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Common Ions and Their Charges

Monatomic Cations Name Monatomic Anions Name

H+ Li+ Na+ K+ Rb+ Cs+ Be2+ Mg2+ Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+ Al3+ Ga3+ In3+ Ag+ Zn2+

hydrogen lithium sodium potassium rubidium cesium beryllium magnesium calcium strontium barium aluminum gallium indium silver (memorize) zinc (memorize)

FClBrIO2S2Se2Te2N3P3As3-

fluoride chloride bromide iodide oxide sulfide selenide telluride nitride phosphide arsenide

Monatomic Cations (multiple oxidation state) 3+ Fe Fe2+ Cu2+ Cu+ Cr3+ Ni2+ Pb4+ Pb2+ Hg2+

Name (Roman numeral gives the positive charge!) iron(III) iron(II) copper(II) copper(I) chromium(III) nickel(II) lead(IV) lead(II) mercury(II)

Polyatomic Ions To memorize NH4+ NO2NO3SO32SO42OHPO43CO32ClO3C2H3O2-

Name

ammonium nitrite nitrate sulfite sulfate hydroxide phosphate carbonate chlorate acetate

1
1

H+
hydrogen 3 4

Li+
11

Be2+

lithium beryllium
12

Na+
19

Mg2+
3
21 20

acetate arsenate arsenite benzoate borate bromate carbonate chlorate chloride chlorite chromate cyanate cyanide dichromate
4
22

CH3COO AsO43 AsO33 C6H5COO BO33 BrO3 CO32 ClO3 Cl ClO2 CrO42 CNO CN Cr2O72
5
23 24

TABLE OF POLYATOMIC IONS

dihydrogen phosphate hydrogen carbonate hydrogen oxalate hydrogen sulfate hydrogen sulfide hydrogen sulfite hydroxide hypochlorite iodate monohydrogen phosphate nitrate nitrite orthosilicate
6 7
25

H2PO4 HCO3 HC2O4

HSO4 HS HSO3 OH ClO IO3 HPO42 NO3 NO2 SiO44


9
27

oxalate perchlorate periodate permanganate peroxide phosphate pyrophosphate sulfate sulfite thiocyanate thiosulfate ammonium hydronium
10
28

C2O42 ClO4 IO4 MnO4 O22 PO43 P2O74 SO42 SO32 SCN S2O32

PERIODIC TABLE OF IONS


atomic number symbol 26

iron (III) iron (II)


13
5 6

KEY Fe3+

Fe2+
7

ion charge ion name


(IUPAC)

17
1

18
2

HFCl-

He
10

14

15

16
8

hydride helium
9

B
boron
13 14

C
carbon
15

N3nitride

O2S2-

Ne
neon
18

POSITIVE POLYATOMIC IONS

NH4+ H3O+
11
29

oxide
16

fluoride
17

Al3+
12
30

Si
silicon
32 33

P3As3-

Ar
36

sodium magnesium

8
26

aluminum
31

phosphide sulfiide chloride argon


34 35

K+
37

Ca2+
38

Sc3+
39

titanium (IV) vanadium(III) chromium (III) manganese(II)


titanium (III) vanadium (V) chromium (II) manganese(IV)
40 41

Ti4+ Ti3+

V3+ V5+

Cr3+ Cr2+

Mn2+ Mn4+

iron (III) iron (II)


44

Fe3+ Fe2+

cobalt (II)

Co2+ Co3+

nickel (II)

Ni2+ Ni3+

copper (II) copper (I)

Cu2+ Cu+

Zn2+
zinc
48

Ga3+
gallium
49

Ge4+
50

Se252

Br53

Kr
54

potassium calcium scandium

cobalt (III)

nickel (III)

germanium arsenide selenide bromide krypton

Rb+
55

Sr2+
56 57

Y3+

rubidium strontium yttrium

Zr4+ niobium (V) Mo6+ zirconium Nb3+ molybdenum technetium


niobium(III)
73 72 74 75

Nb

5+ 42

43

45 46 47 Pd2+ Ru3+ 7+ 3+ Tc ruthenium(III) Rh paladium(II) Ag+

ruthenium(IV)
76

Ru4+ rhodium
77

paladium(IV)
78

Pd4+

Cd2+
cadmium

In3+
indium

tin (IV) antimony(III) tin (II)

Sn4+

51

Sb3+

silver

Sn2+

antimony(V)

Sb5+ telluride iodide Bi3+


84

Te2-

I-

Xe
xenon
86

Cs+
87

Ba2+
88 89

La3+

Hf4+

Ta5+
tantalum

W6+
tungsten

Re7+
rhenium

Os4+
osmium

Ir4+
iridium

platinum(IV) gold (III) mercury (II) thallium (I)

Pt4+ 79 Au3+ 80 Hg2+ 81


gold (I)

Tl+

82

lead (II) bismuth(III) polonium(II) lead (IV) bismuth(V) polonium(IV)

83 Pb2+

Po2+

85

cesium barium lanthanum hafnium

platinum(II)

Pt2+

Au+

mercury (I) thallium(III)

Hg+

Tl3+

Pb4+

Bi5+

Po4+

At-

Ra

astatide radon

Fr+

Ra2+

Ac3+
actinium

francium radium

58

59

60

61

62

Ce3+
cerium
90

praseodymium neodymium promethium Sm2+ Eu2+ gadolinium terbium samarium(II) europium (II)
91

Pr3+

Nd3+ U6+

Pm3+ Np5+

samarium(III) europium (III)

Sm3+

63

Eu3+

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

Gd3+

Tb3+ Bk3+ Bk4+


98

Dy3+
99

Ho3+ Es3+

dysprosium holmium

Th4+
thorium

protactinium(V) uranium (VI)

Pa5+

92

93

94

plutonium(IV) americium(III)

Pu4+

95

Am3+

96

97

Pa4+ U4+ neptunium Pu6+ Am4+ plutonium(VI) americium(IV) protactinium(IV) uranium (IV)

Cm3+
curium

berkelium(III)

Cf3+

Yb3+ lutetium ytterbium(II) 100 101 Md2+ 102 No2+ 103 Fm3+ mendelevium (II) nobelium(II) Lr3+
erbium thulium
mendelevium (III) nobelium(III)

Er3+

Tm3+

ytterbium(III)

Yb3+

71

Lu3+

californium einsteinium fermium

berkelium(IV)

Md3+ No3+

lawrencium

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