 19; MMiii,b(Ul)M5815 11 R i 20; MMiiib(145)
M5815 Il R ii 3; MMiii,b(l53) M5815 I1 R ii 17;
MMiiilM65) M58l5 I1 R ii 19: MMiiiM167) M5815
I1 R ii' 31; j4Miiilb(i71) ?45815 i1 V i 4;
MMii,b(188) M a 5 II V i 27; MMiiiMl95) M5815
I1 V ii 3; MMiii,b(l96) M5815 I1 V ii 4;
MMii,M201) Mjf3l5 Il V ii 9; MMiiilM213)M5815 11
V ii 21: MMiii,b(2l4) M5815 I1 V ii 22: MMiiib(219)
M5815 11 V ii 27: MMiiilb(222) M5815 I1 V ii 30;
MMiii,b(222) M5815 I1 V ii 30; MMiiic(l4)M5569 R

14: MMiiii29) M5569 V 8; MMiii,d32) M5569 V


11; MMiii.cO7) ~ 5 5 6 9V 16: MKG(18)
M1344+MW R 8; MKG08) oM48+ I1 R 2;
MKG(4U M8+II R 5; M K W ) oM48+ 11 R 21;
M K G ( ~ ~ I nMR~n:
~ +MKG(~S)
~ 4 8 II
+ v 4:
MKG(74) M48+ I1 V 10; MKG(82) M48+ 11 V 18:
MKG(99) H&+ I R 7: MKG(117) M48+ I V 6:
MKG(K0) M& l . V 9: MKG(l27) M48+ I V 16:
MKG(155) MZW R 6: MKc(157) M2230 V 2:
M K G ( B 1 M2230 V 4: MKG(160) M2230 V 5:
MKG(173) M216c+M1750 R 12: MKG(175)
M216c+M1750 V 1: MKG(195) M216a R 7;
MKG(Z08) W43 A 1: MKG(209) MI343 A 2:
MKG(212) M805b R 1; MKG(218) M805b R 7:
MKG(229) M805b V 7; MKG(250) M270a I1 R 3:
M K W ) MWa V 2; M K W ) MU45 R 3:
MKG017) ddU45 V '4M K W ) Ml514 V 2:
MKG(645) M.fm R i 1; MKG(656) M4575 R ii 3;
' MKG(658) MS75 R ii 5; MKG(659) M4575 R ii 6;
MKG(678) MS75 V ii 7: MKGCIO1) A44576 R ii 2;
MKGCns) 14576 V i 2: MKGfl44) M4576 V ii U:
MKGOhl4577 A ii 7; MKGO77) M4577 A ii U;
MKG(778) M%77 A ii 14: MKG(792) M4577 B i 5:
MKGC195) M 4 m B i 8: MKG(801) M4577 B i 14:
MKG(806) M4S77 B i 19: MKG(811) M457i B ii 1:
~ ~ ~ 8M457l
2 3V )ii 2; MKG(846) M4578 A i 16:
M K G O IU458l R i 6: MKG(934) M4581 V ii 4;
MKG(965) M636 B 3; MKG(1006) M4525 A ii 1:
MKG(1012) M4525 B i 2: MKG(lOl3) M452j B i 3:
MKG(1030) M4572 R ii 6: MKG(1031) M4572 R ii 7:
MKG(1W) Mb72 R ii 9; MKG(1035) M4572 V i 2:
MKG(1W) M4n2 V i 6: MKG(l040) M4572 V i 7:
MKG(1M) #b72 V ii 3: MKG(1047) M4572 V ii
5; MKG(lO52) M4573 R i 2: MKG(1056) M4573 R i
6: MKG(1058) M4573 R i 8: MKG(1065) M4573 R i
15: MKG(1067) Mm3 R i 17: MKG(1083) M4573 R
ii 16: MKG(11OO)
V i 16: MKG(1103) M4573
V ii 2: MKG(no4) M4573 V ii 3; MKG(1108) M4573
V ii 7: m
n
3
5
)
M45Q
- R i 17 rmKC;(1140)
M4YO R ii 1: MKG(1147) M4570 R ii 8; MKG(U51)
M4570 R ii 12: hfKG(1155) M4570 R ii 16;
MKG(1156) M4n0 R ii 17; MKclll89) M4570 V ii
3; MKG(ll%)oAi4570V ii 9: MKG(l200) M4570 v
ii 14: WG(m M4570 V ii 15: MKG(12U) M4574
R i 4:
M4574 R ii 8; MKG(1238) M4574
V ii 4 (Macgeatie (in Boyce 1975. U1): f bdbyyg
'ur)ca&r'yyg'w>); MKG(l304) M6720 B 5:
MKG(U14) ~16040R 5: MKG(U35) M6040 V 2:
MKG(l349) M6040 V 16: MKG(U77) ~6041R 18;
kicc(-) ~ 6 0 R4 21: MKG(1414) bM6041 V 25; .
MKG(1420) M5965 A 3; MKG(1545) M5651 A 5;
M8286 I R & M8286 I R ll; ~8286I V 1; ~ 8 2 8 6I
V 3: M82.6 1 V 5; ~KG(1576)M47 1 R 1;
MKG(m)M47 1 R 3; MKG(l583) oM47 I R 8;
MKG(l602) M47 I V 11; MKG(1605) M47 I V 14:
MKG(1611) M1964tM822 R i 2; MKG(1614)

M
m

'

',..I
:;j
....=A..,

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.. ..I.-

I1 R i U:MMiiig(u6) M7 n R i 18: MMiii,g(144)


MI(G(165l) M267b+M314 R i 22; MKG(1660)
M7 I1 R i 26: MMiii,gflR) M7 11 R ii 5;
M267btM314 R ii 4: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M267btM314
61)
R ii
M W 1 5 5 ) M7 I1 R ii 7: MMid167) M7 11 R ii
5: MK~(l668)M267b+M3l4 R ii 12: MKG(1676)
19: MMiiig(l69) M7 II R ii 23 = aM496a R 2:
M267b+M314 R ii 20; MKG(l683) M267bM314 R ii
MMiiig(l75) M7 I1 R ii 29 = M496a R 7:
27: mc(1685) ~267b+M3l4V i 2: MKG(1687)
MMiiig(l87)M7 I1 V i 11: MMiii,g(BO) M7 11 V i
24 = M496a V 7: MMiii,g(206) M7 I1 V ii 2;
M267btbf3l4 V i 4; MKG(1708) M267btM314 V i
.25: mdmo) M267bM314 V i 27: M K G ( ~ ~ ) MMiii,g(218) MI Il V ii 14: MMiiifi(l4) M33 I R ii
2: MMiii,h(l7) M33 I R ii 5: MMiiib(I8) M33 I R ii
~257btM314V ii 3: MKG(1732) M267bc~314V ii
. 6: MMiiib(2l) M33 I R ii ll: MMiiih(44) M33 I V
22: ,WgG(l7429 MSOm R i 5: MKG(1780) M B +
V ii 7: MKG(1782) M%S+ V ii 9: MKG(1785)
ii 2; MMiib(S0) M33 I V ii 8: MMiiih(72) M33 11
M m V ii 12: MKG(1800) HWP A 5: MKG(1814)
R ii 5: MMiii(80) M33 II R ii 8:wii,h(91) ~ 3 3
11 V i 7: MMiii,h(96) M33 I1 V i 12: iMMii,h(lO2)
H W B 4: MKG(1815) HWP B 5: MKG(1841)
M33 U V ii 1: MMiiij M42 R i 12: MMiiij M42 R i
~ 6 0 3 2R U: MKG(l843) ~ 6 0 3 2R 6; MKG(1846)
20: MMiiiiOO) M42 R ii 4: MMij(38) M42 R ii 12:
M6032 R 18: M~~(1846)
~ 6 0 3 2R 18; MKG(1851)
. . . ~ 6 0 3 2R 23: MKG(1855) M6032 R 27; MKG(1861)
MW(47) M42 R ii 2l: MMii(55) M42 V i 3:
oM6032 V 4: MKG(1864) M6032 V 7: MKG(1865)
MMiiii(62) M42 V i 10: MMiiii(63) M42 V i 11:
. OM6032 V 8; MKG(l867)M6032 V 10: MKG(1869)
MMiki(64) M42 V i 12: MMi(68) M42 V i 16:
. M6032 V 12: MKG(1873)OM6032 V 16: MKG(1908)
MMiiiJ(69) M42 V i 17; MMiiji(70) M42'V i 18;
. oM523a-c B 10; iMKG(1914) M5&05 A 3: hlKq19-22)
rMMi@i&j) M42 V ii 20: )fMui,i(97) M42 V ii 22;
.
.
: M5805B 3; MKG(1928) Ml77 V 2: MKG(1937)
M ~ ( 1 0 0 M42
) V ii 25; MMiiim(1) M39 R i 1:
. . Mi77 V ll; MKG(Z108) M502d A 4: MKG(2112)
MMiiimO) M39 R i 4: MMiiim(59 M39 R i 6:
MMiiim(l8) M39 R i 19: MMiiim(25) M39 R i 26:
M502d B 2: MKG(2123) M330+M2238 R' 2:
M W B ) M39 R ii 2: MMiiim(37) M39 R ii 11;
MKG(2l28) M33+M2238 R 7: hZKG(2163)
M5826M3120 A 6: MKG(2l64) M5826+M3120 A 7;
MMGm09) M39 R ii 14; MMiiim(43) M39 R ii 18:
MKG(23gl) M380a-b V 2: MKG(2391) oM380a-b V
MMiii,m(44 M39 R ii 19: MMiiim(47) M39 V i 3:
MMiii,m(60)M39 V i 17: MMiiin(65) 1M39V ii 3;
2: MKG(2392) M380a-b v 3; MI(G(2394) M380a-b
v 5 (MBG,140 n.3: 'Unsicher. 'wdyn imiimlich
MMiiim(66)M39 V ii 4: MMiiim(87) M39 V ii 25;
aus 'w d p zusammengeschrieben?'); F
G
(
2
3
9
5
) MMiii,n M i 7 R 2: MMiiip M77 R 8: MMiiig Mi7
M380a-b V 6: MMii,a M2 II R i 7: MMiiip M2 II R
R 15: MMiiig(l6) M77 R 17; MMiiig03) M n V 12:
i 14; W i , a M2 I1 R i 26: MMiii,a M2 II R i 32:
MMiii,n06) M77 V l5 MMiiip07) M77 V 17:
MMiiii69) M2 II R ii X- MvEii,a@O)M2 I1 V i
MMi&d41) M77 V 21: MMiio(3) M67 R ii 30:
MMiiid23) M67 V i 17; MMiii,o09) M67 V ii 1:
16: ~mi,a(99)M2 I! V i 25; ~Miiip(ll6)M2 II V
MMiZp(42)oM67 V ii 4; MMiii,o(45) M67 V ii 7:
ii 5; MHii,a(123) oM2 I1 V ii 12; MMiiip(l36) M2 I1
V ii 25;- MMiii,a(l42) M2 II V ii 31: MMiii,a(147)
MMiiim) oM67 V ii 20: MMiiio(66) M67 V ii 28:
M-67)
~ 6 Y7ii 29: MMiii,o(68) M67 V ii 30:
M2 I1 V ii 36: MMiiid MS R i 11 = M748 R 2:
KPT(940) M316+M801d R 4: KPT(942)
MMiiid M5 R i 20: MMiii#(3l)M5 R ii 1 = M748 R
9; MMiii&%) M5 R ii 6 MMiii,d(37) M5 R ii 7 =
M316+M801d R 6: IPX9%) M316tM801d R 10:
gPTi[g49)M316M80Id V I: KFT(952) ~316+~801d
M748 R 12: M M i d O M5 R ii 8 (Missing in
V 4: KPT(953) M316+M801d V 5: KPT(954)
M748/a/l2n: MMi,d(52) M5 R ii 22 = M748 R 18:
M316+M80ld V 6: KET(957) M316+M8Old V 9;
MMiii,d(55) M5 R ii 25 = M748 R 19; MMiiid(73)
KPT(957) M316+M801d V 9: KPT(958)
M5 V i U = OM748 V 6 (M748/V/6/ has 'lc.):
M316tM801d V 10: MMiip M2l R 5: MMiiip M21
MMiii,d(76) M5 V i 16 = M748 V 7; MMiii1d(94) M5
R 6: MMiii,p MZI R 6: KPT(987) M2ll+ R 2;
V ii 4; MMiii1d(106)M5 V ii 16: MMiiie M6 R i 4:
KPT(993) M211+ R 8; KPT(997) MI400 V 8 =
MMiii,e M6 R i U; -48)
M6 R ii 18:
Ma82 R 6 = M2U+ R 12;KPT(998) M8400 V 9 =
MMiii,m) M6 R ii 27: MMiii,e(81) M6 V i 21:
MZU+
R 3: KPT(ll51) M540b V 4: ~ ~ T ( l l 6 4 )
MMiii,e@O)M6 V i 30: MMiiig(100) M6 V ii 10:
M5932
B 5: K P T ( W M183t I1 R 1; KPT(1274)
MMiii.e(ll3) M6 V ii 25: MMiii,e(ll8) ~6 V ii 30;
M-8
A 3: KPT(l278) M2098 A 7: KPT(1283)
MMliiJ M81n R i 1; MMiii$O5) M8ln V i ll;
M2098 B 2: KPT(1284) MM98 B 3; KPT(U47)
MMi(40) Ma171 V ii 4: MMiii,f(42)M8ln V ii 6;
M7lM A 3: KFT(I348) M7lM A 4: KPT(1531)
MMii M7 I R i 2: MMiii,g M7 I R i 6; MMiikg
M828QV i 1: KFT(1538) M8280 V ii 3; KPT(1791)
MI I R i 7; MMiiig M7 I R i 17; MMiiii46) M7 I
M572 R 9; KPT(l792) M572 R 10: KPT(1810) MY2
R ii 1&MMiii,g(M) MI I R ii 20;MMilig(76) M7 I
V 6; gPT(l8l2) MY2 V 8; KPT(1818) M572 V 14:
V i 16: M~liii,g(79)M7 I V i 19; MMilg<8l) M7 1
KFT(l836)
M6470 V 4: KPT(1837) ~ 6 4 7 0V 5;
V i 2l: MMiiig(g(92) M I V ii 4: MMiii&104) M7 I
KPT(1890)
M6280 R 4: KPT(1902) MI68 R 3:
V ii 16: MMiii,g(ll2) M7 I V ii 24: MMiiig(l31) M7
MlW+M822R ii 1: MKG(1628) M267bh.1314 R H:

'

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59

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


A.R.VII/ISb/ M6WM439 V 8: k R V W M774
V 1: k R W l 9 b l M n 4 V 4: A.RM/Bb/ M517 V
6 = M281tMl223 R 8 = Mn4 V 6: AJLVII/25b/
M578 R 4: A.R.VII/32a/ M817tM459a V 4:
kRVIIallbl M667+ R 2: A.R.VBl2b/ M667+R 4:
rlRVIIa/2b/ M667+ R 4: A.RVIIa/Ud oM667+ V
j: bRVIWlbI M89 R 2: ARVIII/2b/ M89 R 4:
A.R.VIII/Ua/ M89 V 5: ARVIIIil4a/ M89 V 7:
A R V I I I / l . M89 V 9: A&VIII/l6a/ M89 V 11:
~ . ~ . ~ r a g ~ M449btM503c
~ / i b /
R 2:
AR.FragD0/2b/ M449b+M503cR 4: A.R.FragP/&l
MI668 R 4: kRFragP/llb/ ~ 1 6 6 V
8 2: AbcdA/5b/
M6726/5b: AbcdA/Zlb/ M94+/21b: AbcdM27al
M94+/27a: AbccW29b/ M94tI29b: AbcdA/30b/
M94+/30b: AbcdB A4507 V 14a: Abcd.C M533 R
3b: AbcdC ~ 5 3 R3 4b: AbcdC M533 R 4b: AbcdC
M533 V llb: AbcdD M5877/4a: AbcdD M 7 l O R
lb: AbcdD. MnO 79; AbcdD M5877/Ilb: AbcdD
oM5877/12a: A ~ C . M~ 7Dl O 18b:M141R h; M741 R
tb: M741 R 3: M741 R 3b = oOtani6B8+ R 6:
M741 R 4b =0&i6B8+ R 8: M741 R 6b: M741 R
7b: M741 V. lot;; W41 V llb: M 4 1 V Ub =
Otani6208+V 8: Ivl741 V 1%: M737 R 2- M737 (10)
V 1: M737 (16) v 8: MI02 R 4: MlO2 V 6; LN 51
M351 R 1: LN 51 M351 R 2: LN 51 M351 R 3; LN 56
M3jl V 5 = M5185 V 2: LN U OM906 R 3: LN 15
M240 V 3: J
B 56 M240 V 4: LW 515 M240 V 5;
LK 516 M906 V 2: LN 916 oM906 V 4: LN 52
.W08+M638 R 4: LN 521 M2WM638 R 8: LN 52
iW08+M638 R 9: LN 524 a1603 R 1: LN 525
MI603 R 6: Lh'626 M27 R 3: W 526 M27 R U:LK
527 M27 R 6: LN 527 M27 R 15 =OW6237 B 1:
LK 28M27Vl=oM2705V 1: LN 528M27 V 2:
LK 529 M27 V 7: LN 529 M27 V 8: LN 30 M27 V
U=M457V2:J.N WM27V14=M457 V 3: LN
531 M457 R 9: W 91M349 R 1 = M457 R 9: LN
540a M500a R 5 = M516 R 3; LK W M516 V 2 =
M m b V 5: IJ47M1848 V 3 = . W R I: LN 9 5
Mj09 V 11: LN 565 M5845 R 14: LN 7l M5845 V
9: LN
MWSv u: s3i v 4: s33 v 1; s33 v 2;
~ 3 3 ~ ~43:5 ~ 1 : S 4:
4 1~45V3:~45V6:
~
M35R
2: M35 R 3: M35 R 9: KawK(23) M35 V 5;
KawN(25) M35 V 7: ~ ~ ( 1MU7
6 ) 1 R 15: RH(20)
MI37 1 V 4: RH(24) MU7 I V 8: RH(37) M280 I R
5: RH(38) M280 1 R 6: RH(52) M280 I V 5: RH(53)
MB0 I V 6: RH(57) M280 I V 10: RH(60) M280 I
V U: RH(61) M280 I V 14: RH(62) ,M280 I V 15:
RH(89) M5831 V 2: RH(%) M86 R 5: RH(97) M86
R 6; RH(103) M& R Z: .RH(W)) M86 V 4;
RH(U9) M86 V 23: RH(181) M284a R i b:RH(199)
M284a R ii 3; RH(204).M284a R ii 8: RH(2ll)
M284a R ii 15; ~ ~ ( 2 2 6M284a
1
R ii 30; RH(Z28)
M284a R ii 32: RH(232) M284a V i 4: RH(241)
MWa V i U: ~ ~ ( 2 5 6M2.a
)
V i 28: RH(258)
W A a V i 30: RH(259) MB4a V i 3l: R~(276)
M284a V ii 16: RH(281) M284a V ii 2l: RH(285)

sn

61

m)

M28;aaVii6: B H O M 2 8 4 b R i 16:
M2B4b R i 17: RHOlO) M24b R i 19; RH(324)
M284b R ii 1: RH(m) Mmb R ii 17: RH(360)
Mz&4b V i 5: RH(361) M284b V i 6: RH(369)
M284b V i 14: RH(462) M763 R ii 8: RH(4n)
M763 ii 23: RH(493) M763 V i 12: RH(509) M763
V i 28: RFI(530) M763 V ii 25: RH(594) 0M5860I v
i 2: ~ ~ ( 5 9~65) 8 6 01 V i 4: RH(597) M5860 I V i
5: ~ ( 6 4 5 )~ 6 2 5 9V 4: RHC726) 1M738b B 7:

RHO471 bf3ll V 4: RHO521 M3ll V 9: RH(793)


M a B 2: RH(799) oM341a B 8: RH(804) M449a
A 3: RH(842) A4782 R 6: RH(848) W82 V I:
RH(867)W 4 B 2: RH(908) A4749 R 1: RH(909)
oM749 R 2: RH(912) M749 R 5: ~ ~ 6 1 M749
8 ) R
ll; RH(1026) M785 R 2: RH(1036) M785 R 12:
RH(10-41) M785 R 17; RH(1087) M273 R 3:
RH(l&) MZR R 4: RH(1092) M273 R 8; RH(ll37)
M30 R i 9: RH(ll43) M30 R i l5: RH(ll47) M30 R
i 19; RH(1164) M30 R ii 10: RH(1166) M30 R ii 12:
RH(1168)
R 9i 14: RH(1174) M30 R ii 20:
RH(m4) M30 R ii 20: RH(U76) M30 R ii z:
RH(W6l M30 R ii 22: RH(ll88) M30 V i 8 =
M461EaVil6=M347Vii5: RH(ll891~30v i 9 =
M468a V i 17: RH(11%) M30 V i 16: RH(1208) M30
V i a:RH(l209) M468a V ii 4: RH(1214) M30 V ii
6: GWWM4526+Mn65I R 7 = M6680+ R 7: GW'
512 MZr% R 11 = M6680+ R 9: GW 514
~4526tM7265I R 15: GW 527 M83 II R 10: GW
528M34UR6 =M831IR12:GW 31M83 IIR22
= M419M3824 R 2: GW ,534 M83 I1 V 5; GW 541
M248+ R 4 = oM608a R 2 = M342tM520 V 7: GW
542 oM248+ R 7 = 0M342~M520V 10: GW 543
M248+ R 8: GW 569 M295 V 7: GW 575 Ma47 R
13: GW 578 ~5561+M5562V 1; GW 579
~5561t~5562
V 3 = M4350 V 3; GW 79
M5561tM5562 V 4 = M847 V 5: GW 581 M847 V
12 = ~ 1 %n R 4; GW 581 ~ 5 5 6 1 + ~ 5 %v211;
GW8%M%5tB3;GWf88MnM B &GW 9 6
M5642 A 4 GW 5% M5642 A 10; GW 5101 M6300
A 3 GW 5101 M6300 A 3; GW 5101 ~ 6 3 0 0A 6;
GW 9
0
5 M6300 B 16; MI0 R 7: MI0 R IS; M10 V 5;
MlOY~M10V11;MlOV14=M540cB?;MlOV
15; MIO V 16 = MFIoc B 4; MI0 V 17; MI0 V I&
M24R5M24V3;M24V &M29R 1 ; ~ 411; ~~5 6
R 2eB8A1&;M8811 R3a;M881I R 3a;M88II R
3a; M88 U R 34 M88 11 R 9b; M99 I1 R 6b; M99 11
R 7a; M99 I1 V l2b; MI71 I V P, MI71 1 V 15, GW
5143 M Z I ~ R 3; GW S144 ~ 2 0 6II V 6; ~ 2 6 I1R
5; M282 II V ii.4; M285 I V i 9 M285 I V ii*k M285 .
I V ii 6; M285 I V i i 30; M329a A 2; ~ 3 6 8V 4,
M398 B 1; M398 B 2; M398 B 5; M398 B 5;
B
4; M405b A 2a; M434 B ii 4; ~ 4 6 8 aR ii U; ~ 7 2 V6
i 24; M743 V 7; M852 1, V 1; M795 R 1Q KPT(1909)
MII(8259I R i 2;GW 5145 Kao.0103 1306 V I; GW
5145 kaffl03 1906 V 4; HCfrA M859 B 12a; HCfrE
M1W I B Ilb, HCfrN M4727 A 3a; ~ ~ f r 1 M387
62

62

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

A 4; HCfr332 M n 5 0 A 2; M238 V 3; M502f A 2;


KawA(@ MlOlj R 4: KawAO) MlOlj R 8:
M7105 B ii 3; MI85 P 1;"; M226 R ii? $ M465 B 9;
KawA(32) MlDlj R 10; KawA(34) MlOlj V 2:
Ri
M465 B ~ ; ~ 5 8 42;M764V?6;M800B3;~885
KawAW MO
Ijl
V 3; KawA(36) MlOlj V 4:
R ii 1 9 MU01 V 2; Ml2Ol V 15; ME01 V 17; M2221
KawA(44) MWni R 3; KawA(58) MlOlk R 2;
B M2302 A I; M2332 B 6; M5500+ A ii 6; ~ 6 4 5 5
KawA(61) MlDlk R 5: KawA(62) MlOlk R 6:
V? 3; Mn05 B i 3 M8050 B 5; M807e R 1; M797 11
IbwA(89) MMlg V 4: KawA(98) MlOli R 5;
R 32; M797 11 V 4 M58.58 V 3s M830c R 22;
ICawA(lO4l Mllni V 2; KawA(107) MlOli V 5:
Otani6143+/\ Otani6155 A 2; Otani6155 B 2;
KawA(126) MLQte V 5: KawA(1M) MlOlb V 6;
Obni6160 B 5 O d m R t Oani6174 A 3
. I[~~A(]@
~) ( l ~1i 7:
h mwA(190) MlOH v 5;
Otani6192 I R 4; Omi6193 R 6; -6198
R 2;
KawA(191) MlOlf V 6; KawA(234) MlOld R 7;
A3
Z 0tani6ri6214 ji 1: . mWA(235) m d R 8: IOWA(%) MlOld R 9:
Otani6214 B ii & -6214
B ii 3; 0tani6a A 5;
Kaw~(238)MlOfd R 11: KawA(260) MlOlm V 3;
Lh? Otmi6237 A I:LN? Otani6237 A 1OW6242
aWA(2621 Jrmm 5: k w ~ ( 2 7 6 )MIOln 2;
A 2; Otani11079 B 4: Otanill079 B 5; Otani11079 B
KawA(281) MlOIn V 1: IOWA(%) MlOln V 4:
2 Otani11079 B 6 Otanill079 B &, M228 V ii 1;
~
a w ~ ( 2 8 MlOln
5)
V 5; KawA(286) MlOln V 6:
M8l2 R 2 M6281t R 1; ~6281+R 4; M6281+ R 10,
KawF(3)
&m
colA
3; KawF(6) M6120 colA 6:
M6m+ v 1; M6m+ v 5 M6m+ V 9 Clumn);r. - .
KawF(26)
M
6
1
2
D
d
C
2;
KawF(33) M61U) colC 9;
M6281+ V 10, M260 R 4 M260 R 8; M260 R P,.
KawF09) 146120COW 4: MKG(1464) M3414 A 4:
M262 A 6. M480c R i 1.4M2l5 V S; Ma5 V 7; MI86
. MKG(1470) hB4I4 B 4: MKG(l471) M3414 B 5:
1 R 3; M%ga v i 6 ~6]6/6;M747a R 11; M79b 1.v .
6; MSOlb V 5; MW/I; W404/6; M146612; M1841/4; . . MKGfi479)
3: MKG(1504)
V 7:
M805a+ V 9:
V 8;
M1865/?; M1866Jt MI893 V 5; M21%/2; M217212; .' '. ' mG(lWj)
MKG(1530) MmO A 3; MKa1535) M6810 B 2;
M2227/2: M2407/S; MBSl1; M323312; M451112b; .
MKG(1981) hi742 I R 17; MKG(2018) M742 I1 R 10:
M5504/ii 5; M558213; M5583 R % M576216; M5801 V '.
. MKG(W) M742 I1 V 2; ~ x G ( 2 0 3 0a) 7 4 2 I1 V 2:
2 ~6651/2;~ 6 8 4 4R? H; M6850/2 M72fl R 1:
M5825 R 2; M5825 \! 2; M5828 B 3; A 4 2 2 R 1;
MKG(2033) h W 2 21 V 5; MKG(2037) M742 11V 9:
Id7200 B 4;MIBlA2;M1201A 5M7201B 5
MKG(2236) M%+ R 7; MKG(2237) M236+ R 8:
Pa 'w' M64 R 10; RH(764) M319 1 R 4
MKG(2263) hEW V 14; MKG(2266) M236+ V 17;
Pa 'wm'n AbcW28af M94+/28a
MKa?268) M2%+ V 19: MKG(2406) M422 A 4;
Pa 'wt'n MMiiig(82) M7 I V i 24
~ ~ G ( 2 4 1 M624a
6)
A 4: MKG(242l) M624b A I;
Pa 'wyS LN 565 M5845 R 14: LN 5101 M491+M3417 R
MKG(2424) ~624bA 4: HuO M98 I R H; Hu(7)
18
M98 1 R 7: HdB) M98 I V 4: Hu(41) M98 I V 16;
Pas 'w Ch/So20Uj V 2 = Ch/So100000) V 1:TM406b
Hu(51) M99 1 R 1;Hu(53) M99 I R 3: Hu(55) M99
v5
1 R 5; Hut571 M99 I R 7; Hu(59) M99 I R 9;
.
Pas 'wtw 10200 1 A 7
Hu(lO1) M7984 H R i 1: Hu(l57) M7984 I1 R ii 23;
PaR au TM33A R 2
Hu(203) M7984 Il V ii 1; Hu(244) M79811 R i 8:
MP 'tan M502k B 3
MPawM3R 9: M 3 R ll;WRU:M3Rl5; M3R21;
Hu(261) M798l I R i 25: Hu(277) M7981 1 R ii 7;
M3 (27)V 4; M3 (29)V6; M3 (46) V 23; Sbrg(10)
H u 0 3 ) M79811 R ii 33; Hu(320) M7981 1 V i 16:
M473a+ I R 10; SbrdZl) M473a+ I R 21; Sbrg(23)
Hu(326) hi7981 1V i 22; Hu030) M79811 V i 26;
M473a+ I R 23; Sbrg(42l M473at I V 18; Sbrg(43
A r u ( 3 5 d . w I ii l2;Htl(W# 847980tV ii
M473a+ I V 19; S b r g O M4Aa+ I V 23;Sbrg(61)
021U: H u O M7980 I R i 041l3;Hu(57j)
M47Sa I R U: Sbrg(65) M475a 1 R. 17; Sbrg(7l)
M7980 I R ii
Hu(602) M7980 1 V i (265:
M475a I R 23: Sbrg(85) M475a I V U;Sbrg(100)
Hu(606) M7980 1V i (3019: ~ ~ ( 6 0 M980
9)
IV i
M477 I R 4; Sbrg(128) M477 I V 8; Sbrg(UO) M477
(33)12; ~u(672IBd7981I1 R i 20: Hu(785) M98111
I V 10; Sbrg(l6) aM482+ 1 R 19; Sbrg(172) M482+
V ii 31: Hu(792) M7984 I R i 4: Hu(794) M984 I
I V 4; Sbrg(202) M472+ I R 10; Sbrg(226) M472+ 1
R i 6: Hu(847l M7984 I R ii 25; Hu(848) M79a I
V 10; Sbrg(233) oM472+ I V 17; Sbrg(256) M535+ R
V i 24; Hu(907) hi7984 V
R ii 26; Hu(880)
16; Sbrg(297) M470a+R 9; Sbrg000) M470a+ R 12:
ii 17; ~ ~ ( 9 2 6hi7982
)
R i 2; Hu(991) M7982 R ii
Sbrg(3n) M470a+V 15; Sbrg045) oM542b+ I R 9;
33; Hu(1077) hi7983 I R i 17; Hu(1118) M7983 I R
Sbrg0~7)M542b+I R U; Sbrg062) M542b+ I V 2;
ii 24; Hu(ll37) .&El83 I V i 9; Hu(1210) M7983 I1
- S b r f l ) X542b+ i V 4; ?irg<369; M W b I V 9;
R i 14: Hu(I244)M7983 I1 R ii 14; tfu(1256) M7983
Sbrg(376) M542b I V 16; Sbrg(4~)MWb+ 11 V 5
rr R ii 26; Hdra64) M7983 I1 R ii 34: Hu(1266)
= M805a+ R 11; Sbrg(560) M472 11 V 8: Sbrg(563)
M7983 n V i 2 ~ ~ ( 1 2 6 M7983
9)
I1 V i 5: Hu(1314)
M472 I1 V ll; Sbrg(721) M473a+ I1 R 1; Sbrg.fm
M7983 II V ii 16; MMii M9 I R 16; MMii M9 1 R
M8256 R 1: Sbrgfrn(5) Ma256 V 1; KawA(3)
16: MMii M9 1V 5; MMii M9 1 V 10: MMii M2 I R
MlOlc R 3; Kaw~(6)MlOlc R 6; Kaw~(9)MlOlc R
i 2; ~~iiIbf2IRiU:MMii
M21Ri 26: MMiiM2
9; KawA(20) MlOlc V 9; Kaw~(24)MlOlj R 2;
I R i 26; MMii M2 I R i 28; MMii M2 I R i 36;
'

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Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

65

K P ' N ~ > ~ 6 0 A0 5ii 5: KPT(2073) M6005 A ii 12:


MMii M2 I R ii 4: MMii hi2 I R ii 17: MMii M2 I R
MV3: MV5: Ml/18: MV44: MV157: MV194:
ii 2l: MMiiM2I Vi 1: MMiiM2I Vi3;MMi.M2
Ml/% MIK36 R i 3: MM36 R i 4; MK36 R ii 7:
I V i 34: MMii M2 I V ii 5: MMii M2 I V ii 11:
MMi M2 I V ii 15: MMii M2 I V ii 20: MMii M2 I
Mn06 R ii 19: oMII06 R ii 23; BBB(6) M80Wpl
6: BBN8) M80la/pl 8: BBB(IS) M80laipi 15:
V ii 22: MMii M2 I V ii 34: ,Mhiii M49 II V 5:
BBB(24) M80Wp2 16: BBB(25) M801a/p2 17:
MMii M49 TI V 6: MME M49 I1 V 14: MMii M2l9
R 2: MMii M219 R 4: MMii M2I9 R 19: MMii M219
BBBOO) M801aIp3 4: BBB(33) M801a/p3 7:
V 12: MMii M219 V U: m i M2l9 V U: MMii
BBB08) ~M80lal~3
12: BBB(39) M801a/p3 13:
BBB(4U M80Wp3 15 = M34b R 4; BBBf52)
Ma9 V 16: MMii M28 II R i 9: MMii M28 II R i 7:
-M80Wp4 8: BBBO M801a/p4 11: BBB(67)
MMii M28 I1 R i 10: MMii M28 II R i 11: MMii M28
M80laip5 5: B B B ( ~ ~M801a/pj
)
7:. BBB(74)
I1 V i 23: MMii M28 II V i 25: MMii M28 Il V i 36:
M80Wp5 12: BBB(8l) M801aIp6 1: BBB(86)
MMii M95 R lb = M16O!l R lb MMii M95 R 2a:
M80Vp6 6: BBB(1) M80la/pll 16; BBB(195)
MMii M95 R 2b: MMii M% R 3b = M503f R 2:
M80Wp12 14: BBB(198) M801alp12 17: BBB(199)
MMii M95 V l b = M1609 V lb: MMii M95 V 36:
M95 V 8b = M1876- V 8: MMii M36 R 8: MMii
M80Wp12 18: BBB(21a) M80la/pU 11: BBB(266)
~ 3 R6lo: MMii M36 R 14: Mi M36 R 19; MMii
~ 8 0 W p l 613: BBFK314I M80WpN) 1; BBB(320)
~ 3 V6 ll: MMii M36 V 2 % . ~ ~
M31
i iI V 5: MMii
M W p 2 0 7: B B m ) M80WpB 9; BBB(324)
M80Wp20 11: BBE4325) M80la/p20 12: BBB(329)
~ 3 I1V 6: MMii M31 I V l
6 MMii M31 I1 R 10:
MMi 1W1II R U: IMM~1W29I R i 2: MMii M729
M80Vp20 16: BBJ3(332)M W p 2 l 1: BBB(335)
I R I ~ : M M ~ ~ ~ I R ~ U ) ; ~ ~ ~ ; S ~ ~ O ) M
~ ~ I V m w ~ 2 1 7 :B B B C ~
p: BEET&
M80Ww 9: BBB(343) M80WpZll2: BBB(345)
7: MMiiiq(22) M454 I V 9: K P T ~M1001+
I ~ ~R i 2:
M80Wp2114; BBBC348) M801a/p2117: BBB(349)
KPT(S7) M1001t R iii 12: m ( 9 5 ) M1001t V i 11:
KFT(127) M1001t V iii 1: kPT(14l) M1001+ V iii 15;
M80Vp21 18; BBB(350) M8OlalpZ2 1: BBB(352)
KpT(g1) Ml002+ V ii 11: gPT(448)MlOll B i 7:
M80Wp22 3; BBB(353) M801a/p22 4: BBB(354)
KpT(565) M1020+M1022 V ii 2: KPT(567)
M80Wp22 5: BBB(356) M80Wp22 7: BBB(357)
M80lafp22 8: BB8065) M801a/p22 16: BBB(366)
M1020+M1022 V ii 4: KPT(568) M1020+M1022V ii
M80Vp22 17: BB-7)
M801a/p22 18: BBB(412)
j: KPT(578) M1019 A ii 3: gPT(669) MO
l O R i 18:
M80la/p27 6: BBB(449) M&0Wp2910: BBB(459)
~ ~ T ( 6 7 6MlOO
) R i 25: KPT(774) MI00 V iii 5:
M80Vp30 2: BBB(477) M80Wp31 2: BBB(739)
KPT(802) M819tM2154 R 8: KPT(806) M819+M2154
M80Wp47 8: BBB(741) M80Wp47 10: M315 I R
R 12; KPT(848) M853 V 6: KPT(858) M263f+ A i 6:
U:M3l5 I R 15: M315 1R 16: M3l5 I1 R 7: M315 I1
KPT(887) M263f+ B i 5: ICPT(888) M263f+ B i 6:
R 15: M3l5 I1 R 21: M3l5 I1 R 22: M315 I1 V 3:
KPT(901) M263ft B ii 4: m
9
0
4
)
M263ft B ii 7:
M315 EI V 6: .W5 I1 V 7; 34315 II V 15: M315 11 V
KPT(906) M263f+ B ii 9: KPT(910) M263ft B ii U:
21: Ml!l8a V 3: M198a V 7: M448 A 3 = M198a R 4
KPT(918) M765i A ii 2: KPT(lll9) aM308atM308b
= M14l7 B 3: 34448 A 4 = M198a R 6: M97 R I 6:
B ii 6: KPT(1269) M87li B 8: KPT(1407)
M97 R i 19: ~ 1 R61: .W6 R 4; ~ 1 V6 11: 3420 I R
MSj66cM4501 R i 5: KPT(1426) M5566+M4501R ii
1: M43B4;M43 V1: M43 V7:M74I R 7; M741
11; WT(1445) M5566tM450l V ii 4: KPT(14-49)
H 9 : MI77 R-5: M324 R 7: M324R 11: M543 R 9;
Mjj66M4501 V ii 8; KPT%l2) Ma01 V i 5:
M554 R 6: M731 R 7: Mnl Y 6: aM733 R 3: oM733
KPT(1632) oM8101 V ii lt ggT(1655) M46 V 1:
V 12: 3a99a R ii 6: MZ!Wa R ii 8: G1oss.r M5542 V
~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 5M46
6 ) V 2: KPT(1661) M46 V 7:
(6)2:
MZlO R 3: M210 V 2: M570 A 3b: M83 I V 15
KPT(1662) M46 V-8: KPT(1667) M46 V U:
=
M235
R 9; M82 R 15 = M235 V 5: M82 R 17 =
K~T(1670) M46 V 16: I(PT(1675) ~ 4 V
6 21:
~
2
3
5
V
6M82RZO=M235V8:M82R
:
21 =M235
K~T(1686) M652tM526 R 11: KPT(1688)
V
8:
M82V2=M35V
10;
M82V3=M235
V 11:
0 ~ 6 j 2 t ~ 5 2R 6U; K~'I'(16!95)M652tM526 V 7;
M82
V
4
=
M235
V
11:
M82
V
5
=
M235
V
12:
M82
KPT(1697) 0 ~ 6 5 2 + ~ 5 2V6 9; KPT(1702)
V ll; M82 V 17: MI74 I V 4: oM174 I V 5: M174 I
0 ~ 6 j 2 + ~ 5 2V6 14: KPT(1719) M47 I1 R 15:
V 8: Ml74 1V 10: MI74 I1 R 9: M174 I1 R 9: MI74
KPT(l725) M47 I1 V 4: KPT(1734) M47 11 V 13:
I1 V 5: MI74 I1 V 8; MI1 R 11: MIK4974 V i 4:
KPT(1735) M47 I1 V 14: JlPT(1738) M47 II V 17;
~1K4974V i 16: MlK4974 V i 21: MIK4974 V ii 8:
KPT(1753) M45 V 1: I C P T ( ~M382
~ ~ A 8:
MIK4974 V ii 23: M798a R ii 3; M798a R ii 10:
KPT(1929) M466a A 2: I(PT(1932) M466a A 5;
MB8a V i 7; M798a V i U;M798a V ii 7; M738 R
~ ~ ~ ( 1 9 4MI926
6 ) A 7: KPT(1951) M1926 B 3;
8; M738 R 15: M738 V 20; M433atM3706 A 4:
KPT(1975) M2056 B 9: KPT(1982) M22l R 7:
~433a+M3706A 5: M433a+M3706 B 1:
KPT(1983) M221 R 8 (KPT, 102 note d.)
M~~U~~~B~:LSIO~~OIR~:LSIO
{hw)<'w>: KPT(1993) hi221R 18: KPT(1995) M22l
4: L SIO 120 I R 9: L SIO l2O I V 1: L SIO l20 I V
R 20; KPT(2OlO) M22l V 11: KPT(2014) MP1 V 15:
5: ~ 8 6 R
7 +M3845 R ii 1: MI72 I V 10 = M17 R ii
KPT(2018) M221 V 19: KPT(2063) M6005 A ii 2:

1I

64

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


14: MI72 1 V 10 = M17 R ii 15: MI72 I V 10= M17 R
M526I.13: ~6363/2;M6602 R? H; M678U2: M6804
ii 16: M172 I V n: M176 R 1: oM176 R 3: MI76 R
11 V 4: M6932.12; M9003/3: M9142/1
U:om76 R 14: ~ 1 7 V6 16: S7 R i 6: SI R i 10: ~7
MP'wc~6a~l
MP 'wm'n sbrg031) M470a+ V 19
~iU;SIRii4:57Vi12:SIVii17:99Rii2;S9
MP 'wt MMii M28 Il V i 36
R ii 27: S9Rii29: S 9 R i i B ; S R i i 3 3 ; S V i l 6 ;
MP 'wyS Hu(92) M99 I V 17: Hu(298) Id7981 I R ii
S9 V i 19: 510 R 5: 30 V 4: Sl2a R U:%a! R 27:
~ ~ i 1 8 : ~ 1 2 c ~ i 2 6 : ~ i 2 c ~ i 2 9 ; S ~ 3ul;; H~(1005)
~ # ) M7%2 V i U;Hu(1094) M983 I R i
34: Hu(1197) M7983 11 R i 1: MMii M36 R 10:
R 2: RH(68) M2053 R i 6: RH(739) Wll R 12;
KPT(27) M1001+'R i 10
RHO401 M311 R U: RHt769) OM319 I R 9; RHO861
MPS 'w TM#b V 4
Mgla A 5; RH(806) M449a A 5: RH(807) M449a
MPS'wtwTM406bV7
A 6;RH(808) M449a A 7: RH(809) M449a A 8;
'w'bryg
M P /aw&ari,ig/a.'fake'. KPT, 117 (unsure).
RH(839) hi782 R 3; RH(88l) M394 A 9; BH(893)
M
P
'w'brygan
pl- KPT(1993) oM221 R 18
M394 B 10 = oM468b B 6: RH(894) M394 B 11:
(Sundermam
or
/'b'lryg'n)
RH(945) M647+ I V 4: RH(960) M647+ 11 R 4:
'w'cMP
/rSwrlz-/
V.IE
'to call ':
RH(964) M647+ I1 R 8; RH(968) M647+ I1 R 12;
MP
'
w
'
c
ynd
pres3pl.
M554 V 8
RH(1047) M785 V 4: RH(1047) M785 V 4:
'w'gwn,
%&vh
Pa
/aw4y6n/
adv, cme1.a. ''of
RH(1054) M785 V 11: RH(1075) MI81 V 2: RH(llO1)
such a kkd in such a way, sol; 'wagurn cwaglun:
M a 3 R 17: RH(ll2l) M273 V 6:RH(ll23) M273 V
'even q ,.so wie sa'.
17: RH(1124) M273 V 18: RH(ll27) M273 V 21: M8
Pa 'w'ywn
oM2 I1 R i 8; MMiiiaO8) M2 I1 R
R i 2; M8 R i 3: M19 R 1; M19 R 6; M87 V 4b;
ii 1: MMi&aC63) M2 II R ii 6; MMiii,a(55) M2 I1 R
M203 I R 9: M223 I 1 5; M291b S 7s M389 R 1;
ii 18
- .
M389 R 3; M389 V 5: M389 V 8 = M8430 11 R 12:
Pa 'w'gvgi hiMiiib(24) M5815 I R i 24: MMiiib(ll9)
M389 V 11 = M8430 11 R 15; M463 1 V 3: M653 R i
M5815 I.i R i 8; MMiiiW140) M5815 I1 R i 29:
8: M788 R 3: M871c B ii 2: ha8nc B ii 3: W 4 9 5 9
MbliiiJd144) M5815 11R ii 2; MMiii,W204) M5815 11
R 5 (BeDuhn: ?(cl.):~IK4964V 2: MIK4979 R i
V ii l2 MMiiib(Z1'1) M58l5 I1 V ii 25: MMiii,c(4)
3; MIK8259 1 V ii 11: MIK8259 I V ii 23: MlK8259
M5569 R 4: MKG(58) M48+ 11 R 22; MKG(660)
11 v 6: ~-1~8259
11 V 12:M4a II R 3: M4a II R 10:
oM4575 R ii 7; MKG(777) M4577 A ii 13:
M4a n R l2: M4a U R 14; M4a II R 16: M4a I1 R
MKG(1W)) M4570 R i 2: MKG(1128) M4570 R i 10:
17: M4a I1 R 19: M4a I1 R 22: M4a I1 R 23: M4a 11
MKG(1168) M4570 V i 5: MKG(l305) M7915 A 2:
V 1: M4a 11V 6: M4a 11 V 10; M4a I1 l7 19: M4a I1
MKG(U37) hi6040 V 4: MKG(l345) obi6040 V 12:
V 20: Mia II V 22: M4b I1 R 5; M4b I1 R 5: h14b I1
MKG(U72) oM6041 R U:MKG(1566) M1608 A 5:
R 15: M4b I1 R 18. M4b I1 R 23: M4b I1 V 6;
MKG(1595) M47 I V 4: MKG(1612) oM1964+M822 R
MKG(2205) M5794i I R 1: M5794+ I V 7: Mj794+
i 3: MKG(1876) dl6032 V 19: MKG(1879) oh46032
1 V 11; M5794+ I V 20: M5794+II R 18: MKG(222j)
V 22: MKG(Z1K)) M2061 A 5: MKG(2188) M5385 B
oM5794t U V 5; M5794+ II V 7: M28 I R i 9: M28
2: MMiii,a M2 II R i 17: KPT(941) M316+M801d R
I R i 8:M28 I R i 37: M28 I R ii 4: M28 I R ii 24:
5: KPT(950) M316tM801d V 2: UT(1230) M183+ I1
M281Rii30:M28IVi8:M28IVill:M28IV
V 11: KPT(2025) MW R 2: KPT(2042) M580 V 1:
i 24; M28 I V i 33: M28 I V i 35: M28 1 V ii 16:
KPT(#HO) MW V 9: KF'T(2057) M580 V 16;
M28IVii21:M281Vii2j;M502fR2-~3mB
wad&) &499+ V 10: Glossf M5542 V (814;
6: M650 I R 4: ~ 6 8 R6 7: M753 A 1: M849c A 4:
aM82Ol R i 4; AJUIa,3la/ aMl536 I R 2; Lh' 4
M849c A 5: M897 R 7: MIK4976a R ii 14:
w + R ~ ; ~ B M % + V I : L N U M ~ O ~ R1:
MIK4976-a V i 12: PM9141 R? 5: PW14l V? 2:
KawN05) M35 V 17 = oM740a V 5: GW 25 oM83
KaoOlll R 7: MIK4972a R 3: MK4962-a V 1:
Il R 3 = ~ 4 5 1 V 9GW
; D M 3 4 U R 5=M83 I1 R
MIK4958ab V 5; M797 I R 9: MMii M825l I R 3;
1
1
:
GW
530
M83
I1
R 16 = a838 R 1; GW 543
MMii M8251 I R 11; M627 R i 15: Otani615t R 7:
M248+
R
7
=
dl4415
R
1 = oM342+M520 V 11: GW
Otani6161 R 4: 0tani61E A 7; Otani6197 R 1:
45
M248+
R
1
1
=
oh42410
R 1= oM342+M520 V 15;
M5692 A 15 = ~ 5 7 %
V i 6: MI99 V i 10; M199+ V
G
W
551
oM248+
V
5
=
0~5906
R 4: GW 556 ~ 2 4 8 +
i ll; M1W V i 12; MlW V ii 2: MI99 V ii 3;
V 14: GW % 0~5642A 6 = oh45531 B 4: GW 5103
MI99 V ii 15: MI* V ii 18: M5750 R i 14: hf57j0
I46300 3 4: GW 5104 ~ 6 3 0 0B 6: GW 5105
R ii 8; M5750 V ii 6: M263 A i 2; M Z I i A 2:
M6300 B ll; Mln I V 12: M5700 I R ii 19:
M546~5:oM41FIVi4:M415+1Vi6:M415+1
Otani6219 A 4: M1658/3
V ii 1: M419 I V ii 4: M415+ 1 V ii 4: M4W 1 V ii
Pa 'w'gwnyc ~ 8 2 8 I6 V 11: GW $23 oM451 V 5
6: M419 I V ii 7; oM415+1V ii U:M
m I V 2:
M197 I R 5; oM202 R 4: M50lu/3: M9l3 I1 R 2: 'w'hm'n MP /awabmcSn/ n 'so-and-so, someone'.
Henning 1934b,9-KPT, ll7.
M106612: M1686/ii 3: M173513: M#)01/4: M2004 V
MP 'w'hm'n KFT(1952) ~ 1 9 2 B
6 4; M781+ 1 V 0312;
4; M2810/3a; M28Wlb: M5220/ii 2; M5230lli 1:

Mii

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


oM781+ I V (la;
?dl74 11 v 9
'w'hs Pa /awiibasf adu- 'now' GI. S 'was.
Pa 'w'hs MMiii,e(@) ~6 V i 3
'w'm, "w'm MP /Wa 'time, space of time; age,
epoch; point of time, occasion'.
MP "warn "w'm double KawA(152) oMlOlb V 8
MP "w'm'n pl. S9 V i 33
MP 'warn Sbrg(22) &473a+ I R 22: Sbrg(150) M482+
i R 6: KPT(1642) M46 R 9: MV180: M299a R ii 1:
-- M299a R ii 1
MP 'wam#'w'm double Sbrg(20) oM473ai I R 20
'warn MP /awwdm/ n. 'trouble, labour-.
MP 'warn MV2l6
' w ' d n , 'wnm'n Pa /awcinmdnl s. 'so-and-so, a
certain'. Colditz 1987,308 and 281.
Pa 'w'nm'n CPar(l7l oM332tM724 R 1 6 CPar(24)
M332+M724 V 4
Pa 'wnm'n CPar(3U oM332+M724V 11
. .
'wary6' Pa see 'wr'+s Pa /aw&/,adv. 'now'. S 'ru'bs.
- .
Pa 'was MIMii,b(W) M5815 II R i 2- MMili,W122)
M58E I1 R i lt tMMiiiMU1) M5815 I1 R i 20: .
M~iii,b(l88) M5815 I1 V i 27: MKG(25)
~ 1 3 4 4 + ~ 5 9 1V0 2: ~ K ~ ( 6 8 9~)4 5 7 6R i 7:
MKG(1037) M4572 V i 4: MKGll94) M4570 V ii 8;
MKG(U98) M6041 V 9; MKG(1403) ~ 6 0 4 V
1 14:
~ 8 2 8 61 V 8; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M1964+M822
17)
R ii 4:
MKG(1907) aM523a-c B 9: MMiiip(U8) M2 I1 V ii
27: MMiii.d(lO7) M5 V ii 17 = M748 V 20;
MMiii,g(2l7) M7 I1 V ii U: KPT(1797) oM572 R 15;
CPar(41) oM499+ R 2; CPar(l03) M333 V 12:
c~ar(156)M44 R 5: H.VIa/W M6223 R 3: LN
M500c V H; LN 517 M906 V 7: MU2011
Pa 'w'swm M830c R 2 = M275a+ R ii 6
Pa 'w'syc MMiiiM15) M104+ R 15: MKG(l544) M5651
A 4: MMiiif(23) M8ln R ii ll
'w'wryft Pa l a w ~ w m i tn.
l 'disbelief, non-belief'.
Pa 'w'wyft Lbl528 aM27 V 3 = M2705 V 3: LN 87
M34 V 3
'w'wryg Pa /nwciwarig/ a. 'unbelieving, sceptical'.

MKG,153.
M49!3+V H
Pa 'w'wrg'n pl.
Pa 'w'wryg MKG(1597) M47 I V 6: M4a I R 15;
M6020 1 V ii (@I5
Pa 'w'wryg'n CF'a1(20) oM332tM724 V H
'w'y-, "vfy- Pa lcSw6y-1 vlr. 'to lead to, bring'.
dybbr 'way- 'w ,'bring anger to', ie. 'be angry
with'.
Pa "w'y'n subjJsg- MKG(37) hf48;c II R 1
Pa 'w'y'h subj3sg- MMiii,M7) M5815 I R i 7
Pa "w'st ppJ MKG(1941) MI77 V 15
Pa 'w'st ppJ MoOO) oh4390 R 5; MKG(1179) M4570
V i 16; MMiiij(69) M42 V i 17
'w'z MP ldwiizl n 'voice, sound, tune'.
MP 'w'z aM546 V 4
'wb'r- MP lab&-/ ulr. 'to swallow, devour'.

65

MP 'wb'ryndpres.3.pl. KPT(l33) oMlOOl+ V iii 7


M.P 'wb'rd p p ~
H u W ) M7981 I V ii 6: ~ ~ ( 5 0 3 )
A47980 1 V ii (29110; KPT(l314) dl208 B i 5: I, SIO
I20 1.V 9
MP 'wb'r~hystPas., PpJZ I@"ll1254) aM871i A 3
'wb'y MP /dbrSy/ a a.victorious'.
MP %payGlossa MI09 R 9
'wb'y- MP /&i!y-/ vZr. 'to defend, protect, guard'.
Caus. 6bdyEre. Some of the attestations may belong
t~ other verb(s). S. GW 148 (5142,l). There.
Sundermann prefers 'to place' for GW 5142
SWR/19/.
MP 'wb'yd pres.3sg. GW 942 Sll R 19 (If 'wb'yd
bynd form a unit, then rather pp.IL)
MP 'wb'yydpres.3sg. Sbrg(277) M539 V U;1M781+
11 R (3419
MP 'wb'yn'd caus.. subj3.pl. a 3 1 5 I1 R 15
MP 'wb'ynyd caus., ppJI Hu(40) M98 I V 15
'wbd'r MP /u6dcSr/ a 'crucified'.
1W'wWrM2BIRii28;M28IVi9 .
'wbxt hl&zxtl vlr. (pp..) 'to apportion'.
MP 'wbxt ppl Glossa M109.V (22B
'wbyst MP l6k.d v.itr.,pp. :to fall down, fall'. S
MPB tibad-.
MP 'wbyst ppJ Hu(245) lM7981 1 R i 9: Hu(830)
M7984 I R ii 8; KPT(889) M263f+ B i 7
'wcwrcyk lEiirc?k/ a (Sogd.) 'of Uc'iir (=
UC(-Turfan))'. Henning 19% 566-9.
M 'wcwrcyk WUO
'wd,'mW: Ta/MP /ud/. fu-/ conf. 'and'. u- before
enclitics
WMIr 'wd MZ314 B 3; Orani6222 R 4: Otani6258 R 3;
MW1; ~ll&/l;
M146513; d1583/2; M1806 R 3:
MI92412 hQ2W1: m
6 R 1: M3024/2: M479212:
M5058 R r; M6855 V? H; M9149/2: M9152/2
WMIr 'wS See 'wy. KPT(1544) A41859 A 2
WMIr %S'n o M G 9 / 2
WMIr 'wt_ KFT(1548) MI859 B 3: Otani5'57 B 1:
aCb&l5A2
WMIr w MU09/2: MI58312
Pa 'wd parsbn
Pa 'wd=W- ARVII/8b/ IM91V 4 = 0M517 R 2
Pa 'wd=w ER83 I R 19 = M234 R 16
PaawmSee%
Pa 'wm'n See 'm'h.
Pa 'w3 See but.
Pa 'wS'n See bw.
Pa 'wy passim
Pa 'wt See hu.
Pa 'wt'n See 'jin'b.
P~'~--w:M~~V~=M~OV~
Pa PPPlII han90
Pa PPPVU aa/32l
Pa PIIII AbcdO M5877/3a
Pa S Seebw.
PaS:Seebw.
Pa S'n See bw.

66
-,-.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Pa S'wf MMid(48) M5 R li 18 = oM748 R 16


Pa w: passim
R W F ' W ~ -41)
M67 R ii 28 = M480c V ii 8 =
M759 I R 11: KPT(949) M8400 R 10 = M316M801d
V 1: M80 V 9 = h.140 R 10
Pa w-'wt_ LN 5100 M4?1+ R 4 = M905 V 1; LN 5102
M307a+ R 6 = M6953 V 5
pas 'w6 aom 1 A 4: 010200 1 A 5; 9 ~ ~ 2 01 0A 6;
Ch/So20135 V 2 = Ch/So100000) V 1; W66b/
TM406a R 1; HJ/67a/ TM406a R 3; W67b/
Otani6386 V 6 = T ~ 4 0 R6 6:
~ HJ/&/ Otani6386
V 7: HJ/70b/ TM406a V 1; H.Inla/ TM406a V 5:
TM406b V 2
Pas 'wm See 'n.H.VI/la/ So14615 V 10
Pas 'wm'n See 'm'b. oK24 V 1(+jR&k (personally)
replaces Waldschmidt-Lenu's I'Jm/'/.)
Pas 'wS See 'wy.
PaR ud TM327V 2: oTM327 V 7
MP 'wd passim
MP 'wm See 'n.
LW'wm'n See 'm'b.
MP 'wm'n See 'm'b.
MP 'wmyS See 'n and 'wy. M28 I R i 15
MP 'wmyS'n See 'n and 'wy. oM3'(46) V 23
MP 'wS See 'wy.
MP 'wgan See 'uy.
MP 'wSZn See 'WJ.
MP 'wSn See 'wy.
MP 'wSn See 'wy.
MP 'wf ~ a w ~ ( 6MlOlk
1 ) R 5: KPT(1135) oM302 V 1:
KFT(1650) M46 R 17: BBB005) M801a/p18 18;
BBB(306) M801a/p19 1 = M5225 V 1: M6230 R 2:
M82 R 11 = M235 V 4: M82 V 20: MI2 R 2: MI2 R
16: M867 R tM3845 R i 1:M389 R 12: P.M.9142 V ii
5
MP 'wt See tw.
MP 'wtwn See 'im'b.
MP 'wy'n See 'Sm'h.
MP 'wt'il See 'jm'b.
MP"wtyS'n See ru and 'wy. M38 V'15
MP 'wwm See 'n. S9 R ii 34
MP 'wwFn See 'wy. MMii Mu9 R 18 MF'PP'SlV3
MP 5: See 'wy.
MP w:passim.
MP {'yd)c'wd> $1738 R 14
MPR ud TM3N R 5: TM330 V 2: TM33 V 5
MPS 'w6 TM406b R 3: T ~ 4 0 6 Vb 2; MannerheimE R
6; MannerheimE R 9; Otani7003 V 3: Otani7003 V

'wd2y- Pa/MP /udiy:/ vfr. 'to help, save'. KPT,108


n 2 Apparently construed with 'br in RH(657)
M874!V/5/. Poss. Pa /u62y-/, MP lud2y-/.
Pa 'wd'y' subj2sg. KPT(B95) M338 A 4
?a 'wd'y impvsg.Otani6166 B 4
Pa 'wd'y'd ppJI MMiii,i(93) M42 V ii 18
Pa 'wd'y'dn inf JI A.R.IWlb/ oM1830 R 2

MP 'wd? impsg. BB-1

M5779 V 10
MP 'wd'y impsg. MMii M28 11 R ii 27: RH(652)
oM814 R 5; RH(853) M182 V 6: M9001 I R 1
MP 'wd'y'impsg. Or subj2sg2 M198a V 5.
M P 'wd'ym'n i m p s g . oM32b A 14
MP ' w m impusg. B B W ) M5n9 V 10;
RH(853) M782 V 6
M P 'wd'g[pes. stem, unclear M5543/1
%cry'g#a
M744F R 6
'wdjn Pa ludaZanR n. 'rigour. harshness'.
Benveniste 1936.206. Undear formation. S.+.
Pa %djn KV/lb/ ~6220R 10: fl.VIIa/llb/ M6671
V2
. .
'wdrz- MP li?drmz-/uJr. 'to condemn'. Skjzwa
1997, 249 prefers ludranr-/ 'condemn' from
which he separates /Mranr-/ 'suppress, subdue '.
MP 'wdmz'd d j 3 s g . M651tM429 R 12
MP 'wdmzydw5 pprl1.t
M28 I V i 8
'wawzrny8 /uhrmrrmrs'/
ngt..f.(Turk.)
M 'w6wmpS MIA37 .
' w d p , "wdyn Pa ~t&din/ a. 'such, so much, x,
long'. Henning 1937%79. Henning apud Boyce 1954,
94, n.1
Pr % r d p GW 0s ~ & 9 b + ~ 4 5 R3 b12
Pa 'wdp kLWi158) M5815 I1 R ii 22
pa^
HW
~ 0 1 4 6v~10
'wdyrygnyg MP /muiderihiii a. 'unchanging,
.
.
abiding'.
MP 'wdyry3nyg MMii M9 I '1 7
'wft- MP /dft-! u.itr. 'to fall, lie about'.
MP 3 ~ f t d g p pMV188:
~ I MY193
'wga, wg' /iigci/ n. (Turk.;.
Part of Uighur
~me/title
M 'wg' W :W 3 4 ; MU39
M wg' MVJ3; MI/%: M1137: MU38
'wgwj- Pa l6g62-/ olr. 'to mount (a horse)' (?).
Pz 'wgwjyd pres3pl. G1oss.b Mlll+M725 R 1
'wh PdMP lab/ ado. 'thus, so'. 'wbwb 'just so' (6h
with patide 4sc)b) (Henning 1940. 30). MP
'wbbyk,'wb by&'mag it be so!'.
WMlr 'wh Ml733/2
Pa 'wh MMiii,b@O) M5815 I R i 30; MMiiiM47)
M5815 I B ii 21: MMiii,b(n) M a 5 I R ii 31;
MMiiib(116) A45815 Il R i 5 MMiii,b(l23) M5815 11
R i 12; m U 7 ) M5815 11 R i 26; MMiii,b(l80)
M m H V i 19; MMii,b(l&I) M5815 11 V i 23:
MMU189) M S I1 V i 28; MMiii,b(l97) M5815
11 V ii 5: MMiiib(207) M58l5 11 V ii 15; M~G(661)
M4575 R ii 8: MKG(103) M4572 V i 1: MKG(U78)
M6041 II b; MKG(l427) M%5 B 4; ~KG(1616)
M1964+M822 R ii 3; MKG(1743) M5055+ R i 6:
MKG(m) M5055+ V ii 6: MKG(1835) M6032 R 7;
MKG(1840) M6032 R 12; MKG(l849) M6032 R 21;
~ ~ G ( 3 8~n6) 0 3 R2 29: MKG(2395) M380a-b V 6:
KPT(18ti) M.572 V 17: KPT(1830) M6470 R 3;
MlI159; MV332; BBB(U9) M80Wp9 5; BBB(161)

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

67

Pa 'whnwyt gabGW 9 2 oM838 R 9 = M419+M3824 R


M80Wp10 ll; BBBOOn M801a/p19 2 = M5225 V 2:
3
CPar(43) M499t R 4: CPar(lO3) M333 V I2: MI8 R
5; M331 V 7; OM6033 A i 4: Ma33 B ii (25) 7: 'whrmyzd, 'whrmyzd, 'wrm(y)zd PaIMP
/ o ~ z d llob-d;
.
o m z d l npt:'Ohrmezd',
M6020 I R i 15: MI76 R ll: MI0 V lk M98 I1 R la:
proper
name
of
'Rrst
Man'. Zoroastrian figure
M743 R 8: MIK7251 V 1: KPT(1916) MIK8259 I R i
(opposed
by
Ahriman),
occuring as such in
9: M791a n v 3; M49W3
Manichaean
tern
besides
the
more common use as
Pa 'whwb MMiiiiMP M5815 I R ii 26
a
term
for
the
Manichaean
First
Man, for which see
Pa 'whwm MMiiLb(U9) M5815 I1 R i 28: MU232
also
'wbrmyzd
by
and
' w h r r n y z d bg.
MP 'wh M3 R 21: M3 (28) V 5: W (34) V 2:
11.55.
Sundermam
1979, 101
Sundermann
1975,302
~brg(53)M475a I-B j: Sbrg(67) M475a I R 19:
n144
and
145
There
(n.l44)
also
'whrmyzd
and
125
Sbrg(74) M475a I V 2; Sbrg(l01) M477 I R 5;
xwd'y and variants Sundermann 1979,102includes
Sbrg(ll3) M477 I R 17; Sbrg025) M470a+ V U:
'whrmyzd m'd (reference M 472/1/V/14-151 in n
Sbrg039) aM542b+ I R 3; KawD iH625c R ii 5;
2ll on p. 129) under 'wmhryzdby mad. Also a npr.
KawF(20) M6UO colB 6; KawF(27) M6W) colC 3;
of humans.
KawFO) M6l20 COW:6: MKG(1977) M742 I R U:
Pa .'whrmyzd MKG(2185) dl5385 A 4; KPT(1351)
MKG(m8) M454+ li V U; Hu(169) M7984 I1 ~ ' i
. 0M715~B 1; IEi I04 oM307atb V 6; GW
586
.
1; MMii M49 I R 1: MMii M28 I1 R ii 29: MMii
oM7lM A 1: Otanill079 A 3; aM1602h
~ 2 II8V i U: MMii M28 I1 V i 27: KPT(2l) M1001+
. PaRbrmmTIIT14R7
R i 4: KPT(217) M1003+M1025 B ii 12: gPT(577)
@l .'whrmyzd &q$%O)
oM472 I1 R 12: MKG(2303)
:~11019A ii 2; KPT(UjO)
R ii 3: gPT(1412)
'M454+ 11 V 4:.W2306) oMf%+ I1 V 11: HuC531)
M5566+M4501R i 10; KF'T(1427) M5%6+M4501R ii
M7980 1 R i (BE S19c R. 2: M28 I R ii '1; M28 I R
12: KPT(1441) oM5566+h14501 V i U: I(PT(1489) . 'ii6:M28IRiilO:oM6655Bi3
..
Mj s 7 V ii 8: -KPT(1631) M8101 V ii 10: KPT(2086)
MP ' w h y z d t 'y nyw xwd'y S9 R ii 18
. .
hi6005 B i lo; OM&R ii 19: BBH261) M801a/p16
MP 'whrmyzd # mad Sbrg(231) M472+ I V 15 .
8; BBB(267) M80Wp16 14: BBB(418) ~ 8 0 W p 2 7 IMP 'whrmyzd 'y * xwd'y S9 R i 31
12: M97 R ii 18; M781+I R 2: M174 I V 6; MI738 A
MP 'whrmyzd 'yg 3 xwd'y S9 R ii 11
i 1: ~433a+M3706B 5: S7 R i 14: 67 V ii 2: S16 R
MP 'whrmyzd xwd'y S9 R i 12
5: RH(654) M874 V 2: RH(958) M647+ 11 R 1:
MP 'whrmzd Hu063) M7981 I V ii 25
RH(998) oM485a V 2: RH(1104) M273 R 20;
MP 'wrmyzd Sbrg(184) oM482+ I V 16; Sbrg(189)
RH(lll0) MU3 V 4; RH(llU) M273 V 7; ~ ~ ( 1 1 1 6 )
oM482+ I V 2;M7101 B 1(Boyce: 1 "wd myzd.)
M273 V 10: RH(1118) M273 V 12; RH(U22) M273 V
IMP ' w m d HuC68) M7980 I R ii (26)s
16: oMSOlpt R 3: M9& A ii 1; M797 I R 2; M1900 'whrmyzd 'y nyw MP Iobrmezd i m?w/ n.@ m
B 6: ~ 6 2 R7 i U;M576 R iii 14: MStal4; oM666213
Ohrmezd, Sasanian king (272-4). Sundermann 1994b,
MP 'wh RH(935) M647+I R 4
245.
MP 'whbyh MMii M729 I R ii 11; BBB(185)
Pa 'whrmyzd nyw MKG(2121) M33WM2238 V H
M80Wp12 2: S7 R ii 5; M809 R H: Otani6156+ A
Pa 'whrmyzd MKG(2120) M33WM2238 R H:
8: M40 R H
MKG(2128) aM33O+M2238 R 7; MKG(2131)
'wh'y MP /6b~y/pmt, interj. "perhaps'.
obf3Wm EUI: W W o M 3 3 0 + M 2 3 8 V 8:
MP 'wh'y M3 (31) V 8: ~KG(1969)M742 I R
MKG(2159) oM5826+M3120 A 2: MKG(2162)
KPT(194) oM1003+M1025B i 6: K~T(633)~ 5 7 4 0A
~5826+~3lXl
A 5: MKG(2169) oM5826+M3120B 3
ii 1: ~ 7 3 v3 10: SB V i 22: Otani62U A 2
MP 'whrmyzd # 'y nyw MKG(2l37) oM33WM2238 V
'whm- Pa /6bam-/ v3r? '?'. Designates a proceedure
5
MP 'whrmyzd 'y nyw MKG(2l46) 0~2061
A1
in minting coins! GW, I33 (510Ul
MP 'whrmyzd MKc(2l44) obi2061 A H
Pa 'whmyd pres.3sg. GW 5102 ~ 6 3 0 A0 U
'whrmyzd bg Pa lobrmerd bay/ n.pr. m. 'God
Pa 'whmynd pres.3.N GW 5101 oM63W A 9
Ohrmezd', name of 'First Man'. Sundermm 1979,
'whng MP /6bang/ n. 'sorrow'. Henning 1937%80.
MP 'wtjng RH(1096) M273 R 12
10L
Pa 'whrmyzd a bg MMiii,a(44) M2 I1 R ii 7:
IMP 'whng M20 I V 4; MY4213
MMiiipf50)
B ii 13
'whgyn. 'whnngyn MB /5bang@n/ a Sorrowful'.
Pa ' w h y z d b.g Mo(46) oM734 V 11
Henning 1937%80 sub 'wbng.
Pa 'whrmyzd bg MKG(877) oM4578 B i 10; MMiiij
MP 'whngyn RH(1119) M2n V U
M42 R i 18; llbMij(86) M42 V ii 11; KPT(942)
MP 'whnngyn M20 0 V 4
~316+M8OldR 6: KPT(951) oM8400 R 11-12 =
'whnj- Pa /6henj-/ u&f 'to pull up' (?L Hapax
~316+M801dV 3; KPT(993) oM2082 R 3 = M211+ R
Pa 'whniyr pres. stem, unclear pres 626 V 2
9; MMiii,p(U) oM21 V 5; h.15262 I V 4: AbcdD
'whnwyt g'h Pa /ubnawait gr3bl. lobnmuait gab/
M710 R la: LN 540a M727b R 5 = M3l3 R 4; GW
n.pr. = Av. Abunauuaiti- gdad-. GW,ll4 (5322).

5;

II
I

68

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

21 M668& V 18: M468a R ii 6; GW 5145


Kao.0103 1906 V 2: GW I45 Kao.0103 1906 V 4:
M791b I R 5, M24 V 7
Pa 'whrmyzd ' bg oM795 R 14
Pa 'whnnyzd#bg oM41 R 1 ('wbrmyrd is
conjectured); Otani6193 R 5
Pa 'whrmyzdbg MMiiiA17) M5569 R 17: MMiiia M2
I1 R i 27: MMiiip M2 I1 R i 31: MMiiia(53) M2 II R
ii 16; MMiii,a(lOl) M2 I1 V i 27:~ ~ i i i f ( 4 Man
2)
V ii 6: MMi.p M2l V H; MMiii,p MZl R 4: LN 52
oM351 R 5
Pa 'whrmd # bg MMiii,b(l(H) M5815 1 V ii 22
PaR ormznt bg TM327 R 7
' w h r m p d by MP lobrmezd bay/ n.pr. m 'God
Ohrmezd', name of 'First Man'. Sundermann 1979,
101. Sundermann 1979. 102 'wbrmyrdby mad
'Mother of God Ohrmezd' = The Mother of the
Living.
MP 'whrmyz by Sundermann 1979,125, nl44. M4590
R2
MP ' w h y z d # by M79& R ii 2
MP 'whrmyzd by S8 V 3: oM897 V 7 iunp.k ~57%
R i U; &1518/2
MP 'whrmyzdby SbrgGOl) M470a+ R U:Sbrg(562)
M472 I1 V 10; Hu(160) M79&f II R ii 26: ~u(4$8>'
M7980 I R ii (32112: Hu(473) M7980 1 V i (33)U;
Hu(600) OM7980 I V i (24)3: Hu(605) M7980 I V i
(29)8: Otani11075 R ii 2
MP ' w h y z d b y # mad Hu(143) W984 I1 R ii 9
MP i v h y z d b y yzd Sbrg(299) M470a+ R 11
MP 'whrmzd by MKH1519) oM68U V 2: MMii M729
11 V i 4-5 = OM897 V 7
MP 'whrmzdby Sbrg(252) M535t R 12
MP 'wrmyzd o by Sundermann 1979,125 a144 'eine
.schnellsprachige Form'. KPT(819) oM819tM2154 V
5
'whrmyzd /obrmezd/ n p r . m. 'whrmyzd
dbyrbyd. MKG 106 n8 Sundermann 1994b,245.
Pa 'whrmyzd MKG(1658) M267b+M314R ii 2
'whrmyzd 'rdxSyhr Pa lobrmezd-mdu&br/
n.pr. place-name Present-day A h w a MKG, 1H
and 70 n 2
Pa 'whrmyzd+'rdx5yhr MKG(980) M4579 R ii 1
'whrmyzdbgyg Pa /ohrmezdbayig/ a. 'of God
Ohrmezd {= First Man)'. Parth form in MP Text or
a Panh caption.
MP 'whrmyzdbgyg Sl V 7
'whtmzdyg Pa/MP /obrmezdig/ a. 'referring to or
containing 'wbrmzd' .
WMlr 'whrmzdyg oM868 R H
'whwb Pa see -b
'whwm Pa see 'z
'why', 'hy' /6bya/ n,,.Name of a Giant Milik 1976,
311-3U: Aramaic 'wbyb /6byah/.
Pa 'why' Ma3 I R 10
Pa 'why'='hya KawNOO) M35 V I2 = M740a V 1
MP 'why' KawA(60) MlOlk R 4

'whyr-, 'whr-, ' w b - MP /6ber-/ v.itr. 'to arise,


ascend'.
MP ' w h d pres3sg. KPT(862) M263f+ A i 10
MP 'whryd pres3sg. !34 V 7
MP 'whyryd pres3sg. KFr(1294) MI208 A i 3;
KPT(UO1) MI208 A ii 5
MP 'whyrynd pres3pl. KPT(61) M1001t R iii 16
MP 'whyi'd subj3sg. BBB(240) MSOla/pl5 5
'whyr'd MP see 'whyr'whyrySn MP JcTberiSn/ n 'rising'.
KS 'whyryb RH(974) M647+ I1 V 3
'wjd Pa see 'wjn'wjn-Pa l65m-/ vjr. 'to kill, slay'.
Pa 'wjnyh pres2sg. MKG(lOl5) M4525 B i 5
Pa 'wjnyypres2sg. MKG(1618) oM1964t~822R ii 5
Pa 'wjnyd pres3sg. LN 52l oM208+M638 R 5
Pa 'wjnyndpres3$2- MKG(1175) OM4570 V i 12
Pa 'wjn'n subjJsg. A.R.Vbl3la/ M5503 V 1
Pa 'wjn' subj2sg. ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6oM1964+M822
21)
V i 2:
MlOV15=M540cB3
Pa ' ~ $subj2sg.
3
MKG(1614) ~ 1 9 6 4 + ~ 8R&ii 1
Pa 'w@4 pes. stem, d e a r AbcdGf'ofvI883 V?

llb
Pa Zvjd ppl Mo(a5) aM390 V 9: MKG(1146) M4570 R
ii 7; MKGfll48) M4570 R ii 9: MKG(2l54) ~ 2 0 6 B1
3: KPT(1836) h16470 V 4; KkT(2025) Mj80 R 2:
ARW62b/ M88 I V 4 = M96 V 4 = M17j R 2: LK
!j2O.M428cV 2
Pa 'wjd infl MKG(l205) M4570 V ii 19
MP %jd ppJ Pa in MP text M77Ob I1 R 4b
'wjy'n Pa /6Zaydn/ n. 'killing'. Henning 1937a, 80.
GW. 124 (72,2).
Pa 'wjy'n GW 372 M5561tM5562 R 6 = M847 R 3:
HCfrK aM1543 B 12a
'wl MP /ul/ adv. 'up(wards)'.
MP 'wl M3 R 16: Sbrg(152) oM482+ I R 8: Sbrg(163)
M482+ I R 19; Sbrg(l66l M482+ I R 22; Sbrg(221)
M472+ I V 5; Sbrg023) M470a+ V 11: KawA(89)
MlOlg V 4: Kaw~(262)MlOlm V 5: MKG(ljOj1
M805a+V8;MIfGf1535)nMhFnnR?Hu(~1
R 4; Hum M98 I R 7; Hu(84) M99 I V 9: Hu(157)
M7984 I1 R ii 23; Hu(349) M79811 V ii 11: Hu(541)
M7980 I R i 03)U: ~ ~ ( 6 7 M7981
6)
I1 R i 24 =
&SO6 V 6; Hu(79l) M7984 1 R i 3; Hu(820)
M798.4 I R i 32: Hu(1242) hi7983 I1 R ii 12;
KpT(896) M263f+ B i 14: KPT(ll20) M308a+M308b
B ii 7: KPT(l300) oMl208 A ii 4: KPT(1306) MI208
A ii 10: KPT(U42) oM506 V 6: KPT(1422)
M5j66+hl4501R ii 7: KPT(1440) M5566+~4%1V i
12; dl733 V 4: M570 A 3b: S9 R ii 28; S14 V 7:
GOIOl) Id273 R 17: MY50 R ii 4
'wlrwn MP /ulr&/ a 'upwards, above'. KPT, l17.
Humbach-Skjzrvra 1983 2,50.
MP 'wlrwn KPT(1615) M8101 V i 8
'wlwy /duy/ (Turk.) 'wlwy 'ylyg m y r y 6 q:wf
(b)wlmys 'r&'(m)yn 'yl fwmys 'Np.K.1 q:wtiwy
qwylwg by]$) 'wyywr xng'n Part of Uighur title.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle ~ e r s i a nand Parthian

:>].

M 'wlwy MK36 R i U:Otani6203 B 5


'wlwgfwSy /ulugfw-/
n.p. r
a {Turk.). cg>
instead of <y>. Combined with a Chinese title, s.

f W~YY-

?$<

q:.

M 'wlwgfwSy MU94

-:.j
I..A

'wmws- Pa /o'rnu's-/ v.tr. 'to begin, incite

:,:I

.. 1!

(misfortune)' (?I.
Pa 'wmws'd p p J Z ~ d 1 6 i104+
)
V (33)lZ = oM891b+

.'.j

......

,.

- .j

V2
.:

..A ->

.-.

-.
- .

.,-.-.
. .

...

I'

i
.

'

i
4

:j

'wmwSt MP /6mu-t/ a (pp.1 'freed, redeemed'.


MP ' w d t MMii M28 II V ii 25
MP 'wmwJtpp1 MMii M28 I1 R i 18: MMii M28 I1 V
ii 1
'wmyS'n MP see 'wd
'wn Pa/MP l6n/ interj. 'a'
(in verse only).
Pa 'wn MMiiig M6 R i 1: MMiii,e M6 R i 7; M1Miii.e
M6 R i 11: MMiii.e M6 R i 15: h4Miii.e M6 R i 20:
MMie M6 R i 24: MMiii,e M6 R i 29; MMile(34)
M6 R ii 4; MMiiig(40) M6 R ii 10: MMiiild45) M6
R ii tS: MMiiigC50) M6 B ii 20: MMiii,&5)M6 R
"
ii 5:MMiii,e(bO) M6 R ii 30: MMiii,o(l) M67 R ii
28 = M480c V ii 8 = M759 I R 11: MV238:M1/239:
W26&MY269 MlmO: MV27l: MV272; MV373:
M11374; Ml/374: MU386: M1/389: M1/420:
Mll421: MV422; M11423: M4b I R 2: M4a I R 15:
M32a R 1: M32a R 3: M32a R 4: M32a R 5; M32a R
6: M32a R 7: M32a R 9: M32a R 10; oM32a R 11:
~ 3 2 Ra 12; ~ 2 A32: RHO471 0 ~ 1 6 1A0 6; R~(742)
M3ll R 15; RH(857) M82 V 10: M1677 A 9;
Otanill075 V i 9: oOmni11075 V i 10
MP 'wn KawA(102) MlOli R 9; RH(I110) M273 V 4;
MIK4%4 V 1; M4903/2
'wncwr lonzw/ n . p . m (Turk.). Name + title.
M 'wncwr MV96
'wnglywn Pa/MP /eurangelybn/ n 'Evangel.
Gospel'. Loan-word from Greek
WMIr 'wnglywn oM694lll
Pa 'wnglywn MMiii,d39) M5569 V 18: MKG(820)
M457l V i 2; RH(792) aM%la B 1: M558 11R 5
Pas 'wnklywn TM406b V 6
MP 'wnglywn MiMii MZ I R i 10: M733 R 15; M172 I
V II = OM644 A 1: Sl V 4; S l V 5: Sl V 6: M5439/ii
2
'wnglywnyg WMP /ewangely6ntg/ a. 'of the
Gospel'.

Pa 'wnglywncyg M532 V? H
Pa 'wnglywnyg Ma8 11 V H; AbcdF oM888a V H:
A M G a oM8828 V H: AbcdGb oM8829 V H;
RH(87) aM5831 R 4
MP 'wnglywnyg M17 V H
'wp MP N ? '?'.Hapax in a destroyed context
MP 'wp S18 R 4
'wp'y MP see 'wb'y
'wr 1 PdMP l a w a r l adv. 'here, hither*.
Pa 'wr' Mf16 V 2
Pa 'wr MMiii,b(l23) M58l5 I1 R i 12; MKG924) M4581

69

R i 4: ~ 8 2 8 6I R 7: MMi&d(54) M5 R ii 24:
MV362: W418: M4b i V 19; M6033 B i 7:
A.R.VIl/#
MI75 V 8 ARVll/lOa/ M91 V 7 =
M517 R 5 = M774 R 5 a M8801 V 3; kRVn/1Sa/
M6gotM439 V 7: RH(9) MU7 I R 8
MP 'wr ICPT(l867) M825 1 V 7
MPS 'wr MannerheimE R 7; MannerheimE R 8
'wr 2 WMPlaw*/ vdef. defective verb, impersg.
(also with passuffix 4) 'come'; imper.pL awargd:
'come (ply. Gbilain 1939,47.
Pa "wfl MMiiia(l38) M2 LI V ii 27
Pa "wn ~U384;MV385: RH(392) M284b V ii II
Pa 'wrd GW 7 aM259c+M453cV 2
Pa 'wrt MV282: MV383; OtanillO75 V i 6: Otani11075
Vi7
Pa 'wrtah.Reck ;?004,n.2 on RH(632): 'du m6gest
kommen'. :'b seems to be the hymnic -'. RH(632)
M5070 V 1 . .
MP 'wr' Whi Mfl Il R R BBBC397) M801aIpZ6 8:
M35 II k 4:'MI76 V 7
:
Pa 'wr imptir~g~'MV276:
W277;MV278: Ml/n9:
MV369: . W e : Mll430: M6033 A ii (10) 3:
ARWW a6222 V 5: M7260 R i 2; M830t R 15:
M478b/8
.
Pa "wryyd impv.pi. Correct? M32a V 1
Pa 'wrd impu.pl- OM529 V 7: oM453c V 3
Pa 'wryd imp.pl. MMiii,eiiie(E?) M6 V. ii 24;
KPT(1250) M8802 B 6: MU234 W280; Ml/281:
M11363: Ml/425; MV426; Ml/427: MU428
MP 'wr impysg- M3 R 22; MMii M2 I R i U: MMii
M28 I1 R i 18: MMii M28 I1 R i 19: MMii M28 I1 R
i 24; MMii it128 II R i 26: MMii M28 I1 R i 28:
MMii M28 I1 R i 32: MMii M28 11 R i 34; MMii
M28 II R i 37: MMii M28 I1 R ii 2: MMii M28 I1 R
ii 5; MMii 1M28 I1 R ii 8: MMii M28 I1 R ii 12:
MMii M28 II R ii 15: MMii A428 I1 V ii 5: MMii
M28 I1 V ii 7: MMii M28 I1 V ii 9: MMii M28 I1 V
ii lb hPMii M28 II V ii U;&Hii A428 II V ii 15;
MMii M28 II V ii 16: MMii M28 I1 V ii 18: MMii
M28 I1 V ii 20: MMii M28 I1 V ii 2;MMii M28 I1
V ii 24; MMi M28 I1 V ii 26; MMii M28 11 V ii 29;
MMii M28 11 V ii 31: MMii M28 U V ii 33 = M612
V 2: MMii aM28 I1 V ii 34: MMii M28 11 V ii 36:
MMii M612 V 9: MMii M612 V ll: ~ 6 1 2V 14:
MMii M6E R 12: MMii ~ 6 1 R2 14: MMii M31 I1 R
3; KPT(1655) M46 V 1: BBB074) M80la/p23 17:
BBB(408) M80la/pZ7 2; BBB(409) M80Wp27 3;
BBB(42!3) M8Ola/p28 6 = M74Z R 1: BBB(430)
MWldp28 7 = M7421 R 1 = MannerheimE R 7:
~ ~ ~ 4M80Wp28
3 1 ) 8 M7421 R 2: M315 11 V 21:
M7351 R I: M4a I1 R 1: Otani6227 B 3; oOtani11075
R ii 6
MP 'wryd impv.pl. Sbrg(75) M475a I V 3; MMii
M2l9 V Ib; BBBd(4) MU4 I R 4: L SlO 120 I V 2:
M4bIIVZM650IR4:M650IR4
MP 'wryyd impvgl. R~(677)M234 V 12

'

70

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthh -

2wr-, "wr- Pa/MP /rSwar-/ vlr. 'to bring, carry'.


