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Sometimes the author defines the word for the reader soon after it is used in a sentence.

EXAMPLE: A cacophony of noises surrounded the group of people. Cacophony is a mixture of harsh sounds.

Sometimes the author uses a synonym, or restates the word in a simpler way.

EXAMPLE: As the cacophony came through the phone line, he pulled it away from his ear to lessen some of the harsh sounds.

Sometimes the author presents the opposite meaning somewhere nearby so that two words can be contrasted.

EXAMPLE: After spending the day at the peaceful spa, the woman was shocked by the cacophony that hit her when she opened the door to the daycare center.

Sometimes the word is not clarified in the same sentence. The reader must look for clues and make connections to their own experiences or what they already know about a topic.

EXAMPLE: The cacophony of war was challenging for the soldiers to handle. There were many nights when it was difficult for them to sleep.

I know that sometimes if there is a lot of noise at night, I cant sleep. I bet there is a lot of noise from guns during war. I think cacophony must be a horrible type of noise.

Sometimes the author includes examples to explain the meaning of a word.

EXAMPLE: A cacophony of owl hoots, chirping crickets, and howling wolves surrounded us. I couldnt wait to return home to my own bed.

What do YOU think altophobia means? How did you use context clues to help you determine the meaning?
Note: Different people may use different clues!

What does mottephobia mean?

How do you know?

What does amaxophobia mean?

How do you know?

What does coulrophobia mean? How do you know?

What does Samhainophobia mean? How do you know?

What does melissophobia mean? How do you know?

Additional Note!
Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words can help determine word meanings! Prefixes: the beginning of a word. Root: the base or middle of a word. Suffixes: the ending of a word. Knowing meanings of these can help you figure out words you dont know. An example is the word GEOLOGY: geo means earth and ology means study of, so you can guess that GEOLOGY means study of earth.

Word Parts Example

If you didnt know what a stethoscope was in the following sentence, you could use word parts to understand the meaning. The doctor used his stethoscope to listen to my heartbeat. If you knew that scope meant see, look, or examine, you could guess that it was a tool used to examine or see something.

What are words that come from these word parts?

Dis- = not/opposite of Tele- =far, distant Pre- =before Re- =again, back Un- =not/opposite of

Guess what these words mean based on their word parts. Disassociate Undisclosed Prehistoric Telegram Preface

a. b. c. d.

white surprising unpleasant perfect