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Eudicot Flowers Grasses

Arabidopsis Inflorescence Maize Inflorescence


Inflorescence
Meristem

Inflorescence Meristem

4
3

J. Bowman, (1994) Arabidopsis: An atlas of morphology and development

Floral Meristem 1 Floral Meristems


Arabidopsis thaliana ABC Model
B
A C

sepals petals stamens carpels

AP3/PI

AP2 AG

AP1
Sepal Petal Stamen Carpel
General Features of MADS Box Proteins

N MADS I K Box C Region


50 a.a.

MADS-Box Domain (DNA Binding)

K-Box Domain (Protein-Protein Interaction)

• ~ 40 Expressed MADS-Box Gene in Arabidopsis


• Maybe 100 MADS-like Genes in the Arabidopsis Genome
• > 30 Different MADS-Box Genes in ZMDB EST Collection
ABC Model

B
A C
sepals petals stamens carpels

AP3/PI
AP2 AG
AP1
Sepal Petal Stamen Carpel
Arabidopsis thaliana
ABC triple mutant
AG is expressed in stamen
B and carpels

A Controls stamen identity,


AG carpel identity, and floral
sep pet sta car meristem determinancy

B
A ag
sep pet pet
new flower
(sep pet pet )
new flower
AP3/PI
A AG
sep pet sta car

A AG ap3
sep sep car car
A mutant

Sepals are converted into carpels


“A” mutant

sepals are
replaced
by carpels
1 2 3 4
B
Arabidopsis A C
Sepal Petal Stamen Carpel

Arabidopsis
b,c mutant A
Sepal Sepal Sepal Sepal