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HEALTH, SAFETY, SECURITY & ENVIRONMENT DIRECTORATE (H.S.S.

E)

HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT Safety Division

Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011

Record of Amendment Revision


Rev 0 dated 05.06.11 Head of Safety HSE Manager Director HSSE

Purpose
New Author

Author
Reviewed Endorsed

Concurred By
Executive Director- FM Executive Director- CPD

Approver
Vice PresidentCPD/FM

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

1.1 Purpose 1.2 The purpose of this document is to set out the construction safety requirements for all the contractors working in Qatar Foundation projects. 1.2.1 All contractors and their sub contractors shall be contractually required to deliver, as far as reasonably practicable, the requirements set out in this document and associated standards. 1.2.2 The construction Safety Standards aim to reinforce Qatar Foundations commitment to improving Health & Safety standards across all Qatar foundation construction projects. 1.5 Application 1.3.1 All construction activity under Qatar foundation Capital Projects & Planning & Development shall be carried out in line with the requirements set out in this document and supporting construction safety standards. 1.4 Legal Requirements 1.4.2 The stated requirements of the Qatar Labor Law (No.14)2004 and the Qatar Construction Specification 2007 shall be mandatory for all contractors on Qatar foundation projects. 1.4.2 Where new legislation relating construction safety is passed or existing legislation revised, the requirements stated shall automatically apply to all Qatar Foundation projects.

1.4.3 Construction works shall be suspended pending implementation of remedial measures where it is clearly demonstrated that contractors have willingly neglected their legal and contractual Health & Safety responsibilities. 1.5 International Standards 1.5.1 The construction standards and practices set out in this manual have been developed from the best and most appropriate International Health & Safety standards. Unless specifically detailed in contractual documents international standards refer to BS EN standards. 1.5.2 While international standards are not legal requirements, contractors shall be expected, as far as reasonably practicable to execute works in line with international best practice. The 2
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

construction safety standards (CCS) applicable to Qatar Foundation projects are appended as part of this document.

1.6 Responsibility & Authority 1.6.1 Qatar Foundation is responsible for the development and enforcement of construction safety standards on all Qatar foundation projects. Qatar Foundation has employed Project Management Consultants (ASTAD) as clients agents for planned developments. 1.6.2 The Management consultants have been delegated authority by Qatar Foundation to act on their behalf in the development and enforcement of the construction safety standards. 2. General Requirements 2.1 Project Health & Safety Plan 2.1.1 The contractor shall submit, within 30 days of contract award, a site specific Construction phase Health & Safety plan. The H&S plan shall include as a minimum. A written policy statement signed by senior management. Project safety organizational chart Detailed duties and responsibilities with regards to safety for key staff. Detailed arrangements for the identification of key Hazards and risks Emergency procedures / arrangements Accident / incident investigation reporting systems Contractor safety formats.

2.1.2 The construction manager shall ensure that the submitted plans are assessed against the requirements of the Qatar Foundation construction standards. Initial assessments shall be completed and advised in writing to the contractor within 14 days. Revised plans shall be resubmitted within 14 days by the contractor from the receipt of comments. 2.1.3 The CPHSP may include detailed arrangements for management of specific activities; however, a method statement for each key work element shall be submitted. Each method statement shall detail the safe system of work to be implemented and shall include a detailed risk assessment. Failure to submit a CPHSP in line with the above requirement shall delay work commencement. 2.2 Induction of employees, consultants/contractors & visitors 2.2.1 H&S inductions will be provided to all new personnel as appropriate before commencing work or visiting any operational areas. Inductions will include but will not be limited to: 3
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Workplace hazards Overview of site rules Overview of disciplinary policy Overview of employee H&S responsibilities Awareness level training on applicable safe systems of work / safe works practices Emergency arrangements

2.3 Hazard identification & risk assessment 2.3.1 The contractor shall identify hazards and potentially hazardous work operations. For each work operation identified involving a previously identified hazard, the contractor shall conduct a risk assessment which shall: Describe the operation to be performed in the sequence of the basic job steps Identify the hazard or potential hazard Identify those at risk Describe how the hazard shall be managed (control measures) Be communicated to those responsible for carrying out the works

2.3.2 A method statement shall be produced for each element or operation and the relevant risk assessment shall be included. Method statements shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for approval prior to commencement of works. 2.3.3 Task specific job hazard analysis may be used in lieu of a method statement. This normally applies to a one off major task that will not be repeated. 2.4 Site set up 2.4.1 The contractor shall set up a work site in accordance with the detailed requirements set out in section 001 site establishment. 2.4.2 The contractor shall have a duty to provide a safe place of work and shall ensure that the full requirement for Qatar Foundation projects are clearly understood and implemented. 2.4.3 The contractor shall coordinate with all parties to ensure all issues are resolved in a timely manner. 2.5 Competence & training 2.5.1 The contractor shall provide a trained and competent workforce. Minimum competence criteria for safety critical positions are detailed below: 4
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Position Driver/mobile plant operator (eg tipper Truck / excavator /back hoe / grader Going roller / tele handler etc) Crane & hoist operator (tower / crawler Mobile /truck mounted cranes/passengers And material hoists Rigger Scaffolder Confined Space (authorized person) Electrician

Qualification Valid Qatar Driving licence Valid 3rd party operator competence certificate

Valid 3rd Party operator competence certificate Valid 3rd party Competence certificate Valid 3rd party Competence certificate Valid 3rd Party Training BS 7671 3rd party competence certificate National training & apprenticeship scheme etc Valid 3rd party Competence certificate Valid welding test certificate (local Test)

Welder

2.5.2 Equipment operators (power tools etc shall be suitably trained and competent to perform their duties in a safe manner. Evidence of in house training shall be deemed acceptable for general equipment operators. Operators of specialist plant and equipment not included in the previous table (e.g. sand blasters / specials lifting equipment) shall provide 3rd party competence certificates prior to commencing works. 2.5.3 Engineering staff with critical duties (e.g. deep excavation inspection / electrical switching) shall hold a recognized diploma / degree in relevant disciplines (construction / civil Engineering /MEP etc.) and shall have at least 3 years of onsite experience in a similar role. 2.5.4 Health & Safety staff shall be suitable trained and experienced. All H&S Managers shall hold a recognized qualification and shall have a minimum 5 years on site experience in safety management position. Senior H&S officers (Safety Engineers) shall also hold a recognized qualification and shall have a minimum 3 years on site experience in a safety officers role. H&S officers shall hold a recognized qualification and shall have a minimum of 1 years experience in a safety officers role.

2.5.5 Contractors shall introduce Safety Assistants to site to support site based compliance. Safety assistants are classed as site operatives who have been selected for a junior safety role 5
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

and are in training. Safety assistants should have at least 1 year of site experience in a recognized trade (e.g. Duct man / mason / painter) 2.5.6 The restrictions and requirements regarding the deployment of safety staff are detailed in section 2.7. 2.6 Management resources 2.6.1 The contractor shall allocate adequate resources for H&S management and implementation. The number of professional, qualified safety staff on site shall be in line with the following table. CVs for all safety staff shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for verification prior to appointment H&S Manager Resident at manpower of 500+ / Visiting from contract award Senior H&S officer Resident at manpower 100 then + 1 for each additional 500 manpower H&S Officer Resident at manpower 50 then +1 for each additional 150 manpower Safety Assistant Resident at manpower 50 then + 1 for each 50 additional manpower.

2.6.2 In line with the above table, a typical site with 1000 operatives would require: 1 X resident H&S Manager 2 X resident Senior H&S officer (Engineers) 7 X resident Safety Officer 10 X Safety Assistant 2.6.3 Safety staff shall be deployed in line with the shift patterns and geographical spread of works and labor. Site specific requirements may require variance with the deployment table in 2.7.1. Any variance must be agreed in advance by the Construction Manager. 2.7 Inspection 2.7.1The contractor site safety team shall be required to develop a daily inspection routine covering all elements of work. 2.7.2 As a minimum, there shall be a joint management safety inspection with the contractors and the construction managers safety teams on a weekly basis. Where possible, contractors shall ensure that the contractors construction manager or equivalent attends the management inspection.

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

2.7.3 The construction manager shall carry out continual daily inspections of work in progress. Where action by the contractor is required, formal notification of the requirements will be issued to the contractor. 2.7.4 Key performance indicators shall be prepared by the construction manager to highlight deficiencies. The contractor shall co-operate with external safety staff allocated to the project and ensure that remedial action is prompt and effective. 2.7.5 A five star inspection process will be applied to all projects on a quarterly basis. This process is intended to grade site safety practice and shall be carried out by the construction manager. The contractor shall co-operate with this process and make all places of work, documents and records available as necessary to complete 5 star inspections. 2.7.6 Project awards shall be made to contractors for milestone achievements based on lost time incident free man hours, e.g. 1 million working hours without lost time injury. Note that no project awards shall be issued to projects with a grade less than 3 star. 2.8 Communicating & Reporting 2.8.1 Meeting should be held to permit meaningful communications throughout the organization and to plan for continuous H&S improvement. As a minimum, a bi-weekly safety review meeting shall be held. This shall be chaired by the Construction Manager and shall be attended by the contractor project team. 2.8.2 The contractor shall submit monthly safety reports to the construction manager via the online electronic safety management system. 2.8.3 The contractor shall respond to safety violation reports (SVR) and safety action management requests (AMS) via the online electronic safety management system. 2.8.4 The contractor shall report incidents and accidents on the electronic Safety management system. Alerts for significant accidents and incidents shall be forwarded to the Project Manager and to the HSSE Head of Safety via the online electronic safety management system. Any investigations into serious incidents will be led by the HSSE. The management consultant and contractors must comply and assist fully with the HSSE requirements for serious incident investigation. 2.8.5 The construction manager shall prepare a monthly safety report for the project Manager detailing incident occurrence and contractor safety performance. 2.8.6 Each project shall establish a communication process to convey H&S information to all employees. This will include, but not be limited to: Weekly toolbox talks Daily task briefings 7
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Awareness, promotion and training programs Well maintained notice boards Safety alerts Safety signage and posters

2.9 Targets & objectives 2.9.1The contractor shall develop H&S targets and objectives and shall measure and review performance. Realistic key performance indicators and targets will be set for each project. Targets shall relate to accident, incident and near miss frequency. 2.9.2 Contractors shall take steps to foster as positive H&S culture and behavior and treat H&S as a core value equal in importance with productivity and performance. 2.9.3 The H&S goal during execution is to have an accident/ incident free project through identifying risks to health & safety, developing control measures and communicating these to the workforce.

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 001


Subject: Site Establishment Prepared By Approved By Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to the establishment of new work sites and project temporary facilities on all new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. This standard applies to all existing structures, new temporary facilities and the work site including site offices, welfare facilities, workshops and stores. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Contractors shall implement this standard in line with the requirements of Qatar Construction Specification (QCS) Section 1 Parts 11 and 12 (2007). Requirements: 1. Site Survey 1.1. A site survey shall be carried out to determine: Site boundary Site hazards Environmental hazards Existing utilities and structures and subsequent diversion / demolition / protection requirements Existing roads and pathways and subsequent traffic control requirements Position of temporary facilities Location of fire hydrants

2. Fencing, Barriers, Signage & Notice Boards 2.1. Site fencing shall be in accordance with Qatar Foundation design requirements. Fencing shall be erected in advance of works commencing. Fencing shall be placed on the agreed site boundary and shall prevent unauthorized vehicle, pedestrian and third party access to site. 2.2. The contractor shall erect a sign board at the entrance to the site. Signboards shall include details of the Client, Project Manager and relevant Consultants. Contractors are encouraged to 9
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

display key health and safety data on the signboard such as hours worked without lost time injury. 2.3. The contractor shall display relevant signage to communicate mandatory requirements, communicate prohibitions, warn of dangers and inform of workers of emergency equipment and escape routes. The contractor shall prepare and erect hazard warning signs throughout the worksite. Signs shall display both words and pictures where possible. 2.4. The contractor shall prepare and display signage that is color coded (blue / red / yellow) to the standard shown in the following table:
Mandatory Signage The contractor shall display the following mandatory signage at site access points / at the workplace.

Refer to CSS 002 Personal safety equipment & PPE for detailed requirements.

Prohibition Signage The contractor shall display the following typical prohibition signage at site access points / at the Workplace.

Emergency / Welfare Information Signage The contractor shall display the following emergency signage at the workplace and medical facilities

Refer to CSS 009 Fir & Emergency Plannig for detailed requirements.

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

The contractor shall display the following signage at welfare facilities.

Fire Safety Signage The contractor shall display the following typical signage at site access points / at fire equipment locations.

Refer to CSS 009 Fire & Emergency Plannig for detailed requirements.

Warning Signage Open Holes

Electrical switchboards, transformers and substations

Pressure testing works

Confined space access points

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Exclusion zones to prevent parallel working at height

Exclusion zones for lifting operations

COSHH/ Flammable store

Areas where radiation sources are used or stored

Welding Areas/ Workshops

Areas below overhead utilities (hard barrier e.g. goalpost) or above underground services

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Traffic Management
The contractor shall display traffic management (stop / go signage, red and green flags or temporary traffic lights, diversions) signage where roadworks are underway. Traffic diversion angles should be suitable for the posted speed limit. Diversion angles should be no greater than 45 degrees. Speed bumps shall be installed on main roads with reduced speed limits and at traffic junctions.

2.5. Warning signs shall clearly state the nature of the hazard and instruct people of the correct actions to take. Warning signs will be manufactures in accordance BS / EN guidelines or equivalent internationally recognized standards. All signs will be sturdy enough to last in a harsh environment and shall be in English as a minimum, Arabic and the languages preferred by the persons on the worksite should also be produced where possible. 2.6. The contractor shall provide notice boards to communicate key safety information. Notice boards shall be placed at access / egress points and shall be at least 1500mm x 900mm in size. The contractor shall display relevant safety notices, signs and instructions in multi language. 2.7. The contractor shall install barriers throughout the worksite to separate workers from moving plant, vehicles and from entering unsafe areas. Mandatory barriers shall be provided to the standard shown in the following table:

Road works / traffic routes Concrete barriers are preferred for heavy traffic routes. Plastic barriers shall be heavy duty and filled with water or sand at all times. Cones or netlon barriers may be used only where traffic is light and visibility good.

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Excavations Plastic barriers shall be heavy duty and filled with water or sand at all times. Alternative excavation barriers using secured scaffold poles shall be acceptable where traffic is light. Cones and netlon fencing is not acceptable Leading Edges over 1.5m & Open Holes / Man Holes. (Contractors shall assess the risks and take suitable precautions below 1.5m)

Refer to CSS 012 Excavation for detailed guidance

Edge protection shall be approximately 1m high as a minimum. Acceptable edge protection will incorporate handrail, midtrial and toe board or shall utilize all in one systems such as that shown below. Edge protection shall be firmly secured to the structure.

Open holes will be closed with fixed boards. Barriers shall be erected as shown below where the hole cannot be closed due to work in progress.

Refer to CSS 003 Fall protection & prevention for detailed guidance

3. Site Temporary Structures 3.1. Temporary structures such as offices, stores, workshops, laboratories and guard houses shall be of safe construction. In situ constructed or prefabricated structures shall be structurally sound and constructed from non hazardous, non flammable materials. 3.2. Electrical supply and distribution for temporary structures shall be in accordance with BS 7671 and shall be tested and commissioned by a competent person. 3.3. A documented fire safety plan shall be required for all projects within Qatar Foundation (refer to CSS 009 Fire Safety & Emergency Planning for detailed requirements). Fire prevention and protection requirements for temporary structures shall be included within this plan. Contractors shall ensure that suitable and sufficient firefighting equipment is provided and maintained for temporary structures. 3.4. All doors must be self closing and should be hung to open in the direction of escape. All doors used as a means of escape should always be kept unlocked when the premises is occupied.

