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# Weight, Density and Specific Gravity 2-21E A hydraulic fluid has a specific weight of 55 lb/ft3.

## What is its specific gravity? What is its density? Diketahui : Ditanya : SG =

=
=

0.881

=
=

2-23M Calculate the density of a hydraulic oil in units of kg/m3 knowing that the density is 1.74 slugs/ft3. Diketahui :

Ditanya :

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2-25M Air at 200C and atmospheric pressure has a density of 1.23 kg/m3. a. Find its specific gravity. b. What is the ratio of the specific gravity of water divided by the specific gravity of air at 200C and atmospheric pressure? c. What is the significance of the ratio in part b? Diketahui : Udara pada 200C (tekanan atmosfir) ; Ditanya : a. SG b. rasio SGwater dengan SGudara (200C) c. significance of ratio

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Dengan demikian, air adalah 1 kali, atau sekitar 813 kali, berat udara pada 20 0C dan pada tekanan atmosfer. perlu dicatat bahwa udara sangat kompresibel, nilai 0,00123 untuk SG hanya berlaku pada 200C dan pada tekanan atmosfer.

2-27M A liter of SAE 30 oil weights 8.70 N. Calculate the oils a. Specific weight b. Density c. Specific gravity Diketahui : 1 liter Oli SAE 30 dengan W = 8,7 N Ditanya :

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Pressure, Head and Force 2-29E What is the pressure at the bottom of a 30 ft column of the hydraulic fluid of Exercise 221? Diketahui : Ditanya : P

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## 2-31M Convert a -2 Kpa pressure to an absolute pressure in Kpa.

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2-33E A 100 ft long pipe is inclined at a 300 angle with the horizontal. It is filled with oil of specific gravity 0.90. What is the pressure at the base of the pipe if the top of the pipe is vented to the atmosphere? Diketahui : panjang pipa = 100 ft = 300 SG = 0,90 Ditanya : P

h 300

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Bulk Modulus 2-35E A 20 in3 sample of oil is compressed in a cylinder until its pressure is increase from 50 to 1000 psi. If the bulk modulus equals 300,000 psi, find the change in volume of the oil. Diketahui : ( )

Ditanya :

( ) ( )

2-37E The load on a 2 in diameter hydraulic cylinder increases from 10,000 lb to 15,000 lb. Due to the compressibility of the oil, the piston retracts 0.01 in. If the volume of oil under compression is 10 in3, what is the bulk modulus of the oil in units of psi? Diketahui : d = 2 in F = 10000 lb menjadi 15000 sehingga F = (10000 15000) lb = -5000 lb y = 0.01 in v = 10 in3 Ditanya :

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Viscosity and Viscosity Index 2-39M An oil (SG = 0.9) has a viscosity of 200 SUS at 1200F. Find the corresponding viscosity in units of cS and cP.
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2-41

Derive the conversion factor between viscosity in units of lb . s/ft2 and N . s/m2.

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2-43E A fluid has a viscosity of 12.0 P and a specific gravity of 0.89. Find the kinematic viscosity of this fluid in units of ft2/s. Diketahui : = 12,0 P SG = 0,89 Ditanya : v (ft2/s)

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2-45E A 1.0 lb force moves a piston inside a cylinder at a velocity of 10 ft/s, as shown in Figure 2-22. The 4.0 in. diameter piston is centrally located in the 4.004 in inside diameter cylinder. An oil film separates the piston from the cylinder. Find the absolute viscosity of the oil in units of lb . s/ft2. Diketahui : F = 1.0 lb v = 10 ft/s d = 2.0 in y = (4.004 4.0) in = 0.004 in Ditanya : (lb . s/ft2)

2.0 in

PISTON

Figure 2-22

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