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Thermodynamic properties of pure water

Source:
A.F. Mills, Basic Heat and Mass Transfer, Irwin, 1992.

[K]
270
275
280
285
295
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
373.15
380
390
400
420

[C]
-3.15
1.85
6.85
11.85
21.85
26.85
36.85
46.85
56.85
66.85
76.85
86.85
96.85
100
106.85
116.85
126.85
146.85

Cp
[kJ/kgK]
4217
4203
4192
4186
4181
4178
4174
4174
4178
4184
4190
4200
4209
4212
4220
4234
4250
4290

r
[kg/m3]
1000
1000
1000
999
998
996
993
989
985
980
973
967
960
958
953
945
937
919

T0
T1
T2
T3
T4

Pr

[W/mK]

[W/ms]

[]

0.556
0.568
0.58
0.602
0.611
0.628
0.641
0.652
0.661
0.669
0.676
0.68
0.681
0.683
0.684
0.685
0.684

0.0017
0.00145
0.00125
0.000968
0.000867
0.000695
0.000584
0.000492
0.000431
0.000379
0.000329
0.000295
0.000285
0.000267
0.000244
0.000225
0.000193

12.9
10.7
9.03
6.73
5.93
4.62
3.8
3.15
2.72
2.37
2.04
1.82
1.76
1.65
1.51
1.39
1.2

[K]
270
273.15
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
373.15
380
390
400
410
420

V = T0 + (T1)T + (T2)T2 + (T3)T3 +(T4)T4

Polynomial curve fit coefficients


Cp
[J/kgK]
1.76E+04
-1.49E+02
6.16E-01
-1.14E-03
7.99E-07

Thermodynamic properties of 50/50 g


Sources:

r
[kg/m3]
-5.37E+01
1.08E+01
-3.96E-02
6.28E-05
-3.95E-08

Pr

[W/mK]
-4.08E+00
4.26E-02
-1.46E-04
2.30E-07
-1.41E-10

[W/ms]
2.35E+00
-2.53E-03
1.02E-05
-1.84E-08
1.24E-11

[]
2.15E+03
-2.33E+01
9.48E-02
-1.72E-04
1.16E-07

where V is the property

Thermodynamic properties of 50/50 glycol/water


Dow Chemical. (Density)
ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook, 1997. (Other properties)
T
[C]
-3.15
0
6.85
16.85
26.85
36.85
46.85
56.85
66.85
76.85
86.85
96.85
100
106.85
116.85
126.85
136.85
146.85

Cp
[kJ/kgK]
3058.07
3089.57
3152.6
3232.65
3300.77
3359.25
3410.16
3455.3
3496.26
3534.36
3570.7
3606.13
3617.21
3641.25
3676.44
3711.81
3747.25
3782.4

r
[kg/m3]
1078.394
1076.96
1073.663
1068.449
1062.822
1056.84
1050.544
1043.965
1037.118
1030.007
1022.62
1014.934
1012.445
1006.91
998.498
989.632
980.235
970.215

Pr

[W/mK]
0.42
0.42
0.421
0.423
0.424
0.425
0.426
0.426
0.424
0.422
0.419
0.416
0.415
0.413
0.41
0.407
0.404
0.399

[W/ms]
0.0071
0.00653
0.00543
0.00414
0.00317
0.00244
0.00191
0.00153
0.00125
0.00103
0.00087
0.00074
0.0007
0.00063
0.00055
0.0005
0.00051
0.00059

[]
52.8
48.8
41
31.8
24.8
19.4
15.4
12.5
10.3
8.67
7.44
6.47
6.2
5.66
4.98
4.44
4.09
4.03

where V is the property

T0
T1
T2
T3
T4

Cp
r
k
m
Pr
[J/kgK]
[kg/m3]
[W/mK]
[W/ms]
[]
-2.08669E+04 3.99284E+02 1.62675E+00 6.93461E-01 4.25970E+03
2.41838E+02 8.77929E+00 -1.66439E-02 -7.29078E-03 -4.37334E+01
-9.18213E-01 -3.95194E-02 8.25216E-05 2.89702E-05 1.69727E-01
1.57062E-03 7.55802E-05 -1.74620E-07 -5.14434E-08 -2.94301E-04
-1.00633E-06 -5.60703E-08 1.33178E-10 3.43947E-11 1.92072E-07

6.934607E-01
-7.290780E-03
2.897018E-05
-5.144341E-08
3.439466E-11

100% Water Properties


Data From Heat Transfer Text Book p. 830; Mills, Irwin 1992.