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Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

3.5. Pedestrian access / egress for both normal use and means of escape shall be planned and installed for all temporary structures. (Refer to CSS 005 for detailed requirements). 3.6. Temporary structures shall have adequate ventilation and natural light. 3.7. Temporary offices must be adequately screened against insect / pests. Routine pest control measures shall be implemented by the contractor. 4. Site Stores 4.1. Site stores shall be defined. The contractor shall not store materials on site access routes / roads or outside of the site boundary (except for agreed lay down areas). 4.2. The contractor shall provide suitable security to ensure that materials and substances are secure from theft or misuse. 4.3. Site stores shall be segregated to ensure that flammable liquids and gases and substances hazardous to health are controlled. The contractor shall provide an air conditioned store for flammable liquids / chemicals and a separate external store for flammable gases. Fuel storage tanks shall be placed in a shaded bund (refer to CSS 009 Fire and Emergency Planning for detailed requirements). 4.4. The contractor shall retain MSDS (material safety data sheets) for all substances held in site stores (refer to CSS 007 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health for detailed requirements). Storage shall be in accordance with MSDS requirements. 5. Transport & Traffic Control 5.1. Site Logistics 5.1.1. The contractor shall develop a site traffic and logistics plan on contract award. The site plan shall clearly show: Site boundary Site security stations Site vehicle access / egress routes (cars, delivery vehicles) Site vehicle access / egress routes (emergency services) Labor bus loading / offloading areas Proposed location of temporary structures Proposed location of welfare facilities Proposed location of workshops and laboratories Site parking Site pedestrian routes Proposed lay down areas / stores Proposed position of generators Proposed position of tower cranes 15
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

Proposed position of material and / or passenger hoists Proposed road closures and diversions

5.1.2. Site traffic routes shall be illuminated and shall not exceed a 10% gradient. Traffic routes shall be posted with clearly visible speed limits. The maximum site speed limit on site shall be 30km/h or lower. Signage shall be in accordance with Section 2 of this standard. 5.2. Road Closures & Diversions 5.2.1. Road closures and / or diversions shall be authorized via permit from Qatar Foundation. 5.2.2. Proposed road closures and / or diversions shall be submitted in writing by the contractor to the Construction Manager for review and assistance with permit preparation and submission. 5.2.3. Road closures and diversions shall be coordinated with adjacent projects and or existing facilities. 5.2.4. Road closures and diversions shall be clearly identified with signage, traffic control measures and barriers in accordance with Section 2 of this standard. Additional traffic control measures may include traffic lights, flagmen, manual stop / go systems, flashing beacons. 5.3. Pedestrian Access / Egress 5.3.1. The contractor shall provide safe access / egress to site temporary facilities and to the workplace. (Refer to CSS 005 for detailed requirements). 5.3.2. Pedestrian routes shall be clearly marked and illuminated. PPE zones shall be clearly marked to prevent accidental entry to the work area. Signage shall be in accordance with Section 2 of this standard. 5.3.3. Pedestrian routes shall provide segregation of people and vehicles / mobile plant. 5.3.4. Pedestrian routes shall provide protection from falling objects through the use of crash decks, and catch nets as necessary. 5.4. Site Parking 5.4.1. The contractor shall provide parking facilities for all parties resident on site and shall provide for visitor parking. 5.4.2. Parking bays shall be covered where possible and a hard standing provided. 5.4.3. Parking areas shall be located so that persons can enter site offices without the need for PPE. Should this not be practical, warning signs must be erected and visitors advised at the security gate. 16
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

5.4.4. Personal vehicles shall not enter the construction site at any time. Only official work vehicles and mobile plant shall be permitted into the construction site. Personal vehicles shall remain in the designated parking areas only. 5.4.5. Site materials and equipment shall not be stored in designated parking areas. 5.4.6. The contractor shall ensure parking or loading / off loading areas are designated for site labor buses. Loading / off loading areas shall be exclusions zones to separate workers from the hazard of moving vehicles. 6. Site Welfare Facilities 6.1. Drinking Water 6.1.1. Cooled drinking water must be provided in site offices and at suitable points such as mess areas and shall be marked drinking water using the applicable languages required. The contractor shall install water filters and ensure that water storage tanks are cleaned and maintained. 6.2. Washing Facilities 6.2.1. Every site where anyone is employed for more than four consecutive hours must have washing facilities. 6.2.2. Rooms containing washing facilities should have sufficient ventilation and lighting. 6.2.3. On sites where the contractor employs up to 25 persons washing facilities must include 1 washbasin, plus 1 extra for every additional 25 persons. 6.2.4. On sites where the contractor employs more than 100 persons washing facilities must include 4 washbasins plus 1 extra for every additional 50 persons. 6.3. Sanitary Conveniences 6.3.1. Every site where anyone is employed for more than four consecutive hours must have sanitary facilities. 6.3.2. Rooms containing sanitary facilities should have sufficient ventilation and lighting. 6.3.3. Sanitary facilities (toilets / urinals) must be under cover, partitioned from each other and have doors with fastenings. Urinals must be suitably screened. 6.3.4. On sites where the contractor employs up to 25 persons sanitary facilities must include at least 1 WC and 1 urinal. 17
Procedure for Construction Site Safety Standards & Requirements for Contractors QF/HSSE/OHS /SOP-014 Rev-0. June 2011 Copies other than electronic copies saved in the Qatar Foundation portal area are uncontrolled

6.3.5. On sites where the contractor employs more than 100 persons sanitary facilities must include 4 WC plus 1 extra for every additional 50 persons. 6.3.6. On sites where the contractor employs more than 100 persons sanitary facilities must include 4 urinals plus 1 extra for every additional 50 persons. 6.3.7. Additional separate WC facilities shall be provided for female staff. Where the contractor employs females, sanitary facilities must include 1 WC for every 10 females. 6.3.8. The contractor shall arrange for septic tanks to be emptied on a regular basis to prevent overflowing. Septic tanks shall be of sufficient size / quantity to cope with planned peak labor. 6.3.9. The contractor shall ensure that suitable cleaning / disinfecting procedures are implemented in all sanitary conveniences. 6.4. Mess Areas 6.4.1. The contractor shall provide sufficient and conveniently accessible mess areas for all construction workers on site. 6.4.2. Mess areas located external to the building / structure should be enclosed, free of significant dust / sand ingress and air conditioned. 6.4.3. Mess areas shall be fitted out with tables and benches. The number of tables and benches should allow for every operative to sit at a table while eating food. 6.4.4. Should space restrictions be an issue, the contractor shall organize meal breaks into shifts to ensure that no worker is forced to eat food on site or outside the defined mess area. 6.4.5. The consumption of food shall be restricted to the mess area. The contractor shall ensure that all sub-contractor labor is provided for in the site mess area. 6.4.6. Cooking shall not be allowed in the site mess area. Should the contractor require a full canteen with kitchen that is preparing hot food then a written proposal shall be submitted in advance to the Construction Manager. Canteens shall be subject to relevant food safety regulations applicable in Qatar. 6.4.7. Suitable waste control and cleaning procedures shall be implemented in all mess areas. 6.4.8. Suitable pest control measures shall be implemented in all mess areas. Pest control measures shall only be carried out by suitably competent persons / subcontractors. Facilities shall not be used when hazardous pest control substances are being applied.

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6.5. Medical Facilities 6.5.1. The contractor shall provide adequate and appropriate first aid provisions based on the number and distribution of employees. 6.5.2. All persons must have reasonably rapid access to first aid. If employees are dispersed over a wide area, then the contractor shall provide adequate first aid cover for all locations. 6.5.3. Where the number of persons on site exceeds 50, there should be at least one fully trained First Aider provided by the Contractor. 6.5.4. Where the number of persons on site is over 150, the Contractor should provide an additional First Aider. 6.5.5. First Aiders should have completed an approved course of training, typically a 3 day course, such as those organized by the Hamad Medical Corporation or any other internationally approved Society; they should thereafter undertake a refresher course every year and will require re-certification after three years. 6.5.6. Where there are less than 50 persons on site, the contractor must ensure that a person is trained to appointed persons standard, typically a one day training course. 6.5.7. Where there are more than 100 persons on site, a resident site nurse shall be required. The site nurse shall be provided with an air conditioned medical station. This shall be a private room or cabin. The site nurse may not issue prescription drugs and shall be qualified to work as registered nurse in Qatar. 6.5.8. Each contractor shall have a designated medical doctor when there are more than 500 persons on site. This may be a retained service or full time employee. Where there are more than 5000 workers on site, contractors shall provide a resident doctor. Medical doctors shall be qualified to work as an MD in Qatar. 6.5.9. The medical doctor shall carry out emergency first aid, basic health surveillance and routine consultations for direct employees of the contractor and shall be available to consult on health related work restrictions for individual employees. 6.5.10. All major injuries and medical emergencies shall be referred to the local hospital. 6.5.11. First aid boxes shall be deployed on site. The size and content of first aid boxes shall be in line with the number of workers in the work area. 6.5.12. The location of first aid boxes must be clearly signed. First aid boxes shall be positioned to ensure easy access to the contents. Note that ONLY qualified personnel shall be authorized to use such equipment. Valid 3rd part training and certification shall be required for authorized persons such as the site nurse and first aiders qualified in line with 6.5.5 / 6.5.6 above. 19
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6.5.13. Defibrillator kits may be supplied to site. The location of Defibrillator kits boxes must be clearly signed. Defibrillator kits shall be positioned to ensure easy access. Note that ONLY qualified personnel shall be authorized to use such equipment. Valid 3rd part training and certification shall be required for authorized persons. 7. Waste Management 7.1. The contractor shall establish a waste management process for the project site. The contractor shall nominate a member of the project team as responsible for waste management. 7.2. The contractor shall establish waste collection points on site. The contractor shall provide an adequate number of skips and / or wheel bins to ensure that uncontrolled waste tips do not develop. Waste shall be moved from on site collection points to a defined site waste disposal area for removal off site to landfill or controlled waste facilities. Offsite disposal shall be in line with prevailing Qatar environmental legislation. 7.3. Contractors Duties 7.3.1. The contractor shall establish housekeeping teams of adequate manpower to clean the site daily. 7.3.2. The contractor shall provide septic tanks for site sanitary facilities. Septic tank capacity shall be in line with peak labor requirements. The contractor shall make arrangement for daily removal of sewage waste from septic tanks by an authorized party. 7.3.3. The contractor shall provide a concrete washout and evaporation pit for mixer wagons. Ready mix concrete waste shall be controlled and ground contamination minimized. 7.3.4. The contractor shall provide spill kits to deal with oil, fuel and chemical spills. Offsite disposal of used spill kits shall be in line with prevailing Qatar environmental legislation. 7.3.5. The contractor shall establish specific arrangements for the management of food waste. Food waste shall be stored in closed bins to prevent the spread of vermin. 7.3.6. The contractor shall establish specific arrangements for the management of medical waste. Clearly marked medical waste bags shall be provided. Offsite disposal shall be in line with prevailing Qatar environmental legislation. 7.3.7. The contractor shall segregate hazardous materials such as waste oil. Offsite disposal of waste oil shall be in line with prevailing Qatar environmental legislation. 7.3.8. The contractor shall be prohibited from burning waste materials on site. 7.3.9. The contractor shall remove all stagnant water from site immediately to prevent disease and / or mosquitoes developing.

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7.4. LEED 7.4.1. LEED (leadership in energy and environmental design) requirements shall require the contractor to provide a detailed waste managed plan. 7.4.2. LEED requirements shall be clearly stated in the project contract documents and may require significant enhancements to the waste management process as detailed in this document. 8. Existing Structures for Demolition 8.1. Where existing structures are to be demolished prior to new works or on completion of new or replacement structures the contractor shall carry out a pre demolition survey and develop and detailed demolition plan. 8.2. Demolition & dismantling are high-risk activities whose safe execution is complex and technical and where expertise is vital. The contractor shall ensure that a competent person is appointed to plan demolition & dismantling works. 8.3. Pre-Work Survey 8.3.1. Prior to starting any demolition of any structure, an engineering survey shall be made by a competent person to determine the condition of framing, floor, walls, and the possibility of unplanned collapse of any portion of the structure. This will include the building construction, types of material used in construction of the building, construction method, special structural features that need special treatment during demolition such as cantilever structures, precast structures and pre-stressed structures etc. 8.3.2. The Contractor shall verify the existing fixtures: any features which may affect the demolition progress and need to be removed prior to demolition of the structure, such as water tanks, air conditioning units and other mechanical services. 8.3.3. The Contractor shall verify the location of all below ground and overhead utilities and arrange for the termination and disconnection of any services to the building to be demolished in accordance with the requirements of the utility companies. 8.3.4. The Contractor shall be responsible for temporary utilities for the project use, such as water supplies for dust suppression, etc. 8.3.5. The Contractor shall arrange any necessary investigations for chemical and / or biological hazards. Arrangements for safe removal shall be prepared in advance of works. 8.3.6. The Contractor shall arrange any necessary investigations for asbestos containing materials. Arrangements for safe removal shall be prepared in advance of works.

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8.4. Demolition / Dismantling Works 8.4.1. The contractor shall prepare a documented demolition plan or method statement on completion of the pre-work survey. This shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for approval prior to commencement of demolition works. 8.4.2. Demolition works shall be carried out in line with the requirements of Qatar Foundation CSS (Construction Safety Standards). 8.4.3. Demolition works shall be carried out with mechanical equipment in preference to manual labor. 8.5. Historic Buildings 8.5.1. Contractors shall note that several structures within Qatar Foundation have been designated historic. The contractor shall ensure that historic buildings are identified and protected throughout the works and not demolished in error. 9. Environmental Conditions 9.1. Weather 9.1.1. Particular focus should be paid to the weather prevalent in Qatar when setting up site. Contractors must take note of heat and humidity when planning work and site facilities. 9.1.2. Heat stress can kill and contractors must monitor heat and humidity at all times. The heat index below can be used to monitor the apparent temperature experienced by those on site.

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Heat Index Chart Temperature (C) vs. Relative Humidity 10% 46 43 40 38 35 32 29 27 44 40 38 35 32 29 27 24 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 46 42 39 36 33 30 27 24 49 44 40 37 34 30 28 25 53 47 43 38 34 31 28 25 57 50 45 40 36 32 29 26 62 54 48 42 37 33 29 26 66 58 50 43 38 34 30 26 62 54 46 40 35 30 27 66 57 49 42 36 31 27 61 52 43 37 32 27 65 56 46 38 32 28 58 48 39 33 28 62 51 41 34 29 54 43 35 30 58 45 36 30

Heat Index/Heat Disorders


Heat Index 54 or higher 40-54 32-40 27-32 Possible heat disorders for people in higher risk groups Heatstroke/sunstroke highly likely with continued exposure.

Sunstroke, heat cramps or heat exhaustion likely, and heat stroke possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity. Sunstroke, heat cramps and heat exhaustion possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity. Fatigue possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity.

9.1.3. As necessary the contractor must implement control measures to prevent heat stress. Such measures may include: Additional rest periods Shaded / air conditioned rest areas Provision of fans / ventilation at the workplace Night shift work for external activities Provision of supplementary electrolyte powders / drink Education (tool box talks / daily briefings)

9.1.4. Contractors shall comply at all times with Qatar Government instructions with regard to summer working restrictions. Typically work in open areas is restricted June through August. 23
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All contractors shall develop detailed procedures regarding heat stress prevention and management. 9.1.5. Sunlight exposes persons on the worksite to the risk of skin disorders. The contractor shall provide work wear that covers the skin for site workers operating in direct sunlight. Sunlight may also cause glare for operators of mobile plant, vehicles, machinery and equipment which increases the risk of operator errors. The contractor will provide shaded operating positions and / or shaded glasses to reduce such risks. The contractor shall ensure that shading does not impair operator visibility for safe operation of vehicles, plant, tools and equipment. 9.2. Air Quality 9.2.1. Air quality will be maintained to prevent exposure of persons on the worksite to excessive levels of humidity, fumes, odors or dust. 9.2.2. Mechanical ventilation will be provided for areas with restricted air movement where work activity is planned / ongoing. 9.2.3. Dust will be prevented by adopting work practices that avoid or reduce the creation of dust. For external areas, water tankers should be employed for continual dust suppression at project startup. Where this is not possible areas will be regularly cleaned and water, or other dust suppression systems, will be used. The general site areas and access roads will be watered frequently to prevent dust arising from traffic movement. 9.2.4. Fumes and odors created by worksite activity will be mechanically ventilated and dispersed from areas of work activity with restricted air movement.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 002


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Personal Safety Equipment & PPE Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Requirement for and Use of Personal Safety Equipment & PPE 1.1. The contractor shall carry out a risk assessment of all planned activities and determine project requirements for personal safety equipment & PPE. For contractors working on Qatar Foundation, routine activities have been identified and mandatory personal safety equipment & PPE requirements are set out in the table below. 1.2. The contractor shall adopt the mandatory minimum personal safety equipment & PPE requirements detailed in the table below and shall include them in the control measures determined in 1.1 above. 1.3. The contractor shall ensure that the guidelines and manufacturing standards detailed in this document are understood, planned for and implemented on site. 1.4. The contractor shall communicate personal safety equipment & PPE requirements to all workers and members of staff and shall establish procedures to ensure that works do not progress without implementation of the mandatory minimum requirements.

