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Direct InstructionLesson Plan Template READ Grade Level/Subject: Central Focus: Comprehension- Compare/Contrast folktales, myths, and th 5 /Reading

fables Essential Standard/Common Core Objective: CCSS. RL.4.9: Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events Date submitted: (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different Date taught: cultures. (Standard my teacher specified) Daily Lesson Objective: Using a Venn Diagram, students will list at least 6 characteristics that compare and contrast fables, folktales, and myths. 21st Century Skills: Academic Language Demand (Language Function and Vocabulary): Critical thinking and problem solving Language function: compare/contrast Essential Vocabulary: myth, folktale, fable, personification Syntax: declarative Discourse: narratives Prior Knowledge: Based off of CCSS RLk.9, RL 1.9, RL 2.9, RL.3.9, students should be able to compare and contrast experiences of characters in a story as well as multiple versions of one story. Also, students should be able to compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories by the same author or similar characters in the story.

Activity

Description of Activities and Setting Morning Work: Pass out the hand out with an example of a fable, folktale, and myth on it (The Ant and the Grasshopper, The Lizard and the Sun, and the North American myth. At least two of the stories should be familiar to the students. Have them read the one they are not familiar with for morning work (Folktale- The Lizard and the Sun). Lesson: In the large group setting, ask what students know about these genres. (Use this as a gauge for the depth needed during teacher input) What do you know about fables? What do you know about myths? What do you know about folktales? Today were going to learn how to synthesize or take information from myths, folktales, and fables to gain a new understanding. After we practice, you will be able to look at the information in the texts and see how they are

Time (read during morning work time/ briefly go over at beginning of lesson) 2 min.

1. Focus and Review

2. Statement of Objective for Student

30 sec.

alike and different. Knowing how to synthesize helps us become good readers because it helps us understand what we are reading. Okay we are going to focus on the characteristics of fables, myths, and folktales. We want to find what is similar and what is different between the three. To keep our thoughts organized, we are going to use a Venn Diagram. The Venn Diagram we are going to use will have 3 circles. On SMART Board, show picture of the Venn Diagram with labels (folktale, fable, and myth)

3. Teacher Input Direct the students focus to The Ant and the Grasshopper. Note that this story is labeled as a fable. Think aloud: What makes this a fable? I will look at characteristics of this story to determine why it is a fable. I noticed at the end there is sentence saying It is best to prepare for the days of necessity. What does that mean? I know necessity is another way of saying what one needs. This sounds like this story is trying to teach a lesson about preparing for the future. Since there is a lesson in this story, I am going to say that fables have lessons. Let me think of the other stories. Do they have lessons? Then find an example from the folktale, The Lizard and the Sun. Think aloud: When I read The Lizard and the Sun, I remember the story talking about not giving up. Did the myth have a lesson in it? No. It did not. Since having a lesson was shared by fable and folktale I will write lesson on the Venn Diagram where the circles for fable and folktale overlap. Let the students draw a Venn Diagram (like in teacher input on the back of their handout). Transition to the myth in the handout and have students turn and talk about characteristics they noticed about the story. They should also give an example from the passages that supports their observation. Have students share the observations they shared with their partners. Use the following guiding questions: What are some characteristics that two of the stories shared? o Give examples from text. Why do you think this?

2 min

4. Guided Practice

3 min

Was there anything shared by all the stories? o Why do you think this? (Examples) What are some differences between the stories?

5. Independent Practice

6. Assessment Methods of all objectives/skills:

7. Closure 8. Assessment Results of all objectives/skills:

Lead students to find these characteristics: Fable: Moral lessons; short story; personified animals or objects Folktale: Personified animals; magical/ world, story passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth; fictional Myths Explains something such as the origin of people or the world; supernatural; traditional; may include a hero; Example: Hercules Have the students create a 3 category Venn diagram labeled with Fables, Folktales, and Myths. In addition to what was discussed during guided 3 min practice, students should add other characteristics to their diagram. Informally: Listening during turn and talk and when answering questions Formal: Venn Diagram Non Mastery Partial Mastery Full Mastery 3 or less characteristics 4-5 characteristics listed Students should have a listed. minimum of six characteristics. Talk about how even though they are similar there are also many differences that make them unique. Non-mastery 47% Partial Mastery 33% Complete Mastery 20% of students

Targeted Students Modifications/Accommodations: N/A

Student/Small Group Modifications/Accommodations: Carefully monitor students. Ask more guiding questions to those who are struggling.

Materials/Technology:
(Include any instructional materials (e.g., worksheets, assessments PowerPoint/SmartBoard slides, etc.) needed to implement the lesson at the end of the lesson plan.)

SMART Board References: http://www.aesopfables.com/cgi/aesop1.cgi?1&TheAntandtheGrasshopper&&antgrass2.ram http://teacher.scholastic.com/writewit/mff/

CT signature/confirmation: _________________________________ Date: ________________

Reflection on lesson: