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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk;;

fhkuh[H muR Nky;epiyg;gs;sp vjphpy;> fUq;fy;ghisak;> <NuhL-3

nghUj;Jjy;
nghUj;jkhd nghUisj; Njh;T nra;jy; (m) mUr;nrhw; nghUs;
nrhy; tpz; nka; vd;G tL mfo;thh; ,fo;thh; jiy ,d;dh Kw;gfy; gpw;gfy; frlw frL jf vz;zp fUkk; vz;Ztk; ,Of;F ngUik rpWik fl;lisf;fy; jpU jpUtpid ,d;ik el;G nghUj;jkhd nghUs; thdk; cz;ik> cly; vYk;G jOk;G Njhz;Lgth; ,opthf NgRgth; Kjd;ikahd mwk; jPait fhiy khiy Fw;wk; ePq;f gOJ> Fw;wk; nghUe;j Muha;e;J nra;aj;jf;f Muha;Nthk; Fw;wk; rpwg;G> cah;T jho;T ciuf;fy; nry;tk; nry;tj;jpid tWik gpwNuhL Nrh;e;J goFjy; nrhy; mjdpyh epyh ghhpf;Fk; jpq;fs; rhd; rhd;Nwhh; kd; xg;gh; kW mJ Mw;whh; njUke;J Nja;th; fit nfhk;G mfk; rit ePl; lL ; thrp mlf;fk; flf;f fUjTk; kil XLkPd; cWkPd; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; mfy; + epyh xsp gug;Gk; epyT xOf;fKila nghpNahh; nghUspy;yh mirr;nrhy; epfuhth; Fw;wk;
,r;nrhy; Fw;wj;ij Fwpf;Fk;

jhq;fkhl;lhh; kdk; Fok;gp Jd;GWth;> mopth; 2Mf gphpe;Js;s fpis kuf;fpis cs;Ns rig jpUKfk; gb Muthuk; ,y;yhj gz;G nty;y epidf;fTk; kjF XLfpd;w kPd; nghpa kPd;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; ef neQ;rj;J mq;fz; tpRk;G miuapy; rhtp gq;fak; Fuk;G ghril mshtp mshtp rPtyg;Nghp xg;G jhNd ftpd; fko; <l;lk; Xr;Rk; fpuzk; <l;b rpj;jk; ghjk; nrz;L rPh; ,yf;F rPz;l tha;ik Qhyk; Nfhyj;jhy; Vw;wq;nfhs; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; kyUk;gb cs;sj;J> md;Gld; mofpa ,lkhd thdk; ,Ug;gpy; jpwTNfhy; jhkiu tug;G> gr;ir gRikahd ,iy xd;iw xd;W jOtp epd;W jpUKf;$ly; cld;ghL mir moF kzk; tPRk; njhFjp Xq;Fjy; xspf;fjph; rk;ghjpj;J kdk; mb kyh;nfhj;J nry;tk;> rpwg;G Nehf;fk; njhl cz;ik cyfk; cUtj;jhy; kpf cah;e;j nrhy; mw;w mW cw;Wop xl;b kUq;F <e;j mw;W fsQ;rpak; NguwpQh; mfit nghUj;jkhd nghUs; tw;wpa ePq;F Njitahd nghOjpy; Nrh;e;J gf;fk; nfhLj;j ,y;yhj kpFjpahf Nrkpf;Fk; ,lk; rpwe;j mwpTilath; taJ 7-k; tFg;G nghd; Nghfk; mfk; Gwk; kjp utp nghop Kfpy; NjNt nray; jq;fk; ,d;gk;
(,iwtidrhh;e;J)

cs; ntspNa re;jpud; #hpad; kpFjp Nkfk; ,iwtNd mwpT

Fwpnajph;g;ig gjpy; cjtpia ,ay;GilaJ> ePuJ jd;ikaJ mw;whh; twpath; cop Jiz vhp Vkuh ey;yhh; ,lk; msT neUg;G ghJfhg;G ,y;yhj nghpahh;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; jphpNg epfh; tpag;G(j.nrhy;) cuj;j Nfsph; rhy;G vopy; Mw;wp ve;ij ike;jh; muk;ig ,UePh; mow;fjph; mjph; Mz;lif tpir ePf;fk; G+k;gs;sp ePj;J khjtd; mb fopkfpo;
fkyf;fz;zd;

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; khw;wNk rkk; Mr;rhpak; (t.nrhy;) xypkpFe;j cwtpdh; ew;Fzk; moF Kad;W je;ij kf;fs; thio kpFe;jePh;
ntg;gk;> xsp> tPRk; #hpafjph;

nrhy; Nghw;wp ahf;if mw;wJ Mw;Wzh ,y; xs;spad; itj;jy; %lh; jpUkfd; Ngij Vjk; ghjfk; Fw;Waph; EtyUk; Jauk; Nfhtpy; thij nrg;Gk; rhtb iee;jhd; maytd; jaT ,iaT Mjtd; VFtPh; thtp fid thil $lypy; jop,

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; njspe;J cly; nrhpj;j jd;ik fl;Lr;NrhW ,y;iy rpwe;jtd; nghWg;gspj;jy; mwpT ,y;yhjth; ,NaR mwpahjtd; NfL> Fw;wk; gpwiu ghjpf;Fk; nray; caph;NghFk; epiy tpsf;fp $Wtjw;F mhpa Jd;gk; Nfhapy; Jd;gk; $wg;gLk;
topNghf;fh; jq;Fkplk; rj;jpuk;

xyp nra;Ak; fz;zd; Ntfk; nts;sk; mofpa gLf;if tpl;LePq;fp


FNryh;-rp.jtj;ij nra;jtd;

tUe;jpdhd;
njhlh;G mw;wtd;>md;dpad;

ghjk; kpFe;j kfpo;r;rp jhkiukyh; fz;zd; Xa;T ,d;wp Mir jpd;gz;lk; ntWq;ifAld; nrd;Wth vdf;F tQ;rid

MjuT nghUj;jkhf #hpad; nry;tPh; Fsk; xypf;fpd;w tljpir tPRk; fhw;W kJiuapy; jOtp

xoptW xoptW ge;jid


gf;fzk;(gTzk;)

thsh Vfpth vw;F eliy

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; nghjp kypjUk; tz;nghjp fhjy;nghypju Kbtpyh tho;T va;j mfe;ij kpf;Nfhd; ty;Nyhd; Qhdk; Mu ,iw jz; rhe;jk; fuk; tpsq;Fw taq;F thd; Jg;ghh;f;F Jg;gha Jg;ghf;fp tph tphpePh; clw;Wk; cohmh; jiy ePh;ik vopyp rpwg;G G+rid jhdk; Giu nghUj;jkhd nghUs; Kbg;G epiwe;j ,Wf;fl;lg;gl;lKbr;R md;G ntspg;gLkhW Nghpd;g tho;T mila> ngw Mztk; kpFe;jtd; ty;yik cilatd; mwpT kpFjp flTs; Fsph;r;rp mikjp if ngUikAw tpsq;F kio cz;gth;f;F Rj;jkhd
czTg;nghUis cz;lhf;fp

nrhy; Ngio gJkk; ghh;kpd; fy;yp tpOe;j Njwy; faw;fzp ,ay;G rhyp fyk; fw;G ehzk; fs;shik es;shik el;lhiu jUf;Ff mUf;Ff RUf;Ff xl;lhiu ts;sd;ik fpisQh; Cz; Mapiu jfT ifj;J}z; tl;L fzpif fhzk; tq;fk; tsp fiu

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; ngl;b jhkiu kyh; ghUq;fs; Njhz;b jho cz;lhd Njd; kPdhl;rpak;ik> fay;fd;dp jd;ik xUtif ney; Flk; ngz;ik eyk; ntlfg; gz;G jpUlhik el;Gnfhs;shik ez;giu nty;f RUf;fpf; nfhs;f jzpj;Jf; nfhs;f giftiu <ifg;gz;G cwtpdh; cz;Zjy; kzpNkfiy ed;dlj;ij
jPaxOf;fj;jhy; te;j czT

fly; tUe;Jk; cOjiy nra;ahh; Kis ,ay;G Nkfk; tpoh topghL <if Fw;wk;