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All Project Site Minimum PPE Requirement

General The mandatory minimum requirement for PPE, whilst working on site is: .

Hard Hat
EN379
Task / Activity Scaffold erection / dismantlement

EN471

EN345

High Visibility Vest (Hi-Vi) Safety Boots / Safety Shoes


Additional Mandatory PPE

Hazards realized due to lack of Personal Safety Equipment & PPE Fall from height Serious injury or death may result

Arc welding

Blindness / Permanent damage to eyes burns to hands, body and face Note: helpers should also be issued shaded masks / goggles

SHADE 11 EN175
Gas welding / cutting Blindness / Permanent damage to eyes burns to hands, body and face Note: helpers should also be issued shaded masks / goggles

EN407

SHADE 5
Using abrasive wheels / grinders (Concrete / Stone / Marble) Eye damage due to dust and flying particles Deafness / Loss of hearing Serious Injury Deep cuts, eye injury and abrasions from burst disk Lung damage / Asthma from dust exposure

EN 175

EN407

Class 2/3 EN149 SNR 30+

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Using abrasive wheels / grinders (Steel)

Eye damage due to flying Particles Deafness / Loss of hearing Serious injury Deep cuts, and abrasions from burst disk Burns to hands, body and face Class 2/3 SNR 30+

Drilling / breaking Concrete

Eye damage due to dust and flying particles Deafness / Loss of hearing Hand injury Cuts and abrasions Lung damage / Asthma from dust exposure Class 2/3 SNR 30+

Working at Height (Scaffold / Mobile Scaffold Tower with incomplete guard rails)

Fall from height Serious injury or death may result

Task / Activity

Hazards realized due to lack of Personal Safety Equipment & PPE Fall from height Serious injury or death may result

Additional Mandatory PPE

Working at Height (No Edge Protection)

Working in a MEWP (Mobile Elevating Work Platform e.g. Scissor Lift / Boom Lift)

Fall from height Serious injury or death may result

Material / Plant Handling

Hand Injury Cuts, abrasions and blisters

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Painting / Application of hazardous substances (lacquers / adhesives / solvents) in poorly ventilated areas

Hand Injury dermatitis and chemical burns Eye injury chemical burns
EN140 Class1 EN374

Carpentry works using power saws

Hand Injury Cuts, abrasions and blisters Eye damage due to flying particles
Class 2/3 SNR 30+ EN 149

Grit / Sandblasting

Eye / skin damage due to dust and flying particles Deafness / Loss of hearing Lung damage / Asthma from dust / silica exposure Eye damage due to dust and flying particles Deafness / Loss of hearing Lung damage / Asthma from dust exposure

EN402

SNR 30+

Cleaning with compressed air

Class 1

EN149

SNR 30+

Concrete Works

Hand Injury dermatitis and chemical burns Eye injury chemical burns
Wellingtons

2. Personal Safety Equipment & PPE Manufacturing and Performance Standards 2.1. The contractor shall purchase and supply personal safety equipment and PPE that is manufactured in accordance with the following BS / EN standards (or equivalent). This shall ensure that the performance of the PPE can be assured when it is most needed. Personal safety equipment and PPE failing to meet these standards shall be removed from site and / or work in progress halted. 2.2. PPE shall be fit tested to individuals where necessary (e.g. RPE) and shall be maintained in good condition / working order.

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EN 397 Specification for industrial safety helmets

EN 471 High-visibility warning clothing for professional use EN 388 Protective gloves against mechanical risks EN340 Protective clothing. General requirements EN 374 Nitrile resists snags & provides good resistance to petroleum, acids, solvents and adhesives. EN 166 Personal eye protection. Class 2 or 3: For Intermittent Work Medium Energy Impact (120m/sec) EN140 Respiratory protective devices. Respirator with a range of particulate, gas and combined filters to provide respiratory protection in a range of applications. EN 166 Personal eye protection. Class 2 or 3: For Intermittent Work Medium Energy Impact (120m/sec) EN 175 Personal protection equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes EN 169 Personal eye protection. Filters for welding & related tasks

EN 345 Specifications on Safety Shoes for Professional Use

EN 352 Hearing Protectors SNR 30 + Ear plugs EN 166 Personal eye protection. Class 1: For Continuous Work Low Energy Impact (45m/sec) Grade F EN 149 Respiratory protective devices. Filtering half masks to protect against particles

EN 402 Respiratory protective devices. Lung governed demand selfcontained open-circuit compressed air breathing apparatus Personal protective equipment against falls from a height EN 361 Full body harnesses EN 354 Lanyards EN 355 Energy Absorbers

Shade 5

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EN 175 Personal protection equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes Welders Apron EN 175 Personal protection equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes
Arc Flash Protective Hood Welders Sleeves

EN 407 Protective gloves against thermal risks (heat and/or fire)

Welders EN 175 Personal protection equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes EN 3 Portable Fire Extinguishers CO2 Gas Extinguisher (CLASS B, C AND ELECTRICAL FIRE RISKS EN 1869 Fire Blankets Should be used where welding or gas cutting activity is being carried out if no welding blanket is available.

EN 3 Portable Fire Extinguishers Dry Powder Multi Purpose Fire Extinguisher (CLASS A, B AND C FIRE RISKS) EN 3 Portable Fire Extinguishers Foam Extinguisher (CLASS A-B FIRE RISKS)

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 003


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Fall Protection & Prevention Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HES Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation where work activities include the potential for fall from heights of personnel or equipment. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. General 1.1. Fall protection is a primary consideration for all workplaces. The risk of a fall from height of personnel or equipment is ever present and this standard sets out mandatory controls that shall be applied in all Qatar Foundation places of work. No work shall commence where the risk of a fall from height is present. 1.2. Persons falling from height are the most common cause of major and fatal injury in the construction industry. The risk of a person falling from height occurs in many work activities such as: Scaffolding, false work and formwork erection Structural Steel erection Concreting and reinforcement work Roofing, cladding and glazing Excavation Crane rigging, erection, dismantling and maintenance. Lift and escalator installation. Mechanical and electrical services installation Maintenance and cleaning

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2. Fall Prevention and Fall Arrest 2.1. The term Fall Prevention is used to describe any arrangements made that physically prevent persons from falling such as fully boarded work platforms, solid edge protection barriers, restraint systems etc. 2.2. The term Fall Arrest is used to describe any arrangements made that allow a person to fall and then arrests the fall before the person impacts any solid surface. 2.3. In each and every case of persons working at height the contractor will provide a means of fall prevention as the first priority. Only in cases where fall prevention arrangements are not practical will a means of fall arrest be used. 2.4. Where fall arrest systems are used the contractor will provide a method statement and job hazard analysis for the work activity. 3. Assessment of Work Activities 3.1. In the construction industry it is common for workers to interfere with protective measures. People put themselves and their colleagues at risk by removing or altering access equipment, guardrails / edge protection and hole covers. 3.2. The priority is to ensure that the protective measures used are those least likely to be interfered with. Secured boards covering a hole are superior to barriers or the use of a harness when considering protective measures for slab openings and risers for example. Barriers are easily removed and a harness may not be worn. 3.3. Elimination of the hazard shall be the first priority. The contractor shall carry out a risk assessment and ensure that work at height is eliminated as far as possible and adequate controls implemented where work at height must proceed. 3.4. When working at height cannot be avoided, the selected protective measures MUST consider a hierarchy of precautions A safe working platform must be provided. If this cannot be achieved then alternatives may be considered. It is acceptable to refuse to carry out work where the risk of a fall is too great. Jobs must not be completed at all costs. 3.5. The protective measures selected shall be the strongest that is reasonable practicable giving consideration to risk and cost. 3.6. No work at height or where there is the risk of a fall from height shall commence without an assessment of hazards and consideration of associated risks.

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4. Typical High Risk Locations 4.1. The risk of a fall from height will typically be increased when working on, in, or adjacent to the following locations detailed in the table below. The protective measure detailed shall be applied: 4.2.
Work Situation Recommended Protective Measures
Site Example

Risers / Open Holes

Secured boards shall be used to completely cover openings. Covering shall be of such design as to allow persons and equipment to pass over or work above openings. Where hole covers are not possible, guardrails shall be installed.

Form Work / Roof Work

Work shall not proceed on formwork until safe access / egress to the work area is provided. The work area shall have scaffold edge protection / guardrails. Where guardrails are not available lifelines shall be installed refer to Section 5 of this standard for lifeline requirements.

Lift Shafts

Access to lift shafts shall be prohibited through the use of edge protection and toe-boards. No work shall proceed in a lift shaft unless a secure work platform has been provided.

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Scaffolds

All scaffold systems shall be erected by a competent person in accordance with CSS 014, Scaffolders shall wear a harness and double tail lanyard at all times. When working in excess of 5m (or with 5m clearance) a shock absorber shall be worn.

MEWPs

MEWPs are fitted with an anchor point for a restraint lanyard to prevent operators climbing out. All operators shall wear a harness and restraint lanyard. A fall arrest shock absorber will not be used. Users must not attach lanyards to structural points outside the equipment. Work areas below MEWPs shall be cordoned off to provide an exclusion zone to protect other parties from falling objects.

Excavations

Contractors shall ensure that hard barriers are in place for all excavations in excess of 1.5 meters deep. Refer to CSS 012 for further guidance.

5. Lifelines and Fall Arrest / Restraint Equipment 5.1. Lifelines shall be installed using a minimum wire rope size of 10mm or 5/8. The lifeline shall be secured to a suitable and strong anchor point capable of withstanding a 1 tonne shock load. Lifelines shall have a minimum of 3 saddle clips installed over a 12 turnback and tightened using a turnbuckle. The maximum span of a lifeline will be 10 meters. 5.2. Issued fall arrest equipment will consist of a harness, lanyard with snap hook and detachable shock absorber. Fall arrest equipment (as opposed to restraint) shall be a last resort. 34
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The Contractors Project Management must consider alternative means of completing work without using fall arrest as the protective measure. The risk of falling from height should be eliminated or reduced.
Harness Lanyard with Shock Absorber Engaged / Disengaged Snap Hook & Karabiner

Shock Absorber Engaged (Below)

Snap Hook

Shock Absorber Dis-Engaged (Below)

Harness Karabiner

5.3. Note the shock absorber type shown can be detached from the karabiner and re-attached to the karabiner at the opposite end to disengage the shock absorber from the lanyard. Depending on the length of the shock absorber, it must be disengaged when working below the shock absorber length + 3m (e.g. a shock absorber of 2m extension should be disengaged if working below 5m and a restraint lanyard only should be used. Lanyards with non-detachable shock absorbers must be removed from site or additional karabiners provided. 5.4. Inertia reel fall protection is an alternative option to disengaging shock absorbers or using restraint protection. Operatives issued inertia reels MUST be fully trained in their use and limitations. 5.5. Karabiners must be maintained. Dust and environmental conditions can cause the thread on the screwed gate of the mechanism to jam. Unscrew and test regularly. Do not use pliers to unscrew the gate, this will damage the mechanism and it may not unscrew when most needed.

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6. Falling Object Prevention 6.1. All edges of working platforms and work areas that objects may fall from will be provided with securely fixed continuous toe boards that are at least 100mm high. This requirement applies to temporary working platforms, working platforms that form part of machinery or equipment and floor areas of structures under construction where work activity is ongoing. 6.2. Where work is ongoing on the exterior faces of structures the working platforms that are used to gain access will be fitted with lightweight mesh or netting to prevent objects falling from them. Contractors will ensure that any working platform to which mesh or netting is fitted to is capable of withstanding any additional loads that may be imposed by the wind. 6.3. The contractor will provide solid barriers where mobile plant, equipment or vehicles are required to operate on raised structures or adjacent to excavations. 6.4. Materials and equipment will not be stored or located on edges of working areas or platforms. 6.5. All materials and waste that may be blown by the wind from raised structures will be secured and stored in a manner that prevents them from being blown from the structure. 6.6. Where objects are being transferred between different levels by manual means they will be carried by hand or raised or lowered with ropes and containers. The throwing of objects is prohibited. 6.7. Any load that is to be lifted by a mechanical appliance will be checked prior to lifting to ensure that there are no loose objects on it that may fall during the lifting process. 6.8. All persons working at height in areas where working platforms with toe boards are not provided will carry all tools and equipment on tool belts or in backpacks 7. Training 7.1. Supervisors of persons using fall arrest systems will be trained in the correct installation, use and maintenance of fall arrest systems. 7.2. All persons required to use fall arrest systems will receive formal training in safe working at height prior to using such systems. The supervisor will brief all persons using fall arrest systems prior to them undertaking the work activity. The briefing will be based on the risk assessment and a written record will be made and available on request.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 004


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Formwork / False work Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray- HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date

15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Requirements: 1. Introduction 1.1 This guidance in this standard details the safety requirements for the design and erection / dismantlement of formwork, supporting false work and associated temporary working platforms. 1.2 The main hazards associated with formwork are structural collapse, falling persons and falling objects. 1.3 The contractor shall appoint a competent Formwork Supervisor (Engineer) who shall be responsible for the design and erection / dismantlement of formwork systems. Note that major projects may require more than one competent Formwork Supervisor. 2. Selection and Design 2.1 The contractor shall select an appropriate formwork system based on the project requirements, and the safety requirements detailed in this standard. 2.2 The competent Formwork Supervisor (Engineer) shall be responsible for preparing a detailed design. Particular consideration should be given to the following: Stability Loading capacity (SWL) Environmental conditions Access / egress for people and plant Fall protection / Fall prevention Lifting requirements (materials / plant / formwork systems) Inspection requirements / arrangements

2.3 Where necessary the supplier and / or manufacturer shall be consulted to ensure that their equipment is suitable for the intended use. 37
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3. Planning 3.1 The contractor shall prepare a detailed method statement complete with risk assessment for the erection / dismantling of formwork systems. 3.2 The contractor shall ensure that all works are carried out by competent, trained persons under the supervision of the Formwork Supervisor who shall be familiar with the formwork system selected. 3.3 All workers involved in formwork erection / dismantling activities will be trained in the safe methods of working and in particular the manner in which fall prevention or arrest is to be achieved. 3.4 Contractors will maintain detailed information of the training provided and the methods that they have used for assessment of competency and suitability for all employees undertaking formwork erection / dismantling activities. 4. Erection / Dismantling Safety Requirements 4.1 The contractor shall ensure that those constructing and dismantling formwork can carry out their work safely, with particular regard to preventing falls from height and falling objects. 4.2 The contractors shall prevent the false work support collapsing under load. 4.3 The contractor shall ensure that the following safety additional requirements are understood and implemented:
Formwork False work Support The contractor shall ensure that formwork decking / tables are supported with beams and appropriate back propping supports or false work scaffold systems. Bespoke formwork systems will require the use of specified components such as tripod supports or bracing props. The contractor shall not use improvised methods / materials to support formwork tables and decking.

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Formwork Floor Tables The contractor shall ensure that formwork carpenters are provided a safe system of work for laying out formwork ply. The contractor shall provide a safe means of access / egress and implement fall protection measures During ply installation the contractor shall provide anchored lifelines and fall protection around voids. Refer to CSS 003 Fall Protection / Prevention.

Formwork Lifting Operations The contractor shall ensure that formwork lifting operations are carried out in a safe, controlled manner. Where pre-formed shutters or flying tables are craned into position the contractor shall ensure that the component is tied and slung securely by trained riggers and adequately braced to prevent twisting. The contractor shall ensure that specialised lifting gear required for bespoke formwork systems meets the requirements of CSS 013 Lifting Operations. Formwork Deck Edge Protection The contractor shall install edge protection at the earliest opportunity. Ideally prior to the commencement of steelwork. Edge protection shall be robust enough to hold the load of a falling / tripping person. Edge boards / toe boards shall also be installed to protect against falling objects.

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Formwork - Columns Shutters The contractor shall provide a safe working platform for the erection of formwork column shutters. The contractor shall not allow workers to stand on walings or on top of the shutters to carry out works. The contractor shall provide a scaffold platform or utilise a bespoke cantilver work platform. The contractor shall provide a safe means of access / egress to all work platforms. Formwork Wall Shutters The contractor shall provide a safe working platform for the erection of formwork wall shutters. The contractor shall not allow workers to stand on walings or on top of the shutters to carry out works. The contractor shall provide a scaffold platform or utilise a bespoke cantilver work platform (as shown). The contractor shall provide a safe means of access / egress to all work platforms.

4.4. Where complex formwork systems are to be employed (e.g. jump form / slip form) the contractor shall provide a detailed proposal to the Construction Managers for approval.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 005


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Access & Egress Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. General 1.1 The contractor shall ensure a safe means of access to and egress from any work area is provided as this is fundamental to ensuring the safety of all persons on the worksite. Failure to provide a safe means of access exposes people to the risk of slipping, tripping, falling and impalement; the injuries that result from these types of risk are numerous and can be severe 1.1 Note that this standard does not detail general scaffolding and mobile aluminum scaffolds towers. These items are covered in CSS 014 Scaffolding. 2. Segregation of pedestrians and vehicles 2.1 The contractor shall establish safe designated walkways throughout the project site to allow pedestrians safe access to the work areas. 2.2 Pedestrian routes should be clearly separated from vehicle routes by fencing and/or a kerb, or other suitable means; be wide enough to safely accommodate the number of people likely to use them at peak times; allow easy access to work areas; be kept free from obstructions and tripping hazards; have clear signs designating it as a pedestrian route and be illuminated for use in hours of darkness. 2.3 The contractor shall ensure that designated pedestrian routes are provided throughout the worksite with firm even surfaces that are free from distractions. Where such routes traverse level changes they will be sloped at gradients not exceeding 10% or cut with steps of even height and a tread width of at least 400mm. Slopes and steps will have anti-slip surfaces. 2.4 Where the edges of pedestrian routes are raised more than 1.5m above the surrounding level solid barriers will be provided at each raised edge to prevent people from falling. 41
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2.5 The contractor will also designate safe vehicle routes throughout the project. The safe vehicle route shall have traffic and speed limit signs posted along the route. Maximum speed limit on all Qatar Foundation project sites shall be 30kph. Designated safe vehicle routes and speed limits shall be cascaded to all contractors working within the project and visiting suppliers.

Typical pedestrian access route segregating people typical designated site access route. Site access routes shall be kept clear of obstructions and shall be clearly and vehicles. Note that fast traffic routes shall be marked as necessary. . 2.6 The contractor shall ensure that pedestrian routes are a safe distance away from the edge of vehicle routes. Where vehicles are present for only short periods, and the work presents little risk to pedestrians, satisfactory segregation can be achieved using traffic cones and warning tape or similar means to identify the working area from which pedestrians are prohibited. 2.7 At points where large numbers of pedestrians cross busy vehicle routes, For example near site welfare facilities, appropriate traffic control measures should be implemented, such as designated pedestrian crossing points and traffic control systems. 2.8 In some circumstances it may not be reasonably practicable to achieve physical segregation between pedestrians and vehicles, for example during infrequent, short-duration, low-risk unloading operations. In such cases Banksmen and safe systems of work should be used to control vehicle and pedestrian movements. Systems of work should ensure that: Drivers and Banksman are in contact at all times Drivers and Banksman understand the appropriate signals and site rules The Banksman controls the vehicle movements and gives clear warnings to pedestrians The Banksman is in a safe place.

2.9 The contractor shall provide safe, controlled access to the site. The site entrance shall be gated and shall have a full time security office. Pedestrian and vehicle traffic shall be separated. The contractor shall erect appropriate signage and traffic control measures in accordance with CSS 001 Site Establishment. 42
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3. Lighting 10.1 The project site shall, as far as reasonably practicable, be arranged so that natural light is available for people to carry out their works and move around the site in a safe manner. 10.1 Where natural light is inadequate or not available, artificial and / or task lighting should be provided. Artificial and / or task lighting shall consist of closed units on stands or fixed to wall and soffits. Site lighting shall not produce excess heat and present a fire risk. 10.1 Lighting (Natural or Artificial) shall be provided in all main access routes throughout the project site. 10.1 Emergency routes should be kept well lit while there are workers on site. Emergency routes shall be fitted with emergency lighting where the lack of emergency lighting would put workers at risk. 10.1 Minimum LUX levels are recommended for varying types of visual perception. The contractor is recommended to review and achieve the levels detailed in the table below.
Activity Typical types of construction work Minimum Brightness in LUX

Movement of people, machines and vehicles Movement of people, machines and vehicles in hazardous areas; rough work not requiring any perception of detail Work requiring limited perception of detail Work requiring perception of detail Work requiring perception of fine detail

Driving, general pedestrian movement, unloading equipment or supplies Less detailed carpentry, concrete pouring

20

Block work, carpet laying, slab leveling, drain laying, roofing, scaffolding. Electrical work, fine detail carpentry, plumbing, surveying, tiling. Viewing site plans, fine detail electrical work, fine finishing of plastering.

50

100

200

4. Protection from overhead Loads / Leading Edges 10.1 The contractor shall, as far as reasonably practicable, ensure that pedestrian walkways are located within low risk areas. 10.1 Where there is a requirement to locate a pedestrian walkway under or adjacent to an area where there is a potential for overhead loads and equipment falling from leading edges, the contractor shall install suitable edge protection for leading edges above and control measures such as catch nets and crash decks. 43
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10.1 The contractor shall ensure that edge protection, crash decks and catch nets are inspected on daily basis to identify any damage and remove dropped materials.

Typical Catch Nets protecting parallel workers from falling objects

Typical Crash Deck protecting worker access routes from falling objects

5. Ladders 5.1 The contractor shall ensure that all ladders used on the Project are manufactured in accordance with internationally recognized standards.

5.2 The Contractor shall ensure that all ladders are inspected by a competent person at periods not exceeding 3 months. Such inspections will check the following: That the ladder stiles are not bent and buckled That all rungs are in place, secured to the stiles, free of cracks and other damage That any adjustable feet fixed to the ladder stiles are in good condition. That all catches on extending ladders are securely fixed and free from damage That any extension limiters on extending or step ladders are in place, securely fixed and free from damage

5.3 The contractor shall maintain a register or log of all ladders in use within the project. The register shall be made available for review on request. 5.4 The contractor shall ensure that any ladder that is found to be defective will be removed from use immediately. Where minor defects are apparent repairs may be made. Where ladders have damaged rungs or stiles they shall be removed or repaired by a competent person. 5.5 The contractor shall ensure all personnel required to use ladders are aware of their purpose. The purpose of ladders is to gain access to a workplace, they are not working platforms. Where 44
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work is conducted from a ladder a means of fall prevention or arrest will be provided. Only inspections or short duration work of less than 30 minutes shall be performed on ladders. 5.6 The contractor shall ensure that all ladders will be firmly footed and otherwise secured to prevent them slipping or sliding during use. Folding stepladders will be fitted with extension bracing. The resting surface of a straight ladder will be solid. 5.7 The contractor shall ensure that straight ladders are positioned at an angle to minimize the risk of slipping or falling backwards. The distance between the base of the vertical plane and the base of the ladder will be 1 unit out for each 4 units in height of the vertical plane. 5.8 The contractor shall ensure that all ladders that are used to gain access from one level to another will extend at least 1m above the upper level surface. Secure handholds will be provided at the point where access and egress is made at the upper level. 5.9 The contractor shall ensure that where any ladder is used in a vertical plane a means of fall prevention or fall arrest will be provided. A harness and double tail lanyard will be used on open ladders extending more than 5 meters. 6. Stairs 6.1 The contractor shall ensure that all temporary and permanent metal stairs towers on the project are manufactured in line with internationally recognized standards. Stair towers shall have handrails and mid-rails fitted. Stair towers shall be inspected and scaff-tagged in accordance with CSS 014 Scaffolding. 6.2 Hop up steps up to 1m in working height is permitted to be fabricated on site. These may be used without handrails on firm level ground. Hop ups made of scrap materials; loose blocks and scaffold planks balanced on blocks are prohibited. 6.3 The contractor shall ensure that all stairwells and stair towers within the project are kept free of rubbish and materials. 6.4 The contractor shall ensure that cables and leads are not allowed to cross stairs as they pose a potential trip hazard.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 006 Subject: Prepared By Approved By Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Material Storage, Handling & Movement Paul Maclean Head of Safety Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope:

This standard shall be applied to all insert work element works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation, Qatar. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Material Storage 1.1 The contractor shall be required to establish site material stores. Material stores shall be fit for purpose temporary structures or steel containers. 1.2 Site stores shall be fitted with racking systems to allow safe storage and retrieval of materials and consumables. Sheet racks, pipe racks, stillages and industrial tool boxes shall be purchased or fabricated for storage of materials. The table below shows the storage options to be adopted by the contractor. 1.3 Materials and consumables shall not be stored on site or within structures unless in current use. The table below shows the storage options to be adopted by the contractor.

Racking

Container

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Sheet Rack

Pipe Rack

Stillage Box Cage Stillage Cage

Stillage Rack Lockable Tool Box

Pallet

Bund / Drip Tray (for hazardous chemicals, oil and fuels)

1.4 Fire safety shall be a major consideration where materials are on site. Packaging (wood / cardboard / paper / plastic etc) shall be removed as soon as possible to reduce the fire load. Flammable / hazardous substances shall be stored in accordance with CSS 007 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. 47
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2. Material Handling & Movement 2.1 Material handling shall be carried out with minimal manual handling where possible. The contractor shall carry out a risk assessment of material handling requirements and shall implement control measures that eliminate or reduce manual handling through the use of mechanical aids and mobile plant. The contractor shall purchase, hire or fabricate mechanical aids and / or mobile plant in line with the table below.

Telescopic Handler

Fork Lift Truck

Tower / Mobile Crane Trailer / Grab Lorry

Conveyor Movable Loading Dock / Preston Platform

Pallet Truck

Powered Winch

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Chain Blocks

A Frame Gantry

Mobile Hydraulic Jack Hand Winch (Turfur)

Straddle Lift

Table Lift

Trolley / Cylinder Trolley Glass / Sheet Trolley

Trolley Lift

Timber / Pipe Trolley

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Cage Trolley

Cart Trolley

Wheel Barrow Castors / Skates

Stillage Box

Stillage Cage

Stillage Rack

Bottle Jacks

Hydraulic Duct / Formwork Lift

Material Hoist

2.3 Manual handling shall be reduced to a maximum of 25kg per person (50kg for double manual lifts). The contractor shall ensure that manual lifts are of short distance and duration 2.4 All workers manually handling / carrying materials shall hand gloves in line with the requirements of CSS 002 Personal Safety Equipment & PPE. 50
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2.5 Materials shall not be stored in or blocking access routes, doorways and emergency exits. 2.6 The contractor shall ensure that appropriate planning allows for the availability and use of mechanical aids. Unsafe manual handling will cause work to be stopped. 2.7 All materials shall be secured during movement. Items longer than 3m (e.g. scaffold poles / steel) shall be carried by 2 persons (one at each end). 2.8 Glass panels shall only be moved by a fit for purpose glass trolley. Contractors shall not manual handle glass panes with suction pads except for final positioning. Glass panels shall be stored in such a manner as to prevent panes falling during storage or movement. 2.9 Delivery wagons shall ensure that loads are secured with ratchet straps during transport. Care shall be taken when removed straps for unloading. Wagons shall only unload on level, firm ground. 2.10 All workers required to use mechanical aids shall be trained in their safe use. In-house training shall be sufficient for mechanical aids not covered by CSS 11 and 013. 3. General Safety Requirements 3.1 Mechanical lifting aids / devices shall meet the manufacturing standards of, and be used and maintained, in accordance with the requirements of CSS 013 Lifting Operations. 3.2 Mobile plant and operators shall meet the manufacturing standards of, and be used and maintained, in accordance with CSS 011 Mobile Plant & Vehicles. 3.4 All site stores shall be subject to the requirements of CSS 009 Fire and Emergency Planning

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 007


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all hazardous substances used or stored on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. General 1.1 Hazardous substances are commonly found and used on construction worksites and may create a risk to the health of people affected by it. Hazardous substances may contain chemicals and / or toxins that can lead to negative health effects in the short and long term or may contain extremely flammable or explosive elements. 1.2 Typical labeling for hazardous substances is shown below. The symbols shown are the most frequently encountered and will be located on the substance packaging / container. The contractor shall ensure that the requirements of this standard are applied to all such labeled substances / materials.

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1.3. The Contractor shall complete an assessment in relation to the work they shall undertake using hazardous substances; ensuring effective arrangements are in place to control these work activities. 1.4. The Contractor shall ensure that all reasonable steps have been taken to identify and source less hazardous substances. Elimination of hazardous substances from the project shall be the first priority with the substitution of a hazardous substance with a less hazardous substance as a secondary measure. 1.5. The contractor shall appoint a responsible person to ensure the requirements of this Construction Safety Standard are adopted. 1.6. The contractor will control the use, handling, transportation and storage of hazardous substances to reduce the associated health risks. The requirements below are minimum standards that the contractor will meet to comply with their contractual occupational health and safety obligations. 1.7. The Contractor shall ensure that all hazardous substances brought to project site have a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) supplied with it. This shall be included with method statements / risk assessments where identified hazardous substances are to be used. 1.8. The Contractor shall ensure that a hazardous substance register is maintained at all times. A copy of this register shall be held in the first aid room / site nurse station. 1.9. The contractor shall ensure that eye wash stations are made available at all hazardous Substance storage points and throughout the site. 2. Handling and Use of Hazardous Substances 2.1. The contractor shall ensure that all personnel exposed to hazardous substances are aware of the hazards associated with it and shall implement control measures to eliminate or reduce the risk of exposure. .2. Contractors shall ensure that Substance Handling Sheets (SHS) or COSHH Assessments are prepared and issued to all personnel exposed to hazardous substances. 53
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2.3. Substance Handling Sheets (SHS) should be simple and as a minimum shall identify the following: Name of Substance Physical / Chemical Hazards (As detailed in MSDS) Health Hazards (As detailed in MSDS) PPE Requirements Other Control Measures Ventilation, Hygiene, Transportation Risk of Substance First Aid Measures Fire Response Measures Spill Response

2.4. Pictograms should be used whenever possible in the formulation of SHS. 2.5. Personnel using hazardous substances shall use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as detailed within the MSDS and SHS. Contractors shall refer to CSS 002 for selection and standards of PPE. 2.6. Hazardous Substances shall only be issued in quantities relevant for the shift use. Personnel being issued hazardous substances shall be instructed by responsible person issuing that any unused material shall be returned to the storage area at the end of each shift. 2.7. Hazardous Substances should never be decanted into unmarked bottles or containers. Person responsible for issuing and Supervisors of work areas shall ensure that all hazardous substances are clearly labeled and identified. 2.8. Contractors shall ensure that Local Exhaust Ventilation is installed within enclosed or poorly ventilated workshops where hazardous substances are in use or created as a by-product. (For example; welding/fabrication workshop) 3. Radioactive Materials 3.1. The contractor shall ensure that no radioactive materials are stored on site. 3.2. Where there is a requirement to use radioactive material on site, then a specialist contractor approved by Qatar Civil Defense shall be engaged. The Contractor must also inform Qatar Foundation HSSE Directorate upon any decision to utilize radioactive materials. 3.3. A specific method statement and risk assessment shall be completed and submitted to the Construction Managers for approval for or all works where radioactive materials are to be used.