'wrw3hmy(y)b, 'wrw='hmy(y) MP /urwdhrnib/ n
Pa "wryd pres3sg. M64 R 5: LN 59 oMMOc R 2; LN
-pya.
. .
S9 aM5OOc R 5 = M593l R 3
MP ' w r w k y M4b II V 18; M2455/2
.
. .
Pa "wryyd pres3sg. LN 553a M509 V 4
11 V 15
MP ' m y h Sbrgq09)
MP'wnv'hmyyMmRii9
. .
Pa 'w'ry6'pre~.3sg. Cantillateti M64 R 14
MP 'wnv%nyyh M26 I1 R 7
Pa 'wryd pres.3sg. LN 9 M5931 R 1
Pa "wrd ppJ MMiii,&8) M5569 V 17: MKG(239) 'wrw'r- MP /unurSr-/ vsr. 'to adore' (?).
MP 'wrw'rym preslgl. BBB(40) M801a/p3 14 .=
M27Oa+M869 I R 4; MKG(645) M4575 R i 1:
oM341a B 4; M3l5-I1 V 7: RH(786) aM341a A 5;
KPT(18ll) oM572 V 7: BBW3) M W p 6 l3; MI8
M4a
I1 R19; M4b 11V 6
R 12: RH(826) M486 A 5
MP 'wrw'ryn'd caus, subj.3sg.? M738 R 9 . .
MP 'wryy pres2sg. MMii oM2 I V i 8
'wrw'rySn MP / u m n 'adoration'.
~
MP "wryd pres.3.sg.M73l R 3; M433atM3706 B 2
MP 'wrw'ryZn M3l!i I V 5: M618 R? H: a2054 .V!H
MP "wryyd pres3sg. KFT(2010) M22l V 11
'wrwn MP. /kc%/ d .u . 'hither; nearer'; comp.
MP 'wryd pres.3sg. K a d l l l R 8
'wrwntr. 'nearer'. Gignoux 1972, 16 n.1;
MP "wrynd pres.3pI. KPTKPT(n4) oMlOO R iii 16;
~uxqbach-~kj&ve1983 2,% /I%&/.
KPT(731) MlOO V i 9; MIK8259 I1 R 9: M546 V 3
MP 'wrwn Hu(80) M99 I V 5: Hu(9.5) M99 1 V 3;.
MP "wr'nd subj.3~11.
M543 V 6
MMii M2IRi 12
MP "wryd imppl. MMii M95 V 4a = M503f V 3
MP 'WMU comp. Hu028) M798l1 V i 24
MP "wrd ppJ KPT(1563) oM5900 A U: BBB(466)
M801a/p30 9 = M276 V i 4: M97 R i 21: 'wrwr, 'rWr Pa/MP lunuar/ n 'plants'.
,
.PaarwZnpLoM8287A9. ..
.
..
M433a+M3706 B 3
Pa ' w i w r ~
MPawrdppJLoSIOl20IR8
Pas 'rwr'n pl. 10200 1A 3
'wrd Pa see 'wr 2
MP 'wrwr Sbrg(l38) M477 I V 18: Hu(237) M7981 I R .
'wrjwg, 'wrjwq Pa /dwarZg/ n 'desire, lust'.
i1; H d W M798l II.R ii lo: Hu(730) M798111 V
Pa 'wwg MKG(862) M4578 A ii 15; MKG(1871)
i 10; ~ ~ ( 8 2 M7984
4)
1R ii 2; Hu(826) M7984 1.R
M6032 V 14; M M i i M77 R 1; KPT(ll75) M183+ I
ii 4; Hu(lll4) M7983 I R ii 20: Hu(1142) M7983 I..V
R 2: M57OO I R ii 14: 0160201 V ii (72123;
i 14; Hu(ll8.2) Id79831 V ii 20;Hu(1253) M7983 11.
H.IVa/lb/ M62n R 2; HJVa+/2a/ Otani4617 R 3:
R ii 23: Hu(l262) M7983 I[ R ii 32: Hu(U31)
H.V/lOa/ oMSjSe V 3 = M5350 R 3; AR.MV3bl
M7983IlVii 33 MMii M491 V 8
M91 R 12 = M6WM439 R 4 = M175 V 10:
kR.VIl/14b/ M9l V 16 = M69NM439 V 6 = oM774 'wrygn MP /iiwariJn/ n. 1 'dwelling-place'; 2 .
'bringing'. I(PT,117: 'Wohnung'.
R 14: ARVII/18b/M774 V 2: ARVIW24a/ M774 V
MP 'wrySn KPT(836) M853 R 2
U = oM817+M459a R 8; ~RvII/26a/M578 R 5;
MP 'wrySn'n pl. MMii M36V 14
Abcd.B M507 \: Ub;M741 V 14b: LN 9 o M500c
'R 5 = OM5931 R 3: hT
lo M240 R 3: LR 510 M240 'wrzwg, "wnwg, 'wnwwg MP lcIwarz6gi n.
'desire, lust'. .
R 5; LN 515 oM240 V 5: LN S22 M208+M638 V 1:
M
P "wnwg MMiiM9 11.R 16
LN 529 M27 V 9; LN 542a M500a V 1: 43a
MP
'wnwg $brg<89)-~47Sa
I V 17: Sbrg(l32) M477 I
aMWa V 3: LK 584 oM34 R 8 oM366 R 6: LN
V
l'Sbrg(2h8)
M!j
3
5+
V
4:
Sbrg058) aM542b+I R
588 M34 V 4: M35 R 8: RH(107) M86 R 16:
. 22; Sbfg(373) M W . 1 v U: St3rgm) h4542b 1
RH(224) M%a R ii 28: RH(6ZI) M5860 I V ii 17;
V 21: Sbrg089) oM%!b+ 11R 5: Sbrg094).~542b+
M92 R 7b; M57W I R ii 18: oOtani6181 B 2;
11 R 10; Sbrg094). oM542b 11 R 10: Sbrg(410)
MU9113; M4160/2
M805a+R 7; Sbrg(47) oM542b+11V 9 = MWa+ R
Pa 'wrjwq M4b I R 15 .
14;
Sbrg(420) M542b+,lIV U; Sbrg(544) OM472 I1
'wrnanmyS-/ornanmtS~/(Turk.). Part of Uighur
R
16:
Sbrg067) 0~472I1 V 15; Sbrg.q(46) M537a+
name.
11
V
22;
Sbrgfa oM470b A 4: $brgfm(28) M8256 V
M 'wrnanmyS Ml58 1 R 1: oMIK8259 1 V i 15
4:
MKG(W7)
M805a+ V 10; Hu(314) M7981 I V i
(Sundermann 1992b, 68)
10;
Hu(1008)
M7982
V.i 16; Hu(1048) M7982 V ii
'wmgw / m n g u / n. f Turk.). Uighur title
22;
Hu(llO4)
MI%
1
R ii 10; Hu(lll5) ~7983'1R
M 'wrngw MI164
ii
a;
H
u
(
1
2
1
2
)
IWB3
I1 R i 16: Hu(1218) M983 I1
'wrt Pa see 'wr 2
R
i
22;
i
E
'
r
(
2
2
7
)
OM1021
A 3; m w 6 2 ) oM$jOO R
'wrt'dgyft Pa /awartddagZf t / n. '?'.Sundermann's
i
6;.
KPT(1682)
~
6
5
2 + ~ 5 2R 6 7; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 9 3 )
reading of C b ( t . g y ) ft. Complete word?
M801a/p12
1
2
:
MlTl
R
4: L SIO 120 11 V 10;
Pa 'wrt'dgyft MKG(1422) a5965 A 5
MIKIl
V
1
1
;
MKG(2210)
oh45794 I V 1: MMii
'wrt'lj see 'wr
M82SlIR18;hi5056aIR18
'wtw'hmygr MP /urwcSbmiar/ a. 'giving joy'.
MP 'wnwwg Hu(967) M7982 R ii 9 .
MP 'wrw'hmygr M8ng B 3
'wrzwgpyys
MP /6warz6gpEs/ a. 'lustful'.
MP 'wrwahrnygPn pl. BBB(ll3) M801aIp7 15
.

'

'

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


"wwd Pa /a/
adv. 'there'.
MacKenzie 1979, p532 note on 342 f.
Pa
'
w
wd
MMibfl88)
M5815 II V i 27: MMiii.c(35)
MP 'wmgqyys Sb@)
oM542b I R 6
~
5
5
6
9
V
14;
MKG(176)
M216c+M17% V 2:
'wrzwgyn MP /ciwarztig&/ a 'lustful'.
MKG803) oM4577 B i 16: MKG(1148) M490 R ii
MP 'wrzwgyn Hu(10l2) M7982 V i 20: Hu(1102)
9: MKG(l344) ~ 6 0 4 0V 11: M8286 I R 9:
M7983 I R ii 8: Hu(1109) M7983 I R ii 15:
MKG(1601) M47 I V 10: MKG(1931) MI77 V 5;
KPT(l359) OM4500 R i 3
MP 'wmgynan pl. H a 3 9 1 M7982 R i 15
MMiiia M2 11 R i 10: MMiii.o(58) M67 V ii a:
'ws'n- MP l6scin-/' vJr. 'to push (so. or s.6) off,
MWo(61) M67 V ii 23; MMii,o(63) M67 V ii 25;
throw down'. KFT, 117.
KPT(1901) MI68 R 2: CPar(3) M332+M724 R 2
MP 'ws'nyd pres.3sg. gPT(1860) M825 1 l? 9
. (Colditz. 280.) {'wd)<'wwd>; CPar(27)
MP 'ws'nynd pres.3@ MI2 R 9
M332cM724 V 7; CPad75) M499+ V 17; CPar(U8)
'wsn- Pa /&an4 vitr. 'to descend'. MKG, 153.
M4UtM2086 A 1: Glossr M5542 V (7B;W 7 a /
Fa 'wsnyd pres.3sg. MKG(1883) M6032 V 26:
M625b V 4: l-LVIc/22b/ M4970 V 6: RH(181)
CPar(49)oM499+ R 10; M35 R 2
Mma R i 15: RH(184) M284a R i 18; RH(1153)
Pa 'wsnynd pres.3.pl. MKG(187l) ~ 6 0 3 V2 14
M30 R i 25; MlO V 22: M468a R i 15; Otani11079 B
'wsnyndyft Pa / 6 s a M f t / n. 'descent'.
3; OtaniCatl02 II R 1;OtahiCat102 I1 R 4: M799a V
Pa 'wsnyndyft ~Miii,i(4.4)M42 R ii 18'wsnynd<y>ft
3 'wst Pa see 'wgstPaS 'ww6 ItV66b/ Otani6386 V 3 = TM406a R 2:
'wst'd Pa see 'wyst~I/7lb/T~406aV 6
.
'wst'n Pa see ' ~ y s t ' w w Q S ~MP /~dr~yiSI;l
n.. 'hetp' . r
'wstyg Pa /6stig/ a 'fa
stable'. Cf. 'wstyg'n.
M
, P 'wwd'y3n M4a II V 15 '
Pa 'wstyg M
, O R 22
'wwrd Pa /riwurdl n 'battle'. Tedesco 192L 231 nl
'wstyg'n Pa irjstigcin/ a 'firm, strong, sure, reliable;
Pa 'wwrd M102 R 2: MI02 V 16 .
strong (place)'. W 46, a & MPT Rwstyg'n and '#Tn MP see 'wd
'wsytg.
'wx l MP /6x/ n 'e&.tence, life'.
Pa 'wstyganqnd'n LN 6 OM351 V 3 = M5181 R 2
MP 'ws MA1 V 9 Cwx 1 or 2?>: M738 V 4;
'wsxt Pa l&axt/ v.itr, pp. 'descended '. (In Colditz
~1~497V
6 ai 14: M4728/2
87,308'wsxm is placed hder 'wsn-.I.
'wx 2 MP /6x/ n -mind'.
Pa 'wsxt ppJ MMiiik(l3) M104+ R U;MMiiii08)
,W 'wx BBB(366) M801dp2.217: G l m b Mlll+.W25
M42 R ii 12: Wiii,.m09) M39 R ii 14: MMiii,p(9)
V (28)14: RH(966) M647+ iI R 10
M21 V 1; A.R.W2b/ M6222 R 4: MW55gl aM88 'wxr- Pa /&xar-/ or+. 'to eat'. MKG. 155 See also
I R 9 = M96 R 9 (wsxt); 34741 R 7a: M88 II V 8a;
'xurr-.
M501012
Pa 'wxrynd pres.3.pl. CPar(22) oM332tM724 V 2:
Pa 'wsxtn infJa CPd51) M4W R 12
c ~ d 2 6 ~332+M124
)
v6
'wS l,'wSy Pa/MP log/. /oSi,6Si'l n 'consciousness,
Pa 'wxryd impv.pl. CPCPar(28) M332+M724 V 8:
awareness'. - &r- 'to pay attention'. See also 'by
W 2 9 ) M332+M724 V 9
'wg ' b y 2 ~ r( p. p o ' q 0 4 , KPT, 63, n9.
Pa 'wxrd ppJ hiKG(1622) M1964+M822 V i 3
Pa 'wSman M680 R 15 = K24 R 11
Pa 'yxrdn inf Ja CPar(34) oM332+M724V 14
Pa '35 KPT(2S) ~ m A-6
6 'wxm Pa /rSwxaran/ n 'meal, banquet'. ' x w m is
Pa 'wS MKG(16Q5)M47 I V 14: KPT(1204) M183+ I1 R
also attested
1: A.R.Ib/3a/ &I890 R 5: LN 22 iM208+M638V 5:
Pa 'wxrn LN 91 oh4349 R 5
LN 526 rn R 5: LPj ~ 2 wn
9 v 7: LN 582 0~2453 'wxyst MP see 'wxyzv.itr. 'to descend'. Gershevitch
v ~ ; N S W R ~ ~ . L N ~ ~ M % V ~ 'wxpl; M ~ MP
~ ~/~xc?z-/
R
1% 488ff.
ii 5; ~ 4 0 ~ 7 ; ~ 8 0 V 6 = M 47:0M80
R V8=M40
MP 'wxyzyd pres3sg. KPT(U04) a1208 A ii 8;
R9
MP 'wSy 888067) M W p 2 2 18
a 4V 6
MP 'wS KpT(B333) M46 V 14
MP 3vqstpp.Z Hu(30) M96 I V 5; KPT(47) oM1001+
'wS 2 Pa /6S/ n 'death'. MKG, 153.
R iii 2; KPT(805) M819tM2154 R ll; S9 R ii 1;
Pa 'wS MKG(1770) Mm5+V i 8
oM627Vii2
'wStad Pa+see*St'wy 1 MP /6y/ denza, pron. 'that; the; he, she, it'.
'wSfft MP see 'wyStabEnd. -i(sg), --s" (pl.), expressing the direct objecc
the
genitive/dative and the agent in transitive
'wSw'rg MP /6&uSrag/ a "bringing destruction'.
sentences
in the past tense (in the 'ergative'
Sundermann 1976,187, d44.
consmaion).
MP 'wSw'rg M1W V ii 11
WMIr W n oM4629/2
'w9yb'm PdMP /6?eb&d n. 'dawn'.
Pa
'wy KPT(l834) M6470 V 2: &il/302
MP 'wSyb'm ~~(776)
M981 I1 V ii 22; oM440 A ii I
MP
"cyS M5403llb
'wtyg'n MP see 'wd
8

'

II

72

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

MP 'bxS'ydwS S9 R i 32
MP 'cyS M3 (40)V 17: M3 (44) V 21: Sbrg(l05) M477

'

I R 9; Sbrg(1~1M477 1 R 24: Sbrg(296) M4f0a+ R


8: KawF(58) M6UO colE 5: KawF(84) M6l20 colF
lo; KawF(85) M61#)cow 11: MKG(1993) M742 I V
7; MKG(1998) hi742 I V 12: MKG(229-4) M454+ I1
R 19: ~ ~ ( 6 M99
9 ) 1 R 19: Hum) M99 I V 20;
Hu(248) M 7 9 8 1 1 R i 12: Hu(301) M798l1 R ii 31:
Hu(440) Id7980 1R ii (34114; H u m ) M7981 I1 V
ii 17: Hu(871) M7984 V i 6: H~(990)M7982 R ii
32: Hu(l234) M7983 Il R ii 4: Hu(l268) M7983 I1
V i 4: Hu(1272) Mi983 I1 V i 8: KPT(148) M1001+
V iv 6: KPT(24) M1014+M1030 A 3: KPTO27)
MI009 B i 6; KPT(392) M1004+ V i 5: KPT(518)
M1002+ V i v 2 KPT(542) MlOll B i 1: KPT(679)
MI00 R ii 2; KPT(m)~ 2 6 3 f +A ii 6: I(PT(1423)
M5566+M4501 R ii 8: ~~T(1462)
M5567 R i 8:
~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M8lOl
2 5 ) V ii 4: WT(2065) M6005 A ii 4:
KPT(2067) M W A ii 6: W B 4 ; BBB073)
oM801a/p23 16: aM97 R i 21: Glmd oMl82+ R 1:
Mll R 2: MIK49?4 V i 7: ME4974 V 5 l2;L S 1 0
'20 Il V lo: MI? V i 17: RH(72) M2053 R ii 2:
- RH(965) ~ 6 4 7 II+R 9; M842 V 2: MMii M8251 I R
8: ~ ~aM82!Z1RP
i i
MMii M825lIV16
MP 'cyyt Hu(921) IW9&IV ii 31: KPT(202I) M22l V
22: M9l38/5
MP 3% M627 V ii 10
MP 'wcyn pl. (-in> with' line-filler :KaoOlll R 9
MP 'wdrnzydw3 hi28 1V i 8
MP 'wmy5 M28 I R i 15
MP "myS'n oM3 (46) V 23
MP 'wS M3 R 5: M3 R 17; M3 (27) V 4: M3 (34) V ll;
Sbrg(20) M473a+I R 20; Sbrg08) M473a+ I V 14;
Sbrg(48) oM473a+ 1 V 24: Sbrg(49) M475a 1 R 1;
Sbrg(ll2) ~ 4 7 I7R 16; Sbrg095) M542b+ n R n:
Sbrg(560) &I472 I1 V 8: Sbrg(566) M472 II V 14:
Sbrg(721) M4?3a' I1 R 1: Sbrga(47) M537a+ I V
23: Sbrga(48) h537a.c I V 24: Sbrefrn(2s) M8256
V 4: KawA(142) o ~ l ~Rl 9b: Kawm9) M
u
6: KawF(79) M6UO colF 5: KawF(83) M6l20 COIF
9; MKG(1463) M3414 A 3: MKG(147Q)aM3414 B 4:
MKG(1522) M68U II R 1; MKG(1970) M742 1 R 6;
MKG(1989) M742 1 V 3: MKG(2066) M631 V 1:
MKG(2238) M236+R 9: MKG(2242) OM* R U:
MKG(2248) ~236tR 19: MKG(2322) M7l43 B 3:
MKG(2410) M422 B 3: Hu(42) M98 I V 17: Hu(82)
M99 I V 7: Hu(193) M7984 11 V i 25: Hu(222)
M7984 I1 V ii 20: Hu(250) M798l I R i 14: Hu(264)
M79811 R i 28; Hu(278) M798l1 R ii 8; Hu(401)
M7980 I R i (29110; iiu(402) I67980 E 2 i 00)11:
Hu(405) M7980 I R i 03)14; ~ ~ ( 4 6M7980
8 ) 1V i
(288; Hu(504) M7980 1 V ii @)11; Hu(838)
M7984 I R ii 16: Hu(84O) M7984 I R ii 18: Hu(847)
M7984 1 R ii 25: Hu(859) M7984 V i 3: H u W )
M7982 R i 30; Hu(966) M7982 R ii 8: Hu(999)
hV982 V i 7; Hu(1009) M7982 V i 17; Hu(1046)

M7982 V ii 20: Hu(lO72) M7983 I R i 12: Hu(1089)

M7983 1R i 29; Hu(1098) M7983 I R ii 4: Hu(1149)


M7983 I V i '21: ~u(l2l6)M7983 I1 R i 20:
Hu(1217) M7983 U R i 21: MMii M2 1.R ii 21: MMii
M2IVii4;MMiiM21Vii2I:MMiiM4911~6:

