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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY

Presented By
Devanshu Praveen Sahoo Roll # EI 200119140

Under the guidance of


Mr. Vivek Sharma

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

OUTLINE
• INTRODUCTION
• FUNCTIONAL BLOCK
• BLOCK DIAGRAM
• PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
• THE NORMAL WAVEFORM
• ECG RECORDER
• RECORD PRINCIPLE
• CARDIAC VECTOR
• TYPES OF ECG RECORDER
• CONCLUSION

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

INTRODUCTION
WHY ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY IS USED
TO DIAGNOSE
• RHYTHEM DISTURBANCE
• CONDUCTION ABNORMALITIES
• HYPERYROPHY
• METABOLIC EFFECT
• ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

VARIOUS FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS ARE


• PROTECTION CIRCUIT
• LEAD SELECTOR
• CALIBRATION SIGNAL
• PREAMPLIFIER
• ISOLATION CIRCUIT
• DRIVEN RIGHT LEG CIRCUIT
• DRIVER AMPLIFIER

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK
DIAGRAM

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

• TWO IMPORTANT ASPECT

• THE CARDIAC CYCLE

• ECG TRACEING

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

THE NORMAL WAVEFORM


SOME KEY TERMS
•ACTION POTENTIAL
•BASE LINE
•DEPOLARIZATION
•POLARIZATION
•P- WAVE
•PR- INTERVAL
•QRS-COMPLEX
•REFRACTORY PERIOD
•T WAVE & REPOLARIZATION
Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

HEARTBEAT AS A WAVEFORM

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

ECG RECORDER
TO RECORD AN ELECTROCARDIOGRAM TWO MAIN
COMPONENTS ARE USED

• ELECTRODES
• LEADS
• ECG LEAD CONFIGURATION

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

ECG RECORDER PRINCIPLE

DIGM

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

CARDIAC VECTOR
• EITHOVEN TRINGLE

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

TYPES OF ECG RECORDER

• SINGLE CHANNEL RECORDER


• THREE CHANNEL RECORDER
• VECTOR ELECTRO CARDIOGRAPH
• ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH SYSTEM
FOR STRESS TESTING

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

CONCLUSION
ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY IS REQUIRED TO
DETECT THE 1.ABNORMAL WAVE
MORPHOLOGY AND 2.THE ABNORMAL RYTHEM DETECTION
IT IS ONE OF THE MOST FREQUENTLY USED DEVICE IN
MEDICAL SCIENCE.

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Technical Seminar Presentation-2004

Presented by : DEVANSHU PRAVEEN SAHOO (EI200119140)