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4. Storage of Hazardous Substances 4.1. The contractor shall ensure that all hazardous substances are stored in a suitable and safe place. Storage units shall have adequate lighting and ventilation and have firefighting equipment available for use. The contractor will provide an air conditioned container/area for storage of all flammable substances. 4.2. Acceptable storage methods are detailed below:

Air Conditioned Container

Bunds / Drip Trays

COSHH Store

Flammable Materials Store

4.3. Storage units will be located outside of the building under construction and shall be protected from vehicular and plant movements. 4.4. MSDS and SHS shall be made available for all hazardous substances stored within the unit. 4.5. Hazardous Substances shall be stored in conditions as identified on the MSDS. 4.6. The contractor shall appoint a responsible person to issue hazardous substances from the storage unit. 4.7. Storage units shall have adequate signage applied to external surfaces detailing the types of hazardous material stored within. Primary signs should be written in multi language preferred by the employees at project site. The contractor shall display signage to the standard shown below: 55
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4.8. The contractor shall ensure that all substances stored within the unit are segregated in a manner where they cannot react with other chemicals according to their hazard classification. The responsible person shall ensure that all lids are secured on containers stored within the storage unit. 4.9. A spill kit should be made available at the main storage unit in the event of a spill. 5. Transportation of Hazardous Substances and Materials 5.1. The contractor shall ensure that all hazardous substances and materials are delivered to site in vehicles suitable and safe for purpose. 5.2. Vehicles used for the transportation of hazardous substances shall be identified as such and have clear labeling and signage detailing the substances being transported. 5.3. Vehicles used for the transportation of hazardous substances shall have firefighting equipment installed in the event of an emergency. 5.4. Delivery drivers shall obey site traffic management procedures. 5.5. Hazardous substances and materials shall be secured at all times during transportation. 56
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5.6. Substances transported shall be segregated in a manner where they cannot react with other chemicals according to their hazard classification.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 008


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Electrical Safety Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to the design, installation and use of all temporary electrical distribution systems and electrically powered equipment on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. General Requirements 1.1. Working with electricity contributes significantly in the cause of fatalities within the construction industry worldwide. The significant risks of electrocution and fire associated with its use shall be controlled at all times. 1.2. This standard applies to both temporary electrical systems on the worksite and electrical equipment used for construction, commissioning and testing purposes. 1.3. All electrical equipment used on the worksite will be manufactured in accordance with internationally recognized standards and installed in accordance with BS 7671. 1.4. All extraneous metalwork and exposed conductive parts shall be bonded and earthed. 1.5. Only intrinsically safe electrical equipment will be permitted for use at any location where flammable atmospheres may exist. 1.6. The contractor shall reduce voltages where possible. 220-240v temporary supply is the site standard for Qatar. Where possible, contractors shall provide 110v distribution and electrical equipment. 1.7. Cables, sockets, connectors and splitters and sockets will be of an industrial type. Domestic type cabling, connectors and sockets are prohibited in construction areas. Acceptable sockets, connectors and splitters are shown below. 58
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1.8. Jointing of all electrical cables and wires shall be by means of proprietary terminations or connectors / splitters. Acceptable sockets, connectors and splitters are shown below. 2.2 Temporary Power Supply 2.1. Mains power supplies for the worksite will be provided from generators or via worksite specific transformers connected to the Kharamaa national grid. 2.2. The contractor shall ensure that relevant permits are secured prior to engaging Kharamaa approved contractors to install and energize LV / HV incomers. 2.3. The contractor shall prepare a schematic drawing detailing the layout of the temporary distribution system, location of distribution boards and protective devices. This shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for information. All transformers and main electrical distribution boards shall be located in a secure area to prevent any unauthorized entry. All transformers and main electrical distribution boards shall be earthed. 2.4. All generators and fuel stores shall be located in a bund. Foam fire extinguishers shall be installed by the contractor. Generators shall be earthed. 2.5. Sub-Main / Temporary Distribution Boards shall be: Lockable IP rated where water ingress is likely Elevated Fitted with 100mA ELCB (30mA RCD is the preferred option) Fire resistant Identified with a serial number Checked daily by a competent electrician

2.6. Main distribution cables, external cables or cables crossing vehicle shall be armored. 59
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2.7. General distribution cables and leads shall be lifted off the ground for protection by means of hangers and cable stands. Cables should not hand from steel scaffold / false work.

Hangers shall be used to ensure cables do not lay across steel scaffold 3. Operation and Maintenance

Cable stands shall be prepared to keep cables off the ground

3.1. All electrical tools, cables and electrical accessories shall be tested prior to first use, after any substantial alteration or repair and at periods not exceeding 3 months for the duration of the contract. 3.2. Testing will be done by a competent electrician who will visually inspect all equipment, check the earth continuity, the resistance of the earth and the insulation of the system. A documented record of such inspections shall be made by the competent electrician, a copy of which will be held on site and made available to on request. It is recommended that contractors purchase a Portable Appliance Tester (PAT) to complete the above testing requirements. 3.3. The contractor shall attach labels or introduce a color code system to identify equipment that has been tested in accordance with 3.2 above. 3.4. Users shall inspect portable power tools on a daily basis for signs of excessive wear or damage; in particular they will check that; No bare wires are visible. Power tools are double insulated and the casing is not damaged in any way. The cable sheath and is not damaged and is free of cuts and abrasions The connector and cable gland are in good condition and not cracked or broken. There are no spliced and taped joints in the cable. That switches and safety devices are operating correctly.

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3.5. The contractor will establish a system for the reporting of damage, excessive wear and tear electrical deficiencies; Repairs shall only be carried out by a competent electrician. 4. Signs and Notices 4.1. The contractor will place safety signage on all power distribution systems and equipment to highlight electrical hazards. The following signs shall be used at all Qatar Foundation projects:

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5. Overhead Services 5.1. Overhead power lines and services within the project boundaries shall be identified within the Project temporary services plan. Any work which is required to be completed adjacent to or under these services shall be covered with a specific Job Hazard Analysis, identifying the electrical hazards and controls required in order to maintain safe system of work. 5.2. If work beneath live overhead lines cannot be avoided the following precautions may also be needed to manage the risk: Clearance the safe clearance required beneath the overhead lines should be ascertained Exclusion plant, equipment or hand tools that could reach beyond the safe clearance limit should not be taken under the line. Goalposts or barriers may be erected. Modifications plant such as cranes and excavators should be modified by the addition of suitable physical restraints so that it cannot reach beyond the safe clearance limit; 6. Testing & Commissioning 6.1. The contractor shall prepare and submit a documented Electrical Safe System of Work (ESSW) prior to commencing any switching, testing and commissioning of installed services on the project. This shall be issued to the Construction Manager for review and approval. 6.2. No works shall be carried out on live electrical systems. 6.3. The ESSW shall comprise but not be limited to the following: ESSW organization chart Responsibilities and duties of Authorized / Responsible persons Permit to work system Designation of and access to restricted Areas Control of live electrical areas Safe Isolation / Switching Lock out / Tag Out Training of key personnel / contractors Emergency procedures 62
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ESSW method statement and risk assessment

6.4. Testing and Commissioning will be carried out by trained and competent Electricians or Electrical Engineers.

7. Training & Competency 7.1. The contractor will provide suitably qualified and competent electricians to work on LV electrical supply voltage systems under 1000v. 7.2. The contractor will provide suitably qualified and competent electricians to work under the supervision of a qualified and experienced electrical engineer for work on HV electrical supply voltage systems greater than 1000v. 7.3. Isolation / switching shall only be carried out by qualified and competent electrician trained in the use of the installed equipment.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 009


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Fire & Emergency Planning Paul Maclean Head of Safety Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate

Scope: This standard shall be applied for all Fire & Emergency Planning required for new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. Fire & Emergency Plan / Evacuation Plan 1.1. The contractor shall ensure that a Fire & Emergency Plan is formulated for the project. The Fire & Emergency Plan should provide employees and visitors with information and guidelines that will assist them in recognizing, reporting and controlling fire hazards. In addition the plan shall provide details of relevant means of escape and evacuation from the construction site. 1.2. The Fire & Emergency Plan shall include the contractors planned fire safety and emergency arrangements and shall cover: Responsible persons (Fire marshals / Fire coordinators / Fire Watch) Emergency alarm and fire drill procedures Evacuation routes and assembly points Access routes for emergency vehicles Provision, disposition and use of firefighting equipment Provision of emergency lighting Fire risk assessment (refer to section 2)

1.3. The Fire & Emergency Plan shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for review and approval. The Fire & Emergency Plan will be a live document and will require updating as and when the project develops. A copy of the project Emergency escape plan shall be submitted to Qatar Foundation HSSE Directorate for their records prior to project commencement, updated plans shall be submitted if and when there any alterations to the strategy. 64
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2. Fire Risk Assessment 2.1 Contractors are required to assess the risk of fire in the workplace. In order to complete this, a Fire Risk Assessment will be required. Fire Risk Assessments should be conducted by a suitably trained person and identify the following: What are the hazards? For example: combustible materials within building, hot works, naked flames, hot surfaces and flammable gases? Who are the people at risk? For Example: Workers in the area or Person conducting the work, if the fire was to spread how quickly. What controls are required to mitigate the risks? For Example: Permit to Work, Fire Extinguishers, Smoke Alarms and Fire Blankets, means of escape.

2.2 Contractors shall review and update Fire Risk Assessments on a regular basis as the project develops. 3. Planning for Drills 3.1. Fire & Emergency drills are critical in ensuring employees working at the project site are aware of what to do in the event of an emergency. The Contractor shall ensure that Fire and Emergency Drills are conducted within a minimum 3 monthly interval from start of project. 3.2. Contractors shall ensure that responsible persons are nominated to control and witness fire and emergency drills. 3.3. Drills will be timed and information collated as to ensure the effectiveness of the drills. 3.4. The contractor shall submit a report of the fire drill to program and construction manager no later than 1 week after completion of the drill. 3.5. The contractor shall ensure that any deficiencies identified during the drill are immediately corrected. 3.6. The contractor shall enlist the services of local fire and emergency services (civil defense and QF HSSE) if and when required. 4.1 Fire Fighting Equipment 4.1. Contractors shall ensure that adequate firefighting equipment is available at project site. 4.2. The contractor shall maintain a register or log of all firefighting equipment at site. 4.3. All firefighting equipment shall be inspected on arrival to site prior to use and inspected by the contractor on a monthly basis with a record of inspections retained for audit and review. 65
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4.4. Contractors shall ensure that an annual 3rd party inspection is completed for all firefighting equipment at site. 4.5. All portable firefighting appliances shall be tagged to show 3rd party and internal inspections have been completed. 5.1 Types and Use of Firefighting Equipment 5.1. The contractor shall provide firefighting equipment suitable to extinguish fires which may occur at site. Portable fire extinguishers shall be rated as per European Standard EN3. Fire Blankets shall be rated as per European Standard EN 1869. Portable firefighting equipment and be located as a minimum in the following areas: Every electrical generator, transformer and main distribution panel Every item of mobile plant and equipment Every area where flammable / combustible materials are stored / used Every area of hot work activity Every temporary structure 5.2 The following tables highlight various classes of fire and the correct fire extinguishers to be used: Class A: Solids such as paper, wood & plastic Class B: Flammable Liquids such as paraffin, petrol & oil Class C: Flammable Gases such as propane, butane & methane Class D: Metals such as aluminum, magnesium & titanium Class E: Fires involving Electrical Apparatus Class F: Cooking Oils and Fats (relevant to site canteens)

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6. Storage of flammable materials 6.1 The contractor shall ensure, as far as possible, that combustible materials, flammable liquids, gas cylinders, foam plastics, fiber-board or timber are stored outside temporary buildings or structures under construction. 6.2 Flammable / combustible material stores shall be in a segregated area. This area shall have signage in accordance with the requirements of this standard. The storage of any flammable or combustible material shall not physically obstruct a means of egress from the building or area. 6.3 Containers of flammable or combustible liquids / substances will remain tightly sealed except when poured or applied. The contractor shall decant only that portion of liquid / substance from the storage container required to accomplish a particular job. 6.4 Flammable liquids or substances shall only be ordered in small containers, typically no more than 1 gallon containers. 6.5 Materials delivered in flammable packaging shall be stored away from sources of ignition. Where possible the packaging of materials shall be removed from site on delivery of the material. 6.6 Flammable gas cylinders shall be stored in an open cage in a well-ventilated area, preferably outside and 3 meters away from any buildings. Cages shall always be located away from ignition sources. 6.7 Gas cylinders shall be moved in a custom trolley and not left unattended on site. 67
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Gas cylinder cage

Gas cylinder trolley

6.8 Gas cylinders shall be removed from site as soon as they are no longer required and returned to safe storage. Hoses and regulators attached to cylinders shall be checked thoroughly before use for damage / defects. Flash back arrestors shall be fitted to the regulator and the hoses attached to the blowpipe shall be fitted with non-return valves. Hoses shall be vented after use. 7.1 Hot Works 7.1 The contractor is required to control all hot work carried out on the project. 7.2 Hot works includes but is not limited to Welding (Arc and Gas), Grinding, Gas Cutting and Soldering & Brazing. Hot work shall be controlled under a permit to work system. Hot Work permits shall be controlled by the contractors Health & Safety Department. 7.3 The contractor shall maintain a register/log of all hot work activities going on within the project. The contractor shall ensure that hot work permits shall not exceed the shift period which the permit was issued in. 7.4 Prior to hot work commencing, all combustible and flammable materials shall be removed from the area or covered with fire blankets. 7.5 Fire extinguishers shall be in place and fire watch operatives designated. Permits shall only be approved once clarification that the area is safe has been obtained from the contractors safety officer. 7.6 The contractor shall ensure that fire watch operatives have received training and are suitable and competent for the role. Fire watch operatives shall not be used for several tasks at once unless they are in the same location. The contractor shall ensure that fire watch checks the hot work area periodically for at least 1 hour after works have been completed. 8. Temporary Fire Fighting Systems 8.1 Specific requirements for temporary fire fighting systems (including fire pumps, wet risers, hose reels and sprinkler systems) shall be detailed in specific contract documents. 68
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8.2 Contractors shall ensure that such systems are installed and commissioned by contractors approved by Qatar Civil Defense. 9. Signs and Notices 9.1 Information and warning signs will be provided at the following locations or areas: Flammable / Combustible materials stores Firefighting equipment points Fire escape routes, exits and assembly areas.