#jhL fUtp guj;ij nghd; kuf;fyk; fhw;W miy

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; md;d XXjy; kho;Fk; MmJk; ,Lf;fz; Mf;fk; fop ey;FuT gPio ryk; ,e;efh; mjd;Riu ghufk; %J}h; rPyk; jk;gpuhd; Ntzp kL epjpak; fq;Fy; Mfkk; $ty; khL thtp jhgdk; fr;rp rp khy; Vlyh; Vj;j mz;lh;ehafd; GiuaW nghUj;jkhd nghUs; Nghy jtph;j;jy; mopf;Fk; ahk;cah;Nthk; Jd;gk; nry;tk; kpFe;j tWik gop tQ;rid Gfhh; efh; mfd;w cs;splk; epyTyfk; gioaCh; xOf;fk; rptngUkhd; ril Mokhfpa ePh;epiy nghUl;jpus; ,uT
Ntjj;jpd; rhukhf cs;s E}y;

nrhy; ef;f rhuzh; ahkh; ahkh; <kk; Rliy Kspnahp gs;sp $iw Mba rhe;jk; tpiu gpb ah gb KUfpak; fpis Mh;g;g rpiw
nghd;> nghyk; nghyk;

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; cilapy;yhky; jphpgth; Xh; ,uT gpzr; Rl mLf;fpa tpwF kahdk;> RLfhL kpf;f neUg;G ,lk; Glit G+rpa re;jdk;> mikjp kzk; fkOk; ngz;ahid xUtif kuk; epyk; FwpQ;rpg;ghiw rpid xypg;g ,wF moF fhL jhdpaf; Ftpay; xUtif khd; QhapW jsph; Mtpdk;> kpFjpahd Gyp Jah; ghiyepyk; kiy moF> Njd;> kzk; tsk; tay;> fhQ;rp

flW nghyp cio vy;yp gy;ytk; epiu nfhLthp glh; ntQ;Ruk; fy; KUF ky;yy; nrW

fpzW cl;Rw;W kjpy> nry;tk; jpUf;Fsk; gpujpl;il fhQ;rp jpUkhy; ,jo; kyh;e;j Jjpf;f Njth;jiytd; Fw;wkw;w

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; tpiu jhid kid gzak; vhpjoy; kUkk; fUkk; jD fhz;Btk; tO jhjd; Flk; ghhpy; Kw;wk; Nfhb Fb eh Nfhlhik <d;W ifk;khW kjiy Gtdk; Vd;W ,iaahJ rq;fud; gQ;rth; juk; juk; tz;zk; fspahid epuy; nfha;J nghUj;jkhd nghUs; thrid Nrid ,y;yk; gpizj;njhif jPg;ge;jk; ,ufrpak; flik tpy; mh;Rddpd; tpy; Fw;wk; mbik ngl;b> vz;nza; Flk; cyfpy; tPl;L thapy; kpFjpahd nghUs; ey;y FLk;gk; ehf;F jtwhik ngw;W gjpy; cjtp Foe;ij cyfk; Vw;W <lhfhJ rptngUkhd; Ie;J Ngh; tif epwk; kjk; nfhz;l ahid thpir gwpj;J nrhy; tQ;rp itfiw cw fhdy; kfd;wps; nfhz;fd; ky;f eiuapjo; kUjk; me;jp rhy; tpsk;GNfd; gzpj;jph; fdy; yhhp mr;rk; mz;ik jply; ehw;fhyp fLF kFlk; CW NgZtJ mit ahj;j <uk; fhzk; fthp nfhw;wk; Gutyd; fhh; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; nfhbtif tpbaw;fhyk; jkpofk; Nkk;gl flw;fiu md;wpy;gwit jiytd; epiwa ntSj;j ,jo; kutiffs; khiy cOjy; $WNtd; fl;lis ,Lq;fs; neUg;G ruf;Fg; NgUe;J gak; gf;fk; jpwe;jntsp tpRg;gyif gha;Nghy; gpd;dpnj.fPw;W fphPlk; Jd;gk;> NfL ghJfhg;gJ mur rig vOjpa ,uf;fk;> fUiz nghd;fhR rhkuk; ntw;wpr; rpwg;G ghJfhg;gtd; fUik