Temp (K)

Temp (C)
270
275
280
285
295
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
373.15
380
390
400
420

Cp (kJ/kg-K)
-3.15
1.85
6.85
11.85
21.85
26.85
36.85
46.85
56.85
66.85
76.85
86.85
96.85
100
106.85
116.85
126.85
146.85

4217
4203
4192
4186
4181
4178
4174
4174
4178
4184
4190
4200
4209
4212
4220
4234
4250
4290

density (kg/m3)
1000
1000
1000
999
998
996
993
989
985
980
973
967
960
958
953
945
937
919

Thermal
Conductivity
W/m-K
0.556
0.568
0.580
0.602
0.611
0.628
0.641
0.652
0.661
0.669
0.676
0.680
0.681
0.683
0.684
0.685
0.684

Dynamic Viscosity Prandtl Number


kg/m-s
1.70E-03
1.45E-03
1.25E-03
9.68E-04
8.67E-04
6.95E-04
5.84E-04
4.92E-04
4.31E-04
3.79E-04
3.29E-04
2.95E-04
2.85E-04
2.67E-04
2.44E-04
2.25E-04
1.93E-04

1.29E+01
1.07E+01
9.03E+00
6.73E+00
5.93E+00
4.62E+00
3.80E+00
3.15E+00
2.72E+00
2.37E+00
2.04E+00
1.82E+00
1.76E+00
1.65E+00
1.51E+00
1.39E+00
1.20E+00

60
50

Pr

40
30
20
10
0
275

295

275

295

Variation of Pr with Temperature

Pr

295

315

335

355

375

395

295

315

335
Temperature (K)

355

375

395

50/50 EG& Water Properties


DENSITY
density= -0.00000097644*(T+273.15)^3 - 0.0005323*(T+273.15)^2 + 0.0033473*(T+273.15) + 1136
T=Temperature (in celcius)
Data from Dow Chemical; copy in Reference Section
Density
T (C)
T (K)
g/ml
kg/m3
calculated
4.44
277.59
1.075
1075
1075
10
283.15
1.072
1072
1072
15.5
288.65
1.069
1069
1069
21.1
294.25
1.066
1066
1066
26.6
299.75
1.063
1063
1063
32.2
305.35
1.06
1060
1060
37.7
310.85
1.056
1056
1056
43.3
316.45
1.053
1053
1053
48.8
321.95
1.049
1049
1049
54.4
327.55
1.046
1046
1046
60
333.15
1.042
1042
1042
65.5
338.65
1.038
1038
1038
71.1
344.25
1.034
1034
1034
76.6
349.75
1.03
1030
1030
82.2
355.35
1.026
1026
1026
87.7
360.85
1.022
1022
1022
93.3
366.45
1.018
1018
1018
98.8
371.95
1.013
1013
1013
104
377.15
1.009
1009
1009
110
383.15
1.005
1005
1004
115
388.15
1
1000
1000
121
394.15
0.995
995
995
126
399.15
0.99
990
990
132
405.15
0.985
985
985
Density vs. Temperature 50/50 EG
3rd Order
Used in Heat Balance Spreadsheet v2.0

1080

y = -9.7644E-07x3 - 5.3230E-04x2 + 3.3473E-03x + 1.1360E+03


R = 9.9990E-01

1070
1060

kg/m3

Density (k/m3)

1050

Poly. (kg/m3)

1040
1030
1020
1010

1000
990
980
250

270

290

310

330

350

Temperature (K)

370

390

410

Specific heat

33473*(T+273.15) + 1136

Cp = 1.2895E-04*(T+273.15)^3 - 1.4584E-01*(T+273.15)^2 + 5.8438E+01*(T+273.15) - 4.5817E+03


T=Temperature (in Celcius)
Cp=(kJ/Kg-K)/4.192=Btu/lb-F
Equation for Cp (kJ/kg-ok) of 50% Ethylene Glycol and 50% Water vs Temp (C) is:
T (F)

T(C)
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270

37.78
43.33
48.89
54.44
60.00
65.56
71.11
76.67
82.22
87.78
93.33
98.89
104.44
110.00
115.56
121.11
126.67
132.22

T(K)
BTU/lb-F
310.93
0.803
316.48
0.809
322.04
0.815
327.59
0.822
333.15
0.828
338.71
0.833
344.26
0.838
349.82
0.843
355.37
0.848
360.93
0.852
366.48
0.857
372.04
0.862
377.59
0.867
383.15
0.871
388.71
0.876
394.26
0.881
399.82
0.885
405.37
0.89

J/kg-K
3366.176
3391.328
3416.480
3445.824
3470.976
3491.936
3512.896
3533.856
3554.816
3571.584
3592.544
3613.504
3634.464
3651.232
3672.192
3693.152
3709.920
3730.880

3rd Order
3365.202
3393.022
3419.398
3444.461
3468.345
3491.182
3513.105
3534.245
3554.737
3574.713
3594.305
3613.646
3632.868
3652.105
3671.489
3691.153
3711.229
3731.850

Cp (50/50 EG & water) vs. temperature (K


3rd Order
Used in Heat Balance Spreadsheet v2.0
y = 1.2895E-04x3 - 1.4584E-01x2 + 5.8438E+01x - 4.5817E+03
R = 9.9979E-01

3750.000
3700.000
3650.000

J/kg-K

kg/m3

3600.000

Cp (kJ/kg-K)

Poly. (kg/m3)

Poly. (J/kg-K)

3550.000
3500.000
3450.000
3400.000
3350.000

410

430

3300.000
300.00

320.00

340.00

360.00
Temperature (K)

380.00

400.00

Equation for Dynamic Viscosity of 50% Ethylene Glycol and 50% water vs Temp (C) is:

Dynamic Viscosity

01*(T+273.15) - 4.5817E+03

y = 3.4584E-11x4 - 5.1705E-08x3 + 2.9105E-05x2 - 7.3214E-03x + 6.9604E-01


1 cPoise = .001 kg/m-s
Data from ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook (1997)
Dynamic Viscosity
T(F)
T(C)
T(K)
cPoise
kg/m-s
100 37.77778 310.9278
2.39 2.390E-03
110 43.33333 316.4833
2.08 2.080E-03
120 48.88889 322.0389
1.82 1.820E-03
130 54.44444 327.5944
1.61 1.610E-03
140
60
333.15
1.43 1.430E-03
150 65.55556 338.7056
1.28 1.280E-03
160 71.11111 344.2611
1.15 1.150E-03
170 76.66667 349.8167
1.04 1.040E-03
180 82.22222 355.3722
0.94 9.400E-04
190 87.77778 360.9278
0.85 8.500E-04
200 93.33333 366.4833
0.78 7.800E-04
210 98.88889 372.0389
0.71 7.100E-04
220 104.4444 377.5944
0.66 6.600E-04
230
110
383.15
0.6 6.000E-04
240 115.5556 388.7056
0.56 5.600E-04
250 121.1111 394.2611
0.52 5.200E-04

calculated
2.387E-03
2.081E-03
1.825E-03
1.611E-03
1.431E-03
1.279E-03
1.150E-03
1.040E-03
9.446E-04
8.606E-04
7.860E-04
7.194E-04
6.601E-04
6.082E-04
5.648E-04
5.315E-04

Dynamic Viscosity (kg/m-s)

Equation for Dynamic Viscosity of 50% Ethylene Glycol and 50%


water vs Temp (C)
3.000E-03
y = 3.4584E-11x4 - 5.1705E-08x3 + 2.9105E-05x2 - 7.3214E03x + 6.9604E-01
2.500E-03
R = 9.9997E-01
kg/m-s

2.000E-03

Poly. (kg/m-s)

1.500E-03
1.000E-03
5.000E-04
0.000E+00

420.00

300

320

340

360

Temp (K)

380

400

Prandtl Number
Temperature Temperature Density
C
K
kg/m3
0
273
1077
5
278
1075
10
283
1072
15
288
1069
20
293
1067
25
298
1064
30
303
1061
35
308
1058
40
313
1055
45
318
1052
50
323
1049
55
328
1045
60
333
1042
65
338
1039
70
343
1035
75
348
1031
80
353
1028
85
358
1024
90
363
1020
95
368
1016
100
373
1012
105
378
1008
110
383
1004
115
388
1000
120
393
996

Cp
J/kg.K
3127.380
3164.536
3199.781
3233.210
3264.920
3295.009
3323.573
3350.708
3376.512
3401.081
3424.511
3446.901
3468.345
3488.942
3508.787
3527.977
3546.610
3564.781
3582.588
3600.127
3617.495
3634.789
3652.105
3669.540
3687.191

Viscosity Conductivity Pr
m2/s
W/m.K
6.082E-06
0.421
4.87E+01
5.328E-06
0.421
4.30E+01
4.665E-06
0.422
3.79E+01
4.084E-06
0.423
3.34E+01
3.577E-06
0.423
2.94E+01
3.138E-06
0.424
2.59E+01
2.757E-06
0.425
2.29E+01
2.430E-06
0.425
2.02E+01
2.149E-06
0.426
1.80E+01
1.908E-06
0.426
1.60E+01
1.703E-06
0.426
1.44E+01
1.527E-06
0.426
1.29E+01
1.377E-06
0.425
1.17E+01
1.249E-06
0.425
1.07E+01
1.138E-06
0.424
9.75E+00
1.042E-06
0.423
8.97E+00
9.572E-07
0.421
8.28E+00
8.823E-07
0.420
7.67E+00
8.153E-07
0.418
7.12E+00
7.547E-07
0.417
6.63E+00
6.999E-07
0.415
6.17E+00
6.506E-07
0.414
5.76E+00
6.070E-07
0.412
5.40E+00
5.698E-07
0.411
5.09E+00
5.404E-07
0.409
4.85E+00

Variation of Pr with Temperature


6.00E+01
5.00E+01

Pr

4.00E+01
3.00E+01

Pr

2.00E+01
1.00E+01
0.00E+00

275

295

315

335
Temperature (K)

355

375

395

0.6339

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

1077
1075
1072
1069
1067
1064
1061
1058
1055
1052
1049
1045
1042
1039
1035
1031
1028
1024
1020
1016
1012
1008
1004
1000
996

1077.29909964258
1074.12959964258
1070.96009964258
1067.79059964258
1064.62109964258
1061.45159964258
1058.28209964258
1055.11259964258
1051.94309964258
1048.77359964258
1045.60409964258
1042.43459964258
1039.26509964258
1036.09559964258
1032.92609964258
1029.75659964258
1026.58709964258
1023.41759964258
1020.24809964258
1017.07859964258
1013.90909964258
1010.73959964258
1007.57009964258
1004.40059964258
1001.23109964258