9.2 Information notices shall be provided throughout the worksite to inform all persons of the actions that they should take in the event of a fire. All signs and notices will be in Arabic and English and other languages preferred by employees at the location. Signage shall be to the standard shown below:

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9.3 All fire escape routes, exits and assembly areas will have signs that have a 2 hour photo luminescent rating or battery/emergency generator powered lighting back up to enable them to be seen in the event of a lighting failure during darkness. Cabling for emergency lighting should be fire retardant and LSF (Low Smoke & Fume). 10 Emergency Services 10.1 Qatar Foundation Emergency Services and Civil Defence Emergency Services shall be included in all contractors emergency procedures. Qatar Foundation Emergency Services can provide ambulance services from CP2 and can attend site in the shortest time. Additional Ambulance services and Fire Services are available from Civil Defence. The relevant contact numbers to be included in any contractors emergency plan are:

Qatar Foundation Emergency Services

44540999 999

Civil Defence

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 010


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Plant, Tools and Equipment Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all static plant; mechanical equipment and hand held tools (including electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, cartridge and diesel operated equipment) used on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. Note that Mobile Plant & Vehicles are covered in CSS 011. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Selection and Use 1.1. The contractor shall select, supply and use only those items of plant, tools and equipment manufactured in accordance with international standards (BS / EN or equivalent). Related accessories and consumables shall be in line with manufacturers guidelines. 1.2. Plant, tools and equipment shall be delivered to site with all manufacturers standard safety features and guards in place and in working order. 1.3. All plant, tools and equipment shall be inspected on arrival at site prior to use. Defective equipment shall be rejected and returned to the supplier. 1.4. The Contractor shall ensure that all equipment supplied to site by sub-contractors meet the requirements set out in 1.1 and 1.2 above. Sub-contractors shall be required to present plant, tools and equipment for the main contractors inspection prior to use. 1.5. The contractor shall maintain a register or log of all plant, tools and equipment on site (excluding basic hand tools). 2. Maintenance & Inspection 2.1. The contractor shall establish an inspection and maintenance regime for all complex plant, tools and equipment on site. This shall include all items with moving parts. Complex plant, tools 71
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and equipment shall be maintained and serviced in accordance with the manufacturers guidelines. Maintenance records shall be established and retained on site. 2.2. The contractor shall establish an inspection and maintenance regime for all electrically powered equipment and accessories on site (refer to CSS 008 Electrical Safety for detailed requirements). 2.3. The contractor shall establish an inspection and maintenance regime for all lifting equipment and accessories on site (refer to CSS 013 for detailed requirements). 2.4. The contractor shall establish an inspection and maintenance regime for all arc welding and gas cutting / brazing equipment and accessories on site. 2.5. The contractor shall establish an inspection and maintenance regime for all calibrated equipment on site. Calibration records shall be retained on site. 2.6. All inspection and maintenance activity shall be carried out by a competent person. Inspection, maintenance and calibration records shall include details of the competent person carrying out any test and / or examination required by the inspection and maintenance program. Unless stated otherwise in manufacturer s guidelines or specific CSS the contractor shall ensure that tests and /or examinations are carried out every 12 months. 2.7. General hand tools and accessories shall be subject to pre-use inspection by site operatives. The Contractor shall ensure that defective hand tools and accessories are removed from site. 3. Competence & Training 3.1. The contractor shall ensure that all operators / users are competent in the safe use of issued plant, tools and equipment. 3.2. The contractor shall ensure that all operators are competent to carry out pre-use safety checks for all issued plant, tools and equipment. 3.3. Contractors will maintain detailed information of the training provided and the methods that they have used for assessment of competency and suitability for all workers using plant, tools and equipment. Records shall be retained / be available on site. 3.4. Third party training / competence / test certificates shall be required for welders and electricians. Note that 3 rd party training / competence / test requirements for mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment and crane operators / riggers are detailed in CSS 011, CSS 013 respectively. 72
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4. Key Hazards & Risks 4.1. The contractor shall assess the hazards & risks associated with all items plant, tools and equipment on site. Appropriate control measures shall be identified, documented and implemented. Identified/standard. 4.2. Safety features (e.g. emergency stop / auto shut off devices & triggers) and guards identified as necessary control measures shall be in place and in working order prior to use. 4.3. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) identified as a necessary control measure shall be available and issued to operators / users prior to commencement of work. 4.4. The contractor shall ensure that operating controls are clearly marked and that safety related signage, labels and warning notices are placed on items of plant, tools and equipment where possible. Alternatively, safety related signage and safety posters may be placed in the location of static plant, tools and equipment to warn and educate both operators and those in the vicinity.

5. Noise and Vibration 5.1. Noise and vibration constitute a long term hazard to operators / users of plant, tools and equipment. 5.2 The contractor shall ensure that the continuous use of vibrating equipment is minimized. The contractor shall review the vibration exposure for plant, tool and equipment operators / users and establish control measures for reducing hand arm vibration (HAV). This process shall be documented and records maintained on site. 5.3. The contractors shall ensure that exposure to noise is minimized. Excessive noise emitted from plant, tools and equipment can cause, over a period of time, progressive and irreversible loss of hearing. Where noise cannot be avoided it must be reduced. 5.4. Contractors shall assess the noise output in dB (decibel) of all site plant, tools and equipment and associated activities. Note that the dB reading shall be taken at 1m distance with a calibrated noise meter. 5.5. The contractor shall ensure that hearing protection is provided for all workers exposed to 85 dB or greater. Hearing protection shall be mandatory for workers exposed to 90 dB or more. Providing ear defenders / plugs with a sound noise reduction (SNR) of 30+ will adequately control most noise hazards.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 011


Subject: Prepared By Approved By

Mobile Plant & Vehicles


Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment entering and operating on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Manufacturing Standards 1.1. The contractor shall ensure that all mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment used on the Qatar foundation projects are manufactured to internationally recognized standards. 1.2. Contractors shall ensure that mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment are supplied with the parts and fittings approved by the manufacturer. Non approved / non tested parts and fittings shall be prohibited. 2. Routine Maintenance 2.1. All mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment in use on site will be maintained in a condition that allows the operator to use it in a safe manner. 2.2. The contractor shall make arrangements for all mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment to be checked on delivery to site to ensure that the following are provided (where relevant) and are in good working order: Braking systems Steering systems Gauges and warning lights Operating controls Windscreens and wipers Reversing alarms Rear view mirrors 74
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Roll over protection devices Wheels, tyres, tracks Pneumatic and hydraulic hoses Handrails, seat belts and anchor points Fuel lines and tanks Electrical control systems Suspension and stabilization systems Bodywork, covers and panels

2.3. The contractor shall ensure that all documents relevant to mandatory assessment, test and inspection are supplied on delivery. Items shall not be used until such documentation is made available on site. Refer to section 5 of this standard. Every item within the scope of this standard shall display a unique worksite specific identity number. The contractor shall establish and maintain a register of items on site for 24 continuous hours. 2.4. The contractor shall establish daily checks of mobile plant, vehicle and powered access equipment. Daily check lists shall be established by the contractor and completed daily by the operator. Records shall be retained on site. Defects shall be reported by operators and equipment repaired before use. Only competent persons shall carry out repairs. 2.5. Operation and maintenance manuals shall be available for all mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment on the site. 3. Operators 3.1. All operators shall hold relevant valid national driving licenses for the category of plant or vehicle that they operate. In addition, operators shall be in possession of valid 3rd party training certificates to verify that they have the skills necessary for safe use of the plant. Refer to section 5 of this standard. 3.2. The contractor shall establish and maintain a register of all operator licenses and 3 rd party certificates. A copy of relevant licenses and certificates shall be held in the operators cab or on the operator s person and will be made available to the Construction Manager on request. 4. Use of Mobile Plant, Vehicles and Powered Access Equipment 4.1. The following site rules shall be observed by all drivers / equipment operators: Equipment will not be reversed without a banks man in attendance. Equipment will only be driven on ground that is suitable and stable. Equipment will be immobilized when left unattended. Parking will only be permitted in designated areas. 75
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The operator shall be at the controls when equipment is in use and shall not use a mobile phone whilst operating the vehicle / plant. No passengers will be carried other that in seats or working platforms that are specifically designed for carrying passengers. Seatbelts shall be worn. Equipment operators shall wear all mandatory personal protective equipment at all times when on site. Noise and vibration considerations (refer to CSS 10 should be considered). Equipment shall not travel across worksite areas carrying unsecured materials. MEWP s (mobile elevating work platforms) shall display: the safe working load (SWL) and maximum number of persons allowed on the platform; the maximum permissible wind speed in which the MEWP may operate; the maximum gradient at which the MEWP may operate. MEWP operators shall wear fall restraint lanyards at all time (refer to CSS 003) Work areas around powered access equipment shall be signed & barriers erected to create an exclusion zone. Passenger hoists shall display the SWL Safe Working Load (SWL) and MAX persons that can be carried. Passenger hoists shall be fitted with overload protection devices and interlocked access gates to prevent movement if overloaded or if the access gate is not closed and secure.

5. Inspection, Testing & Certification 5.1. The license / certification requirements for operators of mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment are detailed in the table below. Contractors shall not permit operators who do not meet these standards to operate mobile plant and vehicles on the Qatar Foundation project. 5.2. The inspection, testing and certification requirements for mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment are detailed in the table below. Contractors shall not permit mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment that do not meet these standards to operate on site.
Mobile Plant & Vehicles Operator Requirements Driving License 3rd Party Certification Plant & Vehicle Requirements 3rd Party Road License Inspection

Required Class 4 Back-Hoe Loader Required Class 4

Valid 3rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Valid 3rd Party Operator

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

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Assessment

Hydraulic Excavator

Required Class 4

Valid 3rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Wheeled Excavator

Required Class 4

Valid 3rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Wheel Loader

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Skid Steer Loader

Required Class 4

Valid 3rd Party Operator Assessment

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Mini Excavator

Required Class 4

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

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Grader Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required Class 4 Trencher

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Required Class 4

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Dozer 12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3 Rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 rd party test 12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3 Rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 rd party test

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

Required

Telehandler

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

Required

Forklift

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Cold Planer

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Required Class 4

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

Not Required

Pipe Layer

12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3 Rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 rd party test

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Paver

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Road Roller

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Ride on Roller

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Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Not Required

12 monthly Assessment

Compactor

Required Class 2 (if used on public roads)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Dumper 12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 Rd party test

Required Class 4

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

Required

Mobile Crane

Required Class 4

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

Not Required

6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 Rd party test

Crawler Crane

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N/A

Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate

N/A

6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 Rd party test

Tower Crane Valid 3 rd Party Training Certificate (crane operation) Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment for truck 12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3 Rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 Rd party test

Required Class 3/4

Required

Truck Mounted Crane

Required Class 3 Tipper / Articulated Truck (Including Tanker and Concrete Mixer Trucks)

Valid 3 rd Party Operator Assessment

Required

12 monthly Assessment

Required Class 3/4

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

Required

Mobile Concrete Boom

12 monthly Assessment (Vehicle) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3 Rd party test

N/A

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

Not Required

6 monthly test & examination

Boom Lift /Articlulated Boom Lift (MEWP)

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N/A

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

Not Required

6 monthly test & examination

Scissor Lift (MEWP)

N/A

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

N/A

6 monthly test & examination

Mast Climber (MCWP) 6 monthly test & examination (including accessories & lifting gear)

N/A Suspended Cradle

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

N/A

N/A

Valid 3rd Party Training Certificate

N/A

6 monthly test & examination (including accessories & lifting gear)

Passenger Hoist Assessment Service / inspection of vehicle by 3rd party or competent plant department. Definitions Examination Visual inspection by a competent 3rd Party Test load test by competent 3rd party

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5.3. Mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment not detailed in the above table shall be subject to 12 monthly assessments. Lifting equipment shall be subject to 6 monthly test and examination. Copies of all relevant documentation shall be retained with the equipment or on site by the main contractor for review by the Construction Managers on request. 5.4. Mobile plant, vehicles and powered access equipment that has been repaired shall be subject to re- testing / re-certification before use. 5.5. 3rd party assessments and training certificates shall only be accepted if provided by an approved organization. The following organizations are approved for Qatar Foundation Projects: Bureau Veritas Det Norske Veritas Lloyds Register Germanischer Lloyds American Bureau of Shipping Velosi Certification TUV Suddeutschland

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 012


Subject: Prepared By Approved By

Excavations
Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all excavation works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Introduction 1.1 The following guidance sets the Qatar Foundation standard for all excavation work. All contractors are required to meet or better this standard. The standard is not intended to specify excavation design detail which can be found in numerous industry standards or codes of practice, the intent is to define the way in which contractors will organize and manage their excavation operations. 1.2 The term excavation is used to describe any operation where the ground is removed by mechanical or manual means. The type of construction activities that normally involve excavation work are landscaping, site formation, foundations, drainage & underground services, basement structures and tunnel construction. 1.3 The main hazards associated with excavations are collapse; materials, people and vehicles falling into excavations; people being struck by mobile plant, equipment and vehicles; contact with existing underground services; collapse of adjacent structures, ingress of toxic fumes / gases and flooding. 1.4 Underground and overhead utilities may be encountered on or adjacent to the worksite. Utilities that may be encountered include: Electrical power lines Gas pipelines Water pipelines Sewers and drainage systems Communications and data cables 84
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1.5 Such utilities may be hazardous if people, plant, equipment or materials come into contact with them. Additionally any damage caused to utilities may cause disruption to the worksite and surrounding area. 1.6 For all excavation activity a competent supervisor (engineer) will be appointed. The Competent Supervisor (Engineer) shall hold a valid 3rd party certificate for the design and inspection of excavations or valid civil engineering qualification. Note that major projects may require more than one Competent Supervisor (Engineer).

2. Excavation Design 2.1 Excavation design is driven by the size and shape of the ground formation needed for the works. However, in terms of ensuring the excavation safeties there are a number of other significant issues that need to be considered such as: Geology and ground water. Adjacent structures, infrastructure, water courses and live services. Availability of space at the worksite. Contaminated ground.

2.2 Excavations up to 1.5m deep do not require a design; however, the requirements of this standard must be met during planning and excavation works. 2.3 Excavations in excess of 1.5m in depth, and any excavation work adjacent to existing structures, infrastructure, water courses and live services, shall require a design by the competent supervisor (engineer). The design shall specify the requirements for ensuring stability of the excavation such as benching and / or shoring. Excavations between 1.5m and 5m shall require daily inspection by the contractors site safety team or works supervisor. 2.4 Major excavation works, where excavations over 5m are required, shall require daily inspection by the competent supervisor (engineer). 3. Identification and Planning 3.1 The contractor shall ensure current utility drawings are secured and that devices such as a CAT (cable avoidance tool) are available to assist in the identification of existing utilities. Radiographic surveys may be required. Radiographic surveys shall only be carried out by a competent contractor approved for work in Qatar. 3.2 Where utilities are identified the hazards associated will be assessed and measures put in place to control any associated risk. The hierarchies of controls to be considered are: 85
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Removal of the utility Re-routing of the utility Isolation of the utility during construction Protection of the utility during construction

3.3 The contractor shall develop a detailed method statement following the survey but prior to commencement of works. Method statements shall be submitted for approval to the Construction and Program Managers. The contractor shall consider the following when developing the method statement: Excavation design Traffic control Plant requirements and plant safety. Excavation support / shoring requirements Excavation edge protection requirements Lighting requirements Ventilation requirements Electrical requirements (temporary power and distribution) Safety devices (air monitoring / earth movement monitoring) Rescue requirements, training and associated equipment Daily inspection criteria / schedule

3.4 Traffic routes and material stockpile areas will be clearly identified and established prior to excavation work commencing. 3.5 The contractor shall establish and document a permit to dig system and establish an inspection regime. Permits shall be signed off by the competent supervisor (engineer). Inspections shall only be carried out by a competent person. 3.6 Testing for toxic fumes / gases shall be required for all excavations in the vicinity of live sewers. Atmospheric testing will be required to confirm acceptable entry conditions. Atmospheric testing shall only be carried out by a competent person. Acceptable entry conditions will meet the following basic requirements: Oxygen (O2 ) greater than 19.5% and less than 23.5% Lower Flammable Limit LFL less than 10% Carbon Monoxide (CO) less than 35ppm Hydrogen Sulphide (H2 S) less than 10ppm

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3.7 The multi-gas monitor used must automatically alarm if any of the above values are exceeded. The multi-gas monitor must be calibrated and certificates available to ensure correct readings. 3.8 Contractors must also be aware that exhaust fumes from plant and generators can build up in excavations and trenches. Periodic atmosphere testing shall be carried out in trenches with restricted air movement such as narrow or deep trenches or enclosed tunnels. Each contractor shall carry out a risk assessment to determine the likelihood of toxic fumes / gases building up in a trench or tunnel. Periodic testing shall be carried where out at the start of each shift and at least once every 2 hours of continuous work where the likelihood is high. 4. Excavation work 4.1 All excavation works will be carried out according to the approved relevant method statement / permit. 4.2 Excavations work shall be monitored by the appointed competent supervisor (engineer). 4.3 Exposed utilities may need to be supported. Utility bridges / culverts shall be used to support utility cables and pipes exposed during excavations. 4.4 The contractor shall provide safe access and egress to excavations both during excavation work and on completion of the excavation. 4.5 The contractor shall ensure that excavations are sloped or stepped where ground conditions may result in excavation collapse. The need for sloping or stepping shall be determined by the competent supervisor. Typical sloping / stepping requirements are shown below:

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4.6 The contractor shall provide shoring for trenches where ground conditions or adjacent work increase the risk of excavation collapse. The need for shoring shall be determined by the competent supervisor. Typical shoring options are shown below:

Trench Props

Close Boarded with Trench Props

4.7 The contractor shall provide edge protection for all excavations over 1.5m in depth. Where banksmen and work supervisors are required to walk along deep excavations to monitor excavators, then concrete blocks with steel posts embedded shall be placed every 5m (this distance shall be agreed specifically on each trench / excavation) and a lifeline run along the 88
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posts. Those needing to walk the excavation inside barriers or without barriers shall attach a restraint lanyard and wear a harness. 4.8 Excavation edge protection shall be a hard barrier. Cones, hazard warning tape and and netlon barriers are not acceptable measures for edge protection. Note that barriers should be at least 1m from the excavation. The weight of barriers close to excavations shall not cause the excavation to collapse. The nominated competent supervisor (Engineer) for excavation work shall ensure that this is considered when placing barriers. Acceptable protective measures are shown below:
Jersey barriers are the preferred method for providing edge protection to excavations. Plastic barriers shall be heavy duty and filled with water or sand at all times. Concrete jersey barriers are preferred for heavy traffic routes. Lifelines anchored on secured poles / or poles embedded in concrete blocks / may be used where workers are required to be on the edge of deep excavations. Such arrangements shall be approved by the Construction Manager prior to work commencement. Secured scaffold poles as shown provide an acceptable barrier. Note that this would not be acceptable on roadways where a more substantially barrier (preferably concrete) will be required. Sloping or stepping of deep excavations, as shown, is required for all major excavation works. Stepping and / or shoring requirements for all excavations shall be determined by the relevant Competent Supervisor (Engineer). Stepping, netting and a wide exclusion zone (as shown) is required for major trenching works. Where trenching works cross traffic routes a bridge with full traffic management will be required. Temporary bridges must be designed by a competent engineer.