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; kha;j;J kz;zpy; kd;gij mz; mz;lntsp XNrhd; Nkhl;rk; $yk; fhz;lk; rpe;ij rkak; rpdk; ah #y; cise;J thYfk; fhd;wkzp fulk; tpflk; jlk; kUg;G ej;jpyk; nfhz;ly; mutk; mf;fuk; mfz;lk; Ngjk; cilik klik kkij Giy itak; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; mopj;J cyfpy; kf;fs; gug;G thd;ntsp
G+.Nky;12kP Kjy; 45kP thA gLf;if

nrhy; kW tPW nrw;wk; fio MW njd;dh; gs; rpe;J nfhz;ly; jz;liy fdfk; juq;fk; ehkk; nghUeh; fUtp kiw Cd; Cdk; ciwAk; Nfh jpiu khf;fs; ehl;lk; Nfhyk; GU\ GU\h;fs; ];jPhpfs; kpurq;fk; rhkd;a mjp\ mjp\;lk; thpir Nrhkd;

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; Fw;wk; Ntfk;> xsp> ngUik $Wt %q;fpy; top ghz;bah; gs;S xU ghtif Nkfk; Nrhiy nghd; flyiy ngah; gifth; ths; Ntjk; jir Fw;wk; thOk; ,iwtd; miy tpyq;Ffs; tpUg;gk; xg;gid tPuh;fs;> Mz;fs; tPuhq;fidfs;> ngz; nrhw;nghopT vspa vjph;ghuh gad; khpahij re;jpud;

tPLNtW> ew;fjp jhdpak; E}ypd; ngUk;gphpT kdk; kjk; Nfhgk; vtw;iw fUg;gk; tUe;jp ntz;kzy; nrhhpe;j Kj;J kjk; tpflf; $j;J kiy je;jk;> jusk; Kj;J Nkfk; ghk;G> Xir vOj;J KOik NtWghL nry;tk; mwpahik nrUf;F ,opT cyfk;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; fUiz ,ay;G cLf;fz; z; faik nghd;dp nghUie nghUie jidfs; ,lh; Fdpj;j Fkpz; rphpg;G gdpj;j nghw;ghjk; tyk; fhyjh; ([d;dy;) mth Iak; thjk; ghpkhz ghpkhzk; gpur;rpid rh;tfyh rhiy glhNlhgk; Kf];Jjp ehtha; KJnkhop khhp khR mq;if rhy; rhy;G ew;NgW nfhw;wk; ,irT nghUj;jkhd nghUs; mUs; ew;Fzk; tpz;kPd;fs; fPo;ikf; Fzk; fhtphp jhkpuguzpahW jilfs; Jd;gk; tisj;j Gd;rphpg;G Fsph;e;j vLj;j J}f;fpa jpUtb ntw;wp rhsuk; (fhw;W tUk; top) Mir re;Njfk; jUf;fk; msT rhty;> Nfs;tp gy;fiyf; fofk; Mlk;guk; ngha;ahd Gfo;r;rp kuf;fyk; (fg;gy;) gonkhop kio mOf;F cs;sq;if rpwe;j jd;ik rpwe;j nry;tk; ntw;wp cld;ghL nrhy; fpoik Gue;J ntw;G eypT neha;ik njha;T FUjp td;kk; mOf;fhW nrt;tp rhpg;G klik gyfzp Gj;Njs; cyF ej;jk; rhf;fhL tir ,ir vr;rk; tz;gad; Fd;Wk; eif ctif Vkk; Giz RLk; nghUs; Jwe;jhh; vs;sw;f nkha;k;G mLg nghUj;jkhd nghUs; cwT fhj;J kiy NfL fdkpd;ik> nkd;ik ,isg;G ,uj;jk; jPuhg;gif nghwhik jd;ik> moF kbg;G tpOjy; Ngjik rhsuk;> jpl;bthapy; NjtUyfk; Mf;fk; ,wg;G gop Gfo; vQ;rp epw;gJ tskhd tpisr;ry; FiwAk; Kfkyh;r;rp mfkyh;r;rp ghJfhty; njg;gk; mopf;Fk; Fzk; Jwtp ,fow;f typik nty;th;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; jpiw ghh; jis mit ey;FuT tPL Giz ,irgl Cjpak; ciug;ghh; Gyth; xd;wh tpj;jfh; nt&ck; cuk;
cs;s ntWf;if