MMii M49 11V 14; MMii ohfa9 R U: MMii Ma9 R


U: MMii M95 V Ib = MI609 V lb: MMii M31 I R
6: MMiii,q(l8) O M SI V 5: M.Wq(21) M454 I V
8: KPT(75) M1001+R i~ 9: KPT(88) M1001+ V i 4:
KPT(89) M1001+ V i 5: KPT(97) oM1001+ V i U:
. KPT(140) M1001+ V iii 14: KPT(159) M1003+M1025
A ii 2: KPT(177) Ml003+M1025A iii 7: KPT(179)
M1003+M1025 A iii 9: KPT(194) M1003+M1025 B i
6: KPT(204) M1003+M1025B i 16: .UT(226)MlOn
A 2: KPl7233) M1021,B :2':'~PT(299)M1007+M1027
B ii 2; KPT(318) M1009A fi 5: KFTO26) MI009 B
i 5; ~ ~ ~ M1004+
0 8 lRjjv 1: KPT(407) MlW+ v
iii 1: KPT(418) M1004+ V ii 17; KPT(420) MlW+
V iii 19: KPT(422) M1004+ V iii 21; KPT(429)
M1004+ V iv 7: KPT(433) M1004+ V iv 11:
KPT(456) MlOOE+ R ri 1: gPT(459) M1002+ R ii 4;
KPT(476) M1002+ R iii ll: KPT(#).M1002+ R iv
5: KPT(515) M1002+ ..V iii 12; KPT(555)
M1020+M1022 R i 5;. HT(634).'M5740 A ii 2:
KPT(680) MI00 R ii 3: KPT(694) MlOO R ii 17:
KPT(696) MlOO R ii .19: KFT(7lO) ~ 1 0 R0 iii 12:
KPT(760) MlOO V ii U: KPT(767) MlOO V ii 20;
,KPT(807) M819+MZ154R U: KPT(891) M263f+ B i
9; KPT(900) M263f+ B ii 3: KPT(902) M263f+ B ii
j: KPT(907) M263f+ B ii 10: KPT(1086)
M30&+M308b A ii 2: KPT(ll37) oM302 V 3:
KPT(l257) M87X A 6: ~PT(l369)M4500 R ii 2:
KPT(U98) M4590 V ii 7: KPT(1404)oM5566+~4505
R i 2: I(PT(1408) oM5566+M4501R i 6: KPT(1410)
M5566+M4%1R i 8: KPT(14L2) M5566eM4501 R i
lo; KPT(1427) M5%6+M4501 R ii l2: KPT(1439)
M55&+Mm1V i ]I; KPT(1448) ~5566+~4501
V ii
7: KPT(1475) M5567 V i 2; KFT(1484) M5567 V ii
. k IzpT(i488) hiH67 V ii 7: KPT(1556) M5900 A 6:
KPT(1558) hi5900 A 8: KFT(1672) M46 V 18:
KPT(1685) M652+M526 R H); KPT(1744) M45 R 3:
KPT(1756) M45 - V 4; KPT(1757) ~ 4 V5 5:
~~~(17~
7 36 8) 2B 2: KPT(1882) M825 11 V 5:
KPT(1985) M221 R 10: KPT(1985) M22l R 10;
KPT(1986) M22l R 11: KPT(1987) M221 R 12:
KPT(1999) M2Zl R 24: KPT(2018) M22l V 19:
HPT(B20) M22I V 23: KPT(2070) ~ 6 0 0 5A ii 9:
KPT(2077) M6005 B i 1; KPT(2088) ~ 6 0 0 5B i 12;
MVlT7: .M97 R i 7; a 9 7 R i 22: M97 V ii 12; M20
E xJ 3i.mIIV 6;M% V 1; M81+ I R 4; M781+1 R 5; M81+1 R It.~.l367V 7; M1K4974 V i 7: L
S I O 120 U V 2; L oSIO 120 I1 V 9; ~ 8 6 R7 +M3845
R ii 1; M&67R +M3845 R ii 10; Sl V 2: SI V i 4: S7
V ii 14: S8 V 5: d33 V 8: oSU V 10; S9 R i 1: S9 R
i 4: S9 R i 9: S9 R i 14: S9 R ii 4; S9 R ii 6; S9 R ii
12: GW 9
4
0dll V 11; SUa R 9; SUa R 14; 612a R

'

'

. .

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


19: anZb R ii 15: S2D R 2 S30 R 1:
R i 9:
M788 Y 4: ~ 9 1 6 dB L M8110 I V 11: Mlb:8259 I V
ii 13: MIK8259 I1 R 9: ME8259 II R 11: MIK8259 I1
V 3: MIK8259 Il V 4: MKG(2206) M5794+ I R 2:
M28 I R i 10: M28 I R i 14: M28 I R i 16: M28 I R
i 20: M28 I R i 30: M28 I V i 3: Mill R 4:
MIK6377c B 1: MMii M8251 I V 6: MMii M8251 I V
8: hf6n V ii l2: -151
R 2: o0tani6152 R 7:
M6831A 4; W2;
M3403/1; M5098/5: M5230/ii
1: M5620/3 .
MP 'wSwn KawA(l39) -MlOlb R 6: Hu(166) M7984 I1
R ii 32: Hu(ll78) M7983 I V ii 16 gPT(801)
oM8lpCM2154 R 7: M97 V ii 19
MP 'w?n M3 R 7: Sbrg(8) M473a+ I R 8: Sbrg(52)
oM475a I R 4; Sbrg(60) oM475a I R 12: Sbrg(61)
M475a I R U: Sbrg(69 M475a I R 17: Sbrg(66)
M475a I R 18: SbrgB) M475a I V 21: Shrg(ll6)
oM477 I R 20: Sbrg(146) M482+ I R 2 Sbrg(152)
M482+ I R 8: SbrgC324) M47Oa~V 12: KawA(54)
nMlOU V 5:. KawM1011 V 7; KawA(88)
MlOlg V 3: 'KawA(B1) MlOli R 8: KawA(105)
MlOli V 3: KawF(8U hi6120 colF 7: MKG(1502)
oM805a+ V 5: MKG(1995) M742 I V 9: MU319991
M742 I V U: MKG(ZO24) A4742 ll R 16: Hu(4) M98
I R 4: Hu(7) M98 1 R 7: Hu(24) aM98 I R 24:
~ ~ ( 1 6M7984
8 ) I1 R ii 34: Hu(241) M7981 I R i 5:
Hu(295) M798l I R ii 25:-Hu(297) M79811 R ii 27:
Hu(306) M798l I V i 2: gPT(U33kHd649) MH)6
R 5: Hu(8l5) M7984 I R i 27; Hu(818) M7984 I R i
30: Hu(831) M7984 1 R ii 9: Hu(837) M7984 I R ii
15: Hu(867) oM7984 V i ll: Hu(890) h47984 V i 34;
Hu(931) M7982 R i 7; Hu(933) M7982 R i 9; MMii
M49 I V 10: MMii M49 II R lo: MMii M49 I1 V 8:
MMii M2l9 R 20: MMii M28 II V i lo: MMii M36 R
16: MMii M36 R 16: KPT02) M100r+ R ii 5;
KPT05) M1001+ R ii 8: KPT(54) MlW+ R iii 9:
KPT(56) M1001+ R iii ll: I(PT(95) M1001+ V i 11:
KPT(147) MHIOltV iv 5; KPT(217) M1WPAI025 B
ii 12: KPT(241) oM1014+M1030 A 3: KF'T(252)
oM1014+M1030 A ?k KPT(325) MI009 B i 4:
KPT(M) M1004+ R 114; KPT(499) M1002+ V ii 9:
KPT(516) Ml002+ V iii U: KF'I'(52l) oM1002+ V iv
5: KPT(534) Moll A ii 2; KPT(540) oMlOll A ii 8:
hTST(664) MlOO R i U: KPT(751) MtOO V ii 4:
KPT(751) aM100 V ii 10; KPT(l315) oIWO8 B i 6;
KPT(1419) 0~5566+M4501
R ii 4: KPT(16631 oM46
V 9: KPT(1764) M382 A 1: KPT(1765) M382 A 2;
KPT(1781) M382 B 7: KFT(2002) M221 V 3: M97 V
i 6: M78l+ II V (4616; M78l+R V (49% M781+ Ii
V (5l)ll Wen>:MtK4974 V ii 1: MIK4974 V ii
20: MIK4974 V ii ZM738 R 6: M433a+M3706 B
4:
V ii 2; a 4 R 6; S20 V 2: MI5 V 2; M26 11 R
5: oM85 V 2; dl788 R 7: MIK8259 11 V 7; oMP94+
I V ll: M5794+ I1 R 14; M28 I R ii 36; PM94.l V?
6: MMii M8251 I R 3; MMii M8251 I R 4; MMii
M8251 I R 5; MMii M8251 I R 8; M5750 R ii 12;

73

0 ~ 5 4 6R 4
MP 'wSn Hu(693) M798I I1 R ii 7: Hu(ll92) 317~531
ViiN
MP 'w3n: Sbrg(127) M477 I V 7
MP 'wtys'n M738 V 6
IMP 'wwS'n MMi Ma9 R 18
MP 'wy Sbrs(l1) M473a+ I R 11: Sbrg(l8) M473a+ I R
18: SbrgO7) M473a+I V U: Sbrg(246) M539 R 6:
Sbrgt292) M470a+ R 4: Sbrg(295) M470a+ R 7;
.Sbr$$W) oM470a+ R 20: Sbrg(314) M47&+ v 2:
Sb'g022) oM470a+ V 10; Sbrg(425) M542b n v
17: SbrgtS38) M472 I1 R 10; KawA(260) MlOlm v
3; KawF(24) Id6120 wIB 10: KawF(45) hi6120 colb
10; ~ ~ ( 4M98
4 ) 1 V 19: Hu(71) M99 1 R 21: Hu(79)
M99 I V 4: Hu(140) iM7984 I1 R ii 6: Hu(147)
OM7984 II R ii U: Hu(163) M7984 II .R ii 29:
Hu(199) M7984 II V i 31: Hu(258) A47981 I .R i 22:
Hu(267) M798l I R i 31: Hu(335) M7981 I v i 31:
~ ~ ( 4 6MI980
6 ) I V i (26%: Hu(654) M7981.11 R i
2; Hu(6831M W l if R i 31:W n 6 1 ~ 7 9 8 1 1 1V i
16: Hu(787J M798l II V ii 33; Hu(924) ~ 7 9 8 V
4 ii
34: Hu(965) M982 R ii 7: Hu(991) ~ 1 9 8 ii233;
~
Hu(aO3) hi7983 1R ii 9:Hu(lU3) M983 I V i 5:
~ ~ ( 1 2 3 Mi983
0)
I1 R i 34; MMii M9 I V 18: MMii
M2 I V ii 15: MMii M36 R U: KPTm) M1001+ R ii
3; KPT(43) M1001+ R ii 16: KPT(65) M1001+ R iii
20: KPT(77) MlOOl+ R iv 11: KPT(193)
M1003M1025 B i 5 KFT(297) M1007+M1027B i 7:
KPT(425) M1004+ V iv 3: KPT(4A) M1002+ R iii
8: KPT(5Ol) M 1 W V ii 11: i(PT(511) M1002+ V iii
8: KPT(602) ~ 1 0 %A 20: KPT(683) MlOO R ii 6:
KPT(688) oMlOO R ii 11: KPT(716) MI00 R iii 18:
KPT(802) M819+M2154 R 8; KPT(1087)
M308a+M308b A ii 3: KPT(1360) M450O R i 4:
KPT(1409) M5%6+M4501 R i 7: KPT(1436)
~5j66+~4501
V i 8: KPT(1443) M5566tM4501 V ii
2: KPT(l614) M8101 V i 7: KPT(1654) M46 R a:
K
P
T
m M47 11 R 11: KPT(1750) ahi45 R 9:
KFR19Z4) M466a A 2: KFT(2OI9 M22l V 16:
KPT(2017) M Z l V 18: KPT(2019) M22l V 20:
KPT(20.22) oM22l V 23: BBB(314) M80Wp20 1:
BBBO20) M80la/p20 7: BBB(651) M80Vp42 4:
MI6 R 10; ~ 1 V63: M554 V 5: M554 V 10: M738 V
4: ~ 8 6 R7 +M%5 R i 4: M867 R +M%5 R ii 7:
b! R ii 40: d12b R
M17 V ii 4; SU R 4; SU R 7: &
ii 42; 94 R 2: RH(IO52) M785 V 9; M277 R ii 10;
MIK8259 I V ii 15: M28 I R ii 34: M28 I V i 21:
M5532 R 1; MI99 V ii 5: M5750 R ii 14: ~5436+I
V 5; MUlW2: h16452 I R i 5 I
MP 'wyc Sbrg(22) M473a+ I R 22: Sbrg(401) oM542b+
I1 R 17: Hu(1045) M7982 V ii 19; Hu(1078) M7983
I R i 18; Hu(1095) M7983 I R ii 1; KPT(1748) M45
R 7; M28 I V ii 11
MP 'wyn pl. (-in) KawF(66) M6120 colE 13;
Hu(903) M984 V ii U: MMii M2 I R i 16: MMii
M2 I R i 30: MMii M2 I V ii 10: KPT(2007) M221 V

74

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthjan

8: M97 R ii 15: oSlO R 3 (Henning 1937a, 82 sub


dbryz.): MX8259 I V ii U; M596e V 2: M627 R i
12

MP wy3 Hu(92) h19P 1 V 17: Hu(298) M79811 R ii


28: Hu(1005) hf7982 V i U: Hu(1094) M7983 I R i
34: Hu(ll97) M7983 11 R i 1; MMii M36 R 10;
KPT(27) M1001+ R i 10
MP 'wySan pl. MI141
MP 'wyB'n pl. SbrgOO) aM473at 1 R 10: Sbrg(86)
N475a I V 14: Sbrg(98) a 4 7 7 I R 2: Sbrg(100)
M477 I R 4: Sbrg(l26) M77 1 V 6: Sbrg(l#)
M482t I R 5; Sbrg(209) M472t 1 R 17: Sbrg(236)
M472t 1 V 20: Sbrg(241) M539 R 1: Sbrg(256)
a 5 3 9 R 16; SbrgO17) M470a+ V 5: Sbrg067)
M542b+ 1 V 7; KawFtll) oM61#) colA 11: KawHU)
M6120 colA 13: KawF(62) M6120 colE 9:
MKG(20N) M742 ll V 2: MKG2035) M742 I1 V 7:
Hu(l50) M7984 II ~ ' i16:
i Hu(283) MI981 1R ii U:
Hu(469) M7980 I V i (2919: Hu(494) OM7980 1V ii
(2O)l: Hu(604) M7980 I V i (2817; Hu(826) M7984
I R ii 4: Hu(887) MI984 V i 3s Hu(934) M7982 R
i lo: Eiu(941) M7982 R i 17: Hu(988) M7982 R ii
30: Hu(1075) M7983 I R i 15; Hu(llOj1 M7983 I R
ii ll; Hu(ll52) M7983 1 V i 24: Hu(1239) M7983 11
R ii 9; Hu(U97) M7983 I1 V i 33: MMii M2 1 R i
23; MMii M28 11 R ii 10; KPT(34)M1001t R ii 7:
KPT(117) M1001+V ii 12: KPT(196) Ml003+Ml025B
i 8; KPT(2lO) M1003+MlM5 B ii 5: KPTW)
M1004t R i U:KPT048) M1004+ R i 18: KPT076)
oM1004t R iii 8: KPT(497) M1002+ V ii 7: KPT(51l)
M1002t V iii 8: KPT(520) M1002+ V iv 4: KPT(561)
M1020tM1022 V i 2: KPT(607) dl026 A 25:
KPT(lOS8) M308a+M308bA ii 4: KPT(l385) M4500
V i 6; KPT(1423) Mj566+M4501 R ii 8; KPT(1562)
M5900 A 12; ICPT(1565) oM5900 A 15; KPT(S93)
M8101 R i 11: KPT(1626) M8lOl V ii 5; KPT(l780)
W 8 2 B 6; KF'T(19921 oM221 R 17: BBB(19l)
M80Wp12 10; BBB(195) M80lafpl2 14; M97 k ii 7;
M97 V i 6;oM97 V ii 2: M97 V ii 15: M731 B 6:
M781+ II V (53)s; S9 V ii % S12a R il; o W a R 22:
M32b A 8: M463 I V 3: aM5794+ I V 8: MU05 A 3:
KaoOlll V 2; MMii M8251 I R 10; M524b R 6
MP 'wyS'ncpl. Sbra10) oM470a+ R 22: MMii M49 I
v 11
MP 'wy?nz pl. Hu(908) M7W V ii 18
MP 'wySn pl. Hu(lU7) M7983 I V i 9: Hu(ll57)
M7983 1 V i 29: Hu(ll64) hi7983 1V ii 2: KPT(l27)
M1001t V iii 1
MP 'wyi BBB(744) M8Ola/p47 13
MP 'yd'wny5 ~ 1 R 65
MP 'ydy5 KPT(482) M1002t R iv 6
MP 'ygycyS MKG(1972) M742 1 R 8
MP 'ygyS Sbrg(86) oM475a I V 14: Sbrgfm M82j6 R
4: Hu(1014) M7982 V i 22: Hu(l257) M7983 II R ii
27; Hu(1267) M7983 I1 V i 3: Hu(l270) M7983 n V
i 6; MMii M9 I V 3: KPT(l32) M1001t V iii 6;

KPT(1400) oM4500 V ii 9: DT(146) M5566+M4501


R i 3; KPT(142.2) aM556bM4501 R ii 7: KPT(1461)
M5567 R i 7
MP 'ygySan Sbrg(147) oM482+ I R 3: H u W ) hi7981
I R ii 30: Hu(ll22) M7983 1 R ii 28; Hu(ll77)
M7983 I V ii 15; M97 R ii 19; aM433a+M3706 B 3:
M5794+ I R 18: M5750 R ii 16
MP 'zyS KPT(l333)=~~(619)
oh4506 R 5: Hu(694)
M7981 II R ii 8: Hu(761) M798l ll V ii 7: Hu(916)
M7984 V ii 26, Hu(1076) M7983 1R i 16: Hu(l259)
M7983 EI R ii' 29: KPT(18) M1001t R i 1: KPT(863)
M263f+ A i ll; KPT(864) M263ft A i 12; S7 V ii 15:
M5755 R 3; MlK6279b' R 1
MP 'iyS KPT(615) ~ 1 0 2 B
6 8: P.M.9142 V i 7
MP 'ymyg BBB(17) M80la/pl17: Otani6161 R 5
MP tS Sbrg(220) M472+I V 4: KawAt6) MlOlc R 6:
KawA(8) MlOlc R 8; KawA(25) MlOlj R 3:
Kaw~(67) ~ i o l kv 1: KawA(7l) ~ i o l kv 5:
KawA(72) MlOlk V 6; i(awA(73) MlOlk V 7:
KawAC79) MlOlg R 3: KawA(82) MlOlg R 6;
IIawF(72) M6120-colE19: MKGC19683 M742 1 R 4:
MK@(@7l) M742 1 R 7: MKG(1988) M742 I V 2:
MKG(2287) M4%+ 11 R 12: Hu(68) M99 I R 18:
Hu(9j2) M982 R i 28; Hu(996) M7982 V i 4:
Hu(1086) Id7983 1 R i 26: MMii M9 I ~ 1 8MMii
;
M9 I R 20: MMii M9 1 V 17; MMii M9 II V 10:
MMii M219 V 8: MMii M36 V 18: KPT027) M1009
B i 6; KPT(731) UlOO V i 9: KPT(l564) M5900 A
14; KPT(1624) M8101 V ii 3: KPT(2022) M22l V 23:
KPT(2080) M600j B i 4: M781+ I V (165: MI2 R 8:
MI2 V 8: MI2 V 12: S9 V ii 23: M389 V 6 = M8430
11 R 10: M408b R 5: M28 I V i 6: M28 I V i 2:
M28 1 V ii 19: M627 V ii 4: M627 V ii 6
MP 'ygn KawA(87) oMlOlg V 2; Hu(948) hi7982 R i
24: Hu(103) Id7982 V ii 4: Hu(1033) M7982 V ii
7; KPT(230) MI021 A 6: KPT(250) M1014+M1030 A
KPT(397) M1004+ V ii 3: KPT(470) M1002+ R
iii 5; KPT(518) M1002+ V iv 2: KPT(663) MlOO R i
I2; KPT(UU) MI208 B i 4: KPT(U20) oM3208 B i
n: m(1576? M5900 B 10: MKGZI6) oMY%t n
R 3: MMii M m I R 7: MMii M82511 R 12
MP WmwS Otani6167A R 1 (Otani Catalogue
jvmwc with the altemative Ib'mwf.)
MP br'zystwS BBB(439) M8Ola/pz 17
MP bw'dyS S9 V ii U
MP bycyS'n M97 V i 4
MP cawnS'n Sbrg(251) M539 R 11
MP cawnySKPT(1751) M45 R 10: S9 R i 16
MP cwnyS'n ~9 V ii 6
MP q m y J S9 V i 29
jijp cysn ~u(l2I9)M7983 fI R i 23; H u ( m ) M7983
11 R i 29; I(PT(a
M1003+M1025
)
B ii 8; M28 I R ii
30; MMii M m 1 V 14
MP cyFn ~KG(1997)M742 I V 11; KPT(641) M6060
3; s 9 v ii 8; M5794+ 11 V 14; M28 I R ii 33;
M5750 R ii 14

:-...:I
I .I
..*.,
3:.-.,
;

zq
-$1.,
'

;.<I

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

75

;11

MP cyS Hu(1228) M7983 I1 R i 32; KPT(462) M1002t


R ii 7; KPT(ZO68) M6005 A ii 7: ,WIT9
MP cyS KawEX68) M6EO colE 15: M28 I R ii 35
MP d 3 M5794+ I R 14: M627 V ii 15
MP d'S'n Hu(lO3) M7984 Il R i 3
MP dwdyS KPT(2082) M6005 B i 6: L SIO 120 I R 1
MP ghy3 Sbrg.fm dl8256 R 7; KPT(1758) M45 V 6
MP ghys'n Sbrg(6b) M475a I R I2
MP gnzyS M A WM2 I V ii 21
MP h'ncyS Hu(l08i) M7983 I R i 27
.W h'nS ~ ~ ~ ( l 3 2 9 ) = ~ u ( oM%
6 4 5 ) R 1: Hu(687)
M7981 I1 R ii 1: Hu(990) iM7982 R ii 32: Hu(1044)
M7982 V ii 18: Hu(lO77) M7983 I R i 17: Hu(ll97)
M7983 I1 R i 1
MP h'&n Sbrs(n4) MH5+ V 10: $br$371) M542bt
I v 11
MP h'nyS Hu(245) M7981 I R i 9: Hu(W3) M7983 ll
R ii 3; ICPM59) MfOO V ii 12; M433+M3706 A 5:
M199+ V ii 7; Mmh R 2: M%63/1
h'nyrn Hu(3l2) M7981 I V i9: ~ ~ ( 4 3 MI980
9) I
- - - R ii (33)U; KFT(521 M1001+ R iii 7: KPT(149)
&1001+ V iv 7; M97 R i 3: MMii oM8251 I V 3
,MP hyStwS'n M28 I R i 11
MP k~ ~ 3 ~l ~
1 i; V i ?
MP qS M627 V ii 9
IMP qS"n Hu(760) M7981 II V ii 6
IMP W n MMii M8251 I R 4
MPqS'nM97RiiU
MP kwS KPT(93) oMlOOl+ V i 9: KF'T(1451 M1001+V
iv 3: KPT(417) oM1004+ V iii 16: KPT(808)
~819tMZ154R 14: lCPT(1450) M5566+~4501V ii 9;
~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 M46
5 8 )V 4: M20 II R 7: MI77 R 10: M28
I R ii 7; Gloss(unp) MI696 R 3
MP kwS Hu(100n M7982 V i U:Hu(ll44) M7983 1 V
i 16: KPT(SO) M1001+ V i 6; KPT(458) M1002t R ii
3: KPT(480) Ml002+ R iv 4: BBB(443) M80la/p29
3:~389R6
MPkwSKPTO90)W+Vi3 :
;vPqw3 G ~ O SMS6 ~
B l I '1 (BIT4
MP k w h KPT(l3l) M1001+ V iii R S9 V i 23;M28 I
R i 36: ~ ~ i i b B 5 1 I6V
MP kd'n BBB(l27) ~80la/p811 = ~ 6 2 9 bV i 2:
~KG(2218)-+
I1 R 5
MP kwYn MMii M851 I V 4
MP k w h H u ( W M7983 I V i %
MP kybycwi'n Sbrg(61) M482-cI R 7 (Not kybyc as
in Boyce 1977.54; see MacKenzie 1979, 528, note
on 15L)
MP qyrdwS S9 R i 21
W kyrdwJanM28 I V i 2
MP kyS KawF(63) M6120 colE 10; MMii M9 1 V 4;
u
i
i M729 I V i 2; KPT(1744) M45 R 3; MV174;
M1/218;M315 I R 22; MI6 R 9; MIK4974 V ii U ;
M6804 I V 2: M6804 II V 4
MP kyS'n MMii M224 I V 5; MV221; oM%lp+ R 5
AMP nsahySS9 R ii 25
IMP nwny3 MM8259 I V ii 20

MP pdprw3 MMii M31 TI R 10; M546 R 2


MP pdyS 3brgO6) M475a I V 4: Sbrg(402) o~542bt11
R IS: Hum) d99 I V 9: KPT(1332)=Hu(648)
~ 5 0 6R 4: Hu(693) hi7981 I1 R ii 7: Hu(997)
M7982 V i5: Hu(1088).M7983 I R i 28: Hu(ll90)
M7983 I V ii 28; Hu(1218) M7983 I1 R i 22:
. Hu(1223) M7983 Il R i 27: Hu(I.232) M7983 I1 R ii
2:MMii~IR19;MMiiM9IIRl:MMiiM9IIV
10: MMii M36 v 16; KPT(91) MlOOl+ v i 7;
KPT(94) MIOOI+ V i 10; KPT(U1) M1001+ V ii 6:
KPT(382) M1004+ R iv 2: KPT(458) M1002t R ii 3:
KFT(482) M1002+ R 'iv 6: KPT(489) M1002t V i 5:
KPT(5lS) MlOO2+ V iii 12: KPT(889) M263ft B i 7:
KPTfrUo) M302 R 4: KPT(U21) MW8 B I 12:
gpY(Ba6)Ml208 B ii 4: MV202: M97 R ii 11: M97
Vii21:Ml6R 10: M64Rl5: M210 R 6; M 7 3 8 ~4:
LSIOUQIR4: Ml2V5;MlZV 9; GW 140S11
V 17: S34 R 4; RH(975) ~ 6 4 1 +I1 V 4; M389 R 10;
M389 R U = M8430 II R 2: M717 R 2a: M739 R 17:
M842 V 4; M5098/5
MP ps'S KFTW9) M46 R 16: S9 R i 10
MP pwsyS M28 I R ii 27
MPr'stwSSR i 26
MP mjys5'n (Rani6199 B 2
MP rydhyzyS S9 R ii 16
MP fr'syn'dw-5 S9 R ii 3
MP 5 hg(87) M475a I V 15: Hu(74) M99 I R 24:
Hu(858) M7984 V i 2: Hu(888) M7984 V i 32:
Hu(919) bf7984 V ii 29; Hu(W7) M7983 1 V i 9:
MMii M729 I V i 6; KPT(1138) M302 V 4;
KPT(l362) M4500 R i 6: KPT(1553) M5900 -43:
gPT(l56U M5900 A ll; MV180: M1/183: M762 v 4:
S g R i P 9 9 R i 28; S9 Vi8: M389 R 13=M8430
I1 R 1: M5750 R i 15
MPtxryh'-!BRii8
MPwqstyf S9Vi 29
MP wrwystwwS S9 R ii 17
MP wyspyS S9 R ii 20
MP xwmbwy5 RH(1075) M18I V 2
MP xwmbwy3n RH(1080) MI81 V 7

MPtdS'nM28IVii34
M P wn
-685)
oM475a I1 R U
MPR win pl.(-in} TM33 R 5
'wy 2 MP b y / adv. 'there '. KFT, 15, n.10.
MP 'wy KFl719) M1001t R i 2: M554 V 6
'wyg MP lMg/ a 'eternal'. Sundeunann 1992~314,
n43
MP 'wyg Mfl50 R ii 10
'wyywr /ui&
(Turk.). Part of Uighur title, s.
'wlwy.
M 'wyywr W91; MV92
~'wyywrW/Il;MK36 R i 17
S 'wy-ywr MannerheimE V 5
' e r n MP I W m / a. 'of such, of that name,

1
I

76

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

fame'. Henning 1940.22


MP 'wyn'm Glossb MIl1+M725 R 4
'wynd Pa /mend/ a 'so much, so many, so great'.
Pa 'wynd ~82861 V 4: KPT(ZO31) M580 R 8;
Mll295: GW I44 MZQ6 I1 V 3
'wyrd MP /awird/ vitr., pp. 'to enter'.
MP 'wyrd ppJ KawA(148) MlOlb V 4; MMii M36 V
18: KPT(702) MlOO R iii 4; KFT(1984) M221 R 9;
. M762 R 8: S9 R i 9: M596a V 3: M67l I R 6:'
M3037/3
'wyst-, 'wst- Pa lawest-/v&. 'to put, place, lay'.
Pa 'wystam presJ@l.M7#)0 A 4
Pa 'wystynd pes3.pl. CPar(67) oh4499 V 9
Pa 'wst'n subjJsp. KVId4b/ MBM289a II R 8
Pa 'wyst'n. JubjJsg. MKG(728) M4576 V i 12:
KPT(1807) oMm V 3
Pa 'wysya subj2sg. MMiQ(ll4) MI 1V ii 26
Pa 'wst i m p s g . Glossa MI09 R 11
Pa 'wystyd impupl. MKG(1051) M4573 R i 1
.
Pa 'wst'd p p M30
~ R i 10: ARvn!27a/ M489a V 4
Pa 'wy61adppJ
M2 I1 R i 6; M5785 11 R 14
Pa *stad ppJ Mo(821 old390 V 8;Mo(662 M82a V
4: MKG(1605) M47 I V 14: KPT(1226) M183+ 11 V
7: KPT(18l4) M>72V 10; OM795 V 8
Pa 'wysd unclear oM306 V 9
'wyst'd MP /awestlid/ n 'master (craftsman)'.
Henning 1933%195.9.
MP 'wyst'd'n pl. MMii M95 R 2b: Otani6168 B 3
'wyst'm Pa/MP /awestdm/ n 'pro'~in= region,
place'.
Pa 'wyst'm MMiiiF(25) ~6569V 4: MMiii,c(41)
M5569 V 20: MKG(l397) M6041 V 8; dl5828 A 3
MP 'wyst"m M4b II V 20
MP 'wyst'm MMii M729 1V i 9: KPT(703)
R iii
5; oM214 Il V 6
'wysf'm
MP lawest6ml n. In: /dl(st){?]
'wys(t)['mm 'hand support, walking-stick'. MKG,
158.
MP 'wyst'm MKG(1559) oM2202 A 2 (MKG, 100 n.1
alternative conjemre eg d s 'G-prad ' W l ; r i d
on'.)
'wystr- Pa /awestar-/ uir. 'to keep dean'. Henning
1937%80.
Pa 'wysu impsg. MY00 I R i 22 (unp)
' w y ~ t w 'MP
~ /awesttU&/ a,-n 'firm, reliable; elder
(of the family1 guardian': ~undennann198% 58.
MP 'wystw'r'n pl. MMii M49 11 V 7
'wySt MP /&iitl utr., pp. 'to seal (a letter, etc)'.
Henning 1946b,72%.
MP 'wySt ppl RH(1053) M785 V 10
MP 'wyztg ppJa L d10'-EG iI V 5
'yit-, ' ~ 3
Pav k it,-. t o md,to placg
stand waiting'; a h 'be'.
Pa 'wyStI aM740a V 7; HCfrC M891 B lla
Pa 'wSIyd pes.3sg. ME01 V 17
Pa 'wyStyd pes.3sg. MKGCnO) M 4 5 n A ii 6
Pa 'wyStam pesl.pl. Or subp RH(691) M73 V 1

Pa %qGmndpres3#1. MMiiQ(98) M2 I1 V i 24
Pa' 'wyStynd preJ.3.pl. MKG(831) oM4578 B ii 5:
MKG(897) M4578 B ii 11: MKG(1848) M6031 R 20:
ma/oM625b V 5
Pa w
' ym subj2sg. HH.VnI/3a/M502h+M2751R 3
('wy'W&)+Sflh>; HVIIIa/3a/ M256 1 R 5 =

M855 R 5
Pa "wyZ subj3sg. MKG(1426) aM5365 B 3
Pa 'wSt'dppl AbcdB oM507 V 15b
Pa 'wyWd ppJ M4a I V 8
Pa 'wy3f'dppJ MMiii,a(93) M2 I1 V i 19
Pa 'wySt'd ppl M d a ) M5861 V i 1: MKG(123)
M48+ 1V U ;MKG(951) M4582 B ii 3: MKG(993)
M4579 V ii 2 MKG(1424) M5965 B 1: M8286 1R 5:
M8286 I R 9: MMiiid M5 R i 9 = oM748 R 1;'
KPT(W)oM6470 V 4: CPar(l67) M44 V 5: M4b I
R 22: aM680 V 10: GW 945 oKao.0103 1906 V 3:
M6722 R 5; M24 R 1QcM8i2 R 1(Morano 2000.403)
Pa 'wyitxl ppJ MKG(1376) M6041 R 17
Pa 'WyZdn infJa ARVlI/llb/ M91 V 10 = M774 R
8 = aM626.5 R 3
"
d ' n@
t y%
taus., ppJrMKG J53: shortening
(not of MP -kt-, but) of -&I- > -an-.Boyce 1977,
19: *'wyy3'nad /awiZtcincid/ pp.11. MKG(1942)
M177 V 16 (Or 'wyyB<y>nad or even 'wy{y]5<yaad as an anticipatory mistake.) '
'wyStab, 'wyStb MP lawiStdb/ n. 'oppression,
tyranny; hurry'. pd 'hastily, in a hurry '.
MP 'wy%b Hu(1240) M7983 I1 R ii 10
MP "wyStb Hu(1235) M7983 I1 R ii 5
'~ygt'b-, %Sf%- MP /awiitib-/ v.tr. 'to oppress,
press; hasten'. KPT, 117. MKG, 153.
MP 'wySfiydpres.3sg. MKG(2256) oM236+ V 7
MP %SfftppJCorrect? ~1809/4
MP "wySt'pt pp1 KPT(796) &819+M2154 R 2
MP ' ~ S t ' p r gPPJa
R 8;
l2
MI' ' ~ S f i ~ h y d
pres.3sg,
'wyStabydgyye MP / a w i h d b i d a g i b / n.
'oppressidn'.
MF' '
w
Y
~
Y
~
~
~
'wymyj.n pa/@ ;awift&ifnl. /awi5tdpiin/ n.
'oP~ressioJ&
hawin&idsten% hurry'Pa 'wyXbySn M&3) oh4390 R 8; Mo(57) MU22 R 11
MP %ySfbySn oPM914.I V? 3
V 18; oMM4979 R i 2: Mj34/ii 4
MI' awy&%J'h
MP 'wyXbySnanpl. M12 V 14
'wyStapt MP see 'wyStab
'wJ'Sfb MP see 'wySt'b
'wyStn MP /6y$fan/! n. 'life-force, energy' (?). So
Boyce 1977.19.
MP 'wy5manpZ. Id738R 4
' V S W g'h Pa /uiaawUit gzb/ nJ'r. =
UStwuaiti- gd9rS-'. GW 119 (&,l).
Pa 'wygtwyt g'i~GW 46 oM248+ R 14 = oM890 R 2
' ~ S t z ' n dMP /?/? '?'. Quoted Boyce 1960 sub M362
1s there a verb 'wyftz-? Henning's notebook has:
'hardly: 'wyj tzand!' tz'lndl does occur in

*".

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


Stbg(l3G) but the context in M362/A/5/ does not
allow a decision
MP 'wySuand h962 A 5
' m r /lit*/ (Turk.) 71 'wg'syy 'wywr bwyP
w n Uighur name, followed by a title
~'wy_twr~Rii6:MK36Rii24
'wytyr /litis/ apt.m. (Turk) wg'.
M 'wytyr W 3 3
'wyz /6z/ (Turk.). Part of Uighur name, s. yg'n.
M 'wyz MIH
R ii 11
'wyz '8gw / 6 z i36gill n... (Turk.)
M 'wyz '6gw MIK4979 R ii 5
'wyzrn"n Pa see 'wm'n
'w y zm'h MP see 'wm'h
'wyznySn MP see 'wzynySn
'wyzxtyy MP see 'wartyy
'w yzyg'n /6z ydga'n/ apt.(Turk.). de Blois 2003%
u7.
M 'wyzyg'n M82 V 15
'wyzynySn bPsee;wzyny3n
$
'wzcy MP see 'wzyy
'wzcyy Pa see 'wzyy
'wzd MP see k"wzdh RIP see 'wzdyh
'wzdh'g MP /uzdabiig/ n 'dragon'. S 'zdb'g und
MPB dahiig.
MP 'wzdh'g Hu(916) hi7984 V ii 26
'wzdyb 'wz& MP /uzdeb/ a 'exiled'. Perh also
MP 'wzdlj Sbrg(26) oM473a+ I V 2; Sbrg(84) o~M475a

'wzm'hwr MP latcrezmibwarl a 'lewd, lustful'.


MP %mawHut2751 M7981 I R ii 5; M 8 1 t I R 10
'wzm'n, 'wyzm'n, %yzmnn Pa /awezm&/ n
"condemnation, punishment'. MKG, 154. LN 124

(SlooS).

Pa 'wyzmnn MKG(II62) M4570 R ii 23


Pa 'wyim'n RH(351) M284b R ii 28: MI71 I R 2
Pa '~zm'n=~wyun"nLN 9
0
0M4%+R 5 = M905 V 2
'wzn- MP /&an-/ u#r. 'to kill'.
MP 'wmym presJsg. KE'T(1755) M45 V 3
MP ' m y d pres.3sg. MMii oM2 I V ii 4: MI77 R 1.2:
M389 V 2 = M8430 11 R 6
MP 'wznynd pres3fil- MKG(22l5) oM5794+ I1 R 2:
WKG(Z220) M5794+ 11 R 7
MP ' m a n subjJsg. KPT(1757) M45 V 5
MP 'wn'nd subj3.pl. MKG(2219) oM5794+ I1 R 6
MP k g p p . I KFT(832) M819M2154 V 18 (KPT,
45, d COKectS t0 ' w z P Z ~ ~ . )
MP ' m a gprpla oh4389 V 5 = M8430 11 R 9
MP W ppJ I(~JKA<%> MlOE R 3: ICaW(254)
aMi(ilm R ' 5 : MMii M2 I V ii 21: KPT(827)
M819+M2154 V 13: KPT(1561) M5900 A 11:
KPT(l574> M5900 B 8: KPT(1574) M5900 B 8:
KPT(1580) M5900 B M; KPT(1643) oM46 8 10:
M269 R 7; M5794+ 11R 10: M28 I R ii 37
MP 'wzdn inf Ja KawA(26) MlOlj R 4: KawA(28) .
MlOlj R 6; Ml77 R 10
'wznfln MP /6zani&/ a 'killing'.
MP 'wznySn KawA(113) oMlOle R 3; KawA(U0)
MlOle V 9; KPT(816) oMSl9+hi2154 V 2
I v 12
'wznygnyq MP /6zaniZnig/ a. 'containing or
IMP "wzdyh Sbrg(lll) M477 I R l5: L B 3: ~6351/2
"wzdyl~MP see 'wzdyh
referring to 'wznyfn'.
MP $vznySnyq M%la V H
'wzdys Pa/MP /uzd~Zs/n 'image. icon; idol'.
Pa 'wzdys'n pi. oM1202 R 9: H.V/l2a/ MS95a+M2224 'wzxt, 'wzyxt IMP /awezaxtl. l a w e z e d a. (pp.):
n. 'pardoned'; IL'the pardoned'. Reck 2004: 'der
V 1= aM6m V 1: LN 59% M312 R l3
Begnadigte'.
IMP 'wzdys'n pl. Kaw~(l26)oMlOle V 5; MMii M219
MP 'wart pj.Z M82 R 5 = oM235 V 1: M3503/1
R 17: M28 I R i 6; M28 I V i 34
MP 'wzxt pp.1 MMii M31 Il R 6: S17 V 1; RH(809)
'wzdysc'r MP /uzdEszdr/ TL 'image-hall, :idol~ 4 4 %A 8: RH(l047l M785 V 4temple'.
pp.I + stiff" Henning 1934h 9. M90 R lb
MP
MP 'wzdysc'r MMii M2l9 V 8
MP 'wan'n ppJ, pl. Mll V 7
"wzdyspryst MP /udZspurist/ n. 'imageMP 'wzyxt'n pp.1,pi. MU R 3
worshipper, idolator'.
'wzxtyy, 'wyzxtyy MP /awezaxtib/ n. 'pardon'.
MP 'wzdysprysr'n pl. MI74 II R 8
MP 'wyzxtyy BBB(240) M801a/p15 5
'wzm'h, 'wyzm'h, 'wzm' MP lawezmib/ n.
MP 'wzxtyy MZ2 V? 18
'lewdness, lust*.
'wzy'n MP /6zaydn/ n. 'killing, slaughter'. Henning
MP 'wyzm'b MMii M49 I V 1
1944 U5 n.8
MP 'wzm' Hu(900)M7984 V ii 10; Hu(927) M7982 R
MP 'wzy'n MI77 R 11
i 3: ~ ~ ( 9 6 M7982
8 ) R ii 10: Hu(1025) M7982 V i
'wzyd MP see 'pityh33; Hu(1097) M7983 1 R ii 3
'wzyd'r Pa /6zidcsrl. 16ziScizl a. 'harmful'.
5:
Hu(909)
M7984
MP 'wun'h Sbrgfm(29) oM82%
Andreas-Henning 1933, 299, n7. Panh. word in MP
V ii 19: Hu(1048) M982 V ii 22
ten
'wzm'h- MP / w u e z d - / u.itr. 'to be lewd, be
MP
'wzyd'r MMii M9 11 R 7
lustful'.
'WZyh-,
'zyh- Pa/m /uZib-/ v.itr. 'to leave, depart,
I~ 'wm'h'nd
subji3pl-H m ) M7984 v ii 22
go
out'.
Henning 1937%89 sub wzyh-. 'zyb- may
MP 'wzm'hydpp.11 Hu(944) M7982 R i 20
be
/azib-1.
'wzm'hgyn MP /aweznuibgt%/ a. 'lewd, lustful'.
Pa 'zyhyd pres35g. MKG(1408) M6041 V 19: M6031
MP 'wm'hgyn ~u(ll01)'A47983 I R ii 7

78'.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

i
I
1
I

IBit10)4:GW 27M34UR4=M83IIRlO
Pa 'zyhynd pres3@. MKG(IO4l) oM4572 V i 8;
CPar(ll4) M334a R 9; HVIVW M5263 R 2 = M588
R 3: LN 2l M428c V 5: LN 523 M208+M638V 8
Pa 'wzyh'b subjZsg. A.R.VWUa/ oM667+ V 3 =
OM8285 V 3
Pa 'wzyh' subj3sg. M229 V i I2
Pa 'zyh'm subj.lp1-Or sg2 KPT(ZO96) a338 A 5
Pa 'zyhyd impv.pl. W 8 5 ) M333 R 9 (Colditz,
p B 2 perh ' z y m . ) ;RHWO) M5860 I R i 14
Pa 'zyhyyd impapi. aMl202 R 3
MP 'wyhyd pres3sg. KPl7864) M263ft A i U ;
M733 R 8; M199+ V ii 2 M 9 W 3
MP 'zyhyd pres3sg. KawA(143) MlOlb R 10
MP 'wzyhynd pres.3pl. MKG(2015) M742 11 R 7;
KPT(873) M263f+ A ii 6
MP 'wtyh'd subj,3sg. Sbrg(296I oM470a+ R 8;
~ 7 8 i I+v
MP 'wzyh'm &bj.ZpI. ? MMii oMZl9 R 1
MP 'wzyh'g prpJa' M601.V i 3
MP 'wzyh'g% prp~a,pl.oM90 R 3a
MP 'wzyd ppJ h w ~ i 4 1M
) lQ V 9: KawD M
25c
V i 2: KawD M62k V i 5; MMiii,q(24) oM454 I V
11: KPT(209) M1003+M1025 B ii 4: KPT(1610)
M8101 V i 5 Kp?:(2065) M6005 A ii 4: BBB(375)
M80la/p23 18; MIK4974 V ii '12; L SIO UO 1 V 10;
RH(965) M647+ I1 R 9; PAL942V i 4: M1903 A 4
'wzynySn, 'wyl(y)nyh MP /uzMSnl n 'the
causing to depart Ii from the cyde of rebirth1
delivering, redeeming'. Despite 'wy- hardly to be
read /awe-/ (or /6y-fi Reck 2004. S. Skjzwca 1990,
98
MP 'wyznySn ~ ~ ( l l l M273
6 ) V 10
MP 'wyzynySn RH(lll2) M273 V 6
NLP 'wzynySn oM5794t I V 12
'wzyy, 'wzcy(y) /uzzi/ npr. m Henning 1942%944:
= Copt ( G 3 Ozeos Tubach 1997,388
Pa 'wzcyy MMiii,&l) his569 V 10; MMi&c(34)
M5569 V l3
MP 'wzy ~~iii,q(24)
MWI V-n
MP 'wzyy MKG(2263) M236+ V 14
k a S t Pa see kyt- Pa
'x'z Pa lax&/ n 'battle, struggle'. KPT. 117. But
Humbach-Skjzrve 1983 2 90 takes it as = ab6z
'

'

'was'.

Pa 'x'z KPT(ll9l) M1W I V 3


'x'z- Pa lixriz-/ v.itr. 'to fight, do battle'.
Pa 'r'zynd pres.3~11.Mo(17) M104+ V (341U =
M891b+ V 3
'xr'w Pa l ~ x r k u n/. 'scab, graze'. Henning 1937%80.
'graze'; Ghilain 193g75; KPT, Il?..EqwiUy p i b l e :
'bloody sore/wound'.
Pa 'xr'w KPT(2048) M5&0 V 7
'xr'w- Pa lrixrcfw-/ v3r. 'to scratch oneself, graze'.
Henning 19% 80 sub 'xraur;KIT, 117.
Pa 'xr'wyd pres.3sg. KPT(2046) M580 V 5
'x?d MP /ax&l/ a.,n 'troubled, distressed; distress'.

'

Henning 1!237a, 81.


MP 3 r d Sbrg(70) M475a I R 22: Sbrg(123) M 4 n I v
3: Sb'g(408) M542b+ II..R 24 = M805a+ R 5:
~ 1 ~ 8 2n
5 9v 8
MP 'xS'dan pl. oMIK4976a R ii 15
'xSadyft /axWift/ n 'wretchedness'. Bailey 1933,

86
Pa 'xS'dyFf

OMmm

HVIa/4b/

M6223 R 8; ~ b c d . ~

Pa kJ'dyft ARVInZblM9l R 4 = MI75 V 2: LN 5100


oM491+ R 7 = M905 v 3; GW 315 oM259a V 3: GW
630M?AOaV8=M295R5
'xSadyh 'm3dyy MP /uxSddib/ n. 'suffering,
distress'. Henning 193% 1
8
9
s
.
Bailey 193586.
MP 'xS'dyh Sbrg037) aW42b+ I R 1: Sbrg(379)
M542b+1 V 19; SbrgG90) aM542b+ I1 R 6; Hu(873)
M7984 V i 17; MMii 1
1 V 16
MP Wdyy Sbrg(290) oM47Oa+ R 2; KawF(5) M6120
colA 5; Hu(l98) M1984 I1 V i 30; M206 I R 4:
M950 R ii U:MI827 II R ii 3
'xSd P? /i2X&d/ n 'pity, mercy'. S. PaT 'byJx3d.
Pa Ysd MMiiig(l39) M2 11 V ii 28; MMiiipl(27) M?9
R ii 1: MMiiip(36) M77 V 15: MV348: M4a I V 19:
M544 R 10: M6232tM6230 V 9: M538 R 7; M8287
A 4; HlII/l2a/ M5540 V 3; H$Va/3b/ M6221 R 6:
HV/9a, M858e V 1 = oM5350 R 1: H.VII/lla/
M5263 R 6 = aM87lf V 1: kR.I/lal M855 V 1 =
M2j6 I V 1: AR.Ib/Zb/ M.1537 I V 3: A.RJIIb/lb/
. MnOl R 2; AbcdD &5877/5a; AbcdE M888a V
Ila: RH07) M280 I R 5: RH(l35) M86 V 19:
RH(233) M284a V i 5; RH(278) M284a V ii 18;
RH(291) M284a V ii 31; RH(359) M284b V i 4;
HCfr30.8 M30a A 1: oOtani6n7 V 3: o M Z 5 / 3 ;
M6281+ V 2
- a
xsd g Pa /axSadcig/ a. 'pitying, merciful'.
hi~iii,e(94)hi6 V ii 4: MMiiig(193) M7 I1
Pa
V i 17 = M496 V 2: MV274: MV343: Ml.1344:
MU345: MV346: M38 V 10: kRVIIa/3a/ M667+ R
5; M737 (16) V 8: S6 R 1: RH(2) MI37 I R 1; ~ ~ ( 6 1
~ 1 3 71 R 5: HCfrl62 M381 B 4; Otani6160 A 7;
&1ani6214 B ii 5: -6214
B ii 6
Pa 3 S Cut df.MU247 kS<dag>
'xWgyft Pa /axSadcSgfft/ n. 'mercy'. KPT, 117:
MKG, 154.
Pa kWgft RHO751 M284k1V i 20
Pa 'xid'gyff R H O M283 I V 8; cQtani6202 A 8
'xSdagyft MKG(1904) M523a-c B 6; KPT(2033)
M580 R 10: KPT(2035) OM580 R 12: M11347; M544
V 4: M83 I R 4; H.VIb/Zb/ M502b V 4; RH(195)
ma K i .B Y~d-t;
RH(552) OM% V 6;
RH(11n)hr130 R ii 17
pa %d'gIf W l b l M233 V 2 = oM625b R 7
'xSnd Pa see %ynd
'xSndft Pa see Myndyft
'xSwz MP / a ~ S d z /a. 'desirous'. Bailey 1933,8485.
MP %Swt Hu(885) M79M V i 29

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

79

MP 'xdnpl. Sbrg(l4) M473a+ I R 14: Hu(746) ~ 7 9 8 1


'xSwZn pl. Could also be a partiaple or
subi3pl of ' x h z - wMch is-attested onfy with
II V i 26; Hu(1003) M7982 V i 11: Hu(1007) M7982
-yb-. M9189/3
V i k Hd1091) M7983 I R i 31; Hu(10%) Id7983
'Swzyh MP /axfdxib/ n 'desire'.
I R ii KFT(430) M1004+ V iv 8: M762 R 17
MP kSwzyh Hu(953) M7982 R i 29
'xtrm'r A@ /axtam&/ n 'interpreter .of stars,
'Awzyh- MP /axErib-/ v-itr. 'to become desirous,
astrologer'. MKG, 154.
be desired' (?r
MP 'xtnn'r'n pl. MKG(2016) oM742 ll R 8 (MKG, 122
MP 'xSwzyhyst ppJI Hu(8m) M7984 V ii 1; Glossa
lt5c 'Beziehentlich 'xtnn'(r)[)y 'Sterndeutedeil')
MlW R 2
MP 'xumi'n pl. Glossb Mlll+M725 R 11
'xSy- Pa /dxBy-/ v-itr. (pass.) 'to fxheard'. See MP 'xtrwzn Pa /axtarwaran/ n 'zodiac'. Boyce 1954,
'x Zyn-.
183. Sundermann 1991b, 13 n.26: 'OK,wo die
Pa 'xSyd presdsg. A.RVII/9b/ M91 V 6 = M517 R 4
Zodialialzeichen sich bewegen'.
=M774R4=M8801V2
Pa ' x t m ~RIa/8b/M815 R 4
Pa 'xSy'd ppJI MKG(934) M458l V ii 4; MKG(1045) 'xw' Pa /?/'?'.Henning's notebook coritains 'xtuJh
with some attestations but without a translation
M4572 V ii 3: MMiii,d(79) M5 V i 19 = M748 V 8:
Pa 'xw'm'n M327 R 6 = oK24 V 6
~ ~ a r ( laM332+M724
7)
R 16
MP 'xSy'd subj3sg. Otani6154 A 5
'xwr- Pa /&war-/ v3r. 'to eat, consume, devour (of
IMP %y( pres. stem, unclear M1547/3
a fire)'. See 'wxr-.
'xSyd MP see MynPa 'xwyd pres.3sg. KawN(22) M35 V 4: KawN(26)
' x S p MP /rSxjYn-1 vir. 'to hear'. Andreas-Henning
M35 V 8
1932,202(in translation) 'sich belehren lassen' ['to
Pa 'xwynd .pes.3.pl. MKG(1815) oHWP B 5:
receive insuuction'l
MKG(1823) oHWP B U: MU02 V (1611: MI202 V .
MP 'xsynyyd pres.3sg. Hu(12n) M7983 EI R i 31
(183; MI202 V (2116: MI202 V (243: HCfr16.4 .
iMP 'xSyd ppi MMii M49 II V 9; KPT(lZ4) M47 n R
M6fi5 B 3
10
'xwrn Pa /limuaran/ n 'meal. banquet'. See ' w x m
'xSynd, 'xSnd Pa /axid/ n 'prince'. Lentz 1926,
Pa 'xwm MMiii.8(47) M I R ii 17; RH(439) oM763 R
273; GhiIain 1939,88
i I2
Pa 'end 8ar04)M49P R 15 .
MP 'xwm KaoOlll R 7
Pa 'xsynd W33: CPar(97) M333 V 6; CPar(ZO5) 'xyst MP see 'xyz-MP
M333 V 14: AbcdB M507 V 14a: M737 R 5: MI0 V 'xyz- Pa /cixdz-l v.itr. 'to rise. rise up'. Gershevitch
19: HCfrlfi2 M387 A 3: o~606a/l
1952488ff.
Pa 'xsynd'n pl. MKG(2U9) 0Mlll8 B 1; H.VIb/l4a/
Pa 'xyzydpres.3sg. ~ ~ ~ ( 2 0oM580
46)V5
~ 6 3 R93 = 0 ~ 5 8 4 6R 1; H W l b / M93+M289a I1
Pa 'xyzyndpres.3.@. MMiiia(96) M2 I1 V i 22
R 2; K V I W M588 V 1: AR.I/l&/ M6238+ V 2
Pa 'xy2n subj.1.sg. MI8 V 10
Pa x' *
subj2sg. MKG(l802) HWP A 7
= oM5930 R 6 = aM673 R 7; A.R.VIV23aI oM74 V
Pa 'xyzyd impvpl. MKG(1057) M4573 R i 7: MV319:
ll = oMa7 R 6; oMIK4970b R 1
~ ~ 3 9RH(ll79)
1;
M30 R ii 25: RH(1218) M30 V ii
'xjyndyft, 'xSyndyf1 Pa / a x Z n d i f t/ n.
'regentship, rule, tyranny'. MKG, 154.
.
10
Pa "x'jtppJ B
Z
K
e
(
mM3M R2
Pa 'xSndft W R %
Pa
'x'gppl
hi8286
I
R3
Pa 'xSndf1 AbcdB M507 V 12b
Pa
'xa5t
ppJ
MKG(1589)
M47 I R 14: MKG(1606)
Pa syndyf1 1WCi(23) oM1344+M5910 R U;
M47
I
V
15
kRW56b/ M% R l.2= OM1838 R 4
Pa 'xymyd caus, pres.3-pl. M739015
'xtr Pa/MP /axtar/ n '(fixed) smr,constellation, sign
'xyzMPIc2xBz-/ v.itr. 'to rise, rise up'. dx@z&- 'to
of the zodiac'.
up'. Gershevitch 1952,488ff. Cf.'hyzynyd'r.
raise
Pa 'xu MMi@(23) ~5569V 2; GW 9 7 oM2331 A 7:
M
P
'xyryh
pres.2sg. Sbrg(536) M472 I1 R 8
MEOlV2
M
P
'xytpd
pres.3sg. ~u(6@2)M7980 1 V i (2615:
Pa 'xu'n pl. A.R-Id2alM518 R 3: LN 9oM384+ V 4:
M555
V
3a:
KaoOlll R 6
M57851R8
M
P
'
x
y
z
impvsg.
B-wA(61) MlOlk R 5: ~ ~ ~ ( 6 2 6 )
MP 'xtr KPT(l332>~u(648) ~ 5 0 6R 4; ~ ~ ( 6 9 2 )
-.
MI026
B
19
M7981 II R ii 6; Hu(723) M7982 I1 V i 3: Hu(743)
MP 'xygpp.1 M3 R 16
M7981 ll V i 23: Hu(754) M7981Il V i 34: Hu(755)
MP 'xyznad caus, p p J I M3 (42) V 19 (Boyce:
M7981 I1 V ii 1; ~ ~ ( 7 5M798l
6 ) I1 V ii 2; Hu(758)
'xyzyn'd but no second <y> is present)
M7981 I1 V ii 4: Hu(768) M7981 II V ii 14;
'xyzySn
Pa /rix2ziSitl n. 'rise up, rising up'.
Hu(1231) M7983 n R ii 1: M%3 R 6
Pa
'xyq6n
H.VIa/8a/ M623 V 5 (So Sundermann;
MP 'xtr 'xu double Hu(748) M7981 I1 V i 28 'xtr
(
~
)xy(~)y~.)
<'xu>
'yM
P
see
"yMP 'xtr"n pl. Hu(128) hi7984 II R i 28

80

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.'yabMP Iaytibl conj. (disj.1 'or'.


Pa 'y'b S31 R 7
MP 'y'b Hu(l28l) M7983 11 V i 17; MMii M9 I V 19;
MMii M9 Il V 8: MMii M9 I1 V 12; KPT(198)
oM1003+M102jB i 10: KPT(199) M1003+M1025 B i
11: KPT(200) oM1003+M1025 B i 12; KPT(201)
0M1003+M1025B i U: M444 R ii 7: M444 R ii 8;
M444 R ii 9: oM556 R 2; ~ 5 %
R 4: M556 R 12;
MIK8259 Il V 4: M5794+ II R 9; M694 V 1; M694
'.
V 5: MIK7283 V 3: oMII(4958abV 2: M495/8
MP 'y'bm Sbrg(708) M475a Il V l2
MP 'y'bwrn'n Hu(1163) M7983 1 V ii 1
'fb- MP /ayy&-I. laydb-/ vlr. 'to obtain, acquire,
attain; achieve success'.
MP 'y'b'm subj191. Or pres. KPT(2077) M6005 B i

-.,-

..

(and that yst in M1/42/ is falsely written for


'y'sydl)
'y'sySn MP /ayyciSiSitl. I a y M j n l n. 'memory'.
MP 'y'sySn BB-)
M801aIp22 17
' y 4 p d Pa/W Ed/ dema, pron 'this'; Pa 'yd rad,
MP 'yd r'y 'on aca)unt of this, because'.
Pa 'yd )MM5815 I V i 27; kR.VI/34a/
M5503 V 7; ~.R.V11/15a/ M690+M439 V 7:
Otani6230 B 4 .
Pa 'ydr'd MMiii,M15) M5815 1 R i 15
Pa 'pd MKGO
M4577 A ii 22; MKG(1122) M4570 R
i 4; MKG(l240) M4574 V ii 6; MKG(1686)
M267bthi3l4 V i 3; MMiiG M2 II R i 23: MMiiij
M42 R i 6: W ( 6 4 ) M42 V i 12: kRViIa/17a/
M667+ V U; GW 555 oM248+ V 13 = M890 V 4;
GW
hi6300 A 6;KPT(1922) MIK8259 I R i 15:
M1558/2
MP 'yd Sbrs(92) M475a I-V20: SbrgC375) aMj42b I
V 15; Sbrgo~r)M542b+ I1 R 3; Sbrg(390) M542b+
11R &. Sbrg(392) M542b+ 11 R 8; KawF(3) M6320
colA 3: KawF08) M6m corn 3; MKG(1991) ~ 7 4 2
1 V 5; MKG(B0l) M742 I V 15: MKG(2389j
MXb-b R 7: MMii M9 I V 14: MMii M9 I1 V 4:
- MMii
M28 II R i 4; MMii M28 I1 V i 23; KPT(22)
M1001+R i 5: KPT(450) 1M1002+ B i 7: KPT(472)
M1002+ R iii 7; I(PT(1089) M308a+M308b A ii j:
~ p ~ ( 1 m~13) 8 2
B 3: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 0~668010 5A ii 7:
ML/179: BBB040) M801a/p21 9: ~ 1 V6 4;
oM1K4960 V 3;MMii M8251 I R 17; MMii ah4823 I
V 1; MMii M82511 V 3; MMii M82511 V 6: M199+
V i 10; M415+ I R i I; MI870 1 R i 3

MP'y'ptppJLSIOl201V8 .
MP 'y'bhyd pass.,pres3sg. M199+ V i 18
'y'd MP /ayyZdl n. 'memory, recollection'; 'yad
qwn- / bur- 'to remember'. Henning 1933%224
MP 'y'd Sbrg(148) M&+ I R 4; SbrgO41) M542bt 1
R 5: BBB(206) M801aIp13 7: BBB(2l3) M80la/p13
14: BBBf217) M80la/pl3 18: BBB(224) M801alp14
7: BBB(228) M80laIp14 11: BBB(235) M801alp14
18: G1oss.b Mlll+W25V (26112; M210 V 6; Sl2b R
ii 35; S14 R 13: RH(1098) M273 R 14: MIK4979 R i
5; M6011 R i 4
'y'dg'ryh,
'y'dg'ryy MP layylidgdrib/ n.
'remembrance'.
MP 'y'dg'rylj M555 V 4b
MP 'y'dg'ryy BBB(365) MBOla/p22 16
'fg, "y'g MP lliydgl n (prespart.) 'coming'.
MP
A3
MP 'ydyi? KPT(482) MI003 R iv 6
siruSn tiy6gcSn: 'the three coming ones' = Jesus,
the Maiden of Light and the Now Andreas-Henning
MP 'ydfln PI. Kl'T(U16) a
1
2
0
8B i 7; ~ 6 2 R7 i 15
MP ('yd)ew& M738 R 14
1933,328, n3.S "y-.
'yd'wn MP /&idh/adu. 'thus, SO'.
MP "y'g RH(1045) M785 V 2
MP y'*n
MI@+ I R 11
MP "yagwnpl. MMii M31 I V 1
MP 'yd'wn Sbrg(ll5) M477 I R 19: MKG(1990) M742
MP 'y'g'n pl. M6792.12
I V 4; MKG(2000) M742 I V 14; MKG(2387)
MP "y'g'n prp.Za,pl. M74 I R 15: oM543 R 8: M9U3
M 9 h - b R ): WR67Q) MjO R-i 19: KFlX803
R2
ME08 A ii 6; KF'T(1585) M8101 R i 3: KPT(1593)
'y'pt MP see 'yab
'y'rd- MP lajydrd-I. iaydrd-/ -v.itr. 'to be
M8101 R i 11; KF'T(1628) M8101 V ii 7; KPT(1718)
M47 I1 R 14; KPn1931) o ~ 4 6 6 aA 4; Mlh91: oh197
distressed, tormented; suffer, seethe'.
Ri23:oS2Ri6:MBIVii12;MIK4976aRii7
MP 'y'rdyd pres.3~8.Hu(347) M798l I V ii 9
MP 'yd'wnyj 1416R 5
MP 'y'rdynd pres3.pl. Sbrg(378) oM542b+ I V 18
'ydr MP /5dar/dem crdv. 'here'.Cf. PaT 'ydr.
MP 'y'rd'n subjJsg. RH(1125) M273 V 19
M P 'ydr KPT(163) hi46 R 1; BBB(479) M80la/p314;
MP 'y'rd'nd subj3.pl. sbrgt290) aM470a+ R 2;
M281 R i 35
SbrgOl) M470a+ V 4: Sbrg022) oM470a+ V 10;
MKG(l5l2) oM805a+ V 15: MKc(15l3) M805at V 16 'ydr'd Pa see pd and r'd
'frdySn MP /ayydrdij;nl, laydrdijnl n. 'disuess, 'ydf'y MP
'pd and fy
'yg MP leg/ mj.,adv. 'then, thawpon'.
tom-at'.
MP 'yg Sbrg(12) 0M473a+I R U;Sbrg(27) M473a+ 1 V
MP 'yardySn MMii M8251 I V 15
3; Sbrg(U1) M477 I V ll; jbrg(l69) M482t I V I;
'y's- MP /ayyk-l.layc3s-1 vir. 'to remember'.
Sbrg(184) M482+ I V 16: Sbrg(323) M470at V 11:
MP 'y's'm subj.l.pl. M731 V 7
Sbrg060) M542b+ 1 R 24; Sbrg(536) M472 I1 R 8:
hlP 'y'st ppJ MU42
MP 'y'syd ppJI MIK4959 R 4 (Sundermann apud
Sbrg(544) M472 I1 R 16: Sbr@) M473a+ I1 R 2:
Klimkeit 1980, 194 suggests that this is a ppJI
Kaw~(148)MlOlb V 4: KawA(151) MlOlb V 7:

!.:
.I]

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

,. ,
I

?8I

!
3

4
I
4

1
1'

1
I

i.
I

1i

iI

/
i

j
I

/-1

1
!

I
!

MKG(2237) M23f% R 8: MKG(2318) M7l43 A 3:


Hu(139) M7984 I1 R ii R Hu(333) M7981 I V i B:
Hu052) hi7981 1 V ii 14; Hu(470) M7980 I V i
(30)lO: ~ ~ ( 6 M798l
6 ) Ii R i 4; Hu(699) M798l II
R ii U;Hu(744) M798l I1 V i 24: Hu(777) M798l
11 V ii 23; Hu(820) M7984 I R i 32: Hu(lU0)
M7983 1 V i 2: Hu(1236) M7983 II R ii 6; H u ( W
M7983 II V ii 8: MMii M9 I V 14: MMii M2 1 R ii
18: MMii M2 I V i 17: MMii M2 I V i 3:KPT(468)
M1002+ R iii 3; gPT(496) M1002+ V ii 6: KPT(8.43)
M853 V 1: gpY(847) M853 V 5: KFT(885) M263f+
B i 3: KPT(U19) MI208 B i 10: KPT(1417)
M5j66tM501R ii 2: KPT(1448) M5566+M4501 V ii
7: KPT(1457) M5567 R i 3: KPT(1611) Ma101 V i 4:
KPT(1755) M45 V 3: KpT(1762) M45 V 10;
KPT(1769) M382 A 6: MV205: M97 V ii 14: ~ 1 R6
10: ~433a+bi3706B 7: M2451 A 2 S10 V 6: Sl2a R
. 26: S12b R u 36: M268 A 6: oM268 A 9: MSOlp+ R
8: M'5794+ I R 9 ; - ~ 2 I8V i 25: Otani6152 R 10
'ygwm MMij M49 I1 v.6: W193
MP 'ygyc MgG(1969) M142 I R 5: Hu(663) A47981 U
R i ll; Hu(U05) M7983 I1 R i 9
MP 'ygycyS MKG(W72) M74.2 1 R S
MP 'ygyd'n bfKM2388)M380a-b R 6
IMP 'ygy5 Sbrg(86) oM475a 1 V 14; Sbrgfrn M8256 R
4: Hu(1014) M7982 V i 22: Hu(1257) M7983 11 R ii
27: Hu(U6n M7983 II V i 3: Hu(1270) M7983 Il V
i 6: ~ ~M9 iI v i3; ~ p ~ ( u 2~1001+
)
v iii 6;
KPT(1400)0M4500 V ii 9; KFT(1405) M5566+M4501
R i 3: KPT(1422) oM5566+M4501 R ii 7: KPT(1461)
M5567 R i 7
.W 'ygyS'n Sbrg(147) oM482+ I R 3; H u O ) M798l
I R ii 30: Hu(ll22) M7983 I R ii 28; Hu(ll77)
M7983 I V ii 15: M97 R ii 19: oM433a+W706B 3;
M5794+ I R 18: MY50 R ii 16
'ymcy3 MP see 'yg
'yl Pa see 'yl
'yngyy /ingi/ npr. m (Turk.)
M 'yngyy MY49
'ynyh MP / M I n 'similarity'.
MP 'ynyb MMii M9 11.V 6
MP 'ynyy M199+ V i 18
'yr, (pr)MP /&Iadv. 'down below'. 'c 'yr 'under';
prep 'under' in I(PT(1651). On 'yr dst KPT(4761, s
KPT 31 70 and 'yrdst.
MP 'yr MMii W2 I V ii 36: KPT(476) M1002+ R iii 11;
KPT(758) MlOO V ii U: KPT(1293) MI208 A i 2:
~p~(1m
~ ) m A 8ii 4: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 ~5 14)R 618; ~ 1 4
R7
.
MP 'yrwd' m i 5 11 R 1
MP 'yr KPT(1445) ~5566+~4501
V ii 4
'yr MP I&-/a 'lower'. Cf.'yr 2.
MP 'yrdr camp, adu-7 K P T O M1001+ V i l2: M738
R8
MP 'yrdfi m p . , pl. KPT(87) M1001t V i 3;
KPT(303) M1007+M1027 B ii 6: KPT(687) MlOO R
ii 10: KPT(743) MI00 V i 2l

81

MP 'yrdwm nrprl. Sbrg(178) M482+ I V 10:


Sb'g(l98) M472+ I R 6: Sbrg(218) M472+ I v 2:
Hue) M98 I R 3: Hu(67) M99 I R 17: Hu(88) M99
IvU
'yr'n Pa see 'yr'n
'yrd MP /&ad/ a h . 'here'. ? Twice attested in one
texS metathesis of y d r or point placed on <d>
instead of on.cr>!
MP 'yrd MMii MZl9 R 16; MMii M219 V 7
'yrdst PdMP /&dust/ a 'subordinate, vassal'. On
>r dst m(476) see 'yr.
Pa '~rdstRH049)&i2&fb R ii 26
MP 'yrdst
16
'south'' ~ MP
g
MP "yrg Sbrg(t38) M4n+ I V 22; Sbrg(279) M539 V
15; %rg(304) M470a+ R 16: Hu(47) M98 I v 22:
Hu(27k) M7981 I R ii 1: H~(326)M79811 V i 22:
KPT(9lO) Wf+
B ii U: BBB(232) M801a/p14 15
MP 'yrgyh'h ado. Hu09) M98 I V 14; Hu(75) a
9
9
I R 25
'yrgyg MP jadgig/ a.
MP 'yrgyg Hu(53) M99 I R 3; Hu(54) M99 I R 4
'yrkS MP /&km"/ n '(arms under the armpits in
respectful) sahitation, greeticg'. Henning 1940, 2-3;
CO1diu
3%
MP ' Y ~ UM198a
V 1; G1m.b MUl+M725 V (15)l:
G l a b oMlll+M725 V (16)2
prn~'
am^-/ vfr. 'to Conquer, defeat; blame,
damn'MP 'ymPn SUbjJsgI
MP 'yrnz'g p p J a M74 I V 5: M798a R ii 6 (So
Waldschmidt-Lentz 1933, 560; Boyce 1975, cc 1
'ymjeg is unjustified)
MP 'yrxt ppJ RH(1107) M273 V 1
'yrp'y MP /&p-y/ a 'underfoot. spumed'.
MP 'yrp'y'n pi. M78l+ I1 V (4717: oPM9141V? 4 (de
Menasce ?ICr)p'y'n, but initial & is to be
expected in MPT.)
'yryst MP/&ist/ v.itr.,pp. .'having appiied oneself '
(?I.Unclear, s Durkin-Meisterernst 20038 1123.
MP 'yryst ppJ? MU180
'yw'r, ' w r MP /&rir/ n 'buds' (?).
'yftPr Hu(962) hi7982 R ii 4
MPrW
y' '
Hu(1042) M7982 ii 16
'yw'r Pa /Gw&/ n 'theft, thieving'. KPT, 1' 18.
Humbad-Skjaem 19832 79.
I
Pa pgr
'ywr- MP l a p a r - f .l h a r - / ufr. 'to aquire' (9.
Sundermann apud Klimkeit 1980i 194:
'he~beibringen', "sich verschaffen'. BeDuh apud
Gulicsi 2OOl, 228 'receive'.
MP 'ywfnd subj.3.pl.MIK49j9 R 5
PwSfPa see "ywz'ywStg, "ywStg Pa/MP /dyuftag/ a (pp..) 'agitated,
of
turbulent'. Henning 1945%480 'Perplexing'.
=a

ywz--

Pa "ywStg kRV12bI M780+MS89 R 4 = oM6264 R 3

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.- I

Pa 'ywStg H.IVa/W M6221 R 3: A.R.V11/2a/ M91 R 9


= MI75 V 7: AR.\'III3laI M281tMl223 V 9: Abcd.C
oM533 R 3b: LN 26 M27 R 14
MP 'ywStgyh' adv. M733 R 5
MP "ynrStg'n ppJa, pl. hi204 B 4
- 'ywStgyft Pa /liyu2tagif
t / n 'rebellion muddle'.

Lh' 99 6303).
Pa "ywSrgyfy RH(108) M86 R 17
Pa 'ywstgyft LN 30 M27 V 16 = a 4 5 7 V 5; LN 590
M g V 10
'ywyn MP /&h/n 'custom; son'.
MP 'ywyn MMii M729 II R i 3: ~ ~ ( 1 0 6 MI81
5 ) R 3;
M28 I V i 26;bd)llI R 4
'ywyng MP /&&zag/ n 'manner, kind, fashion,
propriety '. Henning 1958,n
MP 'ywyng MMii M9 11 V U:KPT(878) M263f-i A ii
11: M733 V 9; M627 V ii 12
MP 'ywyng'n pl. KPT(419) M1004+ V iii 18;
KPT(553) M1020+M1022 R i 3; KPT(553)
oM1020cM1022 R i 3
'ywz I,"'ywwz VZ
Pa/MP l~iy6z/a. 'disturbed,
aroused ' .
Pa "ywz A.RJ/,Tb/ M780+M889 V 2
pa 'ywz kRI/2?a/ M7WM889 V 3
MP "ywwz HuOl4) M79811 V i 10
'ywz 2 Pa /ciybz/ n 'disturbance'. Ghilain 1939,64.
Pa 'ywz HVIa/4a/ M6223 R 7
'ywzg, "'ywzg Pa t'rSydzagl n. "strife'. MKG, 154.
Pa "ywzg LN 598 M312 V 11= OM% R 8
Pa 'ywzg MKG(lO17) Me72 R i 2: MKG(1020) M4572
R i 5; IN 5% M312 R 16: LK 5102 M307a+ R 6 =
M6953 V 5
'yy jay/ interj. '0(dismissive)'. Henning 1942%951
'Eh'. Sims-Williams-HaI6n 10 take it as a positive
'Oh'; unless that should be Pa pres2sg. of the
copula instead of MP by. Weinreich 1994, 184 also
has an apparently positive 8.
-W 'yy M3 (28) V 5
M P S "y MannerheimE R 4
'z Pa lazlpronJsg. '1'. End.-rn and xiin-enclitic mn
express the direct o b j j the genitive/dative and
the agent in transitive sentences in the past tense
(in the 'ergative' constrcution). See also mn'n.
WMlr rnn Or MP. M24W2; M8416/1
Pa 'b'wmMMiilZ4) M5815 11 R i 13
Pa 'bd'cwm lLRIMb/ M5570 R 4
Pa 'bdyStwm M11370
Pa 'bya'dwm M4b I V I7
Pa 'g'dgwm M551t A ii 7
Pa 'nj'rwm M11300
Pa 'w'swm M 8 p R 2 = M275a+ R ii 6
Pa 'whwm MMiUU9) M5815 Il R i 28; MU232
Pa 'wm MMiii,b(77) MY315 I V i 27; MMiii,b(l31)
M58l5 I1 R i 20: MMiiilb(154) oM5815 11 R ii 18:
MMiii,b(l94) M58l5 I1 V ii 2: MKG(679) M4575 V
ii 8: MKG(941) M4582 A ii 1: MKG(1399) M6041 V
lo: MKG(2079) oM455 A i 8: MMiii,d M5 R i U =

M748 R 3; MMig M5 R i 15: MMiii,d M5 R i 25:


MMiii,d M5 R i 30: M M i ( 7 8 ) M39 V ii 16;
MMiiim(87l M39 V ii 25: hiMiii,,o(4)M67 R ii 31 =
aM480c V ii 10; MI/%: B B W ) M801a/p5 1: M4b
I V 1; M6033 B ii (21) 3; M603l I A ii 6: M6650 V
10; H.IIVllb/ OM5540 V 2: Wa/lOa/M6221 V 9:
H.V/6b/ M 6 2 B V lo: HVb/lb/ oM489b R 2:
HVIII/W 0?%8!) V 3: AR3/2a/ M855 V 3 = M256
I V 3; A.RI/$~/ oM5570 R 6; A.R.I/lla/
M780+M889 R 1; AR.Ia/lla/ M518 V 1: ARJb/2a/
MI890 R 3: AIUb/lla/ MI890 V 1: A.R.Ib/Ub/
MI890 V 4: hRlia/3lb/ Ml.536 I R 3; W I I V l b I
ME35 I R 4: ARIWHbl MZ# V 2: kWIV/42a/
MI530 II R 3; kRIIV/62a/ M1531 I1 R 2:
A.RV/W ME33 II R 2: ARV/42b/ M5586+M1534
I1 R 4; ARV/W M2B6 R 3; kRVI/2a/ M6m R
3: &RWW~ 6 2 2 2R 5i ARW3b/ ~ 6 2 2 2R 6:
A.RW7b/ M6222 V 4; A.RWI/12a/ M89 V 3: SH)
A 3a: RH099)M284b V ii 18; RH(1172) M30 R ii
18: M215 V 11: M%3/2: =A;
Ml504/3: M58-25
Vl;ohfZOlAS
Pa 'z MMiiS70) M5815 I V i 20: MMiiib(73) M5815
I V i 23; MMiii,b(9l)M5815 l V ii 10: MMiii,b(l58)
M58E Il R ii 2 MKG(117) M48+ I V 6: MKG(720)
M4576 V i 4; MKG(754) b14!37 A i 4: MKG(1193)
M4570 V ii 7; MKG(l542) M5651 A 2: MKG(1.552)
M5651 B 5; MKGC894) M380a-b V 5: MMiiig(lO7)
M6 V ii 17: MMiiig(95) M7 I V ii 7: MMiiig(98)
M7 I V ii 10; -98)
M7 1 V ii 10: MMiiij
M42 R i fi MMiiy(27) M42 R ii 1: MMiiip09)
M77 V 19; MLB8; M1/299; M1/441: M1/442:
Ml/443; W444;MI8 R 2: L A I: L A 2: H.VIa/la/
M6223 R 1; HVIa/2bl M6223 R 4: KVIa/3a/
M6223 R 5: H.VIc/la/ M93tM289a 11 R 1;
. H.VIIl/W M689 R 3 = M502h+M2751 R 1:
A.R.VI/8b/ M6222 V 6: ARWlOa/ ~ 6 2 2 2V 9:
ARVII38a/ oh026 R 2: . w 4 3 a / M675 R 3:
kRW49a/ M62& V 5: ARV1/52a/ M88 I R 3 =
Mg6 R kA.RYK%a/M88 LR 7 = M96.R 7;
A.RVI/64a/~88 I ~ 7 = ~ V97 6= ~ 1 7 R5 5:
kRVIVlSb/ M439a R 1= N690+M439V 8 = M6265
V 1: RH(l8) M284a R i 17: M4511/2b; M58B A 1;
M6281+R 1;M7Bl A 2; Mj829 A 2
Pa z' z' double ~ ~ ( 5 8 6M%60
)
1 R ii 6
Pa 'zyc MMiiib(192) M5815 I1 V i 31; Glossr M5542 V
(612: kRII/3a/ Ma63 R 5
Pa 'zyS'n ~ R W 3 9 b~/3 2 R6 5 = oMW7 11 R 4
Pa 'sprwm aM25 V 9
Pa 3nwm RH(1SO) ~1610B 2
.pa 'ymwm w
(
4
4
M5
)R ii 14; ~ ~ ( 3 7 ~02) 8 4 5V
i 15
pa 'zw'ywm -102)
M I V ii 14
Pa br'dwm MKG(l578) M47 I R 3
Pa brwm RIi(7B M311 R 9
pa bwjwm ~1/250;M4b I V 8; RHO581 M284b V i
3: RH(812) M449a B 1: RH(840) M782 R 4

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

83

Pa bycwm MKG(l6) M964+M822 R ii 5: M7201 A


3
Pa dmwm MMiii,m(B) M39 V ii 27
Pa cw'gwnwm MKC(1428) M5965- B 5: CPar(45)
M499+ R 6
Pa cymySan Md40) W34 V 5
Pa cym MKG(705) W 6 R ii 6: MKG(U99) ~ 6 0 4 1
V lo: MKG(1622) oMl%4+M822 V i 3: MKG(1929)
Mm V 3: kRWSOb/ M6240+V 8
Pa cym Mo(41) M734 V 6: MKG1059) M45'3 R i 9:
MKG(1109) M453 V ii 8: ~KG(1610)Ml964+~822
R i 1: ~KG(i938)~mV 12: MMiii,i(97l M42 V ii
22: M3Za R 9: ~ ~ ( 4 2 bfU16
6 ) V i 20: GW U
~4526+~7265
I R U = 0~6680+
R 12
Pa cyrgwm M2l5 R 14
Pa d'dwm MMiiij(100) M42 V ii 25
Pa dhwm M4a I V 19: ~Wlb/
M855 V 1
Pa dhydwm BBB(64) oM80WpS 2: MU67 R 6
Pa drdwrn MMiiilg(230) M7 II V ii 26
Pa dydwm kRVVlb1~6222R 2
Pa fryhwm MMiiii(4) M39 R i 5
Pa grywm Ml/302: Hvn/lOa/ M5263 R 4 = oM588 R

Pa hnjfFwm MMiii,d(32) ~ 5R ii' 2- .


Pa hwfry'dwm M4b I V 19 . .
Pa hyrzwm BBB(89) M80laip6 9:. BBB(95) M80h/p6
15: RH(404) M284b V ii 23: RH(850) M782 V 3
Pa hyrzydwm RH098) M284b V u 17 . .
Pa Tmwm MMiii,m(m oM39 V ii 2.Pa kdwm RH(352) M2Mb R ii 29.
Pa krwm M6281+ V 9
Pa kwm .MKG(1938? Ml77 V 12: M6650 V 9:
,eRW2b/ M6222 R. 4: RH(368) M284b V i 13:
RH(369) M284b V i14: RH(430) MU16 V i 24
R 9: MKG(1064) M4573 R i
~ a ' k w mM0(55)
14: MKG(U96) M6041 V 7: MKG(1937) Ml77 V 11;
MMiiip M2 il R i
MMiiig M2 If R i 35;
~Miii,a(42)M2 U R ii 5; MMiii,d oM5 R i 12:
MMiiip M21 R 6; M18 V 8: RH(425) ~1316V i' 19
Pa' qwm RH(614) ~ 5 8 6 0I V ii 10
Pa qwm MKG(2U4) M33WM2238 V 2: CPd97)
M333 V 6
Pa qym Mll249: kRmbIlOa/ ~ 1 6 7R3 1: bWIV/la/
oM1531 I R 1; AR/IV/3d oM1531 I R 5
Pa- kym H.IVa/la/ ~6221R 1: H.IVa/2a/ M6221 R 3:
H.IVa13d M622l R 5 = aM1544 R 1: H.IVa/4a/
M62n R 7 = M1544 R 3: H.IVd5af ~ 6 2 2 R
l 9;
'~.Iva/Ba/M622l V 5: ~ 1 ~ b / 3 a~ 6/ 2 2 0R' 5 =
oOtani6206 V 1; KV/6al ~ 6 2 2 0V 9 ' ~ v l 1 6 a /
d2607 V S; K V I W M312l V 1: AflV3bl M256 I
V 6: kR.IIal50bI ME35 I R 2:. AR.IIIdlla/ M2457
V 1: kR.IIIa/l2a/ M2457 V 3: A.R.IIIb/lla/ ~ 1 6 7 3
R 3 = M2701 V 1: ~Rmb/Ua/.~ 1 6 7 R3 5 = M2701
V 3: A.RJIV/W MIS31 I R 3: AWIV/22a/ M1530
I R 3: A.R.V/4la/ oM1534 I1 R 1: A.R.V/42a/
'

k-

M47 I V 5: MKG(1611) M1964+M822 R i 2;


~KG(l67l)M267bM314 R ii 15: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 7 2 )
oM267b+i!6l4 R ii 16; MKG(1941) MITI V 15:
MKG(1962) M50& B 6;MKG(M73) M455 A i 2;
MKG(2lO8) M502d A 4: MKG(2l09) M502d A 5:
MMi,d M5 R i 17: MMiiid M5 R i 29 = M748 R 8:
MMiii,dO M5 R ii 7 = M748 R 12; MMiiig(92;
M7 I V it 4: MMiii,g(llZ) M7 I V ii 24:
MMiij,g(204)M7I1 V i 30: MMiiig(209) M7 I1 V ii
5: MMim M7 II V ii 30: ~MMiiii(22)M33 I R
ii 12: MMiii,i M42 R i 12: MMiiij(29) M42 R ii 3:
MMiii,iO7) M42 R ii 11: MMiiii(41) M42 R ii 15:
MMiiij(52) M42 R ii 26; MMiii,i(68) M42 V i 16:
MMiiij(8) M42 V ii 8: MMiiii(95) M42 V ii 20:
MMiii,i(lOl)M42 V ii 26: M5iiii,m(5) M39 R i 6:
MMiii&6)
M39 V ii 24: 1Wiiid78) M39 V ii
16: MMiiim(89 M39 V ii 23: MMiiipl(87) M39 V
ii 25: MMiii,n M77 R U: MMiiio(3) M67 R ii 30 =
M480c V ii 10: KPT(1792) oM572 R 10: KPT(1893)
oM6280 V 1; KPT(18%) M6280 V 4 (Sundennann:
man instead of ux (KPT, 97, n9.1;KPT(M94)
M338 A 3 KPT(m8) M338 h 7: MU237; MV264:
MV265: W8:
M11286: Mll288:M11290: Mll291:
Mll91:
W307: Mlf349: MlI351: MU352;
~1/366; ML/385: ~ 1 , 3 8 6 ;Mll437: B B F H ~ ~ )
M801a/p6 16 BBM6) M5779 R 6: BBBc(29)
M5779 V 5 BBW41) MY79 V 17; BBBd(l5) MI14
I V 7; Chd70) M4W V 12: CPar(71) M499+ V U:
CPar(74) M499+ V 16: CPar(lll) M334a R 6;
CPar(ll4) M334a R 9: CPar(U0) M334a R 15: M4b
IV2:M4bIV3;M4bIV5:M4bIV7:M4bIV
8; M4b I V 11: M4b I V 17: M4b I V 19: M4a I R
3: M4a I R 5: M4a I V 15: M32a R 4: M32a R 5:
M32a R 7; W2.a R 8: M32a R 10; M32a R 13: M38

84
I

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

RH(393) M284b V ii 12
V 9: M38 V U: M38 V l2: oM6033 A ii (8) 1:
Pa ngwSwm S6 V 7
MMlb R i 4: H.V/la/ M6220 R 9: H..VIVh/ M8ilf
Pa n m ' ~ g a y g ' y g g ' j w w ~S6
' V8
R 3: H.Vn/iod MU63 R 4 = Mj88 R 5: I-~vIVllal
Pa nm'cwm MV3l5; ~6V 6
M5263 R 6 = M811f V 1: H
W ~ 6 8 9R 1:
Pa p'dgyrbwm oh4215 R
H.VIll/W M689 V 1(Boyce 1954: 'l(w1 mCn),
Pa pdw'cwm W743) ~ 3 1 R1 16
byte 19% I(-)ym; Sundermann: or I(.)ymn.):
Pa rgwm M6281+V 10
H.VIn/llb/ M689 V 2: H.VIIVUb/ M689 V 4:
Pa rw'nwm m(4
M77
)
kRUW M256 1 V 5; kRV12b/ M780+M889 R 4:
Pa s'nwm MMiw(80)M39 V ii 18
u ~ / ~ M7mMW
b /
R 6 = ~ 5 3 v02 = oM623fj+
Pasf~yrwmoM2l5VlO
R 3: A.RJ/19b/ M6238+ R 5 = M831 R 3 = M673 R
Pa
synwm RHCI41) M311 R 14; RH(857) M782 V
. 10:
~ 1 5 I3v 4: ~ a / 3 ~~5 /1 R8 5:
Pa
S'dwm BBml) M80wp3
.
~.R.la/da/ M518 R 7: ARJalSal M518 R 9:
Pa
r'stgwm MZ15 V 6
ARJaIllbl Ma8 V 2: llRIal14al M518 V 7:
pa tmvm MU67I 7: M361 A
AR.Ib/W oM1890 R 5: AR.Ib/Ub/ MI890 V 6;
~ V I / l b / . ~ f 2 2R22 = K206 V 5; M W 4 a /
Pa wa# hyhwma Mbl
M6222 R 7: A.R.W~~/
M6m V 2: M W
pa ohrwm APWW M6m
M62a V 3: hPWW M 6 m V 5: h R W
pa
Mwlb
.
M6222 V 7: f~R.VIkla1M5%3 R 1: hBW4W
Pa
M~
1675 R 1: d R m d B 8 I R 1 = M% R 1:
arrdwm ~ ~ ( 3 7~4 2) 8 4 bv i 19
A.R.VV5W M88 1 R 5 = M% R 5: ARVI/%b/
4
pa =dyW
M$8 !R 6 = hf% 656 6 = M675 V 4: m w 5 % /
p, a y n 8 m m ) i l ~ ~ ( 7 9 )M39 v ii 17
M88 1 R 9 = M% R 9 A.R.VII~%~M88 I V 9 =
zynWm ~ 8 5 h + ~ 6R~i 910c
M96 V 9. = MI75 R 7: kRVIIIIld M89 R 1:
pd
~vl/la/~ ~ 1 4 6 y1 510
kR.VIIII2aI M89 R 3; kRVIlI/3a/ M89 R 5:
pas 5 i0200 1 A 4
.LR.Vlii/4b/ M89 R 8: AR.W1/6al M89 R ll:
paR mnasu T M R 5~
~ R . V I I I / U ~ / 8 V9 5: ~ 1 7 V6 5: M176 V 12; '2'4 "z'd p a / ~ P/izr3d/a. 'noble, free'. Ghilain 1939,
~ 1 7 V6 U: 8 7 V 4; MB A 3: RH(42) M280 I R
87 ~737/w3-4/~Iso'freed': 'wl rws'iz 'P)zad h
l
10; RH(44) M28fJ I R 12; RH(60)
1 V 13;
Wgyft 'andbut the light was freed from
RH(151) ~ 1 6 1 B
0 3: RH(1641 M
m B 5: RH<298) ,ptivity' (Boyce 1%l, 915). On aristocratic rank cf.
M284b R i 7; R H O ) hfmb R i 9; RHO21
Christensen 1944, Illff. (MKG 59,118). ae Blois 1985:
M284b R i U: RH005) M284b R i 14: RHO161
Colditz 2000.53ff.
.
M284b R i 25: R.018)M284b R i 27: RHO281
pa "z'd MMiiim(43) M39 R ii 18 (s. pwstg): Ml.1404;
M284b R ii 5: R H O oM284b R ii 21: RH(345)
MI1422 MV423: M1/445: M83 I R 16 = oM200 V 12
M284b R ii 22: RHO521 M284b R ii 29: RHO571
= M234 R U:M737 R 4: RH(4.52) M763 R i 25: GW
'M284b V i 2; RHO591 M284b V i 4; R H W )
599 01,15642 B 6 = &I2331 B 6: GW 5100 oM2601 B
M2.84b V i 5: RH064) M284b V i 9: RH(383)
7: M28j 11 V ii 24: M79h I1 V 3: M1201 V 20;
M284b V i 28; RHW).M284b V i 30: RH(392)
M1872 I1 V 10
M284b V ii 11: RH(62S) M5860 I'V ii 21: RH(752)
pa =zad'n pl, MKG(72) M48+ I1 V 8; MKG(7lS)
M311 V 9: RH(756) MU V U:RH(7.58) M311 V 15;
M4576 R ii 16: WG(7ii) M4576 V-i 1: MK~?$)
RH(80-4) M449a A 3: RH(840) M782 R 4: RH(850)
M4576 V ii 3; ~ ~ a r ( l 6 M44
8) V 6
M782 V 3: RH(85l) M782 V 4: RH(U70) M30 R ii
pa 'z'd m 8 2 ) M333 R 6; M306 V 2; H.VIb/li?b/
16: RH(ll71) M30 R ii 17: RH(1176) M30 R ii 22:
M502b R 4 = M 1 B V 3: A.R.Vl/45b/ M624Q; R 8:
M452c A 5; HCfrN M4727 A lb: HCfrN M4727 B
w 515 a 2 4 0 V 5: LN 515 oM240 V 6: ~ ~ ( 4 6 6 )
lla: HCfrN M4M B l2b; HCfrK M4727 B Ua:
M763 R ii 12: M98 I1 R lb: M99 I1 R 7b; M99 I1 R
HCfrK M4727 B Ub: M79la 11 V 5: M837 A 3:
9a: M578j I1 R k W785 I1 R 18
M807e R 1: Otani6198 R 3: Ma5 R 11: M633 V 11;
pa 'z'd'n pl. ~KG(1745)M5055+ R i 8; CPar(ll1)
M163212: M1883 V 5; hf3839/4; M6838h: M6850/E;
M334a R 6
R lb = M442 V 2; MI050 B 7; M849c
M6281+ V 9 ('wrmcx M6281+ V 9; M7201 B 5
MP "fd
Pa mn rnn double RH(585) M5860 I R ii 5
A 3; oM96 R iii 14
Pa mn' BBBd(l6) MI14 1 V 8: MI76 V 5; MI76 V 11
~p "z'd'a $1. ~ 2 9 78 6; M389 V 10 = obi8430 11 R
Pa mn'st'r MI76 V 10; M357 R 10; bhnllJ2ll
14; KaoOlll R 3
Pa mnyc MKG(673) M4575 V ii 2: MMiilpl(1) M39 R
~p '~'d ~ 7 3 8
V 5: M389 V 10 = M8430 I1 R 14;
i 1: MMiiipO5) M39 R ii 9; MMiiipO7) M39 R ii
M527 R i 8; M798c A ii 3
MP 'z'd'n PI. KPT(1705) M47 I1 R 1 'z'ddn
11; M~iiip06)h477 V 15; BBBd47) M5779 V 23
'ydg MP /rizrSdag/ a. 'free, noble; freed'. KPT, U8.
Pa mnyi MMiii,b(l70) M B l 5 11 V i 3
Pa ng'dwm MMiiij M42 R i 23; M11315: 56 V 6:
See 'Yd.

,.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

'md A4P see 2ynd


MP 'z'dg KF7Olfl)M1004+ R i 11
'z'dyft, "2dyft Pa lc3zt2dif t/ tz 'freedom, liberty'. 'ztwb- MP /uzr6b/! U l r . 'to rob completely'. Hap=
Uncertain Sundennann XkIa, 528 n48
Pa "z'dyft MKG(1550) ~ 5 6 5B13: M!!ii j(100) M42 V
MP 'zrwbyd impv.pl. MMi oM95 V 2b
ii 25
'ztra
/az&z/ n.pr. (Turk.). BeDuhn apud Gulicsi
Pa 'z'dyft M229 V i 11: H.WIa/lb/ M256 I R 2 =
2001,
rn lliz-tuz/.
M855 R 2
MZtwtMIIC725lR3
'zady& "2dyy MP ;dz&ib/ n 'freedom, liberty:
'zwr MP /r~lurbt-/a 'greedy'.
status of being a freeman'.
MP twr KPT(1417) M5566+M4501R ii 2
MP "z'dyy MMii M36 R 14
'zygr,
"zygr MP /dzegarf a 'greedy, lustful'.
~ ~ ' ' z ' dKaoOlll
~h R4
M
P
"tygrSbfs(39)
M473at I V 15: Sbrga(46) M537at
'z'pt MP IrizdJtl vlr., pp. "to bring in/up to'. KPT,
I
V
Z
Hu(T012)
M7982 V i 20: Hu(1108) M7983 1
118 ( p i b l y 'npt, s there).
R
ii
14:
Hu(ll85)
M7983 I V ii 23
iW 'n'pt ppJ IEPnU64) M4500 R i 8 (Sundermann
MP
'zygr
M199+
R
i
3
'(zYpt or '(nYpt.): S12b R ii 34
'zyh- see 'wzyhz'r-, "fr- Pa /&dr-/ v ~ r 'to
. injure'. MKG, 148
'tynd, "rpnd, '2nd PdMP lcizend/ n 'parable.
Pa 'z'ryd pres3sg. ~KG1431)a5966 A 2
story'. ~indermann1984% 236-8.
Pa 'z'rydpres2pl. gpT(2028) M580 R 5
WMIr "zpnd MU85 V? H
Pa "z'r'b subj2sg. M6705/7
Pa "md KawN(21) M35 V 3
Pa "zyrd ppl MKG(1906) aM523a-c B 8
3 a
Pa "2ynd KFT(1824) OM572 V 20: -1&!9?
&70
z r-, "fr- MP lacit-/ qtr. 'to injure, (to torment
R 2; KPT(l88S) oM6280 V H: GW 5100 M2601 B 1
(?))'.MKG, 154.
Pa 'zynd MKG(83) M48+I1 V 19; M6281+ V 6
,W "z'ryd pres.3sg. M653 R ii 5 (Colditz: "z
(q)ryii with a note that q>is squashed, but
MP 'tynd MMii M2 I V i 33: KPT(1740) M45 V H:
KlT19243 MK8259 1 R ii 2: M5794+ I V 19
generally q>is used to stretch a spelling.);
MP "zynd'n pl. KPT(1826>ui6470 V H
M199+ V ii 8
MP 'tnd KPT(1736) M47 I1 V 15: M28 I V ii n
MP 'z'ryd pres.%g. KawA(120) MlOle R 10
'2 MP see c' MP
MP "z'r'd subj3sg. KawA(17l) MlOlh V 8
'iy: MP see 'c Pa
MP "z'r'g prpJa ~~(1226)
M7983 U R i 30
'
MP see pnc and hft
'zd Pa/MP iazdl a 'known, public'.
Pa 'zd MKG(39) M48+ I1 R 3: MU? V 12: GW 581 'db'g Pa lidbig/. /i6/3dy/ a. '-fold' (with numerals).
M847 V 14
Henning 1965%32 nl.
IMP 'zd S b ~ g ~M472+
)
I R 18; KPT(299)
Pa 'db'g M6020 I V i (3912
M1007+M1027B ii 2
'dgd h /idyad/ u., pp. .'gone in'. suppletive to
'zd'g Pa lazddgl a 'knowing'. Henning 19374 81.
'dyb-.
Pa 'zd'gM24R6=M812 V 2
Pa 'dgd ppJ MKG(107) aM48+ I R 15 (Miiller and
'zdh'g hlP /azdahdg/ n. 'dragon'; signifies the
Boyce /'Jgd. MKG, 23 note nn); MKG(125)
nodes of the moon. Cf. 'wzdb'g and MPB dabdg.
oM48+ I V 14 (Boyce 1975, 34: 'wd): ~ ~ ~ ( 9 9 0 )
obi4579 Vi 5: MKG(2148) M2061 A 3: MKG(2l50)
. - MP 'zdh'g ~brg(22~)
M472+ I V 8: Hu(3$ M98 I R 2:
Hu(nSO) ?vi7%3 I V i 22: ~ l o s ~ b h 1 ~ 1 +R~87 2 5
Mzo61A 5: Mn53 V? 5: M6033 B i (144)2
'zdygr, 'zdyqr Pa/MP /azdegar/. lazdt?garl? n. 'dw'ynd Pa see Ydw'y'messenger, herald'. .'zdygr y z d 'Herald God', 'fr'mwc- Pa I i f r i i d f -/ v.tr. = f r'mwc-.
Pa Yr'mwcyd imp.pi. RH(264) aM284a V ii 4
name for the divinity Answer sunder ma^ 1979,
102).
'frg'r- Pa lifragdr-/ v-itr. 'to be dejected'.
Pa 'zdygr M4b I R 18: RH(683) M73 R 1: RH(914)
Pa 'frg'r'm presJ.pl. MMiii,,e(73)M6 V i 13
oM749 R 7
'fry'ng Pa see fry'ng
Pa 'zdyqr M590415
'fryhn'm see fryhn'm
MP 'zdygr RH(1051) M785 V 8: Otani11075 R ii 4: 'fryStg Pa lifr@Stag/ n =frys'tg.
MI85212
Pa Yry3g W287: RH(lC37) M785 R U
IMP 'zdygr yzd Hu(141) M7984 11 R ii 7
Pa Y&t& pi. ~~ih(S6)
M39 V i U
'zdyh- MP /azdib/ v.pass. (denom) 'to be made 'jgnd PalMP liigand/ n 'messenger'.
Pa 'jgnd M34Ia V 3: BBM48) M5779 V 24; M38 V 6:
known, be informed'.
MP 'zdyh'd subj.3sg. Sbrg(625) oM477 I1 R 1
M83 I R 19 = M234 R 17: RH(795) M341a B 4;
MP 'zdyhd: subj.3sg. Sbrg(29) oM473a+ I V 5
Ml847Mi3
'zm'n MP /azanuin/ a. 'timeless'.
MP 'jgnd KPT(1723) M47 II V 2
MP'un'nMMiiM9IR 4: MMiiM9I V 1
'lwg'syy, 'ylwg'syt lil-iglisi/ n (Turk). A Uighur
'zn MP / d z d a 'noble'. Henning 1940,22
title 'ylwg'syt has a Sogdian plural ending.
M ~ w g ' s gpi.
t (Sogd.)1M/32
MP 'man pl. C;loss.b Mlll+M725R 7
3

86

.,

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian .

' M 'ylwg'syy MU29


'MPP'I MP see pnz
'sk4 'sqd, 'sqyd Pa lisked/ n. 'thorn(sY. Henning
1937%81; Colditz 1987,308
Pa 'skd CPar(l0) M33BM724 R 9
Pa 'sqd CPar(6) M332tM724 R 5
Pa 'sqyd CPar(28) oM332tM724 V 8
'sknd Pa /iskandl a. 'lame'. GW l27(99J).
- Pa 'sknd GW S79 M5561t~5562V 3 = M847 V 5 =
- aM4350v3
'skrfygn Pa /iskarfW n. 'stumbling'. Henning
1937%81
Pa 'skrfyb AR.VIIall5al oM667t V 9; kRVIII/lbI
M89 R 2: A.R.VIM~~/ M89 V 11: RHO201 oM284b
R i 29: RH(611) M5860 I V ii 7; M85la+M629c R i
10; ~ 5 0 3 gA 1: 0~173913
Pa 'skrfyySn A.R.FragP/2a/ M1668 R 3
('sxrpyySn)dskrfyySn>
'skw& 'skw(w) Pa lisk6bl. liskdl a 'poor'. Andreas
apud Henning 193k 179 n.1; Colditz 1987, 302
.Colditz 2000,166-208.
Pa 'skw hill86 A lb: MU8612
Pa 'skwh MMiii,g(ll6) M7 1 V ii 28: CPar(l6l) oh444 R
10: oh4741 V 19b: M6898 B 3: M824a B 4: .MI201 V
i; M6020 I1 V ii 18: MU69/2
Pa 'skwh'n pl. ~KG(1746)M959 R i 9; M5858 V 1
Pa 'skww KPT(1904) MI68 R 5
MP 'skwb M653 R ii 2
'skwhyft Pa /iskdbift/ n 'poveny'. MKG,l54.
Pa 'skwXyft ~KG(1766)obi5059 V i 4: M229 R i 9;
RH(588) M5860 1R ii 8; M88 I1 R 4b; M92 R l b =
M898 R lb; a 9 8 11 R 2a (Coldia: 'skwb(y)/yn]
or ( n S > 'skwhyI f tl. Justification for the first
reading/restoratim in Colditz 2000,202, al27.But
the reference to MKG, 173 is wrong. The very
slight tram would support <ft>.)
'skww Pa see 'skwh
'sqyd Pa see 'skd
'skym Pa /iskc%/ n. 'form, shape, outward show' (?I.
Greek loan-word
Pa 'skym MMiiip M77 R 1: RH(444) oM763 R i 17
'sp'd Pa /ispas/ n. 'army'.'
P2 'spad MMiii,e M6 R i 8
'sp'h hlP /isprSb/ n. 'army'. KPT, 118
MP 'spabgPT(837) M853 R 3
'spas MP /is@s/ n. 'service'.
Pa 'sps MMiiij M42 R i 9
Pa pd spasMKM688) M496 R i 6
MP 'spas $brg(92) M475a I V 20; Sbrg(96) aM475a I V
- 24; $brg(nl) M475a I1 V 15; Sbrg.q(44) oM537a+ I1
V 20; oMIK4979 R H
'sp'syg MP /ispiisig/ n 'servant, attendant'.
'
MP 'sp'syg'n pl. KPTfl7l5) M47 II R 11: KPT(1734)
M47IIVU
'sp'w Pa /ispaw/ n. 'tern'. Henning 1937%81.
Pa 'spawf HCfr29.2 hi2420 B 3
Pa 'sp'w W 3 4 a l M93 1 V 5; HJVal6bl M62n V 2:
I

AIUnOaI oM83l V 4 M673 V ll; ARM/2b/


M91 R 10 = Ml7S V 8; kRVIl/l9a/ oM287tM1223 R
5 = M774 V 3: ARVIIVUbI o M89 V 6 = &5359 v
1
'sp'w- Pa lispiw-lv~r.'to terrify, affright'. W G , 154:
'spud "vexjagen,'schrecken'.
Pa 'sp'wyd pres3sg. AbcdB oM507 R 2b
Pa 'sp'wynd pres.3.pl. A.R.FragDO/lb/
M449b+h4%3cR 2: HCfr16.4 aM6725 B 2
Pa ('sfwynd)dsp%vynd> pres.3.pl. HJVa/3b/
M62n R 6 (?Or caws. of 'stwb-?)
Pa 'spawyd impvpl. RH(ll93) M30 V i l3 = oM468a
V i 21
Pa 'spwd ppl MgC(899) M4578 B ii l3
'spg Pa /ispag/ n 'dog'. Henning 1937% 8l
Pa 'spg'n pl. -9)
~ 3 1 6 t ~ 8 0 1Vd 1
'spg jyh MP /ispagiZb/ n. 'slander'.
MP 'spgjyh M5794+ 11 V l2
'spnd'rmyd Pa l i s p m r d ~ dn.l 'the pure earth'.
LN 95 (a31 Sundemann 1979,101 and 127 n.169.
Used asa positiveterm as opped to neutral zm-vgPa 'spnd'rmyd LK 96 M27 R 8 = M1602 V 4
'spr PdMP !ispar/ n 'shield'.
.
Pa 'sprwm oMZ15 V 9

MP 'spr S7 V i 7
'sprhm WMP lispabm/ n 'flower'.
MP 'sprhm Kaw~(267)M9U R 3; Hu(237) M7981 I R
i 1; RH(1077) Ml81 V 4: M797 I V 12 (Part of a
name? See n'zwg..)
M P 'sprhm'n pl. MMii M36 V 20
'sprhm'wynd Pa /isprabmriwd/ a. 'flowery, full
of flowers'.
Pa 'sprhm'wynd ~6232tM6230R 5
'sprhmc'r R /isptabmfdr/ n. 'garden'. Ghilain
1939,974
pa 'sprhmc'r MMiii,d M5 R i 24 = a 7 4 8 R 7
'spr?-a/@ / i s p r a h g l n. 'flower'. Ghilain
1939,gZ
Pa 'sprhmg MMii,b(l9) M58l5 1 R i I?
~ i i;
,,b(2O)
M a s I R im: iXHV4Zha5540 R 7
Pa 'sprhmgh pl. GW 596 oM5642 A 11= oM5531 B 6
MP 'sprhmgnpl. MMii M2 1 V ii 34
'sprhmyn Pa /isp&na&z/
a. 'of flowers, flowery ' .
Pa 'sprhmyn A11202 V (26111
'sps- PdMP lispas-/ v3rf 'to serve'. MKG, 154.
Pa 'spsynd pres3pl. MKG(1847) ~ 6 0 3 2R 19;
MKG(1920) M58E B 1; CPd91) M333 R 15:
CPar(96)M333V5
~a 'spyst p p M
~ M i i i 8 ) M42 V ii 23
MP 'spsyd pres3sg. KawA(119) MlOle R 9
'spsg pa/m /fipasag/ n 'servant bishop'. Jones
2004 shows that the Eichasaites had a similar usage.
pa 'spsg M K G ( ~~216c+M1750
)
R 11: M680 V 14;
M72iKtA3
Pa 'spsg'nfi ~ o ( f i )M104+ V 02)U = M891M V 1:
n R ii 24: a1147/3
~~iib(160)
~p 'spsg MMii ~1 I1 R 17: MMii M31 I1 V 1: MMii
'

-..

r .I

:"I

.--1

..-......,,.,

:-I

.-.....<
-,,

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

87

M31 iI V l5: Mlt'210: H M233 R 2: MI02 V H; 'spwryg


/ispum-g/ a 'full, complete,
oMB3 R 9: oME859 i V i 11: Otani6W A 3
perfect'. mrd '~PWryg'vir perfectus', Sundermann
MP 'spsg"n pl. BBB(2l8) M80Wp14 1
1979,100.
R 15: MMii M31 11 R H:
MP 'spsg'n pl. MMii
Pa 'spwryg BBB(298) M8bla/p18 ll = M 5 P 5 R 5;
BBB(7) M80la/pl 7; BBB(200) M80laIpl3 1:
M32a R 6: aA4680 R l5 HU26b/ oM93 I R 10; LN
5104 M307a+bV 6:LN 5108 M307a+ V 10 ~ 4 9 1 +
BBB(349) M80Wp2I 18: M l l R 16: cMV94+ I V 5:
V 4: RH(485) A4763 R ii 31; M70 V 5: M5785 I v
M4410/8: o M W Z
16
'spwd Pa see 'sp'wPa 'spwryg r- mrd MKG(1879) M6032 V 22
'spah- Pa /is@b-10% *mbeterrified, frightened*.
Pa mrd + 'spwryg 0M224 I1 R 5
Pa 'spwhynd pres.3.pl. A.R.FragD012bl
Pa
mrd 'spwryg BBB(143) M80Vp9 ll; h
15W R 15:
M44gb+M503c R 4
R
H
(
3
0
2
)
M284b
R
i
1
1
:
oM70
V
4:
M772a
V2
Pa 'spwhyd impu.pl. MI202 R U
MP 'spwryg oW8250 R 1: oM1578/2: 0M5590/3
'spwr P d M P /ispurr/ a 'full, wmplete, perfect'. IMP
mrd 'yg 'yspwr 'vir perfeaus'. Sundermann 1979, 'spwnygyn MP / i s . z f f Ma. 'splenic'. Henning
100.
194432
MP fspwrzyqp Glossf oM614 R 1
WMIr 'spwr oOmni6258 V 4: M4832 R Za
Pa 'spwr MMiii,M89) M58I.5 I V ii 8: MKG(176q) 'spwxt MP /is@xt/ oh.., pp. 'to press, thrust'. KPT,
ll& 'verjagen'
M5055c R ii 9; MMiii,dB) M5 R ii 3 = M748 R 10:
MMid(l03) M5 V ii U = M748 V 18; MMiiif(20)
MP 'spwxt ppl Hu(263) M7981 I R i 27; I(PT(901)
aM263ftBii4
M8171 R ii'8; Mb4E,dSI) M7 I R ii 21:
~ i , g ( ~7
mU R ' ~16: -20
EUU9 R i 22: - 'spxr MP /isp&r/ n :banquet, revelry'.
MP 'spxr MMii M2 I V ii 8
MMiiip(73) M39 V ii 11;MMiii~n(85)M39 V ii 23;
'spyd
Pa/MP / W d / a 'white'.
id6020 I V ii (61112; ~ 6 0 2 0I V ii (68)19:
MKG(840) M4578 A i H): MKG(847) &I4578
Pa
'spyd
M6232+M6230 V E -M730 V i 7: kRWlObl
A
i
17:
MMiii.mO3) M39 R ii 7: MMiiiA18) M67 V
M6222 V 10: kRVI/2lb/ M5503 R 2: kRW44bl
i
12:
G1oss.c oM875tM699 I R 3: GW 58.
M675 R 6 = M62m R 6: kRVI/48b/ M326 V 3 =
oM259b+M4HbR 8; M85W3
MI537 ll V 2: AbcM/24b/ Ml73 V 6: AbcdC
MP 'spyd M415+ I R i 3
M533 R 2b; LN $$3
V 3: 635 V 3: RH(420)
'spydd'r
MP lispEdd&/ n. 'white poplar, aspen'.
oh11316 V i 14: RH(473) M763 R ii 19: RH(1029)
Henning 190,32
M785 R 5: RH(lU2) M30 .R i 4: GW 5 j
MP 'spydd'r Glassf oM614 R 2
oM259c+M453cR 8
Pa 'sp,&n pl. KPT(2UI) 0MT916 A 2: RH(1151) M30 R 'spydpr MP /ispi?dparr/a. 'white-feathered'.
MP 'spydpr W A 4
i 23
MP 'spydpr'n pl. MMii M36 V 6
MP 'spwr Sbrg(375) M542b+ I V 15: Hu(702) M7981
n. 'whiteness'. MKG, 154.
11 R ii 16: MMii M36 V U: M11183: Mll223: 'spydyft Pa I*-diftl
,Pa 'spydyft MKG(841) M4578 A i ll
BBB(35) M80Wp3 9: BBB(205) M W p U 6:
BBB(631) M80Wp412; A474 I V 16: MMii M8251 I 'spyg MP lis@g/ n 'radiance'.
MP 'spyg MMii M28 11 R i 35
vll '
'spync
MP see 'spynjhlPcspwryhaada.EAMii if851 I V 7
'spynj, 'spync Pa/W /ispenj/ n. 'hostel, place to
MP myrd # 'yg 'spwr BBB074) oM80Wp23 17
.
stay '.
MP myrd#'spwr M m V i TO
Pa 'spynj -48)
M7 I R ii 18
A4PS 'spwr TM406b V 3
MP 'spync M501p R 6
'spwrg'r MP /ispuwgrb-1 a 'perfecting, becoming
MP 'spynj M07 V 4b
perfect'.
'spyr 1 PaMP /ispPr/.lisp&/ n 'globe, sphere'.
MP 'spwrg'rsn pl. hi210 R 5
Greek loan-wd Henning 1937%82 KPT 48, n.20:
MP 'spwrg'fn pl. BBB(L2) M80IalplE
'Der Zudiacus'.
'spwrg'ryb 'spwrg'ry(y) MP /ispuz+gdrihl n
Pa 'spyr MKG&3) oM48+ I1 R 7: G W 597 oM2331 A 4
'completion, fulfilment'.
MP 'spyhr b! OM570 A 3b-(Sundennann 1985b. 6%
MP 'spwrg'ry M3838/3
n.48)
MP 'spwrgaryh MKG(1968) M742 I R 4
MP 'spyr KPT(839) M853 R 5: KPT(885) ~263f+B i
MP 'spwrg'ryy MMii ~ 3 V6 9: BBB(250) M80Idpl5
3: M762 R 17
15
MP 'spyr'n pl. KPT(@O) M1004+ V iv 8
MP 'spwrg'ryf aM1SW3
'spyr 2 Pa lisp&/ n. 'troop of soldiers, soldiery,
'spwryft Pa /ispumyt/ a 'completeness'.
m y ' . Henning 1937% 81. Gr. loan-word speira.
! M259c+M453c R U
Pa 'spwryft GW %
MKG 30 is sceptical and regards all these
Pa 'spwryft M529 V 5: LN 582 oh42453 V 4; M24 R 7
attestations as belonging to 'spyr 'globe, sphere'.
= OM812 V 3
;
:

a+

88

Dictionary of Manichaean-~iddlePersian and Parthian

Pa 'spyran pl. M985 I R 8 (Sundermann: 'die


SphLen (oder: Heerscharen7)')
Pa 'spyr ~ ~ i i i , & 3~)5 5 6 9V 12: MMiiip M21 R 3:
MMiii,p(9) M21 V 1
'spyst Pa /ispist/ a. 'iriolent, abusive'.
Pa 'spyq RH(108) oM86 R 17
Pa 'spyst MMiii,b(l5) M5W 1 R i 15; MMiiib(25)
M5815IRi25
'spystw'g MP /ispistwag/ a 'violent of speech,
.foul-mouthed'.
MP 'spysrw'g MI77 R 20
'spystyft Pa lispistrlrlt/ 'vulgarity'. LN 97
pa 'spystyft LN 28 M27 V 5 = W05 V 4
'spy2 MP lispif/ n 'louse'. Skjzerva 1994,272
MP 'spy5 KPTO95) oM1004+V ii 1
'spySt Pa see 'sps'spyxt 1 Palm /ispixt/ a. (pp.1 'bright, shining,
. radiant'. PI. as noun 'radiance, ~plendour'~
as
. attribute of Jesus Sundewann 1979,99. S. 'spyz-.
'WMI^ 'spyxy M'6839/1
Pa .~spyxtan
pi. oM500f A 11=. oMm
l A4
: Pa
'spyxt ~ a w ~ ( 1 0h) i B 3: H.VId4a/
'
M93tM289a I1 R 7; ARVlhW M622.2 V 9
'spyxt BBB(3901M801a/p26 1: M501c R 6: h4275b
Ai2:M5260V4
MP 'spyxt3n pl. KawF(55) 0~6120colE 2: MMii a
36
V 5: oM5%a V 2
MP yySw#'spyxt'n MMii M28 11 R i 12
MP y y W 'spyxt'n MMii M28 11 V i 37
MP yySw'r'spyxton BBB(166) M80la/plll; M738 R
18
'spyxt 2 Pa /ispixt/ n. "caution'. MKG,154.
Pa 'spyxt MKG(769) M4577 A ii 5
'spyxtyn Pa /ispixt&/ a 'bright'.
Pa 'spyxtyn M285 II V ii 12
'spyz- MP lispiz-I. Ilispiz-/ v.itr. 'to shine, be bright;
sprout, blossom, grow green'. S. also 'spyxt used as
an adjective
MP 'spyzyd pres3sg. S8 R 10 'spyzcy>d
MP 'spyzyd'h pes.3sg. RH(T5) 34319 I V 6
MP 'spyzynd pes.3.pl. Hu(728) M7981 11 V i 8:

M627 R i 11
MP 'spyz impvsg. M309a R 1
MP 'spyzanprpJIZ Hu(773) M7981 I1 V ii 19
MP 'spyxt ppJ BBB(437) M801a/p28 15: M315 I1 V
19
MP 'spyxt ppJ M468b R 7
'spyzy3n MP /isHziSn/ n. 'radiance, brighmess'.
MP 'spyzySn Kaw~(206) ~MlOla R 9: KawF(82)
~6120
COIF8: MMii M28 I1 V i 20;MMii M28 11 V
'
ii 27: M781+ I1 V (50110
'st' Pa see 'st'w'st'h MP listrib/ n 'branch' (?I. Henning 1943, 64
translation
MP 'stah KawA(Zl5) oMl0la V 3
'st'm Pa /istrim/ ? '?'. GW, U2 (10l,2) with some
possible interpretations.

Pa Yrn GW 5101 M6300 A 5


'st'n- PalMP /istan-/ vlr. 'to take, take away'.
Pa 'sy'nyd pres3sg. RH(ll86) M30 V i 6 = M46& V
i14=oM347Vii3
Pa 'st'nyd pres3sg. MKUU68) ~ 6 0 4 R1 9: M741 R
la = Otani62W R 1: GW 9 3 M451 V 6:G W 571
M5561+M5%2 R 4: Omni6231 A 1
Pa 'sy'nynd pres.3.pl. M 2 5 ) M332+M724 V 5
Pa 'st'nynd pres3.pl. MKG(U7l) M6041 R 12:
MMiiip(20) M39 R i 21; MMiiip(29)
V 8;
M737 (3)
V4
Pa Fnynd pres.391. MKG(l2!39a)a6720 A 5
Pa 'st'n'n subjJsg. ~VIcAafM93M289a I1 R 1:
rCRW67a/ M% V U = M175 R 11
Pa 'stan,'h subj2sg. KFT(1903) MI68 R 4
Pa 'st'n% subj3sg- KPT(2052) M580 V ll;
KPT(2054) OM580 V U
Pa '&nand subj3pl.m 7 8 5 ) OM^ R 3
Pa 'st'nyd irnpv..RH(594) M5860 I V i 2
Pa 'st'nndy opt. M60B I R ii 02)9
Pa s'tn' ynm
opt. hf60201 R ii (2411
PaSstdpp3MKG(ll4)Ma+I V 3: MKFC694) M496
R i 12: MKG(707) ~4576R ii 8: MKG(ll16) M4573
. V ii 15; MKG(l175) M4n0 V i 12: KPT(1207) M183
I1 R 4 = &I354 R 1; oM6232+M6230 V 9 ( b y e
'Mdl.)
Pa 'stdn inf la MKG(677) M4575 V ii 6
MP 'st'nyd pres3sg. MKG(2223) M5794+ I1 V 3
MP 'sfnynd pres3pl. M97 R i 5
MP 'st'nynd pres391. -92)
M1004+ V i 5
MP 'st'n'd dj3.q. Hu(918) M7984 V ii 28:
KPT(18) M1001+ R i 1; KPT(1422) M5%6+M4501R
ii 7 C s f W d )
MP 'stanDmsubjJpl.Kaw~(62)oM1Ol.k R 6
MP 'sfnand subj3gl. MMii M36 V 4
MP 'st'n'nd subj.3.pM781+ 11 V (4818 'st'nan<d>
MP 'sy'nyd i m p ~ lRkI(654)
.
M874 V 2 (Pre~3sg.or
impv2pP)
MP 'sydppl M26 I R 4
W 'std pplG!T@2)~1030
A 4: ~ ~ T ( 9 5 6 )
M1002+ R ii 1: KPT(1440) ~ 5 5 6 6 + ~ 4 5 V
0 1i l2:
KPT(1559) M5900 A 9; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 05~04)R6 17: L
SIO I20II V 8; M627 V ii 11
MP 'st'nyhyd pass., pres3sg. ~ ~ ( 7 0 M7981
6 ) 11 R
,

'

ii 20

MP 'st'nyh'd pass., subj3sg. Hu(872) M7984 V i 16


'st'rg MP /istcSrag/ n. 'star'.
MP 'gargh pl. Sbrg(l5) oM473a+ I R 15
MP 'st'rg'n pl. Hu(129) M7984 I1 R i 29; KPT(431)
M1004+ V iv 9
'st?w-,'s-~w- Pa /istr3w--/u ~ r'to
. praise'.
Pa c s ~ ~ m p e s ~MMiii,nO91
sg.
oM77 V 19; ~ ~ ( 4 . 5 )
oM280IRU
Pa 'st'wyd p e s 3 s g . ~KG(256) oM270a 11 V 4
(Sundermann regards this as impv.pl: 'lobpreiset '
or 'iibenqindet'k CPar(17l) M44 V 9: LN 572
M M V 12

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Pa 'sf presJ.pl. Cut off. RH(684) M73 R 2


Pa cstWm pnW.pZ- MMiii,nO hf77 V U;
BBB(268) M80lafpl6 17: RH(918) M749 R ll; M29
R 1: M W 1
pa 'sr'wyd pres2.pL RH(277) M284a V ii 17
Pa 'st'wnd pres3.pL M7?d R ii 5
Pa 'sfwynd pres3pI. MMiii29 M39 R i 26:
H.I/~WM6UO V 3 = oM2851 V 1 = oM5587 V 1=
oomni6386 R 5: obi5560/6
Pa ('stawynd)~sp'wynd> pres-3.pZ. HIVal3b/
M622l R 6 (?Of clus of 'stwb?)
Pa 'sf'w'm subjIpr. M32a V 4: MH8 R 1
Pa 'st'wam subj-tpr- MY340; W414: MI/&:
MV435: MY438 M6650 R 1: 00moi6214 B ii 4
Pa 'sf'wyd impu.pl. &2a V 1: R ~ ( l l 6 4 ) M30 R ii 10;
RH(1210) M30 V ii 2 = M468a V ii 5
Pa 'st'wyd imp.@. ~6650
R U:RH(249) M284a V i
2l
Pa 'sf'wyyd imp@ MMiiig M7 I R i 29
?a 'stawl pres. stem,unclear M3822/1
Pa 'srwd ppl ,W(W4) ~
W
l V IO
Pa '$'wad ppJI BBB(140) MSOldp9 8; M544 V 3:

S35Rl:oMSOOfA9:aM2080A3:

Pa 'stwad ppJI MKG(98) M48+ I R 6: MKC(1628)


M267b+M314 R H: MKG(1652) MZ67b+M314R i 23:
M5530 R U;M83IV3=oM234 v 7; M779 R?3:
MI02 V 4: MI02 V 10: M102 V U;aM102 V 15:
MI02 V 20: M81 R l; oh4800 B 4 (Colditz: 'st'wn.):
&80q B 7: MZm A 2: oOtani6226 A H: M80 R 1
(The scribe wrote 5'w or even 's'w'd, realised
his mistake, converted cw> to ct> (and cd> to
<w>),but forgot to cancel the first -f'>.)
's{?)t'wad: Ma0 R 6: &80 R 10; IM40 R 3; M80 V
5 = M40 R 6: aM80 V 10: M79 R 1: M79 R 6: M79
R9:M40Vl
Pa 's['wadg pp3Z OM544 V 15; M538 V 8: RH(1152)
hi30 R i 24
Pa 'st'w'dg pp.11 MKCi(2079) M455 A i 8: M1/380;
M75 R 6: M75 V 8: M679 V S;'&U202 R 3: M680
V7=oK24V12=M189V6:M369 R 1: M369V9:
oM306 R 6: 0 M . O V H (BeDuhn rejects
Waldschmidt-Lena's I'stl'(w)rICd)g~?] and
suggests 13-5Nb)'w(s1g with o on the basis
of M660L But, if anything, the letter looks like
<m>.): M779 R? 2: H.II48bl oM2306 R 2: W 4 a I
oM256 I V 7 = &!%
R 3: ARW69b/
I
M% V 18
= MI75 R 16 Ml(n V 5: MI02 V 7: oM102 V 10: LN
S45 oM1848 R 4: oh4224 I1 R 1; M5785 I R H:
M5785 I V 7: M5785 11 R H .
Pa 'st'w'dg'n ppJd, pL M544 R 8
Pa 'st'w'dn i n . J l Bar(l&) M44 V 6
Pas 'st'w'ij inf JI ~ ~ 4 o V6 6b
Pa 'staw[ unclear 8tani6W A 3
MP 'sfwd pres-3sg. S9 V ii 34
MP 'sr'w'm preslpl. ~ 1 7 R6 U
'st'wyln, 'st'wSn Pa lista'wihl n 'praising, praise'.
&XG,154 suggests as an alternative 'ijberwindung'

['overcorning'l for MKG(1032).


Pa 'st'w5n W3U: H.VIc/3a/ M93+M289a Xi R 5; Mi0
R14
.
Pa 'sfwfln MMiii,a(lL?) M2 II V ii 1: KPT(1008)
M2llt V 10: MV318: BBB(287) M80Wp17 18: M4b
1 V ll: oM32a V 2: M32a V 6: LN 31 M351 R 3:
RH(ll74) M30 R ii 20: RH(ll80) M30 R ii 26 =
M468a V i 1: M3508/2: M9031/3
Pa 'shvyk MKG(1032) M4572 R ii 8: MKG(1554)
. obi5651 B 7: MMiiia(l6) 3477 R 17: MV253:
MI/%: MV317: MV355: M1/431; MV436: d 3 3 1 V
2: M33l V 5: ~6232+M6@R 8: M529 V 2 = Otani
7117 V 3: obi5262 I R 3: M779 R? 4: HJ/59a/
obi1663 R 2: H.VIc/Ub/ M93+M289a I1 V 6:
HVIII/lb/ M689 R 2; AbcW23al MI73 V 3:
AbcdAnSb/ M94+/25b; AbcdC oM533 V llb:
~ b c MnO
a 17a: LN 3103 aM307atb V 3: S6 R:
RH(476) M63 R ii 22: RH(930) M749 V 12:
RH(1026) M785 R 2:' RH(1136) M30 R i 8
'stdwy3q:RH(I2l8~M V ii 10 'st<3wySn: GW
7 ~249c+M453c
V 11: MlO V 4: M328 B 6: M502f
A 2; MI85 R? U: M1965 A 3: Otani6230 B 5:
M565011
Pa 'st'wyySn M730 V ii 5
Pa st'wysn Ch/SoU)U5 V 5 = 080.T.B.1.644 =
oCh/SoW3) V 2 = M779 V 1
Pa ~yst'v&gg'w~YYwy~nYY
S6 R 4
MP 'sy'wySn Pa in MP text M235 I R 2
MP 'st'wyb Pa in MP text M6230 R 2
'st'y-, 'sty- ME' /istGy-/ ulr. 'to praise'.
WMIr 'stwdpp3 Or to 'st'w-. ~6954/1
MP 'st'yd pres.3sg. 534 V 1: OM559 V 2
MP 'st'yyd pres.3sg. M555 V 3a
MP 'st'ympresJ.pl. MMii M729 I R i 7: M324 R 10
MP 'sy'ywm presJ.pl. MMii M28 11 R i l2
MP 'st'ynd pres.3.pl. M554 v 9
MP 'st'y'd subj.3.sg. M738 V 17
MP 'stay'cP subj-3sg. 5U15 11 V 1
MP 'sfy'm s u & f ~ Z . ~ 6MXEQ~S~:
8)
RH(869)
oM1874 B 4: MSO2f B 2
MP 'sf'y'm subj.I.pl. M388 R 2: M388 R 3: olW98a R
ii 12: BH(815) M449a B 4: RH(834) ~ 4 8 6B 6;
RH(963) ~ 6 4 7 +I1 R 7
MP 'sr'y'rn' subjJ.pl. BBB(74) M801a/p5 12: M315 I
R 17
MP 'st'yd impv.pl. M733 R U
MP 'spd ppl ~1K36R i 12 Cztwd w: 'frydg
n'm)
MP 'stwdppJ BBB(453) M80Wp29 14: M501b R ii
8; iWll R 15: MU V 25: M626-R 8: 34172 I R 6:
M172 I R 11 = M17 R i 12: S7 R ii 18; M277 V ii 7:
oMIK~BI V i 13: M559 V 2: oOtani6194 A 1
MP 'stwwdpp.1 ~ ~ B ( 1 8 6M801a/p12
)
5
MP 'sr'yd'n pp.1I, pl. KPT(547) MlOll B i 6
MP 'sf'ydg ppJI BBB(316) M801a/p20 3: RH(1105)
M273 R 21: RH(lll0) M273 V 4: M272 V 1: MMii
M82511 V 18
'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

MP 'staydg ppJI KPT(215) M1003tM1025 B ii 10:


BBB026) M801a/p20 R M174 ll V 9: MU R 22;
MIK4974 R i 24: M738 V l3: M277 R ii ll;
oOtani6195 B 1: M52a/4: M676lii 2
MP 'sr'ydg'n p p l l , pl. BBB(lO4) M80Wp7 6 =
M629b R ii 4
MP 'staydn ppJI,pl. 57 R ii U
MP 'staydn: p p J I , pl. 57 V ii 6
MP 'stayhyd pass, pres.3sg. MKC(2U7) oM330+
M
~ 5: oMMlbRii9:
V
M1721 R 6;Ml72I B 12
=M17R i U
MP 'st'yh'y pass, subj2sg. BBB(454) M80la/p29 15
MP 'st'yh'd pass., subj.3sg. M11 R 8: M162 V 10:
M325 R 9: MIK8259 I V ii 17
MP 'stay#h'nd pass., subj3.pI. oM83 1V 19 = a 2 3 5
R 10-11
MP 'stayh"nd pass;subj,3#ZI BBB(124) M8OVp8 8
MP 'stayhandpuss., slcbj3-pl. M162 R 5
MP '$yhad pass, subj.?#l. M4b 11 R 10
MP 'sfyhyd pdss.; i m w . M82 R 9 = M235 V 3
'st'ydg MP I i s t ~ ~ i d avg. l. . mMP 'st'ydg B B B ( ~M801a/p28
~)
3
'staySn, 'sg'ySn MP fistiyis'n/ n. 'praising, praise'.
Pa 'st'yjn MP in Pi3 ten CPar(l64) M44 V 2: M315 I
R5
PaR istyijn oTM3n v 6 '
MP 'slaySn MMii M28 11 R i 9: MMii M28 I1 V i 23:
MMii ~ 3 R6 17: BBB(79) M8OWp5 17: BBB(236)
M80Wpl5 1: S9 V ii 18: OM5692 A ll: oM6362/1
h.1P 'st'ySn KawFOl)M6l20 colC 7: MKG(1994) M742
I V 8: MMii oM28 11 V i 33: MMii M224 I V 8:
MMii M729 1R H: MMi M729 I1 V ii U:KPT(150)
oM1001+ V iv 7; KPT(1986) M22.l R ll; BBB(125)
M80la/p8 9: M315 I R l5;M3l5 I R 20 = oM1607 A
- 3: M315 I V 1: M315 11 R 6: M83 I V 15 = M235 R
8-9; Ma2 R I2 = M235 V 4: M82 R 18 = oMZ35 V 7:
oM90 R la: MI1 V 6 'st<3(y)Sn: oh4172 1V 9 = MI7
R ii U: 57 V ii U: RH(881) aM394 A 9: RH(969)
oM647+ I1 R U: RH(lGV9) oM799c A 2: M8 R i 1:
&8 R i 7: M26 ll R 1: M68a 11 V 11: M4a I1'V 8:
M4b ll V 10: oM897 R 6: aMIK4983 R 3: Otani6194
A 1: M2050 V H; M3320/4: oM6889/4: M7l39/1
MP 'st'ySna aMMlb V i 3
MP 'staySn'n pl. KPT(581) oM1019 A ii 6: OM3128 R H
MP 'sl'yhfyg MMii M28 I1 V H
MP 'sf'ySIn RH(939) oM647+ I R 14
MP 'stayySn oM2808/2
MP 'ysQSn RH(808) oM449a A 7; oM15 V 3
MPS 'staySn TM406b V 7; oMannerheimE R 6 'stbr MP listabr/ a. 'strong, fi'.
Pa 'stbr MP in Pr! ten oM5785 11 R U (Coldia:
's(tl[f K t ) but I can't see it)
MP 'stbr Hu(61) M99 I R 11: Glossa MI09 R l3
'stbryh MP listah-b/ n 'strength, firmness'.
MP 'stbryh MMii M9 I1 V 14
'std see 'st'n'stft, 'stpt, Stfs 'sgs 'sgt, 'ystft Pa/MP /istaf t/ a.

'hard; firm, stmg harsh, cruel; savage, fierce'. AS a


n 'tyrant' in Henning 194567.
Pa 'sfi MMiii,p oM21 R 2: MMiiip M2l R 3: a 7 4 1 R
4b = Otani6W R 8 (Boyce's 's[pyt] is
rendered obsolete by Ocani6208+)
Pa '&t MMiiih06)oM33 1 V i 10: CPar(54) M499+ R
15; CPar(49) oM499+ v 1
Pa 'stff MMiQ(l45) M7 11 R i 27: M741 R lb =
oOtani6208+R 2 .
Pa 'stft MKG(888) oM4!578 B ii 2: MKG(1418) M5965
A 1; M4b I V 9; M4a I R 14; M32a R 9: M5700 I R
ii 16: M1#)2 R II; HV/W M6220 V 7 = M2607 R 3:
kR./IV/52bl dl530 I1 V 4: AbcdE oM72 V Ub:
S31 V 7; RH(65) M%60 1 V ii 11: oM99 I1 R 9b;
oM5700 I R ii 20: M5785 I1 V 5; M1515/4
Pa 'stft'n pl. LN?dbni6237 A 3
Pa 'stftystr compJsu.1-MKG(1665) M267b+M314R
ii 9
Pa 'stpt'n pl. Kk@l57) M5932 A 5
Pa 'stptc KPT(E8) M5932 A 6
Pa'ystftBH~128loM86Vl2 .
MP SSft M78l+ TI R OSIl.3
MP 'stft 0tani6207 A 3: hI5750 V ii 5
MP 'stft"n pl. M81+ 11 R (40115
MP 'sfpt Sbrg030)M470a+ V 18;
MP 'stpr M8430 R 4.
MP 'stpt KawA(2) oMlOlc R 2: KPT(83) M1001+ R iv
17: KPT(85) M1001+ V i 1: KPT(784) MlOO V iii 15:
KPT(109-4) oM308a+M308b' A ii 10; M761 R 14;
M592912a
MP 'stpt'n pl. KawA(91) MlOlg V 6: KawF(10)
&6120 colA 10; KPT(275) M1007+M1027 A ii 1;
KPT(763) MI00 V ii 16
MP 'stptyh' adv. L SIO 120 1 R 6
MP 'stptyh?! adv. M503m A 3
'stftyft Pa /Waf tVt/ n. 'harshness, tyranny '. MKG,
155. LN 84 (951
Pa 'stftyft LN 589 M34 V 7
Pa 'sdtyff LN 59 EQOc R 6: HCfrL M698 B lla
Pa 'stftyft MKG852)eM4jZ8 A ii 5: LN 510 o M 2 4 R
3; Lh' 27 M27 R 17; RH(ll46) M30 R i 18
'stgcjim Pa /istagc'&/ a 'with -. eyes'. Henning
1937a. 8k "rigorous'. ie. 'with hard eyes' (?).
Pa 'stgdm M2i9 V ii 10
'stmbg, 'sfmbg MP listambagl a. 'oppressive'.
MP 'spnbg Sbrg(343)oM542b I R 7
MP 'spnbg'n pl. BBB086) M801aIp25 3
'stmbgyh MP /istambagib/ n. 'tyranny, oppression'.
MP 'sunbgyb MMii M49 I R 9: M415+ I V ii 3
'stpt MP see 'sdt
'stpt'n Pa see 'stft
'stptc'~asee 'stft
'stptyh MP listaftib/ n. 'severity, fierceness'.
MacKenzie 1980, glossary; KPT, 118: 'Harte,
Tyrannei '.
MP 'qptyh Sbrg M539 V H
MP 'stptyh KPTCr86) Ml00 V iii 17: M415+ I V ii 3

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


'str MP /istar/ n 'star'. KFT, ll8.
MP 'str KP'N1#)) M1001+ V ii 15
'strb Pa /istarb-I vitr. 'to dose with a snap, snap
shut'. Boyce 1954,184 GW 104 (15,4).
Pa 'snbyd pres.3sg. A.R.VIVW Mn4 V 7 = M817
R2
Pa 'sub'd ppJi HCfrN M4727 A 2a
'strtywt':n Pa /istratEtcid mpl. 'soldiers'. Greek
loan-word through Aramaic
Pa 'stnywcn pl. M18 R 4
'stwb Pa /ist6/3/ a. 'defeated'. Henning 1937%81 sub
'stwyqwn-.
Pa 'srwb ~851at~629c
R i U {unp.) (Reference
kindly supplied by W. Sundermantl)
'stwb Pa Iistdfl-l' vfr. 'to conquer. defeat'. Henning
1937a 81 sub 'stwyqwn-. MKG, 155.
Pa 'stwbyd pres.3sg. MKCX189) Mn6a R 1: LN 52
~208+iU@R 9; LN 9 2 obf208+M638V 3: M99 I1
R 7a
Pa 'stwb' subj.3sg. M99 I1 R 6b (SO MKG 18)
Pa ' W d ppJ1 AbcdA/Zlb/ M94+!21b
'stwd IMP see 'sty- .
Stwdn'm, 'sgwdn'm, 'stad n'm Mp /istu'dna^m/
'of praised name'. Ghilain 1939,TI.
IMP 'stwd nwm MMii M31 I R 17
MP 'stwd n'm M315 I1 V 5: .W15 I1 V 8; MI02 R H:
M297 A 5; M897 R 8: ~186012
IMP 'spd#nam oM8n R 7: oh4797 I V 8
MP 'stwdmm MMii M31 I R ll: MMii M31 I V 5;
MMi A431 XI V 15: oMt37le A ii 4
MP 'stwdn'm MMii M31 I V 11: BBB(473) M80Vp30

16=oM276V i U
MP 'stwdn'm MMii M3lII R 4: oMU68 B 3
MP 'stwdn'm' BBB(419) M801a/p27 U
MPS 'stwb n'm' oMamerheimE R 4
MPS 'stwbn'm oOtani7003 V 6
'stwmnyft Pa listawman~ttl. list6rnanff t/ n.
'renunciation, hate against superiors'. LN 98 (5293).
Pa 'stwmnyft I S 29 hQ7 V 10
Pa 'stwmnypt LN 561 aM5845 R 3
'stwmyn pa /istom&/ a last'. 'stwmyn yzd,
Sundermann 1979, 100. This is 'the last statue' in
Coptic, s Van Lindt 1992 182-184.
V 6; Abcd.A/18b/
~a 'smmyn ~ 8 1 3V 2 =
&94+/m; ~bcdA/24a/ohfj703 V 3 = MI73 V 5:
A w D d587//16b = ~0 16b; tj& M5845 R
7: RH(1042) oM785 R 18: M115311
Pa 'spmyn yzd MMiiip(l02) M2 I1 V i 28
Pa 'spmynyc yzd MMiiig(91) M2 I1 V i 17
'stwn, ' s m PalMP IisttSnI n 'pillar, column; mast'.
Pa 'swn LN 55 oM5185 R 3: GW 531 M83 I1 R 20 =
M838 R 5
Pa 'stwn LN 56 M351 V 6
Pa 'stwn'npl. MU27bI ~ 6 7 V3 6: RH(469) M763 R
ii 15
Pa b'mcstwn LN 518 M428c R 3: oM224 I1 R 5
MP ' s ~ Hu(53)
n
M99 I R 3

91

MP 'stwn Hu(49) aM98 I V 24: Hu(52) M99 I R 2:


H a )M99 I R 3: Hu(54) M99 I R 4: Hu(55) M99
I R 5; Hu(57) M99 I R 7: Hu(60) M99 I R 10:
Hu(70) M99 I R 2X): Hu(ll0) M7984 11 R i 10;
M738R3
MP 'stwnln pl. Hu(72) M99 I R 22: MI1 R 12
'stwnw'r MP / M ~ W
a. 'Like a column'. Henning
1940,32with.an alternative I'~/(t)[bJ(~)w'~ 'like
a water-ble'.
MP 'sulw't G l d oh4614 R 3
'stwr, 'sgwr Pa list&/ n 'horse'; pl 'horses, cattle'.
Pa 'spvfn pl. MMiii,a M2 II R i 3
'stwrb'd Pa list&bTG/ n 'animal'. GW, 104 (5pj4).
Pa 'st_wrb'd GW 515 oM4526+M7265I R 18 = M6680.t
R 18
Pa 's-mb'd'n pi. KlT(939) M316+M80ld R 3
'stwtm3nMP limimz&/ a 'obstinate' (?).
M p 'srwrm'n M97 V i a
'stwrm'nyy MP listzifmcl-m-1 n 'obstinacy' (?).
MP 'stffmn'nyy Hu(978) M7982 R ii 20: Hu(1059)
.
K1982Vii33 .
'stwwd MP see 'st'ye r n - .
/js16y-/ vfi. defeat1.g ~ 1 :~8snruy
bwd, perhaps 'stwybw-7 Henning 1937% 81
'stwybwdn 'to be defeated" sub 'stwyqwn- and
89 sub mybur!.
MP 'stwy bwd KPT(320) M1009 A ii 7
MP 'stwy'd subj3sg. KPT(895) M263f+ B i U
cstwyqwn MP listbykunl n 'one who makes
defeated, conqueror'. Henn~ng1937% 81: verb
'stwyqwn- 'to overcome" and 89 sub wnybwl.
MP 'stwyqwn'n pl. MI74 I V 10
'stwp- Pa /ist6yZn-/ v3r. (caus.) 'to overcome*.
MKG,155 (caus. of 'sturb).
Pa 'stwynynd caus., pres.3.pl. MKG(909) M4580 R
i5
'styd MP see 'yst'styh'g, *sQyhag Pa list~brigl a. (prp.1~)
'contentiob'. Henning 1% 8I sub 'styyh'g.
Pa 'styh'g AbcdB M507 V 14a
Pa ' S - W ~ M4a I R 14
'Styh'gpft Pa Ii~tZbrSg~tI
tl '~0ntenti0~~neSS'.
Pa 'styh'gf~LN 9 9 M34 V 7
'St)Tm,csfymPa /istern/
'lastly, at last'.
Pa 's-t~mMKG(1781) oM5O55' ii
Pa 'm MKG(@ M4578 A i 16; ~ 8 2 8 6I V 12:
MKG(l577) M47 I R 2: MICG(1677)aM267bM314 R
ii 21; ~ K ~ ( l 6 8 7M267btM314
)
V i 4: ~ 6 0 2 0
IRi
5: AXFragD0/2b/ aM449b+MH)3cR 4: 1W41 V
lob = oOtani6208+ V 2: GW S75 oM5561+M5562 R
U = M847 R 12: oM4860/2; M51&/I; M6281+ R 2
'syyyh'g Pa see 'styh'g
'styz- MP Ibtgz-1 uir. 'to quarrel'.
MP 'Wfn &'JJ~- 94 V 3
'styzg'r MP listt?zgiir/ a 'contentious, quarrelsome'.
MP 'sty?gar M97 V i ?W1
'sxnd- Pa /isxund-/ vlr. 'to mock'. MKG, 155.

i,

92

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and W a n

Pa 'sxndynd pres.3.pl. MKG(1685) M%7b+M314 V i


MP 'Sqrwyst ppJI KPT(l258) M871i A 7
2
.
.
MP s'-ynd
caus,pres.3.pZ. M545 R 3
'Sfrsyd Pa see Sfrs5-'
"sqrpwt' /is%mi6td/ ngr. m. lscariot
'Sfrz MP /iSfarzl n 'goblet, tall wine-cup' (?).
Semitic name
Henning 1940, 33.
Pa %kqwt%
Mo(23) MI04 V (40119
MP Sfrz G1oss.f M614 R 11
Pa 'Sqrywf MMii(75) M42 V i 23
'Sk'f- MP /iikEf -1 u ~ r'to
. split, burst'.
" s t MP see SknMP 'SBft ppJ Glossf M614 R 10
'Skw& 'Sqw4 MP /is-hdb/ a 'poor, lowly'.KPT, ll8
.'Skbr MP /is'kabrl. liSka@/ n 'roof, @ling' (?).
Colditz 2ooa,166-208, &p. 194-197.
. ~ e h 194433
n ~
MP
IEawA(189) aM1Ol.f V 4: KPT(1721>~47I1
MP 4 W n pl. Glossf oh4614 R U
-.
R 17;MlWVi 5
'Skfs- MP / S k uf s-l uitr..'to spht up'.
MP 'Skwh'nfl- d l 7 4 II R 6: MI903 B 4 =
MP W s y n d pres391. Glossf M614 V (206; Glossf
M P 'SkWh[ M4750/2
M614 V.(22)7
. .
M P 'Sqwb KPT(2011) M22l V 12: KPT(2014) M221 V
'Skmb, 'hmb Pa/MP lifkamb/ n 'belly; womb'.
15: KP'NW)oMm V 24; M199+ V i 1: MI99 V
MP 'Skmb Glossf M614 V (%Ill; M28 I:V ii 34
i U;oM199tVi 16
. .
MP 'Sqmb oM888e13
MP 'Sqwh'n pL MI77 R 7
'Skn- MP /iSkenn-l ujr. 'to break'. KPT,.118. sv.'Skst. 'Sqwhyh ' h h y y MP /iSkbbfb/ n 'poverty'.
MP 'Sknya pres.3sg. Glossf M614 R I 4 . . . .
MP 'Skwhyy Hu(1064)M7983 I R i 4
MP 'Skst ppJ KPT(1670) M46 V 16: KPT(1672) M46
MP 'Skwhyyh Hu(982) M7982 R ii 24
V 18: KPT(1673) M46 V.19:G l W ~ 6 1 .V
MP " 5 ~ h y bhwF(1) oM6m c01A 1
_ 4 (25)lO'. . 's'ky8
MP ' S h inf Ja Mj12/i/7
.
.. . .
Pa /is%&-f v.itr. 'be patient, wait'.
'Skng MP /iSkenn@l .n. 'fracture; somethins (esp.
Pa %kyb'mp.Isg. MMiii~n(70)M39 V ii 8
bread) sit up ,intosmall pieces and pui ',into.soup'.
Pa 3kybyd pres3sg. A&
M 7 l O 19a (rather:
.
Henning-1939,% HHentling 194Q,34 - . . . .
(b)w$kBy&k MI71 1 V 17
MP $kng G l d M614 V (2318:. Glo+f ~ 6 1 4V'
Pa 'Skyb'm presJpZ. RH(456) oM763 R i 29
Pa "skyb3 d j 2 s g . H.VIb/lW oM502b R 3
(2419: Glossf oM614 V (25110
'Sknggyyr MP /ifkenriaggyyr.l?ci. 'fia*le'. KPT 118
Pa %kybamsubjl#ZI MMiii,d(ll4) M5 V ii 24
Pa 'Skybgprp~oM6232+M6230 V 6
without commentary. Written on two lines 'Zkng
and gyyr it could be a compound with axi unclear
Pa 'Skyb'dppJI oM544 V 6: H.VIII/lZa/ M689 V 3 =
second element gyyr.
M502htMZ151V 1
MP %kng#gyyr KPT(712) MlOO R iii 14
's'kyb'g MP /is7hbrSg/ a 'patient*.
"Sknhyyn MP iiSkennabEnl, li%en(n)hEn/? a.
MP mttg w ~iossf614v (27112
'breaking up, destroying the enemy's army'. 'Skyft, '3qyft Pa/MP /iSkef tl a.. adv. 'hard, harsh,
Henning 1940.33.
harshly, very'.
MP 'Sknhyyn Glossf M614 V (17)2
Pa 'Skyfy MKGO%) M4577 B i 9: MKH1018) M4572
S
' wn,'SqnySn MP iiikenniinl n. 'breaking'. KPT.
R i 3: AbcdC M533 R 3a; RH(510) M763 V i 29:

::.:

!.

'I..

'

' '

118

MP 'SknySn m ( 6 n ) MlOO R i 20
'SqnySn Glossf olM614 V (1611
'SqpySn MP /iikaf iinl n. 'fright' (?I.KPT,ll8; 38, n.2
MP SqpySn KPT(674) oMlOO R i 23 'gh-'Sqr, Pa /i%ar-/ vjr. 'to hunt, chase'. Ghilain

1939,58; MKG, 155.


Pa 'Skryd pres.3sg. Glossf M614 R 15; LN 26 oM27
R 12 = 0M1602v 8
Pa 'Skryndpres.3~9.~ ~ G ( l 6 8M267bM314
6)
V i3
Pa 'Sqrd ppJ MKG(ll57) M4S70 R ii 18
'Skrw-, 'Sqrw- MP /i5karw-/ v.itr. 'to stumble,
lurch'. .
MP 3 r w t oP.M.914 R? 6 MP 'Skrwym presJsg. OM545 V 1
MP 'SkrwI pres. stem, unclear KawA(241) oMlOld
V3
MP 'Skrwst ppJI Hu(249) M7981 I R i U
MP 'Skrwyst ppJI Glossf oM614 R U (Henning
1940,331
*

Pa 'Skyft MKG(l.584) M47 I R 9: MKG(1586) M47 I R


11: MKG(l%@ 346032 V 7: MMiiia(afl28)MM V ii
17; AW&/
oM6726 V 7 = a 1 7 3 R 4: oM102 R
ll; Ml2olvl5
Pa 'Sqyft NG(692) 0~4576R i 10
MP 'Skyft G l d a 6 1 4 R 10; ~6256/2
'Sqync'Pa li~kmj/ n-'twisted rope'. GW, U4 (S105J).
Pa 'Sqync GW 905 M63M B 12
'M&'M,'h%
Pa /iSincb/ pron2.pZ. 'YOU (~1,)'.
~n general Pa %naband MP a W b but quite a
degree of i n t e x c b g e The end. -t'n (once - 8 n )
expresses the object, the genitive/&tive and the
agefit in tmsitive sentences in the past tense (in
the 'ergative' consauction>
Pa 'S'm3 MP spelling in part ~ 1 / 2 6 7
Pa 'Sm' MKG(l284) oM4589f B 1: MV3K); RH(ll61)

M30 R ii 7
Pa 'Sm3 MMiiib(n) M5815 1 V i 21: MKG(1030)
M4572 R ii 6: MKG(1224) oM4574 R ii 6:

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


MKG(1429) oM5965 B 6: MKG(1744) MH)55+R i 7: 'Smgyft Pa /is'tl~lgZft/ n (COIL) 'demons'.
Pa 'Smgyfc MMiiiiCn) M4Z Ti 20: M465 B ll
MKG(p95) oh4455 B ii 1: MMiiirn(45) M39 V i 1:
'SmyrMP /i&er-/. f i e - / ? uJr. 'to redon,
MI,/*
W395: MI8 V 7: MT19 R? 2; M779 R? 6:
account'.
Only iibmdn, pres.pan 'being reckoned,
RH(499) M763 V i 18: RH(596) M5860 I V i 4:
accounted'.
~~(1190)
MYI V i 10 = oM468a V i 18 = M347 V ii
MP "syr'n -11
Hut7641 M7981 11 V ii 10:
7: 2B 6; oM7200 A 4
Hu(774)
MI981
I1
V
ii 20
Pa 'Sm'hpc ~MiiiM162)M5815 I1 R ii 26: RH(l85)
'has-,'3nYsW
M
P
/i%-l
vir. 'to recognize, know,
M284a R i 19
regard
as'.
MKG
155
=
'Ws-.
Humbach-Skjaerve
Pa 'wt'n MMiiid(99) M5 V ii 9
1983
z
n
Pa 'art'n MMiiid82) M7 I V i 24
Pa B'syd pres3sg-MKG(1706) M267b+M314V i 23
pa ' ~ M4a
d I V U;RH(244) M284a V i 16: RH(278)
Pa 'Sn'synd pres3.pl. KPT(1910) MIK8259 1 R i 3
M m V ii 18: RH(289) M%a V ii 29: RHO241
Pa 'Sn's'h subj3sg. MMiiim(68) M39 V ii 6
M284b R ii 1; 1WK7251V 1
Pa
'Sn'syd impvpl. M24 R 7 = oM812 V 2: M282 I1 V
pa '$ma M&9) M734 V 4: MKG(1052) M4573 R i 2:
ii
3
~ ~ ~ ( 1 0 M4573
6 5 ) R i 6: MKG(1067) M4m R i
Pa
'
S
n'sI pres. stem, unclear oM81 R 5 (Colditz
17: MKG(1080) oM4573 R ii U:hfKG(1081) M4573
2
0
0
0,377n& 'Sn'(s1Iybl 'Sn'(s)[yndl.)
R ii 14: MKG(lO83) oM4573 R ii 16; MKG(ll03)
Pa
'
S
n'
s
g'n ppJ, pl. MMiiilOl) M5815 I V ii 20
. . M4>- V ii 2: ~KG(1668).M267b+M314R ii 12:
MP
'
S
n'
syd pres3sg. M16 R 9; Sl2c V i 34 (pp.1~~)
~~G(1676)
oM267bM314 R ii a
.MKG(1939)
MP '5nasyndpres.3pl. MI7 V ii 15
. MITT V U: MMiiid(96) M5 Y ii 6 = M748 V 15;
MP3nasyn4@res.3@. Hu(U92) M7983 I V ii 30
e
~ I R i 2;7MMiii,g MI I R i 7: KPT(2030)
AMP'Sn's'nd subj.3pi. Sbrg(324) M470at v 12
- MWR 7: KPT(2031) M580 R 8; KPT(2035) M580
MP 'Sn's impusg. oMIK6258a R 1 (Sundermann:
R' 12; ~m(32)oM332+M724 v 12: CPar(80) a333
I(dw~n13(m1
R 4'; am02 R 8: R~(10)MU7 I R 9; RH(199)
'Snk ppJ Glossf W614 R 9
M284a R ii 3: RH(202) M%a R ii 6; RH(206)
MP 'Sn'xtn inf Ja MMii M9 I R 7: MMii M9 I V 2
. ~ 2 & lRa ii 10; RH(U8) M284a R u 22: RH(22l) c"sn3xt MP see "sn's~ 2 & IRa ii 25: RH(226l Mma R ii 30: RH(239) 'Sn'xt'ryh MP /iSndxtirib/ n. 'discernment,
V i U: RH(240) M284a V i 12: RH(246)
knowledge'.
M284a V i 18: RH(272) M284a V ii 12: RH(307)
MP 3dxt'ryh G l a d oM614 R 8
M2&ibR i 16: RH(308) M284b R i 17; RH(310) 'S.n'z- MP lh-z-/ vlr. 'to wash'. Henning 1952 516,
M284b R i 19; R~(367)oM284b V i 12; W 6 9 )
nl Also 'to swim'? (Henning 1940.34).
Mz&lbV i 14: RHO721 M%b V i 17: RH(396)
MP "s'z'd subj.3sg. M570 A 2a
M284b V ii 15: RH(451) 1 m 3R i 24; M885 R ii ll;
MP %nYg prpJa Glossf hi614 V (1813
M830tR22=M275+Vi8
'Snazy9n MP /iSnr3zifnl n 'laving, wash'.
Pa 'Sm'hyc KPT(2025) Mu11580 R 2: CPar(44) oM499+R
MP "sazySn d57O A 2a
5
'Snw- WMP /iSMw-/ uir. 'to hear, hearken'. Only
Pa cyd'n RH(454) M763 R i 27
one MP attestation
Pa kwt'n M282 11V ii 4
Pa "snwyd-pt8~3sg. Mh;G(llla) M4572 R i 3:
Pa kwfn aG7j;) M497 A i 4: ~ ~ i i iM2; fl R i
Omni6214 A i 3; M5778lii 2
32
Pa 'Snwyydpes.3sg. ME,i'iib(80) M5815 1 V i 30
Pa qwfn M830t R 20
Pa 'Jnwynd pes.3.pl. CPar(23) oM332+M724 V 3;
Pa kyt'n ~5604/2
CPadll2) h934a R 7: CPar(124) oM334a V 3: G W
'irn'b MP see "sah Pa
553 hi2481 V 9 = M2410 V 3
'Sm'r Pa / W r / n 'number'.
Pa "snw' subjJsg. MMiii,d(42) M5 R ii 12 = M748 R
Pa 'Sm'r W235: AXIa/W M815 R 3; ARVWUbI
14
M91 V 14 = oM6WM439 V 4 = M n 4 R 12: GW
Pa 3nw'h subj3sg. MMiilb(81) M5815 I V i 31
S15 ~4526M7265I R 17 = M 6 6 W R 17
Pa '3nw"m SubjJpI. ~Mii,e(67)M6 V i 7
'Smg Pa /ijmag/ n 'wrath,the demon wrath'.
Pa 3nwm impvsg. RH(150) ~ 1 6 1 0B 2
Pa 'Smg G l d M614 V (24)9: A W WM3703 R
Pa Snww impusg. W278
3 LMln R 5; M741 R 3a: M741 R 6a; MI02 R 16
Pa 'Snwyd i m p p l . MKG(1034) 0~4572V i 1;
Pa 'Smg'n pi. M d 8 ) M104+ V (2514 = M734 R 7;
MV279; MI1280
Pa "swyyd imp-pl. MKG(2095) M455 B ii 1
M a ) M390 R 7: MKG(844) M4578 A i 14;
M M i i @ O )M7 11 V ii 16; MMiiij(45) M42 R ii
Pa 3nwagprpJa GW 7 uM259c+M453c V 7
Pa 'SnwdppJ MKG(979) M4579 R i 5; M628l+ R 7
19; MMiiip(30) M77 V 9; Glossc ~ 8 7 9 ~ 6 19R9
Pa
'Jnwd ppJ MKG(73) M48+ I1 V 9: MKG(228)
1: M141V 16a; RH(l200) M30 V i 20; M92 R 7b;
M805b V 6: MKG(304) M M a R 3; M~G(697)
0tani6172 R 2
,

94

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

M4576 R i 15: MKG(1204) M4570 V ii 18:


MKG(U98) M6Ml V 9: MKG(1400) M6041 V 11:
MKG(1944) MI77 V 18: MV232: CPar(U3) aM334a
V 12; M830+ R 23 = M279 V i 10
Pa Snwdn i n f l a MKG(1024) M4572 R i 9
Pa 'Snwdn i n f l a M680 R 10 = K24 R 7 (As a n
'hearing'. s 'zywlg)
MP 'Snw'g'n prpJa, pl. MI72 1 V 4 = MI7 R ii 2
'Snwg MP li.hZgl n. 'knee'.
.
MP 'Snwg BBBOU) MWp19 17: M543 V 4
'Snwhr, '5nwhr P
a
m /ifnt%r/ n. 'grace; gratitude'.
MKG, 155;Schwartz 1985.487-490; GW, lWllO
there also Pa 'hwbr pdgynu- 'to thank (lit' to'
accept goodness)'.
Pa 'Snwhr GW 5145 Kao.0103 1906 V 5
Pa 'Snwhr MKG(l627) M1964+M822 V ii 3; Abcd.K .
oM2089 R 2b (Boyce 'l(jizMd)n):GW 322
M6680+ V 19: GW 524 oM451 V 7: GW 26 ~ 8 113
R 5 = M451 V 11 = M500h V 1; GW S29 oM34U R 7 .
= M83 I1 R U:GW 531 M83 I1 R 18 = oM838 R 3f
GW 5% M83 II V 3; GW 536M83 JI V 12= ~ 3 4 G:
V 5 = ,-,M342+Mj20 R 11: GW 941 M248t R 2:=
oM608a R 1: GW 542 M248+ R 5; GW 547 o ~ ~ 4 8 i
R 15; G W 548 M248c.V 1 d890 R 9; GW 552 .
M248t V 8: G W 557 old2484 V 17 = M5006 V 2;
GW 558 M248+ V 19 = oM890 V 12; GW S O
oM340a R 2: GW 63 M340a V 3 = M295 R 1; GW

"

B 11: MKG(l942) Ml77 V 16: MMiiip(22) oM77 V 1:


MMiii,o(60) oM67 V ii 22: MMiii,p oM21 R 8;
KPT'(204-4) M580 V 3 CPar(l4) oM332+M724 R U:
CPar(l74) M44 V 12; M6020 I R i 3: H.III/3a/
M5540 R 5; HVIaI7bl o?vi62?3 V 4: kRIIIb/llb/
d l 6 7 3 R 4 = oM2701 V 2; AbcdB M507 R 4a:
MI02 R 3; MI02 R 11: W 511 M5931 V 2; LN 922
M208+M638 V 6: M35 R 14: M35 R 17: RH016)
M284b R i 25: RH018) oM284b R i 27; GW 519
M259a V 14 = aM4S&M7265 I V I2 = M6680+ V 10
= a 4 5 1 R 7: GW $2.6M83 11 R 8: GW 38 oM838
V 8 = M83 TI V 19: GW !%
M847IV 15 = oM1905 11
R 6; MI71 I V 10: hi171 11 R 2: GW 5143 M206 I1 R
5: GW I44 oh4206 II V 2: M743 R 8; ME01 V 1:
M6020 II V ii 5:OM6020 II V ii 18: ~ 6 0 2 0I1 V ii
20; M6020 II V ii 23; M4167/2
Pa 'Styd='y3tyd pres3sg..GW 579 oM5%1+M5562 V
5=bM&17V7=&435OV5
Pa 'Styyd pres3sg. R H O M284b R ii 23: M468a.
R ii 9
Pa W m presJ.pl. MMiii,a(147) M2 I1 V ii 36
Pa 3 y d pres2.pl. KPT(2032) M580 R 9
Pa %yd pres2& MT19 R? 5
Pa 'Stynd pres.3#. ~ ~ ~ ( 1 60~267b+~314:
80)
R ii
24: hK~(1765)oh15055+ V i 3; MKC(1773) M5055+
V i U; CPar(62) M49Pt V 4: CPar(64) oM499+ V 6:
MI94 I V U;W59ai A42306 V 3 = 0~1663
R 2;
KV6lb/ oM6W V 4 = aM2851 V 2 = M5587 V 2 =
oOtani6386 R 6: H.VIbI3bl MI953 R 6;
~R./IIl/lob/ dl535 I V 4: MI02 V 12: Lhl 92 M3jl
R 8: RH(270) M284a V ii 10; GW 922 M451 V 4;
M285 Il V ii 16: HCfr30.8 oM3023 A 2: HCfr32ll
oM1669 B 1: M624311: oM79 V 12
3
Pa 'J'Swnd Pres3#Pa 'Stah subj2.q. -4)
M5815 I R i 4: G10ss.f
M614 V (29114
oM58b I R i 3;
Pa 'Stab subj3sg.
M2802/2
Pa 'ySta%subj.3sg.Ih' 5102 oM307a+ R 5 = M6953 V
4 (Sundermann's '5t'b is inconed
Pa 'Styndyh opt. GW 9 oM259b+M453b V 10
Pa 'Stad ppJI MKG(1098) M4573 V i 14
Pa 'ySt3d ppJI ~~iii,d(61)
M5 V i 1: LN 544 oM5OOa
V 5 =M727bV3
' g t ~ gPa/MP /&rag/ n 'lancet' (?
Heming
I. 1940,
35.
~p k y r g ~Iossfa614 V (26111; GIOSS~
oM614 V
(n)u:Glossf M614 V (281U
~p /i/ izafet Linking partide used to p i n words
-(noun + adi etc) also a relative pronoun. Boyce
1964, runner l977,1@14See "yg.
Pa 'y MP in Pa text ~Miiid26)M5569 V 5
MP 'pwry3ncy RHw1) oM647+ I V H
MP 'whrm)lzd + 'y nyw ~ ~ ~ ( 2oM330+~2238
3 7 )
V
5
S9 R ii 18
MP 'whrmyzd # y' nYw
MP 'whrmyzd 'y # m d ' y S9 R i 31

(w),

'

66oM295R9:GWWM295V3;GW!X$oM295
V 6: M1728/3
MP 'Snwhr MMii M95 ~ ' 4 =b oM503f R 4: &mi6168
B3
'Snwhrcn Pa /i~n.tjhrc'anl.
li5n6hrZanl a 'grateful
to ('c)'.
Pa 'Snwhrcn Mhiiiib(193) oMj815 I1 V ii 1: Glossf
M614 V (20)s
'Snwhrg Pa /iWbragl a 'grateful'.
Pa 'Snwhrg MMiii~lM?7 R U;M4a I V 4
'Snwhryb 'Snwhryy MP /ifn6hrihi n. 'grace,
gwtitude'.
MP 'Snwhryh L S10 120 11R 6
MP 'Snwhryy M82 V 10: M738 R 10; M738 R 16
MP "swhry RH(988) oM485a R 2
MP 'Snwhryh Glossf M614 V (19)4
'Hnwm- 'MP Iikzirn-/ v ~ r 'to
. propitiate'. Hapax
Henning 194433
.
MP 'Snwmyd pres.3sg. G l d M614 R l2
'St-, 'ySt- Pa /fit-/. 163-I? vitr. 'to stand; be, exist'
(main and a u x i h y verb).
Pa St'mpresJsg. MMiii,g(lOO)M7 I V ii l2
_Pa5tyhpres2sg. KPT(1289) M2098 B 8; M4b I R 11
Pa 'Styy pres2sg. M M i i ) M7 I V ii 3
Pa 'Sgd pres.3sg. MKG(1691) M267bM314 V i 8;
M858d/5
Pa "syd pres.3zg. MMiiw8) oM5815 Il V ii 26;
MKG(U66) M6041 R 7; MKG(1693) M267bM314 V
i lo; MKG(1876) ~6032
V 19; MKG(188l) M6032 V
24; MKG(1886) M6032 V 29: MKG(1W) Nj23a-c

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


IMP 'whrmyzd 'y nyw MKG(2146) ah42061A 1
MP 'y passim in MP.
MP 'y mwns 'ma&.
MP 'yman s 'm'b.
MP 'ymyd'n s 'n and 'Smab.
MP 'ymyS s 'n and 'wy.
MP 'ym s 'n
-MP 'y5 s. 'wy.
MP 'yJ'n s. 'wy.
IMP 'yf s tw.
IMP 'yt s. tw.
MP 'ytSn s. 'Sm'b.
.
-MP 'ytn s. 'Sm'b.
MP 'yy S9 V i 21
MP 'y='yg Hu(678) M7981 I1 R i 26 = M506 V 7
MP frh 'y dyn KPT(1739)M47 I1 V 18
MP m'dr 'y zyndg'n M309a R 3: MIX4974 V ii 8
MP myrd + 'yg 'spwr ~BB074)oiM80WpB 17
MP pd'yi Hu(686) ~ 7 9 81l1R i 34: Hu(ll45) M7983
IVi17
.' .
MP pyd '7 wzrgyh M57S.R ii 3
. MP pyd 'y wzrgyy MIK8259 I V ii 18
MP r'z 'y + wzrg Hu(30) M98 I V 5 (Sundermam
1979,121n79.1
MP srygrxqyrb cyhr 'y * yzd'n Hu(1084) hi7983 I R
i 24
MP whmn 'y wzrg MMi M2 I R ii 14
MP why3 'y # nwg Hu(362) M7981 I V ii 24
MP why3 'y nwg Hu(31) M98 I V 6
MP zmyg 'y rwSn Hu(41) M98 I V 16: Hu(78) M99 I
v3
MPR i TM339b V 2
MPS 'y MannerheimE R 3: Otani7003 V 5
'ycr'ky litrcikil n (Turk.). Uighur title, also with
MP pl. -'a
M 'ycr'kyy MU59
M 'ydqyy MU89
M 'ya'ky oMIK36 R ii 25
M 'ydky'n pl. oMIK36 R ii 21
'yd Pa igdl ado. 'here'.
Pa 'yd MMiiib(ll7) M5815 I1 R i 6: MKG(ll07) M4573
V ii 6
'ydr 1Pa lgdar/ dem. adv. 'hereS.Cf.MPT 'ydr.
Pa 'ydr MMii,M72) M58l5 I V i 22: aM2753 R? 3
'ydr 2 Pa lgdarl? n.pr. Name of a character in a
Jataka type tale. Henning's interpretation of 'ydr
n'm as referring to the writer of a letter was
rejected by Schaeder 1936~96nL
Pa 'ydr MMiii,b(72) M58l5 1 V i 22: mi2753 R? 3
'ydr' MP lidrcil mpr. Name of a spirit that causes
fever, or of the spell to combat i t Henning 1947,4L
Schwm 2002,236 11.26.
MP 'ydr' M781+ I R 4
'ydw'st Pa see 'ydw'y'ydw'y, 'dw'y- Pa /i?dwtiy-I? v.tr. 'to lead'.
Pa 'ydw'yd pres.3sg. CPar(lO1) M333 V 10
Pa 'dw'ynd pres.381. M229 V ii 15

95

Pa pdw'ynd pres3pl. HCfrJ ME42 I1 B 12a

Pa cydwYn subjIsg.H.VId2a/ M93+M289a I1 R 3:


~ ~ W 6 8 b / ~ 8 8 I V 1 6 = ~ % ~ 1 6R=14=
~175
all538 LI V 3
Pa ' y d m y y opr. ARV/54a/ M2206 R 3 =
oM5586+M1534iI V 7
Pa 'dw'st ppJ a434 B ii 3
Pa 'ydw'stppJ 1CIMiii207) M7 I1 V ii 3
Pa 'ydw'sy3 pp.1 M8Sh+M629c R ii II
pg MP /ig/ izafet = 'y.
MP ' r n d y h ~ gM276 R H
IMP 'pwrySnyg BBB088) M80la/pH 5: a 2 6 I v H
IMP 'whrmyzd 'yg $ xwd'y S9 R ii U
MP 'sfySnyg MMii MB I1 V H
MP 'yg M 3 R 2: M3 R D: Sbrg(6) M473a+ I R 6;
Sbrg(39) M473a+ I V 15; Sbrg(69) M475a I R 21:
SbrgCn) M475a I V I: Sbrg(76) M475a .I V 4:
Sbrs(174) M482+ I v 6: Sbrg(223) M472+ I V 7:
Sbrg(292) M470a+ R 4: Sbrg(538) M472 I1 R 10:
Sbrg (M47? I1 R himred); SbrSf710),~475z11 V
14: hr&47) MH7a+ I V 23; KawA(13) oMlOlc V
2; KawF09) M61ZOcdD 4; KawF(42) ~ 6 1 2 0
col~
7: KawR44) M6m COB
9: KawF(45) ~ 6 1 2 c0 o l ~
10; fiwR47) M612a d D 12: KawF(47) ~ 6 1 2 0
colD 12: KawF(49) a6120 colD 14: KawF(5O)
~ 6 1 2 0colD
15: KawF(75) M6120 COIF 1:
MKG(1964) M742 I V H: MKG(l977) M742 I R 13:
MKG(1994) M742 I V 8; MKG(1998) M742 1 V 12:
MKG(20071M742 I V 21: MKG(2145) M2061 B H;
Hu(189) M7984 U V i 21: HuO M7981 I V H:
Hu(3ll) M7981 I V i 7: Hu(333) M7981 I V i 29:
Hu(342) M7981 I V ii 4; Hu(342) M7981 I V ii 4:
Hu(499) M7980 I V ii (2516: Hu(539) M7980 I R i
O1)lO: lid6981M798l11 R ii l2: HuO M7981 I1 V
H: Hu(842) M7984 I R ii 20: HuO M7984 I V H:
Hu(937) M7982 Rj U: Hu(961) M7982 R ii 3: HuO
M7982 V H; H u O M7982 V i 3; Hu(1023)
MI982 'V i 31; Hu(1040) M7982 V ii 14: .HuO
M7983 I V H; Hu(1167) 347983 I V ii 5: HuO
M7983 I1 V H: Hu(l37.8) M7983 I1 V ii 30:
Hu(U30) M7983 11 V ii 32: MMii M9 I1 V 18; MMii
M2 I H V: MMii M2 I V i 36: MMii M2 I V ii 14:
MMi M49 II R 8:MMii M2l9 V 9: MMii M219 V
U: MMii Ma9 V 18: MMii M28 I1 R ii 1: MMii
M28 II R ii 2: MMii M28 I1 R ii 4: MMii M612 V 6;
MMii M% V H: MMii M95 V 4a: MMii M95 V 4b;
MMii M95 V 6a = M1876+ V 3; M95 V 8a = ~1876+
V 7; MMii ~ 5 6 V4 H: MMii M224 1 V H: MMii
oMZ4 I R 4: MMii M36 R 20: MMii M36 V 19:
MMii M729 I R i 6: MMii M729 II R i 3; MMiii,a
M2 II V H; MMiii,q=MKG(2275) a 4 5 4 I V 3;
KPT(53 M1001+ R iii 10: KPT(58) M1001+ R iii U;
KPT(70) M1001+ R iv 4: KPT(106) M1001+ V ii 1:
KPT(ll0) Ml001+ V ii 5: KPT(lI1) M1001+ V ii 6:
KPT(n9 M1001+ V ii 10; KPT(l50) M1001+ V iv 8;
K~T(165) M1003+M1025 A ii 8; KPT(179)

96
"

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


oM1003+M1025A iii 9; KPT(251) Ml014+M1030 B 3:
KPT(276) M1007+M1027A ii 2: KPT(32-4) MI009 B
i 3: KPT047) oM1004+ R i 17: KPT(401) M1004+ V
ii 7: KPT(457) M1002+ R ii 2: KI"N484) M1002+ R
iv 8: KPT(508) M1002+ V iii R KIT5451 MlOll B
i 4; KPT(549) MlOll B i 8; KFT(556) Ml020+M1022
R i 6: KPT(592) MI026 A 10: KPT(666) MlOO R i
15: KPT(686) MlOO R ii 9: KFT(768) MlOO V ii 21:
KPT(783) MlOO V iii 14; KPT(llf2) W54 V H:
KPT(l343) MM6 V 7; KPT(l390) A44500 V i 11:
KPT(1444) M!566+M4501 V ii 3; ICPT(1-445)
~5566+M4501V ii 4: KPT(1463) M5567 R i 9:
KPT(1826) M6470 V H: KPT(2078) M6005 B i 2;
KPT(2087) M6005 B i 11: MIK36 R i 8: BBB
M801a/H3: BBB M8Olahi4: BBB M80WH6: BBB
M8Ola/HU: BBB M801aM22: BBB M80lahL3i
BBB M m . BBB(1) M80Wpl 1: BBB(27)
M801a/p3 1: BBBO3) M801a/p3 7: BBB06)
aM8Wp3 10: BBB(U0) oM629b V i 5: BBB(182)
M80lalpll 17; BBB(190) M80la/pl2 9; BBB(191)
~ 8 0 d p 1 210: BBN192) M8OWpU I
2 BBY3(21l)
M80laIpU 12: BBB(252) M8Olalpl5 17: BBB(262)
~ 8 0 l a / p l 69: BBB(320) M80la/'p20 7: BBB(336)
M801a/@l 5; BBB(347) M80laIpZl 16;- BBB(369
M80la/p22 12: BBB062) M W p 2 2 U: BBB(370)
M80la/p23 U: BBB(382) M W p 2 4 17; BBB085)
M80lalp25 2; BBB(395) M80la/p26 6: BBB(401)
M80la/p26 l.3: ~ ~ ~ ( 4 M80laIp26
06)
18; BBB(411)
M80la/p2? 5: BBB(419) M80Wp27 U: BBB(445)
M80la/p29 5: BBB(460) MIDOla/p30 3: BBB(472)
M801a/p30 15: BBB(477) M80lajp312: M3l.5I V 4:
M315 I V 9: M 3 5 II V 4; M315 I1 V 8: M97 V i 12:
M20 I V 1: M#) I1 R 5; M20 I1 R 7: M2G II V 4;
. M543 R 1; M543 R 6; M554 R 2: M731 V 11: M210
V 10: M727a V 2; M78l+ II R 05110: M781+ 11 V
(4212: MY0 A 2b: oW~OA 3a: oM570 A 3b;
M6230 R 3: M6230 R 4: M82 R 4 = M235 R U:M82
. RU=MB5Vj:M82V11:M90R2b: M1741R6:
MI74 I1 V 6: Mll R 3; MU V-3: MLK4974U i 9:
MIK4974 V ii 10: MIK4974 V ii 23: M798a R i 5:
M798a R ii 6: M798a V ii 4: M738.V 6; M38 V
20; M22 V? 20; MI738 A H 1: L oSlO l20 I R U: L
SIO l20 I r\ U: L 90 I20Il V 3: L SIO l20 II V 9:
M867 R +Id3845 R ii 6: M867 R +M3845 R ii 7:
M867 R +M3&15R ii 9; M867 R +M3845 R ii 11:
M17 V i U: S1 V 12; Sl V U: S1 V 14; S2 R i 4: S2
Vii4:SIRi2:57Riil8:SV2:S9Ri5;S9Ri
12: S9 R ii 15: S9 R ii 30; S9 V i 26: S9 V ii 20; S9
V i i -29; S9 y ii 32; 510 V 4: GW 5142 Sl1 R 22;
Sl2b R ii 26: S12c V i 58: 518 V 2: 534 R 3: S36 V
2: RH(78) hi2053 V i 4; RH(674) M234 V 9;
RH(807) M449a A 6: RH(8l4) M449a B 3: RH(944)
~ 6 4 7 1+v 3; RH(1043) M78j V H;RH(1045) M185
V 2; RH(1046) M785 V 3: RH(1049) M785 V 6;
RH(1OM) M785 V 7; RH(1051) M78.5 V 8: RH(1052)
M785 V 9; RH(10.53) M785 V 10: RH(1053) M785 V

10: RH(1055) M785 v 12: RH(1057) M785 V 14;


RH(1063) MI81 R 1: RH(1064) M18l R 2: RH(1068)
Ml8l R 6: RH(lll2) M273 V 6; RPI(lll3) M273 V 7:
RH(1116) M273 V 10: M8 R i 7: M26 11 R 1: M32b
A 11: M59 1 R 1: Ml90 V 4: M#)4 B 3: M290 V H:
M37l R 4: M389 R 8: M456b B 2: oM653 R i 7:
M788 V 5; M842 V 9; MIK7251 V H: M4a II V H;
M4b II R 14; MKG(2208) M5794+ I R 4: M5794+ I
V 9: M994+ I V h: M5794+ 1 V 14: M5794+ I V
19; M28IRH: M28I Rii 32: M28 I VH: M28I V
ii 29: M555 R la = M442 V 1: Bid Manis: M686 R
6; M798c A ii 4; M827 R 5 = M5751 A i 8: M849c B
3; Phi9142 R ii 7: oP.M.9142 V i 6; PM.9142 V ii 2:
MIK4969 I V H; MIK7285 V i 2: M797 II V 9:
~ ~ 4 9 . R8 H;
3 MIK4983 R 3: ~MIK4983R 7; MMii
M82Y 1 R 10: M545 R 5: M545 V 6: M514 B 2:
M336a R 3: Otani6152 R 3; Otani6194 B 1:
Otani'6194 B 1: Omni6195 A 4: oOtani6195 B 6:
o0mi6& A 4; Otani6204 A ii 1: M5692 A 8:
M567.V H: M5750 V ii 5; M m b A 7: M87lg B 3:
$4546 R 2 W546 R 1;M494 R 4: M655a/3: M1051/6:
Ml34112; h11667/2a: M1738/ii 5: M17.5313: M1842 R
4; oM187l V 3; M19ll/5: M2018 I R H:M2200 R? H:
M4833/x; M
5Dn R H: M5444/4: M62.33 V 6:
M 6 m :h 8 6 2 R 6
MP 'yq aM87 V H: OM5564 V H
MP ' e y g Hu(678) M981 I1 R i 26 = ~ 5 0 V6 7
MP pwrsySn'pg ~ 2 6 7 aV H
MP r'z 'yg # rwJn ~ 8 6 R7 +M%5 R ii 4
MP 3'dcn'yg M290 R H
MP whyyStawr 'yg nwg oM867 R +M3845R ii 7
'yjNam /gznpzm/ q-f.
(Sogd.)
M c y @ mm
4
.
4
Cyl, 71 Pa/MP /El/ npr. m. Name of an angel.
Designates he Third Messenger, Sundermann 2002b,
172
pa 'yl oCh/So20135 V 8 = 80.T.B.1.644 =
oCh/s01oOOoC3) V 3 = oM779 v 4
Pa-'yl ChlS~20l35Y-7-=SO.TBB% = M779 v 3:
Ch/so20U5 V 7 = 80.T.B.I.644 = M779 V 3:
ch/So20U5 V 7 = 80.T.Bl644 = MT19 V 3
MP 'yl oM781+ I V (1918
'yl /el/ (Turk). Part of Uighur title, s 'wlwy.
M 71MM36 R i 15
=yrW/ilabz/n Aramaic word: 'god'(?). Yoshida 1983
and yoshida 1987$404.The form is unexpected.
M~lTM260R11
'yl'wg'syb 31 'wg'syy /el 6gdsf/ n. (Turk.).
Uighur title. .
M 'yWwgaslry MIK36 R ii 5
M 'yl'wg'sy MlK36 R ii 3
R ii 4
M 'yl'wg'syh
' y l y ~ ~ n c y k / e l t u t ~ ~ w ~ nCTurk./Sogd-).
cik/a.
Sogd a to a Turk- word
Mc ~ l ~ ~ D n ~ k
'Y lwg's~tMP see qwgasn

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and parthi&'

97

M4b I R 5: M4b I V 9: M4b I V 14: M4b I V 20:


M 'ylygMIg36R i I3
M ~ ~ I R U : M B R ~ : M ~ ~ R ~ ; M ~ ~ ~ R ~ :
~66%
R 18: M~ V 6: M6650 V 7: MI94 I1 R
'ym WMP /im/ demp0t~'this'.
- ll; IW48b/ oM2306 R 2: HVIVlOb/ M5263 R 5;
WMIr 'ym M152214
kRV/44a/ M5586tM1534 11 R 7: ARV/53a/
Pa 'cymyy aM38 V I2
M5586tM1534 I1 V 5: ARVII/lOb/ M9l V 8 = M517
Pa 'ym Md2) M104+ R (19121 = Mn4 R 2; ~ d 5 6 )
M132a R 10: MMiii,b(52) M5815 I R ii 26:
R 6 = Mn4 R 6 = Ma801 V 4: A R W W M667+
MMiiib(m OM585 I V ii 4: MMiii,M88) M5815 1V
V 1; ARVlIa/W M667+ V 3: AbcdC M533 R 3b:
ii 7: MMiii,b(89) M5815 I V ii 8: .MMiii,b(90)
A b d C M533 R 4a; AbcdD M710 9a; M737 R 6;
- LN 2l MWM638 R 2; LN 523 M208tM638 V 11:
. , M5815 I V ii 9: MMiijb(94) M585 I V ii U:
~ ~ i i i , hM5815
o I V ii 15: IMMiiib(98) M58l5 I
LN WaoMSOOa R 6=M516 R 4: LNS5-4 ~ 5 0 v9
V ii 17:MMiii,b(lO7)M5815 I V ii 26: MMiiib(l.29)
6; LN 558 M4450 R 3: LN 73 M5845 V 14: LN 576
M5815 11 R i 18; Mhaiiib(l43) M581S I1 R ii 1:
MSl8 V 4: LN 5% M34 V 12 = oM366 V 4: LN
MMi163) M58G 11 R ii 27: MMiii,d&lM5569
)
R
laM491iM3417 R 15: M23 A 4: ~ a w ~ ( 2M35
3) V
20: MMiiid31) M5569 V 10: MKG(72) M48t I1 V
5: KawK(24) M35 V 6: RH(6) MU7 I R 5: RH(12)
8; MKG(144) ~216bV 4: MKG(661) Ma75 R ii 8:
MU7 I R 11: RH(14) MU7 I R U:RH(%) MI37 I V
MKG(&24) M457l V ii 3: MKG(S37) M498 A i 7:
10: RH'o0) MU7 I V 14: RH(55) M280 I V 8:
MKG(99) M4581 V ii 3: MKG(1007) M45q A ii 2:
RH(124) M86 V 8: RH(127) M86 V 11: ~ ~ ( 1 3 3 )
MKG(1029) M4572 R ii 5; MKG(~@O)
M4573 V i 6:
~ 8 V617: RH(U5) M86 V 19: RH(l37) M86 V 21:
MKG(1097) M4573 V i l3: MKG(1099?'~4mV i
,RFI(EWI M@ V ZRH(l.56) M502a A 2; RH(176)
$15: 1w(G(Il80) M4570 v i l7:M K G ( U ~ U ' MV
~ ~ ~ O M284a R i 10: RH(189J M284a R i 23: RH(193)
i 18: MKG(1242) M4574 V ii 8: MKG(W) ~ 6 0 4 1
M284a R i 27: RH(198) M284a R ii 2: RH(233)
K!Ma V i 5; RH(274) M284a V ii 14: RH(@)
R 21: MKG(1432) M5966 A 3: ~KG(l596>M47 I V
5; ~ ~ ~ 1 6 M1964tMW
1 0 )
R i 1: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 2 8 ) ~ i 8 4 aV u 30: v(293-5) M284a V ii: RH(325)
iM1964tM822 V i 1 (Sundermann: 'ymr but the
M284b R ii 2: RH(334) M284b R ii 11: RH037)
point he sees is apparently only an impurity in
M284b R ii 14: RHO971 M284b V ii 16: RH(410)
the papg; his alternative 'ym is preferable):.
aM284b V ii 29: RH(415) M1316 V i 9: RH(418)
MKG(l669) M267b+M314 R ii U; ~ ~ G ( 1 6 7 0 )
~ l 3 1 6V i 12: RH(429) MU16 V i 23; RH(453)
M267b+M314 R ii 14: ,NG(1674) ~ 2 6 7 b + ~ 3 R1 4ii
M763 R i 26: RH(495) M763 V i 14; RH(H3) oM763
18: MKG(1755) M5055+ R ii 4: MKG(1789) M6U8 A
V ii 28:RH(540) ~ 5 6 4 R0 3: RH(548) M5640 V 2:
2: MI(G(1794) M6138 B 3: MKG(1801) HWP A 6;
R~(566) M5860 I R i 10: RH(567) M5860 I R i ll:
MKG(1W) M6032 R 12: 1MKG(1908) M523a-c B 10:
RH(607) ~ 5 8 6 0I V ii 3: RH(610) MWI V ii 6:
MKG(1909) oM523a-c B lt MKG(2080) M455 A i 9;
RH(630) M5070 R 1: RH(647) M6255+ V 6:
MMiiid06) M5 R ii 6: MMiii,d(81) M5 V i 21:
RH(758) M3ll V 15; RH(1088) M273 R 4: RH(1092)
MMiiid(Ifl) M5 V ii 2: MMiii,g M7 I R i 19:
M273 R 8: RH(1159) M30 R ii 5: GW 912
MMi40) M7 I R ii 10: MMiiigG-4) M7 I R ii 24:
~4526cM7265I R 6 = M6680t R 6; GW l3 M259a
MMii1,g(77) M7 I V i 17: MMutg(80) M7 I V i 20:
R 14 = M4526tM7265 I R 12 -- M66801. R 12: GW
I8 M453-6+-WA5 1 V 7 = M451 R 3: G W 519
M M i l 8 9 ) oM7 I1 V i l3; M W ( l 9 ) M33 I R ii
5:
7: &iMkQ1(62) M33 I1 R i 9 = M367
~ 4 5 2 6 t ~ 7 2 6I 5V 9 M668Ot V 8 = M451 R 5 =
oM500h/W1/: GW 551 M248+ V 6; GW %I M340a
MMiiih(65) M33 I1 R i 12 = ~ 3 6 7V 6:
MM&h(10S) M33 IE V ii 7: MMiiij M42 R i U:
R 6: GW 567 M295 V 1: GW 976 M847 R 15: GW
76 M847 R 16: GW 377 MM7 R 18: GW 595
MMiiii M& R i 25: MMiiii(93) M42 V ii 18;
M5531 A 6: GW % oM5642 A 7: GW 5144 M206
M M i i l O ) M39 R i i:MMiiim(38) M39 R ii 13;
MMiii,m(40) M39 R ii 15: MMiii~n(81)M39 V ii 19;
11 V 3: M434 B ii 4: oM460b V i 7: KPT(1914)
M M i i i 8 l ) M39 V ii 19: MMiiipl(82) M39 V ii 20;
MIK8259 I R i 7; MIKl04 R 4: oOtani6143+/1:
MMiii83) M39 V ii 21; KPT(ll45) M540b R 3;
0tani6143t13; Otani6143+/5: 0tani6165 A 5;
0tani6a B 2: Otani6172 V 3; 0mni6193 V 3:
KPT(1792) M572 R 10; KPT(l804) M572 R 22:
&rani6193 V 6: oOtani6231 B 2: 0tani6202 B 2:
KPT(1819) M572 V 15; KPT(1895) M6280 V 3:
OmpiU075 V i 2: Otani1107F V i 5
' M54 R 8;
KPT(1896) M6280 V 4: I(PT(2028) M580-R 5:
M W 5 ; M205711; ~678814;M24 R l; oM6281c R
MV240: W327; ~l/3h:
Ml/329; ~ 1 / 3 3~1/331;
:
7; M7200 A 3; oh47200 B 7
rvnlm;Ml/333: MU334 MV335: ~1/336:M1/343:
Pa
'ymwm MMiii,d(4) M5 R ii 14: RH(370) M284b V
Ml/353: Ml/372; Ml/381: ~1/402:M1/403: M1/412:
M1/417; BBB(141) M801a/p9 9; B~B(157)
i 15
0 6 ) A ii 1; ~~G(1816)
HWP
M801a/p10 7: CPar(31) M332tM724 V 11: ~ ~ a r ( 6 1 ) Pa 'ymyc ~ ~ ~ ( 1 0M4525
B 6: MMiii,i(89) M42 V ii 14: CPar(68) M4W V
M499+ V 3; CPar(79) M333 R 3: CPar(l04) M333 V
10; AbcU M27OO I1 R 2b: GW 59 ~259bM453b
13: CPar(ll0) M334a R 5: CPar(l31) M334a V 10;

'ylyg /elig/ (Turk.). Part of Uighur title, s.'wlwy.

-98

Dictionary of .Manichaem Middle Persian and Parthian

V7:GW25M83IIR3
Pa 'ymyn pl. MMiiib(78) M5815 1 V i 28;
MMiii,b(200) M5815 II V ii 8: MKG(47) M48+ I1 R
ll; MKG(54) M48+ I1 R l8;MKG(1054) M4573 R i
4: MKG(ll24) M4570 R i 6: MKG(l383) M6041 R
24: MKG(1743) M5055+R i 6;MKG(175-4) M5055+
R ii 3; MKG(l762) MXH5+ R ii 11: MKG(177l)
M5055+ V i 9: MKG(l872) M6032 V 15: MKG(1894)
M523a-c A 8: MKG(2098) M455 B ii 4:
MMiiig(lO71M2 I1 V i 33: MMiiig(l60) M7 XI R ii
12; KPT(U30) M183 II V U = M354 V 1; KPT(2058)
M580 V 17; CPar(61) oM499+ V 3; CPar(155) M44 R
4; MI94 I R 12; H.IVa/W ~ 6 2 2 1V 5; H.IVb/la/
M622Ll R 1 = oOtani46l7 V 1: HJVb/3a/ M6m R 5
= M858e R 1: H.VIb/W M502b R 3 = MI953 V 2;
H.VlI/lOa/ M5263 R 4 = oM588 R 5: ARWla/
M6222 R 1: AbcdC M533 R 5b: oM741 R 8b: tK
532 oM349 R 6: LK S41a oM304 V 7: M735 V 8:
oM743 R 5; KPT(1917) oMIK8259 1 R i 10:
KPT(1921) MIK8259 1 R i 14; HCfrM -78
B lla:
~dr29.2
M242QA 4; Otani6ln A 2: Omif& R
3: M40 V 6
Pa 'ymynycpl. (-in) MMiiib(93) M5815 1 V ii 12
Pa 'ymyy RH(757) M3U V 14; RH(831) oh1486 0 3
Pa 'ymyyn pl. (-in) MKG(1757) M505F R ii 6
Pa cymyy M38 V 11
MP 'ym Hu(753) M798l II V i 33; KPT056) Ml004t
R ii 4: MI74 I V 9; oM176 R 1: MI76 V 14: S8 R 2;
S8 R 5: fl V i 14; S12c V i 35: RH(662) M5847 A
i 5; RH(672) M5847 A ii 7; RH(678) M234 V U:
'M545 V 9: ~916a13:M2336 R 2a
MP 'ymyn pl. (-in) MKG(2283) M454+ 11 R 8;
MKG(2307) M4544 11 V 12; MMii M219 V 6:
. KPT(791) MlOO V iii 22; M733 V 7: Sl V 1: S9 V ii
11: M204 B 7: MIK4959 R 2: oM753 A 2: W 5 3 A
4: M57X) R ii 18; Mj46 V 1: aM1053/5
MP 'ymySan pl. Hu(364) M79811 V ii'26; BBB(172)
M801alpll7: M627 R i 9
MP 'ymyi'n pl. Sbsg(9) oM4Ba+ I V 6: SbrgWj)
oM470a+ R 17: Hu(435) M7980 I R ii (29)9;
Hu(745) M7981 II V i 25; Hu(807) W984 I R i 19;
Hu(1188) M983 I V ii 26: KPT(48) M1001+ R iii 3:
M1/3; M1/24; M1139: MlIl52; BBB(362) M801a/p22
U; M74 I R 16; M74 I R 17: M762 R 6: MI2 V U;
oslO V 8; MIK4979 R i 1:MIK4979 R i 4
MP 'ymyS3ncpl. M28 1R i 33
MP 'ymySn pl. GW 5141 S l l V 22
MP 'ym[ Glassh oM752b V i (1216: oS32a R 27;
MIK4958ab R 4
'ymg Ki /#mag/ ti. 'firewood'. Heming 1944%109.
MP 'ymg KawA(204) MlOla R 7: MMii M95 V 4a
'ymyd'n MP see 'y and 'im'b
'ymydg MP /&dag/
n. 'mediator'. Gershevitch
1965,202 n l
MP 'ymydg MMii M28 I1 V ii 36 = oM6U V 6: MMii
M564 R 3 a; M2152 I R 4
'

'ymyy Pa see Yrn


'yn MP lLinl dempron. 'this'. No plural
MP 'yn hi3 (26)V 3: M3 (3)V 8: M3 02) V 9
Pa>;56&66) M473a+ I R 6: Sbrg(152) M482+ 1 R
8; Sbrg(223) M47B I V 7; Sbrgt3l9) M470at V 7:
Sbrg028) M47Oa+V 16: Sbrg064) M542b+ 1 V 4;
Sbrg(715) M475a II V 19: Sbrg(723) M473a+ n R 3;
KawA(5) MlOlc R 5; KawA(140) MlOlb R 7;
KawF(23) M612O'colB 9: MKG(2258) Mi!%+ V 9:
Hu(870) I47986 V i 14: MMii M9 1 V 9I MMii M9
I V D:MMii M9 I V 14; MMii M9 I V 15; MMii
M9 1 V 19; MMii M9 I V 20: MMii M9 I1 R 2:
MMii M9 II R 4:.WiM9 11 R 9: MMii M9 I1 R
12; MMii M9 11R 8;MMii M9 II V 12; MMii oM2
1 R ii 8: MMii M49 .I1 R 12; MMii M49 11 V 5:
MMii M219 R 5; M@im
9 R 17: MMii M219 V 7:
MMii M36 V b:I'@i
f l 1 V 5: MMii M729 1 R
i 2: MMii M729 Il Vi ll; KPT(68) M1001t R iv 2:
KPT(400) MlW+V ii 6: KFT(424) M1004t V iv 2:
KPT(449) M
m
l R .i 6: gPT(456) M1002+ R ii 1:
I(PT(483) M100b R iu'-7: KPT604) oM1002+ V iii
1; KPT(508) b4l002f iii 5; KPM84) MlOO V iii
- 15; KPT(831) M819tM2154 V 17; KP.T(l117)
- MWhtM308b B ii 4; KPT(1490) M5567 V ii 9;
KPT(1659) M46 V 5;' KPT(17lZ) M47 I1 R 8:
KPT(1736) ~ 4Il jV 15; KPT(1744) M45 R 3:
KPT(1745) hi45 R 4; KPT(l746) M45 R 5:
KPT(1755) M45 V 3; KPT(1762) M45 V 10:
m ( i n o ) ~ 3 8 2A 7: KPT(1780) M382 B 6:
KPT(178l) M382 B 7: KPT(1951) M1926 B 3;
KPT(1952) m
2
6 B 4; ICPT(198l) M221 R 6:
KPT(195) M2Z1 R 20: KPT(2079) M6005 B i 3:
MV170; M11190: M1/224; BBB(U) M80la/pl U;
BBB(l5) M80laIpl 15: BBB(l33) M801dp8 17:
BBB(20) M80kutpU 11: BBB(255) M80la/pl6 2;
BBB(335) M80la/p 4: BBB096) M801a/p26 7:
BBB(412) MWp27 6: BBB(417) M801aIp27 11:
BBB(4.46) MSOlalp29 7: BB~(462)M801alp30 5:
M l 6 ~ 3 ; ~ 1 6 ~ 4 ; ~ 2RU3;I Ds64
l
V 12; M74 I R
19: MW R 9: M73l V 8; M733 v 17: M733 v 17: L
B 1: M210 V 5; M82 V 19: MU67 R 1: MU67 V 4;
M11 R 3; MU R 5; M882a A 3: L S10 120 I R 2: L
S I O ~ # ) I R7'pcrv: M l 2 R 7; M17V ii 12; S2R i
3; S7 R i 18;S7 V i 3; S7 V ii 10; S9 R i 8: S9 R ii
9: S9 V i 15: S9 V ii 17; GW 942 S1R 21: S12c V
i 29;a4 V U;RH(9) M%3l v 4; RH(657) M874
v 5; RH(669) M5847 A ii 4: RH(67l) M5847 A ii 6;
M(&)
R 3; RH(688) A473 R 6; RH(698)
M73 V 8; RHQW) M2330 B 3; RH(713) M798b A
2; RH(n7) M798b A 6; RH(m) M798b B 2;
~ ( mM9ab
) B6; RH(897) M428b R 3: RH(983)
M&7+ n V 2 RH(1012) M799c A 5; RH(1102)
R 1; hf203 11 R 1; 0M203 11 V 1;
Mn3 R 18;
MB R 1; h@@ R 8; MIK4359 R 6; MIK8259 I1 R
1; ~ 1 ~ 8 2 11
5 9R 2 M4a I1 V 12;M4a I1 V 23; M4b
11 R 14: M4b II V 16; M4b I1 V 20: ~KG(2207)

rn

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


M5794+ 1 R 3: M5794+ 1 V U;M5794+ I V 20:
M5794+ I1 R14: M28IR ii 3: M2e I Y i23: M28 I
V ii 4: MIK4%7c R 5: M694 V 2: MIK4958ab R 2:
M797 I1 R 8: ME4983 R 1: MMii M8251 I R 5:
MMii M8251 I R 11: MMii oM8251I V 12; olM8250 R
2: Otani6152 R 3: Otani6178 A 3: Otani6189 A 2:
Otani6195 B 4: M 6 1 9 9 B 1: M5564.V 3 = hi5458
V 2: M5750 V ii 6: M2Ub/3: M895d/l: M1062 R i
2: M2201I. V 2 M4700/1; M586215: M82511I R 3
,,W 'ynbyc S10 R 8
(33) V 10: Sbrg(364) M542b+ I V 4:
h4P 'ync
MMi M9 II R 1: M181+I V (l312; S6 V 4: MIK8259.
11 R U: MIK8259 Il V 14: 0M28 I V i 12 (Skjzrvra
1997,246.)
MP 'y yn M199+ V ii 19
IMP prfyn M28 I V i 20 (Skjaemapyd'yn)
MPS p6yn MannerheimE V 6
'yn'l linal/ n. (Turk.). Uighur title Henning 1938,
j55. S yn'lIM 'yn'l MU62
,' y ~ n c w/im&ul? n.p. (Turk.)
bylg' yr'k
Uighur name. followed by a title.
M 'yn'ncw MIK36 R ii U
'yn'wn MP l
~correladv.
' 'in his
~ way, thus'.
,W 'ynXwn Sbrg029) 34470a- V 17
.MP 'yn'wn Sbrg(l2) M473a+ I R 12: KPT(423)
M1004; V iv 1: KF'T(525)-aM1002+V iv 9
'ynbyc MP see 'yn
'ync MP see 'yn
'yndwn :indun/ np.tn (Turk.)
M 'yndwn MU67
'ynj'm Pa /enjdrn/ n 'end'. Colditz 1987,309and 282
Pa 'yn-frn CParOS) M332+M724 V 15
'ynk MP /&zuk/ interj. 'behold, Id'.
IMP 'ynk MMii M224 I R 3: MMii M224 I R 6: MMii
M224 I R 9: MMii M224 I V 3: RH(656) M874 V 4
'yd /in(naiosJ ( I ) / apr. m. MKG 143, n.1
Sundermann 1994b,245
IMP 'yd MKM2455)oM3401 A 1
'yr Pa iir/ n. 'thing, matter'.
Pa 'yr MKG(1629) M267btM314 V H: MKG(1690)
M267btM314 V i 7: hKCX1693) M267bM314 V i
lo: MKG(1707) M267btM314 V i 24: MKG(2155)
M2061 B 4: LN 5101 M491+M3417 R 15: GWS2
M6680 V H: GW 58 M259bM453b R 10: GW I2
M4526+M7265 1 R 6: GW 512 M259a R 12 =
M4526+M7265 1 R' 10 = ~ 6 6 8 0 +R 10: GW 515
M4526cM7265 1 R 17 = M6680c R 17: GW 517
M4526tM7265 I V 5 = oM6680+ V 4: GW 551
M248+ V 6; GW 567 M295 V 1; M243 A 4: ~ 6 0 2 0
11 V ii M24 R 9
Pa 'yr 'yr double MKC(1409) 0 ~ 6 0 4V1 20
Pa 'yr'n pl. hfiW,b(68)M5815 I V i 18; MKG(1755)
oM5055+ R ii 4: MKG(1771) M5055+ V i 9;
MKG(1872) ~ 6 0 3 V
2 lj: MMiiim(70 hi39 V ii 12:
MMiiip W R 2- M229 V i 8; A W D M5877A6b
=M
nO 16b: GW 593 M3142 R 5

99

'yr 1MP /Trl n 'guardian'. Loan-word from Aramaic


'yr 'watcher, an&'.
Heming 1934%30.
MP 'y?n KPT(562) 0M5900 A 12
MP 'yr KawD M625c V i 3
'yr 2 MP /&Ia 'lower'. MKG, 122 translation of
12027 but not in glossary. Cf. 'yr.
MP 'yr'n pl. MKG(2027) oM742 lI R 19: Hu(778)
M79811I V ii 24
'yr'n MP /&W npr. 'Eran, (land of) the Aryans'.
Pa 'yr'n oOQnill079 B 5
MP 'yr'n Hu(750) M7981 II V i 30
'yrxt MP see 'ymz'yryc'n MP /t%izdn/ a 'of Eriz (Persian Iraj)' (?).
Boyce 1977.24
MP 'yryc'n o m + I V (21)lO (Boyce 1975,187, n.: or
'yryclydl or 'yryc/ynd].)
.'yst-, 'st- MP /@st-/. lest-/ v.itr. 'to stand; be, exist'.
. 'ystyn- 'to place'. 'br 'yst- 'to abide by, agree to'.
MP 'syd pes3sg. M5692 A 10
: MP 'styd presg. M324 R 6
MP 'ysyd p t e . 3 ~ M3
3 R9
MP 'ystyd pres.3.sg. Sbrg(218) oM472+ I V 2:
Sbrg(223) M472+ I V 7; Sbrd235) M472+ I V 19:
. Sbrg(278) M539 V 14: Sbrg(412) MWb+ 11 V 4 =
M805a+ R 9: Sbrgfm M8256 R 4: KawA(78)
oMlOlg R 2: KawF(37) M6120 colD 2: Hu(149) M7984 I1 R ii k Hu(197) M7984 I1 V i 29:
~ ~ ( 6 6oMI981
6 ) I1 R i 14 = oMM6 V 1: Hu(1191)
M7983 I V ii 29; Hu(1264) M7983 11 R ii 34; MMii
M9 I1 R U:~ W iM9
i I1 R 18: KPT(88) M1001+ V i
4: KIT(&?) M1001+ V iii 6; KPT(521) M1002+ V iv
5; KPT(n0) MlOO R iii 12: KPT(U37) oM%6 V 1:
KFT(1883) M825 II V 6; M210 R 6 '<y>styd: M17 Y
ii 4: M694 V 3: M2075/4: M5670 V 1
MP 'ystyd pres2.pl. M731 R 10
MP 'stynd pres3.pl. KPT(175) oM1003+M1025 A iii 5
MP 'ystnd pres3.pl. M97 V i 10
MP 'ysgnd pres.3.pt. 634R 4
MP 'ystynd -3pL
Sbrg(74) oM475a I V 2:
Sbrg(l01) M477 I R 5; Sbrg(l80) M482+ I V 12:
Sbrg(274) M53F V 10: KawA(14) oMlOlc V 3;
Hu(685) M7981 11 R i 33: Hu(7l4) M7981 I1 R ii
28: Hu(l303) M7983 I1 V ii 5: KPT(1116)
M308a+M308b B ii 3: KPT(ll24) M308a+M308b B
ii U: M798a R i 7; M28 I V i 26
MP 'ystynd'pres.3.pl. RH(822) &I486 A 1
MPS 'ystynt'pres3pl. T ~ 4 0 6 bR 6
MP 'yst'y subj2sg. 774 I V 9: Otani6168 B 2
MP :ystad subj3sg. Sbrg(28) oM473a+ I V 4; MMii
M49 n V 3; KPT(285) oM1007tM1027 A iii 3;
MKc(22l2) &5794+ I V 3
MP 'yst'm subjJpl. S8 V 7
MP 'ysfnd subj.3pII S7 V i 4
MP 'yst'nd subj3pI. Sbrg(309) &I470a+ R 21;
Sbrg(314) oM470a+ V 2: ~ a w ~ ( 6oM6120
5)
colE 12:
KawF(81) ~ 6 1 2 0COIF 7: M781+ I1 V (4919
'yst'cnd

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

101

V ii 14: H@55) M7982 R i 31: Hu(1035) M7982 V


i 23; MKG(ll58) M4n0 R ii 19: MMiiidlW) M6 V
ii l9:MM&$202) M7 I1 V i 28: MMiiib(94) M33
ii 9: Hu(1l50) hi7983 1 V i 22 MMii M49 II V 11:
II V i 10: L A 2: RHO731 M284b V i 18: RH(728)
MMi M28 II R i 1: MMii M95 R 5a: KPT(38)
df3ll R 1: RH(m)oM3U R 2 .
M1001+ R ii 11: KPT(ll3l) M302 R 5: KPT(1650)
M46 R 17; BBB(265) M W p l 6 2: BBB004) 'zg'm Pa /izyZm/ n 'way out, exit (of the soul from
the body at death), escape'. Ghilain 1939,72
M80WpB l7:M73l V lo: M731 V ll: M882a B 3:
Pa 'zg'm MMiiip M77 R 5: .Wi M7? R 8:
S2 R i 2: RH(933) M647+ I R 2: M8430 I V 1:
CPar(l02) M333 V ll; H.V/20a/ M5350 V 3;
hi5646 R 2; aa5646 R 3: Orani6114 A 1
H.VWlla/ )i5263 R 6 = M87I.E V 1: I-LMIVW
MP I KPT(808) M819+R 14
. M502h+M2751V 3; kRVIIalW M667+ V 1: M35
'yw Smbt Pa see 'ywSmbt
R 6: RH(92) M86 R 1: HCfrJ MI542 11 B Ilb;
'yw tg MP see w g
'Mryh MP /&uiribl n 'robbery, plundering'. KPT,
M W 3 . ll9 with reference to MPT I'Jp'r and MPB 'YW'~ 'zg'myg Pa Iizyr3mZgl a 'of death, funerary'.
Pa 'zg'myg M4b I R H: M4b I R 21;M46 I V 10: M4b
'destruction, pinage'. See PaT ' W r .
MP 'yw'* KPT(32l) MI009 A ii 8
1 ~ 1 8 ; ~ 4 b ' 1 ~ 2. l
'ywg Pa /&uag/ adu. 'solely, only '.
'zgd Pa /izycid/ ujtr., pp, suppl. 'gone away,
hi5815 1 V ii 18: M261 I R 5;
Pa 'ywg
d e m @ne forth, emanated'. Used as suppletive
m R 5
to =zy& lush-1.
'ywg'ng IW/&gdnag/ a 'of one
,- kind, similar'.
Pa ~ - g ' - ~ g $MI676 I R 5
MPeywg'ng Mfii M9 I V U
pa ~ z gpdp.! Km~(i4)
& k 7:
~ k G ( 6 8 6 I M4576
'ywgwluyb MP /&ng6britj/ n 'state of being of
R i 4: MkG(1112) M4573 V ii Il: MKG(1144)
one substance consubstantiality'.
oM4S0 R 'ii 5: MKG(1153) M4570 R ii 14:
MP 'ywgwluyh MMii M9 I1 V 1
- ,MMii&5) M7 1 R ii 5: MMiiig(l7) M39 R i 18:
'ywn& pa /&urndad num. card. 'eleven'.
rCPT(952) cN3400 R 12 * M316+M801d V 4:
Pa 'yw'nds M314414
KPT(993) oM8400 V 3 = M211+ R 8: KPT(ll96)
Pa jrwnds MMiii,d25) obi5569 V 4: ~~iii.d(bO)
M5 R
dvilW I V 8; KPT(1818) M572 V 14: MU28.5:
ii 30 = W 4 8 R 21: MMiiibM33 I R i 3
mdi66) M44 V 4: M6033 A i 6: M8201 R i 7;
'ywndswm Pa liwandasoml num. ord.; adu.
kRW62a/M88IV3=M%V3=M175R 1:MlO
'eleventh eleventhly'.
V 17: Wl R 4: oM795 V 10: M465 B 14:
Pa 'ywndswm oM529 R 6: LN 584 oM34 R U: M35 R
0tani6143+/5: Qtani6155 A 2: M2093/2: oM59Ui 5:
4; GW 9oM259ctM453c R 6
~ 6 8 4 l f 4M91Oll1;
:
M79 V 6 = M40 V 10; ~ 6 2 B l +R
'ywsmbt Pa /&ufambat/ n...'Sunday'.
lkMnooB3
Pa 'yw Smbt MKG(1055) M4573 R i 5: M18 R 8
Pa 5gd'ppJ 5% B 1
Pa 'ywSmbt KFT(1825) aM572 V 21
Pa 9gdg'n ppJa, pl. ~586317
/&u-tdg/
a
'alone,
single,
individual'.
Pa 'zydn infla MMiii(l29) M2 11V ii 18
'yw t'g
MP 'yw fg G l m c 0M879~699I V (911
Zgryft Pa see 'zgyrw'ywyc Pa see 'yw
'zyryft Pa see 'zgyrw'ywyi Pa see 'yw
'zgrysp Pa lizyrisp-1. utr.. pass. Passive of
'-jza'cw /idul
n Uighur tit!e
'zp.'
M 'yzn'cw W65: ~1/67:MU101
Pa "Igrysp'd pass., pp.11 H.Vb/lb/ oM489b R 2:
'zb'n Pa /iz#lr3nl n 'tongue'.
~ I W 1 2 b fM518 V 4; A.R.Vl/tiOb/ M96 R i?O:
Pa 'zbnn M352 R 2; ~6281+V 3
ARWV3a/ M89 R 5
Pa 'zb'n MMiid37) ~ 5 5 6 9V 16: MKG(1712) 'zgst pa /izyat/ vitr., pp. 'to 'ame down';
M267b+M314 V ii 2: oM6020 I V ii (5213; A b c U
[Mad<enzie] 'to leap out'. KPT, 119, MacKenzie
(personally1 'to leap out' = Sogd 'zrd-.
M7lO 17a: I4289012
'zbwg Pa Iub6gl. /izp6g/? n 'release, salvation'.
pa Zgstppl KFT(1534) M8280 V i 4
Hapax Kh-Sundermann-Yahida 1997,Text voh czgwl-, -1Pa /izya-/
utr. 'to hear, hearken'.
232 uanslation
MKG, 155. On 'zywlg: Andreas apud WaldschmidtPa 'zbwg Omill079 B 2
htt 1926, 95. n8 suggested that it meant 'ear'.
'xbxt Pa /izbaxtl, lizflaxtk UP.,
PP. 'to separate,
Wal&&&it-Mttaccordingly translated 'sitwdn
divide off'. KPT, 119.
'zwlg as 'ear for hearing' (Waldschmidt-Lentz
Pa 'zbxt ppJ KPT(1514) MB@V 3
1926,951Morano 198239 suggests that the word is
'zdm- Pa /&dam-1, liz6am-l! u.itr. 'to gush out,
actually a prpI of 'zgwl- and that "Smudn'zywlg
gush up'.
means 'hearing hearing' (n + a). Support for the
use of ' h d n as a noun comes from M328 A 5
Pa 'zdmynd pres3.pl. AbcdB oM507 R 5a
(unp) where czm and ' h w d n also occur together.
'zdyh Pa lizdebl a 'exiled, banished'.
However, since a prp.Ia is attested this spelling
Pa 'zdyh MKG(789) M4577 B i 2: MKG(810) M4577 B
'

Middle Persian and Parthian


should be regarded as defective for 'zywPg.
Pa 'zgw13 subjZsg. MMiii,i M42 R i 8:M4a I R 10
Pa 'zgwlyd imp@. Wn6: M7260 R i 12
Pa '&wlgprs &note above. M680 R 10 =
R7
Pa 'zgwl'g prpJa MI(G(275) M3848 V 3
Pa 'zgwl'd ppJI MWd(47) MS R ii 17: M478b/8;
M5825 R 1
'zgyrw- Pa /iryirw-/ v.tr. 'to take ouc take away'.
Pass 'zgrysp /izytfsph also 'disappear'. MKG,
155. Henning 1%b, 723 Perh /iqircu-/, s gym-.
Pa 'zgyrwyd pres3sg. m / 2 b / M233 V 4
Pa 'zgylprynd pres3gl. MKMKG(l349)M6040 V 16
Pa 'zgyrw impvsg. KPT(1786) oM572 R 4
Pa 'zgyrwyd impv.pl- MKUW) M4574 R ii 5:
RH(1226) W V ii 18
Pa 'zmft ppI MMiii,a(89) M2 11V i 15
Pa 'zgryitppJ KPT(1815) M572 V ll: A b d H W O O
11 V llb: M741 V 1%
Pa 'zgryft ppJ WG(I357) M6040 V 24: M
m
3 v? 3;
MjR1 Pa 'zgryftg ppJa IWa/9b/ oM6Z21 V 8 =
oOmni6187 A 2
Pa 'zgryft infl MKG(ll70) OM4570 V i 7
Pa 'zgrysp'd pass., ppJf H.Vbhb/ oM489b R 2:
AR.Ia/Ub/ M518 V 4; ARW60b/ M% R 20;
A.R.VIII/3a/ M89 R 5
'zmwSgyft, 'zmwSqyf t Pa l i z m u 5 g if tl.
/izrn6fagift/ n. ''disdain, "disrespect'. Henning
1937%81.Lh: 99 (30,51
Pa 'mw3gyft LK 590 M34 V 11
Pa 'mwSqyft LK 94M27 V 17 = M457 V 6
'zmwSk Pa /iznuikl. lizm6Sak/? a 'disdainful '. LnT
99 (5305).
Pa 'zmwSk LM 5100 M49+M3417 R 3
'zrSt Pa liztiitl ufr.,pp. .to 'damage'. KPT,U9.
Pa 'uSt ppJ KPT(1831) M6470 R 4
'uww-, 'zm- 'MP /izruw-/ v.itti 'to go out (of
flame)'. GW, 117 (40,2), Reck-Sundermam 1998,15.
MP 'nwyd pres3sg. ~ 5 % R 16
'zw'n MP /irwZn/ n 'tongue; language, speech; caIl,
unerance*.
MP 'zw'n MMii oM2 I R ii 2: MMii M28 li R i 8:
M5794t I R 9; M5794+ I R 11; M545 V 7; M545 V
10
'zw'r- Pa /izwclr-/ vfr. 'to uncover, show;
understand, apprehend, perceive'. Polotsky 1932
'zw'r'g in Sundermann 1984b, 496, n36: 'Schreiber
(mit aram Heterogrammen)'.
Pa 'zw'rynd pres.3.pl. MICG(1036) M45n V i 3;
MKG(1038) M4572 V i 5; RH(l2ZI) M30 V ii U
Pa 'zw'r' subj2sg. MMiiil28) M7 I1 R i 10
Pa 'zw'fh subj3sg. GW 9 8 M4526tM7X6 1V 8 =
V 7 =M451R 4
Pa 'zwaryd impypl. M11421; M24 R 2 oM24 R 4;
M282 11 V ii 2
Pa 'zw'r'd ppJI M98 11 R 2b

Pa W d ppJI AbcdD MnO 16a


'zw'r- MP /hut%-/ ufr. 'to comprehend, show'.
Polotsky l932
WMIr a
presJsg. Or Pa M342V1
MP kwfkydpes3sg. ? 510 V 3; M195/2
MP W r y l d p r e s 3 p l . MMii M2l9 V 20: KPT052)
M1004+ R i 22
M P W f d subji3sggM M II V 5
MP W f d sui,j2pC. MKG(1972) M742 1 R 8
MP W f n d subj3.pJ. MMii M95 R 4b
MPWrgprpIaLoSIOl#)IRll
MP 'zw'fg prp.Ia A4325 V 19
MP 'zw'rdn inf l a M97 V i 24: S O V 4
'zw'ryh Pa /izwiir&/
n. n.understanding'.
Pa WrySnM3ZaR U
MP 'zw'rySn MI72 I R 1 .
'zw'st Pa see W y 'zw'y- P1 /izwciy-/ vzr- 'to lead out, away, beyond;
set free'.
Pa ' W m subj1sg. MKG(1035) M4572 V i 2 .
Pa w
n d j 1 s g . AAb7/33a/ M5503 v 3::
k ~ W 4 2 bM675
/
R2
Pa
subj3sg. HIVa/4a/ M6221 R .7;
tLWa/5a/ M6221R 9
Pa
impusg. + mgY'~~ii,g(l02)'~7
I V ii
14
.
Pa 'zwStpp~
~ ~ i i i ( 9M42
6 j V ii 21
..
.
Pa m i n f J M 2 2 9 V ii 17 .
'zwrd- MP Iizward-/ u.itr. 'to return to the body, be
reborq to turn back, reven, renege' (?I. Henning
1945a, 4803 'ztuBg'n 'perverse'. Skjzervra 1997, 253:
'to turn back, mislead'.
MP czwrdyndpres3.pI.Sl4 R 6
MP 'zwJtg'n ppla, pl. M204 B 6: M28 I V ii 31
'

'

'

'm

'

'

'zwag+l
'zwrdySn F ~ M /Pi z w a r d i W n. 'renun (esp. into
the bodyy. Boyce 1954,184 MKG 155.
Pa 'zwrdySn hiKG(1891) oM523a-c A 5; ARVIIVIIW
M89 V 2; AR.FragDO/la/ M449b+M503c R 1;
HfrM hBR8B e
MP 'zwrdyh MS00d/3
'zwrt- Pa /inuart-/, /izward-/!? v.itr., tr. 'to turn
back, renun; tun into, alter, change; return to the
body, be rebarn'. MKG,30 translates as 'verwirren'
['to cduse'l LN 94 (25,2). Kever written with d.
Pa 'zwrtyd pres3sg. MKG(8-40) M4578 A i 10;
MKG(842) M4RS A i 12: MI201 V 16: M5785 1 R 8
Pa 'zwnynd pes3.pl. MKG(1855) M6032 R 27;
AR.VII/&/ M91 V 3 = M517 R 1 = &774 R 1:
kRVrmalM89V 1
Pa 'zwrt'n subj1sg. H.IVa/9a/ oM6221 V 7;
ARlV3bl M863 R 6
Pa ' z d subj2sg. AR.VIIna/ aM91 V 1= M175 V
17

Pa 2'-

subj2sg. M4b I R 8; kRVIl/l4a/ M91 V

15 = M690eM439 V 5 = M774 R

l3
Pa 'zwSt pp3 MMiiM4) M104+ R 4: MKG(845)

Dictionary of Manichaan Middle Persian and Parthian


M4578 A i b: h4MW M77 R 7: ICPT(1795) M572
R13M24V3
Pa 'twjtgppJa LN 525 MI603 R 4
Pa ' d m influ oM24 R 8 = M8l2 V 4 (Henning
and Morana 'zwa)
'zwSt Pa see 'zwrt'mStgan MP see 'zwrd' z v d - Pa lizw26-l xtr. "to threaten'. MKG,156.
pa ' W d pp.11 MKG(l53 M2230 R 6
'zfh- Pa /&-a-/
vfr. 'to gird on'.
Pa 'zy'h' nrbj2.sg. HVId4d M9PM289a I1 R 7
'I MP see j5
'IIwm MP see hftwm
'1IIwm MP see Mrwm
b MP see dw
b' MP /ba/ umj.;prep.; adv., prwwbal part. 'but,
except without' (also + 'c); 'out away'; also used
as partidewithout evident f o r e Tafazzoli 1979,570:
b' - 'dy - 'except' (M9/I/). Gershevitch 1964, 93.
SimWilliams 1996%US.
~s'~pit$.M389
V l212'1?)=M8430II R 16
MP b'8 M7g7 I R 5 (Correct7 BeDuhn: b' d but his
transhion ignores V. The two groups of two
letters each are written close together but the
second and third letters are not joined)
MP b' mj. M3 01) V 8: MMii M9 I V 8: MMii M2
I V i 22; ICPT(1712) M47 I1 R 8: M1W V i 14;
1
5
MP b'prep- MMii M9 I V 9: MI74 II R 7: MIK8259

I1 R 7: 3fIK8259 11 V 11: MMii M8251 I V 17

MP b' p e r b M3 (40) V 17; Sbrg(296) M470at R 8:


Hu(249) M981 I R i U:Hu(ll56) M7983 I V i 28:
MMii M2 I V ii 28: KPT(148) M10Ol+ V iv 6;
KPT(241) oM1014+M1030 A 3: KPT(1423)
M5566cM4501 R ii 8: KPT(1610) M8101 V i 3;
KPT(l674) ~ 4 V620: KPT(1760) M45 V 8; M1/185:
S9 R ii 6; 3 0 R 6; M87 V 4a; M719 R 6 (Colditz:
b'(d) but 6 is typically split in this text the
pen was damaged or the saibe did not have
enough ink;. ~ ' 3 5 5R 4
MP b'adv- MKG(1479) M464a B 3
MP b' NIMii M49 I V 15: K~T(286)M1007+M1027 A
iii 4: KPT(851) M853 V 9
bwn MP see by
bwnwt Wsee by
b'byl / b H / n.p. "Babylonia'.
Pa b'byl MRG(IIO) OM&+ I R 18: M4a I V 5: M4a I V
. 7: M4a I V 10; M4a I V 12; M6033 B i 9: Otani6192
Iv2
MP b'by1'MK~(1470)~ 3 4 1 4B 4: MKG(1474) d46k
A 2; S10 R 5
b'd Pa lm/adv. 'again'.
Pa b'd b'd double ~ 6 0 2 0I V ii (5112: oM6020 I V ii
(52H: M6020 I V ii (56)7: M92 V 15b = M898 V

1%

b'dg MP / M a g / n. 'wine. must'. Henning 1947, 43


for M81+/VR/7/, but 'slg q.v. seems to be the

103

more likely reading


b'dyst'n Pa /b&stcIn/ adv. 'always'. KPT, 119.
Henning 1944%lll.
Pa b'dyst'n KPT(1831) M6470 R 4: M8201 R .i 5;
oM5829A2
bT MP see S'g
b'l'y MP /brilciy/ n. 'height'. MacKenzie 1979, 531,
note on 28Q.
MP b'l'y Sbig(280) MH5+ V 16
barn,b"mMbiP l b M n 'radiance, splendour'. Also
a- deity. GW, 106 (19,4). Used also for the
equivalent of 'reason' in the list of the five
elements of though&but since the Sogdian list also
has fmn 'splendour' there is no Mtification for
assuming a word b'm with the meaning 'reason'.
See also b'myzd.
Pa b'm @iiii(l7) M77'~1.8; ~ ~ i i i . 0 M67
0 ) V i 1=
~ 4 8 0 cv ii U: ~ 3 3 R1 10: M~ R 13 = ~ 2 R4 10:
oM66%V15:M831 R 10=bf200V 7 = ~ 2 3 R4 4 =
M105a R 4 = M500e A 1; ~.yn/l9b/M5263 V 3; LN
5 5 ~ 5 1 8 5 ~L
2 : N ~~W
6 LN~
: 5200~428~~
LN xi~n R 5: L E ~~nhn R 15; LN 534
M457 V 4; LN 85 M34 R.16: MI03 R 9: RH(470)
M763 R ii.16 GW 519 MG26+M7265 1 V. 12 =
M6680t V 10 = M451 R 8; MZ'4 V ii 6: M328 A 2;
M398 B 2; M398 B 3; Mn2a R 2: M5501+ A ii 8:
Ml%O/I; M1758/2: M6237 R x: M40 R 1(Morano.
I had n'm); M40 R 2
Pa b'm yzd LN 5112 aM491+M3417 V 10
Pa b'mcstwn LN I8M42& R 3: oM224 I1 R 5
PaR bma C o w ' TM327 V 1
MP b"m Hu(832) hi7984 I R ii 10
MP b'm Hu(295) M798l I R ii 25: MMii M36 R U:
KPT(1767) M382 A 4; M738 V 2: L SIO EU I1 R 1:
L SIO 120 11 R 4: RH(885) o1M394 B 2; RH(893)
M394 B 10 = M468b B 7:M5751 A i 7
MP b'm'n pl. RH(891) M394 B 8 = M468b B 4 =
M5692 B 15
MP b'md Otani6167A R 1 (Orsni Cat&gue
Ib'murc with the alternative Jb'mwS.)
b'mcstwn Pa see 'stwn
b'm'stwnyyg Pa lb&nisttZnigl a. 'belonging to or
containing b'm 3stwn'.
Pa bamcstwnyygM4590 R ll (Boyce: b'm'stwn ' 3
b'md'd Pa /bcSmbt5d/ n 'dawn'.
Pa b'm8d MKG(992) M4579 V ii 1; MKG(1055)
M4573 R i 5: MKG(1089) M4573 V i 5: ~~N11'11)
M4570 V i 8: RH(1217) M30 V ii 9
b'md'd MP lbZnzdr%l n 'dawn'.
MP b'md'd RH(819) oM394 A 7: M5260 V 3
b'md'dyg WMP /bcimdcidig/ a. 'of dawn'. Undear
which language. If Parth., then transcribe
bcim6Wg.
WMIr b'md'dyg ~263dR H
b'mstwn Pa see b'mystwn
$'my'n /fl&nycSn/ npr.m (Sogd.).Weber 1972,201
M $myan ~l/123

104

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Pahian

'b'myg Pa ibdm-g/ a 'brilliant'.


Pa b'myg ARWW oM6m V 7 = aM1535 I1 R 5
MP b'mygAH(93l) oM64F I R H; RH(937) oM647t I
RU
b'myn, b'myyn Pa /brirnihl a 'radiint, splendid'.
Pa b'myn MMiiig(70) M6 V i 10; MMiii,,o(l8)M67 V
i 12; M32a V U:oM33 R 8; L A 1: M6650 R 10:
M369 V 5: M730 R i 6: H.lII/la/ M5540 R I;
HVI~W
M W M u~ R 9; nmdm ~ 4 9 7 0v
5; AR.lUa/lal M2457 R 1; M737 (12) V 3; M102 V
3; M(681)M73 R 5: W(l2W) M30 V i 27; GW
549 M248+ V 3 = a
8
9
0R 12; GW 68 oM295 V 4;
M28j I1 R i 20; M285 1 V ii 26; a 2 2 6 V 2 1:
M5031/2: M746d R 3: M8W5
Pa b'myyn MMiiid2l3) MI II V ii 9; M M 5 : M730
V ii 10
b'mystwn, b'm 'stwn, b'mstwn Pa /bamistCn/ n.
'the Column of Glory'. Sundermann 1979,100.
Pa b'm 'sywn oMTI2a V 2
Pa b'rn#'gwn oM70 V 3
Pa b'mstwn M503g B 1
Pa b'mygarn MDZiiiF(l4) M55@ R 14
Pa b'mysrwn MKG(1879) M 6 W V 22; M5530 R 15;
- LNS&M516R5=oM72mR2=aM3UR1;LhT
119 oM491+M34l7V 7: oM745c/l
Wmyw MP /brI&/
a 'radianr, splendid'.
Pa b'myw MP in Pa text M501b R i 1: RH(ll80) M30
Rii26=M468aVil
MP b'myw KawA(74) MlOlk V 8; MMii M729 1 V i
5: KPT(176) oM1003+M1025A iii 6: MV6: W31;
MlI49: MIK36 R i 11: BBM337) M801a/p21 6:
.
M501c R 5; RH(1074) MI81 V 1; aM26 I R 2; M842
R 3; PM914.2 R ii 2
MP b'myw'n pl. M554 V 5; Otani6203 A 5
b'myzd, barnyazad Pa /brimyarad/ n. 'the Great
Builder'. Sundermann 1979,99.
Pa b'myzd MMiiia(l04) M2 11 V i 30; M5262 I V 5
@f b'mirytd' MI76 R 12
banPa lbcinl n. 'roof '. MKG,156
Pa Wn MI(.G(992)M4579 V ii 1
b'n MP 'see by
ban-m[Pa N n . p . m.
Pa b'n d RH(95) oM86 R 4
banbySnPa/MP / b W h / n. 'queen'.
Pa b'nbySn KawU M4990 R 5
MP b'nbySn M3 R 18: KPT(856) M263ft A i 4;
OM678314
b'nwg MP /brinGg/ n. 'lady'. Badc 1978,200 (79).(and
note). Cf.MP b i h in bdmbirin Pa Form (Gipperr
1993 1,391.
.
b'nwg M28 I V ii 16
bar, b"r Pa/MP /b&/ n 'fruit'; in: mrSr ud bzr
'food of all kinds'. Tafaaoli l979,569.
Pa b'r MKG(102j) OM4572 R ii 1: MKG(1028) M4572 R
ii 4; MMiii,d M5 R i 15 = 34748 R 4; W 2 5 )
M332+M724 V 5; CPar(29) M33BM724 V 9:
CPar03) M332+W24V U;Id6020 I R i 8: RI/36a/

oM93 I V 9; ARIIa/la/ MI538 I V 1; LN 59 MKX)c


R3 =M5931R1:
99MKK)cR 6 = ~ 5 9 3R1 4:
LN 9 dl5931 R 6; IN 27 M27 R 18 = oOtani637
B ~ : L N ~ O M Z ~ V R L N ~ M ~ ~ V ~ ~ =
V 6: LN 91oM349 R 3: LN 36 M349 V 2: LhT58
M4450 R 4; 135 S
!3 Id34 R 4 = M366 R 4; LN 586
M34 R18; LhTWM34V2; LN 588M34V 4: LN
589 M34 V 7; LN 930M34 V 9 = M366 V 2; Lh'
S9la M% V l6 = aM366 V 7; LN 93a aM3E R 1;
LN 94a M3V R 6: IN W a M3l2 R l2;KawK2j)
M35V7;GW37W8V4=M83IIV 15: MM6 .
R ii 2; HCfrl64 M6M B 4
MP bwrHu(696) M7981 I1 R ii 10
MP b'r Sbrg(78) M475a 1V 6: Sbrg(l07) M477 I R 11:
Sbrg(138) M477 I V 18: KawA(59) MlOlk R 3:
KawA(79) oM1Olg R 3; KawA(l39) MlOlb R 6:
KawA(170) MlOlh V 7: KawA(199) MlOla R 2;
KawA(2l9) MlOla V 7: KawA(267) M911 R 3:
MKG(1979) M742 I R 15: H ~ 0 0 6 )M7981 1 V i 2:
HuOll) M798l1 V i 7; Hu(730) M7981 I1 V i 10;
Hu(962) M982 R ii.4-Hu(1041) M7982 V ii 5:
Hu(lZ54)Id7983I1 R ii 24: KPT003) M1007tM1027
Bii 6: ~ 9 R 7iil0:MIlV 6:M172 1 V 18 = ~
1 7 ~
i 2; !7 V ii U;BH(6S M874 V 3; RH(1079) MI81
V6
b'rg 1 Pa /bdrag/ n 'apparel garment, dress'.
Pa b'rg MMiii,&) W569 R 5: M88 II V 8a: M87lrn B
3 (which b'rg! Colditz 'AusrStung'.)
b'rg 2 Pa/MP /b&ag/ n 'horse, mount'.
Pa b'rg Mo(23) M104+ V ( m 9 : ~ ~ ( 6 1 2M5860
)
IV
ii 8
MP b'rg M293 R 7 (Henning 1937%88 sub ti where
he takes b'rg as 'd'
M788
.)
R;
3
b'rg 3 P a m /bkag/ n 'wall '. Henning 1937a. 88
sub ts' takes b'rg in M293/R/7/also as 'wall'.
Pa b'rppl. MMiiii(n)M42 V i 19
b'rst MP see Fryst
b'rwr P a , W /b&war/ a 'fruitful; load-bearing'.
b ' w twbti, 'of fruiW seed'.
kb'mlvIPdiiiQMSRiB=m48R8;M8811 V
8b
Pa b'rwi'n pl. MMii,i09M42 R ii 9
MP b'rwr KawA(B) oMmr R 5: MMii M49 II V 11
MP b'rwr'n pl. M90 R la
b'rwx / b M x / a 'blessed'. Hebrew. MKG, 78, n8
Pa b'rwx MKG(11SII)M m V ii 5
b'ryst, b'rya b'rst MP /b&st/ asuprl; n. 'the
highest'; n: 'the beight (= Paradise)'.
MP b'rst Hu050) Id7981 I V ii U
I(PT(I.3) M464c B i 2: M82 R 11 = oM235 V
MP
4; M(1101) Mm R I7
MP b'qq ~pnI.3)
M464c B i 2; M82 R 11 = -5
V
4; RH(IIOI) ~mR n
MP b'ryst ~awF(6UM6UO colE 8: Hu(8) M98 I R 8;
Hu(203) M7984 II V ii l; Hu(739) M7981 I1 V i 19;
MMiii,q M454 1 R U: m ( 5 5 ) M10m+ R ii 10:
KpT@J) M1001+ R iii U;KPT(314) oM1009 A ii 1;

Dictionary of ~ a n i c h a i nMiddle Persian and Parthian

SoM p'S'q oM4%a V H: M496a R H


KPT(1426) ~5566+M%Ol
R ii It: M3lS U V 6:
M570 A 2b: M6230 R 4: RH(675) ohK?% V 10: b'rs'rg MP /b&"cSstirag/ n. ' h ~ m - i ~ ~ iRe&
t'.
2004
RH(892) M394 B 9 = M468b B 6; RH(1044) M785
MP b'S'sarg'npl. I676 R H
V 1: M26 I1 R 4: M68b I R 12; M223 1R 5: M4a II
b't
Pa lbriC/ W .m.Henning 1942%944-5. MKG, 80 n.
v 15: oM6nO A i 2 M212 B 3 = MV56 R ii 6:
2
sundermann 1994b,245,246.
o ~ 5 4 6R 7: M421 R 8
Pa
b't MKG(IZIO) M4574 R i 1: MKG(l.23) M4574 R i
MPS p3ry.st TM406b V 4
4: M6033Ai7
b'ryst MP /bdtist/ n p -BeDuhn apud Gulacsi 2001
.
s'ngwn wga.
223 n ~ 2'almost
:
certainly the same person as the b'fwr l b a t u r l ~m~ (Turk.)
M b'zr~ V 3 6
bishop Ma Birist XwarxSed mentioned in the
hymn' preceding.
b'w 'MP /bcSw/ 'garden, orchard'. Henning 1 9 4 6 ~
154 n3: bciw < bay.
IMP b'ryst MIK8259 I V ii 4
b'w m a V 3
b'ryst sxy'r MP /Wst-tabrydr/ npm.
b'wg 1Pa / m a g / n 'seed, grain, fruit:
1939,
hmwcg. Sundermann mb,256,262
67; Henning 1940,5l
MP b'ryst Shry'r M297 A 4
Pa b'wg MKG(1033) M4572 R ii 9: G1oss.r M5%2 R 2:
b'ryst xwrxgyd IMP fbcSrist xwarxSd/ ap.mry
M741 R %: LN 528 Mn V 5: LN 534 M&I? v 7:
b'ryst xwrxSyd 'spg Sundermann 1994b. 256,262
LN 582 M2453 V 4: LN 585 M34 R 16: S26 R 2;
MP b(')ryst xwrxSyd oMM8259 I V i 10
RH(492) M163 V i U: GW 537
b'sb'n MP lbdsbdnl n -watcher, guard'.
V 5'- ~ 8 11
3
MP b'sb'n'npl. M82 R 2 a oM235 R ll-12;M82 V 21 .
V15;GW % M % 2 ~ 1 : M726Rii3
b"s MP see bw- ..., PaS p'wk W TM406a v 5 * 5 . - ..
b'wg 2 Pa /brSwag/ n ' b e i i g ' . .
b'5- Pa /bz-/ vtr. 'to sing'.
Pa b'wg MMiiig(129) M7 II R i ll: A b d ~ M&y
b
v
Pa b'zyd pres2~d.MMiiig M7 I R i 3: MMiiig M7 1
12b
R i 30
b'xt MP / b a / v.tr, pp. 'to give'. KPT,1fi.34, n.8.
Pa b'S'm subj.l.pl. MI/#: M11426 - .
Pa b'Syd impvtpl. MMiiig M7 I R i 8; RH(864)
b'xt .ppJ KPT(555) M1020tM1022 R i 5
(Sundermanrr [t?ll(b')xt, *Pw]b'xt.)
MI874 A 6
has% lfg' pa /bSdb/ n 'hy~nn'.Ghilain 1939, 92 b'yst'n MP /bcSyestan/ n 'always'. Cf.Pa &'dySfn,
Indian loan-word
Henning 1944a, lll
Pa baS' M4a I R 8; M4a I V 3; RH(84) M5831 R 1;
MP b'ysr'n M895cn
~ ~ ( 8 M5831
5 ) R 2: RH(86) 0M5831 R 3: RH(87) b'z'w MP /bG~rSwln 'arm'. KPT, 119.
MP b'iw KPT(lIl9) oI"308a+M308b B ii 6
a5831 R 4
b'zwg
Pa /bdzJg/ n 'arm'. Morano 2000,410 for this
Pa b'Fh ~ M i i i , kM101+R H = oM891b+ R H:MMiii,d
in a phrase meaning 'to embrace'.
word
M5 R H: MMiii,e M6 R H: MMiiif MS171 R H:
Pa
b'zwg
~ 6 2 %R 9
MMiiig M7 I R H: MMiiig M7 I R i 9: MMiiig M7
I1 H R: M1/4U: ,W4%:M4a I R 1: M4a I V 2: b'zwr Pa /bcZzJr/ n 'wing'. Henning apud Boyce
19% 441 n.2
M4a I V 16: M32a H R: M88 II R H: Abcd.F
Pa b'zwr H.\ndla/ M93+M289aI1 R 1; AbcdB M507
oM888aR H: AbcdGa ,,M8828 R H: M737 R H: LK
R 3a: GW 34 M83 U V 4; M263b B 5: M6i6/6
9
7
M3E
v-6
=
M905
R
3:
566 M4450 V 3:
bCYm
Pa / b h / n 'Bema, feast of the Bema'.
RH(1) Mi37 I R H: RH(32) M280 I V-R H:
Pa
Vym
RH(IOS9) M273 R 5: R~(ll59)M30 R ii 5
RH(296) oM284b V-R H: RH(556) ~ 5 8 6 01V-R H:
RH(629) M5070 V-R H; ~H(691) M73 V 1: byn Pa I b h l a 'external outer'.
Pa bayn[ MK6279c R 4
RH(693) M73 V 3: RH(6%) M73 V 6; RH(697)
Mn V 7; RH(n6) W 9 8 b A 5: RH(724) M798b B . Pa b% w m ) M7 n R i 2: ~ a w ~ ( 2 ~5 ) 3 V5
7; RH(686) M73 R 4
5: RH(1024) M785 R H;oM288 R H; M344b A 5:
b
d
~
g
Pa / h d r g / a 'second; other'M4%b R H;o h 4 2 A 4: M532 R? H;M602 R
Pa
bdyg
-110)
M5815 I V ii 30: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 0 1 )
H: M5680 R H; M5981/1:o~6600R H: &91& R
M2l6a
V
3:
MKc(219)
M805b R 8: MKG(666)
H;MSS25 R H;oM44Z R H; M6281+ R H
M4575
V
i
4;
MKG(1653)
M267b+M314 R i 24;
Pa b'5'Vn pl.M4b I R 30
MKN1697)
M267bM3M
V i 14: MKG(1710)
Pa ba?h9n pl. MMi&,oM67 R ii 27: M4b I R 2l; M4b
M267bM3l4
V
i
27:
MKG(1844)
oM6032 R 16:
I V 21; M4a I R 7: MI8 H R; M6650 R H
MMiiii(66)
M42
V
i
14:
MMiiip(l6)
M77 R 17:
Pa b' Cut off. M4a I V 17 b'<S'h>
6 ) R 4;
MMiii,d45) h467 V ii 7: KPT(1022) M2082 V 2:
Pa gahygbS'h RH(683) M73 R 1: ~ ~ ( 6 8 M73
CPad149) M4U+M2086 B 4: M103 R 3; M501b V ii
RH(687) M73 R 5: RH(689) oM73 R 7; ~ ~ ( 6 9 2 )
4; AR.II/W M863 R H: AbcdC M533 R 2a: LN 535
M73 V 2; RH(694) ~M73V 4; RH(695) oM73 V 5
M457 V 9: LN
M516 R 4; LN $44 M313 V 4:
MP b'S'h Pa in MP re=? &8 B H: M375 B 6;
LN 47 MI848 V 1; LN 551a 34509 R 11: LN 555
aOtani11075 R i 7

106
1,
I

I
I

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


oh4509 V 9; LK 559 M4450 R 6:

I& 64 M5845 R
M4b 1 V 12. h% I V 19; M6650 R 17; M83 I V 7 =
12: LN69MSS15V3;LN77oM818V6:LN 9 9
M496a V 32=M759 I1 R 12: M369 V 6; ~ 1 3 6 R7 2:
M2453R3: L! 584M34 R7: LN 97M332V 4 =
M50lb R i 8: M130 V ii 6: AbcdA/Bb/ M3703 V
oM90j R 1: LN 598 M312 V 9 = M905 R 6: LN 599
2 = OM173 V 4; AbcdD M5877/2b: MI76 R 6; MI76
oM312 V 14: S41 R 2 =MI03R 4: RI%300) MMb R
V 10: ~ 1 7 V6 11; RH(54) M280 I V 7; RH(147)
i 9: RH(553) hi5640 V 7; GW 17 M4526tM7265 1
~1610A 6: RH(151) M1610 B 3: RH(173) M284a R
V 6; GW 536 M83 ll V U = eM34U V 5 =
i 7: RH(425) MI36 V i 19: RH(472) M763 R ii 18;
M342+M520 R 11: GW 560 oM343a R 2: M468a R i
RH(H6) M763 V ii 31: RH(727) M798b B 8:
16: aMIK7251 R 1: MIK725l R 4: aM824a B 1
RH(1028) MS5 R 4: RH(1161) M30 R ii 7:
(Colditzk bd(j*)fgJ only if <g> washed off.):
RH(ll69) M30 R ii 15: GW 517 M259a V 8 =
M666/3: Ml&?68!2 M55lOA: M7904/2;M24 V 10
M4526+M7265 I V 6 = oh4451 R 1: GW 570
Pa bryg M56 V 9 (Written bryg with a faint point
M5561+M5%2R 2: MI0 R 16; M29 R 1; M274 V ii
in the right place. Is the point to be ignored?
5: MZsl V i 12 MI677 A 10: Omni6160 A 3: MI130
Coldia: WdIyg.1
v 3: M3145/3: M370213: M535814: M5539/6: M5793
bg 1,by 1Pa /bay/ n. 'god'; 'lord'. bay& bayistom
R 7: M6O68.QM67W3; M6850/2
'most godlike of the gods'. GW, U4 (7l,l). S
Pa bg nrysf M885 R ii 9: M21W4
bgpwbr. .
Pa bg fSt MMiiio(1) M67 R ii 28 = oM480c V ii 8 =
Pa 'whrinyzd * bg MMiii(44) M2 Il R ii 7;
M759 I R 11
MMiii,a(50)M2 I1 R ii l3
Pa bg' B B B O MSOla/p6 14: BBBct31) M5779 V 7:
Pa 'whrmyzd by Mo(46) W34 V 11
MI76 V 4; MI76 V 5: MI76 V U:RH(840) M782 R
Pa 'whrmyzd bg MKG(877) oh44578 B i 10: MMiiij
4: RH(848) M782 V I: RH(851) M782 V 4:
M42 R i 18: MMiii,i(86) M42 V ii EKFI@42)
M5167/2: WlW3;M6794/2: M7422 R 7 .
hEL6+M8bld R 6: KPT(951) o M W R U-U =
Pa bg"n pl. MMiiipl(47) M39 V i 3: KPT(1008) M a +
M316+M801d Y 3: KPT(993) oh42082R 3 = MZU+R
V 10: Id730 V ii 3
9: MMiii,p(l3! ohl2l V 5; M562 1 V 4: AbcdD
Pa bgmnpl. MMiiiA9) Id5569 R 9; MKNl599) M47 I
M710 R la: Ln' 340a M727b R 5 = M3I3 R 4; GW
V 8: MKG(l7l7) M267bM314 V ii 7: MMiia M2 11
521 M6680c \' 18: M468a R ii 6: GW I45
R i 2: MMU(60) M2 II R ii 23; MMiiia(93) M2 I1
Kao.0103 1906 V 2: GW 5145 KaaOloi) 1906 V 4;
V i 19: MMiiie(lO5) M6 V ii 15: MMiiig(l81)
M791b I R 5 hlls V 7
oM496a R 10: MMiiig(2l3) M I1 V ii 9; MMiiij(27)
Pa 'whyzdbg hfMiiiA17) M5569 R 17; M W M2
M42 R ii 1: MMiiij(92) M42 V ii 17; MMiiin(25)
I1 R i 27:MMiiia M2 Il R i 31: MMiiia(53)M2 Il R
oMn V 4: M1/303: ~ 1 4 6 5 ;M1/374: M1/416:
ii 16: MMii,a(lOl) M2 II V i 27; 1MMiiif(42)M8171
BBB(293) M W p l 8 6 = M5225 R 1: M4a I V 14;
V ii 6. MMiiip M21 V H; M M i i MZl R 4: Lh' 52
M64 R 1: M60B I R ii 01)8: M6232+M6230 R 2:
oM351 R 5
M6650 V U:Mi30 R i 8: H.VIc/22b/ oM4970 V 6:
Pa 'whrmzd # bg MMiii,b(l@) M5815 1V ii 22
k R W 6 W M88 I V 3 = MI75 R 1; A.R.VI/nb/
Pa by'n pl. MMiiia(97) M2 II V i 23: MMiiip(lOg)M2
M91 R 2 = M175 R 20: AbcdA/18b/ M94+/18b;
I1 V i 35; M64 R 7
Abcd.A/25a/ MU3 V 7; Abcd.C M533 V Ua:
Pa bg Md6) M104+ V (2312 = M734 R 5: Ma051
AbcdD oM5877k. ~ 1 7 6R 5; S45 R 2: RH(8)
M104+ V 02)116 M89lb v 1; MKG(l28) M48+ I V
q 7 . 1 R 7; RH(180) M284a R i 14: RHO081
17; MKGCBI) M805b V 8; MKG(72L) Mb76 \Fi 5;
M284b R i l?; ~ ~ ( 3 1 0M284b
)
R i 19: ~ ~ ( 5 2 6 )
MKG(752) M4577 A i 2; MKG(ll89) M4570 V ii 3:
M763 V ii 21: RH(SQ5) ~ 5 6 4 R0 8; RH(1087) M273
MKG(ll91) M4570 V ii 5; MKG(1332)'M6040 R 23:
R 3; ~~(1196)
W V i 16; GW QZ~ 4 5 2 6 + ~ ; ~ 2 6 5
MKc(1573) MI608 B X MKG(1680) M%7b+M314 R
I V 19 = M6680+ V 17; GW 7l oM5561+~5562R 3:
ii 24: MKC(1922) Mj805 B 3; MMiii,d(lO6) Mj V ii
M285 I R i 25;'M1844 A i 4: M797 11 V 5: ~ 5 4 R6
16; MMiiie(49) M6 R ii 19: MMiii(l6) M8171 R ii
H; M547/ii 5: W 3 : M80 R 8
4: MMiiig(l70) M7 I1 R ii 24 = M4%a R 2;
Pa bgyystwm suprl. M730 V ii 4
MMiiig((21) M i I1 V ii 7; MMiiii M42 R i ll;
Pa bgI oMIK4966c V 3: M5101/3
MMiii~n(5)M39 R i 6; M~iiim(69)M39 V.ii 7;
pas py cldsml35 V 4: wSo20l35 v 15
MMiiim(72) M39 V ii 10; MMiib(78) M39 V ii
MP bg' Pa in MP text RH(821) M449a B 10
16: MMiiim(86) M39 V ii 24; MMiiin(41) M77 V
MP bg'n pl. 523 V 3
2;Mlf245; MV248; M11249: hilE&;'PW251;
MP bg pa in MP text ~ 1 7 R6 U'
MV252: MV253; Mlf262;ML/% M m . MV290:
MP bg Pa in MP text MV46
M1/299: M1/307; M11320: M1/358; M11375; by 2 /bay/. /pay/ (TurkJSogd.1. Part of Uighur
M1/379; ML1440; M114-44; BBB(46) oId80la/p4 2:
nameltitle S mngyy.
BBB(48) M80ldp4 4; BBB(142) M80la/p!J 10;
M by WU2
BBB(283) M80Wp17 14; M36 I R 3: M315 1 R 10; bg 2 Pa /bar/ n 'portion, present' (?). Quite

Dictionary of Manichaem Middle Persian and Parthian

107

RH(31) MU7 I V 15: .M5222/l


uncertain. The note GW 953 is missing on p.lZ7.
Sundermann (personally) kindly indicated that it b e % /bZgrZk/ npr. m (Turk.)
Mbgr=lcM1/10
contains a reference to Aw. baga- 'portion,lot' and
to Armenian bag 'portion, inheritance'as quoted in bgrJStygr, bgr'Stgr Pa /bayrawtigar/ n 'righteous
god' = 'the Father of Greatness'. LN. 126 (5115,4).
~iib~ch& 1897, 1U nr.84.
Sundermann
1979,99 and.ll8 035.
Pa bg GW 75 ~ 5 % 1 + ~ 5 %
R 214
Pa
bg
r'stgr
M6232+M6230
V 2: M73 R ii 6
bg 3 Pa /bay/ a 'safe,secure'. Coldia 2000,98 n380.
Pa
bgr'
S
tgr
BBB(93)
M80la/p6
U
Pa bgystwm suprl. W365 bgystw<m>: MY374:
Pa
b
g
r
'
S
MMiii,a(lB)
~
M2
11
V ii 7
RH(150) ~ 1 6 1 B
0 2: M285 I R i & M80 R 8
Pa
bgr'Styg
MMiii#(48)
M5
R
ii 18 = M748 R 16:
Pa bgM285 U. V ii 24
~
b
c
d
G
a
oM8828
V
12a:
LN
593a
oM366 V 8f LN
bg ,MP /bag/ a 'safe,secure'.
I15
oM491+M%17
V
17:
RH(543)
oM5640 R 6:
~IP bg hiMii M2 I V ii 16: RH(766) oM319 I R 6:
RH(701)
M2330
A
3:
~H(826)
oM486
A 5: MI0 R
MIK4967b V 5: M6704 I1 V 5
.
U;
M65
A
12
{unp.):
oM797
Il
R
10
.
By' /pya/ npr. (Turk.)
cygSy. Uighur name
bgraStygryg Pa lbayrcSscSstigarig/a. 'of bay
followed by a title.
r&tgm'.
1M pya M[K36 R ii 10
Pa bgr'Styqryg M285 I V H
Byan- / p a y - a w l npr. m (Sogd.). Benveniste
1930, 293-294; Weber 1972 196 Sundermann 1994b, Byy bay /@aye G6y/ n.p.f.(Sogd.) - xwf 'y.3yy.
256
Uighur name and title pyy 6'y is Sogdian, 'God's
.M $yanwfMull7
servant', Miller 19l3, 36; Benveniste 1930, 294; .
Webwl9Q 196;
-b h y g Pa /baycknil a 'godlike,divine'.
Pa by'nyg M56 R 2
M &W 6 y MVU4
Pa bg'nyg MMiiicCI) M5569 R 7: MhWc(l2) M5569 Byy jw'n /@ayeiwGn/n p r n (Sogd.1. Weber 1912
R 12: MMiii,c(16) N569 R 16: MKG(1048) M4572 V
196 Sundmnmn 19944 259.
ii 6; -hfXG(ll%) M4570 V ii 10 (Clear in imprint
M Byy V n MU85
on 4a17 R (M4m).So the status of the reading is byybyr$ /@aye/lirtln-pr. m (Sogd.). Weber 1972
not as would be given for this fragment alone.);
1%. <b> for <B>.
MKG(Ul2) M6040 R 3: ~ ~ i j i , h ( 6M33
1 ) II R i 8 =
M byybya MV87
M367 V 4; ~ ~ i i i p ( 2 6M77
) V 5: BBB(159) BYYfrn /@aye1a d n-pr. rn (Sogd.1. Weber 1972
1%. Sundermann 1994b, 258
M80la/p10 9; @408 (Miiller: brwxtgn; M4b I
M &yfm MU87
V 1: M6650 V 11 b e n y g ; M6650 V 17:
H.VIc/2b/ M93tM289a I1 R 4: HM/12b/ oh45263 bgyft Pa /bayift/ n (COIL) 'gods'.
Pa bgyfg MMiiie(73) M6 V i U
R 9 = oM87lf V 4: ~bcd.A/16b/.M94+/16b: LN 514
~ 9 0 R6 6; RH(l22) ~ 8 V6 6: RH(15n aM502a A 3; byyryj /@ayert?i/npr.m (Sogd.1. Weber 1972 196.
Sogdian name (<b> to be corrected to <P>).
RH(2l3) M%a R ii 17; RH(253) M284a V i 25;
Sundermann 1994b. 2%
RH(439) M763 R i 12: ~~(1215)
M30 V ii 7: GW
M b-ryryiM1/79
519h1259a VU=~4526+M7265IVll=M6680+V
bgystwm Pa see bg
9: GW 596 OM5531 B 5: M88 I1 R 2a; M5858 V 3
~ m
/ (Sogd.). MKG 104
Pa bg'nyyg MMQC47) M7 I R ii 17; hMiiiJi54)-~ y y y x y p 6 I npr.
n. 4: name of a patron Sogdian personal name:
~ 3 II3R i 1: ~ ~ i i i h ( 5M33
7 ) Il R i 4 = oh067 v 2
'God's own', Sundermann 1994b, 258-259.
bg'rd, by'rd /baydrdl. lpay&d/ npr.f. Kame of
M pyyyxypti MKG(1627) M1964+~822V ii 3
the spirit on the border of Khurasan MKG. 17 and
bhr Pa/MP /babr/ a 'part, portion, share, lot'. See
22, d7; Sundermann 1979,147-151.
also b m .
Pa bg'rd MKG(99) M48t I R 7: MKC(lO1) oM48+ I R
WMIr bhr M9U6/1
9
Pa bhr MKG(1895) M523a-c A 9: MKG(2183) MM85 A
MP by'rd MMUM2I Vi 26: MMii M2IV i 3 1
2; MMiiif(l4) M817l R ii 2: CPar(l2) oM33BM724
by'rd IMP see bg'rd
R 11: MI& V 8: GW 8 M259b+M453b R 1
bgcyhr Pa lbay2:ibrl.lbayc'br/ a. 'of divine nature,
(Sundermann: bbr or dylbbr or ywlbhr.)
divine'.
- Pa bgcyhr ~62WM6230R 4: &674&3
MF bhr BwA(181) ,UlOlf B 8: Hu(244) M798 I R i
bgpwhr Pa /baypubr/ n 'son of God', in sg: Jesus;
8: KPT(349) M1004+ R i 19: KPT(383) M1004+R iv
3; ~~~(882>'oM263f+
in pL angels and divinities.
A ii 15; KPT(888) ~263f+B
Pa bgpwht Mo(5) M104+ V (2211 = bf7% R 5: Mo(Z)
i 6: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6M81ffl
1 2 ) V i 5: KPT(16l3) M8101 V i
oM104+ V (4423 = M390 R 2; MMiikm(39) M39 R
6; KPT(1865) M825 I V 5
f -2 Sundermann (personally)
ii 14: MI8 R 1; M18 R 3: RH(152) M1610 B 4; bhyr MP /?/npr. a?/
kindly adduces Syr. bbyr 'proven, renowned'
oMIOO/ii 1; oMI%b/3; M24 V 10
Pa bgpwhr'n pl. MMiiig M7 I R i 18: M4b I V U;
(Mandaic bhira 'elect, chosen'). If it refers to

'

--

,108

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

"

tykZ'y wbicb precedes it a f. form ending in t'


would be expected
MP bhyr Id780 R 5
bjyryn MP / b a p r d . lfla#rh/ a. 'vajra-like, like a
diamond'. Indian loan-word Henning 1937%81.
Pa b j j M12M V I5
MP b j j n M214 I1 V 6
w-?
A w n t l y a me.
In the Otani
blys Pa
. catalogue, l78 bfwllys is suggested Is this meant
to refer to GL &los?
Pa blys Otani6155 B 2
bn MP / b d n 'bondage,prison; band'. KP'I', l19.
MP bn Sbrgt228) M472+ I V 12: 3bg(263) w 3 9 R
23: Jbrfd.386) M11 2; $brg096) MS- II
R 14; Sbrga(44) M537a+ I V 20; Hu(108) MI984 II
R i 8: mtl)M1001t R i 4; KPT(228) MI021 A 4;
KPT(760) MTOO V ii l3; M867 R +I43845 R ii 3;
M867 R +E8&45 R ii ll; RH(66) M2053 R i 4;
M473d3
MP bnyc sbrg(566)
II v 14
bnbyd MP /bmmbed/ n !@or, master of a prison'.
MP bnbyd Hu(U4) hf7984II R i 34
bnd P a m / b a d n 'bandage, prim: bond fetter,
link'.
-.
Pa bnd MKG(2072) M455 A i 1; W ( 7 7 ) M2 I1 V
i 3; MMiiig M7 I R i 28: MMiiih(3) M33 11R ii 6;
MMiii,n M77 R 7; AfLldlbj OM518 R 2; ARkdlb/
M518 V 2 A.~vIIa/4b/~ 6 6 7 R+ 8; ARFra@/lb/
oM1668 R 2; M741 R lb; RH(152) MI610 B 4: GW
I4 M4526tM7265 I R 15 oM66W R 15; HCfrM
M2078 A 2b: 0tani6192 1 R 1
MP bnd MMii M9 I1 V 17; M781t 1 V (25x4
bnd- Pa /band-/ u*. 'to bid, tie On; bind, fetter,
build'.
Pa bndyd pres3sg. HVldllb/ M93+M289aII V 2;
H.VIdl2al M93tM289a I1 V 3; H.VIdl3b/
M93+T
I V 6; M74l V 12a; LN B M240 V 3;
LN 515 M240 V 4; M3411/4
Pa bndynd pres.3.p[. MMiii,d78) M2 II V i 4:
Cpar(99) hi333 V 8; Otani6231 B 2::oOtanill079 A

~4b

Pa bndyd impv-pl. MMii(ll0) oM33 II V ii 9


Pa bslppJ Mo(n) MU& R 11: MKG(145-4)M6066 B
2 ~Miii,a(Ip>M2 II V ii 16: ARM/35a/ ah4578
v 3: MC
a533 R 3:~ 6 5 9 V8 6; M5858 R 1=
M6598 V 6; Otani6219 B 1
Pa bst ppJ KawT(6) M m A 6; MKG(90) M48+ II
v 26: MMiiia(n)~2IIRii 34; MMiii,i(69)W V
i 17: gpT(96n MMOO R 5; M W l 4 a / M518 V 7;
mvI/W M S ~I R u = M% R 11 = &675 v 9;
R 3a; AbcdC M533 R 3b; IN 55
AbdC
OM%+ R 9; RHO301 M234b R ii 7; GW 26 M83
I1 R 8; M10 V 19; o0tani6155 B 3; ~620212
Pa bsg ppla Oani6192 1 v 4 '
bndb'n Pa /bandb&/ n 'prison guard'.
Pa bndb'n'n pl. Lh' 56 M351 V 4 = M5l87 R 5; LN 518
M240 R 4

bndg R M a g / n 'semt,slave'. Colditz m,


108165W a g - w d , Coldin 2000,128-9.
Pa bndg gtwTO) M291a A 5: MMiikb(50) M5815 1 R
ii 24
M499+R U;CPar(94) M333 V 3;
RH(349)M284bRiia6;~6020IlV ii 2l
Pa bndg'npl CPar(98) M333 V 7; CPar(ll9) M334a R
14
bndgyft Pa /bundagift/ n 'servitude, bondagew.
Pa bndgyft ARn/lla/ M863 V 1; M737 R 4
bndk / b M / n..m (Turk..). Pa name?
M bndk MVn
b n d y e n h M e s t & / n 'prison'.
pa bndyem~ m b m b &ypb
/
R 2.0~1953 v 1
Pa bnd*
W l b / M5l8 R 2; AR.VI/3&/
V 3: AbcdE OM722 V Ua; M741 V 13b =
Omni6pB+ V 8 = obi2853 V x3b; oM92 R la =
M898 R h (Coldit. (ZIb(r)y(s.)f t'nl but M898
dearly bas (bn)dyst'n (as Colditz notes p. 202
and there is no need to assume anything
else in
oM6281+V 10
bndySn P2 /bmrd&/ n '(act of) ging up,
im '
*. Redc 2004, n. on RH(615).
p l r w ( 6 1 5 ) M5860 1 V ii 11
bng MP /bamug/ n 'servant, slave'. Colditz 2000,
10&1&
MP bng
v 16:K~WA(S)~ i o i Rg 5; ~501p+
R 5; M@ V ii 12: Otani61561 A 9
Mp bng'n
MMii M% R h = &I609 R la:
IIV(47XM293V12
MP bng'napl. RH(776) M319 1 V 7
bnyd MP see bynbnyst'n, b n w n MP /bannest&/ n. 'prison'.
MP hysPnHu(B3) M7984 1I V i 15: Hu055) M7981
I V ii 17
MP bnyst'n hg(181) M482+ 1V U;Hu038) M7981
I V i 34: RH(672)&5847Aii 7
bnySn MP /6unn&/ tz 'binding, tying'.
MP bnyh &I
M9 I1 V 2; MMii M9 I1 V 6: MMii
M9IIV9
br mcpnMP /
~
rm. de Blois1998,
~
~
483.
MP br mrymW3 I R ii 24
b r symws, b q m w s Pa/MP /bar simusl? n.pr. m.
Semitic name of an angel
Pa brsymws MI202 R 6
MP br s y m w s M 2 0 I R 2; M4bIIR H
MP br~ymmRH(952) M647+ 1 V n: M4a 11 V 19:
M902 I V 4
b r Pa /bar/ A 'door,gate; court*.
Pa br Kawnn) M291a B 4: Mo(77) ~ 3 9 0v 1;
MI(M4579 V ii 3: MMiiii(5Q M42 V i 3;
MMiji,m(8) M39 R i 9; MMiii,m(&I) M39 V ii 22:
MMiiig(33) Mn V l2; hfMiii,o(43) M67 V ii 5;
MMiip(45) M67 V ii 7; MMio(52) M67 V ii 14;
KPT(1.) MI83 II R 10 = Ed354 R 6; KPT(l2l4)
~i83+
II R n; m(m)~183+11 v I; ~ ~ 2 9 5 ;
BBB(54) M8OWp4 10: BBB(60) M80Wp4 16;

ma)

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

109

CPar(l02) M333 V 11: M4a I V 8: M6031 I B i (10)


Pa par bwrd'n ppJ, pf. CPar(122) o ~ 3 3 4 av 1:
8ar(129)M3% V 8
4; H.VIV12al M5263 R 8 =M87lf V 3: A.R.V1/66a/
Pa bwrdn inf la hiWb(219) M5815 I1 V ii 27
~ 8 I 8V ll = M96 V ll = M175 R 9: hRVIIa/3bl
MP bryd pres3sg. MMii M49 I R 8: KFfr(m)
~667+
R 6: A W M722 R 5b: RHW) M86 R 6:
M6005 A ii 3; M653 R i 8
RH(79n hi3412 B 6
MP brym pres-lpr- M5692 A 15 = M5756 V i 5
Pa br'n pl. ~KG(200)M2lk V 2: M M i ( l 5 ) M39 R
MPS prym presJ@. TM406b R 4
i 16: MMiiio(27) M67 V i 21: MMi&d40)oM67 V
MP bryd pres2pl. MMii oM95 R 7b = M1876+ R 6
ii 2
MP bryndpes.3pl. I(PT004) oM1007+M1027B ii 7:
Pabm'naM&OV4=or(24 V9=M189V3
KPT(1985) M22l R 10: M28 I R i 11; P.M.9142 V ii 8
pa dsg br See dstbr. U 2 6 ) oMl04+ V (43)22 =
MP
Wd subj.3.q. Hu(992) M7982 R ii 34: Hu(1080)
oM390 R 1
LM79831Ri20
br- WMP /bar-/ v ~ r .'to bear, bring carry, take;
MP bi'm subjJ#l. RH(835) oM486 B 7: RH(959)
endure, experience, suffer'.
W 7 + II R 3
Pa br'm p e s J s g . MSOlb R i 2
MP br'nd subj3@II Sbrg(38) M473a+ I V 14;
Pa br'm p e s J s g . MMGdlOn ~6 V ii 17
Pa bryh p e s 2 s g . MKG(l594) M47 I V 3
Sbrg(48) M473a+ I V 24: Sbrg(87) M475a I V 15
MP brimpvsg.LL0 I20I R 3: LSIO I20 I R 5
Pa bryd pres.3sg. MM&b(214) M58l5 II V ii 22:
M K G ( ~M48+
~ ) II R lo: MKG(77l) M4577 A ii 7;
MP bryd impvgf-bfKG(2240) M236+ R 11: MMii M95
KPTf9841M8400 V ll: KFT(1249) M8802 B 5; LN
v 3b
MP bryb o p t . 3 ?~MMii M49 II V 14
I00 M49l+M3417, R 1; LN 5102 M307atb R 9:
m(573)M5t3@IR17:
i GW BloM83II R 21=
MP bwrd PpJ. OW(40) V 17: Hu(168) M7984 II R ii
34: MMii M2 I R' i 17: MMii M2 I V i 18;
M838 R 7 = oM419M3824 R 1: GW Bl M83 I1 R
MMiii,q(21) M454 I V 8: KPT(824) M819+M2154 V
22 = M838 R 8 = oM419cM3824 R 2: GW 96
lo; KPT(1702) M652+M526 V 14: MI6 V 4:
~564A
2 5 = M5531 B 3
Otani6195.B 8: M1W V i 18
Pa bryd pres2.pl. KF"r(m
M580
) R4
MP bwrdm ppJ + sulf:MMii 0M49 I1 R 4
Pa brpnd pres.3@. MKG(W2) M4570 R i 14:
MP bwrdynd pret3.pl. M97 R i 20
MKG(1689) M267b+M314 V i 6: MKG(1750)
MP bwrd inf 1 M i M219 R 8
M5055; R i U:CPar(9) aM332+M724R 8: CPar(68)
MP bwrdn infJa M3 (32) V 9: MMiitq M454 1R 8:
M499+ V 10: M229 R ii 14: HJ/59b/ ahGW6 V 4:
Ml/217; R~(968)M647+ 11 R 12: M6Z R i fi
~bcdA/27b/M94+/Zlb: GW S15 M626+M265 1
br'd PdMP / b r a / n 'brother'. Often used of the
V 1: oOtani6172 V 4: -W44/4
male Elect.
Pa br'h subj.2sg. MKG(690) M4576 R i 8:
Pa br'd MMiiib(127) M5815 11 R i 16: MMiilb(U8)
KPT(1904) MI68 R 5
M5815 11 R i 27: MMiii,b(l66) M5815 I1 R ii 30;
Pa br'h ~ ~ b j 3 sMMiiW)
g.
M5815 I R i 5
MKG(1581) M47 I R 6; KPT(1835) ~ 6 4 7 0V 3:
Pa br'm subjJ.pl. ~ 1 t 2 6 0 :BBB(94) M80ldp6 14;
M242 B 3
M5262 I R 6; MI94 I R 2: MI94 I R l.t oh4194 I V
Pa Wdr MKG(658) M4575 R ii 5
3: oM194 I V 10: RH(8ZI) a 4 8 6 A 6; RH(ll73)
Pa br'dr'n pl. Mo(1) M104+ R (18120: MMiiib(l25)
M30 R ii 19: M434 B ii 5: a 3 2 B 5; OM8050 B 4:
B I J B i R MMiiijb(l30) M5815 II R i 19:
M7352 R I
MMiii,b(201) M%l5 I1 V ii 9: MKG(79) M48t 11 V
Pa brwm impvsg. RH(n6) M3ll R 9
15: MKG(80) M48+ II V 16: MKG(ll8) M48+ I V 7:
Pa br impvsg. MMii,b(6) M5815 I R i 6
MKG(67l)
M4575 V i 9: MKG(2096) oM455 B ii 2:
Pa bryd imppl. RH(26) M284a V i 17; RH(255)
MMiiij(45)
M2 I1 R ii 8: MMiiif M8171 R i 7:
M284a V i 27; R H W ) ~ 7 6 V
3 i 22
MV3U: MU319 MV360: MV363: MV368; M11377:
Pa bryndyh opt. MKG(U44) M604 V 11
~V396:MI/& MV417: MV418: Ml/419: M11425:
Pa bwrd pdy3fr pp.1 LN NaM491+M3417V 11
BBB(272) M W p 1 7 3: BBB(279) oM80Vp17 10:
Pa bwrd ppJ MMiii.MU5) M5815 I1 R i 24; MKG(81)
a6033 A i 2: M680 V 12: A.R.IIIa/la/ oM2457 R 1:
M48+ H V 17: MKG(72) M4576 R ii U: MKG(724)
AJLWW M% V 19 = M175 R 17: ~ b c h DMlO
M4576 V i 8; MKG(l935) Ml77 V 9: MKG(1936)
9b: LN 597 M3l2 V 7 = M905 R 4: KawN(27) M35
MI77 V lo: MKG(1938)Ml77 V 12: MMiii,e(47) ~6
V 9; RR(94) 0M86 R 3; RH(246) M284a V i 18:
R ii 17: W i i ( 6 0 ) M42 V i 8: KPT[lm M21P V
~ ( 4 6 3 )M763 R ii 9: ~ ~ ( ~ M30
6 2 1R ii 8;
8; KPT(1789) M572 R 7; KPT(1817) oMn2 V l3:
RH(ll79) M30 R ii 25: RH(1218) M30 V ii 10: M88
MU% V? 4; M229 R ii 9: A.R.VIV17bI M489a R 5:
n V 8b: oMn6 V i 24; HCfr3212 oM2418 B 2:
A W 1 9 b I M94+/19b: M10 V 17 = MMc B 5;
0M2302 A 3; M5HX)c A i 8 <br'rd'n>{br'dr'n}:
Otanill079 A 2
~57%
R ii fi M496c V 6; M707a/4; ~ 6 2 8 1 +
V 11;
Pa bwrdwd pp.1+ stis MMiii,e(90) M6 V i 30
OM7200
B
4;
M7201
B
2
;
M7201
B
3
Pa p'r bwrd pp.1 GW 582 oM5%1+~5562V 15 =
Pa br'dm pf. m b ( l 8 2 ) M5815 I1 V i 21
OM847 V 17-18

110

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Pa b r ' d r ~pl. GW
M83 II V 5
Pa br'dr[ M9052/4
Pa br'dwm MKG(1578) M47 I R 3
Pa br#n pl. Extensive abbreviation LN 72 M5845
Vl2
MP brad KawAOO) oMlOlj R 8: KawA(61) MlOlk R 5:
KawA(l7l) MlOlh V 8: KawA(222) MlOla V 10:
MMii M28 IJ V ii 4: Glossh oM752b V i (8)2:
RH(679) M234 V 14: RH(1lll) M273 V 5
'
MP br'dr S28 V 2; M
W
p
l R 5: M5794+ I1 V 8: M28
IRii2
MP br'dr"n pl. BBJ3057) M80la/pl6 4; M3416/6
MP br'dfn pl. MKG(W3) M 4 2 11 V 5: MMii M2 I
R ii 6: KPT(18n) M6470 R H: Ml/lS4: BBB(9)
oM8Ola/pl 9: BBB(51) MSOla/p4 7: BBB(223)
M80Wp14 6;BBB(230) M801alp14 U: BBWTI)
M80lalp24 U ;oM731 V 1: M733 V U:MI74 I V 4:
M25 V 11
br'dryb MP l b r a a r i b / n (COIL) 'brothers, brethren'
= all .the Elect.
MP br'dryh BBB(442) MSOla/p29 2
- .MP b f w MMii M3I V 3*
br'z- Pa / W z - /v&. 'ta shine, gleam'.
. Pa br'zyd pres.3sg. H.III/W aM5540 R 4
PaS' pr'zy b pres.3~g.TM406b R 3
Pa br'z'g p r - aMMiii,g(2l5)M7 II V ii U; GW 57
oM259c+M453cV U
br'z- MP /bt-22-1v ~ r 'to
. shine'.
MP br'zyd pres3sg. M%92A U:M799b18
MP br%yd'hpes3sg. t hymnic -'b. RH(774) aM319
1.V 5
MP brzynd pres3.pl. M554 V 4: oMIK4983 R 6
MP br'z'd subj.3sg. KawF(83) ~6120COIF9
MP bfz"g prpJa MMi M31 I1 R 8; M4a I1 R 18
MP brazag p r - a MMii M31 I R 18: BBB(40)
M801a/p3 14: BBBC339) M80laIp21 8: BBB(430)
M801a/p28 7 = M7421 R 2: M315 I1 V 20; M309a R
2: M554 V 3; RH(883) M394 A.ll: M5751 A i 7:
Otani6195 A 4
MPS pr'z-' prpJa MannerheimE-R 8 ' MP br'zynd prpJZ RH(1078) Ml8l V 5
MP br'zyst ppJZ KPT(ll8) M1001+ V ii U
MP br'zystwS.ppJI BBB(4391 M80la/p28 17
br'zyh Pa/MP /brdziW n. 'shining, radiance'.
Pa brazyJn GW 20 M4526+M7265 1 V 15: GW 68
M295V 5=oM6090V 5
Pa brai3n A.RViI/Z?aI Mn4 V 9
MP br'zygn MU4 11: V 6
- bfyd MP see brynbrb'n Pa /barb&/ n. 'door-keeper'.
Pa brb'n'n pl. M216V3
brbnd Pa /barband/ n 'door bolt'. Henning 1940,4L
Pa brbnd Glossh M500k V ii (20)4
brbwhr Pa l b a r h b r / a. 'pregnant'. Henning 1937a,
81.GW 115 (6,4).
Pa brbwhr GW 536 M838 V 3 = ~ 8 113V 14: G W
537 0M838 V 6 = M83 U V 16 = M342+M520 R 16;
+

'

M822l R 2

brgwd Pa /bary66/ n 'bow-carrier, archer' (?).


Henning 1944 40-L
Pa btgwd GI&
M752b V i (U)7
b y w d Pa /bar@/ n 'curtain,veil'. Henning 1940,
41 Cf. brgwd, to which M854/A/ii/4/ may belong.
Pa brywd G1ass.h M752b V i (14)8
Pa brgwd M854 A ii 4
brhbs3' /barbabbaJabbbd/ n.pr. m. MKG, 66 nL
Sundermann 1994b, 245. Tubach 1997. 379-380.
Semitic /bar-&&ba5abbd/.
Pa brhb3b' MKG(906) at44580 R i 2
b r b b r b Pa/MP /brabm/ n. 'outward seeming
form, appearance; grace, c h a m apparel, garment;
(correct) behaviour, propriety, morals'. Henning
1944%ll5-6. MKG,156; I& 145: 'Ritus, Merkrnal'; LN
104 (5363).
Pa b&m MKG(780) M4577 A ii 16
Pa brhm MKG(1693) M267b+~314V i 10;MKG(1777)
M5055+V ii 4: MKC(1943) Ml77 V 17: MMiiig(7)
M2 lI R ii 36: MMiiii M42 R i 3: KPT(1540) M8280
V ii 5: M679 V U; M6232tM6230 V 9: AB.IaMb/
M518 R 8; hRVII/l2b/ M91 V 12 = M774 R 10:
A.R.W26a/ M489a V 2 = M578 R 5; AbcdD
M56/7/R 6a = M7lO R la: M74-1R h: 36 M349
V 1: W 545 Ml848 R 2; LN 558 M4450 R 3: LN
563 oM5845 R 10; LN 576 oM818 V 5; R~(546)
M5640 R 9; R~(565)~ j 8 6 0I R i 9; M24 R 8 =
Ma12 V 3
MP brhm M2l0 R 3; MI74 I R 6; &2c V i 42: S12c V
i 42; 522 R 2: RH(1066) MI81 R 4: M849b/l;
MW2
brhm'wynd Pa /brab&wend/ a 'having form'.
Pa brhm'wynd W314
brhng, brhyng Pa/MP /brabnagl. lbrahenagl! a.
'naked'. Henning 1940,41
Pa brhng MKG(1863) M6032 V 6: AhLI-I A42700 I1 V
lla: M741 R 6a: M1749/2
MP brhngSbrg(78) 0M475a I V 6: Sbrg(108) M477 I
RE:KPl"W4)=VS
MP brhngl PI.(?) KPT(UO3) oMm8 A ii 7 (KPT:
brb(y)g[.{?)]
a n d n o t e d: ' O d e r
brMw)gr[?)fi')
MP brhyng'npl. Glossh M500k V ii (2%
brhy' MP /barbayyZ/ n = Aramaic bar bayyd 'son
of life'. Henning 1940.42
MP brhy' G l d oM752c R ii (2715
brhyg[.] Pa /?/n "wheel'. KPT, 119.
MP brhng( KPT(l303) oM1208 A ii 7 (KPT:
bt-b(y)g[.j)/
. a n d n o t e d: ' O d e r
'
brWw&ff?lJt')
brhyng'n MP see brhng
brk'ftynws lbark2Jtinos/ n.pr.mMP brk'ftynws Mh II V 2l
bfm- Pa /bram-/ vitr. 'to weep'.
Pa b r m a m p e s g . ~.IVa/6a/~ 6 2 2Vl I
Pa brmyd pes3sg. Kl'T(2030) M580 R 7: M4b I R

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Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian a n d Parthian


17; G1oss.h oM5OOk V ii (17)l: kR.I/lla/
oM780+M889R 1; Chmi6185 A 1
Pa brm'm presl.pl. MMiii,e(75) M6 V i 15: MU392
Pa brmynd pres3.pZ. A3U/29b/ oM831 V 3 = 4 ~ 6 7 3
V 10
Pa brm'd ppJI H J I V W aM5540 V 1; kRV1/49b/
~ 3 2 ~5=oM1537
6
11 ~4=aM624O+
V6
brmg Pa /bramag/ n 'weeping'.
Pa b m g MKG(1W) M4573 R i 10: MKG(l893)
M523a-c A 7: MMiiif(45) M8171 V ii 9:
miiih(47) M33 I V ii 5: G l d M752b V i (1519:
M5683 I1 V 4
bm'd MP /?I ? '?'.
Henning 1940,41with suggestions.
MP brn'd Glossh oM5OOk V ii (19)3
bmjn Pa/MP N ? '?'. Hapax and poss. incomplete
Left unuanslated in Ku&-Sundermann-Yoshida
1997, Text v0L194
WMIr brnjn Omi6182 B i 2
brp3 Pa lbraf ;I? n. 'lamp' (?). Henning 1940, 40
Hyperparthicism for Parth draf Z 'banner'?
Pa brpS G M W52b v i (Ill5
brswm MP /bassom/ n. 'barsom-twigs, the bunch of
twigs used in the ZoroastrianYasna ceremony'.
MP brswm Glossh oM752b V i(10H
brwg MP /brrigl n '(eye)brow'.
MP brwg Glossh aM752b V i (711
bry- Pa /biry-1. Ibriy-/ v.itr. 'to burn'.
Pa bry'n ptpJII G1oss.h iW52b V i (16)lO:
A.R.VII/9b/ M91 V 6 = M7l4 R 4 = M8801 V 2
bryd see brynbryn- Pa/MP /h-n-/ v3r. 'to cut off '. KPT.ll2 MKG,
156. See also MP bwr-.
Pa brynynd pres.3.pl. MKG(895) M4578 B ii 9
Pa bryd ppJ MKG(902) M4578 B ii 16; KPT(955)
M316tM80ld V 7
MP brynyd pres.3sg- KPT(1857) M825 I R 6
MP bf yd ppJ KPT(1553) M5900 A 3
MP bryd ppJ G1oss.h M752b V i (9l3
.
MP brydgppJa M28 I R i 25
bryng MP /bn-nag/ n. 'crevice'.
MP bryng'n pi. KawF(l4) M6120 colA 14:
Gloss.(unp.) MU40 R 4
brynng MP /bring/ n 'bronze, brass'. Henning 1937%
81
MP brynng KawA(72) MlOlk V 6
brynz MP /brim/ n. 'rice'.
MP brynz Glosrh M752b V i (12%
brynz- Pa /fin%-/ 0.W. 'to roast'. Henning 1940, &
MP brynzcympes.l.sg. Or LpL GI-h
oM752b V i

m.

MPbrzq3 M8R i 3
h g MP l b m z a n g l n leggings'. Henning 1940,42
MP brmg Glossh oM752c R ii (2614
brzynPa/barz&n 'cushion'.Heming 1940.41 (on
121).

Pa bngn Glossh MMOk V ii (ax


MP brzyn GIoss(unp.) M4164 R 4
bst MP /bust/ LIC&
catch, knM'. IPT, 119.
KPT(162) MI003+Ml025 A ii j
see badbst MP see bynbstg F
m
' /bastag/ a (pp..i. n. 'bound, captive'.
Pa bstg MKG(Ul4) M4573 V ii U:MMiiig M7 I R i
27: AbcdGa oM8828 R 2a: GW 26 M83 I1 R 6
Pa tmg'n pi. M741 R lb: LK 6 M351 V 2 = oM5187 R
1
.
MP bstg Sbrg(81) M475a I V 9: M74 I R 20: RH(65)
M2DHRi3
b3 Pa /bail n 'connection' (?).KPT, ll9.
Pa E BBT(WXsBBTB ii 6
bji MP /b&/ n. -medicine'. Henning 1940,43.
MP ti3 GI&
M752c V i 05B:Glossh M752c V i
06>9;Glossh W52c V i (37)lO
bSn MP IbaCnl n 'top, peak stature; mane'. Henning
194442 also Pa. bzn 'pan of the body, branch'.
3aP E n GI0ss.h OM752 V i (31M: MIK7285 V ii 6
bSnZmPa /bmWtuSn/n 'heigh~stature'.
Pa Wn'n MMiii,aW)M2 I1 V i 18; MMiii,e M6 R i 12:
CMl4lj M4WM2086 A 4: G1oss.h M752c V i
(336: IlVII/l9b/ M5263 V 3 = M588 V 4:
W 3 b / M518 R 6: ARIIIa/2b/ M2457 R 4:
kRV/%b/ 0~2206R 4 = aM55&M1534 I1 V 8:
ARn/52b/M88 IR4=M96R 4=oM675 V 2
Mnv, &'yy MP /bafnrSy/ n. 'height stature'.
Henning 1958,103n.3. KPT, 119.
-WEn'y MU4 11 V 8: oM323U2
MP En'yy KPT(1569) M5900 B 3
M P bS~q-wrn+B42R 1
b3nbyd MP /b&ed/
n 'master of idol-temple,
heathen priest'. Henning 1936%W .
MP Enbyd Glossh M752c V i (3417
MP Enbyd'n pl. MMii M219 R 18
MP Mnbyd'nc pl. MMii M219 V 15
W t lbaind&i/ n.p. m. KIT, 9 8
MP Mnd'l KPT(1924) MIK8259 I R ii 2
h
g MP /bahzig/ n. 'medicine'. Henning 1940.43.
MP Mnwg Giossh M15k V i (3215
Myhk, bQhq MP /Mebkl n 'doctor, physiaan'.
PvIP Eyf&MMii M28 I1 R i 15: MMii M28 I1 R i 27:
(12%
bryz- MP /br@z-/vfr. 'to roast, bake'. Henning 1937%
KP'l'(1876) M825 1I R 7: BBB(194) M801a/pl2 13;
81. KPT, 119.
M5B R 4
MP bryzynd pres.3.pi. KPT(775) MlOO V iii 6: Ml2
MP bQhq MMi M28 I1 V ii 23; W104
V6
MP bQWn pi. BBB(I73) M80la/pll8
bryzn MP lbr6zan/ n. 'oven, gnll'. Henning 1937%81 b5yhkyk b-yh
MP /biSebkib/ n. 'doctoring,
s.v. bryz-. Sundermann 19851,293, n. 26.
physicldng'.
MP bryzn'n pl. MI2 V 4
MP bSyhkyh M3 01)V 8

.:112

'

Didionary :ofManichaean Middie Persian and Parthian

'"?-bw-b, WMP /haw-/,//b-/ u.aux. 'to become, be'.


MP 'wbbyb, ,,'wbbyb 'so be it!'. On baw- in Parth
see Durkin-Meisteremst 2002

"'

WMIr bwyd pres3sg. M90Sl.12


WMlr byh opt3sg. WT(l547) MI859 B 2 (KPT, 77
nS: 'BZh = par*. ' a u h ' oder mp. 3.Sg.Opt.
von 'sein".')
WMIr bwd ppJ MU60 R 1; M3123/2: M4530/2:
- ~3%/3
Pa bw'm presdsg. RH(420) MI316 V i 14
pa bwyh pres2sg. M231 R 5: M23l R 7
Pa bwyd pres3sg. MMiiii2E) M5815 11 V ii 20:
~Miii,b(218) M58b I1 V ii 26; MKG(237)
~27Oa+M869I R 2: MICG(255) M270a II V 3:
-784)
M437 A ii 20: MKGt847) M4578 A i
17; MKG(12.5) M4574 R ii 7: MKG(U35) M6040 V
2: MKG(U70) M6041 R ll: MKG(l374) M6041 R l5:
~ 8 2 8 6I V 2: M8286 1 V 5: MKG(1684)
~ 2 6 7 b + ~ 3 1V4 i 1; MKC(1835) oM6032 R 7;
MKG(1865) M6032 V 8: MKG(2125) M3WM2238 R
4: MKG(2157) ah42061 0 6: MMiii,a M2 i1 R i 19;
MMiiia(43) M2 I! R ii 6: MMiiid61) M67 V ii 23;
KPT(U56) M7l5d B6: CPadl41) M4U+M2086 A 4:
~ 6 0 3 3A i 1: M6020 I V i (4518: HV/2Ob/ M350
v 4: kP.VI11'29bl M287+M1223 V 6; kRVIia/6a!
~ 6 6 7 +R 11: A.R.FragP/lla/ M1668 V I:
M&FragP/12b/Ml668 V 4: LN 511 oMSOOc V 3; LN
921 M208+M638 R 4: th' 952 M5845 R 8: LN lo2
M307a+ R 8: S31 V 6: 531 V 8; M35 R 1: M35 R 4:
M35 V 1: RH(1186) M30 V i 6 = M468a V i 14 =
oM347 V ii 3: GW 532 M83 I1 V 1 = oM419tM3824
R 4: GW 545 &48+ R 14: GW 346 oM248+ R 15:
GW 9 1 M248+ V 7 = oM4352 V 1; GW 555 M248+
V 14 = M4515 V 3; GW 565 M295 R 8; GW 587
M7lM A 6; Mmj V 6; G W 5143 M206 I1 R 6;
M205 V 6; KFT(1921) MIK8259 I R i 14; dl186 A
la: aM1186 A Ib: Otani6192 I R 6; oOtani6193 V 1;
M839 R 5; 0~623aB i 4
Pa bwpyd pres.3sg. GW S10 M4526+M726-51 R 1 =
~6680+
R1
Pas pwy6 pres3sg. TM406b V 2 .
Pa bw'm presJ.pl. Or subfLpL or preslsg.
MMii,a(l45) M2 11V ii 34: KPT(2097) M338 A 6;
M32a V 3; RH(102) M86 R ll; RH(102) oM86 R 11;
RH(457) 0 ~ 7 6 3R i 30: RH(542) M5640 R 5;
RH(l2l2) M30 V ii 4 = M468a V ii 7; M285 11 V ii
21; MU09 A 9
Pa bwyd pres2,pl. MKCX1032) M4572 R ii 8;
MKG(1048) M4.572 V ii 6; MKG(U09) M4573 V ii
- 8: MMiii,m(48) M39 V i 4; RHO791 ohiU&lb V i
24; RH(473) M763 R ii 19; RH(52l) M763 V ii 16;
RH(1089) M273 R 5; M88 II R 2b
Pa bwynd pres.3.pl. MMo(79) M390 V 3; MKG(852)
M4578 A ii 5; MKG(858) oM4578 A ii 11:
MKG(863) a4578 A ii 16: MKG(899) oM4578 B ii
13; MKG(1145) oM4570 R ii 6: MKG(1709)

M267bW14 V i 26; MKG(1712) M267b+M314 V ii


2; MKc(ln5) M267bcM314 V ii 5; MKG(1733)
M267bM314 V ii 23: MKG(1842) aM6032 R 14:
MKH1843) aM6032 R 15: MKG(1856) M6032 R 28:
MKG(1870) M6032 V U:MKG(2ll3) oM502d B 3:
MMiiiP(63) M2 I1 R ii 26: MMiii,h M33 I R i 9:
MMiiib M33 I R i 12: MMiiin M77 R 12:
ICPT(1896) M6280 V 4: KPT(2114) M1916 A 5:
BBB(276) M80Wp17 7: BBB(286) M8Wp17 17:
BBB(3Ol) M80Wpl8 14: 8ar(75) M499+ V 17:
CPar(128) M334a V 7; M538 R 2: H.V/9a/ M858e V
1 = aM3UI R 1: KVII/lb/ M87lf R 2; A.R.I/%a/
M5930 V 2 = M673 V 3: uJ/26b/ M5930 V 3 =
M673 V 4: lLRV27b/ M673 V 6: AJU/Nb/ oM6B
V 22: NUaha/ M518 R 1: ILRIII2bI M863 R 4;
~.R.W26b/oM489a V 3 = M578 R 6: ARVII/27b/
M287+M1223 V 2: A.RVII/35a/ M578 V 3;
A.R.Vl W M66P R 1: hRVIIa/2a/ oM667+ R 3
= oM8285 R 3: hR.VIIa/4a/ M667+ R 7:
Abcd.A/13a/ ~ 6 7 2 6V 4 = 0M5315 R 2:
AbccLA./l4a/ M3705 2 1= 01173R 3: AbcdAh5ai
M3703 R 4 = MI73 R 5: AbcdA/2Oa/ M94+/20a:
A W C M533 R %: AbcdK M2089 V 12a: M741 R
8a: M737 R 3: M737 R 8: M35 R 5: M35 R 8:
RH(ll51) M30 R i 23: GW $20 M6680+ V 14; GW
~0~838V3=M83nV14:GW37oM83V6
=M83II V 17:GW 99M838V 11tM83 II V 2:
GW S49 M248+ V 3: GW 550 M248+V 5 = ~ 5 9 0 6
R 3; GW 561 aM340a R 7: GW 598 M2331 B 3:
M2302 A 4; Otani6172 R 3: aM40 V 11: M6281+ R 5
Pa bw'n subj-lsg. MKG(8U) M4.577 B ii 3;
~ ~ ~ ( 1 9M502e
6 1 ) B 5: HJVb/3b/ M6220 R 6 =
~ 8 5 8R
e 2 = oOtani6206 V 2
Pa bw% subj.2sg. MMiW154) M58l5 I1 R ii 18:
MMiii,b(180) M5815 XI V i 19; MMiikb(221) M5815
I1 V ii 29; MKG(19) Ml344+M5910 R 9; ~ 8 2 8 61 V
8; Ma286 I V 14: 0~8286
1 V 16: MKG(1803) HWP
A 8; ~ ~ G ( 2 l 8M5385
6)
A 5; MMiii,o(5) ~ 6 R7ii
32 -= M480c V ii II: hW300; MU302: MU327:
W328;MV397: M4a I R 3; M229 R i 7: M5700 I
R ii 18: H.VId3bl M93+M289a II R 6: AR.VII/3b/
M91 R 12 = M690+b4439 R 4
MI75 V 10:
A.RVII/lOa/ M91 V 7 = hi774 R 5 = M8801 V 3:
mvrr&a/ M91 V I3 = M690cM439 V 3; RH(363)
M284b V i 8; RH(737) MW R 10: M203 11 V 2;
M ~ O OI R ii 22: 0tani6160 A 5; oOtani6164 V 2;
Otani6W A 1: M19 R 6
Pa bw' sdj2.sg.A.R.Mla/W oM667+ V 1 =
L;

v1
Pa bw' subj.3.sg.HVIl/2lb/ M5263 V 7; HVII/23a/
~ 5 2 6 3V 10; 531 V 6: MI0 R 11; M4152/3
Pa bw3b d j 3 s g . ~ i i , M 1 6 3 )M5815 I1 R ii 27;
M K G ( ~ I )~4576V i 15: MKG(973) M4587 B 2;
~ ~ ~ ( 1 4~5965
2 5 ) B 2: MICG(1623) M1964+M822 V
i 4: ~KG(1760)oMK)55+ R ii 9; MMiiifO.5) Ma171

..

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Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

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MMiii,e@l) M6 V ii 1: MMiiig(203) M7 I1 Y i 29;


V i 11; MMQ$2G9) MI 11 V ii 5: MMiii,m(2) M39
M U B ) M33 I R ii 1; MMii(49) M33 I V ii 7:
R i 3; MMiiim(41) M39 R ii 16; MMiiid64) M67 V
.
MMiiiJd77) M33 I1 R ii 10: MMiiij(47) M42 R ii
ii 26: KPT(2048) M580.V 7: KPT(B49) M580 V 8;
a:
M&#10 R 5; KPT(959) M316+M801dV
.
m(m)~ 5 8 0v t2; KpMz108) 0~338B 6:
U; mn66) OM5932 B 7; KPT(ll91) M183+ I V 3:
M1/378: BBB(141) M801a/p9 9: BBB(148)
KPT(l784) oM572 R 2; KPT(1831) M6470 R 4:
M801dpS 16: BBB(292) M80Wp18 5: M229 V i 9:
KPT(W M6280 R 1; KFT(1906) MI68 R 7:
M229 V i 10: M6650 R 7; ~66.50R 8; M83 I R 8 =
M200 V S = M ~ ~ ~ ~ R ~ M ~ ~ I R ~ = MMlI4rU;
~ O M34la
O V V~ 9:=CPar(92) oM333 V 1:CPar(l6l)
M44 R 10; Bar0621 M44 R U:M315 I R 11: M4b I
a234 R 3 = MlO% R 3 = MI927 R 4: A.RVf/Ba/
: . ~ 9 1 R 5 = M ~ l R 1 = ~ 7 5 - V 3 : ~ ~ 1 0 2 M 3 0 7.aR+14: M4bI V4; M4b I VlZoM75V2: M 7 5 ~ 6 :
L A 2; 0-3
B ii (21) 3: M8#)1R i 2: MI03 R 4:
R 6 = oM69H V 5: RH(14) MU7 I R U:RH(ll7)
M680 V U;M369 V 7: M369 V 8; MI94 I V 12:
a
8
6 V 1:. RHO821 0M284bV i 27: RH084). M284b
MI94 II R 11: KVIdl4al M93+M289a I1 V 7:
v i 29: W 6 2 0 2 A 1
kRIll5el M784MM889 R 9 = oM6238+ R 6 =
Pa bw"m subjlpl. M4a I R 5
oM6943 R 1: A R V W M5930 V 6 = oM673 V 7:
Pa bw'm subj1pl. BBB(298) M80Wp18 U: M779 R?
A.R.IaNb/ M5l8 V 2: hRIall2bl M518 V 4:
7
. .
. .Pa bwyd fmp'pL MKG(fi0n M4573
ii 6 ;
A.RIbLW oM1890 R 4: .11RIbl4a/ Ml890 R 7;
'. ~ i , & ( l a Q
M33
) II V ii 3: MMiiih(lO7) -33
II V ,.
A.RW55b/ M88 I R 10 = M96 R 10; A.R.W%b/
ii 6;. MiW.h(lll) M33 II V ii 10: RH(T9l) m
aR
M88 I R 12 = M% R 12 = oM675 V 10: AR.W57a/
.
i 25; EZH(205) M284a R ii 9; RH(257) hl28bV-i29;
M8&1BU=M%R U: kRVL!6la/ ~ 8 L8V 1 =
- .--..--l,-XH(~)
I V i 7; m
(
1
1
9
6
)hf30 V. i 16:
M%VtAR.W6wM881 V3=M96 v 3 ~ ~ 1 7 5
. .
.
- . - ~ ~ ( l 2 2 7 ) I @ ~ i i 1 9 : ~ 2 4 ~ 6 . . . i ..
R 1: 1IBWa/l4b/ M667t V 8; ARVIIa/l6a/
:.
.
oM667t V ll: ARVIII/5b/ M89 R 10: kRVII1/12a/
. . . ~a.bw~ndfopt.M7422R7
.
. .
.
P% bwyndyt~ opt. MMiii,d%) ~3939 V i 7:
.
M89 V 3: ARVW14d M89 V 7; kR.VIII/15a/
MMiii,m(53)M39 V i 10:
MV312: MV329:M89 V 9: A.R.Wl6al M89 V 11: AbcdA/24b/
M1,330: MlI410:BBB007) MWp19 2 = M 5 Z V
MI73 V 6: AbcdD M5877/16a = M7lO 16a; A M D
2; a 3 1 V 7; ~ 6 0 2 0I R i 12: M98 I1 R la;'
M7lO 3?& AbcdK M2089 R lb: M741 R 6a; M741
otani62oz A 5; oM146V2; M490hf3
R 6b: oS41 R 2 = MI03 R 5: d46 B 2; RH(39) M280
I R 7: RHO321 Ms6 V 16; RH(450) M763 R i 23:
Pa bwd pp.1 &,'HMiii,k(S)Ml04+ R 5 = oM891b+ R 5:.
MMiii,k(8) M104+ R 8; Md10) M104+ V (27% =
RH(800)W41a B 9: RH(E83) M468a V i 11: GW
ki734 R 9: Md3l) aM3W R 6: .MMiiib(l21)M5815
58 M24W*M453bR 14; GW 58 M259b+M453b R
11 R i 10: MMiii.b(l41) M5815 I1 R i 30:
15: GW 59 M259btM453b V 15: G W 511
~~iii,b(l8M
6 )5815 I1 V i 25: MMiii.b(l88)M5815
M4526+M7265I R 5 = ~6680+
R 5: GW 544 M248+
I1 V i, 27: MKG(12) MU44+M5910 R 2: MKW9)
R 11= M342tM5B V 15; GW 582 M847 V 16; GW
M48+ 11 R 3: MKG(73) M48+ I1 V 9; MKG(75)
.595 M5531 A 3: MI0 R 20; MI0 V 7: MI0 V 22:
M48+ II v U; MKG(78) M48+ I1 Y 14: MKG(84)
M50 R 12: M92 R 7a; M99 I1 V 12a; M285 11 V ii
~48n
+ v 20: ~ ~ G ( f 2 M48+
6 ) I V 15; m G ( ~ 3 )
23: M353 A 4: M795 V 2: GW 5145 Kao.0103 1906
V 5; Gw 9
45 KadXO3 1906V 6; HCfrN M4727 B
~216bR 3; IW(G(W) m6b R 4; MKG(I~)
M z i 6 ~ + ~ 7 5ito iG; idKG(l93) oKZIC R 5;
12a: M7%Y 10: M746d R 3; M1453/2; oM18GVi 5:
MKG(238) MnOa+Mi?69I R 3: MKG(665) M4575 V
M28OY3: M55W4: M40 R 2: M80 V 4 = M40 R 6;
i 3; MKG(667) M4575 V i 5; M
KWO)~ 4 5 7 6R ii
~40RlO;M9R5:M79V4=M&V&M24Rq;
~ 2 R49; MW
B 2; M628l+ R 7
U;M K G o M4579 V i 2: MKG(lll9) ~ 4 5 7 0R i
Pa
bwdyS
ppJ
MMiiik(l0)
M104+R 10 = M891b+ R 9
1; MKG(ll20) oM4570 R i 2; MKG(1128) M4570 R i.
Pa
bwy
ppJ
MKGO23)
M4576
V i 7: MKG(878)
10; ~KCi(ll46)6144570R ii 7: MKG(US7) ~ 4 5 7 0R
M4578
B
i
l
t
MKc(883)
M4578
B i 16: MKG(932)
ii 18: M K G ( I ~M4570
~ ~ ) R ii 22: MKGl323) ~ 6 0 4 0
R 14: MICG(l38l) M6041R 22: M K G ( W ~ 1 6 0 A8 .
M4581 V ii 2: MRG(9.55) M4583 A 2: MKG(978)
M4579 R i 4; MKG(l044) M4572 V ii 2: ~KG(1115)
5: MKG(1582) M47 I R 7; MKG(lS&f)M47 I R 9;
oM4573 V ii 14: MKG(l211) M4574 R i 2:
M K G ( W HWP A It MKG(1809) oHWP A 14:
.
MKG(18M) HWP B 10; MKG(1829) ~ 6 0 3 2R
MKG(1660) M267b+M3i4 R ii 4: ~ ~ i i i a ( 7M2
6 ) I1
V i 2; MMiiii(89) oM2 I1 V i 15: MMiiig(95) M2 I1
MKG(1897) oM5Ba-c A 11; MKG(1899) oM5ZSa-c B
V i MMiiia(l27) M2 I1 V ii 16; MMiii,f(44)
1; MKCi(l903) .M523a-c B 5; MKG(2107) MM2d A
,.
Ma171 V ii 8; M m ( 6 ) M39 R i 7: MMiiip(22)
3; ~KG(2164)M5826tM3120 A 7: MMiiid(lO2) oM5
M39 R i 23: MMiiSo(56) M67 V ii 18: KPT(ll93)
Y ii 12 = A4748 V 18: MMiii,e ~6 R i 4; MMiiie M6
M183+ I V 5: KPT(1244) M8802 A 7: KPT(2029)
R i 3: m i e M6 R i 17: MMiii,eOI) M6 R ii 1:
M580 R 6; KPT(2051) M580 V 10: ~ 5 2 6 2I R 2:
~~iiiie(44)
ha6 R ii 14: MMiii,eO) M6 R ii 29; ~ ~ i & e ( 6 M6
3 ) V i 5; -MMiii,e(78)M6 V i 18;
M779 R? 4; W 1 6 b / 0 ~ 6 R2 4 = ~ 6 2 6 4V 1:

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

115

KPT(173) oM1003+M1025 A iii 3; KPT(197)


11: hi733 V 6: M733 V 9: M82 R 21 = M235 V 9:
MlW+M1025B i 9: KPT(207) M1003M1025 B ii 2:
M87 V 5a: M4b U R 16
KPT(226) MI021 A 2; KPT(231) MlOU A 7;
MP bwyyd impvpl. %~$55) M475a I R 7
KPT(24.3) M1014+M1030A 5: KPT036) oMlOD4+ R
MP 'whbyh opt.3sg.MMii M729 I R ii It BBB(l85)
i 6: I8T(342) M1004+ R i 12: KPT(479) M1002+ R
M80Wpl.2 2: S7 R ii 5: M809 R H; Otani6156+ A
iv 3; KPT(499) M1002+ V ii 9: KPT(S10) M1002+ V
8: M40 R H
iii 7: KPT(514) M1002+ V iii 11: KPT(562)
MP byh opt3sg. Sb&26) M470a+ V 14: Kaw~(4)
M1020+M1022 V i 3: KPT(661) MlOO R i 10:
MlOlc R 4: MMii oMB I1 R ii 20: MMii M28 I1 V i
KPT(670) M ~ O OR i 19; KPT(n3) aMl00 R iii 15:
27: MMii hi36 V 8: MMii M36 V 2:Mm36 R ii
.KPTC758) MlOO V ii 11: KPT(788) MlOO V iii 19:
20; BBB(18I) M W p 1 2 6; BBB(W) MWldpU
KPT(8l8) MWM2l54 V 4: KPT(826) M8l9tMn54
14; BBB(217) M80la/pU 18: BBB(26n MWla/p16
V 12: KFT(849) M853 V 7: KF'T(891) M263ft B i 9;
14; BBB(400) ~ W p 2 12:
6 M781+ 1R 2: Mll R
KPT(U73)
M4500 R ii 6: KPT(U75) oM4500 R ii 8:
18: ~ 6 2 R
6 8: S7 R i 14: S7 R i 17: M5561+M5562 R
KPT(1458) ~ 5 5 6 7R i 4: KPT(1460) M5567 R i 6:
margin 1: Otani6168 A 2
KPT(1464) ~5567R i 10: KPT(1484) M5567 V ii 3:
MP byy opt.3.sg.RH(935) ~ 6 4 7 +I R 4
MP bwyy opt. M%5 V 10
KPT(l56U M5900 A ll: KPT(1564) M5900 A 14:
MP bwnn prpIlZ ~ ~ ( 7 6W981
6 ) Il V ii 12
KPT(15J6) M5900 B 10; KPT(1588) Ma01 R i 6:
MP bw'n prp.iZI Hu(776) M798l II V ii 22:
KPT(1626) M8lOl V ii 5: KPT(1660) M46 V 6;
Hu(1185) M7983 I V ii 23: K~T(569)M1020tM1022
KPT(1685) M652tM526 R 10; KPT(1693)
Vii6
M652tM526 V 5: KPT(1697) M652+~526V 9:
, c . , . k l f ' s t w y b w d p p ~ ~ ~ ) ~ ' 0 0 9 ~ i.;i 7 .
KPT(1705) a 4 7 I
IR 1: KPT(1709) M47 I1 R 5:
KF'T(17ll) M47 II R 7; KPT(17lS) M47 I1 R 11:
MP bwd pp.I M3 R 4: M3 R 5: M3 R 15: M3 (41) V
KPT(17l7) M47 I1 R U: KPT(1735) M47 11 V 14:
B:.A43 (43) V 20: Sbrg(77) M475a I V 5; Sbrg(79)
KPT(1982) MZZl R 7: KPT(1996) M221 R 21:
M475a I V 7; Sbrg(80) M475a I V 8: Sbrg(8l)
MLI177; Ml/m Ml.1189: BBB(18) MSOla/pl 18:
M475a .I V 9: sbrg(82) M475a I V 10: sbrg(84)
BBB(55) M801a/p4 11: BBB(71) M801a/p5 9:
M475a I V 12: Sbrg(l04) M477 I R 8: Sbrg(l06)
BBB(72) M8Wp5 10: BBB(198) M80ldp12 17:
M477 I R 10: Sbrg(108) M477 I R 12; Sbrg(l09)
BBB029)
M W p 2 0 16: BBB(384) M801a/p25 1:
M477 I R 8: Sbrg(lIl) M477 I R 15: Sbrg(l14)
M97
R
ii
5:
M97 R ii 12: M97 R ii 14: M97 R ii 22:
M477 I R 18: Sbrg(n5) oM477 1 R 19: Sbrg(l20)
M97
V
ii
21:
M299a R ii 7: hf882a A 4: M882a B 4:
oM4n I R 24: Sbrg(l22) obi477 I V 2: Sbrg(l50)
L
SIO
l
2
0
1
V
11: M17 V i 17: M17 V ii 3: MI76 R
oM482t I R 6; Sbrg(249) M539 R 9: Sbrg(253)
3:
S9
R
ii
7:
6
9 R ii 16: 6 9 R ii 26: S12b R ii 30:
a 5 3 9 R U: Sbrg036) M470a+ V 24: Sbrg041)
S12b
R
ii
35;
Sl2b
R ii 39: ,512 V i 33; S12c V i 38:
M542b-t I R 5; Sbrg043) oM542bt I R 7:Sbrg(355)
S18
V
2:
RH(982)
~
6 4 7 II
+ V lI; RH(1098) M273 R
oM542b I R 19: SbrgO57) oM542b I R 21;
14:
M203
I
R
7:
~
2
6
A
8
6:
M408b R 5: MIK8259 I1
SbrgO70) oM542b+ I V 10: Sbrg(372) M542b+ I V
R
17:
MIK8259
1
1
V
17:
Mj794+
I R 9: M5794+ I R
12: Sbrg(568) M472 II V 16: Sbrg(697) M475a II V
16: MKGO9) M5794+ I R 20: M28 I R ii 11: M28
1; Sbrgfe M510b R 1; Sbrg.fm ~ 8 2 5 6R 3:
I V i 14; M28 I V ii 15: KaoOlll R 5: M694 R 1:
KawA(I.5) MlOlc V 4: Kaw~(126)MlOle V 5:
M694 R 2; M694 R 3; M694 R 4: M559 V 4: ~ 5 9 6 ~
KawA(180) MlOlf R 7: KawA(224) oM
m
l V 12:
R 4: M596a R 4: MIK7283 V 4: MlK7285 V ii 3:
KawA(246) MlOld V 8: KawA(247) MlOld V 9;
MIK4958ab R 3: MMii Ma51 I V 11: M627 V ii 14:
KawA(249) oMlOld V 11: KawF(18) M6W) colB 4:
Otani6151 R 6: M5260 V 5; M175lf4: ~ 2 3 W 6 :
KawF(28) M6120 colC 4: MKG(1477) oM464a B 1:
MU26/2;. M4W2
MKG(2Ol3) A4742 II R 5: MKG(P3) M742 lI V 10;
MP bwd' ppl + su$ BBB(j1) MNla/p4 7
MKG(2069) M631 V 4: MKG(2292) M454+ I1 R 17;
MP bwdynd pret3.pl. KPT(1709) M47 11 R 5
Hu(192) M7984 I1 V i 24; Hu(248) M7981 I R i 12;
MP bwt ppJ KPT(1647) M46 R 14 (Sundermann:
tIu(294) M798l I R ii 24; Hu(299) MB8l I R ii 29;
hut).)
Hu(302) M981 I R ii 32 Hu(310) M7981 1 V i 6:
MP bwdn i f l a $bra751 M542b+I V 15; Sbrg(535)
Hu(315) M7981 I V i 11: Hu(533) M7980 I R i
(2514; HuC120) M79811I R ii 34: Hu(8361M7984 1 .- M472 II R 7; Sbq M475a II V H: MMii M9 I R 16:
MMii M9 I V U;MMii M9 I1 R 2; MMii M9 I1 V 2:
R ii 14: Hu(964) M7982 R ii 6; Hu(1044) M7982 V
MMii M9 I1 V 7: KPT(47j) M1002+ R iii 10; ~ 2 9 3 d
ii 18: Hu(1129) M7983 1 V i 1: Hu(ll32) M7983 I V
A5
i 4: MMii M2 I R i 7: MMii M2 I R i 36; MMii M2
I R ii 18: MMii M2 1 R ii 33: MMii M2 1 V i 1; bwbww MP /?/npr. m Name of an angel.
MP bwbww M78N 1 V (2019
MMii M49 I1 V 9: KPT(51) M1001+ R iii 6:
KPT(ll2) M1001+ V ii 7: KPT(ll9) M1001+ V ii 14; bwd'c'r Pa /b6bEc5r/ n. 'spices'. Ghilain 1939,65.
Pa bwd'c'r MI8 R 11
KPT(125) M1001+ V ii 20; KPT(129) M10W V iii 3;

diddle Persian and Parthian


bwdg Pa / M a g / a (pp.) 'having existed, existing'.
Pa bwdg MMiii,a(121) M2 I1 V ii 10
bw6n /bb6an/ n.pr..f.(Sogd.) xa-pm Mistake for
p66an 'scent', Sunderrnann 1994b, 259.
M bw6n MV150
bwdn MP see bwbwdysdf, bwdsdf Pa /bddisadf/ n p r . m.
Sundermann 1982b, 104 114.7 and 104-8: Loan-word
from Skr. Bodbisat(t)LIa.
Pa bwdysdf M5933 R 7
d.2
bwdysen Pa /bSestEn( n 'garden'. Ghilain 1939,65.
- Pa bwdyst'n MKG(1585) M47 I R 10: MKG(1590) M47
1 R 15; MKG(l595) M47 1V 4; MKG(l596) M47 I V
5; MKG(1600) M47 I V 9; MMiiid OMS R i 23 =
M748 R 7; KPT(2059) OM580 V 18; M4a 1 R 2;
It1/38a/ a 6 8 1 V 1
bwy, bwg Pa /&yl n. 'salvation'. Ghilain 1939,63.
Pa bwy BBB000) M80la/p18 U
Pa bwg MMiii.b(lO8)M5815 1 V ii n: MKG(1588)
M47 I R U:MKc(1929) Ml77 V 3; MMiii h;n I R
i 17; M4b I R 4; Lh' I02 M307a+ R 3; LN I02
,W7a4 f 9 = M6%3 V 7;. LK 5103 8007a+b V 5;
RH(286) M284a V ii 26: KPT(1915) ME8259 I R i
8; Otani6143+/$ M6281+ V 7
PabwdoM229Ri17
bwy lpdyl n p .rn (Sogd.). Sogdian 'salvation'.
M bwy Ml/107
bwgmyg Pa /b6@y/ n. 'mixed with = concerning
salvation' (?I. Henning 1% 103 n.6.
Pa bwgmyg oM2l5 V 7 (So Henning; only if ern> is
slightly malformed; otherwise /(g)nyyg.)
bwj- Pa /b62-/ v ~ r'to
. save, redeem'. Consistently
written with <?. 'to save from' with / a i l is rare.
What is the interpretation of M5779/Rl45/?Maybe
'm'byc is 'm' {y)%? Pass. lb6xs-/ or !bum-/.
WMIr bwxtg ppJa Om35248 A 2
Pa bwfyd pres.:sg. A b c g M722 R 3a
Pa bwjyd p e s 3 s g . M6020 I R ii C29)6
Pa bwjynd pres.3.pl. M4a 1 R U
Pa bwj'n subjJsg. HUia/3a/ M6223 R 5:
A.RVV4W M675 R 3; kRM/64a/ oM88 I V 7 =
M% V 7=M175R j; M830+ R 20=0M275+v i 6
Pa bwj'h subj2sg. MMiiifl(36) M77 V 15:
MMiiip08) M77 V 18: M38 V 10; M38 V 12;
RH(l39) oM86 V 23; RH(829) oh4486 B 1; RH(830)
oM486 B 2
:. Pa bwfh' suEj.3sg.MMiiig M7 I R i 8; MMiig(2IO)
M7 I1 V ii 6: KIVa/3a/ M6m R 5; W a / 8 a /
M6m V 5; H.IVa/lOa/ oM6m V 9; H.lVb/3a/
M6220 R 5 = M858e R 1 = oOtani6206 V 1; H.V/la/
hX.220 R 9 = ohi18% R 5 = ~014615R 25; HV/6a/
M6220 V 9; RH(U90) M30 V i 10 = M468a V i 18 =
M347 V ii 7; oOtani6187 B 1
Pa bwj' s u b j . 3 . IiV/l6a/ W 7 V 5
Pa bwj'm subjJ.pl. S6 V 8 {bwh'm)<bwfrn>
Pa bwj'd subj2pl. MKG(1124) M4570 R i 6;
MKG(1%7) MI77 V 21
-

Pa bwj impsg. hfMi&m(6)M39 R i 7: MMiii-7)


M39 R ii 11; ~V306;
W444;BBBc(5) M5779 R 5;
B B B ~ M~ m) 9 R 6: BBBd(l6) MI14 I V 8; M ~ i b
R i 3; MI76 V 5; MI76 V 5; MI76 V U: MI76 v U;
M23 A 3: RH(60) M28O I V U:RH(752) M3U V 9;
RH(758) h811 V 5;RH(804) M449a A 3: R~(851)
M782 V 4; M6281+ V 9
Pa bwf i m p s g - BBB(96) M80Wp6 16; RH(756)
M3UVU
.
Pa bwjm'n impvsg. RH(746) M3U V 3
Pa fmjwrn impvsg. MlEi0: M4b I V 8: RH(358)
M284b V i 3; RH(812) M449a B 1; RH(840) M782
R4
Pa bwjyd impu.pl. BBB(64) M80Wp5 2: MU67 R 8
Pa bwjydm'n i m p p l . + m -M4a 1 R 17
Pa bwjyndyb opt. ARIIIaNa/ oM2457 V 1
Pa bwjyndyy opt. A R I l l b W oM1673 R 3 = &no1
v1
Pa bwxt_ ppJ CPadH)M44 R 3
Pa bwxt ppJ hfKG(79). M48+ 11 V 15: Ml/3%:
A.R.VIII/h/ M89 R 3: Abcd.D i~M7109b;

w 6 1 nv 1

Pa bwxtg ppla MMiiif


R i 3; MMiii,g(208)
M7 11 V ii-4: MV335;MVM3; oM1/408 (So Mller;
or rather bfg'nyglll; M1/423;M5530 R 14; M5530
R 14; ~6650R 6 M6650 V 7; M83 I R 7 = ~ 2 0 v0
4 = M105a R 1 = oM19n R 2: oM83 1 R 22; M737 R
8; RH(920) M749 V 2: RH(1090) M273 R 6; M261I
R 5; M285IIVii25: M5933R7
Pa bwxtg'n ppla. pl. MMiii&l@) M7 I1 R i 22:
MMiii,o(2l) M67 V i 15: BBB(147) M801a/p9 15:
RH(l20) ~ 8 V64: RH(694) M73 V 4: M1451/4
Pa bwxtgn ppJa, pJ. MMiii,m(22) M39 R i 23
Pa bwxt inf J MMiii,fOl) M8m V i 7
Pa bwxtn inf Ja m ( 4 6 ) M2 11 R ii 9: MMiiij
M42 R i 8; HV/l2b/ oM895a+M2224V 2
Pa bwj% ppJZ MMiii,e(99) M6 V ii 9; MMiiim(22)
M39 R i 23; hi306 V 2: A ~ cM
~
nOD8b;M285 I V
i 9; Otani6193 V 5
Pa bwjdpa;ri MMKj67) M42 V i 5
Pa b w w i n f l l GW 518 oM259a V 11 =
~4526cM72651V 9 = M6680+ V 7 = oM5OOh R 1
Pa bwj'd infJI MMiii,i(92) M42 V ii 17: M6020 1R
ii (26)3; Mi5020 1R ii (34)U
Pa bwxsyd pass., pres.3sg. M6020 I R ii (285;
RH(357) M234b V i 2: M8240/2a
Pa bwxsnd pass, pres391. MKG(1923) M5805 B 4
Pa bwxsyndpass..pm.3@. MMiiiM6) M5815 I V
ii 15;hWE,b(107) Mj815 I V ii 26: MMiii,g(79) M7
I V i ,I9 bwxscpnd; CPad93) oM333 V 2;
aOrani1a B 3
Pa bwxs'n pass, SubjJsg. mVa/6a/ M6221 V 1
Pa bwxsapass, SubjZsg. KV11/2Ob/ M5263 V 5
Pa bwxs'h pass, subj3sg. MMiii,M87) M5815 I V ii
6; ~ ~ ~ ( 8OM4578
1 0 ) B i 3; RH(1189) M30 V i 9 =
~ 4 6 &~i17=b6347V ii 6
MP bwj'wm'n impusg. Pa in MP text M448 A 5

CI

;:J
i
. .I

4.
-.
.

Dictionarynary
of Manichaean MicIdie Persian and Parthian
bwj'gr Pa /b6idgar/ n. 'saviour'pa b w w ~ K G ( 6 4 nM4575 R i 3; MMiiif(43) M8171
V ii 7; MMiiig(67) aM7 I V i 7: KMiiiIs<86) M7 I
V i 28; MMiiji(95) M42 V ii 2& MMiiisl(37) M77
V 17: MMiii,p(U) M21 V 5; -343l.5I R ll = 0Ml98a R
2; ~ 4 I bV 2: M4b I V ll; M4aI V 1: MS44 V 10:
u ~ ~ I V ~ = M ~ ~ ! I I I R K : M ~ ~
k,VIb/24d aM6l39 V 3 hB46 V 1; HVIVhI
M871f R 3; Hvn/lOa/ M5263 R 4; ARWlb/
~ 6 2 2 2R 2; kRVI1v6d 0M89 R lk .4RVIIVUai
M89 V 5; 66 R 1; 637 V 3; RH(44) M280 I R 12;
~ ~ ( 4M280
6 ) I R 14; RH(ll9) M86 V 3: RH(175)
~ 2 8 4 aR i 9: RH(387) h1284b V i 32; RH(4U)
~ 1 3 1 6V i 7: RH(448) M763 R i 2:RH(693) M73
V 3: RH(1027) M785 R 3: RH(1039) M785 R 15:
RH(W)
M30 R i 6: RH(ll70) M30 R ii 16; oM5785
I R U;oOtani6230 B 1: O t a n i W B 2: M1703/1;
oM4877/3
Pa bwj'gr'n pi. MMiiih(45) M33 I v ii 3
Pa bwj'gmln W% R 4
Pa bwjgr W352 .
Pa bwwww~j'yg'yg'yg'qg'r~ S6 R 7
MP bw&r Pa f o m in MP text M29lb B 6
bwlmys lbulmis/ (Turk.). Part of Uighur title, S.
'wlwy.
M bwlmys W10; ~ 1 ~ R3i 14
6
bwlnd MP /buland/ a 'high; loud (of voice)'. KPT,
120.
MP bwlnd KPR1975) ~ 2 0 5 6B 9: M97 V i U
bwm MP /blSd n. 'land, ground,eacth; country'. KPT,
120.
MP bwm KPT(1440) ~5566+~450r
V i 12
bwn P ~ M P/bun/ n 'base, bottom, foundation,
beginning rooc, source, origin; principle, basis'. pad
bun i 'at the bottom of, under'. dw bwn wrzg
'the two great principles' = the fundamental
dualism of the cosmos See GW. 111 (22,3).
Bwnmrg 'basic nut&+. Henning 1945b, 152
Pa bwn MKG(8329 M4578 A i 2- MB;G(WI>M6044 R
22; MKG(1443) M5%6 B 7: bMib(66) M2 I1 R ii
29; M11230: Bar(47) M499+ R 8; CPar(146)
~4U+M2086
B 1: M327 R 7 = K24 V 7; HVIII/b/
M689 R 3; A.R.W54b/ M88 I R 8 = M% R 8 =
d 6 7 5 V 6: ILRW61bl M88 I V 2 = M% V 2:
MZ.vn/4bl M9l R 14 = ~69OtM439R 6 = M175 V
12; AbcdC M533 R 4b: AbcdI M352 V llb: M741 R
3b = oM28H R x2b: RH(617) M5860 I V ii 13; GW
520 M4526+Mn65 I V l3 = M&B+ V ll = M451 R
9: GW 522 M45l V 1; GW %M248+V 11= M4515
V 1 = M890 V 2: GW 69 ba95 9 8; GW I43
~ 2 0 II
6 R 4; MU01 V 16; Otaai61.5 A 2
MP bwn Sbrg M477 I V H; Sbrg M482+ I V H; Sbrg
M542bt I V H: Sbrg M542b+ I1 V H; Sbrgfk
dl502 V H; Sbrgfm ~ 8 2 5 6V H: Kaw~(142)
MlOlb R 9; KawA(248) MlOld V 10: ~KG(2425)
~624A
b 5; MMii M2 I V ii 25; KPT(707) oMlOO R

117

iii 9: ~1/161;
S8 V 5; M5794+ I V 14; M5755 R 3:
M5646 R 4
bwndg WMP /bawandag/ a, adv. 'complete;

completely'.
Pa bwndg MXG(1701) M267b+M314 V i 18
MP bwndg M74 1 V 16
b ~ Om ~PaR/bunylSb/
n. 'base, foundation'.
~bwng'h
R ~ ~ M
~ ;
Pa bwnyn MMiii,a(l32) M2 I1 V ii 21
Pa bwng'b ARla/3a/ oM518 R 5
PabwndM256IIR2
bwhy3t MP /buniJt/ n. 'origin. principle;
foundation'.
MP b w n e S9 R i 19
MP bwnySt bwF(9) ~ 6 1 2 0colA 9; MKG(2304)
aM454+ 11 V 9: MKG(2305) M4%+ I1 Y 10:
MKC(ql0) oM454 I1 V 15: KPT(787) MlOO V iii
18; S30 V 1
bwr- MP /bur-/ u3r. 'to cut?hack to pieces'. Henning
1937%4KPT. ll9. S. bryn-.
IMP bwrynd pres.3~11.KPT(776) MlOO V iii 7
h P b W & i w . Md2 I1 R 4
bwrd see brbwrd Pa /burd/ aipp.) 'patient'. See the various
compounds with b w d in the following.
Pa bwrd d~ 9 1 aM83 I1 R 19 = A4838 R 4: GW 333
M340aV4=M295 R 2
bwrd 'bg'm Pa /burda/3yrim/ a. 'bearing pain'. GW

m
Pa bwrd'bg'mGW 63M34Oa V 6 =dl4295 R 3
bwrdm MP see brbwrdmnhmyd MP / b u r d m a n o h r n e d / n.
'canier/bringer of &e Nous'. KPT,24, n.36 KPT,120.
MP bwrdmnhmydn pl. KPT(3OO) M1007+M1027 B ii
3
bwrd pdySfr Pa lburdpadi?f arl a., n 'who has
honour'.
Pa bwrd pdyJfr LN ll3 oM491+M3417V 11
bwrdrnj MP /burdranj/ n. 'who has endured toil

R
~ ' .
MP bwrdrnj M1052/10
MP b w r w n pi. M82 V 20 bwrd<r>npn
bwrdSnwhryft Pa /burdiZn6hrlft/ n. 'gratitude'.
Pa bwrdSnwhryft LN 9 0 M42& V 3
bwrdwd Pa see brbwrdyft Pa lburdif t/n. 'patience'.
Pa bwrdyff MMiii,e(89) ~6 V i 29; RH(579) ~ 5 8 6 01
R i 23
Pa bwrdyft MMiii,m(81) M39 V ii 26; LN 545 ~ 1 8 4 8
R 7; M6Wk M7200 A 3
bwrdyk 6w~d7yMP lburdibf n. 'patience'.
MP bwrdyy M198a V i 6
bwrdySnwbr Pa/MP /burdikcibr/ a. 'bearing
gratitude, grateful'.
Pa bwrdyJnwhr MKG(1916) M5805 A 5; KPT(2114)
0~1916A 5
Pa bwrdybwr MMii,b(l28) M5815 II R i 17
MP bwrdyhwhr M882c V 7

118

: Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian

and Parthian

1I
!

bwrz Pa /burrla 'high, lofty; loud, loudly'.


MV442: RH(123) ~ 8 V6 7; RH(l32) M86 V 16;
Pa bwrz M M i i ) M5815 I R i 30:BBBc(l2) Mm9
RH(692) M73 V 2: RH(1093) M273 R 9; Otani10170
R 12: CPar(l67) M44 V 5: M4b I R 17: HU59b/
v2
M2306 V 4 = bfl663 R 3: H.VIdlOb/ M4970 R 2;
Pa bwg ~ 8 2 8 6I R 12: BBB(91) M801a/p6 11: M6020 1
V i (4lM (Not <t> as in Henning. The reading is
A.R.I/29b/ M83l V 3 = M673 V 10: ARW65b/
ucmain, (bwg) seems more likely.)
M88 I V 10 = M96 V 10 = MI75 R 8: RH(1219) MN
PaS pwt oTM406b R 9
V ii 11: GW 61 M340a R 7
MP bwt KawA(l54) OMlOlb V 10
Pa bwrzystr comp. MKG(42) M48+ I1 R 6
MP bwt'n pl. MKG(Z44) aM236+ R 15: M32b A 12
Pas pwrz cwSoPU5 v 1
bwt_ see bwMP bwrz R H ( W M785 V 1: Oranill075 R ii 3
bwfng Pa /butZnag/ a 'Buddhalike, of Buddha'.
MP bwrz'n pl. KPT(7%) MlOO V ii 7
MKG, 156
W bwrzyq suprl. MMii M36 V 7: BBB(l75)
Pa bwt'ng MICG(2087) M455 A ii 5
M80la/pll10: BBB(451) M80Wp29 12;M78lt I V
bwtyh
MP /?/? *?'. Seems to be a modification of
(17%: M1925fi 7
W
y
b/ M y a h / (Durkin-Meisterernst 2004b, 149
MP bwnyst supt-1. KPT(66) M1001+ R iii 21;
and
1M)
but may in turn, taken together with the
BBB(319) MWp2O 6: M74 1R 10: IKIK4974 R ii
previous
cy. be a miswritten form of cb'wt = Syriac
2l: S9 V ii 33: MX4964 V 2
~b'wt
'Sabaoth,
hosts. (Morano 2004, 223). Cf.
bwrz- Pa /bum-/u&. 30exalt, honour'.
attested
c
w
.
Pa bwrtynd pr&.pl. MMiiig(l84) oM496a R U:
MPbwtyhkL389RlS=M&130I1 R 3
Mll77/2
bwwxt
MP see bwzbwrzw'r, b W r Pa / b u r z w & / a ; ~'hgh,lafty;
bwxs
Pa
see bwjheight '.
bwxsMP
see bwzPa bwrzw"r ~R.W/63a/oM88 I V 5 = M96 V 5 =
b&t Pasee bwjMI75 R 3
Pa bwnw'r MKG(2391) M38Oa-b V 2: MMiii,d(3l) M5 bwxt MP see bwzR ii 1 = ohi748 R 9: MMiiib(51) M33 I V ii 9:
bwxt'r PalMP /b6xtcir/ n;n.pr. 'saviour'. Also a
name (~60U/R/ii/l6/),Sundermann 1994b,263.
MMiii,dl9) M67 V i U:M730 V ii 7: AR/II1/5la/
Pa bwxtar Otani6172 R 3
oh41533 I V 5: ARVI/22a/ M5%3R 3: kRVII/lSb/
MP bwxc'r MKG(1465) dd3414 A 5; Hu(200) M7984 I1
M690tM439 V 8: kRvnl20al oM2B7+M1223R 7 =
M774 V 5: M74 V i3b = Otani6#)&c V 8: RH(908)
V i 32: MMii M28 I1 R i 26; MMii M28 I1 V ii 25:
MMii M$ V 3: M291b B 4: M4b II R 2: M849c B
oM749 R 1: M65 B U
3: P.M.9142 R i 7: oOtani6168 B 2: oM5532 R 4
. bwrzynd Pa lburzend! a., n. 'high; height'.
MP bwxt'fn pi. BBB(l69) M80ldpll4: M467 1 R 3
Pa bwnynd H.WdlOa/ M62! V 9
bwrzyy MP /burzi/ n. 'loftiness'. Parth word with
MP b d m pl. BBB(110) M801a/p7 12
MP. suffix!
MP bwxt'r M601l R ii 16
MP b w r z y y m V i i 5
bwxtgyft, bwxtqyft Pa lb6xtagTf t/ n. 'salvation,
bwrzyyft Pa /burzif t/ n fheight'.
victory'. MKG, 50 n5.Lh' lll(S442).
Pa bwrzyyft HVk/#)b/ M4970 V'2
Pa bwxtgyft Mo(2) M104+R (19)n = oM734 R 3: LN
bws- Pa /b6s-/, Ib6ss-/ v3r. 'to avAf wait for,
W oM509 V 5: RH(95) Id86 R 4; RH(98) oM86 R
.
ex+'.
7; R H O dW92rItZ; M74 H V I5
Pa bwsyd pre-g.
LK 569 M5845 V 5 = Ma8 R 2
Pa bwxtgyft MKG(1825) aHWP B 15: ~ ~ i i i , g ( l 6 l )
Pa bws'm subj.Zpr. Or pres.?W%2 oM7 11 R ii U;M14 V 9; ~ X W 6 3 a M88
/ IV5=
Pa bws impvsg. MMiiij(64) M42 V i 12
&g6 v 5 = MI75 R 3: kR.VI173al M91 R 5 =
bwSy'sp MP /bZyrSsp/ n- 'drowsiness'. Henning
&I8801 R 1-2 = MI75 V 3: LN 54 M509 V 5:
1937%Q'KPT,l2Q On p.47 Sundermann treats it as
RH(232) M284a V i 4; RH(593) 0~5860I V i 1:
a name, p of a demoness.
M5858 V 3
MP bwfy'sp Km(855) ~ 2 6 3 fA+ i 3: aM2023 A H
Pa bwxtgypt M8286 1 V 1: LK %4 oM3U V 5
bwt, bm Pa/MP /but/. /butt/ n.pr. m,n. 'Buddha,
Pa bwxtqyft BBB002) M80Wp18 16
idol'. Asmussen 1965, U6; S u n d w 1991b (and
Pas pwxtky-Pt 10202/3
b-gyb
brrwtgyy,MP/b6xtagib/ n 'salvation'.
ml),427-9.
.
Pa bwt MKG(a)oM48+ II R 16: MKG(56) M48+I1 R
MP bwxrgyh MMii M729 I V ii 4; MI6 R 3; M82 V 9:
20; MKGOoj) M344a R 4: MKG(970) M4587 A 2:
Mll V 22
MKG(1404) M6041 V 15: MXG(2ll7) MI118 A H:
MP bwxtgyy BBB(178) M80la/pll U; BBB(245)
MKG(2318) ML118 A 1; MMiiij(53) M42 V i 1:
&80la/p15 10; M74 I R 19
MMiiji(59) M42 V i 7: RH(824) M486 A 3
bwy p&+jp /hY/
n. 'me4 scent; incense'. Ghilain
Pa bwt'n pL MKG(2174) hG826+M3l20 B 8:
1939,65.
Pa bwq M64 R 33
MMiii,e(l[K)M6 V ii k MMiiif03) M8l7l V i 9;
%

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

U9

Pa bwy M64 R 5: MI02 R 5:. LN 598 M3I.2 V 9 = M905


MP bwzygr MMii M36 V 14': M20 I1 R 6: ~ 7 14R 12:
R 6: GW 40 M248+ R 1:-GW 9 6 M5642 A 11;
M74 I V k M M l b V i 7; S9 V i 6: ~ ~ ( 6 5&fa74
6)
V 4; RH(1002) M485a V 6
M285 I1 R i 28: M6724/2
.
Pa bwyyc W232
b w m n MP lb6zi$d n 'deliverance; apology'. .
Jm bwy MMii M2 I V ii 34: MMii M6l2 V 10: MMii
MP bwzyin M842 V 3: M686 R 7
bxr Pa/MP lbaxr/ n 'share, part'. MKG, 156. See bhr.
M95 V 4b; M849c A 1: M&+ I V i 2
Pa bxr KPT(U55) M715d B 5: GW 587 M7lSd A 5;
bwy(y)- WMP lb6y-/ v.itr. 'to smell sweet, be
Mnbll .
fragrant'. bt5ya'g: 'odorous.fragrant'.
.
MP bpr MIK4h9 R 6
Pa bwyyd pres.3sg. AbcdC M533 V l2b
b
r
Pa lb-bZr/
a. 'who has.a partS:MKG, 21 n2
,MP bwyfg prpJa.MMii M F V .4b= MW3f v 4
Since the word is written bxi djl Sundmann has
bwy'c'r, bwya%r'
.MP ib6Yd~&/ n. 'spices,
entered it in MKG, 156 only, under bm.
fragrances'. Sundermann 1995,287b.
Pa bxrd'r MKG(37) - ,oM48+ .I1 R 1 (Slight space
IMP bwy"car S17 V 2 .
between <r> and <d>, therefore .Sundermann:
MP bwfc'r M26.I R 5
bxr d'lr.1
bwyl' /boyla/ (Turk.). Uighur title, also with MP pL
-'no :
bx8 MP Ibaxfl n. 'allotment, grant '.KPT, 120.
MP bxSKPT(ZOn)oM2Z1V22. .
hi bwyr Wg36 R ii 6: MX36 R E 15: MII(36,R 16:
bxS- Pa /bar?-/ oh-. 'to divide; disuibute,
. . .bestow'.
MI= R ii 24
.
KPT,W)subbxt.
.
. _ . .
.M bql'n-pl. oMm6 R ii 14
Pa bdyd pes3sg. M32a 8.3 . . . . . .:. .
bwyst'n.MP Ib6yestdd n 'garden'.
~ b ~ s t ) n M M i i M 2 I V P 3 3 : : U - M 3 6 V l 9 :. Pa bx5yyd pes.3sg. M584 R i 1 - . '.
Pa bxSyndpres.3.pC- XPT(l354) , M ~BM
4: Gw 587
.W bwyst'n KawA09) .oMlOlj V 7: .KPT(858)
o M 1 6 6 6 B l = ~ A 4. ' ' . . . , :
. :. oM263f+A i 6: KPT(1724) aM47 I1 V 3: Mll R 17
. .
Pa bxt ppJ KawT(2) ~ 2 9 l a - , ~GW
2 : ~ i i Mi666
7
B3
.,W bwyyst'n W27a V 4
.
.
Pa bxtg ppla -2)
M67 V i' 26, - bwywr Pa / & p a r 1 a 'perfymed'.
bx3- MP lbaxS-/ vlr- 'to divide, apportion'.
Pa bwywr LN $26 M27 R ll = MI602 V 7
MP bxZydpres.3sg. RH(1074) MI81 V 1: M849c A 5
bwz- hiP./&z-/v5r. 'to save, me,redeem; win'.
MP b S d dj.3sg. Hu(187) M7984 I1 V i 19
,W bwzympreslsg. MMii M49 I[ R 11
MP bSnd subj.3.pl. Sbrg(419) oM542b+ I1 V 11
;MP bwzydpres2pI. MMii M95 R 3b
MP bxSagprpJa M738 R 14
LMPSpwzgnd presi3.pl. TM406b R 8
MP bxt ppJ gPT(16l2) M8101 V i 5'
hff b w F subj2sg. M38 R 8
MP bdyhyd pass, pres.3sg. WT(364) oM1004+ It
.MP bwz'y subj.2sg. ~ 5 7 %
V i 6ii 12; KFl'(370) aM1004+R iii 2: KPT(545) obiloll B
.3i? bwz'm subjJ.pl. Sbrg(39ll M%2b+ I1 R 7
i 4: K a W R 9
MP bwz'nd subj3.pII oM4b I1 R 22 (Or:
MP bx~hyndpass..pres.3.pl. KPT(794) MlOO V iii
bfwzyndl.) ). . - MP bwzwm impusg. Otani6194 B 4
25
. . .
MP bx~yhyqpass.,ppJZKPT(1617) M8101 V i 10
blP bwzyd irnpu.pl. .$brg(328).~470a+
V 16
,MP bwz'g prpJa MMii aM564 R 5 abGadnyft Pa IbaxGdaniftl n. 'disagreement,
,ciP bwwxt pp.1 Sbrg(@>. M47Sa
..
1 V TT;' SbrgG)
disccd. schism'.. &M@@~B,
8L MKG,%.
M ~ ~ I R ~:. O .
.
.
Pa bxZ'dnyft MKG(1847) oM6032 R 19: LN 27 oM27
,trP bwxf ppJ MMii ~2 .I.Ri 24
R 18: LN 5% M3l2 R 15: RH(223) M284a R ii 27
MP bwxt ppl RH(lOL1)
A 4: OtaniCat102 I V
Pa bgadnyyftLN 588 M34 V 4
6: OtaniCatlO2 I V 7: M5594.h
bxSSn MP l b u A j , / n 'giving, donation'. Also
MP bwxtg ppJa. MMii M729 1.R-ii9: M74 I V 9; S9
'pity'? Waldschmidt-Lentz 1933,559, Gropp 197426. .
R ii 27: S25 V 2: M345 B 5: M105V6: oOtani6248 A
Or rather Ibxjjn?
2 (or Pa)
MP b S n -4974
V i 24 (BeDuhn: ltwJxs'S~)
IMP bwxtg'n ppla, pl. M798a V i 4
bxt see bx3bxtgyft Pa /baxtagift/ n 'oppositeness, split,
lMPbwxeninfJaMMiiM9iV4:M1WVi10
MP bwd unclear m 9 R 6
conflict'. Hapax. Cf. bxtgyb.
MP b m d pass, p r e s . 3 ~%q$m(26)
~.
~ 8 2 %V
-Pa bxtgyft M672713b
2: KpT(1733) M47 11 V 12
bxtgyh,.bxtgyy MP /baxtagTb/ n 'opposition,
bIP bwxsynd'pass., pres3pI. MMii M8251 I V 17
division, conflict'. Henning 1937a, 81 sub
MP b w d n pass., subjJsg. S34 R 3
bxs-dny f t. KPT, 461
blP bwxs'd pass., subj.3sg. S8 V 9;~ ~ ( 6 7M
923)4
MP bxtgyh KFT(461) M1002t R ii 6: L SIO 120 11 V
V 14
10
&lP bwxs'nd pass., subj.3.pl. oS12b R ii 19
MP bxtgyy MIK8259 Il V 7: Otani6161 R 6: M41F I
bwizygr MP /b6zegar/ n. 'saviour'.
V ii 5
'

'

-.

.,.

' ' -' '

'

'

'

'

. - '

'

~~

'

'

120

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

by MP /bay/ n 'god'.
40. .
Pa by MP in Pa text hf.3 A 2; RH(851) M782 V 4
M by'mnwn M11100
MP 'whrmyzd .~rby M798a R ii 2
by'grg Pa /by2garrag/? n. 'prophecy' or 'message'?
MP 'whrmyzd by 58 V 3: oh4897 V 7 b p - } ; M950
Morano 2004 41ME 'For this difficult word I
B i U: oM1518/2
would follow a suggestion by Prof. N Sims- MP 'whrmyzdby Sbrmll) M47W R U; Sbrg(562)
Williams, who tentatively proposes connecting it
M472 I1 V .lo: Hu(160) M984 11 R ii 26: Hu(438)
with Sanskrit vyr3hrnqza 'prophecy". Or is it a
M7980 1 R ii 02112: Hu(473) M7980 I V i 03)13:
defective spelling of '(')byadgrg
'message",
Hu(600) oM7980 I V i (24H: Hu(605) M7980 1 V i
matching ChrSogd by'tq'rc "message, embassy".
(29)8: Oranill075 R ii 2
on which see Sundermann 1988,180-8'
Pa byagrgM6m+ V 3
. . MP 'whrmzd by MKG(1519) aM6812 V 2: MMii M729
IIVi45=oMS97V7
by'nyg MP /bay2nigl a 'divine'.
MP 'whnnzdby Sbrg(252) M535+ R 12
MP by'nyg M74 I V 14: MIK8259 I V ii U
MP 'wrmyzd # by KPT(8l9) &819+M2154 V 5
by'sp'n Pa/MP lbayaspc5nl. lbaydspcfn/? n.
MP b"n Pl. MMii M24 I V 9: MMii M31 I R 8:
'messenger'. Widengren 1960.31 n Q Nyberg 1974,
KPT(1590) M8101 R i 8: BBB(343) &801a/p21 12:
46a,KPT,120; FG,
1% Sundermann 19982
Pa by'spDn M5933 R 7
BBB(480) M801a/p315: oMM4974 R ii 1: MIK4974
V i 5: S7 R ii 12: SI V ii 5: S12a R 17: M68b I R 11:
Fa by'sp'n MKM161Z) M1964+M822 R ii 2: RH(919)
M4a 11 V 14: M4b I1 V 13: aMl7l3/3
M749 V 1
MP Pnwt pl. BBB(403) M80Wp26 15
MP by'sp'n KPT(1576) M5900 B 10: RH(1052) M785 V
MP b'n pl. MKG(2455) M3401 A 1: MMii M95 R 6b:
9: M7l00/2
MP by'sp'n'n pC. oM553 V 3
MMii M36 V 1: Mhli M36 V 16: MMii ml I V 8:
MP byspm pl. KPT, 88 nf. KPT(1722) M47 I1 V 1 .
MMii oM31 II R 2l: MMii M729 I1 V i 14: KPT(m)
bfsyb
Pa /?/n. 'leaf (of door)' (?I.kindreas-Henning
M263ft A ii 10: KPT(1594) hi18101 R i 12: m(159j)
1934,n
M8lOl R i U: BBBC412) M80Wp27 6: BBB(415)
Pa by'syb MMiiid29) M67 V i 8
.
M801aIp27 9; M31j 11V 6: M315 I1 V 14: M43 v 5:
bybr
Pa /b$r/
n '(thick) cloud'. Does bybr in
M74 1R 16: M4 I V 19: M82 R 2 = M235 R 11; ~ 8 2
Sogdica
II,
Fragment
v, R/1/ also belong here?
R 10 = M235 V 3: Mj01c R 3: S52 A 5: ~ 2 2 I3R 5:
H&ng
1944
54.
M293 V U; PM914.2 V i 6: M596a V 2: M546 R 7:
Pa bybranpl. A M L W M780+M889 V 5
M7421 R 8
Pa bybr[
M6865
IMP by Hu(569) M7980 1 R ii (27%: MMii M31 I R 8:
~ ~~ 3 i 1 R i9:
~ 3 1 1 1R 18:
M31 II by'c, by2 Pa / b Z / conj. but except for'.
Pa byc MMiii,b(U) M58l5 I R i 11; MMiii,b(99) M5815
R 22; MMii M29 I1 V ii 15; BBB(31) M80Wp3 5:
I V ii 18: haMiiib(ll3) M5815 I1 R i 2: MMiii,b(207)
B B B ) M80la/p3 12: BBB(446) M80Wp29 7;
M58l5
I1 V ii 15: MMiiib(b(Z10)M58l5 I1 V ii 18:
'M315 I R 17; M74 I R 10: N174 I1 R 9: M17 V i 15;
MMiii,b(220)
M5815 ll V ii 28: MMiii,Q222) M5815
S13 V 3: RH(855) M782 V 8: RH(88l) M394 A 9;
n
V
ii
30:
~KG(146)
M216b V 6: MKG(772) M4577
RH(8831 oM394 A 11: oM4a I1 R 16; M4a I1 V 4;
A
ii
8:
MKG(1020)
M4372
R i 5: MKG(ll40) M4570
M4b I1 V 1: Otani6Sj4 B 4: M6655 B i 3: M4632/2
R
ii
1;
M
K
G
(
1
1
9
4
)
oh44570
V ii 8: MKG(l398)
MP by m a nMMii IW33 1R 2: MMii M729 ll R i 11;
.
' M
W
V
9;
MKG(I667)
~
2
6 7 & ~ 3 1 R4 ii 11:
M82 R 8 = oM235 V 2
MKG(1756)
M%5+
R
ii
5;
MKG(1837)
M6032 R 9:
MP by W n MMii M1.29 I1 R ii 9 = M897 R 14
MKG(1873)
M6032
V
16:
MMiiip
M2
I1 R i 16;
MP by nw'n MMii M31 I R 14: MMG. M31 I V 8:
MMiib(65)
M2
Il
R
ii
28:
MMiiia(U6)
M2 11 V ii
BBB(394) M80Wp26 5: M324 R 12: L B 4: W l b
25;
M~iiig(217)
M7
II
V
ii
l
3
{byd)<byo:
MMiii;
R ii 2: M9i) V 4b: M436 B 6: M4b I1 R U;M4b I1
R
i
U:
KPT(940)
M316+M801d
R
4;
KPT(1242)
M42
V E:M897 V 15
M8802 A 5: KPT(2045) M580 V 4: CPar(82) M333
MP uw'n * by KawA(l51) oMlOlb V 7 (Unsure; poss.
R
6; CPar(94) oM333 V 3: CPar(l25) oM334a V 4:
also a space)
~
~
a r ( l 2 6M334a
)
V 5: oM6020 1 V ii (66117:
MP zyn'rys by RH(650) MU4 R 3
H.VI~la/la/
M256
I
R 1= M855 R 1; LN 947 MI848
- MP zynarys+byoM176 R 19: M4b I1 R 7
v
2;
LN
5103
M307a+b
V 4: M35 V 2; RH(458)
MP zyn'rysby MMii M31 I R 16
M763
R
i
31;
GW
M6680+ R 19; G W 545
by 'ry'm'n MP /bay arydtn&zPn.pr. m.
M248+
R
12;
GW
550M5906
R 1: GW 9% M5531 A
MP by 'ry'm'n BBB(461) M80Wp30 4
2;
~pT(1910)
MIK8259
I
R
i 3: Otani6198 V 2:
by- MP /bay-/ v ~ r'to
. drive away' (?).KPT,W.
0tani~at102
I1
R
6
MP by yhynd pass., pres.3fil-KPT(866) -f+
Ai
Pa bycman MMiii,a M2 II R i 29
14
Pa bycwm MKG(1618) M964+M822 R ii 5 ; M7201
by'mnwrz /byrSmanwarz/ n.pr. m. (Sogd.) S i s 3
Williams refers me to I 'Py'mn, Sims-Williams 1992,

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

121

599 M2331B7=M2601A 2; GW 599M2331 B 8 =


Pa bycyS GW 5102 M6300 A 10
M26Cll A 3; GW 599 oM233l B 11= M2601 A 6: GW
Pa bycyS'n MMiii,a62) iIM2 ii B ii 25; GW 73 M847
5144 M206 II V 5: M839 R 5: M8220 R 2: M882011
R5
Pa byd ado.KawT(ll) M29la B 4: Md46) M734 V.
Pa byi MMiiib(2l7) M5815 I1 V ii 25; MMiip(40) M2
11; MoCn)MUZa V 9: MMiii,Ml) M5815 I R i 1;
I1 R ii 3
MMiii,bO) M5815 I R i 3; MMiii,b(6) M5815 I R i 6:
byc MP /bEz/ cmj. 'but'. Also cybyc (under
i n t a g . cy).
hlKG(846) M4578 A i 16; MKG(889) M4578 B ii 3;
MP 'ynbyc 510 R 8
MKG(892) a4578 B ii 6: MKG(896) M4F8 B ii
MP byc Sbrg(57) oM475a I R 9: Sbrg052) oM542b+ I
10; MKG(900) M4578 B ii 14: MKG(903) M4S8 B
.B 16: 3-7)
M542b+ T V 7; Sbrg(3S7) M542b+
. ii 17: MKG(960) M4586 A 1; MKG(979) M4579 R i
11 R 3; Sbrg(415) M542b+ II V 7 = M805a+ R 12;
5; MKG(ll35) M4570 R i 17; MKG(1178) M4570 v
KawA(73) MlOIk V 7; MKG(1973) M742 I R 9;
i 15; MKG(14U) M6041 V 24; MKG(1552) M5651 B
Hu(1221) M983 11 R i 25; HU(W)
M7983 n v i
5; ~KG(1562)~ 1 6 0 A
8 1: MKG(1581) M47 I R 6:
5: Hu(U09) M983 I1 V ii ll; MMii M2l9 V 21;
MKG(lM2) M267b+M314 V i 9;' MKG(1742)
WT(1756) M45 V 4; M733 R 12; oNI733 V 11: S14 V
oM5055+ R i 5: MKG(1896) M523a-c A 10;
4: M5/94+11 R 7; M199+ V ii 17
MKG19l7) oM5805 A 6; MMiiia M2 I1 R i j:.
MP bycwm'n -31)
oM470a+ V 19
MMiiib hi77 R 8: KPT(1215) M183+ I1 R 12;
MP bycyii'n M97 V i 4
KPT(l223) MI@+ I1 V 4;'KPT(1234)OM183 I1 V .I5 .
MP byyc P M W V? 11
=a
M3S V 5: KPTfW)M715d A 4; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 7 9 i )
MP cybyc GIosE.~
Ma35 V i (an;
M210 R 9
M572 . R .9: . ICPT(2050) M580 V 9:. CPar(7) .
MP qybyc KawA(249 Mlffld V 7
~ 3 3 2 . ~ ~R 26:4.CPar(34) ~ 3 3 2 + ~ 7 2V4 14:. .
MP k y b y d n Sbrg(l51) M48B 1 R 7 (Not kybyc as
spar(%) M333 V 5; CPar(lO1) oM333 V 10: ~ 1R'8
in Boyce 1977, see MacKenzie 1979: 528, note
7: M6033 A 'ii (9) 2: M6033 A ii (10) 3: AbcdB .
on 151)
M507Vi3b: KawN(27) A435 V 9: RH(S90) M5860. .
MP mnbyc' W76 V U
I R ii 1%GW 579 ~5561tM5562V 3 = M847. V 4 =.
byc'r MP /bZz&/ a 'annoyed, disgusted' + kardan
oM4350 V 2: GW 580'M&17 V 8 = oM4350 V 6;'
'to vex, disgust'. de Blois 1998,482 n l
GW 93lM&Q7V,ll:
GW W M n M B 4 : M ~ ~ I I R
MP byc'rwm M28 I R i 19
2a: HCfd M698 A lb: ~4624/2;M7201 A 4
bycwm'n MP see byc
MP byd a Pa in MP text M543 R 12
byd Pa /bid/ a;adv. 'other, another'. 'yw bydan
bydndr, bydyndr MP /b@d&ar/ a 'outside: taz
and 'yw byd: 'one another'. 'yw 'c/'w/'d/pd
'of'). KPT, l20.Humbach-Skjaerva 1983 2 50.
byd 'one fdto/with/through another'. Adv:
MP
bydndr KawF(83) M6l2C-colF9; Hu(325) M7981
'secondly, agaiq further, then, again'. 'yw byd is
I
Vi21
attested in M507/V/Ub/. The apparent attestation in
MP
bydyndr KawF(56) M6l20 colE 3: KPT(328)
MY3671 may be a cut off byd'n.
M1009
Bi 7
Pa byd'n a.,pl. ~KG(1036)M4572 V i 3; MKG(1042)
bydwm
MP/bZdom/
a 'outermost, furthermost'.
oM4572 V i 9; MMiii,g(l27) M7 I1 R i 9; W 6 l a /
Bartholomae
1906
50
ILL
M6UO V 3 = OM2851 V 1= OM5587 V 1; IUVa/3b/
MP bydwm Hu(nrtl99~1V 2' - . R 6: XlVal6bI ~ 6 2 2 V2 2: ARfhnDOHtr/bydyndr
MP see bydndr
oM449bM503c R 2: AbcdB M507 V 12a:-RH(105)
M86 R 14: IiH(194) M2&la R i 28: RH(201) M284a byh Pa /b@b/adv. 'out forth, away; outside' byh 'c
'outside of, apart from': 'without'; ' c byh
R ii 5; R H O M763 V i 23: RH(518) hi763 V ii
'outwardly'. Boyce 1% 185 for partly conjectured
U: RH(5az) M5860 I R ii 2: RH(589) ~ 5 8 6 0I R ii
I'cl by@ 'without', 'on the outside'. GW, ll3
9: GW B 0~2601
A 7; oOtani6202 B 8
(5293.
Pa byd a MKG(1039) M4572 V i 6: MKG(1045)
WMIr byh KPT(1547) M1859 B 2 (KPT, 77 n3: 'st%
M4572 V ii 3: MKG(1174) M4570 V i 11;
= parch. 'aukn' odes mp. 3SgOpt von 'sein".')
MKG(ll78) M4570 V i 15: MKG(1201) M4570 V ii
Pa byh MgG(2%) M27Oat~869I R 1: MKG(808)
15: MKMW oM6032 R 18; MKG(1850) ~ 6 0 3 2R
0M4577 B i 21; MKG(1040) M4572 V i 7:
22: MKG(1851) obi6032 R 23; MMiiig M2 I1 R i 18;
~ ~ G ( l u~6435 7 3V ii 15: MKG(U44) M6040 V 11:
KPT(ll%) MI83 I V 5; KPT(1887) ~ 6 2 8 0R 1:
MKG(l372)
M6041 R U:MKG(1712) M267b+M314
W367: CPar(62) M 4 9 9 V 4 CPar(63) ~ 4 9 9 +V
V
ii
2:
MMiiii(74)
M2 II R ii 37; MMiii,d(77) M5
5: CPar(66) M499t V 8; AbcdB M507 V Ub; S31 R
V
i
17
=
M748
V
7; KPT(1799) M'572 R 17;
5; KawNOl) M35 V U = M740a V 2; KawN04)
CPad80)
M333
R
4:
CPar(85)
M333 R 9: CPar(166)
M35 V 16; RH(40) M280 I R 8; RH(212) M284a R ii
M44
V
4:
hi8201
R
i
7;
H.X/%b/
aM93 I V 10;
16: RH(242) M284a V i 14; RH(256) MWa V i 28:
bR.VIIah?a/
M8285
V
3:
LN
68
M5845 V 2:
RH(276) M284a V ii 16; RH(552) ~ 5 6 4 0V 6: GW
RH(ll30)
M30
R
i
2;
RH(1193)
M30
V
i U =~468a
8 M259tWM453b R 15; GW 553 M248+ V 10: GW
'

',

'

/
I
I

122

Dictionary of ~ani'chaeanMiddle Persian and Parthian

V i 2l; RH(1229) M30 V ii 21: M795 V 10: M66 V


6: M6948 A 1
Pa byb KPT(943) M316tM801d R 7: M730 R i 11: GW
SB ~ 8 II3R 15

byh'[ MP /?/? '!'. Hemkg 1940.54


MP byhl Glosrv oM6865 R 2
byl'b'd /bZl&rSd/ n.pr. place-name Beth-Lapat
Semitic

Pa byl'b'd W i n ) M5569 V 6
3 y l g bylk' lbilgd (Turk.). Part of Uighur
riame/title, s 'wlwy; s 'yn'ncw. On kiil bilgl see
-Sundermann 1992b, 66-67 with a reference to
Moriyasu
M bylk' M1/126
M bylg' MIK36 R i 16: MIK36 R ii 14; M43 V 2:
oOtani6B3 B 5
M bylg'iJ M1/11;MI58 I R 3
bylwr Pa lb6lzirl n. 'rock crystal'. Henning 1937%81
(NP.&il&). Cf.bynulyyn. A Korn kindly suggested
. transaibing /beltit/.
. Pa. bylwr M229 R i 15
bylyg /bilig/ rzprm (Turk.) - kwnpis'ngwn wg'.
h4 bylyg MY35
bjln- MP /barn-/ ufr. 'to bid, tie'. Is KPT(1652)
p'ybst m e or m-owords! Here it has been taken as
two. For dEm barn-, s. Henning 1944%111 nL!.
MP bynyd pres.3sg. KawA(ll7) MlOle R 7
MP bynynd pres.3.pl. KPT(874) M263f+ A ii 7
MP byn'd subj3,sg M867 R +hi3845R ii 10
MP byn'nd subj3.pl. Hu(ll64) M7983 I V ii 2
MP byn impv~g.M389 V 9 = M W ll R 12
MP bnyd impv.pl. M87 V 4a
MP b s t p p l Kaw~Ol)MlOlj R 9; KawA(146) MlOlb
V2:S9Ri14;S9Ri22:M389RU=M&UOiIR
2
MP bst ppJ ~brg086)M542b.t 11 R 2; Sbrg098)
oM542bt I1 R 14 $brg.a(45) oM537a+ 1 V 21:
Sbrg.fm(28) M8256 V 4: Hu(176) M7984 11 V i 8:
Hu(294) M7981 I R ii 24; HuO57~M79831 V ii 19;
Hu(369) M798I I V ii 31: Hu(966) M7982 R ii 8:
Hu(1046) MI982 V ii 20: MMii M9 I1 R 18:
KPT(64) M100P R iii 19: KPT(292) MlOO7+MlO27
B i 2 (Covered in red, possibly a correction In
that case bst would seem to be the word
corrected; the word replacing it seems to be
lost.); KPT(761) MlOO V ii 14; KPT(827)
M819+MZ154 V 0:KPT(838) Ma53 R 4; KPT(84O)
M853 R 6; KPT(1140) M302 V 6; m 1 6 5 2 ) M46 R
19: L SiO l20 II R 3; L S10 120 I1 V 12; 6 9 R i 27:
S9 R ii 14: S12b R ii 51: MIK8259 II V 4
MP b&'n pph, pl. Glossh oM7W R i 2
MP bstn inf .Za KawA(45) MlOll R 4: KPT(759)
MlOOViil2
bync'r MP /?/n 'cottage' (?I.
MP bync'r'n pl. MMii M% V 15
byr MP /b&/ n. 'spade'. Sundermann 1985%293,1123.
Pa byr M1/385 (Pass. not a complete word)
'

MP byr MI2 R 17

P Y see
~ lyt m

byrwlyyn Pa /&til&/ a. 'of crystal'. Cf. bylwr. A


Korn kindly suggested transcribing /benil&/.
Pa byrwlyyn H.IV/2a/ oM5540 V 7
byrwn Pa /&h/n. 'outside'. az b k b m 'outside,
'outside'. LN 124 (S100.9).
without'. 6
Humbach-Scjarv~1983 Z 50: be' + r h .
Pa byrwa IN 9
00M905 V 5
MP byrwn KawD oM625c R i 1; KawF(64) M6120
a l E It KawF(79) M6l20 COIF5; MKG(2018) M742
I1 R 10: KPl"(390) oM1004+ V i 3; 'KPT098)
M1004+ V ii 4: BBB(548) M8Oldp35 1: S12b R ii
44; M4b II R 17: M4b I1 V 5
byspnn MP see byasp'n
by MP /&Z/n 'pain, sorrow;harm, hostility'.
MP by3 Otani6156+ A 9: M199+ V i 17
by& MP Ih-25-/uzr. 'to hurt, torment'. Sundermann
1985%293, n24
Pa bySyymlpres3.pl. M840g/3 .
MP bySydpes3sg. Hu(El7) M7983 I1 R i 21
MP byjyd pres2.pl. MMii M95 R 3a
MP bySyndpres.3#1. Hu(1193) M7983 1 V ii 31; MI2

v1
.
MP byStppJ M199 V ii 9
by&, by?^ MP /biZdz/ n 'doctor, physiaan'.
*

MP bys'c Ml/ll8
MP bys"z MMii M28 I1 V ii 11
bySaz-MP /bis&-/ vir. 'to heal'. Caus. bys-yn- 'to
doctor. treat, heal '.
MP byPzyndpres3.pl. oOrani6152 V 4
MP bys"z'ganprpJa, pl. BBB(174) M80la/pll9
MP byl'zynyd caus, pes.3sg. MMii M224 I R 6
MP byS?qmd'
caus., subj.3sg. MMii M564 R 1 a
MP bys"zynandcaus., sW.3.pl. M514 B 2
byS'zyb bygzyy MP /Wdzib/ n. 'doctoring,
healing'.
MP bys"zyh MMii M28 fl V ii 12
MP bys'zyy KPT(1877) oM825 11 R 8
by3 para Pa /biipdrn! n . . m. Indian name,
V i S v a @ ~Henning 1947, 52-3; Klimkeit 1989, 209

do.

Pa by5 p'm MI202 V (1712


bySySn MP ~~l n. 'harm, torment'.
MP bywn Id5750 V ii 4
bytdryy Pa /&8-dardy6/ n.pr.place-name. = mod
Badrai, Henning 19424945 and n2
Pa bytdryy M6033 B i (15) 3
bywr WMpWar/n u n 'ten thousand'.
Pa bywr ~gG(265)M49l2 V 2; MKG(266) M4912 V
3;~Miii,hM33IRi4
Pa bywfn pl. ~KG(1926)M5805 B 7: R~(482)M763
R ii 28; GW 5144 M206 I1 V 5
MP bywr MMii M9 I R 18; -3/3
byxi$- Pa /birr-/ vfr. 'to beg'. Asmussen 1965, 136.
Indian loanword
pa byxfylp-es2sg. MMiiig(ll7) M7 I V ii 29

.z.3.Ii
..I

1.3

Didonary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

:-;I

..1

..-I

byy by / b W npr.f.(Turk-?)
M b ~ * y~
~ 4 3
byi Pa see byc Pa
bz-Pa / b a d vitr. .'to receive help';
..
Pa bzynd pres.3.pl. MMiii,a M2 II R i 2
bzbr Pa /baz$arl? a. 'in distress'. MKG. 157.

. .,, .
j

'.

-;:1

3
!I:;
1

'I

.!
:..i
.
:.
-.
1.1.

-1

:i

(...
-

.
.

..- -.,

'-3
.$

1; 1

...I

:.I

j.!::!.
. ..

. .

1,
-

-.-

-,

. .

.:I

..: I . : , .
.

'i
:il
?

'

'i

.$

.
.

..

:5

-:

:i

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-1

1.I.1
.I

'

'

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,'

'

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I.
!

R 4b; M741 V lla: S35 V 2: GW 591 Mj531 3 2:


liCff16.2 M387 B 2: M2165/2
Pa bzqr MKG(70) M48+II V 6: MKG(321) MI514 Y I:
MKG(1666) M267b+~314R ii 10: W 8 8 ) d 3 3 3 3
CPar(97l W33 V 6; CPar(lO5) 0 ~ 3 3 v
3 1.1:
OM% R 1;M65 B ZoM92 R la: M1169/2
Pa bzkr'n MKG(8lZ) oN145n B ii 2: MKG(1235)
M4574 V u 1: KPT(1820) oM572 V 16: A.R.VI/Zlb/
M5503 R 2: LN 5100 M905 V 6: RH(1200) M30 V i
20: M17l n V 14: oM8W R 24 =
v i 12:
~ 6 m 2
Pa bzqr'n pl. MKG(244) M270a+M869 I V 4:
Otani6166 B 3
MP bzkr R~(662) MS847 A i 5: M653 R ii 7: M28 I V
i 12; M4l9 I R ii 5
MP bzqr KPT(lll) MlOOl+ V ii 6; &4 R 2: M5750 R ii

Pa bzbr MKG(1709) M267b+M314 V i 26


bzg PaIMP /bazzag/ a,; n. 'sinfuh wicked, evil; sin,
wickedness evil'. Bailey 193385.
.
,
Pa bzg Mo(9) MlM+ \.' (2615 = M734 R 8:'~~iii,b(52)
M5815 I R' ii 26: I ~ b ( 5 6 A45815
)
I R ii 30:
MMiii,b(86)M5815.I V ii 5: ~i(G(142)W 6 b V 2;
MKG(l388) M604l' R 29: MKG(1441) ~ 5 9 6 6B 5:
MKG(1688) M267b+M314 V i 5: EAKG(1758)
M5055+ R ii 7: M~iii.g(l25) M7 11 R i 7;
MMiii,g(S)MI I1 R ii 17: KPT(ll79) Ml83+I R 6:
KPT(ll96) W18p I V 8: CPar(108) M334a R 3: M4a
15 MP bzqr'n pi. MMi Ma9 R 2: MMii M28 I1 V i 9;
I R U; M6020 I V 'ii (61)12: RH(U?IS)M30 R i 17:
MMii M612 R U:S12a R 15: M28 I R ii 32: PM914.l
KPT(~W)
biE8259 1:R i 6: HCfr16.4 M6725 B 3;
R?8;oKadlluR10
MI201 V 2 M6020 I1-Ri 8; M6063/2
.L..~,'.Pa bzganN: m
28 9
.
b
m
1
Pa/MP* /bazm/'n 'meal,feast': -.
Pa bzgystr comp. ~ ~ ~ ( 1 8 9 4 1 . ~ V6 228. 0
Pa ban MKG(1590) hi47 I R 15
MP bzm M23W6
MP btg Sbrg(150) M482+ I R..6: Sbrg(888) oM475a I1
R I& IEawA(79) MNlg B 3: KawA(127) oMlOle li bzm I MP /bazm/ a "seated enthroned (for a
meal)'. MadCenzie 1989, 68 with reference to Arm.
6; MKG(2016) M742 I1 R 8: Hu(886) M7984 V i
bazmel 'to sic redine (at table)'. Already Salemam
30: MMii OMS& R 4 a; KPT(1629) M8101 V ii 8:
1908,61(where Marr suggested the Ann. word).
610 R 2: S14 R 14: RH(681) MZ34 V 16; M199+ R ii
fact there seems ro be little difference betvjeen the
11: Ml6221i10.: &I490212
.
two lemmata b z m
MP bzg'n pi. MMii M28 I1 V i 3: M781+ II V (44)4;
S12a R 4
MPbzmM3R5
bzmg Pa /bazmag/ n. 'lamp'.LN 95 (S26.4).
MP bzgdr mmp. Hu(ll00) M7983 I R ii 6; 0tan&431
WMIr bmg M383V2
A1
Pa
bzmg MMiii,e M6 R i 2: MMiiig(61) M7 I V i 1:
btgyf t Pa /bazzagvt/ n 'sin, wickedness, evil '. LN
26 M27 R 10 = ~1602V 6 (bzg); GW 556
Pa bzgyfl Mo(18) M104+ V (35114 = oM891b V 3;
M248+
V 16 = M890 V 8
.
H.Vb/lla M489b V 1: RH(51) M280 I V 4
MP
bzmg
Pa in MP text MMii MZ24 I R 1
Pa bzgyft AbcdB oM507 V l5a: AbcdG oM533 R 2b;
bzmg'n
Pa
/bazmag&/ n. = bzm 'meal'? Colditz
. .
Abcd.E MfZL R 3b: LN 587 M34 V - 3; RH(225)
2000.295
translates
'Lampen', regarding this word as
M284a R ii 29: RH(259) M284a V i 31: RH(1202)
the pL of bozmag.
.. . ' .
~ v . : p & ~ 2 6 n ; ~ V. z - ~
Pa bmg'nanpi. Ma8 11 R 3a
bzgyb bzgyy MP lbazzag?b/ n. 'sin, wickedness,
.
.
bzy'dwmyy MP lbazycidomil n 'great wickedness'.
:
- . evil'.
.
.
Andreas-Henning 1933,4&rBoyce 1977,30.
MP bzgyb Hu(97l) M7982 R ii U;~ ~ ( 1 0 0Mm82
8) V
MP bzyadwmyyMMii M564 R 2 a
i 16; ~ 8 8 ) 6A 3; M867 R +M3845 R i 3: M28 I R i
. .
bzySk Pa lbizeikl n 'doctor, physician'.
.
31
.
Pa bzy3k KawT(l2) M291a B 5: MKG(110) M48t I R
MP bzgyy Hu(lO52) M7982 V ii % Hu(1069) M7983
18: M544 V 9: OM@ R 4: dl369 R 10
I R i 9: Hu(1097) M7983 I R ii 3: MMii Ma9 R U:
Pa bzysq M306 R 3
aM97 V ii 3:'L S10'EO II R 2: M28 I R ii 31: MMii
Pa bzy5km'n ~ 6 8 V
0 10
M825lIV6
-, bzkr,, bzqr Pa/MP
lbazzakkarl n. 'sinner, bzySkyft Pa lbizejkSf/ n 'healing'.
.
.
pa bq%yfg~RW48b/dB26 V 3
.
evil-doer'. .
c'gr Pa lc'rigarl? a.? + Ytyd or pnuyd 'to enPa bzkr MKG(807) ~ 4 mi . ~~ ~ ~ ( 1 1 M4570
29)
.
compass'. Boyce 1952,443, n.3. Cf. cxr.
R i II;. AdKG(1903),M523a-c B 5: MMiiia(Q4) M2 I1
Pa c'gt AbcdC M533 R 3b; M468a R ii 8
V ii U; KPT(1525) M8280 R i 3; KPT(1829) M6470 .
c'h
Pa/MP /c'd/n 'pit, well'. Coldia 1987,282
R 2; KFT(l830) oM6470 R 3; C~ar(86)M333 R 10:
c% CParO5) M33BM724 V 15
Pa
CPar(ll8) W34a R U: A.RVI/%a/ ~ 6 2 4 0 cV 7;
MP
c 3 KawA(258) MlOlm V 1; MI2 V 8
kRW64aI M88 I V 7 = M% V 7 = MI75 R 5;
camPa
fc'dm-/ vitr. 'to set off, go'. Henning 1937%
kR.FragDO/IB/ M%9b+M503v 3: AbcdE M722
'.

-..

123

n-

;,

MI

'

,124

Dictionary of ~anichxeanMiddle Persian and Parthian

8 - 2 'come', against Lentz 1926, 255 'to bring'; but


'go' seems more suitable in the contexts
Pa c'mynd pres3N. AbcdB Ma7 R 4b
Pa carnabsubjZsg. ARM/3a/ M9l R ll = MI75 V 9;
MI0 R 7
c'nggyy /ZangSil n. (TurkJCbin). Uighur title:
BeDuhn apud Guliai ml,
234 n.23& 'keeperof the
annals (Chinese cb 'ang sbib)'.
M cangSyyMI& R ii 12
carPa /&it-/ vimpers. .'it is necessary' (+ infU1).
,
,Pa car h$Miiib(ll)M58l5 I R i 11;MMii,Ml2) M5815 1
R i 12: MMiiiMU) M58l5 1 R i U: MMiii,MO)
M586 1 R i 30: MMiiiW3) M5815 I R ii 2:
MMiii.b(47) M5815 1 R ii Zl:MMiii,b(H) M5815 I R
ii 27: MMiiiH62) M5815 I V i 5: MMiii.b(Z2-0)
M5815 11 V ii 28: MKG(1205) M4570 V ii 19:
MKG(1620) M1964+M822V i 1: MKG(2090) M455 B
i 2: Mhfiiih(66) M33 I1 R i U =M367V 7; M m 3 :
CParO31 M33Bh4724 V U;CPar(52) aM499+ R U;
M60B I R i 14: M6020 I R i 2;Ma20 I R ii (DH:
i.531 V'5: 631 V 8; 531 V 9: GW 9 M259b+M&b
V lo: GW 91~4526+M7265I 2 = M
m R 2;
GW 517 ~4526M72651 V 5
c'r MP /&r/ n. 'place; beans'. nbcybr 'hunting
place, hunting ground'. KPT, W). Cf. MPB t&ag
'means'. S Sundermann #)O2c, 213 n.26
MP car KawA(U8) MlOlb R 5: MKG(2000) M742 1 V
14 (Sundermana N c Y d with note rejecting
I(c)'t but the dot seems clear enough though it
has been smudged); KPT(906) M263f+ B ii 9;
M627 V ii 6
c'rygr MP /Grigarl a. 'capable' (?I. Cf. MacKenzie
1971a, 21: t d r a g , - g a r i b - a b i l i t y ' .
Kudara-Sundermann-Yoshida1997, Text vol, 179.
IMP c'rygr Orani6W A 4
c'S- Pa /c'dS-/ v ~ r'to
. teach'.
Pa c'5yd impvp2. RH(378) M284b V i 23
cJSny Pa see c3nyg
c's'nyg, caSny,c'iynyg Pa/MP /Ghig/ n. 'taste'.
Henning 1937a, 82 KPT. l20.
Pa caSny Henning 1937% 82 KPT, 120: 'so aus
Raummangel stan c a ~ y g 'KPT(1199)
.
M183+ I V
11
Pa c'Snyg MKG(276)aM3848V 4
Pa ca5ynygM539e/3
MP ca5nyg M95 V 7b: KPT(287) M1007+MlO27 A iii
5: KPT(785) MlOO V iii 16: KPT(789) MOO V iii
20: RH(1081) MI81 V 8: oM5%b R 1
MP c'Snygan pl. KPT(792) MlOO V iii 23; KPT(793)
oMl00 V iii 24; M28 I V ii 32
c'Synyg Pa see c'Snyg
c'wn, c"wn, cwn MP /c'e36n/, l C h / adv.rel.,
interrog.; conj.; prep. 'of such a kind, in such a
manner. as, how', with correlative "wn; 'as'; 'like'.
KPT 120 refers to KPT(505) and KPT(510) as uses of
c'wn as a noun 'something'. Unclear cases have
been placed under the adv.

MP Pwn interrog. iGT(1649) M46 R 16


M P c'wn adv. Sbrg(319) oM470a+ V 7; Sbrg(564)
M472 11 V P KawA(143) oMlOlb R 10; KawA(172)
aMlOlh V 9: KawA(182) MlOlf R 9; KawA(193)
oMlOlf V 8: KawA(2.03) MlOla R 6; KawA(221)
oMlOh V 9; KawA(Z27) aMlOla V 15: MKG(1537)
M6810 B 4: MKG(1990) aM742 I V 4; MKG(2OOO)
M742 I V 14; MKG(223) M236+ R 9: Hu(7l8)
M798llI B ii 32; Hu(892) M7984 V ii 2; MMii M49
I R 1: MMii M95 R l b = OM1609 R lb: MMii M95 R
2b: Wii M% R 3b = MY3f R 2: KPT(642) M6060
A 4; KFN769)MlOO V ii 22: KPT(1868) aM825 I v
8:M97Rii12;M16R3:S!Vii 6: S12aR 8: S52B
2; M26 n R 3: M268 A 6: M268 A 9: MKG(2219)
M5794+ 11 R 6: M5794+ I1 V 7; M28 I V i 10: M555
V 2a = ~5361V 3; MIK4976a V i U:M694 R 3:
M% R 3; aMIK4983 R 8: MMii M8251 I R 9:
MMii M82n 1V 7; M6452 I1 V 7
MP c'wnmyd'n adv. KPT(490) M1002+ V i 6;
KFT(745) MlOO V i 23
MP c W n odv.Sbrg(251) M533 R 11
MPc'wnwmt87cjIM82R22=M235 V 9
MP c'wnyS prep KPT(1751) M45 R 10: S9 R i 16
M P c'wnyt'n prep. M299a R R 9
c'wn cotrj. KawA(W! oMlOlb R 5: MMii oM9 I1
R 18; MMii M9 11 V 3; M5794+ 1 R 16
MP c'wn prep. &&284) M535+ V 20: Kaw~(176)
M10lf R 3; KawA(179) MlOlf R 6; KawA(189)
MlOlf V 4: KawA(205) oMlOla R 8: KawA(215)
MOla V 3; KawA(232) oMlOld R 5; KawA(243)
~MlOldV 5; KawA(252) MlOlrn R 3; Kaw~(263)
oMlOlm V 6; Kaw~(264)oMlOlm V 7: Kaw~(266)
M9ll R 2: Kaw~(279)MlOln R 5: Hu(220) M7984
n V ii a:Hu(274) M7981 I R ii 4: Hu(1274)
M7983 11 V i 10; Hu(U82) M7983 11 V i 18:
H u ( a ) hi7983 11 V i 22; MMii M9 11 V 11: MMii

M21ViU;MMuM2IVi37:MMiiM2IVii31:
MMii M49 I V U:MMii M49 I1 V 10: MMii M219 R
16: MMii M219 V 2; MMii oM95 V 2b (So
Sundermann 2004a. 527. Andreas-Henning:
cCy)~dInkKPT(72) oMlOOI+ R iv 6: KPT(119)
M1001+ V ii lQ; ICPT(122) M1001+ V ii 17: KPT(123)
M100H V ii 18; KPT(129) M1001+ V iii 3: KPT(243)
M1014+M1030 A 5: KPT(655) oMlOO R i 4:
KPT(657) knOO R i 6; KPT(708) oMlOO R iii 10:
KPT(797) M819M2154 R 3: KPT(800) M819+M2154
R 6; KPT(803) M819+M2154R 9; KF"R899) M263f+
B ii 2: K P ~ U)3 f + B ii 4: ICPT(903) oM263f+
B ii 6: 18T@Oj)M263f+ B ii 8: KPT(9ll) M263f+
B ii 14: KPT@B) M765i A ii 4: KPT(1736) M47 I1
V 15; KPT(1750) M45 R 9; KPT(2011) M221 V U ;
M781+ I R 6: MEK4974 R ii 23: L SIO 1#)I1 R 11; L
SIO 120 11V 3: L SIO 120 I1 V 4; L SIO 120 I1 V 5:
6 9 R ii 23; S9 V i 33; M28 I V ii 10; MMii M8251 1
R 4; M%5 V 6: M545 V 8; M627 V ii 11: M627 V ii
U;Otani6152 R 5
Mp c'wn KpT(505) M1002+ V iii 2: Kl'T(51O) M1002+

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


V iii 7

h4P c'wn interrug- Sbrg091) M%2b I1 R 7:

~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 4~. 44) R6n


MP cwn-Kaw~(110MlOle R 6: KawA(207) MlOla R
10: KPT(35) oh41009 A ii 2: KPT(l37l) M4500 R ii
4: KPT(U99) M4500 V ii 8
MP mnwm MMii M95 R la = OM1609 R la: MMii
M95 R 2a: MMii M95 R 3a = oMM3f R 1
MP cwnys'n ~9 v ii 6
c'wnd Pa see cwnd
c'wnrnyd'n MP see c"arn
c'wnyh MP lEe'6m-b/ rr 'name, wing'.
MP c'wnyb MMii M9 II R 7: MMii M9 I1 R 10: MMii
M9 I1 R 11
c'wyd Pa /c'cSwgd/ prep., postp. 'around'.
Pa c'wyd MMi* M33 I R i 11; M4b I R 12: -5
I1
V ii 15; Otani6219 B 2
Pa c'wyyd M468a R i 18
c'wynd Pa see cwnd
c ' x i MP ltiixJ-/ v&. 'to let taste'. KPT, 120 sub
I

Ixiyd.

.-.

MP c'xsyd pp.11 ? KPT(1959) 0 ~ 2 0 5 A


63
ccyyin MP see cyydn
-'stealing, rob&ry'.
cbwrgy& cbwrgyy MP I?/
Sundermann 1984bl504,1169. LN 119 (5885).
MP cbwrgyh L SIO Y20 II V 11
,W cbwrgyy Hu(979) M7982 R ii 21
MP cbwrgyyh Hu(1060) M7982 V u 34
c$- MP /iap6t/. /sapti!/ ap'. . m '(the angel)
Sabaorh'. Cf. brutyb.
MP cpwt M781+ I V (25114
cf'r Pa ltaf dr/ num card. 'four'.
Pa cf'r MMiii,&)
M5569 V 2: MKG(174)
M216ctM1750 R U: MKG(188) ~216aR H:
MKG(263) M49K R 5: MKG(23981 a4523 A 2:
MMiiib M33 I R i 4: MMii,h M33 I R i 11: MMiiij
M42 R i 5: ~Miiij(67)M42 V i 15: WT(1515)
M2309 V 4: KPT(1515) M2309 V 4: AbcdB M507 R
4a: LN 4~3&1+R7;
W8&384+V6;LNW
M312 R 9 = M6953 R 3; M6020 I1 V ii 12
Pa &r'n pl. M6598 V 6: M5858 R 1= ~ 6 j 9 V
86
Pa PI111 AbcdD M5877/3a
Pa 1111 H.VnIa/ 0~256
IR8
cf'rds Pa lEaf&$as/ mcm card. 'fourteen'. Boyce's
cf rds does not seem to occur.
Pa cf'rds Mo(4) M104+ R (21123 = M734 R 4:
~ ~ ~ ( 1 2OMIW
1 9 ) II R ik m(m)oMl8Y n v
1: oM665Y2
cf rst l t af rust/ num card. 'forty '. MKG, 67.
?a drst MKG(2671 OM4912 Y 4
ch'r, ch3'r, IIII MP /c'ab&/num. c a d . 'four'.
MP ch"r Hu(86) M99 I V 11
IMP cvr Hu(107) M7984 I1 R i 7
MP ch'r Sbrg(228) M4Rt I V 12; Sbrg(263) oM539 R
23: Sbrg(264) M539 R 24; Sbrg(289) M470a+ R 1;
Hu(35) M98 I V U): Hu(64) M99 I R 14: Hu(87)
M99 I V 12: Hu(88) M99 I V U: Hu(92) M99 I V
'

125

17: Hu(llO) M7984 Il R i lo: KPT(909) M263f+ B ii


KPT(m7)
M302 V 3; W(15n> M5900 A 7: oMIE;36 R i 19
(BeDuhn: cbl'r ,twgry@a): oMiK8259 I V i 9:
MKS259 I V ii 16
MP ch'r'n pi. KFT~lllRoM308atM308b B ii 2
MP ch'rsd KawA(96) oMlOli R 3
MP 1111KF'T(882) M263f+ A ii 15: M8430 I V 6
MP 1111KPT(&) M263f+ A ii 15: M8430 I V 6
ch'rQ MP /tabdrdab/ num card. 'fourteen'.
IMP ch'rdh Hu(21) M98 I R 21: M16 V 6: M16 V 10:
MI2 V H
ch'rdhwrn MP lEab6rdaboml num. ord.; adv.
'fourteenth'.
h4P ch'rdhwrn oM556 R 17
ch'rsd MP see ch'r
cbr MP lEabr/ n 'wheel'. cbr 'yg grdn'g: 'wheel of
the Zodiac'. Henning 1937%82 KPT, 120. Cf. cxr.
MP chr KPT(275) M1007+M1027 A ii 1: KPT(885)
~263f+B i 3: KPT(1W) M308a+M308b.~ii 10
dp' MP f&lpd/? '?':Heaning 1940,37-8.
MF' dp' G1oss.g M835 V i (2518
cm- Pa /tam-/ v-itr. 'to ~ nmove'.
,
Heming 1937%
81-2 sub dm-.
.
.
Pa cmyd pres.3sg. MMiii,d36) M67 V i 30:
MMiii,o(65) M67 V ii 27:MMiii,o(70) M67 V ii 32:
M83W V 20 = M
2
7
F V ii 14: OtaniCat102 I1 R 4
Pa cmynd pres.3~~1.
W 2 0 b l M1892 R 6; GW 553
M248+ V 10
Pa cm'b strbj2sg. MMiiig(l51) M7 II R ii 3
Pa an'm subjJ.pl. M851a+M629c R i 9
Pa cm'dn inflI GW 579 oM5561tM5562 V 6 = M847
v7
MP cm'm presJsg. Glmg M835 V i (31114
cmb MP lZamb1 n L 'ford' (?), 2 temb 'guitar, lute'
(?);3. 'repentarlce' (?).Heming 1%0,38.
MP anb G1m.g M835 V i (27110: G1oss.g M835 V i (28)ll; Glossg M835 V i (29112: G1oss.g A4835 V i
OOlU
cmbyySn MP I c ' a m b i ~n. Variant for Zami?n
'urination; lavatory'? Henning 1940.38.
- MP cmbyySn Glmg hi835 V i (2619
cmg Pa /Earnag/ n 'course, movement'.
Pa ang MMiiile(32)M6 R ii 2: MMiii,dl2) M67 V i 6:
MMiii,d24) M67 V i 18: MMiiid35) M67 V i 29;
MMiii,d%) M67 V ii 18; H.I/32a/ M93 I V 1:
AR.Ia/2b/ M518 R 4; ARId8bI oh4815 R 4:
A.R.VIIVla/ M89 R 1; S54 A 2: RH(ll3O) M30 R i
2; M409a A 2b; Otani6235 R 1
cmn Pa l t u m a n l n 'hour'. Andreas-Henning 1934,
898 regard cmn as identical to jm'n but since both
occur in the same text ~ 6 (jm'n
7 in 1.61) they must
be different words. cmn is, like cmg, derived from
cm- 'to move' and is an astronomical term
describing an 'hour' in terms of the movement
involved in that period of time.
Pa cmn MMiiib M33 I R i 10; MMiiid48) M67 V ii

a I(PT(1121) aM30WM308b B ii 8:

'

;326

Dictionary of Manichaean-Middle Persian .md Parthian


10; MMiio(53) M67 V ii 6

cn- MP Iiann-/ vitr, tr. 'to tremble; shake, shake


off '. Cf. Henning 1933%171 sub Z d . Henning
1937%82 sub cnystn. KPT, 120.
MP cnand subj3pI. gbrg(l39 -M477 1 V 15;

Sbrg..q(47)M537a+ ll V 23
MP cnyst ppJ KPT(67) MlOOl+R iv 1
MP cnyhynd Pass., pres.3-pl. KPT(162)
M1003tM1025 A ii 5
MP cnynynd c& Pres.3~I-KPT(l3l8) Ml208 B i
..-9
" c n d MP /tarad/ cuel., interrog.; adoO'as many, so
many'. cnd-3rg: 'of various kinds'. Adv.: 'as
much'. yk cnd (MV18.2) 'a few'; y k pd cnd
(M95/R/4b/ - = M503f/R/4/) 'manifold '
(Andreas-Henning 1933% sub yk).
MP cnd M K G ( U ) M805a+ v 16: MMii M95 R 4b
M503f R 4: m 8 2 : MI88 I R 4: M16W2
MP cnd s'rg oM3. (44) V 2l (Henning or s[r)dg;
~ o y cctui-&g.)
e
MP cndxn pl. M
K
im I1 V U
~ ~ c n d [ ~ M i i . & % I T V i 1 7z
snd-Pa liad-/u ~ r 'to
. tremble, shake' (?).
Pa cndyd pr'es3sg, A M B oM97 R 5b
cnd'p Pa /tandri<~
n-pr.m.?Heming 1937b,V sub
d 9.
Pa cndty BBBd(9) MU4 I V 1
cnynd Pa see cynspy; /tap-il n (Turk.). Turkish 'general', Meller
19l3,32 n.l GW 149 (SIl52).
M cpy3 ML182; M1!93
cr- Pa/MP liar-/ uitr. 'to graze'.
Pa crynd pres3pl. MMiii,e06) M6 R ii 6
MP crynd pres3.pl. M97 V ii 14
crag, cr'y Pa /ZbrrSy/ n 'lamp'. .
Pa cr'y RH(549) M%%O V 3
Pa d g MMii24) M77 V 3: M a 9 R ii l2:GW 78
M5%1+M5562V 1= M847 V 2 MP
liar6bIn 'lamp'. Reck-Sundermam199815.
cr'h
MP cr'h KPT(W M819+MW4V 8: KPT(17U) M47
11 R 9; KPT(ln6)M47 I1 R Ru:
KPT(174) M47 11
V 8; M5% R 15
MP dWn pl. ~ ( 1 7 l 0M47
) ll R 6: KFT(17%) M47

I1 v U

c r b Pa Itarb/ a 'smooth,mild; fatty, oily'.


Pa a b MMiii,e(85)~6 V i 25
e r g PalMP ltmagl n 'Pmr%
flock'.
Henning 19374 11: similar in meaning to MPT
banzammt,PaT mjaman 'Gesamtheit der Electen
eines kleineren Bezirks' ['all the Electi of a smallish
area'] and (ll nl) apphrently infhr~zI~ec!
by Syr.
nzar"@d 'meadoy herd; diocese'.
Pa crg MMiiik(l7) M104+ R 17; Mo(22) MI041 V
(39118; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 9 5M502e
4 ) A 4; BBB(275)
M801a/p17 6
MP a g MI(G(2U33) M742 11 V 5; MMii M36 R 17;
BBB(449) M W p 2 9 10; M6950li 6

MP wqdgyycrganpl. MMii M36 R 1


crm WMP / Z m / n 'skin'.
Pa am LN S17 OM906 V 9
MP crm %rg.fm(27) Ma256 V 3: KawA(147) MlOlb V
3; HI&%) M7982 R i 34: Hu(1037) M7982 V ii 11:
KPT066) M1004+ R ii 14
d m P a m /&m/ ?a. 'eye'. P a taW'in-padizt'place
of the eye, eye-socket' (Andreas apud Salemann
1908,121). Morano 1982,39 on cSman'btp 'ow
higher epe' the
Pa dm Mo(69) MU2a V 7:M8286 I V U:MKG(1862)
M6032 V 5; MMiiie M6 R i 5: MMiiie M6 R i 18;
MMiii66) M6 V i 6: MMii&8) M7 1 R ii U;
MMiiil9) M77 R 20: KPT(l350) M715d A 6;
CPar08) M332+M724 V 18: M32a R 6; M83 I R 2
= OM234 V 1; M538 R 5: kRVI/3al M6222 R 5;
GW 7 M259c+M4Uc V U: GW 88 M715d B 6:
M e R 22 = M27Y V i 8: M5092/3; M609V3;
M6&W1
Pa dm% pl. M32a R 2:RH(109) M86 R 18
Padm'npl.oM680R 9=K24 R 6=M189 R 7
Pa c5mwm + su4MMii,rn(88)M39 V ii 27
MP d m KawA(l33) MlOle V l2: MMii M9 11 V 18:
MMii Ma9 R l5; MMii M28 11 R i 4: MMii M28 I1
V i 33; BBB(654) MWp42 7; MI72 I V 11 =
OM644 A 2: S7 V i 18; RH(1097) M273 R 13; M596e
v 1: Ml94/2
bIP dm'n pl. MMii M2 I V i 35: RH(ll.28) M273 V 22
dmg
/tCIS-magl
*fomtain,springs.
Pa d m g MMiii,e(S1) M6 R ii 2;M6232+M6230R 2
MP dmg'n pl. KPT(439) M1004+ V iv 17; S9 V ii 19
dmg'h MP /&"magZb/ a 'visible, conspicuous,
notorious'.
MP dmg% S9 R ii 5
cimg'yb MP /tas'magdaib/ n. 'notoriety,
MacKemie 1980,293-4.
- condemnation'.
c5mhb jbrg ~ d nnv H
cSmwr MP /c'bSmwarl a. 'sighted, endowed with
eyes'.
p, dmwr
D
M 3 2 + 2 4 R Y: CPU(18)
pl d m hP
M332+Mn4 R 17; CPar(26) M332+M724V 6
dmcgmar~ ~ ~ ( 1~9g8~ )l . / ~ l17
~
&t MP see a5
cwnd Pa see cwynd
cw'gwn pa /tawr5y&a/ adv. rel., inierrog.; conj.;
pep. 'of such a kind, in such a manner, how'; 'as,
howv;a d g w n - cdgwn: 'even as - x,wie ,
'like'. c&gwn kd 'as when, like when ' is
mcul*commonin M5815/. Unclear cases have
k n dMIed with ttie adv.
Pa ~ w ' ~ wadu.
n MMiii,aM2 I1 R i ll; MMiiip(56) M2
u R ii 1%GW 85 ~3666A 2
pa cw'gwn adv. MMiiib(l8) M5815 I R i 18;
M2-1)
M5815 1 R i 21: MMiii,b(70) M5815 I V
i 20; MW,b(122) M5815 Il R i 11; MMiii,b(l39)
M5815 11 R i 28; MMiiib(l42) M.5815 I1 R i 31;

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle P-n


MKG(58) IN&+ II R 22: MKG(llZl) oM4570 R i 3:
MKG(ll7l) ail44570 V i 8: MKG(l226) M4n4 R ii 8:
M8286 I V 8: MKG(18l7) HWP B 7: ~Miii,d(65)
M5 V i 5 = M748 V 2: MMiii,f(23) M8171 R ii 11:
MMiiig(l38) M7 I1 R i 20: KPT(983) M&K)O V 10:
KPT(U54) M7lM B 4: KPT(1533) aM8280 V i 3:
KPT(1822) oM572 V 18; MZ29 R ii 10: M229 V ii 3:
oM229 V ii 5: MI94 II R 12; H W l 4 a I M93+M28%
I1 V 7: H.VIWW ~ 6 8 V9 3: A M B M507 R 4a:
LN 512 ohlH)Oc V 6: 532 B 4: 646 A 1: a 3 5 R 11:
KawN(Z2) M35 V 4: RH(380) oM2&fb V i 25:
RH(519) ~M763V ii 14: RH(561)M5860 I R i 5: GW
59 M259bM453b V 15; GW 539 M a 11 V 22: GW
5.40 oM342+M520 V 3: C;\KT 594 oM3142 V 4: GW
595 M5531 A .3: GW 596 hi5642 A 2: GW 596
oM553i B 1: GW 5% ~ 5 6 4 2A 9: M824b A 1:
M1665 A 4: Otani6155 A 1: Otani6172 R 3;
oOtani6235 R 2: 0tani6251 A 1: oOtani6251 A 2:
~1$70/4.
~a'cw~~wnprin
adu. ~W(G(1428)~ 5 9 6 B
5 5: CPar(45)
*
~499+
R 6' '
Pa cw'gwn'conj. iMKG(ll9) M48+ I V 8
Pa cwi8wn k e p . MbE.bO0) M5815 I R i 30:
MMiii.b(41) oMS5 1 R ii 15: hfMiiib(47) M5815 I
R ii 21: MMiiib(49) M5815 I R ii 23: MMiii,b(SO)
M5.8l5 I R ii 24: MMiii,b(5l) M5815 I R ii 25;
MMiiiMl91) M5815 I1 V i 30: MMiii,W198) M5815
11 V ii 6: MMiiiM204) M5815 I1 V ii 12: MMiiic(1)
obi5569 R I: MMiii,dM) M5569 R
MKG(789)
M4577 B i 2: MKG(893) a4578 B ii 7: MKG(900)
oM4578 B ii 14: MKG(1129) M4570 R i 11:
MKG(ll58) M4570 R ii 19: MKG(U39) Ma40 V 6:
MKG(U65) M6041 R 6: MKG(U93) M6041 V 4:
MKG(1595) M47 I V 4: MMiii,d103) M6 V ii 13:
~ ~ i i , g ( 6M
1 7) i V i 1: MMiii(88) M42 V ii 13:
MMiiin(31) M77 V 10: KPT(944) M316tM801d R 8:
KPT(952) M316+M801d V 4: KPT(956)
M316+M801d V 8: MMiii,p oM21 R 3: KPT(994)
olM2082 R 4 = oM211+ R 9: K P T O M211+ R 12;
KF'T(W1) MI83 I1 V 12 = oM354 V 2: KPT(U53)
M715d B 3: KPT(1530) oM8280 R ii 2: KPT(2024)
M580 R 1: KPT(2042) M580 V 1: KPT(2050) M580
V 9: KPT(2099) oM338 A 8: ~ ~ a r ( 6 M499+
2)
V 4;
M6020 I R i 4: M6020 I R ii (2512: ~ 6 8 0V 9:
M680 V 11: M680 V 12: M680 V 13: M680 V 14;
A.R.I/Ua/ M7WM889 R 5 = M5570 V 1= 0~6238+
R 2: A.R.Vl9al oM831 R 2 = ~ 6 7 R3 9: A.RU20d
oM831 R 4 = M673 R ll: kRVIVW M91 V 9 =
M774 R 7: b.VII/Qa/ M91 V 11 = W 4 R 9:
AbdA/14a/ M6726 V 6 = &I5315 R 4 = oMl73 R 3;
AbcdB M507 R 3b: AbcdB M507 R 3b: ~ b c d E
M722 V l2b: LN 92 oM351 R 8; LN 96 oM351 V 2:
LN 56 M351 V 4 = 0M5187 R 4: KawN(24) M35 V
6: KawN(27) M35 V 9: KawN(30) M35 V 12:
KawN(32) M35 V 14 cw-:
RH(52) M280 I V
5: RH(338) M284b R ii 15: RHM1) M284b R ii 18:

and Parthian

127

GW 526' M83 11 R 6: GW 529 M83 I1 R 14


{dgan)mw'gwn>: GW
aM83 LI R #) = M838
R 5: GW 531 oM83 11 R 22 = M838 R 7: GW 535
M83 II VlO=M%Uv 3 = M342+M520 R 9: GW
537 M838 V 5 = M83 I1 V 15 = M342+M520 R 15:
GW 541 M248+ R 3: GW 42M248+ R 6; GW 551
M248+ V 6 = oM5906 R 5; GW 5% oM248+ V 15 =
M890 V 7; GW 567 M295 V 1= 346090 V 1: GW
g4 &5%1+~5562R 9 = M847 R 7 =
R 3:
GW 9 5 M847 R 10: GW 578 aM847 V 2: GW 583
o~5%1+~5562
V 15 a M847 V 18: GW 587 M7l5d
A 3: GW 587 M7lM A 4: GW 590 M5531 A 5: GW
32-oM5531 B 4: GW 598 Ma31 B 3: GW 598
M5642 B 4 = OM2331 B 4: GW 999 M5642 B 8 =
M2601 A 3: GW 5104 oM6300 B 7: GW 5105
oM6300 B 12: M88 I1 R 2b: M17l I1 V 14; M205 V
2: M377 A 5: M852 I? V 1: oM8llm A 5: M57OO I V
ii U: M8255 II V 4 = M205 V 2: M1708/2: oM5351/2
Pa cw'gwn interrog. RHO561 M284b V i 1
cw'n MP /?I ? '?'.
MPms34v2
cwhr Pa /tuhr/postp. With c'wyd: 'round about'.
Pa cwhr W308:M4b I R 12
cwhrb'd Pa /ttLbrbtS/ n. puadruped, animal'.
Pa cwhrb'd MI830 I R 1
Pa cwhrb'd'n pl. MKG(855) M4578 A ii 8: KIVa/7b/
M622lV4=oM24URl
Pa c w h r k p l . OtaniCatl02 I1 R.2
cwhrwm, c w h , cwrwm Pa / t u b r o d num. ord.;
ado. 'fourth; fourthly'. Once written: cwrwm
without ch3
Pa cwhrwm ~KkO632) M267b+M314 R i 3:
MKG(1700) M267bM3l4 V i 17: MKG(1763)
oM5055+ V i 1: MMiiidW) M5 R ii 27 cwhr<w>m:
KPT(1023) ohi2082 V 3: LN 544 M3U V 5: LN 549
oM1848 V 7 = M509 R 4: LN 561 M5845 R 2: LK
% a4450 v 2: LN 57lo~5845v 7 = $4818 R 5:
LN 584 ,M34 R 9: LN 397 M905 R 3; LN 598 M312
V 11= M905 R 7: LN 5% oM312 V 15+BW 529 M83
11 R U: GW g 1 M248+ R 2: GW 557 oM248+ V 17
= ~ 5 9 0 6V 2: GW 568 M295 V 3 = oM6090 V 3:
GW 584 MI905 I1 V 5
PaS cwrwm 10202/4
cwhrwmyg Pa /&brmig/ a 'fourth, fourthly'.
MKG, 157.
Pa cwhrwmyg MKG(1857) ~ 6 0 3 R2 29
cwn MP see c'wn
cwnd, cwynd, c'w(y)nd Pa lc'iuandl. Iciuend/ a.,
rel., intmog. *as much as, so much, so many,
several; some,maiiy; how many? how often?'. KPT,
IZI; MKG, 157. The singular spelling c'wynd (and
the unclearly attested equally singular c'wnd) may
be /tawend/ and go back to OP ciyd- beside
ciya- (kindly pointed out by N. Sims-Williams, s.
Sims-Williams 1997,318).
Pa c'wnd MKG(1352) oh46040 V 19
Pa c'wynd MV3U

.:.,

3...
'. .i

?;l
....

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

129

:1

i 1&M24V2
V 5: M545 R lo: M630tM69l V 6; M72Ob R? H:
Pa cy reL MMii,k(lO) M104+ B 10: Md28) M390 R 3
M823/3; M2BV4; M2888/3
= MEIlb+ V 12: M O O Ml32a R 11; MMiii,b(g)
MPcyd c S l k V i 27; M560511V3
M5815 I R i 9: MMiii,b(99) M5815 I V ii 18:
MP cym'n c Sbrg041) oM542b I R 5: MMii M31 I V
M ~ l O O M5815
)
I V ii 19; MMiib(lU) M5815 11
18
R i L b4Miii,b(lbO) M5815 I1 R ii 24: MMiii,c(33)
MP cym c. M3 (36) V U;MI1224
M5569 V 12: MKG(32) Ml34+M59lOV 9: MKG(35)
MP cySan c. Hu(1219) M7983 11 R i 23: Hu(lZ25)
Ml344+M5910 V 12: 1 W 1 0 1 ) M48+ I R 9;
M7983 II R i 29: KF'T(2l3) MT003+M1025 B ii 8:
M K O ) h 6 b R H: MKG(183) M 2 l & + ~ 1 7v~
~ 2 . I8R U N :~ ~~ 8 2i5 l IiV 1 4
9: MKG(190) ~ 2 1 6 2R 2: MKG(203) Ma& V 5:
MP cyS c Hdl228) M7983 ll R i 32 ~PT(462)
MKG(206) oMn6a V 9: MKG(210) MWB 1:
M1002t R ii 7: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 0M6005
6 8 ) A ii 7: ML/179
MKG(ZU) M805b R 2: MKG(646) M4575 R i 2:
MP cytan c. Sbrg088) M542b II R 4: M28 I R i 26:
~ ~ ~ ( 6 M4575
6 4 ) V i 2: MKG(735) M4V6 V ii 2:
M28 I R i 30
MKG(825) M4m R i 1: MKG(826) M45n R i 2;
MP cy c. !h-g(68) M475a I R 20: Sbrg(n) M475a I V
MKG(829) M4571 R ii 2; MKG(837) M4578 A i 7:
5: Sbrg(106) M477 I R 10: Sbrg(l21) M477 I V 1:
MKGW) M4578 A i U: MKG(844) M4578 A i 14:
Sbrg06Q) M542b+ I V 4; KawA(17) MlOlc V 6:
MKG(#I)M4578 A ii 4: MKG(853) M4578 A ii 6:
MKG(199il M742 1 V 5: iMKG(2232) ~236+R 3:
MKG(858) M4578 A ii ll: MKG(859) M4578 A ii
MI(G(224) M236+ R 11: MKG(2389) MWa-b R 7;
12: MKCX863) M4578 A ii 16: MKG(864) M4578 A
Hu(782) hi7981 I1 V ii 28: Hu(ll57) M7983 I V i
ii 17: MKG(88l) M4578 B i 14: MKG(894) M4V8 B
29: HU(U@ M7983 I V ii 2: Hu(l273) M7983 n v
ii 8: MKG(89S)M45p B ii 12: MKG(904) M4V8 B
i 9: MMii M49 I V II;MMii bQl9 V.20; MMIi M28
ii 18: MKC(937) M4582 A i 2: MKG(976) oM4579 R
11 V i 9: KPT(22) M1001+ R i 5: KPT(162)
i 2; MKG(1045) M4572 V ii 3: MKG(1121) M4V0 R
341003+MlO5A ii 5: KPT(1W) M308a+M308b A ii
i 3; MKG(ll25) ~ 4 5 7 0R i 7r iWKG(1152) M490 R
5; KPT(P16) M221 V 17: KPT ( B e )kf600SB i 8:
ii l3;MKG(ll9l) M4570 V ii 5: MKG(ll96) &I4570
MI6 V 5: M20 I V 5: M543 R 5: M731 R 10; M733
V ii lo; M(G(U17) M6040 R 8: MKG(U19) M6040.
R 8: M79& R ii 11: M798a V i 8: S9 V ii 22; M203
R 10: MKG(l354) M6040 V 21: MKG(1385) M6041 R
I R 5: M5794+ II V 9: PM914.l V? 9; MMii Ma251
26: MKG(1433) M5966 A 4: MKG(1543) M5651 A 3;
I R 17: MMii Ma51 I V 8: M99+V i 17; M415+ I
MKG(l555) M5651 B 8: MKN1564) M1608 A 3:
R i 1: M4l5t 1 R i 3: MI870 I R i 3
MKG(lS74) MI608 B 6: M8286 I V 3; MKG(1601)
cy, Gy(y) Pa/MP ICE1 proninterrog., rel. 'what?'
M47 I V 10: MKG(1603) M47 I V 12: MKG(1675)
rarely 'whd,who, which that'. Very common in Pa
M267bM314 R ii 19: MKG(1683) M267b+M314 R ii
where cy is used as a linking particle similar to MP
27; MKG(1715) M267biM314 V ii 5: MKG(1793)
'Y.
Pa cyxmy5'n rel. Md40) M734 V 5
M6l38 B 2: MKG(1821) HWP B 11: MKG(1825)
Pa cyd'n rel. RH(454) M763 R i 2i
HWP B 6 ; MKG(1854) 346032 R 26: MKG(1880)
~ 6 0 3V
2 23: MKG(188) M523a-c A 2: MKG(l891)
Pa cyd rel. MMiiub(39) aM33 I V i U: MMiiib(49)
M523a( A 5: MKG(1939) ~ l TVj U: MKG(2073)
M33 I V ii 7: MMiiii(59) M42 V i 7: ARVIV16b/
M455 A i 2: MKG(2078) M455 A i 7: MKG(2082)
oM489a R 3 = M690+M439 V 10 = oM6265 V 3;
M455 ki ll; -hlXG(2099) M45 B ii 5.%KG(2l43)
RHW753 M30 R ii 2l
M330tM2238 V 11; MKG(2153) M2061 B 2:
Pa cym"n rel. MKG(ll67) M4570 V i 4
MKG(2174) M5826+M3l20B 8: MMiiip M2 I1 R i
Pa cym'n d.
aM83 I R 23; Abcd~/27b/M94+/27b:
22: MMiiia M2 II R i 25: MMiiip M2 I1 R i 36:
M98 ll R 2b
MMiii44) M2 11 R ii 7: ~ ~ i i i p ( 8 M2
6 ) 11 V i 12:
Pa cym rel. Mo(41) M734 V 6: MKG(1059) M4573 R
MMiii,a(l33)
M2
II
V
ii
22:
MMiii,d(34)
M5 R ii 4:
i 9: MKG(ll09) M4573 V ii 8; ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 1 0 )
MMiii&lOn
M5
V
ii
6
=
M748
V
19:
MMiii,e(96)
M1964tM822 R i 1; MKHl938) MI77 V 12;
M6 V ii 6 ( ~ 6 :'w; M281: cy.) ('w)<cy>:
M ~ i i ( s M42
n V ii 22; I@2a R 9: R~(426)MU16
MMiiig
M I R i 26; MMiii,g(56) M7 I R ii 26:
V i 20; GW UM4526+M7%5I R U = 0M6680t R
MMiiis(94)
M7 I V ii 6: MMiiig(l23) M7 I1 R i 5:
12
MMiiiW)
M7 11 R i 12: MMiii,g(l42) M7 I1 R i
Pa cyS'n rel. MKG(972) M4587 B 1: MKG(l390)
MMiiig(l91)
M7 Il V i 15: MMiiib M33 I R i 6:
24;
M6041 V 1: MMiiip M2 II IE. i 5: M~iiia(66)M2 II
MM&M33)
M33
I V i 7; MMiiib(42) aM33 I V i
R ii 29; Bar(38) oM332+M724V 18
1977,
16: MMiii,h(52) M33 I V ii 10: MMiiib(66) M33 11
150.): GW 9 5 0~5561tM5562
R 12 = oM847 R 11
R i = M367 V 7; MMiij M42 R i 11; MMiiij(72)
Pa cyS rel. MMiii,&2) M5569 V 11: MKG(820) M457l
M42 V i 20; MMiiij(78) M42 V i 26; MMiii,m(29)
V i 2: MKG(884) 314578 B i P MMiii,d(94) M5 V
M39 R ii 3; MMiiim(74) M39 V ii 12: MMiiip(l8)
ii 4 = M748 V 14; &l~iii
j(56) M42 V i 4; CPar(83)
M77
R 19; MMiiip(34) M77 V U: MMiiio(8) M67
M333 R 7; RH(4421~763R i 6:RH(445) ~ 7 6 R
3

runner

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthiin

,130

V i 2 = M480C V ii 14: MMiiidl3) M67 V i 7;


MMiii.o(28) M67 V i 22: KPT(ll44) M540b R 2:
KPT(1195) W83+ 1 V 7: KPT(15U) M23O!J V 2:
KPT(1820) b
7
2 V 16; gpT(2051) M580 V 10:
Ml/27l: Ml/% MV346: BBB(144) M80Wp9 12;
BBB(277)MSOla/pl78; W 1 0 ) M332+M724 R 9;
CPar(63) M4W V 5: CPadl39) M4WM206 A 2;
CPar(146) oM4WM2086 B 1; CPar(l69) M44 V 7;
-

M3151Rl;M4bIV8;M4aIR2;M4alVl:M4a
I V 5: M4a I V 10: M18 V 2: M18 V 6; M32a R 7;
M32a V 10: It52a V U: M75 R 2; M75 V 9: M544 R
6; M679 V 14: M6020 I R i 6: M6020 I R i 9:

16b: M74l V 16b: M737 R 1: M737 R 5: M102 R 4:


M102 R 6: MI02 R 8; M102 R 10: MI02 R 12: Mi02 .
R 15: MI02 R 20: MI02 V 1; MI02 V 9: LN M500c R
H: LN 53 M384+ R 2; LN 6 M351 V 7: LN S16
M906V1; UM1603R7: LN96M27 R 1: LN
26M27R2:LNZ6M27R4:LNZ7M27R16:
LN BBM27 V3=M2705 V2: LN 529 M27 V 8:
LN 529M27 V 12; LN m M 2 7 V14=M457 V 4:
LN S31 M457 R 10; LN 9 3 M457 V 2; LK S34
M457 V 5; D
l 535 M457 V 9: mT9 7 M349 V 5:
&a MSODa R 4- M516 R 2; LN Wa M516 R
3: LN WM516 R 5=M727bR 2=M3l3 R 1; I&

M6020 I R i 15: M6020 I V ii (63114; MI03 R 4;


4oaM727bRS=M304V4:LN4OaM727bR6
M680 R
R 5=K24R 2=oM189R 1:M327
= M304 V 5; LN W MI848 V 3: LN 549 M509 R 5:
R2=K24VTM327R4=K24V5;&680V2=
LN 550a M509 R 8: Lk 583 M34 R 1: LN 59la oM34
M327R 7=K24V8:M68OV5=K24VlO=M189
V 12 = oM366 V 4: .I$95a M3l2 R 11= M6953 R
V 4 = M327 R 10: M6650 R 15: M66M V 15: M6650
5; LN 596 oM3d R 16: LN 599 M312 V 15; LN 3100
V 19; ~306V5:M306V6:M730 R i 6:mR i
M905 V 7;S44 B 3 S47 A 2: RHO861 M284a R i
8: HJIhl M233 V 3: HlIW M625b V 7: HJl25bl
20: RH(2BL) MB4a V ii 21: RH(605) M5860 I V ii
'oM93 I R 8: KVKV39a/'
M603 V 3: HU32bl M93 I V
1; RH(1028) M785 R-4: GW 519 M4526cM7265 I V
12 = M 6 W V 101-GW52l M4526+M7265 1 V 17 .
2: HU33a,' hi93 I I 3: HV49b/ M2306 R 4:
HJVa/lbi M6Zi R -2: H.lVa/lb/ M622l R 2:
((cy on p58; ky on ~74)): G W 9 . 4 M83 I1 V 3:
HJVaIW M6221 R 3; Wa/3b/ ~6221R 6 =
GW 9 5 ~ 8 3 1 1V ~ ; G W
3 6 ~ 8 311 v 12; GW
.
539 M a - II V 19: GW 40 M419M3824 V 2: GW
MI544 R 2: HI\'a/4b/ M62P R 8 = Ml544 R 4;
4l oM248+ R 3 = M608a R 1 = M342tM520 V 6:
HJVal9bl M622l V 8: I t l V b / M62Xl R 6 =
GW 542 M342+W V 9: GW 547 M248+ R 16 =
M858e R 2 H.Vx/Ub/ hi2339 V 4: I-LMbIW
MggO R 4: GW 48 M248+ V 1: GW S52 M248+ V
M6U9 V 1: HVlcnOb/ M4970 R 2: HVII/2a/
8 = M4352 V 2: GW 57 M5% V 3: GW 560
Msnf R 3: K#&/ M588 R 1: H.VIII/la/ M689
M340a R 3: GW 63 M
W V 4 = M295 R 2: GW
R 1: ILVIIVllb/M689 V 2: ARI/l2b/ M780tM889
66 M295 R 9 = M6090 R 6: G W 568 M295 V 4 =
R 4: lLRVZjb/ M780+M889V 6; ARla/8bl M815
M6090 V 4:' GW 569 M295 V 7: GW 71
R 4: M W X t ! M5l8 V 2; W l 4 b / M518 V 8:
M5%1+M5562 R 3: GW 582 M5561+M5562 V l3 =
AR.IL/la/ M863 R 1: ARIIIb/20b/ Ml6B V 2:
M847 V 16: GW 9 7 M2331 A 7: GW I00 ~ 2 6 0 1
kR.VYlbi' M6222 R 2; A . R . W M6222 R 3:
B 5: MI0 V 20: M29 V 6: M29 V 7: M92 R l b =
A.R.W9b/ M6222 V 8: ARW22b/ M5503 R 4:
M898 R lb. M92 V 15b = M898 V 1%: G W 51%
AR.VI/3lb/ Mj%3 V 2: A.R.V1/44a/ M675 R 5 =
M206 11 V 3: M250 A 3: M293 V 2; M402 A 2:
M62& R 5: A.R.W53al M88 I R 1 = M% R 1:
M46ob V i 6: MMX) 11 V i 9: KPT(l919) MIK8259
kRVI/jlb/ h188 I R 2 = M% R 2: MW52al M88
I R i 12: KPT(3920) MIK8259 I R i U: GW 5145
1 R 3=M%R3 =M675V 1: kRVI/54a/M881 R
Ifao.01033906 V 1; HCfrJ MI542 11 B llb; HCfr4.E
7 = M% R 7 = M675 V 5: kRVi/57b/ M% R 14;
V 4:
kR.Vl/6kl M80 I V 9 = M% V 9 = M175 R 7;
M2.315 V 4; HCf3LlZX24I8 B 3:
M5785 Il R 14: ~ 6 0 2 011 V ii 12: ~ 6 0 2 0I1 V ii 14;
A.R.VIII2aIM9l R 9 = Ml75 V 7; ARW4al M91 .
Otani61M V 3: Otani62U) B 2; Otani6193 v 7:
R U = MWM439 R 5 = MI75 V ll: ARVIIl5d
&mi6193 v 9: ~765blI:M79 V 3 a M40 V 8
M69WM439 R 7 = MI75 V U:A.RVIV7b/ Ml7j V
Pd cy intermg. Mo(40) M734 V 5: MKG(42) M48+ 11
18: A.R.WnOb1 M91 V 8 = M774 R 6 = M8801 V
R 6: MKG(~~)
M48+ I1 R 11: MKG(5O) M48+ 11 R
4: A.R.VW17bl M489a R 5: A.R.VII/17b/
M287+Ml223 R 2; AB.VII/25a/ M578 R 3;
14; m a )~ 4 811i R 15: MKG(721) M4576 V i 5:
AXVIIl27a/M489a V 4: A.RW/28a/ MB7+Ml223
~ ~ ~ ( 1 0M4572
3 7 ) V i 4: MKG(I202) M490 V ii
V 3; A.RWnla/ M287+Ml223 V 9; MVII/35a/
V
16: MKG(~O)
M4574 R i 1: MKG(1936)
M578 V 3: ARVII/35b/ M578 V 4: ARVII/36a/
10; ~~iji,g(rn) M7 I1 R i.4; KPT(l8U) MY2 V 9:
M578 V 5: hRVII/36b/ M578 V 6: ~ V I I a / l b /
g~~(20551
~58V
Q 14; GW 92 ~4526+M7265
IR
~ 6 6 7 R+ 2; A.RVlIa/l2b/ M667+ V 4 = M8285 V
10 = M&W+ R 10; GW 5143 M206 I1 R 3
*: ARW1/U1/M667+
A.R.m1aA6b/M667+
pl cy rel. .(Pa irafol) MMiiik(17) M104+ R 17:
V 12: ARW6bI M89 R U:ARVIII/Ub/ M89 V
~o(22)~ 1 0 4 +V 09)18: MMiii,c(ll) M5569 R 11:
6: A.R.vmnSb/ M89 V 10; A.R.FragDO/la/
~ ~ i i ~oM5569
d z )V 1: MMiiilc(27) M5569 V 6;
M449b+Mm R 1: ~bcd.A/28b/ M94+/28b:
MMiii1c04)M5W V U;~ ~ i i i , c ( 3 M5569
6)
V 15;
AbcdD MllO R la: Abcd.FM888a V Ua; M741 V

4;Mm

132

..

-7

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

(1912
cyg'myc MP /tgr3mizl n 'something, whatever'. S
CY@KYC fi
MP cyg'myc Ml9P V ii 1
cyg3, cygQ /&gt/,/WgB/ n (TurkJCbitf.).Uighur
title; wth MP plural -'a S also cyyg.
M cygS'npl.Ml/27
M cyg3y MlK36 R ii 10
M cygSyy MI=
R ii It MIK36 R ii 11;ME4979 R ii
3
M cyg5yy'npl. MIK36 Kii Bl
cyhr Pa/MP lz*l
' n a m essence, being; seed,
kindred; (beautiful)fom'-m ~ z c ~ b r 'god
~ z of
d
his own essence' = The five sons of the First Man
(Sundermann 1979,102 and n2l8 on p. 1301 It is a
term that defines the sons by refe~nceto others
(the FirstMan and the ~dod
Pa cyhr OM529 V 4: M200 II V i l3 (Hardly
(cybrypjfi-)
MP cyhr Sbrg(298) M470a+ R 10: Hu(995) hi7982 V i
3: ~~(1166)
M7983 I V ii 4: M ~ VU15: bfMii M31
11 V 6; KPTI:160) M 1 0 0 3 + ~
A ii 3; RH(989)
~ 4 8 %R 3; 14268 A 5: M28 I R i 2: M28 I R i 4:
oM28 I V i 18: Bid Manis: M467 I R 3
MP cyWn pl. BBB(B) M W p 7 10
MP cyhrwm M842 R 3
MP srYgr#qYrb cYhr Y' # Yzfln Hu(lW) M7983 1 R
i 24
MP xwyS cyhr Hut4741hi7980 I V i W)14
MP xwyS cyhr yzd Hum)M7980 I R ii (29)8
cyhr'wynd MP IZibrdwend/ a. 'beautiful'. Henning
1940,37.
MP cyhr-d
Glmg M835 R ii 14
cyhrg Pa / t i b a g / n -name, essence, being;
(beautiful) form. appemce; asp@&appearance,
guise'.
WMIr cyhrg oOtanill080 A 2
Pa cyhrg M a ) Ml32a V 11: MKG(242)M27OatM869
I V 2: MgG(1042) M4572 V i 9: MKG(l.543) M5651
A 3; MKG(2399) M453 A 3 (Stqdemmm cybr.):
MMiii(75)M2 11 V i 1: MMike(83) M6 V i 3:
MMiiih(57) oM33 I1 R i 4 = .ah4367 V 2:
MMiii,h@O)M33 Il V i 6; MMiiip Mn R 6:
MMiii,nOo)M n V 9: M4b I V 1: M679 V U:
M5262 1V 1; MjOlb R i 7; M730 R i 6; HVIc/22a/
oM4970 V 5; ILRV16aI M80+h4889 R ll = MjYO
V 7 = M673 R 3; A.Wi'b/ M5930 R 5 = M673 R
6: AR.W5b/ M6222 R 10: A-R.VV4W M675 R 1;
A.R.W53b/ M88 I R 6 = M96 R 6 = OM675 V 4:
kR.VII/7a/- M91 V 1: ARVI11/12b/ M89 V 4:
AbcdM7a/ M94cA7a: AbcdAInW M94tmb:
AbcdMBb/ M94+/28b: AbcdB MS07 R Ib: M741
R 3a: M741 V Ua = Otani6208+ V 7 = oMBj3 V
x3a: !A737 (U)V 4: RH(l36) M86 V 20: RH(169)
M284a R i 3; RH(272)M284a V ii 12; M24 R 8 =
oh4812 V 4; HCfr13.23 M3709 V 2: M800 B 8;
oM5785 ll R 17;M5825 V 1

Pa cyrgwm M215 R 14

MP qhrg 52 R i 6: 62 R i 7; oM5692 B 9; M e I R
i2

s.

cyl'n PalMP /&%in/n. 'dagger'. Henning 1940,


-'
.
Pa cylan AbcdB oM507 R 5b
MP cyl'n G l q a835 R ii 1; G1oss.g M835 R ii 2:
oM781+ XI 8 &IM781+
& 11 R 07112: M389 R 9:

oOtani6aMB3
cym 1 MP /Zid pton 'what?'. tim r&t 'for what
(reason1why'.
MP cym ~3 (24) v 1: ~ 1 ~ 8 2Ii
5 v9 5: ~ 2 18v i 9
cym 2
/&I, /tern/n. 'reason, cause, purpose,
meaning'. Some attestations in damaged contexts
entered here may belong to the interrog. pron.
pa cym ~ g G ( 9 nM4582
)
B ii 3; ~ 2 1 5v 7
Mp cym Sbrg(7l4) oM475a I1 V 18: Sbrg.fe M510b R
3; Glossg M835 R ii 8: ~ l 6 S . g~ 8 3 R5 ii 9: M2702
R 2a
cymyd h /Zimid/?udv. 'whatsoever'.Henning 1937%
82

p, v g d MaB B 6 {unp.)i ~ 6 2 3
2 5 (unp.}
-3
9 ~ SM
f ~q h 4 ~
cymyy, cymyyh MP /&hi/ n:.'reason*. BeDuhn
apud Gulicsi 2001. 221 and 238 translates thus,
p d y on the bsii of h4P tim 2. In the
damaged contexts no decision can be made.
Alternatively /(a)r-imi/ s Pa cytnyy.
MP cymyy M694 V 4
MP cymyyh MIK4960 V 3
cymyy Pa see 'c Pa
cyn- pa/MP /=in-/ zm. 'to collect, gather, heap up,
tend (of a firey. Henning 1933%18W-3;Boyce 1975
1V note: Cdditz 1987,281.
pa cnyndpr&@I. CPar(21) M332tM724 V 1
Pa cynynd pres3pl. MMiiip(23) M77 V 2
MP cynyd impv-pl.oMn3 V 7
MP cynydwm imjwpl. MMii MY5 V 2a = &I1609 V
'

2.a

MP cynagppJa aP.M.!ll42 R ii 1: M7862 R 6


MP cyydppJ MMii M95 V la

cyydn infJa MMii M% V lb; M1456/3


MP qnyhydpzss., pres3sg. MW/3
cyn'nclm6 /tSmW-kan8/ n.p.Sogd.place-name
cyn'ncknapy xwd'y = 'Lord of &niinZIcan~',ie. of
QGa Henning 1938,566.
M cynan&iiyy (Sogd. obl.1 MI155
cyna /?/ (Turk].
M cynd M197 I V 5
cyng Pa /&nag/ n. 'snare, net'. Ghilain 1939,85.
Pa cyng MMiiin M77 R 3
cynyst'z Qa /cimst2n/ n.pr. 'China'.
Pa cynysPn r~hfl202
V (2217
cyr MP /&/a 'victorious, uiumphan~brave'.
MP cyrdr comp. Glassg ~ 8 3 R5 ii l3
MP cyryst s u f i G l a g MS35 R ii 12
MP cymS suprl. GIrng M835 V i (2114
MPcyyrA4543V10

*3
-i

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

133

MP cyyrtwm S I L ~ Z .GImg Ma35 V i (1811


'ti& for (OF time2 to, up to (of place)'.
cyrgwm Pa see q h g
MPd'3M%4+1R14;MBZI V ii l5
cyryb cyryy MP / E d / n 'bravery'.
MP d'Sbrg<EV) M472+I R 5: ~ a w ~ ( 5MlOlk
8 ) R 2:
MP cyryh S12F R 7
Hu(260) M7981 I R i 24: Hu(330) M7981 I V i 26:
MP cyryy Glossg M835 R ii 11
Hu(S06)M7980 I V ii (32)U: Hu(575) M7980 I R ii
cyryyst MP see cyr
03U HI&%%) MI980 I V i (30)9; MMii M2 I R i
cyS, cyyS Pa /Cis'/ k 'thing, something'; + neg.
26; MMii M729 I R ii 9: KPT(19) M1001+ R i 2:
'nothing', (> adv.) 'not at all'.
KPT(774) MI00 V iii 5: KPT(866) M263f+ A i 14:
Pa cy9 MMiii,b(l7) M58l5 I R i 17: MMiii,b(27) M5815
m17R)M45 V 1: Mll157: Mll186: Ml/m: M43
I R i 27:MMiii,M98) PA5815 I V ii 17: MMii,M202)
-V7: MMii M825lIV 4
M5815 ll V ii lo: MMiiiM203) M5815 11 V ii 11: d'b MP Id&/ I '?'. In damaged context
MKG(46) M48+ I1 R 10: M K W M48+ I R 4:
MPd'bS34V4
MKG(678) M4575 V ii 7: W E 9 8 1 M6720 A 3: d'd PdMP /&/ n. 'law, justice, scriptures with legal
MKG(l338) ~ 6 0 4 0V 5; MKG(U94) M6041 V 5:
content'. .
MKG(1623) M1964+M822 V i 4: MKG(1672)
Pad'dI0M194IR8
M267b+M314 R ii
MKC(l836) M6032 R 8;
Pa d'd 51gCX17lO) M267bM314 V i 27; RH(927)
.MKG(2399) M4523 A 3: MMiiidSO) M6 R ii 20:
M749 V 9
KPT(2051) OM580 V 10: ICPT(ZO52) M580 V 11:
MP d'dyh' udu. M28 I R ii 29
CPar(86) M333 R 10: AJUb/h/ 1M1890R 5: LN 98 d'd Pa see dhM % + V ~ : G W $$6M4526+72651~1=~6680+ d'd MP see dy., V 1: GW I43 ~ 2 0 II6 3 3: M242 B 3: M6949 A 4: dWr MP fdrSdik/ n 'creator':
IMP d'd'r Omi6& A 3
MI65613
d'dbr
Pa /dtidflail n 'judge'. d'dbr r'ztygr 'Just ..
Pa cyyS ElPT(1907) MI68 R 8
cySn IMP /?I ? '?'.HaA- Poss. bgd.
Judge'. Sundemann l979.100.
M cySn Glmi(unp.) M3125 R 1
Pa d'dbr MMiii,m(lO)M39 R i 11: MMiiim(51) M39 V
cytr Pa IEaitrl (npr.).Only in rhyming phrase:
i 8: MMiii~dl8)M77 R 19: M83 I R 18 = oM234 R mycr cytr, q.v.
15: ChBo20135 V 9 = 80.T.B.I.644 = M779 V 5;
BBB(45) M&Ola/p41= M341a R 7
Pa myu
RH(927) M749 V 9: RH(1028) M785 R 4: M197l A
5: M7Zlb Vl: oMMN4
cyyd MP see cynPa d'dbr r%i%ygMKG(1885)
r
M6032 V 28: OM6020 I V
cyyd MP see q- .
i (4619: K V d W M2339 R 3
cyyg Ic'gl npr.(Turk.) Ywywx. S cygzy.
Pas t'6pr'n pL Ch/SoaOl35 V 10 = 80.T.B.1.644 = 0M779
M cyyg M I K R~ ~ii 9
v5
cyySn, c m n MP /c'aflnl. lc5yifn/? ir/! "mourning,
d'dm MP see dylamentation'.
d'dmyhr Pa f d ~ r n g b rn.pr.
l
m.
MP ccyySnG1w.g M835 V i (22H
Pa
d'dmyhr
R
H
(
1
2
1
6
)
oM30
V ii 8 (So Reck
MP cyySn MKG(20QQ) M742 I V 18: M20 I1 V 2
sundemmnn:
/wl(bmyad).)
d line-filler. Occasionally formed as <d>,otherwise
like <y>and a part of a flower. A small number of d'dwm ,hsee ghoccmnces, of which odycae rqresentative one d'dwm* see-*
d'dmv'h MP /dc3dxwhh/ n 'seeker after justice'.
is given here.
Yoshie in de Blois 2003% 118 nl
MP d
MP d'dxw=b0npl. M82 V 22
d' 1 MP ldtil conj. 'until, so long @ that, so that*.
d'dyst'n
PalMP /dcSdesta'n/ n. 'judgement legal case,
m,U1.
quarrel'. Pa Gdyst'nkr- 'toquarrel'; MP d'dysr'n
MP 'db M797 1 K 5 (Correct? BeDuhn: b' 6 but his
qwn-: 'to pass judgemen4 judge'. MKG. 157. LN ll3
translation ignores b'. The two groups of two
(5553, refers to Schwartz 1974 402-403.
letters each are written dose together but the
Pa d'dyst'n LN 555 MS09 V 11
second and third letters are not pied)
Pa d'dysfn GW 9101a6300 A 2
MP d' M3 R 11: M3 R 14: Sbrg(4.U) M%2b+ I1 V 3 =
Pa d'dysfn MKG(U15) M4574 R i 6; MKG(1232)
M805at R 8: Sbrg(709) M47% II V U;KawA(9)
a4574 V i 5: LN 555oM509 V 10: RHCFO oM5860
MlOlc R 9; Kawrt~B)NlOIc V 9: KmA(89)
I R i 18: ah4743 R 4; W43 R 10
MlOlg V 4; Hu(785) M798l 11 V ii 31: ~ ~ ( 1 2 3 0 )
Pa
d'dysm MKG(653) M4575 R i 9
lM7983 11 R i 34: MMii M2 I V ii 27: KPT(1455)
MP
d'dysr'n Sbrg(56) oM475a I R 8: Sbrg M475a I V
~5j67~il:~&V4:M2%Rii6:SIRii4:S9
H:
hgCW2) OM% I1 R 8: Sbrg(697) 0M475a I1
V i 16;S9Vi19; M5794IV7; M28I Ri3: M797
V
1:
MKG(P26) oM742 11 R 18: M28 I R i 28;
I R 9:M19l315
oMlW V i 6; oM888bI6
MP d T n Hu(103) M7W I1 R i 3
d' 2 MP Idti1 pep. "till, for as long as, for'; (+ 'w): d'dystanyg Pa /da'destZnTg/ (a.); n. '(a)

. 134

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

quarrelsome (person)'.
MMiiifO M8ln V i 11: MMiiig(42) M7 I R ii 12:
Pa d'dyst'nyg LN 955 oMSO9 V 9
KPT(E19) M2309 R 2: KPT(1529) M8280 R ii 1:
d'dyS Pa see dhMa50 V 2: hi737 R 7: GW 23 M451 V 5: GW Q5
d'hw'n, dahw"nPa/MP IdrSbwlinl n. 'gift, present'.
M83 n R 4=oM48V10; GW W M 8 3 II R 16;
Pa # h e n MMiii,d(SO)M5 R ii 20 = M748 R 17
GW 5% M248+ V 15 = a890 V 7; GW 9104
Pa d'hw'n KawU OM4990 R 2: MgG(1033) M 4 m R ii
M63QD B 10
9; MKG(1783) oM5059 V ii 10; MMQ(172) M7 I1
MP d'm Sbpg(l8) M473a+ I R 18: Sbrg(l74) M482+ I
R ii 26 = d4%a R 4: M6020 I R i 9: M66.50 V 19:
V 6: KawA(H) MlOU V 4: KawA(159) MlOlh R 4:
M369 R 6: bW3 R 7; 80.T.Bl644 = Otani6229 V!
Hd864) M7984' V i 8: Hu(919) M7984 V ii 29:
3: k W 1 b l M855 V 2 = M256 Iv 2: A.R./UI/llal
Hu(991) M7982 R ii 33: Hu(1014) M7982 V i 22:
~l53.5I V 5; RtI(99) a
8
6 R 8; RH(157) o~502aA
:.
H-)
#I983 1 R ii 28: Hu(1126) M983 I R ii
3: RH(449) M763 R i 22: GW 57l M5561tM5562 R
32: Hu(1143) M7983 1V i 15: Hu(1215) M7983 11 R
3 (dawh'n)<d'hw'n>; GW 9 6 oM847 R 14:
i 19: Hu(122.3) IN7983 I1 R i 27: MMii M49 1 V 9;
Otani6229 B 3; M262 A 6: MI503 V 1: MEW3
~17(16B)Ma101 V ii 2: M97 V ii l2: M265 A i 5.:
Pa d'hw'nyc GW 982 aM5561+M5562V B = M847 V
-8259
II V Is; Mm+11 R 8; M28 1 R ii 10
15=aM1905IIR7
MP d'm'n pl. KawA(l51) MlOlb V.7: Hu(731) q 9 8 1
Pas tnxw'nOtani7117 V 1
I1 V i ll; Hu(ll06) M7983 I R ii 12: KPT(87j)
MP d'hw"n bwA(US) oMlOle V 4
M%Z+ A ii 8: Ml2 R 9: M12 V 12
d'hw'nyg Pa/MP / d r i b w ~ i g /a. 'generous'.
MP d'm'nc pl. MKG(Z216l M5794+ Il R 3 . . : .
MP d'm'nyc pl. KawA(27) MlOlj R 5
Pa d'hw'nyg MMiii,e(%) M6 V ii 4; BBW00)
d'm'd MP /d&.nZdl ln 'bridegroom,son-in-law': . ..
M80Wp18 U:M5858 V'4
MP d'mad MI% M36 V 10: Mll V 8
- d'hyft 'Pa lddb$t; n. 'slave*'.
d'm'g Pa / d h i g / -creation'. Boyce 1954,186.. .
Pa d'hyft MMiii,i(97) M42 V ii 22
Pa d'm'g ARVII/'l&/ M517 V 1 = oM287+Ml223 R 3
d'hygyy MP /d&bFgi/ rt 'slavery'. Colditt 2000. 96
d'mdad Pa /dMcSd/ z 'created being, .creature;
rll68.'
MP dahygyy W98c A ii 4
animal,beast*.Ghilain 1939,78
d'lwg Pa /diZGg/ n. 'plant, tree'. Rather than d'lwg
Pa d'med MKG(27l) M3848 R 3; M741 V l2b
'cross' T a f d 1979, 569 (based on Boyce 1975
Pa d'md'd'n pl. MKG(1900) oM523a-c B 2;
'd'lwg (byb 5 = M4!57O/Wi/17Al for 'cross' s d'rl
MMiii&l) aM7 1 V i i:MMiii,n(29) hi77 V 8:
Pa d"1wg MKG(1440) M5966 B 4: MKG(1441) M5%6
HRa/3a/ M6221 R 5; WVa/6b/ ~6221V 2:
B 5: MMiiii M6 R i 11: MMiiij(90) M42 V ii 15;
A.R.VIU9a/ oMm V 5 = M774 R 3 = M8801 V 1:
H.I/35a/ a 9 3 1 V 7: Wa/9b/ M622l V 8:
kRFragDo/la/ oM449b+M50%R 1:LK 58 oM384+
~bcdA/4b/ M6726/4b: ~ W 2 6 a M94+/26a:
/
V 8; RH(1223) M30 V ii 15; GW 20 M4526+M7265
A M C M533 V Ub; MJ41 V 12b = aOtani6208+V
I V 14 = M6680t V 12= M451 R 10; GW 552 M248+
'6 = oM2853 V x2b; LN 527 M27 R 16 = -6.237
V 9 = M2410,V 2; GW 554 M248+ V 12 = M4515 V
Bl:LNS?8oM27V2=aM270jV2:Lh'29M27
2; Mn05 A ii 2: oMM4%9 I1 V 2 (Sundermann. If
V8: I.K3OM27V14=M457V3:IJu 531~M349
c o r n rhen Path)
R 1 = M457 R 10: LN 591a M34 v l2 = M366 V 4; d'mg Pa/MP / d W g / n 'trap, snare'.
Llr; 593aaM34V 1 7 = o M 3 6 6 V 8 : L N W a ~ % ~ Pa d'mg MKG(1902) aM523a-c B 4; MKGC1906)
3: Lh: 59% M312 R 8: M328 A 3: M38l R H;
M523a-c B-8: LR.VIII2laI oM517 V 7 =
HCfr4.17 M.2315V 5: HCfr16.4 M 6 7 5 B 4: MI201 V
M287+Ml223 R 9 = M774 V 7: RH(427) M1316 V i
20: LK? oOtani6237 A 4: oM2059h
21: ~ ~ ( 6 1M5860
2 ) 1V ii 8: HCfrN M4727 A 2a
Pa d'lwg'n pl. MKG(830) oM4571 R ii 3:
MP d'mg Orani6197 R 2
M6232+~6230R 3: LN 525 oM1603 R 8; Lh' 526 d'n- IMP /dh-/ vir. 'to know, recognize'. Pass:
drinjb-. S cPn'g. In M9/II/R/l3/the inf. dcinistan
M27 R 7 = ~1602
V 3; oM35 R 17: GW 539 M83 I1
is also a a 'knowledge, realization'.
V 22: GW 906 oOtani6205 A 3; oOtani6205 B 3
MP d'nym presJsg. Sbrg(59) M475a I R 11: M388 V
Pa d3wganyZpl. M35 V 1
4; M388 V 5: ~433a+M3706B 6
Pa d ' l w ~ r w G
gW 9 1 oM83 I1 R 21 = M838 R 6 =
M419M3824 R 1
Pa d'lwwg MI0 R 21
MP d'nynd pres3pl. KawA(159) MlOlh R 4;
d'lwg wig Pa /drilGg wazag/-n. Kame of a month.
KPT(1987) M22l R 12; KPT(1998) M221 R 23:
GW U6 (539Jl 'Pflanzen-Triebe-Monat '.
Pa d'lwg wzg GW 539 oM838 V 9 = M83 II V 19
~ ~ 8 2 II5 R9Z M28 I R i 36
damPa/MP l d h l n. 'created Wig, aeature'. Boyce
MP d"dd subj3sg. Hu(1081) A47983 I R i 2l
adds: 'in Pe. also 'animal'; in Pth also 'creation'.'
MP d'n'd subj3sg. Hu(993) M982 V i 1; S9 R i 19:
rSl2bRiil5
Pa dam Mo(12) M104+ V (2918 = M734 R 10;
MP d'n irnpsg- MMii Ma9 V 4
MKG(866) M4578 A ii 19; MMiii,f(25)M8171 V i 1;

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


MPR tan i m p f g . TM330 V 3
MP d'nystwm pret.lsg. KPT(1753) M45 V 1
MP d'nyst ppJI Sbrg(331) M&+
V 19: MMii oM2
I R ii 2: S12b R ii 25: S12b R ii 30: S12c V i 26:
M5059 R 3
MP d'nysm i n . J I MMii M9 IX R U:hi97 V i 23
MP d'nyhyd pass., pres.3sg. MMii M9 I R 11
d'n'g MF' /dcSncig/ a.; n. 'wise. a wise man'.
MP d'n'g'n pl. MMii M9 I R 3: MMiiiiq=MKG(2270)
oM4% I R I (So Sundermanq Henning (rycy)
.
'g(nyh>:M17 V ii 17; MW
l V i 12
d'n'gyy MP /dcSncigTl n. 'wisdom'.
MP d'n'gyy M738 V 7
d'ng Pa/MP /dcSnag/ n. 'seed,grain; obolus'. GW U3
(SlOlj) distinguishes ddnag und dt5ng.
Pa d'ng CPar(10) M332+1Mn4 R 9: CPar(2l)
M332+M724V 1: GW I01M6MO A 8
MP d'nq KawA(205) oMlOla R 8
danySnMP /dhziSn/ n. 'knowledge'.
Mqd'nygn bg(l9) oM473a+ I R 1%Sbrg(21) M473a+
I a 2i: Sbrg(353) &Wb+ I R 17: Sbr&&)
