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Rival Plans for Reconstruction: Section 1

Name_______________________________________ Date_______________

MAIN OBJECTIVES Explain why a plan was needed for Reconstruction of the South? Compare the reconstruction plans, of Lincoln, Johnson, and Congress, Understand Johnsons political difficulties and Impeachment.

Group 1: The Issues of Reconstruction 1.) What were the three major issues of Reconstruction? 1. 2. 3.

2.) When dealing with how the Southern States would rejoin the Union, what were the three main questions on Americans minds? 1. 2. 3.

3.) Did the constitution provide any answers for what to do with the succession or readmission of states?

4.) Whose job was it to lead the forming of Reconstruction policy? A. B. C. D. President Congress Neither No Idea

5.) When debating on how to rebuild the Southern economy which of following was not affected by the war? A. B. C. D. Factories Livestock Jobs for white males Homes for freed slaves

6.) Land was the most valuable asset left in the south, who proposed the idea that it should be given to the freed slaves?

7.) What did African American Southerners feel that the government should do with the land?

8.) The thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery, but did it grant the freed slaves full citizenship?

9.) What were the two main things that freed slaves wanted? 1. 2.

Group 2: Lincoln sets a moderate Course 10.) In what year did Lincoln issue the proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction? A. B. C. D. 1864 1863 1865 1866

11.) Why was Lincolns Reconstruction plan called the Ten Percent Plan?

12.) What did the states constitution have to provide for African Americans to gain representation in Congress? A. B. C. D. Equality Voting rights Education Land

13.) Lincoln was not generous to white Southerners; he didnt want to consider compensation for lost property. (True or False) 14.) Lincoln did not require a guarantee of social or political equality for African Americans. (True or False)

15.) What did Lincoln promise in his second Inaugural address for the South? A. B. C. D. Compensation Full citizenship for African Americans Forgiveness Voting rights

16.) What two crimes did Radical Republicans within Lincolns own party insist that Confederates had committed? 1. 2.

17.) What did Radical Republicans advocate? A. B. C. D. Full citizenship Forgiveness Right to vote Both A and C

18.) List two things that the Wade-Davis bill required?

1. 2.

19.) In order for Lincoln to kill the Wade-Davis plan he had to hold his signature for ____ days, this was called a ____________ __________.

20.) Which Radical Republican plan did receive Lincolns support before his death? What was the goal of this plan?

21.) Which of the following didnt the Freedmans Bureau helped to do? A. B. C. D. Reunite separated families Represent African Americans in court Gain full citizenship for African Americans Negotiate labor contracts between former slaves and landowners

Group 3: Johnsons Reconstruction Plan

22.) Lincoln was assassinated in April of _________; his Vice President that was thrust into the Presidency was ______________ ______________________.

23.) Johnson did not want to restore the political status of Southerners. (True or False)

24.) Johnson offered pardons and land restoration to Confederates that swore allegiance to the Union and Constitution. (True or False)

25.) What was Johnsons main requirement?

26.) Johnson did not want African Americans to have the right to _________. 27.) Johnson advocated the support of states rights which would allow states to be able to limit what?

28.) Radical and Moderate Republicans were concerned about a lack of African American suffrage, but were hopeful that black rights would soon follow. (True or False)

29.) After state conventions began, many Southern states attempted to restore prewar conditions by limiting votes to white men. (True or False)

30.) What were the Black Codes?

31.) Black Codes limited African Americans to which two jobs? 1. 2.

32.) What did Vagrancy Laws stipulate?

33.) Violence and Intimidation was not used to enforce the Black Codes. (True or False)

34.) Republicans were infuriated by the Souths disregard of the spirit of Reconstruction; as a result Congress refused Southern Representatives what?

35.) Radicals claimed that Federal intervention was needed; Johnson accused them of trying to do what?

36.) Johnson passed congresses bill to allow the Freedmans Bureau to punish states officials for failing to extend civil rights to African Americans. (True or False)

37.) Johnson openly defied Congress again by ___________ the Civil Rights Bill of 1866 which sought to _______________ the Black Codes.

Group 4: Congressional Reconstruction

38.) Radical Republicans blamed the increasing lawlessness in the South on __________________.

39.) For the first time ever Congress passed major legislation by passing what law over Johnsons veto?

40.) What did Congress pass to protect Freedmans rights from veto, state legislature, and court decisions?

41.) Under this Amendment what could happen if a state refused to allow black people to vote?

42.) Congress again passed legislation over Johnsons veto with the ratification of what Act?

43.) The 10 Southern states were divided into five military districts governed by Union Generals. (True or False)

44.) The Act also precisely described how each state could do what two things?

1. 2. 45.) Voters had to elect new delegates to write a new constitution guaranteeing what to reenter the union?

46.) The power struggle between Johnson and Congress reached a crisis in 1867 when Johnson tried to do what? 47.) Stanton __________________ himself in his cabinet for ___________ months. 48.) As a result, the House of Representatives voted to _________________________ Johnson; charging him with wrongdoing in office. 49.) How many shy were Radicals short to win the two-thirds majority in order to remove Johnson? A. B. C. D. 2 3 1 5

50.) Why did several republicans back away from convicting Johnson?

51.) Johnson promised to back the Reconstruction Act during his impeachment trial. (True or False)

52.) Who was voted President in 1868?

53.) In 1869 congress passed the ____________________ Amendment.

54.) This Amendment forbid any state from denying suffrage on the grounds of all of the following except? A. B. C. D. Race Previous condition of Servitude Color Gender

55.) Loopholes existed within the Fifteenth Amendment which allowed voting restrictions based on what two qualifications? 1. 2.