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; fg;gk; cyfk; tpyq;F rgh kz;lk; 1010-k; tFg; tFg;G tWik Nkhl;rk; njg;gk; GfOz;lhf gad; Gfo;Nthh; Qhdpfs; xg;gpy;yhj jpwikAilNahh; mQ;Rk; jpz;zpa mwpT Cf;f kpFjp Nkfk; nry;Yfpd;w nry;tk; fl;Lfpd;w tpUk;Gfpd;w fUtp akd; eufj;jpy; G+e;jhJ gue;j khiy Nrhbd; mofpa ,lk; Mizr;rf;fuk NkUkiy> ,kakiy fhj;jy;

nrhy; Nghw;whh; Nghw;wp Jd;dp vz;zpahh; fhy;ty; mQ;rhik Mf;fk; mjh; mirtpyh nts;sk; cs;sk; ghL ts;spak; NfhL kztdp vUj;jk; ,Uj;jp ngUkfd; nfhz;ly; ,Uepwk; ,Uepwk; klf;nfhb jlk; mutiz fkyr;nry;tp <W foy; Gak; tdpijah; mNuh Mt epiw

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; gifth; ghJfhj;J nghUe;jp gifth; typafhy; kdj;jpz;ik ifg;nghUs; top jsuhj ePh; Cf;fk; ngUik tz;ik cilNak; ahidj; je;jk; kzf;Nfhyk; gplhp> fOj;J ,hP, Nrhokd;dd;(fhpfhyd; fhh;Kfpy; mfd;w neQ;R ngz; - rPij ePh; epiy ghk;Gnkj;ij jpUkfs; mopT Mlth; mzpAk; jz;il Njhs; kfsph; mirr;nrhy; Mm fw;G

fhh; Ch; nrUf;F Mh;f;Fk; ntFk; gil $w;wk; epuaj;J


nfhq;F my myh;jhH hH

nrd;dp mq;fz; jpfphp NkU mspj;jy;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; NfhL fhtphpehld; jhd; xLf;fk; ehfehL khfthd; khehafd; <if tbT
kz;Nja;j;j Gfo;

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; kiycr;rp (rpfuk;) Nrhokd;dd; kio KbT NjtUyfk; tpz;Nkfk; fly; thzpfd; nghd; cUT cyfshtpa Gfo; kfsph; $l;lk; KUfd; ngw;Nwhh; toq;fp nrk;ik mb Njhz;b rpdk; rpYit nrhd;d tpsf;fk; fhg;gth; Vsdk; nfLjiy neUq;fpa $l;lkhf gf;fj;jpy; neUq;fp Jd;gkile;J ,opT ciu NjtFkhud; giftuhd Kulh; mr;rk; kpFe;j

nrhy; KdpT Eq;Ft Nehw;W khz; <z;L fUkk; my; ed;gfy; mkuh; cWfz; nghJk;gh; Jd;W nghd;wpzp Kdpgth; cd;dpNdd; Ch;G Ntuy; rpWNfhL nrt;tp jt ee;jp fdfk; Kiofs; vy; nfhOed; fhzp jikad; nry; jphp$l kiy njhil eiw> Njwy;