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Netting, as shown, should be applied to excavation edges to prevent the ingress of materials when the excavation is disturbed. Protection requirements for all excavations shall be determined by the relevant Competent Supervisor (Engineer).

Barriers shall be provided to prevent vehicles coming close to a trench / excavation during backfilling. Should tippers or dumpers be used, then wheel barriers or chocks shall be installed refer to example shown.

4.9 The contractor shall ensure that flashing beacons and reflective signage is implemented on excavations next to roadways and pedestrian routes used at night. 5. Related Standards 5.1 All small / static plant, tools and equipment used in the excavation process shall comply with the requirements of Qatar Foundation standards CSS 10 Plant, Tools & Equipment. 5.2 All excavators and mobile plant used in the excavation process shall comply with the requirements of Qatar Foundation standards CSS 11 Mobile Plant & Vehicles.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 013


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Lifting Operations Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all Lifting Operations on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Lifting Operations 1.1 The contractor shall prepare a documented lifting plan for the project. The lifting plan shall detail: Lifting equipment / appliances planned for the project Disposition of tower cranes (Site Plan) Anti collision procedure Lifting restrictions (e.g. visibility limits / wind speed limits / overhead services) Crane erection / dismantlement procedures Responsible persons (Lifting Supervisor) Operator competence assessment and certification Means of communication Inspection, assessment, maintenance and certification procedure Slinging methods (Schedule of Common Lifts)

1.2 The contractor shall prepare a specific method statement for individual crane erection / dismantling works. Method statements shall be submitted for review and approval by the Construction Manager. 1.3 The contractor shall prepare a specific method statement for lifts in excess of 10 tonnes or tandem lifts. Method statements shall be submitted for review and approval by the Construction Managers.

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2. Competent Persons 2.1. The contractor will appoint a competent Lifting Operations Supervisor for the worksite. The lifting operation supervisor will ensure that the requirements of this standard are understood and implemented at all times. 2.2. Rigging (slinging) of loads and signaling of cranes will be undertaken only by trained and competent persons. All riggers (slingers / signalers) shall hold 3rd party training and competence assessment. Riggers shall wear a red construction safety helmet and a red high visibility vest for the purpose of easy identification on the worksite. 2.3. Operators of lifting equipment and appliances shall be certified in accordance with CSS 011 Mobile Plant & Vehicles. Operators must be assessed for competence in the specific lifting equipment to be operated. 2.4. General users of lifting appliances and lifting accessories shall be trained in the safe operation of the specific appliance / accessory. 2.5. Specialist operatives responsible for the erection and dismantlement of lifting equipment (e.g. tower cranes / crawler cranes) shall be competent and trained in the safe system of work for erection /dismantlement. 2.6. The contractor shall establish documented procedures regarding in house training and competence assessment where no 3 rd party training is available in Qatar. 3. Inspection, Certification and maintenance of Lifting Equipment and Accessories 3.1 Typical lifting equipment / appliances and relevant inspection / certification requirements are detailed below. None examined / certified lifting equipment and appliances are prohibited on Qatar Foundation projects.
Lifting Equipment / Appliances Mandatory Inspection & Certification Requirements Tower Crane Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3rd party test

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Mobile (Wheeled) Crane Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3rd party test Crawler (Tracked) Crane Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3rd party test

Crane Arm Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3rd party test

Fork Lift / Telescopic Handler Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination (lifting Gear) 24 monthly 3rdparty test

Powered Straddle Lift Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test

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Winch Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Vacuum Lifter Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Chain Block Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rdparty test

Hydraulic Material Lift Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Hydraulic Table Lift Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test

A Frame Gantry Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3 party thorough examination 24 monthly 3 party test
rd rd

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Hydraulic / Bottle Jacks Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test

3.2 Typical lifting accessories and relevant inspection / certification requirements are detailed below. None examined / certified lifting accessories are prohibited on Qatar Foundation projects.
Lifting Gear / Accessories Mandatory Inspection & Certification Requirements Shackles Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

Wire Rope Sling Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

Wire Rope Clip Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person)

Lifting Clutch Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

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Chain Slings Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

Web Slings Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination Lifting Hooks Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

Plate Clamp Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination Pipe Clamp Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination Lifting Beam / Spreader Bar Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination Beam Clamp Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination

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Suction Lifter Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person)

Fork Lift Hook Attachment Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Pallet Lifter Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Man Basket Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rdparty thorough examination

C Hook (Formwork Lifter) Pre-use inspection (competent user) Monthly site inspection (competent person) 6 monthly 3rd party thorough examination 24 monthly 3rd party test Definitions Inspection Visual pre use and / or monthly inspection of equipment by the operator / competent person. Examination Visual inspection by a competent 3rd party. Test load test by competent 3rd party

4. General Safety Rules (Lifting Operations) 4.1 Lifting accessories shall display the SWL (safe working load). 97
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4.2 All loads shall be secured and balanced before lifting. Ratchet straps, banding and or cargo netting may be used. 4.3 Wire ropes shall not be used for lifting operations if; kinked, significantly rusted, the core is visible or more than 5% of the individual wire strands are broken. The lifting supervisor shall determine when to withdraw a wire rope from use. 4.4 Web slings shall not be used for lifting operations if there are significant cut, snags and / or holes. The lifting supervisor shall determine when to withdraw a web sling from use. 4.5 Exclusion zones shall be implemented for loading / unloading zones. Riggers shall ensure that general workers are moved from the path of slung loads where practically possible. All riggers shall be issued a whistle for warning general works of lifting operations in progress. 4.6 All mobile cranes shall extend outriggers before commencing lifting operations. All crane warning devices / lights shall be in full working order prior to commencing lifting operations. 4.7 All mobile / tower crane operators shall consult the lift chart (manufacturer s instructions)for the crane prior to commencing lifting operations. Crane operators shall not exceed the crane capacity and shall immediately cease operations should automatic warning devices activate. 4.8 Tower cranes shall be fitted with wind speed monitors. Cranes shall not be operated in wind speeds above that detailed the project lifting plan. 4.9 Cranes shall not be operated in poor / reduced visibility. Crane cabs shall not be fitted with improvised sun shades that reduce operator visibility. 5. Schedule of Common Lifts 5.1 All contractors shall prepare a written schedule of common lifts .The contractor shall assess all lift requirements and determine the slinging methods to be used. 5.2 All contractors shall follow the safe slinging practices detailed below and incorporate the mandatory slinging methods shown into the schedule of common lifts.

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5.3 Safe Slinging Practice

Safe Slinging Shackles must always be used on lifting hooks if more than one sling is to be connected to it. Shackles should also be used if the hook would be overcrowded. The angle between sling legs on a hook must never exceed 90.

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Tag Lines Loads shall have tag lines attached to assist riggers in guiding, turning and landing loads.

Web Slings Webbing slings are used for easily damaged Loads and for their lightness and ease of handling when long lengths are required. However, they are susceptible to damage and must be protected from sharp edges and from sliding along the load if used at an angle. Do not tie slings in knots. Wire Rope Slings Wire rope slings cannot be bent round sharp corners and should be used primarily where Shackles are used to attach the sling to the load.

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5.4. Mandatory Slinging Methods


Scaffold Tubes / Rebar Lengths When lifting bundles of tubes, bars or other loose materials, whether banded or not, slings should be double wrapped. Illustration shows slings in double wrap choke hitch and basket hitch. Note that a choke hitch will reduce the SWL by 20%.

Concrete Bucket Concrete buckets should not be lifted directly by the crane hook. A single-leg sling (commonly known as a drop or skip chain) should be used, as moving a heavy crane hook precisely into place can be difficult.

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Steel Sections / Beams Use double wrapped slings when sling legs can slide together.

Stillages Wrap slings round corner posts. Do not attempt to lift double stacked stillages.

Mesh / Pre-formed Rebar cages Welded Rebar Mesh Pass each hook of a four-legged chain through the mesh and return to form a choke hitch. Lifting points to be positioned evenly to prevent undue bending / twisting. Prefabricated Rebar Assemblies These assemblies rely on tying wire to hold them together. Attachment points MUST be determined by the Lifting Supervisor.

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Palletized Loads Pallet forks with safety netting should be used for blocks and other stacked materials than is delivered on a pallet. Note that the netting size should be smaller than the smallest item to be lifted.

Pipes For short pipes, pass sling through pipe. For long pipes, use two slings in choke hitch, double wrapping if slings are likely to slide together. Provided that no angle exceeds 90, then use the SWL for one sling for the SWL of this arrangement. Note that a shackle is required to connect the slings at the top. If available, use pipe hooks / clamps for the end fittings of the lifting chain. Alternatively, a web sling can be used.

Lifting Points / Spreader Bars Many items of plant or prefabricated equipment (e.g. port cabins, compressors, skips etc) are provided with a certified, built in lifting point. Lifting points should be used with 2 or 4 leg chains. Attachment points MUST be determined by the Lifting Supervisor. Where items may bend or twist, a spreader bar or lifting beam shall be used.

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Form Work Lifting Formwork tables and shutters shall be lifted with chain slings where lifting points are available or specialist lifting devices such as the C Hook (shown). Where items may bend or twist, a spreader bar or lifting beam shall be used. Refer to CSS 004 Formwork / False work Centre of Gravity Where uneven or unbalanced loads are lifted, the slinging method shall account for the centre of gravity refer to diagram.

6. 3 Party Examination and Test


rd

6.1 3 party assessments and training certificates shall only be accepted if provided by an approved organization. The following organizations are approved for Qatar Foundation projects:
rd

Bureau Veritas Det Norske Veritas Lloyds Register Germanischer Lloyds American Bureau of Shipping Velosi Certification TUV Suddeutschland

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 014


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Scaffolding Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to the selection, design, erection, use, alternation and dismantling of scaffold and associated ladders and stairs. This standard does not apply to false work / form work support scaffold which is covered in CSS 004. This standard applies to all works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. Requirements: 1. Introduction 1.1. The following guidance sets the Qatar Foundation standard for scaffolding. The guidance is not intended to specify scaffolding detail which can be found in numerous industry standards or codes of practice, the intent is to define the way in which contractors will organize and manage their scaffolding operations on the Project. 1.2. Scaffolding has a variety of applications such as construction, alteration, routine maintenance and renovation work. Properly erected and maintained scaffolding provides employees with safe access to work locations, level and stable working platforms, and temporary storage for tools and materials. 1.3. Accidents involving scaffolding mainly involve people falling and falling materials. The causes of scaffolding accidents include failures at support & attachment points, parts failure, inadequate fall protection, misuse of fall arrest equipment, improper construction, environmental conditions and overloading. 2. Scaffolding Selection 2.1. There are numerous types of scaffolding commonly used in the construction industry and it is a fundamental safety requirement to select the correct type for the work required. There are many factors that determine suitability; the most common are listed below; duration and type of tasks to be performed from the scaffolding 105
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number of people required to perform the tasks height and size of the elevated working area the force of the loads to be supported weather and environmental aspects proximity of other hazards ground or support structure

2.2. Once the factors are clearly determined the selection of suitable scaffolding can be made. 3. Scaffolding Design 3.1. When a suitable scaffolding type has been selected it must then be properly designed. Suppliers and manufacturers of system scaffolding will provide specifications for the use of their equipment and designers must always follow the specifications. 3.2. Where necessary the suppliers and manufacturers can be consulted to ensure that their equipment is suitable for the intended use. Other scaffolding may be uniquely designed in accordance with an industry standard or a code of practice to suit the work requirements. 3.3. There are three basic requirements to ensure that scaffolding is properly designed for the intended use. Firstly it must be designed to be capable of withstanding its own weight and that of the static loads that may be imposed on it, such as materials and equipment. Secondly it must be designed to withstand the force of any dynamic loads that may be imposed on it, such as wind, movement of materials or movement of the scaffolding itself. Thirdly all imposed loads must be given a factor of safety to provide a safe working load for the scaffolding. Maximum Static Load + Maximum Dynamic Load + Factor of Safety = Safe Working Load 4. Competent Supervisor 4.1.1 For all scaffolding erection / dismantling activity a competent scaffolding supervisor will be appointed. The Competent Supervisor shall hold a valid 3rd party certificate for the design, erection and inspection of scaffolding. Note that major projects may require more than one Competent Supervisor. 4.2 Known Design 4.2.1 The Competent Supervisor will be in advised in advance by the contractor s project engineer of the loading requirements and task for which the scaffolding is to be constructed. 4.2.1 The information must be clearly understood by the Competent Supervisor prior to any erection activity being undertaken, should there be any areas of doubt the scaffolding supervisor will seek clarification. This shall be especially pertinent for complex requirements e.g. suspended scaffolds, cantilevers and loading bays. 106
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4.3 Trained Workers 4.3.1 The contractor shall allocate sufficient trained scaffolders to the project. This will be determined by the constraints of this standard and the size and scope of the project. 4.3.1 All workers involved in scaffolding construction / dismantling activities shall hold valid 3rd party 4.3.1 All scaffolders shall be competent in the safe methods of working and in particular the manner in which fall prevention or arrest is to be achieved. 4.3.1 Contractors will maintain copies of all training certificates on sit 4.4 Site Preparation 4.4.1 Prior to undertaking scaffold construction, all areas where the scaffold components are to be delivered and where the scaffolding is to be erected will be cleared of materials and equipment other than that specifically required for the scaffold construction. 4.4.2 Site preparation work will also ensure that the ground or support conditions meet those required by the design before scaffolding construction commences. 4.5 Exclusion Zone 4.5.1 All scaffold erection / dismantling areas will be provided with barriers and warning signs to exclude all personnel that are not specifically involved with the scaffolding construction activity. 4.5.2 Where such areas are adjacent to roadways, barriers with a capability to prevent vehicles entering the area will be erected. Where such areas are adjacent to members of the public or 3rd parties then screening and falling object protection will be provided. The Competent Supervisor is to be made responsible for ensuring that exclusion zones are in place and maintained at all times whilst scaffold construction activity is ongoing. 4.6. Sound Materials 4.6.1. All materials being used for scaffolding construction will be checked prior to them being used to ensure they are in good condition. Any materials found to be defective will be clearly marked as defective and discarded or removed from the construction area to ensure that they are not used. 4.7. Fall Prevention & Arrest 4.7.1. The appointed Competent Supervisor will only deploy trained workers to undertake scaffold construction work and will ensure that they make full and proper use of all fall prevention and fall arrest equipment required to maintain a safe method of work. 107
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4.8. General Scaffold Safety Requirements 4.8.1. All access scaffolds shall include a safe means of access / egress. Ladders shall be secured and shall extend at least 1m above the landing platform. Stair towers shall be subject to sign off and inspection by the Competent Supervisor. A scaff-tag shall be applied to stair towers. 4.8.2. Typical Safe Working Platform

4.8.3. All working platforms shall be approx 600mm wide (3 scaffold boards) where no standard is specified by the manufacturer. 4.8.4. All working platforms shall be fitted with toe boards. Toe boards shall be at least 100mm high (where no standard is specified by the manufacturer) and shall be robust enough to prevent materials, debris and tools falling from the working platform. 4.8.5. Secure hand and mid rails shall be fitted for fall prevention. Typically, hand rails will be 1m high and mid rails will be 0.5m high (half way between handrail and working platform). Contractors shall install hand and mid rails in accordance with these requirements where no specific manufacturers dimensions are stated. 4.9. Inspection & Authorization for Use 4.9.1. Before scaffolding is taken into use it will be inspected by the Competent Supervisor to ensure that it has been constructed in accordance with the design.

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4.9.2. Scaffolding that has been constructed in accordance with the design will be authorized for use by displaying a notice at all access points of the scaffolding detailing the following information: the unique identification and location of the scaffolding checked the name of the person making the check the date that the check was completed the intended capacity of the scaffolding

5. Scaffolding Use 5.1. User Inspection 5.1.1. Users of scaffolding will inspect it on a daily basis to identify that all the basic fall prevention elements remain in place. Where fall prevention measures are found to be missing or ineffective then work on the scaffolding will be suspended until such time as the fall prevention measures are reinstated by the appointed scaffolding supervisor. 5.2. Prohibition of Alterations 5.2.1. Users of scaffolding are to be prohibited from altering or dismantling any part of scaffolding. The contractor shall continuously monitor scaffold in use to ensure that no unsafe alterations are made. The contractor shall closely monitor scaffolds erected for sub-contractors. 5.3. Housekeeping 5.3.1. Users of scaffolding are required to maintain unobstructed access and egress at all times. All debris and materials no longer required will be removed from scaffolding on a daily basis. All materials and equipment used on scaffolding will be stored in a manner that does not obstruct the free movement of the people using the scaffolding. 109
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5.4. Re-Inspection 5.4.1. Scaffold will be inspected weekly (every 7 days) and the scaff-tag (or similar) updated. Re-inspection will be carried out by the Competent Supervisor to ensure that it remains constructed in accordance with the design and is safe for its intended use. 5.5. Removal From Use 5.5.1. Before any dismantling activity is undertaken on scaffolding it will be removed from use. Do Not Use signs (scaff-tags) shall be place on the scaffold to be dismantled and, where necessary, access physically barred. 6. Scaffolding Alteration 6.1. Design 6.1.1. Any scaffolding alterations required will be designed in the manner specified earlier in this document. Should the required alteration fall outside the design parameters of the scaffolding already in use then removal of the existing scaffolding is required and a new scaffold shall be designed and erected. 6.2. Alteration Work 6.2.1. Alteration work in accordance with any redesign will be undertaken in the manner detailed in section 4 of the standard. The Competent Supervisor shall visually inspect scaffolds on a daily basis to ensure that general workers and subcontractors have not altered access scaffold provided to them for their works. 7. Mobile Scaffold Systems 7.1. The guidance above relates in a large part to static modular scaffold systems and tube & fitting scaffolds. This section details specific constraints relating to mobile aluminum scaffold systems. 7.2. Selecting Mobile Aluminum Scaffolds as a place of work 7.2.1. Mobile aluminum scaffolds have their limitations and should only be used in suitable conditions. Contractors should consider if heavy duty scaffold or a MEWP is the safer option. 7.3. Mobile Aluminum Scaffolding Erection /Dismantlement 7.3.1. All workers involved in mobile aluminum scaffolding construction / dismantling activities will be trained in the safe methods of working and in particular the manner in which fall prevention arrest is to be achieved. 3 rd party trained scaffolders are not required for the construction / dismantlement of mobile aluminum towers scaffold. 110
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7.3.2. Contractors will maintain detailed information of the training provided and the methods that they have used for assessment of competency and suitability for all employees undertaking mobile aluminum scaffolding construction / dismantling activities. 7.3.3. Mobile aluminum scaffold shall only be erected using the components supplied by the relevant manufacturer. Substitution of components shall invalidate the inspection concessions set out in 7.5 of this procedure. 7.4. Safe System of Work for Erection, Dismantling or Alteration of Mobile Aluminum Scaffolds 7.4.1. The use, by erectors, of a safety harness with a restraint lanyard attached to the tower scaffold is not an acceptable safe system of work when constructing a mobile aluminum scaffold. In the event of a fall the scaffold is likely to overturn as a result of the shock load, increasing the risk and severity of injury, not only to the user but also to those at ground level. 7.4.2. A safer method for the safe erection / dismantling of mobile aluminum scaffolds is the Through the Trapdoor method. Below is an example of this method;

At no time should erectors be on the outside of the scaffold. Where the working platform is greater than two lifts, a rest or mid platform should be installed (Note that Contractors shall consult the manufacturers specified requirements for exact details). Towers with a working platform in excess of 3m shall have stabilizers fitted. Towers with a working platform of 8m or more should change stabilizers for extendable outriggers (Note that Contractors shall consult the manufacturers specified requirements for exact details).

7.5. Inspection of Mobile Aluminum Scaffolding 7.5.1 The use of a scaff-tag system for mobile aluminum scaffolds with a working platform of less than 3m is not mandatory. The scaff-tag system shall be applied to all mobile aluminum scaffolds in excess of 3m. 111
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7.5.2. Should substitute components be used in the erection process then the scaffold shall be subject to a formal inspection and scaff-tagging by a competent person. 7.6. Use of Incomplete Mobile Aluminum Tower Scaffolds 7.6.1. In certain circumstances it will be acceptable to use a mobile tower scaffold that is incomplete. This will only apply where the top guardrail cannot be attached due to an obstruction such as pipe work, ductwork or containment work. In these circumstances users of the mobile scaffold tower must use a harness and lanyard. 7.6.2. The lanyard must be attached to a secure anchor point, NOT the mobile aluminum scaffold itself. The anchor point must be able to take the shock load of a falling person. 7.6.3. Shock absorbers must be removed or disengaged where insufficient clearance exists. Typically with a 2m shock absorber, a clearance of 5m would be required. 8. Podium Steps and Specialist Working Platforms 8.1. Contractors are encouraged to purchase and use Podiums steps and other bespoke solutions that are manufactured to relevant international standards. 8.2. The use of a scaff-tag system for podium steps and specialist working platforms with a working platform of 3m or less is not mandatory. 8.3. Should substitute components be used in the erection process then the podium step / specialist working platform shall be subject to a formal inspection and scaff-tagging by a competent person.

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Qatar Foundation Construction Safety Standard CSS 015


Subject: Prepared By Approved By Confined Space Entry Paul Maclean Head of Safety Kevin Murray HSE Manager HSSE Directorate Date Date 15/05/2011 20/05/2011

Scope: This standard shall be applied to all Confined Space Works on new build and refurbishment projects within Qatar Foundation. All Contractors and Sub-contractors shall ensure that the content of this standard is understood and implemented at all times. 1. General 1.1. Confined space work is dangerous because often there are no apparent signs of danger and rescuing a worker who needs help is usually difficult. 1.2. All existing hazards in confined spaces must be thoroughly evaluated prior to each entry into the space and monitored continuously thereafter. 1.3. The work to be performed in the confined space will be evaluated to ensure that it will not pose an undue hazard for the duration of the work. 2. Definition and Key Terms 2.1. For the purposes of this standard, a Confined Space is any space of an enclosed nature where there is a risk of death or serious injury from hazardous substances or dangerous conditions (e.g. lack of oxygen). A confined space has limited or restricted means for access / egress restricts the natural movement of air and is not designed for continuous employee occupancy. 2.2. Typical confined spaces are shown below:

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Manhole

Sump

2.3. Examples of confined spaces that may be encountered on Qatar Foundation include: manholes, sewers, sump pits, storage tanks, boilers, ventilation or exhaust ducts, underground utility chambers, tunnels and trenches. It is not possible to provide a comprehensive list of confined spaces. Some places may become confined spaces when work is carried out, or during their construction, fabrication or subsequent modification. 2.4. While there are numerous hazards relating to confined spaces the principal hazard of a confined space is the presence of a toxic or hazardous atmosphere where workers may be at risk due to: Flammable gas, vapor, or mist Airborne combustible dust Atmospheric oxygen concentration below 19.5% or above 23.5%; Any other atmospheric condition that is Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)

2.5. IDLH - Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health; means any condition that poses an immediate or delayed threat to life or that would cause irreversible adverse health effects or that would interfere with an individual s ability to escape unaided from a space. 2.6. It should be noted that hazardous substances that are produced by activities in the general area of a confined space can migrate to and accumulate in the space creating an unseen hazard to an unsuspecting entrant. 3. Competent Supervisor 3.1. The contractor shall appoint a Competent Supervisor for all confined space works. The Competent Supervisor shall hold 3rd party training and certification and shall be present on site to manage confined space entry activities. 3.2. The Competent Supervisor shall be appointed in writing and shall be specifically named and referred to in any method statement prepared for confined space work. 3.3. The Competent Supervisor shall: Identify Confined Spaces Identify personnel who will enter confined spaces Provide detailed instructions and training on confined space hazards and entry procedures Evaluate respiratory hazards and train personnel on routine measurement of respiratory hazards Provide instruction to personnel on the proper use of equipment for confined space entry 114
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Maintain equipment that is used to enter and monitor confined spaces Maintain records of equipment maintenance and employee training Establish an entry permit system for entering confined spaces Establish non entry and entry rescue systems Conduct pre-entry briefings to inform entrants of the possible hazards that may be encountered

4. Hazard Identification 4.1. The contractors shall carry out and document a detailed hazard assessment and develop a safe system of work (SSW). A detailed method statement shall document the SSW for specific tasks and shall incorporate atmospheric testing, training and instruction, hazard controls, entry procedures and emergency / rescue procedures. 4.2. Typical hazards are: 4.2.1. Atmospheric Asphyxiating, Flammable and Toxic atmospheres. 4.2.2. PhysicalMoving machinery, falls, electrocution, noise, heat, engulfment. 4.3. The contractor shall control atmospheric hazards by: Carrying out atmospheric testing Ventilating the confined space for a minimum of five (5) minutes Continually retesting the atmosphere to confirm that acceptable entry conditions are present Appointing a confined space standby operative to monitor the job at all times Setting up non-entry rescue equipment and entry rescue equipment

The contractor shall set up rescue equipment such as a tripod winch prior to commencement of works (refer to section 7 of this standard). The contractor shall set up a fan with flexible hose (as shown) to ventilate the confined space 4.4. The contractor shall control physical hazards by: 115
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Locking out electrical sources at switches that are remote to the space Bleeding pneumatic and hydraulic lines Disconnecting mechanical linkages and belt or chain drives Securing mechanically moving parts with chains, blocks, or other devices Plugging pipe inlets / outlets 5. Atmospheric Testing 5.1. Atmospheric testing will be required to confirm acceptable entry conditions. Atmospheric testing shall only be carried out by a competent person. Acceptable entry conditions will meet the following basic requirements: Oxygen (O2 ) greater than 19.5% and less than 23.5% Lower Flammable Limit LFL less than 10% Carbon Monoxide (CO) less than 35ppm Hydrogen Sulphide (H2 S) less than 10ppm

5.2. The multi-gas monitor used must automatically alarm if any of the above values are exceeded. The multi-gas monitor must be calibrated and certificates available to ensure correct readings. 5.3. Where any other toxic or hazardous substance is present, or has the potential to be present, the proper monitoring equipment will be obtained and operated by an individual who has been trained in its use. 5.4. The confined space will be periodically monitored by the competent supervisor to ensure that acceptable entry conditions are being maintained throughout the entry operation. 5.5. If conditions deteriorate during entry, all entrants will exit immediately and the method of work will be re-evaluated. 5.6. If acceptable entry conditions cannot be maintained with continuous forced ventilation (for example in live sewer lines), never try to sweeten the air with pumped oxygen. This can lead to build up of oxygen presenting an explosive atmosphere. 5.7. In situations where acceptable entry conditions cannot be maintained there will be a requirement for personnel to wear Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE) or Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA). Personnel required to carry out this type of operation will need to have undergone training in use of RPE or SCBA. The appointed competent supervisor shall ensure that personnel are trained and are suitably healthy to undertake the work required. 116
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6. Confined Space Entry Equipment 6.1. Each site will make available any equipment necessary for entry into a confined space. This shall include but is not limited to: Testing and monitoring equipment Ventilation equipment Communications equipment Personal Protective equipment (PPE) / Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE) Lighting / Signage / Barriers / Fencing Ladders Specialized tools (e.g. Intrinsically safe tools and lighting for flammable atmospheres) Non-entry rescue, entry rescue and emergency equipment.

6.2. All equipment will be maintained and supervisors will ensure that employees use the equipment properly. 7. Rescue and Emergency Services Procedure 7.1. Under no circumstances must unauthorized personnel enter a confined space to attempt a rescue. 7.2. Site staff / operatives can facilitate non-entry rescue using a planned retrieval system. A non entry retrieval system should consist of a chest or full body harness with a retrieval line attached at the centre of the entrant s back near shoulder level, or above the entrant s head. 7.3. The retrieval line will be attached to fixed point outside the confined space so that rescue work may immediately commence if necessary. 7.4. For vertical spaces that are more than 2m deep, a mechanical device, (tripod with a hoist), will be made available to retrieve personnel (as shown in 4.3 of this standard). 7.5. It is likely that some entrants to confined spaces are not able to have a revival line attached. This may be the case in tanks where distance and layout limit the use of a lifeline. In such circumstances rescue procedures need to be clearly defined prior to work commencing. The entrant shall still wear a full body harness as retrieval is made easier in most circumstances. 7.6. Where rescue procedures require entry of rescue personnel, this must be reflected in the works method statement. Those designated for rescue duties shall be fully trained in the use of Respiratory protective Equipment (RPE) or Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) and 117
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shall be physically capable of performing such duties. Note that the first duty of rescue personnel is to avoid becoming a casualty themselves. 7.7. No confined space work shall commence without the relevant personal and equipment, including rescue equipment being in place at the worksite. 7.8. Qatar Foundation Emergency Services and Civil Defense Emergency Services shall be included in all contractors emergency procedures. 7.9. Qatar Foundation Emergency Services can provide ambulance services from CP2 and can attend site in the shortest time. Additional Ambulance services and Fire Services are available from Civil Defense. The relevant contact numbers to be included in any contractors emergency plan are: Qatar Foundation Emergency Services

44540999 999

Civil Defence

8. Training & Instruction 8.1. Before participating as a member of a confined space entry team, each employee must be given instruction and information in the specific duties to be conducted. Instruction and information will include but is not limited to: Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) Air monitoring instrumentation Ventilating equipment Fire protection equipment Intrinsically safe electrical equipment Retrieval and non-entry / entry rescue equipment

8.2. The competent person conducting the atmospheric test must have completed a confined space / gas detection course.

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8.3. Confined space awareness training should be attended by supervisors who have personnel those enter spaces, supervisors that have confined spaces in their work areas, and anyone who hires contractor s that will be entering confined spaces.

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