*-.
M542b+I1 V 4 = M805at R 9: Sbrgq(45) M537a+ 11
V a: Ha931 0M7980I R i (2l.R Hu(K77) M7983
IIViU:MMliM9IRB:MM91V9:MMii
M9 I V 12: MMii M49 I R lk MMii M49 I1 R 9:
MMii M49 II R 8:MMii M95 V 5a = oM18/6+V 1:
M97 V i 16: MI74 I1 R 7: S9 R ii 18: MS794+ I V
15: iMMii M8251 I R 15
MP d'nyysn KawA(178) MlOU R 5
d'r Pa ldcir/ n. 'tree,gallows, cn>ss; wood'. MKG 158;
GW U3 (SIOW.
Pa d'r MKG(W5) oM4570 R i I7 (Superseding Boyce
1975,I?& *d'lwg.): MKG(l239) I44574 V ii 5; GW
5103 M6300 B 3
d'r frM JIT$J. MP /ddr-fun-&-/ rrpr. BeDuhn
apud Guldcsi 2001,218 [and n91) imprets Dc3r
Farrah - as a name. Sundermann 1994b,26k 'Gloryof the cross'.
~d'rfrbaM7971~4
d'r- Pa lddr-/ v ~ r'to
. hold, keep; have, possess'.
Pa d'r'm presJsg. MMiii,m(n) M39 V ii 9
Pa d'ryb p e s 2 s g . MKMK17) M4580 V ii 4
Pa d'ryd pres.3sg. MKc(809) M497 B i 22:
MKG(1696) M267b+M314 V i U: KPT(943)
M316tM80ld R 7: ME02 R 12; M730 R i 2: LN 521
M208+M638 R 7: LN 549 MM9 R 6: LN 565
oM4450 V 1: LN S70 M5845 V: 6 = oM818 R 4; LN
578 M24H R 3; GW 69 P11295 V 9: GW 70
~5561+~5562
R 1: GW 9 8 ~5561tM5562V 1:
M285 I V ii 27
Pa d
'rm presl.pl. Or subj. MMiii,d(119) MS V ii 39;
RH(559) ~ 5 8 6 0I R i 3
Pa d'ryyd pres2.pl. MMiiid31) MI I R ii 1
Pa d'rynd pres..@f. MMiiib(l04) M5815 I V ii 23;
KPT(1900) MI68 R 1; CPar(W) M334a R 8:
H1132bI M93 1V 2
Pa d'r'n subjJsg. M8289 R 6
i

U5

Pa d'fb subjzsg. MKG(1552) M5651 B 5:


MMiiile(l50) M7 II R ii 2; 1MMiii,h(24) M33 I R ii
14: MMiii(28) M33 I V i 2; MMiii,h(33) M33 I V
i 7: MMiiih(37) oM33 I V i ll: MMiiib(43) M33 I
V ii 1: MMiiih(48) M33 I V ii 6: M1,301: RH(646)
~ 6 2 5 V9 5: M837 A 3
Pa d'r% subj.3sg. MKG(16n) M267b+~314R ii 15:
MKG1674) M267b+M314 R ii 18: M60a I V ii
(68119
Pa d'r'm subjJ.pl.6-1
M6 V i 16: KPT(1890)
M6280 R 4
Pa d'r impusg. MMiiij M42 R i 17
Pa d'ryd impv.pl. MMiii,g(78) M7 I V.i 18: M18 R 6:
MI8 V 6: RH(47l) M763 R ii 17: RH(476) M763 R
ii 22: RH(ll36l M30 R.i-8: RH(U49) M30 R i 21:
RH(1185) M30 V i 5 -.M468a V i U
Pa d'ryndyh opt. M 8 4 W Pa dyrd p p l MKG(1604) M47 I V U: MKG(1902)
M523a-c B 4; MMiiie(483 M6 R ii 18: M6031 I B i
(8) 2

Pa dyrdn inJYag--34S8l5
I R i 30
dk- MP /ddr-/ 'v.tr. 'to hold' (eg pd dst 'in the
hand'), 'keep, have, posseJs'. As gn auxiliary verb
following n pp (eg ShbrgGW), (2911, (2251, (255):
Hu(194). (5051, (8431 KawA(1681, S8/R/7/1 it
expresses an enduring state.
MP d'rym pres3sg. BBB(654) M801a/p42 7: ~781+'
I1 R (3217
MP d'ryd pres.3sg. sbrg(219) oM472e I V 3;
Sbrg(225) M472+ I V 9; Sbrg(236) M472+ I V 20:
Sbrg(255) old539 R 15: MKG(2414) ~ 6 2 4 aA 2:
Hu(151) M7984 Il R ii 17: Hu(223) M7984 II V ii
a: Hu(843) M7984 I R ii 2:Hu(l229) M7983 I1 R
i 33: MMii M49 I R 5: MMii M49 1 V 1; MMii M49
I V 6; MMii M49 I1 R 6: KPT(29) M1001+ R ii 2;
KPT&N) M1004+ V i 3: KPT(704) MI00 R iii 6:
KPT(U08) MI208 A ii 12: M16 R 2: oS8 R 7
MP d'rynd pres.3.pl. Sbrg(207) oM472+ I R 15;
~~&-2297)
M4544- I1 Y 2: Hu(89) M!39 I V 14:
Hu(194) M7984 I1 V i & Hu(505) M7980 1 V ii
(311l2: KPT(1118) M308a+M308b B ii 5: MI5 V 3:
M389 V 11= M
W I1 R 15: KaoOlll R 2: KaoOlll
R 4: MMii M8251 I R 8
MP d'r'n subjhg. Otani61%+ A 8
MP d'r'd subj.3sg. Sbtg052) M542b+ I R 16;
gbrg097) M%2b+ Il R U: Hu(229) M79M 11 V ii
27: MMii oh42 I R ii 14; KPT(21) M1001+ R i 4
MP d ' r ' d subj.3.pZ.Sbrgq oM537at II R 15; M43 R
2
MP d'r impvsg. 8aw~(l&)MI& V 5
MP d'ryb opt.3sg. ? MMii M8251 I R 9
MP d'r'g prpJa ME% R i 9
MP d'St p p l Sbrg(ll8) M477 I R 22: Hu(403) M7980
I R i (31)12: S2 V ii 3: S12b R ii 33: S12b R ii 37:
M788 R 8; M5098/5
MP d'Sm inf 1 M n O V 6;MI99 V i 20
d'r'w /ddrciw/ n.pr.m. MKG, 158Sundermam 1994b,

.I38

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

Sundermann 1979, 101: 'Splenditenens, erster Sohn


des Lebendigen Geistes' (see also there p126 d62).
MP dhybyd SbrgCB) oM473at I V 9: Sbrg(B6)
M472+ I R 14: Sbrg(23.4) M472+ I V 18: Hu(U6)
M7984 11R ii 2: RH(879) M394 A 7 (Colditz
307 11.243)
{dhwbyd)<dhybyd>
dhyn MP /dabat/ n. 'mouth'.
MP dhyn MMii M28 11 R i 6;MMii M28 I1 V i 34:
MI6 R 6: W33 R 7; M733 R 11: M299a R ii 3; S9 V
ii 18; GW
S31 R 22: M389 R 14 = aM8430 I1 R
2
:
M
3
8
9
V
9
~
M
3OII~RU:MlWVii2
-- dhyr I@ /da5rl n 'a8 4rememberer,
protocolist' (?).
Sundermann, MKG, UO: dzyr, d b y < syr. darr'r
'reminixens', Xch-Erinnerender" or protocdist
But a more likely meaning might be '(well)
remembered', 'of happy memory' i.e dead, 'the
late'. cf. Safar 195311(Nr.91 Aramaic dkyr knzyw
'May KNZYW be remembered' on an altar in Ham
See also Hofrijzer-Jongeling 1995,322ff. Tubach 1997,
379 thinks it is simply a npr.
MP dhyr oM3 R 3 (<h>seems fairly likely, otherwise
--exThe third lener is square at the top (ddm
is visible) arid so does not look like <y>. Other
possibilities would be <d(na)r>and d(cn)r> if
they made sfme.)
dhySn Pa ldabihl n. 'present, giving; creation'.
Pa dhySn LN 5ltI oM428c R 1
&h MP ldabzabl ? '?'. A magic syllable
Durlcin-Meisteremst m b , 145
MPdh&M&UOIV2:M&UOIV2; M84301V2
a--.

bility: Henning l940,49.


Pa dmdyft Glossq oM2608 V (4)l
MP dmdyfi G I a q M2608 V 0 2
dmyst'n MP /damestdn/ n. 'winter'. Henning 1937a,
90 sub zrqgMP dmydn Sbrgfe M510b R 5: Hu(725) M798111 v
i5;MlgsZ59IIR3

W Pa / d d / n 'wind'.

PadmIAW22a/oMI80+MsB9V3
dn'h MP / d d r ? n. [Boyel /*danmib/ 'ache.
aches' <?kbWXedd ''disease'. MacKenzie 1979,
525, note on 91
MP da3 SbrgVl) M475a 1V 19; Sbrg(u3) M4n I V
U;Hu(98U M7982 R ii 23: Hu(1063) M7983 I R i
3
dnd'n WMP /danddn/ n. 'tooth'.
Pa dnd'n AbcdB M507 R 5b
MP dnd'n G b i q oM2SO8 V (714
dnwg MP /&uzzjg/ n 'chin, jaw'. Henning 1940,
49%
MP dnwwg Gl0ss.q M2608 V (7)4
do MP / h i r , :dm, gztf psq palace; d r a p r .
subjj'. Also used of the sense organs (MKG, 17).
MP dr M3 R 9: Sbrg(261)
R 23: Hu(14) M98 I
R 14: ~u(21)M98 1 R 3: Hu(62) 4499 I R 12;
Hu(63) M99 1 R l3; Hu(82) M99 I V 7; Hu(86)
M 9 I V IE Hu(112) M7984 II R i 12; Hu(124)
hi7984 Ii R i 24; H~(l32)M7984 11 R i 32: MMii
M21 Vi29;MMiiM2IVi35; MMiiM2I Vii 14:
MMii M.2 I V ii 29; MMii M2 I V ii 37; KPT(425)
~84301V2;M843OIV3;M&UOIV3;M84301 M1004+ V iv 3; KPT(l663) M46 V 9; KPT(1667)
M46 V U;ICPT(1669) M46 V 15; KPT(16n) M46 V
V3:M84301V3
17: KPT(l682) M652tM526 R 7: M97 R i 14; M97 R
djn Pa/MP ldaZn/ a 'hot (= spicy)'. ~&veniste1936,
206. KPT, 41 translation and n.12 121 Henning 1947,
i 17: M5193 A 3: MY%+ 1 V 12
55. Only the Parth attestation is certain.
MP dfn pl. @M9
iiiI 1' 9: MMii M9 I V 12: MMii
Pa djn M840b B 3
~ 2 1 ~ i i ~ : M M i a M 2 1 V iMMiiM21~i33;
l6:
MP djn KFT(773) oMlOO V iii 4
KPT(428) M1004t V iv 6
djngyft Pa /daiiuzggt,I n. 'sharpness'. MKG, 158 Cf.
MP drdr doubZe Hu(1280) M7983 I1 V i 16
djn.
dr Pa /dm/ n. 'valley, glen, ravine'.
Pa djngyft MI(G(861) OM4578 A ii 14
P a r l r m 1 0 .
djrtbwhr Pa /jartab3r/ np.Indian place-name (?).
Pa dr'npl. l&Gi,e M6 R i 24
Henning 1947,56-7.
d$w- Pa ldrihu-1 v ~ r'to
. seduce, deceive, to call (of
Pa djrtbwhr M W n V (281U
a demon)'. khwartz 1966
dm- Pa/MP /dam-/ UJY. 'to breathe, blow, sound (of
Pa dfwyd pes3sg. CF'ad59) M499+ V 1: M741 R
trumpet)':
$=OtanimR 6zaM2853 R x2b
Pa dmynd pres.3.pl. AbcdB oM507 R 5a
pa dr"wyndpres3.pl. MI(G(17l4) o~267b+~314
V ii
Pa dmyyd im*.
MMiiig M7 1R i 14
4; MM~&&O) M77 V 9: KPT(950) M316tM801d V
dmb MP /dumb/ n 'bank, shore'. Henning 1937%82
2; M229 B i 5
&
'
+
n
g
,
-(!I
Pa /dr&vdnagl a. 'deceptive,
KPT, 121.
MP dmb KawA(2DS) M1Ola R l2; KawA(260) MlOlm
deluding'. v3
Pa dWng W24/ M93 I R 5: M258 I R 4 ;
MP dmb'n pl. KPT(441) M1004+ V iv 19; Otani6227
oM9103& M m B 5
Pa dr'wng'n pl. Glossc MmM699 I R 2
A3
dmdw'g Pa /dnmdwdg/ a. 'speaking foolishly' (or dry- MP /drGy-I vJr. 'to deceive; to speak (in the
'muttering'). Henning 1940,49.
manner of demons),chatter, call out'. MKG,I22, n6.
Pa dmdw"g Glossq -8
V (6B
M p dr'ydpres.3sg. KawA(148) MlOlb V 4
dmdyft Pa /damdift/ n 'foolishness, irresponsiMP dr'ynd pres3.H. MKG(2QZl) 24742 I1 R 13

.!
I
.+

:.I

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.3

-,I

U9

forbearance'.
MP di'yyd impy.pI. SbrgOlfl) olM542b+ I R 5:
Sbrg(363>M5tI2b+I V 3
Pa drgmayft MMiij,i<%> M42 R ii 8: oM529 R 4: GW .MP di'yst ppJI M97 V ii 8
6 M259c+M453cR 14
dray& IMP /driyiin/ n. 'shrieking, calling;
Pa drgmnyft hi14 V 10; LN 9 6 M818 V 3: LN S76
chatterixig'.
oM818 V 3; LN 902 M307at R 7 = M69R V 6
MPdr'ykM97Viij
drhm MP /drabm/ z 'drachma, silver coin'. Cf.
MP dr'ySn'npL A4204 B 8
drxm, i;reek loan-word
dr'z'y MP /drrSIcSy/ n. 'length'. MacKenzie 1980,
MP drhm KawA(272) M9ll V 3: MMii M9 I1 V 11
drm'n
Pa/MP /dmmrkr/ n 'medicine,healing'.
glQ=vMP dr'fy Sbrg(zsl) M535+ V 17
Pa dm'n RH(n3)oM5860 I R i 17
dr%d MP / d d /vtr.,pp. 'to mow, reap'. KPT,12t
hiP drmanM3 02)V 9: Hu(538) M7980 I R i 00)9
MP df wd ppJ KPT(2070) M6005 A ii 9
drsrwg MP /durm-g/ a "infamous'. Sundermann
drb Pa /dra/3-/ vtr. 'to put on (clothes)'. MKG, 158
1976,187 n146 suggests dursr6g written with drPa drb% subj.38g. MKG(1050) M4572 V ii 8
instead of ex@
dwr- by a scribewho makes a .
drb'n MP /darbrkr/ n 'gatekeeper'. Also 'guardian
number of mistakes in that same text
of the pass'.
MP drsrwg M1W V ii 14
. . .
MP drb'n Hu(l33) M7984 I1 R i 33
drPh MP./dmGb/ xpr. m. MKG, 158. 80: n.5.
'
drd PdMP /dmd/ n 'pain'. Cf. 'bydrd.
Sundennann lsmh 73 and nSI;Sundermam 1994b,
.
M734 V 9 = M5861 R i 3; MKG(899)
. .
Pa drd ~444)
261. If dr is 'door' then the name is MP.
. M4578 B ii U: MKM1769) M5055+ V i 7:
Pa drS'h MKG(K34) M494 V i 7
.
KFT<W)M83+ I R 9; KPT(1518) M309 R 1: drtng M P /cfar&uzg/ 'whick has a n a m w gate,' . '.
KpT(2044) OM580 V 3: MI202 R 10; H.I/6b/ M625b
fortress'. Sundemranh 199% 312-3.
MP drtng MVSO R ii 4
V 3: W 3 W M256 I V 6; kRI/Ub/ M780+M889
R 6 = M6238+ R 3; kRVI/64b/ M88 I V 8 = M96 dtw MP / d d n 'lie, deceit'.
MP drw Sbrgq MWa+II R 17: MKG(2289) M454t I1
V 8 = MI75 R 6: kR.VIII/Sa/ M89 R 9; RH(316)
R 14: M K O aM454+ lI V 16: M5794-r-I1 V 16:
M284b R i 25; RH(317) M284b R i 26: RH(1231)
~S22ill
M30 V ii 23; M6895/2a
drw'xyz MP ld+uwcZx@z/ a "having a whole
Pa drdwm MMiii,g(230) M I1 V ii 26
(healthy) arising'. MacKenzie 1979,525, note 67: 'an
MP drd SbrgV1) oM475a I V 19: Sbrg(U3) M477 I V
old
inherited hmmian term for the blessing at
U: Hu(98l) M7982 R ii 23: ~ ~ ( 1 0 6 M7983
3)
IRi
the
Resurrection..
3: MMii M564 R 1 a: aM514 B 2
MP drwkyt Sbrg(67) M475a I R 19
drdwmnd MP /dard&nand/ a 'suffering, sick'.
drwd
W M P /dr&i/ n 'well-being, health welfare'.
MP drdwmnd Ml77 R 18
Used
in formulae of benediction and greeting
drdyn Pa/&* /dardh/ a 'pain-filled, sad'.
dr6d
abar
t6 'wd-beiig to you, welcome'; dr6d
Pa drdyn LMMiiid(84)M5 V i 24
dddan:
'to
greer; pad dr6d kardan: 'to bid
LMPdrdyn M73l R !: RH(Ul9) M273 V U
farewell'.
M
K
G 86 a Andreas-Henning 19%. 891n
MP drdyn'n pl- oOtaniCat102 I V 5
6.
sunder
ma^
#)04a. 524 n29.
drfS Pa/MP /draf S/ n 'banner'.
Pa
d
f
w
d
M
1
f
Pa drf5 ~ b f i i M 6M39
) R i 7; .MMWd33) M39 Rii
Pa
drwd
MKGOO)
oMl344tM5910 V 7; MKG61)
7: MMiQO(20) OM67 V i 14: RH(920) M749 V 2:
Ml344tM5910
V
8; MKG(108) M48+ I R 16:
M5352 A 4
MKG(221) M805b R 10; ~Kc(1066)M4573 R i 16:
MP d f i RH(1018) M799c B 3
MKG(l310) M6040 R 1: MKG(1592) oM47 I V 1:
drfS Pa ldraf i/ a = drf s' 'flag', or a nautical t e r n
MMiiid(73) %
, V i 8;MMiiid(90) M5 V i 30:
'strake,wale' or 'cross, (nautical) yard'. Boyce 19%
MMiiig
M7
I R i 10; MMiiig(93) M7 I V ii 5:
186
.
MMiiidlM)
MI 1V ii 16: MMiiig(lO9) M7 I V ii
Pa dfi ARI/na/oMI80+M889V U = M673 V 5
21:
MMiiig(I74)
M7 I1 R ii 28 = ~ 4 9 6 aR 6;
drfr Pa /draf3-1 uitr. 'to shine, gleam'.
MMiiip
Mn
R
9;
MMiii,p(lO) oM21 V 2: MV378:
Pa MSydpres.3sg. IM~iiim(l6)M39 R i 17
MV398;
Mlf399;
M1/400: MU401: BBB(153)
dry, drg Pa /dav/ a 'long'. KPT, El
M80Wp10
3:
M448
B 1: M544 V 6: M544 V 7:
Pa d r y - ~ ( 1 4 6M2
) 11 V ii 35
M544
V
7:
M544
V
8;
M544 V 9;M544 V 10: M544
Pa drg KFT(958) M316+~801dV 10; KPT(1241) Ma802
V ll; ~ 5 4 4 V 1 4 ; ~ 6 8 0 ~ 4 R= 1~ ;2~46 8 R0 6 =
A4
drgmn Pa /daryman/ a, n 'a patient person'.
K24 R3=M189R2: M680R 7=K24 R 4 =MI89
d r g m n - g r p 'patient in mind' (?I.
R 4; ~ 6 8 0 ~ 9 = K 2 46=M189
R
R 6: M680 R l l =
Pa drgmn LN SllO M491tM3417 V 7; RH(102) ~ 8 R 6
K24 R 8 : ~ 6 8 0 ~ =K24R9:aM680
l3
R 15 =K24
11; GW 563 M340a V 4 = M295 R 2; M452a B 4
R 11: M 3 2 7 ~ 3 = ~ V3:0~680
24
V 1=M327R5
drgmnyft Pa /darymanif tl n. 'patience,
= ~ 2 ~4 6 : ~ 3 2 7 ~ 7 = ~ 2 4 V 7v; ~4 6=K24
80
'

S)*

i
I

. .

:I40

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

V 9=~189V3=aM327R9:M680V6=K24~11
Ml72IV3
=M189V5=oMmRll;M680 V.8: M66MR 7: drwdyn- MP /dr6d&-/ vfr. 'to bring welfare,
M6650 R 9: M6650 R ll; M6650 R 16: M83 I R 7 =
bestow d a r e ' .
MP drwdyn'dwt subj.3sg. BBB(452) M80la/p29 8
M200 V 5 = M234 R 1= M105a R 2: M83 I R g =
M20OV6=M234R3=oMlOSaR4=oM1927R 4:
MP drwdyn'gprpJa BBB(447) M801aIp29 8
H.V/3a/ M6220 V 3 = M895atM2224 R 3: drwdz'dg Pa /drc%zt?dag/ n 'child of well-being',
ie a Manidjaean.
H.VIIla/lal~2j6I R 1 = M855 R 1; MI02 R 18:
Pa drwdedg'n pl. BBB(280) M801a/p17 u
RH(1225) M30 V ii 17: GW $53M248+V 11: oMlO
R 11; MI0 R E M84 V 1; M203 I1 V 1: M2.5 1 R i drwg Pa /d*/ n. 'lie, deceit'. Henning 1965a, 32
Pa drwg W19)M104+ V (36)15: MKG(l57l) Mi608 B
3: M3Ol R 4: h527 R 3: M383 A 3: M215 R U;
~ i i 5 ~ 3 : o h 1 ~ 1 5 ~V261; 5v 8; ~ 2 l v
5 u
3; ~ 6 a d oI V i (4114: LN 28 M27 V 4 = M2705 V
3; LN 587 M34 V 2: GW 72 M5561tM5562 R 5 =
Pa drwda~ 1 7 V
63
M847 B 2
Pas trwb K24 V 1
drwgmyg
Pa ldruymTg/ a. 'lying, false'.
PaR d#rod oTM339a R 1
Tmmiption
kindly suggested by N. Sims-~illiams
MP drwd KawA(45) MlOll R 4: MMii M28 I1 V ii 6;
with refto Sogd 5 y m 'lie' < *drugma(n)-.
MMii M36 V 18; MMii M36 V 19; MMii M36 V 22;
Pa drwgmyg MMiq$l33) M7 11 R i 15
MMii M3l I R 15; MMii M31 I V 8; MMii M311 V
drwj Pa /ddZ/ n 'demon'.
12: MMii M729 I V ii 10: MMii A4729 II R i U;
Pa drwj'n pl. oMW)2 R 8
MMii M729 I1 V i 16; MMii M729 II V ii 6; drwj- Pa /d*i-l v.itr. 'to tell lies'. MKG,1%.
MMiii,$22) M454 1 V 9; KPT(809) M819MZ154 R
Pa drwiynd pres3.pl. MKG(1680) M267b+M314 R ii
15; BBB(177) M8OWp11 I?: .BBB(448)-M80la/p29
24
9; M3l5IIV9:M3l5IIVll: M315IIV21; M43R drwjn Pa I d ~ i S a na
l 'lying, false; liar'.
3; M324 B 3: M82 R 23 = M23W 10; M82 V 18;
Pa drwjj MKG(17l5) M267b+M314 V ii 5: M
m V ii
MI1 R 6: M11 R 19: pMll V 10: M22 M 18; W72 1
u;RHW) M284b R ii I2
V 2: S19a R 2: RH(lI241M273 V 18; M26 I1 R 6:
Pa dnvjj'n pl. CPar(159) M44 R 8
oM27l V 15: M501P) R 7: M4b I1 V 11:PM.94.2 R drwjyft Pa /ddZTft/ n. 'mendacity'.
i 1; PM9142 R i 5; PM914.2 R i 7: P.M.9142 R i 8:
Pa drwjyft LN 68 aM5845 V 2
P.M.9142 R ii 3: PM9142 R ii 4: P.M.9142 R ii 6: drwnd, &wynd MP /druwand/.ldruwend/ a.; n
PN.9142 R ii 8: oPUm4.2 R ii 9; PM9l4.2 V i 1:
'evil, sinful, wicked; sinner, infidel, nonPM914.2 V i 2; PM9142 V i 5; PM914.2 V i 6:
Manichaean'.
P.M.9142 V ii 1; PM914.2 V ii 2: P.M.914.2 V ii 5;
MP drwnd S9 R i 29; S9 R ii 4; MIK82j9 I1 V 12;
P.M.9142 V ii 6: Otanill075 R ii 4; Otanill075 R ii
M4b II R 22
5; 0~6012V i 5; ~ 5 4 R6 2: MI97 I R 5; 0~501~/3; MP drwnd'n pl. Sbrg(51) oM475a I R 3; KawF(41)
.M1727/2: Ml850/2a: M195U2:M2811Ilb
M6W) &,6; dB V i 26: MKG(2219) M5794+ 11 R
MP drwd' MI76 V 2
6: M28 I B ii 29
MP drwdwt BBB(450) M80Wp29 31
MPdrwyndoSUv7
MPS trwb TM406b V 4
MP drwyngnpl. KawF(12) M~EO
colA 12; KawF(36)
drwdg P a m /dr&iagl n. 'health, welfare'.
~6120coSD I
Pa drwdg AR\?I/32b/ M817+M459a V 5
dmn@@
/dr&ag/ n. 'rahbw'. Henning 1943,6&
MPdrwdgMMiiM21Riib
uanslation.
drwdg'n Pa Idr6dagt3nl a 'pertaining-torescue, to
MP drwng KawA(68) MlOlk V 2
welfare'. dyb dnudg'n 'rescuing letter'. KPT, 12L
dnvsty MP /drusti/ n 'health, well-being'.
Pa drwdganKPT(997) oM2082 R 7 = M211+ R 12
MPdrwstygWl
drwdgaryft Pa /dr6dgcirift/ n. 'well-being, drwSg MP /d&agl n. ISundermaml 's.th cut off':
welfare'.
[MacKenzid *desolation*.KPT,
46, nlj.
Pa drwdg'ryft MMiji,h(861oM33 II V i 2
MP drw5g lPT(844) M853 V 2
drwdgr Pa /dr&igar/ a, n 'bringer of well-being'.
drwSt Pa /dnuutTtl, ldrutt/ a.'whole, well'.
GW 121 (557.21
Pa dm& MMiii,a(95) M2 11 V i 21: KPT(2043) M580
Pa drwdgr GW S57 M248+V 18 = oM5906 V 3
V 2; ~PT(2044)M W V 3; KPT(B48) M580 V 7;
drwdygr MP Idr6degml n. 'health-b~inga'.
IEPTt2Ml~24580 V 8: FU/2a/ M233 V 3
MP drwdygr BBB(447) M80Wp29 8
. Pa d&t ~gG(I26)M48+ I V 15; MKG(648) oM4j75
d r w d y h , drwdyy, drwdy MP /dr6dib/ n.
R i 4: M~G(812)OM4577 B ii 2; MXG(1211) M4574
'well-being health*.
R i 2; MgG(l737) M267bM314 V ii 27; hR.V/43a/
MP drwdy MMii M28 II V ii 6
M5586+Il R 5; AKVI/64b/ M88 1 V 8 =
MP drwdyh M4b II V 16; M051 V? 6
V 8 = MI75 R 6 (negligable variant ?dy f t
MP drwdyy MMii M36 V 10; BBB(253) M80la/p15 18;
(taken from end of lime).); M907012

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian


drwStgr Pa Id-tgar/

a, n 'healer'. Colditz 2000,

286.
Pa drwitgr M5785 I R 14
drwStyft Pa /druftvt/ n 'wholeness, health'.
Pa drwityff HU6lb/ oM5587 V 2
Pa dnvStyft bEG(1631) M267b+M3l4 R i 2: HV/9b/
M858eV2=M5350 R 2: M830cV24 =M275+Vii
20
drwxS MP I d 4 n 'shedeman, demon'.
Pa W
n # MKG(19.55) M502e A 5
MPdrwx3bf3(40)V17: M733R9:SgR i 25
MP drwxS'n pl. Sbrg(244) MHSc R 4: Sbrgt248)
aM535+ R 8: K P T ( U ~ O ) = H ~ ( ~ ~ ~ R) 2:
~ ~ ( 6 8MIP81
9 ) II R ii 3; I8T048)~ 1 0 0 4 R+ i 18;
KPT(365) M1004+R ii U:KPT(864) M263f+ A i 12;
KPT(u~!J)~PQ~VS;
M174IV9:S9R i 7; oSKaR
18: OtaniCatl02 I V 6
drwxtmyht Pa /dnrxZmibr/ a 'committing a
breach of camact'. Henning 1937%82 ,Ondrwxt s
Ghilain 1939.95:
pa h v x t # *.A4229
Y ii il
drwxtyh MP /dmxttb/ n. 'falsehood'.
MP drwxtylj A45794+ I1 V 18
drwz- NP /dnjz-/ u ~ r 'to
. lie, tell a die, deceive'.
Henmng 19% 82
MP drwzydpres.3sg. MKGf2295) M454+ I1 R 20
:W drwz'nd subj3.pI. MKG(2289) M454+ I1 R 14
drwzn MP Idr6zanl a, a 'lying false. liar'.
MP drwm KawF(21) ~ 6 1 2 0colB 7: S9 V i 12 (not
Salemann 19Q 10 and 13E z w z n 'Goldwen (?)'I:
M5794+IIRl6: M28 I R i 25
drwzny4, dnvzan MP /drdzm-b/ n 'falsehood'.
MP drwznyb MI74 I1 R 9
MP d r m y y KawF(25) M6m colC 1; Hu(976)
M7982 R ii 18: Hu(lOV) M7982 V ii 31: M97 R ii
10
drxm Pa /dzaxm/ n 'drachma'. KPT, Ul; GW, 126
(574.5). Cf. drbm
Pa drxm KPT(Pg-3 M580 V Ur KPT(2055) M580 V
14: GW 574 oM5561+M5562 R U = M847 R 9: GW
5101 M6300 A 8
drxs- Pa Idraxs-/ vjr. 'to endure'.
Pa drxs'h subj2sg. Wiii,i M42 R i 7
drm Pa/MP ldraxt/ n. 'tree'.
WMIr drxt M68U/2
Pa drxt IbwT(5) M291a A 5: GW 547 M608a V 1;
GW I05 M6300 B 15: GW 905 a6300 B 16:
M726Rii3
Pa drxt'n pl.MKG(1905) M523ac B 7: MMiii,d M5 R
i 29 = - W I B 8; ~6232+M6230
B 2; GW %9 M295
V 8: GW 96 M5642 A 10: GW S97 M2331 A 2;
GW 598 -1
B 4: MI201 V 19
MP d m M426b A 14
MP drxt %q$m)aM477 I V 18; Sbrg(173) M482+ I
V 5; Sbrg.fe oM510b R 9: KawA(41) MlOlj V 9;
KawA(159) MlOlh R 4; KawA(169) MlOlh V 6;
KawA(2W) aMIOla R 3: Kaw~(269)M9ll R 5;
'

141

gPT(l334PHu(650) M506 R 6: HuC128) ~ 7 9 8 1II


V i 8: ~ ~ 0 6 M7981
3 ) !I V ii 9: Hum21 hi7981 I1
V ii 18: Hu(824) M7984 I R ii 2: Hu(826) M7984 I
R ii 4: Hu(lll3) M7983 I R ii 19: Hu(ll42) M7983
I V i 14; Hu(ll82) M79@ I V ii a:Hu(1224)
M983 11 R i 18; Hu(1222) M7983 Il R i 26: MMii
M2 I V ii 2; MMii M49 I V 8: MMii M49 I1 V 11:
gpT(875)W63f+ A ii 8: ElPT(U24) MI208 B ii 2:
BPT(1639) M46 R 6: KPT(1651) oM46 R 18:
. m 1 6 m MG v 3; MS v 5: M738 R 2: GW
gaoSIlV7:GWlaSIlVU:M265~i5:
~5646R 3: ~1856/3:oM2097/2: M2226/ii 3
MP dra"ppl. H~(307)MI981 I V i 3
MP drxt'n gawA(40) aM101j V 8: KawA(151) MlOlb V
7: KawD M625c V i 1;Hu0U) 247981 I V i 8: MU
V 5: RH(1078) M18l V 5: MIK8zS9 II R 8: oM5'55

drxtysfn Pa /draxtestLTn/ n. 'forest'. Cdditz 2000,

R5

93
Pa dnrryst'n Id201 V 17
dsf'b MP /dtap%/ a 'sea, fake'.
MP dry%ICawA(208) dMl0la R 11: KawA(210) oMlOla
R U;KawA(259) MlOlm V 2: KawA(Z62) MlOlm
Z; Hdll7) M
79a If R i l7: HuC244)M7981 I R
i 8: Hu(249) M7981 I R i U: MMii oM224 I R 9:
KPT(799) M819+M2154 R 5; KPT(806)
oMSl9+Bm54 R 12: gpT(888) M263f+ B i 6:
KPT(896) M263f+ B i 14; M32b A 9: M545 R 8:
M5646 R 2: Otani6197 R 1: Otani62n A 2
dry@
MP /dn'g6S/ a. 'poor'. Is the text MP or

Pa&
MPdqp5M653 R ii 3

dryst MP ldrijtl a. 'whole, well; right, proper'. drTst


aWar!,ddfSSt~sGY!
MP
d@ R 22: MT4

v8
M475a I V 3: Sbrg(80) M475a I V
8; Sbrg(110) M477 I R 14: Sbrg(250) M535+ R 10:
Sbrg(H6) M472 I1 R 8: Sbrg(541) M472 II R 13:
Mb4ii M9 I V 12: MMii M28 Il R i 17: MMii M28 I1
R i'24: MMii M-28 11 R i 26: MMii M28 I1 R i 28:
MMii M28 JI R i 32: MMii oM28 II R i 34: MMii
M28 II R i 37: MMii M B 11 R ii 2; MMii M28 11 R
ii 5: MMii M28 I1 R ii 8: MMii M28 11 R ii 12:
MMG M28 II R ii 15; MMii M28 I1 V ii 22: MMii
M28 IT V ii 24: MMii M28 I1 V ii 26: MMii M28 I1
V ii 29; MMii M28 I1 V ii 31: MMii M28 11 V ii 33
=oM612V2;MMiiM28IlVii34: MMiM28II V
ii 36 = M612 V 5; MMii M612 V 11: M6E V 14;
MMii M6E R 12: MMii M6U R 14: KPT(756) MlOO
V ii 9: KPT(1969) M2056 B 3: BBB(374)
MSOla/p23 17; oM842 R 1: M842 R 2: M842 R 3:
M842 R 18; M842 V 2: M842 V 5: M842 V 10;
mip+R 4; ~ 5 0 l p Rc 6: ~ 1 4 6 4 / 2
wsm MP fdfistawml adv. = dfist awarMP drystwr
B2
d r ~ s t ~ ? !~~~ Y S ~ Y ( Y drYs9hs
)Y
~ ~ Y ~ MP
I Y Y
Id*-bin
'wholeness, health'.
MP dryst -75)

. 142

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and F%hian

MP drys~yhMMii oM36 V 23
MP dsfn pl. m(37l)Mia+ R iii 3; KPT073)
. .
M 1 W R iii 5
MP drystyh &qo aM473at 11 V 10: MU V 21:
dst 2 Pa /dast/ a 'capable, able'. cwnd dst 'y: 'as
oM797 I V 11: bWi2 R i 2: MmL/3
much as you are able'.
MP drysuy MMii oAi36 R 11
Pa dst MMiiib(181) M5815 LI V i 20
MP drystyy MMii M311 V 19: BBB(246) oM80Wp15
.
dstbr
Pa ldart/3ar/ n (a*) 'having power, one in
11: BBB(398) M W p 2 6 9: BBB(474) M801a/p30
authority; (?> pd dstbr: 'as one in authority' (?).
17: MKS259 1 V ii 22: oM650 I R 6
Hapax, established by Henning 1944,143n.6 (s. KPT,
drz- Pa /dmz-1 v.tr. 'to tie on, load (carrier or
115
sub 'dyjgl The .reading is in fact quite unsure.
pack-animal)'. Henning 1937%82 KFT,121
Maybe
just dst 'hand' followed by another word
Pa drznd pres3pi. =$
M2 I1 R i 14
(hardly
br 'gate'?). Sundennann 's suggestion
q? Pa drzynd pres3.pl- M852 I? R 7 {unp.)
dgbrwsj
'kiss of the hand' is excluded by the
Pa drz'd ppJI KPT(l788) M572 R 6
traces
in
M390/Wl/.
Yakubovich 2004.394 suggests
ds Pa Idas/ num card. 'ten'.
'he
gave
a
sign
by
moving(?)
his hand', i.e. 'with a
Pa ds MMiii.d(l04) M5 V ii 14: MMiiiJlM33 I R i 11:
movement of the hand '.
KPT(1516) M2309 V 5; MI/&; LK 4 M384+ R 5;
Pa d~ br ~o(26)oMl04+ V (43122 = oM390 R 1
M8289 V 3: M8289 V 3
dstd'r Pa ldastb&/ n. 'helper'. Ghilain 1939,75.
dst I,dst PdMP /dust/ n 'hand'. dust burdam 'to
Pa dstd'r M-4
M67 R ii 31 = oM480c V ii 11
carry off' (MKG(N)). p a d dust i 2 'through, by dstkS MP,l d a s t k d a 'making salutation, bowing'.
means of ,; for'. pad dust (MP + i) 'for' (s.
MP dst lcFi Hu(165)M79M I1 R ii 31
Sundermann 198lb,174b-l75a [There the reference to dstn MP Idasturd a 'powerful, able'.
Henning 1958 25 is to be corrected to p27 n2D. x 6
WdsmMMiiM9SR4a
" dast istan- (M386O~v/i/2/j 'to take x h t o the
dstwr MP /dtzstwur/rr 'authority; protector'. Miiller
. hand, lay hold of x'. S also 'wyst'm.
19l3, 9 translation
-Pa ds! MKG(2UO) M33O+MZ238 R 9: KPT(BI?) M572
MP clsmr MlA2
V 13; KPT(2026) M580 R 3: AbcdE M
2
2 R 4a
dstygyrd Pa Idtastegird/ n 'estate, mansion'.
Pa dst MMiicb(223) M5815 11 V ii 31; MMiii,c(40)
Humbach-Skjm~1983 831-2 1) 'landed property'
M5569 V 19: MKG(N) M4576 R ii U:MKG(719)
2) 'subject,vassal'. W 9S
. (525-7).
M4576 V i 3: MKG(740) M4576 V ii 7: MKG(77l)
Pa dsrygyrd ARWIl27a.l M287+M1223V 1
M4>7 A ii 7: MKc(809) M4.577 B i 22: MKG(901)
Pa dstygyrd LN 9 5 oM2705 R 2
M4578 B ii 15: MKG(1067) M4573 R i 17: dswm Pa /dasom/ num wd.; adu. 'tenth; tenthly'.
MKG(1182) M4,70 V i 19; MKG(1184) M4570 V i
Pa dswm MU02 V 00)15:oM453c R 5: oM529 R 5; LN
21: M8286 1 V 17: MKG(1604) M47 I V 13;
84 oM34 R U:M35 R 3; GW S5 oM259c+M453cR
MKG(2123) M330+M2238 R 2; KPT(937)
5
. M316+M8Old R 1: KPT(938) M316+MSOld R 2; 6s'pt /6&cipatl tap-.m (Sogd.). Possibly miswritten
KPT(2030) M580 R 7; CParO) M33bM724 R 2;
with 5 instead of s. *bascipat 'Protected by ten',
M32a R 7; M6020 I R i 18: H3I1h1 M603 R 1:
Sundennann 199& 254 and n.48
H.VIb/22a/ M502b V 3: kVIc/l4b/ MWM289a I1
M GSapt M1/68
V 8; kR.Ia/Ua/ M518 V 3; ARVI/SOa/ M6240c V d3n Pa/MP /da.hI n. 'right hand; right (side or
7: LN 47 MI848 V 3 = o
M
w R,1: RH(23) MU7 I
direction)'. MKG Pat9 and 5 h . l
V 7: RH(281) oM2&la V ii 21: RH(594) M5860 1 V
Pa &n -10)
M5%9 R 10; MKG(102) M48+ I R
i 2: GW 578 oM5561+M5562 V 1 = MS47 V 2;
lo: MKG(646)&45H R i 2: MKG(ll96) M4570 V
M830+R 24=M27FVi ll
ii lo: M K G ( l 6 0 M47 I V 15: KPT(l347) M715d A
Pa dsy br See dstbr. Mo(26) oM104+ V (4322 =
3: BBB(2771 M80la/p17 8: M2753 R?2: GW 588
0M390R 1
Mn5d B 3
MP dsf KawA(122) MlOle R 12: BBB(262) M801a/pl6
Pa &nrnan M680 R 11= K24 R 8
9: M781+ 11 R (31s: M78lt I1 R (381U
Pa dSnFdyfr d673O A i 6
MP dst M3 R 6:M3 R 14: oM3 R 17: Sbrg(236) M472+
Pa dSnwyl'st M6730 A i 3
I V 20; Sb@27) MOa+ V 15; KawA(29) MlOlj R
MP &n SbrB(62) M473 1 R 14; Sbrg(73) M475a I V
7: KawA(150) MlOlb V 6: KawA(208) MlOla R 11; .
1: MMii M36 V 10; MMii M36 V 18; f(PT(913)
MKG(l504) M80ja+ V 7: MKG(1559) aMt202 A 2: M~~$+B~~~~:~ISIIR~~:M#)IIR~:M~~IIV
Hu(68) M99 I R 18: Hu(402) M7980 1 R i 00111:
23; M5770/3
MMi M49 I V 6:MMii M49 I1 R 2: MMii M28 II R
MP Gnwyspwhr M6730 A i 4
i 2; MMiii,q(l5) M454 I V 2; KPT(476) M1002t R
MP d5nwyspwyh M6730 A i 5
iii 11: KPT(1979) M Z l R 4; MV200;M433atM3706
hip &nzyndq oM6730 A i 7
A5:M28IVii35
dSng Pa /d&g/n 'dagger'. MKG, 158.
MPdstnbygLoSlOI2OIRU
Pa &ng MI(G(809) M4577 B i 22

*j

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

143

-1
-I
I

1
I

iI
I

W2:M1/3; MIIC36 R i 6; MM36 R i 6: M W R


&ng2dg, &yy z'dg MP /d&z13dug/ n 'son of
i 7; BBBd(l4f Mll4 1 V 6;M97 V i 9; MI6 R 4;
the right hand, righteous'.
IMP &ny&dgan pl. BBW) M80Vp4 8
M~~~:LSIOW]IR~.LSIO~IR~:SIV~;
MP &n@'dgnn pl. M4a II R .14
V 12: M788 V 5: M5794+ I V 14; MMii M8251 I
dSt Pa/MP Id& n 'desert, plain'.
R 5: MMii M82Sl I V 12; Otani6P7 A 6; M5750 V
WMIr d.5~M2887/2
ii 3; M220 R 7;Mn52/1: M4826/2
Pa &t 'MXG(795) M4m B i 8: MKG(800) M4577 B i
M p dwn"np1. Hu(1152) m 8 3 I V i 24; MMii M36 R
U;WeM6Ri23
14
MP &t Hu(l263) M7983 Ei R ii 3%MMii M2 I V ii 1:
MIJ dwdn p l . - ~ u ( ~~~ 49 )8 R2i 10: Hu(942) M7982
KPT(403) MIOM+ V ii 9
-R i 18; Hu(11aS) M7983 I R ii lt Hu(ll38) M7983 .
&tyg MP /daStig/ a 'of the plain, of the dqsert'.
I V'i 10; Hu(1165) M7983 I V ii 3; KPT(Ul6)
MP &tyg M556 R 11
MI208 B i 7; BBB(200) M80VpU 1; M74 I R ll;
dt MP see dyMU R 16: M762 R 6: GW 5142 S11 R 18; oM28 I R
dl MP see dyii 12: M1662/2
dw, 11 PWMP /d6/ num C C U ~ .'two'. KF'T(1821) b,
Mp dm G105S(unp)M M R 1
that SunQrmanninterpreted as a numerical sign for
M p MPPPII
is rimer lo be read
F ~ ~ ~ ~ Y ) * M p 11 B B W ) bf8Qla/Pp19 4: BBBc(32) M
m9 V 8:
WMIr dw &815/2
. .
M82 R 3 = M235 R 12; RH(685) M73 R 3; RH(688)
WMIr a -6182
A ii 1
M73R6: M8430IV4: Otan.11075R ii 2'
Pa dw hd$G(262)M49l2 R4: MKG(670) M4.575 V i 8: dwvur. .to
mCOJ8) M496 V ii 5; JLI[Wg)M
m R i 1:
d - F m
by d w h catered reanlely
maim) ~4573v ii lo;
M ~ v Oi
below). SbrgO;l) oM473a+ I V 13 (Mostly
0 8; MKG(l342) ~ 6 0 4 V
0 9;
16: haiG(U41) ~ 6 0 4 V
- conjxhw ifcomxt apparently a scribal mistake
MKG(g46) M6040 v U: MK,G(~&~) M5%6 B 2;
fobwed by a retake).
MKG(1M') M5967 B 1: NRG(24m) M45U B 2:
~p dvndpes3pl.S9 v i 34;
1v u
MMiii,hB) M33 1 v ii n: MMiiii(82) M42 V ii 7;
MP dmd peS3911~ ~~ 2 1i 9v i
v 9; M p dww'n p'pJII SbrgO) M473a+ 1 v
MMiiin(24) M77 v 3: MMiii~m)
MMiii,p<lS)M21 V 7; gpT(W)7) MI83 n R 4 = d e pa see d$dys
M354 R I: I(PT(1231) m83 11 V 12: KPT(1519) dw)dys, dw'dys, dwds Pa /dwfbes/ num card.
M2309 R 2: ICPT(1523) M8280 R i 1; (Pad471
'twelve'.
M499t R 8: CPad47) oM499+R 8; Bar(61) M499+
Pa dw'dsM285 I V ii 26
V 3: M2753 V? 5; M18 v 3: M32a V fl; H.I/3b/
Pa dw'dys XawTO M29la A 7: Mo(12) M104+ V
A4233 V 6; ~bcdFM888a R la; LN 54 M384+R 6:
(29)8 = aM734 R 9; MMiii,g(54) M7 I R ii 24:
LK I2 M5931 V 3: LN l9 M&
R 4: KawN(27)
MMiiipl(8) M39 R i 9: MMiii,o(27) M67 V i 21:
M35 V 9: KawN(36) M35 V 18: RH(481) ~M763R ii
MMiiio(32) M67 V i
MMiii,o(40) hi67 V ii 2:
27: BH(543) M5640 R 6: RH(544) M5640 R 7;
MMiii,o(48) M67 V ii 10: M229 R i U;M6033 B ii
- MIK7251 V 6 (BeDuhn: (dw)wyst): Ma85 R ii 11;
(22) 4; ~ 1 v47: ~ 5 3 v8 1: 0~194
iI R 14: d l 9 4 11
M66 V 6: Otani6E5 A 2: Otani6175A A 1;
V lt oMI.94 II V 14: M130 R i 5: M730 R i 12:
Otani6193 V 3; Otani6B3 V 4: oOtani6193 V 6
A b c d C i W 3 R tarLEL98oM928cR 2:LN 39
Pa dw dw double MMiii,o(29) M67 V i 23
bi500a~l;L N W ~ MRM
3 =OaM516
~ R 1; LN
Pa dwsd W 599 d3l2 V 18
40aM727bR3=M34V2=M3UR 2; LN S41a
Pa 11 MMiii.0 M67 R ii S.M4b I R 19: M4b I V 20:
M727bR8=~V7:LN43aM50OaV3=
M558IIR5
MnmVI:LN43aoMSOOaV4=M727bV2:LN
MP dw Sbrg M477 I V H: Sbrg M482+ I V H; Sbrg
84 M34 R 6 = bU66 R 5: GW $3oM259c+M453cR
M542bt I V H; Sbrg M542b+ II V H: Sbrgfm
8: MlOR18: M285iIV ii17; M285iR i n ; M795
M8256 V H; KawA(1SO) MlOlb V 6: Kaw~(169)
V 11; M5354 B 6; dXni6192 I V 5; M2809/2b
MNlh V 6; MKG(2290) M454+ II R 15: Hu(U M98
pa dw'dys + dgdys double KPT(1212) M183 II R 9
I R 1: Hu(6) M98 I R 6: Hu(l1) M98 I R ll: Hu(73)
=oM354R6
M99 I R 23; Hu(81) M99 1 V 6: Hu(UO) M7984 I1
Pa dw'dys'n pl. MKG(2075) oM455 A i 4; MKG(2102)
R i 30: ~u(7i2)M79811I R ii 26: ~ ~ ( 7 5M79Bl
6)
M455 B ii 8
Pa dw'dyys M730 R i 1
I1 V ii 2; Hu(861) M79& V i 5: ~ ~ ( 8 6M7984
4) V
Pa dwds M730 R i 3
i 8: Hu(920) M7984 V ii 30: Hu(1020) M7982 V i
28: ~ ~ ( 1 1 2 6M7983
)
I R ii 32: MMii M9 I1 R 4; dw'dyswm Pa /dwfbesom/ n u n ord.; adv.
'twelfth; twelfthly'.
MMii En9 I1 R 6: MMii M2 I R i 10; MMii M2 I R ii
Pa
dw'dyswm KFI(1518) oM2309 R 1: oM453c R 7;
30; MMii M2 1 V ii 17; MMii M897 R U;
oh4529 R 7; LN 564 M34 R 14: M35 R 6
MMiii,q(25)M454 1 V 12: KPT(821) Ma9+MZi5QV
7: KpT(1612) M8101 V i 5; KPT(1669) M46 V 15; dw'dysyft Pa /dwcSbesZft/ n 'group of twelve'.

mum)

/
I

1
1
I

ii

I
i

~.

...

--

144

Dictionary of .Manichaem Middle Peean and Parthian

Pa dw'dysyft LK 4Oa M727b R 4 = M304 V 3 =


I R i 34; MMii M2 I V ii 5; MMii M2 I V ii 22;
aM3U R 2
KPT(127) M1001+ V iii 1;KPT(1684) oM652t~526R
dw'g Pa /daw(5gl a '*deceitful 0,deceptive (?)'.
9; gpT(1761) M45 V 9: L SO 120 1 V 6: L SIO 120
MKG, 158
11 V 7; MU V 17; M28 I R i 33: M19U/5
Pa dw'g MKG(1420) M5%5 A 3
MP dwdyc Hu(669) M7981 I1 R i 17 = 0M506 v 2;
dw'r- MP /dwrEr-1v.itr. 'to run, move On the manner
KPT(l338) OM506 V 2 of demons)'. Schwm 1966
MP dwdy3 KPT(2082) M6005 B i 6; L SIO UO I R 1
MP dw'ryb p e s 2 s g . KPT(1932) oM466a A 5
MP dwdyy M235 I R 2
MP dw'ryd pes2gZ. L S I O UO I R 6
dwdyft Pa /dzidift/? n. '*stupidity'. LN 100 (BIJ).
MP dw'rynd pres3.pl. M384lli 4
Pa dwdyft LN 531 M349 R 2 = M457 R 11; RH(265)
dwarySn, dw'ryySn M P I d w e / n. 'mining;
M2Mavii5
restless state' (of evil creatures). Andreas-Henning dwdyg IMP /dudig/ a,adv- 'second, next secondly '.
1932 194 n4
MP dwdyg Hu(52) M99 I R 2; H~(655)M7981 II R i
MP dwaryyJnHu(895) oM7984 V ii 5
3; Hu(6n) M798l II R i 19 = aM506 V 3: MMii M2
dw'zdh MP ldwrSzdah/ num card. 'twelve'.
I R ii 37; KF'T(366) Mlm+R ii 14; KPT(809)
dw'zd'b'tr: 'the zodiac'. Also lx Qate spelling)
M819+M2154 R 15: KPT(1268) M871i B 7;
dw'zdyb.
KPTV339) 01506V 3: gpT(1983) M221 R 8; M97 R
MP dw'zdh Hu(14) M98 I R 14 {dw'&)<dwazd~>;
ii 6; Ml77 R 12; Ml77 R 18: MIK4974 V ii 4: ME R
~ ~ ( 6 M99
1 ) I R 11; Hu(93) M99 1 V 18; Hu(703)
ll; S18 V 3: M5794+ I R U:M5794+ 11 R 16: M57W
M798l II R ii 17: Hu(709) M981 I1 R ii 23:
. R i 17; M5750 R i 19; M1717/2
Hu(7ll) M7981 II R ii 25: Hu(72l) M7981 U V i 1;
dwdygr.MP /dudTgarl a (numord.) 'second '.
Hu(723) Id7981 3 Y i 3; HUc1801 W 8 1 II V ii 26:
MP dwdygr Ml77 R 1
MMii M729 I \' i 3: KPT(424) Mi004+ V iv 2: dwdyyn, dwdcynPa I d t i d a l a. 'smoky'.
KPT(840) oM853 R 6; KPT(881) M263f+ A ii 14:
Pa dwdpn KV/3b/ M6220 V 4 = M895atM2224 R 4
Mi38 V H; S1V 8: RH(lOj4) hi785 V 11; M4b I1 R
Pa dwdyyn kRI/14b/ M7&0cM889R 8 = M5570 V 4
10: M1128/2
Pas twbyn W 6 7 a / -6386
V 5 = TM406a R 4
MP dw'zdh'npl. KPT(427) oMlW+V iv 5: ME8259
dwfrg Pa Id6f rag1 a 'twofold' (?).
I V ii 14
Pa dwftg MMiiip(63) M67 V ii 25: RH(423) MU16 V
dw'zdhwm MP /dwdzdabom/ num ord.; adv.
i 17: M844b/3
'twelfth; twelfrhly'.
dwg'ng MP /d6gdnag/ a 'twofold, doubIe, twin'.
MP dw'zdhwm KF'T'(924) OM765 B i 4; Ml77 R 9;
MP dwg'ng MMii M729 1 R ii 7
.
M798a V ii 6: M738 V 9; M556 R 10.
8wyfnS3 /buyddnj(5bl n -f. Part Sogd, part
dwbwn Pa / d h n / n. '(doctrine of) the two
WMlr, Sundennann 1 9 9 a 255.
principles'. LN 122 (5973).
M
bwyr'nj~MU148
Pa dwbwn Lh' 9 7 M3l2 V 4 =M905R 1
dwj'g'hy
MP' /duirSgdbi/ n. 'ignorance' (?).
dwd Pa/MP /diidl n 'smoke'.
Sundermann
2001b, 195, 11-61and 11-63.Uncertain.
Pa dwd kW22b/ M780+MS89V 4
MP
dwrg'hy M415+ I V i 5
MP dwd 514 R 6: M5992 R 2
dwj'm Pa /duidnuis/ a. 'hard to ward off' (?).
dwd Pa/MP /dodl. /dtid/? adv. 'then*.
F'a dwj3-w MMiii,g(227) M7 I1 V ii 23
MP dwd KawA(8) MlOlc R 8;MVW
d w w r Pa lduitiz2r/ n 'temble torture' (?I.
dwd'yn Pa see dwdvn
Pa dwjjz'r M229 V ii 14
dwdg MP /dzidag/'n .'family,household, sept'. KPT,
dwjbwrd
MP /du;i.burd/ a 'ill-treated, distressed,
121.
unhappy'.
MP dwdg W 4 2 ) M1001+ R ii 15
dwdy, dwdyy MP /dudi/ 4.adv. 'second, other,
MP dwjbwrd Sbrg(ll5) M477 I R 19: oM199+ V ii 7
secondly; further, then, again'.
dwjbwy Pa Idurib6yl a 'bad smelling'.
MP dwdy Sbrg(100) M477 I R 4; Sbrg(201) M472+ I R
Pa dwjbwy ah492 R la = oM898 R la
9: Sbrg(2~))M539 R 10; I(awA(18) MlOlc V 7; dwjdyl MP /duidil/ a. 'disheartened'.
MP dwjdyl M73l R 9
KawA(240) MlOld V 2: MKG(#)U) M742 11 R 4;
MKG(2014) hi742 JI R 6; MKG(2262) M236+ V U: dwjdynyy MP /duid&i/ n 'evil. belief, disbelief '.
MP d w j d y n ~ ~ ( 1 0 6 M7983
9)
1R i 9
Hu(7) M98 I R 7: Hu(26) M98 I V 1; Hfi7) M98
dwjgn
MP
/duigann/
a.
'ev3
smelling,
stinking'.
1 V E ; Hu(99) M99 I V 24; ~ u i 4 7 l )M7980 1 V i
MP dwjgn MKG(2312) oM4%+ I1 V 17: Hu(bf1)
(31111: KPT(l329)EHu(&) M% R 1: Hu(688)
A47980 1 V ii (31)ll; KPTW)M1002+ V iii 6
M7981 I1 R ii 2; Hu(7041 .W98l iI R ii 18: Hu(7l5)
M798l 11 R ii 29; Hu(838) MIPS 1 R ii 16; dwjgndyh MP /duigandrb/ n 'stink'.
MP dwjgndyh ME R 14
Hu(902) M7984 V ii E ; Hu(1022) M7982 V i 30:
n. 'unfriendliness,
Hu(1034) M7982 V ii 8: MMii M9 I R 14; MMii M2 dwjmybryft Pa /duimibnit/
'

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'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian a d Parthian


'

opposition, aversion'. LN 97 (28,8).


thinks rhat a point on M895a/Rl5/ (the only
thing visibIe from the h e ) supprts <dwr>.
Pa dwjmyhryft LN 528oM27V6: LN W.M34V 6:
~2607/Qes-not help.): H.V16b/ M6220 V 10:
LN 5100 oM491+ R 9 = M905 V 4
H.VIl%/ WlZl V 1: A.R.VI/rfa/ M6222 R 7::
dwjn'm MP /duinrSm/ a 'with a bad reputation':
A - R W ~ 5 5 0 3V 4; AR.W47b/ M6240+ V 2;.
KPT,I22
MP dwjn'm KPT(1934 M466a A 7
.
. ARVIUW M@ R 10: Abcd.A/Zlbl M94+/27b:
.S3lV8:RH(lZOl)M3OVi21; RH(l229)M30V ii
dwjny'yy MP lduimydyil . n '*mockery ' (?).
21; MI71I V 14
Sundermam mlb, 196 n64.Uncenain.
MP dwjny'yy M419 I V ii ll . .
MPd.wrMMiiM91R I5 MMii M2IVi5; MMii M2
dwjrw'n MP Muiru1ucSnI a ';rf evil soul, whose
. I V i . lo: lkMii M2 I V ii 20: KPT(1419).
soul is bad'.
M 5 W m R ii 4: KPT(1992) oMZ21 R 17: S7 V
MP dwjrwanHu(1229) M7983 I1 R i 33
i 12
MP dwFnpL M5794+.I R 12
dwjrw'nyk dwjrw'nyy MP /duiruwcinib/~n.
dwr- MP / d u d vfr.'to reap, mow'. .
.
'evilness of spirit. spiritual corruption'.
MP dwrynd pres3.pl. KawAc225) MlOla V U'. ..
MP dwjrw'nyij Hu(1055) M7982 v ii 29
MP dwjrw'nyy Hu(974) M982 R fi 16
dwrcyhr Pa/MP /durtibrl, ldurZibr/? a 'ugly'.
. .
d w j w r MP /duiwdr/ a 'wretched,. difficult',' .
Pa dwrcyhr ~ ~ ~ t 2M7
2 II
8 vj ii 24: AR.I/17a/
MP dwjw'r Sbrg(728),~473a+II R 8. . .
. .
M5930 R 4 = M673 R 5; ILRVIW12bl M89 V 4 :
.
dwjw'ryh,. d w j w r y y M? f d u i w d r i b / . n.
AbcdB aWO7 R la: GW 950 M248+ V 4 = M5906
- ,.. .
'@sfortune'. MacKende 1 9 ~533,
, .liote on ,350,361.R2
dmxmT;Ri 6
. . .
MP d w w d Sbrfll) M%zb+: 1 y-1'; SbrgCV6).
0~542b+
I v 16: Sb-)
oM542b+ Il R 4 - - : . dwrcyhqft Pa /dwc'ih7t/ n. 'ugliness'.
.
. . . ..
'MI? dwjw'ryy SbrgO50) o~Y12b+'iR.14 .
. . Pa dwrcytufc LN 91a 0M34V 15.xOM366 v 6
.
'Pa*d
AbcdB M507 v.llb
dwjx Pa -Idciiaxln 'hdl'.
Pa .dwjx . MKG(66) M48+ I1 V . 2 ~ ~ ~ ( 2 4 -dwrs
3 ) Pa ldwsT? n '*deceitful, false'. Henning 1937%
..
82 MKG 149.Cf. dwls.
M270atM869 I V 3: ~ ~ i i i ~ g < 1 3 6II) 'R~ i718;
Pa dwrs blKG(m2) M267bcM314.V ii 2
MMia 'k77R 8: KPT(18ZZl M572 V 18: H.V/6b/
M6220 V 10 = M2607 R 6: HV/19b/ OM2458 V 2: dwsd Pa see sd
H.VII/Zla/ M5263 V 6: ~ m b / i a /~ 2 7 0 1R 1: dwsrw MP Idusrmvl a. 'ill-famed'. Skjzrvs 1997,
kR.VIII/14b/ M e V 8 = 245359 V 3: LN 9U M906
246
,MP dwsrw M28 I R ii 21
R 3: M509412
MP dwjx Pa i? MP text MKG(2314) M454t I1 V 19: dwst MP Id&/ a; n 'laving; friend'. dwst bw-,
dwst kwn- 'm Iove'. MKG. 158.
KPT(lU1) M302 R 5: M5750 V ii 6
dwls Pa /dulsl a. "deceitful false'. LN U6 (975,l) = . MPdwsgbi73IR10
MP dwst Sbrgq(40) M537at I1 V 16: KPT(169ll
d w r s (?I.
Pa dwls LN S75 M818 V 2
M652tM526 V 3: KPT(1738) M47 II V 17: MMlp+
dwmb Pa /dumb/ n. 'tail'. Hapax. Possibly to be read
R 5; MKG(m6) M5794+ 11 V 6: M5794+ I1 V 9:
fr)wmb. It may refer to anj astrological
MMii MLS 1R 4: M8326
phenomenon (a comet?).
M I ' d w ~ l
Pa dwmb I(PT(1024) ,lG082 V 4 (Or: (r)wmb.)
MP dwsi'n pL MMii M95 R 3b = aMS03f R 2;
dwmbg MP Idurnbag/ n 'tail'. KPT, l22
KPT(@)r~1002+ R iii 4: M74 I R 6: M731 R U;
.
MP dwmbg KPT(1654) M46 R 21
M798a R ii 8
MPR lust TM30 V 6
dwna'n MI 'see dw
dwsty MP l&cf/ A 'affection friendship'.
dwp'y MP ld6p2yl a,n 'twelegged, biped'.
MP d w q KPT(l720) M47 I1 R 16
MP dw payanpl. M268 A 5 .
dwS'rm MP /diWrum/ n. 'love'.
MP dwp'y Hu(287) M79811 R ii 17
MP dwPm MMii M28 II R ii 22: MMii M28 I1 V ii 9:
dwphykr, dwphyqr MP / d 6 p a b i k ~ /n.p. '(the
BBB(38f)ABJla/p24 16: M198a V 5: M797 I R 5:
zodiacal sign) Gemini'.
Ml394R MP dw phykr Hu(692) M7981 I1 R'ii 6.
' d ~ 3 ~ r m y ~ / d ~ r k a r n t ia
ga
'loving'.
r/
MP dwphyqr%u(741) M79811I V i'21 MP dwS'rmygr MMii M28 I1 R ii 9: MMii M28 I1 R ii
dwr Pa/MP ldzirl a 'far, distant, remote' Cc 'from'). .
30: MMii MB I1 R ii 36: MMii M36 R 7: MMii
Pa dwr MKG(205) oM26a V 7: MK)M45n B i
M729 I R i 14: BBB02) MSOla/p3 6; M733 V 3:
12; ~ ~ G ( l l 4 7M4570
j
R ii 8: M82% I R 4: .
M82 R 4 =$MB5 R U:oMIK4974 V ii 16: oM5Olc V
MKG(1766) M505F V i 4: CPar@) M332tM724 R
7; RH(lb#)) M273 R 16 dws'rmcy*; M4a I1 V 3;
8; CPar(S) M332+M724 R 8; MU02 R 14;.H.V/4al
Otanicallt? I V 1; M2703/lb
M6220 'V 5 = ~ 2 6 0 7R l.(Ebyce 1954, 86, 116:
MP
dwznapgrr ME4974 V i 18
'Mistake for nud! (HI.'
Sundennann
.
1990, 15

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Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

,146

dwPmyL d f l r m j y , dwSarmyMP /d6Grarn%/


n. 'love, gentleness'.
MP dwS'rmy MMii M129 I V ii 3: MK4974 V i 3
MP dwS'myh Sbrg(143) M477 I V 23: MMii M28 11 R
ii 24: MMii M28 II R ii 34: MMii M28 Il V ii lo:
M501p V 7
MP dwJ'rmy y MMii M219 V 14: KPT(1758) M45 V 6;
MMii M82511 R 7: MMii Ma251 1 V U
dwScSmyh MP /duftajmib/ n 'envy'.
MP dwSdrnyh Sbrg(533) oM.472 I1 R 5
- - dwgcyhr MP /duiEibr/ a 'ugly'.
MP dwScyhr Hu(246) M7981 I R i 10
dwgfr Pa /dt(s'fm/a 'ill-formned, accursed'.
Pa dwSfr Mo(20) MlM+ V 07116 = M891b+ V 5:
M6020 I V ii (63)14: oMIK4966c R 2
dwSfryft Pa /d&f awif t / n 'misfortune'. MKG,158
Pa dwSfryft MKG(1707) M267b+M314 V i 24
dwSkr MP /d63akkar/ a 'erroneous'. Andreas. Henning 1933,299.
MP dwSkr MMii M9 11 R 14
dwikryy, dw3qryy MP /d6Sakkari/ n. 'doubr,
- scepticism'.
MP dwSkryy Hu(1056)hi7982 V ii 30
MP dwSqryy Hu(975) M7982 R ii 17
.
dwSkyrdganMP lduikirdagdnl a 'whose deed is
evil, wicked '.
MP dwSkyrdganan pl. Sbrg(100) oM477 I R 4;
MKG(1510) M80ja+ V U
MP dwSqyrdgan Sbr640) M473a+ I V 16: Sbrg(46)
oM473a+ I V 22: Sbrg021) M470a+ V 9; Sbrg(415)
oM542b+ 11 V 7 = oM805a+ R 12: Sbrg(546) 0M472
I1 R 18: oM9137/3
MP awSqyrdg'nan pl. Sbrg(64) M475a I R 16;
Sbrg(l02) M 4 T I R 6: Sbrg(1l2) M477 I R 17:
Sbrg(l27) OM477 I V 7; Sbrg OM%
1 R H:
Sbrg(3lS) M470a+ V 3: Sbrg(366) &542b+ I V 6:
Sirg(3~1)OM%%i v 11; &&405) OM11R
2l = oM805a+ R 2: Sbrg(406) &%2b+ II R 22 =
oMWa+ R 3: Sbrg(418) oM542b 11 V 10 = oM805a+
R 15
MP dwSqyrdganh'n 'intrusive b (Sundermann)',
MacKenzie, note on Sbrg040). Sbr&40) oM542b+
IR4
dwgkyrdg'nyh, dwSkyrdgSny(y) MP /duSkirdagdnib? n. 'doing evil. wickedness'. Also
'maleficium'?
MP dwSkyrdganySbrg(752) M473a+ I1 V 8
MP dwSkyrdgSnybKawA(92) oMlOlg V 7: oM389 R
5; MMii oM82jl I R l3
MP dwSqyrdganyhSbrg(8)..~473a+1 R 8; Sbrg(545)
dl472 I1 R 17
MP dwikyrdganyyMKG(2036) M742 11 V 8
dwSmcyn MP see dwSmyn
dwlmbt, dwSmbg Pa/MP /d6fambatl n 'Monday'.
WMIr dwSmbt oMj091/2
Pa dwSmbt Ml/381:RH(151) MI610 B 3
Pa dwSmbt MMiic(24) M5569 V 3; MKG(l107)
t

M4573 V ii 6: MMiild(59) M5 R ii 29; RH(5) MU7


I R 4: RH(12) olMU7 I R 11: RH(15) MU7 I R 14:
RH(%) Ml37 I V 10: RHO61 M280 I V 9; RH(189)
M284a R i 23: RH(198) MMa R ii 2; RH(293-5)
0M284aV ii: RH(495) M763 V i 14: RH(534) M763
V ii 29: R H O M5640 v 8: Otani6202 A 1:
Otani6202 A 6: Otani6202 A 7: oOtani11075.v i 5:
M8!w5
MP d w h b R~H(652) oM874 R 5
MP dwSmbt ~ ~ ( 6 5MS847
9) A i 2
dwSmbtyg MP ldi%mbrotigl a. 'of Monday'.
MP dwSmbtyg W8l) MW3 V ii 3; RH(651) Ma74 R
4: M576 R iii 7
dwSmm Pa see dwJmyn
dwSmn Pa see d w b y n
dwSmnwn Pa see dwfmyn
dwSmnyadyfyPa sse ddmyny'dyft
.
dwS-y'dyh
dn3m~&y'd~h
dwSmny'dyy MP
/dujmenycId-i/ /n ' d t y '.
MP d w h y a d y %Hu(%9] M7982 R ii 11
MP dwSmayadyy-HuCUHO)M7gG~y.i 24
MP Mrnynfdyh MSt4a K 7
dwSmnyn Pa see dwSmyn
' dwSmtyb dbiP -/dtr5matibl n 'thinking
evil, evil.-t
MPB duSmat without -ib.
MP dwSmtyb Sbrgfm(29) oM8256 V 5
MP dwSmtyy AMi hi49 I V 2
d w h y n , dwhnRA4P /duCmen/ n. 'enemy'.
WMIr dwhyd MXW2
Pa dwSmn Abcd-D M710 R l b (Boyce:
dw(Zm~fynI3
Pa dwSmnwnpL(-W HWdl4b/ M93+M2& I1 V
8
Pa dwSmnyn pL (-Znj MMiiiJt(l0) ~ 1 0 4 -R 10;
~ o ( 2 6 )M1Q4+V (43122 = a390 R 1 = oM891b+ V
10; MKG(~~~)&ZI& R 1: MKG(792) oM4S77 B i 5:
MMiii,d(40) h6 R ii 10 = a748 R U;MMiiig(205)
M7 I1 V ii 1: MMiiib(73) ah433 11 R ii 6:
MMiii,i(98) M42 V ii 23: KPT(954) M316+M801d V
6; ~ ~ ~ b f 8 V 12:
O KPT(994)
l d oMHM
V 4 = oM21l+ B 9: KFT(996)M&KX) V 7 = M211+ R
11: KFT(1275>&2098 A 4; M4b I R ll: M680 V 16;
IIVlc/20b/ cM4970 V 2: llR112bl M855 v 4 =
~ 2 5 61 V 4: ~ ~ W 5 6 M96
a / R 11; ~ b c W 2 0 b I
M94+/2Ob: AbcdD oMnO 8a: LK 2I M208+~63&
R 9: LN Q2 M20SM638 V 3: RH(126) M86 V 10;
G W 44 M248t R 10 = oM342+M520V 14; MI0 V
15; M5785 II Rl4; -6217
R3
Pa dwSmyn hfKG(l%l M47 I R 9; CPar(50) M499+
R U;Abcd.A/WM%+/3Oa: MI02 R 3: 535 V 2:
~ 0 2 6W
)
R ii 3: GW S4 M248+ R 9; M708
R 3b: M6835h
Pa dwSmynwn pl (-Cn) MMiiip(U5) M2 I1 V ii 24 ;
00tani6164 V 3
pa dwsmynynpl (-in) MKG(1696) aM267bM314 V
i a;~Miij,a(m)M2 a v ii 19
Pa d w Z m ( m p L 7 ) ~ ~ a / 6 b~/ 6 2 2 3V 2

Dictionary of Manichaean Middie Persian and Parthian

,
I

1
I

II
I

I
I
!
i:

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f
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1
1

MP dwim'yn ME8259 Ii V 6
1985b, 632-633 on gryw dws'jst.
MP dwSmnwn pl. C-zin) MMii M95 R 3a: MMii
Pa dwSyst s u p - L RHC925) M 4 9 V 7
MP dwSq BBB023) M&0Wp20 10
oMZ24 I V 5: gPT(1991) M221 R 16: BBB(116)
MP dwSyst_-suprl.BBB(2) oM80Wpl 2: S9 V i 28:
M80Wp7 18: BBH422)M80Wp27 16: M90 V 3b:
RH(990) aM485a R 4
RH(1057) oh4785 V 14: M38 R 8
IMP dwSyst suprl. MMii M28 I1 R i 17: MMii M28 I1
MP dwSmnyn pl. M798a R ii 7
R ii Z9; Ml/l95; M3b I R 15; oM234 R H; MK4974
MP dwSmyn Sbrg(12& M477 I V 2; KawA(254)
V ii lo: A4762 V 11: S34 R 2: RH(1048) M785 V 5:
MlOlm R 5: Hu(1225) M1983 II R i 29: S8 V 4:
aM87 R Eir M389 V 7 = M8430 I1 R 10: M501p R
A428 I R ii 12: oM696/i 3
1
w B 8: oPM9142 V i 1: PM9142 V ii 6;
MP dwjmynwn pl. (-tin) MMii M2 I V ii 6: MMii , 3: M
%mi6168 A 3; Otani6194 'A 4: MI836 R H:
M2 I V ii 8: MMii M2 I V ii 12: S7 V i U:M5265/7
M6890/2 MPR tuSm#in TM330 V 4
MP dw.5y.d suprl. .M315 I R 18
dw3mynyadMP /du.fmetzyrSd/a 'inimical'.
MP dwSysf"n suprl.,pl. BBB(4) M80Wpl4
MP dwSmynyadSbrg046) aM542b-t I R 10
MP dwSWn pl. BBB(258) M80Wp16 5: RH(1063)
dwgmyny'dyft, dw3mnfdyft Pa /duSinenytid~t/
Ml8lRkM501p+R7
n. 'enmity'; colL: 'enemies'.
dwSyst
kfanMP Id6iist-arydm-nl np+.m.rnry
Pa dwSmnyadyfgLN 87 oM34 V 2
Sundewam
1994b,259,263.
Pa dw9mynyadyftMMiii,a(70) M2 Ii R ii 33; RH(38)
MP
d
w
S
p
'cg'man
M552/5
M280IR6
dw3yst
m'ny
MP
ld6Sist
nrcTni/ n . p . Sundemann
dw5rnynyadybMP see ddmnyadyb
199% 73
1994b, 255,259.
dwSmygr MP see dwS'rmygr ' '
MP d w w - m'ny KPT(2109) M338 B 7
dw3wacybdwj5w'cyyhlP /d&dzib/ n 'spealung
dwSyst -@- /d63st/ nprn rnry dwSyst 'spsg.
evil, slander'.
.
Sundemmmr 1994h 250,259.
MP dwSw'cyh H@70) MT982 I) ii 12
MP dwSyst .NU210
MP dw3w'cyy Hu(1051) ~ 7 9 8Vi ii 25
dwSwStyl~, d w M t y y C dwSwStyy MF' lduP dww MP see dwwajtibl n 'doing evil, evil action'. MKG, 123, n9- dwwg Pa /day/ n 'whey'. KPT,122
Pa dwwg KPT(l354) M7l5d B 4; GW 587 ~ 1 6 6 B
61
Cf. dyjdtyy.
=M?l%A4
MP dwSwStyh Hu(1OSS) hi7982 V ii 32
dwxnd MP see dwxwnd
MP dw;w;tyy M K G ( ~ I ~) 4 n v
2 u
.
MP dwSwStyyh Hu(977) MI982 R ii 19
dwxi MP / d d / n. 'maiden, virgin', one of the
dwSwx, dwSx MP /duSox/ n 'hell'.
women Elect; a (= n in apposition?) 'virginal'.
MP dwiwx sbrg(128) M477 I V 8: Sbrg(176) oM482+
Benveniste B66.35-R KPT, 122: 'Prinzessin
47,
I V 8: Sbrg(267) M53Y V 3; Hu(93) M99 I V 18:
1117 'jungfdulich';Back 1978, 2ll (121).
Hu(ll3) M7984 I1 R i 8:Hu(291) M7981 I R ii 2:
MP dwxS KFT(857) M263f+ A i 5: Otani6203 A 6
Hu026) M7981I V i 22: H u W ) M7981 I V i 25;
MP d w S n pl. M192 R 5
Hu(895)M7984 V ii 5: Hu(lll8) M7983 1 R ii 24:
MP d w e n pl. MMii ~ 3 V6 2: MMii M36 V 9:
~ ~ ~ ( 2 M80la/p14
26)
9: BBB(259) ~80la/pl66:
lMMiiM9I R9; M28IRi29: M28 I R ii 30
MP dwSwxanpLOtaniCatlO2 I V 4
BBW56) M80Wp22
7;
M o l l V i 8 (Sundermann
MP dw9x ~ ~ ( 1 M7984
0 0 II R i I
(bx13d
dw3xw'Styh MP /dUjxwcSBib/ n. 'doing evil, evil dwxs'z'd PaAW /dd-cizZd/ n . p .f. xwnjwyy.
Sundennann 1994bl25,262
action'.
MP d m d MVUO
MP dw$xw'$tyh Sbrg.fm(30)oM8256 V 6: MMii M49
dwxt Pa/MP /duxt/ n 'daughter'.
Iv3
Pa dwxt MKG(733) ~ 4 5 7 6V i 17: ~ 4 6 8 aR ii 9;
dwSxwbtyh MP see dwSxwpty
M6898 A 4
dwgxwpty, ddxwbtyh MP /duSxziftib/ n.
MP dwxt KawA(190) MlOlf V 5: KawA(Z34) MlOld R
'speaking evil, evil speech'. 7: KFNl646) M% R U: K~~(1746)
M45 R 5:
MP dwixwbtyh %rg.fmOO) oM8256 V 6
KPT(20I.2) M22l V U: MI30 V 4: MI842 R 4
MP dwixwpty M
i M49 I V 2
MP dwxtr m ( m 6 ) M221 V 17: KF'T(2017) M22l V
dw3p'r Pa /dusfydr/ rc. 'famine'. Hapax, partly
18: KPR2023) M221 V 24
conjecture ~Cdara-sunderma-~ahida
1997, Text
dwxwnd, dwxnd MP /d6xwand/. /ddxond/? a.
vol, 2l3, translation.
Pa dwSyaroOtanW76 B 5
"deceptive' Salemann and Henning 'verfIucht(?)'.
dwSy'ryy MP /dm>&/ n 'famine'. Cf.dyjy'ryf t .
KPT, 122
MP dwSyaryySb~(l34)M477 I V 14
M P d d & R i 28
MP dwxwnd KFT(29) M1001+ R ii 2: ~ ~ ~ ( 4 6 5 )
dwSyst, ddyst MP ld6ist/ a, suprl. 'most
M1002+R ii 10: KPT(478) M1002t R iv 2; S7 V i 20
beloved, dearest'. Also in a Pa ten7 Sundermann

(?)Ir

I-

. ,

148

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

dwxwndyb, dwxwndyy MP /d6xwandib/ n


"deceit' 01 KPT, 122 Sundermann 1984b, 504, nn
LN. 119 (W.32
MP dwxwndyb KPT(460) M1002+R ii 5: L SIO 120 I1
V 12
MP dwxwndyy KPR33) M1001+ R ii 6
dwy MP /d6y/, l d a w Z n A dass of demons
Henning l937a, Q KPT, 122.
MP dwy'npl. MMii M28 I1 V i 15; KPT064) MlOO V
ii 17: M82 V 3 = M235 V 11( d e n )
dwysd MP /dw&ad/ num card. 'two hundred'.
KpT, 122
Pa dwysd KawT(8) M29la B 1; Otanill079 B 1
MP dwysd KawA(40)0Ml01j V 8: KPT(103) M1001+V
i 19: KPT(1551) aM5900 A 1: M5750 V ii 3
MP dwysd ' dwysd double KawA(52) MlOll V 3
dwyynd MP see dwdwz MP / d u d . lduzz/ n 'thief'. Henning 1937%82
MPdwzI@IVi2
dw Pa see tw
dxlg MP ldaxlagJ? '?'. Henning's notebook: '(poss.)
butcher*.
MP dxlg G1oss.q M2608 R 2
dxmg Pa/MP /d&mag/ n. 'tomb, grave'. Cf.
dhmyan. .
Pa dxmg MMiiia(l28) M2 I1 V ii 17: MI8 ~'12:M2753
v?3;AbcdK&i2089Rb;M7201A2
dx3g MP /daxZag/ n 'mark sign, characteristic
memory'. Henning 194949. .
MP dxSg G1oss.q aM2608 R 1: G1oss.q M2608 R 1
dxSt'n MP /daxztZn/ a, a. 'menstruation,
mensuuous'. Henning 1940, 49 / d x j r n T n as
necessitated by the alphabetic order. MacKenzie
1971a: d d Z n
MP dxSt'nan pl. G1oss.q oM2608 R 3
dy-, dyy- MP /day-/ vh: 'to give'. The forms dt, dl
and td (!) are also entered here. S Boyce 1975, 57
note on w 2 Henning apud Tsui Chi 1943, 217 n7
'from OIran dadciti by haplology' now be
replaced by a derivation < *dai?t < *daaati.
MP dl pres.3sg. M627 V ii 6
MP dt pres.3sg. Ml77 R 14
MP dyyd pres.3sg. Sbrg(709) M47% I1 V U;
KawA(18g) M1Olf V 4: KawA(234) MlOld R 7;
MMii U49 1 R 3; Ml77 R U
MP td pres3sg. Henning apud Tsui Chi 1943, 271
n7: 'Sandhi form of dt'. M653 R i 9.
MP dyym presJpl. M897 R 6
MP dyyndpres3.pl. l.(1986) M22l R 11: Mil V 5;
RH(1079) MI81 V 6
- MP dyy"n subjJ3g. $brg(97) oh4477 !R I
MP dyy'n SubjJsg. RH(ll27) M273 V 21
MP d y y 3 subj2sg. Pa form! RH(856) M782 V 9
MP dyadsubj.3sg.BBB(444) M801a/p29 4
MP dyy'd subj.3sg. Sbrg(54) M475a I R 6: Sbrg(99)
oM4n I R 3: M315 11 V 2 (Colditz 1992,333,11673
MP dy'm subjJp1. MMii M28 I1 V ii 2

MP dyy'm subjI$Z. RH(970) M647t I1 R 14


M P dy'd subj2pl. MMii M95 V 6b = M1876+ v 4;
M291b B 7
MP dy'nd subj3pl.M74 I R 17: M74 1V 12
MP dyy'nd subj3pl. MMii M95 R 5b = oM1876+ R 2
MP dy impusg-h w D M625c R ii 2; MMii M I ~i v
6; BBBC33) M8Ma/p3 7; MI74 Il V 7 (Henning
1934ba9.)
MP dyy impus& M448 A 4 = M198a R 5 = Mi607 B
4; M203 1R 10
dyyd impU@- Sbr&327) oM470a+ V 15; MMii
M95 V 5b; KFN1635) oM46 R 2: M733 R 4
MP dy'g prpIa-MMii M36 R 9
MP d'd ppl M.3 05)V 12: Sbrg(78) M475a I V 6;
Sbrg(l07) oM477 I R 11: KawA(126) MlOle V 5:
KawA(l50) MlOlb V 6; KawA(230) MlOld R 3;
KawA(233) MlOld R 6; KawA(236) MlOld R 9;
KawF03) M6MD colC 9; Hu(939) A47982 R i 15;
Hu(991) hi7982 R ii 33: Hu(1079) M7983 I R i 19;
KPT(59) M1001+ R iii 14; KPT(SO1) M1002+ V ii 11:
KPT(ll29) M302 R 3: KPT(1658) M46 V 4:
W
Y
E
y
W
)~ 4 6
V 8: KPT(1712) M47 I! R 5;
KPT(1720) M47 11R 16; MKG(2207) M5794+ I R 3
MPR a d p p ~
R3
M P d'dm ptetlsg- hi388 V 7
M P d'dwm ppl + SUB
MMii M49 I1 R 3
hk' d'dn infIa gPT(1437) oM5%6+M4501 V i 9:
MI74 1 V 3
dfn Pa see dyn
dyb 1 Pa/MP /dib/ n 'letter, epistle'. wys'xyft dyb
'Trost-Brief' ['letter of consolation'l MKG 58 n.2
Sundermann1%239.
Pa dyb MMiiUO) M5815 1 V ii 30; ~ ~ ~ ( 6 8 4 )
~ 4 5 7 6R i 2; EI'(997) M2ll+ R 12: M6844 V? H
Pa dyb[ MKG(924) oM4581 R i 4
MP dyb BBF.JM~OI~/HI:
BBB(22) M80h/p2 4
'(good) f o f l u n ~
luck'.
dyb 2 Pa/MP
Pa dyb MMiii,h(s6) M33 11 V i 2
MP dyb MMii M2 I ii 15
dyb 3 Id&/ npr.EMuM), a porton the estuary of
the lndus Sundermann 197l, 84 n31
Pa dyb ~KG(659)M4575 R ii 6
d9bg MP/dzbag/n '(good) fomncludr'.
d~bg
IM4'Oa* UiM501~+
R6
dybhr Pa /dZbubr/n 'anger, wrath'. Henning 1933%
18032-3. Vatiant t*br! (Sogd. &be?).
Pa dybhr Mo(42) M734-V7; MMiiiaM7)M5815 1 R i
7; MKG(857) M%78 A ii 10; MKG(1218) M4574 R
i 9: m s s ) M6 V i 25; KPT(ll74) oM183+ I R
1: M229 V is:M57QOI R ii 3:tIY/4a/ M6220 V
5: ~R.IIlb1'2lalMl6B V 3; M.VIT/I~~/
o~489aR
R 2; AbcdB M507 V 14b; LN 9
5=
M500c R 3 = M593l R 1: LN I0 M240 R 3: LN I5
M240 V 4; LhT 9~208+M638
R 8: Lh' 27 oM27 R
17; LN 77 M8l8 V 6: LN 584 oM34 R 10; LN 587
M34 V 2: IbwN(22) M35 V 4: RH(223) Mma R ii

Sm

-!

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Patthian

- I

-G

i
i

4
+A

. 1

i1

:
I

27: ~~616)
on4763 V ii ll: RH(616) M5860 I V ii
12: GW 572 W%l+M5562 R 5 = M a 7 R 2: GW
3103 M630 B 3; M5700 I R ii 17; M6236 R x
Pa dybhmybr AR.I/19a/ M6238t R 4 = aM83l R 2 =

M673 R 9
dybhrg Pa /d@babrag/ a 'banished'. Variant
tybbrg! (Sogd scribe?).
Pa d~bhg'n pL bR1/18a/ OM'238'
= .M6R
dybt Pa /dZflat/ npt. 'Devat(5)'. Andreas-He~ing
19% 7 quSe Mandaean f ~ dlflt,
m ly&t,
dybyt in sup- of DiO)ht 'Venus*.S k i @1994.
243 suggested deb(d)at or deba(d)t (i-e.
d@p<d>atCt) a d g P d d l t ) from Dendata, h e
advenq
of the Buddha wULem ( F ~ ~
kindly suggests Mvari (SkX dsvmd-1 and refers
me to the Devat23itra (Zieme 2002 2271, where a
the m d d b
deva~
This would assume that qnyyg ql'n in the text
refers to dybt and not to -&uon which it directly
follows, k the jealous petson is female. However, a
'spelli~gtfybf would be exp&ted.
Pa dybt MMiiij(60) M42 V i 8
dyd PdMP /didL u#r, pp. Suppletive. to wyn- 'to
see'.

i
1

1
i

11

i
f

Pa dyd ppJ MMiii,&2) ~ 5 5 6 9V ll; MKG(119) M48+


I V 8: MKG(161) M2230 V 6: MKG(2lO) Mi343 B 1:
MKG(223) M805b V 1: MKG(953) M4582 B ii 5:
MKG(960) M4586 A 1: MKG(1064) M4m R i 14:
MKG(1216) oM4!34 R i 7: MKG(l399) ~ 6 0 4 V
1 10:
M8286 I R 2: MKG(1603) M47 I V 12: MKG(1930)
Ml77 V 4: MKG(1%9) MI77 V 23; MgG(1960)
M592e B 4; MMiiid(81) M5 V i Zl = oM748 V 9;
M M ~ B I M7
) 11 v ii 27: ~ ( 4 - 4~ ) 3 I3v ii
2: KPT(994) M211+ R 9: KPT(1812) M572 V 8;
CPar(l@) M44 V 7; M4b 1 V 1; m 3 R? 5: M6031
I A ii 2: ARIb/W o~i8go
V 3; I L B W ~ 6 2 2 2
R 3: ARW3b/ ~6222R 6: MVm/l2a/ M89 V
3; GW 9M259btM453b R 7; M10 V 3; ICPT(192l)
MIK8259 1 R i 14: M231 R 5; M830c R 23 -Id279
V i 9: M258 I R 6: M745bhi 7: MZlW2: M680V1;
M5825 V S ~6281tR F, M7200 B 4
Pa dydwm ppJ+mfl: AR.Wlb/ M6m R 2
MP dyd ppJ Sbrgt371) oM542b+ I V ll: KawA(5)
MlOlc R 5; KawA(37) MlOlj V 5: KawA09) MlOlj
V 7: KawA(87) MlOlg V 2: KawA(90) MlOlg V 5:
KawD M625c R ii 2: Hu(297) M7981 I R ii 27:
Hu(837) M7984 I R ii 15: Hu(84l) hi7984 I R ii 19;
Hu(863) M7984 V i 7: Hu(996) M7982 V i 4:
Hu(1081) M7983 1 R i 27; MMii M2 I R i 3; MMii
MB !I R ii 32: MMii M28 II R ii 36;MMii Wl I V
18; KPT(177) M1003+M1025 A iii 7; KPT(203)
M1003M1025 B i 15; KPT(203) M1003+M1025B i
15: KFT(212) M1003tMl025 B ii 7: KPT(217)
M1003+MlO25 B ii 12; KPT(634) M5740 A ii 2:
KPT(636) M5740 B i 1: MV191: BBB(548)
M80Wp35 1: BBB(549) MWla/p?)S2; M733 R 1; L
SIO W ) I V 7; L SIO W ) I V l2;M5794+ II V 14

149

MP {dyd'n)<rwd'n> ppJ, pl. S9 V i 34


(d ydan)<rwd'n>{?)
dyd'r MP /did&/ n., a sigh^ visible'.
IMP dyd'r &&a oM537a+ I R 23
dydg'mg Pa /dTcigdmag/ a 'wishing to see'. MKG,
159. Cf. MP dydpmg.
Pa dydg'mg MKG(2l72) M5826+M3120B 6
dydgamgyfth /didgdtMgfft/ 'desire to meetsLN 105 (s71
p, dydg~m&gLN
36349 v 4
dy,jpmg M ,didkdllUZg, a .-desirousof orher.s
gdn.
$brg, 298, 304. cL dydg'mg.
~p d y e m g s b q ( ~ &537at
)
n V 16
~ )
d~dq
dyd~11R /did&, /diden/ n"ap-nCe.
appmitio4 thing Seen,Seen
Pa dydn MMiiic(U) M5569 R U: MKG(I6OU M47 I V
lo: MMiii,a(l42) M2 II V ii 31: MMiiip(l7) ~n R
18; M75 R 1: M6232+M6230V 3; M6232t~6230v
5; M83IRlO=M20OV7=M234 R 4; ~ 5 3 8 ~ 9 ;
M5262I R 4: M5262.1 V 2: M453c V 5; M n 9 P 1:
~.1/48b/M%O6 R 2: HV49b/ M2306 R 4: H.I/53a/
M28n R 5: H.VIdl5bl M93tM289a I1 V 10;
A.RJ/lW 01780tM889 R 3 = oM6264 R 2:
A.R.Vl6a/ M780tM.889 R 11= oM5570 V 7 = M673
R 3: ..4RW2a/ ~ 6 2 2 2R 3: kRVIII14af M91 V 15
= oM690+~@9
V 5 = oM774 R U = MI539 I1 V 1:
A.RVIV24a/ W 7 4 V U: AJlVIIVUb/ M89 V 4:
M741 R 2b = OM2853 R xlb: M741 R 5b;MI02 V 17:
LN 9M384+V 3; LN 583 M34 R 4: LN 591a M34
V 15 = M366 V 6: LN 598 M312 V 10 = aM905 R 7:
RH(926) M749 V 8: GW $7 M259c+M453c V 4:
M772a v 4: a2080
A 5; M80 R 4: M80 R 5; M79
R7:MMVl
Pa d ~ d n BBBdn)
'
3: MSO1b R i 6
Pa dydyn ARWW~ 6 2 2 2R 9: s50 B la
dydym PdMP /didM. /di6&n/? n. 'diadem,
garland'.
Pa dydym MMii.47) ~ 5 % R 7: MI(G1212Q
M3WM2238 R 3: MMiii,h(llO) M33 I1 V ii 9:
MMiiim02) M39 R ii 6: BBB(6.2) M80Wp4 18 =
M341a V 7; M730 R i 1: H.VId4bl M93tM289a 11
R 8; HVIJIlb/ MWM289a I1 V 2: KVIc/W
M93+M289a I1 V 3 = obi4970 R 5: H.VIc/Ub/
M93tM289a I1 V 6: KVIII/lb/ oM689 R 2:
A.R.W56a/M88IRll=M%Rll=~675~9:
A.RW60W M% R 20: RH(799) M341a B 8; MI0 R
U: M88 I1 R ?a: M285 I1 R i 19: oM285 11 V ii 10:
M285 1 V ii 27: M460c B i 7: M5352 A 4
MP dydym Sbrg(H6) M472 11 R 8: KawA(73) MlOlk
V 7; KawA(ll5) Mole R 5: KawA(265) aMlOlm V
8; MMii M31 I1 R 7: MMii M729 I V i 3: MMii
M729 II V i 3 = M897 V 6 (M897/V/6/ has
dydym'.): KFT(822) M819+M2154 V 8; BBB(181)
M80Wpll16: BBW38) M80WpZ17: oM3W R 3
dydymwr MP /did&nwarl a 'garlanded, crowned'.
MP dydymwr oMIK36 R i 11: M43 V 2: MK4974 R ii

Mm

150

. .

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

25

rJrr dydymwr'npl. oM686 R 6

.. M825lI R

dydy3n Pa/MP /dl'diinl n. 'sight; aspect,


appearance'.
Pa dydySn MMi!ip(l7) M67 V i U: oOtani6193 R 9;
OtaniCat102 I1 B 5
MP dydySn MMii M2 I V i 36; MMii M2 1 V ii 11;
KPT(156) M1003+M1025 A i 5; KPT(160)
M1003+M1025 A ii 3: KPT(236) MlOU B 5;
KPT(1983) M221 B 8; S2 R i 8: hM68 A 8; M4a I1 V
4: 0tani6167A R 3 M5692 A I0
MP dydygn'n pl. M762 R 8
dyh MP /deb/ n 'land, country; village'.
MP dyh Sbrg(260) M535+ R 20: HdlZ2) M7984 I1 R i
22
dyjw'r Pa /diiwrIr/ a,n 'harsh, grievouq hardship,
wretchedness'.
Pa d y jw'r MKG(242) M27Oa+M869I V 2: MKG(l019)
M4572 R i 4: MKG(1623) M1964+M822 V i 4;
MKG(1865) oM6032 V 8; MMiii,aW) M2 I1 R ii 1;
MMiii,g(l90) M7 TI V i 14: HJ/7b/ M625b V 6:
fI.~vb/Ba/ M6220 2 '3 = oOtani4617 V 3:
A.R.V1/28b/ OM1536 11V 4; ARW/7b/ M91 V 2 =
M17S V 18: AR.VIII23bl Mn4 V 12: AXVn/3lb/
. oM87+M459a V 3: nRWall6W oM667+ V 12;
MragP/lb/ MI668 R 2: 646 A 2: GW 526
oM34U R lxM83.n R 7=oM500bV 2: MI71 I V
14: HCfrA oM859 A la: HCfrA OM859 A 2a; HCfrM
oM2078 A 2b; Otani62#) A 2; MSlt V 7 (Morano
2000, 401; but not with IwxryndI(g1 directly
following.)
. l'a dyjwrn pl. H W b / M93+M289a 1I.R 6
dy jw'ryf t Pa /diZwtirif t / n. 'hardship,
wretchedness'. Lena 1926,286
Pa dyjwaryftKPT(aOO) M338 A 9
Pa dyjw'ryft M6020 I V ii (621U: ILRVIII3W M91 R
12 = MI75 V 10: ILR.VIlI33bl oM817+M459a V 7
Pa dyjwarfrkR.VWUb/ M667+ V 4
dyjeryh, dyjw'wrWMP
/diiw=b/ n. 'hardship,
wretchedness'.
MP dyjwarybM12 V 18
MP dyjw'ryy M>m R ii U
dyjwStyy MP Idiiwas-ti1 n 'wil-(re)turning,
reincarnation'. Andrras-Henning1933,310, n3: "der
Zustand eines, der sich schlecht gewendet hat", d h
clas s a ~ s d r a ,die Seelenwanderung'. Cf.
dw.?ws*tyb.

MP dyjwStyy MMii Ma251 1 V 5


- dyjfryft Pa /diiyrinift/ n 'failure of the harvest,
- famine'. LR 124 @00,8). Cf.d w i ' r y y .
Pa d yjy'ryf t Ln' I00 oM491+ R 10 =M905 V 5

dyX MP /dill n. 'heart'.


MP dyl Sbrg(61) M475a I R U:KPT(1737) M47 I1 V
16: M1/218: BBB030) MSOlaIp20 17: BBB(365)
M80Wp22 16: BBB095) M80la/p% 6: M198a V 4:
oM97 V i 5 (Sundermarin 2003~
232bk M738 V 14;
57 V i 19: RH(1095) M273 R 11: MI5 R 4: MMii

3: Glossy M6450 I1 R i (30)l: M677 ~7


4: M2336 R b;M673212
MP dylwnpl.MMii M311 V 12
MP.dyl'n# MMii oM224 I R 1
MP dylW11.RH(855) M782 V 8
dy4 /dill/ qk in. Andreas-Henning 1933,303, n5.
MP dy0 MMii oM2 I R ii U
dym WMP IdW n 'face'.
Pa dym MMiii#(83) M5 V i 23 = M748 V Iq M7U)O B
6
.dym Hu(99) - M99 I V 24; KPT(1425)
M5566tM4M1 R ii 10: MI91 R 7
MP dyym M87 V 4a
Jdym'wS MP /?I ? '?'.Complete word, or part of one
word followed by 'ws? Kudara-SundermannYoshida 1997, Text voI, 185.
MP Mym% Qtani6167~R 2
dymbndyy MP /dhbandri n. 'jugglery' (?).
Henning 194h 480.
MP dymbndyy M204 B 2,
dymdgsvft Pa I?/ n. ''avarice'. Henning 1937%82
.
h dpdgsft M49 I&R i 10 .
dyn, dyyn, d'pn, dy'n WMP Id&/ n 'religion; the
religious q u n i y (of the Manichaeans)' .
- WMIr dyn KFT0547)-hII859B 2: M1725/1
Pa d'yn ~ ~ i i i d 3 7 ? . ~ 5V5 16
69
Pa dyenRH(96) oM86 R 5
Pa dyn MMiii,b(164) M5815 II R ii 28; MMiijc(32)
M5569 V -11;MKG(75) M48+ I1 V 11; MKG(643)
: M4575R H;MKG(644) oM4575 V H: MKG(823)
~4571V ii 2 MKG(1051) M4573 R i 1: MKG(1173)
: M4570 V i 10: MKG(1572) M1608 B 4: MKG(1583)
M47 I R'8: MKG(1806) HWP A 11: MKG(1865)
oM6032 V 8: MKG(2394) M38oa-b V 5 (MKG, 140
n3 'Unsicher,.'wdyn irrtiimlich aus 'w dyn
zusa&nengdeben?'): hlMiii.d(S9) MM5 V i 29; ;
KPT(626) M8280 R i 4: BBB(151) M801a/p10 1;
~ ~ a r ( i l M334a
2)
R 7: M315 I R 8: M38 V 6: M229
V i 10; M6Z)#)I V i (4215: OM6020 1 V ii (65)16:
.. - &602oi'vk(67118; ~ 6 6 j Q V7; h430Q~4;-h4i)Qg
V 6; W'V
7;'hf730 R H: LK $345MI848 R 4: LN
549.M509.R6; LN 953Mj845 R 10; LN 594a ~ 3 1 2
R 7: RH(232)M284a V i 4;RH(385) M284b V i 30;
RH(735) M 3 l l ' 8:
~ RH(I2l3) M30 V ii 5 = M468a V
ii 8; GW 77 Ma7 R 17; M74 11 V 15; M282 I1 V
ii 2: M434 B ii 4; M87lm B 3 (Coldiu ry(n).);
M5785 11 R 16: M797 I1 V 7; Otani6193 V 2:
Otani61B V. 9; Otani6242 A 2: M569a V i 6;
M37U/2
.
Pa .dyn frb IN 9M351 R 3; oOtani6202 A 4 .
Pa dynan pl. .MK~(141) MZ16b V 1: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 8 3 ' )
M216c+M1750 V 9: MKG(185) M216c+M1750 V 11;
MKG(1433) ~5966A 4: MKG(l57l) ~ 1 6 0 8B 3:
MKG(1679) M267bM314 R ii 23: MMiiip M77 R 4;
CPar(158) M44 R 7: LN 5 9 k M312 R 7: GW 577
M847 R 18
Pa dynw M368 V 3

Dictionary of Manichaan Middle Persian and Parthian

151

Pa dyyn MKG(l827) HWP B 17; MKG(2168) dyn'br Pa /dk-flm/ a,a 'religious, devout; a
believer'. Sundermann 1996b. Cf.dyn'w.
M5826+M31#)B 2
Pa dyn'br m 1 6 ) M58l.5 I R i 16; MMiiib(26)
MP d'yn M90 R 2b: M627 V ii 17
M5815 1 R i 26: MMiii,M29) M5815 I R i 29:
MP dyn Sbrg(lO) M473a+ I R 10: &g(141) M477 I V
MMiilb02)
M5815 I R ii 1: MMiiilb(46) M5815 I R
21: Sbrg(333) 34470a+ v 21: ih@n)0~54- I v
ii 20: MMiiiM53) M5815 I R ii 27: MMiii.b(60)
12: KawA(207) MlOla R 10: Kaw~(234)MlOld R 7:
oM581S I V i 3: MKGt57) M48t I1 R 21: GW 576
KawA(242) MlOld V 4: Kaw~(266)M9ll R 2:
oM5561+M%62R 14 = M847 R 14
MKG(1.57) M2202 B H: MKG(p31) M742 I1 V 3:
.
MKG~ZQ~B)
~ 1 4a
2 v 10: ~ ~ ~ ( 2 2 5 2 ) ' ~ v
2 33:6 + Pa dyn'br"n pl. oM6020I R i I9
Pa dyn'bfnpl. CPar(74)
V 16: M6020 I R i 7:
v 9: MKG(24aS) ~ 4 2 2A 3:
MKG(~-58)
HMdW MWM289a I1 V 5: H.VII/la/ M87lf R
LMKG(2415)M624a A 3: MMii M2 I R i 28: MMii
1: M35 R 5
'M2 I R i 32: MMii M2 I R ii 9: bfMii M2 I V i 6:
Pa
dyn'bra pl. MMiii,b(69) M5815 I V i 19:
~ ~M2 Ii v ii 7: MMii o ~ y
v 12;
j MMii ~ 3 1 R1
MMiii,MlOn M5815 I V ii 24
5: MMii M31 I1 V 17: MMii M29 II V ii 15:
,miiiIqM454 I R 6: MMiiilq(n) M454 I v 4: d p ' b r y f t Pa /dMBari.ft/ n. 'the religious
communi~'(probably uses:
of the
m(1B)M47 fl V 5:
M47 11 V 17:
KPT(l984) M22l R 9: KP'lI2008) M a V 9:
I
ML1198: MIg36 R i 10: BBJXn) M80Wp3 1:
d p ' r Pa/MP /dMr/ n. '(gold) dinar'. Greek
~~~(lm
ap
6s
)
BBB(UI)~ 8 0 W p 815
loan-word
M629b V i 6; BBB(170) M80WplI 5: BBB(2%J
Pa dm'r Gw'01moM6mA'7
~ 8 0 W p 1 61: B B W ) M W p 2 7 16: BBB(448)
. MP dyn'r KawA(245) MlOld V 7
M80Wp29 9: BBB(454) M80lajp29 15 = oMU68 A
dyin'wr MP I d h - w a r / a; 'religious, devout; a
BBB(469)Fmww
= w6
8:
beIieVq a member of he Denam a a i o n of the
3: M20 II R 7: M20 I1 V 3: M543 R 3: M5% R 2:
Man. community'. ~undermann1996b. Cf. dyn'br.
~ 6 ~ R 2 : M 8 J I V 1 7 = M 2 3 5 R 9 : o M 8 2 R 1 = MpdynkmM21Vin
M235 R 11: M82 R 3 = M a 5 R u:M82 R 7 = Ma5 d y n e y h f l
/d-Wihrift/
.formedners of
V 2: M82 V 19:
R 7:
R 9:
R 14: MSlc
behaYiou in mnFormity to religion,
':MB8
:' M738R
M738
chastity'. Waldschrnidt-knu 1933,580, Gropp 1974,
~ 1 0 2R 1: MI72 I R 12 = MI7 R i 14; M176 R 4;
,
,
U
M176 V 1: SI V i 3: S7 V ii 18: S9 V ii 17: RH(893)
Pa dyncyhryft LN 583 oM34 R 2 = oM366 R 2:
M394 B 10 = M468b B 7: RI-I(M)M394 B 11 =
RH(524) oM63 V ii 19: RH(610) oM5860 I V i 9:
M468b B 8: RH(94) M647+ I V 3: RH(991) M485a
MI0 R 2
R j: Ml9 R5:MSIIRB: M788R8: M788V5: dpnd'r MP /dhzddr/ a. 'religious'. Sundermam
M916c V H: M4a II R 3; M4a II R lo: aM4a II R
1986-7, III,272 One attestation in a Pa& texr.?
23: M4a 11 V 6; M4alI V 18: M4b II R 5: M4b I1 R
Pa dynd'r omi6202 B 1
11: M4b 11 R 15: M4b TI V 9: MKG(2208) M5794t I
MPdynd'rMMiiM2 I V i 21
R 4: M5794+ I R 5: M5794+ I R 7: M5794+ I R 9: dynsrhng MP / d h r b a n g / n 'leader of the
M5794t I R l3: M!394+ I R la; M5794+ I V-10; -chur&.
M5794+ I V ll MS194+ I V 17: M897 R 5: P.M.9142
MP dynsrhng'n pi. MY176
.
R ii 7: oM797 I R 8: oM8250 R 1: ~ 3 3 6 aR 3: dynwr MP /dinwar/ a. 'religious, devoue; a religious
aOtani6156+ A 10: Otani6178 A 3: Otani6195 B 1:
man'.
~ 5 6 9 2 ~ 1 4 = ~ 5 7 5 6 ~ i 3 : o M U 6 8 ~ 2 : M l 3 6 8MP
B dynwr Sbrg(9) M473a+ I R 9: Sbrg(45) &473a+
4: M / 5 : a
3 I R 7: MS261/3: ~6363/2:
I V 21: w 4 9 ) M475a I R 1: Sbrg(172) M482+ I V
1M860R 3
4:MMiiM2IRii24
MP dyn' M315 I R 19 = OM1607 A 2
MP dynwr'n pl. Sbrg(25) M473at I V 1; Sbrg(64)
MP dyn'n pl. MMii M2 I R i 4: M5794+ I V 20
oM475a I R 16; Sbrg(73) M175a I V 1; Sbrg(86)
MP dynywjdhr KFT(aoO3) Mm V 4; dl367 V 6
M475a I V 14: Sbrg(95) oM475a I V 23; Sbrg(ll8)
MP dyyn MIK4974 R i 5
M477 I R 22; Sbrg(122) OM477 I V 2: SbrgC310) .
MP frk 'g dyn KPT, 55 n.l KPT(1739) ~ 4 7 Vh 18
oM47Oa+ R P Sbrg(317) MQOa+ V 5: Sbrg(323)
MPS tyn MannerheimE V 8
M470a+V 1l: Sbrg(369) MS42bt I V 9: Sbrg(374)
6yn fr'b /6& f r a / npr. m. (Sogd.). Sunderrnann
M542b+ I V 14: Sbrg(400) oM542b+ I1 R 16:
1.94b,257.
Sbrg(539) M472 I1 R 11: Sbrg(680) oM475a I1 R 8:
M 6ynHfb MV85-86
5brg.q MH7a+ II R 20: Sbrg.q(42) M537a+ I1 V 18:
dyn f r h Pa /d& f am&/ n. 'glory of the religion'
Sbrg.fl Ml508 V H: MKG(1HN)) M805a+ V 3;
(= the light nous). Sundermarin 1979,102
MKc(lso6) MWa+ V 9
Pa dyn frh LN 51 M35l R 3; 00tani6N2 A 4
MP dynwr'nc Sbrg(419) oM542bt I1 V 11 = MWa+ R

,",zf,"ft

m(m)

'

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: ;I52
.

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

.......
., .- .

16
~ 9 R 7i 12
dynwryb MP /d&zwari/.
n; Collt .'the Elect', or
MP dys'n subjIsg. Hu(865) M7984 V i 9
. . .
... . ..
abstract: 'being an Eleccus'..MKG,,159.
MP dys'd subj3sg. Hu(921) M7984 V ii 31
. . .. ..
. . . - . MP dynwryh Sbrd414) oM542b+.lIV 6 = oM805at R
MP dys impusg. H e ) hi7981 I V i -30
11 (MacKentie I999 II, 310.1 : .
MP dysyd imprpl. M733 V 8
.
.. .
MP dys'd ppll HdlO89). M7983 I R i 29 (Hutter,
dynywjdhryg MP /d&ydjdabng/ a. 'containing
dyn ywjdbr'.
103, C
O to dysyd-1;
~
Hu(ll68) M7983 1 V ii 6
.
MP dyn ywjdhryg aOmni6178 A .2
(So Andreas-Henning l932 200, n on the line,
Hutter: d y d y y d and s Hutter, 103.)
..MPdynywjdhryg MP6 R i :10 (Nor BeDuhn's
......gy'nyg. Dots above seem to be imprints)
MP dysyd ppll Hu(990) M7982 R ii 32: Hu(999)
M7982 V i 7: Hu(1038) hi7982 V ii 12: Hu(1077)
,.a,.
dynz'dg .MP /d&z&iag/ n. ' & I d of the kligion,
:sonofthefaith'.
M7983 1 R i 17: KPT(322) MI009 B i 1; KPT(749)
MlOO V ii 2: MI14 I1 R 8: M28 I V ii 21
Pa dynz'dg'n pl. LN 5% oM509 R 8
MP dysydn inf-II KPT(728) MlOO V i 6
MP dynz'dg'n pl. MU200
dysm'n Pa/MP /d#smrIn/ n 'building, structure'.
dyr ~P./d&i.
a 'long'. Late form, cf. dgr.
.
Henning 1933% 1MKG, 66 nl5 PaT nw'g
. MP'dyr M43 V 7: M14 I V 10
dysm'n = MPT dysm'n 'y g nwg = PaT dysm'n
dyrd Pa see d'r- Pa
nw'g 'wd 'rg'w. LN 105 (36,4) = 'Kloster'.
dyrynd MP /dErend/ a 'long'. For the sole
.
attestation Henning 1937%82 suggested 'tearing' (a*. WMIr dysm'n M3712/4
. Pa d p ' n MKG(888) M4578 B ii 2: H.IVb/W M6t20
pra p a ~ p
SSkyn. 1997, 248 f o l l o him
~~
.
. .
R 1: A.R.V1/54a/ M88 l R 7 . = M96 R 7:
MP dyrynd M28 I R i 17
AR.VIV346/ . oM817+M459a V 9:..kBVIIa/l5b/
i y s Pa/MP
1 r . ' 2 p m-forat,shape*.GTJ
U3 (51032).
.
M667+ V 10: AR.FragDO/3a/ o ~ . 4 9 b + ~ YR&5:
AbuiAA5b/ oM6726 V 9. f- MI73 R 6: LN 536
.
- Pa dys GW .I03 M6300 B 5
M349 V 2: LN 72 ~ 5 8 4 511;' ~RH(200) M284a R
MI' d ~ % . ~ d @M7984
l ) V i 5 ; MMii M2 I R.ii a:
ii 4: RIi(203) M284a R ii 7: .RH083)M5860 1R ii
. KPT(146) M1001+ V iv 4; KPT(192) M1003+M1025
3
B i 4; BBB041) MWpZI 10; Id738 V 6: M28 I V
MP dysdn Sbrgo07) M470a+ R 19; Hu(333) hi7981
i 17; M28 I V i 18; M694 R 4; M6n V ii 7; M627 v
I V i 29: Hu035) M98l I V i 31: Hu(361) hi7981 1
ii ll: M5827/3
V ii 23: KPT(709) OM100 R iii ll; KPT(716) MlOO R
MP d y d~ y double
~
M627 V ii 5 .
iii 18: KPT(746) MlOO V i 2 4 : ~ ~ ~ ( 8 4
M853
5 ) V 3:
MP.dysanpi. KPTOs5) M1004t R iv 5
MP.dyswm M842 R 4
M497b/4
dysm'n b'n Pa /d@sminbdn/ n 'keeper of the
MP dyys oMIK8259 il V 2dys- Pa Id&-/ vlr. 'to &pe, f o a build'. d y 3 g . ,building*.Boyce 1954,187. Not written together.
Pa dysm'n b'n'n pi. A.R.VIIa/lb/ oM667+ R 2 =
'builder'. LN l26 (51l2,l)
' 0 ~ 8 2 8R5 2' '
Pa dysyd pres.3sg. KPT(1352) M7W .B 2; M741 V
Ua = oM2853V da: M41.V 15b: LN nM5&15 V. i i y s w MP / d @ d y /n. 'hypocrite,.dissembler'.
.
. . MP dysmwy'n pi. M97 R ii 8
11:
G
W
86
M7l
M
A
2;
M%5/4'
.
dyswrn MP see dys
Pa dys'h subj2sg. Or 3sg. KPT(986) MZl+ R 1
-.
Pa dysyd impvpl. RH(#n) M M a R..ii 6; ~ ~ ( 5 8 ..3 )dy-swys ~ / d i & / . n. 'mignue, mu~tiiousness'
Skjimm 1997; 247-8 rejects this
. - . (?.I..
(KPT,15,
- - M5860 I R ii 3
.
:
.
.
and
suggests
'
a
form
or shape that can be put on,
Pa dys'g prpJa LN 51l2 oM491+MW7'V 9
hence
perhaps
also
a
gannent
'.
Pa dyS1ppJ MMiiia(l34) M2 I1 V ii 23
MP dysGs Hu(948) M7982 R i 24; ~pT(46)M1001t
Pa dySt ppJ MMiiid hi5 R i 18= M 4 8 R 5; M306 v
.
R iii 1; KPT(62) M1001+ R iii 17;KPT(405) M1004+
7: MI94 I R 14: LN 26 a
2
7R 2
V ii 11: ~ ~ T ( 4 2 5M1004t
)
V iv 3: ~ ~ ~ ( 8 8 6 )
Pa dyStn inf J a MMiii,a(88) M2 11 V.i 14; RH(442) .
M263ft
B
i
4:
BBB(378)
M8Oldp24
U:M738 V 16:
M763 R i 15
M
2
8
I
R
i
1
5
dys- MP /d#s-/ vlr. 'to build, form'. Huner 1992,103
on
.. the pp.I~
dysySn MP ld@sijn/n 'handiwork, product'.
MP dysySn ~~(1249)
I47983 11 R ii 19
MP dysyd pes.3sg. Sbrg(182) M482+ 1 V 14:
W
M
P
/diii/u~r,pp.
'to load
. 2 : Hu(1260) W983 H.RE 9:
Hu(U73) M7983 11 v i
up'. KPT,122
MP
dygt
PPl
KF'
'
r
(lG1)
M46'V'7
. .. 9: Hu(l28l) M7983 ll V i 17; Hu(U27) M7983 11 V .
.
ii 29: KPT(75) M1OOr+ R iv 9: KIJT(184) dy3t Pa s e e d ~ * ~ ~
Pa/MP id@/
'devil, demon'M10()3+M103 A iii 14; KpT(n8) ~ 1 0 R0 iii 20;
pa dyw m(1829)M6470 R 2: KPT(1830) M6470 R
KPT(737) OM100 V i 15 .
.
3: ~ b c M507
d ~ R la;RH(610) M5860 I V ii 6
MP dysynd pes.3@1. Hu(UOO) M7983 11 v ii 2;
dywwn
PIMMiiig(Z)M7 11 V ii 21
Pa
Hu(1318) M7983 il V ii 20: KPT(1726) M47 11 V 5;
.,

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Middle-Persian and Parthian

153

MP dywd'd M1W R i 7 {unp.} (Reference kindly


Pa dyw'n pl. KawT(6) M291a. A 6 MKG(1955)
supplied by Sundemam)
0M502eA 5: MMiii,h(83) M33 II R ii 16: KPT(944)
M316+M801d R 8: KPT(946) M316+M801d R 10: dywg Pa IdZwagI n. 'vermin, worms'. Henning
1937% 82 and 90 (probably 'leech'): Parth H.-P.
KPT(950) oM8400 R 11 - = M316+M801d V 2:
Schmidt 1980.231-at amping creature'.
KPT(955) M316+M801d V 7: MMiii,p M2l R 1:
Pa dywg HIVal7bl M6m V 4: RH(551) M564 V 5:
ICMiii,p(lO) MZl V 2: KPT(1157) M5932 A 5:
RH(ll93) M30 V i U:Mll87/1: M1588/2b
KPT(1191) 0M183+ I V 3: KPT(ll95) MI89 I V 7:
Pa dywg'n pl: RH(1228)M30 V ii 20: OtaniCat102 II
KFT(l234) M354 V 5; M229 V i 15: MI202 R 4:
.
R4
Ml202 R 8: MI94 I V 6: KIVa/4b/ M622l R 8:
MP /dEwpazd n '(a-spell?) that scares
'AWlW M 5 w R 6.= M673 .B 7: .4R.W3lbi d+zd
demons off '.
M533 V 2: ~RVn/30a/ M287+Ml223 V 7:
MP dywpzd'n M34lb A 3
A X W r I W M89 V 1: M737 R 3; LN 9M384+ V
.j: IJ$ $2M428c V 5; LN $23 .~208+M638
V
8:
LN
dyz
WMP ldirl n. 'fortress, fort'.
.
599
M312
V
18:
RH(428)
~
U
1
6
V
i
22:
RH(612)
Pa
dyz KPT(954) M316+M801d V 6; KPT(958)
.
hlj860 I V ii 8: RH(747) oM3ll V 4: RA(ll9l) M30
M316+M801dV 10: KFT(998) M8400 V 9 = M211+ R
V i ll = oM468a V i 19 = M347 V ii 8: RH(ll99)'
U: HVIdlW M4970 R 1:M801b V 5
M30 V i 19: M5785 I R 7
MPdp hiMii M2IVii 5: MMii M21 V ii 11: MMii
MP dyw M3 09) V 16: Sbrgq(46) M537a+ II V 22:
M2 I V ii U;
M2 I V ii 23: KPT(84) M1001+
Kaw~(ll6)MlOle R 6: KawA(l28) oMlOle V 7:
R iv 18
fr'c, pr'c MP / f rdz/ a,adv. 'forward, forth; near'; +
MMii M2 I V ii 3; S9 R i 25: M28 f R ii 7
'tarr'nm0'.
hi? dyw'n pi. S b r m ~
4 I R k7'Sbrg(33)
~ ~473a+
M
P
f
?
c
~
e
G(%9)~~~4~~9~ii1:~14~5
'. I V 9: Sbrg(l81) M482+ 1 V.U: Sbrg(208) M47B I
- . g 16: Sbrg(211) M472+ I R-19: Sbrg(229) M472+ I V
MP
pr'
c
k.
R
20: Sbrg(47) M473at I V 23:
- .
.
- .'
U:
$br9<248)
M%5+
R
8;.Sbfg(253)
M539
R
U:
MKG(lM4)
M8%+
V 7: KP?'(315) Pi1009 A ii 2:
.
KPT(502)
M1002+
V
ii 12: KPT(659) MlOO R i 8:
Sbrg(268) M535+ V 4: Sbrg(285) oM535+ V 21;
KF'
T
(669)
o
M
O
l
O
R
i
18:
KPT(893) M263f+ B i 11:
Sbrg(294) M470at R 6; Sbrg(386) M54m II R 2:
KPT(l304)
ME08
A
ii
8:
KPT(1407)
aM5566+M4501
Sbrg(398) &542b+ II R 14: Sbrg(542) aM4n II R
R
i
5:
KaoOlllR8
14: Sbrga(45) M537a+ I V 21: K a w ~ ( ~ ~1 1) O l V
e
10; ~KG(1508)oM805a+ V 11: Hu(66) M99 1 R 16: fr'c Pa /f rci21 adv; prep. *forward,forth; near' (+
.
Hu(109) oh47984 I1 R i 9: Hu(175) M984 I1 V i 7:
'w 'to'), 'c ,
fr'c: 'from - on'. MKG, 117 n 2
Pa ffc MKG(231) M805b V 9: MKG(ll95) M4570 V ii
Hu(184) MI984 I1 V i 16: ~ ~ ( 1 9 M7984
1 ) II V i 23;
9: MKG(1406) 346041 V 17: M8286 I R 10:
Hu(283) M7981 I R ii U: Hu(337) A47981 I V i 33:
MKG(1919) M5805 A 8: ~Par(l6lM332tM724 R 15:
H U M ) M7981 I V ii 5: H U M MI981 I V ii 8:
M4a I R 18: AXM13al' M91 R 11= oM690+M439R
Hu(353) M7981 I V ii 15: ~ ~ ( 3 6M798l
8 ) I V ii 30:
3 = MI75 V 9: ARWl5aI M690+M439 V 7:
Hu(404) M7980 I R i (32)U: Hu(501) M980 1 V ii
A.R.VIIaIl7al oM667+ V U:AbcdA/2b/~6726/2b
(27)8; Hu(644) M980 1 V ii (34114: Hu(790)
hi7984 I R i 2; Hu(799) Id7984 I R i 11; Hu(879) fr'dtig MP see pr'dng
M79&4 V i 23: Hu(896) M7984 V u 6: Hu(U6) fr'g Pa Ifrcigl? rr. 'early morning'. Hapax.
: PAI9eI R 3 22: 'Hu(ll3l) I479831 V i 3: Hu(1203> -- Kuda-ra-ftrmfermann-YmhidaI99E Text vol., 213.
Cf. fr'gyyn.
"M7983' n R i 11: Hu(l329) M7983 II V ii 31:
Pa
fr'g Otani6n4 B i 4
KPT(l24) M1001+ V ii 19: KPT(827) M89+M2154V
fr'gwd
?a /frdyudJ? v.. pp. '?'. Poss. pp. of
U: KPT(837) M853 R 3: KPT(848) M853 V 6:
f
r'gwnd-?
KPT(860) oM263f+ A i 8; KPT(861) M263f+ A i 9;
Pa fr'gwd hR.V/54b/ M5586+M1534Il V 8
KPT(867) oM263f+A i ZS: KPT(87l) ~263f+A ii 4:
KFT(872) M263f+ A ii 5: KPT(874) ~ 2 6 3 fA
t ii 7; fr'gwnd- Pa lfrdyund-1 v ~ r .'to cover, muffle'.
Formally,f r'gwd could belong here
KPT(ll.32) oM302 R 6: SU R 4: S9 R i 1: S9 R 1 6:
Pa ffgwndynd pes.3.pl. ~o(67)oMl32a V 6 =
614 V ll: M206 I R 4: M268 A 6: OtaniCat102 I V
M5861 V ii 3: GW 938 oM715d B 4
6: '~57%V ii 3: M59013: M1622lii 10
fr'gyyn, pr'gyn /f rdg&/ adv. 'early'. MKG, 159.
dyw't MP /dZw#irl n 'foftress-wail, wall'. .
Cf.ff'g.
MP dyw'r h i M2-I V ii 26: M28 I R i 8
Pa fr'gyyn ~ ~ G ( l l 0 M4573
6 ) V ii 5
dyw'snyb dyw'snyy MP I d ~ c i s n i bn.
l 'idolatry;
Pa
pr'gyn
MI201
V
1
devil-worship'. Heming 1937%82; KPT, I22
frag[ Pa If rcigll? '?'.
MP dyw'snyh KPT(34l) M1004+ R i 11
Pa
KPT(U48)oMn5dA 4
MP dyw'snyy KPT035) ~1004+R i 5
fr'mrg
Pa
1f rcimargl a 'lazy'. Henning 1937%82;
dywd'd MP /dZwdddl u
.
.'demon-like'.
Henning
MKG, 159.
1937%82
.

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154

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Midde.Persianand Parthian

Pa fr'mrg MRG(726) a4576 V i 10: MKGC131) M496


V i 15: A4229 V ii 8; RH(5421 M5640 R 5: M415213
fr'mrgyft Pa If rZtnurgift/ n 'laziness'. Henning
1937%82 sub f 5mg;LN 98 (SBJ).
Pa ffmrgyft LN 29 M27 V 9; MVOO 1 R i 11(unp.):
Mm8/2
framwc-, 'fr'mwr-, pr'mwc- Pa /frt5m6i-/ vir. 'to
put off, take off, remove'.
Pa fr'rnwcyd pres.3sg. MMiud2) M5569 R 2: M830+
V2l=M275+Viil6
Pa
fr'mwcam presJpl. Or sub RH(108) M86 R 17
>Pa framwcyndpres3pl. A M It1722 R 2b
Pa fr'rnwc'h subj3sg. AR.V/44a/ oM5586+M153411
R7
Pa 'fr'mwcyd im..pl. RH(264) oM284a V ii 4
Pa framwmpp.1 hi795 R 8: HCfrC MI891 A la
Pa fr'mwxt ppj MMiic(5) hi5569 R 5; H.VII/la/
oM871f R 1: AR.W4b/ M89 R 8 = oM5359 R 3:
aMl319/3
Pa framwxtyySppl MMiid(63) M5 V i 3 = M748 V
1
Pa framwxtinf J ~
~ M2 H R ii9 2
1
Pa fr'mwc'd ppJI MKG(869) o M B 8 B i 2
framwc-, pr'mwc- @I /fr2m-z-i' v.tr. 'to put off,
take off kg.clothes), h o v e : .
MP pr'mwcynd pres3gl. M2d I V i 23
MP framwxtppJ$9R ii 26
MP pr'rnwxt pp.Z KFT(l26f3M871i -B5: L SIO 120 I1
V 9: MMii M82jl I V 7: MMii M8251 I V 8: MMii
M8251 I V 9; MMii M823 I V 17
MP pfmwxtn inf Ja Sbrg074) oM542b I V 14
f ramwGMP /f rrirnS/ a;n. 'forgetful; forgetfulness'.
KPT, l22 Lh' 99 (W5).
Boyce prefers to read
f r'mwiyy for the n
MP framw5UT(1718) M47 I1 R 14 (Boyce 1975,179
suggestsf r'mwfyy.): KF'T(1732) M47 Il V 11
fr'mw3-, pramwS-WMP /f rZm6i-i vir. 'to forget'.
Pa framwSydpres3sg. LN 566 QM%% V 5
Pa framwS'subj2sg. H.VIc/3b/ M93+M289a Il R 6
Pa framwi?tppJ RH(lJ95) M30 V i 15 * M468a V i
23; RH(l2l2) M30 V 'ii 4 = M468a V ii 7
MP pr'mwSyyd irnpvgl.M2il I V 3 MP fr'mwSt ppJ MjlM R ii 17
framwGtyft Pa /f rimujtZft/ n 'forgetfulness'.
Pa framw3tyftHU2W aM93 I R 7; LN 90 M34 V 10
= OM366 V 3
fr'mwxt see ffmwcframwxtyySPa see fr'mwc- Pa
f r 'm yn Pa /f rZmEn/ n 'Yood'.MKG, 159.
. Pa fr'myn MKG(1634) M267b+M314R i 5
fr'r'zwm MP see pr'r'zfr'x Pa 1f rZx/ a. 'broad, wide, spacious'.
Pa frar M6031 I B i (10) 4: M2069/2
fray, pray MP /fray/ a. 'more; greater; further'.
f r'ydr /frriydar/ 'more', pr'str /frrSstar/
'more', pr'yst /frcyist/ 'most'.
MP fray MMii M6 R 3; MVW: M5794+ I R 6
A

MP fr'ydr MS794+ I V 17
MP pr'str corn@.MKG,93. MMii M49 I R 14 (so
MKG(1457) against Andreas-Henning 1933, 307:

9str.I
MP
Hu(1070) M7983 I R i 10: M1/41; BBB(U2)
M80Vp8 16: BBB(2jq) M801a/p16 1: MU) 11 R 7:
SIviil8

MP pr'yst $brg(7) M473a+ I R 7


frb'd- Pa If rub&/ ulr. 'to hurl down'. Ghilain
1939.70 prefers /frabdd-/.
Pa frb'd'n subj1sg. HVla/9b/ M6223 V 8
frbd- Pa /f rabab-1. Vrabad-/ v.itr. 'to fall down,
collapse'.
Pa frbdynd pres3.pl. HIVb/la/ M6220 R 1
Pa frbd'n subjfsg. H.I7A9b/M3121 V 2
Pa frbst ppJ kRIa/3b/ M518 R 6
frb@Pa If ram/v.tt,pp. 'to close up, stop, block'.
Pa frh- ppl W i )M6 R ii 22
frbst Pa see frbdf r b d Pa If raflurdl uir., pp. 'to surrender'. Boyce
1955446, translation of q h e 7. Reading uncertain.
'fLafhdppl A b c o MnO 7a (Rat!!e:: pd(b)nd;
or even pd(bhdgr?)
frbwy- Pa / H e y - / v.itr. 'to give out scefit, be
fragrant'. .
Fa frbwyd pres3sg. HJ/29a/ M6l31 R 3: M285 11 R
129

Pa frbwynd pres.3.pl.H . V W ~ 6 V 1~ 1
frbyw Pa /frabr'w/ a. 'fat'. Henning 1937%82 NP
farbib. GW U6 (992) [but as Pa f rbybl
Pa frbyw GW 9 9 oM838 V 10 = M83 I1 V 21
frd'b, prd'b Pa/MP /fradZb/ n. 'radiance'. Ghiiain
1939,R Only one MP anexation
Pa frd"b BBB(149) M801alp9 17
Pa ffd'b MKG(lO4l) M4572 V i 8: MMiii,e(56) M6 R ii
26: ~~iii,m'<7)
M39 R i 8: MMiii,m(U) M39 R i 14:
MMiii,m(15) M39 R i 16: MMiiia(26) M77 V 5; M83
I R l l = a M 2 0 0 V 7 = o M 2 3 4 R 5 = o M l O S a R 5:
Abcd.A/29a/ M94+/29a: GW S99 oM5642 B 8 =
M23~
B 9 = M2601 A 4 M2&52/3
Paprd'b'M23Al
MP prd'b hi5755 R 6
frd* see prd'bfrg'w 1Pa lf rayawl n 'treasure'. Ghilain 1939,76.
Pa frg'w MKGU29) M4576 V i U;MMiii,&l51)M7 I1
R ii 3: MMiiij(87) M42 V ii 32: MMiii,m(29) M39 R
ii 3: KPT(1785) oM572 R 3: Mu9 R ii U:M369 V
X t H.V/lW M858e V 3 = ah45350 R 3: kRVl/5la/
hi96 R 1: KawN(28) oM35 V 10: M6020 I1 V ii 17
frg'w 2 Pa 1f rayaw/ n 'lack'. Reck 2004.
~afrg'w~~(609)M5860IVii5
Pa p@ R H W ) Mmb R i 31: RH(390) M m b V ii
9
frgwS- Pa Ifrage;-/ v ~ r .'to put aside, neglect'.
Andms-H&g
1934,54.
Pa frgwS% Jubj2sg. MMiii,b(ll4)M5815 I1 R i 3
f r b prh Pa/MP /f amah/ n. 'glory '. MKG 99 n. 1and

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

-4

155

159. Pa d&z f w a b W T 55 nl) and MP f arrab i


abundant'.
d& (KIT 89, n6) smdemm 1979,102
Pa frfiyd fim/
~ 6 6 7 +V 9: LN 5% M509 R
WMIt f& Ml5ss/l
8: LN SHW) oM491+ R 8 = M905 V 4: RH(4.45)
Pa dyn f h Sundernmrm 1979,102 LN 51 M351 R 3:
aM763 R i 18: GW 995 M5531 A 5: GW 999 oM2601
~Qtani62EA 4
A 6: HCfrl62 M387 A 2
Pa frh MM'WB)
M5815 fl R ii 22: MKG(698)
MP frhyd MKG(2233) M&+ R 4: MK-6)
M36+
~ 4 5 7 6R i 16; MKG(lS44) ~ 5 6 5 A
1 4: M~G(1622)
R 7: MKG(24Il) M422 B 4
MP frhyd'n pl. RH(1075) MI81 V 2: ~ 8 4 A9 5~
M1964+M822 V i 3; MKG(2081) M455 A i 10:
IMP prhyd
MKG(2103) M455 B ii 9: MMiii,e M6 R i 29;
(38) V 15: KawA(95) &lOli R 2:
MKG(1965) M742 I R 1: MKG(1974) M742 I R 10:
MMii(l6) M8171 R ii 4: MMiiig(l98) M7 II V i 22
MMii M2IRi4: MMii M2 I R i 19: MMii M2 I R
= M496a V 6: MMiii,h(l8). M33 I 'R ii 6:
i 29: MMii M28 lI R i 36: MMii M28 I1 V ii 28:
MMi~n(60)M39 V i 17: ~Miilm(86)M39 V ii 24:
GW 5140 SIl V 17: S12c V i 33; M32b A 14
BBBc(26) M5779 V 2; M32a V 3: ~ 6 6 5 0V 15:
IMP prhyd'n pl. M28 I V ii 30
Mi30 R ii 4: ~H(646)M625F V 5: RH(765) M319
I R 5: R.(W)M82 R 7: RH(ll74) M30 R ii 20: frhyf 4 frhyf~fryhyft Pa /f n'hfftl n. 'love'. cf.
GW 519 M259a V 15 = ~4526+M72651 V 12 =
'frbyft.
Pa frhyf!.MKG(826) M457l R i 2: CPar(41) 0M499+R
~6680+v lo = M4j1 R 8: GW 62 M340a V 2:
2; AbcdF oM888a V lla: LN 534 M457 V 5:
~ 1 R014: M285 II V ii 26: M797 II V 6
RH(212) .MMa R ii 16: RH(491) M763 V i 10: GW
Pa frh[? oS31 R 8
% M5WM453c R 12; MI71 I V 16: M260 R 10
Pa rwfn'n frb M730 V ii 6
R 11: MhQii M36 R
Pa frhyft hMWb(ZO) MWl5 ll R i 9: MMiii,b(l87)
MP fdj MMii M36 R 22: mi
.
OM5815 II V i 26: MMii,M196) M5815 11 V ii 4:
16: ~797
IR2
MMiiiJXnlDM58b H V ii 22: MKG(1023) M4572 R
MP frg 'y dyn KIT,55 al.KPT(1739) M47 II V 18
i 8: MKG(1270) oM4589a A 2: MMiiie(77) M6 V i
MP frhin.pi- Wii M36 V 17 (frEn}<frh'n>; h435 I1
R12:mfiIIVb:M43R7:M797IV9
17: MMW M42 R i 9: M32a R 1: M544 R 6: M544
MP prh MMii M3l I R U: MMii M31 II R 7: MMii
R U: M544 V 1: M544 V 7; MA0 R ii 1:
M729 I1 R ii 6 = M897 R 11:
k R V I / W MS8 I R 5 = oM96 R 5 = M675 V 3:
I V i 10:
kRW67dM88 I V = M96 v l3 = ~ 1 7 R5 11:
MMii M729 11V i l3: M1,2: MIK36 R i 5: BBB(39)
MI02 R 2: LN 9 4 0M906 R 6; LN 538 M304 R 1;
M8OWp3 l3 = -la
R 3 {pdh)<prh>: BBB(181)
LN 338 oM304R 6: RH(469) M763 R ii 15; RH(545)
M80la/pU 16: BBB(ZQ7) MSOla/pU 8; BBB(332)
hi5640 R 8: GW 5100 ~ 2 6 0 1B 6: oM460b V i 3:
M8Ola/p2l 1: B B W ) oM8Wp22 11: BBB061)
Otani61B R 1
oM80la1p22 12: M324 R 11: Ml367 V 3: Mll V 20:
Pa fryhyft MVl I1 R 1
MK8259 I V ii 21: M4a II R 18: M650 I R 9:
frhygr Pa Ifribegarl a.'loving'.
PM9l4.2 V i 3
Pa frhygr MI/%: MV352; M369 V 4: HJII/lZai
MP prh RH(785) 0~341aA 4
OM5540 V 3; RH(43) a 2 8 0 I R 11: M791a 11 V 5:
MP p&=n pl. M4b 11R l3
OM5583 R 9
MP prhan pi. BBN456) M8Wp29 17: BBB(470)
frhynj- Pa 1frabenj-1 vrr. 'to educate instruct '.
~8OWp30~ = n 6 V10i
-?Zfdqa@subjdsg. bli%iM1%5825
II V ii 7
MP prh'n pl, BBB(42) M&Ola/p3 16 = M341a R 5:
frjnPa
/fr&atr-/
vlr.
'to
cut
cut
off'.
Henning
BBB(4fi) ~8Ola/p279; L SIO 120 I V 10: RH(787)
1%5a,
32
a4
M34la A 6: RH(942) M647+ I V 1: oM268 A 8; M4a
I V ii (51)2: M6020 I V
I I R ~ ~ : M ~ ~ I I V ~ : M ~ ~ I I V ~ ~Pa: frjnynd
M ~ ~ pres3.pi.
I I V ~ M6020
~
ii
(5516
frW& frh', frw Pa /frabrSb/prep.'for, on account
Pa frjnyndyb opt. olM6020 I R i 18
of '. Henning apud Boyce 1954,187 sv.f rb'b.
frm'd Pa see frm'y- Pa
Pa frtf Cparos) M332+M724V 18
Pa frh' M
M
g
ia
a
)M2 I1 R ii 15: MMiiig(7l) M2 II R f r d d MP see frm'y- MP
frmadySPa see fnn'y- Pa
ii 34
frm'n, prm'n WMP If ramZnl n. 'command,
Pa frh% dRVII/5b/ MI75 V 14 = oM1539 11 R 4
in@ction'frh'wnd Pa f ~~~abrStoomtd/
a 'endowed with
Pa fm'n MMiZfi) M5%9 V 15: MKG(682) M4576
f arrab'.
R H: MMiikd(33) M5 R ii 3 = oM748 R 10;
Pa frh'wnd M285 11V ii 2
MMiiimCR) M39 V ii 11; KPT(1835) M6470 V 3;
frhng MP ljrabangl n 'education; knowledge'.
KPT(1905) W68 R 6; CPar(U5) oM334a R 10;
MP frhng MY204
CPar(156)
M44 R 5: M18 R 5: oM1202 R 1: RH(386)
frhnz'd MP /?/? ?'. Undear.
M284b V i 31: GW 576 M847 R 16: GW 577 M847
MP frhnz'd M89314 kcmealy formed <z* Or <d>
c o w e d to -1
R 18
MP frm'n MMii M% V 14: S9 R ii 21
frhyd, *rhyd, p x y d WMP If rabid1 a. 'many,

.I56

Dictionary of ~ d c h a e a nMiddle Persian and Parthian

--

- MP prm'n SbrgOS) M473at I V 14: MKG(2011)W 4 2


M fm MIK4979 R ii 6 MIK4979 R ii 7
n R 3:
~ 7 4 2M v 9: ~ ~ ~ ( 1 6 8 7frn'm)
Pa /fra--/
vfr. 'to cause to depart, send
aM652tM526 R 12: Mll175; BBB06) M W p 3 10;
away'.
W15 I1 R 2; MMii M8251 I R 10
Pa fm'mynd pres3.pl. MMiii,a M2 I1 R i 9
MP prm'nwy M543 V 3
Pa fm'm?! SUbjZsg. Or 3sg M7051 V? 4
f rm'nd'r, p r d n d i r Pa/MP 1f ramcSndcErl n. f e r n /farnf3dml ngr.f.(Sogd.). Weber 1972 195
'deputy, agent, representative'. KPT, 122 (and Ul).
nl7.
MP frm'nd'r KPT(1692) M652+~526V 4: KPT(1698)
M frnp'm Ml/l38
d4652tM526 V 10: KPT(l701) M652+M526 V 3; frnft Pa see frnm- .
frmn-, p r m PdMP Ifranam-1 v. 'to go forth,
KPT(1704) ~652+M526
V 16
MP prm'nd'r KPT(1685) M652+~j26R 10
depart, proceed', (+ pnu'n) 'approach'.
f rm'y- Pa 1f r-y-/
vJr. 'to order'.
Pa frnft ppl MKG(708) M4576 R ii 9: MKG(793)
I'a prmaydjres3sg. M741 R 3b = M28H R x2b (In
M4577 B i 6: CPar(87) M333 R 11: M4b 1 R 8: M4a
M2853/R/x2b/ Henning (apud Boyce 1952, 435
I V 1O: M4a 1V 11 .
n.6) reads p r m y d y d and conjectures
Pa frnp?ppJ MY298
MP prnm'nd SUbj3.pl. Sbrg(227) M472t 1 V u
*pmyryd-1
. Pa frm"ya~
subj3sg. MKG(1673) M267b314 R ii
MP p m p t p p l Hu(405) M7980 1R i (33114: RH(ll23)
1-7
M273 V 17
. Pa frrn'y impvsg. MKG(1078) M4.573 R ii U:
MP pmpfn inf Ja M3 R 15
. M K G ( W a4585 B 7
,.-. ..
f d t g Pa /fr-tag/
a (pp.) 'destroyed, ruined'.
. . Pa frm'd ppJ Mo(42) M734 V 7; MKG(1051) M4573
Pa frnjtg MKG(1160) M4570 R ii 21; MMiii,n M77 R 6
. .; R 1 1: MKNlllO) M4573 V ii 9; MKG(1592j M47 1
Pa fr&gan pl. M5449/3
'
V 1: KPT(1792) M572 R 10: M5.572 R H
fmydg Pa ffratzidag/ a (pp.1 'led up'. MKG,159.
Pa frm'dy3 ppJ ~ ~ i i i i ( 6M42
3 ) V i 11
Pa frnydg MKG(79) M& I1 V 15
Pa prmadn infJa 8 1 V 7
ftsd Pa /frasadl vitr. ."to rise up'. GW 148 (S1453).
frm'y-, prm'y- MP /fram-y-1 v3r. 'to command,
Pa frsd ppJ GW 5145 Ka0.0103 1906 V 4
order; govern speak (of superior to inferior)'.
frsng Pa/MP /frasangl n. 'parasang', distance
MP prm'y impsg. Hu(182) M7984 11 V i 14
covered on foot in an hour.
MP frm'd ppJ
M454 1 R 12
Pa fmg CPar(142) oM4UtM2086 A 5: CPar(l43)
MP prmDdppJ M627 R i 14
~4l3+M2086
A6
MP prm'dwm ppJ + mfl MMii M95 V lb = oM1609 frspyyd MP see frsr'yV lb
frsr'y-, prsr'y-, f r s r p - , frsry- MP /frasrzy-/ vlr.
MP prmadppJ KawA(63) oMlOlk R 7: KawA(107)
'to sing sing praises'.
MlOli V 5; Hu021) M798l I V i 17: MMii M2 1R i
MP f n m d pres.3sg. M555 V 3b
.12: KPT(1450) M5566+M4501V ii 9: M1/194
MP f d p d pres.3.pl. MMii oM36 V 8
MP prmwd ppJ Correcti M210 R 5
MP p w n d subj.3.pl. Otani6227 A 4
f rmnpwg Pa If raman.-g/ n. 'hope '.
MP frsryyd impv...S9 V ii 21
MP prsrwd ppJ MMii M2 I V ii 27
Pa frmnywg MMiiib(104) MW5 1 V ii 23:
MP /f rasrciyi&/ n. 'singing, singing
MMiiia(54) M2 I1 R ii 17; Mll294: M4b I V 4; frs-Sn
ptaises'.
M6232tM6230 V 3; OM680 V 9: HVx/llb/ oM2339
MP frs?yyh M555 v 4a
V 2: m W 8 b / M6222 V 6: kRVI/lOb/ ~6222V
10: fiVn/16b/ M489a R 3 = M6WM439 V 10 = frsryyd MP see frsr'y. break through'.
M6265 V 3; GW 576 oM5561+M5562R 15 = M847 R frsystn Pa/MP /f rasistanl v ~ r 'to
Pa frsysm infla -(I)
MI04 R 1= oM89lb+R
15; M6601 R i 1: &5ll/4: M1623/3: oM27%/4;
2
M628P V 7
MP prsyst ppl KPT(1556) M5900 A 6
Pa fmywq oM226 R ii? 3
. send, to send off/forth'.
frmyn-, prmyn- MP /framen-1 u.itr. 'to be glad, f r h v - Pa /frav6w-/ u ~ r'to
Coldin 1992 334: f rys"wm'n therefore JreSt5w-,
rejoice'.
but perh this is written with the decorative form of
MP frmyn'm presJg1. M340b A 4
cr>
(even if this does not otherwise occur in this
MP prmynynd pres.3.pl. MV50 R ii 11
text;
this is the first Ene on the page).
MP prmyn'y subj2sg. MMii M729 11 V i 9 = M897
Pa f S k y d pres.3s.q. Ih' 2l M208+M638 R 10
v 10
Pa frg'wynd pres3.pl. BBB(294) M801a/p18 7 =
MP prrnyn'm' subjJpl. BBB(427) MSOla/p28 3
ohiSP R 2
MP prmyn'd subj2gZ. Hu(ll47) hi7983 1V i 19
Pa frS'a?n subjJsg. MMiii,b(l82) M5815 11 V i 21:
MP frmyn'nd subj3..pl.MMii M36 R 20
MMiii,d(lOl)M5 V ii ll = M748 V 17
frn /furn/ (Sogd.). Part of a name, a Weber 1972,
Pa frSW subjZsg. Or 3sg. MMiii,a M2 I1 R i 30
195ff.

wm)

'

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle F k &


Pa frS'w'h subj2sg. MKc(926) M4581 R i 6: MMiiij
M42 R i 26: M538 R 9
Pa f r j ' e subj3sg. MMiii,i(32)M42 R ii 6
- Pa frS'w impsg. MMiiip M21 R 7
Pa frS'wman impvsg. M448 A 1
Pa fdwd ppl ~ o ( 5 8 o) M U b R 12: MMiii,b(l33)
345815 I1 R i 22: ~ ~ i i i b ( l 6 7M5815
)
I1 R ii 31:
MgG(659) M4575 R ii 6: MKG(925) M4581 R i 5;
.MMiii,do oM5 R ii 5 = M748 R U: MMiii,d(49)
M5 R ii 19 -0M748 R 16: ~Miiig(96)hi7 I V ii 8:
~~iij(%
~ )4 V2ii 20; hiMiiim(42) M39 R ii 17:
KPT(997) M8400 V 8 = MZll+ R U; ~ 6 0 3 B
3 i 8:
M680 V 12;GW I2 ~4526+M7%5
I R 11= M6680+

and Parthian

frwd MP see prwd


fmd- Pa /f rawad-/ vfr. 'to understand, know'.
Pa frwdyd pres3sg. MKG(1833) M6032 R 5:
MgG(37) 0~6032
R9
Pa
Subj2sg. MMiiiiU5) M7 II R i 17
Pa frwcPdpp~ZMd8) M104t V ( 3 ) 4 = &734 R 7:
MKG(llO1) M4573 V i 17: MMiiij(43) M42 R ii 17:
R 1: H.I/la/ M233 V 1 = M625b R 5:
MWp
HVIV9b/ M5263 R 3
frwm Pa /f r h / n.p, 'Rome, (Eastern) Roman
Ehpire (= Byantiurn)'. MKG, 159 (and reference to
Sundermann 1975,302 114.9). Cf.b m
Pa frprm MKG(173) M216ctM1750 R 12: MKG(191)
Rll
oMZl6a R 3; Otani11079 B 6; M5800/4
Pa frSwdyS ppl MMiiij(45) M42 R ii 19
frwm'w Pa /fr6mdw/ a, 'in the Roman (= Latin)
Pa pdwd inf 3 531 V 9: MSO R 12
language'.
frPx Pa /fruGzf n 'smaller branch'. GW Ill (5224).
Pa frwm'w MKG(gjt3) M4574 V ii 4
frwm'y Pa /fr&ndy/ a 'Roman'.
Pafd'~GWWoM451V2
fdwd Pa see fr3'wPa frwm'y MoCn) MU2a V 9
fdwdy!: Pa see frs'wfrwrdg, pnvrdg Pa/MP /frawardag/ n 'scm&
leOQ, W e ' : S~~
198h 238-239.
f d y ~ r dpdygyrd,
,
prSykyr4 prXy)qyEd Pa/@
Pa
f
M~iii,e(ll3)
~6
V
ii 25: MU234
1f rajegirdl n 'end of the world restoration of
MP
frwrdg
MMiii,q
M454
I
R
12; M W i i 8 .
the original condition', MacKenzie 1979, 503, nl3.
MP
prwrdg
MI032039
W42
II V 11: M731 V 4:
Pa f d ygjrd MWf(291 Ma171 V i 5
M733
R
4:
oM733
R
10:
L
SIO
120 I1 V 4: RH(1053)
MP prSqyrd Sbrg(b) (JM473a+ I R 23: Sbrg(170)
M785
\!
10
M482+ I V 2 Sbrgd43) aMH7a+ I V 19; Sbrg.fh
frwrdyn, ptwrdyn Pa /f rawardini n 'rd'w
oM537c A 2
f w d p t h e first light element. (Name of the first
MP prSygyrd Hu(506) M7980 I V ii (32113: KPT(20)
month1 Henning 1940, 28 Sundermam 1979, 10k
M1001+ R i 3
'Luf~erste: Sohn des Urmenschen' and 125 n153.
MP pdykyrd Hu051) M7981 I V ii I3
Pa 'rdk t frwrdyn LN I5 M240 V 3
MP pdyqyrd Hu(798) M984 I R i 10
Pa 'rd% frwrdyn gloss^ M5542 R 4: LN 510 oM240 R
frjlygyrdyg,fdiygyrdyq,fdygyrdyy Pa /f rasWe1: GW 2l$X4526+M7265 I V 18 = o~6680+V 15:
girdig/ a 'about JrSygyrd (the end of the
GW 22 oM6680+ V 20: GW 24 M451 V 7: GW
world)'. Could be MP. Three attestations in one text
only.
526M83IIR6=oM%OhVl:GW 528M83IIR
Pa frSygyrdyg M4a I R 8
12: GW S29 M83 I1 R 14: GW 530 oM83 I1 R 17-18
Pa fdygyrdyq M4a I R H
= M838 R 2: GW 531 oM83 I1 R 19 = obi838 R 4:
Pa fsygyrdyy M4a I V 2
GW
M5642 B 9 = OM2331 B 10 = 0~2601
A5
frsymrw, fr-wrw,
fryjlpwrw MP /f raSe, Pa 'rd'w F
r
w
r
d
wM468a R i 18
m u m / n. 'pea&. KPT,l23.
Pa 'rd'w prwrdyn GW !$25 aM83 I1 R 4 = oM451 V 10
MP frsymrw M554 V 7
frwn- Pa If razuarz-/ vfr. 'to further, cultivate let
MP fdymwrw RH(1083) MI81 V 10
grow'. GW, U1(596,4).
MP frySymwrw KPT(1696) oM652tM526 V 8;
Pa frwrtydpres3sg. GW % d % 4 2 A 10
KPT(1699) dci652+M526 V 11
frwSg MP see p&g
frjlywryft Pa /f r m W . a r itf/ n 'mocking'. Henning f k t Pa see fm1937%86 (as pr3"ywry f tt);LN 98 $29,4).
frwx, prwx WMP /farroxl a. 'fortunate, blessed,
Pa frSywryft- bf540a R 1
happy'Pa fdywryft 29 M27 V ll
WMIr frwx &rani6115 A 1
frtwm, prtwm MP /fratom/ a, adv. 'at first,
Pa frwx MMi&b(lll) M58l5 I V ii 31: M8286 I V 10:
previously'.
M&& I V U: MK~(3.756) M505St R - ii 5:
MP frtwm oM82 R 22 = M235 V 9; S9 R i 18; ~ 6 9 R4
M-62)
M6 V i 2: ~ ~ i i i , h ( 6 M
3 ) 3 I1 R i 10 =
2: M559 V 4
~36V
7 6: MU376: CPar(32) ~332tM724V 12:
MP prtwm Sbrg(540) oM472 II R 12; KF"T(216)
M315 11 V 17; M6020 I V ii (017: ~ 6 6 5 0V 3: LN
hfl003+nsl025B ii 11
5116 oM491tM3417 V 19; GW 76 M5561+~5562R
frw's- MP IfrawZs-/ vfr. 'to send' (?).Reck 2004:
14 = bl847 R 14: M243 A 4: HCfr13.22 ~ 2 6 0 5V 3:
'verstf6men'.
OtaniW75 V i 3
MP frw'syd pes.3sg. ~ ~ ( 1 0 7MI81
6) V 3
Pa frwx'npl. MMiii,b(93) M5815 I V ii 12: ~Miiij(56)

fm

158

Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian

M42 V i 4; M88 II R 4a: M285 II V ii 19


MP frwx MMii hi36 R 9: MUU6 R ii 2: Otani6154 A
3: M451611
MP frwx' M297 B 4
MP frwxan pl. A11903 B 4 = 00
MP frwx'n pl. MMii M36 R 8: M74 I V 18: M82 R 20
= M235 V 8: RH(1073) oM18l R 11: M849c A 4;
Otani6195 A 2
MP prwx MMii M224 I R 7: MMii M31 I R 6: MMii
M729 I1 R i 16; MIK36 R ii 22: BBB(471)
MSOlalp30 14 = . W 6 V i 11: MI367 V 5: M79& R
i 4: ~H(1045)M785 V 2: M277 V ii 5; M4b II R 5;
~ 1 5 7 R3 3: M6955 JI R 2
MP prwx'n pl. MMii M129 I R ii 4; MIK36 R ii 19;
BBB(103) M80Wp7 10; M17 V ii 12: S9 R ii 30
MP prwxri BBB(99) M W p 7 1
MP prwxystwm suprl. dhni6152 R 4
MP zadnfm~dwm
suprl. Mll5
frwxS- MP 1f razz-I. Jj'rawaxf-/ UJr. 'to sell'.
hIP frwxSydpes.3sg. Ml77 R 15
frwxyft .Pa /f arr0xi.f tt/ n 'formne, prosperity'.
-KF'T,m: :
Pa frwxyff KPT(1797) M572 R 15: RH(28) MU7 1 V
12 - '
Pa frwxyft RH(454) oMi63 R i 27
frwxy?A frwxy(y), prwxyh, prwxy(y) MP
/f arroxibl n. 'fomme, prosperity'.
MP frwxyh M448 A 4 = M198a R 5 = a 6 0 7 B 4:
aM43 V 3: M4154h: M6360/6
MP frwxyy MMii ~ 3 V6 23: BBBd(5) MI14 I R 5;
M54% I V 5
MP frwxyyb 34339 R 7
MPprwxyMMiiM31flV7;M1564IV2
MP prwxyh MKG(1503) &805a+ V 6: MMii M72!3 I R
ii 7; MMii M729 11V i 15: BBB(426) M801a/p28 2:
M315 I V 9
MP prwxyy KawF(2) M6UO colA 2: MMii OM729 I V
i 11; MMi M729 D R ii 6 = M897 R 11: MV3:
Mll209;oMIK8259 I V ii 22
MPS prwxy Otani7003 V 2
frwyn- Pa /fraw&-/ u3r. 'to foresee, prophesy'.
MKG, IU,n.1
Pa frwynyyd pres3sg. MKG(1834) oh46032 R 6
Pa frwynynd pres.3pl. MKG(1850) ah46032 R 22
Pa frwyn .impvsg. Mo(70) MU2a V 8
Pa frwyng prpl ~KG(1836)Me32 R 8: MMiiio(2)
M67Rii29=M4&0cViig=M7591Rll
Pa frwyng'n prpJ, pi. MKG(1858) OM6032 V 1
Pa frwyn'd ppJI MMiii,a M2 11 R i 22
frwyngyft Pa /_frawinagiftl n 'dairvoyance'.
MKG, 159.
Pa frwyngft MKG(1872) M6032 V 15
Pa frwyngyft MKG(1838) M6032 R 10: MKG(1841)
M6032 R U;MKG(1845) oM6032 R 17: MKG(1867)
~603V
2 10; MKG(1868) 0~6032V 11; MKG(1874)
Ma32 V 17: MKG(1878) M6032 V 21
Pas prwynky-st K24 V 1 (So Reds (personally),

=places Waldxhmidt-Lena's prw(rYkySt.)


frwz- Pa /f rawax-l v i t r . 'to fly'.
Pa f m a n subjJ3g. H.VIdla/ M93+M289a 11 R 1
Pa frwSt ppJ MMiiidl2) M5569 R 12
Pa fmStw[ ppl M7906/2
frxns- Pa If raxan-/ vitr. 'to insist on, firsevere'.
Coldia 1987,310 and 281-2 on 130.
Pa frxnsyynd pes3;Pr- CParOO) M332+M724 v 10
f d h - MP /frc~xwrib-/ v- 'to tread, trample'.
Henning 1937%82 KPT,UL
W
. f d y n d pra3pl. MI2 V U
MP prxwst ppl KIT2541 M1014+M1030 A 16
f d h y h MP /frcuwrSbiin/ n. 'trampling '.
MP frxw%ySnMI2 V 11
frxwdn Pa /f ramidan/ u p . 'to be contemptuous'.
LN 123 (lo021f ra- and par- variance. Apparently
an infinitive.
Pa frxwdn inf .Za LN 5100 M905 V 1
fryad-see pry'dfry'dr If ray&*/ npr. m. Sundermann 1994b. 247,
263.
F2 fry'dr ~Miii&W
M5815 11 V i 23
frfn Pa If ry6nl. lfriyrin/ n. 'friend, beloved'.
Pa fry'n MMiii j M42 R i 6: MMiiii(48) M42 R ii 22:
AR.V1/42a/ M675 R 1: hB.VI/S3al M& 1 R 5 =
M% R 5.= M675 V 3
MP pry y'n M842 V 4
fry'ng Pa /f rydnagl. If riydnag/ a, n. 'beloved;
friend, beloved'.
Pa Yry'ng MI0 V 21
Pa 'fry'ng'n pl. -65)
oM33 I1 R i 2
Pa fry'ng Mo(45) A4734 V 10: MMiiib(128) M5815 11 R
i 17: MMii,b(l%l M5815 II V ii 3: MKG(30)
Ml344+M5910 V 7; M1/291;BBB(278) M8Ola/pl7
9: M4a I V 1 8 ~ ~ 6 V
8 07 = K24 V U = MI89 V 7:
W l a / M855 V 1= OM256 1 V 1: kW4al M5570
R 3; MI02 R 4: RH(U0) M86 V 14: MI0 V 1:
M5858 V 5: M5443/3
Pa fry'ng'n pl. MKG(654) M4575 R ii 1: MKG(2096)
a 4 5 5 S i i 2 Mh4 Y 12: Mlgz2v V 3'5785 1 3
14: M797 I1 R 9: MZ15 V 7: M1510/1;M24 V 9
MP fry"nganpl. OM566 V 6
fry$'m lffifldt;?l npr. f. (Sogd.1 - xwncwy.
Sundermann 19944 258
M fryp'm Mlll3l
frybygn MP /fr E W n. 'deceit'. MPT is te