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; rpdk; cz;Zt jtkpUe;J rpwg;G ,q;F nray; ,uT ey;ygfy; Njth Jd;gk; Nrhiy nrwpT> neLfofk; nghypT kpf;f rPWgth; epide;Njd; fpsh;e;J %q;fpy; rpwpa nfhk;G Vw;wgUtk; kpfTk; ee;jp th;kgy;ytd; jq;fk; Fiffs; #hpad; fztd; chpik mz;zd; Nkfk; jpUFw;why kiy khiy Njd;

klthh; Mak; nrt;Nts; ts; Futh; Mh;j;J Nrtb fPz;L nrw;wk; FUR nrhw;w Jyf;fk; k; ,ul;rfh; Mfbak; Nflztp nfOkpa khlztp ghlztp J}lzq;fy; gukRjd; Kuz;fOe;jh; mzq;fhUk;

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nrhy; mLk; mkyd; fpse;j Nrhud; Xh;e;J ,iae;J Vio tpQ;rp kwk; Cw;wp njhOk;gh; tpfhuk; Muk; mzpfpsh; Njha; jhs tOjp J}j;jpiu nghopy;fs; ngz;L fd;dy; njhd;id ghpfhp ghpfhpg;ghh; Gl;fs; njhLthdk; jlq;fz; $z;L mZ Nkjpdp itfYk; ngz; Fd;wk; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; nfhy;Yk; J}atd; $wpa jpUld; czh;e;J mile;J %ld; fle;J jPiknra;J ez;gh; khw;wk; khiy moF kpFe;j nghUe;jpa Koq;fhy; ghz;bakd;dd; J}a miy Nrhiyfs; kidtp fUk;G ,iyf;fyk; ghJfhg;gth; gwitfs; mbthdk; nghpafd; nraw;if Nfhs; Ez;zpa Jfs; cyfk; ehs;NjhWk; cikak;ik kiy nrhy; mfe;ij Gtdk; kJfuk; Fow;fhL mD$yd; nta;atd; ghp ,ujk; ,yFk; tpj;Jtrdk; FWKdp nrdpf;Fk; jpyfk; ,Uk; jpiu Gdy;fs; jhjpah; tbfhy; ,yf;F kd;gij ah ngsjpfk; cd;d thpir fbe;J G+z;L ctif ruf;F vs;sp Nfz;ik RNjrpak; nghUj;jkhd nghUs; nrUf;F> Mztk; epyTyfk; NjdP $e;jy; cjTgtd; #hpad; Fjpiu Njh; Njhd;Wk; Gyikngw;w kf;fs; mfj;jpah; gpwf;Fk; nghl;L nghpa miy ePh;epiyfs; nrtpypah; tha;g;G Fwpf;Nfhs; kf;fs; ,dk; ahit ,ay;gpay; epidf;f jFjp rpde;J mzpe;J kfpo;r;rp nghUs; ,fo;e;J el;G
cs;ehl;by; cUthd nghUs;

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Mrpad; TNPSC gapw;rpafk; - <NuhL.


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nrhy; gud; gpuhd; XAk; ruzk; cWjp ke;jhepyk; rhkiu ,iwtd; myif ehdpyk; Nrhjp fhd;
(fhz;-nghd;)

nghUj;jkhd nghUs; flTs;


vy;yhtw;wpw;F Nkyhd jiytd;

nrhy; kwyp khh;fk; gpujpepjp ,isQh; mfty; jil fphpkpdy; [py;yh thrf rhiy mhpkh ehop kidasF
ts;isg;ghl;L

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Jz;lk; nrgwaPy; <dkpy; ahf;if ryhk; Jfpy; ghpT thJ <dk; jia Gutyh; tz;ik <LghL fOtha; xz;ik mj;jhzp hzp rPwh ghz;bj;jpak; Nkij

nts;is fhy;Nfhs; mgpkhdpfs; ehtyh; tpO tpOg;gk; G+hpahh; ,Lk;ig J}q;Ff fTd; xhp, muk; fyk; MtJ Nrwy; Ntwy; <j;J ftwy; Xjy;

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nre;eh eh Nghjh;

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cs;s ntWf;if Cf;f kpFjp

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